Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Name of Exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $.01 par value
New York Stock Exchange
Depository Shares, each representing 1/1000th interest in a share of 5.25% Series F Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock
New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. ☑Yes☐No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). ☑Yes ☐No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transaction period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2). ☐Yes☑No
The number of shares of common stock, par value $.01 per share, outstanding as of April 30, 2019 was 92,142,999.
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements can be identified by words such as "believes," "anticipates," "expects," "intends," "targeted," "continue," "remain," "will," "should," "may," "plans," "estimates" and similar references to future periods; however, such words are not the exclusive means of identifying such statements. References to the "Company," " Webster," "we," "our," or "us" mean Webster Financial Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries.
Examples of forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:
projections of revenues, expenses, income or loss, earnings or loss per share, and other financial items;
statements of plans, objectives and expectations of Webster or its management or Board of Directors;
statements of future economic performance; and
statements of assumptions underlying such statements.
Forward-looking statements are based on Webster’s current expectations and assumptions regarding its business, the economy and other future conditions. Because forward-looking statements relate to the future, they are subject to inherent uncertainties, risks and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict. Webster’s actual results may differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements, which are neither statements of historical fact nor guarantees or assurances of future performance.
Factors that could cause our actual results to differ from those discussed in any forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:
our ability to successfully execute our business plan and manage our risks;
local, regional, national and international economic conditions and the impact they may have on us and our customers;
volatility and disruption in national and international financial markets;
changes in the level of non-performing assets and charge-offs;
changes in estimates of future reserve requirements based upon the periodic review thereof under relevant regulatory and accounting requirements;
adverse conditions in the securities markets that lead to impairment in the value of our investment securities;
inflation, changes in interest rates, and monetary fluctuations;
the timely development and acceptance of new products and services and the perceived value of those products and services by customers;
changes in deposit flows, consumer spending, borrowings, and savings habits;
our ability to implement new technologies and maintain secure and reliable technology systems;
performance by our counterparties and vendors;
the ability to increase market share and control expenses;
changes in the competitive environment among banks, financial holding companies, and other financial services providers;
changes in laws and regulations (including those concerning taxes, banking, securities, insurance, and healthcare) with which we and our subsidiaries must comply;
the effect of changes in accounting policies and practices applicable to us; and
legal and regulatory developments including the resolution of legal proceedings or regulatory or other governmental inquiries and the results of regulatory examinations or reviews.
All forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q speak only as of the date they are made. Factors or events that could cause the Company’s actual results to differ may emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for the Company to predict all of them. The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments, or otherwise, except as may be required by law.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited), continued
Three months ended March 31,
Net increase in deposits
Proceeds from Federal Home Loan Bank advances
Repayments of Federal Home Loan Bank advances
Net increase in securities sold under agreements to repurchase and other borrowings
Issuance of long-term debt
Debt issuance costs
Dividends paid to common shareholders
Dividends paid to preferred shareholders
Exercise of stock options
Common stock repurchase program
Common shares purchased related to stock compensation plan activity
Net cash provided by financing activities
Net increase (decrease) in cash and due from banks and interest-bearing deposits (1)
Cash and due from banks and interest-bearing deposits at beginning of period (1)
Cash and due from banks and interest-bearing deposits at end of period (1)
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
Income taxes paid
Noncash investing and financing activities:
Transfer of loans and leases to foreclosed properties and repossessed assets
Transfer of loans from loans and leases to loans-held-for-sale
Right-of-use lease assets recorded
Lessee operating lease liabilities recorded
The Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows have been revised to present an aggregated total change in cash and due from banks and interest-bearing deposits. Previously, cash flows from interest-bearing deposits was presented in Net cash used for investing activities. As a result of this revision, cash flows from interest-bearing deposits have been excluded from Net cash used for investing activities.
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Note 1: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Nature of Operations
Webster Financial Corporation (the Holding Company) is a bank holding company and financial holding company under the Bank Holding Company Act, incorporated under the laws of Delaware in 1986 and headquartered in Waterbury, Connecticut. At March 31, 2019, the Holding Company's principal asset is all of the outstanding capital stock of Webster Bank, National Association (Webster Bank).
