Company Quick10K Filing
Valero Energy
Price83.66 EPS6
Shares416 P/E14
MCap34,803 P/FCF9
Net Debt7,033 EBIT3,195
TEV41,836 TEV/EBIT13
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-K 2020-12-31 Filed 2021-02-23
10-Q 2020-09-30 Filed 2020-10-28
10-Q 2020-06-30 Filed 2020-07-31
10-Q 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-04-29
10-K 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-02-26
10-Q 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-11-07
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-08-06
10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-05-07
10-K 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-02-28
10-Q 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-11-06
10-Q 2018-06-30 Filed 2018-08-06
10-Q 2018-03-31 Filed 2018-05-07
10-K 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-02-28
10-Q 2017-09-30 Filed 2017-11-07
10-Q 2017-06-30 Filed 2017-08-07
10-Q 2017-03-31 Filed 2017-05-08
10-K 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-02-23
10-Q 2016-09-30 Filed 2016-11-08
10-Q 2016-06-30 Filed 2016-08-04
10-Q 2016-03-31 Filed 2016-05-05
10-K 2015-12-31 Filed 2016-02-25
10-Q 2015-09-30 Filed 2015-11-04
10-Q 2015-06-30 Filed 2015-08-06
10-Q 2015-03-31 Filed 2015-05-07
10-K 2014-12-31 Filed 2015-02-26
10-Q 2014-09-30 Filed 2014-11-06
10-Q 2014-06-30 Filed 2014-08-07
10-Q 2014-03-31 Filed 2014-05-08
10-K 2013-12-31 Filed 2014-02-27
10-Q 2013-09-30 Filed 2013-11-05
10-Q 2013-06-30 Filed 2013-08-07
10-Q 2013-03-31 Filed 2013-05-08
10-K 2012-12-31 Filed 2013-02-28
10-Q 2012-09-30 Filed 2012-11-06
10-Q 2012-06-30 Filed 2012-08-08
10-Q 2012-03-31 Filed 2012-05-08
10-K 2011-12-31 Filed 2012-02-24
10-Q 2011-09-30 Filed 2011-11-09
10-Q 2011-06-30 Filed 2011-08-09
10-Q 2011-03-31 Filed 2011-05-09
10-Q 2010-09-30 Filed 2010-11-03
10-Q 2010-06-30 Filed 2010-08-06
10-Q 2010-03-31 Filed 2010-05-07
10-K 2009-12-31 Filed 2010-02-26
8-K 2020-11-13
8-K 2020-10-22
8-K 2020-09-08
8-K 2020-07-30
8-K 2020-06-18
8-K 2020-06-03
8-K 2020-04-30
8-K 2020-04-29
8-K 2020-04-14
8-K 2020-04-13
8-K 2020-04-13
8-K 2020-03-02
8-K 2020-02-26
8-K 2020-01-30
8-K 2020-01-23
8-K 2019-12-18
8-K 2019-10-24
8-K 2019-08-22
8-K 2019-07-25
8-K 2019-05-14
8-K 2019-04-30
8-K 2019-04-25
8-K 2019-03-21
8-K 2019-03-19
8-K 2019-02-08
8-K 2019-01-31
8-K 2019-01-10
8-K 2018-10-31
8-K 2018-10-25
8-K 2018-10-18
8-K 2018-10-05
8-K 2018-09-05
8-K 2018-07-26
8-K 2018-06-01
8-K 2018-05-17
8-K 2018-05-08
8-K 2018-05-03
8-K 2018-04-26
8-K 2018-02-28
8-K 2018-02-14
8-K 2018-02-07
8-K 2018-02-01
8-K 2018-01-03

VLO 10K Annual Report

Part I
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Part II
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Item 9B. Other Information
Part III
Part IV
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
EX-10.10 a12312020exh1010.htm
EX-10.13 a12312020exh1013.htm
EX-10.17 a12312020exh1017.htm
EX-21.01 a12312020exh2101.htm
EX-22.01 a12312020exh2201.htm
EX-23.01 a12312020exh2301.htm
EX-31.01 a12312020exh3101.htm
EX-31.02 a12312020exh3102.htm
EX-32.01 a12312020exh3201.htm
EX-99.01 a12312020exh9901.htm

Valero Energy Earnings 2020-12-31

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
554433221102012201420172020
Assets, Equity
35282114702016201720182020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
2.61.81.00.1-0.7-1.52012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

vlo-20201231
VALERO ENERGY CORP/TX0001035002FALSE2020FYIncludes excise taxes on sales by certain of our international operations of $4,797 million, $5,595 million, and $5,626 million for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, and 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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
(Mark One)
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _______________ to _______________
Commission file number 001-13175
VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware74-1828067
(State or other jurisdiction of(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)Identification No.)
One Valero Way
San Antonio, Texas 78249
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (210) 345-2000
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stockVLONew York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None.
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
Yes No
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filerNon-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting companyEmerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.    
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common stock held by non-affiliates was approximately $24.0 billion based on the last sales price quoted as of June 30, 2020 on the New York Stock Exchange, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter.
As of February 19, 2021, 408,562,891 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
We intend to file with the Securities and Exchange Commission a definitive Proxy Statement for our Annual Meeting of Stockholders scheduled for April 29, 2021, at which directors will be elected. Portions of the 2021 Proxy Statement are incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K and are deemed to be a part of this report.


Table of Contents
CROSS-REFERENCE SHEET

The following table indicates the headings in the 2021 Proxy Statement where certain information required in Part III of this Form 10-K may be found.
Form 10-K Item No. and CaptionHeading in 2021 Proxy Statement
10.Directors, Executive Officers and
Corporate Governance
Information Regarding the Board of Directors, Independent Directors, Audit Committee, Proposal No. 1 Election of Directors, Information Concerning Nominees and Other Directors, Identification of Executive Officers, and Governance Documents and Codes of Ethics
11.Executive Compensation
Compensation Committee, Compensation Discussion and Analysis, Executive Compensation, Director Compensation, Pay Ratio Disclosure, and Certain Relationships and Related Transactions
12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial
Owners and Management and Related
Stockholder Matters
Beneficial Ownership of Valero Securities and Equity Compensation Plan Information
13.
Certain Relationships and Related
Transactions, and
Director Independence
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Independent Directors
14.Principal Accountant Fees and Services
KPMG LLP Fees and Audit Committee Pre-Approval Policy

Copies of all documents incorporated by reference, other than exhibits to such documents, will be provided without charge to each person who receives a copy of this Form 10-K upon written request to Valero Energy Corporation, Attn: Secretary, P.O. Box 696000, San Antonio, Texas 78269-6000.


i



CONTENTS
PAGE

ii


Table of Contents
The terms “Valero,” “we,” “our,” and “us,” as used in this report, may refer to Valero Energy Corporation, to one or more of its consolidated subsidiaries, or to all of them taken as a whole. In this Form 10-K, we make certain forward-looking statements, including statements regarding our plans, strategies, objectives, expectations, intentions, and resources under the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. You should read our forward-looking statements together with our disclosures beginning on page 30 of this report under the heading: “CAUTIONARY STATEMENT FOR THE PURPOSE OF SAFE HARBOR PROVISIONS OF THE PRIVATE SECURITIES LITIGATION REFORM ACT OF 1995.”

PART I

ITEMS 1. and 2. BUSINESS AND PROPERTIES

OVERVIEW

We are a Fortune 500 company based in San Antonio, Texas. Our corporate offices are at One Valero Way, San Antonio, Texas, 78249, and our telephone number is (210) 345-2000. We were incorporated in Delaware in 1981 under the name Valero Refining and Marketing Company. We changed our name to Valero Energy Corporation in 1997. Our common stock trades on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) under the trading symbol “VLO.”

We own 15 petroleum refineries that produce conventional gasolines, premium gasolines, reformulated gasoline, gasoline meeting the specifications of the California Air Resources Board (CARB), diesel, low-sulfur diesel, ultra-low-sulfur diesel, CARB diesel, other distillates, jet fuel, asphalt, petrochemicals, lubricants, and other refined petroleum products. We are also a joint venture partner in Diamond Green Diesel Holdings LLC (DGD)1, which owns a plant that produces renewable diesel. We also own 13 ethanol plants that produce ethanol and various co-products. Renewable diesel and ethanol are both low-carbon transportation fuels. We sell our products primarily in the United States (U.S.), Canada, the United Kingdom (U.K.), Ireland, and Latin America. See “VALERO’S OPERATIONS” for additional information about our operations and properties.

AVAILABLE INFORMATION

Our website address is www.valero.com. Information (including any presentation or report) on our website is not part of, and is not incorporated into, this report or any other report we may file with (or furnish to) the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), whether made before or after the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and irrespective of any general incorporation language therein. Furthermore, references to our website URLs are intended to be inactive textual references only. Our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and other reports, as well as any amendments to those reports, filed with (or furnished to) the U.S. SEC are available on our website (under Investors > Financials > SEC Filings) free of charge, soon after we file or furnish such material. Additionally, on our website (under Investors > ESG), we post our corporate governance guidelines and other governance policies, codes of ethics, and the charters of the committees of our board of directors. In this same location, we also publish our Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) company overview, our Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) Report, our Stewardship and Responsibility Report, and our Review of Climate-Related Risks and Opportunities.
1 DGD is a joint venture with Darling Ingredients Inc. (Darling) and we consolidate DGD’s financial statements. See Note 13 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, which is incorporated herein by reference, regarding our accounting for DGD.

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These documents are available in print to any stockholder that makes a written request to Valero Energy Corporation, Attn: Secretary, P.O. Box 696000, San Antonio, Texas 78269-6000.

ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP

Our Goals
We strive to manage our business to responsibly meet the world’s demand for reliable and affordable energy and have made multibillion-dollar investments to develop and grow our low-carbon renewable diesel and ethanol businesses. These renewable fuels businesses have made us one of the world’s largest renewable fuels producers. Even so, we continually seek to find ways to reduce the environmental impact of all of our operations and improve our ESG practices.

Renewable Fuels
We have invested over $3 billion2 to date in our renewable fuels businesses, and we expect additional growth opportunities in this area. For example, we expect to invest almost $2 billion3 over the next three years to complete the expansion of DGD’s existing renewable diesel plant located next to our St. Charles Refinery in Norco, Louisiana (the DGD Plant) and to build DGD’s second plant next to our Port Arthur Refinery in Port Arthur, Texas. See “VALERO’S OPERATIONS—RENEWABLE DIESEL” for additional information about the expansion of our renewable diesel business.

We believe that the growth of our renewable fuels businesses not only provides a good business opportunity, but it is also an opportunity for us to produce fuels that reduce carbon emissions. Renewable diesel and ethanol are low-carbon transportation fuels that have the potential to result in meaningful reductions in life cycle carbon emissions compared to traditional diesel and non-blended gasoline. Blending and credits with respect to renewable fuels may also help offset greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Additionally, many state, provincial, and national governments across the world have implemented, or are considering implementing, low-carbon fuel policies and stricter fuel efficiency standards to help reach GHG emissions reduction targets. This has helped, and should continue to help, drive the demand for both renewable diesel and ethanol, and we believe that our ability to supply these renewable fuels could play an important role in helping achieve such GHG emissions reduction targets.

Reports
We publish and make available on our website various climate-related reports and presentations. These include:

our presentation providing an ESG overview of our company,
our SASB Report, which aligns Valero’s performance data with the recommendations of the SASB framework in the Oil and Gas – Refining and Marketing industry standard,
our Stewardship and Responsibility Report, and
2 Our investment to date in our renewable fuels businesses consists of $1.4 billion in capital investments to build our renewable diesel business and $1.7 billion to build our ethanol business. Capital investments in renewable diesel represent 100 percent of the capital investments made by DGD. DGD is our consolidated joint venture, which is described in “OVERVIEW” above. See also “MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS—LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES—Capital Investments,” which is incorporated herein by reference for our definition of capital investments.
3 Represents 100 percent of DGD’s expected capital investments from January 1, 2021 through December 31, 2023 related to the expansion of its existing renewable diesel plant and the construction of its second plant. See footnote 2 above.

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our Review of Climate-Related Risks and Opportunities, which is aligned with the main principles outlined in the recommendations of the Financial Stability Board’s Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosure.

See “—AVAILABLE INFORMATION” above.

VALERO’S OPERATIONS

Our operations are managed through the following reportable segments:4

our refining segment, which includes the operations of our petroleum refineries, the associated activities to market our refined petroleum products, and the logistics assets that support those operations;

our renewable diesel segment, which includes the operations of DGD and the associated activities to market renewable diesel; and

our ethanol segment, which includes the operations of our ethanol plants, the associated activities to market our ethanol and co-products, and the logistics assets that support those operations.

Financial information about these segments is presented in Note 18 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, which is incorporated herein by reference.

4 We revised our reportable segments effective January 1, 2019 to align with certain changes in how our chief operating decision maker manages and allocates resources to our business. Accordingly, we created the renewable diesel segment because of the growth of renewable fuels in the market and the growth in our investments in renewable fuels production. The renewable diesel operations were transferred from the refining segment on January 1, 2019. At the same time, we combined our Valero Energy Partners LP (VLP) segment into our refining segment. This change was made because of the Merger Transaction with VLP, as defined and discussed in Note 3 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, which is incorporated herein by reference, and the resulting change in how we manage VLP’s operations. We no longer manage VLP as a business but as logistics assets that support the operations of our refining segment.

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REFINING
Refineries
Overview
Our 15 petroleum refineries are located in the U.S., Canada, and the U.K., and they have a combined feedstock throughput capacity of approximately 3.2 million barrels per day (BPD). The following table presents the locations of these refineries and their feedstock throughput capacities as of December 31, 2020.
RefineryLocationThroughput
Capacity (a)
(BPD)
U.S.
BeniciaCalifornia170,000 
WilmingtonCalifornia135,000 
MerauxLouisiana135,000 
St. CharlesLouisiana340,000 
ArdmoreOklahoma90,000 
MemphisTennessee195,000 
Corpus Christi (b)Texas370,000 
HoustonTexas255,000 
McKeeTexas200,000 
Port ArthurTexas395,000 
Texas CityTexas260,000 
Three RiversTexas100,000 
Canada
Quebec CityQuebec235,000 
U.K.
PembrokeWales270,000 
Total3,150,000 
________________________
(a)“Throughput capacity” represents estimated capacity for processing crude oil, intermediates, and other feedstocks. Total estimated crude oil capacity is approximately 2.6 million BPD.
(b)Represents the combined capacities of two refineries – the Corpus Christi East and Corpus Christi West Refineries.

California
Benicia Refinery. Our Benicia Refinery is located northeast of San Francisco on the Carquinez Straits of San Francisco Bay. It processes sour crude oils into gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, and asphalt. Gasoline production is primarily California Reformulated Blendstock Gasoline for Oxygenate Blending (CARBOB), which meets CARB specifications when blended with ethanol. The refinery receives crude oil feedstocks via a marine dock and crude oil pipelines connected to a southern California crude oil delivery system. Most of the refinery’s products are distributed via pipeline and truck rack into northern California markets.

Wilmington Refinery. Our Wilmington Refinery is located near Los Angeles. The refinery processes a blend of heavy and high-sulfur crude oils. The refinery produces CARBOB gasoline, diesel, CARB diesel, jet fuel, and asphalt. The refinery is connected by pipeline to marine terminals and associated dock facilities that move and store crude oil and other feedstocks.

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Refined petroleum products are distributed via pipeline systems to various third-party terminals in Southern California, Nevada, and Arizona.

Louisiana
Meraux Refinery. Our Meraux Refinery is located approximately 15 miles southeast of New Orleans along the Mississippi River. The refinery processes sour and sweet crude oils into gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, and high sulfur fuel oil. The refinery receives crude oil at its dock and has access to the Louisiana Offshore Oil Port. Finished products are shipped from the refinery’s dock and through the Colonial pipeline. The refinery is located about 40 miles from our St. Charles Refinery, allowing for integration of feedstocks and refined petroleum product blending.

St. Charles Refinery. Our St. Charles Refinery is located approximately 25 miles west of New Orleans along the Mississippi River. The refinery successfully commissioned a new alkylation unit in the fourth quarter of 2020. The refinery processes sour crude oils and other feedstocks into gasoline and diesel. The refinery receives crude oil over docks and has access to the Louisiana Offshore Oil Port. Finished products are shipped over these docks and through our Parkway pipeline and the Bengal pipeline, which ultimately provide access to the Plantation and Colonial pipeline networks.
Oklahoma
Ardmore Refinery. Our Ardmore Refinery is located approximately 100 miles south of Oklahoma City. It processes sweet and sour crude oils into gasoline and diesel. The refinery predominantly receives Permian Basin and Cushing-sourced crude oil via third-party pipelines. Refined petroleum products are transported via rail, trucks, and the Magellan pipeline system.

Tennessee
Memphis Refinery. Our Memphis Refinery is located along the Mississippi River. It processes primarily sweet crude oils. Most of its production is gasoline, diesel, and jet fuels. Crude oil supply is primarily Cushing-sourced via the Diamond pipeline. Crude oil can also be received, along with other feedstocks, via the Dakota Access pipeline and barge. Most of the refinery’s products are distributed via truck rack and barges.

Texas
Corpus Christi East and West Refineries. Our Corpus Christi East and West Refineries are located on the Texas Gulf Coast along the Corpus Christi Ship Channel. The East Refinery processes sour crude oil, and the West Refinery processes sweet crude oil, sour crude oil, and residual fuel oil. The feedstocks are delivered by tanker and barge via deepwater docking facilities along the Corpus Christi Ship Channel, and West Texas or South Texas crude oil is delivered via pipelines. The refineries’ physical locations allow for the transfer of various feedstocks and blending components between them. The refineries produce gasoline, aromatics, jet fuel, diesel, and asphalt. Truck racks service local markets for gasoline, diesel, jet fuels, liquefied petroleum gases, and asphalt. These and other finished products are also distributed by ship and barge across docks and third-party pipelines.

Houston Refinery. Our Houston Refinery is located on the Houston Ship Channel. It processes sweet crude and intermediate oils into gasoline, jet fuel, and diesel. The refinery receives its feedstocks primarily by various interconnecting pipelines and also has waterborne-receiving capability at deepwater docking facilities along the Houston Ship Channel. The majority of its

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finished products are delivered to local, mid-continent U.S., and northeastern U.S. markets through various pipelines, including the Colonial and Explorer pipelines.

McKee Refinery. Our McKee Refinery is located in the Texas Panhandle. It processes primarily sweet crude oils into gasoline, diesel, jet fuels, and asphalt. The refinery has access to local and Permian Basin crude oil sources via third-party pipelines. Refined petroleum products are transported primarily via third-party pipelines and rail to markets in Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma, and Mexico.

