10-Q 1 vrdr_10q.htm FORM 10-Q vrdr_10q.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

  

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022

or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ____________ to ________________

 

Commission file number: 000-55276

 

Verde Resources, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada

 

32-0457838

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

(Address of principal executive offices)

 2 Cityplace Drive, Suite 200, St. Louis, MO 63141

(323) 538-5799

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (Check one).

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated Filer

Smaller reporting company

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No ☒

 

As of  June 10, 2022 there were 819,188,055 shares of the issuer’s common stock, par value $0.001, outstanding.

 

 

 

 

VERDE RESOURCES, INC.

 

FORM 10-Q

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2022

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

PAGE

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures.

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings.

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors.

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 5.

Other Information.

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits.

 

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

14

 

 

 
2

Table of Contents

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements.

 

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Item Regulation S-X, Rule 10-01(c) Interim Financial Statements, and, therefore, do not include all information and footnotes necessary for a complete presentation of financial position, results of operations, cash flows, and stockholders’ equity in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations and financial position have been included and all such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. Operating results for the six months ended March 31, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results that can be expected for the year endingJune 30, 2022.

 

VERDE RESOURCES, INC.

 

INDEX TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

FOR THE PERIOD OF ENDED MARCH 31, 2022

     

 

 

Page

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as at March 31, 2022 (Unaudited) and June 30, 2021

 

F-1

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income for the Three and Nine Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 (Unaudited)

 

F-2

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 (Unaudited)

 

F-3

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity for the Three and Nine Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 (Unaudited)

 

F-4

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

F-6

 

 

 
3

Table of Contents

 

Verde Resources, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited)

(In US$ except for number of shares)

 

 

 

As at

March 31,

 

 

As at

June 30,

 

 

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$1,722,583

 

 

$2,117,622

 

Other receivables

 

-

 

 

 

26,338

 

Advanced to related party

 

 

-

 

 

 

6,691

 

Other deposits & prepayments

 

 

117,200

 

 

 

6,137

 

Inventories

 

 

81,492

 

 

 

-

 

Trade receivables

 

 

14,818

 

 

 

-

 

Total Current Assets

 

$1,936,093

 

 

$2,156,788

 

Non-current Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

$123,567

 

 

$555

 

Right of use assets

 

 

931,429

 

 

 

-

 

Mining rights

 

 

36,142

 

 

 

60,131

 

Security deposit

 

 

80,000

 

 

 

-

 

Deposit paid for acquisition of subsidiaries

 

 

25,935,550

 

 

 

25,971,680

 

Deposit paid for acquisition of property, plant and equipment

 

 

5,000,000

 

 

 

4,870,000

 

Total Non-current Assets

 

$32,106,688

 

 

$30,902,366

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL ASSETS

 

$34,042,781

 

 

$33,059,154

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$1,903

 

 

$2,655

 

Advanced from related parties

 

 

582,605

 

 

 

585,783

 

Lease liabilities

 

 

10,440

 

 

 

-

 

Accrued liabilities and other payables

 

 

180,832

 

 

 

164,849

 

Total Current Liabilities

 

$775,780

 

 

$753,287

 

Long term Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lease liabilities

 

$46,983

 

 

$-

 

Promissory notes

 

 

17,977,853

 

 

 

16,535,942

 

Total Long Term Liabilities

 

$18,024,836

 

 

$16,535,942

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES

 

$18,800,616

 

 

$17,289,229

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, par value $0.001, 50,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Common stock, par value $0.001, 10,000,000,000 shares authorized, 810,742,109 and 779,742,109 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021, respectively

 

$810,742

 

 

$779,742

 

Common stock, par value $0.001, 8,445,946 and 0 shares to be issued as of March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021, respectively

 

 

8,446

 

 

 

-

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

22,873,870

 

 

 

20,699,067

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(9,327,647)

 

 

(5,913,255)

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

876,754

 

 

 

646,205

 

Stockholders’ equity to Verde Resources, Inc shareholders

 

 

15,242,165

 

 

 

16,211,759

 

Non-controlling interest

 

 

-

 

 

 

(441,834)

Total Stockholders’ Equity

 

$15,242,165

 

 

$15,769,925

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

$34,042,781

 

 

$33,059,154

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
F-1

Table of Contents

 

Verde Resources, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income

(Unaudited)

(In US$ except for number of shares)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

Nine Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues, net

 

$16,712

 

 

$14,326

 

 

$16,712

 

 

$14,326

 

Cost of revenue

 

 

(86,701)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(86,701)

 

 

-

 

Gross profit

 

 

(69,989)

 

 

14,326

 

 

(69,989

 

 

14,326

 

OPERATING EXPENSES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling, general & administrative expenses

 

 

(498,774)

 

 

(81,606)

 

 

(1,221,875)

 

 

(180,398)

LOSS FROM OPERATIONS

 

 

(568,763)

 

 

(67,280)

 

 

(1,291,864)

 

 

(166,072)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expenses

 

 

(486,977)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(1,441,911)

 

 

-

 

Other income

 

 

99

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

12,214

 

 

 

-

 

 Total other income (expense), net

 

 

(486,878)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(1,429,697)

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NET LOSS BEFORE INCOME TAX

 

 

(1,055,641)

 

$(67,280)

 

 

(2,721,561)

 

 

(166,072)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provision of Income Tax

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

NET LOSS

 

$(1,055,641)

 

$(67,280)

 

$(2,721,561)

 

$(166,072)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less: Net loss attributable to non-controlling interest

 

 

(23,914)

 

 

1,272

 

 

 

(6,979)

 

 

8,258

 

Net loss attributable to Verde Resources Inc., shareholders

 

 

(1,079,555)

 

 

(66,008)

 

 

(2,728,540)

 

 

(157,814)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation income (loss)

 

$

24,935

 

 

$

68,022

 

 

$

27,971

 

 

$

(73,724

Less: Other comprehensive loss attributable to non-controlling interest

 

 

(13,285)

 

 

12,004

 

 

 

(12,750)

 

 

(13,010)

Other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Verde Resources, Inc.

 

 

11,650

 

 

 

80,026

 

 

 

15,221

 

 

 

(86,734)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive (loss) income

 

$(1,067,905)

 

$14,018

 

 

$(2,713,319)

 

$(244,548)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Basic

 

$(0.00)*

 

$0.00)*

 

$(0.00)*

 

$(0.00)*

- Diluted

 

$(0.00))*

 

$(0.00)*

 

$(0.00)*

 

$(0.00)*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Basic

 

 

810,742,109

 

 

 

116,038,909

 

 

 

810,742,109

 

 

 

116,038,909

 

- Diluted

 

 

819,188,055

 

 

 

116,038,909

 

 

 

819,188,055

 

 

 

116,038,909

 

 

*Less than $0.01 per share

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
F-2

Table of Contents

  

Verde Resources, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

(In US$ except for number of shares)

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31,

2022

 

 

March 31,

2021

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$(2,721,561)

 

$(166,072)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization

 

 

29,434

 

 

 

9,228

 

Depreciation

 

 

9,831

 

 

 

129

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

284,249

 

 

 

-

 

Finance cost interest element of promissory notes

 

 

1,441,911

 

 

 

-

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivables

 

 

(14,818)

 

 

(14,326)

Other deposits and prepayment

 

 

(85,132)

 

 

-

 

Right of use assets

 

 

16,142

 

 

 

-

 

Inventory

 

 

(81,492)

 

 

-

 

Accounts payable

 

 

(719)

 

 

(960)

Accrued liabilities and other payables

 

 

24,774

 

 

 

(17,376)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(1,097,381)

 

 

(189,317)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deposit paid for property, plant and equipment

 

 

(240,000)

 

 

-

 

Purchase of property, plant and equipment

 

 

(70,332)

 

 

-

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(310,332)

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Repayments to lease liabilities

 

 

(5,220)

 

 

-

 

Advanced from related parties

 

 

9,417

 

 

 

72,389

 

Advanced to related party

 

 

690

 

 

 

-

 

Proceeds from common shares and additional paid in capital

 

 

1,000,000

 

 

 

-

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

1,004,887

 

 

 

72,389

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalent

 

 

(402,826)

 

 

(116,928)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

 

 

7,787

 

 

 

120,530

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(395,039)

 

 

3,602

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year/ period

 

 

2,117,622

 

 

 

24,027

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year/ period

 

$1,722,583

 

 

$27,629

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplementary cash flow information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income taxes paid

 

$-

 

 

$-

 

Interest paid

 

$-

 

 

$-

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

 

 
F-3

Table of Contents

  

Verde Resources, Inc.

 Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)

Nine months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 (Unaudited)

(In US$ except for number of shares)

 

 

 

Common Shares

 

 

Additional

Paid-In

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive

Income

 

 

Non-Controlling

 

 

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Deficit

 

 

(Loss)

 

 

Interest

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance - June 30, 2020

 

 

116,038,909

 

 

$116,039

 

 

$2,427,243

 

 

$(5,138,406 )

 

$839,818

 

 

$(537,712 )

 

$(2,293,018 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss for the period

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(157,814 )

 

 

-

 

 

 

(8,258 )

 

 

(166,072 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation gain

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(86,734 )

 

 

-

 

 

 

(86,734 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance – March 31, 2021

 

 

116,038,909

 

 

$116,039

 

 

$2,427,243

 

 

$(5,296,220 )

 

$753,084

 

 

$(545,970 )

 

$(2,545,824 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance - June 30, 2021

 

 

779,742,109

 

 

$779,742

 

 

$20,699,067

 

 

$(5,913,255 )

 

$646,205

 

 

$(441,834 )

 

$15,769,925

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares issued for acquisition

 

 

31,000,000

 

 

 

31,000

 

 

 

899,000

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

930,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

284,249

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

284,249

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares to be issued

 

 

8,445,946

 

 

 

8,446

 

 

 

991,554

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,000,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss for the period

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(2,728,540 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,979

 

 

 

(2,721,561 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation loss

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

27,921

 

 

 

(12,750)

 

 

15,221

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accretion of interest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 (685,852

 

 

 202,578

 

 

 

 447,605

 

 

 

 (35,669

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance – March 31, 2022

 

 

819,188,055

 

 

$819,188

 

 

$22,873,870

 

 

$(9,327,647 )

 

$876,754

 

 

$-

 

 

$15,242,165

 

 

 
F-4

Table of Contents

 

Verde Resources, Inc.

 Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)

Three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021

(Unaudited)

(In US$ except for number of shares)

 

 

 

Common Shares

 

 

Additional

Paid-In

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive

 

 

Non-Controlling

 

 

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Income (Loss)

 

 

Interest

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance - December 31, 2020

 

 

116,038,909

 

 

$116,039

 

 

$2,427,243

 

 

$(5,230,212)

 

$673,058

 

 

$(544,698)

 

$(2,558,570)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss for the period

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(66,008)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(1,272)

 

 

(67,280)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation loss

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

80,026

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

80,026

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance – March 31, 2021

 

 

116,038,909

 

 

$116,039

 

 

$2,427,243

 

 

$(5,296,220)

 

$753,084

 

 

$(545,970)

 

$(2,545,824)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance – December 31, 2021

 

 

810,742,109

 

 

$810,742

 

 

$21,789,289

 

 

$(7,562,240)

 

$649,241

 

 

$(458,234)

 

$15,228,798

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares issued for share-based compensation

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

93,027

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

93,027

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares to be issued

 

 

8,445,946

 

 

 

8,446

 

 

 

991,554

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,000,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss for the period

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(1,079,555)

 

 

 

 

 

 

923,914

 

 

 

(1,055,641)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation loss

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

24,935

 

 

 

(13,285)

 

 

11,650

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accretion of interest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 (685,852

 

 

202,578

 

 

 

447,605

 

 

 

(35,699

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance – March 31, 2022

 

 

819,188,055

 

 

$819,188

 

 

$22,873,870

 

 

$(9,327,647)

 

$876,754

 

 

$-

 

 

$15,242,165

 

 

 
F-5

Table of Contents

 

Verde Resources, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the three and nine months ended March 31, 2021 and 2022

(Unaudited)

(In US$ except for number of shares)

 

NOTE 1 - ORGANIZATION AND DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

 

Verde Resources, Inc. (the “Company” or “VRDR”) was incorporated on April 22, 2010, in the State of Nevada, U.S.A..

 

Pursuant to an Assignment Agreement For The Assignment of Management Right in Merapoh Gold Mines in Malaysia (“Assignment Agreement”) dated October 25, 2013, and a Supplementary Agreement dated February 17, 2014 on further clarifications to the Assignment Agreement signed by Verde Resources, Inc. (“VRDR”) with Federal Mining Resources Limited (“FMR”), a company incorporated under the laws of the British Virgin Islands, the 100% interest of FMR in Gold Billion Global Limited (“GBL”) was transferred to VRDR at a consideration of $1. This transaction was recorded as a reverse acquisition in accordance with ASC 805-40 “Reverse Acquisitions”. The legal parent was VRDR, which was the accounting acquiree, while GBL was the accounting acquirer. There was a 15% non-controlling interest of CSB after the acquisition. This transaction was accounted for as a recapitalization effected by a share exchange, wherein GBL with its 85% deemed subsidiary CSB was considered the acquirer for accounting and financial reporting purposes. The assets and liabilities of the acquired entity have been brought forward at their book value and no goodwill has been recognized.

 

Prior to the acquisition of GBL, on July 1, 2013, FMR had assigned its rights and obligations pursuant to its 85% interest in Champmark Sdn Bhd (“CSB”) to GBL. According to ASC 810-05-08 A, CSB is a deemed subsidiary of GBL because due to the assignment, GBL had gained control of the Board of Directors of CSB, GBL's rights to receive future benefits and residual value, and GBL's obligation to absorb losses and provide financing for CSB. GBL had the power to direct the activities of CSB that most significantly impact CSB’s economic performance, and the obligation to absorb losses or receive benefits of CSB that could potentially be significant to CSB. Accordingly, GBL was the primary beneficiary of CSB. Under 810-23-42, 43, it was determined that CSB was de-facto agent and GBL, the principal, and consequently, CSB was considered as a deemed subsidiary of GBL beginning July 1, 2013. 

 

Furthermore, under the terms of the Assignment Agreement, FMR will assign its management rights of CSB’s mining operation in the Mining Lease to GBL in exchange for 80,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. CSB is the Mining Contractor of the Mining Lease for Site IV-1 at the Merapoh Gold Mine under the Contract for Work with MMC Corporation Berhad, the Permit Holder of the Mining Lease.

 

With the above transactions, GBL became a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company and CSB, its 85% deemed indirect subsidiary.

 

On March 17, 2014, the Company through GBL and its subsidiary CSB entered into a Sub-Contract Agreement with Borneo Oil & Gas Corporation Sdn Bhd (“BOG”) for the engagement of its sub-contractor services to carry out exploration and exploitation works on alluvial and lode gold resources at Site IV-1 of the Merapoh Mine. The Sub-Contract Agreement is for a period of 5 years with a renewal for another 5 years subject to review by both parties. BOG is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Borneo Oil Berhad (BOB) which is listed on the main market of Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange. BOG being a local company in Malaysia provides the Company with the advantage of local knowledge and well-established connection in dealing with the relevant local authorities in our mining operations.

 

On April 1, 2014, the Board of Directors of GBL notified FMR of GBL's decision to exercise its option to purchase an 85% equity interest of CSB under Section 3.2.4 of the Management Agreement dated July 1, 2013 between GBL and FMR. This acquisition was completed on April 1, 2014 with consideration of $1. GBL then became 85% shareholder of CSB.

 

Effective February 20, 2016 Mr. Chen Ching was appointed Director of the Company and the entire Board of Directors consisted of Mr. Balakrishnan B S Muthu and Mr. Chen Ching. The SC 14F1 and Form 8-K announcing the change in officers and directors were filed with SEC on February 10, 2016 and February 22, 2016 respectively.

 

Effective February 2, 2018, the Company’s Articles of Incorporation were amended to increase the authorized shares of the Company from 250,000,000 shares of common stock to 10,000,000,000 shares of common stock. A copy of the Certificate of Amendment was filed with the Nevada Secretary of State.

 

Effective March 31, 2021, Mr. Carl M. Craven was appointed as a Director of the Company and the entire Board of Directors consisted of Mr. Balakrishnan B S Muthu, Mr. Chen Ching and Mr. Carl M. Craven. The Form 8-K announcing the change in officers and directors were filed with SEC on April 1, 2021.

 

On May 10, 2021, the Company announced the Sale and Purchase Agreement to acquire the assets of biofraction plant and the right to use intellectual property license in Sabah, Malaysia from Borneo Energy Sdn Bhd, in consideration of issuance of 166,666,667 shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.03 per share, valued at $5,000,000. 135,666,667 shares and 31,000,000 shares were issued on May 10, 2021 and July 1, 2021, respectively. The completion of the S&P Agreement is subject to all such acts necessary, including but not limited to due diligence exercise to ascertain the valuation of the assets of the biofraction plant and the right to use the licensed intellectual property in Sabah, Malaysia. The consideration shall be refundable if the transaction fails to complete. The Company also announced the Share Sale Agreement on May 12, 2021 for the acquisition of the entire issued and paid-up share capital of Bio Resources Limited from Taipan International Limited, an unrelated third party, The Wision Project Limited (formerly known as “Borneo Resources Limited”), an unrelated third party, and other unrelated third party individuals, in consideration of an issuance 321,500,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock at $0.03per share, valued at $9,645,000, and the issuance of promissory notes with two-year term period with a principal amount of $20,355,000.

  

321,500,000 shares were issued on May 12, 2021 and the promissory notes were issued on May 12, 2021. The face value (principal) amount of the promissory notes of $20,355,000 was repayable by May 12, 2023, and bearing zero coupon interest in accordance with the Share Sale Agreement. The promissory note is priced at $16,290,550 considering the current market interest rate. This acquisition is currently in progress and the completion of the S&P Agreement is subject to all such acts necessary, including but not limited to auditing and due diligence exercise to ascertain the valuation of Bio Resources Limited. However, on January 20, 2022, the Company reached a mutual agreement to enter into a Supplement to Promissory Note with each of the 17 lenders (“Lenders”) of the promissory notes that were issued on May 12, 2021, to convert the total principal loan amount of $20,355,000 into shares of the Company’s restricted common stock priced at $0.0611 per share, which represents the last ninety (90) days’ volume weighted average price (VWAP) as of the market closing of January 19, 2022. The Company and the Lenders further agreed that the actual date for the allotment and issue of new shares of the Company’s restricted common stock shall be confirmed in a subsequent written agreement. The consideration, nevertheless, shall be refundable if the acquisition of Bio Resourced Limited fails to complete.

 

 
F-6

Table of Contents

 

On June 9, 2021, the Company entered into a Settlement of Debt Agreement (the “Debt Settlement Agreement”) with the Company’s creditors Beijing Changxin Wanlin Technology Co., Ltd, Federal Mining Resources Ltd, Federal Capital Investment Limited and Yorkshire Capital Limited (collectively the “Creditors”) to convert a total of $1,945,096 of the Company’s accounts payable to the Creditors into equity by increasing the share capital by means of a subscription for 64,836,533 new restricted shares of the Company’s common stock at a subscription price of $0.03 per share. As set out in the Debt Settlement Agreements, the new restricted shares for settlement of the account payable to Beijing Changxin Wanlin Technology Co., Ltd, Federal Mining Resources Ltd and Federal Capital Investment Limited were issued to their nominee Internet.com Ltd on June 9, 2021.

 

On June 11, 2021, GBL entered into a Sale and Purchase of Assets Agreement (the “SPA Agreement”) to purchase a factory site from a Malaysia company Segama Ventures Sdn Bhd (“Segama Ventures”), an unrelated third party, in order to expand the Company’s biofraction plant in Malaysia. Under the terms of the SPA Agreement, the acquisition is satisfied by cash payment of $1,600,000 in two installments of $800,000 each , one payment upon signing of the SPA Agreement, and the second payment within three (3) months from the date of the SPA Agreement. A deposit of $800,000 was paid to Segama Ventures on June 10, 2021. On March 2, 2022, however, GBL entered into a Cancellation of Sale and Purchase of Assets Agreement (“Cancellation Agreement”) for the cancellation of the Sale and Purchase of Assets Agreement to purchase the factory site from Segama Ventures that was signed on June 11, 2021.

 

Simultaneously, on March 2, 2022, the Company, through GBL, entered into a Commercial Lease Agreement and Option to Purchase (“Lease Agreement”) for renting the factory site from Segama Ventures for a lease term of seven (7) years (“Lease Term”) at a monthly rental of MYR 36,000 ($8,571). The rental for the entire Lease Term amounts to the sum of MYR 3,024,000 ($720,000) (the “Lease Payment”) which shall be paid in advance upon commencement of the Lease Agreement together with a payment of security deposit for the sum of MYR 336,000 ($80,000) (the “Security Payment”). The refundable advance of $800,000 from the Cancellation Agreement above was utilized against the security deposit and payment of the advance rental. The Lease Agreement also provides GBL with an exclusive right and option to purchase the factory site together with all its right title and interest for a consideration of MYR 8,000,000 ($1,904,762) (the “Purchase Price”) or subject to a valuation report on the factory site by a Malaysian registered property valuer at any time during the period of two years from the date of the Lease Agreement. The Lease Payment and Security Payment shall be applied toward the Purchase Price upon GBL exercising the option to purchase.

 

On June 17, 2021, the Company through its prospective indirect subsidiary Bio Resources Limited (“BRL”), a company incorporated under the laws of Labuan, entered into a Shares Sale Agreement with Hermalis Binti Mohmad Tahir (“Hermalis”), a company incorporated under the laws of Malaysia, to acquire the entire issued and paid-up share capital of Global Renewables Sdn Bhd. Under the terms of the Shares Sale Agreement, the consideration for the acquisition shall be satisfied in full by the payment of MYR 25,000 ($6,000) upon the execution of the Shares Sale Agreement. The acquisition of Global Renewables Sdn Bhd however, was cancelled on April 18, 2022.

