10-Q 1 wing-20220924.htm 10-Q wing-20220924
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
(Mark one)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 24, 2022
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _____ to _____                   

Commission File No. 001-37425

WINGSTOP INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware47-3494862
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(IRS Employer Identification No.)
15505 Wright Brothers Drive
Addison, Texas
75001
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(972) 686-6500
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareWINGNASDAQ Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. x Yes   ¨ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). x Yes   ¨ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerxAccelerated filer¨
Non-accelerated filer¨Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company



If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes   x No
On October 25, 2022 there were 29,916,380 shares of common stock outstanding.




TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
PART I
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.


3


PART I.     FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.     Financial Statements
WINGSTOP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(amounts in thousands, except share and par value amounts)
 September 24,
2022
 December 25,
2021
 (Unaudited) 
Assets 
Current assets 
Cash and cash equivalents$173,511 $48,583 
Restricted cash13,182 3,448 
Accounts receivable, net8,829 6,993 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets5,752 4,928 
Advertising fund assets, restricted21,817 6,197 
Total current assets223,091 70,149 
Property and equipment, net63,236 54,503 
Goodwill58,570 56,877 
Trademarks32,700 32,700 
Customer relationships, net9,339 10,302 
Other non-current assets24,100 24,672 
Total assets$411,036 $249,203 
Liabilities and stockholders' deficit
Current liabilities
Accounts payable$3,497 $5,414 
Other current liabilities28,041 28,070 
Current portion of debt7,300  
Advertising fund liabilities21,817 6,197 
Total current liabilities60,655 39,681 
Long-term debt, net708,176 469,394 
Deferred revenues, net of current26,942 28,024 
Deferred income tax liabilities, net6,757 7,432 
Other non-current liabilities15,102 14,197 
Total liabilities817,632 558,728 
Commitments and contingencies (see Note 7)
Stockholders' deficit
Common stock, $0.01 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized; 29,916,183 and 29,837,454 shares issued and outstanding as of September 24, 2022 and December 25, 2021, respectively
299 299 
Additional paid-in-capital991 463 
Retained deficit(406,902)(310,031)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(984)(256)
Total stockholders' deficit(406,596)(309,525)
Total liabilities and stockholders' deficit$411,036 $249,203 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
4


WINGSTOP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(amounts in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 Thirteen Weeks EndedThirty-Nine Weeks Ended
 September 24,
2022
September 25,
2021
September 24,
2022
September 25,
2021
Revenue:  
Royalty revenue, franchise fees and other$40,363 $32,829 $111,477 $97,570 
Advertising fees32,146 15,575 83,672 59,672 
Company-owned restaurant sales20,163 17,380 57,505 53,232 
Total revenue92,672 65,784 252,654 210,474 
Costs and expenses:  
Cost of sales (1)
15,724 15,206 46,297 42,692 
Advertising expenses33,106 16,232 85,958 61,560 
Selling, general and administrative16,686 15,020 48,721 44,872 
Depreciation and amortization2,836 2,061 7,610 5,379 
Loss (gain) on disposal of assets239 (3,567)1,006 (3,567)
Total costs and expenses68,591 44,952 189,592 150,936 
Operating income24,081 20,832 63,062 59,538 
Interest expense, net5,742 3,724 15,920 11,230 
Loss on debt extinguishment  814  
Other expense (income)290 (22)381 (22)
Income before income tax expense18,049 17,130 45,947 48,330 
Income tax expense4,681 5,840 10,596 12,568 
Net income$13,368 $11,290 $35,351 $35,762 
Earnings per share
Basic$0.45 $0.38 $1.18 $1.20 
Diluted$0.45 $0.38 $1.18 $1.19 
Weighted average shares outstanding
Basic29,915 29,799 29,882 29,748 
Diluted29,967 29,963 29,951 29,936 
Dividends per share$0.19 $0.17 $4.53 $0.45 
Other comprehensive income (loss)
Currency translation adjustment$(391)$(63)$(728)$(172)
Other comprehensive income (loss)(391)(63)(728)(172)
Comprehensive income$12,977 $11,227 $34,623 $35,590 

(1) Cost of sales includes all operating expenses of company-owned restaurants, including advertising expenses, and excludes depreciation and amortization, which are presented separately.
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


