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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D. C. 20549
FORM 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________to__________
Commission File Number: 001-36523 (Urban Edge Properties)
Commission File Number: 333-212951-01 (Urban Edge Properties LP)
URBAN EDGE PROPERTIES
URBAN EDGE PROPERTIES LP
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Maryland(Urban Edge Properties)47-6311266
Delaware(Urban Edge Properties LP)36-4791544
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
888 Seventh Avenue,New York,New York10019
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:(212)956‑2556
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Urban Edge Properties
Title of Each ClassTrading symbolName of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Shares, $.01 par value per shareUENew York Stock Exchange
Urban Edge Properties LP
Title of Each ClassTrading symbolName of Each Exchange on Which Registered
NoneN/AN/A
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
        Urban Edge Properties: None             Urban Edge Properties LP: None     
_______________________________
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
        Urban Edge Properties    Yes x   NO o         Urban Edge Properties LP     Yes x   NO o
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
        Urban Edge Properties    YES o   No x         Urban Edge Properties LP     YES o   No x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
        Urban Edge Properties    Yes x   NO o         Urban Edge Properties LP     Yes  x   NO o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  
        Urban Edge Properties    Yes x   NO o         Urban Edge Properties LP     Yes x   NO o



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Urban Edge Properties:
Large Accelerated Filer
Accelerated Filer o
Non-Accelerated Filer o
Smaller Reporting CompanyEmerging Growth Company
Urban Edge Properties LP:
Large Accelerated Filer o
Accelerated Filer o
Non-Accelerated FilerSmaller Reporting CompanyEmerging Growth Company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
        Urban Edge Properties o                   Urban Edge Properties LP o   

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
        Urban Edge Properties                  Urban Edge Properties LP 

If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.
Urban Edge Properties    YES    NO         Urban Edge Properties LP     YES    NO

Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant's executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b).
Urban Edge Properties    YES    NO ☒         Urban Edge Properties LP     YES    NO ☒

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).
        Urban Edge Properties    YES    NO x         Urban Edge Properties LP     YES    NO x

As of June 30, 2023, the last business day of the Registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, the aggregate market value of the Common Shares held by non-affiliates of the Registrant was approximately $1.9 billion based upon the last reported sale price of $15.43 per share on the New York Stock Exchange on such date.

As of February 2, 2024, Urban Edge Properties had 117,727,117 common shares outstanding. There is no public trading market for the common units of Urban Edge Properties LP. As a result, the aggregate market value of the common units held by non-affiliates of Urban Edge Properties LP cannot be determined.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Part III incorporates by reference information from certain portions of the Urban Edge Properties’ definitive proxy statement for the 2024 annual meeting of shareholders to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of the registrant’s fiscal year covered by this Annual Report.




EXPLANATORY NOTE
This report combines the annual reports on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 of Urban Edge Properties and Urban Edge Properties LP. Unless stated otherwise or the context otherwise requires, references to “UE” and “Urban Edge” mean Urban Edge Properties, a Maryland real estate investment trust (“REIT”), and references to “UELP” and the “Operating Partnership” mean Urban Edge Properties LP, a Delaware limited partnership. References to the “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” mean collectively UE, UELP and those entities/subsidiaries consolidated by UE.
UELP is the entity through which we conduct substantially all of our business and own, either directly or through subsidiaries, substantially all of our assets. UE is the sole general partner and also a limited partner of UELP. As the sole general partner of UELP, UE has exclusive control of UELP’s day-to-day management.
As of December 31, 2023, UE owned an approximate 95.4% ownership interest in UELP. The remaining approximate 4.6% interest is owned by other limited partners. The other limited partners of UELP are members of management, our Board of Trustees and contributors of property interests acquired. Under the limited partnership agreement of UELP, unitholders may present their common units of UELP for redemption at any time (subject to restrictions agreed upon at the time of issuance of the units that may restrict such right for a period of time). Upon presentation of a common unit for redemption, UELP must redeem the unit for cash equal to the then value of a share of UE’s common shares, as defined by the limited partnership agreement. In lieu of cash redemption by UELP, however, UE may elect to acquire any common units so tendered by issuing common shares of UE in exchange for the common units. If UE so elects, its common shares will be exchanged for common units on a one-for-one basis. This one-for-one exchange ratio is subject to specified adjustments to prevent dilution. UE generally expects that it will elect to issue its common shares in connection with each such presentation for redemption rather than having UELP pay cash. With each such exchange or redemption, UE’s percentage ownership in UELP will increase. In addition, whenever UE issues common shares other than to acquire common units of UELP, UE must contribute any net proceeds it receives to UELP and UELP must issue to UE an equivalent number of common units of UELP. This structure is commonly referred to as an umbrella partnership REIT, or UPREIT.
The Company believes that combining the annual reports on Form 10-K of UE and UELP into this single report provides the following benefits:
enhances investors’ understanding of UE and UELP by enabling investors to view the business as a whole in the same manner as management views and operates the business;
eliminates duplicative disclosure and provides a more streamlined and readable presentation because a substantial portion of the disclosure applies to both UE and UELP; and
creates time and cost efficiencies throughout the preparation of one combined report instead of two separate reports.
The Company believes it is important to understand the few differences between UE and UELP in the context of how UE and UELP operate as a consolidated company. The financial results of UELP are consolidated into the financial statements of UE. UE does not have any other significant assets, liabilities or operations, other than its investment in UELP, nor does it have employees of its own. UELP, not UE, generally executes all significant business relationships other than transactions involving the securities of UE. UELP holds substantially all of the assets of UE and retains the ownership interests in the Company's joint ventures. UELP conducts the operations of the business and is structured as a partnership with no publicly traded equity. Except for the net proceeds from equity offerings by UE, which are contributed to the capital of UELP in exchange for units of limited partnership in UELP, as applicable, UELP generates all remaining capital required by the Company’s business. These sources may include working capital, net cash provided by operating activities, borrowings under the revolving credit agreement, the issuance of secured and unsecured debt and equity securities and proceeds received from the disposition of certain properties.
Shareholders’ equity, partners’ capital and noncontrolling interests (“NCI”) are the main areas of difference between the consolidated financial statements of UE and UELP. The limited partners of UELP are accounted for as partners’ capital in UELP’s financial statements and as noncontrolling interests in UE’s financial statements. The noncontrolling interests in UELP’s financial statements include the interests of unaffiliated partners in consolidated entities. The noncontrolling interests in UE’s financial statements include the same noncontrolling interests at UELP’s level and limited partners of UELP. The differences between shareholders’ equity and partners’ capital result from differences in the equity issued at UE and UELP levels.
To help investors better understand the key differences between UE and UELP, certain information for UE and UELP in this report has been separated, as set forth below: Part II, Item 8. Financial Statements which includes specific disclosures for UE and UELP, and Note 14, Equity and Noncontrolling Interests and Note 16, Earnings Per Share and Unit.
This report also includes separate Part II, Item 9A. Controls and Procedures sections and separate Exhibits 31 and 32 certifications for each of UE and UELP in order to establish that the requisite certifications have been made and that UE and UELP are compliant with Rule 13a-15 or Rule 15d-15 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and 18 U.S.C. §1350.



URBAN EDGE PROPERTIES AND URBAN EDGE PROPERTIES LP
ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2023

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Item 1.Business
Item 1A.Risk Factors
Item 1B.Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 1C.Cybersecurity
Item 2.Properties
Item 3.Legal Proceedings
Item 4.Mine Safety Disclosures
PART II
Item 5. Market For Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6. [Reserved]
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Item 9B. Other Information
Item 9C.Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections
PART III
Item 10.Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Item 11.Executive Compensation
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 13.Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
Item 14.Principal Accountant Fees and Services
PART IV
Item 15.Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
Item 16.Form 10-K Summary
Signatures






FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Certain statements contained herein constitute forward-looking statements as such term is defined in Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance. They represent our intentions, plans, expectations and beliefs and are subject to numerous assumptions, risks and uncertainties. Our future results, financial condition, business and targeted occupancy may differ materially from those expressed in these forward-looking statements. You can identify many of these statements by words such as “approximates,” “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “intends,” “plans,” “would,” “may” or other similar expressions in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Many of the factors that will determine the outcome of forward-looking statements are beyond our ability to control or predict and include, among others: (i) macroeconomic conditions, including geopolitical conditions and instability, which may lead to rising inflation and disruption of, or lack of access to, the capital markets, as well as potential volatility in the Company’s share price; (ii) the economic, political and social impact of, and uncertainty relating to, epidemics and pandemics; (iii) the loss or bankruptcy of major tenants; (iv) the ability and willingness of the Company’s tenants to renew their leases with the Company upon expiration and the Company’s ability to re-lease its properties on the same or better terms, or at all, in the event of non-renewal or in the event the Company exercises its right to replace an existing tenant; (v) the impact of e-commerce on our tenants’ business; (vi) the Company’s success in implementing its business strategy and its ability to identify, underwrite, finance, consummate and integrate diversifying acquisitions and investments; (vii) changes in general economic conditions or economic conditions in the markets in which the Company competes, and their effect on the Company’s revenues, earnings and funding sources, and on those of its tenants; (viii) increases in the Company’s borrowing costs as a result of changes in interest rates, rising inflation, and other factors; (ix) the Company’s ability to pay down, refinance, restructure or extend its indebtedness as it becomes due and potential limitations on the Company’s ability to borrow funds under its existing credit facility as a result of covenants relating to the Company’s financial results; (x) potentially higher costs associated with the Company’s development, redevelopment and anchor repositioning projects, and the Company’s ability to lease the properties at projected rates; (xi) the Company’s liability for environmental matters; (xii) damage to the Company’s properties from catastrophic weather and other natural events, and the physical effects of climate change; (xiii) the Company’s ability and willingness to maintain its qualification as a REIT in light of economic, market, legal, tax and other considerations; (xiv) information technology security breaches; (xv) the loss of key executives; and (xvi) the accuracy of methodologies and estimates regarding our environmental, social and governance (“ESG”) metrics, goals and targets, tenant willingness and ability to collaborate towards reporting ESG metrics and meeting ESG goals and targets, and the impact of governmental regulation on our ESG efforts. For further discussion of factors that could materially affect the outcome of our forward-looking statements, see “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023. A reader should also review carefully our audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in this Report.

We claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 for any forward-looking statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this section. We do not undertake any obligation to release publicly any revisions to our forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.    BUSINESS
The Company
Urban Edge Properties (“UE”, “Urban Edge” or the “Company”) (NYSE: UE) is a Maryland REIT that owns, manages, acquires, develops, and redevelops retail real estate, primarily in the Washington, D.C. to Boston corridor. Urban Edge Properties LP (“UELP” or the “Operating Partnership”) is a Delaware limited partnership formed to serve as UE’s majority-owned partnership subsidiary and to own, through affiliates, all of our real estate and other assets. Our portfolio is currently comprised of 71 shopping centers, two outlet centers, two malls and one industrial property totaling approximately 17.1 million square feet (“sf”) with a consolidated occupancy rate of 91%.
For additional information on recent business developments, see Part II, Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.


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Company Strategies
Our goal is to be a leading owner and operator of retail real estate in major urban markets, with a focus on the Washington, D.C. to Boston corridor. We believe urban markets offer attractive acquisition and redevelopment opportunities resulting from high population density, strong demand from consumers, above average retailer sales trends, a limited supply of institutional quality assets and a large number of older, undermanaged assets that remain privately owned. We seek to create value through the following primary strategies:
Maximize the value of existing properties through proactive management. We intend to maximize the value of each of our assets through comprehensive, proactive management encompassing: continuous asset evaluation for highest-and-best-use; targeted leasing to desirable tenants; and efficient and cost-conscious day-to-day operations that minimize operating expenses and enhance property quality. Repurposing retail real estate with high-quality retailers, with a focus on grocers, department stores, discounters, entertainment offerings, and elevated food offerings is increasingly important to our business plan. Leasing and asset management add value through:
Monitoring retailer sales, merchandising, store operations, timeliness of payments, overall financial condition and related factors;
Being consistently aware of each asset’s competitive position within its trade area and recommending physical improvements or adjusting merchandising if circumstances warrant;
Continuously canvassing trade areas to identify unique operators that can distinguish a property and enhance its offerings;
Maintaining regular contact with the brokerage community to stay abreast of new merchants, potential relocations, new supply and overall trade area dynamics;
Conducting regular portfolio reviews with key merchants;
Building and nurturing deep relationships with tenant decision-makers;
Focusing on spaces with below-market leases that might be recaptured;
Understanding the impact of options, exclusives, co-tenancy and other restrictive lease provisions; and
Optimizing required capital investment in every transaction.

Develop and redevelop assets to their highest and best use. Our existing portfolio presents considerable opportunity to generate additional income at attractive returns by redeveloping underutilized existing space, developing new space through expanding our properties and developing pad sites. As of December 31, 2023, we had $168.1 million of active development, redevelopment, and anchor repositioning projects, of which $112.2 million remains to be funded. These projects are expected to generate an approximate 15% unleveraged yield. We will continue to explore opportunities throughout our portfolio to achieve similar upgrades in tenancy, to densify sites where feasible and to repurpose certain retail space to its highest and best use.
Invest in target markets. We intend to selectively deploy capital through acquisitions in our target markets that meet our criteria for risk-adjusted returns and enhance the overall quality of our existing portfolio. At the same time, we plan to sell assets that no longer meet our return requirements and strategic objectives. Investment considerations for acquisitions include:
Competition and Barriers-to-Entry: We seek assets in underserved, high barrier-to-entry markets in densely populated, affluent trade areas. We believe that properties located in such markets present a more attractive risk-return profile relative to other markets.
Geography: We focus primarily on the Washington, D.C. to Boston corridor. We intend to invest in our existing core markets, and, over time, may expand into new markets that have similar characteristics.
Environmental: We consider asset sustainability and characteristics that are consistent with our environmental, social and governance (“ESG”) plans and strategy for the future. Our due diligence process includes a full assessment of potential environmental risks associated with acquisitions.
Product: We generally seek large properties that provide scale relative to the competition and optionality for redevelopment to meet the changing demands of the local community.
Tenancy: We consider tenant mix, sales performance and related occupancy cost, lease term, lease provisions, omni-channel capabilities, susceptibility to e-commerce disruption and other factors. Our tenant base comprises a diverse group of merchants, including department stores, supermarkets, discounters, entertainment offerings, health clubs, DIY stores, in-line specialty shops, restaurants and other food and beverage vendors and service providers.
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Rent: We derive our revenue from fixed and variable rents from our tenants. We consider existing rents relative to market rents and target submarkets that have potential for market rent growth as evidenced by strong retailer sales performance.
Access and Visibility: We seek assets with convenient access and good visibility.
Physical Condition: We consider aesthetics, functionality, building and site conditions and environmental matters in evaluating asset quality.
Maintain capital discipline. We intend to keep our balance sheet flexible and capable of supporting growth. We expect to generate increasing levels of cash flow from internally generated funds and to have substantial borrowing capacity under our existing revolving credit agreement, general access to equity markets and from potential secured debt financing on our existing assets.

Environmental, Social and Governance Achievements, Initiatives, and Objectives
We seek to drive financial performance while engaging in environmentally and socially responsible business practices grounded in sound corporate governance. We believe that disclosure of our ESG practices allows our stakeholders to see our company holistically and understand its trajectory beyond fundamentals and financial metrics. The Company’s Board of Trustees oversees our ESG program with initial oversight responsibilities delegated to the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee. Internally, we have an ESG Steering Committee (the “Steering Committee”) comprised of executives, senior leadership and other personnel of the Company. The Steering Committee meets periodically and is focused on setting, implementing, tracking, measuring, and communicating our progress related to ESG initiatives. The Steering Committee has developed a comprehensive suite of ESG policies that inform and guide our ESG approach and drive our ESG goals forward. We have aligned our sustainability practices in accordance with the Global Reporting Initiative standards as well as the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board and the Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures frameworks. On an annual basis, we publish an ESG Report and complete a Global Real Estate Sustainability Benchmarks submission to continue to measure our progress against peers. Additionally, we have conducted a materiality assessment to determine which ESG issues matter most to our stakeholders, tenants and employees. We routinely reassess our plans and policies to evaluate compliance with regional and national requirements as well as industry best practices.