 

On June 18, 2021, GBL entered into a Shares Sale Agreement with Lamax Gold Limited (“LGL”), a company incorporated under the laws of the British Virgin Islands, in relation to acquisition of the remaining 15% of the issued and paid-up share capital of CSB for a consideration of MYR 150,000 ($35,669) payable upon the execution of the Shares Sale Agreement. Prior to this acquisition, GBL owned 85% equity in CSB and with the completion of this transaction, CSB. became a wholly owned subsidiary of GBL and indirectly of the Company.

 

Verde Renewables, Inc. (“VRI”) was incorporated on August 10, 2021, in the State of Missouri, U.S.A. The major operation of VRI will include management of a processing and packaging facility to process organic bio-waste into sources of renewable commodities using its biofraction technology, and distribution of biochar, wood vinegar and bio-gas. VRI is wholly owned by the Company.

 

Verde Estates LLC (“VEL”) was incorporated on August 10, 2021, in the State of Missouri, U.S.A. VEL was formed for the purpose of holding real property in Missouri. VEL is wholly owned by VRI.

 

Verde Life Inc. (“VLI”) was incorporated on November 15, 2021, in the State of Oregon, U.S.A. The major operation of VLI will include conducting business in the distribution of THC-free cannabinoid (CBD) products. VLI is wholly owned by the Company.

 

On January 17, 2022, the Company formed a wholly owned subsidiary, Verde Resources (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd (“Verde Malaysia”), a company incorporated under the laws of Malaysia, for the purpose of conducting consultation services and distribution of renewable agricultural commodities.

 

On February 10, 2022, the Company, through VEL, entered into a Commercial Lease Agreement and Option to Purchase (the “Lease Agreement”) to rent a 24-acre property in La Belle Missouri from Jon Neal Simmons and Betty Jo Simmon (the “Landlord”) to support carbon farming with biochar in Missouri. Under the Lease Agreement, the term of the lease will be for a period of two (2) years and the Company will have the right to renew the lease with a total of three renewal periods with each term being two years. The base rent is ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for the term, payable on the commencement of the Lease Agreement. The Lease Agreement also grants the Company the exclusive right and option to purchase the premises together with all the right title and interest from the Landlord for a consideration of $490,000 at any time during the two years period of the lease term.

 

On March 23, 2022, the Company, through Verde Malaysia, entered into a Sale of Shares Agreement (“SSA”) with The Wision Project Sdn Bhd (“Wision”), a company incorporated under the laws of Malaysia, and its sole shareholder Jack Wong, to acquire the one hundred percent (100%) of the issued and paid up ordinary shares in Wision from Mr. Wong. Under the terms of the SSA, the consideration for the acquisition shall be satisfied by the payment of MYR 1 ($0.23) upon the execution of the SSA. Wision is a digital development, marketing and consulting firm that provides public relations, branding, profile building, influencer marketing, event management and media relations services to the Company.

 

 
F-7

Table of Contents

  

NOTE 2 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by management in accordance with both accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”), and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in audited financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to those rules and regulations, although the Company believes that the disclosures made are adequate to make the information not misleading.

 

In the opinion of management, the consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2021 which has been derived from audited financial statements and these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all normal and recurring adjustments considered necessary to state fairly the results for the periods presented. The results for the period ended March 31, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the entire fiscal year ending June 30, 2022 or for any future period.

 

These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the Management’s Discussion and the audited financial statements and notes thereto included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2021, filed with the SEC on November 12, 2021.

 

Basis of Consolidation

 

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of Verde Resources, Inc. and subsidiaries. All inter-company balances and transactions between the Company and its subsidiaries have been eliminated upon consolidation.

 

 
F-8

Table of Contents

  

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The Company’s periodic filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission include, where applicable, disclosures of estimates, assumptions, uncertainties and markets that could affect the financial statements and future operations of the Company.

 

The COVID-19 pandemic has created and may continue to create significant uncertainty in macroeconomic conditions, which may cause further business slowdowns or shutdowns, depress demand for the Company’s business, and adversely impact its results of operations. The Company expects uncertainties around its key accounting estimates to continue to evolve depending on the duration and degree of impact associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. Its estimates may change as new events occur and additional information emerges, and such changes are recognized or disclosed in its consolidated financial statements.

 

Identified below are the accounting policies that reflect the Company’s most significant estimates and judgments, and those that the Company believes are the most critical to fully understanding and evaluating its unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

Cash and cash equivalents include cash in banks, money market funds, and certificates of term deposits with maturities of less than three months, which are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which, in the opinion of management, are subject to an insignificant risk of loss in value. The Company had $1,722,583 and $2,117,622 in cash and cash equivalents at March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021, respectively.

 

At March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021 cash and cash equivalents consisted of bank deposits in a Malaysian bank and petty cash on hands.

 

Concentrations of Credit Risk

 

The Company’s financial instruments that are exposed to concentrations of credit risk primarily consist of its cash and cash equivalents and related party payables it will likely incur in the near future. The Company places its cash and cash equivalents with financial institutions of high credit worthiness. At times, its cash and cash equivalents with a particular financial institution may exceed any applicable government insurance limits. The Company’s management plans to assess the financial strength and credit worthiness of any parties to which it extends funds, and as such, it believes that any associated credit risk exposures are limited.

 

Risks and Uncertainties

 

The Company operates in the resource exploration industry that is subject to significant risks and uncertainties, including financial, operational, technological, and other risks associated with operating a resource exploration business, including the potential risk of business failure.

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost. The straight-line depreciation method is used to compute depreciation over the estimated useful lives of the assets with a 5% estimated residual values, as follows: 

 

 

 

Useful Lives

Land and buildings

 

3-6 years

Machinery

 

5 years

Furniture, fixture and electronic equipment

 

3 years

 

Expenditures for maintenance and repairs, which do not materially extend the useful lives of the assets, are charged to expense as incurred. Expenditures for major renewals and betterment which substantially extend the useful life of assets are capitalized. The cost and related accumulated depreciation of assets retired or sold are removed from the respective accounts, and any gain or loss is recognized in the consolidated statements of income and other comprehensive income in other income or expenses.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

Accounts receivable are recognized and carried at net realizable value. An allowance for doubtful accounts will be recorded in the period when a loss is probable based on an assessment of specific evidence indicating troubled collection, historical experience, accounts aging, ongoing business relation and other factors. Accounts are written off after exhaustive efforts at collection. If accounts receivable are to be provided for, or written off, they would be recognized in the consolidated statement of operations within operating expenses. At March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021, the Company has no allowance for doubtful accounts, as per management’s judgment based on their best knowledge. As of March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021, the longest credit term for certain customers are 60 days.

 

Inventories

 

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market value (net realizable value), cost being determined on a first-in-first-out method. Costs include material, labor and overhead costs. The Company provides inventory allowances based on excess and obsolete inventories determined principally by customer demand.

  

As of March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021, the Company did not record an allowance for obsolete inventories, nor have there been any write-offs

 

Fair Value 

  

ASC Topic 820”Fair Value Measurement and Disclosures” establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. The hierarchy prioritizes the inputs into three levels based on the extent to which inputs used in measuring fair value are observable in the market.

 

 
F-9

Table of Contents

  

These tiers include:

 

 

·

Level 1—defined as observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets;

 

·

Level 2—defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable; and

 

·

Level 3—defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions.

 

The Company’s financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables, other receivables, payables, and short term and long term debt. The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables, other receivables, and payables approximate their fair value due to their short maturities. The carrying value of long term debt approximates the fair value of debt of similar terms and remaining maturities available to the company.

 

The Company’s non-financial assets are measured on a recurring basis. These non-financial assets are measured for impairment annually on the Company’s measurement date at the reporting unit level using Level 3 inputs. For most assets, ASC 820 requires that the impact of changes resulting from its application be applied prospectively in the year in which the statement is initially applied.

 

The Company’s non-financial assets measured on a non-recurring basis include the Company’s property, plant and equipment and finite-use intangible assets which are measured for recoverability when indicators for impairment are present. ASC 820 requires companies to disclose assets and liabilities measured on a non-recurring basis in the period in which the re-measurement at fair value is performed.

 

Leases

 

The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease or contains a lease at inception. Operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of the remaining lease payments, discounted using the discount rate for the lease at the commencement date. As the rate implicit in the lease is not readily determinable for the operating lease, the Company generally uses an incremental borrowing rate based on information available at the commencement date to determine the present value of future lease payments. Operating lease right-of-use (“ROU assets”) assets represent the Company’s right to control the use of an identified asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent the Company’s obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. ROU assets are generally recognized based on the amount of the initial measurement of the lease liability. Lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

 

ROU assets are reviewed for impairment when indicators of impairment are present. ROU assets from operating and finance leases are subject to the impairment guidance in ASC 360, Property, Plant, and Equipment, as ROU assets are long-lived nonfinancial assets.

 

ROU assets are tested for impairment individually or as part of an asset group if the cash flows related to the ROU asset are not independent from the cash flows of other assets and liabilities. An asset group is the unit of accounting for long-lived assets to be held and used, which represents the lowest level for which identifiable cash flows are largely independent of the cash flows of other groups of assets and liabilities.

 

The Company recognized no impairment of ROU assets as of March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021.

 

The operating lease is included in operating lease right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities as current and non-current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets at March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021.

 

Leases that transfer substantially all the rewards and risks of ownership to the lessee, other than legal title, are accounted for as finance leases. Substantially all of the risks or benefits of ownership are deemed to have been transferred if any one of the four criteria is met: (i) transfer of ownership to the lessee at the end of the lease term, (ii) the lease containing a bargain purchase option, (iii) the lease term exceeding 75% of the estimated economic life of the leased asset, (iv) the present value of the minimum lease payments exceeding 90% of the fair value. At the inception of a finance lease, we as the lessee records an asset and an obligation at an amount equal to the present value of the minimum lease payments. The leased asset is amortized over the shorter of the lease term or its estimated useful life if title does not transfer to us, while the leased asset is depreciated in accordance with our depreciation policy if the title is to eventually transfer to us. The periodic rent payments made during the lease term are allocated between a reduction in the obligation and interest element using the effective interest method in accordance with the provisions of ASC 842.

 

Foreign Currency Translation

 

The Company’s reporting currency is the United States dollar (“$”) and the accompanying consolidated financial statements have been expressed in United States dollars. The Company’s functional currency is the Malaysian Ringgit (“MYR”) which is a functional currency as being the primary currency of the economic environment in which their operations are conducted.

 

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other than the functional currency are translated into the functional currency using the applicable exchange rates at the balance sheet dates. The resulting exchange differences are recorded in the consolidated statement of operations.

