10-Q 1 vapo-20240331.htm 10-Q 10-Q
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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from _______ to _______

Commission File Number: 001-38740

Vapotherm, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

46-2259298

(State or other jurisdiction

of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

100 Domain Drive

 

Exeter, N.H.

(Address of principal executive offices)

03833

(Zip Code)

 

(603) 658-0011

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

N/A

N/A

N/A

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No

 

As of May 2, 2024, there were 6,215,192 outstanding shares of common stock of Vapotherm, Inc.

 

 


 

VAPOTHERM, INC.

FORM 10-Q

For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2024

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Page No.

Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

3

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1

Financial Statements (interim periods unaudited)

5

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets – March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023

5

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss – Three Months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023

6

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Deficit – Three Months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023

7

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows – Three Months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023

8

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

9

Item 2

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

28

Item 3

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

37

Item 4

Controls and Procedures

38

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1

Legal Proceedings

39

Item 1A

Risk Factors

39

Item 2

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

39

Item 6

Exhibits

40

Exhibit Index

 

Signatures

41

__________________

We use “Vapotherm,” “High Velocity Therapy,” “HVT,” “HVT 2.0,” “Precision Flow,” “Hi-VNI,” “OAM,” “Vapotherm UK,” “Vapotherm Access,” “Access365,” and other marks as trademarks in the United States and/or in other countries. This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains references to our trademarks and service marks and to those belonging to other entities. Solely for convenience, trademarks and trade names referred to in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including logos, artwork and other visual displays, may appear without the ® or TM symbols, but such references are not intended to indicate in any way that we will not assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, our rights or the rights of the applicable licensor to these trademarks and trade names. We do not intend our use or display of other entities’ trade names, trademarks or service marks to imply a relationship with, or endorsement or sponsorship of us by, any other entity.

Unless otherwise indicated, information contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q concerning our industry and the markets in which we operate, including our general expectations, market position and market opportunity, is based on our management’s estimates and research, as well as industry and general publications and research, surveys and studies conducted by third parties. We believe that the information from these third-party publications, research, surveys and studies included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is reliable. Management’s estimates are derived from publicly available information, their knowledge of our industry and their assumptions based on such information and knowledge, which we believe to be reasonable. This data involves a number of assumptions and limitations which are necessarily subject to a high degree of uncertainty and risk due to a variety of factors, including those described in the “Risk Factors” section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on February 22, 2024 and in our other subsequent filings with the SEC, including this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024.

Unless the context requires otherwise, references to “Vapotherm,” the “Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our,” refer to Vapotherm, Inc. and our consolidated subsidiaries.

On August 18, 2023, we effected a 1:8 reverse stock split for each share of common stock issued and outstanding. All shares and associated amounts in this report have been retroactively restated to reflect the stock split.

2


 

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements other than statements of historical facts contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as “may,” “will,” “would,” “could,” “should,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “could,” “intend,” “target,” “project,” “contemplate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential” or “continue” and the negative of these terms and other similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these words and the use of future dates. Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements concerning:

estimates regarding the annual total addressable market for our High Velocity Therapy systems and other products and services, future results of operations, including restructuring charges, financial position, capital requirements and our needs for additional financing;
commercial success and market acceptance of our High Velocity Therapy systems, our Oxygen Assist Module, our digital solutions, and any future products we may seek to commercialize;
our ability to enhance our High Velocity Therapy technology, our Oxygen Assist Module, and our digital solutions to expand our indications and to develop and commercialize additional products and services, which next-generation products typically have higher average selling prices;
our business model and strategic plans for our products, technologies and business, including our implementation thereof;
the anticipated favorable effect of our transition of substantially all manufacturing operations to Mexico on our gross margins and costs and risks in connection therewith and risks associated with operations in Mexico;
the anticipated launch of our Access365 home ventilation solution in 2025 and the anticipated receipt of 510(k) from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) in 2025;
the success of our current “path to profitability” goals, our strategy to grow existing customer accounts through education of our customers on the full capabilities of our technology, and our ability to return to historical disposable utilization or turn rates, increase our inventory turnover and reduce our inventory levels;
the continuing impact of COVID-19 and labor and hospital staffing shortages on our business and operating results;
our ability to accurately forecast customer demand for our products, adjust our production capacity if necessary and manage our inventory, particularly in light of COVID-19, global supply chain disruptions, the effect of inflation, rising interest rates and other recessionary indicators;
our ability to manage and maintain our direct sales and marketing organizations in the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Belgium and Spain and any other jurisdictions in which we elect to pursue a direct sales model, and to market and sell our High Velocity Therapy systems globally and to market and sell our Oxygen Assist Module in the United States and throughout the world;
our ability to hire and retain our senior management and other highly qualified personnel;
our ability to comply with the terms and covenants of our amended credit facility;
our need for and ability to obtain additional financing and our ability to continue as a going concern;
the volatility of the trading price of our common stock and our ability to maintain an active trading market in our common stock, especially in light of the trading of our common stock on the OTCQX tier of the OTC Markets;
our ability to commercialize or obtain regulatory approvals for our products, the timing or likelihood of regulatory filings and approvals, or the effect of delays in commercializing or obtaining regulatory approvals;
FDA or other United States or foreign regulatory actions affecting us or the healthcare industry generally, including healthcare reform measures in the United States and international markets;

3


 

our ability to establish, maintain, and use our intellectual property to protect our High Velocity Therapy technology, Oxygen Assist Module, and digital solutions, and to prevent infringement of our intellectual property and avoid third party infringement claims; and
our expectations about market trends and their anticipated effect on our business and operating results.

The forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are only predictions and are based largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends that we believe may affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and are subject to a number of known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions, including those described in the “Risk Factors” section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 as filed with the SEC on February 22, 2024 and in our other subsequent filings with the SEC, including this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Because forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties, some of which cannot be predicted or quantified and some of which are beyond our control, you should not rely on these forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. The events and circumstances reflected in our forward-looking statements may not be achieved or occur and actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements. Moreover, we operate in an evolving environment. Any forward-looking statements made herein speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and you should not rely on forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. New risk factors and uncertainties may emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for management to predict all risk factors and uncertainties. Except as required by applicable law, we do not plan to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements contained herein, whether as a result of any new information, future events, changed circumstances or otherwise.

4


 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

VAPOTHERM, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share amounts)

 

 

 

March 31, 2024

 

 

December 31, 2023

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

3,304

 

 

$

9,725

 

Accounts receivable, net of expected credit losses
   of $
229 and $160, respectively

 

 

10,203

 

 

 

10,672

 

Inventories, net

 

 

24,063

 

 

 

22,968

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

3,844

 

 

 

3,058

 

Total current assets

 

 

41,414

 

 

 

46,423

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

23,313

 

 

 

23,703

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

 

3,136

 

 

 

3,372

 

Restricted cash

 

 

1,109

 

 

 

1,109

 

Goodwill

 

 

560

 

 

 

565

 

Deferred income tax assets

 

 

55

 

 

 

57

 

Other long-term assets

 

 

2,320

 

 

 

2,388

 

Total assets

 

$

71,907

 

 

$

77,617

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficit

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

4,301

 

 

$

5,053

 

Contract liabilities

 

 

1,361

 

 

 

1,237

 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

 

20,531

 

 

 

12,805

 

Current portion of loans payable, net

 

 

111,670

 

 

 

-

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

137,863

 

 

 

19,095

 

Long-term loans payable, net

 

 

-

 

 

 

107,059

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

2,525

 

 

 

6,797

 

Total liabilities

 

 

140,388

 

 

 

132,951

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 8)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ deficit

