Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Price T Rowe Group
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$102.84 236 $24,320
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-06-13 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-26 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-02-11 Officers, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-30 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-20 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-08 Officers
8-K 2018-04-26 Shareholder Vote, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-21 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-30 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-22 Other Events
MPW Medical Properties Trust 6,900
TKC Turkcell Iletisim Hizmetleri A S 4,130
LPX Louisiana-Pacific 3,080
CERS Cerus 758
MTNB Matinas Biopharma Holdings 139
SYNC Synacor 60
BOSC BOS Better Online Solutions 10
SCON Superconductor Technologies 6
PKTX Protokinetix 0
NEST Nestbuilder.com 0
TROW 2019-03-31
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements.
Note 1 - The Company and Basis of Preparation.
Note 2 - Information About Receivables, Revenues, and Services.
Note 3 - Investments.
Note 4 - Fair Value Measurements.
Note 5 - Consolidated T. Rowe Price Investment Products.
Note 6 - Leases.
Note 7 - Stockholders' Equity.
Note 8 - Stock-Based Compensation.
Note 9 - Earnings per Share Calculations.
Note 10 - Other Comprehensive Income and Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income.
Note 11 - Commitments and Contingencies.
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
Item 5. Other Information.
Item 6. Exhibits.
EX-15 trow-ex15_q12019x10q.htm
EX-31.1 trow-ex31i1_q12019.htm
EX-31.2 trow-ex31i2_q12019.htm
EX-32 trow-ex32_q12019.htm
EX-99.1 earningsreleasetemplateq12.htm

Price T Rowe Group Earnings 2019-03-31

TROW 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 a10q-q12019.htm 10-Q Document



 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
______________________________________ 
FORM 10-Q
______________________________________ 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019
Commission File Number: 000-32191
______________________________________ 
T. ROWE PRICE GROUP, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Maryland
 
52-2264646
(State of incorporation)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
100 East Pratt Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21202
(Address, including Zip Code, of principal executive offices)
(410) 345-2000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
______________________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months, and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    x  Yes    ¨  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months.    x  Yes    ¨  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer x
 
Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer ¨ (do not check if smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company ¨
 
Emerging growth company ¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). ¨  Yes    x  No
The number of shares outstanding of the issuer’s common stock ($.20 par value), as of the latest practicable date, April 22, 2019, is 236,475,417.
The exhibit index is at Item 6 on page 38.
 





PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.
Financial Statements.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in millions, except share data)
 
 
 
3/31/2019
 
12/31/2018
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
1,657.4

 
$
1,425.2

Accounts receivable and accrued revenue
 
604.6

 
549.6

Investments
 
2,546.7

 
2,453.4

Assets of consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products ($1,620.6 million at March 31, 2019 and $1,392.6 million at December 31, 2018, related to variable interest entities)
 
1,936.3

 
1,680.4

Operating lease assets
 
127.2

 

Property and equipment, net
 
667.2

 
661.3

Goodwill
 
665.7

 
665.7

Other assets
 
253.8

 
253.7

Total assets
 
$
8,458.9

 
$
7,689.3

 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
$
210.0

 
$
228.5

Liabilities of consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products ($41.1 million at March 31, 2019 and $22.7 million at December 31, 2018, related to variable interest entities)
 
64.7

 
38.7

Operating lease liabilities
 
161.9

 

Accrued compensation and related costs
 
196.8

 
123.3

Supplemental savings plan liability
 
430.3

 
380.0

Income taxes payable
 
197.5

 
54.2

Total liabilities
 
1,261.2

 
824.7

 
 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingent liabilities
 


 


 
 
 
 
 
Redeemable non-controlling interests
 
886.7

 
740.3

 
 
 
 
 
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock, undesignated, $.20 par value – authorized and unissued 20,000,000 shares
 

 

Common stock, $.20 par value—authorized 750,000,000; issued 236,432,000 shares at March 31, 2019 and 238,069,000 at December 31, 2018
 
47.3

 
47.6

Additional capital in excess of par value
 
654.5

 
654.6

Retained earnings
 
5,650.8

 
5,464.1

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(41.6
)
 
(42.0
)
Total permanent stockholders’ equity
 
6,311.0

 
6,124.3

Total liabilities, redeemable non-controlling interests, and permanent stockholders’ equity
 
$
8,458.9

 
$
7,689.3


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.
Page 2




UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(in millions, except per-share amounts)
 
 
Three months ended
 
3/31/2019
 
3/31/2018
Revenues
 
 
 
Investment advisory fees
$
1,194.2

 
$
1,189.2

Administrative, distribution, and servicing fees
133.1

 
138.8

Net revenues
1,327.3

 
1,328.0

 
 
 
 
Operating expenses
 
 
 
Compensation and related costs
491.5

 
441.4

Distribution and servicing
66.4

 
70.3

Advertising and promotion
21.6

 
24.6

Product-related costs
44.2

 
42.1

Technology, occupancy, and facility costs
98.1

 
94.1

General, administrative, and other
73.0

 
71.7

Total operating expenses
794.8

 
744.2

 
 
 
 
Net operating income
532.5

 
583.8

 
 
 
 
Non-operating income
 
 
 
Net gains on investments
100.1

 
14.4

Net gains on consolidated investment products
101.9

 
.8

Other income
.8

 
.9

Total non-operating income
202.8

 
16.1

 
 
 
 
Income before income taxes
735.3

 
599.9

Provision for income taxes
181.3

 
144.4

Net income
554.0

 
455.5

Less: net income attributable to redeemable non-controlling interests
41.4

 
1.8

Net income attributable to T. Rowe Price Group
$
512.6

 
$
453.7

 
 
 
 
Earnings per share on common stock of T. Rowe Price Group
 
 
 
Basic
$
2.11

 
$
1.81

Diluted
$
2.09

 
$
1.77



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.
Page 3




UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in millions)
 
 
Three months ended
 
3/31/2019
 
3/31/2018
Net income
$
554.0

 
$
455.5

Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
Currency translation adjustments
 
 
 
Consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products - variable interest entities
(5.8
)
 
16.2

Reclassification gains recognized in non-operating income upon deconsolidation of certain T. Rowe Price investment products
(.1
)
 
(3.1
)
Total currency translation adjustments of consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products - variable interest entities
(5.9
)
 
13.1

Equity method investments
4.9

 
3.8

Other comprehensive income (loss) before income taxes
(1.0
)
 
16.9

Net deferred tax benefits (income taxes)
.1

 
(2.5
)
Total other comprehensive income (loss)
(.9
)
 
14.4

 
 
 
 
Total comprehensive income
553.1

 
469.9

Less: comprehensive income (loss) attributable to redeemable non-controlling interests
40.1

 
8.8

Total comprehensive income attributable to T. Rowe Price Group
$
513.0

 
$
461.1



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.
Page 4




UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions)
 
 
Three months ended
 
3/31/2019
 
3/31/2018
Cash flows from operating activities
 
 
 
