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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K
(Mark One)
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended August 27, 2022;
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ___________________ to _______________________
Commission File Number 001-06403
wgo-20220827_g1.jpg
WINNEBAGO INDUSTRIES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Minnesota42-0802678
(State or other jurisdiction of(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)
13200 Pioneer TrailEden PrairieMinnesota55347
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (952) 829-8600

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.50 par value per shareWGONew York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes No
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer     Accelerated Filer    Non-accelerated filer Smaller Reporting Company Emerging Growth Company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No



The aggregate market value of the registrant's common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $2,003,293,000 as of February 26, 2022, based upon the closing price of $63.00 as of February 25, 2022 as reported on the New York Stock Exchange.
As of October 13, 2022, 30,507,424 shares of the registrant's common stock, par value $0.50 per share, were outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the definitive Proxy Statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this report for the registrant's 2022 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on December 13, 2022 (the "2022 Proxy Statement") are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.



Winnebago Industries, Inc.
Fiscal 2022 Annual Report on Form 10-K
Table of Contents

3

WINNEBAGO INDUSTRIES, INC.
FORM 10-K
Report for the Fiscal Year Ended August 27, 2022

Safe Harbor Statement Under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act

Certain of the matters discussed in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (“Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”), which involve risks and uncertainties. With the exception of historical information, the matters discussed in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are forward-looking statements and may be identified by the use of words such as "anticipate," "assume," "believe," "estimate," "expect," "guidance," "intend," "outlook," "plan," "project," and other words and terms of similar meaning. Such statements reflect our current views and estimates with respect to future market conditions, company performance and financial results, operational investments, business prospects, new strategies, the competitive environment, and other events. These statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from the potential results discussed in such forward-looking statements. Readers should review Item 1A, Risk Factors, in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 27, 2022, for a description of important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements made in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Among the factors that could cause actual results and outcomes to differ materially from those contained in such forward-looking statements are the following:
General economic uncertainty in key markets and a worsening of domestic and global economic conditions or low levels of economic growth.
Uncertainty surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic.
Availability of financing for RV and marine dealers.
Ability to innovate and commercialize new products.
Ability to manage our inventory to meet demand.
Competition and new product introductions by competitors.
Risk related to cyclicality and seasonality of our business.
Risk related to independent dealers.
Significant increase in repurchase obligations.
Business or production disruptions.
Inadequate inventory and distribution channel management.
Ability to retain relationships with our suppliers.
Increased material and component costs, including availability and price of fuel and other raw materials.
Ability to integrate mergers and acquisitions.
Ability to attract and retain qualified personnel and changes in market compensation rates.
Exposure to warranty claims.
Ability to protect our information technology systems from data security, cyberattacks, and network disruption risks and the ability to successfully upgrade and evolve our information technology systems.
Ability to retain brand reputation and related exposure to product liability claims.
Governmental regulation, including for climate change.
Impairment of goodwill and trade names.
Risks related to our Convertible and Senior Secured Notes, including our ability to satisfy our obligations under these notes.

Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the "forward-looking statements" are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance, or achievements. Undue reliance should not be placed on these "forward-looking statements," which speak only as of the date of this report. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any "forward-looking statements," whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, except as required by law or the rules of the New York Stock Exchange. We advise you to consult any further disclosures made on related subjects in future quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K that are filed or furnished with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC").

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PART I
Item 1. Business.

General
The use of terms "Winnebago Industries," "Winnebago," "we," "our," and "us" in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, unless the context otherwise requires, refer to Winnebago Industries, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries.

Winnebago Industries, Inc. is one of the leading North American manufacturers of recreation vehicles ("RV"s) and marine products with a diversified portfolio used primarily in leisure travel and outdoor recreational activities. We produce our towable units in Indiana; our motorhome units in Iowa and Indiana; and our marine units in Indiana and Florida. We distribute our RV and marine products primarily through independent dealers throughout the U.S. and Canada, who then retail the products to the end consumer. We also distribute our marine products internationally through independent dealers, who then retail the products to the end consumer.

Fiscal 2022 refers to the fiscal year ended August 27, 2022, Fiscal 2021 refers to the fiscal year ended August 28, 2021, and Fiscal 2020 refers to the fiscal year ended August 29, 2020. The financial statements presented are all 52-week fiscal periods.

Available Information
Our internet website, located at www.winnebagoind.com, provides additional information about us. On our website you can obtain, free of charge, this and prior year Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and all other recent filings with the SEC. Our recent press releases and important information regarding our corporate governance practices are also available on our website. Information contained on our website is not incorporated into this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The SEC also maintains an internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC which can be accessed at http://www.sec.gov.

Principal Products
Our operations are organized into three reportable segments, Towable, Motorhome, and Marine, based on similarities within their markets, products, operations and distributions.

Towable
A towable is a non-motorized vehicle that is designed to be towed by automobiles, pickup trucks, SUVs, or vans and is used as temporary living quarters for recreational travel. The Recreation Vehicle Industry Association ("RVIA") classifies towables into four types: conventional travel trailers, fifth wheels, folding camper trailers, and truck campers. We manufacture and sell conventional travel trailers and fifth wheels under the Winnebago and Grand Design brand names, which are defined as follows:
TypeDescriptionWinnebago product offeringsGrand Design product offerings
Travel trailerTowed by means of a hitch attached to the frame of the vehicleHIKE, Micro Minnie, Minnie, and VoyageTranscend, Imagine, Momentum, and Reflection
Fifth wheelConstructed with a raised forward section that is connected to the vehicle with a special fifth wheel hitchN/AReflection, Momentum, and Solitude

Our travel trailer and fifth wheel towables are sold by dealers in the retail market with manufacturer's suggested retail prices ranging from approximately $33,000 to $154,000, depending on size and model, plus optional equipment and delivery charges.

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Motorhome
A motorhome is a self-propelled mobile dwelling used primarily as temporary living quarters during vacation and camping trips, or to support active and mobile lifestyles. The RVIA classifies motorhomes into four types, all of which we manufacture and sell under the Winnebago and Newmar brand names, which are defined as follows:

TypeDescriptionWinnebago product offeringsNewmar product offerings
Class ABuilt on a heavy truck chassis in both diesel and gas models with the ability to tow a small vehicleGas: Adventurer, Sunstar, and VistaGas: Bay Star and Bay Star Sport
Diesel: Forza and JourneyDiesel: Canyon Star, Dutch Star, Essex, King Aire, Kountry Star, London Aire, Mountain Aire, New Aire, and Ventana
Class BBuilt by adding a taller roof and amenities to an existing van, which allows for easy maneuveringGas: Travato and SolisN/A
Diesel: Era, Boldt, and Revel
Class CBuilt on a medium truck chassis in both diesel and gas models with similar features and amenities to Class A modelsGas: Ekko, Spirit, and Minnie WinnieDiesel: Super Star and Supreme Aire
Diesel: View and Navion
Accessibility EnhancedVehicle with a wheelchair lift to allow individuals with physical disabilities access to the motorhomeGas: Roam AEN/A
Diesel: Inspire AE

Our Class A, B, C and accessibility enhanced motorhomes are sold by dealers in the retail market with manufacturer's suggested retail prices ranging from approximately $115,000 to $1,600,000, depending on size and model, plus optional equipment and delivery charges. Our motorhomes range in length from 18 to 45 feet.

Motorhome parts and service activities represent revenues generated by service work we perform for retail customers at our Forest City, Iowa and Nappanee, Indiana facilities as well as revenues from the sale of unit parts. Our competitive strategy is to provide proprietary manufactured parts through our dealer network, which we believe increases customer satisfaction and the value of our motorhomes.

Marine
We manufacture and sell premium quality boats under our Chris-Craft and Barletta brands in the recreational powerboat industry through an established network of independent authorized dealers. We acquired Barletta on August 31, 2021. Refer to Note 2 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further detail regarding the acquisition.

TypeChris-Craft product offeringsBarletta product offerings
BoatsLaunch, Launch GT, Calypso, CatalinaLusso, Corsa, Cabrio

Our boats are sold by dealers in the retail market with manufacturer's suggested retail prices ranging from approximately $63,000 to $782,000, depending on size and model, plus optional equipment and delivery charges.

Winnebago Specialty Vehicles
We also manufacture other specialty commercial vehicles custom designed for the buyer's specific needs and requirements, such as law enforcement command centers, mobile medical clinics, and mobile office space. These specialty commercial vehicles are manufactured in Forest City, Iowa and sold through our dealer network. In addition, we also provide commercial vehicles as bare shells to third-party upfitters for conversion at their facilities.

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Production
We generally produce towable, motorhome, and marine products made to order for dealers. We have some ability to increase our capacity by scheduling overtime and/or hiring additional production employees or to decrease our capacity through the use of shortened work weeks and/or reducing head count. We have long been known as an industry leader in innovation as each year we introduce new or redesigned products. These changes generally include new floor plans, features, functionality, and sizes as well as design and decor modifications. Most of our raw materials such as steel, aluminum, fiberglass, and wood products are obtainable from numerous sources.

Our towables are produced at two assembly campuses located in Middlebury, Indiana. The majority of components are comprised of frames, appliances, and furniture, and are purchased from multiple suppliers.

Our motorhomes are produced in the states of Iowa and Indiana at five different campuses. Our motorhome business utilizes vertically integrated supply streams, with the principal exceptions being chassis, engines, generators, and appliances that we purchase from multiple suppliers. Certain parts, especially motorhome chassis, are available from a small group of suppliers.

Our marine products are produced in the states of Indiana and Florida at two different campuses. We manufacture certain components and purchase other components from suppliers and install them on the boat. Certain parts, especially motors, are available from a small group of suppliers.

Backlog
We strive to balance timely order fulfillment to our dealers with the lead times suppliers require to efficiently source materials and manage costs. Production facility constraints at peak periods also lead to fluctuations in backlog orders which we manage closely. A more detailed description of our Towable, Motorhome, and Marine order backlog is included in Item 7 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Distribution and Financing
We distribute our RV and marine products primarily through independent dealers throughout the U.S. and Canada, who then retail the products to the end consumer. We also distribute our marine products internationally through independent dealers, who then retail the products to the end consumer. Foreign sales accounted for less than 10% of net revenues during each of the past three fiscal years.
As of August 27, 2022, our RV and marine dealer network in the U.S. and Canada included approximately 750 physical dealer locations, many of which carry more than one of our brands. None of our dealer organizations accounted for more than 10% of our net revenues during each of the past three fiscal years.

We have sales and service agreements with most dealers which are subject to annual review. Many of the dealers are also engaged in other areas of business, including the sale of automobiles, trailers, or boats, and most dealers carry one or more competitive lines of products. We continue to place high emphasis on the capability of our dealers to provide complete service for our products. Dealers are obligated to provide full service for owners of our products or, in lieu thereof, to secure such service from other authorized providers.

We advertise and promote our products through national trade magazines, product brochures, the Go RVing national advertising campaign sponsored by RVIA, our websites, social media, direct-mail advertising campaigns, various national promotional opportunities, and on a local basis through trade shows, television, radio, and newspapers, primarily in connection with area dealers.