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock ($0.001 par value) 25,000,000 shares authorized; no shares
   issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Common stock ($0.001 par value) 21,875,000 shares authorized as of
   March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023,
6,216,349 and 6,165,806
   shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2024 and
   December 31, 2023, respectively

 

 

6

 

 

 

6

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

494,615

 

 

 

492,764

 

Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income

 

 

(71

)

 

 

91

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(563,031

)

 

 

(548,195

)

Total stockholders’ deficit

 

 

(68,481

)

 

 

(55,334

)

Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit

 

$

71,907

 

 

$

77,617

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


 

Vapotherm, Inc.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2024

 

 

2023

 

Net revenue

 

$

19,134

 

 

$

17,731

 

Cost of revenue

 

 

9,477

 

 

 

11,519

 

Gross profit

 

 

9,657

 

 

 

6,212

 

Operating expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

3,632

 

 

 

3,987

 

Sales and marketing

 

 

7,142

 

 

 

9,592

 

General and administrative

 

 

4,472

 

 

 

5,770

 

Impairment of right-of-use assets

 

 

-

 

 

 

432

 

(Gain) loss on disposal of property and equipment

 

 

(8

)

 

 

55

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

15,238

 

 

 

19,836

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(5,581

)

 

 

(13,624

)

Other (expense) income

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

(9,253

)

 

 

(4,331

)

Interest income

 

 

5

 

 

 

28

 

Foreign currency gain (loss)

 

 

4

 

 

 

(154

)

Net loss before income taxes

 

$

(14,825

)

 

$

(18,081

)

Provision for income taxes

 

 

11

 

 

 

9

 

Net loss

 

$

(14,836

)

 

$

(18,090

)

Other comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

 

(162

)

 

 

135

 

Total other comprehensive (loss) income

 

$

(162

)

 

$

135

 

Total comprehensive loss

 

$

(14,998

)

 

$

(17,955

)

Net loss per share - basic and diluted

 

$

(2.31

)

 

$

(3.56

)

Weighted-average number of shares used in calculating net
   loss per share, basic and diluted (1)

 

 

6,430,502

 

 

 

5,076,075

 

 

(1) On August 18, 2023, the Company effected a 1:8 reverse stock split for each share of common stock issued

and outstanding. All shares and associated amounts have been retroactively restated to reflect the stock split.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

6


 

VAPOTHERM, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except share amounts)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

Accumulated
Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Paid-in

 

 

Comprehensive

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Stockholders'

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Income (Loss)

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Deficit

 

Balance at December 31, 2022

 

 

3,564,505

 

 

$

4

 

 

$

461,965

 

 

$

(157

)

 

$

(490,002

)

 

$

(28,190

)

Issuance of common stock and pre-funded warrants
   and accompanying warrants in private placement, net

 

 

2,187,781

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

20,941

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

20,943

 

Issuance of common stock upon exercise of options

 

 

28

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Issuance of common stock upon settlement of
   restricted stock units

 

 

21,967

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Issuance of common stock for services

 

 

2,711

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

59

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

59

 

Issuance of common stock warrants

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

28

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

28

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

2,761

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

2,761

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

135

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

135

 

Net loss

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(18,090

)

 

 

(18,090

)

Balance at March 31, 2023

 

 

5,776,992

 

 

$

6

 

 

$

485,754

 

 

$

(22

)

 

$

(508,092

)

 

$

(22,354

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2023

 

 

6,165,806

 

 

$

6

 

 

$

492,764

 

 

$

91

 

 

$

(548,195

)

 

$

(55,334

)

Issuance of common stock upon exercise of options

 

 

1,339

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1

 

Issuance of common stock upon settlement of
   restricted stock units

 

 

37,818

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Issuance of common stock for services

 

 

11,386

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

20

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

20

 

Issuance of common stock warrants

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

16

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

16

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,814

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,814

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(162

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(162

)

Net loss

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(14,836

)

 

 

(14,836

)

Balance at March 31, 2024

 

 

6,216,349

 

 

$

6

 

 

$

494,615

 

 

$

(71

)

 

$

(563,031

)

 

$

(68,481

)

 

(1) On August 18, 2023, the Company effected a 1:8 reverse stock split for each share of common stock issued

and outstanding. All shares and associated amounts have been retroactively restated to reflect the stock split.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

7


 

VAPOTHERM, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2024

 

 

2023

 

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(14,836

)

 

$

(18,090

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

1,834

 

 

 

2,820

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

1,306

 

 

 

1,248

 

Provision for credit losses

 

 

69

 

 

 

49

 

Provision for inventory valuation

 

 

-

 

 

 

165

 

Non-cash lease expense

 

 

235

 

 

 

387

 

Impairment of right-of-use assets

 

 

-

 

 

 

432

 

(Gain) loss on disposal of property and equipment

 

 

(8

)

 

 

55

 

Placed units reserve

 

 

76

 

 

 

344

 

Interest paid in-kind

 

 

2,527

 

 

 

2,194

 

Non-cash interest expense

 

 

4,931

 

 

 

620

 

Amortization of discount on debt

 

 

184

 

 

 

184

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

11

 

 

 

9

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

389

 

 

 

663

 

Inventories

 

 

(1,112

)

 

 

4,384

 

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

(467

)

 

 

(1,234

)

Accounts payable

 

 

(561

)

 

 

114

 

Contract liabilities

 

 

124

 

 

 

(25

)

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

 

(618

)

 

 

(3,768

)

Operating lease liabilities, current and long-term

 

 

(641

)

 

 

(585

)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(6,557

)

 

 

(10,034

)

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

 

(1,410

)

 

 

(1,004

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(1,410

)

 

 

(1,004

)

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of common stock and pre-funded warrants and
   accompanying warrants in private placement, net of issuance costs

 

 

-

 

 

 

20,943

 

Proceeds from loans, net of discount

 

 

1,920

 

 

 

-

 

Payment of deferred financing costs

 

 

(250

)

 

 

-

 

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

 

 

1

 

 

 

-

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

1,671

 

 

 

20,943

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

(125

)

 

 

70

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

(6,421

)

 

 

9,975

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginning of period

 

 

10,834

 

 

 

16,847

 

End of period

 

$

4,413

 

 

$

26,822

 

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest paid during the period

 

$

1,613

 

 

$

1,284

 

Property and equipment purchases in accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

$

369

 

 

$

354

 

Issuance of common stock warrants in conjunction with long term debt

 

$

16

 

 

$

28

 

Issuance of common stock for services

 

$

20

 

 

$

59

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

8


 

 

VAPOTHERM, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

1. Description of Business

Vapotherm, Inc. (the “Company”) is a global medical technology company primarily focused on the care of patients of all ages suffering from respiratory distress, whether associated with complex lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (“COPD”), congestive heart failure, pneumonia, asthma and COVID-19 or other systemic conditions. The Company’s mission is to improve the lives of patients suffering from complex lung disease and other forms of respiratory distress while reducing the cost of their care through integrated device and digital solutions. The Company’s device solutions are focused on High Velocity Nasal Insufflation (“HVNI”, or “High Velocity Therapy”), which delivers non-invasive ventilatory support to patients by providing heated, humidified, oxygenated air at high velocities through a small-bore nasal interface, and on closed loop control systems such as the Oxygen Assist Module (“OAM”), designed to automatically maintain a patient’s pulse oxygen saturation (“SpO2”) levels within a specified range for a defined period of time. The Company’s digital solutions are focused on remote patient monitoring, using proprietary algorithms to predict impending respiratory episodes before they occur and coordinate timely intervention, obviating the need for costly hospital admissions and minimizing patient distress. Although the Company exited the Vapotherm Access call center business, the underlying technology is being incorporated in the Company’s home based device it has been actively developing at its Technology Center in Singapore. While these device and digital solutions function independently, the Company believes leveraging the two together can create a unique healthcare ecosystem, focused on delivering high quality, efficient respiratory care in a variety of settings.

