10-Q 1 twi-20220331.htm 10-Q twi-20220331
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.  20549

twi-20220331_g1.jpg

FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Quarterly Period Ended: March 31, 2022
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission file number 1-12936

TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

1525 Kautz Road, Suite 600, West Chicago, IL
(Address of principal executive offices)

36-3228472
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

60185
(Zip Code)
(217) 228-6011
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading
Symbol
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, $0.0001 par valueTWINew York Stock Exchange


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes   No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes   No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes   No

Indicate the number of shares of Titan International, Inc. outstanding: 62,656,877 shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value, as of April 25, 2022.




TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements
TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)
(All amounts in thousands, except per share data)
 
 Three months ended
March 31,
 20222021
Net sales$555,997 $403,518 
Cost of sales469,268 350,253 
Gross profit86,729 53,265 
Selling, general and administrative expenses36,227 34,028 
Research and development expenses2,920 2,553 
Royalty expense2,874 2,453 
Income from operations44,708 14,231 
Interest expense(7,907)(7,523)
Foreign exchange gain5,317 9,477 
Other expense(8,859)(368)
Income before income taxes33,259 15,817 
Provision for income taxes8,681 2,594 
Net income 24,578 13,223 
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests656 (351)
Net income attributable to Titan and applicable to common shareholders$23,922 $13,574 
 Income per common share:  
Basic$0.37 $0.22 
Diluted$0.37 $0.22 
Average common shares and equivalents outstanding: 
Basic63,860 61,466 
Diluted64,350 62,414 
 







See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
1


TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (UNAUDITED)
(All amounts in thousands)

Three months ended
March 31,
 20222021
Net income $24,578 $13,223 
Derivative gain303 40 
Currency translation adjustment, net17,275 (27,178)
Pension liability adjustments, net of tax of $(182) and $(44), respectively
544 873 
Comprehensive income (loss)42,700 (13,042)
Net comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests(526)(864)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Titan$43,226 $(12,178)



























See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
2


TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(All amounts in thousands, except share data)
 March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
(unaudited)
Assets
Current assets  
Cash and cash equivalents$98,144 $98,108 
  Accounts receivable, net309,411 255,180 
Inventories424,200 392,615 
Prepaid and other current assets79,715 67,401 
Total current assets911,470 813,304 
Property, plant and equipment, net298,285 301,109 
Operating lease assets12,526 20,945 
Deferred income taxes15,888 16,831 
Other long-term assets31,132 30,496 
Total assets$1,269,301 $1,182,685 
Liabilities  
Current liabilities  
Short-term debt$37,853 $32,500 
Accounts payable302,382 278,099 
Other current liabilities151,660 140,214 
Total current liabilities491,895 450,813 
Long-term debt484,600 452,451 
Deferred income taxes4,124 3,978 
Other long-term liabilities42,962 48,271 
Total liabilities1,023,581 955,513 
Equity  
Titan shareholders' equity
  Common stock ($0.0001 par value, 120,000,000 shares authorized, 66,525,269 issued at March 31, 2022 and 66,492,660 at December 31, 2021)  
Additional paid-in capital561,849 562,340 
Retained deficit(61,517)(85,439)
Treasury stock (at cost, 3,900,695 shares at March 31, 2022 and 80,876 shares at December 31, 2021)(24,782)(1,121)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(227,176)(246,480)
Total Titan shareholders’ equity248,374 229,300 
Noncontrolling interests(2,654)(2,128)
Total equity245,720 227,172 
Total liabilities and equity$1,269,301 $1,182,685 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
3


TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY (UNAUDITED)
(All amounts in thousands, except share data)
  Number of
common shares
Additional
paid-in
capital
Retained (deficit) earningsTreasury stockAccumulated other comprehensive (loss) incomeTotal Titan Equity Noncontrolling interestTotal Equity
Balance January 1, 202161,376,981 $532,742 $(135,025)$(1,199)$(217,254)$179,264 $(2,999)$176,265 
Net income (loss)13,574 13,574 (351)13,223 
Currency translation adjustment(26,665)(26,665)(513)(27,178)
Pension liability adjustments, net of tax873 873 873 
Derivative gain40 40 40 
Stock-based compensation146,322 487 82 569 569 
Issuance of common stock under 401(k) plan70,416 340 340 340 
Balance March 31, 202161,593,719 $533,569 $(121,451)$(1,117)$(243,006)$167,995 $(3,863)$164,132 