Port Arthur Refinery. Our Port Arthur Refinery is located on the Texas Gulf Coast approximately 90 miles east of Houston. The refinery processes heavy sour crude oils and other feedstocks into gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel. The refinery receives crude oil by rail, marine docks, and pipelines. Finished products are distributed into the Colonial, Explorer, and other pipelines, and across the refinery docks into ships and barges.

Texas City Refinery. Our Texas City Refinery is located southeast of Houston on the Houston Ship Channel. The refinery processes crude oils into gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel. The refinery receives its feedstocks by pipeline and by ship or barge via deepwater docking facilities along the Houston Ship Channel. The refinery uses ships and barges, as well as the Colonial, Explorer, and other pipelines for distribution of its products.

Three Rivers Refinery. Our Three Rivers Refinery is located in South Texas between Corpus Christi and San Antonio. It primarily processes sweet crude oils into gasoline, distillates, and aromatics. The refinery receives crude oil from West Texas and South Texas by pipelines and trucks. The refinery distributes its refined petroleum products primarily through third-party pipelines.

Canada
Quebec City Refinery. Our Quebec City Refinery is located in Lévis (near Quebec City). It processes sweet crude oils into gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, heating oil, and low-sulfur fuel oil. The refinery receives crude oil by ship at its deepwater dock on the St. Lawrence River and by pipeline and ship (via the St. Lawrence River from a crude terminal in Montreal) from western Canada. The refinery transports its products through our pipeline from Quebec City to our terminal in Montreal and to various other terminals throughout eastern Canada by rail, ships, trucks, and third-party pipelines.

U.K.
Pembroke Refinery. Our Pembroke Refinery is located in the County of Pembrokeshire in South West Wales. The refinery processes primarily sweet crude oils into gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, heating oil, and low-sulfur fuel oil. The refinery receives all of its feedstocks and delivers some of its products by ship and barge via deepwater docking facilities along the Milford Haven Waterway, with its remaining products being delivered through our Mainline pipeline system and by trucks. The refinery’s new cogeneration project is expected to be completed in the third quarter of 2021.

Feedstock Supply
Our crude oil feedstocks are purchased through a combination of term and spot contracts. Our term supply contracts are at market-related prices and feedstocks are purchased directly or indirectly from various national oil companies as well as international and U.S. oil companies. The contracts generally

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permit the parties to amend the contracts (or terminate them), effective as of the next scheduled renewal date, by giving the other party proper notice within a prescribed period of time (e.g., 60 days, 6 months) before expiration of the current term. The majority of the crude oil purchased under our term contracts is purchased at the producer’s official stated price (i.e., the “market” price established by the seller for all purchasers) and not at a negotiated price specific to us.

Marketing
Overview
We sell refined petroleum products in both the wholesale rack and bulk markets. These sales include refined petroleum products that are manufactured in our refining operations, as well as refined petroleum products purchased or received on exchange from third parties. Most of our refineries have access to marine transportation facilities, and they interconnect with common-carrier pipeline systems, allowing us to sell products in the U.S., Canada, the U.K., and other countries.

Wholesale Rack Sales
We sell our gasoline and distillate products, as well as other products, such as asphalt, lube oils, and natural gas liquids (NGLs), on a wholesale basis through an extensive rack marketing network. The principal purchasers of our refined petroleum products from terminal truck racks are wholesalers, distributors, retailers, and truck-delivered end users throughout the U.S., Canada, the U.K., Ireland, and Latin America.

The majority of our rack volume is sold through unbranded channels. The remainder is sold to distributors and dealers that are members of the Valero-brand family that operate branded sites in the U.S., Canada, the U.K., Ireland, and Latin America. These sites are independently owned and are supplied by us under multi-year contracts. Approximately 7,000 outlets carry our brand names. For branded sites, products are sold under the Valero®, Beacon®, Diamond Shamrock®, and Shamrock® brands in the U.S., the Ultramar® brand in Canada, the Texaco® brand in the U.K. and Ireland, and the Valero® brand in Latin America.

Bulk Sales
We also sell our gasoline and distillate products, as well as other products, such as asphalt, petrochemicals, and NGLs, through bulk sales channels in the U.S. and international markets. Our bulk sales are made to various oil companies, traders, and bulk end users, such as railroads, airlines, and utilities. Our bulk sales are transported primarily by pipelines, barges, and tankers to major tank farms and trading hubs.

Logistics
We own logistics assets (crude oil pipelines, refined petroleum product pipelines, terminals, tanks, marine docks, truck rack bays, and other assets) that support our refining operations.


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RENEWABLE DIESEL
Our Relationship with DGD
DGD is a joint venture that we consolidate. We entered into the DGD joint venture in 2011. See Note 13 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, which is incorporated herein by reference, regarding our accounting for DGD. We operate the DGD Plant and perform certain management functions for DGD as an independent contractor under an agreement with DGD.

Renewable Diesel Plant
The DGD Plant is located next to our St. Charles Refinery in Norco, Louisiana, and its production capacity is 290 million gallons of renewable diesel per year. Renewable diesel is a low-carbon transportation fuel that is interchangeable with diesel produced from petroleum and is produced from rendered and recycled materials, including animal fats, used cooking oils, and other vegetable oils.

DGD began an expansion of the DGD Plant in 2019, which is expected to increase its renewable diesel production by 400 million gallons per year; construction is expected to be completed in the fourth quarter of 2021. Additionally, in January 2021, we and our joint venture partner approved the construction of a new 470 million gallons per year renewable diesel plant to be located next to our Port Arthur Refinery in Port Arthur, Texas. The new plant is expected to increase DGD’s total renewable diesel production capacity to almost 1.2 billion gallons per year.

The DGD Plant receives rendered and recycled materials primarily by rail and trucks owned by third parties. DGD is party to a raw material supply agreement with Darling under which Darling is obligated to offer to DGD a portion of its feedstock requirements at competitive pricing, but DGD is not obligated to purchase all or any part of its feedstock from Darling. Therefore, DGD pursues the lowest cost feedstock supply available. See Item 1A, “RISK FACTORS”—Risks Related to Our Business, Industry, and Operations—Our investments in joint ventures and other entities decrease our ability to manage risk, and—Disruption of our ability to obtain crude oil, rendered and recycled materials, corn, and other feedstocks could adversely affect our operations, which are incorporated herein by reference.

Marketing
DGD’s renewable diesel is sold under the Diamond Green Diesel® brand primarily to refiners to be blended with petroleum-based diesel. Renewable diesel is also sold to end users for use in their operations. DGD sells renewable diesel domestically and exports renewable diesel into global markets, primarily Canada and Europe. Renewable diesel is distributed primarily by rail and ships owned by third parties. See Item 1A, “RISK FACTORS”—Risks Related to Our Business, Industry, and Operations—Developments with respect to low-carbon fuel policies and the market for alternative fuels may affect demand for our renewable fuels and could adversely affect our financial performance, which is incorporated herein by reference.


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ETHANOL
Ethanol Plants
Our ethanol business began in 2009 with the purchase of our first ethanol plants. We have since grown the business by purchasing additional ethanol plants. Our 13 ethanol plants are located in the Mid-Continent region of the U.S., and they have a combined ethanol production capacity of 1.69 billion gallons per year. Our ethanol plants are dry mill facilities that process corn to produce ethanol and various co-products, including livestock feed (dry distillers grains, or DDGs, and syrup), and inedible corn oil.

The following table presents the locations of our ethanol plants, their annual production capacities for ethanol (in millions of gallons) and DDGs (in tons), and their annual corn processing capacities (in millions of bushels).
StateCityEthanol
Production
Capacity
DDG
Production
Capacity
Corn
Processing
Capacity
IndianaBluffton130340,00045
Linden135355,00047
Mount Vernon100263,00035
IowaAlbert City135355,00047
Charles City140368,00049
Fort Dodge140368,00049
Hartley140368,00049
Lakota110289,00038
MinnesotaWelcome140368,00049
NebraskaAlbion135355,00047
OhioBloomingburg135355,00047
South DakotaAurora140368,00049
WisconsinJefferson110352,00041
Total1,6904,504,000592

The foregoing table excludes data relating to our Riga, Michigan ethanol plant, which ceased operations in 2020.

We source our corn supply from local farmers and commercial elevators. We publish on our website a corn bid for local farmers and cooperative dealers to facilitate corn supply transactions. Our plants receive corn primarily by rail and truck.

Marketing
We sell our ethanol primarily to refiners and gasoline blenders under term and spot contracts in bulk markets such as New York, Chicago, the U.S. Gulf Coast, Florida, and the U.S. West Coast. We also export our ethanol into the global markets. We distribute our ethanol primarily by rail (including some railcars owned by us) and third-party trucks, barges, and vessels. We sell DDGs primarily to animal feed customers in the U.S., Mexico, and Asia, which are transported primarily by third-party rail, trucks, and vessels.

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SEASONALITY
Demand for gasoline, diesel, and asphalt is higher during the spring and summer months than during the winter months in most of our markets, primarily due to seasonal increases in highway traffic and construction. The demand for renewable diesel has not significantly fluctuated by season. Ethanol is primarily blended into gasoline, and as a result, ethanol demand typically moves in line with the demand for gasoline.

GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS

We incorporate by reference into this Item the disclosures on government regulations, including environmental regulations, contained in the following sections of this report:

Item 1A, “RISK FACTORS”—Risks Related to Our Business, Industry, and Operations—Legal, technological, and political developments and evolving market sentiment regarding fuel efficiency and low-carbon fuel standards may decrease the demand for our products and could adversely affect our performance;
Item 1A, “RISK FACTORS”—Legal, Governmental, and Regulatory Risks; and
Item 3, “LEGAL PROCEEDINGS”—ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT MATTERS.