High Velocity Therapy is an advanced form of high flow therapy that is differentiated due to its ability to deliver breathing gases, including oxygen, at a high velocity, for the treatment of spontaneously breathing patients suffering from respiratory distress, including Type 1 hypoxic respiratory distress, like that experienced by patients with pneumonia or COVID-19, or Type 2 hypercapnic respiratory distress, like that experienced by patients with COPD. The Company’s HVT 2.0 and Precision Flow systems (together, “High Velocity Therapy systems”), which use High Velocity Therapy technology, are clinically validated alternatives to, and address many limitations of, the current standard of care for the treatment of respiratory distress in a hospital setting. The Company’s next generation High Velocity Therapy system, known as HVT 2.0, received initial 510(k) clearance from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) in 2021, transitioned to full market release in August 2022, and received clearance for expanded respiratory distress indications in December 2022.

The Company sells its High Velocity Therapy systems to hospitals through a direct sales organization in the United States and in select international markets and through distributors in other select international markets. In late 2020, the Company launched its OAM in select international markets, which can be used with most versions of the Company’s Precision Flow system, and OAM capability has been built into the HVT 2.0 for future use. The OAM helps clinicians maintain a patient’s SpO2 within a target SpO2 range over a greater period of time while requiring significantly fewer manual adjustments to the equipment. Maintenance of the prescribed oxygen saturation range may reduce the health risks associated with dosing too much, or too little, oxygen, particularly in neonates. In neonates, these risks include visual or developmental impairment or death. The OAM is sold through a direct sales organization in select international markets and through distributors in select international markets. The Company is no longer seeking FDA approval to market the Precision Flow version of the OAM in the United States, but will instead focus future efforts on the HVT 2.0 version of the OAM for the United States market. In addition, the Company employs field-based clinical managers who focus on medical education and training in the effective use of its products and help facilitate increased adoption and utilization. The Company focuses on physicians, respiratory therapists and nurses who work in acute hospital settings, including emergency departments and adult, pediatric and neonatal intensive care units. The Company’s relationship with these clinicians is particularly important, as it enables the Company’s products to follow patients through the care continuum.

Going Concern

The Company has evaluated whether or not its cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash on hand and working capital would be sufficient to sustain forecasted operating activities through May 9, 2025 (“evaluation period”), as required by Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 205-40, Disclosure of Uncertainties About an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern. As of March 31, 2024, the Company had cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash of $4.4 million, negative working capital of $96.4 million and outstanding debt under the Company’s Loan and Security Agreement (the “SLR Loan Agreement”) with the lenders party thereto (each a “lender” and collectively, “SLR” or the “Lenders”) of $113.8 million. The Company is presently not in compliance with its minimum liquidity covenant of $5.0 million (the “Liquidity Covenant”) and the term loans under the SLR Loan Agreement have become puttable at the sole discretion of SLR. As of the date of these condensed consolidated financing statements are available

9


 

for issuance, SLR has not declared the Company in default on the Liquidity Covenant. The Company had an accumulated deficit of $563.0 million as of March 31, 2024 and incurred a net loss of $14.8 million and generated a cash flow deficit from operations of $6.6 million, both for the three months ended March 31, 2024.

Based on its recurring losses, current financial forecasts and its continuing noncompliance with the Liquidity Covenant, the Company believes its existing cash resources and borrowing capacity under its SLR Loan Agreement, anticipated cash receipts from sales of its products and monetization of its existing inventory balances will not be sufficient to meet its anticipated cash requirements during the next 12 months, which raises substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. To ensure adequate liquidity, the Company is in discussions with SLR about restructuring its debt and evaluating various external financing options, although no assurance can be provided that the Company will be successful in restructuring its debt or securing additional sources of funds to support its operations, or if such funds are available to the Company, that such additional financing will be sufficient to meet the Company’s needs or on terms acceptable to the Company. This is particularly true if economic and market conditions deteriorate or if the Company’s business deteriorates. Any such transaction or restructuring could be dilutive to existing stockholders. In addition, on March 26, 2024, the Company entered into an amendment to its SLR Loan Agreement while the Company evaluates its debt restructuring and financing options. This amendment provided for a $4.0 million term B facility and extends the Company’s option to pay up to 9% of interest in-kind (rather than solely in cash) for interest accruing for the period from March 1, 2024 through April 30, 2024 with an additional extension to include interest accruing through May 31, 2024 at the sole discretion of SLR, (see Note 7). The Company believes its relationship with SLR is good. Since these restructuring and financing options are not considered probable under current accounting standards, they are not considered in the evaluation of available resources. There is inherent uncertainty associated with fundraising activity and it is not in the Company’s complete control. If the Company is unable to restructure its debt and/or obtain additional financing, it would be required to curtail operations significantly, including reducing its operating expenses which, in turn would, negatively impact the Company’s sales, or even cease operations. Any debt restructuring or additional financing that the Company raises may contain terms that are not favorable to the Company or its stockholders and could result in additional dilution. As a result, substantial doubt exists about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within the evaluation period.

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of these uncertainties described above. Accordingly, the condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a basis that assumes the Company will continue as a going concern and which contemplates the realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities and commitments in the ordinary course of business.

10


VAPOTHERM, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). The information included in these condensed consolidated financial statements on this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 (the “2023 Form 10-K”). The Company’s accounting policies are described in the “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” in the Company’s 2023 Form 10-K and are updated, as necessary, in this report. The year-end condensed consolidated balance sheet data presented for comparative purposes was derived from the Company’s audited financial statements but does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP.

Principles of Consolidation

These condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, which includes its wholly owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated upon consolidation.

Segment Information

Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which separate discrete financial information is available and evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The Company globally manages the business within one reporting segment, Vapotherm, Inc., and two reporting units, Vapotherm and Vapotherm UK Ltd. (“Vapotherm UK”). Segment information is consistent with how the chief operating decision maker reviews the business, makes investing and resource allocation decisions and assesses operating performance.

As of March 31, 2024, the majority of the Company’s long-term assets are located in the United States. Long-term assets located outside the United States totaled $14.6 million, including $8.9 million located in Mexico, at March 31, 2024. Long-term assets located outside the United States totaled $14.9 million, including $9.9 million located in Mexico, at December 31, 2023.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires the Company to make judgments, assumptions, and estimates that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and the related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. The Company evaluates its estimates on an ongoing basis. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Significant estimates relied upon in preparing these condensed consolidated financial statements include calculation of stock-based compensation, valuation of warrants, realizability of inventories, allowance for credit losses, accrued expenses, the valuation allowances against deferred income tax assets, and assessments of impairment with respect to long-lived and intangible assets, including goodwill. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

Reclassification

Certain amounts in 2023 have been reclassified to conform to the presentation in 2024. None of the reclassifications had any impact on the Company’s results of operations.

Unaudited Interim Financial Information

The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2024, and the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss, stockholders’ deficit and the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 are unaudited. The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the audited annual consolidated financial statements and, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments,

11


VAPOTHERM, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

which include only normal recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair statement of the Company’s financial position as of March 31, 2024 and the results of its operations and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023. The financial data and other information disclosed in these notes related to the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 are also unaudited. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full year or for any other subsequent interim period.

