10-Q 1 ttwo-20220630.htm 10-Q ttwo-20220630
0000946581false2023Q1--03-31P2Y1,0001,00000009465812022-04-012022-06-3000009465812022-07-29xbrli:shares00009465812022-06-30iso4217:USD00009465812022-03-31iso4217:USDxbrli:shares0000946581ttwo:GameMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:GameMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581us-gaap:AdvertisingMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:AdvertisingMember2021-04-012021-06-3000009465812021-04-012021-06-3000009465812021-03-3100009465812021-06-300000946581us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-03-310000946581us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-03-310000946581us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2021-03-310000946581us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-03-310000946581us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-03-310000946581us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2021-03-310000946581us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-06-300000946581us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-06-300000946581us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2021-06-300000946581us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-06-300000946581us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-06-300000946581us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2021-06-300000946581us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581ttwo:RecurrentCustomerSpendingMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:RecurrentCustomerSpendingMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581ttwo:FullGameAndOtherMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:FullGameAndOtherMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581country:US2022-04-012022-06-300000946581country:US2021-04-012021-06-300000946581us-gaap:NonUsMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:NonUsMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581ttwo:ConsoleMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:ConsoleMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581ttwo:MobileMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:MobileMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581ttwo:PCAndOtherProductsMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:PCAndOtherProductsMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581ttwo:DigitalOnlineMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:DigitalOnlineMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581ttwo:PhysicalRetailAndOtherMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:PhysicalRetailAndOtherMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581ttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-04-012022-06-3000009465812022-07-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Member2017-11-012017-11-300000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMembersrt:MaximumMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Member2017-11-012017-11-300000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Member2022-05-012022-05-310000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMembersrt:MaximumMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Member2022-05-012022-05-310000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMemberttwo:TimeBasedRestrictedUnitsMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Member2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMemberttwo:TimeBasedRestrictedUnitsMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Member2021-04-012021-06-300000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Memberttwo:MarketBasedRestrictedUnitsMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Memberttwo:MarketBasedRestrictedUnitsMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMemberttwo:IPMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Member2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMemberttwo:IPMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Member2021-04-012021-06-300000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Memberttwo:RCSMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Memberttwo:RCSMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMemberttwo:PerformanceBasedRestrictedUnitsMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Member2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMemberttwo:PerformanceBasedRestrictedUnitsMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Member2021-04-012021-06-300000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMemberus-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Member2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMemberus-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Member2021-04-012021-06-300000946581srt:MinimumMemberttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Member2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMembersrt:MaximumMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Member2022-04-012022-06-30xbrli:pure0000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMemberttwo:MarketBasedRestrictedStockMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Member2022-04-012022-06-300000946581srt:MaximumMemberttwo:MarketBasedRestrictedStockMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Member2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMemberus-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Member2022-06-300000946581ttwo:ZelnickMediaCorporationMemberus-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Member2022-03-310000946581ttwo:RestrictedStockAwardsMemberttwo:ManagementAgreement2017Member2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:BankTimeDepositsMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:BankTimeDepositsMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:BankTimeDepositsMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:BankTimeDepositsMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:CorporateBondSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:CorporateBondSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:CorporateBondSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:CorporateBondSecuritiesMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:CommercialPaperMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:CommercialPaperMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:CommercialPaperMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:CommercialPaperMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PrivateEquityFundsMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:PrivateEquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:PrivateEquityFundsMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:PrivateEquityFundsMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:BankTimeDepositsMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:BankTimeDepositsMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:BankTimeDepositsMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:BankTimeDepositsMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:CommercialPaperMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:CommercialPaperMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:CommercialPaperMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:CommercialPaperMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:CertificatesOfDepositMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:CertificatesOfDepositMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:CertificatesOfDepositMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:CertificatesOfDepositMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:CorporateBondSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:CorporateBondSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:CorporateBondSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:CorporateBondSecuritiesMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PrivateEquityFundsMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:PrivateEquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:PrivateEquityFundsMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:PrivateEquityFundsMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember2022-03-310000946581ttwo:NordeusLimitedMember2021-06-012021-06-010000946581ttwo:NordeusLimitedMemberttwo:PerformancePeriodOneMember2021-06-012021-06-010000946581ttwo:NordeusLimitedMemberttwo:PerformancePeriodTwoMember2021-06-012021-06-010000946581ttwo:NordeusLimitedMember2021-06-010000946581ttwo:NordeusLimitedMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:NordeusLimitedMember2022-06-300000946581ttwo:NordeusLimitedMemberttwo:PerformancePeriodOneMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:NordeusLimitedMemberttwo:PerformancePeriodTwoMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:AssetBackedSecuritiesMember2022-03-310000946581ttwo:SoftwareInternalDevelopmentMember2022-06