 
 Number of
common shares
Additional
paid-in
capital
Retained (deficit) earningsTreasury stockAccumulated other comprehensive (loss) incomeTotal Titan Equity Noncontrolling interestTotal Equity
Balance January 1, 202266,411,784 $562,340 $(85,439)$(1,121)$(246,480)$229,300 $(2,128)$227,172 
Net income23,922 23,922 656 24,578 
Currency translation adjustment18,457 18,457 (1,182)17,275 
Pension liability adjustments, net of tax544 544 544 
Derivative gain303 303 303 
Stock-based compensation212,440 (851)1,339 488 488 
Issuance of common stock under 401(k) plan32,609 360 360 360 
Common stock repurchase (4,032,259)(25,000)(25,000)(25,000)
Balance March 31, 202262,624,574 $561,849 $(61,517)$(24,782)$(227,176)$248,374 $(2,654)$245,720 












See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
4


TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
(All amounts in thousands)
Three months ended March 31,
Cash flows from operating activities:20222021
Net income$24,578 $13,223 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used for operating activities:  
Depreciation and amortization11,348 12,560 
Loss on sale of the Australian wheel business10,890  
Deferred income tax provision (benefit)995 (402)
Gain on fixed asset and investment sale(110)(485)
Stock-based compensation488 570 
Issuance of stock under 401(k) plan360 339 
Foreign currency gain(5,448)(9,571)
(Increase) decrease in assets:  
Accounts receivable(57,332)(63,803)
Inventories(34,240)(27,313)
Prepaid and other current assets(9,606)(3,297)
Other assets(330)337 
Increase (decrease) in liabilities:  
Accounts payable23,918 60,581 
Other current liabilities13,728 401 
Other liabilities2,244 898 
Net cash used for operating activities(18,517)(15,962)
Cash flows from investing activities:  
Capital expenditures(7,637)(8,861)
Proceeds from the sale of the Australian wheel business9,293  
Proceeds from sale of fixed assets756 545 
Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities2,412 (8,316)
Cash flows from financing activities:  
Proceeds from borrowings76,782 21,881 
Repurchase of common stock(25,000) 
Payment on debt(39,483)(12,398)
Other financing activities(586)(2,409)
Net cash provided by financing activities11,713 7,074 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash4,428 (4,273)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents36 (21,477)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period98,108 117,431 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period$98,144 $95,954 
Supplemental information:
Interest paid$869 $1,059 
Income taxes paid, net of refunds received$2,083 $3,703 

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
5



TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements include the accounts of Titan International, Inc. and its subsidiaries (Titan or the Company) and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (US GAAP) for interim financial information and in accordance with the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC). Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by US GAAP for complete financial statements. These unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements reflect all normal and recurring adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the Company's financial position as of March 31, 2022, and the results of operations and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto included in the Company’s latest Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the SEC on March 3, 2022 (the 2021 Form 10-K). All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. These unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements include estimates and assumptions of management that affect the amounts reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

COVID-19 pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic impact on the Company was less during the first quarter of 2022. The Company’s operations continued with additional sanitary and other protective health measures which have increased operating costs. While the Company's operations began to return to historical levels during 2021 and continuing into the first quarter of 2022, certain geographies (particularly China) continue to remain impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic due to new and emerging variants of COVID-19 resulting in higher employee absenteeism. Further, global supply chains are experiencing constraints as a result of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, including availability and pricing of raw materials, transportation and labor. The current constraints on the global supply chains are adding complexity to growth expectations in the near term. We expect that the pandemic will continue to have some impact on the Company's operations, though the nature and extent of the impact will depend on the duration and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic, the length of time it takes for more normal economic and operating conditions to resume, additional governmental actions that may be taken and/or extensions of time for restrictions that have been imposed to date and other uncertainties.