Financial Instruments and Concentrations of Credit Risk

As of March 31, 2024, the Company’s financial instruments included cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and debt, the carrying amounts of which approximated fair value due to their short-term nature or market interest rates. All of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents are maintained at creditworthy financial institutions. At March 31, 2024, deposits exceed the amount of any insurance provided and are exposed to credit loss.

The Company extends credit to customers in the normal course of business but typically does not require collateral or any other security to support amounts due. Management performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers. The Company recognizes an allowance for credit losses equal to its current estimate of all contractual cash flows that the Company does not expect to collect. The Company’s estimate considers relevant information about past events, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. Provisions for the allowance for credit losses are recorded in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.

Supplier Risk

The Company obtains some of the components and subassemblies included in its High Velocity Therapy systems and its OAM from single source suppliers. The partial or complete loss of one or more of these suppliers could cause significant production delays, an inability to meet customer demand and a substantial loss in revenue.

Foreign Currency and Foreign Operations

The functional currency of the Company is the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates, which is the U.S. dollar. For the Company’s non-U.S. subsidiaries that transact in a functional currency other than the U.S. dollar, assets and liabilities are translated at current rates of exchange at the balance sheet date. Income and expense items are translated at the average foreign currency exchange rates for the period. Adjustments resulting from the translation of the financial statements of its foreign operations into U.S. dollars are excluded from the determination of net loss and are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), a separate component of stockholders’ deficit.

Realized foreign currency gains or losses arising from transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded in other (expense) income in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss. Unrealized foreign currency gains or losses arising from transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss).

Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash

The Company considers all highly liquid temporary investments purchased with original maturities of 90 days or less to be cash equivalents. The Company holds restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents related to certificates of deposits and collateral in relation to lease agreements. As of March 31, 2024, $0.9 million of the Company’s $4.4 million of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash balance was located outside the United States. As of December 31, 2023, $1.9 million of the Company’s $10.8 million of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash balance was located outside of the United States. The Company’s cash, cash equivalents

12


VAPOTHERM, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

and restricted cash balances are primarily held by Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce Innovation Banking (“CIBC”) and Bank of America, N.A.

The following table presents the components of total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash as set forth in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of cash flows:

 

 

March 31,
2024

 

 

December 31,
2023

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

3,304

 

 

$

9,725

 

Restricted cash

 

 

1,109

 

 

 

1,109

 

Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash

 

$

4,413

 

 

$

10,834

 

Leases

The Company’s operating leases primarily consist of real estate leases for office, manufacturing, research and development, and warehouse space, as well as certain vehicle and equipment leases. Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”), Leases (“ASC 842”) requires lessees to recognize leases on the balance sheet as a lease liability with a corresponding right-of-use asset, subject to certain permitted accounting policy elections. Under ASC 842, the Company determines whether a contract is or contains a lease at the inception of the contract. This determination is based on whether the contract provides the Company the right to control the use of a physically distinct asset and substantially all of the capacity of an asset. Leases with an initial noncancelable term of twelve months or less that do not include an option to purchase the underlying asset that the Company is reasonably certain to exercise are classified as short-term leases. The Company has elected as an accounting policy to exclude from the consolidated balance sheets the right-of-use assets and lease liabilities related to short-term leases. The Company recognizes rent expense for its operating leases on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease.

Certain of the Company’s leases include options to extend or terminate the lease at its sole discretion. The Company does not consider in the measurement of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities an option to extend or terminate a lease if the Company is not reasonably certain to exercise the option. Certain of the Company’s leases include covenants that oblige the Company, at its sole expense, to repair and maintain the leased asset periodically during the lease term. The Company is not a party to any leases that contain residual value guarantees.

Many of the Company’s leases include fixed and variable payments. Among other charges, variable payments related to real estate leases include real estate taxes, insurance, operating expenses, and common area maintenance, which are usually billed at actual amounts incurred proportionate to the Company’s rented square feet of the building. Variable payments related to vehicle and equipment leases relate to usage of the underlying asset, sales and use tax, and value-added tax. Variable payments that do not depend on an index or rate are expensed as incurred and are not included in the measurement of the lease liability.

In accordance with the guidance in ASC 842, components of a lease should be split into three categories: lease components (e.g. buildings, vehicles, etc.), non-lease components (e.g. common area maintenance, consumables, etc.), and non-components (e.g. property taxes, insurance, etc.). The fixed and in-substance fixed contract consideration (including any related to non-components) must be allocated to the lease components and non-lease components based on their relative fair values. The Company elected the accounting policy to not separate lease and non-lease components for its real estate, vehicle, and equipment leases. Therefore, each lease component and the related non-lease components and non-components are accounted for together as a single component.

The Company measures its lease liability for each leased asset as the present value of lease payments, as defined in ASC 842, discounted using a discount rate specific to the terms of the underlying lease. The Company’s right-of-use assets are equal to the related lease liabilities, adjusted for lease incentives received including tenant improvement allowances, initial direct costs incurred related to the lease, and payments made to the lessor prior to the lease commencement date. The interest rate implicit in lease contracts is typically not readily determinable. As a result, the Company estimates its incremental borrowing rate for each leased asset based on the interest rate the Company would incur to borrow an amount equal to the lease payments on a collateralized basis over a similar term in a similar economic environment.

When impairment indicators are present, the Company evaluates the recoverability of its right-of-use assets. If the assessment indicates an impairment, the affected assets are written down to fair value (see Note 9).

13


VAPOTHERM, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

Product Warranty

The Company provides its customers with a standard one-year warranty on its capital equipment sales. Warranty costs are accrued based on actual historical trends and estimated at the time of sale. The warranty liability is included within accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. A roll-forward of the Company’s warranty liability from December 31, 2023 to March 31, 2024 is as follows:

Balance at December 31, 2023

$

303

 

Provisions for warranty obligations

 

(5

)

Settlements

 

(57

)

Balance at March 31, 2024

 

$

241

 

Revenue Recognition

The Company’s revenue is primarily derived from the sale of products, leases and services. Product revenue consists of capital equipment and single-use disposables that are shipped and billed to customers both domestically and internationally. The Company’s main capital equipment products are the High Velocity Therapy systems. The Company’s main disposable products are single-use disposables and nasal interfaces, or cannulas, and adaptors. Lease revenue consists of two components which include capital equipment that the Company leases to its customers and, in certain situations, an allocation from disposable revenue to other lease revenue upon the sale of disposable products in bundled arrangements involving the placement of the High Velocity Therapy capital units for use by the customer at no upfront charge in connection with the customer’s ongoing purchase of disposable products. Service revenue consists of fees associated with routine service of capital units and the sale of extended service contracts and preventative maintenance plans, which are purchased by a small portion of the Company’s customer base. In addition, the Company sells small quantities of component parts in the United States, United Kingdom, and to third-party international service centers who provide service on the High Velocity Therapy capital units outside of the United States and United Kingdom. Freight revenue is based upon actual freight costs plus a percentage markup of such costs associated with the shipment of products domestically, and to a lesser extent, internationally, and is included in service revenue. Rebates and fees consist of contractually obligated administrative fees and percentage-of-sales rebates paid to Group Purchasing Organizations (“GPOs”), Integrated Delivery Networks (“IDNs”) and distributor partners and are accounted for as a reduction to the corresponding revenue category.

Under the Financial Accounting Standard Board’s (“FASB”) ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”), revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration which the Company expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. To determine revenue recognition for arrangements that an entity determines are within the scope of ASC 606, the Company performs the following five steps: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the Company satisfies a performance obligation. The Company only applies the five-step model to contracts when it is probable that the entity will collect the consideration it is entitled to in exchange for the goods or services it transfers to the customer. At contract inception, once the contract is determined to be within the scope of ASC 606, the Company assesses the goods or services promised within each contract and assesses whether each promised good or service is distinct and determines those that are performance obligations. The Company then recognizes as revenue the amount of the transaction price that is allocated to the respective performance obligation when (or as) the performance obligation is satisfied. Sales, value-added, and other taxes collected on behalf of third parties are excluded from revenue. The Company’s standard payment terms are generally 30 days from the date of sale.