5


WINGSTOP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Deficit
For the Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended September 25, 2021
(amounts in thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)
Common Stock
SharesAmount
Additional
Paid-In Capital
Retained DeficitAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossTotal Stockholders’ Deficit
Balance at December 26, 202029,687,123 $297 $421 $(342,028)$ $(341,310)
Net income— — — 13,160 — 13,160 
Shares issued under stock plans60,958 1 155 — — 156 
Tax payments for restricted stock upon vesting(11,243)— — (1,862)— (1,862)
Stock-based compensation expense, net of forfeitures— — 2,316 — — 2,316 
Dividends declared on common stock and equivalents— — (2,866)(1,322)— (4,188)
Balance at March 27, 202129,736,838 298 26 (332,052) (331,728)
Net income— — — 11,312 — 11,312 
Shares issued under stock plans6,613 — — — — — 
Tax payments for restricted stock upon vesting(76)— — (11)— (11)
Stock-based compensation expense, net of forfeitures— — 2,456 — — 2,456 
Dividends declared on common stock and equivalents— — (1,888)(2,275)— (4,163)
Currency translation adjustment— — — — (109)(109)
Balance at June 26, 202129,743,375 298 594 (323,026)(109)(322,243)
Net income— — — 11,290 — 11,290 
Shares issued under stock plans82,553 1 500 — — 501 
Tax payments for restricted stock upon vesting(165)— — (28)— (28)
Stock-based compensation expense, net of forfeitures— — 2,051 — — 2,051 
Dividends declared on common stock and equivalents— — (2,078)(3,562)— (5,640)
Currency translation adjustment— $— $— $— $(63)$(63)
Balance at September 25, 202129,825,763 $299 $1,067 $(315,326)$(172)$(314,132)
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


6


WINGSTOP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Deficit
For the Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended September 24, 2022
(amounts in thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)
Common Stock
SharesAmountAdditional
Paid-In Capital
Retained DeficitAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossTotal Stockholders’ Deficit
Balance at December 25, 202129,837,454 $299 $463 $(310,031)$(256)$(309,525)
Net income— — — 8,676 — 8,676 
Shares issued under stock plans41,289 — 125 — — 125 
Tax payments for restricted stock upon vesting(1,923)— — (298)— (298)
Stock-based compensation expense, net of forfeitures— — 2,191 — — 2,191 
Dividends declared on common stock and equivalents— — (2,370)(122,960)— (125,330)
Currency translation adjustment— — — — (66)(66)
Balance at March 26, 202229,876,820 299 409 (424,613)(322)(424,227)
Net income— — — 13,307 — 13,307 
Shares issued under stock plans37,594 — 1,838 — — 1,838 
Tax payments for restricted stock upon vesting(46)— — (4)— (4)
Stock-based compensation expense, net of forfeitures— — (1,601)— — (1,601)
Dividends declared on common stock and equivalents— — — (4,512)— (4,512)
Currency translation adjustment— — — — (271)(271)
Balance at June 25, 202229,914,368 299 646 (415,822)(593)(415,470)
Net income— — — 13,368 — 13,368 
Shares issued under stock plans1,815 — — — — — 
Stock-based compensation expense, net of forfeitures— — 1,528 — — 1,528 
Dividends declared on common stock and equivalents— — (1,183)(4,448)— (5,631)
Currency translation adjustment— — — — (391)(391)
Balance at September 24, 202229,916,183 $299 $991 $(406,902)$(984)$(406,596)
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
7


WINGSTOP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(amounts in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended
 September 24,
2022
September 25,
2021
Operating activities  
Net income$35,351 $35,762 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization7,610 5,379 
Deferred income taxes(675)2,167 
Stock-based compensation expense2,118 6,823 
Loss (gain) on disposal of assets1,006 (3,567)
Amortization of debt issuance costs1,387 1,056 
Loss on debt extinguishment814  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(1,836)(1,123)
Prepaid expenses and other assets12 (689)
Advertising fund assets and liabilities, net11,291 9,426 
Accounts payable and other current liabilities(2,794)(2,224)
Deferred revenue(858)2,318 
Other non-current liabilities(268)(1,283)
Cash provided by operating activities53,158 54,045 
Investing activities
Purchases of property and equipment(18,961)(16,543)
Acquisitions of restaurants from franchisees(1,738)(4,876)
Proceeds from sales of assets4,063 7,207 
Payments for investments (4,163)
Cash used in investing activities(16,636)(18,375)
Financing activities
Proceeds from exercise of stock options1,963 657 
Borrowings of long-term debt250,000  
Repayments of long-term debt(1,200)(2,400)
Payment of deferred financing costs and other debt-related costs(5,442) 
Tax payments for restricted stock upon vesting(302)(1,901)
Dividends paid(135,587)(14,690)
Cash provided by (used in) financing activities109,432 (18,334)
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash145,954 17,336 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of period54,906 59,270 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of period$200,860 $76,606 
Supplemental information:
Accrued capital expenditures$5,880 $8,943 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
8