Fair value of financial instruments
The Company records all financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, notes receivable, accounts payable, other accruals, and notes payable at cost, which approximates fair value due to their short term or stated rates.  Investments in marketable equity securities are recorded at fair value.  Our 7.00% senior secured notes due 2028 (the senior secured notes due 2028) were carried at a cost of $394.7 million at March 31, 2022. The fair value of the senior secured notes due 2028 at March 31, 2022, as obtained through an independent pricing source, was approximately $402.0 million.

Russia-Ukraine Military Conflict
In February 2022, in response to the military conflict between Russia and Ukraine, the United States, other North Atlantic Treaty Organization member states, as well as non-member states, have announced targeted economic sanctions on Russia, certain Russian citizens and enterprises. The continuation of the conflict has triggered additional economic and other sanctions enacted by the United States, other North Atlantic Treaty Organization member states, and other countries. The Company currently owns 64.3% of the Russian entity, which represents approximately 6% and 7% of consolidated assets of Titan as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. The Russian operation represents approximately 5% of consolidated global sales for both the three months ended March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021, respectively. The impact of the military conflict between Russia and Ukraine has not had a significant impact on global operations. The Company continues to monitor the potential impacts on the business and the ancillary impacts that the military conflict could have on other global operations.

Sale of Australian wheel business
On March 29, 2022, the Company entered into a definitive agreement (the Agreement) for the sale of its Australian wheel business, to OTR Tyres, a local leading national tire, wheel and service provider. The closing date of the transaction was March 31, 2022. The Agreement contains customary representations, warranties and covenants for transactions of this type. The sale includes gross proceeds and cash to be repatriated of approximately $17.5 million, and the assumption of all liabilities,
6



TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
including employee and lease obligations. Refer to footnote 13 for additional information on the loss on sale of the Australian wheel.

Adoption of new accounting standards
In November 2021, the FASB issued ASU No. 2021-10 Government Assistance (Topic 832), which requires annual disclosures
of transactions with a government that are accounted for by applying a grant or contribution accounting model by analogy.
These required disclosures include information on the nature of transactions and related accounting policies used to account for
transactions, detail on the line items on the balance sheet and income statement affected by these transactions including
amounts applicable to each line, and significant terms and conditions of the transactions including commitments and
contingencies. The ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021. The Company receives various forms
of government assistance, primarily through grants associated with continued infrastructure development in certain foreign locations. The Company adopted the impact of this ASU effective January 1, 2022 and incorporated the required disclosures within the notes to condensed consolidated financial statements. The adoption did not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

2. ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE, NET

Accounts receivable consisted of the following (amounts in thousands):
 March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Accounts receivable$316,354 $259,730 
Allowance for doubtful accounts(6,943)(4,550)
Accounts receivable, net$309,411 $255,180 

3. INVENTORIES

Inventories consisted of the following (amounts in thousands):
 March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Raw material$138,589 $135,241 
Work-in-process46,948 44,694 
Finished goods238,663 212,680 
 $424,200 $392,615 


7



TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
4. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET

Property, plant and equipment, net consisted of the following (amounts in thousands):
 March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Land and improvements$41,299 $41,010 
Buildings and improvements235,502 236,367 
Machinery and equipment579,072 578,816 
Tools, dies and molds110,732 111,169 
Construction-in-process24,059 20,288 
 990,664 987,650 
Less accumulated depreciation(692,379)(686,541)
 $298,285 $301,109 
 
Depreciation on property, plant and equipment for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 totaled $11.1 million and $11.9 million, respectively.