 

For reporting purposes, in accordance with ASC Topic 830”Translation of Financial Statements”, capital accounts of the consolidated financial statements are translated into United States dollars from MYR at their historical exchange rates when the capital transactions occurred. Assets and liabilities are translated at the exchange rates as of balance sheet date. Income and expenditures are translated at the average exchange rate of the respective year. The gains and losses resulting from translation of financial statements subsidiaries to the reporting currency are recorded as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income within the statements of changes in stockholder’s equity.

 

                 Translation of RM into U.S. dollars has been made at the following exchange rates:

 

Balance sheet items, except for equity accounts

 

 

June 30, 2021

 

RM 4.1511 to 1

March 31, 2022

 

RM 4.2045 to 1

 

 

 

Statement of operations and cash flow items

 

 

For the nine months ended March 31, 2021

 

RM 4.1152 to 1

For the nine months ended March 31, 2022

 

RM 4.1845 to 1

 

 
F-10

Table of Contents

  

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC 718-10 “Compensation-Stock Compensation” which requires the measurement and recognition of compensation expense for all share-based payment awards made to employees and directors including employee stock options, restricted stock units, and stock appreciation rights are based on estimated fair values. Stock-based compensation expense recognized during the period is based on the value of the portion of share-based payment awards that is ultimately expected to vest during the period.

 

The Company accounts for non-employee stock-based awards at fair value in accordance with the measurement and recognition criteria of ASC 505-50 “Equity-Based Payments to Non-Employees.

 

Comprehensive Income

 

Comprehensive income is defined to include all changes in equity except those resulting from investments by owners and distributions to owners. Among other disclosures, all items that are required to be recognized under current accounting standards as components of comprehensive income are required to be reported in a financial statement that is presented with the same prominence as other financial statements. Comprehensive income includes net income and the foreign currency translation changes.

 

Related Party

 

The Company follows the ASC 850-10, “Related Party Disclosures” for the identification of related parties and disclosure of related party transactions.

 

Pursuant to section 850-10-20 the related parties include a) affiliates of the Company; b) entities for which investments in their equity securities would be required, absent the election of the fair value option under the Fair Value Option Subsection of section 825–10–15, to be accounted for by the equity method by the investing entity; c) trusts for the benefit of employees, such as pension and Income-sharing trusts that are managed by or under the trusteeship of management; d) principal owners of the Company; e) management of the Company; f) other parties with which the Company may deal if one party controls or can significantly influence the management or operating policies of the other to an extent that one of the transacting parties might be prevented from fully pursuing its own separate interests; and g) other parties that can significantly influence the management or operating policies of the transacting parties or that have an ownership interest in one of the transacting parties and can significantly influence the other to an extent that one or more of the transacting parties might be prevented from fully pursuing its own separate interests.

 

The consolidated financial statements shall include disclosures of material related party transactions, other than compensation arrangements, expense allowances, and other similar items in the ordinary course of business. However, disclosure of transactions that are eliminated in the preparation of consolidated or combined financial statements is not required in those statements. The disclosures shall include: a) the nature of the relationship(s) involved; b) a description of the transactions, including transactions to which no amounts or nominal amounts were ascribed, for each of the periods for which income statements are presented, and such other information deemed necessary to an understanding of the effects of the transactions on the financial statements; c) the dollar amounts of transactions for each of the periods for which income statements are presented and the effects of any change in the method of establishing the terms from that used in the preceding period; and d) amount due from or to related parties as of the date of each balance sheet presented and, if not otherwise apparent, the terms and manner of settlement.

 

Non-controlling Interest

 

The Company’s non-controlling interest represents the minority shareholder’s ownership interest related to the Company’s subsidiary, CSB. The Company reports its non-controlling interest in subsidiaries as a separate component of equity in the Consolidated Balance Sheets and reports both net loss attributable to the non-controlling interest and net loss attributable to the Company’s common shareholders on the face of the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

Mineral Acquisition and Exploration Costs

 

Mineral property acquisition and exploration costs are expensed as incurred. When it has been determined that a mineral property can be economically developed as a result of establishing proven and probable reserves, the costs incurred to develop such property are capitalized. Such costs will be amortized using the units-of-production method over the estimated life of the probable reserves.

 

Environmental Expenditures

 

The operations of the Company have been, and may in the future be affected from time to time in varying degree by changes in environmental regulations, including those for future reclamation and site restoration costs. Both the likelihood of new regulations and their overall effect upon the Company vary greatly and are not predictable. The Company’s policy is to meet or, if possible, surpass standards set by relevant legislation by application of technically proven and economically feasible measures.

 

Environmental expenditures that relate to ongoing environmental and reclamation programs are charged against earnings as incurred or capitalized and amortized depending on their future economic benefits. All of these types of expenditures incurred since inception have been charged against earnings due to the uncertainty of their future recoverability. Estimated future reclamation and site restoration costs, when the ultimate liability is reasonably determinable, are charged against earnings over the estimated remaining life of the related business operation, net of expected recoveries.

 

 
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Commitments and contingencies

 

The Company follows the ASC 450-20, “Contingencies” to report accounting for contingencies. Certain conditions may exist as of the date the financial statements are issued, which may result in a loss to the Company but which will only be resolved when one or more future events occur or fail to occur. The Company assesses such contingent liabilities, and such assessment inherently involves an exercise of judgment. In assessing loss contingencies related to legal proceedings that are pending against the Company or un-asserted claims that may result in such proceedings, the Company evaluates the perceived merits of any legal proceedings or un-asserted claims as well as the perceived merits of the amount of relief sought or expected to be sought therein.

 

If the assessment of a contingency indicates that it is probable that a material loss has been incurred and the amount of the liability can be estimated, then the estimated liability would be accrued in the Company’s consolidated financial statements. If the assessment indicates that a potentially material loss contingency is not probable but is reasonably possible, or is probable but cannot be estimated, then the nature of the contingent liability, and an estimate of the range of possible losses, if determinable and material, would be disclosed.

 

Loss contingencies considered remote are generally not disclosed unless they involve guarantees, in which case the guarantees would be disclosed. Management does not believe, based upon information available at this time that these matters will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows. However, there is no assurance that such matters will not materially and adversely affect the Company’s business, financial position, and results of operations or cash flows. 

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenues when its customers obtain control of promised goods or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration which it expects to receive in exchange for those goods. The Company recognizes revenues following the five-step model prescribed under ASU No. 2014-09: (i) identifies contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identifies the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determines the transaction price; (iv) allocates the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognizes revenues when (or as) it satisfies the performance obligation.

 

Revenues are recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to the customers, which may occur at a point in time or over time depending on the terms and conditions of the agreement, in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services.

 

Product sales

Revenues from product sales are recognized when the customer obtains control of the Company’s product, which occurs at a point in time, typically upon delivery to the customer. The Company expenses incremental costs of obtaining a contract as and when incurred if the expected amortization period of the asset that it would have recognized is one year or less or the amount is immaterial.

 

Revenues from product sales are recorded net of reserves established for applicable discounts and allowances that are offered within contracts with the Company’s customers.

 

Product revenue reserves, which are classified as a reduction in product revenues, are generally characterized in the following categories: discounts, returns and rebates. These reserves are based on estimates of the amounts earned or to be claimed on the related sales and are classified as reductions of accounts receivable as the amount is payable to the Company’s customer.

 

Gold mining 

Revenue from the sales of gold mineral or other minerals to registered gold trading companies or other customers in Malaysia is recognized as revenue in accordance with the following core principles: at the time of gold or minerals sales, the contract with customers and the performance obligations are identified. The transaction and selling price is determined by the prevailing market value of gold bullion quoted by the leading registered gold trading company in Malaysia or at an agreed price. Sales invoice will be prepared to reflect the proper transaction price based on the performance obligation allocation. After delivery is completed and the performance obligation is satisfied, sales invoice will be presented to the customers and so revenue is then recognized accordingly.

 

Income Taxes

 

The provision for income taxes is determined in accordance with the provisions of ASC Topic 740,”Accounting for Income Taxes”(“ASC 740”). Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted income tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. Any effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.

 

ASC 740 prescribes a comprehensive model for how companies should recognize, measure, present, and disclose in their financial statements uncertain tax positions taken or expected to be taken on a tax return. Under ASC 740, tax positions must initially be recognized in the financial statements when it is more likely than not the position will be sustained upon examination by the tax authorities. Such tax positions must initially and subsequently be measured as the largest amount of tax benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement with the tax authority assuming full knowledge of the position and relevant facts. As of March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021, the Company did not have any significant unrecognized uncertain tax positions.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by the Financial Accounting Standard Board (“FASB”) or other standard setting bodies and adopted by the Company as of the specified effective date. Unless otherwise discussed, the Company believes that the impact of recently issued standards that are not yet effective will not have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations upon adoption.

 

In May 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-04, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260), Debt-Modifications and Extinguishments (Subtopic 470-50), Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718), and Derivatives and Hedging-Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40), (“ASU 2021-04”). This ASU reduces diversity in an issuer’s accounting for modifications or exchanges of freestanding equity-classified written call options (for example, warrants) that remain equity classified after modification or exchange. This ASU provides guidance for a modification or an exchange of a freestanding equity-classified written call option that is not within the scope of another Topic. It specifically addresses: (1) how an entity should treat a modification of the terms or conditions or an exchange of a freestanding equity-classified written call option that remains equity classified after modification or exchange; (2) how an entity should measure the effect of a modification or an exchange of a freestanding equity-classified written call option that remains equity classified after modification or exchange; and (3) how an entity should recognize the effect of a modification or an exchange of a freestanding equity-classified written call option that remains equity classified after modification or exchange. This ASU became effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021. An entity should apply the amendments prospectively to modifications or exchanges occurring on or after the effective date of the amendments. The adoption of ASU 2021-04 on July 1, 2022 is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements or disclosures.

 

The Company has reviewed all recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting pronouncements and believes that the future adoption of any such pronouncements may not be expected to cause a material impact on its financial condition or the results of its operations.

 

 
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NOTE 3 - GOING CONCERN AND LIQUIDITY CONSIDERATIONS

 

The accompanying condescend consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and the liquidation of liabilities in the normal course of business. As of March 31, 2022, the Company had suffered from recurring operating losses and recorded an accumulated deficit of $9,327,647. These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The Company intends to fund operations through debt and equity financing arrangements.

 

The ability of the Company to survive is dependent upon, among other things, obtaining additional financing to continue operations, and development of its business plan.

 

In response to these problems, management intends to raise additional funds through public or private placement offerings, and related party loans.

 

No assurance can be given that any future financing, if needed, will be available or, if available, that it will be on terms that are satisfactory to the Company. Even if the Company is able to obtain additional financing, if needed, it may contain undue restrictions on its operations, in the case of debt financing, or cause substantial dilution for its stockholders, in the case of equity financing.

 

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of COVID-19 as a global pandemic, which continues to spread around the world. There is significant uncertainty around the breadth and duration of business disruptions related to COVID-19, as well as its impact on the Malaysia’s and global economy. While it is difficult to estimate the financial impact of COVID-19 on the Company’s operations, management believes that COVID-19 could have a material impact on its financial results at this time.