WINGSTOP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

(1)    Basis of Presentation and Update to Significant Accounting Policies
Nature of operations. Wingstop Inc., together with its consolidated subsidiaries (collectively, “Wingstop” or the “Company”), is in the business of franchising and operating Wingstop restaurants. As of September 24, 2022, the Company had a total of 1,898 restaurants in its system. The Company's restaurant base is approximately 98% franchised, with 1,856 franchised locations (including 225 international locations) and 42 company-owned restaurants as of September 24, 2022.
Basis of presentation. The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for interim financial information. Consequently, financial information and disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared annually in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted. Balance sheet amounts are as of September 24, 2022 and December 25, 2021, and operating results are for the thirteen and thirty-nine weeks ended September 24, 2022 and September 25, 2021.
In the Company’s opinion, all necessary adjustments have been made for the fair presentation of the results of the interim periods presented. The results of operations for such interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year. The accompanying interim unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and the related notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 25, 2021.
Fiscal year. The Company uses a 52- or 53-week fiscal year that ends on the last Saturday of the calendar year. Fiscal years 2022 and 2021 have 53- and 52-weeks, respectively.
Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash. Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash within the Consolidated Balance Sheets and the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows as of September 24, 2022 and December 25, 2021 were as follows (in thousands):
September 24, 2022December 25, 2021
Cash and cash equivalents$173,511 $48,583 
Restricted cash13,182 3,448 
Restricted cash, included in Advertising fund assets, restricted14,167 2,875 
Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash$200,860 $54,906 
Recently issued accounting pronouncements. We reviewed all recently issued accounting pronouncements and concluded that they were either not applicable or not expected to have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.
(2)    Earnings per Share
Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing income available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding for the reporting period. Diluted earnings per share reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities convertible into, or other contracts to issue, common stock were exercised or converted into common stock. For the calculation of diluted earnings per share, the basic weighted average number of shares is increased by the dilutive effect of the exercise and vesting of stock options and restricted stock units, respectively, as determined using the treasury stock method.
9

WINGSTOP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
Basic weighted average shares outstanding is reconciled to diluted weighted average shares outstanding as follows (in thousands):
Thirteen Weeks EndedThirty-Nine Weeks Ended
September 24,
2022
September 25,
2021
September 24,
2022
September 25,
2021
Basic weighted average shares outstanding29,915 29,799 29,882 29,748 
Dilutive shares52 164 69 188 
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding29,967 29,963 29,951 29,936 
 
For the thirteen weeks ended September 24, 2022 and September 25, 2021, equity awards representing approximately 21,000 and 400 shares, respectively, were excluded from the dilutive earnings per share calculation because the effect would have been anti-dilutive.  
For the thirty-nine weeks ended September 24, 2022 and September 25, 2021, equity awards representing approximately 31,000 and 4,000 shares, respectively, were excluded from the dilutive earnings per share calculation because the effect would have been anti-dilutive.
(3)    Dividends
The Company’s Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend of $0.17 per share of common stock in each of the first two quarters of 2022, and a quarterly dividend of $0.19 per share of common stock in the third quarter of 2022, resulting in aggregate dividend payments of $15.8 million, or $0.53 per share of common stock, during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 24, 2022.
Subsequent to the third quarter, on October 25, 2022, the Company’s Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend of $0.19 per share of common stock for stockholders of record as of November 11, 2022. The regular quarterly dividend is to be paid on December 2, 2022, totaling approximately $5.7 million.
Separate from the Company’s regular dividend program, on March 9, 2022, the Company’s Board of Directors declared a special dividend of $4.00 per share of common stock, resulting in a total dividend of approximately $119.5 million. This dividend was paid on April 7, 2022 to stockholders of record as of March 24, 2022.
(4)    Fair Value Measurements
Fair value is the price that would be received upon sale of an asset or paid upon transfer of a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date and in the principal or most advantageous market for that asset or liability. Assets and liabilities are classified using a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value as follows:
Level 1 — Unadjusted quoted prices for identical instruments traded in active markets.
Level 2 — Observable market-based inputs or unobservable inputs corroborated by market data.
Level 3 — Unobservable inputs reflecting management’s estimates and assumptions.
10