-300000946581ttwo:SoftwareInternalDevelopmentMember2022-03-310000946581ttwo:SoftwareExternalDevelopmentMember2022-06-300000946581ttwo:SoftwareExternalDevelopmentMember2022-03-310000946581ttwo:SoftwareLicensesMember2022-06-300000946581ttwo:SoftwareLicensesMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:BridgeLoanMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-04-140000946581us-gaap:BridgeLoanMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2021-04-012022-03-310000946581us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2022-04-140000946581ttwo:A3300SeniorNotesDue2024Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2022-04-140000946581ttwo:A3550SeniorNotesDue2025Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2022-04-140000946581ttwo:A3700SeniorNotesDue2027Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2022-04-140000946581ttwo:A4000SeniorNotesDue2032Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2022-04-140000946581us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2022-05-232022-05-230000946581us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2022-05-230000946581us-gaap:LetterOfCreditMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2022-05-230000946581us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2022-05-232022-05-230000946581srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:BaseRateMembersrt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:BaseRateMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2022-06-300000946581srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2022-06-222022-06-220000946581us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2022-06-220000946581us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581ttwo:TermLoanMember2022-06-222022-06-220000946581ttwo:TermLoanMember2022-06-220000946581srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMemberttwo:TermLoanMember2022-06-222022-06-220000946581us-gaap:BaseRateMembersrt:MaximumMemberttwo:TermLoanMember2022-06-222022-06-220000946581srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMemberttwo:TermLoanMember2022-06-222022-06-220000946581srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMemberttwo:TermLoanMember2022-06-222022-06-220000946581ttwo:TermLoanMember2022-06-300000946581ttwo:A025ConvertibleSeniorNotesDue2024Memberus-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-05-230000946581ttwo:A0ConvertibleSeniorNotesDue2026Memberus-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-05-230000946581us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-05-232022-05-230000946581us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-05-230000946581ttwo:A025ConvertibleSeniorNotesDue2024Memberus-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember2022-06-222022-06-220000946581ttwo:A0ConvertibleSeniorNotesDue2026Memberus-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember2022-06-222022-06-220000946581ttwo:A025ConvertibleSeniorNotesDue2024Memberus-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember2022-06-220000946581ttwo:A0ConvertibleSeniorNotesDue2026Memberus-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember2022-06-220000946581us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMemberus-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodOneMember2022-06-222022-06-22ttwo:day0000946581us-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodTwoMemberus-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember2022-06-222022-06-220000946581ttwo:A025ConvertibleSeniorNotesDue2024Memberus-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember2022-05-230000946581ttwo:A0ConvertibleSeniorNotesDue2026Memberus-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember2022-05-230000946581ttwo:A025ConvertibleSeniorNotesDue2024Memberus-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-06-300000946581ttwo:A025ConvertibleSeniorNotesDue2024Memberus-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember2022-06-300000946581ttwo:A0ConvertibleSeniorNotesDue2026Memberus-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-06-300000946581ttwo:A0ConvertibleSeniorNotesDue2026Memberus-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:CappedCallOptionsMember2022-05-230000946581ttwo:CappedCallOptionsMember2022-06-300000946581ttwo:CappedCallOptionsMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:CappedCallOptionsMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2022-07-012022-07-310000946581us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember2022-05-230000946581us-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtSecuritiesMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:AccumulatedNetUnrealizedInvestmentGainLossMember2022-03-310000946581us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:AccumulatedNetUnrealizedInvestmentGainLossMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:AccumulatedNetUnrealizedInvestmentGainLossMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2021-03-310000946581us-gaap:AccumulatedNetUnrealizedInvestmentGainLossMember2021-03-310000946581us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581us-gaap:AccumulatedNetUnrealizedInvestmentGainLossMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2021-06-300000946581us-gaap:AccumulatedNetUnrealizedInvestmentGainLossMember2021-06-300000946581us-gaap:SoftwareDevelopmentMember2022-06-300000946581ttwo:LicensingAndMarketingMember2022-06-300000946581ttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-05-230000946581ttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-05-232022-05-230000946581us-gaap:CommonStockMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-05-232022-05-230000946581us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:ZyngaIncMemberttwo:ResearchAndDevelopmentMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:DevelopedGameTechnologyMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-05-230000946581ttwo:DevelopedGameTechnologyMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-05-232022-05-230000946581ttwo:ZyngaIncMemberus-gaap:TradeNamesMember2022-05-230000946581ttwo:ZyngaIncMemberus-gaap:TradeNamesMember2022-05-232022-05-230000946581ttwo:ZyngaIncMemberttwo:GameEngineTechnologyMember2022-05-230000946581ttwo:ZyngaIncMemberttwo:GameEngineTechnologyMember2022-05-232022-05-230000946581ttwo:ZyngaIncMemberttwo:UserBaseMember2022-05-230000946581ttwo:ZyngaIncMemberttwo:UserBaseMember2022-05-232022-05-230000946581ttwo:ZyngaIncMemberttwo:DeveloperRelationshipMember2022-05-230000946581ttwo:ZyngaIncMemberttwo:DeveloperRelationshipMember2022-05-232022-05-230000946581ttwo:AdvertisingTechnologyMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-05-230000946581ttwo:AdvertisingTechnologyMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-05-232022-05-230000946581us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-05-230000946581us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-05-232022-05-230000946581us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-05-232022-05-230000946581ttwo:RestrictedStockUnitsAndPerformanceShareUnitsMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-05-232022-05-230000946581ttwo:RestrictedStockUnitsAndPerformanceShareUnitsMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-06-300000946581ttwo:RestrictedStockUnitsAndPerformanceShareUnitsMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberttwo:ZyngaIncMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:ZyngaIncMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:DevelopedGameTechnologyMember2022-06-300000946581ttwo:DevelopedGameTechnologyMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:GameEngineTechnologyMember2022-06-300000946581ttwo:GameEngineTechnologyMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:UserBaseMember2022-06-300000946581ttwo:UserBaseMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:DeveloperRelationshipsMember2022-06-300000946581ttwo:DeveloperRelationshipsMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:AdvertisingTechnologyMember2022-06-300000946581ttwo:AdvertisingTechnologyMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:IntellectualPropertyMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:IntellectualPropertyMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:AnalyticsTechnologyMember2022-06-300000946581ttwo:AnalyticsTechnologyMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:LeasesAcquiredInPlaceMember2022-06-300000946581us-gaap:LeasesAcquiredInPlaceMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:CostOfGoodsTotalMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:CostOfGoodsTotalMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2021-04-012021-06-300000946581ttwo:DepreciationAndAmortizationMember2022-04-012022-06-300000946581ttwo:DepreciationAndAmortizationMember2021-04-012021-06-30
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                             to                              .