 

These condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments to reflect the possible future effects on the recoverability and classification of assets and liabilities that may result in the Company not being able to continue as a going concern.

 

NOTE 4 – MINING RIGHT

 

On June 14, 2021, a lump sum payment of RM260,500 ($62,260) was made upfront to rent under a non-cancellable operating lease, the mining space with lease period for 2 years up to June 13, 2023, and no ongoing payments will be made under the terms of these mining leases. Lease expense for lease payment is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

 

The Company’s lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.

 

The table below presents the operating lease related assets and liabilities recorded on the balance sheets.

 

 

 

Ended

March 31,

2022

 

Balance as at the 1 July 2021

 

$60,131

 

Amortization charge for the period

 

 

(23,345 )

Foreign exchange adjustment

 

 

(644 )

Balance as of March 31, 2022

 

$36,142

 

 

Amortization charge of rights of use lease assets was $23,345 and $0 for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

 

Amortization charge of rights of use lease assets was $8,150 and $0 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

 

 
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NOTE 5 – RIGHT OF USE ASSET AND LEASE LIABILITIES

 

a) Lease liabilities

 

The lease liabilities for motor vehicle, include long term and short term liabilities and are summarized as follow:

 

 

 

March 31,

2022

 

 

June 30,

2021

 

Current finance lease liabilities

 

$10,440

 

 

$-

 

Non-current finance lease liabilities

 

 

46,983

 

 

 

-

 

Total

 

$57,423

 

 

$-

 

 

The lease facilities do not impose any interest charge and the payables are summarized as follows:

 

 

 

Interest

Rate

 

 

Monthly

Due

 

 

March 31,

2022

 

 

June 30,

2021

 

Finance lease liabilities in the hire purchase loan

 

 

0%

 

 

870

 

 

 

57,423

 

 

 

-

 

Finance lease liabilities to a hire purchase creditor

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$57,423

 

 

$-

 

 

The imputed interest element within the contract has been assessed as not significant.

 

The scheduled maturities of the finance lease liabilities installment loans are as follows:

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2023

 

 

7,830

 

2024

 

 

10,441

 

2025

 

 

10,440

 

2026

 

 

10,441

 

Thereafter

 

 

18,271

 

Total minimum finance lease liabilities installment payment

 

$

57,423

 

Less: Imputed interest

 

 

-

 

Present value of net minimum lease payments (#)

 

$

57,423

 

 

(#) Minimum payment are reflected in the balance sheet as current and non-current obligations under finance lease liabilities as at March 31, 2022.

 

b) Right to use asset – Leasing of Segama Factory and La-Belle

 

 

 

Ended

March 31,

2022

 

Balance as at the 1 July 2021

 

$-

 

Addition

 

960,000

 

Amortization charge for the period

 

 

(28,571)

Balance as of March 31, 2022

 

$931,429

 

 

This leasing arrangement for the lease of the Segama factory amounting to $720,000 is for a lease term of seven (7) years and includes an exclusive right and option to purchase the factory site, together with all its right title and interest, for a consideration to be mutually agreed between the parties at any time during the period of two years from the date of the Lease Agreement. The Lease Payment and Security Payment shall be applied toward the Purchase Price upon GBL exercising the option to purchase. The Company’s lease agreements do not contain any material restrictive covenants.

 

On February 10, 2022, the Company, through VEL, a limited liability company incorporated in the State of Missouri, which is an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company via Verde Renewables, Inc., entered into a Commercial Lease Agreement and Option to Purchase (the “Lease Agreement”) to rent a 24-acre property in La Belle from Jon Neal Simmons and Betty Jo Simmon (the “Landlord”) in order to kickstart carbon farming with biochar in Missouri.

 

Under the Lease Agreement, the term of the lease will be for a period of two (2) years and the Company will have the right to renew the lease with a total of three renewal periods with each term being two years. The monthly base rent is $10,000 for the term, was payable on the commencement of the Lease Agreement. The Lease Agreement also grants the Company the exclusive right and option to purchase the premises together with all the right title and interest from the Landlord for a consideration of $490,000 at any time during the two-year term of the lease. If the Company exercises the option to purchase the premises from the Landlord, the upfront lease payment may be utilized as part payment of the purchase consideration.

 

There are no corresponding lease liabilities recorded as the lease payments for the entire lease period has been paid upfront upon inception of the agreement.

 

 
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NOTE 6 – OTHER DEPOSITS & PREPAYMENT

 

Other deposits & prepayment as of March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021 consisted of the following:

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prepayment to suppliers

 

$117,200

 

 

$-

 

Prepaid operating expenses

 

 

-

 

 

 

6,137

 

 

 

$117,200

 

 

$6,137

 

 

NOTE 7 – INVENTORIES

 

Inventories as of March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021 consisted of the following:

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bio produce

 

 

81,492

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

$81,492

 

 

$-

 

 

NOTE 8 – SECURITY DEPOSIT, AND DEPOSITS PAID FOR ACQUISITION OF SUBSIDIARIES AND PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

 

At March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021, the deposits consist of the following:

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deposits paid for acquisition of subsidiaries

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Bio Resources Limited (#1)

 

$25,935,550

 

 

$25,935,550

 

- Champmark Sdn Bhd (#2)

 

 

-

 

 

$36,130

 

 

 

$25,935,550

 

 

$25,971,680

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deposits paid for acquisition of Intellectual Property

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Intellectual property license (#3)

 

$5,000,000

 

 

$4,070,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other deposits

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Factory site (#4)

 

$80,000

 

 

$800,000

 

 

(#1) The Company announced the Share Sale Agreement on May 12, 2021 for the acquisition of the entire issued and paid-up share capital of Bio Resources Limited from Taipan International Limited, an unrelated third party, The Wision Project Limited (formerly known as “Borneo Resources Limited”), a unrelated third party, and other unrelated third party individuals, in consideration of the issuance of 321,500,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock at $0.03 per share, valued at $9,645,000, and the issuance of promissory notes with two-year term period with a principal amount of $20,355,000. 321,500,000 shares were issued on May 12, 2021 and the promissory notes were issued on May 12, 2021. The face value (principal) amount of the promissory notes of $20,355,000 was convertible into shares by May 12, 2023 and bearing zero coupon interest in accordance with the Share Sale Agreement. The promissory note is priced at $16,290,550 considering the current market interest rate. This acquisition is currently in progress and the completion of the S&P Agreement is subject to all such acts necessary, including but not limited to auditing and due diligence exercise to ascertain the valuation of Bio Resources Limited.

 

On January 20, 2022, however, the Company reached a mutual agreement to enter into a Supplement to Promissory Note with each of the 17 lenders (“Lenders”) of the promissory notes that were issued on May 12, 2021, to convert the total principal loan amount of $20,355,000 into shares of the Company’s restricted common stock priced at $0.0611 per share, which represents the last ninety (90) days’ volume weighted average price (VWAP) as of the market closing of January 19, 2022. The Company and the Lenders further agreed that the actual date for the allotment and issue of new shares of the Company’s restricted common stock shall be confirmed in a subsequent written agreement. The consideration, nevertheless, shall be refundable if the acquisition of Bio Resources Limited fails to complete.

 

(#2) On June 18, 2021, GBL entered into a Shares Sale Agreement with Lamax Gold Limited (“LGL”), a company incorporated under the laws of the British Virgin Islands, in relation to acquisition of the remaining 15% of the issued and paid-up share capital of CSB for a consideration of MYR150,000 ($35,669) upon the execution of the Shares Sale Agreement. Prior to this acquisition, GBL owned 85% equity in CSB and with the completion of this transaction, CSB became a wholly owned subsidiary of GBL and indirectly, of the Company.

 

(#3) On May 10, 2021, the Company announced the Sale and Purchase Agreement to acquire a biofraction plant and the right to use intellectual property license in Sabah, Malaysia from Borneo Energy Sdn Bhd, for a consideration of $5,000,000 to be satisfied by the issuance of 166,666,667 share of the Company’s common stock at $0.03 per share. 135,666,667 shares and 31,000,000 shares were issued on May 10, 2021 and July 1, 2021, respectively. This acquisition is currently in progress and the completion of the S&P Agreement is subject to all such acts necessary, including but not limited to due diligence exercise to ascertain the valuation of the assets of the biofraction plant and the right to use the licensed intellectual property in Sabah, Malaysia. The consideration shall be refundable if the transaction fails to complete.

 

(#4) On June 11, 2021, GBL entered into a Sale and Purchase of Assets Agreement (the “SPA Agreement”) to purchase a factory site from a Malaysian company Segama Ventures Sdn Bhd (“Segama Ventures”), an unrelated third party, in order to expand the Company’s biofraction plant in Malaysia. Under the terms of the SPA Agreement, the acquisition is satisfied by cash payment of $1,600,000 in two instalments of $800,000 each, with one payment upon signing the SPA Agreement, and the second payment due within three (3) months from the date of the SPA Agreement. A deposit of $800,000 was paid to Segama Ventures on June 10, 2021.On March 2, 2022, however, GBL entered into a Cancellation of Sale and Purchase of Assets Agreement (“Cancellation Agreement”) for the cancellation of the Sale and Purchase of Assets Agreement to purchase the factory site from Segama Ventures that was signed on June 11, 2021.

 

Simultaneously, on March 2, 2022, the Company, through GBL, entered into a Commercial Lease Agreement and Option to Purchase (“Lease Agreement”) for renting the factory site from Segama Ventures for a lease term of seven (7) years (“Lease Term”) at a monthly rental of MYR 36,000 ($8,571). The rental for the entire Lease Term amounts to the sum of MYR 3,024,000 ($720,000) (the “Lease Payment”) which shall be paid in advance upon commencement of the Lease Agreement together with a payment of security deposit for the sum of MYR 336,000 ($80,000) (the “Security Payment”). The refundable advance of $800,000 from the Cancellation Agreement above was utilized against the security deposit and payment of the advance rental.

 

 
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NOTE 9 –ADVANCED FROM RELATED PARITES

 

Advanced from related parties at March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021, consist of the following items:

 

 

 

March 31,

2022

 

 

June 30,

2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Advanced from BOG (#1)

 

$582,605

 

 

$579,783

 

Advanced from Federal Capital Investment Limited (#2)

 

 

-

 

 

 

6,000

 

 

 

$582,605

 

 

$585,783

 

______________

(#1) Borneo Oil and Gas Corporation SDN BHD (“BOG”) is a wholly owned subsidiary of Borneo Oil Berhad Group (“BOB”) (holding 19.23% and 19.96% of the Company’s issued and outstanding common stock as of March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021, respectively). The advances are related to ordinary business transactions and bear no interest or collateral, repayable and renewable under normal business advancement terms.

 

(#2) Pursuant to a Settlement of Debt Agreement (the “Debt Settlement Agreement”) entered into by the Company on June 9, 2021 with Federal Capital Investment Limited (“FCIL”), payables of $142,000 of the Company as of December 31, 2020 were converted into equity by means of a subscription for 4,733,333 new restricted shares of the Company’s common stock at a subscription price of $0.03 per share. Consequently, FCIL became a shareholder of the Company.