Sales to dealers are made primarily on cash terms. Most dealers are financed on a "floorplan" basis under which a bank or finance company lends the dealer all, or substantially all, of the purchase price, collateralized by a security interest in the merchandise purchased. As is customary in the industries we serve, we typically enter into a repurchase agreement with a lending institution financing a dealer's purchase of our product upon the lending institution's request and after completion of a credit check of the dealer involved. Our repurchase agreements provide that, for up to 18 months after an RV unit is financed and up to 24 months after a marine unit is financed, in the event of default by the dealer on the agreement to pay the lending institution and repossession of the unit(s) by the lending institution, we will repurchase the financed merchandise from the lender at the amount then due, which is often less than dealer invoice. Our maximum exposure for repurchases can vary significantly, depending upon the level of dealer inventory, general economic conditions, demand for our products, dealer location, and access to and the cost of financing. See Note 12 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
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Competition
The RV and marine markets are highly competitive with many other manufacturers selling products which compete directly with our products. Some of our competitors are much larger than us, most notably in the towable RV market, which may provide these competitors additional purchasing power. The competition in our industries is based upon design, price, quality, features, and service of the products. We believe our principal competitive advantages are our brand strength, product differentiation, product quality, and our service after the sale. We also believe that our products have historically commanded a price premium as a result of these competitive advantages.

Seasonality
The primary use of RVs and marine products for leisure travel and outdoor recreation has historically led to a peak retail selling season concentrated in the spring and summer months and lower sales during fall and winter months. Our sales are generally influenced by this pattern in retail sales, but sales can also be impacted by the level of dealer inventory. As a result, our sales are historically lowest during our second fiscal quarter, which ends in February.

Governmental Regulations
We are subject to a variety of federal, state, local, and, to a limited extent, international laws and regulations, including the federal Motor Vehicle Act ("MVA"), under which the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration ("NHTSA") may require manufacturers to recall RVs that contain safety-related defects, and numerous state consumer protection laws and regulations relating to the operation of motor vehicles, including so-called "Lemon Laws." The Boat Safety Act of 1971 has similar safety-related recall requirements for marine units. In addition, marine units sold in the U.S. and Europe must meet the certification standards of the U.S. Coast Guard and the European Community, respectively.

We are also subject to regulations established by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration ("OSHA"). Our facilities are periodically inspected by federal and state agencies, such as OSHA. We are a member of RVIA, a voluntary association of RV manufacturers which promulgates RV safety standards. We place an RVIA seal on each of our RVs to certify that the RVIA standards have been met. We believe that our products and facilities comply in all material respects with the applicable vehicle safety, consumer protection, RVIA, and OSHA regulations and standards.

Our operations are subject to a variety of federal and state environmental laws and regulations relating to the use, generation, storage, treatment, emission, labeling, and disposal of hazardous materials and wastes, and noise pollution. We believe that we are currently in compliance with applicable environmental laws and regulations in all material aspects.

Trademarks
Our products are marketed under a variety of valuable trademarks. Some of the more important trademarks used in our business include Winnebago, Grand Design, Newmar, Chris-Craft, and Barletta. We protect these trademarks as appropriate through registrations in the United States and other jurisdictions. Depending on jurisdiction, trademarks are generally valid as long as they are in use or their registrations are properly maintained and they have not been found to have become generic. Registrations of trademarks can also generally be renewed indefinitely for as long as the trademarks are in use.

We continue our focus on developing and marketing innovative, proprietary products, many of which use proprietary expertise, trade secrets, and know-how. We consider the collective rights under our various patents, which expire from time to time, a valuable asset, but we do not believe that our businesses are materially dependent upon any single patent or group of related patents.        

Human Capital Management
Our employees are our greatest strength and we are committed to providing a safe, inclusive, high-performance culture where our people thrive. We strive to recruit, develop, engage and protect our workforce. The following are key human capital measures and objectives that we currently focus on:

Employee Experience – Leadership and Culture Development
We believe our future success depends on our people. Attracting, engaging, retaining and developing diverse talent is a key priority. We strive to grow and develop all of our teams and bolster our talent pipeline. Our leadership expectations provide a shared understanding of the skills our teams develop through continuous learning opportunities and training. Our Code of Conduct and our human rights policy include shared values and guide relationships with our people and our stakeholders. To build and attract the next generation of leaders, we have developed external partnerships, introducing high school and first-generation college students to potential career opportunities in the RV and marine industries. To increase the pipeline of diverse talent in the outdoor industry, we provided founding support to the Leaders from The Future of Work Internship Program in partnership with nonprofit partner Camber Outdoors. This innovative, diversity, equity, and inclusive ("DEI") focused internship program engages Black, Latino, Asian American and Pacific Islander, and Native/Indigenous students in meaningful paid summer internships. We
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also collaborate with regional education and workforce development partners to connect job seekers with on-the-job training and leadership development.

Team members respond regularly to an engagement survey, administered at least every two years, that evaluates our employees’ thoughts about their experience working at Winnebago Industries. Responses are reviewed by team leaders and used to help build specific action plans to continually improve our employee engagement, satisfaction, and retention. We engage employees through community volunteerism, team-building, and employee resource groups. We strive to continually improve our employee experience, develop and grow our teams, and create a culture of inclusion and belonging.

As of August 27, 2022, we employed approximately 7,445 persons, of which 28% and 72% were non-production and production workers, respectively. In addition, 14% and 86% were salaried and hourly employees, respectively. None of our employees are covered under a collective bargaining agreement. We believe our relations with our employees are good.

Commitment to Inclusion, Diversity, Equity, and Action ("IDEA")
We embrace the ideals of IDEA in our company. We believe in the value of building a company and community where every person feels welcome, is treated fairly, and has an equal opportunity to succeed while bringing their authentic self to work. “All In, Outdoors” is a deliberate approach to how we act and treat each other at Winnebago Industries, and a roadmap for creating a better sense of belonging in our workplace, our communities and the outdoors. We advance our strategy by listening and learning, including by establishing an IDEA Speaker series, where subject matter experts provide inspiration, tools, and resources to create an inclusive culture. We also instituted our Courageous Conversations program, which builds connections with employees through conversations that provide awareness and understanding around community and cultural sensitivities that can be difficult in the workplace. We launched our first employee resource group, the Women’s Inclusion Network ("WIN"), whose mission is to support the professional development of women by encouraging access to learning, mentoring, and networking. WIN’s goal is to increase women’s sense of belonging and the percentage of women in leadership roles within our businesses. We remain involved with CEO Action for Diversity & Inclusion, including supporting its inaugural mentoring program with mentors from our executive leadership team and mentees from WIN.

We are committed to increasing inclusion across our industry and beyond. At the leadership level, 24% of our officers and directors are women, and 9% are racially or ethnically diverse as of August 27, 2022. We continue to expand our partnerships with nonprofit organizations led by and for communities of color and women and organizations helping to diversify the talent pipeline including Camber Outdoors and the Society of Women Engineers.

We recognize the importance of having diverse perspectives on our Board of Directors and aspire to promote diversity as we build and refresh our Board of Directors. Our IDEA framework, which serves as a roadmap to guide us forward on our inclusion journey, includes the Board of Directors, leadership development, and engagement. During Women’s History month, we hosted a Women in the Workplace panel, which was composed of our two female directors and our female general counsel, for all employees. As of August 27, 2022, 20% of our Board of Directors were women, and 20% were racially or ethnically diverse.

We believe our company and our brands should reflect the diversity of outdoor enthusiasts. We also believe we thrive and are more successful when we empower, value, and respect our employees and our communities. We are committed to continuing to build a stronger, more inclusive culture and workplace.

Employee Well-being and Safety
We are committed to designing, operating, and maintaining safe and controlled working conditions, including a "zero-harm" culture for all employees. We have implemented actions to build an increasingly risk-informed perspective within our culture to reduce the occurrences of injuries and illness. All sites have established a baseline risk control score with the goal to achieve at least 95% sustainable level control by the end of 2024. Between Fiscal 2021 and Fiscal 2022, we improved our control levels by 20%, and are on track to meet our goal of 95% or greater across all businesses. We remained stable on our total recordable incidence rate ("TRIR") in Fiscal 2022 as compared to Fiscal 2021. Our experience and continuing focus on workplace safety enabled us to preserve business continuity and maintain our commitment to keeping our employees and visitors safe, during the continuing stages of the COVID-19 pandemic. With the mental, emotional, and physical well-being of our employees as a key focus, we have provided resources for employees to manage remote work and balance parental and other family responsibilities.


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Information about our Executive Officers
NameOffice (Year First Elected an Officer)Age
Michael J. HappePresident and Chief Executive Officer (2016)51
Ashis N. BhattacharyaSenior Vice President, Business Development, Advanced Technology (2016)60
Stacy L. BogartSenior Vice President, General Counsel, Secretary and Corporate Responsibility; President, Winnebago Industries Foundation (2018)59
Huw S. BowerPresident, Winnebago Outdoors (2020)48
Donald J. ClarkPresident of Grand Design RV (2016)62
Bryan L. HughesChief Financial Officer; Senior Vice President, Finance, IT and Strategic Planning (2017)53
Casey J. TubmanPresident of Newmar Corporation (2022)50
Christopher D. WestSenior Vice President, Enterprise Operations (2016)50
Bret A. WoodsonSenior Vice President, Human Resources and Corporate Relations (2015)52

Officers are elected annually by the Board of Directors and hold office until their successors are chosen and qualify or until their death or resignation. There are no family relationships between or among any of the Executive Officers or Directors of the Company.

Mr. Happe joined Winnebago Industries in January 2016 as President and Chief Executive Officer. Prior to joining Winnebago, he had been employed by The Toro Company, a provider of outdoor maintenance and beautification products, from 1997 to 2016. He served as Executive Officer and Group Vice President of Toro's Residential and Contractor businesses from March 2012 to December 2015. From August 2010 to March 2012, he served as Vice President, Residential and Landscape Contractor Businesses. Prior to that, he held a series of senior leadership positions throughout his career across a variety of Toro's domestic and international divisions.

Mr. Bhattacharya joined Winnebago Industries in June 2016 as Vice President, Strategic Planning and Development. He became Vice President, Business Development, Specialty Vehicles, and Advanced Technology in 2019 and Senior Vice President, Business Development, Advanced Technology, and Enterprise Marketing in September 2020. Prior to joining Winnebago, Mr. Bhattacharya served at Honeywell International, Inc., a software industrial company, as Vice President, Strategy, Alliances & Internet of Things for the Sensing and Productivity Solutions division from 2010 to 2016. Prior to that, he was employed with Moog, Motorola, and Bain & Company in a variety of roles.

Ms. Bogart joined Winnebago Industries in January 2018 as Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary and was appointed Senior Vice President, General Counsel, Secretary and Corporate Responsibility and President, Winnebago Industries Foundation in October 2020. Prior to joining Winnebago Industries, Ms. Bogart was Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Compliance Officer, Corporate Secretary at Polaris Industries Inc., a manufacturer and marketer of powersports products, where she joined in November 2009. Previously, Ms. Bogart was General Counsel of Liberty Diversified International; Assistant General Counsel and Assistant Secretary at The Toro Company; and a Senior Attorney for Honeywell International, Inc.

Mr. Bower joined Winnebago Industries in October 2020 as President, Winnebago Outdoors. Prior to joining Winnebago Industries, he was President of the Boat Group at Brunswick Corporation, a developer and manufacturer of marine/boating products, from April 2016 to September 2020. Mr. Bower has over 15 years of general management, brand leadership and executive experience in the marine industry.

Mr. Clark, President of Grand Design RV, became an officer of Winnebago Industries in November 2016 in accordance with the terms of the Grand Design acquisition. He co-founded Grand Design RV, LLC in 2012 and built the team at Grand Design RV. Mr. Clark has over 30 years of successful RV industry experience.