Capital Expenditures Attributable to Compliance with Government Regulations. In 2020, our capital expenditures attributable to compliance with environmental regulations were $27 million, and they are currently estimated to be $13 million for 2021 and $24 million for 2022. The estimates for 2021 and 2022 do not include amounts related to capital investments at our refineries and plants that management has deemed to be strategic investments. These amounts could materially change as a result of governmental and regulatory actions. We have incurred significant capital expenditures in prior years to comply with government regulations; however, we do not believe that compliance with government regulations, including environmental regulations, had a material effect on our capital expenditures in 2020, and we currently do not expect that compliance with these regulations will have material effects on our capital expenditures in 2021.

Other. Because our business is heavily regulated, our costs for compliance with government regulations are significant, especially costs associated with environmental compliance programs, which are further disclosed in Notes 20 and 21 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, which are incorporated herein by reference.


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HUMAN CAPITAL

We believe that our employees provide a competitive advantage for our success. We seek to foster a culture that supports diversity and inclusion, and we strive to provide a safe, healthy, and rewarding work environment with opportunities for professional growth and long-term financial stability.

Headcount
On January 31, 2021, we had 9,964 employees. These employees were located in the following countries:
CountryNumber of
Employees
U.S.8,326 
Canada642 
U.K. and Ireland855 
Mexico and Peru141 
Total9,964 

Of our total employees as of January 31, 2021, 1,768 were covered by collective bargaining or similar agreements, and 9,803 were in permanent full-time positions. See also Item 1A, “RISK FACTORS”—General Risk Factors—Our business may be negatively affected by work stoppages, slowdowns, or strikes by our employees, as well as new labor legislation issued by regulators.

Safety
We believe that safety and reliability are extremely important, not only to the cultural values we aspire to as a company, but also for operational success, as a decrease in the number of employee safety events and process safety events should generally reduce unplanned shutdowns and increase the operational reliability of our plants. This, in turn, should also translate into fewer environmental incidents, a safer workplace, lower environmental impacts, and better community relations. We strive to improve safety and reliability by offering year-round safety training programs for our employees and contractors and by seeking to promote the same expectations and culture of safety among all of our workers. We also seek to enhance our safety compliance by conducting audits, quality assurance visits, and comprehensive risk assessments.

In assessing safety performance, we measure our annual total recordable incident rate (TRIR), which includes data with respect to our employees and contractors and is defined as the number of recordable injuries per 200,000 working hours. We also annually measure our Tier 1 Process Safety Event Rate, which is a metric defined by the American Petroleum Institute that looks at process safety events per 200,000 total employee and contractor working hours. We use these measures and believe they are helpful in assessing our safety performance because they evaluate performance relative to the numbers of hours being worked. These metrics are also used by others in our industry, which allows for a more objective comparison of our performance. In 2020, our employee and contractor TRIR was 0.34 and 0.15, respectively, and our Tier 1 Process Safety Event Rate was 0.06. As a result, in 2020 we had one of our best years ever in terms of safety performance.

Compensation and Benefits
We believe that it is important to provide our employees with competitive compensation and benefits. The benefits we offer to employees, depending on work location and eligibility status, include, among others, healthcare plans that are generally available to all employees, extended sick leave, new-parent leave, access to financial planning, programs to support dual working parents at different stages of their careers,

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caregiver support networks (including an on-site child care center at our headquarters) and support for children and parents with disabilities, a company 401(k) matching program, a company-sponsored pension plan, on-site employee wellness centers (also available to eligible dependents at our headquarters), tuition reimbursement programs, fitness center access or a stipend, and employee recognition programs.

We believe that it is important to reward employee performance and have an annual bonus program that rewards achievements of various operational, financial, and strategic objectives. While such objectives include more typical financial performance metrics such as earnings per share and cash operating expenses, we believe ESG performance is also important and our annual bonus program rewards achievements in areas such as sustainability, diversity and inclusion, compliance, and corporate citizenship.

Training and Development
We offer a comprehensive training and development program for our employees in subjects ranging from engineering and technical excellence, safety, maintenance and machinery/equipment repair to ethics, leadership, and employee performance. Our employee development initiatives include customized professional and technical curriculums, efforts to engage our leadership in the employee’s development process, and providing employee performance discussions.

Wellness
We strive to promote the health and well-being of our employees and their families. Our Total Wellness Program serves as the umbrella program for all aspects of employee wellness and is the program through which many of the benefits referenced above are provided. The heart of our Total Wellness Program is the annual wellness assessment, which is intended to provide a detailed picture of an employee’s current health that may educate and inform health decisions by highlighting risk factors and providing information that can help save lives. A few of the many resources provided with this annual assessment may include a body composition analysis, an online nutritional analysis, lab work, and a sleep analysis. Under our Total Wellness Program, educational sessions are also scheduled throughout the year on a variety of topics on health and finances.

We are also proud to offer no-cost assistance and a wide range of support through our confidential employee assistance program, helping employees and their families manage relationship challenges, counseling needs, substance abuse and recovery, as well as self-care programs for various behavioral health challenges. In addition, during times of crisis (such as the COVID-19 pandemic), certain of our benefit partners offer toll-free, 24-hour access to emotional support help lines.

Diversity, Equality, and Inclusion
We believe that having a diverse workforce and inclusive teams provides strengths and advantages for our success, and our board of directors and management team strive to promote and improve diversity and inclusion. As of January 31, 2021, approximately 29 percent of our professional employees were female, 11 percent of our hourly employees were female, and 19 percent of total employees were female. Approximately 35 percent of our U.S. employees have self-identified as Hispanic or Latino, Black or African American, Asian, American Indian or Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, or of two or more races. We strive to recruit and retain a diverse workforce and foster a culture of inclusion through various efforts, including targeted recruiting strategies aimed at improving our outreach to underrepresented groups and educational and training programs on topics such as objective hiring and the advantages of a diverse workforce.


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PROPERTIES

Our principal properties are described above under the caption “VALERO’S OPERATIONS,” and that information is incorporated herein by reference. We believe that our properties are generally adequate for our operations and that our refineries and plants are maintained in a good state of repair. As of December 31, 2020, we were the lessee under a number of cancelable and noncancelable leases for certain properties. Our leases are discussed in Note 6 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, which is incorporated herein by reference. Financial information about our properties is presented in Note 7 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, which is incorporated herein by reference.

Our patents relating to our refining operations are not material to us as a whole. The trademarks and tradenames under which we conduct our branded wholesale business — Valero®, Diamond Shamrock®, Shamrock®, Ultramar®, Beacon®, and Texaco®— and other trademarks employed in the marketing of refined petroleum products are integral to our wholesale rack marketing operations. The trademark and tradename under which DGD sells its renewable diesel — Diamond Green Diesel® — is integral to the sales of our renewable diesel segment.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

You should carefully consider the following risk factors in addition to the other information included in this report. Each of these risk factors could adversely affect our business, operating results, and/or financial condition, as well as adversely affect the value of an investment in our common stock or debt securities.

Risks Related to COVID-19

The outbreak of COVID-19 has had, and may continue to have, material adverse consequences for general economic, financial, and business conditions, and could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, and liquidity and those of our customers, suppliers, and other counterparties.

The outbreak of COVID-19 and the responses of governmental authorities and companies, as well as the self-imposed restrictions by many individuals across the world to stem the spread of the virus, have significantly reduced global economic activity; as a result, there has been a dramatic decrease in the number of businesses open for operation, and substantially fewer people across the world have been traveling to work or leaving their homes to procure or provide goods and services. This has resulted, for example, in a dramatic reduction in airline flights and has reduced the number of cars on the road. As a result, there has been a decline in the demand for, and thus also the market prices of, crude oil and certain of our products, particularly the refined petroleum products that we manufacture and sell.

Concerns over the negative effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on economic and business prospects across the world have contributed to increased market and crude oil price volatility and have diminished expectations for the global economy. These factors, coupled with the emergence of decreasing business and consumer confidence and increasing unemployment resulting from the COVID-19 outbreak and the increase in crude oil price volatility, have precipitated an economic slowdown. The current economic slowdown and period of depressed prices for crude oil and most of our products has had, and may continue to have, significant adverse consequences on our financial condition and the financial condition of our customers, suppliers, and other counterparties. This has also had, and may continue to have, a

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negative effect on our liquidity and our ability to obtain adequate crude oil volumes and other feedstock supplies and to market certain of our products at favorable prices, or at all.

Declines in the market prices of crude oil, other feedstocks, and products below their carrying values in our inventory have required, and may continue to require, us to make certain valuation adjustments (e.g., lower of cost or market (LCM) inventory valuation adjustments) to write down the value of our inventories. This has in turn had, and may continue to have, a negative impact on our operating income. The decline in the price of the refined products we sell and the feedstocks we purchase has had, and may continue to have, an adverse impact on other areas of our business and results of operation, such as our revenues and cost of sales. In addition, a sustained period of low crude oil prices, such as we experienced in 2020, may also result in significant financial constraints on certain producers from which we acquire our crude oil, which could result in long term crude oil supply constraints for our business. Such conditions could also result in an increased risk that customers, lenders, service and insurance providers, and other counterparties, such as counterparties to our commodity hedging or derivative instruments, or other agreements vital to our operations, may be unable to fully fulfil their obligations in a timely manner, or at all. Any of the foregoing events or conditions, or other unforeseen consequences of COVID-19, could significantly adversely affect our business and financial condition and the business and financial condition of our customers, suppliers, and other counterparties.