5. INTANGIBLE ASSETS, NET

The components of intangible assets, net consisted of the following (amounts in thousands):
Weighted Average Useful Lives
(in years)
March 31, 2022
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Amortizable intangible assets:
     Patents, trademarks and other11.20$9,457 $10,084 
     Less accumulated amortization(7,998)(8,586)
$1,459 $1,498 
Amortization related to intangible assets for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 totaled $0.1 million and $0.3 million, respectively. Intangible assets are included as a component of other long-term assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

The estimated aggregate amortization expense at March 31, 2022 for each of the years (or other periods) set forth below was as follows (amounts in thousands):
April 1 - December 31, 2022$106 
2023145 
2024132 
2025123 
2026123 
Thereafter830 
 $1,459 


8



TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
6. WARRANTY

Changes in the warranty liability during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, consisted of the following (amounts in thousands):
 20222021
Warranty liability, January 1$16,628 $15,040 
Provision for warranty liabilities5,071 2,196 
Warranty payments made(3,441)(1,869)
Warranty liability, March 31$18,258 $15,367 

Warranty accruals are included as a component of other current liabilities on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

7. DEBT

Long-term debt consisted of the following (amounts in thousands):
March 31, 2022
Principal BalanceUnamortized Debt IssuanceNet Carrying Amount
7.00% senior secured notes due 2028$400,000 $(5,257)$394,743 
Titan Europe credit facilities50,215  50,215 
Revolving credit facility63,000  63,000 
Other debt14,495  14,495 
     Total debt527,710 (5,257)522,453 
Less amounts due within one year37,853  37,853 
     Total long-term debt$489,857 $(5,257)$484,600 
December 31, 2021
Principal BalanceUnamortized Debt IssuanceNet Carrying Amount
7.00% senior secured notes due 2028$400,000 $(5,476)$394,524 
Titan Europe credit facilities44,993  44,993 
Revolving credit facility30,000  30,000 
Other debt15,434  15,434 
     Total debt490,427 (5,476)484,951 
Less amounts due within one year32,500  32,500 
     Total long-term debt$457,927 $(5,476)$452,451 

9



TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
Aggregate principal maturities of long-term debt at March 31, 2022 for each of the years (or other periods) set forth below were as follows (amounts in thousands):
April 1 - December 31, 2022$34,085 
202312,172 
20247,584 
20253,927 
202665,523 
Thereafter404,419 
 $527,710 
7.00% senior secured notes due 2028
On April 22, 2021, the Company issued $400.0 million aggregate principal amount of 7.00% senior secured notes due April 2028 (the senior secured notes due 2028), guaranteed by certain of the Company's subsidiaries. Including the impact of debt issuance costs, these notes had an effective yield of 7.27% at issuance. These notes are secured by the land and buildings of the following subsidiaries of the Company: Titan Wheel Corporation of Illinois, Titan Tire Corporation, Titan Tire Corporation of Freeport, and Titan Tire Corporation of Bryan.

Titan Europe credit facilities
The Titan Europe credit facilities include borrowings from various institutions totaling $50.2 million in aggregate principal amount at March 31, 2022. Maturity dates on this debt range from less than one year to five years.

Revolving credit facility
The Company has a $125 million revolving credit facility with BMO Harris Bank N.A., as agent, and other financial institutions party thereto. The credit facility is collateralized by accounts receivable and inventory of certain of the Company’s domestic subsidiaries and is scheduled to mature in October 28, 2026. The credit facility can be expanded by up to $50 million through an accordion provision within the agreement. From time to time Titan's availability under this credit facility may be less than $125 million as a result of outstanding letters of credit and eligible accounts receivable and inventory balances at certain of its domestic subsidiaries. At March 31, 2022, under the Company's $125 million credit facility there were $63.0 million in borrowings and $9.1 million in outstanding letters of credit, and the amount available for borrowing totaled $52.9 million.

Other debt
The Company has working capital loans at Titan Pneus do Brasil Ltda and Voltyre-Prom at various interest rates, which totaled $12.0 million and $2.5 million at March 31, 2022, respectively. Maturity dates on these loans are one year or less. The Company expects to negotiate an extension of the maturity dates on these loans with the respective financial institutions.

8. REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTEREST

The Company and the Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) own all of the equity interests in Voltyre Prom, a leading producer of agricultural and industrial tires in Volgograd, Russia. On February 11, 2019, the Company entered into a definitive agreement (the Agreement) with an affiliate of the RDIF relating to the put option included in the Voltyre-Prom Shareholders' Agreement that was exercised by RDIF. Under the terms of the Agreement, in full satisfaction of the settlement put option that was exercised by RDIF, Titan paid $25 million in cash to RDIF at the closing of the transaction, and agreed, subject to the completion of regulatory approval, to issue 4,032,259 shares of restricted Titan common stock to RDIF in a private placement.

In November 2021, Titan received regulatory approval for the issuance of restricted stock to RDIF. On December 17, 2021, the Company issued 4,032,259 shares of restricted Titan common stock to the RDIF equity holders subject to the Company's right to repurchase the shares for $25 million until February 12, 2022.

On February 1, 2022, the Company entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement with the RDIF equity holders to buy back the restricted Titan common stock for the previously agreed amount of $25 million. The transaction was completed on February 1, 2022. Following the transaction, the Company and RDIF's ownership remained at 64.3% and 35.7%, respectively, of Voltyre-Prom.
10



TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

9. LEASES

The Company leases certain buildings and equipment under both operating and finance leases.  Certain lease agreements provide for renewal options, fair value purchase options, and payment of property taxes, maintenance, and insurance by the Company. Under FASB Accounting Standards Codification Topic 842 "Leases," the Company made an accounting policy election, by class of underlying asset, not to separate non-lease components such as those previously stated from lease components and instead will treat the lease agreement as a single lease component for all asset classes. Operating right-of-use (ROU) assets represent the Company's right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent Titan's obligations to make lease payments arising from the lease. The majority of Titan's leases are operating leases. Operating lease ROU assets and liabilities are recognized at the lease commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. As most of Titan's leases do not provide an implicit interest rate, the Company used its incremental borrowing rate (7.27%), based on the information available at the lease commencement date, in determining the present value of lease payments. Operating lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term and is included in cost of sales and selling, general and administrative expenses on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. Amortization expense associated with finance leases is included in cost of sales and selling, general and administrative expenses, and interest expense associated with finance leases is included in interest expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Supplemental balance sheet information related to leases was as follows (amounts in thousands):
Balance Sheet ClassificationMarch 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Operating lease ROU assetsOperating lease assets$12,526 $20,945 
                                
Operating lease current liabilitiesOther current liabilities$4,968 $6,180 
Operating lease long-term liabilitiesOther long-term liabilities4,866 11,352 
    Total operating lease liabilities$9,834 $17,532 
Finance lease, grossProperty, plant & equipment, net$5,724 $5,305 
Finance lease accumulated depreciationProperty, plant & equipment, net(2,773)(2,801)
   Finance lease, net$2,951 $2,504 
Finance lease current liabilitiesOther current liabilities$2,476 $2,384 
Finance lease long-term liabilitiesOther long-term liabilities3,655 3,878 
   Total finance lease liabilities$6,131 $6,262 
At March 31, 2022, maturities of lease liabilities were as follows (amounts in thousands):
Operating LeasesFinance Leases
April 1 - December 31, 2022$4,247 $2,166 
20234,375 2,179 
20241,472 892 
2025369 737 
2026152 559 
Thereafter345 6 
Total lease payments$10,960 $6,539 
Less imputed interest1,126 408 
$9,834 $6,131 
Weighted average remaining lease term (in years)3.602.95
Supplemental cash flow information related to leases for the three months ended March 31, 2022 were as follows: operating cash flows from operating leases were $2.2 million and operating cash flows from finance leases were $0.1 million.
11



TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

10. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS

The Company has three frozen defined benefit pension plans covering certain employees or former employees of three U.S. subsidiaries. The Company also has pension plans covering certain employees of several foreign subsidiaries. The Company also sponsors a number of defined contribution plans in the U.S. and at foreign subsidiaries. The Company contributed approximately $0.1 million to the pension plans during the three months ended March 31, 2022, and expects to contribute approximately $0.2 million to the pension plans during the remainder of 2022.