Mr. Hughes joined Winnebago Industries as Vice President, Chief Financial Officer of the Company in May 2017 and was appointed Senior Vice President, Finance, IT, and Strategic Planning and Chief Financial Officer in October 2020. Mr. Hughes joined Winnebago Industries from Ecolab, Inc., a water technologies and services company, where he served as Senior Vice President and Corporate Controller from 2014 to 2017, as Vice President of Finance from 2008 to 2014 and in various management positions from 1996 to 2008. Prior to his employment with Ecolab, Inc., he worked for Ernst & Young, a public accounting firm.

Mr. Tubman joined Winnebago Industries in August 2022 as President of Newmar Corporation. Mr. Tubman joined Winnebago Industries from Whirlpool Corporation, a multinational manufacturer of home appliances, where he served in a variety of leadership and executive roles for over 25 years. Most recently, he served as Vice President and Global Platform Leader from February 2022 to July 2022. He also served as Vice President of Product Marketing from January 2020 to February 2022, and Vice President and General Manager from October 2015 to January 2020.

Mr. West joined Winnebago Industries in September 2016 as Vice President, Operations and was appointed Senior Vice President, Enterprise Operations in October 2020. He previously was Vice President of Global Supply Chain for Joy Global, a worldwide
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mining equipment manufacturer, from 2014 to 2016, and Operations Director from 2012 to 2014. Mr. West served as Director of Manufacturing for AGCO Corporation, an agricultural equipment manufacturer, from 2008 to 2012 and as Director of Operations and in other management positions for the Nordam Group, a manufacturer of aircraft interiors, from 1999 to 2009.

Mr. Woodson joined Winnebago Industries in January 2015 as Vice President, Administration and was appointed Senior Vice President, Human Resources and Corporate Relations in October 2020. Prior to joining Winnebago, Mr. Woodson was Vice President of Human Resources at Corbion N.V., a food and biochemicals company, from 2007 to 2014 and Director, Human Resources at Sara Lee Corporation from 1999 to 2007. Mr. Woodson has over 25 years of business and human resources experience.

Item 1A. Risk Factors.
Described below are certain risks that we believe apply to our business and the industry in which we operate. The following risk factors should be considered carefully in addition to the other information contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The risks and uncertainties highlighted represent the most significant risk factors that we believe may adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, liquidity or access to sources of financing, and, consequently, the market value of our common stock. The risks and uncertainties discussed in this report are not exclusive and other risk factors that we may consider immaterial or do not anticipate may emerge as significant risks and uncertainties.

Macroeconomic Risks
Our business may be sensitive to economic conditions, including those that impact consumer spending.
Companies within the RV and marine industries are subject to volatility in operating results due primarily to general economic conditions because the purchase of a RV or marine product is often viewed as a consumer discretionary purchase. Demand for discretionary goods in general can fluctuate with recessionary conditions, slow or negative economic growth rates, negative consumer confidence, reduced consumer spending levels resulting from tax increases or other factors, prolonged high unemployment rates, higher commodity and component costs, fuel prices, inflationary or deflationary pressures, reduced credit availability or unfavorable credit terms for dealers and end-user customers, higher short-term interest rates, and general economic and political conditions and expectations. Specific factors affecting the RV and marine industries include:

Overall consumer confidence and the level of discretionary consumer spending;
Employment trends;
Fuel prices;
Inflationary pressures affecting disposable consumer income;
Interest rate fluctuations;
The adverse impact of global tensions on consumer spending and travel-related activities; and
The adverse impact on margins due to increases in raw material costs, which we are unable to pass on to customers without negatively affecting sales.

The demand, supply, and operational challenges associated with the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has had and may continue to have a material impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
Our business, operations, and financial results have been, and may continue to be, impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Impacts on our business include, but are not limited to:

Inability to meet our dealers’ and consumers’ demands due to disruptions in our manufacturing and supply arrangements caused by delays and disruptions in obtaining certain raw materials and other manufacturing components; and
If the COVID-19 pandemic worsens or re-emerges, our labor force may be negatively impacted by COVID-19 infections, which would negatively impact our ability to produce and sell products.

These impacts may have a negative effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. While we have seen increased demand for our products resulting in part from the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, there can be no assurance that we can maintain or continue to expand demand for products in a post-pandemic environment. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic may also exacerbate other risks discussed in this Item 1A, Risk Factors, any of which could have a material adverse effect on us.
Credit market deterioration and volatility may restrict the ability of our dealers and retail customers to finance the purchase of our products.
Our business is affected by the availability and terms of the financing to dealers. Generally, RV and marine dealers finance their purchases of inventory with financing provided by lending institutions. One financial flooring institution held 33.7% of our total financed dealer inventory dollars that were outstanding at August 27, 2022. In the event that this lending institution limits or discontinues dealer financing, we could experience a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

Our business is also affected by the availability and terms of financing to retail purchasers. Retail buyers purchasing one of our products may elect to finance their purchase through the dealership or a financial institution of their choice. Substantial increases in interest rates or decreases in the general availability of credit for our dealers or for the retail purchaser may have an adverse impact upon our business and results of operations.
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Industry Risks
If we are unable to continue to enhance existing products and develop and market new or enhanced products that respond to customer needs and preferences, we may experience a decrease in demand for our products and our business could suffer.
One of our growth strategies is to develop innovative, customer-valued products to generate revenue growth. We may not be able to compete as effectively with our competitors, and ultimately satisfy the needs and preferences of our customers, unless we can continue to enhance existing products and develop new innovative products for the markets in which we compete. Product development requires significant financial, technological, and other resources. Product improvements and new product introductions also require significant research, planning, design, development, engineering, and testing at the technological, product, and manufacturing process levels, and we may not be able to timely develop and introduce product improvements or new products. Our competitors' new products may beat our products to market, be higher quality or more reliable, be more effective with more features and/or less expensive than our products, obtain better market acceptance, or render our products obsolete. Any new products that we develop may not receive market acceptance or otherwise generate any meaningful net sales or profits for us relative to our expectations based on, among other things, existing and anticipated investments in manufacturing capacity and commitments to fund advertising, marketing, promotional programs, and research and development.

If we are unable to properly forecast future demand of our products, our production levels may not meet demands, which could negatively impact our operating results.
Our ability to manage our inventory levels to meet our customers' demand for our products is important for our business. For example, certain dealers are focused on the rental market which spikes over the summer vacation period while other dealers are focused on direct sales to the consumer at various price points. Our production levels and inventory management are based on demand estimates six to twelve months forward, taking into account supply lead times, production capacity, timing of shipments, and dealer inventory levels. If we overestimate or underestimate demand for any of our products during a given season, we may not maintain appropriate inventory levels, which could negatively impact our net sales or working capital, hinder our ability to meet customer demand, or cause us to incur excess and obsolete inventory charges.

The industries in which we operate are highly competitive. Failure to compete effectively against competitors could negatively impact our business and operating results.
The markets for RVs and marine products are very competitive. Competitive factors in the industries include price, design, value, quality, service, brand awareness, and reputation. There can be no assurance that existing or new competitors will not develop products that are superior to our products or that achieve better consumer acceptance, thereby adversely affecting our market share, sales volume, and profit margins. Some of our competitors are much larger than we are, and this size advantage provides these competitors with more financial resources and access to capital, additional purchasing power, and greater leverage with the dealer networks. In addition, competition could increase if new companies enter the market, existing competitors consolidate their operations, or if existing competitors expand their product lines or intensify efforts within existing product lines. Our current products, products under development, and our ability to develop new and improved products may be insufficient to enable us to compete effectively with our competitors. These competitive pressures may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

Our business is both cyclical and seasonal and is subject to fluctuations in sales and net income.

The RV and marine industries have been characterized by cycles of growth and contraction in consumer demand, reflecting prevailing economic and demographic conditions, which affect disposable income for leisure-time activities. Consequently, the results for any prior period may not be indicative of results for any future period.

Seasonal factors, over which we have no control, also have an effect on the demand for our products. Demand in the RV and marine industries generally declines over the winter season, while sales are generally highest during the spring and summer months. Also, unusually severe weather conditions in some markets may impact demand.

Our business depends on the performance of independent dealers.

We distribute our RV and marine products primarily through independent dealers across the U.S. and Canada, who then retail the products to the end consumer. We also distribute our marine products internationally through independent dealers, who then retail the products to the end consumer. We rely on our dealers to develop and implement effective strategies to create retail demand for our products. If our independent dealers are unsuccessful in doing so, it could have an adverse effect on our results of operations.

Our success is dependent on our ability to attract new dealers and maintain relationships with existing dealers. Our independent dealers maintain control over which products they carry and choose to sell, and they may promote other products, or terminate existing relationships if our products are not perceived as being desirable and profitable. Our results of operations can be adversely affected if we are unable to maintain and develop successful relationships with independent dealers.

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The financial condition of independent dealers is affected in large part by conditions and events that are beyond our control. Significant deterioration in the financial condition of independent dealers could materially and adversely affect our results of operations.

If we are obligated to repurchase a substantially larger number of our products in the future than estimated due to dealer default, these purchases could result in adverse effects on our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows.
In accordance with customary practice in our industries, upon request we enter into formal repurchase agreements with lending institutions financing a dealer's purchase of our products. In these repurchase agreements we agree, in the event of a default by an independent dealer in its obligation to a lender and repossession of the unit(s) by the lending institution, to repurchase units at declining prices over the term of the agreements, which can last up to 24 months. The difference between the gross repurchase price and the price at which the repurchased product can then be resold, which is typically at a discount to the gross repurchase price, represents a potential expense to us. In certain instances, we also repurchase inventory from our dealers due to state law or regulatory requirements that govern voluntary or involuntary terminations. If we are obligated to repurchase a substantially larger number of units in the future than we estimate, this would increase our costs and could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows.

Operational Risks
Our operations are primarily centered in northern Iowa and northern Indiana. Any disruption or delay at our primary manufacturing facilities could adversely affect our business and operating results.
We currently manufacture most of our products in northern Iowa and northern Indiana. We also have a relatively small manufacturing operation on the Gulf Coast of Florida. These facilities may be affected by natural or man-made disasters and other external events. In the event that one of our manufacturing facilities was affected by a disaster or other event, we could be forced to shift production to one of our other manufacturing facilities or to cease operations. Although we maintain insurance for damage to our property and disruption of our business from casualties, such insurance may not be sufficient to cover all of our potential losses. Any disruption in our manufacturing capacity could have an adverse impact on our ability to produce sufficient inventory of our products or may require us to incur additional expenses in order to produce sufficient inventory, and therefore, may adversely affect our net sales and operating results. Any disruption or delay at our manufacturing facilities could impair our ability to meet the demands of our customers, and our customers may cancel orders or purchase products from our competitors, which could adversely affect our business and operating results.

Unanticipated changes to our distribution channel customers' inventory levels could negatively impact our operating results.
We sell many of our products through distribution channels and are subject to risks relating to their inventory management decisions and operational and sourcing practices. Our distribution channel customers carry inventories of our products as part of their ongoing operations and adjust those inventories based on their assessments of future needs. Such adjustments may impact our inventory management and working capital goals as well as operating results. If the inventory levels of our distribution channel customers are higher than they desire, they may postpone product purchases from us, which could cause our sales to be lower than the end-user retail demand for our products and negatively impact our inventory management and working capital goals as well as our operating results.