Webster delivers financial services to individuals, families, and businesses primarily within its regional footprint from New York to Massachusetts. Webster provides business and consumer banking, mortgage lending, financial planning, trust, and investment services through banking offices, ATMs, mobile banking, and its internet website (www.websterbank.com or www.wbst.com). Webster also offers equipment financing, commercial real estate lending, and asset-based lending primarily across the Northeast. On a nationwide basis, through its HSA Bank division, Webster Bank offers and administers health savings accounts, flexible spending accounts, health reimbursement accounts, and commuter benefits.
Basis of Presentation
The accounting and reporting policies of the Company that materially affect its financial statements conform with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of the Company have been prepared in conformity with the instructions for Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and notes required by GAAP for complete financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements, and Notes thereto, for the year ended December 31, 2018, included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on March 1, 2019.
Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year's presentation. These reclassifications had an immaterial effect on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements as well as income and expense during the period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Operating results for the interim periods disclosed herein are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year or any future period.
Accounting Standards Adopted During 2019
Effective January 1, 2019, the following new Accounting Standards Updates (ASU or Update) were adopted by the Company:
ASU No. 2018-16, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815) - Inclusion of the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR) Overnight Index Swap (OIS) Rate as a Benchmark Interest Rate for Hedge Accounting Purposes.
The Update permits the use of the OIS rate based on SOFR as a U.S. benchmark interest rate for hedge accounting purposes under Topic 815 in addition to the interest rates on direct U.S. Treasury obligations, the LIBOR swap rate, the OIS rate based on the Fed Funds Effective Rate, and the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association Municipal Swap Rate.
The Company adopted the Update during the first quarter of 2019 on a prospective basis. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material effect on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
ASU No. 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815) - Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities.
The purpose of the Update is to better align a company’s risk management and financial reporting for hedging activities with the economic objectives of those activities. The Update expands an entity's ability to hedge non-financial and financial risk components and reduce complexity in hedges of interest rate risk. The guidance eliminates the requirement to separately measure and report hedge ineffectiveness, and generally requires the entire change in fair value of a hedging instrument to be presented in the same income statement line in which the earnings effect of the hedged item is reported.
The Company adopted the Update during the first quarter of 2019 on a modified retrospective basis. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material effect on the Company's consolidated financial statements. The Company has provided enhanced disclosures in Note 13 - Derivative Financial Instruments as a result of adopting this Update.
ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) and subsequent ASUs issued to amend this Topic.
The Updates introduce a lessee model that requires substantially all leases to be recorded as assets and liabilities on the balance sheet and requires expanded quantitative and qualitative disclosures regarding key information about leasing arrangements. The lessor model remains substantially the same with targeted improvements that do not materially impact the Company.
The Company adopted the Updates during the first quarter of 2019 using the new transition method option that allows the use of effective date, January 1, 2019, as the date of initial application of the new lease accounting standard and to recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings upon adoption. The Company elected the transition relief package of practical expedients which forgoes the requirement to reassess the existence of leases in existing contracts, their lease classification and the accounting treatment of their initial direct costs. As a practical expedient, the Company has also made a policy election to not separate non-lease components from lease components for its real estate leases and instead account for each separate lease components and non-lease components associated with that lease component as a single lease component. The Company will separately account for the lease and non-lease components in its equipment leases. The Company determines whether a contract contains a lease based on whether a contract, or a part of a contract, conveys the right to control the use of an identified asset for a period of time in exchange for consideration. The discount rate used is either the rate implicit in the lease, or when a rate cannot be readily determined an incremental borrowing rate. The incremental borrowing rate is the rate of interest that the Company would have to pay to borrow on a collateralized basis over a similar term and amount equal to the lease payments, in a similar economic environment.
As a result of adopting this Update, the Company recognized $157.2 million of right-of-use asset (ROU) and $178.2 million of lease liability, as of January 1, 2019. The Company also recorded a $0.5 million cumulative-effect adjustment directly to retained earnings as of January 1, 2019 for abandoned leased properties and the remaining deferred gains on sale-leaseback transactions which occurred prior to the date of adoption. See Note 9: Leasing for further information.