Net income
$
554.0

 
$
455.5

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment
41.9

 
36.9

Stock-based compensation expense
43.5

 
45.6

Net gains recognized on investments
(82.0
)
 
(2.6
)
Net investments in T. Rowe Price investment products used to economically hedge supplemental savings plan liability
(18.2
)
 
(12.9
)
Net change in securities held by consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products
(184.2
)
 
(189.4
)
Other changes in assets and liabilities
223.7

 
187.9

Net cash provided by operating activities
578.7

 
521.0

 
 
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities
 
 
 
Purchases of T. Rowe Price investment products
(15.6
)
 
(500.6
)
Dispositions T. Rowe Price investment products
33.5

 
37.2

Net cash of T. Rowe Price investment products on consolidation (deconsolidation)
(3.4
)
 
(21.5
)
Additions to property and equipment
(47.7
)
 
(36.7
)
Other investing activity
(.6
)
 
1.8

Net cash used in investing activities
(33.8
)
 
(519.8
)
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities
 
 
 
Repurchases of common stock
(231.0
)
 
(291.3
)
Common share issuances under stock-based compensation plans
43.6

 
46.2

Dividends paid to common stockholders of T. Rowe Price Group
(184.6
)
 
(174.8
)
Net subscriptions received from redeemable non-controlling interest holders
66.0

 
177.8

Net cash used in financing activities
(306.0
)
 
(242.1
)
 
 
 
 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents of consolidated
T. Rowe Price investment products
(.7
)
 
1.3

 
 
 
 
Net change in cash and cash equivalents during period
238.2

 
(239.6
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period, including $70.1 million at December 31, 2018, and $103.1 million at December 31, 2017, held by consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products
1,495.3

 
2,005.8

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period, including $76.1 million at March 31, 2019, and $84.8 million at March 31, 2018, held by consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products
$
1,733.5

 
$
1,766.2



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.
Page 5




UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(shares in thousands; dollars in millions)
 
Three months ended 3/31/2019
 
Common
shares
outstanding
 
Common
stock
 
Additional
capital in
excess of
par value
 
Retained
earnings
 
AOCI(1)
 
Total
stockholders’
equity
 
Redeemable non-controlling interests
Balances at December 31, 2018
238,069

 
$
47.6

 
$
654.6

 
$
5,464.1

 
$
(42.0
)
 
$
6,124.3

 
$
740.3

Net income

 

 

 
512.6

 

 
512.6

 
41.4

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

 

 

 

 
.4

 
.4

 
(1.3
)
Dividends declared ($0.76 per share)

 

 

 
(183.8
)
 

 
(183.8
)
 

Shares issued upon option exercises
830

 
.2

 
44.8

 

 

 
45.0

 

Net shares issued upon vesting of restricted stock units
14

 

 
(1.2
)
 

 

 
(1.2
)
 

Forfeiture of restricted awards
(5
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 
43.5

 

 

 
43.5

 

Common shares repurchased
(2,476
)
 
(.5
)
 
(87.2
)
 
(142.1
)
 

 
(229.8
)
 

Net subscriptions into T. Rowe Price investment products

 

 

 

 

 

 
85.9

Net reconsolidations of T. Rowe Price investment products

 

 

 

 

 

 
20.4

Balances at March 31, 2019
236,432

 
$
47.3

 
$
654.5

 
$
5,650.8

 
$
(41.6
)
 
$
6,311.0

 
$
886.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three months ended 3/31/2018
 
Common
shares
outstanding
 
Common
stock
 
Additional
capital in
excess of
par value
 
Retained
earnings
 
AOCI(1)
 
Total
stockholders’
equity
 
Redeemable non-controlling interests
Balances at December 31, 2017
245,111

 
$
49.0

 
$
846.1

 
$
4,932.9

 
$
(3.6
)
 
$
5,824.4

 
$
992.8

Cumulative effect adjustment upon adoption of financial instruments and accumulated other comprehensive income guidance on January 1, 2018(2)

 

 

 
22.4

 
(7.9
)
 
14.5

 

Reclassification of stranded tax benefits on currency translation adjustments on January 1, 2018

 

 

 
2.3

 
(2.3
)
 

 

Balances at January 1, 2018
245,111

 
49.0

 
846.1

 
4,957.6

 
(13.8
)
 
5,838.9

 
992.8

Net income

 

 

 
453.7

 

 
453.7

 
1.8

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

 

 

 

 
7.4

 
7.4

 
7.0

Dividends declared ($0.70 per share)

 

 

 
(174.9
)
 

 
(174.9
)
 

Shares issued upon option exercises
1,103

 
.2

 
44.9

 

 

 
45.1

 

Net shares issued upon vesting of restricted stock units
6

 

 
(.4
)
 

 

 
(.4
)
 

Forfeiture of restricted awards
(4
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 
45.6

 

 

 
45.6

 

Restricted stock units issued as dividend equivalents

 

 
.1

 
(.1
)
 

 

 

Common shares repurchased
(2,934
)
 
(.5
)
 
(281.7
)
 
(31.3
)
 

 
(313.5
)
 

Net subscriptions into T. Rowe Price investment products

 

 

 

 

 

 
177.8

Net deconsolidations of T. Rowe Price investment products

 

 

 

 

 

 
(632.9
)
Balances at March 31, 2018
243,282

 
$
48.7

 
$
654.6

 
$
5,205.0

 
$
(6.4
)
 
$
5,901.9

 
$
546.5

(1) Accumulated other comprehensive income.
(2) Includes the reclassification of $1.7 million of stranded income taxes on certain investments resulting from U.S. tax law changes enacted on December 22, 2017, from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.
Page 6




NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 1 – THE COMPANY AND BASIS OF PREPARATION.

T. Rowe Price Group Inc. derives its consolidated revenues and net income primarily from investment advisory services that its subsidiaries provide to individual and institutional investors in the T. Rowe Price U.S. mutual funds (“U.S. mutual funds”), separately managed accounts, subadvised funds, and other T. Rowe Price products. We also provide certain investment advisory clients with related administrative services, including distribution, mutual fund transfer agent, accounting, and shareholder services; participant recordkeeping and transfer agent services for defined contribution retirement plans; brokerage; and trust services.

Investment advisory revenues depend largely on the total value and composition of assets under our management. Accordingly, fluctuations in financial markets and in the composition of assets under management impact our revenues and results of operations.

BASIS OF PRESENTATION.

These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. These principles require the use of estimates and reflect all adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair statement of our results for the interim periods presented. All such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. Actual results may vary from our estimates. Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the 2019 presentation.

The unaudited interim financial information contained in these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements contained in our 2018 Annual Report.