Commission file number 001-34003
TAKE-TWO INTERACTIVE SOFTWARE, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Delaware 51-0350842
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
110 West 44th Street 10036
New YorkNew York(Zip Code)
 (Address of principal executive offices)
Registrant's Telephone Number, Including Area Code: (646536-2842
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par valueTTWONASDAQ Global Select Market
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý    No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ý    No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerýAccelerated fileroNon-accelerated fileroSmaller reporting companyEmerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes     No ý

As of July 29, 2022, there were 166,690,699 shares of the Registrant's Common Stock outstanding, net of treasury stock.



INDEX


(All other items in this report are inapplicable)

1

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.    Financial Statements
TAKE-TWO INTERACTIVE SOFTWARE, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in millions, except per share amounts)
 June 30, 2022March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
ASSETS  
Current assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents$847.4 $1,732.1 
Short-term investments459.2 820.1 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents534.8 359.8 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $1.3 and $0.4 at June 30, 2022 and March 31, 2022, respectively
633.7 579.4 
Software development costs and licenses63.8 81.4 
Capped call receivable140.1  
Contract assets101.3 104.9 
Prepaid expenses and other255.7 193.4 
Total current assets3,036.0 3,871.1 
Fixed assets, net300.2 242.0 
Right-of-use assets 306.8 217.2 
Software development costs and licenses, net of current portion828.3 755.9 
Goodwill7,227.2 674.6 
Other intangibles, net5,454.6 266.5 
Deferred tax assets106.6 73.8 
Long-term restricted cash and cash equivalents108.9 103.5 
Other assets376.3 341.7 
Total assets$17,744.9 $6,546.3 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY  
Current liabilities:  
Accounts payable$199.9 $125.9 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities1,601.7 1,074.9 
Deferred revenue1,079.7 865.3 
Lease liabilities55.4 38.9 
Short-term debt350.0  
Total current liabilities3,286.7 2,105.0 
Long-term debt, net2,935.5  
Non-current deferred revenue21.5 70.9 
Non-current lease liabilities 341.2 211.3 
Non-current software development royalties117.4 115.5 
Deferred tax liabilities, net1,093.1 21.8 
Other long-term liabilities287.2 212.1 
Total liabilities$8,082.6 $2,736.6 
Commitments and contingencies (See Note 12)
Stockholders' equity:  
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 5.0 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2022 and March 31, 2022
  
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 200.0 shares authorized; 189.9 and 139.0 shares issued and 166.2 and 115.4 outstanding at June 30, 2022 and March 31, 2022, respectively
1.9 1.4 
Additional paid-in capital8,616.5 2,597.2 
Treasury stock, at cost; 23.7 and 23.7 common shares at June 30, 2022 and March 31, 2022, respectively
(1,020.6)(1,020.6)
Retained earnings2,185.0 2,289.0 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(120.5)(57.3)
Total stockholders' equity$9,662.3 $3,809.7 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$17,744.9 $6,546.3 
See accompanying Notes.
2

TAKE-TWO INTERACTIVE SOFTWARE, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)
(in millions, except per share amounts)
 Three Months Ended June 30,
 20222021
Net revenue:
Game$1,019.2 $796.3 
Advertising83.2 17.0 
Total net revenue1,102.4 813.3 
Cost of revenue435.7 329.7 
Gross profit666.7 483.6 
Selling and marketing272.1 103.9 
General and administrative237.1 104.4 
Research and development172.6 92.3 
Depreciation and amortization22.3 12.5 
Total operating expenses704.1 313.1 
(Loss) income from operations(37.4)170.5 
Interest and other, net(29.3)(1.0)
(Loss) gain on fair value adjustments, net(39.6)2.0 
(Loss) income before income taxes(106.3)171.5 
(Benefit from) provision for income taxes(2.3)19.2 
Net (loss) income $(104.0)$152.3 
Earnings (loss) per share:  
Basic (loss) earnings per share$(0.76)$1.32 
Diluted (loss) earnings per share$(0.76)$1.30 
See accompanying Notes.
3

TAKE-TWO INTERACTIVE SOFTWARE, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME (Unaudited)
(in millions)
 Three Months Ended
June 30,
 20222021
Net (loss) income $(104.0)$152.3 
Other comprehensive (loss) income:  
Foreign currency translation adjustment(62.8)6.1 
Change in fair value of available for sale securities(0.4)(0.2)
Other comprehensive (loss) income(63.2)5.9 
Comprehensive (loss) income$(167.2)$158.2 
   
See accompanying Notes.
4


TAKE-TWO INTERACTIVE SOFTWARE, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
(in millions)
 Three Months Ended June 30,
 20222021
Operating activities:  
Net (loss) income$(104.0)$152.3 
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Amortization and impairment of software development costs and licenses47.5 24.5 
Stock-based compensation43.9 49.1 
Noncash lease expense11.4 9.4 
Amortization of intellectual property117.6 15.2 
Depreciation17.5 12.5 
Impairment of software development costs and licenses19.9 9.8 
Amortization of debt issuance costs8.6  
Interest expense20.7  
Fair value adjustments39.6 2.0 
Other, net(25.0)1.9 
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effect from purchases of businesses:
Accounts receivable214.9 74.7 
Software development costs and licenses(103.5)(85.9)
Prepaid expenses and other current and other non-current assets(67.6)19.4 
Deferred revenue(159.5)(94.7)
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities18.8 (42.0)
Net cash provided by operating activities100.8 148.2 
Investing activities:  
Change in bank time deposits125.6 311.9 
Proceeds from available-for-sale securities242.8 161.2 
Purchases of available-for-sale securities (302.5)
Purchases of fixed assets(42.5)(86.4)
Purchases of long-term investments(5.1)(0.1)
Business acquisitions(3,128.1)(97.9)
Net cash used in investing activities(2,807.3)(13.8)
Financing activities:  
Tax payment related to net share settlements on restricted stock awards(53.9)(48.3)
Issuance of common stock11.4 9.2 
Payment for settlement of convertible notes(1,166.8) 
Proceeds from issuance of debt3,248.9  
Cost of debt(22.6) 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities2,017.0 (39.1)
Effects of foreign currency exchange rates on cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash and cash equivalents(14.7)1.8 
Net change in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash and cash equivalents(704.2)97.1 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year (1)
2,195.3 2,060.2 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash and cash equivalents, end of period (1)
$1,491.1 $2,157.3 
(1) Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents shown on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flow includes amounts in the Cash and cash equivalents, Restricted cash and cash equivalents, and Long-term restricted cash and cash equivalents on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.
See accompanying Notes.
5


TAKE-TWO INTERACTIVE SOFTWARE, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY (Unaudited)
(in millions)