WINGSTOP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, and accounts payable approximate fair value due to their short-term nature. Fair value of debt and the investment in bonds issued by the Company’s United Kingdom master franchisee, Lemon Pepper Holdings Ltd. (“LPH”), are determined on a non-recurring basis, which results are summarized as follows (in thousands):
 
Fair Value
Hierarchy
 September 24, 2022December 25, 2021
  
Carrying
Value
 Fair Value
Carrying
Value
Fair Value
Securitized Financing Facility:
2020-1 Class A-2 Senior Secured Notes (1)
Level 2$476,400 $408,513 $477,600 $480,676 
2022-1 Class A-2 Senior Secured Notes (1)
Level 2$250,000 $216,250 $ $ 
Investment in bonds of LPH (2)
Level 2$3,042 $3,042 $4,151 $4,151 
(1) The fair value of the 2020-1 and 2022-1 Class A-2 Senior Secured Notes was estimated using available market information.
(2) The fair value approximates discounted cash flows using current market rates for debt investments with similar maturities and credit risk.
The Company also measures certain non-financial assets (primarily long-lived assets, intangible assets, and goodwill) at fair value on a non-recurring basis in connection with its periodic evaluations of such assets for potential impairment.
(5)    Income Taxes
Income tax expense and the effective tax rate were $4.7 million and 25.9%, respectively, for the thirteen weeks ended September 24, 2022, and $5.8 million and 34.1%, respectively, for the thirteen weeks ended September 25, 2021. Income tax expense and the effective tax rate were $10.6 million and 23.1%, respectively, for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 24, 2022, and $12.6 million and 26.0%, respectively, for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 25, 2021. The major components of the year-over-year decrease in effective tax rates were the impact of stock awards forfeited during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 24, 2022, as well as the impact of nondeductible expenses for executive compensation in the prior year comparable period.
(6)    Debt Obligations
Long-term debt consisted of the following components (in thousands):
September 24, 2022December 25, 2021
2020-1 Class A-2 Senior Secured Notes$476,400 $477,600 
2022-1 Class A-2 Senior Secured Notes250,000  
Debt issuance costs, net of amortization(10,924)(8,206)
Total debt715,476 469,394 
Less: current portion of debt(7,300) 
Long-term debt, net$708,176 $469,394 

On March 9, 2022, the Company completed a securitized financing transaction, in which Wingstop Funding LLC, a limited purpose, bankruptcy-remote, indirect wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (the “Issuer”), issued $250 million of its Series 2022-1 3.734% Fixed Rate Senior Secured Notes, Class A-2 (the “2022 Class A-2 Notes”). The Issuer also entered into a revolving financing facility of Series 2022-1 Variable Funding Senior Notes, Class A-1 (the “2022 Variable Funding Notes,” and together with the 2022 Class A-2 Notes, the “2022 Notes”), which permits borrowings of up to a maximum principal amount of $200 million, subject to certain borrowing conditions, a portion of which may be used to issue letters of credit. The proceeds from the securitized financing transaction were used to pay related transaction fees and expenses, strengthen the Company's liquidity position and for general corporate purposes, which included a return of capital to the Company’s stockholders.

In addition to the 2022 Notes, the Company’s outstanding debt consists of its existing Series 2020-1 2.84% Fixed Rate Senior Secured Notes, Class A-2 (the “2020 Notes”). The Company’s existing revolving financing facility of Series 2020-1 Class A-1 Notes (“the 2020 Variable Funding Notes”) was terminated in connection with the transaction. As of December 25, 2021, $3.5 million of letters of credit were outstanding against the 2020 Variable Funding Notes, which related primarily to required
11

WINGSTOP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
interest reserves, and there were no amounts drawn down on the letters of credit as of December 25, 2021. No borrowings were outstanding under the 2022 Variable Funding Notes as of September 24, 2022.

The 2022 Notes were issued in a securitization transaction, which is guaranteed by certain limited-purpose, bankruptcy-remote, wholly owned indirect subsidiaries of the Company and secured by a security interest in substantially all of their assets, including certain domestic and foreign revenue-generating assets, consisting principally of franchise-related agreements, intellectual property, and vendor rebate contracts.

