10-K 1 ueec_10k.htm FORM 10-K ueec_10k.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2023

 

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 000-27781

 

UNITED HEALTH PRODUCTS, INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada

84-1517723

(State of jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employee Identification Number)

520 Fellowship Road, Suite #D-406

Mt. Laurel, NJ

08054

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (475) 755-1005

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12 (b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

Trading Symbol

Name of each exchange on which registered

None

None

None

 

 Securities registered pursuant to Section 12 (g) of the Act: Common Stock, $.001 Par Value

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐   No

 

Check whether the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes ☐   No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒   No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive data file required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒   No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated Filer

Smaller reporting company

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. Yes ☐     No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes    No ☒

 

As of June 30, 2023, the number of shares held by non-affiliates was approximately 236,704,822 shares. The approximate market value based on the last sale (i.e. $0.34 per share as of June 30, 2023, the last business day of the second quarter) of the Company’s Common Stock was approximately $80,479,639.

 

The number of shares issued and outstanding of the Registrant’s Common Stock, as of April 1, 2024 was 246,833,222.

 

 

 

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

Statements in this annual report on Form 10-K that are not historical facts constitute forward-looking statements which are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or the Exchange Act. These statements relate to future events or our future financial performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our or our industry’s actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Those factors include, among other things, those listed under “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this annual report. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential” or “continue” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. These statements are only predictions. Actual events or results may differ materially. Moreover, neither we nor any other person assumes responsibility.

 

 
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PART I

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

 

Company Overview

 

United Health Products, Inc. (“UHP” or the “Company”) develops, manufactures, and markets a patented hemostatic gauze for the healthcare and wound care sectors. Our gauze product, HemoStyp®, is derived from cotton and designed to absorb exudate/drainage from superficial wounds and help control bleeding. We are in the process of seeking regulatory approval to sell our Hemostyp product line into the U.S. Class III and European CE Mark surgical markets.

 

Developments

 

During 2022 and 2023, the Company worked to address certain deficiencies in its Premarket Approval (PMA) application that were identified by the FDA in 2021. These were largely related to the need for standardized procedures for our manufacturing process, and quality assurance procedures for finished, customer ready products. As of the date of this report we have implemented procedures and Good Manufacturing Practices that are responsive to the deficiencies identified by the FDA.

 

On March 21, 2024, we submitted to the FDA a revised Premarket Approval application to market our absorbable hemostatic gauze for human surgical applications in the United States. The FDA is currently reviewing our application and there can be no assurance that our PMA application will be approved.

 

Our HemoStyp Gauze Products

 

HemoStyp hemostatic gauze is a natural substance created from chemically treated cellulose derived from cotton. It is an effective hemostatic agent registered with the FDA for superficial use under a 510(k) approval obtained in 2012 to help control bleeding from open wounds and body cavities. The HemoStyp hemostatic material contains no chemical additives, thrombin, collagen or animal-derived products, and is hypoallergenic. When the product comes in contact with blood it expands slightly and quickly converts to a translucent gel that subsequently breaks down into glucose and salts. Because of its benign impact on body tissue and the fact that it degrades to non-toxic end products, HemoStyp does not impede the healing of body tissue as compared to certain competing hemostatic products. Laboratory testing has shown HemoStyp to be 100% absorbable in the human body within 24 hours, compared to days or weeks with competing organic regenerated cellulose products. A human trial conducted in 2019 and 2020 demonstrated the effectiveness of HemoStyp in vascular, thoracic and abdominal surgical procedures.

 

HemoStyp hemostatic gauze is a flexible, silk-like material that is applied by placing the gauze onto the bleeding tissue. The supple material can be easily folded and manipulated as needed to fit the size of the wound or incision. In surface bleeding and surgical situations, the product quickly converts to a translucent gel that allows the physician or surgeon to monitor the coagulation process. The gel maintains a neutral pH level, which avoids damaging the surrounding tissue. In superficial bleeding situations, HemoStyp can be bonded to an adhesive plastic bandage or integrated into a traditional gauze component to address a broad range of needs, including traumatic bleeding injuries and prolonged bleeding following hemodialysis.

 

 
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Potential Target Markets

 

Our HemoStyp material is currently cut to several sizes and configuration and marketed as HemoStyp Gauze. Our potential customer base includes, without limitation, the following:

 

 

Hospitals and Surgery Centers for all Internal Surgical usage (in the event we obtain FDA Class III approval)

 

Hospitals, Clinics and Physicians for external trauma

 

EMS, Fire Departments and other First Responders

 

Military Medical Care Providers

 

Hemodialysis centers

 

Nursing Homes and Assisted Living Facilities

 

Dental and Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Offices

 

Veterinary hospitals

 

Primary Strategy

 

Our HemoStyp technology received an FDA 510(k) approval in 2012 for use in external or superficial bleeding situations and we believe there is an opportunity for HemoStyp products to address unmet needs in several medical applications that represent attractive commercial opportunities. However, the Class III surgical markets, both domestic and international, represent the most attractive market for our products due to the smaller number of competitors offering Class III approved hemostatic agents and the resulting premium pricing for products that can meet the demanding requirements of the human surgical environment. We believe that our extensive laboratory testing and our completed human trial indicate that the HemoStyp technology could successfully compete against established Class III market participants, and could gain a significant market share. There can be no assurance that an FDA Premarket Approval (PMA) will be granted. 

 

In anticipation of receiving a Class III PMA (which cannot be assured), we are evaluating paths to rapidly grow our revenue and profits in all potential market segments, with the objective of maximizing shareholder value. We do not intend to pursue the full commercialization of our products independently nor to remain an independent company in the long term. Options under consideration include (i) a sale or merger of the Company with an industry leader in the wound care and surgical device sectors, which may include a pre-sale collaboration on commercialization and distribution and (ii) one or more commercial partnerships with established market participants, without any specific, associated sale or merger transaction. 

 

 
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The Company has been contacted by several medical technology companies that are active in the surgical equipment and hemostatic products sectors, and who have expressed an interest in the Company’s products and business strategy. We continue to evaluate the potential commercial partnerships in anticipation of an FDA decision on our Class III PMA application. No assurances can be given that the Company will identify any commercialization candidate(s) or enter into a transaction.

 

Manufacturing and Packaging of our Products

 

The Company’s products will be manufactured to our specifications through a contract manufacturing arrangement with an FDA certified supplier that maintains stringent quality control protocols to assure the uniformity and quality of all of our gauze products. Information on the manufacturing process and our manufacturer’s facility has been submitted as part of our PMA submission. Our gauze products are cut to size, packaged and sterilized by service providers in the United States. 

 

Patents and Trademarks

 

Our hemostatic gauze technology is protected through patents granted by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, which protection currently runs through 2029. In 2020 and 2021, we filed additional U.S. and International patents seeking to protect the use of our hemostatic technology in a gel or hydrocolloid formulation.

 

On January 21, 2021, the U.S. Patent Office provided notification of publication of the Company’s patent application for the method of forming and using a hemostatic hydrocolloid. This publication does not imply any assurance of the receipt of the patent but establishes an obligation of any party that seeks to use the applicable method to pay royalties for the right to do so. The patent application for this process remains pending as of the date of this filing.

 

On February 11, 2021, the Company was notified that its application to establish global patent protection for the process of creating and deploying a hydrocolloid (or gel) format of its HemoStyp technology was accepted for publication under the procedures of the Patent Cooperation Treaty (“PCT”), an international patent law treaty which provides a unified procedure for filing a patent application in most foreign countries. We previously filed provisional patent applications for our HemoStyp hydrocolloid process in 2020. In January 2022, the Company initiated steps to register its hydrocolloid patent in the European common market and in additional foreign countries where we intend to commercialize any future HemoStyp gel formats. We can give no assurance that foreign registration of our patents will be granted in any of these jurisdictions.

 

The Company has registered trademarks for the following product formats:

 

 

Boo Boo Strips

 

HemoStyp

 

The Ultimate Bandage

 

Hemostrips

 

 

CelluSTAT

 

Nik Fix

 

Competition

 

The wound care products market in the United States is concentrated among large and established companies such as Baxter International, Becton Dickinson & Company, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Johnson & Johnson and 3M Company, each of which have greater capital and operational resources than us. Our hemostatic gauze product will directly compete in the gauze markets served by these companies. In this market, competitive factors include product performance, price, breadth of product offerings, value-added service programs, service and delivery, credit terms, and customer support.

 

 
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Government Regulation

 

We are subject to oversight by various federal and state governmental entities and we are subject to, and affected by, a variety of federal and state laws, regulations and policies generally applicable to the healthcare and medical device industries.

 

Environmental Matters

 

The Company may be subject to, or affected by, environmental legislation including, among others, the Toxic Substances Control Act, the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA or Superfund) and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. There may be laws and regulations that exist or that may come to pass that may also have an impact on the Company in ways that we cannot foresee. Compliance with the multitude of regulations issued by federal, state, provincial and local administrative agencies that may apply to the Company can be burdensome and costly. To date, the Company has not been impacted by these laws and regulations.

 

Research and Development Expenditures

 

In the years ending December 31, 2023 and 2022 we incurred research and development expenditures of $598,810 and $624,564, respectively.

 

Personnel

 

As of April 1, 2024, we have six full-time personnel working under consulting agreements.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

We are engaged in the development, sale and distribution of hemostatic gauze products to stop superficial bleeding. As we develop our business, there are numerous and varied risks, known and unknown, that may prevent us from achieving our goals. If any of these risks actually occur, our business, financial condition or results of operation may be materially adversely affected. In such case, the trading price of our common stock could decline, and investors could lose all or part of their investment.

 

 
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RISKS RELATED TO OUR BUSINESS

 

We have a history of operating losses and we may continue to lose money in the future.

 

For the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, the Company had a net loss of $2,623,267 and $1,687,501, respectively. We may continue to lose money in the future, and we will rely on financing to fund our business strategy for the foreseeable future as discussed in the Risk Factor “We will need additional financing to execute our business plan and fund operations, which may not be available”.

 

We can provide no assurances that our Class III application for internal surgical procedures in the U.S. market will be approved by the FDA.

 

In response to the FDA’s comments and questions to our 2021 and 2022 PMA submissions, we have developed and incorporated several product design, manufacturing and quality assurance procedures into our production process. Upon completion of certain finished product testing that is being conducted by outside laboratories we will submit a revised application to the FDA. There can be no assurance that our revised application, once resubmitted, will lead to a successful FDA decision regarding a PMA.

 

No assurances can be given that our plans to penetrate certain market segments will be successful.

 

We continue to believe that the Class III surgical markets, both domestic and international, represent the most attractive market for our products due to the limited competition from other Class III approved Oxidized Regenerated Cellulose (ORC) products and the resulting premium pricing for hemostatic agents that can meet the demanding requirements of the human surgical environment. As of the filing date of this Form 10-K, the FDA review process is ongoing and we are preparing to submit an application for CE Mark approval in order to access the European and other markets. In the event we receive Class III and CE Mark approvals, which cannot be assured, we are evaluating the best paths to grow our revenue and profits in all potential markets, which could include one or more commercial partnerships and licensing agreements with established market participants or an acquisition/merger agreement with any such participants, each as an alternative to raising the necessary capital to establish and grow our own marketing and distribution capabilities via organic growth. We will carefully evaluate the returns on investment to create shareholder value of each of these strategies. No assurances can be given that our plans to penetrate all market segments or be acquired/merged with an established market participant will be successful on terms satisfactory to us, if at all.

 

We can provide no assurances that ongoing discussions with potential commercial partners and acquirers will result in the occurrence of a specific transaction.

 

The Company has been contacted by several medical technology companies that are active in the surgical equipment and hemostatic products sectors, and who have expressed an interest in the Company’s products and business strategy. In response to these inbound contacts, and to maximize shareholder value, the Company continues to consider a range of strategic alternatives, which include, without limitation, entering into one or more commercial and distribution partnerships, a sale of the Company or a standalone growth plan. There can be no assurances that any specific transaction will occur as a result of these discussions. No assurances can be given that the Company will identify a suitable acquisition or commercialization partnership candidate(s) or complete any transaction on terms that are in the best interests of shareholders.

 

 
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We will need additional financing to execute our business plan and fund operations, which may not be available.

 

We currently have a working capital deficit, minimal cash and limited sales of our products. As a result of the Company’s financial position, we may not be able to execute our current business plan and fund business operations long enough to achieve profitability. Our ultimate success will depend upon our ability to raise additional capital. There can be no assurance that additional funds will be available when needed from any source or, if available, will be on terms that are acceptable to us.

 

We will pursue required additional capital through various means, including commercial collaborations and debt or equity financings. Future financings through equity investments are likely to be dilutive to existing shareholders. Also, the terms of securities we may issue in future capital transactions may be more favorable for our new investors. Newly issued securities may include preferences, superior voting rights, the issuance of warrants or other derivative securities. The issuances of incentive awards under existing and future employee incentive plans, may have additional dilutive effects. Further, we may incur substantial costs in pursuing future capital raising and/or financing, including investment banking fees, legal fees, accounting fees, printing and distribution expenses and other costs. We may also be required to recognize non-cash expenses in connection with certain securities we may issue, such as convertible notes and warrants, which may adversely impact our financial condition.

 

Our ability to obtain needed financing may be impaired by such factors as capital markets disruptions, both generally and specifically relating to the healthcare industry, and events that have a negative impact on existing and potential investors or funding sources. If the amount of capital we are able to raise from financing activities, together with our revenues from operations, is not sufficient to satisfy our capital needs we may be required to cease operations.

 

No guarantee of market acceptance.

 

Our success is dependent on market acceptance of our hemostatic gauze products. We cannot be certain that healthcare professionals and purchasing decision makers will conclude that our products offer a superior performance or value proposition, in any or all of the target markets we have identified, or that we will attain the level of market acceptance necessary to generate adequate revenues to cover our business costs and generate a return for investors.

 

We may be dependent upon commercial relationships to conduct our operations and implement our strategy.

 

Our proposed strategy includes the use of distribution and commercial partnerships to market and sell our hemostatic gauze products. We currently do not have any such commercial relationships. We may not be able to establish these relationships, or if established, we may not be able to maintain them. In addition, the dynamics of our relationships with strategic partners may require us to incur expenses or undertake activities we would not otherwise be inclined to in order to fulfill our obligations to these partners or maintain our relationships. If these relationships are not established or maintained, our business prospects may be limited, which could diminish our ability to conduct our operations. We can provide no assurances that distribution agreements will be entered into on terms satisfactory to us, if at all, or that our operations will be profitable as a result of these distribution agreements.

 

 
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We could experience difficulties in our supply chain.