NEW ACCOUNTING GUIDANCE.
We adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02 — Leases (Topic 842) on January 1, 2019. The update required the recognition of right-of-use lease assets and liabilities on the balance sheet and the disclosure of qualitative and quantitative information about leasing arrangements. We adopted this standard using a modified retrospective approach without restating prior comparative periods. We also elected to use certain practical expedients that allowed us to not perform the following: (1) reassess whether expired or existing non-lease contracts that commenced before January 1, 2019 contained an embedded lease, (2) reevaluate the accounting classification of our existing operating leases, and (3) determine whether initial direct costs related to existing leases should be capitalized under this guidance. On January 1, 2019, we recognized operating lease assets totaling $168.7 million and corresponding operating lease liabilities of $168.7 million related primarily to our real estate leases. At implementation, we also reclassified $27.7 million in deferred rent liabilities related to these leases reducing the recognized operating lease assets to $141.0 million. The adoption did not have a material impact on our results of operations; however, the initial recognition of our operating lease assets and operating lease liabilities on January 1, 2019, represented a noncash investing activity that affected the amount reported in other changes in assets and liabilities our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. Our leases accounting policy is included in the Summary of Significant Accounting Policies section below. Additional information on our operating leases is included in Note 6 - Leases.

NEWLY ISSUED BUT NOT YET ADOPTED ACCOUNTING GUIDANCE.

In August 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2018-15 — Intangibles—Goodwill and Other— Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract. This update provides additional guidance on the accounting for costs of implementation activities performed in a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract. The amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Though early adoption is permitted, we expect to adopt this update on January 1, 2020. We are currently evaluating the impact this standard will have on our financial position and results of operations.

We have considered all other newly issued accounting guidance that is applicable to our operations and the preparation of our unaudited condensed consolidated statements, including those we have not yet adopted. We do


Page 7




not believe that any such guidance has or will have a material effect on our financial position or results of operations.

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES.

Leases
We review new arrangements at inception to evaluate whether we obtain substantially all the economic benefits of and have the right to control the use of an asset. If we determine that an arrangement qualifies as a lease, we recognize a lease liability and a corresponding asset on the lease’s commencement date. The lease liability is initially measured at the present value of the future minimum lease payments over the lease term using the rate implicit in the arrangement or, if not available, our incremental borrowing rate. An operating lease asset is measured initially at the value of the lease liability but excludes any lease incentives and initial direct costs incurred.
Our leases qualify as operating leases and consist primarily of real estate leases for corporate offices, data centers, and other facilities. We measure our operating lease liabilities using an estimated incremental borrowing rate as there is no rate implicit in any of our operating lease arrangements. Since we do not have any outstanding borrowings, we estimate our incremental borrowing rate based on our estimated credit rating and available market information. Additionally, certain of our leases contain options to extend or terminate the lease term that, if exercised, would result in the remeasurement of the operating lease liability.
Our operating leases contain both lease and non-lease components. Non-lease components are distinct elements of a contract that are not related to securing the use of the lease assets, such as common area maintenance and other management costs. We elected for our real estate operating leases to measure the lease liability by combining the lease and non-lease components as a single lease component. As such, we included the fixed payments and any payments that depend on a rate or index that relate to our lease and non-lease components in the measurement of the operating lease liability.
We recognize lease expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Operating lease expense is recognized as part of technology, occupancy, and facility costs in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income.


NOTE 2 – INFORMATION ABOUT RECEIVABLES, REVENUES, AND SERVICES.

Revenues earned during the first quarter of 2019 and 2018 under agreements with clients include: 
 
Three months ended 3/31/2019
 
Three months ended 3/31/2018
 
 
 
Administrative, distribution, and servicing fees
 
 
 
 
 
Administrative, distribution, and servicing fees
 
 
(in millions)
Investment advisory fees
 
Administrative fees
 
Distribution and servicing fees
 
Net revenues
 
Investment advisory fees
 
Administrative fees
 
Distribution and servicing fees
 
Net revenues
U.S. mutual funds
$
815.9

 
$
76.6

 
$
30.2

 
$
922.7

 
$
832.9

 
$
81.8

 
$
36.6

 
$
951.3

Subadvised and separate accounts and other investment products
378.3

 

 

 
378.3

 
356.3

 

 

 
356.3

Other clients

 
26.3

 

 
26.3

 

 
20.4

 

 
20.4

 
$
1,194.2

 
$
102.9

 
$
30.2

 
$
1,327.3

 
$
1,189.2

 
$
102.2

 
$
36.6

 
$
1,328.0


Total net revenues earned from our related parties, specifically T. Rowe Price investment products, aggregate $1,093.4 and $1,100.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Accounts receivable from these products aggregate to $391.3 million at March 31, 2019, and $354.8 million at December 31, 2018.



Page 8




The following table details the investment advisory fees earned from clients by their underlying asset class.
 
Three months ended
(in millions)
3/31/2019
 
3/31/2018
U.S. mutual funds
 
 
 
Equity and blended assets
$
694.5

 
$
705.5

Fixed income, including money market
121.4

 
127.4

 
815.9

 
832.9

Subadvised and separate accounts and other investment products
 
 
 
Equity and blended assets
318.8

 
297.0

Fixed income, including money market
59.5

 
59.3

 
378.3

 
356.3

Total
$
1,194.2

 
$
1,189.2


The following table summarizes the assets under management on which we earn investment advisory fees.
 
Average during
 
 
 
Three months ended
 
As of
(in billions)
3/31/2019
 
3/31/2018
 
3/31/2019
 
12/31/2018
U.S. mutual funds
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity and blended assets
$
487.6

 
$
494.6

 
$
506.6

 
$
441.1

Fixed income, including money market
122.5

 
127.4

 
124.1

 
123.4

 
610.1

 
622.0

 
630.7

 
564.5

Subadvised and separate accounts and other investment products
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity and blended assets
332.9

 
308.2

 
347.9

 
299.2

Fixed income, including money market
100.5

 
95.3

 
103.1

 
98.6

 
433.4

 
403.5

 
451.0

 
397.8

Total
$
1,043.5

 
$
1,025.5

 
$
1,081.7

 
$
962.3


Investors that we serve are primarily domiciled in the U.S.; investment advisory clients outside the U.S. account for 6.4% and 6.2% of our assets under management at March 31, 2019, and December 31, 2018, respectively.

NOTE 3 – INVESTMENTS.

The carrying values of our investments that are not part of the consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products are as follows:
(in millions)
3/31/2019
 
12/31/2018
Investments held at fair value
 
 
 
T. Rowe Price investment products
$
1,542.4

 
$
1,538.4

T. Rowe Price investment products designated as an economic hedge of supplemental savings plan liability
429.2

 
381.3

Investment partnerships and other investments
99.1

 
99.6

Equity method investments
 
 
 
T. Rowe Price investment products
308.7

 
276.2

26% interest in UTI Asset Management Company Limited (India)
161.3

 
152.4

Investment partnerships and other investments
5.0

 
4.5

U.S. Treasury note
1.0

 
1.0

Total
$
2,546.7

 
$
2,453.4


The investment partnerships are carried at fair value using net asset value (“NAV”) per share as a practical expedient. Our interests in these partnerships are generally not redeemable and are subject to significant


Page 9




restrictions on transferability. The underlying investments of these partnerships have contractual terms through 2029, though we may receive distributions of liquidating assets over a longer term. The investment strategies of these partnerships include growth equity, buyout, venture capital, and real estate.