Contracts with customers may contain multiple performance obligations. For such arrangements, the transaction price is allocated to each performance obligation based on the estimated relative stand-alone selling prices of the promised products or services underlying each performance obligation. The Company determines stand-alone selling prices based on the price at which the performance obligation is sold separately. If the stand-alone selling price is not observable through past transactions, the Company estimates the stand-alone selling price taking into account available information such as market conditions and internally approved pricing guidelines related to the performance obligations. Revenue is generally recognized when the customer obtains control of the Company’s product, which generally occurs at a point in time upon shipment based on the contractual shipping terms of a contract.

Product and service revenue is measured as the amount of consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for transferring products or services to a customer. To the extent the transaction price includes variable consideration, the Company

14


VAPOTHERM, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

estimates the amount of variable consideration that should be included in the transaction price utilizing the expected value amount method to which the Company expects to be entitled. As such, revenue on sales is recorded net of prompt pay discounts and payments made to GPOs, IDNs and distributors. Variable consideration is included in the transaction price if, in the Company’s judgment, it is probable that a significant future reversal of cumulative revenue under the contract will not occur. Determination of whether to include estimated amounts in the transaction price is based largely on an assessment of the Company’s anticipated performance and all information (historical, current and forecasted) that is reasonably available. The Company believes that the estimates it has established are reasonable based upon current facts and circumstances. Applying different judgments to the same facts and circumstances could result in different estimates.

When determining the transaction price of a contract, an adjustment is made if payment from a customer occurs either significantly before or significantly after performance, resulting in a significant financing component. Applying a practical expedient under ASC 606, the Company does not assess whether a significant financing component exists if the period between when the Company performs its obligations under the contract and when the customer pays is one year or less. None of the Company’s contracts contained a significant financing component during the three months ended March 31, 2024 or 2023.

The Company’s contracts with its customers generally have a duration of less than one year. Therefore, the Company has elected to apply a practical expedient and recognizes the incremental costs of obtaining contracts as an expense. These costs are included in sales and marketing expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.

Lease Revenue

The Company also enters into agreements to lease its capital equipment. For such sales, the Company accounts for revenue under ASC 842, and assesses and classifies these transactions as sales-type or operating leases based on whether the lease transfers ownership of the equipment to the lessee by the end of the lease term. This criterion is met in situations in which the lease agreement provides for the transfer of title at or shortly after the end of the lease term. Equipment included in arrangements including transfer of title are accounted for as sales-type leases and the Company recognizes the present value of the lease payments due over the lease term as revenue at the inception of the lease. The Company records the present value of future lease payments in prepaid expenses and other current assets in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets; these amounts each totaled $0.1 million at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023. Equipment included in arrangements that do not include the transfer of title, nor any of the sales-type or direct financing lease criteria, are accounted for as operating leases and revenue is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease.

The Company also enters into agreements involving the placement of its High Velocity Therapy capital units for use by the customer at no upfront charge in connection with the customer’s ongoing purchase of disposable products. In these bundled arrangements, revenue recognized for the sale of the disposables is allocated between disposable revenue and other lease revenue based on the estimated relative stand-alone selling prices of the individual performance obligations.

Shipping and Handling Costs

Amounts billed to customers for shipping and handling are included in service revenue. Shipping and handling costs are included in cost of revenue. Shipping and handling activities are accounted for as activities to fulfill a contract and are accrued when the customer obtains control of the Company’s product. The total costs of shipping and handling for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 were $0.2 million and $0.3 million, respectively.

Sales and Value-Added Taxes

When required by local jurisdictions, the Company bills its customers for sales tax and value-added tax calculated on each sales invoice and records a liability for the sales and value-added tax payable, which is included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Sales tax and value-added tax billed to a customer are not included in the Company’s revenue.

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company maintains an equity incentive plan to provide long-term incentives for employees, consultants, and members of the board of directors. The plan allows for the issuance of non-statutory and incentive stock options, restricted stock, unrestricted

15


VAPOTHERM, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

stock, stock units, including restricted stock units and performance stock units, and stock appreciation rights to employees, consultants and non-employee directors. The Company recognizes stock-based compensation expense for awards of equity instruments to employees and non-employees based on the grant date fair value of those awards in accordance with ASC Topic 718, Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”). ASC 718 requires all equity-based compensation awards, including grants of restricted stock, restricted stock units, performance stock units and stock options, to be recognized as expense in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss based on their grant date fair values.

The fair value of each option grant is estimated on the grant date using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The fair value of restricted stock and restricted stock units is measured at the market value of the related shares of the Company’s common stock on the grant date. The fair value is then amortized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the awards, which is generally the vesting period and is generally three to four years. For performance-based awards, the related compensation cost is amortized over the performance period on an accelerated attribution basis. Compensation cost associated with performance awards is based on fair value on the date of grant and the number of units expected to be earned after assessing the probability that certain performance criteria will be met and the associated targeted payout level that is forecasted will be achieved. Cumulative adjustments are recorded each quarter to reflect estimated outcomes of the performance-related conditions until the results are determined and settled. Use of a valuation model requires management to make certain assumptions with respect to selected model inputs, including the expected life (weighted average period of time that the options granted are expected to be outstanding), the volatility of the Company’s common stock and an assumed risk-free interest rate. Expected volatility is based on the historical volatility of the Company’s common stock. The expected life is estimated using the historical life of options issued under the Company’s equity plan. The risk-free interest rate is based on U.S. Treasury rates with a remaining term that approximates the expected life assumed at the date of grant. No dividend yield is assumed as the Company does not pay, and does not expect to pay, dividends on its common stock. The Company estimates forfeitures based on historical experience with pre-vested forfeitures. To the extent actual forfeitures differ from the estimate, the difference is recorded to compensation expense in the period of the forfeiture.

The Company recognizes stock-based compensation expense for shares of its common stock issued pursuant to the Vapotherm, Inc. 2018 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”) on a straight-line basis over the related offering period. The Company estimates the fair value of shares to be issued under the ESPP based on a combination of options valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The expected life is determined based on the contractual term. Dividend yield, risk-free interest rate, forfeiture rates, and expected volatility are estimated in a manner similar to option grants described above.

Income Tax

The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method, which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in the condensed consolidated financial statements or in the Company’s tax returns. Deferred taxes are determined based on the difference between the financial reporting and tax basis of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect in the years in which the differences are expected to reverse. Changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities are recorded in the provision for income taxes. The Company assesses the likelihood that its deferred tax assets will be recovered from future taxable income and, to the extent it believes, based upon the weight of available evidence, that it is more likely than not that all or a portion of deferred tax assets will not be realized, a valuation allowance is established through a charge to income tax expense. Potential for recovery of deferred tax assets is evaluated by estimating the future taxable profits expected and considering prudent and feasible tax planning strategies.

The Company accounts for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in the condensed consolidated financial statements by applying a two-step process to determine the amount of tax benefit to be recognized. First, the tax position must be evaluated to determine the likelihood that it will be sustained upon external examination by the taxing authorities. If the tax position is deemed more likely-than-not to be sustained, the tax position is then assessed to determine the amount of benefit to recognize in the condensed consolidated financial statements. The amount of the benefit that may be recognized is the largest amount that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. The provision for income taxes includes the effects of any resulting tax reserves, or unrecognized tax benefits, that are considered appropriate as well as the related net interest and penalties.