The components of net periodic pension (benefit) cost consisted of the following for the periods set forth below (amounts in thousands):
Three months ended
March 31,
20222021
Service cost$928 $157 
Interest cost717 700 
Expected return on assets(1,518)(1,506)
Amortization of unrecognized prior service cost(16) 
Amortization of net unrecognized loss(6)697 
   Net periodic pension (benefit) cost$105 $48 
Service cost is recorded as cost of sales in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations while all other components are recorded in other income.


11. VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITIES

The Company holds a variable interest in two joint ventures for which the Titan is the primary beneficiary. One of these joint ventures operate distribution facilities that primarily distribute mining products. Titan is the 50% owner of the distribution facility located in Canada. Titan is also a 50% owner of a manufacturer of undercarriage components and complete track systems for earthmoving machines in India. The Company’s variable interests in these joint ventures relate to sales of Titan products to these entities, consigned inventory, and working capital loans. As the primary beneficiary of these variable interest entities (VIEs), the VIEs’ assets, liabilities, and results of operations are included in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements. The other equity holders’ interests are reflected in “Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests” in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and “Noncontrolling interests” in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The following table summarizes the carrying amount of the VIEs’ assets and liabilities included in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (amounts in thousands):
 March 31,
2022
December 31, 2021
Cash and cash equivalents$1,963 $714 
Inventory3,366 2,459 
Other current assets5,607 5,135 
Property, plant and equipment, net3,299 3,414 
Other non-current assets624 626 
   Total assets$14,859 $12,348 
Current liabilities$2,616 $1,687 
Other long-term liabilities643 669 
  Total liabilities$3,259 $2,356 
12



TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
All assets in the above table can only be used to settle obligations of the consolidated VIE to which the respective assets relate. Liabilities are nonrecourse obligations. Amounts presented in the table above are adjusted for intercompany eliminations.

The Company holds variable interests in certain VIEs that are not consolidated because Titan is not the primary beneficiary. The Company's involvement with these entities is in the form of direct equity interests and prepayments related to purchases of materials. The maximum exposure to loss represents the loss of assets recognized by Titan relating to non-consolidated entities and amounts due to the non-consolidated assets. The assets and liabilities recognized in Titan's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets related to Titan's interest in these non-consolidated VIEs and the Company's maximum exposure to loss relating to non-consolidated VIEs as of the dates set forth below were as follows (amounts in thousands):
 March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Investments$6,818 $6,402 
     Total VIE assets6,818 6,402 
Accounts payable3,078 4,296 
  Maximum exposure to loss$9,896 $10,698 


12. ROYALTY EXPENSE

The Company has trademark license agreements with The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company to manufacture and sell certain farm tires under the Goodyear brand. These agreements cover sales in North America, Latin America, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Russia, and other Commonwealth of Independent States countries. Each of these agreements is scheduled to expire in 2025. Royalty expenses were $2.9 million and $2.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

13. OTHER EXPENSE

Other expense consisted of the following (amounts in thousands):
Three months ended
March 31,
 20222021
Loss on sale of Australian wheel business (1)$(10,890)$ 
Proceeds from government grant (2)1,324  
Equity investment income248 64 
Gain on sale of assets110 791 
Other income (expense)349 (1,223)
 $(8,859)$(368)

(1) The loss on sale of the Australian wheel business is comprised primarily of the release of the cumulative translation adjustment of approximately $10.0 million and closing costs associated with the completion of the transaction of approximately $0.9 million. Refer to Footnote 1 for additional information.

(2) In August 2014, the Company received an approximately $17.0 million capital grant from the Italian government for asset damages related to the earthquake that occurred in May 2012 at one of our Italian subsidiaries. The grant was recorded as deferred income in non-current liabilities which is being amortized over the life of the reconstructed building. The Company received proceeds of an additional $1.9 million from the grant during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and recorded as other income of $1.3 million to match to the historical depreciation recorded on the underlying assets.