During the three months ended March 31, 2019, net gains on investments included $50.6 million of net unrealized gains related to investments held at fair value that were still held at March 31, 2019. For the same period of 2018, the net losses on investments included $1.9 million of net unrealized losses on investments held at fair value that were still held at March 31, 2018.

During the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, certain T. Rowe Price investment products in which we provided initial seed capital at the time of formation were deconsolidated, as we no longer had a controlling interest. Depending on our ownership interest, we are now reporting our residual interests in these T. Rowe Price investment products as either an equity method investment or an investment held at fair value. Additionally, during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, certain T. Rowe Price investment products that were being accounted for as equity method investments were consolidated, as we regained a controlling interest. The net impact of these changes on our unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets and statements of income as of the dates the portfolios were deconsolidated or reconsolidated is detailed below.
 
Three months ended
(in millions)
3/31/2019
 
3/31/2018
Net increase (decrease) in assets of consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products
$
12.3

 
$
(757.5
)
Net decrease in liabilities of consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products
$
(.9
)
 
$
(5.2
)
Net increase (decrease) in redeemable non-controlling interests
$
20.4

 
$
(632.9
)
 
 
 
 
Gains recognized upon deconsolidation
$
.1

 
$
3.1


The gains or losses recognized upon deconsolidation were the result of reclassifying currency translation adjustments accumulated on certain T. Rowe Price investment products with non-USD functional currencies from accumulated other comprehensive income to non-operating income.

VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITIES.

Our investments at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, include interests in variable interest entities that we do not consolidate as we are not deemed the primary beneficiary. Our maximum risk of loss related to our involvement with these entities is as follows:
(in millions)
3/31/2019
 
12/31/2018
Investment carrying values
$
141.1

 
$
143.3

Unfunded capital commitments
24.0

 
27.3

Uncollected investment advisory and administrative fees
8.1

 
5.2

 
$
173.2

 
$
175.8


The unfunded capital commitments totaling $24.0 million and $27.3 million at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, relate primarily to the investment partnerships in which we have an existing investment. In addition to such amounts, a percentage of prior distributions may be called under certain circumstances.

NOTE 4 – FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS.

We determine the fair value of our cash equivalents and certain investments using the following broad levels of inputs as defined by related accounting standards:

Level 1 – quoted prices in active markets for identical securities.
Level 2 – observable inputs other than Level 1 quoted prices including, but not limited to, quoted prices for similar
securities, interest rates, prepayment speeds, and credit risk. These inputs are based on market data
obtained from independent sources.
Level 3 – unobservable inputs reflecting our own assumptions based on the best information available. We do not


Page 10




value any investments using Level 3 inputs.

These levels are not necessarily an indication of the risk or liquidity associated with our investments. The following table summarizes our investments that are recognized in our unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets using fair value measurements determined based on the differing levels of inputs. This table excludes investments held by the consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products which are presented separately on our unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets and are detailed in Note 5.
 
3/31/2019
 
12/31/2018
(in millions)
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
Cash equivalents held in T. Rowe Price money market funds
$
1,398.3

 
$

 
$
1,196.0

 
$

T. Rowe Price investment products
1,964.1

 
7.5

 
1,900.5

 
19.2

Total
$
3,362.4

 
$
7.5

 
$
3,096.5

 
$
19.2


As required by the accounting guidance, the fair value hierarchy levels table above does not include the investment partnerships and other investments that are held at fair value using their NAV per share as a practical expedient. The carrying value of these investments as disclosed in Note 3 were $99.1 million at March 31, 2019 and $99.6 million at December 31, 2018.

NOTE 5 – CONSOLIDATED T. ROWE PRICE INVESTMENT PRODUCTS.

The T. Rowe Price investment products that we consolidate in our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are generally those products we provided initial seed capital at the time of their formation and have a controlling interest. Our U.S. mutual funds are considered voting interest entities, while those regulated outside the U.S. are considered variable interest entities.

The following table details the net assets of the consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products:
 
3/31/2019
 
12/31/2018
(in millions)
Voting
interest entities
 
Variable interest entities
 
Total
 
Voting
interest entities
 
Variable interest entities
 
Total
Cash and cash equivalents(1)
$
16.3

 
$
59.8

 
$
76.1

 
$
18.5

 
$
51.6

 
$
70.1

Investments(2)
289.7

 
1,509.0

 
1,798.7

 
261.3

 
1,322.7

 
1,584.0

Other assets
9.7

 
51.8

 
61.5

 
8.0

 
18.3

 
26.3

Total assets
315.7

 
1,620.6

 
1,936.3

 
287.8

 
1,392.6

 
1,680.4

Liabilities
23.6

 
41.1

 
64.7

 
16.0

 
22.7

 
38.7

Net assets
$
292.1

 
$
1,579.5

 
$
1,871.6

 
$
271.8

 
$
1,369.9

 
$
1,641.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Attributable to T. Rowe Price Group
$
199.8

 
$
785.1

 
$
984.9

 
$
175.3

 
$
726.1

 
$
901.4

Attributable to redeemable non-controlling interests
92.3

 
794.4

 
886.7

 
96.5

 
643.8

 
740.3

 
$
292.1

 
$
1,579.5

 
$
1,871.6

 
$
271.8

 
$
1,369.9

 
$
1,641.7

(1) Cash and cash equivalents includes $15.3 million and $18.5 million at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, of T. Rowe Price money market mutual funds.
(2) Investments includes $42.1 million and $43.8 million at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, of T. Rowe Price investment products.

Although we can redeem our net interest in these consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products at any time, we cannot directly access or sell the assets held by these products to obtain cash for general operations. Additionally, the assets of these investment products are not available to our general creditors.

Since third party investors in these investment products have no recourse to our credit, our overall risk related to the net assets of consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products is limited to valuation changes associated with our net interest. We, however, are required to recognize the valuation changes associated with all underlying


Page 11




investments held by these products in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income, and disclose the portion attributable to third party investors as net income attributable to redeemable non-controlling interests.