Three Months Ended June 30, 2022
 Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Treasury StockRetained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive(Loss) Income
Total Stockholder's Equity
 SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance, March 31, 2022139.0 $1.4 $2,597.2 (23.7)$(1,020.6)$2,289.0 $(57.3)$3,809.7 
Net loss— — — — — (104.0)— (104.0)
Change in cumulative foreign currency translation adjustment— — — — — — (62.8)(62.8)
Net unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities, net of taxes— — — — — — (0.4)(0.4)
Stock-based compensation— — 61.3 — — — — 61.3 
Issuance of restricted stock, net of forfeitures and cancellations1.2 — — — — — — — 
Net share settlement of restricted stock awards(0.4)— (53.9)— — — — (53.9)
Employee share purchase plan settlement0.1 — 11.4 — — — — 11.4 
Issuance of shares related to Zynga Acquisition46.3 0.5 5,377.2 — — — — 5,377.7 
Stock-based compensation assumed in Zynga Acquisition— — 143.6 — — — — 143.6 
Issuance of shares for conversion of Convertible Notes3.7 — 479.7 — — — — 479.7 
Balance, June 30, 2022189.9 $1.9 $8,616.5 (23.7)$(1,020.6)$2,185.0 $(120.5)$9,662.3 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
Take-Two Interactive Software, Inc. stockholders
 Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Treasury StockRetained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Non-controlling interestTotal
Equity
 SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance, March 31, 2021137.6 $1.4 $2,288.8 (22.4)$(820.6)$1,871.0 $(8.7)$ $3,331.9 
Net income— — — — — 152.3 — — 152.3 
Change in cumulative foreign currency translation adjustment— — — — — — 6.1 — 6.1 
Net unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities, net of taxes— — — — — — (0.2)— (0.2)
Stock-based compensation— — 73.8 — — — — — 73.8 
Issuance of restricted stock, net of forfeitures and cancellations0.9 — — — — — — — — 
Net share settlement of restricted stock awards(0.3)— (48.2)— — — — — (48.2)
Employee share purchase plan settlement0.1 — 9.2 — — — — — 9.2 
Issuance of shares related to Nordeus acquisition0.5 — 94.1 — — — — — 94.2 
Call option related to Nordeus Acquisition— — — — — — — 12.4 12.4 
Balance, June 30, 2021138.8 $1.4 $2,417.7 (22.4)$(820.6)$2,023.3 $(2.8)$12.4 $3,631.5 

See accompanying Notes.
6

TAKE-TWO INTERACTIVE SOFTWARE, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(in millions, except per share amounts)
1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Take-Two Interactive Software, Inc. (the "Company," "we," "us," or similar pronouns) was incorporated in the state of Delaware in 1993. We are a leading developer, publisher, and marketer of interactive entertainment for consumers around the globe. We develop and publish products principally through Rockstar Games, 2K, Private Division, and Zynga. Our products are designed for console gaming systems, personal computers ("PC"), and mobile including smart phones and tablets ("Mobile"), and are delivered through physical retail, digital download, online platforms, and cloud streaming services.
Acquisition of Zynga
On May 23, 2022, we completed our acquisition of Zynga Inc. ("Zynga"), a leading developer of mobile games. Refer to Note 14 - Acquisitions for additional information.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are unaudited and include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries and, in our opinion, reflect all normal and recurring adjustments necessary for the fair presentation of our financial position, results of operations, and cash flows. Interim results may not be indicative of the results that may be expected for the full fiscal year. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The preparation of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("U.S. GAAP") requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes. As permitted under U.S. GAAP, interim accounting for certain expenses, including income taxes, are based on full year assumptions when appropriate. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates, including as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, which may affect economic conditions in a number of different ways and result in uncertainty and risk.
Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"), although we believe that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with our annual Consolidated Financial Statements and the notes thereto, included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2022.
Certain immaterial reclassifications have been made to prior period amounts to conform to the current period presentation.
We are reiterating our significant accounting policy on revenue recognition included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2022, including certain revenue policies applied upon the close of the Zynga acquisition.
Revenue Recognition
We derive revenue primarily from the sale of our interactive entertainment content, principally for console gaming systems, personal computers, and Mobile. We also generate revenue from advertising within our software products.
Game. Our interactive entertainment content consists of full game software products that may contain offline gameplay, online gameplay, or a combination of offline and online gameplay. We may also sell separate downloadable add-on content to supplement our full game software products. Certain of our software products provide customers with the option to acquire virtual currency or make in-game purchases.
We determine revenue recognition by:
identifying the contract, or contracts, with the customer;
identifying the performance obligations in the contract;
determining the transaction price;
allocating the transaction price to performance obligations in the contract; and
recognizing revenue when, or as, we satisfy performance obligations by transferring the promised goods or services.
7


We recognize revenue in the amount that reflects the consideration we expect to receive in exchange for the sales of software products and game related services when control of the promised products and services is transferred to our customers and our performance obligations under the contract have been satisfied. Revenue is recorded net of transaction taxes assessed by governmental authorities such as sales, value-added and other similar taxes.
Our software products are sold as full games, which typically provide access to the main game content, primarily for console and PC. Generally, our full game software products deliver a license of our intellectual property that provides a functional offline gaming experience (i.e., one that does not require an Internet connection to access the main game content or other significant game related services). We recognize revenue related to the license of our intellectual property that provides offline functionality at the time control of the products has been transferred to our customers (i.e. upon delivery of the software product).
In addition, some of our full game software products that provide a functional offline gaming experience may also include significant game related services delivered over time, such as online functionality that is dependent upon online support services and/or additional free content updates. For full game sales that offer offline functionality and significant game related services we evaluate whether the license of our intellectual property and the game related services are distinct and separable. This evaluation is performed for each software product sold. If we determine that our software products contain a license of intellectual property separate from the game related services (i.e. multiple performance obligations), we estimate a standalone selling price for each identified performance obligation. We allocate the transaction price to each performance obligation using a relative standalone selling price method (the transaction price is allocated to a performance obligation based on the proportion of the standalone selling price of each performance obligation to the sum of the standalone selling prices for all performance obligations in the contract). For the portion of the transaction price allocable to the license, revenue is recognized when the customer takes control of the product. For the portion of the transaction price allocated to game related services, revenue is recognized ratably over an estimated service period for the related software product. We also defer related product costs and recognize the costs as the revenues are recognized.
Certain of our full game software products are delivered primarily as an online gaming experience with substantially all gameplay requiring online access to our game related services. We recognize revenue for full game software products that are dependent on our game related services over an estimated service period. For our full game online software products, we also defer related product costs and recognize the costs as the revenue is recognized.
We also sell separate downloadable add-on content to supplement our full game software products. Revenue from the sale of separate downloadable add-on content is evaluated for revenue recognition on the same basis as our full game software products.
In addition to sales of our full game software products, we also offer free-to-play software products, both of which may provide customers with the option to acquire virtual currency or make in-game purchases. For virtual currency and in-game purchases the satisfaction of our performance obligation is dependent on the nature of the virtual item purchased and as a result, we categorize our virtual items as follows:
Consumable: Consumable virtual items represent items that can be consumed by a specific player action. Consumable virtual items do not result in a direct benefit that the player keeps or provide the player any continuing benefit following consumption, and they often enable a player to perform an in-game action immediately. For the sale of consumable virtual items, we recognize revenue as the items are consumed (i.e., over time), which approximates less than one month.
Durable: Durable virtual items represent items that are accessible to the player over an extended period of time. We recognize revenue from the sale of durable virtual items ratably over the estimated service period for the applicable game (i.e., over time), which represents our best estimate of the average life of the durable virtual item.
Certain software products are sold to customers with a “street date” (the earliest date these products may be sold by these retailers). For the transaction price related to the license for these products that also provide a functional offline gaming experience, we recognize revenue on the later of the street date or the sale date as this is generally when we have transferred control of this performance obligation. For the sale of physical software products, recognition of revenue allocated to game related services does not begin until the product is sold-through by our customer to the end user. We currently estimate sell-through to the end user for all our titles to be approximately two months after we have sold-in the software products to retailers. Determining the estimated sell-through period requires management judgment and estimates.
In addition, some of our software products are sold as digital downloads. Revenue from digital downloads generally commences when the download is made available to the end user by a third-party digital storefront.