While in the latter part of the second quarter of 2020 certain governmental authorities in the U.S. and abroad began lifting many of the restrictions put in place to slow the spread of COVID-19, which resulted in an increase in the demand and market prices for most of our products relative to what we experienced during the first several months of the pandemic, developments with respect to COVID-19 have been occurring at a rapid pace and the risk remains that circumstances could change. For instance, many locations where restrictions were lifted, and others where the restrictions were more moderately lifted (such as California in our U.S. West Coast region, and New York, Canada, and the U.K. in our North Atlantic region), have experienced a resurgence in the spread of COVID-19 prompting many governmental authorities to re-impose certain restrictions that had previously been lifted or softened. In addition, in December 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Canadian and U.K. regulators each granted emergency-use authorization for multiple COVID-19 vaccines to be used as immunization against the virus. Although these vaccines may be seen as a key factor in helping to restore public confidence, and thus stimulate and increase economic activity, potentially to pre-pandemic levels, they may not be distributed widely on a timely basis and they may not be effective against new variants of the COVID-19 virus.

Many uncertainties remain with respect to COVID-19, including its resulting economic effects, and we are unable to predict the ultimate economic impacts from COVID-19 on our business and how quickly national economies can recover once the pandemic subsides, the timing or effectiveness of vaccine distributions, the potential for new variants of the virus or whether any recovery will ultimately experience a reversal or other setbacks. The ultimate extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic will depend largely on future developments, particularly within the geographic areas where we operate, and the related impact on overall economic activity, all of which are currently unknown and cannot be predicted with certainty at this time. However, the adverse impacts of the economic effects from the COVID-19 pandemic and the uncertainty in the global oil markets on our business have been and will likely continue to be significant.

The adverse effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and liquidity have also had, and may continue to have, the effect of heightening many of the other risks described in the other risk factors below, as those risk factors are amended or supplemented by

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subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and other reports and documents we file with the U.S. SEC after the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Risks Related to Our Business, Industry, and Operations

Our financial results are affected by volatile margins, which are dependent upon factors beyond our control, including the price of crude oil, corn, and other feedstocks and the market price at which we can sell our products.

Our financial results are affected by the relationship, or margin, between our product prices and the prices for crude oil, corn, and other feedstocks. Historically, refining and ethanol margins have been volatile, and we believe they will continue to be volatile in the future. Our cost to acquire feedstocks and the price at which we can ultimately sell products depend upon several factors beyond our control, including regional and global supply of and demand for crude oil, corn, other feedstocks, gasoline, diesel, other refined petroleum products, and renewable products. These in turn depend on, among other things, the availability and quantity of imports, the production levels of U.S. and international suppliers, levels of product inventories, productivity and growth (or the lack thereof) of U.S. and global economies, U.S. relationships with foreign governments, political affairs, and the extent of governmental regulation. The ability of the members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) to agree on and to maintain crude oil price and production controls has also had, and may continue to have, a significant impact on the market prices of crude oil and certain of our products.

Some of these factors can vary by region and may change quickly, adding to market volatility, while others may have longer-term effects. The longer-term effects of these and other factors on product margins are uncertain. We do not produce crude oil, corn, or all of our other feedstocks and must purchase all of the feedstocks we process. We generally purchase our feedstocks long before we process them and sell the resulting products. Price level changes during the period between purchasing feedstocks and selling the resulting products has had, and in the future could continue to have, a significant effect on our financial results. A decline in market prices, as was experienced during much of 2020, negatively impacted, and may continue to negatively impact, the carrying value of our inventories.

Economic turmoil and political unrest or hostilities, including the threat of future terrorist attacks, could affect the economies of the U.S. and other countries. Lower levels of economic activity could result in declines in energy consumption, including declines in the demand for and consumption of our products, which could cause our revenues and margins to decline and limit our future growth prospects.

Refining, renewable diesel, and ethanol margins also can be significantly impacted by additional conversion capacity through the expansion of existing facilities or the construction of new refineries or plants. Worldwide refining capacity expansions may result in refining production capability exceeding refined petroleum product demand, which would have an adverse effect on refining margins.

A significant portion of our profitability is derived from the ability to purchase and process crude oil feedstocks that historically have been cheaper than benchmark crude oils, such as Louisiana Light Sweet (LLS) and Brent crude oils. These crude oil feedstock differentials vary significantly depending on overall economic conditions and trends and conditions within the markets for crude oil and refined petroleum products, and have declined in certain periods, as was the case for much of 2020, and could again decline in the future. Previous declines have had, and any future declines would again have, a negative impact on our results of operations.


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Legal, technological, and political developments and evolving market sentiment regarding fuel efficiency and low-carbon fuel standards may decrease the demand for our products and could adversely affect our performance.

Many state, provincial, and national governments across the world have imposed, and may impose in the future, increases in fuel economy standards, low-carbon fuel standards, restrictions on vehicles using petroleum-based fuel, and other policies or regulations (such as tax incentives or subsidies) aimed at steering the public towards less petroleum-dependent modes of transportation, which could reduce demand for our products. For example, in September 2020 the governor of California issued an executive order seeking to require that sales of all new passenger vehicles be zero-emission by 2035 and medium to heavy duty vehicles be zero-emission by 2045 where feasible. The executive order also requires state agencies to build out sufficient electric vehicle charging infrastructure. Other governmental authorities, such as the U.K. and Quebec, have also announced intentions to adopt similar restrictions with respect to the sale of new combustion-engine vehicles. A reduction in the demand for our products could also result from a shift by consumers to alternative fuel vehicles, whether as a result of technological or scientific advances, consumer or investor sentiment towards our products and their relationship to the environment, or legislation or regulation mandating or encouraging the use of alternative energy sources. It is not possible at this time to predict the ultimate form, timing, or extent of any such governmental, consumer, or investor actions. However, a reduction in the demand for our products as a result of any of the foregoing events could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, and liquidity.

Developments with respect to low-carbon fuel policies and the market for alternative fuels may affect demand for our renewable fuels and could adversely affect our financial performance.

Low-carbon fuel policies, blending credits, and stricter fuel efficiency standards to help reach GHG emissions reduction targets help drive demand for our renewable fuels. Any changes to, a failure to enforce, or a discontinuation of any of these policies, goals, and initiatives could have a material adverse effect on our renewable fuels businesses. Similarly, new or changing technologies may be developed, consumers may shift to alternative fuels or alternative fuel vehicles (such as electric or hybrid vehicles) other than the renewable fuels we produce, and there may be new entrants into the renewable fuels production industry that could meet demand for lower-carbon transportation fuels and modes of transportation in a more efficient or less costly manner than our technologies and products, which could also have a material adverse effect on our renewable fuels businesses. For instance, several other refiners have made, or announced interest in, investments in renewable diesel projects. Should these projects develop, we would face competition from them for feedstocks and customers. While such developments are currently uncertain, a reduction in the demand for our renewable fuels or increased competition for feedstocks could adversely affect our financial performance.

Investor sentiment towards climate change, fossil fuels, and other ESG matters could adversely affect our business, cost of capital, and the price of our stock and other securities.

There have been efforts in recent years, which have intensified during the COVID-19 pandemic, aimed at the investment community, including investment advisors, sovereign wealth funds, public pension funds, universities, and other groups, to promote the divestment of securities of energy companies, as well as to pressure lenders and other financial services companies to limit or curtail activities with energy companies. As a result, some financial intermediaries, investors, and other capital markets participants have reduced or ceased lending to, or investing in, companies that operate in industries with higher perceived environmental exposure, such as the energy industry. For example, in December 2020, the state

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of New York announced that it will be divesting the state’s Common Retirement Fund from fossil fuels. If this or similar divestment efforts are continued, the price of our common stock or debt securities, and our ability to access capital markets or to otherwise obtain new investment or financing, may be negatively impacted.

Members of the investment community are also increasing their focus on ESG practices and disclosures, including practices and disclosures related to GHGs and climate change in the energy industry in particular, and diversity and inclusion initiatives and governance standards among companies more generally. As a result, we may face increasing pressure regarding our ESG practices and disclosures. Additionally, members of the investment community may screen companies such as ours for ESG performance before investing in our common stock or debt securities, or lending to us. Over the past few years there has also been an acceleration in investor demand for ESG investing opportunities, and many large institutional investors have committed to increasing the percentage of their portfolios that are allocated towards ESG-focused investments. As a result, there has been a proliferation of ESG-focused investment funds seeking ESG-oriented investment products.

If we are unable to meet the ESG standards or investment or lending criteria set by these investors and funds, we may lose investors, investors may allocate a portion of their capital away from us, our cost of capital may increase, the price of our common stock and debt securities may be negatively impacted, and our reputation may also be negatively affected.

Disruption of our ability to obtain crude oil, rendered and recycled materials, corn, and other feedstocks could adversely affect our operations.

A significant portion of our feedstock requirements is satisfied through supplies originating in the Middle East, Africa, Asia, North America, and South America. We are, therefore, subject to the political, geographic, and economic risks attendant to doing business with suppliers located in, and supplies originating from, these areas. If one or more of our supply contracts were terminated, or if political events disrupt our traditional feedstock supply, we believe that adequate alternative supplies would be available, but it is possible that we would be unable to find alternative sources of supply. If we are unable to obtain adequate volumes or are able to obtain such volumes only at unfavorable prices, our results of operations could be materially adversely affected, including from reduced sales volumes of products or reduced margins as a result of higher costs.
In addition, the U.S. government can prevent or restrict us from doing business in or with other countries. For instance, U.S. sanctions with respect to Iran and Venezuela currently limit the ability of U.S. companies to engage in oil transactions involving these countries. These restrictions, and those of other governments, could limit our ability to gain access to business opportunities in various countries. Actions by both the U.S. and other countries have affected our operations in the past and will continue to do so in the future.