The operating results of the consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 are reflected in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income as follows:
 
Three months ended
 
3/31/2019
 
3/31/2018
(in millions)
Voting interest entities
 
Variable interest entities
 
Total
 
Voting interest entities
 
Variable interest entities
 
Total
Operating expenses reflected in net operating income
$
(.3
)
 
$
(2.8
)
 
$
(3.1
)
 
$
(.3
)
 
$
(2.2
)
 
$
(2.5
)
Net investment income (loss) reflected in non-operating income
8.0

 
93.9

 
101.9

 
(.8
)
 
1.6

 
.8

Impact on income before taxes
$
7.7

 
$
91.1

 
$
98.8

 
$
(1.1
)
 
$
(.6
)
 
$
(1.7
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) attributable to T. Rowe Price Group
$
8.7

 
$
48.7

 
$
57.4

 
$
(.7
)
 
$
(2.8
)
 
$
(3.5
)
Net income (loss) attributable to redeemable non-controlling interests
(1.0
)
 
42.4

 
41.4

 
(.4
)
 
2.2

 
1.8

 
$
7.7

 
$
91.1

 
$
98.8

 
$
(1.1
)
 
$
(.6
)
 
$
(1.7
)

The operating expenses of the consolidated investment products are reflected in other operating expenses. In preparing our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, we eliminated operating expenses of $1.5 million and $1.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, against the investment advisory and administrative fees earned from these products. The net investment income reflected in non-operating income includes dividend and interest income and realized and unrealized gains and losses on the underlying securities held by the consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products.

The table below details the impact of these consolidated investment products on the individual lines of our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.
 
Three months ended
 
3/31/2019
 
3/31/2018
(in millions)
Voting
interest entities
 
Variable interest entities
 
Total
 
Voting
interest entities
 
Variable interest entities
 
Total
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
(28.7
)
 
$
(65.0
)
 
$
(93.7
)
 
$
(52.8
)
 
$
(148.2
)
 
$
(201.0
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(5.1
)
 
1.7

 
(3.4
)
 

 
(21.5
)
 
(21.5
)
Net cash used in financing activities
31.6

 
72.2

 
103.8

 
63.4

 
139.5

 
202.9

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents of consolidated
T. Rowe Price investment products

 
(.7
)
 
(.7
)
 

 
1.3

 
1.3

Net change in cash and cash equivalents during period
(2.2
)
 
8.2

 
6.0

 
10.6

 
(28.9
)
 
(18.3
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
18.5

 
51.6

 
70.1

 
7.1

 
96.0

 
103.1

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
16.3

 
$
59.8

 
$
76.1

 
$
17.7

 
$
67.1

 
$
84.8


The net cash provided by financing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 includes $37.8 million and $25.1 million, respectively, of net subscriptions we made into the consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products, net of dividends received. These cash flows were eliminated in consolidation.



Page 12




FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS.

We determine the fair value of investments held by consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products using the following broad levels of inputs as defined by related accounting standards:

Level 1 – quoted prices in active markets for identical securities.
Level 2 – observable inputs other than Level 1 quoted prices including, but not limited to, quoted prices for similar securities, interest rates, prepayment speeds, and credit risk. These inputs are based on market data obtained from independent sources.
Level 3 – unobservable inputs reflecting our own assumptions based on the best information available. The value of investments using Level 3 inputs is insignificant.

These levels are not necessarily an indication of the risk or liquidity associated with these investment holdings. The following table summarizes the investment holdings held by our consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products using fair value measurements determined based on the differing levels of inputs.
 
3/31/2019
 
12/31/2018
(in millions)
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Cash equivalents
$
15.3

 
$

 
$
19.3

 
$

Equity securities
239.9

 
572.6

 
189.6

 
483.5

Fixed income securities

 
961.6

 

 
890.2

Other investments
1.5

 
23.1

 
1.7

 
19.0

 
$
256.7

 
$
1,557.3

 
$
210.6

 
$
1,392.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
$
(1.0
)
 
$
(9.7
)
 
$
(.8
)
 
$
(12.8
)


NOTE 6 – LEASES.
All of our leases are operating leases and primarily consist of real estate leases for corporate offices, data centers, and other facilities. As of March 31, 2019, the weighted-average remaining lease term on these leases is approximately seven years and the weighted-average discount rate used to measure the lease liabilities is approximately 3.5%.
Our operating lease expense for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, was $7.3 million and $8.1 million, respectively. Charges related to our operating leases that are variable and therefore not included in the measurement of the lease liabilities were $2.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019.
We made lease payments of $9.9 million during the three months ended March 31, 2019. Our future undiscounted cash flows related to our operating leases and the reconciliation to the operating lease liability as of March 31, 2019, are as follows:
(in millions)
3/31/2019
2019 (excluding the first quarter ended March 31, 2019)
$
21.6

2020
29.8

2021
26.7

2022
22.4

2023
19.9

Thereafter
62.9

Total future undiscounted cash flows
183.3

Less: imputed interest to be recognized in lease expense
(21.4
)
Operating lease liabilities, as reported
$
161.9




Page 13




NOTE 7 – STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY.

Accounts payable and accrued expenses includes liabilities of $8.0 million at March 31, 2019, and $9.2 million at December 31, 2018, for common stock repurchases that settled during the first week of April 2019 and January 2019, respectively.


NOTE 8 – STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION.

STOCK OPTIONS.

The following table summarizes the status of, and changes in, our stock options during the three months ended March 31, 2019.  
 
Options
 
Weighted-
average
exercise
price
Outstanding at December 31, 2018
11,300,393

 
$
69.05

Exercised
(972,655
)
 
$
60.26

Forfeited
(65,534
)
 
$
76.57

Expired
(7,807
)
 
$
59.07

Outstanding at March 31, 2019
10,254,397

 
$
69.84

Exercisable at March 31, 2019
8,272,310

 
$
68.24


RESTRICTED SHARES AND STOCK UNITS.

The following table summarizes the status of, and changes in, our nonvested restricted shares and restricted stock units during the three months ended March 31, 2019.
 
Restricted
shares
 
Restricted
stock
units
 
Weighted-average
fair value
Nonvested at December 31, 2018
136,964

 
6,603,920

 
$
87.07

Time-based grants

 
20,307

 
$
92.37

Vested
(400
)
 
(26,129
)
 
$
99.36

Forfeited
(4,928
)
 
(212,992
)
 
$
87.99

Nonvested at March 31, 2019
131,636

 
6,385,106

 
$
87.01


Nonvested at March 31, 2019, includes 2,400 performance-based restricted shares and 450,727 performance-based restricted stock units. These nonvested performance-based restricted shares and units include 2,400 restricted shares and 289,906 restricted stock units for which the performance period has lapsed and the performance threshold has been met.



Page 14




FUTURE STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION EXPENSE.

The following table presents the compensation expense (in millions) to be recognized over the remaining vesting periods of the stock-based awards outstanding at March 31, 2019. Estimated future compensation expense will change to reflect future grants of restricted stock awards and units, future option grants, changes in the probability of performance thresholds being met, and adjustments for actual forfeitures.
 
(in millions)
 
Second quarter 2019
$
49.0

Third quarter 2019
48.9

Fourth quarter 2019
43.8

2020
104.6

2021 through 2024
83.2

Total
$
329.5



NOTE 9 – EARNINGS PER SHARE CALCULATIONS.

The following table presents the reconciliation of net income attributable to T. Rowe Price Group to net income allocated to our common stockholders and the weighted-average shares that are used in calculating the basic and diluted earnings per share on our common stock. Weighted-average common shares outstanding assuming dilution reflects the potential dilution, determined using the treasury stock method, that could occur if outstanding stock options were exercised and non-participating stock awards vested.
 