For some of the components used in production, we depend on a small group of suppliers and the loss of any of these suppliers could affect our ability to obtain components timely or at competitive prices, which would decrease our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows.
Most of our RV and marine components are readily available from numerous sources. However, a few of our components are produced by a small group of suppliers. In the case of motorhome chassis, Mercedes-Benz (USA and Canada), Stellantis N.V., Freightliner Trucks, Ford Motor Company, and Spartan RV Chassis are our major suppliers. Our relationship with our chassis suppliers is similar to our other supplier relationships in that no specific contractual commitments are engaged in by either party. This means that we do not have minimum purchase requirements, and our chassis suppliers do not have minimum supply requirements. Our chassis suppliers also supply to our competitors. Historically, chassis suppliers resort to an industry-wide allocation system during periods when supply is restricted. These allocations have been based on the volume of chassis previously purchased, which could mean our larger competitors could receive more chassis in a time of scarcity. Sales of motorhomes rely on chassis supply and are affected by shortages from time to time. Decisions by our suppliers to decrease production, production delays or work stoppages by the employees of such suppliers, or price increases could have a material adverse effect on our ability to produce motorhomes and ultimately, on our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows. In Fiscal 2022, one of our suppliers individually accounted for approximately 11% of our consolidated raw material purchases.

Increases in raw material, commodity, and transportation costs and shortages of certain raw materials could negatively impact our business.
We purchase raw materials such as steel, aluminum, and other commodities, and components, such as chassis, refrigerators, and televisions, for use in our products. In addition, we are a purchaser of components and parts containing various commodities, including steel, aluminum, copper, lead, rubber, lumber, and others that are integrated into our end products. Our profitability is affected by significant fluctuations in the prices of the raw materials and the components and parts we use in our products.
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Additionally, there continues to be uncertainty with respect to the implementation of current trade regulations, future trade regulations and existing international trade agreements, which could continue to increase our cost of goods sold, both directly and as a result of price increases implemented by domestic suppliers, which we may not be able to pass on to our customers. The impact from these tariffs could also result in decreased demand for our products. All of these conditions could materially and adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

In addition, increases in other costs of doing business may also adversely affect our profit margins and businesses. For example, an increase in fuel costs may result in an increase in our transportation costs, which also could adversely affect our operating results and businesses. Historically, we have mitigated cost increases, in part, by collaborating with suppliers, reviewing alternative sourcing options, substituting materials, engaging in internal cost reduction efforts, and increasing prices on some of our products, all as appropriate. However, we may not be able to fully offset such increased costs in the future. Further, if our price increases are not accepted by our customers and the market, our net sales, profit margins, earnings, and market share could be adversely affected.

We have experienced, and continue to experience, disruption in our supply chain due to the reduced availability of certain raw materials used in the manufacturing of our products, including chassis which depend on semiconductor chips. The constraints limited our ability to increase production to meet demand during Fiscal 2022 and continuing in Fiscal 2023. While we continue to manage through these shortages and delays, if we cannot successfully manage these disruptions and/or these shortages and delays worsen, we may be unable to fulfill orders and deliver our products to our customers in a timely manner. This could materially and adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

Failure to effectively manage strategic acquisitions and alliances, joint ventures, or partnerships could have a negative impact on our business.
One of our growth strategies is to drive growth through targeted acquisitions and alliances, stronger customer relations, and new joint ventures and partnerships that contribute profitable growth while supplementing our existing brands and product portfolio. Our ability to grow through acquisitions depends, in part, on the availability of suitable candidates at acceptable prices, terms, and conditions, our ability to compete effectively for acquisition candidates, and the availability of capital and personnel to complete such acquisitions and run the acquired business effectively. Any acquisition, alliance, joint venture, or partnership could impair our business, financial condition, reputation, and operating results. The benefits of an acquisition, or new alliance, joint venture, or partnership may take more time than expected to develop or integrate into our operations, and we cannot guarantee that previous or future acquisitions, alliances, joint ventures, or partnerships will, in fact, produce any benefits. Such acquisitions, alliances, joint ventures, and partnerships may involve a number of risks, including:

Diversion of management’s attention;
Disruption to our existing operations and plans;
Inability to effectively manage our expanded operations;
Difficulties or delays in integrating and assimilating information and financial systems, operations, and products of an acquired business or other business venture or in realizing projected efficiencies, growth prospects, cost savings, and synergies;
Inability to successfully integrate or develop a distribution channel for acquired product lines;
Potential loss of key employees, customers, distributors, or dealers of the acquired businesses or adverse effects on existing business relationships with suppliers, customers, distributors, and dealers;
Adverse impact on overall profitability, if our expanded operations do not achieve the financial results projected in our valuation model;
Inaccurate assessment of additional post-acquisition or business venture investments, undisclosed, contingent or other liabilities or problems, unanticipated costs associated with an acquisition or other business venture, and an inability to recover or manage such liabilities and costs; and
Incorrect estimates made in the accounting for acquisitions, occurrence of non-recurring charges, and write-off of significant amounts of goodwill or other assets that could adversely affect our operating results.

If we fail to identify, attract, and retain appropriately qualified employees, including employees in key positions, our operations and profitability may be harmed. Changes in market compensation rates may adversely affect our profitability.
Our ability to meet our strategic objectives and otherwise grow our business will depend to a significant extent on the continued contributions of our leadership team. Our future success will also depend in large part on our ability to identify, attract, and retain other highly qualified managerial, technical, sales and marketing, operations, and customer service personnel. Competition for these individuals in our manufacturing markets is intense and supply is limited. Since we operate in a competitive labor market, there is a risk that market increases in compensation could have an adverse effect on our business. We may not succeed in identifying, attracting, or retaining qualified personnel on a cost-effective basis. The loss or interruption of services of any of our key personnel, inability to identify, attract, or retain qualified personnel in the future, delays in hiring qualified personnel, or any employee work slowdowns, strikes, or similar actions could make it difficult for us to conduct and manage our business and meet key objectives, which could harm our business, financial condition, and operating results.

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Significant product repair and/or replacement costs due to product warranty claims and product recalls could have a material adverse impact on our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows.
We receive warranty claims from our dealers in the ordinary course of our business. Although we maintain reserves for such claims, which to date have been adequate, there can be no assurance that warranty expense levels will remain at current levels or that such reserves will continue to be adequate. A significant increase in warranty claims exceeding our current warranty expense levels could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows.

In addition to the costs associated with the contractual warranty coverage provided on our products, we also occasionally incur costs as a result of additional service actions not covered by our warranties, including product recalls and customer satisfaction actions. Although we estimate and reserve for the cost of these service actions, there can be no assurance that expense levels will remain at current levels or such reserves will continue to be adequate.

Information Systems, Legal and Regulatory Risks
We may be subject to information technology system failures, network disruptions, and breaches in data security that could adversely affect our business. Failure to prevent or effectively respond to a breach or system failure could expose our customers', clients', or suppliers' confidential information, and expose us to substantial costs and reputational damage as well as litigation and enforcement actions.
We rely on our information systems and web applications to support our business operations, including but not limited to procurement, supply chain, manufacturing, distribution, warranty administration, invoicing, and collection of payments. We use information systems to record and report our operational results. Additionally, we rely upon information systems in our sales, marketing, human resources, and communication efforts. Due to our reliance on our information systems, our business processes may be negatively impacted in the event of substantial disruption of service. Further, we have security systems in place with the intent of maintaining the physical security of our facilities and protecting our customers', clients', and suppliers' confidential information and information related to identifiable individuals against unauthorized access through our information systems or by other electronic transmission or through the misdirection, theft, or loss of physical media. Misuse, leakage, falsification, or breach of security of information could result in a violation of privacy laws and damage our reputation which could, in turn, have a negative impact on our results. Because the technologies used to obtain unauthorized access are constantly changing and becoming increasingly more sophisticated and often are not recognized until launched against a target, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques or implement sufficient preventative measures. If we fail to maintain or protect our information systems and web applications effectively, we could experience adverse consequences that could have a material effect on our business. Amongst other things, the impact could include interruptions or delays in our ability to access information, data loss, processing inefficiencies, lost revenues or other costs resulting from shutdowns, unfavorable publicity, governmental inquiry and oversight, difficulty in marketing our services, allegations by our customers and clients that we have not performed our contractual obligations, litigation by affected parties, and possible financial obligations for damages related to the theft or misuse of such information.

Our continued success is dependent on positive perceptions of our brands which, if impaired, could adversely affect our results of operations or financial condition. In addition, if the frequency and size of product liability and other claims against us increase, our reputation and business may be harmed.
We believe that one of the strengths of our business is our brands, which are widely known around the world. We vigorously defend our brands and our other intellectual property rights against third parties on a global basis. We have, from time to time, had to bring claims against third parties to protect or prevent unauthorized use of our brand. If we are unable to protect and defend our brands or other intellectual property, it could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations or financial condition.

We are also subject, in the ordinary course of business, to litigation including a variety of warranty, "Lemon Law," and product liability claims typical in the RV and marine industries. Although we have an insurance policy covering product liability, we cannot be certain that our insurance coverage will be sufficient to cover all future claims against us, which may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition. Any increase in the frequency and size of these claims, as compared to our experience in prior years, may cause the premium that we are required to pay for insurance to rise significantly. Product liability claims may also cause us to pay punitive damages, not all of which are covered by our insurance. In addition, if product liability claims rise to a level of frequency or size that are significantly higher than similar claims made against our competitors, our reputation and business may be harmed.

We are subject to certain government regulations that could have a material adverse impact on our business, including changing climate-related regulations that may require us to incur additional costs in order to be in compliance.
We are subject to numerous federal, state, and local regulations and the following summarizes some, but not all, of the laws and regulations that apply to us.

Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards govern the design, manufacture and sale of our RV products, which standards are promulgated by the NHTSA. NHTSA requires manufacturers to recall and repair vehicles which are non-compliant with a Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard or contain safety defects. In addition, the U.S. Coast Guard maintains certification standards for the manufacture of our marine products, and the safety of recreational boats in the U.S. is subject to federal regulation under the Boat Safety Act of 1971, which requires boat manufacturers to recall products for replacement of parts or components that have
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demonstrated defects affecting safety. Any major recalls of our products, voluntary or involuntary, could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows. While we believe we are in compliance with the foregoing laws and regulations as they currently exist, amendments to any of these regulations or the implementation of new regulations could significantly increase the cost of testing, manufacturing, purchasing, operating, or selling our products and could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows. In addition, our failure to comply with present or future regulations could result in federal fines being imposed on us, potential civil and criminal liability, suspension of sales or production, or cessation of operations.

We are also subject to federal and numerous state consumer protection and unfair trade practice laws and regulations relating to the sale, transportation, and marketing of motor vehicles, including so-called "Lemon Laws." Federal and state laws and regulations also impose upon vehicle operators various restrictions on the weight, length, and width of motor vehicles, including motorhomes that may be operated in certain jurisdictions or on certain roadways. Certain jurisdictions also prohibit the sale of vehicles exceeding length restrictions.

Failure to comply with the New York Stock Exchange and SEC laws or regulations could also have an adverse impact on our business. Additionally, amendments to these regulations and the implementation of new regulations could increase the cost of our operations and therefore could have an adverse impact on our business.

We are subject to income and other tax laws and regulations in the U.S. and various foreign jurisdictions. In addition, we could be impacted by adjustments proposed by taxing authorities in connection with examinations, depending on their timing, nature and scope. Increases in tax rates, changes in tax laws or unfavorable resolution of tax matters could have a material impact on our financial results.

