10-Q 1 vrnof-20230930.htm 10-Q vrnof-20230930
December 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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2023
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission file number: 000-56342
VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
British Columbia, Canada98-1583243
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
224 W Hill Street, Suite 400, Chicago, Illinois
60610
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
(Zip Code)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (312) 265-0730
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
N/AN/AN/A
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
o
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
x
Smaller reporting company
o
Emerging growth company
x


If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x
As of November 6, 2023, the registrant had 343,529,456 Class A subordinate voting shares and no Class B proportionate voting shares outstanding.


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Pages

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Form 10-Q”) contains “forward-looking information” and “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of United States securities laws (together, “forward-looking statements”). All statements, other than statements of historical fact, made by the Company or its affiliates that address activities, events or developments that the Company or its affiliates expect or anticipate will or may occur in the future are forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to, statements preceded by, followed by or that include words such as “may,” “will,” “would,” “could,” “should,” “believes,” “assumes,” “estimates,” “projects,” “potential,” “expects,” “plans,” “intends,” “anticipates,” “targeted,” “continues,” “forecasts,” “designed,” “goal,” “progress,” or the negative of those words or other similar or comparable words.

The forward-looking statements contained herein are based on certain key expectations and assumptions, including, but not limited to, expectations and assumptions concerning:

our ability to obtain, maintain and renew regulatory approvals in all states and localities of our operations and planned operations on a timely basis;
government regulations, including future U.S. state and federal legislative and regulatory developments involving medical and adult use cannabis and the timing thereof;
our outlook on our expansion and growth of business and operations;
our ability to achieve our goals, business plans and strategy;
our ability to access capital and obtain necessary financing to pursue our growth and business plans;
our operational results and other financial and business conditions and prospects;
the timing and completion of acquisitions and other commercial transactions;
the integration and operation of acquired businesses;
the timing and amount of capital expenditures;
the availability of equipment, skilled labor and services needed for cannabis operations;


demand, developments and trends in the medical and adult use cannabis industry;
competition in the cannabis industry in the markets in which we operate or plan to operate;
the medical benefits, viability, safety, efficacy, and dosing of cannabis;
the size of the medical cannabis market and the adult use cannabis market in each state; and
conditions in general economic and financial markets.

Forward-looking statements may relate to future financial conditions, results of operations, plans, strategies, objectives, performance or business developments. These statements speak only as at the date they are made and are based on information currently available and on the then-current expectations of the party making the statement and assumptions concerning future events, which are subject to a number of known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from that which was expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to, risks and uncertainties related to:

the impacts of economic uncertainty stemming from political unrest and conflicts and disruptions in U.S. and global markets, inflation, rising interest rates, supply shortages and changes in consumer and business confidence;
our limited operating history;
reporting and regulatory requirements resulting from the fact that we are a public reporting company in the U.S. in addition to being a public reporting company in Canada;
heightened scrutiny from Canadian government and regulatory authorities;
our outstanding indebtedness and potential future indebtedness;
reliance on key management;
the potential for fraudulent activity by employees, contractors and consultants;
uninsured or under insured losses;
potential product liability and recalls;
our reliance on the performance of our subsidiaries and affiliates;
our expansion-by-acquisition strategy;
the unconventional due diligence process in the cannabis industry;
the integration and operation of acquired businesses;
our lack of portfolio diversification;
existing competition and new market entrants;
the introduction of synthetic alternatives to cannabis products by pharmaceutical and other companies;
the immaturity of the cannabis industry and limited comparable, competitive and established industry best practices;
the availability of third-party suppliers, service providers, contractors and manufacturers;
the availability of raw or other materials;
wholesale and retail price fluctuations;
rising or volatile energy costs;
public opinion and perception of the cannabis industry;
agricultural and environmental risks and the impacts of environmental regulations on the cannabis industry and environmental protections;
the U.S. federal regulatory landscape and enforcement related to medical or adult use cannabis, including political risks, civil asset forfeiture and regulation by additional regulatory authorities;
the difficulties cannabis businesses face accessing and maintaining banking or financial services due to federal regulations;
regulatory and political changes to U.S. state and local laws related to medical or adult use cannabis, including political risks and regulation by additional regulatory authorities;
disparate state-by-state regulatory landscapes and licensing regimes for medical and adult use cannabis;
the requirements to abide by anti-money laundering laws and regulations;
required public disclosure and governmental filings containing personal information of our officers, investors and other stakeholders;
the ability to, and constraints on, promoting and marketing cannabis products;
the potential limitations on our ability to enforce our contracts or any liens granted to us;
the ability to access capital markets and the availability of financing opportunities;
the lack of access to federal bankruptcy protections in the U.S.;
limited intellectual property protection available for cannabis products and the potential infringement by third parties;


reliance on information technology systems, the potential disclosure of personal information of patients and customers and cybersecurity risks;
our elimination of monetary liability and indemnification rights against our directors, officers and employees under British Columbia law;
our dual class capital structure with Class A subordinate voting shares and Class B proportionate voting shares;
our shareholders’ limited participation in our affairs;
our expectation to not declare or pay out dividends;
our ability to refinance our indebtedness and the terms of any such refinancing;
litigation costs, including any damages we may become obligated to pay;
any determination of impairment to our assets;
the taxation of cannabis companies in the U.S.; and
other risks described in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022 filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on March 30, 2023, as more particularly described under the heading “Item 1A. Risk Factors” therein.

Although we believe that the expectations and assumptions on which forward-looking statements are based are reasonable at the time made, undue reliance should not be placed on the forward-looking statements, because no assurance can be given that they will prove to be correct. Forward-looking statements address future events and conditions, and thus involve inherent risks and uncertainties. Readers are cautioned that the above list of cautionary statements is not exhaustive.

The cannabis industry involves risks and uncertainties that are subject to change based on various factors. Certain forward-looking statements contained herein concerning the cannabis industry and our general expectations concerning the cannabis industry are based on estimates prepared by us using data from publicly available governmental sources as well as from market research and industry analysis and on assumptions based on data and knowledge of the cannabis industry. Such data is inherently imprecise.

Consequently, all forward-looking statements made in this Form 10-Q and our other documents are qualified by such cautionary statements and there can be no assurance that the anticipated results or developments will actually be realized or, even if realized, that they will have the expected consequences to or effects on us. We do not undertake any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, other than as required under applicable securities legislation.


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. UNAUDITED INTERIM CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
1

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
($ in Thousands)
September 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
(Unaudited)
ASSETS
Current Assets:
Cash and Cash Equivalents$129,921 $84,851 
Accounts Receivable, net34,315 16,580 
Held for Sale Assets1,735 3,433 
Inventory150,821 164,532 
Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets38,212 48,879 
Total Current Assets355,004 318,275 
Property, Plant and Equipment, net512,589 525,905 
Right of Use Assets, net90,285 82,278 
Intangible Assets, net1,114,088 1,180,766 
Goodwill269,222 269,088 
Investment in Associates100 6,977 
Deposits and Other Assets13,815 12,766 
TOTAL ASSETS$2,355,103 $2,396,055 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
LIABILITIES
Current Liabilities:
Accounts Payable$31,017 $40,501 
Accrued Liabilities52,105 41,762 
Income Tax Payable251,001 252,767 
Current Portion of Lease Liabilities9,450 8,889 
Current Portion of Debt6,695 24,464 
Acquisition Consideration Payable2,032 18,262 
Total Current Liabilities352,300 386,645 
Long-Term Liabilities:
Debt, net of Current Portion415,484 388,540 
Lease Liabilities, net of Current Portion85,623 76,853 
Deferred Income Taxes183,257 196,473 
Other Long-Term Liabilities4,954 5,994 
Total Long-Term Liabilities689,318 667,860 
TOTAL LIABILITIES$1,041,618 $1,054,505 
Contingencies and Other (See Note 11)
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY1,313,407 1,341,550 
NON-CONTROLLING INTEREST78  
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY$2,355,103 $2,396,055 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements.
2