Environmental
From an environmental perspective, we have implemented and plan to continue to implement policies and practices with the goal of supporting the continued reduction of energy, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and water consumption, and improving waste recycling across the portfolio. Initiatives we have taken include the installation of energy-efficient roofing, LED lighting retrofits, high efficiency HVAC systems, electric vehicle charging stations and waste recycling and management programs. We are also exploring solar and alternative energy opportunities to further reduce our consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.
We recognize that climate change poses a material risk to the real estate industry and understand the importance of assessing the physical and transitional risks that can affect each property. We have completed a climate-related risk assessment of our portfolio, which our management team uses to identify asset-level exposure to climate-related risks and assess application of adaptation tactics and resilience measures to mitigate various risks.
Our tenants also play a vital role in maximizing the impact we make, and as part of our initiatives we have created a tenant criteria manual focused on improving building energy and water efficiency that serves as a guideline for tenants undertaking construction projects at our properties to ensure they align with sustainable practices and our ESG objectives. Further, we have implemented green lease language into all new leases which includes several clauses designed to promote sustainability measures. The Green Lease Leaders program recognized these efforts as we received a Green Lease Leader award, developed by the Institute for Market Transformation and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Better Buildings Alliance. We are committed to maintaining sustainable operations and believe that our long-term sustainability goals will align with positive outcomes for shareholders, tenants, employees and the communities in which we invest.
We are subject to federal, state and local regulations, including environmental regulations. Each of our properties has been subjected to varying degrees of environmental assessment at various times. Based on these assessments, we have accrued costs for remediation for environmental contamination at certain properties. As of the date of this Report on Form 10-K, we are not aware of any material costs of complying with government regulations, including environmental regulations, that would have a material adverse effect on our overall business, financial condition or results of operations. See “Risks Related to Environmental Liability and Regulatory Compliance” in Part 1, Item 1A “Risk Factors” for further information regarding our risks related to government regulations.


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Social
Our community involvement includes donations to various charitable organizations, hospitals, and relief funds as well as hosting community focused events at our properties that often include food and clothing drives. Many of these organizations and drives directly benefit the people and neighborhoods in which our properties are located. During 2023, the Company launched UE Cares, our volunteer initiative, which has partnered with local organizations to give back to our communities. Some of these local organizations include Helping Hands Food Pantry, Hackensack River Keeper, and St. John’s Soup Kitchen. Additionally, this year the Company hosted a blood drive, partnering with Vitalant Blood Donation of Paramus, at Bergen Town Center, open to both employees and the general public. We continue to partner with Relief Access Program for the Bronx (“RAP4Bronx”) and Grassroots Grocery, two non-profit organizations focused on delivering meals to those affected by food insecurity in the five boroughs of NYC, by donating vacant space that serves as a warehouse and distribution hub for both organizations.
We believe that through our business, we are able to provide the communities in which we operate a welcoming and safe environment for our tenants and customers to connect and engage with one another. We are committed to providing a better shopping experience for our tenants’ customers and servicing nearby communities by spending capital to improve our centers, which also results in the creation of new jobs in construction and retail. Additionally, we are deliberate in our leasing approach by aiming to add necessary retailers to neighborhoods lacking vital resources and those that appeal to the respective communities where the properties are located.

Governance
Our corporate governance standards and policies aim to promote ethical conduct, fair dealing, transparency and accountability. The Company is governed by a nine-member board comprised primarily of independent trustees. The Board of Trustees is focused on independence, diversity of thought, experience and ethical leadership, and is critical in the oversight of our risk-management processes. Additionally, we have three board committees made up of the Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, each of which addresses risks specific to their respective functional responsibilities and works closely with the Board of Trustees. Our Corporate Governance Guidelines are re-evaluated annually, taking into account changing circumstances to ensure that the best interests of the Company and our shareholders are met. We maintain additional policies including our Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, Conflict of Interest Policy, Human Rights Policy, and Whistleblower Policy, on which all employees are trained.

Human Capital
As of December 31, 2023, we had 109 employees. We believe that our people are our most valuable asset. Our future success will depend, in part, on our ability to continue to attract, hire, and retain qualified personnel. Accordingly, we strive to offer competitive salaries and employee benefits to all employees and monitor salaries in our market areas. We provide professional training and development workshops and aim to provide a workplace environment where employees are informed, engaged, feel empowered, and can succeed. Additionally, the Company launched a mentorship program designed to provide members of the team an opportunity to expand their knowledge and experience through one-on-one mentorship with an employee from another department. The goal of this initiative is to promote a culture of learning while providing opportunities for professional and personal growth.
Our employees enjoy subsidized health and wellness benefits, professional training and development workshops, ergonomic office equipment, telecommuting opportunities and policies encouraging work/life balance. We have created an employee wellness program which spans the entire year and focuses on five pillars of health and wellness, both inside and outside of the office. The areas of focus for this program include financial, emotional, physical, social and community wellness. Each month there is a theme with associated activities, challenges, and webcasts to promote growth and learning, as well as employee incentives including the ability to earn additional money for health savings accounts.
We allow employees the flexibility to maintain a hybrid in-office and remote working schedule to promote a healthy work-life balance while continuing to maximize engagement, collaboration, and efficiency.
Diversity, equity and inclusion (“DE&I”) initiatives are an integral part of our culture. We believe that a diverse workforce and an inclusive culture promotes growth, both personally and professionally, and is an important aspect in our ability to attract and retain talented employees. All employees are required to complete trainings on DE&I which cover a range of topics including best practices and education on unconscious bias. We aim to create an equitable workplace for all, and our CEO has signed the CEO Diversity and Inclusion Action Pledge on behalf of our Company, joining thousands of other CEOs and peers across the country to cultivate a trusting environment where our employees feel comfortable and are empowered to have discussions about DE&I. As a part of this pledge, the Company has created a Days of Understanding initiative which provides different platforms such as a book club or a movie screening as a way to encourage our team to have open discussions on issues of DE&I. This
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program is designed to allow employees to not only gain a better understanding of culture issues tied to race, gender, and sexual orientation, but also drive engagement, build camaraderie, and learn from different perspectives.
Our efforts, like those mentioned above, are some of the many reasons Urban Edge Properties was named one of the best places to work in New Jersey by NJBIZ Magazine in 2023, the second consecutive year we have received this recognition. The annual program identifies and recognizes the best employers in the state of New Jersey.
Through our wellness programs, DE&I initiatives, and town hall meetings with all employees, among other initiatives, we continually strive to provide a workplace environment where employees are informed, engaged, feel empowered and can succeed.
Further information on our corporate responsibility practices can be found on our website in the ESG section. The information on our website is not incorporated by reference in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Our headquarters are located at 888 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10019.

Significant Tenants
None of our tenants accounted for more than 10% of total revenues in any of the years ended December 31, 2023, 2022 and 2021. The Home Depot, Inc. is our largest tenant and accounted for approximately $21.5 million, or 5.2%, of our total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2023.

REIT Qualification
The Company elected to be taxed as a REIT under sections 856-860 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), commencing with the filing of its 2015 tax return for its tax year ended December 31, 2015. So long as the Company qualifies as a REIT under the Code, the Company will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax on net taxable income that it distributes annually to its shareholders. If we fail to qualify as a REIT for any taxable year, we will be subject to federal income taxes at regular corporate rates and may not be able to qualify as a REIT for the four subsequent taxable years. The Company is subject to certain foreign, state and local income taxes, in particular income taxes arising from its operating activities in Puerto Rico, which are included in income tax expense in the consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income. In addition, the Company’s taxable REIT subsidiary (“TRS”) is subject to income tax at regular corporate rates.

Supplemental U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations
The following discussion supplements and updates the disclosures under “Certain United States Federal Income Tax Considerations” in the prospectus dated August 15, 2022, contained in our Registration Statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-266885) filed with the SEC on August 15, 2022. Capitalized terms herein that are not otherwise defined shall have the same meaning as when used in such disclosures (as supplemented).
On December 29, 2022, the Internal Revenue Service promulgated final Treasury Regulations under Sections 897, 1441, 1445, and 1446 of the Code that were, in part, intended to coordinate various withholding regimes for non-U.S. shareholders. The new Treasury Regulations provide that:
i.The withholding rules applicable to ordinary REIT dividends paid to a non-U.S. shareholder (generally, a 30% rate of withholding on gross amounts unless otherwise reduced by treaty or effectively connected with such non-U.S. shareholder’s trade or business within the United States and proper certifications are provided) will apply to (a) that portion of any distribution paid by us that is not designated as a capital gain dividend, a return of basis or a distribution in excess of the non-U.S. shareholder’s adjusted basis in its stock that is treated as gain from the disposition of such stock and (b) any portion of a capital gain dividend paid by us that is not treated as gain attributable to the sale or exchange of a U.S. real property interest by reason of the recipient not owning more than 10% of a class of our stock that is regularly traded on an established securities market during the one-year period ending on the date of the capital gain dividend.
ii.The withholding rules under FIRPTA will apply to a distribution paid by us in excess of a non-U.S. shareholder’s adjusted basis in our stock, unless the interest in our stock is not a U.S. real property interest (for example, because we are a domestically controlled qualified investment entity) or the distribution is paid to a “withholding qualified holder.” A “withholding qualified holder” means a qualified holder (as defined below) and a foreign partnership all of the interests of which are held by qualified holders, including through one or more partnerships.
iii.The withholding rules under FIRPTA will apply to any portion of a capital gain dividend paid to a non-U.S. shareholder that is attributable to the sale or exchange of a U.S. real property interest, unless it is paid to a withholding qualified holder.
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In the case of FIRPTA withholding under clause (ii) above, the applicable withholding rate is currently 15%, and in the case of FIRPTA withholding under clause (iii) above the withholding rate is currently 21%. For purposes of FIRPTA withholding under clause (iii), whether a capital gain dividend is attributable to the sale or exchange of a U.S. real property interest is determined taking into account the general exception from FIRPTA distribution treatment for distributions paid to certain non-U.S. shareholders under which any distribution by us to a non-U.S. shareholder with respect to any class of stock which is regularly traded on an established securities market located in the United States is not treated as gain recognized from the sale or exchange of a U.S. real property interest if such non-U.S. shareholder did not own more than 10% of such class of stock at any time during the 1-year period ending on the date of such distribution. To the extent inconsistent, these Treasury Regulations supersede the discussion on withholding contained in the above-referenced disclosures (as supplemented) under the heading “Certain United States Federal Income Tax Considerations—Taxation of Non-U.S. Shareholders.” However, if, notwithstanding these Treasury Regulations, we encounter difficulties in properly characterizing a distribution for purposes of the withholding rules, we may decide to withhold on such distribution at the highest possible U.S. federal withholding rate that we determine could apply.
The Treasury Regulations also provide new guidance regarding qualified foreign pension funds. Accordingly, the last two sentences of the first paragraph under the heading “Certain United States Federal Income Tax Considerations—Taxation of Non-U.S. Shareholders—Qualified Foreign Pension Funds” are hereby deleted and replaced with the following:
Under Treasury Regulations, subject to the discussion below regarding “qualified holders,” a “qualified controlled entity” also is not generally treated as a foreign person for purposes of FIRPTA. A qualified controlled entity generally includes a trust or corporation organized under the laws of a foreign country all of the interests of which are held by one or more qualified foreign pension funds either directly or indirectly through one or more qualified controlled entities.
Additionally, the following two paragraphs are added after the first paragraph under the heading “Certain United States Federal Income Tax Considerations—Taxation of Shareholders and Potential Tax Considerations Relating to Their Investment in Common Shares or Preferred Shares—Taxation of Non-U.S. Shareholders—Qualified Foreign Pension Funds”:
Treasury Regulations further require that a qualified foreign pension fund or qualified controlled entity will not be exempt from FIRPTA with respect to dispositions of U.S. real property interests or REIT distributions attributable to the same unless the qualified foreign pension fund or qualified controlled entity is a “qualified holder.” To be a qualified holder, a qualified foreign pension fund or qualified controlled entity must satisfy one of two alternative tests at the time of the disposition of the U.S. real property interest or the REIT distribution. Under the first test, a qualified foreign pension fund or qualified controlled entity is a qualified holder if it owned no U.S. real property interests as of the earliest date during an uninterrupted period ending on the date of the disposition or distribution during which it qualified as a qualified foreign pension fund or qualified controlled entity. Alternatively, if a qualified foreign pension fund or qualified controlled entity held U.S. real property interests as of the earliest date during the period described in the preceding sentence, it can be a qualified holder only if it satisfies certain testing period requirements.
Treasury Regulations also provide that a foreign partnership all of the interests of which are held by qualified holders, including through one or more partnerships, may certify its status as such and will not be treated as a foreign person for purposes of withholding under Code Section 1445 (and Code Section 1446, as applicable).

Available Information
Copies of our Annual Reports on Form 10‑K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10‑Q, Current Reports on Form 8‑K, including exhibits, and amendments to those reports, as well as Reports on Forms 3, 4 and 5 regarding officers, trustees or 10% beneficial owners of us, filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a), 15(d) or 16(a) of the Exchange Act, are available free of charge through our website (www.uedge.com) as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Also available on our website are copies of our Audit Committee Charter, Compensation Committee Charter, Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee Charter, Code of Business Conduct and Ethics and Corporate Governance Guidelines. In the event of any changes to these charters or the code or guidelines, changed copies will also be made available on our website. Our website also includes other financial information, including certain non-GAAP financial measures, none of which is a part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Copies of our charters, code, guidelines, and filings under the Exchange Act are also available free of charge from us, upon request.
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ITEM 1A.     RISK FACTORS
Risk factors that may materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition are summarized below. These risks have been separated into the following groups:
Risks Related to Our Business and Operations;
Risks Related to Our Liquidity and Indebtedness;
Risks Related to Business Continuity;
Risks Related to Environmental Liability and Regulatory Compliance;
Risks Related to Our Status as a REIT;
Risks Related to Our Organization and Structure; and
Risks Related to An Investment in Our Common Shares.
The risks and uncertainties described herein may not be the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently believe to be immaterial, may also adversely affect our business. See “Forward-Looking Statements”.

RISKS RELATED TO OUR BUSINESS AND OPERATIONS
Inflation and related volatility in the economy could negatively impact our results of operations and our tenants.
Inflation in the United States accelerated during 2021 and 2022. During 2023, inflation decreased but remained at an elevated level relative to the years preceding 2021, and inflation may increase again in the future. Rising inflation, and any related impacts, including increased prices for consumer goods and higher interest rates and wages, and any fiscal or other policy interventions by the U.S. government in reaction to such events, could negatively impact our results of operations, and could also negatively impact our tenants’ businesses. Most of our leases require tenants to pay their share of operating expenses, including common area maintenance, real estate taxes and insurance, although some larger tenants have capped the amount of these operating expenses they are responsible for under their lease. However, there can be no assurance that our tenants will be able to absorb these expense increases and be able to continue to pay us their portion of operating expenses, capital expenditures and rent. While our leases generally provide for fixed annual rent increases, high levels of inflation will likely outpace our contractual rent increases. As a result, our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, liquidity and ability to satisfy our debt service obligations and to pay dividends and distributions to shareholders could be adversely affected over time. The duration and extent of any prolonged periods of inflation, and any related adverse effects on our results of operations and financial condition, remain unknown at this time.
Additionally, inflationary pricing may have a negative effect on the construction costs necessary to complete our development and redevelopment projects, including, but not limited to, costs of construction materials, labor and services from third-party contractors and suppliers. Certain mitigating factors and contingencies are built into our contracts; however, no assurance can be given that our efforts at mitigation will be successful. Higher construction costs could adversely impact our investments in real estate assets and expected yields on our redevelopment projects.

Actual or perceived threats associated with epidemics, pandemics or other public health crises have had, and could have in the future, a material adverse effect on our and our tenants’ businesses, financial condition, results of operations, cash flow, liquidity, and ability to access the capital markets and satisfy debt service obligations.
Epidemics, pandemics or other public health crises, that impact economic and market conditions, particularly in the markets where our properties are located, and preventative measures taken to alleviate their impact, may have a material adverse effect on our and our tenants’ businesses, financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, and ability to access capital markets and satisfy debt service obligations.
The actual and potential restrictions intended to prevent and mitigate such events have had, and could have in the future, additional adverse effects on our business, including with regards to:
the ability and willingness of our tenants to renew their leases upon expiration, our ability to re-lease the properties on the same or better terms in the event of nonrenewal or in the event we exercise our right to replace an existing tenant, and obligations we may incur in connection with the replacement of an existing tenant;
anticipated returns from development and redevelopment projects, which may experience delays due to supply-chain disruptions;
the broader impact of epidemics, pandemics, or other public health crises and their effect on consumer behavior;
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our ability to pay down, refinance, restructure or extend our indebtedness as it becomes due or our ability to borrow funds under our credit facility as a result of covenants relating to our financial results; and
the potential reduction in our operating effectiveness if key personnel become unavailable due to illness or other personal circumstances.
To the extent any of these risks and uncertainties adversely impact us in the ways described above or otherwise, they may also have the effect of heightening many of the other risks described in this section.