Finally, federal and state authorities also have various environmental control standards relating to air, water, noise pollution, greenhouse gases ("GHG"), and hazardous waste generation and disposal that affect us and our operations. Failure by us to comply with present or future laws and regulations could result in fines being imposed on us, potential civil and criminal liability, suspension of production or operations, alterations to the manufacturing process, or costly cleanup or capital expenditures, any or all of which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations. In addition, foreign, federal, state, and local regulatory and legislative bodies have proposed various legislative and regulatory measures relating to climate change, regulating GHG emissions, and energy policies. If such legislation is enacted, we could incur increased energy, environmental, and other costs and capital expenditures to comply with the limitations. Climate change regulation combined with public sentiment could result in reduced demand for our products, higher fuel prices, or carbon taxes, all of which could materially adversely affect our business. Due to uncertainty in the regulatory and legislative processes, as well as the scope of such requirements and initiatives, we cannot currently determine the effect such legislation and regulation may have on our products and operations.

Financial Risks
An impairment in the carrying value of goodwill and trade names could negatively impact our consolidated results of operations.
Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets, such as our trade names, are recorded at fair value at the time of acquisition and are not amortized but are reviewed for impairment at least annually or more frequently if impairment indicators arise. Our determination of whether goodwill impairment has occurred is based on a comparison of each of our reporting units’ fair value with its carrying value. Significant and unanticipated changes in circumstances, such as significant and long-term adverse changes in business climate, unanticipated competition, and/or changes in technology or markets, could require a provision for impairment in a future period that could negatively impact our results of operations.

The terms of our notes and other debt instruments could adversely affect our operating flexibility and pose risks of default.
We incurred substantial indebtedness to finance the acquisitions of Grand Design and Newmar Corporation ("Newmar"). Our asset based revolving credit facility ("ABL Credit Facility") and Senior Secured Notes (as described in Note 9 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K) are secured by substantially all of our assets, including cash, inventory, accounts receivable, and certain machinery and equipment. We also issued unsecured Convertible Notes (as described in Note 9 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K) to finance the acquisition of Newmar. If a default of payment occurs, the lenders in our ABL Credit Facility or holders of our Senior Secured and Convertible Notes may elect to declare all of their respective outstanding debt, together with accrued interest and other amounts payable thereunder, to be immediately due and payable. Under such circumstances, we may not have sufficient funds or other resources to satisfy all of our obligations. In addition, the limitations imposed on our ability to incur additional debt and to take other corporate actions might significantly impair our ability to obtain other financing.

Borrowing availability under the ABL Credit Facility is limited to the lesser of the facility total and the calculated borrowing base, which is based on stipulated loan percentages applied to our eligible trade accounts receivable and eligible inventories. Should the borrowing base decline, our ability to borrow to fund future operations and business transactions could be limited.

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In addition, the Senior Secured Notes contain certain occurrence-based covenants that could restrict our ability to undertake certain types of transactions. If we enter into a transaction that falls under the occurrence-based covenants, we will calculate the ratios and covenant buckets we have available to us to ensure we are in compliance. Likewise, the indenture related to the Convertible Notes issued to help finance the acquisition of Newmar includes certain limited covenants that could impact our ability to operate our business.

In addition, our indebtedness could:
Make us more vulnerable to general adverse economic, regulatory, and industry conditions;
Limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes and opportunities in the markets in which we compete;
Place us at a competitive disadvantage compared to our competitors that have less debt or could require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow to service our debt; and
Restrict us from making strategic acquisitions or exploiting other business opportunities.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

None.

Item 2. Properties.

The principal facilities used in our operations are in the following locations:
SegmentLocationStatusPrimary Use
Towable Bristol, IndianaLeased
Manufacturing (1)
Towable Elkhart, IndianaLeased
Manufacturing (1)
Towable Middlebury, IndianaOwned
Manufacturing(1) and office space
Towable Middlebury, IndianaLeased
Manufacturing(1) and office space
Towable White Pigeon, MichiganLeased
Manufacturing (1)
MotorhomeCharles City, IowaOwned
Manufacturing (1)
MotorhomeForest City, IowaOwned
Manufacturing(1) and non-production
MotorhomeLake Mills, IowaOwned
Manufacturing (1)
MotorhomeNappanee, IndianaOwned
Manufacturing (1)
MotorhomeNappanee, IndianaLeased
Manufacturing(1) and office space
MotorhomeWaverly, IowaOwned
Manufacturing (1)
MarineBristol, IndianaOwned
Manufacturing(1) and office space
MarineSarasota, FloridaOwned
Manufacturing(1) and office space
Corporate / All OtherEden Prairie, MinnesotaLeasedOffice space
Corporate / All OtherForest City, IowaOwned
Manufacturing (1)
(1)    Manufacturing includes production, warehouse, maintenance, and service center facilities.

Most of our buildings are of steel or steel and concrete construction and are protected from fire with high-pressure sprinkler systems, dust collector systems, automatic fire doors, and alarm systems. All facilities are in good operating condition, suitable for their respective uses and adequate for current needs.

Under our Senior Secured Notes and ABL Credit Facility, we have encumbered substantially all of our real property for the benefit of the lenders under our credit facilities. For additional information, see Note 9 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Also see Note 10 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information regarding our leased facilities.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

For a description of our legal proceedings, see Note 12 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not Applicable.

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PART II

Item 5. Market for the Registrant's Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

Market Information
Our common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol of WGO. As of October 13, 2022, there were 2,120 shareholders of record.

Dividends
On August 17, 2022, our Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.27 per share, totaling $8.2 million, to be paid on September 28, 2022 to common shareholders of record at the close of business on September 14, 2022. Dividends are generally declared each quarter, and the Board of Directors currently intends to continue to pay quarterly cash dividends; however, declaration of future dividends, if any, will be based on several factors including our financial performance, outlook, and liquidity.

Our outstanding notes, as further described in Note 9 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, contains restrictions that may limit our ability to pay dividends.   

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Our ABL Credit Facility contains restrictions that may limit our ability to make distributions or payments with respect to purchases of our common stock without consent from the lenders, except for limited purchases of our common stock from employees, in the event of a significant reduction in our EBITDA or in the event of a significant borrowing on our ABL Credit Facility. Our Senior Secured Notes also contain covenants that may limit our ability to make distributions or payments with respect to purchases of our common stock. See additional information on our ABL Credit Facility in Note 9 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

On October 13, 2021, our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program in the amount of $200.0 million with no time restriction on the authorization, which took effect immediately and replaced the prior program.

On August 17, 2022, our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program in the amount of $350.0 million, also with no time restriction on the authorization, which replaces the previous authorization that was fully depleted in the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2022.

During Fiscal 2022, we repurchased 3,577,000 shares of our common stock at a cost of $209.7 million, and 62,000 shares of our common stock at a cost of $4.6 million to satisfy tax obligations on employee equity awards as they vested. We continually evaluate if share repurchases reflect a prudent use of our capital and, subject to compliance with our ABL Credit Facility and outstanding Senior Secured Notes, we may purchase shares in the future. As of August 27, 2022, we have $350.0 million remaining on our Board of Directors approved repurchase authorization.

Purchases of our common stock during each fiscal month of the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2022 are as follows:

Period(1)
Total Number of Shares Purchased(2)
Average Price Paid per Share
Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs(2)
Approximate Dollar Value of Shares That May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs(2)(3)
05/29/22 - 07/02/22273,442 $50.47 273,442 $66,200,000 
07/03/22 - 07/30/22796,391 $54.87 796,391 $22,500,000 
07/31/22 - 08/27/22364,299 $61.77 364,252 $350,000,000 
Total1,434,132 $55.78 1,434,085 $350,000,000 
(1)    Number of shares in the above table are shown in whole numbers.
(2)    Shares not purchased as part of a publicly announced program were repurchased from employees who vested in Company shares and elected to pay their payroll tax via the value of shares delivered as opposed to cash.
(3)    Pursuant to a $200.0 million share repurchase program authorized by our Board of Directors on October 13, 2021. No shares were repurchased pursuant to a $350.0 million share repurchase program authorized by our Board of Directors on August 17, 2022. There is no time restriction on this authorization.
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Stock Performance Graph
The following graph compares our five-year cumulative total shareholder return (including reinvestment of dividends) with the cumulative total return on the Standard & Poor's 500 Index and a peer group. The peer group companies consisting of THOR Industries, Inc., Polaris, Inc., and Brunswick Corporation were selected by us as they also manufacture recreation products. It is assumed in the graph that $100 was invested in our common stock, in the Standard & Poor's 500 Index and in the stocks of the peer group companies on August 26, 2017 and that all dividends received within a quarter were reinvested in that quarter. In accordance with the guidelines of the SEC, the shareholder return for each entity in the peer group index has been weighted on the basis of market capitalization as of each annual measurement date set forth in the graph.
wgo-20220827_g2.jpg


Base Period
Company/IndexAugust 26,
2017
August 25,
2018
August 31,
2019
August 29,
2020
August 28,
2021
August 27,
2022
Winnebago Industries, Inc.$100.00 $108.95 $94.76 $174.59 $220.19 $186.60 
S&P 500 Index100.00 119.94 124.66 152.32 198.76 181.53 
Peer Group100.00 110.78 75.79 114.84 154.26 128.19 
Source: Zacks Investment Research, Inc.

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Item 6. [Reserved].

Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) is intended to provide a reader of our financial statements with a narrative from the perspective of management on our financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, and certain other factors that may affect our future results. Unless otherwise noted, transactions and other factors significantly impacting our financial condition, results of operations and liquidity are discussed in order of magnitude. Our MD&A is presented in five sections:

Overview
Results of Operations
Analysis of Financial Condition, Liquidity, and Capital Resources
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
New Accounting Pronouncements

Our MD&A should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

The year-over-year comparisons in this MD&A are as of and for the fiscal years ended August 27, 2022 and August 28, 2021, unless stated otherwise. The discussion of Fiscal 2020 results and related year-over-year comparisons as of and for the fiscal years ended August 28, 2021 and August 29, 2020 are found in Item 7 of Part II of our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 28, 2021.

Overview
Winnebago Industries, Inc. is one of the leading North American manufacturers of recreation vehicles ("RV"s) and marine products with a diversified portfolio used primarily in leisure travel and outdoor recreational activities. We produce our motorhome units in Iowa and Indiana; our towable units in Indiana; and our marine units in Indiana and Florida. We distribute our RV and marine products primarily through independent dealers across the U.S. and Canada, who then retail the products to the end consumer. We also distribute our marine products internationally through independent dealers, who then retail the products to the end consumer.

Macroeconomic Events
In February 2022, the United States announced targeted economic sanctions on Russia in response to the military conflict in Ukraine. As described in Part I, Item 1A — Risk Factors, in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, our business may be sensitive to economic conditions such as the adverse impact of global tensions, which could impact input costs, consumer spending, and fuel prices. As our operations are primarily in North America, we have no direct exposure to Russia and Ukraine. However, we are actively monitoring the broader economic impact of the crisis, especially the potential impact of rising commodity and fuel prices, and the potential decreased demand for our products.