 

Our neutralized, oxidized, regenerated cellulose (“NORC”) products are manufactured in Asia and the United States to our specifications. Unforeseen events at any manufacturing or packaging location may result in a disruption of production that could negatively impact our ability to supply our customers and generate revenues. We own certain specialized production equipment which is installed at our contract-manufacturer’s location which is not readily available should we need to replace it. While we intend to maintain significant supplies of finished product inventory, any prolonged disruption our manufacturer’s facility could have a material adverse impact on our operations and business.

 

We are currently dependent on one hemostatic gauze product to generate income in the future.

 

The Company’s hemostatic gauze products are currently our sole source of potential revenue in the future. While we have multiple formats of this product and hope to access new markets upon receipt of a Class III PMA, we cannot provide assurance that our product will be accepted by potential customers or that new, superior hemostatic technologies will not be introduced that negatively impact the market perceptions of our own products. Unless we are able to develop or acquire additional product lines, the failure to develop a commercial market for this product line will materially adversely affect our operations.

 

Our business may suffer if we do not attract and retain talented personnel.

 

Our success will depend in large measure on the abilities, expertise, judgment, discretion, integrity and good faith of our management and other personnel in conducting our intended business. In addition, we depend on management and strategic consultants to correctly interpret and respond to market data, economic and other conditions to locate and adopt appropriate business opportunities. We presently have a small management team, which we intend to expand in conjunction with our planned operations and growth. We intend to ensure that management and any key personnel are appropriately compensated; however, their continued service to the Company cannot be guaranteed. If we are unable to attract and retain additional key management personnel and enter into satisfactory employment and other agreements, our business may be adversely affected.

 

We may not be able to adequately protect our technologies or intellectual property rights.

 

Our ability to achieve commercial or strategic success will depend in part on maintaining patent protection and trade secret protection of our technologies as well as successfully defending our intellectual property against third-party challenges. We will only be able to protect our technologies from unauthorized use by third parties to the extent that valid and enforceable patents or trade secrets cover them. Furthermore, the degree of future protection of our proprietary rights is uncertain because legal means afford only limited protection and may not adequately protect our rights or permit us to gain or keep our competitive advantage. Additionally, legal enforcement of intellectual property rights is costly and we may not have the financial resources to take the necessary legal action to protect our rights.

 

If our intellectual property positions are challenged, invalidated, circumvented, or expire, or if we fail to prevail in future intellectual property litigation, our business could be adversely affected. We have created multiple variations of our gauze product and will protect each of these new generation platforms and product with additional intellectual property. Our success depends in part on our ability to defend our intellectual property rights. The patent positions of pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies can be highly uncertain and often involve complex legal, scientific, and factual questions. Third parties may seek to challenge, invalidate, or circumvent our intellectual property rights. In addition, our patent positions might not protect us against competitors with similar products or technologies because competing products or technologies may not infringe our patents. Also, there are third parties who have patents or pending patent applications that they may claim necessitate payment of a royalty or prevent us from commercializing our patent in certain territories. Patent disputes are frequent, costly and can preclude, delay, or increase the cost of commercialization of products.

 

 
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We have identified various material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting which could affect our ability to timely and accurately report our results of operations and financial condition. These material weaknesses may not have been fully remediated as of the filing date of this report and we cannot assure you that other material weaknesses will not be identified in the future.

 

Our Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer have concluded that, as of December 31, 2023, we had material weaknesses in our internal controls over financial reporting and that, as a result, our disclosure controls and procedures and our internal controls over financial reporting were not effective at such date. A material weakness is a deficiency, or combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting that creates a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

 

In addition, we believe that we continued to have material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting subsequent to December 31, 2023. See “Controls and Procedures” under Item 9A for a detailed discussion of the material weaknesses identified as of December 31, 2023 and possible material weaknesses as of subsequent periods. Although we are in the process of implementing remedial measures to address all of the identified material weaknesses, our assessment of the impact of these measures has not been completed as of the filing date of this report, and we cannot assure you that these measures will be adequate. Moreover, we cannot assure you that additional material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting will not arise or be identified in the future.

 

As a result, we must continue to improve our operational, information technology, and financial systems, infrastructure, procedures, and controls, as well as continue to expand, train, retain, and manage our employee base. Any failure to do so, or any difficulties we encounter during implementation, could result in additional material weaknesses or in material misstatements in our financial statements. These misstatements could result in a future restatement of our financial statements, could cause us to fail to meet our reporting obligations, or could cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information, leading to a decline in our stock price.

 

Our independent registered public accounting firm has expressed substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. This could make it more difficult for us to raise funds and adversely affect our relationships with creditors, investors and suppliers.

 

Our auditors believe that substantial doubt exists regarding our ability to remain in business. We cannot provide any assurance that we will in fact operate our business profitably or obtain sufficient financing to sustain our business in the event we are not successful in our efforts to generate sufficient revenue and operating cash flow. The expression of such doubt by our independent registered public accounting firm or our inability to overcome the factors leading to such doubt could have a material adverse effect on our relationships with prospective customers, creditors, investors and suppliers, and therefore could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

 
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The healthcare industry is subject to extensive government regulation, which can result in increased costs, delays, limits on its operating flexibility and competitive disadvantages.

 

The healthcare industry is generally subject to extensive regulatory requirements. Adhering to these requirements generally carries significant costs to industry participants, including our Company. Given our limited financial resources, these significant costs may adversely affect our business and financial results. If we are unable to pass on these costs through our product pricing they would negatively impact our profit margin.

 

Healthcare insurance legislation may lead to unintended adverse effects for businesses involved in our industry. New legislation that gives the Federal government greater regulatory powers may lead to negative consequences for certain aspects of our business. The full scope of the ongoing uncertainty in healthcare related legislation may not be known for several years, making it difficult to predict the future consequences that would create challenges to our Company, or if we can overcome them.

 

Failure to comply with laws or government regulations could result in penalties.

 

Certain government requirements for technologies in the healthcare market may require licensure or mandatory minimum standards relating to the provision of products and services. Failure to comply with these requirements could materially affect our ability to expand into new or existing markets. Future regulatory developments may also cause disruptions to our operations.

 

GENERAL RISK FACTORS

 

We are subject to the reporting requirements of the federal securities laws, which can be expensive.

 

We are a public reporting company and, accordingly, subject to the information and reporting requirements of the Exchange Act and other federal and state securities laws, including compliance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. The costs of preparing and filing annual and quarterly reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC and furnishing audited reports to stockholders significantly increase our operating costs.

 

It is time consuming, difficult and costly for us to develop and implement the internal controls and reporting procedures required by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. We may need to hire additional financial reporting, internal controls and other finance personnel in order to develop and implement appropriate internal controls and reporting procedures. If we are unable to comply with the internal control’s requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, we may not be able to obtain the independent accountant certifications required by that Act.

 

 
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Public company compliance requirements may make it more difficult to attract and retain officers and directors.

 

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act and rules subsequently implemented by the SEC have required changes in corporate governance practices of public companies. Compliance with the new rules and regulations increases our operating costs and makes certain activities more time consuming and costly than if we were not a public company. As a public company, these new rules and regulations make it more difficult and expensive for us to obtain director and officer liability insurance. As a result, it may be more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified persons to serve on our Board of Directors or as executive officers.

 

There exist risks to stockholders relating to dilution: authorization of additional securities and reduction of percentage share ownership following investment.

 

To the extent that additional shares of common stock are issued, our existing stockholders would experience dilution of their respective ownership interests in the Company. Additionally, if the Company issues a substantial number of shares of common stock in connection with or following an investment, a change in control of the Company may occur which may affect, among other things, the Company’s ability to utilize net operating loss carry forwards, if any. Furthermore, the issuance of a substantial number of shares of common stock may adversely affect prevailing market prices for our common stock and could impair the Company’s ability to raise additional capital through the sale of its equity securities. The Company has in the past and may in the future compensate certain consultants and other service providers using our shares of common stock, which would result in further dilution for our existing stockholders.

 

Our stock price may be volatile.

 

The market price of our common stock is likely to be highly volatile and could fluctuate widely in response to various factors, many of which are beyond our control, including the following:

 

 

changes in the healthcare industry;

 

competitive pricing pressures;

 

our ability to obtain working capital financing;

 

additions or departures of key personnel;

 

our ability to execute our business plan;

 

operating results that fall short of expectations;

 

loss of certain material strategic relationships;

 

regulatory developments;

 

economic and other external factors, including among others, effects on the markets; and

 

period-to-period fluctuations in our financial results.

 

In addition, the securities markets have from time-to-time experienced significant price and volume fluctuations that are unrelated to the operating performance of particular companies. These market fluctuations may also materially and adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

 

We have not paid dividends in the past and do not expect to pay dividends in the future. Any return on investment may be limited to changes in the value of our common stock.

 

We have never paid cash dividends on our common stock and do not anticipate doing so in the foreseeable future. The payment of cash dividends on our common stock will depend on earnings, financial condition and other business and economic factors affecting us at such time as our board of directors may consider relevant. If we do not pay dividends, return on investment will only occur if our stock price appreciates.

 

 
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There is currently no established market for our common stock, and we cannot ensure that one will ever develop or be sustained.

 

The Company’s common stock is available for trading on the OTC Pink. Management considers the market for our common stock to be limited. We can provide no assurances that an established trading market for our common stock will exist in the future.

 

Our common stock is deemed a “penny stock”, which may make it more difficult for our investors to sell their shares.

 

Our common stock is subject to the “penny stock” rules adopted under Section 15(g) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934-. The penny stock rules apply to companies whose common stock is not listed on a national securities exchange and trades at less than $5.00 per share or that have tangible net worth of less than $5,000,000 ($2,000,000 if the company has been operating for three or more years). These rules require, among other things, that brokers who trade penny stock to persons other than “established customers” complete certain documentation, make suitability inquiries of investors and provide investors with certain information concerning trading in the security, including a risk disclosure document and quote information under certain circumstances. Many brokers have decided not to trade penny stocks because of the requirements of the penny stock rules and, as a result, the number of broker-dealers willing to act as market makers in such securities is limited. If we remain subject to the penny stock rules for any significant period, it could have an adverse effect on the market, if any, for our securities. Inasmuch as our securities are subject to the penny stock rules, investors may find it more difficult to dispose of our securities.

 

Offers or availability for sale of a substantial number of shares of our common stock may cause the price of our common stock to decline.

 

If certain of our stockholders seek to sell substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market upon the expiration of any holding period under Rule 144, or expiration of lock-up periods applicable to outstanding shares, or issued upon the exercise of outstanding options or warrants, it could create a circumstance commonly referred to as an “overhang” and in anticipation of which the market price of our common stock could fall. The existence of an overhang, whether or not sales have occurred or are occurring, also could impair our ability to raise additional financing through the sale of equity or equity-related securities in the future at a time and price that we deem reasonable or appropriate.

 

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

None

 

 
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ITEM 1C. CYBERSECURITY

 

Since 2018 the Company has been primarily focused on pursuing FDA Pre-Market Approval (PMA) for its HemoStyp products to enable it to access the Class III surgical markets and has de-emphasized its commercial operations. We have fewer than 10 employees and consultants and currently use third-party vendors and service providers for certain product development and regulatory approval activities. Most of the information generated and collected by the Company is stored and maintained by these third-party vendors and service providers. Each of these providers has demonstrated its own cybersecurity protocols which our management believes to be adequate for protecting the Company’s digital files in their possession. Our CEO (who is also one of the Company’s directors) and VP of Finance are responsible for assessing and managing cybersecurity risks. Neither of them have cybersecurity expertise. Due to the current small size and limited commercial operations of the Company, we have no formal cybersecurity policies and processes in place, however, the Board and management believe cybersecurity represents an important component of the Company’s overall approach to risk management and oversight.

 

Cybersecurity threats have not materially affected, and are not reasonably likely to affect, the Company, including its business strategy, results of operations or financial condition while we are strategically focused on pursuing FDA PMA approval and have minimal commercial operations. The Company is not aware of any material security breach to date. Accordingly, the Company has not incurred any expenses over the last two years relating to information security breaches. The occurrence of cyber-incidents, or a deficiency in our cybersecurity or in those of any of our third-party service providers could negatively impact our business by causing a disruption to our operations, a compromise or corruption of our confidential information and systems, or damage to our business relationships or reputation, all of which could negatively impact our business and results of operations. There can be no assurance that the Company's third-party vendors’ and service providers’ cybersecurity risk management processes, including their policies, controls or procedures, will be effective in protecting the Company’s systems and information.

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

 

The Company is utilizing on a temporary basis, rent free, a central mailing address as its principal executive office, located at 526 Commerce Circle, Ste. #120, Mesquite, NV 89027.

 

In May 2023, the Company entered into 36-month lease for approximately 1,800 square feet of office space, in Mt. Laurel, New Jersey.

 

The Company is a virtual company with personnel in Nevada and five other states working remotely.

 

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

None.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

 
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PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.

 

Market information

 

The common shares of the Company trade on the OTC Pink under the symbol UEEC. There is no established trading market for our common shares and there has been only limited trading activity to date. The following table sets forth the high and low sales price of the common stock on a quarterly basis for the periods presented, rounded to the nearest penny.

 

 

 

High

 

 

Low

 

For Year Ended 2023

 

 

 

 

 

 

First Quarter

 

$0.30

 

 

$0.19

 

Second Quarter

 

$0.34

 

 

$0.17

 

Third Quarter

 

$0.34

 

 

$0.23

 

Fourth Quarter

 

$0.29

 

 

$0.20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For Year Ended 2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

First Quarter

 

$0.70

 

 

$0.42

 

Second Quarter

 

$0.79

 

 

$0.35

 

Third Quarter

 

$0.50

 

 

$0.29

 

Fourth Quarter

 

$0.33

 

 

$0.21

 

 

Holders

 

As of April 1, 2024, there were approximately 401 holders of record of the Company’s issued and outstanding shares of common stock.

 

Dividends

 

The Company has not paid any dividends to date, has not yet generated earnings sufficient to pay dividends, and currently does not intend to pay dividends in the foreseeable future.

 

 
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Table of Contents

 

 

Stock Issuances and Repurchases

 

The following table summarizes all sales and issuances by the Company of unregistered securities during the year ended December 31, 2023. The securities in the below-referenced transactions were (i) issued without registration and (ii) were subject to restrictions under the Securities Act and the securities laws of certain states, in reliance on the private offering exemptions contained in Sections 4(a)(2), 4(a)(6) and/or 3(b) of the Securities Act and on Regulation D promulgated under the Securities Act, and in reliance on similar exemptions under applicable state laws as transactions not involving a public offering. No placement or underwriting fees were paid in connection with these transactions. All cash proceeds from the sale of securities were used for working capital and general corporate purposes.