E-commerce may have an adverse impact on our tenants and our business.
E-commerce continues to gain popularity and growth in internet sales is likely to continue in the future. E-commerce could result in a downturn in the business of some of our current tenants and could affect the way other current and future tenants lease space. For example, the migration towards e-commerce has led many omnichannel retailers to prune the number and size of their traditional “brick and mortar” locations to increasingly rely on e-commerce and alternative distribution channels. Many tenants also permit merchandise purchased on their websites to be picked up at, or returned to, their physical store locations, which may have the effect of decreasing the reported amount of their in-store sales and the amount of rent we are able to collect from them (particularly with respect to those tenants who pay rent based on a percentage of their in-store sales). We cannot predict with certainty how growth in e-commerce will impact the demand for space at our properties or how much revenue will be generated at traditional store locations in the future. If the shift towards e-commerce causes declines in the “brick and mortar” sales generated by our tenants and/or causes our tenants to reduce the size or number of their retail locations in the future, our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.

Retail real estate is a competitive business.
Competition in the retail real estate industry is intense. We compete with a large number of public and private retail real estate companies, including property owners and developers. We compete with these companies to attract customers to our properties, as well as to attract anchor, non-anchor and other tenants. We also compete with these companies for development, redevelopment and acquisition opportunities. Other owners and developers may attempt to take existing tenants from our shopping centers by offering lower rents or other incentives to compel them to relocate. This competition could have a material adverse effect on our ability to lease space and on the amount of rent and expense reimbursements that we receive.

We depend on leasing space to tenants on economically favorable terms and on collecting rent from tenants who ultimately may not be able to pay.
Our financial results depend significantly on leasing space in our properties to tenants on economically favorable terms. A majority of our income depends on the ability of our tenants to pay the full amount of rent and other charges due under their leases on a timely basis. Some of our leases provide for the payment, in addition to base rent, of additional rent above the base amount according to a specified percentage of the gross sales generated by the tenants and generally provide for reimbursement of real estate taxes and expenses of operating the property. Economic and/or competitive conditions may impact the success of our tenants’ retail operations and therefore the amount of rent and expense reimbursements we receive from our tenants. While demand for our retail spaces has been strong, there can be no assurance in our ability to maintain our occupancy levels on favorable terms. Any reduction in our tenants’ abilities to pay base rent, percentage rent or other charges on a timely basis will decrease our income, funds available to pay indebtedness and funds available for distribution to shareholders. If a tenant does not pay its rent, we might not be able to enforce our rights as landlord without delays and might incur substantial legal and other costs. During periods of economic adversity, there may be an increase in the number of tenants that cannot pay their rent and an increase in vacancy rates, which could materially and adversely affect our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.

We may be unable to renew leases or relet space as leases expire on terms comparable to prior leases or at all.
If our tenants decide not to renew their leases upon their expiration, or if we exercise our right to replace an existing tenant, we may not be able to relet the space on terms comparable to prior leases or at all. Spaces that accounted for approximately 12.8% of physical occupancy were vacant as of December 31, 2023, excluding leases signed but not commenced. In addition, leases accounting for approximately 24% of our annualized base rent for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023 are scheduled to expire within the next three years. Even if tenants do renew or we can relet the space, the terms of the renewal or reletting, taking into account among other things, the cost of improvements to the property and leasing commissions, may be less favorable than the terms in the expired leases. In addition, changes in space utilization by our tenants may impact our ability to renew or relet space without the need to incur substantial costs in renovating or redesigning the internal configuration of the relevant property. If we are unable to promptly renew the leases or relet the space at similar rates or if we incur substantial costs
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in renewing or reletting the space, our cash flow and ability to service debt obligations and pay dividends and other distributions to security holders could be adversely affected.

Bankruptcy or insolvency of tenants may decrease our revenues, net income and available cash.
From time to time, certain of our tenants have become insolvent or declared bankruptcy and other tenants may declare bankruptcy or become insolvent in the future. Tenants who file for bankruptcy protection have the legal right to reject any or all of their leases and close related stores. In the event that a tenant with a significant number of leases in our properties files for bankruptcy and rejects its leases, we could experience a significant reduction in our revenues, and we may not be able to collect all pre-petition amounts owed by that party, which may adversely affect our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations. The bankruptcy or insolvency of a major tenant at one of our properties could also negatively impact our ability to lease other existing or future vacancies at any such property. In addition, our leases generally do not contain restrictions designed to ensure the ongoing creditworthiness of our tenants. The bankruptcy or insolvency of a major tenant could result in a lower level of net income, which may adversely affect our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations and decrease funds available to pay our indebtedness or make distributions to shareholders.
See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Liquidity and Capital Resources” included in Part II, Item 7 in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8 in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

A significant number of our properties are located in the New York metropolitan area and are affected by the economic cycles there.
Because a significant number of our properties are located in the New York metropolitan area, we are particularly susceptible to adverse economic and other developments in that area. Collectively, our New York metropolitan area properties in the aggregate generated approximately 67% of our annualized base rent as of December 31, 2023. Real estate markets are subject to economic downturns, and we cannot predict the economic conditions in the New York metropolitan area in either the short-term or long-term. Poor economic or market conditions in the New York metropolitan area may adversely affect our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.

Some of our properties depend on anchor or major tenants and decisions made by these tenants, or adverse developments in the businesses of these tenants, could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Some of our properties have anchor or major tenants that generally occupy larger spaces, sometimes pay a significant portion of a property’s total rent and often contribute to the success of other tenants by drawing customers to a property. If an anchor or major tenant closes, such closure could adversely affect the property even if the tenant continues to pay rent due to the loss of the anchor or major tenant’s drawing power. Additionally, closure of an anchor or major tenant could result in lease terminations by, or reductions in rent from, other tenants if the other tenants’ leases have co-tenancy clauses that permit cancellation or rent reduction if an anchor tenant closes. Retailer consolidation, store rationalization, competition from internet sales and general economic conditions may decrease the number of potential tenants available to fill available anchor tenant spaces. As a result, in the event one or more anchor tenants were to leave one or more of our centers, we cannot be sure that we would be able to lease the vacant space on equivalent terms or at all. In addition, we may not be able to recover costs owed to us by the closed tenant. In certain cases, some anchor and non-anchor tenants may be able to terminate their leases if they do not achieve defined sales levels.

Development and redevelopment activities have inherent risks, which could adversely impact our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
We may develop or redevelop properties when we believe that doing so is consistent with our business strategy. As of December 31, 2023, we had 23 active redevelopment projects in which we have invested a total of approximately $55.9 million, and based on our current plans and estimates, we anticipate it will cost an additional $112.2 million to complete. We anticipate engaging in additional development and redevelopment activities in the future. In addition to the risks associated with real estate investments in general as described elsewhere, the risks associated with future development and redevelopment activities include:
expenditure of capital and time on projects that may never be completed;
failure or inability to obtain financing on favorable terms or at all;
inability to secure necessary zoning or regulatory approvals;
higher than estimated construction or operating costs, including labor and material costs;
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increased costs related to inflation, including higher costs of construction and financing;
inability to complete construction on schedule due to a number of factors, including inclement weather, labor disruptions, construction delays, supply chain issues, delays or failure to receive zoning or other regulatory approvals, acts of terror or other acts of violence, or natural disasters (such as fires, seismic activity or floods);
significant time lag between commencement and stabilization resulting in delayed returns and greater risks due to fluctuations in the general economy, shifts in demographics and competition;
decrease in customer traffic during the redevelopment period causing a decrease in tenant sales;
inability to secure key anchor or other tenants at anticipated pace of lease-up or at all; and
occupancy and rental rates at a newly completed project that may not meet expectations.
If any of the above events were to occur, they may hinder our growth and may have an adverse effect on our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, new development and significant redevelopment activities, regardless of whether they are ultimately successful, typically require substantial time and attention from management.

We face significant competition for acquisitions of properties, which may reduce the number of acquisition opportunities available to us and increase the costs of these acquisitions.
The current market for acquisitions of properties in our core markets continues to be competitive. This competition may increase the demand for the types of properties in which we typically invest and, therefore, increase the prices paid for such acquisition properties. We also face significant competition for attractive acquisition opportunities from an indeterminate number of investors, including publicly-traded and privately-held REITs, private equity investors and institutional investment funds, some of which have greater financial resources, greater ability to borrow funds and the willingness to accept more risk than we can prudently manage, including risks with respect to the geographic proximity of investments and the payment of higher acquisition prices. This competition will increase if investments in real estate become more attractive relative to other forms of investment. Competition for investments may reduce the number of suitable investment opportunities available to us and may have the effect of increasing prices paid for such acquisition properties and, as a result, adversely affecting our ability to grow through acquisitions.

Our operating results at acquired properties may not meet our financial expectations.
Our ability to complete acquisitions on favorable terms and successfully operate or develop them is subject to the following risks:
we may incur significant costs and divert management attention in connection with the evaluation and negotiation of potential acquisitions, including ones that are subsequently not completed;
we may be unable to finance acquisitions on favorable terms and in the time period we desire, or at all;
we may be unable to quickly and efficiently integrate new acquisitions, particularly the acquisition of portfolios of properties, into our existing operations;
we may acquire properties that are not initially accretive to our results upon acquisition, and we may not successfully manage and lease those properties to meet our expectations; and
we may acquire properties subject to liabilities and without any recourse, or with only limited recourse to former owners, with respect to unknown liabilities for clean-up of undisclosed environmental contamination, claims by tenants or other persons to former owners of the properties and claims for indemnification by general partners, trustees, officers and others indemnified by the former owners of the properties.
If we are unable to complete acquisitions on favorable terms, or efficiently integrate such acquisitions, our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.

It may be difficult to dispose of real estate quickly, which may limit our flexibility.
Real estate is relatively difficult to dispose of quickly. Consequently, we may have limited ability to promptly change our portfolio in response to changes in economic or other conditions. Moreover, our ability to dispose of, or finance real estate may be materially and adversely affected during periods of uncertainty or unfavorable conditions in the credit markets as we or potential buyers of our real estate may experience difficulty in obtaining financing. To dispose of low basis deferral or tax-protected properties efficiently we from time to time use like-kind exchanges, which are intended to qualify for non-recognition of taxable gain, but can be difficult to consummate and result in the property for which the disposed assets are exchanged
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inheriting their low tax bases and other tax attributes (including tax protection covenants). These challenges related to dispositions may limit our flexibility.

Many real estate costs are fixed, even if income from our properties decreases.
Our financial results depend primarily on leasing space in our properties to tenants on terms favorable to us. Costs associated with operating real estate, such as real estate taxes, insurance and maintenance costs, generally are not reduced even when a property is not fully occupied, rental rates decrease, or other circumstances cause a reduction in income from the property. As a result, cash flow from operations may be reduced if a tenant does not pay its rent or we are unable to rent our properties on favorable terms.

A number of properties in our portfolio are subject to ground or building leases; if we are found to be in breach of a ground or building lease or are unable to renew a ground or building lease, we could be materially and adversely affected.
A number of the properties in our portfolio are either completely or partially on land that is owned by third parties and leased to us pursuant to ground or building leases. Accordingly, we only own a long-term leasehold or similar interest in those properties. If we are found to be in breach of a ground or building lease and that breach cannot be cured, we could lose our interest in the improvements and the right to operate the property. In addition, unless we can purchase a fee interest in the underlying land or building or extend the terms of these leases before or at their expiration, as to which no assurance can be given, we will lose our interest in the improvements and the right to operate these properties. However, in certain cases, our ability to exercise such options is subject to the condition that we are not in default under the terms of the ground or building lease at the time that we exercise such options, and we can provide no assurance that we will be able to exercise our options at such time. If we were to lose the right to operate a property due to a breach or non-renewal of the ground or building lease, we would be unable to derive income from such property, which could materially and adversely affect us.

Our assets may be subject to impairment charges.
Real estate is carried at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization. Our properties are individually reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the property may not be recoverable. An impairment exists when the carrying amount of an asset exceeds the aggregate projected future cash flows over the anticipated holding period on an undiscounted basis, taking into account the appropriate capitalization rate in determining a future terminal value. An impairment loss is based on the excess of the property’s carrying amount over its estimated fair value. Recording an impairment charge results in an immediate reduction in our income in the period in which the charge is taken, which could materially and adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

RISKS RELATED TO OUR LIQUIDITY AND INDEBTEDNESS
Risks related to our outstanding debt.
We have historically used moderate levels of leverage and expect to continue to incur indebtedness to support our activities. As of December 31, 2023, our outstanding indebtedness was $1.7 billion, of which $281 million was variable rate indebtedness. If we are unable to obtain debt financing or refinance existing debt upon maturity on terms favorable to us, or at all, our financial condition and results of operations would likely be adversely affected. As of the date of this filing, we have approximately $70.8 million of mortgage debt, with a weighted average interest rate of 4.0%, maturing within the next 12 months related to mortgage loans encumbering two of our properties. We are actively exploring our options to refinance them, however, there is no guarantee that we will be able to do so prior to their maturities or at rates that are favorable to us.
As of December 31, 2023, approximately 16% of our current outstanding debt bore interest at variable rates based on the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”), plus an applicable margin per the respective loan agreements. We are exposed to risks related to a potential rising interest rate environment for our current or any future variable interest rate debt. Interest expense on our variable rate debt at December 31, 2023 would increase by approximately $2.3 million annually for every 100-basis-point increase in interest rates. While we may enter into interest rate hedging transactions with counterparties, there can be no guarantee that the future financial condition of these counterparties will enable them to fulfill their obligations under such agreements.
If the cost or amount of our debt increases or we cannot refinance our debt in sufficient amounts or on acceptable terms, we are at risk of default on our obligations, which could have a material adverse effect on our company, including our ability to make distributions to our shareholders.



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Covenants in our existing financing agreements may restrict our operating, financing, redevelopment, development, acquisition and other activities.
The mortgages on our properties contain customary covenants such as those that limit our ability, without the prior consent of the lender, to further mortgage the applicable property or to reduce insurance coverage. Our existing revolving credit facility contains, and any debt that we may obtain in the future may contain, customary restrictions, requirements and other limitations on our ability to incur indebtedness, including covenants (i) that limit our ability to incur debt based upon (1) our ratio of total debt to total assets, (2) our ratio of secured debt to total assets, (3) our ratio of earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) to interest expense and (4) our ratio of EBITDA to fixed charges, and (ii) that require us to maintain a certain level of unencumbered assets to unsecured debt. Our ability to borrow is subject to compliance with these and other covenants. Failure to comply with our covenants could cause a default under the applicable debt instrument and we may then be required to repay such debt with capital from other sources or to give possession of a secured property to the lender. Under those circumstances, other sources of capital may not be available to us or may be available only on unattractive terms.

Defaults on secured indebtedness may result in foreclosure.
In the event that we default on mortgages in the future, either as a result of ceasing to make debt service payments or failing to meet applicable covenants, the lenders may accelerate the related debt obligations and foreclose and/or take control of the properties that secure their loans. As of December 31, 2023, we had $1.6 billion of secured debt outstanding and 32 of our properties were encumbered by secured debt. As of December 31, 2023, we were in compliance with all debt covenants, with the exception of those related to our mortgage on Kingswood Center which has been in default since May 2023. Further, for tax purposes, the foreclosure of a mortgage may result in the recognition of taxable income related to the extinguished debt without us having received any accompanying cash proceeds. As a result, since we are structured as a REIT, we may be required to identify and utilize sources for distributions to our shareholders related to such taxable income in order to avoid incurring corporate tax or to meet the REIT distribution requirements imposed by the Code.