COVID-19 Pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in strong retail demand by consumers of RVs as a safe travel option, and of marine products as a safe way to experience the outdoors. However, the pandemic has also caused global supply chain disruption. Our production has experienced certain supply shortages, particularly within our Motorhome and Marine segments, as well as material and component cost inflation. If these disruptions continue, or if there are additional disruptions in our supply chain, it could materially or adversely impact our operating results and financial condition. Despite certain supply shortages and inflationary cost input pressures, we continue to operate and adapt to these temporary supply chain disruptions. Refer to the COVID-19 related risk factor disclosed in Item 1A of Part I in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Acquisition of Barletta
On August 31, 2021, we completed our acquisition of all the equity interests of Barletta for $286.3 million funded with cash payments of $240.1 million, $25.0 million in common stock issued to the sellers (subject to a 12% discount), and contingent consideration from earnout provisions. For further discussion regarding the acquisition, refer to Note 2 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The acquisition of Barletta resulted in a newly created Marine reportable segment effective as of the first quarter of Fiscal 2022. The Marine reportable segment consists of the Barletta and Chris-Craft operating segments.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures
This MD&A includes financial information prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"), as well as certain adjusted or non-GAAP financial measures such as EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA. EBITDA is defined as net income before interest expense, provision for income taxes, and depreciation and amortization expense. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net income before interest expense, provision for income taxes, depreciation and amortization expense, and other pretax
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adjustments made in order to present comparable results from period to period.

These non-GAAP financial measures, which are not calculated or presented in accordance with GAAP, have been provided as information supplemental and in addition to the financial measures presented in accordance with GAAP. Such non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered superior to, as a substitute for, or as an alternative to, and should be considered in conjunction with, the GAAP financial measures presented herein. The non-GAAP financial measures presented may differ from similar measures used by other companies.

Included in "Results of Operations - Fiscal 2022 Compared to Fiscal 2021" is a reconciliation of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA from net income, the nearest GAAP measure. We have included these non-GAAP performance measures as a comparable measure to illustrate the effect of non-recurring transactions that occurred during the reported periods and to improve comparability of our results from period to period. We believe Adjusted EBITDA provides meaningful supplemental information about our operating performance as this measure excludes amounts from net income that we do not consider part of our core operating results when assessing our performance. Examples of items excluded from Adjusted EBITDA include acquisition-related fair-value inventory step-up, acquisition-related costs, litigation reserves, restructuring expenses, gain or loss on sale of property, plant and equipment, contingent consideration fair value adjustment, and non-operating income or loss.

Management uses these non-GAAP financial measures (a) to evaluate our historical and prospective financial performance and trends as well as our performance relative to competitors and peers; (b) to measure operational profitability on a consistent basis; (c) in presentations to the members of our Board of Directors to enable our Board of Directors to have the same measurement basis of operating performance as used by management in its assessments of performance and in forecasting; (d) to evaluate potential acquisitions; and (e) to ensure compliance with covenants and restricted activities under the terms of our ABL Credit Facility and outstanding notes, as further described in Note 9 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We believe these non-GAAP financial measures are frequently used by securities analysts, investors and other interested parties to evaluate companies in the industry.

Industry Trends
The RV and marine industries continue to experience shipping delays, and material and component cost inflation. In addition, both industries continue to experience supply chain disruptions and shortages, particularly within the Motorhome and Marine segments. While we continue to operate and adapt to these supply chain disruptions, they impacted our ability to increase production to meet existing demand during Fiscal 2022 and continuing in Fiscal 2023.

We believe field inventory for our Towable segment is returning to normalized levels to adequately serve end consumer demand, whereas field inventory for our Motorhome and Marine segments remains lower than desired by our dealer network, which indicates future strength in wholesale shipments. We continue to produce and ship in accordance with dealer demand as evidenced and requested by dealer orders.

RV industry retail sales have been softening compared to record high prior year levels; however, we still believe in the long-term health of consumer demand for RV and marine products. More people are pursuing outdoor activities, household penetration of RVs is increasing, and campers are more diverse than ever. According to statistics published by Kampgrounds of America, Inc., over 14 million households camped for the first time in 2020 and 2021, and combined with record levels of first-time buyers of RVs over the past two years, we believe a positive outlook exists for new product and upgrade-related sales. Despite these developments, current macroeconomic trends such as inflation, rising interest rates and low consumer sentiment, as well as global political tensions, contribute to reduced short-term consumer demand for large discretionary products such as RVs and Marine products, which could in turn impact our future revenue and profits.
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Results of Operations - Fiscal 2022 Compared to Fiscal 2021

Consolidated Performance Summary
The following is an analysis of changes in key items included in the statements of operations for the fiscal year ended August 27, 2022 compared to the fiscal year ended August 28, 2021:
(in thousands, except percent and per share data)2022
% of Revenues(1)
2021
% of Revenues(1)
$ Change% Change
Net revenues$4,957,730 100.0 %$3,629,847 100.0 %$1,327,883 36.6 %
Cost of goods sold4,028,393 81.3 %2,979,484 82.1 %1,048,909 35.2 %
Gross profit929,337 18.7 %650,363 17.9 %278,974 42.9 %
Selling, general, and administrative expenses ("SG&A")316,420 6.4 %228,581 6.3 %87,839 38.4 %
Amortization29,419 0.6 %14,361 0.4 %15,058 104.9 %
Total operating expenses345,839 7.0 %242,942 6.7 %102,897 42.4 %
Operating income583,498 11.8 %407,421 11.2 %176,077 43.2 %
Interest expense, net41,313 0.8 %40,365 1.1 %948 2.3 %
Non-operating loss (income)27,463 0.6 %(394)— %(27,857)(7,070.3)%
Income before income taxes514,722 10.4 %367,450 10.1 %147,272 40.1 %
Provision for income taxes124,086 2.5 %85,579 2.4 %38,507 45.0 %
Net income$390,636 7.9 %$281,871 7.8 %$108,765 38.6 %
Diluted earnings per share$11.84 $8.28 $3.56 43.0 %
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding32,985 34,056 (1,071)(3.1)%
(1)    Percentages may not add due to rounding differences.

Net revenues increased primarily due to incremental sales from the acquisition of Barletta, price increases, and unit growth.

Gross profit as a percentage of revenue increased primarily due to improved operating leverage on higher revenues and price increases, partially offset by higher material and component costs, and production inefficiencies caused by supply constraints.

Operating expenses increased primarily due to higher operating expenses to support increased sales, acquisition-related costs, incremental operating expenses and amortization associated with the acquisition of Barletta, and higher incentive-based compensation related to operating performance.

Non-operating loss increased predominantly due to the contingent consideration fair value adjustment related to the acquisition of Barletta.

Our effective tax rate increased primarily due to the impact of consistent tax credits compared to the prior year over increased income in the current year and a net unfavorable expense in the current year related to nondeductible compensation.

Net income and diluted earnings per share increased primarily due to leverage gained on higher revenues, partially offset by increased operating expenses and higher income tax expense.
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Non-GAAP Reconciliation
The following table reconciles net income to consolidated EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA for Fiscal 2022 and 2021:
(in thousands)20222021
Net income$390,636 $281,871 
Interest expense, net41,313 40,365 
Provision for income taxes124,086 85,579 
Depreciation24,238 18,201 
Amortization29,419 14,361 
EBITDA609,692 440,377 
Acquisition-related costs5,222 725 
Litigation reserves6,551 — 
Restructuring expenses (1)
— 112 
Gain on sale of property, plant and equipment— (4,753)
Contingent consideration fair value adjustment29,382 — 
Non-operating income(1,919)(394)
Adjusted EBITDA$648,928 $436,067 
(1)    Balance excludes depreciation expense classified as restructuring as the balance is already included in the EBITDA calculation.

Reportable Segment Performance Summary
Towable
The following is an analysis of key changes in our Towable segment for Fiscal 2022 and 2021:
(in thousands, except ASP and units)2022% of Revenues2021% of Revenues$ Change% Change
Net revenues$2,597,358 $2,009,959 $587,399 29.2 %
Adjusted EBITDA383,622 14.8 %289,007 14.4 %94,615 32.7 %
Average Selling Price ("ASP")(1)
43,038 33,271 9,767 29.4 %
Unit deliveries2022
Product Mix(2)
2021
Product Mix(2)
Unit Change% Change
Travel trailer40,739 68.1 %39,943 66.5 %796 2.0 %
Fifth wheel19,125 31.9 %20,163 33.5 %(1,038)(5.1)%
Total Towable59,864 100.0 %60,106 100.0 %(242)(0.4)%
August 27, 2022August 28, 2021Change% Change
Backlog(3)
Units14,588 46,590 (32,002)(68.7)%
Dollars
$576,491 $1,704,393 $(1,127,902)(66.2)%
Dealer Inventory
Units22,797 10,126 12,671 125.1 %
(1)    ASP excludes off-invoice dealer incentives.
(2)    Percentages may not add due to rounding differences.
(3)    Our backlog includes all accepted orders from dealers which generally have been requested to be shipped within the next six months. Orders in backlog can be cancelled or postponed at the option of the dealer at any time without penalty; therefore, backlog may not necessarily be an accurate measure of future sales.

Net revenues increased primarily due to price increases related to higher material and component costs.

Adjusted EBITDA increased primarily due to revenue growth, partially offset by higher operating expenses to support increasing sales.
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Motorhome
The following is an analysis of key changes in our Motorhome segment for Fiscal 2022 and 2021:
(in thousands, except ASP and units)2022% of Revenues2021% of Revenues$ Change% Change
Net revenues$1,911,196 $1,539,084 $372,112 24.2 %
Adjusted EBITDA237,992 12.5 %169,205 11.0 %68,787 40.7 %
ASP(1)
156,917 138,999 17,918 12.9 %
Unit deliveries2022
Product Mix(2)
2021
Product Mix(2)
Unit Change% Change
Class A2,640 21.9 %2,957 27.1 %(317)(10.7)%
Class B6,748 56.0 %5,431 49.8 %1,317 24.2 %
Class C2,670 22.1 %2,521 23.1 %149 5.9 %
Total Motorhome12,058 100.0 %10,909 100.0 %1,149 10.5 %
August 27, 2022August 28, 2021Change% Change
Backlog(3)
Units12,024 18,254 (6,230)(34.1)%
Dollars
$1,687,571 $2,303,504 $(615,933)(26.7)%
Dealer Inventory
Units3,824 2,465 1,359 55.1 %
(1)    ASP excludes off-invoice dealer incentives.
(2)    Percentages may not add due to rounding differences.
(3)    Our backlog includes all accepted orders from dealers which generally have been requested to be shipped within the next six months. Orders in backlog can be cancelled or postponed at the option of the dealer at any time without penalty; therefore, backlog may not necessarily be an accurate measure of future sales.

Net revenues increased primarily due to price increases related to higher material and component costs, and unit growth.

Adjusted EBITDA increased primarily due to revenue growth, partially offset by higher material and component costs, and operating expenses.
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Marine

The following is an analysis of key changes in our Marine segment for Fiscal 2022 and 2021:
(in thousands, except ASP and units)2022% of Revenues2021% of Revenues$ Change% Change
Net revenues$425,269 $60,209 $365,060 606.3 %
Adjusted EBITDA60,831 14.3 %5,177 8.6 %55,654 1,075.0 %
ASP(1)
75,023 202,450 (127,427)(62.9)%
Unit deliveries20222021Unit Change% Change
Boats5,692 296 5,396 1,823.0 %
August 27, 2022August 28, 2021Change% Change
Backlog(2)
Units3,595 531 3,064 577.0 %
Dollars$314,718 $116,926 $197,792 169.2 %
Dealer Inventory
Units2,077 70 2,007 2,867.1 %
(1)    ASP excludes off-invoice dealer incentives.
(2)    Our backlog includes all accepted orders from dealers which generally have been requested to be shipped within the next six months. Orders in backlog generally can be cancelled or postponed at the option of the dealer at any time without penalty; therefore, backlog may not necessarily be an accurate measure of future sales.