 

Date of Sale

 

Title of Security

 

Number Sold

 

 

Consideration

 

Purchaser/Recipient

 

January 2023

 

Common Stock

 

 

937,500

 

 

$187,500 of accrued liabilities

 

Officers and consultants

 

January 2023

 

Common Stock

 

 

1,135,000

 

 

$249,399 in cash

 

White Lion (1)

 

February 2023

 

Common Stock

 

 

1,000,000

 

 

$202,733 in cash

 

White Lion (1)

 

March 2023

 

Common Stock

 

 

800,000

 

 

$144,890 in cash

 

White Lion (1)

 

March 2023

 

Common Stock

 

 

1,850,000

 

 

$462,500 to settle litigation

 

Philip Forman

 

April 2023

 

Common Stock

 

 

979,688

 

 

$156,750 of accrued liabilities

 

Officers and consultants

 

April 2023

 

Common Stock

 

 

450,000

 

 

$86,524 in cash

 

White Lion (1)

 

May 2023

 

Common Stock

 

 

800,000

 

 

$139,797 in cash

 

White Lion (1)

 

June 2023

 

Common Stock

 

 

2,300,000

 

 

$589,506 in cash

 

White Lion (1)

 

August 2023

 

Common Stock

 

 

500,000

 

 

$123,035 in cash

 

White Lion (1)

 

September 2023

 

Common Stock

 

 

530,000

 

 

$124,358 in cash

 

White Lion (1)

 

October 2023

 

Common Stock

 

 

480,000

 

 

$112,334 in cash

 

White Lion (1)

 

November 2023

 

Common Stock

 

 

650,000

 

 

$156,501 in cash

 

White Lion (1)

 

December 2023

 

Common Stock

 

 

1,500,000

 

 

$329,046 in cash

 

White Lion (1)

 

 

 (1)

Issued by the Company to White Lion Capital, LLC pursuant to the terms of the Common Stock Purchase Agreement dated September 1, 2022, as amended January 25, 2023.

 

Description of Our Capital Stock

 

The following description of our capital stock is a summary only and is qualified by reference to our Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws, which are included as Exhibits 3.1, 3.2, 3.3 and 3.4 to this report.

 

General

 

Our authorized capital stock consists of 300,000,000 shares of common stock, with a par value of $0.001 per share. As of April 1, 2024, there were 246,833,222 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.

 

Common Stock

 

Each holder of Common Stock will be entitled to one vote for each share of Common Stock held of record by such holder with respect to all matters to be voted on or consented to by our stockholders, except as may otherwise be required by applicable Nevada law. The stockholders will not have pre-emptive rights under our Certificate of Incorporation to acquire additional shares of Common Stock or other securities. The Common Stock will not be subject to redemption rights and will carry no subscription or conversion rights. In the event of liquidation of the Company, the stockholders will be entitled to share in corporate assets on a pro rata basis after the Company satisfies all liabilities and after provision is made for each class of capital stock having preference over the Common Stock (if any). Subject to the laws of the State of Nevada, and the rights of the holders of any outstanding series of preferred stock (if any), the Board of Directors will determine, in their discretion, to declare dividends advisable and payable to the holders of outstanding shares of Common Stock.

 

 
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Table of Contents

 

Transfer Agent and Registrar

 

Pacific Stock Transfer Company is the registrar and transfer agent for our shares of common stock. Its address is 6725 Via Austi Pkwy, Suite 300, Las Vegas, NV 89119, United States; Telephone: (800) 785-7782.

 

ITEM 6. [RESERVED]

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATION

 

You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations together with our financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this annual report on Form 10-K. This discussion and analysis contain forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. The actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, including, but not limited to, those set forth under ‘Risk Factors’ and elsewhere in this annual report on Form 10-K.

 

Results of Operations years ending December 31, 2023 and 2022

 

The following table sets forth a summary of certain key financial information for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022:

 

 

 

2023

 

 

2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$-

 

 

$37,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross profit

 

$-

 

 

$18,856

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating (expenses)

 

$(2,426,539 )

 

$(2,820,895 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating (loss)

 

$(2,426,539 )

 

$(2,802,039 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income (expense)

 

$(196,728 )

 

$1,114,538

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (loss)

 

$(2,623,267 )

 

$(1,687,501 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted

 

$(0.01 )

 

$(0.01 )

 

 
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Table of Contents

 

Year ended December 31, 2023 versus year ended December 31, 2022

 

During the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, the Company had $0 and $37,500 of revenues, respectively. The Company did not generate any revenues in the current year due to the continued focus of the Company’s capital and resources towards obtaining a Class III PMA.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Total operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 were $2,426,539 and $2,820,895, respectively.

 

The decrease in operating expenses was due primarily to a decrease in legal and professional costs of $138,004 due to the Company having settled various litigation matters during 2022 and a decrease in consulting expense of $285,040 offset by an increase in rent expense of $23,257, an increase of $12,500 in litigation settlement expenses ($462,500 and $450,000 for the year ending December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) and an increase in office supplies and software expense of $23,905 along with a decrease of $25,754 in research and development expenses from $624,564 during the year ended December 31, 2022 compared to $598,810 in the year ended December 31, 2023. 

 

Other income (expense)

 

Other income (expense) for the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 was $(196,728) and $1,114,538, respectively. The decrease in other income was due to an increase in total interest expense of $37,351 offset by a decrease in other income of $1,402,981 and a decrease in loss on debt settlement of $129,066 during the year ended December 31, 2023 compared to the year ended December 31, 2022.

 

The increase in interest expense was primarily due to the Company having a larger outstanding balance of interest-bearing promissory notes, $7,638 of post-judgement interest related to the SEC penalty stemming from the settlement of the SEC’s investigation of the Company discussed in Note 7 to the financial statements and $32,992 of debt discount amortization expense during the year ended December 31, 2023 compared to $16,533 during the year ended December 31, 2022.

 

The decrease in other income was due to the Company receiving $392,000 as a settlement payment from its former auditor related to litigation and the receipt of $202,200 in cash and 2,085,258 shares of common stock as payment of $808,781 from its former Chief Executive Officer to satisfy a disgorgement obligation during the year ended December 31, 2022 compared with the Company having $0 of other income during the year ended December 31, 2023.

 

The decrease in the loss on settlement of debt was due to the Company issuing common stock with a fair value of $424,782 for the settlement of an aggregate of $344,250 of accrued liabilities and accrued liabilities – related party during the year ended December 31, 2023 compared to the Company issuing common stock with a fair value of $458,001 for the settlement of an aggregate of $330,626 of accrued liabilities and accrued liabilities – related parties and recording $82,223 in loss on settlement of debt related to lowering the conversion price of a convertible note as an inducement for conversion during the year ended December 31, 2022

 

Our net loss for the year ended December 31, 2023 was $2,623,267 as compared to a net loss of $1,687,501 for the prior year. The increase in the net loss was due to the Company having a decrease in operating expenses of $394,356 offset by a decrease in other income (expense) from $1,114,538 during the year ended December 31, 2022 to $(196,728) for the year ended December 31, 2023, as explained above.

 

 
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Table of Contents

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As of December 31, 2023, the Company had a negative working capital of $1,798,558. The Company has not yet attained a level of operations, and for the foreseeable future will not achieve commercial operations, which will allow it to meet its current overhead expense obligations. The report of our independent registered public accounting firm on our 2023 and 2022 financial statements includes an explanatory paragraph expressing substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. The Company generated minimal revenues during the year ended December 31, 2022 and no revenue during the year ended December 31, 2023 due to focusing its capital and resources towards seeking a Class III PMA for its HemoStyp technology. There can be no assurance that adequate financing will continue to be available to the Company and, if available, on terms that are favorable to the Company. Our ability to continue as a going concern is also dependent on many events outside of our direct control, including, among other things, our ability to achieve our business goals and objectives, as well as improvement in the economic climate.

 

As discussed in Note 6 of the financial statements, the Company entered into a common stock purchase agreement (“CSPA”) with White Lion, which gives the Company the right, but not the obligation, to require White Lion to purchase up to $10,000,000 of the Company’s common stock, subject to certain limitations and conditions set forth in the CSPA. As of the date of this filing, the Company has received approximately $2.7 million in proceeds from White Lion which the Company has used to pay for its operations and finalization of its Class III PMA application. The sale of additional equity or convertible debt securities would be dilutive to our shareholders. In addition, economic conditions and actions by policymaking bodies are contributing to rising interest rates and significant capital market volatility, which, along with increases in our borrowing levels, could increase our future borrowing costs.

 

Cash Flows

 

The Company’s cash on hand as of December 31, 2023 and 2022 was $95,420 and $13,377, respectively.

 

The following table summarizes selected items from our statements of cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022:

 

 

 

2023

 

 

2022

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

$(2,200,645 )

 

$(619,720 )

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(2,850 )

 

 

(40,500 )

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

2,285,538

 

 

 

651,798

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

$82,043

 

 

$(8,422 )

 

Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Operating Activities

 

Net cash used in operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2023 was $2,200,645. The Company had net loss of $2,623,267 offset by amortization expense of $4,050, amortization of right-of-use asset of $807, amortization of debt discount of $32,992, stock issued for litigation settlement of $462,500, a loss on debt settlement of $80,532, a decrease in inventory of $1,132, a decrease in prepaid and other current assets of $128 and an increase in accrued liabilities - related party of $272,146.  The Company also had a decrease in accounts payable and accrued expenses of $131,665 and a decrease in accrued litigation settlement of $300,000.

 

Net cash used in operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2022 was $619,720. The Company had a net loss of $1,687,501 and $808,781 of non-cash income due to stock received and recorded as other income offset by stock for services and compensation of $483,450, amortization expense of $4,050, amortization of debt discount of $16,533 and a loss on debt settlement of $209,598.  The Company had an increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses of $638,721, an increase in accrued liabilities - related party of $296,872, an increase in accrued litigation settlement of $280,000, an increase in prepaid expenses of $17,932 and an increase in inventory of $34,730.

 

 Net Cash Used by Investing Activities

 

The Company paid $2,850 related to a security deposit during the year ended December 31, 2023.

 

The Company paid $40,500 related to the patent application fees during the year ended December 31, 2022.

 

 
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Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Financing Activities

 

Net cash provided by financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2023 was $2,285,538. This was due to the result of the Company receiving net proceeds of $2,326,674 from the sale of stock offset by making payments of offering costs of $17,400, repayments of $19,136 on a loan payable, and repayments of $4,000 on a loan payable – related party.

 

Net cash provided by financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2022 was $651,798. This was due to the Company receiving $383,275 in proceeds from related parties, $175,887 in proceeds from the sale of stock, $93,000 in proceeds from convertible notes – related party and $392,975 in proceeds from convertible notes payable offset by making payments of $226,275 on loans payable – related party, $90,864 on a promissory note payable, $26,200 of offering costs and repurchasing $50,000 of common stock.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

As of December 31, 2023 and 2022, we had no off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

Related Parties

 

Information concerning related party transactions is included in the financial statements and related notes, appearing elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles of the United States (“GAAP”) requires estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenues and expenses in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Critical accounting estimates are those estimates made in accordance with GAAP that involve a significant level of estimation uncertainty and have had or are reasonably likely to have a material impact on the financial condition or results of operations of the Company. Based on this definition, we have the critical accounting estimates identified below. We also have other key accounting policies, which involve the use of estimates, judgments, and assumptions that are significant to understanding our results which are found in Note 2 – Significant Accounting Policies of the accompanying financial statements. Although we believe that our estimates, assumptions, and judgments are reasonable, they are based upon information presently available. Actual results may differ significantly from these estimates under different assumptions, judgments, or conditions.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation under the provisions of ASC 718, Compensation-Stock Compensation. Stock-based compensation expense for employees and non-employees is measured at the grant date fair value. Stock-based compensation for all stock-based awards to employees and directors is recognized as an expense over the requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period.

 

 
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Table of Contents

 

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

The financial statements required by Item 8 can be found beginning on Page F-2 of this report.

 

INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTAL DATA

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firms (Firm ID 6258)

 

F-2

 

 

 

 

Financial Statements of United Health Products, Inc.

 

 

Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2023 and 2022

 

F-3

 

Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022

 

F-4

 

Statements of Stockholders’ Deficiency for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022

 

F-5

 

Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022

 

F-6

 

Notes to Financial Statements

 

F-7

 

 

 
F-1

Table of Contents

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders

United Health Products, Inc.

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of United Health Products, Inc. as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, and the related statement of operations, stockholders’ deficiency, and cash flows for the years then ended, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Untied Health Products, Inc. as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Going Concern

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the entity will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 2 to the financial statements, the entity has suffered recurring losses from operations and has a net capital deficiency that raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. Management's plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 2. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the entity’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) ("PCAOB") and are required to be independent with respect to United Health Products, Inc. in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. United Health Products, Inc. is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the entity's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

Critical Audit Matters

 

Critical audit matters are matters arising from the current period audit of the financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. We determined that there are no critical audit matters.

 

/s/ Mac Accounting Group & CPAs, LLP

 

We have served as United Health Products, Inc.'s auditor since 2019.

 

Midvale, Utah 

April 1, 2024

 

 
F-2

Table of Contents

 

 

    UNITED HEALTH PRODUCTS, INC.

Balance Sheets

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2023

 

 

2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ASSETS

 

Current Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

$95,420

 

 

$13,377

 

Inventory

 

 

33,598

 

 

 

34,730

 

Prepaid and other current assets

 

 

22,804

 

 

 

22,932

 

Total current assets

 

 

151,822

 

 

 

71,039

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred offering costs

 

 

21,051

 

 

 

243,039

 

Operating lease right-of-use asset

 

 

76,520

 

 

 

-

 

Security deposit

 

 

2,850

 

 

 

-

 

Patents, net

 

 

32,400

 

 

 

36,450

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL ASSETS

 

$284,643

 

 

$350,528

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

$987,567

 

 

$1,255,232

 

Accrued liabilities - related parties

 

 

226,475

 

 

 

172,579

 

Accrued litigation settlement

 

 

-

 

 

 

300,000

 

Operating lease liability - current

 

 

28,838

 

 

 

-

 

Promissory note payable

 

 

-

 

 

 

9,136

 

Loans payable – related parties

 

 

-

 

 

 

4,000

 

Convertible notes payable, net of debt discount

 

 

207,500

 

 

 

196,177

 

Convertible notes payable – related party, net of debt discount

 

 

500,000

 

 

 

478,331

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

1,950,380

 

 

 

2,415,455

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating lease liability – long-term

 

 

48,489

 

 

 

-

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES

 

 

1,998,869

 

 

 

2,415,455

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and Contingencies

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ Deficit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series A Convertible Preferred Stock - $0.001 par value, 1,000,000 shares Authorized and 0 shares issued and outstanding

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Common Stock - $0.001 par value, 300,000,000 shares Authorized, 244,783,222 and 230,871,034 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022

 

 

244,783

 

 

 

230,871

 

Subscription Receivable

 

 

-

 

 

 

(50,550 )

Additional Paid-In Capital

 

 

74,740,201

 

 

 

71,830,695

 

Accumulated Deficit

 

 

(76,699,210 )

 

 

(74,075,943 )

Total Stockholders' Deficit

 

 

(1,714,226 )

 

 

(2,064,927 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

 

$284,643

 

 

$350,528

 

 

See notes to financial statements.