The Company’s major tax jurisdictions are the state of New Hampshire, the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, Mexico, Singapore, and Brazil. The provision for income taxes for each of the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 totaled less than $0.1 million, and related to income earned by the Company’s foreign subsidiaries after accounting for transfer pricing adjustments.

16


VAPOTHERM, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

Utilization of the net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards may be subject to a substantial annual limitation under Sections 382 and 383 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), due to ownership change limitations that have occurred previously or that could occur in the future. These ownership changes may limit the amount of net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards that can be utilized to offset future taxable income and reduce taxes, respectively. The Company has not currently completed an evaluation of ownership changes through December 31, 2023 to assess whether utilization of the Company’s net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards would be subject to an annual limitation under Sections 382 and 383 of the Code. To the extent an ownership change is determined to have occurred under Sections 382 and 383 of the Code, the net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards may be subject to limitation.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures (Topic 280):

In November 2023, the FASB issued ASU No. 2023-07, Segment Reporting (Topic 280) - Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures to improve reportable segment disclosure requirements through enhanced disclosures about significant segment expenses and segment-related data. For public companies, the amendments in this ASU are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024 with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect this ASU to have a material effect on its consolidated financial statements.

Improvements to Income Tax Disclosure (Topic 740):

In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU No. 2023-09, Income Tax (Topic 740) - Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures which requires companies to break out their income tax expense, income tax rate reconciliation and income tax payments made in more detail. For public companies, the requirements will become effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024, with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect this ASU to have a material effect on its consolidated financial statements.

3. Fair Value Measurements

In accordance with ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, the Company generally defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date (exit price). The Company uses a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which classifies the inputs used in measuring fair values. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements), and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are described below:

Level 1 – inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the reporting entity has the ability to access at the measurement date.

Level 2 – inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. If the asset or liability has a specified (contractual) term, a Level 2 input must be observable for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.

Level 3 – inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability in which there is little, if any, market activity for the asset or liability at the measurement date.

As of March 31, 2024, the Company had two items, cash equivalents and an embedded derivative, measured at fair value on a recurring basis. The Company’s cash equivalents primarily consist of money market deposits which totaled approximately less than $0.1 million at March 31, 2024 and are valued based on Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy. The Company’s embedded derivative relates to the Company’s financing arrangement (see Note 7). Its fair value is deemed to be immaterial at March 31, 2024 and is valued based on Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy. There were no transfers in or out of Level 1, 2 or 3 during the three months ended March 31, 2024.

17


VAPOTHERM, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

During the first quarter of 2024 and 2023, the Company issued SLR warrants to purchase 79,146 shares and 13,547 shares of common stock (the “SLR PIK Warrants”), respectively. The issuance of the warrants were made pursuant to amendments to the Company’s financing arrangement (see Note 7). These equity-classified PIK Warrants were valued using the Black-Scholes pricing model, which falls within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.

The fair value of the warrants are estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes pricing model with the following range of assumptions:

 

2024

 

2023

Expected dividend yield

 

0.0%

 

0.0%

Risk free interest rate

 

4.1%-4.5%

 

4.0%-4.6%

Expected stock price volatility

 

20.8%-21.0%

 

20.8%-20.9%

Expected term (years)

 

2.5

 

2.5

 

4. Accounts Receivable

Accounts receivable consists of the following:

 

 

March 31,
2024

 

 

December 31,
2023

 

United States

 

$

6,854

 

 

$

6,837

 

International

 

 

3,578

 

 

 

3,995

 

Total accounts receivable

 

 

10,432

 

 

 

10,832

 

Less: Allowance for expected credit losses

 

 

(229

)

 

 

(160

)

Accounts receivable, net of expected credit losses

 

$

10,203

 

 

$

10,672

 

A roll-forward of the Company’s allowance for credit losses from December 31, 2023 to March 31, 2024 is as follows:

Balance at December 31, 2023

$

160

 

Change in provision for credit losses

 

69

 

Write-offs of uncollectible balances

 

-

 

Balance at March 31, 2024

 

$

229

 

No individual customer accounted for 10% or more of net revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2024 or 2023. No individual customer accounted for 10% or more of total accounts receivable at March 31, 2024. One customer accounted for 10% of total accounts receivable as of December 31, 2023.

5. Inventories

Inventory balances, net of reserves, consist of the following:

 

 

March 31,
2024

 

 

December 31,
2023

 

Raw materials

 

$

12,050

 

 

$

11,982

 

Finished goods

 

 

11,509

 

 

 

9,954

 

Component parts

 

 

504

 

 

 

1,032

 

Total inventories

 

$

24,063

 

 

$

22,968

 

The Company recorded a provision for excess and obsolete inventory of $0.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023. There was no provision for excess and obsolete inventory recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2024.

18


VAPOTHERM, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

6. Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities and Other Long-Term Liabilities

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consist of the following:

 

 

March 31,
2024

 

 

December 31,
2023

 

Accrued term loan fees

 

$

8,760

 

 

$

-

 

Operating lease liabilities, current portion

 

 

2,377

 

 

 

2,414

 

Accrued inventories

 

 

1,193

 

 

 

596

 

Accrued income, sales and other taxes

 

 

1,100

 

 

 

997

 

Accrued bonuses

 

 

1,056

 

 

 

1,927

 

Accrued payroll and employee-related costs

 

 

1,023

 

 

 

781

 

Accrued interest

 

 

867

 

 

 

847

 

Accrued commissions

 

 

640

 

 

 

548

 

Accrued professional fees

 

 

550

 

 

 

617

 

Accrued supplier costs

 

 

450

 

 

 

450

 

Accrued vacation liability

 

 

408

 

 

 

494

 

Product warranty reserve

 

 

241

 

 

 

303

 

Accrued freight

 

 

222

 

 

 

243

 

Accrued rent and restoration costs

 

 

-

 

 

 

489

 

Other

 

 

1,644

 

 

 

2,099

 

Total accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

$

20,531

 

 

$

12,805

 

Other long-term liabilities consist of the following:

 

 

March 31,
2024

 

 

December 31,
2023

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating lease liabilities

 

$

2,521

 

 

$

2,919

 

Accrued term loan fees

 

 

-

 

 

 

3,874

 

Other

 

 

4

 

 

 

4

 

Total other long-term liabilities

 

$

2,525

 

 

$

6,797

 

 

7. Debt

Credit Facilities

On February 18, 2022 (the “Effective Date”), the Company entered into the SLR Loan Agreement with SLR which provided for a term A loan facility of $100.0 million (the “Term A Loan Facility”). The Term A Loan Facility was funded to the Company on the Effective Date. In connection with this funding, the Company issued SLR warrants to purchase 13,421 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $111.76 per share, which were fully vested upon issuance, are exercisable at the option of the holder, in whole or in part, and expire in February 2032. The proceeds of the Term A Loan Facility were used to repay all indebtedness under the Company’s prior loan agreement with CIBC.

On November 22, 2022 (the “Third Amendment Effective Date”), the Company entered into an Amendment No. 3 to the SLR Loan Agreement (the “Third Amendment,” together with SLR Loan Agreement, as amended prior to the Third Amendment Effective Date, the “Third Amended SLR Loan Agreement”) with SLR. Pursuant to the Third Amendment:

the Company’s minimum net product revenue covenant was modified for 2023;
the minimum liquidity covenant was reduced to $5 million from $20 million; and
an option was added, at the Company’s sole discretion, to pay up to 8% of the interest under the Third Amended SLR Loan Agreement in-kind (rather than solely in cash as provided for prior to the Third Amendment Effective Date)

19


VAPOTHERM, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

during 2023 (the “PIK Interest”), subject to payment of a fee equal to 10% of the PIK Interest, and the issuance of additional warrants to the lenders equal to 5% of the PIK Interest.