 

 
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NOTE 10 – PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

 

Property, plant and equipment at March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021 are summarized as follows:

 

 

 

March 31,

2022

 

 

June 30,

2021

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Land and building

 

$965,398

 

 

$947,292

 

Plant and machinery

 

 

16,669

 

 

 

16,399

 

Office equipment

 

 

27,675

 

 

 

18,968

 

Project equipment

 

 

645,172

 

 

 

653,374

 

Computer

 

 

13,942

 

 

 

11,170

 

Motor vehicle

 

 

125,905

 

 

 

35,710

 

Sub-total

 

 

1,794,761

 

 

 

1,682,913

 

Less: accumulated depreciation

 

 

(1,671,194 )

 

 

(1,682,358 )

 

 

$123,567

 

 

$555

 

 

The depreciation expenses charged for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was $4,611 and $129.

 

The depreciation expenses charged for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was $9,831 and $129.

 

Included in property, plant and equipment, is a motor vehicle purchased under finance lease arrangement with a carrying amount of $55,335 and $0 as of March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021, respectively. The amount of depreciation expenses related to assets purchased under finance lease arrangements were $7,308 and $0 for the nine months ended of March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively and $3,132 and $0 for the three months ended of March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

 

 

 
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NOTE 11 - PROMISSORY NOTES

 

On May 10, 2021, the Company announced the Share Sale Agreement on May 12, 2021 for the acquisition of the entire issued and paid-up share capital of Bio Resources Limited from Taipan International Limited, an unrelated third party, The Wision Project Limited (formerly known as “Borneo Resources Limited”) and other unrelated third party individuals, for a consideration to be satisfied by way of the issuance of 321,500,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock at $0.03 per share, valued at $9,645,000, and the issuance of promissory notes with two-year term period with a principal amount of $20,355,000. The promissory note is priced at $16,290,550 considering the current market interest rate.

 

321,500,000 shares were issued on May 12, 2021 and the promissory notes were issued on May 12, 2021. The face value (principal) amount of the promissory notes of $20,355,000 which was repayable by May 12, 2023 and bearing zero coupon interest were subsequently, on January 20, 2022 agreed to be converted, pursuant to a mutual agreement to enter into a Supplement to Promissory Note with each of the 17 lenders (“Lenders”) of the promissory notes that were issued on May 12, 2021, into shares of the Company’s restricted common stock priced at $0.0611 per share, which represents the last ninety (90) days’ volume weighted average price (VWAP) as of the market closing of January 19, 2022. The Company and the Lenders further agreed that the actual date for the allotment and issue of new shares of the Company’s restricted common stock shall be confirmed in a subsequent written agreement. The consideration, nevertheless, shall be refundable if the acquisition of Bio Resources Limited fails to complete.

 

The fair value of the outstanding promissory notes was calculated with the following assumptions:

 

Risk free rate

 

 

0.268

%

Credit spread

 

 

6.513

%

Liquidity risk premium

 

 

5.000

%

 

The following is a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances of promissory notes payable using Level 3 inputs:

 

 

 

March 31

 

 

June 30

 

 

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

Balance at the beginning of period

 

$16,535,942

 

 

$-

 

Promissory notes issued to unrelated third parties at fair value

 

 

-

 

 

 

16,290,550

 

Interest expense

 

 

1,441,911

 

 

 

245,392

 

Balance at the end of period

 

$17,977,853

 

 

$16,535,942

 

 

The Company recorded $486,978 and $0 interest expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

 

The Company recorded $1,441,911 and $0 interest expense for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

 

 
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Table of Contents

 

NOTE 12 – INCOME TAX

 

The Company and its subsidiaries are subject to income taxes on an entity basis on income arising in, or derived from, the tax jurisdiction in which they operate. The Company is a Nevada incorporated company and subject to United State Federal Income Tax. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of (“TCJ Act”) was signed into law in December 2017, and among its many provisions, it imposed a mandatory one-time transition tax on undistributed international earnings and reduced the U.S. corporate income tax rate to 21%, effective January 1, 2018. No provision for income taxes in the United States has been made as the Company had no taxable income for the periods ended March 31, 2022 and 2021. GBL is a British Virgin Islands incorporated company and not required to pay income tax on corporate income. CSB is a Malaysia incorporated company and required to pay corporate income tax at 24% of taxable income. VRI and VEL are incorporated in the State of Missouri, U.S.A and required to pay United State Federal Income Tax at 21% of taxable income. VLI is a U.S.A incorporated company in the State of Oregon and required to pay United State Federal Income Tax at 21% of taxable income.

 

A reconciliation between the income tax computed at the relevant statutory rate and the Company’s provision for income tax is as follows:

 

 

 

Nine months period ended

 

 

 

March 31,

2022

 

 

March 31,

2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss before income taxes

 

 

21

 

 

 

21

 

Non-deductible items/non-taxable income

 

 

(4 )

 

 

(5 )

Tax effect of tax exempt entity

 

 

(2 )

 

 

(6 )

Share based payments

 

 

(2 )

 

 

-

 

Changes in valuation allowances

 

 

(13 )

 

 

(11 )

Effect of different tax rate of subsidiaries operating in other jurisdictions

 

 

-

 

 

 

1

 

Effective tax rate

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

Summary of the Company’s net deferred tax assets are as follows:

 

 

 

March 31,

2022

 

 

June 30,

2021

 

Deferred tax assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net operating loss

 

$1,318,653

 

 

$1,198,944

 

Less: Valuation allowances

 

 

(1,318,653 )

 

 

(1,198,944 )

Total

 

$-

 

 

$-

 

 

The Company has recorded valuation allowances for certain tax attribute carry forwards and other deferred tax assets due to uncertainty that exists regarding future realizability. If in the future the Company believes that it is more likely than not that these deferred tax benefits will be realized, the majority of the valuation allowances will be recognized in the consolidated statement of operations. The Company did not have any interest and penalty provided or recognized in the income statements for nine month periods ended March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021, or balance sheet as of March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021. The Company did not have uncertainty tax positions or events leading to uncertainty tax position within the next 12 months.

 

 
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NOTE 13 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

As of March 31, 2022, the Group had the following contracted capital commitments:

 

 

 

March 31,

2022

 

 

June 30,

2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For purchase of property, plant and equipment

 

$-

 

 

$1,730,000

 

For acquisition of subsidiary

 

 

-

 

 

 

6,023

 

Total

 

$-

 

 

$1,736,023

 

 

The agreement for the purchase of property, plant and equipment for the purchase of factory site from Segama Ventures was cancelled on March 2, 2022 and is replaced with commercial lease agreement and option to purchase. The deposit paid was utilized as deposit and advance lease payment for the lease. 

 

NOTE 14 – NET LOSS PER SHARE

 

The Company adopted ASC Topic No. 260, “Earnings Per Share,” (“EPS”) which requires presentation of basic and diluted EPS on the face of the income statement for all entities with complex capital structures, and requires a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator of the basic EPS computation to the numerator and denominator of the diluted EPS computation. In the accompanying financial statements, basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period.

 

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

Net income applicable to common shares

 

$(1,067,905 )

 

$14,018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding (Basic)

 

 

810,742,109

 

 

 

116,038,909

 

Shares to be issued under promissory notes

 

 

8,445,946

 

 

 

-

 

Options

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Warrants

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding (Diluted)

 

 

819,188,055

 

 

 

116,038,909

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per share (Basic and Diluted)

 

$(0.00 )*

 

$(0.00 )*

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

Net income (loss) applicable to common shares

 

$(2,713,319 )

 

$(244,548 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding (Basic)

 

 

810,742,109

 

 

 

116,038,909

 

Shares to be issued under promissory notes

 

 

8,445,946

 

 

 

-

 

Options

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Warrants

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding (Diluted)

 

 

819,188,055

 

 

 

116,038,909

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per share (Basic and Diluted)

 

$(0.00 )*

 

$(0.00 )*

 

*Less than $0.01 per share

 

The Company has no other potentially dilutive securities, such as options or warrants, currently issued and outstanding.

 

The promissory notes issued for the acquisition of BRL for $20,355,000 convertible by May 12, 2023 has not been included in the computation of the weighted average dilutive common shares as the transaction for which it was issued is pending completion.

 

For the nine months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding is equal to basic weighted-average common shares, due to the Company’s net loss position. Hence no common stocks equivalents were included in the computations of diluted net loss per share since such inclusion would have been antidilutive.

 

 

 
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NOTE 15 - STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

Authorized Stock

 

Effective February 2, 2018, the Company’s Articles of Incorporation were amended to increase the authorized shares of the Company from 250,000,000 shares of common stock to 10,000,000,000 shares of common stock. A copy of the Certificate of Amendment was filed with the Nevada Secretary of State. The Form 8K announcing the increase of the authorized shares of the Company was filed with SEC on February 6, 2018.

 

As of March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021, the Company has authorized 10,000,000,000 common shares and 50,000,000 preferred shares, both with a par value of $0.001 per share. Each common share entitles the holder to one vote, in person or proxy, on any matter on which action of the stockholders of the corporation is sought.

 

Common stock

 

On May 10, 2021, the Company announced the Sale and Purchase Agreement to acquire the assets of biofraction plant and the right to use intellectual property license in Sabah, Malaysia from Borneo Energy Sdn Bhd, in consideration of issuance of 166,666,667 share of the Company’s stock at $0.03 per share, valued at $5,000,000. 135,666,667 shares and 31,000,000 shares were issued on May 10, 2021 and July 1, 2021, respectively. The completion of the S&P Agreement is subject to all such acts necessary, including but not limited to due diligence exercise to ascertain the valuation of the assets of the biofraction plant and the right to use the licensed intellectual property in Sabah, Malaysia.

 

On May 12, 2021, the Company, through its wholly-owned subsidiary GBL, entered into a Share Sale Agreement in relation to acquisition of the entire issued and paid-up share capital of Bio Resources Limited with Taipan International Limited, an unrelated third party, The Wision Project Limited (formerly known as “Borneo Resources Limited”), an unrelated third party and other unrelated third party individuals, in consideration of issuance of 321,500,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock at $0.03 per share, valued at $9,645,000, and the issuance of promissory notes two-year term period a principal amount of $20,355,000. 321,500,000 shares were issued on May 12, 2021 and the promissory notes were issued on May 12, 2021.

 

On January 20, 2022, the Company reached a mutual agreement to enter into a Supplement to Promissory Note with each of the 17 lenders (“Lenders”) of the promissory notes that were issued on May 12, 2021, to convert the total principal loan amount of $20,355,000 into shares of the Company’s restricted common stock priced at $0.0611 per share, which represents the last ninety (90) days’ volume weighted average price (VWAP) as of the market closing of January 19, 2022. The Company and the Lenders further agreed that the actual date for the allotment and issue of new shares of the Company’s restricted common stock shall be confirmed in a subsequent written agreement. The consideration, nevertheless, shall be refundable if the acquisition of Bio Resourced Limited fails to complete.