8


In certain countries, we use third-party licensees to distribute and host our games in accordance with license agreements, for which the licensees typically pay us a fixed minimum guarantee and sales-based royalties. These arrangements typically include multiple performance obligations, such as an upfront license of intellectual property and rights to future updates. Based on the allocated transaction price, we recognize revenue associated with the minimum guarantee when we transfer control of the upfront license of intellectual property (generally upon commercial launch) and the remaining portion ratably over the contractual term in which we provide the licensee with future update rights. Royalty payments in excess of the minimum guarantee are generally recognized when the licensed product is sold by the licensee.
Advertising. We have contractual relationships with advertising networks, agencies, advertising brokers, and directly with advertisers to display advertisements in our games. For our in-game advertising arrangements, our performance obligation is to provide the inventory for advertisements to be displayed in our games. For contracts made directly with advertisers, we are also obligated to serve the advertisements in our games. However, for those direct advertising arrangements, providing the advertising inventory and serving the advertisement is considered a single performance obligation, as the advertiser cannot benefit from the advertising space without its advertisements being displayed.
For in-game display advertisements, in-game offers, engagement advertisements, and other advertisements, our performance obligation is satisfied over the life of the contract, with revenue being recognized as advertising units are delivered.
Contract Balances
We generally record a receivable related to revenue when we have an unconditional right to invoice and receive payment, and we record deferred revenue when cash payments are received or due in advance of satisfying our performance obligations, even if amounts are refundable. Contract assets generally consist of arrangements for which we have recognized revenue to the extent it is probable that significant reversal will not occur but do not have a right to invoice as of the reporting date.
Our allowances for doubtful accounts are typically immaterial and, if required, are based on our best estimate of expected credit losses inherent in our accounts receivable balance.
Deferred revenue is comprised primarily of unsatisfied revenue related to the portion of the transaction price allocable to game related services of our full game software products and sales of virtual currency. These sales are typically invoiced at the beginning of the contract period, and revenue is recognized ratably over the estimated service period. Deferred revenue may also include amounts related to software products with future street dates.
Refer to Note 2 - Revenue from Contracts with Customers for further information, including changes in deferred revenue during the period.
Principal Agent Considerations
We offer certain software products via third-party digital storefronts, such as Microsoft’s Xbox Live, Sony’s PlayStation Network, Valve's Steam, Epic Games Store, Apple's App Store, and the Google Play Store. For sales of our software products via third-party digital storefronts, we determine whether or not we are acting as the principal in the sale to the end user, which we consider in determining if revenue should be reported based on the gross transaction price to the end user or based on the transaction price net of fees retained by the third-party digital storefront. An entity is the principal if it controls a good or service before it is transferred to the customer. Key indicators that we use in evaluating these sales transactions include, but are not limited to, the following:
the underlying contract terms and conditions between the various parties to the transaction;
which party is primarily responsible for fulfilling the promise to provide the specified good or service; and
which party has discretion in establishing the price for the specified good or service.
Based on our evaluation of the above indicators, for sales arrangements via Microsoft’s Xbox Live, Sony’s PlayStation Network, Valve's Steam, and Epic Games Store we have determined we are not the principal in the sales transaction to the end user and therefore we report revenue based on the consideration received from the digital storefront. For sales arrangements via Apple's App Store and the Google Play Store, we have determined that we are the principal to the end user and thus report revenue on a gross basis and mobile platform fees charged by these digital storefronts are expensed as incurred and reported within Cost of revenue.
9