We may not be able to obtain capital to make investments.
We depend primarily on external financing to fund the growth of our business because one of the requirements of the Code for a REIT is that it distributes at least 90% of its taxable income, excluding net capital gains, to its shareholders. There is a separate requirement to distribute net capital gains or pay a corporate level tax in lieu thereof. Our access to debt or equity financing depends on conditions in the capital markets generally and the willingness of third parties to lend to or to make equity investments. There can be no assurance that new financing or other capital will be available or available on acceptable terms. The failure to obtain financing or other capital could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition. For information about our available sources of funds, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Liquidity and Capital Resources” included in Part II, Item 7 in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8 in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

RISKS RELATED TO BUSINESS CONTINUITY
Risks related to our properties in Puerto Rico.
Our two properties in Puerto Rico made up approximately 8% of our net operating income (“NOI”) for the year ended December 31, 2023. Puerto Rico has faced significant fiscal and economic challenges in previous years, including its government filing for bankruptcy protection in 2017, and continues to face challenges resulting from natural disasters such as hurricanes and earthquakes. Such events, individually or in the aggregate, can disrupt the local economy and could result in less disposable income for the purchase of goods sold at our properties and the inability of merchants to pay rent and other charges. Any of these events could negatively impact our ability to lease space on terms and conditions we seek and could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

Natural disasters could have a concentrated impact on us.
We own properties near the Atlantic Coast and in Puerto Rico which are subject to natural disasters such as hurricanes, floods, earthquakes and storm surges. We also have two properties in California that could be impacted by earthquakes. As a result, we could become subject to business interruption, significant losses and repair costs, such as those we experienced from Hurricane Maria in 2017, which damaged and caused the temporary closure of our two properties in Puerto Rico. We maintain comprehensive, all-risk property and rental value insurance coverage on our properties, however losses resulting from a natural disaster may be subject to a deductible or not fully covered and such losses could adversely affect our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.

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Some of our potential losses may not be covered by insurance.
We maintain numerous insurance policies including for general liability, property, pollution, acts of terrorism, trustees’ and officers’, cyber, workers’ compensation and automobile-related liabilities. However, all such policies are subject to the terms, conditions, exclusions, deductibles and sub-limits, among other limiting factors. For example, our terrorism insurance policy excludes coverage for nuclear, biological, chemical or radiological terrorism events as defined by the Terrorism Risk Insurance Program Reauthorization Act.
Certain of the insurance premiums are charged directly to each of the properties but not all of the cost of such premiums are recovered. We are responsible for deductibles, losses in excess of insurance coverage, and the portion of premiums not reimbursable by tenants at our properties, which could be material.
We continue to monitor the state of the insurance market and the scope and costs of available coverage. We cannot anticipate what coverage will be available on commercially reasonable terms in the future and expect premiums across most coverage lines to increase. The incurrence of uninsured losses, costs or uncovered premiums could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Liquidity and Capital Resources” included in Part II, Item 7. in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8. in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Terrorist acts and shooting incidents could harm the demand for, and the value of, our properties.
Over the past several years, a number of highly publicized terrorist acts and shootings have occurred at domestic and international retail properties. In the event concerns regarding safety were to alter shopping habits or deter customers from visiting shopping centers, our tenants would be adversely affected, as would the general demand for retail space. Additionally, if such incidents were to continue, insurance for such acts may become limited or subject to substantial cost increases. Such an incident at one of our properties, particularly one in which we generate a significant amount of revenue, could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

Our business and operations would suffer in the event of system failures.
Despite system redundancy, the implementation of security measures and the existence of a disaster recovery plan for our information technology (“IT”) infrastructure, our systems are vulnerable to damages from any number of sources, including computer viruses, unauthorized access, energy blackouts, natural disasters, terrorism, war and telecommunication failures. We have placed reliance on third-party managed services to perform a number of IT-related functions and we may experience system difficulties related to our platform and integrating the services provided by third parties. If we experience a system failure or accident that causes interruptions in our operations, we could experience material and adverse disruptions to our business. We may also incur additional costs to remedy damages caused by such disruptions.

We face risks associated with security and cyber security breaches.
We face risks associated with security breaches, whether through cyber attacks or cyber intrusions over the internet, malware, computer viruses, attachments to emails, persons inside our organization or persons with access to systems, and other significant disruptions of our IT networks and related systems. Similarly, vendors from whom we receive outsourced IT-related services, including third-party platforms, face the same risks, which could in turn affect us. Our internal and outsourced IT networks and related systems are essential to the operation of our business and our ability to perform day to day operations.
A breach or significant and extended disruption in the functioning of our systems, including our primary website, may damage our reputation and cause us to lose customers, tenants and revenues, generate third-party claims, result in the unintended and/or unauthorized public disclosure or the misappropriation of proprietary, personal identifying and confidential information, and require us to incur significant expenses to address and remediate or otherwise resolve these kinds of issues, and we may not be able to recover these expenses in whole or in any part from our service providers, responsible parties, or insurance carriers which could have a material adverse effect on our business and operations.
See Part I, Item 1C. “Cybersecurity” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information on our risk management, strategy and governance as it pertains to cyber risks.

RISKS RELATED TO ENVIRONMENTAL LIABILITY AND REGULATORY COMPLIANCE
We may be adversely affected by laws, regulations or other issues related to climate change.
We may become subject to laws or regulations related to climate change, which could cause our business, results of operations and financial condition to be impacted adversely. The federal government has enacted, and some of the states and localities in which we operate may enact, certain climate change laws and regulations or have begun regulating carbon footprints and
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greenhouse gas emissions. Although these laws and regulations have not had any known material adverse effects on our business to date, they could result in substantial costs, including compliance costs, increased energy costs, retrofit costs and construction costs, including monitoring and reporting costs, and capital expenditures for environmental control facilities and other new equipment. We have implemented strategies to support our continued effort to reduce energy and water consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, and waste production across our portfolio. We cannot predict how future laws and regulations, or future interpretations of current laws and regulations, related to climate change will affect our business, results of operations and financial condition. Additionally, the potential physical impacts of climate change on our operations are highly uncertain and would be particular to the geographic circumstances in areas in which we operate. These may include changes to global weather patterns, which could include local changes in rainfall and storm patterns and intensities, water shortages, changing sea levels and changing temperature averages or extremes. These impacts may adversely affect our properties, our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We may incur significant costs to comply with environmental laws and environmental contamination may impair our ability to lease and/or sell real estate.
Our operations and properties are subject to various federal, state and local laws and regulations concerning the protection of the environment including air and water quality, hazardous or toxic substances and health and safety. These laws often impose liability without regard to whether the owner knew of, or was responsible for, the presence of hazardous or toxic substances. The cost of any required remediation may exceed the value of the property and/or the aggregate assets of the owner or the responsible party. The presence of, or the failure to properly remediate, hazardous or toxic substances may adversely affect our ability to sell or lease a contaminated property or to use the property as collateral for a loan. We can provide no assurance that we are aware of all potential environmental liabilities; that any previous owner, occupant or tenant did not create any material environmental condition not known to us; that our properties will not be affected by tenants or nearby properties or other unrelated third parties; and that future uses or conditions, or changes in environmental laws and regulations will not result in additional material environmental liabilities to us.
Generally, our tenants must comply with environmental laws and meet remediation requirements. Our leases typically impose obligations on our tenants to indemnify us from any compliance costs we may incur as a result of the environmental conditions on the property caused by the tenant. If a lease does not require compliance or if a tenant fails to or cannot comply, we could be forced to pay these costs.
If not addressed, environmental conditions could impair our ability to sell or re-lease the affected properties in the future, or result in lower sales prices or rent payments, which could adversely impact our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.

Increased scrutiny and changing expectations from investors, customers, employees, and others regarding our environmental, social and governance practices and reporting could cause us to incur additional costs, devote additional resources and expose us to additional risks, which could adversely impact our reputation, customer acquisition and retention, access to capital and employee retention.
Companies across all industries are facing increasing scrutiny related to their ESG practices and reporting. Investors, customers, employees, and other stakeholders have begun to focus increasingly on ESG practices and to place more importance on the implications and social cost of their investments, purchases, and other interactions with companies. With this increased focus and demand, public reporting regarding ESG practices is becoming more broadly expected. If our ESG practices (including the speed of adoption of certain practices) and reporting do not meet investor, tenant, customer, or employee expectations, which continue to evolve, our reputation and tenant retention may be negatively impacted. Our failure, or perceived failure, to meet the standards included in any sustainability disclosure or the expectations of our various stakeholders, could negatively impact our reputation, tenant and employee retention, and access to capital. In 2022, the SEC proposed extensive rules aimed at enhancing and standardizing climate-related disclosures in an effort to foster greater consistency, comparability and reliability of climate-related information among public issuers. The proposal, if adopted, would require public issuers to include prescribed climate-related information in their registration statements and annual reports, including information regarding greenhouse gas emissions and climate-related risks and opportunities and related financial impacts, governance and strategy. Additionally, we may become subject to new compliance requirements and/or new costs or taxes associated with natural resource or energy usage and related emissions (such as a “carbon tax”), which could increase our operating costs. All of these factors could result in additional costs and devoting additional resources to monitor, report and implement various ESG practices.



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Compliance or failure to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act, safety regulations or other requirements could result in substantial costs.
The Americans with Disabilities Act (“ADA”) generally requires that public buildings, including our properties, meet certain federal requirements related to access and use by disabled persons. Noncompliance could result in the imposition of fines by the federal government or the award of damages to private litigants and/or legal fees to their counsel. We could be required under the ADA to make substantial alterations to, and capital expenditures at, one or more of our properties, including the removal of access barriers, which could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Our properties are subject to various federal, state and local regulatory requirements such as state and local fire and life safety regulations. If we fail to comply with these requirements, we could incur fines or private damage awards. We do not know whether existing requirements will change or whether compliance with future requirements will require significant unanticipated expenditures. If we incur substantial costs to comply with the ADA and any other legislation, our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.

RISKS RELATED TO OUR STATUS AS A REIT
We may fail to qualify or remain qualified as a REIT and may be required to pay income taxes at corporate rates.
Although we believe that we will remain organized and will continue to operate so as to qualify as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, we may fail to remain so qualified. Qualifications are governed by highly technical and complex provisions of the Code for which there are only limited judicial or administrative interpretations and that depend on various facts and circumstances that are not entirely within our control. In addition, legislation, new regulations, administrative interpretations or court decisions may significantly change the relevant tax laws and/or the federal income tax consequences of qualifying as a REIT. If, with respect to any taxable year, we fail to maintain our qualification as a REIT and do not qualify for relief under statutory relief provisions, we could not deduct distributions to shareholders in computing our taxable income and would have to pay federal income tax on our taxable income at regular corporate rates. If we had to pay federal income tax, the amount of money available to distribute to shareholders and pay our indebtedness would be reduced for the year or years involved, and we would no longer be required to make distributions to shareholders. In addition, we would also be disqualified as a REIT for the four taxable years following the year during which qualification was lost unless we were entitled to relief under the relevant statutory provisions.

REIT distribution requirements could adversely affect our liquidity and our ability to execute our business plan.
To qualify to be taxed as a REIT, and assuming that certain other requirements are also satisfied, we generally must distribute at least 90% of our REIT taxable income, determined without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding any net capital gains, to our shareholders each year. U.S. federal corporate income tax does not apply to earnings that we distribute. To the extent that we satisfy this distribution requirement and qualify for taxation as a REIT, but distribute less than 100% of our REIT taxable income, determined without regard to the dividends paid deduction and including any net capital gains, we will be subject to U.S. federal corporate income tax on our undistributed net taxable income. In addition, we will be subject to a 4% nondeductible excise tax if the actual amount that we distribute to our shareholders in a calendar year is less than a minimum amount specified under U.S. federal income tax laws. We intend to distribute 100% of our REIT taxable income to our shareholders.
From time to time, we may generate taxable income greater than our cash flow as a result of differences in timing between the recognition of taxable income and the actual receipt of cash or the effect of nondeductible capital expenditures, the effect of limitations on interest and net operating loss deductibility, the creation of reserves, or required debt or amortization payments. If we do not have other funds available in these situations, we could be required to borrow funds on unfavorable terms, sell assets at disadvantageous prices, distribute amounts that would otherwise be invested in future acquisitions, capital expenditures or repayment of debt, or make taxable distributions of our shares or debt securities to make distributions sufficient to enable us to pay out enough of our taxable income to satisfy the REIT distribution requirement and avoid corporate income tax and the 4% excise tax in a particular year. These alternatives could increase our costs or reduce our equity. Further, amounts distributed will not be available to fund investment activities. Thus, compliance with the REIT requirements may hinder our ability to grow, which could adversely affect the value of our shares. Any restrictions on our ability to incur additional indebtedness or make certain distributions could preclude us from meeting the 90% distribution requirement. Decreases in funds from operations due to unfinanced expenditures for acquisitions of properties or increases in the number of shares outstanding without commensurate increases in funds from operations would adversely affect our ability to maintain distributions to our shareholders. Consequently, there can be no assurance that we will be able to make distributions at the anticipated distribution rate or any other rate.


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Risks related to Section 1031 Exchanges.
From time to time we may dispose of properties in transactions that are intended to qualify as “like kind exchanges” under Section 1031 of the Code (“Section 1031 Exchanges”). It is possible that the qualification of a transaction as a Section 1031 Exchange could be successfully challenged and determined to be currently taxable. In such case, our taxable income and earnings and profits would increase. In some circumstances, we may be required to pay additional dividends or, in lieu of that, corporate income tax, possibly including interest and penalties. As a result, we may be required to borrow funds in order to pay additional dividends or taxes, and the payment of such taxes could cause us to have less cash available to distribute to our shareholders. In addition, if a Section 1031 Exchange were later to be determined to be taxable, we may be required to amend our tax returns for the applicable year in question, including any information reports we sent our shareholders. We could also be subject to significant indemnity obligations if the applicable property was subject to a tax protection agreement. Moreover, it is possible that legislation could be enacted that could modify or repeal the laws with respect to Section 1031 Exchanges, which could make it more difficult or not possible for us to dispose of properties on a tax deferred basis.

We face possible adverse changes in tax law.
Changes in U.S. federal, state and local tax laws or regulations, with or without retroactive application, could have a negative effect on us. New legislation, Treasury Regulations, administrative interpretations or court decisions could significantly and negatively affect our ability to qualify to be taxed as a REIT and/or the U.S. federal income tax consequences to our investors and to us of such qualification. Even changes that do not impose greater taxes on us could potentially result in adverse consequences to our shareholders.

RISKS RELATED TO OUR ORGANIZATION AND STRUCTURE
Our Declaration of Trust sets limits on the ownership of our shares.
Generally, for us to maintain a qualification as a REIT under the Code, not more than fifty percent (50%) in value of our outstanding shares of beneficial interest may be owned, directly or indirectly, by five or fewer individuals at any time during the last half of our taxable year. The Code defines “individuals” for purposes of the requirement described in the preceding sentence to include some types of entities. Under our Declaration of Trust, no person or entity (or group thereof) may own more than 9.8% (in value or number of shares, whichever is more restrictive) of our outstanding shares of any class or series, with some exceptions for persons or entities approved by the Board of Trustees. A transfer of our shares of beneficial interest to a person who, as a result of the transfer, violates the ownership limit will be void under certain circumstances, and, in any event, would deny that person any of the economic benefits of owning shares in excess of the ownership limit. These restrictions on transferability and ownership may delay, deter or prevent a change in control of us or other transaction that might involve a premium price or otherwise be in the best interest of the shareholders.

Our Declaration of Trust limits the removal of members of the Board of Trustees.
Our Declaration of Trust provides that, subject to the rights of holders of one or more classes or series of preferred shares to elect or remove one or more trustees, a trustee may be removed only for cause and only by the affirmative vote of two-thirds of the votes entitled to be cast in the election of trustees. This provision, when coupled with the exclusive power of the Board of Trustees to fill vacancies on the Board of Trustees, precludes shareholders from removing incumbent trustees except for cause and upon a substantial affirmative vote and filling the vacancies created by the removal with their own nominees. These limitations may delay, deter or prevent a change in control of us or other transactions that might involve a premium price or otherwise be in the best interest of our shareholders.