 

On June 4, 2021, the Company issued a total of 65,900,000 restricted common shares for $1,647,500 at $0.025 per share to six non-US shareholders, who Borneo Oil Berhad and Victor Subbrayan Paul are existing shareholders

 

On June 9, 2021, the Company entered into a Settlement of Debt Agreement (the “Debt Settlement Agreement”) with the Company’s creditors Beijing Changxin Wanlin Technology Co., Ltd, Federal Mining Resources Ltd, Federal Capital Investment Limited and Yorkshire Capital Limited (collectively the “Creditors”) to convert a total of $1,945,096 of the Company’s accounts payable to the Creditors into equity by increasing the share capital by means of a subscription for 64,836,533 new restricted shares of the Company’s common stock at a subscription price of $0.03 per share. As set out in the Debt Settlement Agreements, the new restricted shares for settlement of the accounts payable to Beijing Changxin Wanlin Technology Co., Ltd, Federal Mining Resources Ltd and Federal Capital Investment Limited issued to their nominee Internet.com Ltd on June 9, 2021.

 

On June 10, 2021, the Company issued a total of 4,690,500 restricted common shares at $0.03 per share to each of the two directors, of which 2,095,233 restricted common shares to Balakrishnan B S Muthu and 2,595,267 restricted common shares to Chen Ching to serve as a director of the Company for a one-year term (from July 1, 2020 to June 30, 2021). An aggregate of $140,715 for this transaction was recognized as stock-based compensation under selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended June 30, 2021.

 

On June 10, 2021, the Company issued a total of 13,009,500 restricted common shares at $0.03 per share to five consultants under the Consultant Agreements, of which 3,695,233 restricted common shares to Vincent Yong Tuck Seng, 3,695,233 restricted common shares to Lai Kui Shing Andy, 2,095,233 restricted common shares to Chan Hoi Kwong Paul, 2,095,233 restricted common shares to Sylvia Chan and 1,428,568 restricted common shares to Ng Tung to serve as a consultant of the Company for a one-year term (from June 10, 2021 to June 9, 2022). An aggregate of $390,285 for this transaction, $34,716 was recognized as stock-based compensation according to the service period under selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended June 30, 2021. Of the aggregate $390,285 for this transaction, $191,222 and nil were recognized for the six months ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Also, $95,094 and nil were recognized for the three months ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

On June 18, 2021, the Company issued a total of 58,100,000 restricted common shares for $1,452,500 at $0.025 per share to twenty-four non-US shareholders.

 

There were 810,742,109 and 779,742,109 common shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021 respectively.

 

There are no preferred shares outstanding. The Company has not issued any preferred shares. The Company also has no stock option plan, warrants, or other dilutive securities other than 8,445,946 shares to be issued under promissory notes.

 

 
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NOTE 16 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

Related party balances

 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deposits paid for acquisition of Intellectual Property

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Intellectual property license of Borneo Energy Sdn Bhd (#1) (note 8)

 

$5,000,000

 

 

$-

 

 

(#1) Borneo Oil Berhad (“BOB”) is ultimate holding company of Borneo Energy Sdn Bhd and holding 19.23% of the Company’s issued and outstanding common stock as of March 31, 2022.

 

 
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NOTE 17 – SEGMENT INFORMATION

 

The Company’s segments are business units that offer different products and services and are reviewed separately by the chief operating decision maker (the “CODM”), or the decision-making group, in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The Company’s CODM is the Company’s Chief Executive Officer.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2022:

 

 

 

Gold

mineral mining

 

 

Distribution of THC-free cannabinoid (CBD) products

 

 

Production and distribution of renewable commodities

 

 

Holding property

 

 

Corporate unallocated

 

 

Consolidated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$-

 

 

$-

 

 

$16,712

 

 

$-

 

 

$-

 

 

$16,712

 

Cost of revenue

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(86,701 )

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(86,701 )

Gross loss

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(69,989 )

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(69,989 )

Selling, general & administrative expenses

 

 

(43,405 )

 

 

(1,378 )

 

 

(75,958 )

 

 

(180,497 )

 

 

(197,536 )

 

 

(498,774 )

Loss from operations

 

 

(43,405 )

 

 

(1,378 )

 

 

(145,947 )

 

 

(180,497 )

 

 

(197,536 )

 

 

(568,763 )

Interest expenses

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(486,977 )

 

 

(486,977 )

Other income

 

 

(17)

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

116-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

99

 

Loss before income tax

 

 

(43,422 )

 

 

1,378 )

 

 

(145,947 )

 

 

(180,381 )

 

 

(684,513 )

 

 

(1,055,641 )

Income tax

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Net loss

 

$(43,422 )

 

$(1,378 )

 

$(145,947 )

 

$(180,381 )

 

$(684,513 )

 

$(1,055,641 )

 

For the nine months ended March 31, 2022:

 

 

 

Gold

mineral

 mining

 

 

Distribution of THC-free cannabinoid (CBD) products

 

 

Production and distribution of renewable commodities

 

 

Holding property

 

 

Corporate unallocated

 

 

Consolidated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$-

 

 

$-

 

 

$16,712

 

 

$-

 

 

$-

 

 

$16,712

 

Cost of revenue

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(86,701)

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(86,701)

Gross loss

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(69,989)

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(69,989)

Selling, general & administrative expenses

 

 

(150,781 )

 

 

(3,134 )

 

 

(93,598 )

 

 

(283,239 )

 

 

(691,123 )

 

 

(1,221,875 )

Loss from operations

 

 

(150,781 )

 

 

(3,134 )

 

 

(163,587 )

 

 

(283,239 )

 

 

(691,123 )

 

 

(1,291,864 )

Interest expenses

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(1,441,911 )

 

 

(1,441,911 )

Other income

 

 

12,098

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

116

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

12,214

 

Loss before income tax

 

 

(138,683 )

 

 

(3,134 )

 

 

(163,587 )

 

 

(283,123 )

 

 

(2,133,034 )

 

 

(2,721,561 )

Income tax

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$(138,683 )

 

$(3,134 )

 

$(163,587 )

 

$(283,123 )

 

$(2,133,034 )

 

$(2,721,561 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2022

 

 

317,471

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

101,066

 

 

 

505,432

 

 

 

33,118,811

 

 

 

34,042,781

 

 As of June 30, 2021

 

$97,952

 

 

 

-

 

 

$-

 

 

$-

 

 

 

32,961,202

 

 

 

33,059,154

 

 

The Company conducts its Gold Mineral Mining operation through CSB. The expenses incurred were consisting principally of management services and its major operation is located in Malaysia.

 

The Company conducts business in the distribution of THC-free cannabinoid (CBD) products through Verde Life Inc. which is incorporated in the State of Oregon, U.S.A. Its major operation is located in U.S.A.

 

The Company conducts business in production and distribution of renewable commodities through Verde Resources (Malaysia) Sdn. Bhd. which is incorporated in Malaysia. Its major operation is located in Malaysia.

 

The Company formed VEL on August 10, 2021, for the purpose of holding property in Missouri. Its major operation is located in U.S.A.

 

 
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Table of Contents

 

NOTE 18 - SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

On June 17, 2021, Verde Resources, Inc. (the “Company”), through its prospective indirect subsidiary Bio Resources Limited (“BRL”), a company incorporated under the laws of Labuan, entered into a Shares Sale Agreement (“SSA Agreement”) with Global Renewables Sdn Bhd (“Global Renewables”), a company incorporated under the laws of Malaysia, to acquire the entire issued and paid-up share capital of Global Renewables. Under the terms of the Shares Sale Agreement, the consideration for the acquisition shall be satisfied in full by the payment of MYR 25,000 ($6,000) upon the execution of the Shares Sale Agreement. The acquisition of Global Renewables was subject to the successful completion of the acquisition of the entire issued and paid-up share capital of BRL. Therefore, the acquisition of Global Renewables was dependent upon the successful acquisition of BRL.

 

On April 18, 2022, the Company, through its prospective indirect subsidiary BRL, entered into a Cancellation Agreement for the cancellation of the SSA Agreement to acquire the entire issued and paid-up share capital of Global Renewables. The SSA Agreement is rendered null and void upon terms and conditions provided in the Cancellation Agreement.

 

On April 19, 2022, the Company, through its wholly-owned subsidiary Verde Resources (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd (“Verde Malaysia”), a company incorporated in Malaysia, entered into an Agreement for Regenerative Carbon Negative Agriculture Initiative (the “Agreement”) with The Borneo Food Group Sdn Bhd (“SB”), a company incorporated in Malaysia, to supply proprietary blend of various carbon negative agricultural products such as plant natural enzyme, FAA bio enzyme and enriched biochar to SB. SB is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Borneo Oil Berhad (BORNOIL), a company listed on the Main Board Stock Exchange of Malaysia and an affiliate of the Company by virtue of owning more than 10% shares of the Company’s Common Stock. Under the Agreement, Verde Malaysia has the expertise, technical know-how supply of proprietary blend of various carbon negative agricultural products to assist SB in achieving a long term and consistent supply of various agriculture produce for its business while ensuring that all ingredients utilized by SB is farmed in a sustainable and environmentally friendly manner which is not just carbon neutral but carbon negative to create a long term carbon negative footprint. Verde Malaysia will provide the services and supply the proprietary blend of various carbon negative agricultural products to SB at the agreed fixed rates which may be subject to price increase in the event of any drastic fluctuations in the cost of fuel and/or related production costs with a minimum notice of two weeks in writing to SB. The term of the Agreement will be for a fixed period of five (5) years commencing from May 1, 2022 to April 30, 2027 and both parties may extend the agreement for a further term as may be mutually agreed on terms to be separately negotiated. 

On April 25, 2022, the Company issued a total of 8,445,946 restricted common shares for $1,000,000 at $0.1184 per share to two non-US shareholders.

 

On April 27, 2022, the Company, entered into a Professional Engineering Services Contract (the “PES Agreement”) with BioDiverse Energies, LLC (“BDE”). Under the PES Agreement, BDE will provide professional services on the feasibility assessment, preliminary engineering and preliminary market analysis related to the biochar enhanced compost project. The Company will pay BDE a total of $42,000 for completion of the professional services under the PES Agreement. An initial payment of $25,000 will be paid prior to the commencement of work by BDE, with another $10,000 and $7,000 to be paid upon completion of the professional services in two stages respectively.

 

On April 29, 2022, Verde Renewables, Inc.(“VRI”) a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, closed on the purchase of residential real property located in Chesterfield, Missouri (the “Property”). The purchase price for the Property was $750,000.00 paid in cash at closing. The Company used cash on hand to purchase the Property. The Property was purchased from Yimin Huang and Claudine Huang (the “Sellers”). There are no material relationships between the Sellers and the Company or any of its affiliates. The Company plans on holding the property as an investment and using it for corporate housing.

 

On May 18, 2022, GBL, a company incorporated under the laws of the British Virgin Islands and a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, has changed its name to Verde Resources Asia Pacific Limited.