 

 
F-3

Table of Contents

 

UNITED HEALTH PRODUCTS, INC

Statements of Operations

 

 

 

2023

 

 

2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues

 

$-

 

 

$37,500

 

Cost of sales

 

 

-

 

 

 

18,644

 

Gross profit

 

 

-

 

 

 

18,856

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Costs and Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

1,827,729

 

 

 

2,196,331

 

Research and development expenses

 

 

598,810

 

 

 

624,564

 

Total Operating Expenses

 

 

2,426,539

 

 

 

2,820,895

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss from Operations

 

 

(2,426,539 )

 

 

(2,802,039 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income (expenses)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

(40,512 )

 

 

(17,022 )

Interest expense – related party

 

 

(75,684 )

 

 

(61,823 )

Loss on settlement of debt

 

 

(80,532 )

 

 

(209,598 )

Other income

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,402,981

 

Total Other Income (Expense)

 

 

(196,728 )

 

 

1,114,538

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income tax expense

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Loss

 

$(2,623,267 )

 

$(1,687,501 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Loss per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted

 

$(0.01 )

 

$(0.01 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares outstanding

 

 

239,080,282

 

 

 

229,718,142

 

 

See notes to financial statements.

 

 
F-4

Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED HEALTH PRODUCTS, INC

Statement of Stockholders’ Deficiency

For the Years Ended December 31, 2023 and 2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Paid-in

 

 

Subscription

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

 Receivable

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2021

 

 

228,667,229

 

 

$228,667

 

 

$71,017,881

 

 

$-

 

 

$(72,388,442 )

 

$(1,141,894 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock for services and compensation

 

 

1,170,000

 

 

 

1,170

 

 

 

482,280

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

483,450

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sale of common stock, net of $26,200 of offering costs

 

 

579,028

 

 

 

579

 

 

 

149,108

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

149,687

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock repurchased and cancelled

 

 

(2,478,115 )

 

 

(2,478 )

 

 

(856,303 )

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(858,781 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock issued for commitment fee

 

 

757,576

 

 

 

758

 

 

 

249,242

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

250,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock issued to settle accrued liabilities – related party

 

 

425,000

 

 

 

425

 

 

 

203,575

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

204,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock issued to settle accrued liabilities

 

 

672,919

 

 

 

673

 

 

 

253,328

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

254,001

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock issued for conversion of convertible notes payable and accrued interest

 

 

827,397

 

 

 

827

 

 

 

288,245

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

289,072

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock issued for a stock subscription receivable

 

 

250,000

 

 

 

250

 

 

 

50,300

 

 

 

(50,550 )

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization of deferred offering costs

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(6,961 )

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(6,961 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Loss

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(1,687,501 )

 

 

(1,687,501 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2022

 

 

230,871,034

 

 

230,871

 

 

71,830,695

 

 

(50,550 )

 

(74,075,943 )

 

(2,064,927 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sale of common stock, net of $18,000 of offering costs

 

 

10,145,000

 

 

 

10,145

 

 

 

2,247,979

 

 

 

50,550

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

2,308,674

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock issued to settle accrued liabilities – related party

 

 

1,204,688

 

 

 

1,204

 

 

 

269,827

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

271,031

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock issued to settle accrued liabilities

 

 

712,500

 

 

 

713

 

 

 

153,038

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

153,751

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock issued for litigation settlement

 

 

1,850,000

 

 

 

1,850

 

 

 

460,650

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

462,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization of deferred offering costs

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(221,988 )

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(221,988 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Loss

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(2,623,267 )

 

 

(2,623,267 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2023

 

 

244,783,222

 

 

$244,783

 

 

$74,740,201

 

 

$-

 

 

$(76,699,210 )

 

$(1,714,226 )

 

 

See notes to financial statements.

 

 
F-5

Table of Contents

 

  UNITED HEALTH PRODUCTS, INC

Statements of Cash Flows

 

 

 

2023

 

 

2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Loss

 

$(2,623,267 )

 

$(1,687,501 )

Adjustments to Reconcile Net Loss to Net Cash Used in Operating Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock for services and compensation

 

 

-

 

 

 

483,450

 

Loss on settlement of debt

 

 

80,532

 

 

 

209,598

 

Amortization of right-of-use asset

 

 

807

 

 

 

-

 

Stock issued for litigation settlement

 

 

462,500

 

 

 

-

 

Amortization of debt discount

 

 

32,992

 

 

 

16,533

 

Amortization expense

 

 

4,050

 

 

 

4,050

 

Stock received as other income

 

 

-

 

 

 

(808,781 )

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inventory

 

 

1,132

 

 

 

(34,730 )

Prepaid and other current assets

 

 

128

 

 

 

(17,932 )

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

(131,665 )

 

 

638,721

 

Accrued litigation settlement

 

 

(300,000 )

 

 

280,000

 

Accrued liabilities – related party

 

 

272,146

 

 

 

296,872

 

Net Cash Used In Operating Activities

 

 

(2,200,645 )

 

 

(619,720 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of patents

 

 

-

 

 

 

(40,500 )

Security deposit

 

 

(2,850 )

 

 

-

 

Net Cash Used In Investing Activities

 

 

(2,850 )

 

 

(40,500 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Repayment on loan payable - related parties

 

 

(4,000 )

 

 

(226,275 )

Proceeds from loan payable - related parties

 

 

-

 

 

 

383,275

 

Repayments on loan payable

 

 

(19,136 )

 

 

(90,864 )

Repurchase of common stock

 

 

-

 

 

 

(50,000 )

Proceeds from convertible notes payable – related party

 

 

-

 

 

 

93,000

 

Proceeds from convertible notes payable

 

 

-

 

 

 

392,975

 

Payment of offering costs

 

 

(17,400 )

 

 

(26,200 )

Proceeds from sale of common stock

 

 

2,326,074

 

 

 

175,887

 

Net Cash Provided By Financing Activities

 

 

2,285,538

 

 

 

651,798

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase (decrease) in Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

 

82,043

 

 

 

(8,422 )

Cash and Cash Equivalents - Beginning of period

 

 

13,377

 

 

 

21,799

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS - END OF PERIOD

 

$95,420

 

 

$13,377

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$703

 

 

$12,871

 

Cash paid for income taxes

 

$-

 

 

$-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Schedule of Non-Cash Financing Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cancellation of common stock

 

$-

 

 

$250

 

Common stock issued for commitment fee

 

$-

 

 

$250,000

 

Common stock issued to settle accrued liabilities – related party

 

$218,250

 

 

$127,500

 

Common stock issued to settle accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

$126,000

 

 

$203,126

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses paid with promissory note payable

 

$10,000

 

 

$-

 

Accrued litigation settlement paid with loan payable

 

$-

 

 

$100,000

 

Initial recognition of operating lease right-of-use asset and operating lease liability

 

$92,425

 

 

$-

 

Loans payable – related party converted to convertible notes payable – related party

 

$-

 

 

$372,000

 

Common stock issued for conversion of convertible notes payable and accrued interest

 

$-

 

 

$206,849

 

Common stock issued for subscription receivable

 

$-

 

 

$50,550

 

Debt discount related to original issue discount

 

$-

 

 

$49,525

 

Amortization of deferred offering costs

 

$221,988

 

 

$6,961

 

 

See notes to financial statements.

 

 
F-6

Table of Contents

  

 

UNITED HEALTH PRODUCTS, INC.

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2023 AND 2022

 

Note 1. Description of the Business

 

United Health Products, Inc. (the “Company”) develops, manufactures, and markets a patented hemostatic gauze for the healthcare and wound care sectors. Our gauze product, HemoStyp®, is a neutralized, oxidized, regenerated cellulose derived from cotton and designed to absorb exudate/drainage from superficial wounds and help control bleeding. The Company in the process of seeking regulatory approval to sell our HemoStyp product line into the U.S. Class III, European Union CE Mark and Canadian human surgical markets.

 

Note 2. Significant Accounting Policies

 

Going Concern

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. The Company has incurred recurring net losses, negative working capital and operations have not provided cash flows. Additionally, the Company does not currently have sufficient revenue producing operations to cover its operating expenses and meet its current obligations. In view of these factors, there is substantial doubt about the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. The Company intends to finance its future development activities and its working capital needs largely from the sale of public equity securities with some additional funding from other traditional financing sources, including term notes, until such time that funds provided by operations are sufficient to fund working capital and other business requirements. The financial statements of the Company do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded assets, or the amounts and classifications of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The Company prepares its financial statements on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the Company’s management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the reported period. Changes in the economic environment, financial markets, as well as in the healthcare industry, and any other parameters used in determining these estimates, could cause actual results to differ.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

The Company considers all highly liquid debt investments purchased with a maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

 

 
F-7

Table of Contents

 

Fair Value Measurements

 

Accounting principles generally accepted in the United States define fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Additionally, the inputs used to measure fair value are prioritized based on a three-level hierarchy. This hierarchy requires entities to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The three levels of inputs used to measure fair value are as follows:

 

Level 1 — Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2 — Observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1. We value assets and liabilities included in this level using dealer and broker quotations, bid prices, quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.

 

Level 3 — Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities. This includes certain pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies and similar techniques that use significant unobservable inputs.

 

Fair value estimates discussed herein are based upon certain market assumptions and pertinent information available to management as of December 31, 2023 and 2022. The respective carrying value of certain on-balance-sheet financial instruments approximated their fair values due to the short-term nature of these instruments.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes using a method that requires recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for expected future tax consequences of temporary differences that currently exist between tax bases and financial reporting bases of the Company’s assets and liabilities which is commonly known as the asset and liability method. In assessing the ability to realize deferred tax assets, the Company considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.

 

The Company evaluates its tax positions taken or expected to be taken in the course of preparing the Company’s tax returns to determine whether the tax positions are ‘‘more-likely-than-not’’ of being sustained by the applicable tax authority. Tax positions not deemed to meet the “more-likely-than-not” threshold are recorded as an expense in the applicable year. The Company does not have a liability for any unrecognized tax benefits. Management’s evaluation of uncertain tax positions may be subject to review and adjustment at a later date based upon factors including, but not limited to, an on-going analysis of tax laws, regulations and interpretations thereof, with due consideration given to the fact that tax periods are open to examination by tax authorities.

 

As of December 31, 2023 and 2022, the Company has approximately $23.8 and $21.8 million of net operating loss carry-forwards, respectively, available to affect future taxable income and has established a valuation allowance equal to the tax benefit of the net operating loss carry forwards and temporary differences as realization of the asset is not assured.

 

 
F-8

Table of Contents

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. Under ASC 606, the Company recognizes revenue from the sale of its HemoStyp product by applying the following steps: (1) identify the contract with a customer; (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (3) determine the transaction price; (4) allocate the transaction price to each performance obligation in the contract; and (5) recognize revenue when each performance obligation is satisfied.

 

The Company receives orders for its HemoStyp products directly from its customers. Revenues are recognized based on the agreed upon sales or transaction price with the customer when control of the promised goods are transferred to the customer. The transfer of goods to the customer and satisfaction of the Company’s performance obligation will occur either at the time when products are shipped or when the products arrive and are received by the customer depending on the shipping terms. No discounts are offered by the Company as part of payment terms. The Company does not provide an estimate for returns as there is no anticipation for any returns in the normal course of business.

 

Trade Accounts Receivable and Concentration Risk

 

The Company records accounts receivable at the invoiced amount and does not charge interest. The Company reviews the accounts receivable by amounts due from customers which are past due to identify specific customers with known disputes or collectability issues. In determining the amount of the reserve, the Company makes judgments about the creditworthiness of significant customers based on ongoing credit evaluations. The Company will also maintain a sales allowance to reserve for potential credits issued to customers. The Company will determine the amount of the reserve based on historical credits issued.

 

There was no provision for doubtful accounts recorded at December 31, 2023 and 2022. The Company recorded $0 in bad debt expense for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2022, one customer accounted for 100% of the Company’s net revenue.

 

Inventory

 

Inventory is valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value using the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method. Inventory on the balance sheet consists of raw materials purchased by the Company and finished goods.

 

 

 

December 31,

2023

 

 

December 31,

2022

 

Raw materials

 

$-

 

 

$-

 

Finished goods

 

 

33,598

 

 

 

34,730

 

 

 

$33,598

 

 

$34,730

 

 

During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company used $1,132 of inventory for its PMA submission and recorded it to research and development.

 

During the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, the Company determined that $0 needed to be impaired and written-off.   

 

 
F-9

Table of Contents

 

Patents

 

Patents are stated on the balance sheet at cost. Costs, such as filing fees with patent granting agencies and legal fees directly relating to those filings, incurred to file patent applications were capitalized when the Company believed that there was a high likelihood that the patent would be issued and there would be future economic benefit associated with the patent. These costs were amortized from the date of the patent application on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of 10 years. All costs associated with any abandoned patent applications are expensed.

 

Accumulated amortization as of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022 was $8,100 and $4,050, respectively. Amortization expense for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 was $4,050 and $4,050, respectively.

 

Future Amortization Expense

 

Year

 

Amount

 

2024

 

$

4,050

 

2025

 

 

4,050

 

2026

 

 

4,050

 

2027

 

 

4,050

 

2028

 

 

4,050

 

Thereafter

 

 

12,150

 

 

 

$

32,400

 

 

Impairment of Long-lived Assets

 

The Company applies the provisions of ASC 360, Property, Plant and Equipment, where applicable to all long-lived assets. ASC 360 addresses accounting and reporting for impairment and disposal of long-lived assets. The Company periodically evaluates the carrying value of long-lived assets to be held and used in accordance with ASC 360. ASC 360 requires impairment losses to be recorded on long-lived assets used in operations when indicators of impairment are present and the undiscounted cash flows estimated to be generated by those assets are less than the assets’ carrying amounts. In that event, a loss is recognized based on the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the fair market value of the long-lived assets. Loss on long-lived assets to be disposed of is determined in a similar manner, except that fair market values are reduced for the cost of disposal.

 

When equipment is sold or retired, the related cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any gain or loss is included in the results of operations. During the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 the Company determined no impairment was required.

 

 Deferred Offering Costs

 

Deferred offering costs represent specific incremental costs directly attributable to the offering of securities. The deferred offering costs are recorded as an offset to additional paid-in capital and charged against the proceeds received.

 

Advertising and Marketing Costs

 

Advertising and marketing costs are expensed as incurred. The Company incurred $111,104 and $112,036 in advertising and marketing costs during the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively.