Shipping and Handling
Shipping and handling costs are incurred to move physical software products to customers. We recognize all shipping and handling costs as an expense in Cost of revenue because we are responsible for delivery of the product to our customers prior to transfer of control to the customer.
Estimated Service Period
For certain performance obligations satisfied over time, we have determined that the estimated service period is the time period in which an average user plays our software products (“user life”) which most faithfully depicts the timing of satisfying our performance obligation. We consider a variety of data points when determining and subsequently reassessing the estimated service period for players of our software products. Primarily, we review the weighted average number of days between players’ first and last days played online. When a new game is launched and therefore no history of online player data is available, we consider other factors to determine the user life, such as the estimated service period of other games actively being sold with similar characteristics. We also consider known online trends, the service periods of our previously released software products, and, to the extent publicly available, the service periods of our competitors’ software products that are similar in nature to ours. We believe this provides a reasonable depiction of the transfer of our game related services to our customers, as it is the best representation of the period during which our customers play our software products. Determining the estimated service period is subjective and requires significant management judgment and estimates. Future usage patterns may differ from historical usage patterns, and therefore the estimated service period may change in the future. The estimated service periods for players of our current software products are generally between six and fifteen months depending on the software product.
Revenue Arrangements with Multiple Performance Obligations
Our contracts with customers often include promises to transfer multiple products and services. Determining whether products and services are considered distinct performance obligations that should be accounted for separately versus together requires significant judgment. For software products in which the software license has offline functionality and benefits from meaningful game related services, which may include online functionality that is dependent on our online support services and/or additional free content updates, we believe we have separate performance obligations for the license of the intellectual property and the game related services. Additionally, because each of our product offerings has unique features and because we do not sell our game related services separately, we typically do not have observable standalone selling prices for each performance obligation. Significant judgment and estimates are also required to determine the standalone selling price for each distinct performance obligation and whether a discount needs to be allocated based on the relative standalone selling price of our products and services.
To estimate the standalone selling price for each performance obligation, we consider, to the extent available, a variety of data points such as past selling prices of the product or other similar products, competitor pricing, and market data. If observable pricing is not available, we use an expected cost-plus margin approach taking into account relevant costs including product development, post-release support, marketing and licensing costs. This evaluation is performed on a product by product basis.
Price Protection, Allowances for Returns, and Sales Incentives
We grant price protection and accept returns in connection with our distribution arrangements. Following reductions in the price of our physical software products, we grant price protection to permit customers to take credits against amounts they owe us with respect to merchandise unsold by them. Our customers must satisfy certain conditions to entitle them to receive price protection or return products, including compliance with applicable payment terms and confirmation of field inventory levels.
At contract inception and at each subsequent reporting period, we make estimates of price protection and product returns related to current period software product revenue. We estimate the amount of price protection and returns for software products based upon, among other factors, historical experience and performance of the titles in similar genres, historical performance of the hardware platform, customer inventory levels, analysis of sell-through rates, sales force and retail customer feedback, industry pricing, market conditions, and changes in demand and acceptance of our products by consumers.
We enter into various sales incentive arrangements with our customers, such as rebates, discounts, and cooperative marketing. These incentives are considered adjustments to the transaction price of our software products and are reflected as reductions to revenue. Sales incentives incurred by us for distinct goods or services received, such as the appearance of our products in a customer’s national circular ad, are included in Selling and marketing expense if there is a separate identifiable benefit and the benefit’s fair value can be established. Otherwise, such sales incentives are reflected as a reduction to revenue.
10


Revenue is recognized after deducting the estimated price protection, allowances for returns, and sales incentives, which are accounted for as variable consideration. Price protection, allowances for returns, and sales incentives are considered refund liabilities and are reported within Accrued expenses and other current liabilities on our Consolidated Balance Sheet.
Significant Estimates
Significant management judgment and estimates must be used in connection with many of the determinations described above, such as estimating the fair value allocation to distinct and separable performance obligations, the service period over which to defer recognition of revenue, and the amounts of price protection. We believe we can make reliable estimates. However, actual results may differ from initial estimates due to changes in circumstances, market conditions, and assumptions. Adjustments to estimates are recorded in the period in which they become known.
Payment Terms
Our payment terms and conditions vary by customer and typically provide net 30- to 60-day terms. In instances where the timing of revenue recognition differs from the timing of invoicing, we do not adjust the promised amount of consideration for the effects of a significant financing component when we expect, at contract inception, that the period between our transfer of a promised product or service to our customer and payment for that product or service will be one year or less.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
Accounting for Government Assistance
In November 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-10, Government Assistance (Topic 832): Disclosures by Business Entities about Government Assistance, which requires annual disclosures that increase the transparency of transactions involving government grants, including (1) the types of transactions, (2) the accounting for those transactions, and (3) the effect of those transactions on any entity's financial statements. The new guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021 with the new disclosures required on an annual basis, and can be applied either prospectively or retrospectively. The Company adopted the new guidance on April 1, 2022 and will include the disclosures as required in its annual reporting with respect to any government assistance or grants subject to the scope of the guidance to the extent material.
Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities
In October 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers. Under this new standard, deferred revenue acquired in a business combination is measured pursuant to ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, rather than its assumed acquisition date fair value under the current guidance. We adopted this effective April 1, 2022. The adoption of this update did not have an impact on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and was applied to our acquisition of Zynga. Refer to Note 14 - Acquisitions.
Accounting for Convertible Debt
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Debt – Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging – Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40), which simplifies the accounting for convertible instruments by reducing the number of accounting models and generally requiring that a convertible instrument be accounted for as a single liability measured at amortized cost, with no conversion feature separately recorded in equity. Similarly, no portion of issuance costs will be allocated to equity under the ASU. Further, the ASU amends the earnings per share guidance by requiring the diluted earnings per share calculation for convertible instruments to follow the if-converted method, with use of the treasury stock method no longer permitted. We adopted this effective April 1, 2022. The adoption of this update did not have an impact on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

2. REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS

Disaggregation of Revenue
Timing of recognition
Net revenue recognized at a point in time is primarily comprised of the portion of revenue from software products that is recognized when the customer takes control of the product (i.e. upon delivery of the software product).
Net revenue recognized over time is primarily comprised of revenue from our software products that include game related services, separate virtual currency transactions, and in-game purchases, which are recognized over an estimated service period. Over time net revenue includes in-game advertising.
11


Net revenue by timing of recognition was as follows:
Three Months Ended June 30,
20222021
Net revenue recognized:
Over time$807.5 $572.3 
Point in time294.9 241.0 
Total net revenue$1,102.4 $813.3 

Content
Recurrent consumer spending revenue is generated from ongoing consumer engagement and includes revenue from virtual currency, add-on content, in-game purchases, and in-game advertising.
Full game and other revenue primarily includes the initial sale of full game software products, which may include offline and/or significant game related services.
Net revenue by content was as follows:
Three Months Ended June 30,
20222021
Net revenue recognized:
Recurrent consumer spending$825.6 $572.3 
Full game and other276.8 241.0 
Total net revenue$1,102.4 $813.3 