 

On June 8, 2022, the Company through its wholly-owned subsidiary VRI, entered into a Services Agreement (the “Agreement”) with Gary F. Zimmer to engage him as its corporate consultant to develop and formulate a designer compost and the Company's integrated regenerative farming programs as designated in the Agreement. Under the Agreement, the Company will pay Gary F. Zimmer by the issuance of 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock on or before July 15, 2022.

 

The Company has evaluated subsequent events from the balance sheet date through the date the financial statements were issued and determined that there are no further significant subsequent items which are required to be disclosed. 

 

 
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Table of Contents

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

Except for historical information, this report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Such forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, including, among other things, statements regarding our business strategy, future revenues and anticipated costs and expenses. Such forward-looking statements include, among others, those statements including the words “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “believes” and similar language. Our actual results may differ significantly from those projected in the forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed herein as well as in the “Description of Business – Risk Factors” section in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, as filed on November 12, 2021. You should carefully review the risks described in our Annual Report and in other documents we file from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on the forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report. We undertake no obligation to publicly release any revisions to the forward-looking statements or reflect events or circumstances after the date of this document.

 

Although we believe that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, there are a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from such forward-looking statements.

 

All references in this Form 10-Q to the “Company,” “Verde Resources,” “we,” “us,” or “our” are to Verde Resources, Inc.

 

Business Overview

 

The Company has negotiated with Malaysia state agency PKNP on a 2-year lease for a new mining location that is about 5 km from the current Merapoh mine site. The leasing premium has been paid but the mining lease certificate will only be issued upon clearance from the Malaysia Forest Department, which is expected in mid 2022 subject to review on COVID-19 “Movement Control Order” by the Malaysian government.

 

For the current Site IV-1 of the Merapoh Gold Mine, our mining operation would focus on mining other resources such as limestones.

 

The Company believes that there are excellent growth opportunities for its business outside Malaysia. We are constantly exploring for potential acquisition of mining projects in other parts of the world.

 

As our business is affected by the fluctuations of gold prices, the Company intends to diversify its product line by acquiring mining projects with potential for different mineral resources other than gold. We continue to hold discussions with other mining companies for potential collaboration to carry out exploration and exploitation works on other mineral resources in Southeast Asia regions. Apart from the mining industry, the Company has taken steps to look into investment opportunities in the non-mining areas that include the bioenergy industry and the food & beverage sector.

 

The Company is diversifying into the green industry with its acquisition of Bio Resources Ltd (“BRL”), the beneficial and/or registered proprietor of the intellectual property known as “Catalytic Biofraction Process”, which is a slow pyrolysis process using a proprietary catalyst to depolymerise palm biomass wastes (empty fruit bunches or palm kernel shells) in temperature range of 350 degree Celsius to 500 degree Celsius to yield commercially valuable bio products: bio-oil, wood vinegar (pyroligneous acid), biochar and bio-syngas. The intellectual property is a second-generation pyrolysis process where non-food feedstock like the palm biomass wastes is used as feedstock. The success of venturing into the green industry is dependent on the completion of the acquisition subject to auditing and due diligence exercise to ascertain the valuation of BRL.

 

Apart from the green industry, the Company is also working on a partnership with MRX Technologies, a market leader in commercial extraction systems for cannabis and hemp. The partnership includes an agreement for Verde Resources to white-label THC-free CBD products from MRX Technologies.

 

 
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Table of Contents

 

Corporate History and Structure

 

Verde Resources, Inc. was incorporated on April 22, 2010, in the State of Nevada, U.S.A. The following persons were appointed to serve as directors and to assume the responsibilities of officers on October 17, 2013. Mr. Wu Ming Ding, as President and Director; Mr. Balakrishnan B S Muthu as Treasurer Chief Financial Officer, General Manager and Director; and Mr. Liang Wai Keen as Secretary.

 

On April 1, 2014, the Board of Directors of GBL notified Federal Mining Resources Limited (“FMR”) of the decision to exercise its option to purchase an 85% equity interest of Champmark Sdn Bhd (“CSB”) pursuant to Section 3.2.4 of the Management Agreement dated July 1, 2013, between GBL and FMR. This acquisition was completed on April 1, 2014, with consideration of $1, and GBL then became an 85% shareholder of CSB.

 

Effective February 20, 2016, Mr. Wu Ming Ding resigned from all of his positions as President and Director of the Company, with Mr. Balakrishnan B S Muthu being appointed President to fill the vacancy created. Effective February 20, 2016, Mr. Chen Ching was appointed Director of the Company and the entire Board of Directors then consisted of Mr. Balakrishnan B S Muthu and Mr. Chen Ching.

 

Effective February 2, 2018, the Company’s Articles of Incorporation were amended to increase the authorized shares of the Company from 250,000,000 shares of common stock to 10,000,000,000 shares of common stock. A copy of the Certificate of Amendment was filed with the Nevada Secretary of State. The Form 8K announcing the increase of the authorized shares of the Company was filed with SEC on February 6, 2018.

 

Effective March 31, 2021, Mr. Carl M. Craven was appointed Director of the Company and the entire Board of Directors now consists of Mr. Balakrishnan B S Muthu, Mr. Chen Ching and Mr. Carl M. Craven. The Form 8-K announcing the change in officers and directors were filed with SEC on April 1, 2021.

 

The following diagram illustrates our current corporate structure:  

 

vrdr_10qimg2.jpg

 

Pursuant to an Assignment Agreement For The Assignment of Management Right in Merapoh Gold Mines in Malaysia (“Assignment Agreement”) dated October 25, 2013, and a Supplementary Agreement dated February 17, 2014 on further clarifications to the Assignment Agreement signed by the Company with FMR, a company incorporated under the laws of the British Virgin Islands, the 100% interest of FMR in GBL was transferred to VRDR at a consideration of $1. This transaction was recorded as a reverse acquisition in accordance with ASC 805-40 “Reverse Acquisitions”. The legal parent was VRDR, which was the accounting acquiree, while GBL was the accounting acquirer. There was a 15% non-controlling interest of CSB after the acquisition. This transaction was accounted for as a recapitalization effected by a share exchange, wherein GBL with its 85% deemed subsidiary CSB was considered the acquirer for accounting and financial reporting purposes. The assets and liabilities of the acquired entity have been brought forward at their book value and no goodwill has been recognized.

 

Prior to the acquisition of GBL, on July 1, 2013, FMR had assigned its rights and obligations pursuant to its 85% interest in Champmark Sdn Bhd (“CSB”) to GBL. According to ASC 810-05-08 A, CSB is a deemed subsidiary of GBL because due to the assignment, GBL had gained control of the Board of Directors of CSB, GBL’s rights to receive future benefits and residual value, and GBL’s obligation to absorb losses and provide financing for CSB. GBL had the power to direct the activities of CSB that most significantly impact CSB’s economic performance, and the obligation to absorb losses or receive benefits of CSB that could potentially be significant to CSB. Accordingly, GBL was the primary beneficiary of CSB. Under 810-23-42, 43, it was determined that CSB was de-facto agent and GBL, the principal, and consequently, CSB was considered as a deemed subsidiary of GBL beginning July 1, 2013. 

 

With the above transactions, GBL became a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company and CSB, its 85% deemed indirect subsidiary.

 

On April 1, 2014, the Board of Directors of GBL notified FMR of the decision to exercise its option to purchase an 85% equity interest of CSB pursuant to Section 3.2.4 of the Management Agreement dated July 1, 2013, between GBL and FMR. This acquisition was completed on April 1, 2014, with consideration of $1, and GBL then became an 85% shareholder of CSB. 

 

On June 18, 2021, GBL entered into a Shares Sale Agreement with Lamax Gold Limited (“LGL”), a company incorporated under the laws of the British Virgin Islands, in relation to acquisition of the remaining 15% of the issued and paid-up share capital of CSB for a consideration of MYR 150,000 ($35,669). Prior to this acquisition, GBL owned 85% equity in CSB. Upon completion of the acquisition on October 20,2021, CSB became a wholly owned subsidiary of GBL, and indirectly, of the Company.

 

On August 10, 2021, the Company formed a wholly owned subsidiary, VRI. for the purpose of conducting business in Missouri (using palm waste to create biochar and related products). Another entity, Verde Estates, LLC, was also formed on August 10, 2021 to own property in Missouri. Verde Estates, LLC is a wholly owned branch of Verde Renewables, Inc.

 

On November 15, 2021, the Company formed a wholly owned subsidiary, Verde Life Inc., an Oregon corporation for the purpose of conducting business in the distribution of THC-free cannabinoid products.

 

On January 17, 2022, the Company formed a wholly owned subsidiary, Verde Resources (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd, a company incorporated under the laws of Malaysia, for the purpose of conducting consultation services and distribution of renewable agricultural commodities.

 

On March 23, 2022, the Company, through Verde Resources (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd, entered into a Sale of Shares Agreement (“SSA”) with The Wision Project Sdn Bhd (“Wision”), a company incorporated under the laws of Malaysia, to acquire the one hundred percent (100%) of the issued and paid up ordinary shares in Wision.

 

 
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Table of Contents

  

Stage of Operation

 

The Company has negotiated with Malaysia state agency PKNP on a 2-year lease for a new mining location that is about 5 km from the current Merapoh mine site. The leasing premium has been paid but the mining lease certificate will only be issued upon clearance from the Malaysia Forest Department, which is expected in mid 2022 subject to review on COVID-19 “Movement Control Order” by the Malaysian government.

 

For the current Site IV-1 of the Merapoh Gold Mine, our mining operation would focus on mining other resources such as limestones.

 

The Company believes that there are excellent growth opportunities for its business outside Malaysia. We are constantly exploring for potential acquisition of mining projects in other parts of the world.

 

As our business is affected by the fluctuations of gold prices, the Company intends to diversify its product line by acquiring mining projects with potential for different mineral resources other than gold. We continue to hold discussions with other mining companies for potential collaboration to carry out exploration and exploitation works on other mineral resources in Southeast Asia regions. Apart from the mining industry, the Company has taken steps to look into investment opportunities in the non-mining areas that include the bioenergy industry and the food & beverage sector.

 

The Company is diversifying into the green industry with its acquisition of Bio Resources Ltd (“BRL”), the beneficial and/or registered proprietor of the intellectual property known as “Catalytic Biofraction Process”, which is a slow pyrolysis process using a proprietary catalyst to depolymerise palm biomass wastes (empty fruit bunches or palm kernel shells) in temperature range of 350 degree Celsius to 500 degree Celsius to yield commercially valuable bio products: bio-oil, wood vinegar (pyroligneous acid), biochar and bio-syngas. The intellectual property is a second-generation pyrolysis process where non-food feedstock like the palm biomass wastes is used as feedstock. The success of venturing into the green industry is dependent on the completion of the acquisition subject to auditing and due diligence exercise to ascertain the valuation of BRL.

 

Apart from the green industry, the Company is also working on a partnership with MRX Technologies, a market leader in commercial extraction systems for cannabis and hemp. The partnership includes an agreement for Verde Resources to white-label THC-free CBD products from MRX Technologies.