 

Shipping and Handling Costs

 

The Company includes shipping and handling cost as part of cost of goods sold.

 

Research and Development

 

The Company charges research and development costs to expense when incurred. The Company incurred $598,810 and $624,564 in research and development expenses during the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation under the provisions of ASC 718, Compensation-Stock Compensation. Stock-based compensation expense for employees and non-employees is measured at the grant date fair value. Stock-based compensation for all stock-based awards to employees and directors is recognized as an expense over the requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period.

 

 
F-10

Table of Contents

 

Per Share Information

 

Basic earnings per share are calculated using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period presented. Diluted earnings per share is computed using the weighted-average number of common shares and, if dilutive, potential common shares outstanding during the period. The dilutive effect of potential common shares is not reflected in diluted earnings per share because the Company incurred a net loss for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 and the effect of including these potential common shares in the net loss per share calculations would be anti-dilutive.

 

The total potential common shares as of December 31, 2023 include 47,665,000 of restricted stock units, 3,747,463 shares for convertible notes payable – related parties and 1,483,530 shares for convertible notes payable. The total potential common shares as of December 31, 2022 include 47,665,000 of restricted stock units, 2,338,832 shares for convertible notes payable – related parties and 925,887 shares for convertible notes payable.

 

Leases

 

The Company follows the provisions of ASC 842, and records right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and lease obligations for its operating leases, which are initially recognized based on the discounted future lease payments over the term of the lease. If the rate implicit in the Company's leases is not readily determinable, the Company's applicable incremental borrowing rate is used in calculating the present value of the sum of the lease payments.

 

The lease term is defined as the non-cancelable period of the lease plus any options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise the option. The Company has elected not to recognize ROU asset and lease obligations for its short-term leases, which are defined as leases with an initial term of 12 months or less.

 

New and Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

 

The Company considers all new pronouncements and management has determined that there have been no recently adopted or issued accounting standards that had or will have a material impact on its financial statements.

 

 
F-11

Table of Contents

 

Note 3. Related Party Transactions

 

Convertible notes payable - related parties

 

As of December 31, 2023 and 2022, convertible notes payable – related parties (net of debt discount) totaled $500,000 and $478,331 respectively.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, Brian Thom, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, converted $372,000 of a loan payable balance to a convertible note payable. The unpaid accrued interest on the loan payable was transferred to the convertible note payable. The note had an interest rate of 10%, an original issue discount (“OID”) of 7% and had a maturity date of December 31, 2023. The note is convertible into common stock of the Company at $0.35 per share. In the event the Company issues any shares of common stock before the maturity date at a price that is lower than $0.35 per share, the conversion price shall be reduced to equal such lower issue price per share. The Company recorded $28,000 of a debt discount related to the OID. As of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the remaining unamortized debt discount was $0 and $16,998, respectively. Accrued interest associated with the note was $77,287 and $33,897 as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, Robert Denser, a Director of the Company, loaned the Company $93,000 through a convertible note. The note had an interest rate of 10%, an OID of 7% and had a maturity date of December 31, 2023. The note is convertible into common stock of the Company at $0.35 per share. In the event the Company issues any shares of common stock before the maturity date at a price that is lower than $0.35 per share, the conversion price shall be reduced to equal such lower issue price per share. The Company recorded $7,000 of a debt discount related to the OID. As of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the remaining unamortized debt discount was $0 and $4,671, respectively. Accrued interest associated with the note was $14,438 and $4,034 as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively.

 

On December 15, 2023, the Company entered into amendments on the above convertible notes, which extended the maturity date to December 31, 2024 and increased the interest rate from 10% to 13%, effective January 1, 2024.

 

 
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Interest expense – related party on the above convertible notes payable was $75,684 (including $21,669 of debt discount amortization related to the OID) and $36,531 (including $13,331 of debt discount amortization) during the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively. Accrued interest – related party due to these convertible notes was $91,725 and $37,931, as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively.

 

Loans payable/advances - related parties

 

As of December 31, 2023 and 2022, loans payable – related parties totaled $0 and $4,000, respectively.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, Mr. Thom loaned the Company $315,000 to pay for operating expenses. The loans had an interest rate of 10% and was due on demand. The Company repaid $118,000 in principal and $6,569 of accrued interest and $372,000 of principal was converted to a convertible note payable and any unpaid accrued interest was transferred to the convertible note payable as mentioned above. The outstanding principal balance and accrued interest owed to Mr. Thom on the loan payable was $0 as of December 31, 2022.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, Mr. Schiliro, loaned the Company $64,275 to pay for operating expenses. The loan had an interest rate of 10% and was due on demand. The Company repaid $108,275 in principal ($44,000 of principal was owed as of December 31, 2021) and $5,802 of accrued interest leaving a balance of $0 on the loan payable and accrued interest owed to Mr. Schiliro as of December 31, 2022.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, Kristofer Heaton, the Principal Financial Officer, loaned the Company $4,000 to pay for operating expenses. The loan had an interest rate of 10% and was due on demand. During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company repaid $4,000 of principal and $446 of accrued interest leaving a balance of $0 as of December 31, 2023.

 

Interest expense – related party on the above loans was $222 and $25,292 during the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively. Accrued interest – related party as of December 31, 2023 and 2022 was $0 and $224, respectively.

 

 
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Accrued liabilities – related parties

 

As of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, $134,750 and $127,500 of accrued compensation was due to the Company’s officers and management, respectively.

 

As of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, $0 and $6,923 was owed to the Company’s officers and management for reimbursable expenses.

 

Equity transactions

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company issued 300,000 shares of common stock each to Mr. Thom and Mr. Schiliro and 250,000 shares of common stock to Mr. Heaton for compensation in lieu of cash. The common stock had a total fair value of $344,250 (see Note 6).

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company had accrued Mr. Thom’s 2022 first quarter compensation of $45,000 and during the second quarter of 2022, the Company issued 150,000 shares of common stock to Mr. Thom to settle the accrued compensation. The common stock had a fair value of $72,000 and the Company recorded $27,000 as a loss on settlement of debt (see Note 6).

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company had accrued Mr. Schiliro’s 2022 first quarter compensation of $45,000 and during the second quarter of 2022, the Company issued 150,000 shares of common stock to Mr. Schiliro for the accrued compensation. The common stock had a fair value of $72,000 and the Company recorded $27,000 as a loss on settlement of debt (see Note 6).

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company had accrued Mr. Heaton’s 2022 first quarter compensation of $37,500 and during the second quarter of 2022, the Company issued 125,000 shares of common stock to Mr. Heaton for the accrued compensation. The common stock had a fair value of $60,000 and the Company recorded $22,500 as a loss on settlement of debt (see Note 6).

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Board of Directors approved an amendment to Mr. Thom’s RSU Agreement dated November 24, 2020. The amendment increased the number of RSU’s granted from 11,500,000 to 13,225,000. The RSU’s are subject to certain conditions and shall vest upon the achievement of certain Company objectives and milestones.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Board of Directors approved an RSU Agreement with Robert Denser, Director of the Board. The agreement grants Mr. Denser 1,000,000 RSU’s which are subject to certain conditions and shall vest upon the achievement of certain Company objectives and milestones.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company acquired 2,228,115 shares of common stock from its former Chief Executive Officer as described in Note 6.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company issued 1,204,688 shares of common stock with a fair value of $271,031 to its officers and management for $218,250 of accrued compensation (see Note 6) which resulted in $52,781 being recorded as a loss on settlement of debt.

 

 
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Note 4. Promissory Note Payable

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company entered into a $100,000 promissory note with its legal counsel which accrued interest at 1%, required monthly payments of $9,136 until the balance was paid in full and was secured by 200,000 shares of restricted common stock which would have demand registration rights and the Company would file a registration statement within 45 days of the request.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company paid $90,864 of principal and $500 in interest expense leaving a principal balance of $9,136 and accrued interest of $0 as of December 31, 2022.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company paid the remaining principal balance of $9,136.  As of December 31, 2023, the principal balance and accrued interest was $0.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2023, $10,000 of accounts payable and accrued liabilities were paid on behalf of the Company.   The Company entered into a note payable for the $10,000 payment.  The note payable had an interest rate of 5% and a maturity date of December 31, 2023.  During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company repaid $10,000 of principal and $256 of accrued interest leaving a balance of $0 as of December 31, 2023.

 

Interest expense on the above loans was $256 and $500 during the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively. Accrued interest as of December 31, 2023 and 2022 was $0.

 

Note 5. Convertible Notes

 

 During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company issued a $200,000 convertible promissory note.  The note had an interest rate of 10% and a maturity date of November 30, 2022. The note was convertible into common stock of the Company at $0.40 per share.

 

In November 2022, the Company amended the conversion terms of the convertible promissory note from a conversion price of $0.40 per share to $0.25 per share.   The $200,000 principal balance and $6,849 of accrued interest were converted into 827,397 shares of common stock leaving a balance owed of $0 on the convertible note.   The reduction in the conversion price was considered an inducement for conversion and the Company recorded $82,223 as loss on settlement of debt.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company issued a $100,000 convertible note and a $107,500 convertible note and received total proceeds of $192,975.  The notes had an interest rate of 10%, an OID of 7% and had a maturity date of December 31, 2023. The notes are convertible into common stock of the Company at $0.35 per share.  In the event the Company issues any shares of common stock before the maturity date at a price that is lower than $0.35 per share, the conversion price shall be reduced to equal such lower issue price per share. The Company recorded $14,525 of a debt discount related to the OID. As of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the remaining unamortized debt discount was $0 and $11,323, respectively.

 

On December 15, 2023, the Company entered into amendments on the above convertible notes, which extended the maturity date to December 31, 2024 and increased the interest rate from 10% to 13%, effective January 1, 2024.

 

Interest expense on the above convertible notes payable was $32,875 (including $11,323 of debt discount amortization related to the OID) and $15,505 (including $3,202 of debt discount amortization related to the OID) during the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively. Accrued interest as of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022 was $26,749 and $5,454, respectively, and has been recorded in accrued liabilities on the balance sheet.

 

 
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Note 6. Issuances of Securities

 

Share Issuances (2022)

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company had the following common stock transactions:

 

 

·

579,028 shares of common stock were sold to non-affiliated investors in a private placement for total cash proceeds of $149,687.

 

·

672,919 shares of common stock were issued to various consultants to settle $203,126 of accrued liabilities resulting in a loss on settlement of debt of $50,875.

 

·

300,000 shares of common stock with a fair value of $129,000 were issued to consultants for services.

 

·

425,000 shares of common stock were issued to settle $127,500 of accrued liabilities – related party (see Note 3) resulting in a loss of settlement of debt of $76,500.

 

·

850,000 shares of common stock with a fair value of $344,250 were issued to officers and a former officer of the Company for services.

 

·

20,000 shares of common stock with a fair value of $10,200 were issued for legal services.

 

·

757,756 shares of common stock with a fair value of $250,000 were issued as commitment shares.

 

·

827,297 shares of common stock were issued due to conversion of a convertible note payable of $200,000 and accrued interest of $6,849.

 

·

250,000 shares of common stock were sold to White Lion for $50,550 after legal and administrative fees of $600 were deducted. The $50,550 was received in January 2023 and is shown as a subscription receivable in the balance sheet.

 

Triton Purchase Agreement

 

On June 25, 2021, the Company entered into a common stock purchase agreement (the “Triton Purchase Agreement”) with Triton Funds LP (“Triton”) to sell Triton up to $6,000,000 of common stock. The Triton Purchase Agreement expired on June 30, 2022.

 

White Lion Common Stock Purchase Agreement

 

On September 1, 2022, the Company entered into a common stock purchase agreement (the “CSPA”) with White Lion Capital, LLC (“White Lion”). Pursuant to the CSPA, the Company has the right, but not the obligation, to require White Lion to purchase up to $10,000,000 of the Company’s common stock, subject to certain limitations and conditions set forth in the CSPA. The Company is required to register the resale of the shares issuable to White Lion under the CSPA with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, as a condition to requesting White Lion purchase shares. On September 7, 2022, the Company filed a registration statement on Form S-3 to register for resale up to 15,000,000 common shares. The Company’s S-3 registration statement was declared effective by the SEC on September 19, 2022.

 

The Company’s right to sell shares to White Lion commenced on the effective date of the resale registration statement and extends for a period of three years. During this term, the Company may exercise its right to sell shares to White Lion, subject to limitations on the amount of shares that are permitted to be sold with each exercise. The purchase price to be paid by White Lion for such shares will equal 93% the lower of: (i) the volume-weighted average price of the Company’s common stock during a period of five consecutive trading days following the Company’s exercise of its right to sell shares, or (ii) the closing price of the common stock on the day the Company exercises its right to sell shares, subject to a minimum price of $0.25 per share.

 

In consideration for White Lion’s commitment to purchase shares under the CSPA when requested, the Company issued 757,576 shares to White Lion with a fair value of $250,000, as disclosed above.

 

 
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The Company has the right to terminate the CSPA at any time, at no cost or penalty, upon ten trading days prior written notice. Additionally, White Lion will have the right to terminate the CSPA in accordance with its terms for certain breaches of the CSPA by the Company, a Company bankruptcy filing, or the Company’s CEO, Principal Financial Officer or Director of Operations terminating their respective employment with the Company.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company sold 395,000 shares of common stock to White Lion and received net proceeds of $72,395 after legal and administrative fees of $26,200 related to the CSPA were deducted, which were included in the total shares issued for cash to non-affiliated investors disclosed above.

 

Share Repurchases (2022)

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company paid $50,000 to repurchase 142,857 shares of common stock and received 2,085,258 shares of common stock from its former Chief Executive Officer in connection with his remaining $808,781 disgorgement settlement obligation with the SEC (Note 10). The aggregate amount of 2,228,115 shares of common stock were cancelled.

 

Share Cancellations (2022)

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, 250,000 shares of common stock were returned to the Company for no consideration, therefore the Company cancelled the shares, reducing common stock by $250 and increasing additional paid-in capital by the same.

 

Share Issuances (2023)

 

During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company had the following common stock transactions:

 

 

·

1,204,688 shares of common stock with a fair value of $271,031 were issued to officers and management of the Company to settle $218,250 of accrued liabilities (see Note 3) resulting in a loss on settlement of debt of $52,781.

 

·

712,500 shares of common stock with a fair value of $153,751 were issued to consultants to settle $126,000 of accrued liabilities resulting in a loss on debt settlement of $27,751.

 

·

10,145,000 shares of common stock were sold for $2,308,674 net of legal and administrative fees of $17,400 and which included a payment of $50,550 for a subscription receivable, under the Company’s common stock purchase agreement with White Lion.

 

·

1,850,000 shares of common stock with a fair value of $462,500 were issued to settle litigation (see Note 8).