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
($ in Thousands except share and per share amounts)
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2023202220232022
Revenues, net of Discounts$240,088 $227,588 $701,263 $653,485 
Cost of Goods Sold, net106,868 104,594 343,668 333,759 
Gross Profit133,220 122,994 357,595 319,726 
Operating Expenses
Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses86,316 85,710 246,224 275,531 
Loss on Impairment - Investment in Associates6,571  6,571  
Total Operating Expenses92,887 85,710 252,795 275,531 
Income (Loss) from Investments in Associates(45)(209)(306)1,651 
Income from Operations40,288 37,075 104,494 45,846 
Other Income (Expense), net:
Gain (Loss) on Disposal of Property, Plant and Equipment(234)1,443 (555)251 
Gain on Deconsolidation 75  9,560 
Gain on Previously Held Equity Interest 175  14,103 
Loss on Debt Extinguishment  (663) 
Interest Expense, net(15,166)(11,785)(45,084)(34,082)
Other Income (Expense), net2,145 (595)2,542 17,557 
Total Other Income (Expense), net(13,255)(10,687)(43,760)7,389 
Income Before Provision for Income Taxes and Non-Controlling Interest27,033 26,388 60,734 53,235 
Provision For Income Taxes(44,797)(69,381)(100,796)(105,998)
Net Loss Before Non-Controlling Interest(17,764)(42,993)(40,062)(52,763)
Net Income Attributable to Non-Controlling Interest78  78 291 
Net Loss Attributable to Verano Holdings Corp. & Subsidiaries$(17,842)$(42,993)$(40,140)$(53,054)
Net Loss per share – basic$(0.05)$(0.13)$(0.12)$(0.16)
Net Loss per share – diluted$(0.05)$(0.13)$(0.12)$(0.16)
Basic – weighted average shares outstanding343,432,601 332,872,464 342,484,942 329,240,200 
Diluted – weighted average shares outstanding343,432,601 332,872,464 342,484,942 329,240,200 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements.
3

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity
($ in Thousands)
SVS Shares
(as converted)
Share
Capital
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Accumulated
Earnings (Deficit)
Non-Controlling
Interest
Total
Balance as of July 1, 2022330,818,664 $1,614,021 $ $(65,296)$ $1,548,725 
Share-based compensation1,815,430 12,399 — — — 12,399 
Issuance of shares in conjunction with acquisitions1,714,358 12,356 — — — 12,356 
Foreign currency translation adjustment— — 103 — — 103 
Contingent consideration & other adjustments to purchase accounting1,813,770 9,704 — — — 9,704 
Net loss— — — (42,993)— (42,993)
Balance as of September 30, 2022336,162,222 $1,648,480 $103 $(108,289)$ $1,540,294 
SVS Shares
(as converted)
Share
Capital
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Accumulated
Earnings (Deficit)
Non-Controlling
Interest
Total
Balance as of July 1, 2023343,367,514 $1,673,049 $(8)$(346,697)$ $1,326,344 
Share-based compensation161,942 4,909 — — — 4,909 
Foreign currency translation adjustment— — (4)— — (4)
Net income (loss)— — — (17,842)78 (17,764)
Balance as of September 30, 2023343,529,456 $1,677,958 $(12)$(364,539)$78 $1,313,485 




The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

4

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity (Continued)
($ in Thousands)
SVS Shares
(as converted)
Share
Capital
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Accumulated
Earnings (Deficit)    
Non-Controlling
Interest
Total
Balance as of January 1, 2022
(As Restated)
324,312,662 $1,535,765 $ $(55,235)$1,276 $1,481,806 
Share-based compensation2,613,337 36,664 — — — 36,664 
Issuance of shares in conjunction with acquisitions3,925,683 31,116 — — — 31,116 
Non-controlling interest adjustment for change in ownership— — — — (1,567)(1,567)
Foreign currency translation adjustment— — 103 103 
Contingent consideration & other adjustments to purchase accounting5,310,540 44,935 — — — 44,935 
Net income (loss)— — — (53,054)291 (52,763)
Balance as of September 30, 2022336,162,222 $1,648,480 $103 $(108,289)$ $1,540,294 
SVS Shares
(as converted)
Share
Capital
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Accumulated
Earnings (Deficit)
Non-Controlling
Interest
Total
Balance as of January 1, 2023339,983,374 $1,665,957 $(8)$(324,399)$ $1,341,550 
Share-based compensation1,104,515 9,391 — — — 9,391 
Issuance of shares to relieve liability obligations, net816,021 2,610 — — — 2,610 
Foreign currency translation adjustment— — (4)— — (4)
Contingent consideration & other adjustments to purchase accounting1,625,546 — — — — — 
Net income (loss)— — — (40,140)78 (40,062)
Balance as of September 30, 2023343,529,456 $1,677,958 $(12)$(364,539)$78 $1,313,485 


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements.
5

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
($ in Thousands)
Nine Months Ended September 30,
20232022
CASH FLOW FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Net loss attributable to Verano Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries$(40,140)$(53,054)
Net income attributable to non-controlling interest78 291 
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization105,559 106,230 
Stock based compensation8,979 34,225 
Right of use assets amortization7,831 6,465 
Non-cash interest expense593 2,183 
Loss (Gain) on disposal of property, plant and equipment555 (251)
Gain on deconsolidation (9,560)
Gain on previously held equity interest (14,103)
Loss on impairment of investment in associates6,571  
Loss on debt extinguishment663  
Unrealized (gain) loss on marketable securities(459)1,781 
Decrease in fair value of contingent consideration(3,466)(13,925)
Other, net3,728 11,882 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:  
Accounts receivable(17,098)2,056 
Accounts payable(8,375)6,152 
Inventory14,123 (28,997)
Income tax payable(1,900)65,701 
Other assets, net7,073 (13,605)
Other liabilities, net(6,954)(38,160)
NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES77,361 65,311 
CASH FLOW FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Purchases of property, plant and equipment(26,503)(109,720)
Proceeds from disposal of assets2,180 6,006 
Acquisition of business, net of cash acquired(13,250)(101,396)
Proceeds from sale of deconsolidation and investment in associates 19,826 
NET CASH USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES(37,573)(185,284)
CASH FLOW FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Proceeds from issuance of debt50,949 122,057 
Principal repayments of debt(44,582)(21,901)
Debt issuance costs paid(1,081)(2,986)
NET CASH PROVIDED BY FINANCING ACTIVITIES5,286 97,170 
NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS45,074 (22,803)
Effects of exchange rate fluctuations on cash and cash equivalents(4)103 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, BEGINNING OF PERIOD84,851 99,118 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, END OF PERIOD$129,921 $76,418 


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

6

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Continued)
($ in Thousands)
Nine Months Ended September 30,
20232022
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION
Interest paid, net$44,492 $31,899 
NONCASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Accrued capital expenditures$4,144 $5,875 
Issuance of shares to relieve liability obligations, net$2,610 $— 
Issuance of shares under business combinations$— $76,010 
Acquisitions
Tangible and intangible assets acquired, net of cash$ $35,713 
Liabilities assumed(134)(10,616)
Acquisition consideration payable13,250 64,021 
Goodwill134 12,278 
$13,250 $101,396 



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

7

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ in Thousands except shares and per share amounts)
1.OVERVIEW AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
(a)Description of Business
Unless otherwise stated or the context requires otherwise, references herein to the “Company,” “Verano,” “we,” “us,” and “our” mean Verano Holdings Corp. and its direct and indirect subsidiaries, and controlled and managed entities.
The Company is a vertically integrated cannabis operator that focuses on limited-licensed markets in the U.S. As a vertically integrated provider, the Company owns, operates, manages, controls, and/or has licensing, consulting or other commercial agreements with cultivation, processing, and retail licenses across 13 state markets (Arizona, Arkansas, Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nevada, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia).
The Company also conducts pre-licensing activities in other markets. In these markets, the Company has either applied for licenses, or plans on applying for licenses, but does not currently own or manage any cultivation, processing, or retail licenses.
As of September 30, 2023, the Company’s Class A subordinate voting shares, no par value (the “Subordinate Voting Shares”) were listed on the Canadian Securities Exchange (the “CSE”), under the ticker symbol “VRNO”. The Subordinate Voting Shares are quoted in the United States on the OTCQX marketplace operated by the OTC Market Group, under the ticker symbol “VRNOF”.