Maryland law contains provisions that may reduce the likelihood of certain takeover transactions.
Certain provisions of Maryland law, may have the effect of inhibiting a third party from making a proposal to acquire us or of impeding a change in control under circumstances that otherwise could provide the holders of our shares, including:
“Business combination” provisions that, subject to certain exceptions, prohibit certain business combinations between us and an “interested shareholder” (defined generally as any person who beneficially owns 10% or more of the voting power of our shares or an affiliate thereof or an affiliate or associate of ours who was the beneficial owner, directly or indirectly, of 10% or more of the voting power of our then outstanding voting shares at any time within the two-year period immediately prior to the date in question) for five years after the most recent date on which the shareholder becomes an interested shareholder, and thereafter impose fair price or super majority shareholder voting requirements on these combinations; and
“Control share” provisions that provide the holders of “control shares” of a company (defined as shares that, when aggregated with other shares controlled by the shareholder, entitle the shareholder to exercise voting power in the election of trustees within one of three increasing ranges) acquired in a “control share acquisition” (defined as the
16


direct or indirect acquisition of ownership or control of the voting power of issued and outstanding “control shares,” subject to certain exceptions) have no voting rights with respect to their control shares, except to the extent approved by our shareholders by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of all the votes entitled to be cast on the matter, excluding all interested shares.
As permitted by Maryland law, our Bylaws provide that we will not be subject to the control share provisions of Maryland law. However, we cannot assure you that the Board of Trustees will not revise our Bylaws in order to be subject to such control share provisions in the future. With respect to the business combination provisions of the Maryland General Corporation Law (“MGCL”), our Board of Trustees adopted a resolution providing that we may not elect to be subject to such provisions and that this prohibition may not be repealed without prior shareholder approval. Our Bylaws include a provision that formalizes this resolution. As a result, any person may be able to enter into business combinations with us, which may not be in the best interest of shareholders, within five years of becoming an interested shareholder and without compliance by us with the super-majority vote requirements and other provisions of the MGCL.
Certain provisions of Maryland law permit the board of trustees of a Maryland real estate investment trust with at least three independent trustees and a class of shares registered under the Exchange Act, without shareholder approval and regardless of what is currently provided in its declaration of trust or bylaws, to implement certain corporate governance provisions, some of which (for example, implementing a classified board) are not currently applicable to us. These provisions may have the effect of limiting or precluding a third party from making an unsolicited acquisition proposal for us or of delaying, deferring or preventing a change in control under circumstances that otherwise could provide the holders of shares of our shares with the opportunity to realize a premium over the then current market price.
We may also choose to adopt other takeover defenses in the future. Any such actions could deter a transaction that may otherwise be in the interest of our shareholders.

We may issue additional shares in a manner that could adversely affect the likelihood of certain takeover transactions.
Our Declaration of Trust and Bylaws authorize the Board of Trustees in its sole discretion and without shareholder approval, to:
cause us to issue additional authorized, but unissued, common or preferred shares;
classify or reclassify, in one or more classes or series, any unissued common or preferred shares;
set the preferences, rights and other terms of any classified or reclassified shares that we issue; and
increase the number of shares of beneficial interest that we may issue.
The Board of Trustees can establish a class or series of common or preferred shares whose terms could delay, deter or prevent a change in control of us or other transaction that might involve a premium price or otherwise be in the best interest of our shareholders. Our Declaration of Trust and Bylaws contain other provisions that may delay, deter or prevent a change in control of us or other transaction that might involve a premium price or otherwise be in our best interest or the best interest of our shareholders.

RISKS RELATED TO AN INVESTMENT IN OUR COMMON SHARES
The market prices and trading volume of our equity securities may be volatile.
The market prices of our equity securities depend on various factors which may be unrelated to our operating performance or prospects. We cannot assure you that the market prices of our equity securities, including our common shares, will not fluctuate or decline significantly in the future.
A number of factors could negatively affect, or result in fluctuations in, the prices or trading volume of equity securities, including:
actual or anticipated changes in our operating results and changes in expectations of future financial performance;
our operating performance and the performance of other similar companies;
changes in the real estate industry, and in the retail industry, including growth in e-commerce, catalog companies and direct consumer sales;
our strategic decisions, such as acquisitions, dispositions, spin-offs, joint ventures, strategic investments or changes in business strategy;
equity issuances or buybacks by us or the perception that such issuances or buybacks may occur or adverse reaction market reaction to any indebtedness we incur;
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changes in the interest rate environment and/or the impact of rising inflation;
decreases in our distributions to shareholders;
changes in real estate valuations or market valuations of similar companies;
additions or departures of key management personnel;
publication of research reports about us or our industry by securities analysts, or negative speculation in the press or investment community;
the passage of legislation or other regulatory developments that adversely affect us, our tax status, or our industry;
changes in accounting principles;
our failure to satisfy the listing requirements of the NYSE;
our failure to comply with the requirements of the Sarbanes‑Oxley Act;
our failure to qualify as a REIT; and
general market conditions, including factors unrelated to our performance.
In the past, securities class action litigation has often been instituted against companies following periods of volatility in the price of their common stock. This type of litigation could result in substantial costs and divert our management’s attention and resources, which could have a material adverse effect on our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.

We cannot guarantee the timing, amount, or payment of dividends on our common shares.
Although we expect to pay regular cash dividends, the timing, declaration, amount and payment of dividends to shareholders falls within the discretion of the Board of Trustees. The Board of Trustees’ decisions regarding the payment of dividends depend on factors such as our financial condition, earnings, capital requirements, debt service obligations, limitations under our financing arrangements, industry practice, legal requirements, regulatory constraints, and other considerations that it deems relevant. Our ability to pay dividends depends on our ongoing ability to generate cash from operations and access to the capital markets, and therefore, we cannot guarantee that we will pay dividends in the future.

Your percentage of ownership in our Company may be diluted in the future.
In the future, your ownership in us may be diluted because of equity issuances for acquisitions, capital market transactions or compensatory equity awards to our trustees, officers or employees, or otherwise. The issuance of additional common shares would dilute the interests of our current shareholders, and could depress the market price of our common shares, impair our ability to raise capital through the sale of additional equity securities, or impact our ability to pay dividends. We cannot predict the effect that future sales of our common shares or other equity-related securities including the issuance of Operating Partnership units would have on the market price of our common shares.
In addition, our Declaration of Trust authorizes us to issue, without the approval of our shareholders, one or more classes or series of preferred shares having such designation, voting powers, preferences, rights and other terms, including preferences over our common shares respecting dividends and other distributions, as the Board of Trustees generally may determine. The terms of one or more classes or series of preferred shares could dilute the voting power or reduce the value of our common shares. For example, we could grant the holders of preferred shares the right to elect some number of our trustees in all events or on the occurrence of specified events, or the right to veto specified transactions. Similarly, the repurchase or redemption rights or liquidation preferences we could assign to holders of preferred shares could affect the residual value of the common shares.

Inflation and related volatility in the economy could negatively impact the value of our publicly-traded equity securities.
Volatility in the financial markets could affect our ability to access the capital markets at a time when we desire, or impact the cost at which we are able to do so, which could slow or deter our future growth. To the extent our exposure to increases in interest rates on any of our debt is not eliminated through interest rate swaps and interest rate protection agreements, such increases will result in higher debt service costs, which will adversely affect our cash flows. Our exposure to increases in interest rates in the short term includes our variable-rate borrowings and our floating rate mortgages. See “Risks Related to Our Liquidity and Indebtedness – Risks related to our outstanding debt”. Increases in interest rates could increase our financing costs over time, either through near-term borrowings on our existing variable-rate borrowings or refinancing of our existing borrowings that may incur higher interest expenses related to the issuance of new debt. There is no guarantee we will be able to mitigate the impact of rising inflation.
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One of the factors that may influence the prices of our publicly-traded equity securities is the interest rate on our debt and the dividend yield on our common shares relative to market interest rates. As market interest rates rise, unless we eliminate our exposure to such increases, our borrowing costs may rise and result in less funds being available for distribution. Therefore, we may not be able to, or we may choose not to, provide a higher distribution rate on our common shares. In addition, fluctuations in interest rates could adversely affect the market value of our properties. These factors could result in a decline in the market prices of our publicly-traded equity securities.

ITEM 1B.    UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
There are no unresolved comments from the staff of the SEC as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

ITEM 1C.     CYBERSECURITY

Governance
Cybersecurity is an integral part of the Board of Trustees’, Audit Committee’s and Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee’s risk analysis and discussions with management. In February 2023, the Board of Trustees assigned cybersecurity oversight responsibility to the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee via an amendment to the Committee’s Charter. We also have a Cyber Steering Committee which works in conjunction with the Computer Incident Response Team (“CIRT”) to develop strategies to mitigate risks and to address any cyber issues that may arise. The Cyber Steering Committee and CIRT are made up of certain executives, management, members of our information technology team and third-party advisors. The committees are led by our SVP, Chief Information Officer.
Our policies outline processes for identifying, reporting, investigating, and responding to a cyber incident. In the event of such an incident, the CIRT coordinator will work with the Cyber Steering Committee to conduct a risk analysis. The committee may also engage other members of management to assess the tangible, intangible and financial impact of the incident. Any breach or cyber incident that meets certain criteria will be communicated by the Cyber Steering Committee to the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee in a timely manner.
The SVP, Chief Information Officer researches the latest technologies and trends used by cybercriminals through publications, conferences and discussions with peers. Cyber threats identified are communicated to all members of the Company via email to promote awareness and assist with protecting us from potential risks or breaches. All employees are required to undergo quarterly security awareness trainings and we routinely conduct internal phishing and other exercises to gauge the effectiveness of the trainings and assess the need for continued education and/or areas where improvement may be needed.

Risk Management and Strategy
As we see increased reliance on information technology in the workplace and our business operations, and an ongoing shift to remote and hybrid work schedules, Urban Edge has employed several measures to mitigate cyber risks. The Cyber Steering Committee is responsible for the risk management program which includes, but is not limited to, identifying cyber risks, the risk severity, risk response and tracking risk remediation. The Cyber Steering Committee meets (i) at least quarterly to review emerging threats, controls, and procedures, (ii) at least annually with the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee to discuss trends in cyber risks and our strategy to defend our information against cybersecurity incidents, and (iii) promptly following the occurrence of a material cyber incident.
In addition to a dedicated information technology and cybersecurity team monitoring our daily operations, the Company engages an independent third-party cybersecurity audit firm to periodically review cybersecurity risks and our Incident Response Program. The third-party firm evaluates our preparedness based on several factors including cyber risk assessment, vulnerability management, disaster recovery, and penetration testing. They also simulate attacks on the Company as part of their audit procedures to gauge if our incident response is repeatable and effective and provide recommendations for areas of improvement. We are in process of implementing a thorough vendor selection criteria and employing ongoing monitoring of our third-party service providers to ensure compliance with cybersecurity standards.
We utilize a risk-based approach that aligns with the National Institute of Standards and Technology Cybersecurity Framework, and Microsoft best practices. Our policies and procedures are reviewed and updated annually by the Cyber Steering Committee and incorporate third-party assessments to benchmark ourselves against industry standards. The Company utilizes advanced endpoint protection, firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention, threat intelligence, security event logging and correlation, and backup and redundancy systems.
We have formal policies and procedures addressing data retention, incident response, asset and device management and have a Disaster Recovery and Business Continuity Committee that meets biannually to review and update our plan, policies, and procedures to align with changes in risk assessment and emerging technologies. In addition, our Information Technology team conducts disaster recovery tests annually and reports results to the Cyber Steering Committee. A cybersecurity breach may
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result in disruption of our operations, damage to our reputation and cause us to lose revenue or incur significant expenses to remediate which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations or consolidated financial position.
As of the date of this report, we have not experienced any material cyber breaches and are periodically reviewing our policies and procedures to respond to, and mitigate the impact of, emerging trends and technologies affecting our industry.
Additionally, as a public company, we are subject to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act requirements and must undergo independent audits of information technology general controls in support of internal control over financial reporting. These audits, which are conducted by our independent public accounting firm, assess key information security and cybersecurity risks in the environment that may affect the confidentiality, integrity and availability of systems and data. Any control deficiencies that represent cybersecurity risks, as well as any recommended changes to our processes, if appropriate, would be reported to senior management and the Board.