Accounting Standards Issued But Not Yet Adopted
The following list identifies ASUs applicable to the Company that have been issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) but are not yet effective:
ASU No. 2018-15, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40) - Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract
TheUpdate aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software. The updated guidance also requires an entity to amortize the capitalized implementation costs as an expense over the term of the hosting arrangement and to present in the same income statement line item as the fees associated with the hosting arrangement.
The Update is effective for the Company on January 1, 2020. Early adoption is permitted, although the Company does not intend to early adopt. The Company will apply the amendments in this update prospectively to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption. The Company does not expect this Update to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
ASU No. 2018-14, Compensation-Retirement Benefits - Defined Benefit Plan - General (Subtopic 715-20) - Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans
The Update modifies the disclosure requirements for employers that sponsor defined benefit pension plans and other postretirement plans.
The updated guidance will be effective for the Company on January 1, 2021. The Company does not expect this Update to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820) - Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement
The Update modifies the disclosure requirements on fair value measurements. The updated guidance will no longer require entities to disclose the amount and reasons for transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy. However, it will require public companies to disclose changes in unrealized gains and losses for the period included in other comprehensive income for recurring Level 3 fair value measurements held at the end of the reporting period and the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 measurements.
The Update is effective for the Company on January 1, 2020, and earlier adoption is permitted. The Company does not expect this Update to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350) - Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment.
The Update simplifies quantitative goodwill impairment testing by requiring entities to compare the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount and recognize an impairment charge for any amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit's fair value, to the extent that the loss recognized does not exceed the amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit.
This changes current guidance by eliminating the second step of the goodwill impairment analysis which involves calculating the implied fair value of goodwill determined in the same manner as the amount of goodwill recognized in a business combination upon acquisition. Entities will still have the option to perform the qualitative assessment for a reporting unit to determine if the quantitative impairment test is necessary.
The Update must be applied prospectively and is effective for the Company on January 1, 2020. Early adoption is permitted. The Company does not expect this new guidance to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326) - Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments and subsequent ASUs issued to clarify this Topic.
Current GAAP requires an incurred loss methodology for recognizing credit losses. This approach requires recognition of credit losses when it is probable a loss has been incurred. The main objective of this Update is to provide financial statement users with more decision-useful information about the expected credit losses on financial instruments and other commitments to extend credit held by a reporting entity at each reporting date. To achieve this objective, the amendments in this Update will replace today's incurred loss approach with a new credit loss methodology known as the Current Expected Credit Loss (CECL) model which requires earlier recognition of credit losses using a lifetime credit loss measurement approach for financial assets carried at amortized cost. The CECL model requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to determine credit loss estimates.
The change from an incurred loss method to an expected loss method represents a fundamental shift from existing GAAP and may result in a material increase to the Company's accounting for credit losses on financial instruments. To prepare for implementation of the new standard the Company has established a project lead and has empowered a cross functional steering committee comprised of members from different disciplines including Credit, Accounting, Finance, IT, and Treasury as well as specific working groups to focus on key components of the development process. Through these working groups, the Company has begun to evaluate the effect that this Update, including the subsequent ASUs issued to clarify this Topic, will have on its financial statements and related disclosures. An implementation project plan has been created and is made up of targeted work streams focused on credit models, data management, treasury, and accounting. These work streams are collectively assessing required resources, use of existing and new models, and data availability. The Company expects that the new credit models will include additional assumptions used to calculate credit losses over the estimated life of the financial assets and will include the impact of forecasted macroeconomic conditions. The Company contracted with system solution providers and is in the process of implementing the selected solutions. During 2019, the Company is focused on model validations as well as the development of processes and related controls. The Company expects to begin parallel runs by mid-2019.
These Updates are effective for the Company on January 1, 2020. The adoption of these Updates is expected to increase the Company's allowance for loan and lease losses (ALLL). The magnitude of the increase will depend on the composition, characteristics, and credit quality of our loan and securities portfolios as well as the economic conditions in effect at the adoption date.