On October 18, 2023, the Subordinate Voting Shares, began trading on the Neo Exchange Inc., operating as Cboe Canada (“Cboe”) under the stock symbol, “VRNO”. In connection therewith, the Subordinate Voting Shares ceased trading on the CSE as of the close of market on October 17, 2023.
In August 2023, the Company relocated its corporate headquarters from 415 North Dearborn Street, 4th Floor, Chicago, Illinois 60654 to 224 W Hill Street, Suite 400, Chicago, Illinois 60610.
(b)Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and in accordance with the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Accordingly, certain information and disclosures required by GAAP for annual financial statements have been omitted. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Unless otherwise indicated, all references to “$” or “US$” in this Form 10-Q refer to United States dollars, and all references to “C$” refer to Canadian dollars. These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company's audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto as of and for the year ended December 31, 2022 (the "2022 Annual Audited Financials"), included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 30, 2023 (the "Form 10-K"). Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year's presentation, which the Company does not consider to be material. The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Verano Holdings Corp. and its direct and indirect subsidiaries as well as the accounts of any entities over which the Company has a controlling financial interest in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 810 Consolidation. The preparation of the Company’s unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that impact the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses and the disclosure of assets and liabilities in such financial statements and in the accompanying notes. Actual results may differ materially from these estimates. The results of operations as of and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the 2023 full year or any future periods. The accompanying
8

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ in Thousands except shares and per share amounts)
1.OVERVIEW AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION (Continued)
consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2022 has been derived from the audited consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2022 contained in the 2022 Annual Audited Financials included in the Form 10-K.
(c)Basis of Consolidation
The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with GAAP and include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries, as well as the accounts of any entities over which the Company has a controlling financial interest in accordance with ASC 810 Consolidation. All transactions and balances between these entities have been eliminated upon consolidation.
(d)Significant Accounting Policies
There have been no changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies as described in Note 2 - Significant Accounting Policies to the 2022 Annual Audited Financials included in the Form 10-K.
(e)Earnings (Loss) per Share
Basic earnings (loss) per share is calculated using the treasury stock method, by dividing the net earnings (losses) attributable to shareholders by the weighted average number of shares (including the Company's Class B proportionate voting shares (the "Proportionate Voting Shares") on an as converted to Subordinate Voting Shares basis of 100 Subordinate Voting Shares to one Proportionate Voting Share) outstanding during each of the periods presented. Contingently issuable shares (including shares held in escrow) are not considered outstanding shares and consequently are not included in the earnings (loss) per share calculations. Diluted income per share is calculated by adjusting the weighted average number of shares outstanding to assume conversion of all dilutive potential shares.
To determine diluted income per share, the Company assumes that any proceeds from the exercise of dilutive share options would be used to repurchase shares at the average market price during the period. The diluted income per share calculation excludes any potential conversion of share options and convertible debt, if any, that would increase earnings per share or decrease loss per share. No potentially dilutive share equivalents were included in the computation of diluted loss per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 because their impact would have been anti-dilutive.
(f)Recently Issued Accounting Standards
The Company reviews recently issued accounting standards on a quarterly basis and has determined there are no standards yet to be adopted which are relevant to the Company’s business for disclosure.
2.INVENTORY
The Company’s inventory consists of the following as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022:
September 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
Raw Materials$5,087 $7,120 
Work in Process114,399 123,101 
Finished Goods31,335 34,311 
Total Inventory$150,821 $164,532 

9

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ in Thousands except shares and per share amounts)
3.PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Property, plant and equipment and related accumulated depreciation consists of the following as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022:
September 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
Land$31,817 $31,877 
Buildings and Improvements197,363 197,819 
Furniture and Fixtures19,621 16,189 
Computer Equipment and Software25,422 21,478 
Leasehold Improvements226,797 211,785 
Tools and Equipment89,764 88,507 
Vehicles4,279 4,992 
Assets Under Construction (1)
41,380 41,800 
Total Property, Plant and Equipment, Gross636,443 614,447 
Less: Accumulated Depreciation(123,854)(88,542)
Property, Plant and Equipment, Net$512,589 $525,905 
(1)
Assets under construction represent construction in progress related to facilities not yet completed or otherwise not placed in service.
For the three months ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022, depreciation expense included in costs of goods sold totaled $8,354 and $8,504, respectively. For the three months ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022, depreciation expense included in selling, general, and administrative expense totaled $4,014 and $2,782, respectively.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022, depreciation expense included in costs of goods sold totaled $25,410 and $22,871, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022, depreciation expense included in selling, general, and administrative expense totaled $11,521 and $8,502, respectively.
4.INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND GOODWILL
Intangible assets are recorded at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses, if any. Intangible assets acquired in a business combination are measured at fair value as of the acquisition date. Amortization of definite life intangible assets is provided on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives. The estimated useful lives, residual values, and amortization methods for intangible assets are reviewed by the Company at each year end, and any changes in estimates are accounted for prospectively.
10

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ in Thousands except shares and per share amounts)
4.INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND GOODWILL (Continued)
As of September 30, 2023, intangible assets consisted of the following:
LicensesTradenamesTechnologyTotal
Cost
Balance as of January 1, 2023$1,274,981 $54,166 $6,431 $1,335,578 
Other Additions(1)
1,950   1,950 
Balance as of September 30, 2023$1,276,931 $54,166 $6,431 $1,337,528 
Accumulated Amortization
Balance as of January 1, 2023143,246 9,579 1,987 154,812 
Amortization63,783 4,066 779 68,628 
Balance as of September 30, 2023$207,029 $13,645 $2,766 $223,440 
Net Book Value
Balance as of January 1, 20231,131,735 44,587 4,444 1,180,766 
Balance as of September 30, 2023$1,069,902 $40,521 $3,665 $1,114,088 
(1) The Company obtained a license following regulatory approval where payment consideration occurred in prior periods.
Amortization periods of assets with finite lives are based on management’s estimates as of the date of acquisition.
The following table outlines the estimated annual amortization expense related to intangible assets as of September 30, 2023:
Year Ending December 31:Estimated Amortization
2023 (Remaining)$22,914 
202491,656 
202591,656 
202690,941 
202790,867 
Thereafter726,054 
$1,114,088 
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill, by reportable segment, for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 were as follows:
January 1, 2023ImpairmentAdjustments to purchase price allocationAcquisitionsSeptember 30, 2023
Cultivation$83,004 $ $ $ $83,004 
Retail186,084  134  186,218 
Total$269,088 $ $134 $ $269,222 

11

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ in Thousands except shares and per share amounts)
4.INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND GOODWILL (Continued)
As of September 30, 2023, the Company recorded a measurement period adjustment in connection with the September 7, 2022 acquisition of WSCC, Inc. The net impact led to an increase of $134 to goodwill. The Company obtained additional information about the facts and circumstances that existed at the time of the acquisition date that led to changes in provisional amounts recognized in the initial opening financials for income taxes.
5.EARNINGS (LOSSES) PER SHARE

The Company presents basic earnings (losses) per share. Basic earnings (losses) per share is calculated by dividing the earnings (loss) attributable to shareholders by the weighted average number of Subordinate Voting Shares (with outstanding Proportionate Voting Shares, if any, accounted for on an as converted to Subordinate Voting Shares basis) outstanding during the periods presented. Diluted earnings (losses) per share is computed based on the weighted average number of Subordinate Voting Shares (with outstanding Proportionate Voting Shares, if any, accounted for on an as converted to Subordinate Voting Shares basis) outstanding, to the extent dilutive.
The computations of net earnings (loss) per share on a basic and diluted basis, including reconciliations of the numerators and denominators, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022 were as follows:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2023202220232022
Numerator
Net Loss attributable to Verano Holdings Corp. & Subsidiaries$(17,842)$(42,993)$(40,140)$(53,054)
Denominator
Basic
Weighted-average shares outstanding – basic343,432,601 332,872,464 342,484,942 329,240,200 
Diluted
Weighted-average shares outstanding – diluted343,432,601 332,872,464 342,484,942 329,240,200 
Net Loss per share - basic$(0.05)$(0.13)$(0.12)$(0.16)
Net Loss per share - diluted$(0.05)$(0.13)$(0.12)$(0.16)
Potentially dilutive securities of approximately 487,624 and 1,850,583 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because their effect would have been anti-dilutive.
12