ITEM 2.    PROPERTIES
As of December 31, 2023, our portfolio was comprised of 71 shopping centers, two outlet centers, two malls and one industrial building totaling approximately 17.1 million sf. We own our two outlet centers, one mall, one industrial building and 56 shopping centers 100% in fee simple. We own a 95% interest in Walnut Creek (Mt. Diablo), an 82.5% interest in Sunrise Mall in Massapequa, NY and lease 14 of our shopping centers under ground and/or building leases. As of December 31, 2023, we had $1.6 billion of outstanding mortgage indebtedness which is secured by our properties. The following pages provide details of our properties as of December 31, 2023.
Property
Total Square Feet (1)
Percent Leased(1)
Weighted Average Annual Rent per sq ft (2)
Major Tenants
RETAIL PORTFOLIO:
California:
Walnut Creek (Mt. Diablo)(4)
7,000 100.0%$69.26Sweetgreen
Walnut Creek (Olympic)31,000 100.0%80.50Anthropologie
Connecticut:
Newington Commons189,000 90.0%9.50Walmart, Staples
Maryland:
Goucher Commons155,000 92.5%26.52Sprouts, HomeGoods, Five Below, Ulta, Kirkland's, DSW, Golf Galaxy
Rockville Town Center98,000 100.0%16.51Regal Entertainment Group
Wheaton (leased through 2060)(3)
66,000 100.0%18.35Best Buy
Woodmore Towne Centre712,000 97.7%18.07Costco, Wegmans, At Home, Best Buy, LA Fitness, Nordstrom Rack
Massachusetts:
Cambridge (leased through 2033)(3)
48,000 100.0%28.06PetSmart, Central Rock Gym
Gateway Center(6)
640,000 100.0%9.69Costco, Target, Home Depot, Total Wine
Shoppers World(6)
752,000 100.0%22.50T.J. Maxx, Marshalls, Home Sense, Sierra Trading, Public Lands, Golf Galaxy, Nordstrom Rack, Hobby Lobby, AMC, Kohl's, Best Buy
The Shops at Riverwood79,000 100.0%24.95Price Rite, Planet Fitness, Goodwill
Wonderland Marketplace140,000 100.0%14.05Big Lots, Planet Fitness, Marshalls, Get Air
Missouri:
Manchester Plaza131,000 100.0%11.91Pan-Asia Market, Academy Sports, Bob's Discount Furniture
New Hampshire:
Salem (leased through 2102)(3)
39,000 100.0%10.40Fun City
New Jersey:
Bergen Town Center - East253,000 92.1%21.97Lowe's, Best Buy, REI
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Bergen Town Center - West1,018,000 96.3%32.05Target, Whole Foods Market, Burlington, Marshalls, Nordstrom Rack, Saks Off 5th, HomeGoods, H&M, Bloomingdale's Outlet, Nike Factory Store, Old Navy, Kohl's
Briarcliff Commons180,000 94.8%24.65Uncle Giuseppe's, Kohl's
Brick Commons273,000 98.7%21.07ShopRite, Kohl's, Marshalls, Old Navy
Brunswick Commons427,000 100.0%15.16Lowe's, Kohl's, Dick's Sporting Goods, P.C. Richard & Son, T.J. Maxx, LA Fitness
Carlstadt Commons (leased through 2050)(3)
78,000 98.3%24.26Stop & Shop
Garfield Commons298,000 100.0%16.28Walmart, Burlington, Marshalls, PetSmart, Ulta
Greenbrook Commons170,000 95.9%18.64BJ's Wholesale Club, Aldi
Hackensack Commons275,000 99.2%25.89The Home Depot, 99 Ranch, Staples, Petco
Hanover Commons343,000 99.3%21.86The Home Depot, Dick's Sporting Goods, Saks Off Fifth, Marshalls
Hazlet95,000 100.0%3.96
Stop & Shop(5)
Hudson Mall381,000 83.0%18.34Marshalls, Big Lots, Retro Fitness, Staples, Old Navy
Hudson Commons236,000 100.0%14.02Lowe's, P.C. Richard & Son
Kearny Commons121,000 100.0%24.47LA Fitness, Marshalls, Ulta
Kennedy Commons62,000 100.0%15.56Food Bazaar
Lodi Commons43,000 100.0%20.69Dollar Tree
Manalapan Commons200,000 93.7%23.17Best Buy, Raymour & Flanigan, PetSmart, Avalon Flooring, Atlantic Health (lease not commenced), national apparel retailer (lease not commenced)
Marlton Commons214,000 100.0%16.69ShopRite, Kohl's, PetSmart
Millburn104,000 89.5%29.05Trader Joe's, CVS, PetSmart
Montclair18,000 100.0%32.00Whole Foods Market
Paramus (leased through 2033)(3)
63,000 100.0%49.9724 Hour Fitness
Plaza at Cherry Hill417,000 83.1%13.42Aldi, Total Wine, LA Fitness, Raymour & Flanigan, Guitar Center, Sam Ash Music
Plaza at Woodbridge331,000 81.2%20.36Best Buy, Raymour & Flanigan, Lincoln Tech, UFC Gym (lease not commenced), and buybuy Baby
Rockaway River Commons189,000 96.8%15.25ShopRite, T.J. Maxx
Rutherford Commons196,000 100.0%13.32Lowe's
Stelton Commons (leased through 2039)(3)
56,000 100.0%21.77Staples, Party City
Tonnelle Commons410,000 100.0%22.04BJ's Wholesale Club, Walmart, PetSmart
Totowa Commons272,000 93.4%21.74The Home Depot, Staples, national tenant (lease not commenced)
Town Brook Commons231,000 97.0%13.45Stop & Shop, Kohl's
Union (Vauxhall)232,000 100.0%17.85The Home Depot
West Branch Commons279,000 96.1%16.07Lowe's, Burlington
West End Commons241,000 100.0%11.80Costco, The Tile Shop, La-Z-Boy, Petco, Da Vita Dialysis
Woodbridge Commons225,000 100.0%13.59Walmart, Dollar Tree, Advance Auto Parts
New York:
Amherst Commons312,000 90.1%10.74BJ's Wholesale Club, Burlington, LA Fitness
Bruckner Commons(6)
351,000 85.5%35.55ShopRite, Burlington
Shops at Bruckner(6)
113,000 100.0%39.04Aldi, Marshalls, Five Below, Old Navy
Burnside Commons100,000 89.3%17.40Bingo Wholesale (leased not commenced)
Cross Bay Commons44,000 95.8%40.80Northwell Health
Dewitt (leased through 2041)(3)
46,000 100.0%19.36Best Buy
Forest Commons165,000 96.6%25.02Western Beef, Planet Fitness, Advance Auto Parts, NYC Public School
Gun Hill Commons81,000 100.0%38.03Aldi, Planet Fitness
Henrietta Commons(leased through 2056)(3)
165,000 97.9%4.69Kohl's
Huntington Commons208,000 96.5%21.81ShopRite, Marshalls, Old Navy, Petco, Burlington
Kingswood Crossing107,000 84.4%44.42Target, Marshalls, Maimonides Medical, Visiting Nurse Services (lease not commenced)
Meadowbrook Commons (leased through 2040)(3)
44,000 100.0%22.31Bob's Discount Furniture
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Mount Kisco Commons189,000 100.0%17.63Target, Stop & Shop
New Hyde Park (leased through 2029)(3)
101,000 100.0%21.93Stop & Shop
Yonkers Gateway
448,000 94.9%20.16Burlington, Marshalls, Homesense, Best Buy, DSW, PetSmart, Alamo Drafthouse Cinema
Pennsylvania:
Broomall Commons(6)
168,000 75.8%16.40Amazon Fresh, Planet Fitness, PetSmart, Nemours Children's Hospital
Lincoln Plaza228,000 100.0%5.27Lowe's, Community Aid, Mattress Firm
MacDade Commons102,000 100.0%12.96Walmart
Marten Commons185,000 100.0%15.14Kohl's, Ross Dress for Less, Staples, Petco
Springfield (leased through 2025)(3)
41,000 100.0%25.29PetSmart
Wilkes-Barre Commons184,000 100.0%13.12Bob's Discount Furniture, Ross Dress for Less, Marshalls, Petco, Wren Kitchen
Wyomissing (leased through 2065)(3)
76,000 100.0%14.83LA Fitness, PetSmart
South Carolina:
Charleston (leased through 2063)(3)
45,000 100.0%15.96Best Buy
Virginia:
Norfolk (leased through 2069)(3)
114,000 100.0%7.79BJ's Wholesale Club
Puerto Rico:
Shops at Caguas356,000 90.6%30.02Sector Sixty6, Forever 21, Old Navy
The Outlets at Montehiedra(6)
531,000 95.4%21.75The Home Depot, Marshalls, Caribbean Cinemas, Old Navy, Ralph's Food Warehouse (lease not commenced), T.J. Maxx (lease not commenced), Burlington (lease not commenced)
Total Retail Portfolio15,522,000 95.9%$19.93
INDUSTRIAL:
Lodi Route 17127,000 100.0%13.35AAA Wholesale Group
Total Industrial127,000 100.0%$13.35
Kingswood Center(6)
129,000 73.5%26.61T.J. Maxx, Visiting Nurse Service of NY
Sunrise Mall(4)(6)(7)
1,228,000 30.5%10.55Macy's, Dick's Sporting Goods, Dave & Busters, Home Goods
Total Urban Edge Properties17,006,000 91.0%$19.69
(1) Percent leased is expressed as the percentage of gross leasable area subject to a lease, excluding temporary tenants. The Company also excludes 58,000 sf of self-storage from the report above.
(2) Weighted average annual rent per square foot including ground leases and executed leases for which rent has not commenced is calculated by annualizing tenants’ current base rent (excluding any free rent periods), and excluding tenant reimbursements, concessions and storage rent. Excluding the ground leases where the Company is the lessor, the weighted average annual rent per square foot for our retail portfolio is $22.47 per square foot.
(3) The Company is a lessee under a ground or building lease. The total square feet disclosed for the building will revert to the lessor upon lease expiration.
(4) We own 95% of Walnut Creek (Mt. Diablo) and 82.5% of Sunrise Mall with the remaining portions in each case owned by joint venture partners.
(5) The tenant never commenced operations at this location but continues to pay rent.
(6) Not included in the same-property pool for the purposes of calculating same-property NOI for the quarter ended December 31, 2023 and 2022.
(7) A portion of the property is under a ground lease through 2069.

As of December 31, 2023, we had approximately 1,000 leases. Tenant leases under 10,000 square feet generally have lease terms of five years or less. Tenant leases comprising 10,000 square feet or more generally have lease terms of 10 to 25 years and are considered anchor leases with one or more renewal options available upon expiration of the initial lease term. The majority of our leases provide for reimbursements of real estate taxes, insurance and common area maintenance charges (including roof and structure in shopping centers, unless it is the tenant’s direct responsibility), and percentage rents based on tenant sales volume. Percentage rents accounted for approximately 1% of our total revenues for the year ended December 31, 2023.





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Occupancy
The following table sets forth the consolidated retail portfolio leased occupancy rate (excluding industrial and self-storage space), square footage and weighted average annual base rent per square foot of properties in our retail portfolio as of December 31 for the last five years:
December 31,
2023(1)
2022(1)
2021(1)
20202019
Total square feet15,522,000 14,495,000 14,469,000 15,221,000 14,277,000 
Occupancy rate95.9 %94.3 %91.1 %88.7 %92.4 %
Average annual base rent per sf$19.93 $19.89 $19.70 $18.97 $19.22 
(1) Excludes Sunrise Mall and Kingswood Center for the year ended December 31, 2023, and also excludes Sunrise Mall for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021.

The following table sets forth the occupancy rate, square footage and weighted average annual base rent per square foot of our industrial properties as of December 31 for the last five years:
December 31,
20232022202120202019
Total square feet127,000 1,345,000 1,345,000 1,070,000 943,000 
Occupancy rate100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %
Average annual base rent per sf$13.35 $8.89 $6.04 $6.34 $5.70 

Major Tenants
The following table sets forth information for our ten largest tenants by total revenues for the year ended December 31, 2023:
TenantNumber of StoresSquare Feet% of Total Square Feet
2023 Revenues(1)
(in thousands)
% of Total Revenues
The Home Depot6770,7424.6%$21,5135.2%
The TJX Companies(2)
22723,3504.3%18,4764.4%
Lowe's Companies6976,4155.8%14,2003.4%
Walmart5708,4354.2%12,9153.1%
Kohl’s9855,5615.1%11,9102.9%
Best Buy9409,6412.4%11,0262.6%
Burlington8441,2702.6%10,6392.6%
ShopRite5361,6832.1%9,9262.4%
BJ's Wholesale Club4454,2972.7%8,7192.1%
PetSmart12278,4511.6%8,0441.9%
(1) Based on contractual revenues as determined by the tenants’ operating lease agreements.
(2) Includes Marshalls (14), T.J. Maxx (3), HomeGoods (3) and Homesense (2).

















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Lease Expirations
The following table sets forth the anticipated expirations of tenant leases in our consolidated retail portfolio for each year from 2023 through 2034 and thereafter, assuming no exercise of renewal options or early termination rights:
Percentage ofWeighted Average Annual
Number ofSquare Feet ofRetail PropertiesBase Rent of Expiring Leases
YearExpiring LeasesExpiring Leases Square FeetTotalPer Square Foot
Month-To-Month35122,000 0.8%$3,612,420 $29.61 
202461679,000 4.4%12,262,740 18.06 
20251101,518,000 9.8%29,509,920 19.44 
20261141,070,000 6.9%26,632,300 24.89 
20271181,387,000 8.9%23,842,530 17.19 
20281011,287,000 8.3%32,059,170 24.91 
20291202,376,000 15.3%53,958,960 22.71 
2030531,438,000 9.3%19,628,700 13.65 
2031361,143,000 7.4%18,139,410 15.87 
203252459,000 3.0%10,006,200 21.80 
203353808,000 5.2%15,448,960 19.12 
203454901,000 5.8%20,317,550 22.55 
Thereafter491,691,000 10.8%31,046,760 18.36 
Subtotal/Average95614,879,000 95.9%$296,538,470 $19.93 
Vacant148643,000 4.1% N/A N/A
Total(1)
1,10415,522,000 100.0%$296,538,470  N/A
(1) Total lease count excludes industrial tenant leases, temporary tenant leases, cart and kiosk leases, Sunrise Mall and Kingswood Center.

ITEM 3.    LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
From time to time, we are a party to various legal proceedings, claims or regulatory inquiries and investigations arising out of, or incident to, our ordinary course of business. While we are unable to predict with certainty the outcome of any particular matter, management does not currently expect, when such matters are resolved, that our resulting exposure to loss contingencies, if any, will have a material adverse effect on our results of operations or consolidated financial position.

ITEM 4.    MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.

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PART II

ITEM 5.    MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Urban Edge Properties

Market Information and Dividends
Our common shares are listed on the NYSE under the symbol “UE”. Our common shares began “regular way” trading on January 15, 2015. As of February 2, 2024, there were approximately 1,177 holders of record of our common shares.
The Company elected to be taxed as a REIT under sections 856-860 of the Code, commencing with the filing of its 2015 tax return for its tax year ended December 31, 2015. So long as the Company qualifies as a REIT under the Code, the Company will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax on net taxable income that it distributes annually to its shareholders. If we fail to qualify as a REIT for any taxable year, we will be subject to federal income taxes at regular corporate rates and may not be able to qualify as a REIT for the four subsequent taxable years. In addition, the Company’s TRS is subject to income tax at regular corporate rates.
Future distributions will be declared and paid at the discretion of the Board of Trustees and will depend upon cash generated by operating activities, our financial condition, capital requirements, annual dividend requirements under the REIT provisions of the Code, and such other factors as our Board of Trustees deems relevant.
Our Board of Trustees declared a quarterly dividend of $0.16 per share/unit for each of the four quarters in 2023 and 2022. During the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, the Company declared distributions on common shares and OP units of $0.64 per share/unit in the aggregate. The annual dividend amount may differ from dividends as calculated for federal income tax purposes. Distributions to the extent of our current and accumulated earnings and profits for federal income tax purposes generally will be taxable to a shareholder as ordinary dividend income. However, current law provides a deduction of 20% of a non-corporate taxpayer’s ordinary REIT dividends with such deduction scheduled to expire for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2025. Distributions in excess of current and accumulated earnings and profits will be treated as a nontaxable reduction of the shareholder’s basis in such shareholder’s shares, to the extent thereof, and thereafter as taxable capital gains. Distributions that are treated as a reduction of the shareholder’s basis in its shares will have the effect of increasing the amount of gain, or reducing the amount of loss, recognized upon the sale of the shareholder’s shares. No assurances can be given regarding what portion, if any, of distributions in 2023 or subsequent years will constitute a return of capital for federal income tax purposes. During a year in which a REIT earns a net long-term capital gain, the REIT can elect under Section 857(b)(3) of the Code to designate a portion of dividends paid to shareholders as capital gain dividends. If this election is made, the capital gain dividends are generally taxable to the shareholder as long-term capital gains.

We have determined the dividends paid on our common shares during 2023 and 2022 qualify for the following tax treatment:
Total Distribution per ShareOrdinary DividendsLong Term Capital GainsReturn of Capital
2023$0.64 $0.56 $0.08 $— 
20220.64 0.64 — — 

















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Total Shareholder Return Performance
The following performance graph compares the cumulative total shareholder return of our common shares with the Russell 2000 Index, the S&P 500 Index, Dow Jones Equity All REIT (previously SNL U.S. REIT Equity Index) and the Dow Jones US Real Estate Strip Centers (previously SNL REIT Retail Shopping Center Index) as provided by SNL Financial LC, for the five years commencing December 31, 2018 and ending December 31, 2023, assuming an investment of $100 and the reinvestment of all dividends into additional common shares during the holding period. Historical stock performance is not necessarily indicative of future results.
The performance graph shall not be deemed incorporated by reference by any general statement incorporating by reference this annual report into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act except to the extent we specifically incorporate this information by reference, and shall not otherwise be deemed filed under such acts.

COMPARISON OF CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN(1)
TotalShareholderReturnGraph2023.jpg
(1) $100 invested on December 31, 2018 in stock or index, including reinvestment of dividends.
Cumulative(1)
Total Return %
Total Return $ as of
Stock/Index12/31/201812/31/201912/31/202012/31/202112/31/202212/31/2023
UE35.8100.0 120.8 85.8 130.1 100.4 135.8 
S&P 500109.0100.0 132.6 157.0 202.1 165.5 209.0 
Russell 200062.1100.0 126.5 151.8 174.3 138.7 162.1 
Dow Jones Equity All REIT 44.8100.0 129.0 122.8 173.4 130.1 144.8 
Dow Jones US Real Estate Strip Centers24.1100.0 126.2 86.6 124.7 112.5 124.1 
(1) Cumulative total return is for the five years commencing December 31, 2018 and ending December 31, 2023.


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Operating Partnership
Market Information and Distributions
There is no established public market for our general and common limited partnership interests in the operating partnership (“OP Units”). As of February 2, 2024, there were 117,727,117 general partnership units outstanding and 5,659,781 common limited partnership units outstanding, held by approximately 1,177 and 43 holders of record, respectively.
Under the limited partnership agreement of UELP, unitholders may present their common units for redemption at any time (subject to restrictions agreed upon at the time of issuance of the units that may restrict such right for a period of time). Upon presentation of a common unit for redemption, UELP must redeem the unit for cash equal to the then value of a share of UE’s common shares, as defined by the limited partnership agreement. In lieu of cash redemption by UELP, however, UE may elect to acquire any common units so tendered by issuing common shares of UE in exchange for the common units. If UE so elects, its common shares will be exchanged for common units on a one-for-one basis. During the year ended December 31, 2023, 70,000 units were redeemed for common shares and no units were redeemed for cash.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Shares
During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company issued an aggregate of 70,000 common shares in exchange for 70,000 common limited partnership units held by certain limited partners of the Operating Partnership. All common shares were issued in reliance on an exemption from registration under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act. We relied on the exemption under Section 4(a)(2) based upon factual representations received from the limited partner who received the common shares.
Each time the Company issues common shares (other than in exchange for common limited partnership units when such units are presented for redemption), it contributes the proceeds of such issuance to the Operating Partnership in return for an equivalent number of partnership units with rights and preferences analogous to the shares issued. During the year ended, December 31, 2023, in connection with issuances of common shares by the Company pursuant to the Urban Edge Properties 2015 Employee Share Purchase Plan, the Operating Partnership issued an aggregate of 26,054 common limited partnership units to the Company in exchange for approximately $0.3 million, the aggregate proceeds of such common share issuances to the Company. Such units were issued in reliance on an exemption from registration under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act.

Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers
During the year ended December 31, 2023, 10,178 restricted common shares were forfeited by former employees in connection with their departure from the Company. We did not repurchase any of our equity securities during the year ended December 31, 2023. Our employees will at times surrender common shares owned by them to satisfy statutory minimum federal, state and local tax obligations associated with the vesting of their restricted common shares. During the year ended December 31, 2023, 7,637 restricted common shares were surrendered.
In March 2020, our Board of Trustees authorized a share repurchase program for up to $200 million of the Company’s common shares. During the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, no shares were repurchased. As of December 31, 2023, the Company has repurchased 5.9 million common shares at a weighted average share price of $9.22, for a total of $54.1 million. All share repurchases by the Company were completed between March and April of 2020. There is approximately $145.9 million remaining for share repurchases under this program.

Equity Compensation Plan Information
Information regarding equity compensation plans is presented in Part III, Item 12 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 6.    [RESERVED]
Not applicable.


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ITEM 7.    MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
This section of this Annual Report on Form 10-K generally discusses 2023 and 2022 items and provides a year-to-year comparison between 2023 and 2022. A discussion of 2021 items and year-to-year comparisons between 2022 and 2021 are not included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K but can be found in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part II, Item 7 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022.

Executive Overview
Our Company
Urban Edge Properties (“UE”, “Urban Edge”, or the “Company”) (NYSE: UE) is a Maryland real estate investment trust that owns, manages, acquires, develops, and redevelops retail real estate, primarily in the Washington, D.C. to Boston corridor. Urban Edge Properties LP (“UELP” or the “Operating Partnership”) is a Delaware limited partnership formed to serve as UE’s majority-owned partnership subsidiary and to own, through affiliates, all of our real estate properties and other assets. Unless the context otherwise requires, references to “we”, “us” and “our” refer to Urban Edge Properties and UELP and their consolidated entities/subsidiaries.
The Operating Partnership’s capital includes general and common limited partnership interests in the operating partnership (“OP Units”). As of December 31, 2023, Urban Edge owned approximately 95.4% of the outstanding common OP Units with the remaining limited OP Units held by members of management, Urban Edge’s Board of Trustees and contributors of property interests acquired. Urban Edge serves as the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership. The third-party unitholders have limited rights over the Operating Partnership such that they do not have characteristics of a controlling financial interest. As such, the Operating Partnership is considered a variable interest entity (“VIE”), and the Company is the primary beneficiary that consolidates it. The Company’s only investment is the Operating Partnership. The VIE’s assets can be used for purposes other than the settlement of the VIE’s obligations and the Company’s partnership interest is considered a majority voting interest.
As of December 31, 2023, our portfolio was comprised of 17.1 million square feet including 71 shopping centers, two outlet centers, two malls and one industrial building.

Economic Considerations
Microeconomic and macroeconomic conditions have caused volatility in the financial markets, and a rapid rise in inflation since the beginning of 2022. The Federal Reserve took measures to mitigate the impact of inflation by raising its benchmark interest rate several times throughout 2022. While the rate hikes enacted by the Federal Reserve had a significant impact on interest rates and increased the cost of borrowing, we continued to see consumer confidence remain strong providing support for retail real estate. The demand for retail spaces was strong as evidenced by the record number of new leases we executed in 2022.
In 2023, the Federal Reserve continued its interest rate hikes raising the benchmark rate to above 5%. These rate increases proved to be successful in reducing inflation beginning in the second quarter of 2023. While inflation has decreased compared to the prior year, it remains at an elevated level relative to the years preceding 2021. Despite the volatility in interest rates, we were able to complete the largest single asset refinancing in Company history with a new $290 million, 6.3% mortgage on Bergen Town Center on favorable terms compared to similar assets in the market. Our leasing activity remained strong in 2023, signing a record volume of leases in the fourth quarter and generating an average cash rent spread of 24% on new leases for the year. We expect to continue to add value to our portfolio through executing our leasing pipeline, active development, redevelopment and anchor repositioning projects, commencing leases signed but not yet opened and identifying additional capital recycling opportunities.

2023 Highlights
Set forth below are highlights of our leasing activities, completed and activated development, redevelopment and anchor repositioning projects, and property acquisitions:
Signed 64 new leases totaling approximately 486,201 square feet, including 49 new leases on a same-space(1) basis totaling 418,322 square feet at an average rental rate of $29.64 per square foot on a GAAP basis and $27.86 per square foot on a cash basis, resulting in average rent spreads of 39.0% on a GAAP basis and 24.2% on a cash basis;
Renewed or extended 110 leases totaling 1,519,738 square feet, all of which are on a same-space(1) basis, at an average rental rate of $24.35 per square foot on a GAAP basis and $23.95 per square foot on a cash basis, generating average rent spreads of 10.2% on a GAAP basis and 8.4% on a cash basis;
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Completed 11 development, redevelopment and anchor repositioning projects, aggregating $58.6 million, seven of which stabilized during the fourth quarter, highlighted by the opening of Sector Sixty6 at Shops at Caguas in October 2023;
Activated 12 development, redevelopment, and anchor repositioning projects aggregating $60.9 million, expected to generate an approximate 20% unleveraged yield;
Refinanced the $300 million mortgage secured by the Outlets at Bergen Town Center with a 7-year, $290 million loan at a fixed rate of 6.3%;
Refinanced the $117 million outstanding mortgage secured by Shops at Caguas (formerly Las Catalinas Mall) with a 10-year, $82 million loan at a fixed rate of 6.6%. The proceeds were used in conjunction with exercising the discounted payoff option of the previous mortgage on the property which had a carrying value of $117 million and resulted in the recognition of a $43 million gain on the extinguishment of debt;
Acquired two properties, Shoppers World and Gateway Center, for a total purchase price of $312.2 million inclusive of transaction costs. The properties, located in the greater Boston area, total 1,392,000 square feet and provide us with critical mass in the Boston market; and
Sold two properties and one property parcel for an aggregate sales price of $318 million. The two property sales were structured as part of a 1031 exchange with the Boston acquisitions to allow for the deferral of capital gains for income tax purposes.
(1) Same-space leases represent those leases signed on spaces for which there was a previous lease.

2024 Outlook
We intend to create value and grow earnings, funds from operations, and cash flows by:
Adding essential tenants to our properties and positioning our retail environments with a mix of high-quality tenants including grocers, discounters, premium healthcare operators and elevated food offerings;
Managing our balance sheet to allow for flexibility and execution on financing, refinancing, or prepayment opportunities when identified;
Managing and monitoring property operating and general and administrative expenses and identifying opportunities for savings;
Leasing vacant spaces, proactively extending leases, managing the exercise of tenant options and, when possible, replacing underperforming tenants with operators that can pay higher rents and positively impact our properties;
Expediting the delivery of space to tenants and the collection of rents from executed leases that have not yet commenced;
Generating additional income from our existing assets by redeveloping underutilized existing space, repositioning anchors, and monetizing unused land by developing new spaces and pad sites and researching additional income producing uses; and
Recycling capital by divesting non-retail and smaller assets in non-core markets and acquiring assets that meet our investment criteria in our target markets.
There can be no assurance that we will be able to execute on our growth strategy. See “Forward-Looking Statements” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Critical Accounting Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, referred to as “GAAP”, requires management to make estimates and assumptions that in certain circumstances affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and revenue and expenses. These estimates are prepared using management’s best judgment, after considering past and current events and economic conditions. In addition, certain information relied upon by management in preparing such estimates includes internally generated financial and operating information, external market information, when available, and when necessary, information obtained from consultations with third-party experts. Actual results could differ from these estimates. A discussion of possible risks which may affect these estimates is included in Part I, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Management considers an accounting estimate to be critical if changes in the estimate could have a material impact on our consolidated results of operations or financial condition.
Our significant accounting policies are more fully described in Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements included in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The following accounting estimates are considered critical because they are particularly dependent on management’s judgment about matters that have a significant level of uncertainty at the time the
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accounting estimates are made, and changes to those estimates could have a material impact on our financial condition or operating results.

Real Estate - Estimates Related to Valuing Acquired Assets and Liabilities
Upon the acquisition of real estate, we assess the fair value of acquired assets (including land, buildings and improvements, identified intangibles, such as acquired above and below-market leases, acquired in-place leases and tenant relationships) and acquired liabilities. We assess fair value based on estimated cash flow projections utilizing appropriate discount and capitalization rates and available market information. Estimates of future cash flows are based on a number of factors including historical operating results, known trends, and market/economic conditions. Based on these estimates, we allocate the purchase price to the applicable assets and liabilities based on their relative fair values at date of acquisition.
In allocating the purchase price to identified intangible assets and liabilities of an acquired property, the value of above-market and below-market leases is estimated based on the present value of the difference between the contractual amounts, including fixed rate below-market renewal options, to be paid pursuant to the in-place leases and our estimate of the market lease rates and other lease provisions for comparable leases measured over a period equal to the estimated remaining term of the lease. Tenant related intangibles and improvements are amortized on a straight-line basis over the related lease term, including any bargain renewal options. We amortize identified intangibles that have finite lives over the period they are expected to contribute directly or indirectly to the future cash flows of the property or business acquired. We consider qualitative and quantitative factors in evaluating the likelihood of a tenant exercising a below market renewal option and include such renewal options in the calculation of in-place leases. If the value of below-market lease intangibles includes renewal option periods, we include such renewal periods in the amortization period utilized. If a lease terminates prior to its stated expiration, all unamortized amounts relating to that lease are written off.
Since the assessment of fair value and allocation of these amounts is made at the time of acquisition, they are subject to future changes in market conditions and tenants’ ability to continue operations and their exercise of options and renewals. In the case that these assumptions change materially, they could have a material impact on our results and financial statements. During 2023, we acquired two properties and utilized the above factors, including the use of a third party, to allocate the purchase price of these properties among various assets and liabilities. Further information on these allocations can be found in Part II, Item 8, Note 4 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We have had no changes to our methods of fair value assessment and allocations during the year ended December 31, 2023.

Real Estate - Estimates Related to Impairments
Our properties are individually evaluated for impairment quarterly, and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment exists when the carrying amount of an asset exceeds the aggregate projected future cash flows over the anticipated holding period on an undiscounted basis taking into account the appropriate capitalization rate in determining a future terminal value. An impairment loss is measured based on the excess of the property’s carrying amount over its estimated fair value. Estimated fair value may be based on discounted future cash flows utilizing appropriate discount and capitalization rates and, in addition to available market information, third-party appraisals, broker selling estimates or sale agreements under negotiation. Impairment analyses are based on our current plans, intended holding periods and available market information at the time the analyses are prepared. If our estimates of the projected future cash flows change based on uncertain market conditions, our evaluation of impairment losses may be different and such differences could be material to our consolidated financial statements. The carrying value of a property may also be individually reassessed in the event a casualty occurs at that property. Casualty events may include property damage from a natural disaster or fire. When such an event occurs, management estimates the net book value of assets damaged over the property’s total gross leasable area and adjusts the property’s carrying value to reflect the damages. Estimates are subjective and may change if additional damage is later assessed or if future cash flows are revised.
During 2023, we recognized a $34.1 million impairment charge related to one of our properties located in Brooklyn, NY. Further information on impairments can be found in Part II, Item 8, Note 9 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We have had no changes to the methods or assumptions used in our analyses of fair value of our real estate assets during the year ended December 31, 2023. We operate in a business that has significant investments in real estate and our estimates of valuation are subject to current market conditions and tenant operations, which drive future cash flows, and are beyond our control. As these factors can result in changes to our estimates and result in material impairment losses, this is deemed a critical accounting estimate.




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Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In March 2020 and January 2021, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2020-04 Reference Rate Reform (ASC 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting, and ASU 2021-01 Reference Rate Reform (ASC 848): Scope which provides temporary optional guidance to ease the potential burden in accounting for reference rate reform in contracts and other transactions that reference the London Interbank Offered Rate or another reference rate expected to be discontinued because of reference rate reform, if certain criteria are met. ASU 2020-04 and ASU 2021-01 are effective for all entities as of March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. In December 2022, FASB issued ASU 2022-06 Reference Rate Reform (ASC 848): Deferral of the Sunset Date of Topic 848, which extended the final sunset date from December 31, 2022 to December 31, 2024. During June 2023, the Company entered into loan amendments to transition its four LIBOR-based loans to SOFR. The amendments went into effect July 2023 and did not have a material impact on the loans affected.
In August 2023, FASB issued ASU 2023-05 Business Combinations - Joint Venture Formation (Subtopic 805-60): Recognition and Initial Measurement, which provides an update to the accounting treatment of joint ventures upon formation. This update requires companies to measure assets and liabilities contributed to joint ventures at fair value at the time of formation and has an effective date of January 1, 2025. The update is to be applied prospectively, with a retrospective option for previously formed joint ventures. The Company has not elected retrospective application for its previously formed joint ventures and has no new joint ventures impacted by this update.
In November 2023, FASB issued ASU 2023-07 Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures, which provides for additional disclosures as they relate to a Company’s segments. Additional requirements per the update include disclosures for significant segment expenses, measures of profit or loss used by the Chief Operating Decision Maker and how these measures are used to allocate resources and assess segment performance. The amendments in this ASU will also apply to entities with a single reportable segment and is effective for all public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023. The Company is evaluating the impact of this update on its disclosures and will apply the required amendments in its December 31, 2024 Annual report on Form 10-K.
In December 2023, FASB issued ASU 2023-09 Income Tax (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures which provides for additional disclosures for rate reconciliations, disaggregation of income taxes paid, and other disclosures. The amendments in this ASU are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024. The Company is evaluating the impact of this update and will adopt the amendments in our December 31, 2025 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Any other recently issued accounting standards or pronouncements not disclosed above have been excluded as they are not relevant to the Company or the Operating Partnership, or they are not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Recent SEC Reporting Updates
On January 11, 2021, the SEC issued Final Rule Release No. 33-10890, Management’s Discussion and Analysis, Selected Financial Data, and Supplementary Financial Information. This rule, which became effective on February 10, 2021, adopts amendments to modernize, simplify and enhance certain financial disclosure requirements in Regulation S-K. Specifically, the amendments eliminate the requirement for Selected Financial Data, streamline the requirement to disclose Supplementary Financial Information, and amend Management’s Discussion & Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (‘‘MD&A’’). We early adopted the amendments to two items resulting in the elimination of Item 301, Selected Financial Data, and the omission of Item 302(a), Supplementary Financial Information. The amendments to Item 303(a)(b) MD&A were adopted in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.
On July 26, 2023, the SEC issued Final Rule Release No. 33-11216, Cybersecurity Risk Management, Strategy Governance, and Incident Disclosure. This rule, effective on December 15, 2023, adopts amendments to Regulation S-K and adds Item 1C. Cybersecurity be provided in Part I of Form 10-K. The main provisions of the amendments require companies to provide disclosure around their risk management, strategy and governance as it relates to cybersecurity to give investors insight into the processes and policies in place. These amendments were adopted in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.
See Note 3 to the audited consolidated financial statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for information regarding recent accounting pronouncements that may affect us. Additionally, see Note 7 to the audited consolidated financial statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for information regarding recent amendments to the Code.