Three months ended
(in millions)
3/31/2019
 
3/31/2018
Net income attributable to T. Rowe Price Group
$
512.6

 
$
453.7

Less: net income allocated to outstanding restricted stock and stock unit holders
13.0

 
10.6

Net income allocated to common stockholders
$
499.6

 
$
443.1

 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares
 
 
 
Outstanding
236.6

 
244.3

Outstanding assuming dilution
239.6

 
249.8


NOTE 10 – OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME AND ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME.

The following table presents the impact of the components of other comprehensive income or loss on deferred tax benefits (income taxes).
 
Three months ended
(in millions)
3/31/2019
 
3/31/2018
Net deferred tax benefits (income taxes) on:
 
 
 
Currency translation adjustments
$
.1

 
$
(3.3
)
Reclassification adjustment recognized in the provision for income taxes upon deconsolidation of a T. Rowe Price investment product

 
.8

Total deferred tax benefits (income taxes) on currency translation adjustments
.1

 
(2.5
)



Page 15




The changes in each component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), including reclassification adjustments for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 are presented in the table below.
 
 
 
Currency translation adjustments
 
 
(in millions)
 
 
Equity method investments
 
Consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products - variable interest entities
 
Total currency translation adjustments
 
Total
Balances at December 31, 2018
 
 
$
(48.8
)
 
$
6.8

 
$
(42.0
)
 
$
(42.0
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications and income taxes
 
 
4.9

 
(4.5
)
 
.4

 
.4

Reclassification adjustments recognized in non-operating income
 
 

 
(.1
)
 
(.1
)
 
(.1
)
 
 
 
4.9

 
(4.6
)
 
.3

 
.3

Net deferred tax benefits (income taxes)
 
 
(1.1
)
 
1.2

 
.1

 
.1

Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
3.8

 
(3.4
)
 
.4

 
.4

Balances at March 31, 2019
 
 
$
(45.0
)
 
$
3.4

 
$
(41.6
)
 
$
(41.6
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency translation adjustments
 
 
(in millions)
Net unrealized holding gains
 
Equity method investments
 
Consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products - variable interest entities
 
Total currency translation adjustments
 
Total
Balances at December 31, 2017
$
7.9

 
$
(30.6
)
 
$
19.1

 
$
(11.5
)
 
$
(3.6
)
Reclassification of unrealized holding gains to retained earnings upon adoption of new financial instruments guidance(1)
(7.9
)
 

 

 

 
(7.9
)
Reclassification adjustment of stranded tax benefits on currency translation adjustments upon adoption of new accumulated other comprehensive income guidance

 
(6.4
)
 
4.1

 
(2.3
)
 
(2.3
)
Balance at January 1, 2018


(37.0
)

23.2


(13.8
)

(13.8
)
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications and income taxes

 
3.8

 
9.2

 
13.0

 
13.0

Reclassification adjustments recognized in non-operating income

 

 
(3.1
)
 
(3.1
)
 
(3.1
)
 

 
3.8

 
6.1

 
9.9

 
9.9

Net deferred income taxes

 
(.8
)
 
(1.7
)
 
(2.5
)
 
(2.5
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)

 
3.0

 
4.4

 
7.4

 
7.4

Balances at March 31, 2018
$

 
$
(34.0
)
 
$
27.6

 
$
(6.4
)
 
$
(6.4
)
(1) Includes the reclassification of $1.7 million of stranded income taxes on certain investments resulting from U.S. tax law changes enacted on December 22, 2017, from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings.

NOTE 11 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES.

On February 14, 2017, T. Rowe Price Group, Inc., T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc., T. Rowe Price Trust Company, current and former members of the management committee, and trustees of the T. Rowe Price U.S. Retirement Program were named as defendants in a lawsuit filed in the United States District Court for the District of Maryland. The lawsuit alleges breaches of ERISA’s fiduciary duty and prohibited transaction provisions on behalf of a class of all participants and beneficiaries of the T. Rowe Price 401(k) Plan from February 14, 2011, to the time of judgment. The plaintiffs are seeking certification of the complaint as a class action. T. Rowe Price believes the claims are without merit and is vigorously defending the action. This matter is in the early stages of litigation and we cannot predict the eventual outcome or whether it will have a material negative impact on our financial results, or estimate the possible loss or range of loss that may arise from any negative outcome.


Page 16




On April 27, 2016, certain shareholders in the T. Rowe Price Blue Chip Growth Fund, T. Rowe Price Capital Appreciation Fund, T. Rowe Price Equity Income Fund, T. Rowe Price Growth Stock Fund, T. Rowe Price International Stock Fund, T. Rowe Price High Yield Fund, T. Rowe Price New Income Fund and T. Rowe Price Small Cap Stock Fund (the “Funds”) filed a Section 36(b) complaint under the caption Zoidis v. T. Rowe Price Assoc., Inc., against T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. (“T. Rowe Price”) in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. The complaint alleges that the management fees for the identified funds are excessive because
T. Rowe Price charges lower advisory fees to subadvised clients with funds in the same strategy. The complaint seeks to recover the allegedly excessive advisory fees received by T. Rowe Price in the year preceding the start of the lawsuit, along with investments’ returns and profits. In the alternative, the complaint seeks the rescission of each fund’s investment management agreement and restitution of any allegedly excessive management fees. T. Rowe Price believes the claims are without merit and is vigorously defending the action. This matter is in the discovery phase of litigation and we cannot predict the eventual outcome or whether it will have a material negative impact on our financial results, or estimate the possible loss or range of loss that may arise from any negative outcome.

In addition to the matters discussed above, various claims against us arise in the ordinary course of business, including employment-related claims. In the opinion of management, after consultation with counsel, the likelihood of an adverse determination in one or more of these pending ordinary course of business claims that would have a material adverse effect on our financial position or results of operations is remote.




Page 17




REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Stockholders and Board of Directors
T. Rowe Price Group, Inc.:

Results of Review of Interim Financial Information
We have reviewed the condensed consolidated balance sheet of T. Rowe Price Group, Inc. and subsidiaries ("the Company") as of March 31, 2019, the related condensed consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, and the related notes (collectively, the consolidated interim financial information). Based on our reviews, we are not aware of any material modifications that should be made to the consolidated interim financial information for it to be in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
We have previously audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated balance sheet of the Company as of December 31, 2018, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, changes in stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the year then ended (not presented herein); and in our report dated February 13, 2019, we expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements. In our opinion, the information set forth in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2018, is fairly stated, in all material respects, in relation to the consolidated balance sheet from which it has been derived.
Basis for Review Results
This consolidated interim financial information is the responsibility of the Company’s management. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our reviews in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. A review of consolidated interim financial information consists principally of applying analytical procedures and making inquiries of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters. It is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB, the objective of which is the expression of an opinion regarding the financial statements taken as a whole. Accordingly, we do not express such an opinion.