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ in Thousands except shares and per share amounts)
6.TRANSACTIONS
Business Combinations
The Company has determined that the acquisitions described below are business combinations under ASC Topic 805, Business Combinations. Acquisitions that are determined to be the acquisition of a business are accounted for by applying the acquisition method, whereby the assets acquired, and the liabilities assumed are recorded at their fair values at the date of acquisition with any excess of the aggregate consideration over the fair values of the identifiable net assets allocated to goodwill. Operating results for the companies acquired have been included in these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements from the date of the acquisition. Any goodwill recognized is attributed based on reporting units.
The purchase price allocations for the acquisitions reflect various fair value estimates and analyses which are subject to change within the measurement period, which is the one-year period subsequent to the acquisition date. The primary areas of the purchase price allocation that are subject to change relate to the fair value of certain tangible assets, the value of intangible assets acquired, and residual goodwill. The Company expects to continue to obtain information to assist in determining the fair value of the net assets acquired at the acquisition date during the measurement period.
Measurement period adjustments that the Company determined to be material will be applied prospectively in the Company’s future consolidated financial statements, and depending on the nature of the adjustments, other periods subsequent to the period of acquisition could be affected.
2022 Business Combinations

420 Capital Management, LLC
On April 5, 2021, Verano entered into an agreement to purchase 100% of the equity interests of 420 Capital Management, LLC (“Greengate”). Greengate is the license holder and operator of the Lombard and Roger’s Park dispensaries located in Illinois. The transaction received state regulatory approval in February 2022 and subsequently closed on March 11, 2022.
Total consideration included cash of $7,448, forgiveness of other receivables of $2,894, and equity consideration of 1,403,067 Subordinate Voting Shares valued at $13,221 based on the fair value of the Subordinate Voting Shares as traded on the CSE on the date of the transaction, all of which was paid at the closing of the transaction. As of September 30, 2023, the total consideration had been paid in full.
The Company engaged an independent valuation expert that used appropriate valuation techniques, generally based on a forecast of the present value of expected future net cash flows, to determine the intangible assets appropriate fair value. The Company recognized an intangible asset for the cannabis license acquired at a fair value of $11,916. The residual purchase price of $8,767 was recognized as goodwill. During the second quarter of 2022, the Company recorded a prospective adjustment that resulted in an increase of $857 to goodwill related to a decrease of $476 to cash and cash equivalents, a decrease of $248 to inventory and a decrease of $133 to other current assets. During the fourth quarter of 2022, the Company recognized a decrease of $1,365 to the intangible license value offset by a corresponding $1,365 increase to goodwill.

The Company's Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations includes net revenues of $4,063 and $9,154 and net income of $590 and $639 related to the acquired operations of Greengate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively.

The Company's Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations includes net revenues of $5,034 and $14,430 and net income of $1,016 and $2,567 related to the acquired operations of Greengate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, respectively.

13

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ in Thousands except shares and per share amounts)
6.TRANSACTIONS (Continued)
WSCC, Inc.
On July 6, 2021, Verano entered into a merger agreement to acquire 100% of the equity interests of WSCC, Inc (“Sierra Well”). Sierra Well holds cannabis licenses that allow it to cultivate, produce and sell medical and recreational cannabis products in the state of Nevada, including sales through its retail dispensaries located in Carson City and Reno. The transaction closed on September 7, 2022.
Total consideration included cash of $6,085, of which $5,773 was paid at closing, $280 was paid upon settlement of purchase price adjustments and $32 is to be paid upon delivery of a letter of transmittal from one former shareholder. The transaction also included equity consideration of 1,536,685 Subordinate Voting Shares valued at $9,742 based on the fair value of the Subordinate Voting Shares as traded on the CSE on the date of the transaction, of which $7,663 or 1,208,745 Subordinate Voting Shares were issued at the closing of the transaction, $66 or 10,440 Subordinate Voting Shares will be issued upon the delivery of a letter of transmittal from one former shareholder, and $2,013 or 317,500 Subordinate Voting Shares were held back to secure indemnity claims, the balance of which, after any indemnity claims, will be paid 18 months subsequent to the closing of the transaction. The 10,440 Subordinate Voting Shares due to a former shareholder and 317,500 Subordinate Voting Shares held back to secure indemnity claims met equity classification at closing in accordance with ASC 815. As of September 30, 2023, the present value of unpaid deferred consideration of $32 is included in the Acquisition Consideration Payable balance on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.

The Company engaged an independent valuation expert that used appropriate valuation techniques, generally based on a forecast of the present value of expected future net cash flows, to determine the intangible assets appropriate fair value. The Company recognized an intangible asset for the cannabis licenses acquired at a fair value of $7,604. The residual purchase price of $2,514 was recognized as goodwill. The Company also recognized an additional $1,596 to goodwill related to the deferred tax liability associated with the acquired cannabis licenses. During the fourth quarter of 2022, the Company recognized a decrease of $181 to goodwill related to an increase of $99 to accrued liabilities and finalizing the purchase price adjustment in which the Company did not have to pay the $280 cash held back at closing. The Company also recognized a decrease of $660 to the intangible license value offset by a decrease of $139 to deferred taxes and an increase of $521 to goodwill. The Company recognized a $5,739 long-term indemnified asset measured using the same assumptions used to identify a $5,739 uncertain tax position, which is fully indemnifiable as outlined in the merger agreement. As of September 30, 2023, the value of the long-term indemnified asset was $4,700 and the Company recorded a measurement period adjustment which led to an increase of $134 to goodwill.

The Company's Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations includes net revenues of $990 and net loss of $266 related to the acquired operations of Sierra Well for the three months ended September 30, 2022.

The Company's Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations includes net revenues of $3,812 and $10,940 and net income of $409 and $495 related to the acquired operations of Sierra Well for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, respectively.
14

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ in Thousands except shares and per share amounts)
6.TRANSACTIONS (Continued)
2022 Dispositions
Canna Cuzzos, LLC
Canna Cuzzos, LLC (“Canna Cuzzos”) is a medical marijuana licensee for a retail dispensary in Waldorf, Maryland. In 2017, a subsidiary of the Company entered into a management services agreement ("MSA") with Canna Cuzzos and provided operating and other services for Canna Cuzzos’ dispensary. In 2018, Verano Holdings LLC acquired options to purchase all the ownership interests of a Maryland limited liability company (the “LLC”), which held a 40% ownership interest in the sole owner of Canna Cuzzos, resulting in such options being exercisable for an indirect 40% ownership interest in Canna Cuzzos. On January 31, 2022, all of the ownership interests of the sole owner of Canna Cuzzos were sold to a third party for a cash purchase price of $5,000, subject to adjustment based on working capital levels and outstanding liabilities. Upon consummation of the sale, the MSA with Canna Cuzzos was terminated. Prior to the sale being consummated, Verano Holdings LLC consented to the sale, amended the options to receive an assignment of the LLC’s sale proceeds thereunder and agreed to provide the LLC administrative services in connection with the sale transaction. Prior to the sale of its parent company, Canna Cuzzos was consolidated with the Company through the Variable Interest Model (“VIE”) in accordance with ASC 810. The assignment of the LLC’s sale proceeds resulted in a gain to the Company of $1,701 for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and is classified as a component of Other Income (Expense), net in the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
ILDISP, LLC
On March 30, 2016, Verano entered into a joint venture agreement to acquire 50% of ILDISP, LLC (“ILDISP”). NH Medicinal Dispensaries, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of ILDISP, is the holder of two marijuana licenses which allow it to operate two retail dispensaries in Illinois: the Clinic Effingham dispensary (“TCE”) and the Charleston dispensary ("Charleston"). The Company had an agreement in place with its joint venture partner to allocate the operational management of Charleston to Verano and TCE to the joint venture partner. As such, the Company had a controlling interest in Charleston and consolidated the entity through the VIE model in accordance with ASC 810TCE was treated as an equity method investment in accordance with ASC Topic 323, Investments.
On March 1, 2022, the Company sold its 50% ownership interest in ILDISP to the joint venture partner for $22,393 subject to certain adjustments. The sale resulted in gains of $7,857 and $14,099 for Charleston and TCE, respectively. During the second quarter of 2022, the Company paid $244 in cash as a result of a downward purchase price adjustment and decreased the initial gain recognized by $73 and $171 for Charleston and TCE, respectively. During the third quarter of 2022, the Company received $250 of cash due to the release of the cash indemnity hold back and increased the gain recognized by $75 and $175 for Charleston and TCE, respectively.