The Company has an investment interest in the following entities that meet the definition of a variable interest entity (VIE).
Rabbi Trust. The Company established a Rabbi Trust to meet the obligations due under its Deferred Compensation Plan for Directors and Officers and to mitigate the expense volatility of the aforementioned plan. The funding of the Rabbi Trust and the discontinuation of the Deferred Compensation Plan for Directors and Officers occurred during 2012.
Invested assets in the Rabbi Trust primarily consist of mutual funds that invest in equity and fixed income securities. The Company is considered the primary beneficiary of the Rabbi Trust as it has the power to direct the activities of the Rabbi Trust that significantly affect the VIE's economic performance and it has the obligation to absorb losses of the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE.
The Company consolidates the invested assets of the trust along with the total deferred compensation obligations and includes them in accrued interest receivable and other assets, and accrued expenses and other liabilities, respectively, in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Earnings in the Rabbi Trust, including appreciation or depreciation, are reflected as other non-interest income, and changes in the corresponding liability are reflected as compensation and benefits, in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. See Note 14: Fair Value Measurements for additional information.
Securitized Investments. The Company, through normal investment activities, makes passive investments in securities issued by VIEs for which Webster is not the manager. The investment securities consist of Agency CMO, Agency MBS, Agency CMBS, CMBS, and CLO. The Company has not provided financial or other support with respect to these investment securities other than its original investment. For these investment securities, the Company determined it is not the primary beneficiary due to the relative size of its investment in comparison to the principal amount of the structured securities issued by the VIEs, the level of credit subordination which reduces the Company’s obligation to absorb losses or right to receive benefits and its inability to direct the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of the VIEs. The Company’s maximum exposure to loss is limited to the amount of its investment in the VIEs. See Note 3: Investment Securities for additional information.
Tax Credit - Finance Investments. The Company makes non-marketable equity investments in entities that finance affordable housing and other community development projects and provide a return primarily through the realization of tax benefits. In most instances the investments require the funding of capital commitments in the future. While the Company's investment in an entity may exceed 50% of its outstanding equity interests, the entity is not consolidated as Webster is not involved in its management. For these investments, the Company determined it is not the primary beneficiary due to its inability to direct the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of the VIEs. The Company applies the proportional amortization method to account for its investments in qualified affordable housing projects.
At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the aggregate carrying value of the Company's tax credit-finance investments was $38.8 million and $29.1 million, respectively, which represents the Company's maximum exposure to loss. At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, unfunded commitments have been recognized, totaling $15.0 million and $10.4 million, respectively, and are included in accrued expenses and other liabilities in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Webster Statutory Trust. The Company owns all the outstanding common stock of Webster Statutory Trust, a financial vehicle that has issued, and in the future may issue, trust preferred securities. The trust is a VIE in which the Company is not the primary beneficiary. The trust's only assets are junior subordinated debentures issued by the Company, which were acquired by the trust using the proceeds from the issuance of the trust preferred securities and common stock. The junior subordinated debentures are included in long-term debt in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, and the related interest expense is reported as interest expense on long-term debt in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
Other Non-Marketable Investments. The Company invests in various alternative investments in which it holds a variable interest. These investments are non-public entities which cannot be redeemed since the Company’s investment is distributed as the underlying equity is liquidated. For these investments, the Company has determined it is not the primary beneficiary due to its inability to direct the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of the VIEs.
At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the aggregate carrying value of the Company's other investments in VIEs was $18.1 million and $17.6 million, respectively, and the total exposure of the Company's other investments in VIEs, including unfunded commitments, was $31.2 million and $31.0 million, respectively. Refer to Note 14: Fair Value Measurements for additional information.
The Company's equity interests in Tax Credit-Finance Investments, Webster Statutory Trust, and Other Non-Marketable Investments are included in accrued interest receivable and other assets in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. For a description of the Company's accounting policy regarding the consolidation of VIEs, refer to Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in its Form 10-K, for the year ended December 31, 2018.