Net revenues and Adjusted EBITDA increased primarily due to the acquisition of Barletta at the beginning of the first quarter of Fiscal 2022.
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Analysis of Financial Condition, Liquidity, and Capital Resources

Cash Flows
The following table summarizes our cash flows from total operations for Fiscal 2022 and 2021:
(in thousands)20222021
Total cash provided by (used in):
Operating activities$400,622 $237,279 
Investing activities(315,670)(33,009)
Financing activities(237,343)(62,282)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents$(152,391)$141,988 

Operating Activities
Cash provided by operating activities increased in Fiscal 2022 compared to Fiscal 2021 due to higher profitability, a $36.6 million increase in accrued expenses and other liabilities, and a $27.2 million increase in accounts payable to support the growth in the business, partially offset by a $171.3 million increase in inventory to support operational activities during a period impacted by continued supply chain challenges.

Investing Activities
Cash used in investing activities increased in Fiscal 2022 compared to Fiscal 2021 primarily due to our acquisition of Barletta during the first quarter of Fiscal 2022.

Financing Activities
Cash used in financing activities increased in Fiscal 2022 compared to Fiscal 2021 primarily due to an increase in stock repurchases in Fiscal 2022.

Debt and Capital
We maintain an ABL Credit Facility subject to certain factors which may accelerate the maturity date. On July 15, 2022, our ABL Credit Facility was amended and restated to, among other things, increase the commitments thereunder to $350.0 million, from $192.5 million, and extend the maturity date to July 15, 2027 from October 22, 2024. As of August 27, 2022, we had $282.2 million in cash and cash equivalents and no borrowings against the ABL Credit Facility. We continue to evaluate the financial stability of the counterparties and counterparty risk for the Convertible Notes, the Senior Secured Notes, and the ABL Credit Facility.

On July 8, 2020, we closed our private offering (the "Senior Secured Notes Offering") of $300.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 6.25% Senior Secured Notes due 2028 (the "Senior Secured Notes"). Refer to Note 9 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional details.

On November 1, 2019, we issued $300.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 1.5% unsecured Convertible Senior Notes due 2025 ("Convertible Notes"), which were used to partially fund the Newmar acquisition. Refer to Note 9 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional details.

Our cash and cash equivalent balances consist of high quality, short-term money market instruments.

Other Financial Measures
Working capital as of August 27, 2022 and August 28, 2021 was $571.7 million and $651.6 million, respectively.

Capital Expenditures
We anticipate capital expenditures in Fiscal 2023 of approximately $75.0 million to $100.0 million. We will continue to support organic growth through capacity expansion in our facilities and make capital improvements as necessary. We believe cash on hand, funds generated from operations, and the borrowing capacity available under our ABL Credit Facility and other debt instruments will be sufficient to support our capital expenditures for the foreseeable future.
Share Repurchases and Dividends
We repurchase our common stock and pay dividends pursuant to programs approved by our Board of Directors. Our long-term capital allocation strategy is to first fund operations and investments in growth, maintain reasonable liquidity, maintain a leverage ratio that reflects a prudent capital structure in light of the cyclical industries we compete in, and then return excess cash over time to shareholders through dividends and share repurchases. Refer to Item 5 of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for discussion about our share repurchase program and dividend declared on August 17, 2022.

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Cash Requirements
Our cash requirements within the next twelve months include accounts payable, accrued expenses, purchase commitments and other current liabilities.

Our cash requirements greater than twelve months from various contractual obligations and commitments include:

Debt Obligations and Interest Payments
Refer to Note 9 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further detail of our debt and the timing of expected future principal and interest payments. Interest payments are based on fixed interest rates for the Senior Secured Notes and Convertible Notes.

Operating and Finance Leases
Refer to Note 10 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further detail of our lease obligations and the timing of expected future payments.

Deferred Compensation Obligations
Refer to Note 11 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further detail of our deferred compensation plans. We expect to pay $2.6 million in the next 12 months and $8.1 million beyond 12 months.

Contracted Services
Contracted services include agreements with third-party service providers for software, payroll services, equipment maintenance services, and audits for periods up to Fiscal 2025. We expect to pay $7.0 million beyond 12 months.

Contingent Repurchase Obligations
Refer to Note 12 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further detail of our contingent repurchase commitment and estimated obligation, most of which we expect to expire within one year.

We expect to satisfy our short-term and long-term obligations through a combination of cash on hand, funds generated from operations, and the borrowing capacity available under our ABL Credit Facility and other debt instruments.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
The consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with GAAP. In connection with the preparation of our financial statements, we are required to make assumptions and estimates about future events and apply judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, expenses, and the related disclosures. We base our assumptions, estimates, and judgments on historical experience, current trends, and other factors believed to be relevant at the time the consolidated financial statements are prepared. Because future events and their effects cannot be determined with certainty, actual results could differ from our assumptions and estimates, and such differences could be material.

Our significant accounting policies are discussed in Note 1 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We believe that the following accounting policies and estimates are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating our reported financial results. These estimates require our most difficult, subjective, or complex judgments because they relate to matters that are inherently uncertain. We have reviewed these critical accounting policies and estimates and related disclosures with the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors.

We have not made any material changes during the past three fiscal years, nor do we believe there is a reasonable likelihood of a material future change to the accounting methodologies for the areas described below.

Accounting for Business Combinations
We account for business combinations under the acquisition method of accounting. This method requires the recording of acquired assets, including separately identifiable intangible assets, and assumed liabilities at their acquisition date fair values. The excess of the purchase price over the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed is recorded as goodwill. Determining the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed requires management’s judgment and often involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions, including assumptions with respect to future cash flows, discount rates, royalty rates and asset lives, among other items.

We used the income approach to value certain intangible assets. Under the income approach, an intangible asset’s fair value is equal to the present value of future economic benefits to be derived from ownership of the asset. We used the income approach known as the relief from royalty method to value the fair value of the trade names. The relief from royalty method is based on the hypothetical royalty stream that would be received if we were to license the trade name and was based on expected revenues. The fair value of the dealer network was estimated using an income approach known as the cost to recreate/cost savings method. This
27

method uses the replacement of the asset as an indicator of the fair value of the asset. The determination of the fair value of other assets acquired and liabilities assumed involves assessing factors such as the expected future cash flows associated with individual assets and liabilities and appropriate discount rates at the date of the acquisition.

Goodwill and Indefinite-lived Intangible Assets
We test goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets (trade names) for impairment at least annually in the fourth quarter and more frequently if events or circumstances occur that would indicate a reduction in fair value. Our test of impairment begins by either performing a qualitative evaluation or a quantitative test:

Qualitative evaluation - Performed to determine whether it is more likely than not that the carrying value of goodwill or the trade name exceeds the fair value of the asset. During our qualitative assessment, we make significant estimates, assumptions, and judgments, including, but not limited to, the macroeconomic conditions, industry and market conditions, cost factors, overall financial performance of the Company and the reporting units, changes in our share price, and relevant company-specific events. If we determine that it is more likely than not that the carrying value of goodwill exceeds the fair value of goodwill, we perform the quantitative test to determine the amount of the impairment.

Quantitative test - Used to calculate the fair value of goodwill or the trade name. If the carrying value of the reporting unit or trade name exceeds the fair value, the impairment is calculated as the difference between the carrying value and fair value. Our goodwill fair value model uses a blend of the income (discounted future cash flow) and market (guideline public company) approaches, which includes the use of significant unobservable inputs (Level 3 inputs). Our trade name fair value model uses the income (relief-from-royalty) approach, which includes the use of significant unobservable inputs (Level 3 inputs). During these valuations, we make significant estimates, assumptions, and judgments, including current and projected future levels of income based on management’s plans, business trends, market and economic conditions, and market-participant considerations.

Actual results may differ from assumed and estimated amounts. No impairments were recorded in Fiscal 2022, 2021, and 2020. For further information regarding goodwill and intangible assets, see Note 7 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Warranty
We provide certain service and warranty on our products. Estimated costs related to product warranty are accrued at the time of sale and are based upon past warranty claims and unit sales history. Estimates are adjusted as needed to reflect actual costs incurred as information becomes available.

In addition to the costs associated with the contractual warranty coverage provided on our products, we also occasionally incur costs as a result of additional service actions not covered by our warranties, including product recalls and customer satisfaction actions. Although we estimate and reserve for the cost of these service actions, there can be no assurance that expense levels will remain at current levels or such reserves will continue to be adequate.

A significant increase in dealership labor rates, the cost of parts, or the frequency of claims could have a material adverse impact on our operating results for the period or periods in which such claims or additional costs materialize. A hypothetical change of a 10% increase or decrease in our warranty liability as of August 27, 2022 would not have a material effect on our net income.

New Accounting Pronouncements
For a summary of new applicable accounting pronouncements, see Note 1 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8 of Part II in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

The assets we maintain to fund deferred compensation have market risk, but we maintain a corresponding liability for these assets. The market risk is therefore borne by the participants in the deferred compensation program.

Interest Rate Risk
As of August 27, 2022, we have no interest rate swaps outstanding. The ABL Credit Facility is our only floating rate debt instrument, which remains undrawn as of August 27, 2022.
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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

MANAGEMENT'S REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING
We, the management of Winnebago Industries, Inc. (the "Company") are responsible for establishing and maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for the assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting. The Company's internal control over financial reporting is a process designed, as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.
The Company's internal control over financial reporting is supported by written policies and procedures that:
1.pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the Company's assets;
2.provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of the Company's management and directors; and
3.provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Company's assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
In addition, the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors, consisting solely of independent directors, meets periodically with management of the Company, the internal auditors, and the independent registered public accounting firm to review internal accounting controls, audit results, and accounting principles and practices and annually selects the independent registered public accounting firm.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
In connection with the preparation of the Company's annual financial statements, management of the Company has undertaken an assessment of the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission ("COSO"). Management's assessment included an evaluation of the design of the Company's internal control over financial reporting and testing of the operational effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting.
Based on its assessment, management has concluded that the Company's internal control over financial reporting was effective as of August 27, 2022.
Deloitte & Touche LLP, the independent registered public accounting firm that audited the Company's financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, has issued a report included herein, which expressed an unqualified opinion on the Company's internal control over financial reporting.
/s/ Michael J. Happe/s/ Bryan L. Hughes
Michael J. HappeBryan L. Hughes
President, Chief Executive OfficerSenior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer
October 19, 2022October 19, 2022

29

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
To the shareholders and the Board of Directors of Winnebago Industries, Inc.
Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Winnebago Industries, Inc. and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of August 27, 2022, and August 28, 2021, the related consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income, changes in shareholders' equity, and cash flows, for each of the three years in the period ended August 27, 2022, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the "financial statements"). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of August 27, 2022, and August 28, 2021, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended August 27, 2022, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of August 27, 2022, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated October 19, 2022, expressed an unqualified opinion on the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Critical Audit Matters
The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current-period audit of the financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.