DGV Group, LLC

During the three months ended September 30, 2023, the Company received notification that the DGV Group, LLC ("DGV"), an entity in which the Company held an equity interest, was permanently ceasing operations. The Company recorded an impairment loss for the full value of the equity method investment of $6,571 as DGV was previously held as an Investment in Associates on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

15

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ in Thousands except shares and per share amounts)
6.TRANSACTIONS (Continued)
Other Acquisition Consideration Payable Adjustments

During the nine months ended September 30, 2023, the Company recorded (i) a $106 reclassification of the remaining acquisition consideration payable balance relating to the 2020 acquisition of MME IL Holdings, LLC, to record a potential liability that was deemed to be both probable and estimable, and as of September 30, 2023, the outstanding consideration has been paid in full; (ii) a $500 cash payment reducing the acquisition consideration payable balance for the 2020 acquisition of Elevele, LLC, and as of September 30, 2023, the outstanding consideration has been paid in full; and (iii) a $3,466 decrease in contingent consideration related to the 2021 acquisition of NSE Holdings, LLC, which is included as a gain in the other income, net line of the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, and as of September 30, 2023, the outstanding consideration value was estimated to be zero.


7.DEBT

As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022 debt consisted of the following:
September 30,
2023
December 31, 2022
Credit Facility$350,000 $350,000 
Promissory Notes4,904 36,805 
Mortgage Loans84,017 44,985 
Vehicle and Equipment Loans1,061 1,824 
Unamortized Debt Issuance Costs(17,803)(20,610)
Total Debt$422,179 $413,004 
Less: Current Portion of Debt6,695 24,464 
Total Long-Term Debt, net$415,484 $388,540 
Credit Facility

On October 27, 2022, Verano and certain of its subsidiaries and affiliates from time-to-time party thereto (collectively, the “Borrowers”), entered into a Credit Agreement (the “2022 Credit Agreement”) with Chicago Atlantic Admin, LLC, as administrative agent for the lenders, and the lenders from time-to-time party thereto, pursuant to which the lenders advanced the Borrowers a $350,000 senior secured term loan, all of which was used to repay the principal indebtedness outstanding under the Company's previous senior secured term loan credit facility. In connection with such repayment, such previous credit facility was terminated and is no longer in force or effect.

The 2022 Credit Agreement provides the Borrowers with the right, subject to conditions, to request an additional incremental term loan in the aggregate principal amount of up to $100,000; provided that the lenders elect to fund such incremental term loan. Beginning in October 2023, the loan requires scheduled amortization payments of $350 per month and the remaining principal balance is due in full on October 30, 2026.

16

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ in Thousands except shares and per share amounts)
7.DEBT (Continued)
The 2022 Credit Agreement also provides the Borrowers with the right to (a) incur up to $120,000 of additional indebtedness from third-party lenders secured by real estate excluded as collateral under the 2022 Credit Agreement, (b) incur additional mortgage financing from third-party lenders secured by real estate acquired after the closing date, and (c) upon the SAFE Banking Act or similar legislation making banking services available to U.S. cannabis companies being passed by the United States Congress, incur up to $50,000 pursuant to a revolving credit facility from third-party lenders that is pari passu or subordinated to the 2022 Credit Agreement obligations, each of which are subject to customary conditions.

The obligations under the 2022 Credit Agreement are secured by substantially all of the assets of the Borrowers, excluding vehicles, specified parcels of real estate and other customary exclusions.

The 2022 Credit Agreement provides for a floating annual interest rate equal to the prime rate then in effect plus 6.50%, which rate may be increased by 3.00% upon an event of default that is not a material event of default or 6.00% upon a material event of default.

At any time, the Company may voluntarily prepay up to $100,000 of the principal balance, subject to a $1,000 prepayment premium, and may make an additional prepayment of all outstanding principal balance for a prepayment premium at varying rates based on the timing of such prepayment. The Borrowers may not voluntarily prepay more than $100,000 of the principal balance without prepaying the entire outstanding principal balance of the loan.

The 2022 Credit Agreement includes customary representations and warranties and customary events of default, including, without limitation, payment defaults, breaches of representations and warranties, covenant defaults, cross-defaults to material indebtedness, and events of bankruptcy and insolvency.

The 2022 Credit Agreement also includes customary negative covenants limiting the Borrowers’ ability to incur additional indebtedness and grant liens that are otherwise not permitted, and the ability to enter into or consummate acquisitions or dispositions that are not otherwise permitted, among others. Additionally, the 2022 Credit Agreement requires the Borrowers to meet certain financial tests regarding minimum cash balances, minimum levels of Adjusted EBITDA (as defined in the 2022 Credit Agreement) and a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio.

As of September 30, 2023, the Company was in compliance with such covenants.

George Archos, the Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and Founder of the Company, participated in the 2022 Credit Agreement as a lender funding $1,000 of the $350,000 principal amount. Mr. Archos is excluded from certain approval rights of the lenders and any penalties and fees due to Mr. Archos under the 2022 Credit Agreement are immaterial to the Company.

Mortgages

On June 29, 2022, the Company entered into a real estate loan with a community bank to borrow a principal amount of $18,000 secured by real estate and improvements thereon in Branchburg, New Jersey. The mortgage bears an interest rate of 4% and matures in July 2047.

On March 9, 2023, the Company entered into a real estate loan with a community bank to borrow a principal amount of $20,000 secured by real estate and improvements thereon in Rocky Hill, Connecticut. The loan bears an interest rate of 5.75% and matures in March 2028, and may be extended for four additional five-year periods.

On September 29, 2023, the Company entered into a real estate loan with a community bank to borrow a principal amount of $14,500 secured by real estate in Chester, Pennsylvania. The loan bears an interest rate of 7.5% and matures in October 2028.
17

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ in Thousands except shares and per share amounts)
7.DEBT (Continued)
On May 14, 2021, the Company acquired The Healing Center, LLC, which consisted of three dispensaries in the greater Pittsburgh area. The Healing Center operates the dispensaries on three separate real estate parcels (collectively referred to as “THC Real Estate”) and on September 3, 2021, the Company acquired the THC Real Estate. The Company funded the acquisition of the THC Real Estate through a credit facility with Chicago Atlantic Credit Company for $12,650 and interest of 9.75% per annum. This loan has been paid in full and is no longer outstanding as of September 30, 2023.
Vehicle and Equipment Loans

The Company has two equipment loans with Constellation NewEnergy, Inc. that are paid in monthly installments and mature in May 2025.

The Company has purchase money loans with Ford Motor Credit and Toyota Commercial Financing that mature through 2026 and interest rates ranging from 5.5% to 10% per annum and are secured by the acquired vehicles.
Other
In October 2022, the Company entered into a term loan with Chicago Atlantic Credit Opportunities, LLC for $19,000 due in aggregate on October 31, 2024. The term loan paid interest and fees at a rate of 14.3%. The Company deferred $100 of financing fees related to the closing of the transaction. This loan has been paid in full and is no longer outstanding as of September 30, 2023.

During the fourth quarter of 2022, the Company agreed to issue a promissory note for the $12,500 of contingent consideration payable for the Agronomed Biologics, LLC acquisition, which debt is payable in 2023 in equal installments and as a result, the amount due was reclassified from Acquisition Consideration Payable to Current Portion of Debt balance on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022.

8.SHARE CAPITAL

Subordinate Voting Shares and Proportionate Voting Shares are classified as equity. Incremental costs directly attributable to the issuance of shares are recognized as a deduction from equity. The proceeds from the exercise of stock options or warrants together with amounts previously recorded in reserves over the vesting periods are recorded as share capital. Income tax relating to transaction costs of an equity transaction is accounted for in accordance with ASC 740, Income Taxes.
(a)Issued and Outstanding
As of September 30, 2023, the Company had 343,529,456 Subordinate Voting Shares issued and outstanding and no Proportionate Voting Shares outstanding. The Company has the following two classes of share capital, with each class having no par value:
(i)Subordinate Voting Shares
The holders of the Subordinate Voting Shares are entitled to receive dividends issued by the Company and one vote per share at shareholder meetings of the Company. All Subordinate Voting Shares are ranked equally regarding the Company’s residual assets. The Company is authorized to issue an unlimited number of Subordinate Voting Shares.
18

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ in Thousands except shares and per share amounts)
8.SHARE CAPITAL (Continued)