 

Restricted Stock Units

 

As described above in Note 3, during the year ended December 31, 2022, the Board of Directors approved an RSU Agreement in which Robert Denser, Director was granted 1,000,000 RSU’s which are subject to certain conditions and shall vest upon the achievement of certain Company objectives and milestones. In addition, an RSU Agreement with Brian Thom, originally entered into on November 24, 2020, was amended. The amendment increased the amount of RSU’s granted from 11,500,000 to 13,225,000. The RSU’s are subject to certain conditions and shall vest upon the achievement of certain Company objectives and milestones. 

 

 
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During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Board of Directors approved RSU Agreements with four physicians as consideration to acquire their rights to the patent application and related intellectual property rights in the “Method of Forming and Using a Hemostatic Hydrocolloid”, U.S. Patent Office Serial No. 62/875,798, filed July 18, 2019, in which a total of 16,000,000 RSU’s were granted. The RSU’s are subject to certain conditions and shall vest upon the achievement of certain Company objectives and milestones.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Board of Directors approved an amendment to the original terms of an RSU Agreement with a consultant. The amendment increased the amount of RSU’s granted from 750,000 to 3,000,000. The RSU’s are subject to certain conditions and shall vest upon the achievement of certain Company objectives and milestones.

 

Management is unable to determine if and when FDA approval of a PMA Class III will be awarded to the Company or when a change of control will occur, if at all, and as of December 31, 2023, there was a total of $25,313,630 unrecognized compensation cost related to the restricted stock unit awards.

 

Activity related to our restricted stock units during the year ended December 31, 2022 was as follows:

 

 

 

Number of

Units

 

 

Weighted

Average

Grant

Date Fair

Value

 

Total awards outstanding at December 31, 2021

 

 

28,190,000

 

 

$0.96

 

Units granted

 

 

31,725,000

 

 

$0.42

 

Units Exercised/Released

 

 

-

 

 

$-

 

Units Cancelled/Forfeited

 

 

(12,250,000 )

 

$1.16

 

Total awards outstanding at December 31, 2022

 

 

47,665,000

 

 

$0.54

 

 

Activity related to our restricted stock units during the year ended December 31, 2023 was as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grant

 

 

 

Number of

 

 

Date Fair

 

 

 

Units

 

 

Value

 

Total awards outstanding at December 31, 2022

 

 

47,665,000

 

 

$0.54

 

Units granted

 

 

-

 

 

$-

 

Units Exercised/Released

 

 

-

 

 

$-

 

Units Cancelled/Forfeited

 

 

-

 

 

$-

 

Total awards outstanding at December 31, 2023

 

 

47,665,000

 

 

$0.54

 

 

 
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Table of Contents

 

 Note 7. Accrued Litigation Settlement

 

On June 15, 2022, the Security and Exchange Commission’s (SEC) investigation of the Company, initially reported in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, was settled through the filing of a consent judgment without the Company admitting or denying the SEC’s allegations. As part of the settlement, the Company was required to pay a civil penalty of $450,000, payable in four installments as follows:

 

 

·

$50,000 upon the entry of the judgment;

 

·

$100,000 within 90 days of the entry of the judgment;

 

·

$150,000 within 180 days of the entry of the judgment; and

 

·

$150,000 within 270 days of the entry of the judgment, plus statutory interest on payments made after 30 days of the entry of the judgment pursuant to U.S.C. Section 1961

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022 the Company made the initial scheduled payment of $50,000 and the second scheduled payment of $100,000 towards the civil penalty and as of December 31, 2022, the accrued litigation balance was $300,000.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company amended its installment payment plan to the SEC related to its civil penalty.  The amended payment plan called for the Company to make three $50,000 payments with payments due on August 1, 2023, September 1, 2023 and October 1, 2023 with any remaining principal plus outstanding post-judgement interest to be paid on November 1, 2023

 

During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company made the remaining payments owed on the civil penalty and paid $7,638 of post-judgement interest.  As of December 31, 2023 the accrued litigation settlement balance was $0.

 

Note 8. Litigation

 

In 2018, an action was commenced in the United States District Court Southern District of New York entitled JEC Consulting Associates, LLC. Liquidator of Lead Dog Capital LP against United Health Products t/k/a United EcoEnergy Corp and Douglas K. Beplate under Docket Number 18-cv-1139 (ER). The third-party action sought to remove a restrictive legend from a particular stock certificate for Three Million Fifty Thousand (3,050,000) shares and declare the shares to be free trading. The third-party plaintiff alleges that the Company and Mr. Beplate refused to have the restrictive legend on the stock certificate removed under Rule 144 and sought compensatory and punitive damages. The Federal court issued an order that the Securities Exchange Commission should review the claim before the District Court renders a final ruling. On April 22, 2022 the parties entered in a Settlement Agreement wherein the Company would agree to allow the removal of the restrictive legend as permitted under applicable securities laws and distribution of the shares to affiliates of the plaintiffs. Under the Settlement Agreement the Company will make no payments other than to pay expenses related to its own legal counsel.

 

Effective as of March 31, 2023, a 2018 lawsuit filed by Philip Forman, against the Company and its former CEO relating to the validity of a June 25, 2015 Amendment to his November 10, 2014 Employment Agreement with the Company and claims for compensation on termination of his employment was settled. In the settlement, as full and complete consideration, the Company issued to Mr. Forman 1,850,000 shares of common stock of the Company with a fair value of $462,500.  

 

 
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As mentioned in Note 7 above, the Company settled the SEC’s investigation through the filing of a consent judgment on the terms described in the Company’s Form 8-K filed on April 29, 2022, without the Company admitting or denying the SEC’s allegations.

 

The Company was also a party to the following legal proceedings:

 

On February 7, 2020, the Company filed the Original Petition for Fraud and Breach of Contract in the Texas District Court for the 215th Judicial District of Harris County against defendants Patterson Companies Inc., Patterson Management, L.P., Patterson Veterinary, Inc. and Patterson Logistics Services, Inc., and Animal Health International, Inc. On March 5, 2020, the defendants removed the case to U.S. District Court for Southern District of Texas. The defendants filed their answer in federal court on March 12, 2020. The original August 25, 2020 pretrial deadlines were extended. On January 18, 2022, the Company’s claims were dismissed, with prejudice, by the court. On February 9, 2022, the Company and Patterson reached an agreement on settlement of Patterson’s counterclaim. The Company agreed to pay $120,000 which was accrued as of December 31, 2021. The $120,000 settlement payment was paid in full in February 2022.

 

In August 2020, United Health Products filed suit against its former auditors, in Utah State Court, asserting claims related to professional negligence and breach of fiduciary duty. The Company and the defendant, through mediation reached an agreement on settlement in which the defendant agreed to pay $392,000 and the entire amount was paid in September 2022 and recorded as other income in the statement of operations (Note 10).

 

Note 9. Income Tax

 

The Company accounts for income taxes under the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) No. 740, Income Taxes (“ASC 740”). Under ASC 740, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. Under ASC 740, the effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.

 

The Company did not take any uncertain tax positions and had no adjustments to its income tax liabilities or benefits pursuant to the provisions of Section 740-10-25 for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022. The Company recognizes interest accrued related to unrecognized tax benefits in interest expense and penalties in operating expenses. No such interest or penalties were recognized during the period presented. The Company had no accruals for interest and penalties at December 31, 2023 or 2022.

 

The Company’s federal income tax returns for the years ended December 31, 2020 through December 31, 2023 remain subject to examination by the Internal Revenue Service as of December 31, 2023.

 

During 2023 and 2022, the Company incurred net losses and, therefore, has no tax liability. The net deferred tax asset generated by the loss carry-forward has been fully reserved.

 

 
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Net deferred tax assets consist of the following components as of December 31, 2023 and 2022

 

 

 

2023

 

 

2022

 

Deferred tax assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net operating loss carryover

 

$4,989,300

 

 

$4,570,400

 

Accrued related party payroll

 

 

11,000

 

 

 

17,300

 

Valuation allowance

 

 

(5,000,300 )

 

 

(4,587,700 )

Net deferred tax asset

 

$-

 

 

$-

 

 

The income tax provision differs from the amount of income tax determined by applying the U.S federal income tax rate (21%) for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 due to the following:

 

 

 

2023

 

 

2022

 

Book income

 

$(550,900 )

 

$(354,400 )

Related party accrued payroll

 

 

11,000

 

 

 

17,300

 

(Gain) Loss on debt settlement

 

 

16,900

 

 

 

44,000

 

Stock for services and compensation

 

 

97,100

 

 

 

101,500

 

Interest amortization

 

 

6,900

 

 

 

3,500

 

Inventory write-off

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Property and equipment write-off

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Other non-deductible

 

 

-

 

 

 

(169,800 )

Valuation allowance

 

 

419,000

 

 

 

357,900

 

Income tax expense

 

$-

 

 

$-

 

 

As of December 31, 2023 and 2022, the Company has taxable net loss carryovers of approximately $23.8 and $21.8 million, respectively that may be offset against future taxable income.

 

Note 10. Other Income

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, as described in Note 8 above, the Company received $392,000 as a settlement payment from its former auditor. The Company also received $202,200 in cash and 2,085,258 shares of its common stock to satisfy its former Chief Executive Officer’s remaining $808,781 disgorgement obligation under a settlement with the SEC (Note 6). The total amount of $1,402,981 was recorded as other income in the Statement of Operations.

 

Note 11. Leases

 

On October 31, 2022, the Company signed a 120-day lease for 600 square feet of space in Hammonton, New Jersey to install and test its medical device equipment. The agreement required $2,500 upon signing the agreement and monthly payments of $2,500. As of December 31, 2022, the Company had not made any payments on the lease agreement and had accrued $7,500 related to the lease expense. The Company did not renew the lease agreement but used the facility on a month-to-month basis until a new location was found. During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company paid $10,000 in lease expense related to this lease.

 

In May 2023, the Company entered into 36-month operating lease, which provides for approximately 1,800 square feet of office space, that commenced on June 1, 2023 and ends on May 31, 2026. The lease required a $2,850 security deposit and monthly lease payments are $2,850 the first year of the lease, $2,964 the second year and $3,082 the third year. The Company or landlord may terminate the lease at the expiration date by giving to the other party written notice at least ninety (90) days prior to the expiration date. The lease may be renewed for a term of one (1) year.

 

 
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Operating lease right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. ROU assets represent our right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent our obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. On the commencement date of the lease, the Company recorded $92,425 related to the ROU asset and lease liability.

 

The components of lease expense and supplemental cash flow information related to the lease for the period are as follows:

 

 

 

Year Ended December

31, 2023

 

Lease Cost

 

 

 

Operating lease cost (included in general and administrative in the Company’s statement of operations)

 

$20,757

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Information

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities for the year ended December 31, 2023

 

$19,950

 

Weighted average remaining lease term – operating leases (in years)

 

2.42 years

 

Average discount rate – operating lease

 

 

10%

 

The supplemental balance sheet information related to leases for the period is as follows:

 

 

 

At December

31, 2023

 

 

At December

31, 2022

 

Operating leases

 

 

 

 

 

 

Remaining right-of-use assets

 

$76,520

 

 

$-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Short-term operating lease liabilities

 

$28,838

 

 

$-

 

Long-term operating lease liabilities

 

$48,489

 

 

$-

 

Total operating lease liabilities

 

$77,327

 

 

$-

 

 

Maturities of the Company’s undiscounted lease liabilities are as follows:

 

Year Ending

 

Operating

Leases

 

2024

 

$34,998

 

2025

 

 

36,394

 

2026

 

 

15,410

 

Total lease payments

 

 

86,802

 

Less: Imputed interest/present value discount

 

 

(9,475 )

Present value of lease liabilities

 

$77,327

 

 

Note 12. Subsequent Events

 

The Company has evaluated events from December 31, 2023, through the date whereupon the financial statements were issued and has determined that there are no material events that need to be disclosed, except as follows:

 

The Company issued shares of common stock for the following:

 

 

·

2,050,000 shares of common stock were sold to White Lion and received net proceeds of $391,225 after administrative fees related to the CSPA of $3,600 were deducted.

 

 
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ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

 

None

 

ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

The Company needs to implement disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the ‘‘Exchange Act’’), that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the Company’s Exchange Act reports are recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

As of December 31, 2023, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer carried out an assessment, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(b) and 15d-15(b). As of the date of this assessment, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of December 31, 2023.

 

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

Management of the Company is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act. The Company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external reporting purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the Company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the interim or annual financial statements.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

The Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer assessed the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2023. In performing its assessment of the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting, management applied the criteria described in the Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (‘‘COSO - 2013’’).

 

A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the Company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

 

 
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The material weaknesses identified during management’s assessment were the following:

 

 

Inadequate corporate governance

 

 

 

 

Inadequate internal control structure and control environment

 

 

 

 

Lack of information technology controls

 

 

 

 

Lack of segregation of duties

 

 

 

 

Limited accounting resources with SEC experience, US generally accepted accounting principles knowledge and tax accounting expertise

 

These material weaknesses could result in a material misstatement of significant accounts or disclosures that would result in a material misstatement to the Company’s interim or annual financial statements that would not be prevented or detected.

 

Because of the material weaknesses, management concluded that the Company did not maintain effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2023, based on the criteria in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by COSO -2013.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no reported changes in internal control over financial reporting for the year ended December 31, 2023.

 

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

 

None.

 

ITEM 9C. DISCLOSURE REGARDING FOREIGN JURISDICTIONS THAT PREVENT INSPECTIONS

 

None.

 

 
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PART III

 

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

 

Directors and Executive Officers

 

Our directors and executive officers as of the filing date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K are as follows:

 

Name

 

Age

 

Position with Company 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brian Thom

 

58

 

Chief Executive Officer, and Director

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kristofer Heaton

 

45

 

Vice President of Finance and Principal Financial Officer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Robert Denser

 

52

 

Director

 

 

Our directors hold office for one-year terms and until their successors have been elected and qualified. Our officers are appointed annually and serve at the discretion of the Board.

 

Directors and Executive Officers

 

Brian Thom was appointed as Chief Executive Officer effective December 1, 2020 and joined our Board as a Director on January 1, 2021. Mr. Thom has served as a consultant to the Company since April 2020 overseeing finance and business development activities and has served as external financial advisor to the Company since 2018. He brings over 20 years of corporate finance experience and a successful track record of helping fast growing companies across a broad range of industries to raise capital and create shareholder value. Over the course of his career he spent a decade with JPMorgan’s global Mergers and Acquisitions group and five years leading the Americas Corporate Finance group with Société Générale, a multi-national European investment bank, among other entrepreneurial pursuits.