While Darling, our joint venture partner in DGD, supplies some of DGD’s feedstock at competitive pricing, DGD must still secure a significant amount of supply from other sources. Should Darling’s supply be disrupted or should supply from other sources become limited or only available at unfavorable terms, DGD could be required to develop alternate sources of supply. While DGD does not believe feedstock supply is likely to be disrupted, such an event could have an adverse impact on DGD’s, and therefore our, financial position, results of operations, and liquidity.


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Our ethanol segment relies on corn sourced from local farmers and commercial elevators in the Mid-Continent region of the U.S. As a result, the feedstock supply of our ethanol segment is acutely exposed to the effects that weather and other environmental events occurring in that region, as well as applicable governmental policies such as farming subsidies, can have on crop production. Any reduction in crop production from these or similar events could reduce the supply of, or otherwise increase our costs to obtain, feedstocks for our ethanol segment.

We are subject to interruptions and increased costs as a result of our reliance on third-party transportation of crude oil and other feedstocks and the products that we manufacture.

We use the services of third parties to transport feedstocks to our refineries and plants and to transport the products we manufacture to market. If we experience prolonged interruptions of supply or increases in costs to deliver our products to market, or if the ability of the pipelines, vessels, trucks, or railroads to transport feedstocks or products is disrupted because of weather events, accidents, derailments, collisions, fires, explosions, governmental regulations, or third-party actions, it could have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, and liquidity.

Competitors that produce their own supply of feedstocks, own their own retail sites, have greater financial resources, or provide alternative energy sources may have a competitive advantage.

The refining and marketing industry is highly competitive with respect to both feedstock supply and refined petroleum product markets. We compete with many companies for available supplies of crude oil and other feedstocks and for retail sites for our refined petroleum products. We do not produce any of our crude oil feedstocks and we do not have a company-owned retail network. Many of our competitors, however, obtain a significant portion of their feedstocks from company-owned production and some have extensive retail sites. Such competitors are at times able to offset losses from refining operations with profits from producing or retailing operations, and they may be better positioned to withstand periods of depressed refining margins or feedstock shortages.

Some of our competitors also have materially greater financial and other resources than we have. Such competitors may have a greater ability to bear the economic risks inherent in all phases of our industry. In addition, we compete with other industries that provide alternative means to satisfy the energy and fuel requirements of our industrial, commercial, and individual consumers.

A significant interruption in one or more of our refineries or renewable diesel or ethanol plants could adversely affect our business.

Our refineries, renewable diesel plant, and ethanol plants are our principal operating assets. As a result, our operations could be subject to significant interruption if one or more of our refineries or plants were to experience a major accident or mechanical failure, be damaged by severe weather or other natural or man-made disaster, such as an act of terrorism, or otherwise be forced to shut down. If any refinery or plant were to experience an interruption in operations, earnings from the refinery or plant could be materially adversely affected (to the extent not recoverable through insurance) because of lost production and repair costs. Significant interruptions in our refining, renewable diesel, or ethanol systems could also lead to increased volatility in prices for crude oil, rendered and recycled materials, corn, and many of our products.


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Large capital projects can take many years to complete, and market conditions could deteriorate over time, negatively impacting project returns.

We may engage in capital projects based on the forecasted project economics and level of return on the capital to be employed in the project. Large-scale projects take many years to complete, and market conditions can change from our forecast. As a result, we may be unable to fully realize our expected returns, which could negatively impact our financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.
Our investments in joint ventures and other entities decrease our ability to manage risk.

We conduct some of our operations through joint ventures in which we may share control over certain economic and business interests with our joint venture partners. We also conduct some of our operations through entities in which we have no ownership. Our joint venture partners may have economic, business or legal interests, or goals that are inconsistent with our goals and interests or may be unable to meet their obligations. For instance, while we operate the DGD Plant and perform certain day-to-day operating and management functions for DGD as an independent contractor, we do not have full control with respect to every aspect of DGD’s business and certain large actions concerning DGD, including, among others, the acquisition or disposition of assets above a certain value threshold, making certain changes to DGD’s business plan, raising debt or equity capital, DGD’s distribution policy, and entering into particular transactions, which currently require certain approvals from Darling. Failure by us, or an entity in which we have a joint venture interest, to adequately manage the risks associated with joint ventures, and any differences in views among us and our joint venture partners, which could prevent or delay actions that are in the best interest of us or the joint venture, could have a material adverse effect on our, or our joint ventures’, financial position, results of operations, and liquidity.

We may incur losses and additional costs as a result of our forward-contract activities and derivative transactions.

We currently use commodity derivative instruments, and we expect to continue their use in the future. If the instruments we use to hedge our exposure to various types of risk are not effective, we may incur losses. In addition, we may be required to incur additional costs in connection with future regulation of derivative instruments to the extent it is applicable to us.

Legal, Governmental, and Regulatory Risks

Compliance with and changes in environmental laws, including proposed climate change laws and regulations, and climate change litigation could adversely affect our performance.

The principal environmental risks associated with our operations are emissions into the air and releases into the soil, surface water, or groundwater. Our operations are subject to extensive environmental laws and regulations, including those relating to the discharge of materials into the environment, waste management, pollution prevention measures, GHG emissions, and characteristics and composition of fuels, including gasoline and diesel. Certain of these laws and regulations could impose obligations to conduct assessment or remediation efforts at our refineries and plants as well as at formerly owned properties or third-party sites where we have taken wastes for disposal or where our wastes have migrated. Environmental laws and regulations also may impose liability on us for the conduct of third parties, or for actions that complied with applicable requirements when taken, regardless of negligence or fault. If we violate or fail to comply with these laws and regulations, we could be fined or otherwise sanctioned.

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Because environmental laws and regulations are becoming more stringent and new environmental laws and regulations are continuously being enacted or proposed, such as those relating to GHG emissions and climate change, the level of expenditures required for environmental matters could increase in the future. Shortly after taking office in January 2021, President Biden issued a series of executive orders designed to address climate change. President Biden has also signed an executive order requiring agencies to review environmental actions taken by the previous administration, and the current administration has issued a memorandum to departments and agencies to refrain from proposing or issuing rules until a departmental or agency head appointed or designated by the current administration has reviewed and approved the rule. President Biden’s executive orders, as well as the U.S.’s reentry into the Paris Agreement as discussed below, may result in the development of additional regulations or changes to existing regulations.

Current and future legislative action and regulatory initiatives could result in changes to operating permits, material changes in operations, increased capital expenditures and operating costs, increased costs of the goods we sell, and decreased demand for our products that cannot be assessed with certainty at this time. We may be required to make expenditures to modify operations, discontinue use of certain process units, or install pollution control equipment that could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, and liquidity.

For example, in 2015, the U.S., Canada, and the U.K. participated in the United Nations Conference on Climate Change, which led to the creation of the Paris Agreement. The Paris Agreement, which was signed by the U.S. in April 2016, requires countries to review and “represent a progression” in their intended nationally determined contributions (which set GHG emission reduction goals) every five years beginning in 2020. In November 2019, the previous administration served notice on the United Nations that the U.S. would withdraw from the Paris Agreement, which ultimately occurred in 2020. However, on January 20, 2021, President Biden signed an instrument that reverses this withdrawal, and the U.S. formally rejoined the Paris Agreement on February 19, 2021. The U.S.’s reentry into the Paris Agreement may result in the development of additional regulations or changes to existing regulations. Additionally, the Paris Agreement may affect our operations in Canada, the U.K., Ireland, and Latin America. Restrictions on emissions of methane or carbon dioxide that have been or may be imposed in various U.S. states, at the U.S. federal level, or in other countries could also adversely affect the oil and gas industry.

We could also face increased climate‐related litigation with respect to our operations or products. Governmental and other entities in various U.S. states such as California and New York have filed lawsuits against coal, gas, oil, and petroleum companies. The lawsuits allege damages as a result of climate change, and the plaintiffs seek damages and abatement under various tort theories. Similar lawsuits may be filed in other jurisdictions. While we are currently not a party to any of these lawsuits, they present a high degree of uncertainty regarding the extent to which energy companies face an increased risk of liability stemming from climate change, which risk would also adversely impact the oil and gas industry.

Compliance with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) could adversely affect our performance.

The U.S. EPA has implemented the RFS pursuant to the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. The RFS program sets annual quotas for the quantity of renewable fuels that must be blended into transportation fuels consumed in the U.S. A Renewable Identification Number (RIN) is assigned to each gallon of renewable fuel produced in or imported into the U.S. As a producer of petroleum-based transportation fuels, we are obligated to blend renewable fuels

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into the products we produce at a rate that is at least commensurate to the U.S. EPA’s quota and, to the extent we do not, we must purchase RINs in the market to satisfy our obligation under the RFS program. The U.S. EPA missed its November 30, 2020, statutory deadline to set the 2021 renewable volume obligations (RVOs) establishing the volume of renewable fuels refiners must blend into their fuel mix in 2021 and, to date, has not issued a proposed rule for the 2021 RVO. While there are statutory targets still in place, the ultimate RVO for 2021 and the potential costs associated therewith remain uncertain until the RVO is set.

We are exposed to the volatility in the market price of RINs. We cannot predict the future prices of RINs. RINs prices are dependent upon a variety of factors, including U.S. EPA regulations, the availability of RINs for purchase, and levels of transportation fuels produced, which can vary significantly from quarter to quarter. The ultimate outcome of the 2021 RVO rule will also likely affect RIN prices. If sufficient RINs are unavailable for purchase, if we have to pay a significantly higher price for RINs, or if we are otherwise unable to meet the U.S. EPA’s RFS mandates, our results of operations and cash flows could be adversely affected.