13



TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
14. INCOME TAXES

The Company recorded income tax expense of $8.7 million and $2.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The Company's effective income tax rate was 26.1% and 16.4% for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

The Company’s 2022 and 2021 income tax expense and rates differed from the amount of income tax determined by applying the U.S. Federal income tax rate to pre-tax income primarily as a result of U.S. and certain foreign jurisdictions that incurred a full valuation allowance on deferred tax assets. In addition, there were non-deductible royalty expenses and statutorily required income adjustments made in certain foreign jurisdictions that negatively impacted the tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.

The Company continues to monitor the realization of its deferred tax assets and assesses the need for a valuation allowance. The Company analyzes available positive and negative evidence to determine if a valuation allowance is needed based on the weight of the evidence. This objectively verifiable evidence primarily includes the past three years' profit and loss positions. This process requires management to make estimates, assumptions, and judgments that are uncertain in nature. The Company has established valuation allowances with respect to deferred tax assets in the U.S. and certain foreign jurisdictions and continues to monitor and assess potential valuation allowances in all its jurisdictions.

Brazilian Tax Credits
In June 2021, the Company’s Brazilian subsidiaries received a notice that it had prevailed on an existing legal claim in regards to certain non-income (indirect) taxes that had been previously charged and paid. The matter specifically relates to companies’ rights to exclude the state tax on goods circulation (a value-added-tax or VAT equivalent, known in Brazil as “ICMS”) from the calculation of certain additional indirect taxes (specifically the program of social integration (“PIS”) and contribution for financing of social security (“COFINS”) levied by the Brazilian States on the sale of goods. The Company is in the process of submitting the related supporting documentation to the Brazilian tax authorities during the first half of 2022. After review by the Brazilian tax authorities, the Company could receive approximately $34 million of non-income tax credits to be applied as credits against future PIS/COFINS tax obligations. The Company plans to recognize the full benefit of the non-income tax credits, contingent upon successful approval and verification from the Brazilian tax authorities.

15. EARNINGS PER SHARE

Earnings per share (EPS) were as follows (amounts in thousands, except per share data):
Three months ended
March 31,
20222021
Net income attributable to Titan and applicable to common shareholders$23,922 $13,574 
Determination of shares:
   Weighted average shares outstanding (basic)63,860 61,466 
   Effect of equity awards490 948 
   Weighted average shares outstanding (diluted)64,350 62,414 
Income per common share:
Basic$0.37 $0.22 
Diluted$0.37 $0.22 

16. LITIGATION

The Company is a party to routine legal proceedings arising out of the normal course of business. Due to the difficult nature of predicting unresolved and future legal claims, the Company cannot anticipate or predict the material adverse effect on its consolidated financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows as a result of efforts to comply with, or liabilities pertaining to, legal judgments. In the opinion of management, the Company is not currently involved in any legal proceedings
14



TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
which, individually or in the aggregate, could have a material effect on its financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.


17. SEGMENT INFORMATION

The Company has aggregated its operating units into reportable segments based on its three customer markets: agricultural, earthmoving/construction, and consumer. Each reportable segment includes wheels, tires, wheel/tire assemblies, and undercarriage systems and components. These segments are based on the information used by the Chief Executive Officer to make certain operating decisions, allocate portions of capital expenditures, and assess segment performance. Segment external sales, expenses, and income from operations are determined based on the results of operations for the operating units of the Company's manufacturing facilities. Segment assets are generally determined on the basis of the tangible assets located at such operating units’ manufacturing facilities and the intangible assets associated with the acquisitions of such operating units. However, certain operating units’ property, plant and equipment balances are carried at the corporate level.

The table below presents information about certain operating results, separated by market segments, for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 (amounts in thousands):
Three months ended
March 31,
 20222021
Net sales  
Agricultural$309,600 $208,759 
Earthmoving/construction201,259 164,807 
Consumer45,138 29,952 
 $555,997 $403,518 
Gross profit  
Agricultural$47,924 $29,789 
Earthmoving/construction31,375 19,742 
Consumer7,430 3,734 
$86,729 $53,265 
Income from operations  
Agricultural$30,117 $15,283 
Earthmoving/construction15,840 5,575 
Consumer4,882 1,667 
Corporate & Unallocated(6,131)(8,294)
      Income from operations44,708 14,231 
Interest expense(7,907)(7,523)
Foreign exchange gain 5,317 9,477 
Other expense(8,859)(368)
      Income before income taxes$33,259 $15,817 
15



TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
Assets by segment were as follows as of the dates set forth below (amounts in thousands):
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Total assets  
Agricultural$555,528 $517,528 
Earthmoving/construction523,335 502,373 
Consumer142,407 133,906 
Corporate & Unallocated48,031 28,878 
 $1,269,301 $1,182,685 

18. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

The Company sells products and pays commissions to companies controlled by persons related to the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Company, Mr. Maurice Taylor. The related party is Mr. Fred Taylor, who is Mr. Maurice Taylor’s brother. Mr. Fred Taylor passed away on December 13, 2021. The companies with which Mr. Fred Taylor is associated that do business with Titan include the following: Blacksmith OTR, LLC; F.B.T. Enterprises, Inc.; Green Carbon, Inc.; Silverstone, Inc.; and OTR Wheel Engineering, Inc. Sales of Titan products to these companies were approximately $1.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, and approximately $0.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. Titan had purchases from these companies of approximately $0.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, and had no purchases from these companies for the three months ended March 31, 2021. Titan had trade receivables due from these companies of approximately $0.5 million at March 31, 2022, and approximately $0.2 million at December 31, 2021.  Sales commissions paid to the above companies were approximately $0.5 million for both the three months ended March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021.

19. ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

Accumulated other comprehensive loss consisted of the following (amounts in thousands):

 Currency
Translation
Adjustments
Gain (Loss) on
Derivatives
Unrecognized
Losses and
Prior Service
Cost
 
 
Total
Balance at January 1, 2022$(236,059)$(39)$(10,382)$(246,480)
Currency translation adjustments, net (1)18,457 — — 18,457 
Defined benefit pension plans:
Amortization of unrecognized losses and prior service cost, net of tax of $(182)— — 544 544 
Derivative gain— 303 — 303 
Balance at March 31, 2022$(217,602)$264 $(9,838)$(227,176)

(1) The currency translation adjustments, net includes amounts reclassified into other expense within the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations of approximately $10 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 related to the sale of the Australian wheel business. Refer to Note 1 for additional information.

16



TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
 Currency
Translation
Adjustments
Gain (Loss) on
Derivatives
Unrecognized
Losses and
Prior Service
Cost
 
 
Total
Balance at January 1, 2021$(194,151)$(413)$(22,690)$(217,254)
Currency translation adjustments, net(26,665)— — (26,665)
Defined benefit pension plans:
Amortization of unrecognized losses and prior service cost, net of tax of $(44)— — 873 873 
Derivative gain— 40 — 40 
Balance at March 31, 2021$(220,816)$(373)$(21,817)$(243,006)

The change in currency translation adjustments for the three months ended March 31, 2022 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021 was due to foreign currency rate fluctuations, the ongoing initiative to rationalize the Company's legal entity structure, and the ongoing management of the intercompany capital structure during the year.

17



TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
20. SUBSIDIARY GUARANTOR FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Our senior secured notes due 2028 are guaranteed by the following wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Company: Titan Tire Corporation, Titan Tire Corporation of Bryan, Titan Tire Corporation of Freeport, and Titan Wheel Corporation of Illinois. The note guarantees are the full and unconditional, joint and several obligations of the guarantors. The guarantees of the guarantor subsidiaries are subject to release in limited circumstances upon the occurrence of certain customary conditions. The following condensed consolidating financial statements are presented using the equity method of accounting. Certain sales and marketing expenses recorded by non-guarantor subsidiaries have not been allocated to the guarantor subsidiaries.
(Amounts in thousands)Condensed Consolidating Statements of Operations
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
 Titan
 Intl., Inc. (Parent)
Guarantor SubsidiariesNon-Guarantor SubsidiariesEliminationsConsolidated
Net sales$ $85,799 $555,997 $(85,799)$555,997 
Cost of sales 46,816 508,251 (85,799)469,268 
Gross profit 38,983 47,746