On February 10, 2023 (the “Fourth Amendment Effective Date”), the Company entered into an Amendment No. 4 to the SLR Loan Agreement (the “Fourth Amendment,” together with the Third Amended SLR Loan Agreement, the “Fourth Amended SLR Loan Agreement”) with SLR. The Fourth Amendment includes the option for the Company to pay up to 9% of the interest in-kind (rather than up to 8% as provided for prior to the Fourth Amendment Effective Date) during 2023.

Additionally, if the Company elects PIK Interest of 9%, the amount of warrants to be issued to SLR increases to be 5% times the amount of PIK Interest for the first 4% of the PIK Interest selected and 12.20% times on the next 5% of the amount of PIK Interest selected to provide for a weighted average of 9%, and the Company’s monthly interest expense increases by 1% for the month in which such PIK Interest is selected. The Fourth Amendment also provided for a reset of the exercise price of the warrants to be issued in connection with the Company’s election of PIK Interest, including existing PIK Warrants, equal to the lower of the Company’s closing stock price for (a) the 10-day trailing average closing price ending on the day before the interest payment date, (b) the day before the interest payment date, or (c) $9.36 per share.

On April 17, 2023, the Company entered into an Amendment No. 5 to the SLR Loan Agreement (the “Fifth Amendment,” together with the Fourth Amended SLR Loan Agreement, the “Fifth Amended SLR Loan Agreement”) with SLR to exclude the Company’s Singapore subsidiary operating account from the requirement of a control agreement in favor of SLR, provided the account balance is the lower of (i) $250,000 or (ii) the amount required to fund expenditures therefrom within the next ten business days. The Fifth Amendment also contains other customary provisions, such as expense reimbursement.

On February 21, 2024, the Company entered into an Amendment No. 6 to the SLR Loan Agreement (the “Sixth Amendment,” together with the Fifth Amended SLR Loan Agreement, the “Sixth Amended SLR Loan Agreement”) with SLR to extend the Company’s option to pay up to 9% of interest in-kind (rather than solely in cash) for interest accruing for the period January 1, 2024 through February 29, 2024, subject to payment of a fee equal to 10% of the PIK Interest, and the issuance of additional warrants to equal 9% of the PIK Interest.

On March 26, 2024 (the “Seventh Amendment Effective Date”), the Company entered into an Amendment No. 7 to the SLR Loan Agreement (the “Seventh Amendment,” together with the Sixth Amended SLR Loan Agreement, the “Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement”) with SLR. The Seventh Amendment established a term B loan facility of $4.0 million (the “Term B Loan Facility”). Borrowings under the Term B Loan Facility are available from the Seventh Amendment Effective Date until July 26, 2024 (the “Term B Maturity Date”) and shall be conditioned on approval by the lenders’ investment committee in its sole discretion. On the Seventh Amendment Effective Date, $2.0 million was funded to the Company. On April 26, 2024, an additional $1.0 million was funded to the Company under the Term B Loan Facility. The Term B Loan Facility provides for interest-only payments and aggregate principal outstanding shall be due and payable on the Term B Maturity Date. The Company will be required to make a payment of 0.2% of the aggregate principal amount of the Term B Loan Facility funded (the “Term B Facility Exit Fee”), which is payable on the earliest to occur of (i) the Term B Maturity Date, (ii) the acceleration of the Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement prior to the Term B Maturity Date, and (iii) the prepayment date of the Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement prior to the Term B Maturity Date. The Term B Facility Exit Fee of less than $0.1 million is considered fully earned by SLR as of the Seventh Amendment Effective Date and has been fully accrued as of March 31, 2024 due to the Company’s continuing noncompliance with the Liquidity Covenant. In addition, the Seventh Amendment extended the Company’s option to pay up to 9% of interest in-kind (rather than solely in cash) for interest accruing for the period from March 1, 2024 through April 30, 2024 with an additional extension to include interest accruing through May 31, 2024 at the sole discretion of SLR. The PIK Interest extension is subject to payment of a fee equal to 10% of the PIK Interest, and the issuance of additional warrants to equal to 9% of the PIK Interest.

Pursuant to the Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement, advances under the Term A Loan Facility bear interest at a floating rate per annum equal to (a) the greater of (i) 1.00% or (ii) the 1-month Chicago Mercantile Exchange (“CME”) Term Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”) plus 0.10%, plus (b) (i) 8.30% under a PIK Interest option of 4% or 0%, or (ii) 9.30% under a PIK Interest option of 9%. Advances under the Term B Loan Facility bear interest at a floating rate per annum equal to the sum of (a) 0.10%, plus (b) 8.30% plus (c) the 1-month CME Term SOFR plus 0.10%. At March 31, 2024, the interest rate under the Term A Loan Facility and Term B Loan Facility was 14.72% and 13.82%, respectively. The Company paid interest in-kind on the Term A Loan Facility totaling $2.5 million and $2.1 million during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. The outstanding balance under the Term A Loan Facility and Term B Loan Facility was $111.8 million and $2.0 million, respectively, at March 31, 2024. The Term A Loan Facility provides for interest-only payments for the first 48 months following the Effective Date.

20


VAPOTHERM, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

Thereafter, principal payments on the Term A Loan Facility are due monthly in 12 equal installments; provided that the Company has the option to extend the interest-only period for an additional 12 months upon achievement of a certain minimum revenue level as more fully described in the Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement. The Term A Facility will mature on February 1, 2027 (the “Term A Maturity Date”). The Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement may be prepaid in full, subject to a prepayment charge of 1.0%, if such prepayment occurs after February 18, 2024 but on or prior to the Term A Maturity Date (the “Prepayment Penalty”). In addition to the payment of principal and accrued interest, the Company will be required to make a payment of 7.45% of the aggregate principal amount of the Term A Loan Facility funded (the “Term A Facility Exit Fee”), which is payable on the earliest to occur of (i) the Term A Maturity Date, (ii) the acceleration of the Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement prior to the Term A Maturity Date, and (iii) the prepayment date of the Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement prior to the Term A Maturity Date. The Term A Facility Exit Fee of $7.5 million is considered fully earned by SLR as of the Effective Date and has been fully accrued as of March 31, 2024 due to the Company’s continuing noncompliance with the Liquidity Covenant. In connection with the Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement, the Company has incurred direct financing costs related to fees and non-cash consideration paid to SLR and fees paid to third parties of $2.2 million and $1.6 million, respectively, as of March 31, 2024. The Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement is secured by a lien on substantially all of the assets, including intellectual property, of the Company.

The Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement contains customary covenants and representations, including, without limitation, a minimum revenue covenant equal to a percentage of each month’s forecasted net product revenue as defined in the Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement (tested on a trailing six month basis at the end of each fiscal month, commencing with the six month period ending on August 31, 2022), the Liquidity Covenant, and other financial covenants, reporting obligations, and limitations on dispositions, changes in business or ownership, mergers or acquisitions, indebtedness, encumbrances, distributions and investments, transactions with affiliates and capital expenditures. As of March 31, 2024, the Company was not in compliance with the Liquidity Covenant as its unrestricted cash balance was less than $5.0 million. As the Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement is considered callable at the sole discretion of SLR, the outstanding principal is presented as a current liability on the condensed consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2024. The Term A Facility Exit Fee and Term B Facility Exit Fee have been fully accrued as of March 31, 2024 as a component of accrued expenses and other current liabilities. The Company was in compliance with all other financial covenants under the Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement at March 31, 2024.