Geography
We attribute net revenue to geographic regions based on software product destination. Net revenue by geographic region was as follows:
Three Months Ended June 30,
20222021
Net revenue recognized:
United States$682.9 $493.2 
International419.5 320.1 
Total net revenue$1,102.4 $813.3 

Platform
Net revenue by platform was as follows:
Three Months Ended June 30,
20222021
Net revenue recognized:
Console$607.2 $602.4 
Mobile369.6 82.3 
PC and other125.6 128.6 
Total net revenue$1,102.4 $813.3 

12


Distribution Channel

Our products are delivered through digital online services (digital download, online platforms, and cloud streaming) and physical retail and other. Net revenue by distribution channel was as follows:
Three Months Ended June 30,
20222021
Net revenue recognized:
Digital online$1,037.8 $740.8 
Physical retail and other64.6 72.5 
Total net revenue$1,102.4 $813.3 

Deferred Revenue
We record deferred revenue when payments are due or received in advance of the fulfillment of our associated performance obligations. The balance of deferred revenue, including current and non-current balances as of June 30, 2022 and March 31, 2022 were $1,101.2 and $936.2, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2022, the additions to our deferred revenue balance were primarily due to the acquisition of Zynga (Note 14 - Acquisitions), which added $333.1 to our deferred revenue balance and cash payments received or due in advance of satisfying our performance obligations, while the reductions to our deferred revenue balance were due primarily to the recognition of revenue upon fulfillment of our performance obligations, both of which were in the ordinary course of business.
During the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, $439.7 and $463.2, respectively, of revenue was recognized that was included in the deferred revenue balance at the beginning of the respective period. During the three months ended June 30, 2022, $80.3 of revenue was recognized from the deferred revenue balance acquired from the Zynga acquisition. As of June 30, 2022, the aggregate amount of contract revenue allocated to unsatisfied performance obligations is $1,254.4, which includes our deferred revenue balances and amounts to be invoiced and recognized as revenue in future periods. We expect to recognize approximately $1,179.5 of this balance as revenue over the next 12 months, and the remainder thereafter. This balance does not include an estimate for variable consideration arising from sales-based royalty license revenue in excess of the contractual minimum guarantee.
As of June 30, 2022 and March 31, 2022, our contract asset balances were $101.3 and $104.9, respectively.
3. MANAGEMENT AGREEMENT
In November 2017, we entered into a management agreement (the "2017 Management Agreement") with ZelnickMedia Corporation ("ZelnickMedia") that replaced our previous agreement with ZelnickMedia and pursuant to which ZelnickMedia was to provide financial and management consulting services to the Company through March 31, 2024. The 2017 Management Agreement became effective January 1, 2018. As part of the 2017 Management Agreement, Strauss Zelnick, the President of ZelnickMedia, continued to serve as Executive Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Company, and Karl Slatoff, a partner of ZelnickMedia, continued to serve as President of the Company. The 2017 Management Agreement provided for an annual management fee of $3.1 over the term of the agreement and a maximum annual bonus opportunity of $7.4 over the term of the agreement, based on the Company achieving certain performance thresholds.
In May 2022, we entered into a new management agreement (the "2022 Management Agreement") with ZelnickMedia that replaced the 2017 Management Agreement and pursuant to which ZelnickMedia will continue to provide financial and management consulting services to the Company through March 31, 2029. The 2022 Management Agreement became effective on May 23, 2022, when our acquisition of Zynga closed (refer to Note 14 - Acquisitions). On May 21, 2022, ZelnickMedia assigned substantially all of its rights and obligations and other liabilities under the 2022 Management Agreement to ZMC Advisors, L.P. ("ZMC Advisors"). References to "ZMC" herein shall mean either ZelnickMedia or ZMC Advisors, as appropriate. As part of the 2022 Management Agreement, Strauss Zelnick continues to serve as Executive Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Company, and Karl Slatoff continues to serve as President of the Company. The 2022 Management Agreement provides for an annual management fee of $3.3 over the term of the agreement and a maximum annual bonus opportunity of $13.2 over the term of the agreement, based on the Company achieving certain performance thresholds. In connection with the 2022 Management Agreement, we have and expect to grant time-based and performance-based restricted units to ZMC.
In consideration for ZMC's services, we recorded consulting expense (a component of General and administrative expenses) of $2.7 and $1.7 during the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. We recorded stock-based
13

compensation expense for restricted stock units granted to ZMC, which is included in General and administrative expenses, of $8.5 and $7.2 during the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
In connection with the 2022 Management Agreement and 2017 Management Agreement, we have granted restricted stock units (in thousands) to ZMC as follows:
 Three Months Ended June 30,
 20222021
Time-based192 51 
Market-based(1)
510 93 
Performance-based(1)
  
IP18 16 
Recurrent Consumer Spending ("RCS")153 16 
Total Performance-based171 32 
Total Restricted Stock Units873 176 
(1) Represents the maximum of shares eligible to vest
Time-based restricted stock units granted in fiscal year 2023 pursuant to the 2017 Management Agreement will vest on April 13, 2024, and those granted in fiscal year 2022 will vest on April 13, 2023. Time-based restricted stock units granted in fiscal year 2023 pursuant to the 2022 Management Agreement will vest on June 1, 2023, June 1, 2024, and June 1, 2025.
Market-based restricted stock units granted in fiscal year 2023 pursuant to the 2017 Management Agreement are eligible to vest on April 13, 2024, and those granted in fiscal year 2022 are eligible to vest on April 13, 2023. Market-based restricted stock units granted in fiscal year 2023 pursuant to the 2022 Management Agreement are eligible to vest on June 1, 2024 and June 1, 2025. Market-based restricted stock units are eligible to vest based on the Company's Total Shareholder Return (as defined in the relevant grant agreement) relative to the Total Shareholder Return (as defined in the relevant grant agreement) of the companies that constitute either the NASDAQ Composite Index under the 2017 Management Agreement or the NASDAQ 100 index under the 2022 Management Agreement (as defined in the relevant grant agreement) as of the grant date measured over a two-year period or three-year period. To earn the target number of market-based restricted stock units (which represents 50% of the number of the market-based restricted stock units set forth in the table above), the Company must perform at the 50th percentile, with the maximum number of market-based restricted stock units earned if the Company performs at the 75th percentile.
Performance-based restricted stock units granted in fiscal year 2023 pursuant to the 2017 Management Agreement are eligible to vest on April 13, 2024, and those granted in fiscal year 2022 are eligible to vest on April 13, 2023. Performance-based restricted stock units granted in fiscal year 2023 pursuant to the 2022 Management Agreement are eligible to vest on June 1, 2024 and June 1, 2025. The performance-based restricted stock units, of which certain are tied to "IP" and "RCS" (as defined in the relevant grant agreement), are eligible to vest based on the Company's achievement of certain performance metrics (as defined in the relevant grant agreement) of either individual product releases of "IP" or "RCS" measured over a two- or three-year period. The target number of performance-based restricted stock units that may be earned pursuant to these grants is equal to 50% of the grant amounts set forth in the above table (the numbers in the table represent the maximum number of performance-based restricted stock units that may be earned). At the end of each reporting period, we assess the probability of each performance metric and upon determination that certain thresholds are probable, we record expense for the unvested portion of the shares of performance-based restricted stock units.
The unvested portion of time-based, market-based and performance-based restricted stock units held by ZMC were 1.1 and 0.4 as of June 30, 2022 and March 31, 2022, respectively. During the three months ended June 30, 2022, 0.2 restricted stock units previously granted to ZMC vested, and 0.1 restricted stock units were forfeited by ZMC.
4. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
Recurring fair value measurements
The carrying amounts of our financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, prepaid expenses and other, accounts payable, and accrued expenses and other current liabilities, approximate fair value because of their short maturities.
14