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Results of Operations
We derive substantially all of our revenue from rents received from tenants under existing leases on each of our properties. This revenue includes fixed base rents, recoveries of expenses that we have incurred and that we pass through to the individual tenants and percentage rents that are based on specified percentages of tenants’ revenue, in each case as provided in the respective leases.
Our primary cash expenditures consist of our property operating and capital costs, general and administrative expenses, and interest and debt expense. Property operating expenses include: real estate taxes, repairs and maintenance, management expenses, insurance and utilities; general and administrative expenses, which include payroll, professional fees, information technology, office expenses and other administrative expenses; and interest and debt expense primarily consists of interest on our mortgage debt. In addition, we incur substantial non-cash charges for depreciation and amortization on our properties. We also capitalize certain expenses, such as taxes, interest and salaries related to properties under development or redevelopment until the property is ready for its intended use.
Our consolidated results of operations often are not comparable from period to period due to the impact of property acquisitions, dispositions, developments, redevelopments and changes in accounting policies. The results of operations of any acquired properties are included in our financial statements as of the date of acquisition. Our results of operations are affected by national, regional and local economic conditions, as well as macroeconomic conditions, which are at times subject to volatility and uncertainty. During 2021 and 2022, inflation levels were elevated resulting in increased costs for certain goods and services. Inflation began to decrease in the second quarter of 2023 but still remains at elevated levels compared to the years preceding 2021. Most of our leases require tenants to pay their share of operating expenses, including common area maintenance, real estate taxes and insurance, thereby reducing our exposure to increases in costs and operating expenses resulting from inflation, although some larger tenants have capped the amount of these operating expenses they are responsible for under their lease. Throughout 2022 and the first half of 2023, the Federal Reserve raised the benchmark interest rate to mitigate rising inflation, resulting in an increase in the cost of borrowing. As of December 31, 2023, approximately 84% of our outstanding debt is fixed rate, with the remaining 16% indexed to SOFR, plus an applicable margin per the respective loan agreements. We occasionally utilize interest rate derivative agreements to hedge the effect of rising interest rates on our variable rate debt. As of December 31, 2023, we were counterparty to one interest rate swap agreement and one interest rate cap agreement, both of which qualify for, and are designated as, hedging instruments. We are actively managing our business to respond to the economic and social impact from events such as those described above. See “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A for more information.
The following provides an overview of our key non-GAAP measures based on our consolidated results of operations (refer to NOI, same-property NOI and Funds From Operations applicable to diluted common shareholders (“FFO”) described later in this section):
Year Ended December 31,
(Amounts in thousands)20232022
Net income$259,876 $47,339 
FFO applicable to diluted common shareholders(1)
184,438 145,172 
NOI(2)
250,129 240,898 
Same-property NOI(2)
207,952 205,676 
(1) Refer to page 36 for a reconciliation to the nearest generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) measure.
(2) Refer to page 35 for a reconciliation to the nearest GAAP measure.











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Comparison of the Year Ended December 31, 2023 to December 31, 2022
Net income for the year ended December 31, 2023 was $259.9 million, compared to net income of $47.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2022. The following table summarizes certain line items from our consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income that we believe are important in understanding our operations and/or those items which changed significantly in the year ended December 31, 2023 as compared to the same period of 2022:
For the Year Ended December 31,
(Amounts in thousands)20232022$ Change
Total revenue$416,922 $397,938 $18,984 
Depreciation and amortization108,979 98,432 10,547 
Real estate taxes64,889 61,864 3,025 
Property operating expenses68,563 74,334 (5,771)
General and administrative37,070 43,087 (6,017)
Real estate impairment loss34,055 — 34,055 
Gain on sale of real estate217,708 353 217,355 
Interest income3,037 1,107 1,930 
Interest and debt expense74,945 58,979 15,966 
Gain on extinguishment of debt41,144 — 41,144 
Income tax expense17,800 2,903 14,897 
Total revenue increased by $19.0 million to $416.9 million in the year ended December 31, 2023 from $397.9 million in the year ended December 31, 2022. The increase is primarily attributable to:
$9.7 million increase as a result of property acquisitions net of dispositions;
$9.7 million increase in other income primarily driven by a litigation settlement payment received in the fourth quarter of 2023;
$1.6 million increase in property rentals and tenant reimbursements due to rent commencements and contractual rent increases, partially offset by tenant vacates; and
$1.2 million increase in non-cash revenues driven by accelerated amortization of below-market intangible liabilities in connection with certain lease terminations in 2023; offset by
$3.2 million increase in rental revenue deemed uncollectible.
Depreciation and amortization increased by $10.5 million to $109.0 million in the year ended December 31, 2023 from $98.4 million in the year ended December 31, 2022. The increase is primarily attributable to:
$6.3 million increase as a result of property acquisitions net of dispositions; and
$4.2 million increase due to assets placed in service for completion of redevelopment projects during the year.
Real estate tax expense increased by $3.0 million to $64.9 million in the year ended December 31, 2023 from $61.9 million in the year ended December 31, 2022. The increase is primarily attributable to:
$2.3 million increase as a result of successful tax appeals and lowered assessments in 2022 and higher assessments, net of successful appeals in 2023; and
$1.3 million increase as a result of property acquisitions net of dispositions; offset by
$0.6 million increase in capitalized real estate taxes due to the commencement of development, redevelopment and anchor repositioning projects, offset by project completions.
Property operating expenses decreased by $5.8 million to $68.6 million in the year ended December 31, 2023 from $74.3 million in the year ended December 31, 2022. The decrease is primarily attributable to:
$7.0 million lower common area maintenance expenses across the portfolio as a result of lower snow removal, utilities, and repairs and maintenance at our properties in 2023; offset by
$1.2 million increase as a result of property acquisitions net of dispositions.
General and administrative expenses decreased by $6.0 million to $37.1 million in the year ended December 31, 2023 from $43.1 million in the year ended December 31, 2022. The decrease is primarily attributable to lower employment expenses, professional fees and transaction costs.
We recognized a real estate impairment loss of $34.1 million in the first quarter of 2023, reducing the carrying value of an office and retail property located in Brooklyn, NY.
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A gain on sale of real estate of $217.7 million was recognized in 2023 related to the sale of two properties and one property parcel. We recognized a gain on sale of real estate of $0.4 million in 2022 in connection with the release of escrow funds related to a property disposed of in a prior period.
Interest income increased by $1.9 million to $3.0 million in the year ended December 31, 2023 from $1.1 million in the year ended December 31, 2022. The increase is attributable to higher average cash balances and higher interest rates on our deposits.
Interest and debt expense increased by $16.0 million to $74.9 million in the year ended December 31, 2023 from $59.0 million in the year ended December 31, 2022. The increase is primarily attributable to:
$11.0 million increase due to financings and refinancings of mortgage loans, net of repayments;
$3.7 million increase due to higher rates on our variable rate mortgage loans;
$3.2 million increase due to a draw on our line of credit to finance the acquisition of two properties in the fourth quarter of 2023; and
$0.7 million increase in amortization of deferred financing costs related to debt transactions during 2023; offset by
$2.6 million increase in capitalized interest expense due to an increase in active development, redevelopment and anchor repositioning projects.
We recognized a $41.1 million gain on the extinguishment of debt for the year ended December 31, 2023 attributable to the Shops at Caguas loan refinancing in August 2023, partially offset by a loss on extinguishment of debt related to the early payoff of three mortgage loans during the year.
Income tax expense increased by $14.9 million to $17.8 million in the year ended December 31, 2023 from $2.9 million in the year ended December 31, 2022. The increase was primarily driven by an income tax expense recognized in the third quarter of 2023 related to the Shops at Caguas loan refinancing in August 2023.

Comparison of the Year Ended December 31, 2022 to December 31, 2021
Discussions of 2022 items and comparisons between the year ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, that are not included in this Report can be found in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part II, Item 7 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures
We use NOI internally to make investment and capital allocation decisions and to compare the unlevered performance of our properties to our peers. Further, we believe NOI is useful to investors as a performance measure because, when compared across periods, NOI reflects the impact on operations from trends in occupancy rates, rental rates, operating costs and acquisition and disposition activity on an unleveraged basis, providing perspective not immediately apparent from net income. The most directly comparable GAAP financial measure to NOI is net income. NOI excludes certain components from net income in order to provide results that are more closely related to a property’s results of operations. We calculate NOI by adjusting net income to add back depreciation and amortization expense, general and administrative expenses, casualty and real estate impairment losses, interest and debt expense, income tax expense and non-cash lease expense, and deduct management and development fee income from non-owned properties, gains on sale of real estate, interest income, non-cash rental income resulting from the straight-lining of rents and amortization of acquired below market leases net of above market leases. NOI should not be considered a substitute for net income and may not be comparable to similarly titled measures employed by others.
We calculate same-property NOI using net income as defined by GAAP reflecting only those income and expense items that are reflected in NOI (as described above) and excluding properties that were under development, redevelopment or that involve anchor repositioning where a substantial portion of the gross leasable area is taken out of service, and also excluding properties acquired, sold, or that are in the foreclosure process during the periods being compared. We also exclude for the following items in calculating same-property NOI: lease termination fees, bankruptcy settlement income, and income and expenses that we do not believe are representative of ongoing operating results, if any. As such, same-property NOI assists in eliminating disparities in net income due to the development, redevelopment, acquisition, disposition or foreclosure of properties during the periods presented, and thus provides a more consistent performance measure for the comparison of the operating performance of the Company’s properties, which the Company believes to be useful to investors. Same-property NOI should not be considered a substitute for net income and may not be comparable to similarly titled measures employed by others.
Throughout this section, we have provided certain information on a “same-property” basis which includes the results of operations that were owned and operated for the entirety of the reporting periods being compared, which total 66 properties for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022. Information provided on a same-property basis excludes properties that were under development, redevelopment or that involve anchor repositioning where a substantial portion of the gross leasable area is taken out of service and also excludes properties acquired, sold, or that are in the foreclosure process during the periods being compared. While there is judgment surrounding changes in designations, a property is removed from the same-property pool
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when a property is considered to be a redevelopment property because it is undergoing significant renovation or retenanting pursuant to a formal plan and is expected to have a significant impact on property operating income based on the retenanting that is occurring. A development or redevelopment property is moved back to the same-property pool once a substantial portion of the NOI growth expected from the development or redevelopment is reflected in both the current and comparable prior year period, generally one year after at least 80% of the expected NOI from the project is realized on a cash basis. Acquisitions are moved into the same-property pool once we have owned the property for the entirety of the comparable periods and the property is not under significant development or redevelopment.
Same-property NOI increased by $2.3 million, or 1.1%, for the year ended December 31, 2023 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2022. Same-property NOI, including properties in redevelopment, increased by $5.6 million, or 2.5%, for the year ended December 31, 2023 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2022.
The following table reconciles net income to NOI and same-property NOI for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022.
For the year ended December 31,
(Amounts in thousands)20232022
Net income$259,876 $47,339 
Other income(9,097)(125)
Depreciation and amortization108,979 98,432 
General and administrative expense37,070 43,087 
Real estate impairment loss34,055 — 
Gain on sale of real estate(217,708)(353)
Interest income(3,037)(1,107)
Interest and debt expense74,945 58,979 
Gain on extinguishment of debt (41,144)— 
Income tax expense17,800 2,903 
Non-cash revenue and expenses(11,610)(8,257)
NOI250,129 240,898 
Adjustments:
Sunrise Mall net operating loss2,427 2,544 
Tenant bankruptcy settlement income and lease termination income(1,428)(822)
Real estate tax settlements related to prior periods— (1,441)
Non-same property NOI and other(1)
(43,176)(35,503)
Same-property NOI$207,952 $205,676 
Adjustments:
NOI related to properties being redeveloped23,686 20,364 
Same-property NOI including properties in redevelopment$231,638 $226,040 
(1) Non-same property NOI includes NOI related to properties being redeveloped and properties acquired, disposed, or that are in the foreclosure process during the periods being compared.











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Funds From Operations
FFO applicable to diluted common shareholders for the year ended December 31, 2023 was $184.4 million compared to $145.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2022.
We calculate FFO in accordance with the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts’ (‘‘Nareit’’) definition. Nareit defines FFO as net income (computed in accordance with GAAP), excluding gains (or losses) from sales of depreciable real estate and land when connected to the main business of a REIT, impairments on depreciable real estate or land related to a REIT's main business, earnings from consolidated partially owned entities, and rental property depreciation and amortization expense. We believe FFO is a meaningful non-GAAP financial measure useful in comparing our levered operating performance from period to period both internally and among our peers because this non-GAAP measure excludes net gains on sales of depreciable real estate, real estate impairment losses, rental property depreciation and amortization expense which implicitly assumes that the value of real estate diminishes predictably over time rather than fluctuating based on market conditions. We believe the presentation of comparable period operating results generated from FFO provides useful information to investors because the definition excludes items included in net income that do not relate to, or are not, indicative of our operating and financial performance, such as depreciation and amortization related to real estate, and items which can make periodic and peer analyses of operating and financial performance more difficult, such as gains (or losses) from sales of depreciable real estate and land when connected to the main business of a REIT and impairments on depreciable real estate or land related to a REIT's main business. FFO does not represent cash flows from operating activities in accordance with GAAP, should not be considered an alternative to net income as an indication of our performance, and is not indicative of cash flow as a measure of liquidity or our ability to make cash distributions. FFO may not be comparable to similarly titled measures employed by others.
The following table reflects the reconciliation of net income to FFO for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022.
For the year ended December 31,
(Amounts in thousands)20232022
Net income$259,876 $47,339 
Less net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests in:
Operating partnership(11,899)(1,895)
Consolidated subsidiaries520 726 
Net income attributable to common shareholders248,497 46,170 
Adjustments:
Rental property depreciation and amortization107,695 97,460 
Gain on sale of real estate(217,708)(353)
Real estate impairment loss34,055 — 
Limited partnership interests in operating partnership(1)
11,899 1,895 
FFO applicable to diluted common shareholders$184,438 $145,172 
(1) Represents earnings allocated to Long-Term Incentive Plan (“LTIP”) and OP unitholders for unissued common shares, which have been excluded for purposes of calculating earnings per diluted share for the periods presented because they are anti-dilutive.


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Liquidity and Capital Resources
Due to the nature of our business, the cash generated from operations is primarily paid to our shareholders and unitholders of the Operating Partnership in the form of distributions. Our status as a REIT requires that we generally distribute at least 90% of our REIT’s ordinary taxable income each year. Our Board of Trustees declared a quarterly dividend of $0.16 per common share and OP unit for each of the four quarters in 2023, or an annual rate of $0.64. Historically, we have paid regular cash dividends; however, the timing, declaration, amount and payment of distributions to shareholders and unitholders of the Operating Partnership fall within the discretion of our Board of Trustees. Our Board of Trustees’ decisions regarding the payment of dividends depend on many factors, such as maintaining our REIT status, our financial condition, earnings, capital requirements, debt service obligations, limitations under our financing arrangements, industry practice, legal requirements, regulatory constraints, and other factors.
Property rental income is our primary source of cash flow and is dependent on a number of factors, including our occupancy level and rental rates, as well as our tenants’ ability to pay rent. Our properties have historically provided us with a relatively consistent stream of cash flow that enables us to pay operating expenses, debt service and recurring capital expenditures. Other sources of liquidity to fund cash requirements include proceeds from financings, equity offerings and asset sales.
We have an $800 million revolving credit agreement with certain financial institutions which has a maturity date of February 9, 2027 and includes two six-month extension options. During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company obtained five letters of credit issued under the Agreement, aggregating $30.1 million, and provided them to mortgage lenders to secure its obligations for certain capital requirements per the respective mortgage agreements. On October 23, 2023, the Company used its line of credit to partially finance the acquisition of two properties located in the greater Boston area. As of December 31, 2023 there was approximately $153 million drawn under the Agreement with an available remaining balance of $616.9 million under the facility. The letters of credit issued under the Agreement have reduced the amount available under the facility but remain undrawn and no separate liability has been recorded in association with them. See Note 6 to the consolidated financial statements included in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information on our revolving credit agreement.
In August 2022, the Company entered into an equity distribution agreement with various financial institutions acting as agents, forward sellers, and forward purchasers (the “Equity Distribution Agreement”). Pursuant to the Equity Distribution Agreement, the Company may from time to time offer and sell, through the agents and forward sellers, the Company’s common shares, par value $0.01 per share, having an aggregate offering price of up to $250 million (the “ATM Program”). As of December 31, 2023, no common shares had been issued under the ATM Program. On January 2, 2024, the Company issued 73,550 common shares at a weighted average price of $18.30 per share under the ATM Program, generating net cash proceeds of $1.3 million. See Note 14 in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information regarding the ATM Program.
Our short-term cash requirements consist of normal recurring operating expenses, lease obligations, regular debt service requirements, general and administrative expenses, expenditures related to leasing activity and distributions to shareholders and unitholders of the Operating Partnership. Our long-term capital requirements consist primarily of maturities under our long-term debt agreements, development and redevelopment costs and potential acquisitions. As of the date of this filing, we have approximately $70.8 million of debt maturing within the next 12 months related to mortgage loans encumbering two of our properties and are actively exploring our options to refinance or pay at maturity.
At December 31, 2023, we had cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash, of $174.2 million and $616.9 million available under our revolving credit agreement. These amounts are readily availa