(ii)Proportionate Voting Shares
Each Proportionate Voting Share is convertible into 100 Subordinate Voting Shares. Holders of the Proportionate Voting Share are entitled to receive dividends issued by the Company on an as converted to Subordinate Voting Share basis and 100 votes per share at shareholder meetings of the Company. The Proportionate Voting Shares are ranked equally on an as converted to Subordinate Voting Share basis regarding the Company's residual assets. The Company is authorized to issue an unlimited number of Proportionate Voting Shares.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2023, certain shareholders of the Company converted Proportionate Voting Shares to Subordinate Voting Shares for an impact of conversion of 449 Proportionate Voting Shares into 44,997 Subordinate Voting Shares. Additionally, during the nine months ended September 30, 2023, the Company exercised its right to convert the 133,373 remaining outstanding Proportionate Voting Shares into 13,337,286 Subordinate Voting Shares, resulting in no Proportionate Voting Shares being outstanding.
(b)Stock-Based Compensation
In February 2021, the Company established the Verano Holdings Corp. Stock and Incentive Plan (the “Plan”), which provides for stock-based remuneration for its eligible directors, officers, employees, consultants, and advisors. The maximum number of restricted stock units ("RSUs"), options and other stock based awards that may be issued under the Plan cannot exceed 10% of the Company’s then issued and outstanding share capital, determined on an as converted to Subordinate Voting Shares basis. All goods and services received in exchange for the grant of any stock-based payments are measured at their fair value unless the fair value cannot be estimated reliably. If the Company cannot reliably estimate the fair value of the goods and services received, the Company measures their value indirectly by reference to the fair value of the equity instruments granted. Equity-settled stock-based payments under stock-based payment plans are ultimately recognized as an expense in profit or loss with a corresponding credit to equity.
The Company recognizes compensation expense on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the award. Estimates are subsequently revised if there is any indication that the number of shares expected to vest differs from the previous estimate. Any cumulative adjustment prior to vesting is recognized in the current period with no adjustment to prior periods for expense previously recognized.
Option and RSU grants generally vest in installments over 12 to 30 months and options typically have a life of ten years.
19

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ in Thousands except shares and per share amounts)
8.SHARE CAPITAL (Continued)

Options
Option activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 is summarized as follows:
Number of SharesWeighted Avg. Exercise Price
C$
Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Life
Unvested Options Balance as of December 31, 202219,99730.13 8.13
Granted
Forfeited
Vested19,29030.36 
Unvested Options Balance at September 30, 202370724.00 7.62
Inception to date Vested and Exercisable at September 30, 202339,28730.12 7.36
As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, there were no in-the-money options.
The Company used the Black-Scholes option pricing model to estimate the fair value of the options granted. No options were granted, expired, or forfeited during the nine months ended September 30, 2023.
Restricted Stock Units (“RSUs”)
The following table summarizes the number of unvested RSU awards as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022 and the changes during the nine months ended September 30, 2023:
Number of SharesWeighted Avg. Grant Date Fair Value
C$
Unvested RSUs at December 31, 20222,981,32711.39 
Granted8,656,3194.00 
Forfeited753,7765.98 
Vested1,132,24613.47 
Unvested RSUs at September 30, 20239,751,6244.83 
The stock-based compensation expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 was as follows:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2023202220232022
Stock Options$63 $103 $226 $228 
Restricted Stock Units4,624 9,716 8,753 33,997 
Total Stock Based Compensation Expense$4,687 $9,819 $8,979 $34,225 
20

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ in Thousands except shares and per share amounts)
9.INCOME TAXES
The following table summarizes the Company’s income tax expense and effective tax rates for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2023202220232022
Income before Income Taxes$27,033 $26,388 $60,734 $53,235 
Income Tax Expense(44,797)(69,381)(100,796)(105,998)
Effective Tax Rate166 %263 %166 %199 %

The effective tax rates for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 were based on the Company’s forecasted annualized effective tax rates, which in the three months ended September 30, 2023, excludes the impact of a nondeductible impairment of $6,571 relating to the Company’s investment in DGV. Income tax expense using the annualized effective tax rate was also adjusted for discrete items that occurred within the periods presented. Net discrete tax items of $8,517 were recorded during the three months ended September 30, 2023, increasing the year to date discrete tax items to $20,704, as of September 30, 2023. Discrete items recorded during the three months ended September 30, 2023 primarily relate to penalties and interest on unpaid tax liabilities and the permanent impacts of stock compensation.
Due to its cannabis operations, the Company is subject to the limitations of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”) Section 280E under which the Company is only allowed to deduct expenses directly related to sales of product. This results in permanent differences between ordinary and necessary business expenses deemed non-allowable under Section 280E of the Code. Therefore, the effective tax rate can be highly variable and may not necessarily correlate with pre-tax income and the Company's effective tax rates are well in excess of statutory tax rates.

During the second quarter of 2023, Connecticut, Illinois, and New Jersey enacted tax legislation to decouple from Section 280E of the Code, all of which are effective January 1, 2023. The Company has significant operations in these states and is now permitted to deduct ordinary and necessary cannabis business expenses in these states. As such, the effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 reflects a state income tax benefit from this change, which is not reflected in the effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022.
Taxes paid during the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 were $26,559 and $20,564, respectively.
10. LEASES
The Company has operating leases for some of its retail dispensaries and processing and cultivation facilities located throughout the U.S., as well as for its corporate offices located in Chicago, Illinois. Operating lease right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of future minimum lease payments over the lease term at commencement date.
Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the Company's balance sheet. Certain leases require payments for taxes, insurance, and maintenance, and are considered non-lease components. The Company accounts for non-lease components separately.
The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception. The Company must consider whether the contract conveys the right to control the use of an identified asset.
The Company leases certain business facilities from third parties under non-cancellable operating lease agreements that contain minimum rental provisions that expire through 2037. Some leases also contain renewal provisions and provide for rent abatement and escalating payments.
21

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ in Thousands except shares and per share amounts)
10. LEASES (Continued)
During the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, the Company recorded approximately $4,691 and $3,882 in operating lease expense, respectively, of which $167 and $155 was included in cost of goods sold for the same periods, respectively. During the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, the Company recorded approximately $13,451 and $11,001 in operating lease expense, respectively, of which $538 and $475 was included in cost of goods sold for the same periods, respectively.
Other information related to operating leases as of and for the periods ended September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, were as follows:
September 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Weighted average remaining lease term - years8.258.12
Weighted average discount rate9.29 %8.02 %
Maturities of lease liabilities for operating leases as of September 30, 2023 were as follows:
Year Ending December 31,Maturities of Lease Liability
Remainder 2023$4,180 
202417,351 
202517,078 
202616,195 
202715,509 
2028 and Thereafter69,835 
Total Lease Payments140,148 
Less: Imputed Interest(45,075)
Present Value of Lease Liability$95,073 
11.CONTINGENCIES AND OTHER
(a)Claims and Litigation
From time to time, the Company may be involved in litigation relating to claims arising out of operations in the normal course of business. As of September 30, 2023, other than as set forth below, there were no pending or threatened lawsuits that could reasonably be expected to have a material effect on the results of the Company’s consolidated operations. There are no proceedings in which the Company is a party and any of the Company’s directors, officers or affiliates is an adverse party or has a material interest adverse to the Company’s interest.