Product Warranties – Grand Design – Refer to Note 8 to the financial statements.
Critical Audit Matter Description
The Company provides certain service and warranty on its products. Estimated costs related to product warranty are accrued at month-end based upon historical warranty claims and unit sales history. Estimates are adjusted as needed to reflect actual costs incurred as information becomes available. Grand Design RV, LLC (“Grand Design”) was founded in 2013 and acquired by the Company in November 2016 and makes up the majority of the Company’s $128 million product warranty accrual as of August 27, 2022.

We identified the product warranty accrual for Grand Design as a critical audit matter because of the significant judgments made by management to estimate costs related to product warranties at the time of sale. This required a high degree of auditor judgment and an increased extent of effort when performing audit procedures to evaluate the reasonableness of management’s estimates of future warranty claims based on historical claims paid, specifically due to Grand Design’s significant growth since inception, introduction of new product lines, relatively short history of warranty claims paid from which to develop product warranty estimates, and their direct connection to management’s incentive plans.

How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit
Our audit procedures related to the product warranty for the Grand Design component included the following, among others:

We evaluated the operating effectiveness of controls over management’s estimation of the product warranty accrual, including those over historical product warranty claim data and projected future product warranty claims.
We evaluated the accuracy and relevance of the historical product warranty claims as an input to management’s product warranty accrual calculation.
We evaluated the completeness of the warranty accrual estimate through inquiries of operational and executive management regarding knowledge of known product warranty claims or product issues and evaluated whether they were appropriately considered in the determination of the product warranty accrual.
We evaluated management’s ability to accurately estimate the warranty accrual by comparing the product warranty accrual in prior years to the actual product warranty claims paid in subsequent years.
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We assessed management’s methodology and tested the valuation of the product warranty accrual by developing an expectation for the accrual based on the historical amounts recorded as a percentage of sales and compared our expectation to the amount recorded by management.

Business Combinations – Valuation of Barletta Boat Company, LLC – Refer to Note 2 to the financial statements.
Critical Audit Matter Description
On August 31, 2022, the Company completed the acquisition of 100% of Barletta Boat Company, LLC and Three Limes, LLC (collectively, “Barletta”) for consideration paid of $286.3 million. Under the acquisition method of accounting for business combinations, the purchase price was allocated to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their respective fair values at the date of acquisition, including a trade name of $77 million, a dealer network of $20.4 million and contingent consideration of $24.2 million.

The fair value of the trade name was estimated using the relief-from-royalty method and required management to make significant estimates and assumptions related to future revenues and the selection of the royalty rate and discount rate. The fair value of the dealer network was estimated using the cost saving method and required management to make significant estimates and assumptions related to future cash flows and the selection of the discount rate. The fair value of the contingent consideration was valued using a probability-weighted scenario analysis of projected EBITDA and gross profit using a discount rate and required management to make significant assumptions related to the unobservable inputs and financial projections.

We identified the acquisition valuation of the indefinite-lived intangible assets and contingent consideration for Barletta as a critical audit matter because of the significant estimates and assumptions management made to the fair value of these assets and liabilities. This required a high degree of auditor judgment and an increased extent of effort, including the need to involve our fair value specialists, when performing audit procedures to evaluate the reasonableness of management’s valuation assumptions.

How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit

Our audit procedures related to the acquisition valuation of the indefinite-lived intangible assets and contingent consideration for Barletta included the following, among others:

We evaluated the design and operating effectiveness of controls over the valuation of the acquired intangible assets and contingent consideration, including management’s controls over forecasts of future revenues, gross profit and cash flows as well as the selection of the associated discount rates and royalty rate.
We assessed the reasonableness of management’s forecast of future revenues, gross profit and cash flows by comparing the Company’s projections to historical results for Barletta and projected industry growth rates.
With the assistance of our fair value specialists, we evaluated the reasonableness of the (1) valuation methodology and (2) the valuation assumptions used in the fair value analysis by:
Testing the source information underlying the determination of the discount and royalty rates.
Comparing the selected royalty rate to market data for comparable rates.
Testing the mathematical accuracy of the calculation of the discount and royalty rates.
Developing a range of independent estimates for the discount rates and comparing those to the discount rates selected by management.
Evaluating the reasonableness of the inputs used in the contingent consideration valuation, and other key judgments made by management as well as independently running the probability-weighted scenario analysis to calculate an independent estimate of fair value.

/s/ Deloitte & Touche LLP

Minneapolis, Minnesota
October 19, 2022

We have served as the Company's auditor since fiscal 1986.
31

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
To the shareholders and the Board of Directors of Winnebago Industries, Inc.
Opinion on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
We have audited the internal control over financial reporting of Winnebago Industries, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of August 27, 2022, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of August 27, 2022, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013) issued by COSO.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended August 27, 2022, of the Company and our report dated October 19, 2022, expressed an unqualified opinion on those financial statements.

Basis for Opinion

The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

/s/ Deloitte & Touche LLP

Minneapolis, Minnesota
October 19, 2022
32

Winnebago Industries, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income
(in thousands, except per share data)
For the fiscal year endedAugust 27, 2022August 28, 2021August 29, 2020
Net revenues$4,957,730 $3,629,847 $2,355,533 
Cost of goods sold4,028,393 2,979,484 2,042,605 
Gross profit929,337 650,363 312,928 
Selling, general, and administrative expenses316,420 228,581 177,061 
Amortization29,419 14,361 22,104 
Total operating expenses345,839 242,942 199,165 
Operating income583,498 407,421 113,763 
Interest expense, net41,313 40,365 37,461 
Non-operating loss (income)27,463 (394)(974)
Income before income taxes514,722 367,450 77,276 
Provision for income taxes124,086 85,579 15,834 
Net income$390,636 $281,871 $61,442 
Earnings per common share:
Basic$12.03 $8.41 $1.85 
Diluted$11.84 $8.28 $1.84 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Basic32,475 33,528 33,236 
Diluted32,985 34,056 33,454 
Net income$390,636 $281,871 $61,442 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Amortization of net actuarial loss (net of tax of $12, $12, and $12)
37 35 33 
Interest rate swap activity (net of tax of $0, $0, and $22)
  (68)
Other comprehensive income (loss)37 35 (35)
Comprehensive income$390,673 $281,906 $61,407 
The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
33

Winnebago Industries, Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except per share data)
August 27, 2022August 28, 2021
Assets
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$282,172 $434,563 
Receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts ($567 and $307, respectively)
254,124 253,808 
Inventories, net525,769 341,473 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets31,750 29,069 
Total current assets1,093,815 1,058,913 
Property, plant, and equipment, net276,219 191,427 
Goodwill484,176 348,058 
Other intangible assets, net472,388 390,407 
Investment in life insurance28,624 28,821 
Operating lease assets41,131 28,379 
Other long-term assets20,304 16,562 
Total assets$2,416,657 $2,062,567 
Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity
Current liabilities
Accounts payable$217,458 $180,030 
Income taxes payable654 8,043 
Accrued expenses:
Accrued compensation71,646 67,541 
Product warranties127,932 91,222 
Self-insurance21,432 19,296 
Promotional21,471 10,040 
Accrued interest and dividends13,033 10,720 
Other current liabilities48,471 20,384 
Total current liabilities522,097 407,276 
Non-current liabilities
Long-term debt, net545,855 528,559 
Deferred income taxes6,108 13,429 
Unrecognized tax benefits5,744 6,483 
Long-term operating lease liabilities40,426 26,745 
Deferred compensation benefits, net of current portion8,145 9,550 
Other long-term liabilities25,275 13,582 
Total liabilities1,153,650 1,005,624 
Contingent liabilities and commitments (Note 12)
Shareholders' equity
Preferred stock, par value $0.01: 10,000 shares authorized; Zero shares issued and outstanding
  
Common stock, par value $0.50: 120,000 shares authorized; 51,776 shares issued
25,888 25,888 
Additional paid-in capital256,224 218,490 
Retained earnings1,537,531 1,172,996 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(454)(491)
Treasury stock, at cost: 21,464 and 18,713 shares, respectively
(556,182)(359,940)
Total shareholders' equity1,263,007 1,056,943 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity$2,416,657 $2,062,567 
The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
34

Winnebago Industries, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
For the fiscal year endedAugust 27, 2022August 28, 2021August 29, 2020
Operating Activities
Net income$390,636 $281,871 $61,442 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities
Depreciation24,238 18,201 15,997 
Amortization29,419 14,361 22,104 
Non-cash interest expense, net15,074 13,928 10,727 
Amortization of debt issuance costs2,477 2,465 7,379 
Last in, first-out expense8,445 3,131 (5,188)
Stock-based compensation17,085 15,347 6,475 
Deferred income taxes(6,651)(2,190)(879)
Deferred compensation expense524 1,087 1,070 
Contingent consideration fair value adjustment29,382   
Other, net1,850 (4,665)1,335 
Change in operating assets and liabilities, net of assets and liabilities acquired
Receivables, net1,876 (33,034)(25,773)
Inventories, net(171,292)(161,663)105,994 
Prepaid expenses and other assets1,210 (6,560)(358)
Accounts payable27,164 51,478 37,041 
Income taxes and unrecognized tax benefits(7,421)(3,721)11,422 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities36,606 47,243 21,646 
Net cash provided by operating activities400,622 237,279 270,434 
Investing activities
Purchases of property, plant, and equipment(87,969)(44,891)(32,377)
Acquisition of business, net of cash acquired(228,159) (260,965)
Proceeds from the sale of property, plant, and equipment178 12,452  
Other, net280 (570)266 
Net cash used in investing activities(315,670)(33,009)(293,076)
Financing activities
Borrowings on long-term debt4,735,580 3,627,627 2,786,824 
Repayments on long-term debt(4,735,580)(3,627,627)(2,446,824)
Purchase of convertible bond hedge  (70,800)
Proceeds from issuance of warrants  42,210 
Payments of cash dividends(23,782)(16,168)(14,588)
Payments for repurchases of common stock(214,275)(47,589)(1,844)
Payments of debt issuance costs(1,240)(224)(18,030)
Other, net1,954 1,699 838 
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(237,343)(62,282)277,786 
Net (decrease)/increase in cash and cash equivalents(152,391)141,988 255,144 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period434,563 292,575 37,431 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$282,172 $434,563 $292,575 
35

Supplemental Disclosures
Income taxes paid, net$139,652 $88,698 $3,667 
Interest paid23,779 24,119 17,253 
Non-cash investing and financing activities
Issuance of common stock for acquisition of business$22,000 $ $92,572 
Issuance of common stock for settlement of earnout liability13,168   
Capital expenditures in accounts payable6,843 3,760 178 
Dividends declared not yet paid8,816 6,497 180 
Increase in lease assets in exchange for lease liabilities:
Operating leases17,236 2,626 1,179 
Financing leases2,528 1,210 5,664 
The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
36

Winnebago Industries, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders' Equity
(in thousands, except per share data)

Common Shares
Additional Paid-In CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

Treasury Stock
Total Shareholders' Equity
NumberAmountNumberAmount
Balance, August 31, 2019
51,776 25,888 91,185 866,886 (491)(20,262)(351,256)632,212 
Stock-based compensation— — 6,446 — — — 29 6,475 
Issuance of stock for employee benefit and stock-based awards, net— — (1,813)— — 174 3,013 1,200 
Issuance of stock for acquisition— — 57,811 — — 2,000 34,761 92,572 
Repurchase of common stock— — — — — (45)(1,844)(1,844)
Common stock dividends declared; $0.45 per share
— — — (14,718)— — — (