The 2022 Notes were issued pursuant to a base indenture and related supplemental indentures (collectively, the “Indenture”). Interest and principal payments on the 2022 Class A-2 Notes are payable on a quarterly basis. The requirement to make such quarterly principal payments on the 2022 Class A-2 Notes is subject to certain financial conditions set forth in the Indenture. The legal final maturity date of the 2022 Notes is in March of 2052, but, unless earlier prepaid to the extent permitted under the Indenture, the anticipated repayment date of the 2022 Class A-2 Notes is March 2029. If the Issuer has not repaid or refinanced the 2022 Class A-2 Notes prior to the anticipated repayment date, additional interest will accrue on the Notes.

The 2022 Variable Funding Notes accrue interest at a variable rate based on (i) the prime rate, (ii) the overnight federal funds rates, (iii) the secured overnight financing rate, or (iv) with respect to advances made by conduit investors, the weighted average cost of, or related to, the issuance of commercial paper allocated to fund or maintain such advances, in each case plus any applicable margin, as more fully set forth in the 2022 Variable Funding Note Purchase Agreement, dated March 9, 2022, and the indenture supplement. Commitment fees and other usage fees apply to the 2022 Variable Funding Notes facility depending on the type of borrowing requested. There is a 60-basis points draw fee on borrowings requested pursuant to the terms of the 2022 Variable Fund Notes. Additionally, during a commitment availability period, there is a 30-basis point commitment fee on the committed portion of the 2022 Variable Funding Notes. There were no amounts drawn down on the letters of credit as of September 24, 2022.

The 2022 Notes are subject to a series of covenants and restrictions customary for transactions of this type, including (i) that the Issuer maintains specified reserve accounts to be used to make required payments in respect of the 2022 Notes, (ii) provisions relating to optional and mandatory prepayments and the related payment of specified amounts, including specified make-whole payments in the case of the 2022 Class A-2 Notes under certain circumstances, (iii) certain indemnification payments in the event, among other things, that the assets pledged as collateral for the 2022 Notes are in stated ways defective or ineffective, and (iv) covenants relating to recordkeeping, access to information, and similar matters. The 2022 Class A-2 Notes are also subject to customary rapid amortization events provided for in the indenture, including events tied to failure to maintain stated debt service coverage ratios, the sum of global gross sales for specified restaurants being below certain levels on certain measurement dates, certain change of control and manager termination events, an event of default, and the failure to repay or refinance the 2022 Class A-2 Notes on the applicable scheduled maturity date. The 2022 Notes are also subject to certain customary events of default, including events relating to non-payment of required interest, principal or other amounts due on or with respect to the 2022 Notes, failure to comply with covenants within certain time frames, certain bankruptcy events, breaches of specified representations and warranties, failure of security interests to be effective, and certain judgments. As of September 24, 2022, the Company was in compliance with all financial covenants.

During the first quarter of 2022, as a result of the termination of the 2020 Variable Funding Notes, the Company recorded a loss on debt extinguishment of $0.8 million related to the write-off of previously capitalized financing costs. Total debt issuance costs incurred and capitalized in connection with the issuance of the 2022 Notes were $5.5 million.

As of December 25, 2021, the Company’s leverage ratio was less than 5.0x, and accordingly, per the terms of the applicable debt agreements, the Company elected to suspend principal payments and classified the balance of the 2020 Notes as long-term debt. Subsequent to the closing of the 2022 Notes, the Company had a leverage ratio of greater than 5.0x and, accordingly, the Company resumed making scheduled amortization payments on the notes in the third quarter of 2022. The 2020 Class A-2 Notes and the 2022 Class A-2 Notes are generally subject to 1% annual amortization.
(7)    Commitments and Contingencies
The Company is subject to legal proceedings, claims, and liabilities, such as employment-related claims and premises-liability cases, which arise in the ordinary course of business and are generally covered by insurance. In the opinion of management, the amount of ultimate liability with respect to such actions is not likely to have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
12

WINGSTOP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(8)    Stock-Based Compensation
During the thirty-nine weeks ended September 24, 2022, the Company granted stock options to purchase 37,787 shares of common stock and 61,394 restricted stock units (“RSUs”) to certain employees. The stock options vest in equal annual amounts over a three-year period subsequent to the grant date, and have a maximum contractual term of ten years. The stock options were granted with a weighted-average exercise price of $144.94 per share and had a weighted-average grant-date fair value of $49.10 per share. The RSUs granted to certain employees generally vest in equal annual amounts over a three-year period, subsequent to the grant date and had a weighted-average grant-date fair value of $113.01 per unit.
In addition, the Company granted 46,004 performance stock units (“PSUs”) to certain employees during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 24, 2022. The PSUs cliff-vest at the end of a three year service period or vest in equal annual amounts over a three year period. Vested amounts may range from 0% to a maximum of 500% of targeted amounts depending on the achievement of performance measures at the end of each vesting period. Such performance measures are based on the Company meeting certain return on incremental investment targets or unit development targets for the vesting period. The PSUs had a weighted-average grant-date fair value of $127.20 per unit. Total compensation cost for the PSUs is determined based on the number of awards that are probable of vesting based on the outcome of the performance condition.