22

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ in Thousands except shares and per share amounts)
11.CONTINGENCIES AND OTHER (Continued)
On January 31, 2022, the Company entered into an Arrangement Agreement (the "GGH Arrangement Agreement") with Goodness Growth Holdings, Inc. ("GGH"), pursuant to which it agreed to acquire all of the issued and outstanding equity interests of GGH in exchange for equity interests in the Company, subject to the conditions set forth in the GGH Arrangement Agreement. On October 13, 2022, the Company provided written notice to GGH of GGH”s breach of the GGH Arrangement Agreement and exercised the Company’s termination rights under the GGH Arrangement Agreement. On October 21, 2022, GGH filed suit against the Company in the Supreme Court of British Columbia alleging that the Company breached (i) the GGH Arrangement Agreement through, among other things, the purported wrongful repudiation of the GGH Arrangement Agreement, (ii) the duty of good faith, and (iii) the duty of honest performance in contract. In addition, the Company filed a countersuit asserting that GGH owes it a termination fee in the amount of $14,875, or alternatively, the reimbursement of out-of-pocket fees and expenses of up to $3,000 because of the Company's rightful termination of the GGH Arrangement Agreement, which was based upon its belief that GGH breached covenants and representations in the GGH Arrangement Agreement and the occurrence of other termination events. GGH filed a response to such counterclaim on December 8, 2022, in which GGH denied it was obligated to pay any termination fee or transaction expenses. As of September 30, 2023, there have been no material developments with respect to the legal proceedings with GGH previously disclosed in Item 3 of the Form 10-K. The Company can provide no guarantees or assurances that it will be able to win or settle this lawsuit or its counterclaim on favorable terms, if at all, and an adverse outcome could have a material adverse effect on its business, results of operations and financial condition.
(b)Contingencies
During the first quarter of 2023, the Company discovered a potential liability related to a previous acquisition that was deemed to be both probable and estimable. Per ASC 450 Contingencies, when both of these criteria are present, a contingent liability should be recorded. Based on this, the Company recorded a corresponding charge in other income, net of $1,893 during the three months ended March 31, 2023.
(c)Illegality of Cannabis at the U.S. Federal Level
Verano operates within states where cannabis use, medical or adult use or both, has been approved by state and local regulatory bodies. Notwithstanding the permissive regulatory environment of medical, and in some cases also adult use marijuana at the state level, under U.S. federal law cannabis (other than hemp) is a Schedule I controlled substance under the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. § 811) (the “Controlled Substances Act”) which means it is viewed by the U.S. federal government as a drug that has a high potential for abuse and no therapeutic value. Therefore, even in states or territories that have legalized cannabis to some extent, the cultivation, processing, distribution, possession and sale of cannabis violates the Controlled Substances Act. Moreover, individuals and entities may violate U.S. federal law if they aid and abet another in violating the Controlled Substances Act or conspire with another to violate the law. Violating the Controlled Substances Act is also a predicate for other crimes, including money laundering laws and the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act. Violations of any U.S. federal laws and regulations could result in significant fines, penalties, administrative sanctions, convictions or settlements arising from civil proceedings conducted by either the federal government or private citizens, or criminal charges, including, but not limited to, disgorgement of profits, cessation of business activities, civil forfeiture or divestiture.
Strict compliance with state and local laws with respect to cannabis may neither absolve the Company of liability under U.S. federal law, nor may it provide a defense to any federal proceeding which may be brought against the Company. This could have a material adverse effect on the Company, including its reputation and ability to conduct business, its cannabis licenses in the U.S., the listing and trading of its securities on stock exchanges and platforms, its financial position, operating results, profitability, liquidity and the market price of its publicly traded shares. In addition, it is difficult for the Company to estimate the time or resources that would be needed for the investigation of any such matters or its final resolution because, in part, the time and resources that may be needed are dependent on the nature and extent of any information requested by the applicable authorities involved, and such time and resources could be substantial.
23

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ in Thousands except shares and per share amounts)
11.CONTINGENCIES AND OTHER (Continued)
There can be no assurance that the comprehensive U.S. federal legislation that would de-schedule and de-criminalize cannabis will be passed in the near future or at all. If such legislation is passed, there is no guarantee that it will include provisions that preserve the current state-based cannabis programs under which the Company operates or that such legislation will otherwise be favorable to the Company and its business.
12.SEGMENTS

The Company conducts and manages its business through two reportable segments, representing the major lines of its cannabis business: cultivation (wholesale) and retail. The cultivation (wholesale) segment consists of the cultivation, production and sale of cannabis products to retail stores. The retail segment consists of the retailing of cannabis to patients and consumers. Summarized financial information for these segments is as follows:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2023202220232022
Revenue, net of discounts
Cultivation (Wholesale)$92,389 $80,226 $259,266 $200,908 
Retail185,707 184,219 556,307 533,860 
Intersegment Eliminations(38,008)(36,857)(114,310)(81,283)
Total Revenue, net of discounts$240,088 $227,588 $701,263 $653,485 
Depreciation and Amortization
Cultivation (Wholesale)$18,384 $20,727 $55,434 $59,540 
Retail16,882 15,592 50,125 46,690 
Total Depreciation and Amortization$35,266 $36,319 $105,559 $106,230 
Income taxes
Cultivation (Wholesale)$20,840 $33,450 $39,851 $45,952 
Retail23,957 35,931 60,945 60,046 
Total Income Taxes$44,797 $69,381 $100,796 $105,998 
The Company’s assets are aggregated into two reportable segments (cultivation (wholesale) and retail). For the purposes of testing goodwill, the Company has identified 13 reporting units. The Company determined its reporting units by first reviewing the operating segments based on the geographic areas in which the Company conducts business (or each market). The markets were then further divided into reporting units based on the market operations (cultivation (wholesale) and retail) which were primarily determined based on the licenses each market holds. Substantially all revenues are derived from customers domiciled in the United States and substantially all assets are located in the United States.


24

VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ in Thousands except shares and per share amounts)
13.LOYALTY OBLIGATIONS
The Company has customer loyalty programs where retail customers accumulate points for each dollar of spending, net of tax. These points are recorded as a contractual liability until customers redeem their points for discounts on eligible products as part of an in-store sales transaction. In addition, the Company records a performance obligation as a reduction of revenue based on the estimated probability of point obligation incurred.
The Company modified the loyalty program in 2022. The modified loyalty program has a calculated standalone selling price that ranges between $0.031 and $0.061 per loyalty point. Upon redemption, the loyalty program obligation is relieved, and the offset is recorded as revenue. The Company estimates that 25% of points will not be redeemed (breakage) prior to their six-month expiration dates. The Company continues to evaluate breakage and redemption values to determine the standalone selling price.

As of December 31, 2022, there were approximately 70,000,0001 points outstanding with an approximate value of $3,582. As of September 30, 2023, there were approximately 102,000,0001 points outstanding with an approximate value of $5,094. Such balances are included in accrued liabilities on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022.

1 Such amount not in Thousands

14.CONSOLIDATION
In accordance with ASC 810, the Company consolidates through the VIE model. The following table presents the summarized financial information about the Company’s consolidated VIEs, which are included in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022.
September 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Current Assets$7,817 $48,952 
Non-Current Assets21,668 72,081 
Current Liabilities18,465 10,193 
Non-Current Liabilities4,887 8,939 
Equity attributable to Verano Holdings Corp.6,133 101,901 
Consolidated Variable Interest Entities
Consolidated VIEs occur when the Company closes an acquisition while the state has not finalized the transfer of the cannabis license.
Consolidation occurs on the effective date of the purchase agreement and an MSA. The MSA grants the management company, Verano, the ability to make business operating decisions, manage and staff employees, determine product mix, and the authority to direct allocation of cash. The MSA also allows Verano to limit distributions of the entity at Verano’s discretion. Certain states may limit the distribution or transfer of cash until license transfer.

The Company has entered into financing arrangements with certain VIEs to provide funding for potential capital expenditures including, but not limited to, the construction of dispensaries and other facilities.
Verano applies ASC 810-10-15 to determine control of the legal entity. The purchase agreements limit the sellers involvement in future operations, and their risks of loss. In addition, Verano enters into an MSA with the legal entity that grants the Company strategic decision-making ability of the business operations.
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VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ in Thousands except shares and per share amounts)
14.CONSOLIDATION (Continued)
The Company is involved in all qualitative and quantitative aspects of the entity, such as but not limited to, software choices, procurement, staffing and payroll, advertising, and use of cash flow. The Company absorbs all risk of loss and receives expected future returns based on the purchase agreement and MSA, resulting in Verano being the primary beneficiary.