The current administration has also been critical of exemptions from the RFS mandates granted to small refineries during the previous administration. While litigation over the issue is currently before the U.S. Supreme Court, the U.S. EPA under the current administration may be less willing to grant such waivers going forward and may increase the RVO obligations in future years. To the extent fewer waivers are granted in the future or RVO obligations are increased, the demand for and the price of RINs would likely also increase, and our results of operations and cash flows could be adversely affected.

Any attempt by the U.S. government to withdraw from, re-enter, materially modify any existing international trade agreements, or enter into any new international trade agreements in the future could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

The previous administration questioned certain existing and proposed trade agreements. For example, the administration withdrew the U.S. from the Trans-Pacific Partnership. In addition, the previous administration implemented and proposed various trade tariffs, which have resulted in foreign governments responding with tariffs on U.S. goods.

Changes in U.S. social, political, regulatory, and economic conditions or in laws and policies governing foreign trade, manufacturing, development, and investment could adversely affect our business. For example, the imposition of tariffs or other trade barriers with other countries could affect our ability to obtain feedstocks from international sources, increase our costs, and reduce the competitiveness of our products.

While there is currently a lack of certainty around the likelihood, timing, and details of any such policies and reforms, if the current U.S. administration takes action to withdraw from, re-enter, or materially modify any existing international trade agreements, or to enter into any new international trade agreements in the future, our business, financial condition, and results of operations could be adversely affected.

Compliance with and changes in tax laws could adversely affect our performance.

We are subject to extensive tax liabilities imposed by multiple jurisdictions, including income taxes, indirect taxes (excise/duty, sales/use, gross receipts, and value-added taxes (VAT)), payroll taxes, franchise taxes, withholding taxes, and ad valorem taxes. New tax laws and regulations and changes in

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existing tax laws and regulations are continuously being enacted or proposed that could result in increased expenditures for tax liabilities in the future. Many of these liabilities are subject to periodic audits by the respective taxing authority. Although we believe we have used reasonable interpretations and assumptions in calculating our tax liabilities, the final determination of these tax audits and any related proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty. Any adverse outcome of such tax audits or related proceedings could result in unforeseen tax-related liabilities that may, individually or in the aggregate, materially affect our cash tax liabilities, results of operations, and financial condition. Tax rates in the various jurisdictions in which we operate may change significantly as a result of political or economic factors beyond our control. It is also possible that future changes to tax laws (including tax treaties with any of the jurisdictions in which we operate) could impact our ability to realize the tax savings recorded to date. Additionally, our future effective tax rates could be adversely affected by changes in tax laws (including tax treaties) or their interpretations.

Changes in the method of determining the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) or the replacement of LIBOR with an alternative reference rate may adversely affect interest rates.

On July 27, 2017, the Financial Conduct Authority in the U.K. announced that it would phase out LIBOR as a benchmark by the end of 2021. It is unclear whether new methods of calculating LIBOR will be established such that it continues to exist after 2021, or whether different benchmark rates used to price indebtedness will develop. In the future, we may need to renegotiate our financial agreements, including, but not limited to, our $4.0 billion revolving credit facility, or incur other indebtedness, and we may be required to select and use a replacement reference rate for certain other outstanding debt. The phase-out of LIBOR or the use of any replacement reference rate may negatively impact the terms of, and our ability to refinance, such indebtedness and could also adversely affect the interest rate payable on, and the liquidity and value of, such indebtedness. In addition, the overall financial market and the ability to raise future indebtedness in a cost effective manner may be disrupted as a result of the phase-out or replacement of LIBOR. Disruption in the financial market could have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, and liquidity.

Changes in the U.K.’s economic and other relationships with the European Union (EU) could adversely affect us.

In June 2016, the U.K. elected to withdraw from the EU in a national referendum (Brexit). The U.K. withdrew from the EU on January 31, 2020, consistent with the terms of the EU-UK Withdrawal Agreement, with a transition period that ended on December 31, 2020. On January 1, 2021, the U.K. left the EU Single Market and Customs Union as well as all EU policies and international agreements. As a result, the free movement of persons, goods, services, and capital between the U.K. and the EU ended, and the EU and the U.K. formed two separate markets and two distinct regulatory and legal spaces. On December 24, 2020, the European Commission reached a trade agreement with the U.K. on the terms of its future cooperation with the EU. The trade agreement offers U.K. and EU companies preferential access to each other’s markets, ensuring imported goods will be free of tariffs and quotas (subject to rules of origin requirements). The ultimate impact of this trade agreement, and the broader economic and regulatory consequences of Brexit, however, are currently unknown, and it is possible that such effects and consequences could ultimately adversely impact our operations and financial performance.

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Cyber Security and Privacy Related Risks

A significant interruption related to our information technology systems could adversely affect our business.

Our information technology systems and network infrastructure may be subject to unauthorized access or attack, which could result in (i) a loss of intellectual property, proprietary information, or employee, customer or vendor data; (ii) public disclosure of sensitive information; (iii) increased costs to prevent, respond to, or mitigate cybersecurity events, such as deploying additional personnel and protection technologies, training employees, and engaging third-party experts and consultants; (iv) systems interruption; (v) disruption of our business operations; (vi) remediation costs for repairs of system damage; (vii) reputational damage that adversely affects customer or investor confidence; and (viii) damage to our competitiveness, stock price, and long-term stockholder value. A breach could also originate from, or compromise, our customers’ and vendors’ or other third-party networks outside of our control. A breach may also result in legal claims or proceedings against us by our shareholders, employees, customers, vendors, and governmental authorities (U.S. and non-U.S.). There can be no assurance that our infrastructure protection technologies and disaster recovery plans can prevent a technology systems breach or systems failure, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial position or results of operations. Furthermore, the continuing and evolving threat of cyberattacks has resulted in increased regulatory focus on prevention. To the extent we face increased regulatory requirements, we may be required to expend significant additional resources to meet such requirements.

Increasing regulatory focus on privacy and security issues and expanding laws could expose us to increased liability, subject us to lawsuits, investigations, and other liabilities and restrictions on our operations that could significantly and adversely affect our business.

Along with our own data and information in the normal course of our business, we collect and retain certain data that is subject to specific laws and regulations. The transfer and use of this data both domestically and across international borders is becoming increasingly complex. This data is subject to governmental regulation at the federal, state, international, provincial, and local levels in many areas of our business, including data privacy and security laws such as the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA).

The GDPR applies to activities regarding personal data that may be conducted by us, directly or indirectly through vendors and subcontractors, from an establishment in the EU. As interpretation and enforcement of the GDPR evolves, it creates a range of new compliance obligations, which could cause us to incur additional costs. Failure to comply could result in significant penalties of up to a maximum of 4 percent of our global turnover that may materially adversely affect our business, reputation, results of operations, and cash flows.
The CCPA, which came into effect on January 1, 2020, gives California residents specific rights in relation to their personal information, requires that companies take certain actions, including notifications for security incidents, and may apply to activities regarding personal information that is collected by us, directly or indirectly, from California residents. As interpretation and enforcement of the CCPA evolves, it creates a range of new compliance obligations, with the possibility for significant financial penalties for noncompliance that may materially adversely affect our business, reputation, results of operations, and cash flows.


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The GDPR and CCPA, as well as other data privacy laws that may become applicable to our business, pose increasingly complex compliance challenges and potentially elevate our costs. Any failure by us to comply with these laws and regulations, including as a result of a security or privacy breach, could result in significant penalties and liabilities for us. Additionally, if we acquire a company that has violated or is not in compliance with applicable data protection laws, we may incur significant liabilities and penalties as a result.

General Risk Factors

Uncertainty and illiquidity in credit and capital markets can impair our ability to obtain credit and financing on acceptable terms, and can adversely affect the financial strength of our business partners.

Our ability to obtain credit and capital depends in large measure on capital markets and liquidity factors that we do not control. Our ability to access credit and capital markets may be restricted at a time when we would like, or need, to access those markets, which could have an impact on our flexibility to react to changing economic and business conditions. In addition, the cost and availability of debt and equity financing may be adversely impacted by unstable or illiquid market conditions. Protracted uncertainty and illiquidity in these markets also could have an adverse impact on our lenders, commodity hedging counterparties, or our customers, causing them to fail to meet their obligations to us. In addition, decreased returns on pension fund assets may also materially increase our pension funding requirements.

Our access to credit and capital markets also depends on the credit ratings assigned to our debt by independent credit rating agencies. We currently maintain investment-grade ratings by Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services, Moody’s Investors Service, and Fitch Ratings on our senior unsecured debt. Ratings from credit agencies are not recommendations to buy, sell, or hold our securities. Each rating should be evaluated independently of any other rating. We cannot provide assurance that any of our current ratings will remain in effect for any given period of time or that a rating will not be lowered or withdrawn entirely by a rating agency if, in its judgment, circumstances so warrant. Specifically, if ratings agencies were to downgrade our long-term rating, particularly below investment grade, our borrowing costs may increase, which could adversely affect our ability to attract potential investors and our funding sources could decrease. In addition, we may not be able to obtain favorable credit terms from our suppliers or they may require us to provide collateral, letters of credit, or other forms of security, which would increase our operating costs. As a result, a downgrade below investment grade in our credit ratings could have a material adverse impact on our financial position, results of operations, and liquidity.