/s/ KPMG LLP
Baltimore, Maryland
April 24, 2019
 




Page 18




Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

OVERVIEW.

Our revenues and net income are derived primarily from investment advisory services provided to individual and institutional investors in U.S. mutual funds, separately managed accounts, subadvised funds, and other T. Rowe Price products. The other T. Rowe Price products include: collective investment trusts, open-ended investment products offered to investors outside the U.S., and products offered through variable annuity life insurance plans in the U.S.

We manage a broad range of U.S., international and global stock, bond, and money market mutual funds and other investment products, which meet the varied needs and objectives of individual and institutional investors. Investment advisory revenues depend largely on the total value and composition of assets under our management. Accordingly, fluctuations in financial markets and in the composition of assets under management affect our revenues and results of operations. We incur significant expenditures to develop new products and services and improve and expand our capabilities and distribution channels in order to attract new investment advisory clients and additional investments from our existing clients. These efforts often involve costs that precede any future revenues that we may recognize from an increase to our assets under management.

The general trend to passive investing has been persistent and accelerated in recent years, which has negatively impacted our new client inflows. However, over the long term we expect well-executed active management to play an important role for investors. In this regard, we remain debt-free with ample liquidity and resources that allow us to take advantage of attractive growth opportunities. We are investing to advance our strategic priorities to sustain and deepen our investment talent, add investment capabilities both in terms of new strategies and new investment vehicles, expand capabilities through enhanced technology, and broaden our distribution reach globally.

We currently expect our 2019 non-GAAP operating expenses to grow in the range of 4% to 7%. This expense growth range factors in continued investments in the business, our cost optimization efforts, and the phased implementation of paying for all third-party investment research. We currently expect all third-party investment research costs to be fully accounted for in our 2020 operating expenses. We could elect to adjust our expense growth should unforeseen circumstances arise, including significant market movements.

MARKET TRENDS.

Major U.S. stock indexes surged in the first quarter of 2019, as the market rebounded from its late-December 2018 lows. The Federal Reserve paused its short-term interest rate hikes while central bank officials assess the economy and the effects of previous rate increases. Equities were also lifted by fourth-quarter corporate earnings reports that were generally better than expected, although earnings growth moderated from the robust pace of earlier in 2018. The end of the federal government’s partial shutdown in late January also removed a major source of uncertainty. In addition, investors were hopeful that the U.S. and China would soon reach a resolution to their year-long trade dispute.

Stocks in developed non-U.S. equity markets performed well but underperformed U.S. shares in U.S. dollar terms. Japanese shares returned almost 7% for the quarter. UK shares surged nearly 12%, despite Brexit-related uncertainty.

Stocks in emerging markets performed approximately in line with developed non-U.S. markets. In Asia, Chinese stocks did very well, in part because of Chinese government stimulus efforts, expectations for an imminent U.S.-China trade deal, and MSCI’s plan to increase China’s representation in some of its indexes later this year. In emerging Europe, Russian stocks soared over 12% in U.S. dollar terms amid rising oil prices. In contrast, Turkish shares were extremely volatile and fell almost 3%. In Latin America, most markets advanced during the quarter. Stocks in regional heavyweight Brazil returned more than 8% amid expectations that the country’s new president would pursue business-friendly policies and pension reform.




Page 19




Returns of several major equity market indexes for the first quarter of 2019, are as follows:
Index
 
3/31/2019
S&P 500 Index
 
13.7%
NASDAQ Composite Index(1)
 
16.5%
Russell 2000 Index
 
14.6%
MSCI EAFE (Europe, Australasia, and Far East) Index
 
10.1%
MSCI Emerging Markets Index
 
10.0%
 (1) Returns exclude dividends

Global bond performance was positive, and U.S., bonds produced solid returns. The Federal Reserve kept short-term interest rates unchanged and indicated that it does not currently see the need for rate hikes in 2019, which helped send longer-term bond yields sharply lower. During the quarter, the 10-year Treasury note yield fell from 2.69% to 2.41%. In the investment-grade debt universe, long-term Treasuries and corporate bonds fared best. Mortgage-backed securities lagged, as falling long-term rates could lead to more mortgage prepayments and refinancing activity. Municipal bonds performed approximately in line with taxable bonds. High yield bonds easily outperformed investment-grade issues amid narrowing credit spreads and increased demand from yield-seeking investors.

Bond returns in developed non-U.S. markets were positive in dollar terms, as yields in many developed markets decreased due to global growth concerns and a number of major central banks turning more neutral. However, a stronger U.S. dollar versus some currencies reduced returns in terms of dollars.

Emerging markets bond returns were also positive as they benefited from major central banks moving away from monetary tightening. Dollar-denominated emerging markets debt easily outperformed local currency bonds from developing countries. The latter lagged as several key currencies depreciated versus the dollar.

Returns for several major bond market indexes for the first quarter of 2019, are as follows:
Index
 
3/31/2019
Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index
 
2.9%
JPMorgan Global High Yield Index    
 
7.1%
Bloomberg Barclays Municipal Bond Index
 
2.9%
Bloomberg Barclays Global Aggregate Ex-U.S. Dollar Bond Index
 
1.5%
JPMorgan Emerging Markets Bond Index Plus
 
6.2%



Page 20




ASSETS UNDER MANAGEMENT.

Assets under management ended the first quarter of 2019 at $1,081.7 billion, an increase of $119.4 billion from December 31, 2018. We had net cash inflows of $5.4 billion in the first quarter of 2019. The following table details changes in our assets under management, by vehicle and asset class during the first quarter of 2019:

 
Three months ended 3/31/2019
(in billions)
U.S. mutual funds
 
Subadvised and separate accounts
 
Other investment products
 
Total
Assets under management at beginning of period
$
564.5

 
$
250.0

 
$
147.8

 
$
962.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash flows before client transfers
4.6

 
.8

 

 
5.4

Client transfers
(6.1
)
 
(.9
)
 
7.0

 

Net cash flows after client transfers
(1.5
)
 
(.1
)
 
7.0

 
5.4

Net market appreciation and income
67.4

 
30.7

 
15.6

 
113.7

Distributions reinvested
.3

 

 

 
.3

Change during the period
66.2

 
30.6

 
22.6

 
119.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets under management at March 31, 2019
$
630.7

 
$
280.6

 
$
170.4

 
$
1,081.7


 
Three months ended 3/31/2019
(in billions)
Equity
 
Fixed income, including money market
 
Multi-asset(1)
 
Total
Assets under management at beginning of period
$
539.9

 
$
136.1

 
$
286.3

 
$
962.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash flows
.7

 
1.5

 
3.2

 
5.4

Net market appreciation and income(2)
81.0

 
3.3

 
29.7

 
114.0

Change during the period
81.7

 
4.8

 
32.9

 
119.4

Assets under management at March 31, 2019
$
621.6

 
$
140.9

 
$
319.2

 
$
1,081.7

(1) The underlying assets under management of the multi-asset portfolios have been aggregated and presented in this category and not reported in the equity and fixed income columns.
(2) Reported net of distributions not reinvested.