Verano does not fully own all entities consolidated under ASC 810 and recorded a non-controlling interest for such non-owned portion in the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
15.FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

The Company applies fair value accounting for all financial assets and liabilities that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a recurring basis. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received from selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. When determining the fair value measurements for assets and liabilities that are required to be recorded at fair value, the Company considers all related factors of the asset by market participants in which the Company would transact and the market-based risk measurements or assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, such as inherent risk, transfer restrictions, and credit-risk.
The Company applies the following fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value into three levels, and bases the categorization within the hierarchy upon the lowest level of input that is available and significant to the fair value measurement:
Level 1 – Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;
Level 2 – Inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly; and
Level 3 – Inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data.
Financial Instruments
The Company’s financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued liabilities, debt, and acquisition consideration payable.
For the Company’s long-term debt (which consists of a credit facility and mortgage loans), for which there were no quoted market prices of active trading markets, the Company believes it was not practicable to estimate the fair value of these financial instruments. The carrying amount of debt as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022 was $422,179 and $413,004, respectively, which included $6,695 and $24,464, respectively, of short-term debt due within one year.
Financial instruments recorded at fair value are classified using a fair value hierarchy that reflects the significance of the inputs to fair value measurements. The fair value of the Company’s financial instruments associated with each of the three levels of the hierarchy are:
As of September 30, 2023
Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Cash and Cash Equivalents$129,921 $ $ $129,921 
Investments2,264   2,264 
Acquisition Consideration Payable  (2,032)(2,032)
Total$132,185 $ $(2,032)$130,153 
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VERANO HOLDINGS CORP.
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
($ in Thousands except shares and per share amounts)
15.FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS (Continued)
As of December 31, 2022
Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Cash and Cash Equivalents$84,851 $ $ $84,851 
Investments1,805   1,805 
Acquisition Consideration Payable  (18,262)(18,262)
Total$86,656 $ $(18,262)$68,394 
As of September 30, 2023, the Company held publicly traded shares of $2,264, which is included in other assets in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet, and is a Level 1 financial instrument.

16.SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
The Company has evaluated subsequent events through the date of issuance of this Form 10-Q and has determined there have been no subsequent events that have occurred during such period that would require adjustments to its disclosures in the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

This management discussion and analysis (this “MD&A”) of the financial condition and results of operations of Verano is for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022. It is supplemental to, and should be read in conjunction with, the Company’s unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and with the Company’s Audited Consolidated Financial Statements and the accompanying notes for the years ended December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020 included in the Form 10-K. This MD&A contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those projected, forecasted, or expected in these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including, but not limited to, those discussed in the Form 10-K. See “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” above and “Risk Factors” in the Form 10-K. The Company's management believes the assumptions underlying the Company’s financial statements and accompanying notes are reasonable. However, the Company’s financial statements and accompanying notes may not be an indication of the Company's financial condition and results of operations in the future.
OVERVIEW OF THE COMPANY

Verano, one of the U.S. cannabis industry’s leading companies based on historical revenue, geographic scope and brand performance, is a vertically integrated, multi-state operator embracing a mission of saying Yes to plant progress and the bold exploration of cannabis. Verano offers a superior cannabis shopping experience in medical and adult use markets under the Zen Leaf and MÜV dispensary banners and produces a comprehensive suite of high-quality, regulated cannabis products sold under its diverse portfolio of trusted consumer brands including Verano, MÜV, Savvy, BITS, Encore, and Avexia. As of November 6, 2023, through our subsidiaries and affiliates, we operate businesses in 13 states, including 135 retail dispensaries, and 14 production facilities with over 1,000,000 square feet of cultivation capacity.

Notwithstanding the permissive regulatory environment of medical, and in some cases, also adult use (i.e., recreational) cannabis, at the state level, it remains illegal under U.S. federal law to cultivate, manufacture, distribute, sell or possess cannabis in the U.S. Because federal law prohibits transporting any federally restricted substance across state lines, cannabis cannot be transported across state lines. As a result of current federal law prohibitions, the U.S. cannabis industry is conducted on a state-by-state basis. To date, in the U.S. 38 states plus the District of Columbia and the U.S. territories of Puerto Rico, Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands have authorized comprehensive medical cannabis programs, 23 states plus the District of Columbia and the U.S. territories of Guam and the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands have authorized comprehensive programs for medical and adult use cannabis, and 8 states allow the use of low THC and high CBD products for specified medical uses. Verano operates within states where cannabis use, medical or both medical and adult use, has been approved by state and local regulatory bodies. Strict compliance with state and local laws with respect to cannabis may neither absolve the Company of liability under U.S. federal law, nor may it provide a defense to any federal proceeding which may be brought against the Company.

Our strategy is to vertically integrate as a single cohesive company in multiple states through the consolidation of seed-to-sale cultivating, manufacturing, distributing, and dispensing cannabis brands and products at scale. Our cultivation, processing and wholesale distribution of cannabis consumer packaged goods are designed to guarantee shelf-space in our national retail dispensary chains, as well as to develop and foster long term wholesale supply relationships with third-party retail operators. Our model includes geographic diversity by establishing a footprint to allow us to adapt to changes in both industry and market conditions.
SELECTED RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following presents selected financial data derived from the (i) Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 and (ii) Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, which have been derived from, and should be read in conjunction with the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes presented in Item 1 of this Form 10-Q. The selected unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial information below may not be indicative of the Company's future performance.

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Three Months Ended September 30, 2023, as Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2022
Three Months Ended September 30,
($ in thousands)20232022$ Change
Revenues, net of discounts$240,088 $227,588 $12,500 
Gross Profit133,220 122,994 10,226 
Net Loss attributable to Verano Holdings Corp. & Subsidiaries(17,842)(42,993)25,151 
Net Loss per share – basic & diluted(0.05)(0.13)0.08 
Revenues, net of discounts

Revenues, net of discounts for the three months ended September 30, 2023 was $240,088, an increase of $12,500 or 5.5%, compared to revenue of $227,588 for the three months ended September 30, 2022. The key performance drivers for retail revenue for the quarter was increased revenue from the Connecticut and Maryland markets which began adult use sales in January of 2023 and July 2023, respectively. Overall sales in Nevada increased due to acquisition activity in the state and thereby contributed to the year over year revenue increase. During the three months ended September 30, 2023, the Company opened two new stores in Florida and Connecticut. Additionally, consistent with other operators, we saw continued plateauing and pricing pressure in certain markets due to increased competition in select markets, specifically in Arizona, Illinois, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, when comparing the three months ended September 30, 2023 to the three months ended September 30, 2022. Retail revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2023 was approximately 66.8% of total revenue compared to 69.7% of total revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2022. Key performance drivers for cultivation (wholesale) revenues were continued cultivation expansion into the Maryland and Connecticut adult use markets along with higher Verano branded product sell through in Arizona, all of which attributed to increased production output and sales of cannabis flower and cannabis related products, including intercompany sales, when comparing the three months ended September 30, 2023 to the three months ended September 30, 2022. Cultivation (wholesale) revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2023 was 33.2% of total revenue compared to 30.3% of total revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2022, excluding intersegment eliminations.
Gross Profit

Gross profit for the three months ended September 30, 2023 was $133,220, representing a gross profit margin on the sale of cannabis, cannabis extractions, edibles and related accessories of 55.5%. This is compared to gross profit for the three months ended September 30, 2022 of $122,994, which represented a 54.0% gross profit margin on the sale of cannabis, cannabis extractions, edibles and related accessories. The increase in gross profit during the three months ended September 30, 2023 was primarily attributable to improved sell through of Verano products and top-line growth, which was partially offset by pricing pressure, and such increase in gross profit contributed to a higher gross profit margin as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2022.
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Net Loss
Net loss attributable to the Company for the three months ended September 30, 2023 was $(17,842), a decrease of $25,151, compared to a net loss of $(42,993) for the three months ended September 30, 2022. The change in net loss was largely a result of a decrease to the provision for income taxes for the three months ended September 30, 2023 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2022.
Three Months Ended September 30,
($ in thousands)20232022$ Change
Cost of Goods Sold, net$106,868 $104,594 $2,274 
Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses86,316 85,710 606 
Other Income (Expense), net(13,255)(10,687)(2,568)
Provision for Income Taxes(44,797)(69,381)24,584 
Cost of Goods Sold, net
Cost of goods sold includes the costs directly attributable to cultivating and processing cannabis and for retail purchases of finished goods, such as flower, edibles, and concentrates. Cost of goods sold for the three months ended September 30, 2023 was $106,868, an increase of $2,274 or 2.2%, from the three months ended September 30, 2022. The change was primarily driven by overall top-line revenue growth partially offset by product decreases associated with costs in purchased finished goods.
Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses
Total selling, general and administrative expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2023 were $86,316, an increase of $606 or 0.7%, compared to total selling, general and administrative expenses of $85,710 for the three months ended September 30, 2022. Total selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenue was 36.0% and 37.7% for the three months ended September 30, 2023, and 2022, respectively. The change was primarily due to a $5,571 increase in general and administrative expenses partially offset by a $4,184 decrease in salaries and benefits and a $2,071 decrease in sales and marketing expenses.
Other Income (Expense), net
Total other income (expense), net for the three months ended September 30, 2023, was $(13,255), a decrease of $2,568 as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2022. The change in other inc