 

 
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Kristofer Heaton was brought on as the Vice President of Finance and Principal Financial Officer in December 2020. Mr. Heaton is a CPA designation and began his career in commercial banking with a bank in Salt Lake City in 2004. In 2006, he moved to public accounting and gained experience in various industries while working for various firms. Mr. Heaton founded his own accounting firm in 2015 which specializes in audits of public companies and has provided non-audit accounting and administrative services to the Company since 2017.

 

Robert J. Denser has served as a Director of the Company since November 2014. Over the past 10 years his main focus has been to assist federal and state agencies, first responders, EMS agencies and hospitals with their planning and procurement of the necessary medical equipment needed to be adequately prepared for any type of natural or man-made disaster. This includes working with the Medical Directors and their teams from the State of California and Los Angeles County with the development and fulfillment of a $60 million project that will give hospitals the caches of medical equipment needed to properly respond to the surge of patients that will result from a disaster. For the past five years Mr. Denser has been a member of ETL Response, LLC and has been in the role of Director of Sales and Finance. In this role he coordinates all ETL projects as needed. ETL Response. Mr. Denser’s background experience also includes direct access to key decision makers within the VA hospital system, as well as federal and private disaster response agencies, like FEMA and the Red Cross, that are on the front lines of any disaster.

 

Directors’ and Officers’ Liability Insurance

 

We are currently seeking to obtain directors’ and officers’ liability insurance against any liability for acts or omissions in their capacities as directors or officers, subject to certain exclusions. Such insurance also would insure us against losses which we may incur in indemnifying our officers and directors. In addition, we may enter into indemnification agreements with key officers and directors and such persons shall also have indemnification rights under applicable laws, and our certificate of incorporation and bylaws.

 

Corporate Governance

 

Our business, property and affairs are managed by, or under the direction of, our Board, in accordance with the General Corporation Law of the State of Nevada and our By-Laws. Members of the Board are kept informed of our business through discussions with the Chief Executive Officer and other key members of management, by reviewing materials provided to them by management.

 

We continue to review our corporate governance policies and practices by comparing our policies and practices with those suggested by various groups or authorities active in evaluating or setting best practices for corporate governance of public companies. Based on this review, we have adopted, and will continue to adopt, changes that the Board believes are the appropriate corporate governance policies and practices for our Company. We have adopted changes and will continue to adopt changes, as appropriate, to comply with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and subsequent rule changes made by the SEC and any applicable securities exchange.

 

Director Qualifications and Diversity

 

The Board seeks independent directors who represent a diversity of backgrounds and experiences that will enhance the quality of the board’s deliberations and decisions. Candidates shall have substantial experience with one or more publicly traded companies or shall have achieved a high level of distinction in their chosen fields. The Board is particularly interested in maintaining a mix that includes individuals who are active or retired executive officers and senior executives, particularly those with experience in the medical device and health care industries.

 

In evaluating Director candidates, our Board also looks for certain personal attributes, such as integrity, ability and willingness to apply sound and independent business judgment, comprehensive understanding of a director’s role in corporate governance, availability for meetings and consultation on Company matters, and the willingness to assume and carry out fiduciary responsibilities. Qualified candidates for membership on the Board will be considered without regard to race, color, religion, sex, ancestry, national origin or disability.

 

 
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Risk Oversight

 

Enterprise risks are identified and prioritized by management and each prioritized risk is assigned to the full board for oversight. These risks include, without limitation, the following:

 

 

Risks and exposures associated with strategic, financial and execution risks and other current matters that may present material risk to our operations, plans, prospects or reputation.

 

 

 

 

Risks and exposures associated with financial matters, particularly financial reporting, tax, accounting, disclosure, internal control over financial reporting, financial policies, investment guidelines and credit and liquidity matters.

 

 

 

 

Risks and exposures relating to corporate governance; and management and director succession planning.

 

 

 

 

Risks and exposures associated with leadership assessment, and compensation programs and arrangements, including incentive plans.

 

Board Leadership Structure

 

In accordance with the Company’s By-Laws, the Chairman of the Board presides at all meetings of the Board. The position of Chairman of the Board of the Company was held by Douglas Beplate until his resignation as a director effective on February 28, 2022. Mr. Thom holds the position of Chief Executive Officer and currently is serving as Chairman [Pro Tem]. The Company has no fixed policy with respect to the separation of the offices of the Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer.

 

Code of Ethics

 

We have adopted a Code of Ethics within the meaning of Item 406(b) of Regulation S-K of the Exchange Act. This Code of Ethics applies to our directors and senior officers, such as the principal executive officer, principal financial officer and persons performing similar functions. Our Code of Ethics is available as Exhibit 14 to our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed April 16, 2010.

 

Committees

 

As of the filing date of this Form 10-K, the Board of Directors has no committees. Robert Denser may be deemed an independent director of the Company as that term is defined under Nasdaq Rule 5605(a)(2). Mr. Denser is not deemed to be a financial expert. The term “Financial Expert” is defined under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended, as a person who has the following attributes: an understanding of generally accepted accounting principles and financial statements; has the ability to assess the general application of such principles in connection with the accounting for estimates, accruals and reserves; experience preparing, auditing, analyzing or evaluating financial statements that present a breadth and level of complexity of accounting issues that are generally comparable to the breadth and complexity of issues that can reasonably be expected to be raised by the company’s financial statements, or experience actively supervising one or more persons engaged in such activities; an understanding of internal controls and procedures for financial reporting; and an understanding of audit committee functions.

 

 
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Delinquent Section 16(a) Reports

 

The rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission require us to disclose late filings of reports of stock ownership and changes in stock ownership by our directors, officers and ten percent shareholders. To our knowledge, based solely on our review of (a) the copies of such reports and amendments thereto furnished to us and (b) written representations that no other reports were required, during our fiscal year ended December 31, 2023, all of the filings for our officers, directors and ten percent shareholders were made on a timely basis.

 

Communications with the Board of Directors

 

Stockholders may communicate with the Board of Directors by sending a letter to United Health Products, Inc. Board of Directors, c/o our securities counsel, Ruskin Moscou Faltischek, PC, East Tower 15th Floor, 1425 RXR Plaza, Uniondale, New York 11556. Our securities counsel will receive the correspondence and forward it to the Chairman or to any individual director or directors to whom the communication is directed, unless the communication is unduly hostile, threatening or illegal, does not reasonably relate to the Company or its business, or is similarly inappropriate. The Chairman of the Board has the authority to discard or disregard any inappropriate communications or to take other appropriate actions with respect to any such inappropriate communications.

 

 
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ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

The following table sets forth the overall compensation earned over the fiscal years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 by (1) each person who served as the principal executive officer of the Company during fiscal year 2023; (2) our most highly compensated (up to a maximum of two) executive officers as of December 31, 2023 with compensation during fiscal year ended 2023 of $100,000 or more; and (3) those individuals, if any, who would have otherwise been included in section (2) above but for the fact that they were not serving as an executive as of December 31, 2023.

 

Name and Principal Position

 

Fiscal

Year

 

Salary

($)(5)

 

 

Bonus

($)

 

 

Stock Awards

($)(1)

 

 

Options Awards

($)(1)

 

 

Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation ($)

 

 

All Other Compensation

($)(2)(3)

 

 

Total ($)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brian Thom 

 

2023

 

$253,688

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$253,688

 

Chief Executive Officer

 

2022

 

$238,500

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$238,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kristofer Heaton  

 

2023

 

$211,406

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$211,406

 

Principal Financial Officer 

 

2022

 

$198,750

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$198,750

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Louis Schiliro

 

2023

 

$198,000

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$198,000

 

Former Chief Operating Officer (4)

 

2022

 

$238,500

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$-0-

 

 

$238,500

 

 _____________

(1)

FASB ASC Topic 718 requires the company to determine the overall full grant date fair value of the restricted stock awards and options as of the date of grant based upon the Black-Scholes method of valuation which total amounts are set forth in the table above under the year of grant, and to then expense that value over the service period over which the restricted stock awards and options become vested. As a general rule, for time-in-service-based restricted stock awards and options, the company will immediately expense any restricted stock awards and option or portion thereof which is vested upon grant, while expensing the balance on a pro rata basis over the remaining vesting term of the restricted stock awards and options. For a description FASB ASC Topic 718 and the assumptions used in determining the value of the restricted stock awards and options under the Black-Scholes model of valuation, see the notes to the financial statements included with this Form 10-K.

 

(2)

Includes all other compensation not reported in the preceding columns, including (i) perquisites and other personal benefits, or property, unless the aggregate amount of such compensation is less than $10,000; (ii) any “gross-ups” or other amounts reimbursed during the fiscal year for the payment of taxes; (iii) discounts from market price with respect to securities purchased from the company except to the extent available generally to all security holders or to all salaried employees; (iv) any amounts paid or accrued in connection with any termination (including without limitation through retirement, resignation, severance or constructive termination, including change of responsibilities) or change in control; (v) contributions to vested and unvested defined contribution plans; (vi) any insurance premiums paid by, or on behalf of, the company relating to life insurance for the benefit of the named executive officer; and (vii) any dividends or other earnings paid on stock or option awards that are not factored into the grant date fair value required to be reported in a preceding column.

 

 

(3)

Includes compensation for service as a director described under Director Compensation, below.

 

 

(4)

Resigned as Chief Operating Officer and a director effective on February 28, 2022. Mr. Schiliro continues in a non-officer position with the Company with a focus on the Company’s FDA PMA application, new product and format development, R&D and manufacturing.

 

 

(5)

For the year ended December 31, 2023, the amounts include the grant date fair value of $55,688 of stock compensation received in lieu of cash and $66,000 of accrued compensation to Mr. Thom and the grant date fair value of $46,406 of stock compensation received in lieu of cash and $68,750 of accrued compensation for Mr. Heaton. For the year ended December 31, 2022, the amounts include the grant date fair value of $193,500 of stock compensation received in lieu of cash and $45,000 of accrued compensation to Mr. Thom and Mr. Schiliro and the grant date fair value of $161,250 of stock compensation received in lieu of cash and $37,500 of accrued compensation for Mr. Heaton.

 

 
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For a description of the material terms of each named executive officers’ compensation arrangements, including the terms of any contract, agreement, plan or other arrangement that provides for any payment to a named executive officer in connection with his or her resignation, retirement or other termination, or a change in control of the company see section below entitled “Compensation Arrangements.”

 

No outstanding common share purchase option or other equity-based award granted to or held by any named executive officer were repriced or otherwise materially modified, including extension of exercise periods, the change of vesting or forfeiture conditions, the change or elimination of applicable performance criteria, or the change of the bases upon which returns are determined, nor was there any waiver or modification of any specified performance target, goal or condition to payout, other than as described below.

 

Stock Awards – Restricted Stock Units

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, Mr. Thom’s original RSU Agreement was amended. The amendment increased the amount of RSU’s granted from 11,500,000 to 13,225,000. The RSU’s are subject to certain conditions and shall vest upon the achievement of certain Company objectives and milestones.

 

Compensation Agreements

 

Messrs. Thom and Heaton are being compensated at the monthly rate of $16,500 and $13,750 respectively, pursuant to services agreements entered with each of them. Mr. Schiliro was being compensated at the monthly rate of $15,000 pursuant to services agreement in his capacity as Chief Operating Officer until his resignation from that position effective on February 28, 2022. Mr. Schiliro remains in a non-officer position with the Company with compensation at the rate of $16,500 per month.

 

 
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Table of Contents

 

OUTSTANDING EQUITY AWARDS AT FISCAL YEAR END

 

The following table sets forth all outstanding equity awards held by our named executive officers as of December 31, 2023.

 

 

 

Option Awards

 

 

Stock Awards

 

Name

 

Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised

Options (#)

Exercisable

 

 

Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised

Options (#)

Unexercisable

 

 

Option Exercise Price

($)

 

 

Option

Expiration

Date

 

 

Number of Shares or Units That Have Not Vested

(#)

 

 

Market Value of Shares or Units of Stock That Have Not Vested

($) (1)

 

Brian Thom,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

13,225,000

 

 

$0.43

 

CEO

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kristofer Heaton,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Principal Financial Officer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

325,000

 

 

$0.71

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

400,000

 

 

$1.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

400,000

 

 

$1.20

 

_____________

(1)

Market value is based on the stock price on the day the Restricted Stock Unit agreement or amendment was entered into.

 

DIRECTOR COMPENSATION

 

The following table sets forth certain information concerning the compensation paid to our directors not named as an executive officer in this Item 11 above for services rendered to us during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023.

 

Name

 

Fees Earned or Paid in Cash ($)

 

 

Stock

Awards (1) (2)

 

 

Option

Awards

 

 

Total

 

Robert Denser

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

(1)

FASB ASC Topic 718 requires the company to determine the overall full grant date fair value of the restricted stock awards and options as of the date of grant based upon the Black-Scholes method of valuation which total amounts are set forth in the table above under the year of grant, and to then expense that value over the service period over which the restricted stock awards and options become vested. As a general rule, for time-in-service-based restricted stock awards and options, the company will immediately expense any restricted stock awards and option or portion thereof which is vested upon grant, while expensing the balance on a pro rata basis over the remaining vesting term of the restricted stock awards and options. For a description FASB ASC Topic 718 and the assumptions used in determining the value of the restricted stock awards and options under the Black-Scholes model of valuation, see the notes to the financial statements included with this Form 10-K.

 

 

(2)

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Board of Directors approved an RSU Agreement to grant 1,000,000 RSU’s to Mr. Denser which vest according to certain performance conditions as discussed in the financial statements. The grant date fair value of the RSU’s granted assuming all performance conditions are met would be $430,000.

 

Cash Fees and Options

 

Currently the Company has no audit, compensation, corporate governance, nominating or other committee of the Board of Directors. No cash fees have been paid to board members for serving on the board.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Board of Directors approved an RSU Agreement in which Robert Denser, Director was granted 1,000,000 RSU’s which are subject to certain conditions and shall vest upon the achievement of certain Company objectives and milestones.

 

 
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Travel Expenses

 

All directors are entitled to be reimbursed for their reasonable out-of-pocket expenses associated with attending director and shareholder meetings in person.

 

Review of Risks Arising from Compensation Policies and Practices

 

We have reviewed our compensation policies and practices for all employees and concluded that any risks arising from our policies and practices are not reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on the Company.

 

ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS.

 

As of April 1, 2024, the Company had 246,833,222 shares of Common Stock outstanding. The only persons of record who presently hold or are known to own (or believed by the Company to own) beneficially more than 5% of the outstanding shares of such class of stock are listed below. The following table also sets forth certain information as to holdings of the Company’s Common Stock of all officers and directors individually, and all officers and directors as a group.