Investment advisory clients outside the U.S. account for about 6.4% of our assets under management at March 31, 2019 and 6.2% at December 31, 2018.

Our target date retirement products, which are included in the multi-asset totals shown above, continue to be a significant part of our assets under management. Assets under management in these portfolios are as follows:
 
As of
(in billions)
3/31/2019
 
12/31/2018
Target date retirement U.S. mutual funds
$
156.6

 
$
144.8

Target date separately managed retirement accounts
6.8

 
5.9

Target date retirement trusts
94.4

 
79.7

 
$
257.8

 
$
230.4


Net cash inflows into our target date retirement products were $3.0 billion in the first quarter of 2019. For the year-ended December 31, 2018, our target date retirement products had net inflows of $12.0 billion, as net outflows of $14.1 billion from the target date retirement U.S. mutual funds were more than offset by net inflows of $21.4 billion into the retirement trusts and $4.7 billion into separately managed retirement accounts.





Page 21




INVESTMENT PERFORMANCE.(1) 

Strong investment performance and brand awareness is a key driver to attracting and retaining assets—and to our long-term success. The percentage of our U.S. mutual funds(2) (across primary share classes) that outperformed their comparable Morningstar median on a total return basis and that are in the top Morningstar quartile for the one-, three-, five-, and 10-years ended March 31, 2019, were:
 
 
1 year
 
3 years
 
5 years
 
10 years
Outperformed Morningstar median
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    All funds
 
65%
 
68%
 
79%
 
82%
    Multi-asset funds
 
86%
 
79%
 
88%
 
84%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Top Morningstar quartile
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    All funds
 
26%
 
39%
 
51%
 
54%
    Multi-asset funds
 
3%
 
53%
 
59%
 
79%
(1) Source: © 2019 Morningstar, Inc. All rights reserved. The information contained herein: (1) is proprietary to Morningstar and/or its content providers; (2) may not be copied or distributed; and (3) is not warranted to be accurate, complete, or timely. Neither Morningstar nor its content providers are responsible for any damages or losses arising from any use of this information. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.
(2) Excludes passive and fund categories not ranked by Morningstar.

In addition, 85.5% of our rated U.S. mutual funds' assets under management ended the quarter with an overall rating of four or five stars from Morningstar. The performance of our institutional strategies against their benchmarks remains competitive, especially over longer time periods.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

The following table and discussion sets forth information regarding our consolidated financial results for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 on a U.S. GAAP basis as well as a non-GAAP basis. The non-GAAP basis adjusts for the impact of our consolidated T. Rowe Price investment products, the impact of market movements on the supplemental savings plan liability and related economic hedges, investment income related to certain other investments, and certain nonrecurring charges and gains. Beginning in the second quarter of 2018, our non-GAAP adjustments no longer include non-operating income related to our cash and discretionary investments not consolidated. We believe the non-GAAP financial measures below provide relevant and meaningful information to investors about our core operating results.


Page 22




 
Three months ended
 
Q1 2019 vs. Q1 2018
(in millions, except per-share data)
3/31/2019
 
3/31/2018
 
$ change
 
% change
U.S. GAAP basis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investment advisory fees
$
1,194.2

 
$
1,189.2

 
$
5.0

 
.4
 %
Net revenues
$
1,327.3

 
$
1,328.0

 
$
(.7
)
 
(.1
)%
Operating expenses
$
794.8

 
$
744.2

 
$
50.6

 
6.8
 %
Net operating income
$
532.5

 
$
583.8

 
$
(51.3
)
 
(8.8
)%
Non-operating income(1)
$
202.8

 
$
16.1

 
$
186.7

 
n/m

Net income attributable to T. Rowe Price Group
$
512.6

 
$
453.7

 
$
58.9

 
13.0
 %
Diluted earnings per common share
$
2.09

 
$
1.77

 
$
.32

 
18.1
 %
Weighted average common shares outstanding assuming dilution
239.6

 
249.8

 
(10.2
)
 
(4.1
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjusted non-GAAP basis(2)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses
$
756.6

 
$
741.0

 
$
15.6

 
2.1
 %
Net income attributable to T. Rowe Price Group
$
460.6

 
$
445.6

 
$
15.0

 
3.4
 %
Diluted earnings per common share
$
1.87

 
$
1.74

 
$
.13

 
7.5
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets under management (in billions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Average assets under management
$
1,043.5

 
$
1,025.5

 
$
18.0

 
1.8
 %
Ending assets under management
$
1,081.7

 
$
1,014.2

 
$
67.5

 
6.7
 %
(1) The percentage change in non-operating income is not meaningful (n/m).
(2) See the reconciliation to the comparable U.S. GAAP measures at the end of the Results of Operations section of this Management’s Discussion and Analysis.

Results Overview

Investment advisory revenues. Investment advisory revenues earned in the first quarter of 2019 increased over the comparable 2018 quarter as average assets under our management increased $18.0 billion, or 1.8%, to $1,043.5 billion. The average annualized effective fee rate earned on our assets under management during the first quarter of 2019 was 46.4 basis points, compared with 47.0 basis points earned during the first quarter of 2018. Our effective fee rate has declined due to client transfers within the complex to lower fee vehicles or share classes over the last twelve months and, to a lesser extent, fee reductions we made to certain mutual funds and other products during 2018. We regularly assess the competitiveness of our investment advisory fees and will continue to make adjustments as deemed appropriate.

Operating expenses. Operating expenses were $794.8 million in the first quarter of 2019 compared with $744.2 million in the first quarter of 2018. The increase in operating expenses for the first quarter of 2019 was primarily due to our continued strategic investments, as well as higher compensation expense related to the supplemental savings plan as markets rebounded strongly in the first quarter of 2019. The higher expense related to the supplemental savings plan is partially offset by the non-operating gains earned on the investments used to hedge the related liability. On a non-GAAP basis, our operating expenses in the first quarter of 2019 increased 2.1% to $756.6 million compared to the 2018 quarter. Our non-GAAP operating expenses excludes the first quarter of 2019 impact of our supplemental savings plan. See our non-GAAP reconciliations later in this Management’s Discussion and Analysis section.

Operating margin. Our operating margin in the first quarter of 2019 was 40.1%, compared to 44.0% earned in the 2018 quarter. The decrease is primarily due to the higher compensation expense related to our supplemental savings plan as markets in the first quarter of 2019 outperformed the same quarter in 2018.



Page 23




Net revenues
 
Three months ended
 
Q1 2019 vs. Q1 2018
(in millions)
3/31/2019
 
3/31/2018
 
$ change
 
% change
Investment advisory fees
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. mutual funds
$
815.9

 
$
832.9

 
$
(17.0
)
 
(2.0
)%
Subadvised and separate accounts and other investment products