From time to time, our cash needs may exceed our internally generated cash flow, and our business could be materially and adversely affected if we were unable to obtain necessary funds from financing activities. From time to time, we may need to supplement our cash generated from operations with proceeds from financing activities. We have existing revolving credit facilities, committed letter of credit facilities, and an accounts receivable sales facility to provide us with available financing to meet our ongoing cash needs. In addition, we rely on the counterparties to our derivative instruments to fund their obligations under such arrangements. Uncertainty and illiquidity in financial markets may materially impact the ability of the participating financial institutions and other counterparties to fund their commitments to us under our various financing facilities or our derivative instruments, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, and liquidity.


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Severe weather events may have an adverse effect on our assets and operations.

Severe weather events, such as storms, hurricanes, droughts, or floods, could have an adverse effect on our operations and could increase our costs. For instance, severe weather events can have an impact on crops production and reduce the supply of, or otherwise increase our costs to obtain, feedstocks for our ethanol and renewable diesel segments. If climate changes result in more intense or frequent severe weather events, the physical and disruptive effects could have a material adverse impact on our operations and assets.

Our business may be negatively affected by work stoppages, slowdowns, or strikes by our employees, as well as new labor legislation issued by regulators.

Certain workers at five of our U.S. refineries, as well as at each of our Canadian and U.K. refineries, are covered by collective bargaining or similar agreements, which generally have unique and independent expiration dates. To the extent we are in negotiations for labor agreements expiring in the future, there is no assurance an agreement will be reached without a strike, work stoppage, or other labor action. Any prolonged strike, work stoppage, or other labor action at our facilities or at facilities owned or operated by third parties that support our operations could have an adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations. In addition, future federal, state, or foreign labor legislation could result in labor shortages and higher costs, especially during critical maintenance periods.

We are subject to operational risks and our insurance may not be sufficient to cover all potential losses arising from operating hazards. Failure by one or more insurers to honor their coverage commitments for an insured event could materially and adversely affect our financial position, results of operations, and liquidity.

Our operations are subject to various hazards common to the industry, including explosions, fires, toxic emissions, maritime hazards, and natural catastrophes. As protection against these hazards, we maintain insurance coverage against some, but not all, potential losses and liabilities. We may not be able to maintain or obtain insurance of the type and amount we desire at reasonable rates. As a result of market conditions, premiums and deductibles for certain of our insurance policies could increase substantially. In some instances, certain insurance could become unavailable or available only for reduced amounts of coverage. For example, coverage for hurricane damage is very limited, and coverage for terrorism risks includes very broad exclusions. If we were to incur a significant liability for which we were not fully insured, it could have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, and liquidity.

Our insurance program includes a number of insurance carriers. Significant disruptions in financial markets could lead to a deterioration in the financial condition of many financial institutions, including insurance companies. We can make no assurances that we will be able to obtain the full amount of our insurance coverage for insured events.

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.


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ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

LITIGATION

We incorporate by reference into this Item our disclosures made in Part II, Item 8 of this report included in Note 1 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under the caption “Legal Contingencies.”

ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT MATTERS

While it is not possible to predict the outcome of the following environmental proceedings, if any one or more of them were decided against us, we believe that there would be no material effect on our financial position, results of operations, or liquidity. We are reporting these proceedings to comply with U.S. SEC regulations, which require us to disclose certain information about proceedings arising under federal, state, or local provisions regulating the discharge of materials into the environment or protecting the environment if we reasonably believe that such proceedings have the potential to result in monetary sanctions of $300,000 or more.

U.S. EPA (Fuels). In our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, we reported that we had an outstanding Notice of Violation from the U.S. EPA related to violations from a 2015 Mobile Source Inspection. In the fourth quarter of 2020, we negotiated a final Consent Order with the U.S. EPA resolving the matter upon entry of the Consent Order on December 29, 2020.

U.S. EPA (Benicia Refinery). On December 11, 2020, the U.S. EPA issued a Notice of Potential Violations and Opportunity to Confer related to a series of inspections conducted by the U.S. EPA in 2019, arising out of the 2017 Pacific Gas and Electric Company power outage, and a 2019 emissions event. We are working with the U.S. EPA to resolve this matter.

Attorney General of the State of Texas (Texas AG) (Corpus Christi Asphalt Plant). In our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2019, we reported that we had received a letter and draft Agreed Final Judgment from the Texas AG related to a contaminated water backflow incident that related to the Valero Corpus Christi Asphalt Plant. The draft Agreed Final Judgment assessed proposed penalties in the amount of $1.3 million. We are working with the Texas AG to resolve this matter.

Texas AG (Port Arthur Refinery). In our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2019, we reported that the Texas AG had filed suit against our Port Arthur Refinery in the 419th Judicial District Court of Travis County, Texas, Cause No. D-1-GN-19-004121, for alleged violations of the Clean Air Act seeking injunctive relief and penalties. We are working with the Texas AG to resolve this matter.

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

None.


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PART II

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANTS COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Our common stock trades on the NYSE under the trading symbol “VLO.”

As of January 31, 2021, there were 4,982 holders of record of our common stock.

Dividends are considered quarterly by the board of directors, may be paid only when approved by the board, and will depend on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, prospects, industry conditions, capital requirements, and other factors and restrictions our board deems relevant. There can be no assurance that we will pay a dividend in the future at the rates we have paid historically, or at all.

The following table discloses purchases of shares of our common stock made by us or on our behalf during the fourth quarter of 2020.
PeriodTotal Number
of Shares
Purchased
Average
Price Paid
per Share
Total Number of
Shares Not
Purchased as Part of
Publicly Announced
Plans or Programs (a)
Total Number of
Shares Purchased as
Part of Publicly
Announced Plans or
Programs
Approximate Dollar
Value of Shares that
May Yet Be Purchased
Under the Plans or
Programs (b)
October 202013 $39.91 13 — $1.4 billion
November 2020191,256 $43.32 191,256 — $1.4 billion
December 202011,551 $55.40 11,551 — $1.4 billion
Total202,820 $44.01 202,820 — $1.4 billion
________________________
(a)The shares reported in this column represent purchases settled in the fourth quarter of 2020 relating to (i) our purchases of shares in open-market transactions to meet our obligations under stock-based compensation plans and (ii) our purchases of shares from our employees and non-employee directors in connection with the exercise of stock options, the vesting of restricted stock, and other stock compensation transactions in accordance with the terms of our stock-based compensation plans.
(b)On January 23, 2018, we announced that our board of directors authorized our purchase of up to $2.5 billion of our outstanding common stock (the 2018 Program), with no expiration date. As of December 31, 2020, we had $1.4 billion remaining available for purchase under the 2018 Program. We have not purchased any shares of our common stock under the 2018 Program since mid-March 2020, and we will evaluate the timing of repurchases when appropriate. We have no obligation to make purchases under the 2018 Program.

The performance graph on the following page is not “soliciting material,” is not deemed filed with the U.S. SEC, and is not to be incorporated by reference into any of Valeros filings under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, respectively.


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This performance graph and the related textual information are based on historical data and are not indicative of future performance. The following line graph compares the cumulative total return5 on an investment in our common stock against the cumulative total return of the S&P 500 Composite Index and an index of peers (that we selected) for the five-year period commencing December 31, 2015 and ending December 31, 2020. Our selected peer group comprises the following ten members: ConocoPhillips; CVR Energy, Inc.; Delek US Holdings, Inc.; the Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund; EOG Resources, Inc.; HollyFrontier Corporation; Marathon Petroleum Corporation; Occidental Petroleum Corporation; PBF Energy Inc.; and Phillips 66. Removed from the prior year’s peer group were BP p.l.c. and Royal Dutch Shell plc, while ConocoPhillips, EOG Resources, Inc., and Occidental Petroleum Corporation were added. Also added was the Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund index (XLE), which includes approximately 30 energy companies and serves as a proxy for stock price performance of the energy sector and includes companies with which we compete for capital. We believe that the revised peer group represents an improved group of companies for making head-to-head performance comparisons in a competitive operating environment that is primarily characterized by U.S.-based companies that have business models predominantly consisting of downstream refining operations, together with similarly sized energy companies that share operating similarities to us, and that are in adjacent segments of the oil and gas industry.

COMPARISON OF 5 YEAR CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN5
Among Valero Energy Corporation, the S&P 500 Index,
Old Peer Group, and New Peer Group
vlo-20201231_g1.jpg
As of December 31,
201520162017201820192020
Valero Common Stock$100.00 $100.78 $141.08 $118.90 $155.00 $99.82 
S&P 500100.00 111.96 136.40 130.42 171.49 203.04 
Old Peer Group100.00 120.01 152.07 141.70 155.42 96.05 
New Peer Group100.00 113.28 130.35 121.31 125.22 76.79 
5 Assumes that an investment in Valero common stock and each index was $100 on December 31, 2015. “Cumulative total return” is based on share price appreciation plus reinvestment of dividends from December 31, 2015 through December 31, 2020.

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ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The selected financial data for the five-year period ended December 31, 2020 was derived from our audited financial statements. The following table should be read together with Item 7, “MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS” and with the historical financial statements and accompanying notes included in Item 8, “FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA.”

The following summaries are in millions of dollars, except for per share amounts:
Year Ended December 31,
2020 (a)201920182017 (b)2016 (c)
Revenues$64,912 $108,324 $117,033 $93,980 $75,659 
Net income (loss)(1,107)2,784 3,353 4,156 2,417 
Earnings (loss) per common share –
assuming dilution
(3.50)5.84 7.29 9.16 4.94 
Dividends per common share3.92 3.60 3.20 2.80 2.40 
Total assets