 

Name and Address of Beneficial Owner (1)

 

Number of

Common

Shares

 

 

Percentage

 

Officers and Directors

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brian Thom

 

 

1,054,671

 

 

*

 

Robert Denser

 

 

1,550,000

 

 

*

 

Kristofer Heaton

 

 

1,813,729

 

 

*

 

All directors and officers as a group (three persons)

 

 

4,418,400

 

 

 

1.8%

Stockholders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wendy Beplate TTEE (Trust) (2)

 

 

18,000,000

 

 

 

7.3%

___________

*

Represents less than 1%

(1)

 

 

Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with Rule 13d-3 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and is generally determined by voting powers and/or investment powers with respect to securities. Unless otherwise noted, all of such shares of common stock listed above are owned of record by each individual named as beneficial owner and such individual has sole voting and dispositive power with respect to the shares of common stock owned by each of them. Such person or entity’s percentage of ownership is determined by assuming that any options or convertible securities held by such person or entity, which are exercisable within sixty (60) days from the date hereof, have been exercised or converted as the case may be, but not for the purposes of determining the number of outstanding shares held by any other named beneficial owner. All addresses for officers and directors are c/o United Health Products, Inc., 526 Commerce Circle, Suite 120, Mesquite, NV 89027.

(2)

Wendy Beplate and Douglas Beplate are beneficiaries of the Wendy Beplate TTEE (Trust) (the “Beplate Trust”). Pursuant to the terms of the Beplate Trust, an independent trustee exercises the sole voting and dipositive control over the holdings therein. The address of the Beplate Trust is 12481 Persons Road, Bow, Washington 98232.

 

Stock Bonuses

 

The Company paid no stock bonuses during the fiscal years ending December 31, 2023 and 2022.

 

 
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Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

 

The following table shows information, as of December 31, 2023, regarding shares of the Company’s common stock authorized for issuance under its equity compensation plan.

 

 

 

Number of Securities to be Issued

Upon Exercise of Outstanding

Options, Warrants and Rights (a)

 

 

Weighted-Average Exercise Price of

Outstanding Options, Warrants and

Rights(1)($)(b)

 

 

Number of Securities Remaining

Available for Future Issuance Under

Equity Compensation Plans

(Excluding Securities Reflected in

Column (a)(c)

 

Equity compensation plans not approved by shareholders

 

 

47,665,000(2)

 

 

-

 

 

 

475,000(3)

Equity compensation plans approved by shareholders

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

(1)

The weighted-average exercise price is calculated based solely on the exercise prices of the outstanding options and do not reflect the shares that will be issued upon the vesting of outstanding RSU awards, which have no exercise price.

 

 

(2)

This number includes the following: 47,665,000 shares subject to outstanding awards granted under individual Restricted Stock Unit Agreements, of which no shares were subject to outstanding options and 47,665,000 shares were subject to outstanding RSU awards.

 

 

(3)

This number includes 475,000 shares available for issuance under the 2019 Plan,

 

On August 8, 2013, the Board of Directors approved the 2013 Employee Benefit and Consulting Services Compensation Plan (the “2013 Plan”) which had 15,000,000 shares that may be issued under said Plan. The 2013 Plan provides for the direct issuance of shares of common stock and the granting of non-statutory stock options on terms established by the Board of Directors or committee thereof. While the Plan provides for incentive stock options, no incentive stock options may be granted under the Plan since no stockholder approval was obtained on or before August 8, 2014. In September 2013, the Company issued 6,000,000 shares of stock under the 2013 Plan to the Company’s former CEO Douglas Beplate pursuant to his consulting agreement then in effect. No other shares or options have been granted under the 2013 Plan. The 2013 Plan terminated on August 7, 2023.

 

On October 30, 2019, the Board of Directors approved the 2019 Employee Benefit and Consulting Services Compensation Plan (the “2019 Plan”) which has 2,000,000 shares that may be issued under said Plan. The 2019 Plan provides for the direct issuance of shares of common stock and the granting of non-statutory stock options or incentive stock options on terms established by the Board of Directors or committee thereof. The Plan has not been approved by the Company’s stockholders. The Company approved the issuance of 1,525,000 shares in November 2019 to certain persons who were then consultants, officers and directors. The Company has not issued any options under this 2019 Plan. There are currently 475,000 shares available for issuance under this 2019 Plan.

 

Separate from the 2013 Plan and 2019 Plan, the Board of Directors has approved individual Restricted Stock Unit Agreements with certain consultants, officers and directors (including now former officers and directors) which represent an unvested aggregate amount of 47,665,000 as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively, which upon vesting will result in the issuance of common shares. These include RSUs issued to officers and directors (including now former officers and directors) as described in Item 13 under the section “Equity Transactions” below.

 

 
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ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

 

Convertible Notes Payable

 

As of December 31, 2023 and 2022, convertible notes payable – related parties (net of debt discount) totaled $500,000 and $478,331 respectively.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, Brian Thom, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, converted $372,000 of a loan payable balance to a convertible note payable. The unpaid accrued interest on the loan payable was transferred to the convertible note payable. The note had an interest rate of 10%, an original issue discount (“OID”) of 7% and had a maturity date of December 31, 2023. The note is convertible into common stock of the Company at $0.35 per share. In the event the Company issues any shares of common stock before the maturity date at a price that is lower than $0.35 per share, the conversion price shall be reduced to equal such lower issue price per share. The Company recorded $28,000 of a debt discount related to the OID. As of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the remaining unamortized debt discount was $0 and $16,998, respectively. Accrued interest associated with the note was $77,287 and $33,897 as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, Robert Denser, a Director of the Company, loaned the Company $93,000 through a convertible note. The note had an interest rate of 10%, an OID of 7% and had a maturity date of December 31, 2023. The note is convertible into common stock of the Company at $0.35 per share. In the event the Company issues any shares of common stock before the maturity date at a price that is lower than $0.35 per share, the conversion price shall be reduced to equal such lower issue price per share. The Company recorded $7,000 of a debt discount related to the OID. As of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the remaining unamortized debt discount was $0 and $4,671, respectively. Accrued interest associated with the note was $14,438 and $4,034 as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively.

 

On December 15, 2023, the Company entered into amendments on the above convertible notes, which extended the maturity date to December 31, 2024 and increased the interest rate from 10% to 13%, effective January 1, 2024.

 

Interest expense – related party on the above convertible notes payable was $75,684 (including $21,669 of debt discount amortization related to the OID) and $36,531 (including $13,331 of debt discount amortization) during the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively. Accrued interest – related party due to these convertible notes was $91,725 and $37,931, as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively.

 

Loans Payable/Advances

 

As of December 31, 2023 and 2022, loans payable – related parties totaled $0 and $4,000, respectively.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, Mr. Thom loaned the Company $315,000 to pay for operating expenses. The loans had an interest rate of 10% and was due on demand. The Company repaid $118,000 in principal and $6,569 of accrued interest and $372,000 of principal was converted to a convertible note payable and any unpaid accrued interest was transferred to the convertible note payable as mentioned above. The outstanding principal balance and accrued interest owed to Mr. Thom on the loan payable was $0 as of December 31, 2022.

 

 
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During the year ended December 31, 2022, Mr. Schiliro, loaned the Company $64,275 to pay for operating expenses. The loan had an interest rate of 10% and was due on demand. The Company repaid $108,275 in principal ($44,000 of principal was owed as of December 31, 2021) and $5,802 of accrued interest leaving a balance of $0 on the loan payable and accrued interest owed to Mr. Schiliro as of December 31, 2022.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, Kristofer Heaton, the Principal Financial Officer, loaned the Company $4,000 to pay for operating expenses. The loan had an interest rate of 10% and was due on demand. During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company repaid $4,000 of principal and $446 of accrued interest leaving a balance of $0 as of December 31, 2023.

 

Interest expense – related party on the above loans was $222 and $25,292 during the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively. Accrued interest – related party as of December 31, 2023 and 2022 was $0 and $224, respectively.

 

Accrued Liabilities

 

As of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, $134,750 and $127,500 of accrued compensation was due to the Company’s officers and management, respectively.

 

As of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, $0 and $6,923 was owed to the Company’s officers and management for reimbursable expenses.

 

Equity Transactions

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company issued 300,000 shares of common stock each to Mr. Thom and Mr. Schiliro and 250,000 shares of common stock to Mr. Heaton for compensation in lieu of cash. The common stock had a total fair value of $344,250.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company had accrued Mr. Thom’s 2022 first quarter compensation of $45,000 and during the second quarter of 2022, the Company issued 150,000 shares of common stock to Mr. Thom to settle the accrued compensation. The common stock had a fair value of $72,000 and the Company recorded $27,000 as a loss on settlement of debt.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company had accrued Mr. Schiliro’s 2022 first quarter compensation of $45,000 and during the second quarter of 2022, the Company issued 150,000 shares of common stock to Mr. Schiliro for the accrued compensation. The common stock had a fair value of $72,000 and the Company recorded $27,000 as a loss on settlement of debt.

 

 
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During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company had accrued Mr. Heaton’s 2022 first quarter compensation of $37,500 and during the second quarter of 2022, the Company issued 125,000 shares of common stock to Mr. Heaton for the accrued compensation. The common stock had a fair value of $60,000 and the Company recorded $22,500 as a loss on settlement of debt.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Board of Directors approved an amendment to Mr. Thom’s RSU Agreement dated November 24, 2020. The amendment increased the number of RSU’s granted from 11,500,000 to 13,225,000. The RSU’s are subject to certain conditions and shall vest upon the achievement of certain Company objectives and milestones.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Board of Directors approved an RSU Agreement with Robert Denser, Director of the Board. The agreement grants Mr. Denser 1,000,000 RSU’s which are subject to certain conditions and shall vest upon the achievement of certain Company objectives and milestones.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company acquired 2,228,115 shares of common stock from its former Chief Executive Officer.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company issued 1,204,688 shares of common stock with a fair value of $271,031 to its officers and management for $218,250 of accrued compensation which resulted in $52,781 being recorded as a loss on settlement of debt.

 

Director Independence

 

Robert Denser is deemed by management to be an independent director of the Company as that term is defined under Nasdaq Rule 5605(a)(2).

 

 
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ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

 

The following table sets forth the aggregate fees for professional audit services rendered by MAC Accounting Group, LLP (“MAC”) for the audit of the Company’s annual financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, and fees billed for other services provided by MAC in the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022.

 

 

 

2023

 

 

2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Audit fees

 

$49,500

 

 

$50,000

 

Audit-related fees

 

$-

 

 

$-

 

Tax fees

 

$-

 

 

$-

 

All other fees

 

$2,500

 

 

$7,500

 

_________

 

Audit Fees consist of the aggregate fees billed for professional services rendered for the audit of our annual financial statements and the reviews of the financial statements included in our Forms 10-Q and for any other services that were normally provided in connection with our statutory and regulatory filings or engagements.

 

Audit Related Fees consist of the aggregate fees billed for professional services rendered for assurance and related services that were reasonably related to the performance of the audit or review of our financial statements and were not otherwise included in Audit Fees.

 

Tax Fees consist of the aggregate fees billed for professional services rendered for tax compliance, tax advice and tax planning. Included in such Tax Fees are fees for preparation of our tax returns and consultancy and advice on other tax planning matters.

 

All Other Fees consist of the aggregate fees billed for products and services provided and not otherwise included in Audit Fees, Audit Related Fees or Tax Fees. Included in such Other Fees are fees for services rendered in connection with any private and public offerings or registration statements conducted during such periods.

 

Audit Committee Pre-Approval Policy

 

The Company does not have an audit committee. Audit committee functions are conducted by the Board of Directors. We understand the need for the accounting firm to maintain objectivity and independence in its audit of our financial statements. To minimize relationships that could appear to impair their objectivity, our Board has restricted the non-audit services that they may provide to us.

 

 
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ITEM 15. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

 

(1)

Financial Statements

 

 

 

The financial statements of United Health Products, Inc., supplemental information and report of independent registered public accounting firm are included in this Form 10-K.

 

(2)

Financial Statement Schedules

 

Schedules have been omitted because of the absence of conditions under which they are required or because the required information is included in the financial statements or notes thereto.

 

(3)

Exhibits

 

 

 

(a)

Exhibits

 

The following exhibits are filed with this report, or incorporated by reference as noted:

 

3.1

 

Articles of Incorporation of the Company dated February 28, 1997 (1)

 

 

 

3.2

 

Amendment to Articles of Incorporation (1)

 

 

 

3.3

 

By-laws of the Company (2)

 

 

 

3.4

 

August 2015 Amendment to Articles of Incorporation (3)

 

 

 

10.1

 

Services Agreement with Louis Schiliro (4)

 

 

 

10.2

 

Restricted Stock Unit Agreement – Louis Schiliro (5)

 

 

 

10.3

 

Services Agreement with Brian Thom (6)

 

 

 

10.4

 

Restricted Stock Unit Agreement - Brian Thom (6)

 

 

 

10.5

 

Services Agreement with Kristofer Heaton (7)

 

 

 

10.6

 

Restricted Stock Unit Agreement - Kristofer Heaton (7)

 

 

 

10.7

 

Amendment to Restricted Stock Unit Agreement – Brian Thom (8)

 

 

 

10.8

 

Restricted Stock Unit Agreement – Robert Denser (8)

 

 

 

10.9

 

Stock Purchase Agreement dated September 1, 2022 between the Company and White Lion Capital LLC (9)

 

 

 

10.10

 

Amendment to Stock Purchase Agreement dated January 25, 2023 (10)

 

 

 

21

 

Subsidiaries of the Registrant – none

 

 

 

31.1

 

Certification of Principal Executive Officer*

 

 

 

31.2

 

Certification of Principal Financial Officer*

 

 

 

32.1

 

Section 1350 Certificate by Principal Executive Officer*

 

 

 

32.2

 

Section 1350 Certificate by Principal Financial Officer*

 

 

 

99.1

 

2019 Employee Benefit and Consulting Services Compensation Plan (11)

 

 
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101.INS

 

Inline XBRL Instance Document (the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document).

 

 

 

101.SCH

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.

 

 

 

101.CAL

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.

 

 

 

101.DEF

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.

 

 

 

101.LAB

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels Linkbase Document.

 

 

 

101.PRE

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.

 

 

 

104

 

Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).

___________

Filed herewith. 

 

 

(1)

Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2014.

 

 

(2)

Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2022.

 

 

(3)

Incorporated by reference to Form 8-K dated August 7, 2015 – date of earliest event filed on August 10, 2015.

 

 

(4)

Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2018.

 

 

(5)

Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

 

(6)

Incorporated by reference to the Form 8-K dated December 2, 2020

 

 

(7)

Incorporated by reference to the Form 8-K dated January 11, 2021

 

 

(8)

Incorporated by reference to the Form 8-K dated June 23, 2022

 

 

(9)

Incorporated by reference to the Form 8-K dated September 1, 2022

 

 

(10)

Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022

 

 

(11)

Incorporated by reference to Form S-8 dated November 1, 2019

 

 
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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

UNITED HEALTH PRODUCTS, INC.