We follow a three-level fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value. This hierarchy requires entities to maximize the use of "observable inputs" and minimize the use of "unobservable inputs." The three levels of inputs used to measure fair value are as follows:
Level 1—Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2—Observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for markets that are not active or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.

Level 3—Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities. This includes certain pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies, and similar techniques that use significant unobservable inputs.
The table below segregates all assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis (which is measured at least annually) into the most appropriate level within the fair value hierarchy based on the inputs used to determine the fair value at the measurement date.

June 30, 2022
 Quoted prices
in active
markets for
identical
assets
(level 1)
Significant
other
observable
inputs
(level 2)
Significant
unobservable
inputs
(level 3)
Total
Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents:
Money market funds$14.3 $ $ $14.3 
Bank-time deposits251.8   251.8 
Short-term investments:
Corporate bonds 416.2  416.2 
Bank-time deposits16.1   16.1 
US Treasuries5.0   5.0 
Commercial paper 21.9  21.9 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents:
Money market funds466.8   466.8 
Bank-time deposits0.5   0.5 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents, long term:
Money market funds108.7   108.7 
Other assets:
Private equity  26.1 26.1 
Capped call receivable 140.1  140.1 
Total financial assets$863.2 $578.2 $26.1 $1,467.5 
Liabilities:
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities:
Contingent earn-out consideration  (116.6)(116.6)
Other-long term liabilities:
Contingent earn-out consideration   (6.2)(6.2)
Long-term debt, net:
Convertible notes (54.4) (54.4)
Total financial liabilities$ $(54.4)$(122.8)$(177.2)
15

 
March 31, 2022
 Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets (level 1)Significant other observable inputs (level 2)Significant unobservable inputs (level 3)Total
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents:
Bank-time deposits$636.0 $ $ $636.0 
Money market funds501.9   501.9 
Commercial paper 119.4  119.4 
US Treasuries52.0   52.0 
Certificates of Deposit 10.0  10.0 
Corporate bonds 2.8  2.8 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents:
Money market funds356.8   356.8 
Bank-time deposits0.5   0.5 
Short-term investments:
Corporate bonds 538.5  538.5 
Bank-time deposits131.8   131.8 
Commercial paper 125.4  125.4 
US Treasuries23.4   23.4 
Certificates of Deposit 1.0  1.0 
Other assets:
Private equity  16.1 16.1 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents, long term:
Money market funds103.5   103.5 
Total financial assets$1,805.9 $797.1 $16.1 $2,619.1 
Liabilities
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities:
Foreign currency forward contracts (0.2) (0.2)
Contingent earn-out consideration  (66.0)(66.0)
Other long-term liabilities:
Contingent earn-out consideration$ $ $(43.0)(43.0)
Total financial liabilities$ $(0.2)$(109.0)$(109.2)
We did not have any transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements, nor did we have any transfers into or out of Level 3 during the three months ended June 30, 2022.
In connection with the Nordeus acquisition we completed on June 1, 2021, our consideration included a contingent earn-out consideration arrangement that requires us to pay an aggregate of $153.0 in cash if Nordeus achieves certain performance measures over the 12- and 24-month periods following the closing. We recorded $61.1 as the initial fair value of contingent earn-out consideration. The fair value was estimated using a Monte-Carlo simulation model, which included significant unobservable Level 3 inputs, such as projected financial performance over the earn-out period along with estimates for market volatility and the discount rate applicable to potential cash payouts.

During the three months ended June 30, 2022, we recognized General and administrative expense of $6.3 within our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the increase in fair value of the contingent earn-out consideration liability associated with the Nordeus acquisition, which increased the fair value of the contingent consideration liability to $115.3 and is recorded within Accrued expenses and other current liabilities in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as
16

of June 30, 2022. The increase resulted from Nordeus achieving certain performance measures in the first 12-month period and a higher probability of Nordeus achieving certain performance measures in the second 12-month period.

The remaining contingent consideration of $7.5 relates to immaterial earn-out arrangements from Zynga's historical acquisitions. For these acquisitions, we estimated the acquisition date fair value of the contingent consideration obligations using a discounted cash flow model.
Nonrecurring fair value measurements
We hold equity investments in certain unconsolidated entities without a readily determinable fair value. These strategic investments represent less than a 20% ownership interest in each of the privately-held affiliates, and we do not maintain significant influence over or control of the entities. We have elected the practical expedient in Topic 321, Investments-Equity Securities, to measure these investments at cost less any impairment, adjusted for observable price changes, if any. Based on these considerations, we estimate that the carrying value of the acquired shares represents the fair value of the investment. At June 30, 2022, we held $25.0 of such investments in Other assets within our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.

5. SHORT-TERM INVESTMENTS