The events of default under the Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement include, without limitation, and subject to customary grace periods, (1) the Company’s failure to make any payments of principal or interest under the Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement or any other loan documents, (2) the Company’s breach or default in the performance of any covenant under the Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement, (3) the occurrence of a material adverse effect or an event that is reasonably likely to result in a material adverse effect, (4) the existence of an attachment or levy on a material portion of the Company’s funds or of the Company’s subsidiaries, (5) the Company’s insolvency or bankruptcy, or (6) the occurrence of certain material defaults with respect to any other of the Company’s indebtedness in excess of $500,000. If an event of default occurs, SLR is entitled to take enforcement action, including an incremental 5% interest rate increase or acceleration of amounts due under the Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement (the “Mandatory Prepayment Option”). The Company determined the Mandatory Prepayment Option to be an embedded derivative that is required to be bifurcated from the Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement. The Company determined the probability of SLR exercising the Mandatory Prepayment Option due to the Company’s continuing noncompliance with the Liquidity Covenant to be remote and deemed its fair value to be immaterial as of March 31, 2024. The Company re-evaluates the fair value of the Mandatory Prepayment Option at the end of each reporting period.

The Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement also contains other customary provisions, such as expense reimbursement and confidentiality. SLR has indemnification rights and the right to assign the Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement, subject to customary restrictions.

The annual principal maturities of the Company’s Seventh Amended SLR Loan Agreement as of March 31, 2024 are as follows:

2024 (remaining 9 months)

 

$

113,836

 

Less: Unamortized deferred financing costs

 

 

(2,166

)

Loans payable, net

 

$

111,670

 

 

21


VAPOTHERM, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

8. Commitments and Contingencies

Lease Commitments

The Company’s operating lease commitments as of December 31, 2023 are described in Note 10 of the notes to the financial statements included in the 2023 Form 10-K.

The following table presents operating lease cost and information related to operating right-of-use and operating lease liabilities for the periods indicated:

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

2024

 

 

2023

 

  Operating lease cost

 

$

348

 

 

$

568

 

  Variable lease cost

 

 

115

 

 

 

103

 

  Total

 

$

463

 

 

$

671

 

Operating cash flow impacts:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for amounts included in measurement of lease
  liabilities

 

$

753

 

 

$

766

 

Weighted average remaining lease term - operating leases
  (in years)

 

 

3.4

 

 

 

3.7

 

Weighted average discount rate - operating leases

 

10.4

%

 

 

9.2

%

As of March 31, 2024, future maturities of lease liabilities under the Company’s noncancelable operating leases are as follows:

 

 

Total Due

 

2024 (remaining 9 months)

 

$

2,259

 

2025

 

 

1,177

 

2026

 

 

811

 

2027

 

 

525

 

2028

 

 

481

 

Thereafter

 

 

655

 

Total payments

 

 

5,908

 

Less interest

 

 

(1,010

)

Total present value of lease payments

 

$

4,898

 

Legal Matters

From time to time, the Company may become involved in various legal proceedings, including those that may arise in the ordinary course of business. The Company believes there is no litigation pending that could have, individually, or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on the results of its operations or financial condition.

Guarantees

During the second quarter of 2022, in connection with the Company’s plan to move substantially all of its manufacturing operations from New Hampshire to Mexico, the Company entered into an agreement with TACNA Services, Inc. (“TACNA”) under which TACNA manages the Company’s manufacturing operations in Mexico. In furtherance thereof, Baja Fur, S.A. de C.V. (the “Lessee”), a subsidiary of TACNA, entered into a lease agreement (the “Lease”) with Fraccionadora Residencial Hacienda Agua Caliente, S. de R.L. de C.V. (the “Lessor”), whereby the Lessee agreed to lease property in Tijuana, México to be used as the Company’s manufacturing facility in Mexico. Under Mexican law, the Lease became a legally binding agreement on July 8, 2022. As an inducement to the Lessee and Lessor to enter into the Lease, the Company entered into an absolute unconditional corporate guaranty agreement (the “Guaranty Agreement”) pursuant to which the Company agreed to guaranty the prompt and complete payment and performance when due, whether by acceleration or otherwise, of all obligations, liabilities and covenants of the Lessee to

22


VAPOTHERM, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

the Lessor pursuant to the Lease, including all amounts due under the Lease. The Guaranty Agreement will terminate once all obligations of the Lessee arising under the Lease have been satisfied in full and the Lease has been terminated or fully performed. The total obligation outstanding under the Guaranty Agreement was $1.3 million as of March 31, 2024 and was recorded as an operating lease liability in these condensed consolidated financial statements.

Other Commitments

As of March 31, 2024, the Company has non-cancellable purchase commitments for inventories, capital equipment and services as follows:

 

 

Total Due

 

2024 (remaining 9 months)

 

$

7,656

 

2025

 

 

1,593

 

2026

 

 

38

 

 

 

$

9,287

 

 

9. Restructuring

On April 27, 2022, the Company committed to a plan (the “April 2022 Restructuring”) to relocate substantially all of its manufacturing operations from Exeter, New Hampshire to a company operated manufacturing facility in Tijuana, Mexico and announced a reduction in force at the Exeter, New Hampshire facility that eliminated positions related to production, quality and operations services. As part of the April 2022 Restructuring, the Company also incurred severance related expenses due to senior level personnel retirements and transitions. The termination benefits are classified in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss in the manner in which the employees’ salaries and related costs were classified. The Company does not expect to incur additional costs associated with the April 2022 Restructuring.

In late August 2022, in conjunction with the Company’s path to profitability and annual operating planning efforts, the Company committed to a plan (the “August 2022 Restructuring”) to exit the Vapotherm Access call center business and its pulmonology practice, RespirCare, and to restructure its commercial organization in the United States. As a result of the August 2022 Restructuring, the Company eliminated positions related to patient care, marketing and administrative services at Vapotherm Access and RespirCare and executed a reduction in force of the Company’s United States field teams. As part of the August 2022 Restructuring, the Company also incurred severance related expenses due to personnel transitions. The termination benefits are classified in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss in the manner in which the employees’ salaries and related costs were classified. The Company does not expect to incur additional costs associated with the August 2022 Restructuring.

There were no restructuring expenses recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2024. All amounts related to the April 2022 and the August 2022 Restructuring were fully paid in 2023.

The following table summarizes the classification of restructuring expense, including related impairment of right-of-use assets, in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss during the three months ended March 31, 2023:

Cost of revenue

 

$

56

 

Impairment of long-lived and intangible assets

 

 

432

 

Total restructuring expense

 

$

488

 

 

23


VAPOTHERM, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

10. Warrants

The table below sets forth the Company’s warrant activity for the three months ended March 31, 2024:

 

 

Common Stock Warrants

 

 

 

Number of
Shares

 

 

Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price

 

Outstanding at December 31, 2023

 

 

3,193,710

 

 

$

8.36

 

Warrants issued

 

 

79,146

 

 

 

0.96

 

Outstanding at March 31, 2024

 

 

3,272,856

 

 

$

8.18

 

The Company’s outstanding warrants at March 31, 2024 have exercise prices ranging from $0.008 per share to $112.00 per share and expire at periods ranging from June 10, 2024 through January 2, 2034.

In connection with its PIK Interest option, during the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company has issued SLR the PIK Warrants to purchase an aggregate of 79,146 shares of common stock. The PIK Warrants have an exercise price of $0.96 per share, were fully vested upon issuance, are exercisable at the option of the holder, in whole or in part, and have an expiration date of