Total compensation expense related to all share-based awards, net of forfeitures recognized, was $2.1 million and $6.8 million for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 24, 2022 and September 25, 2021, respectively, and was included in Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expense in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income. The Company recognized forfeitures of $5.2 million during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 24, 2022.
(9)    Revenue from Contracts with Customers
The following table represents a disaggregation of revenue from contracts with customers for the thirteen and thirty-nine weeks ended September 24, 2022 and September 25, 2021 (in thousands):
Thirteen Weeks EndedThirty-Nine Weeks Ended
September 24, 2022September 25, 2021September 24, 2022September 25, 2021
Royalty revenue$36,778 $30,039 $102,020 $89,262 
Advertising fees32,146 15,575 83,672 59,672 
Franchise fees1,257 902 3,221 2,961 

Franchise fee, development fee, and international territory fee payments received by the Company are recorded as deferred revenue on the Consolidated Balance Sheets, which represents a contract liability. Deferred revenue is reduced as fees are recognized in revenue over the term of the franchise license for the respective restaurant. As the term of the franchise license is typically ten years, substantially all of the franchise fee revenue recognized in the thirteen and thirty-nine weeks ended September 24, 2022 was included in the deferred revenue balance as of December 25, 2021. Approximately $8.5 million and $10.4 million of deferred revenue as of September 24, 2022 and December 25, 2021, respectively, relates to restaurants that have not yet opened, so the fees are not yet being amortized. The weighted average remaining amortization period for deferred franchise and renewal fees related to open restaurants is 7.3 years. The Company did not have any material contract assets as of September 24, 2022.
13

WINGSTOP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(10)    Acquisition of Company-owned Restaurant
During the third fiscal quarter 2022, the company acquired one existing restaurant from a franchisee. The purchase price was $1.7 million and was funded by cash flow from operations. The following table summarizes the preliminary allocations of the purchase price to the estimated fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of the acquisition (in thousands):
Purchase Price Allocation
Working capital(6)
Property and equipment51 
Goodwill1,693 
Total purchase price$1,738 
The estimates of fair value are preliminary, and are therefore subject to further refinement. The excess of the purchase price over the aggregate fair value of assets acquired was allocated to goodwill and is attributable to the benefits expected as a result of the acquisition, including sales and unit growth opportunities. All of the goodwill from the acquisition is expected to be deductible for federal income tax purposes.
Pro-forma financial information of the combined entities is not presented due to the immaterial impact of the financial results of the acquired restaurant on our consolidated financial statements.

14


Item 2.     Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion and analysis of the financial condition and results of operations of Wingstop Inc. (collectively with its direct and indirect subsidiaries on a consolidated basis, “Wingstop,” the “Company,” “we,” “our,” or “us”) should be read in conjunction with the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements and related notes in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Quarterly Report”) and with the audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 25, 2021 (our “Annual Report”). The statements in this discussion regarding industry outlook, our expectations regarding our future performance, liquidity and capital resources, and other non-historical statements are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, the risks and uncertainties described in “Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements,” below and “Risk Factors” beginning on page 11 of our Annual Report. Our actual results may differ materially from those contained in or implied by any forward-looking statements.
We operate on a 52- or 53-week fiscal year ending on the last Saturday of each calendar year. Our fiscal quarters are comprised of 13 weeks, with the exception of the fourth quarter of a 53-week year, which contains 14 weeks. Fiscal year 2022 contains 53 weeks, while fiscal year 2021 contains 52 weeks.
Overview
Wingstop is the largest fast casual chicken wings-focused restaurant chain in the world, with 1,898 locations worldwide. We are dedicated to serving the world flavor through an unparalleled guest experience and offering of classic and boneless wings, tenders, and chicken sandwiches, always cooked to order and hand-sauced-and-tossed in 11 bold, distinctive flavors.
The Company is primarily a franchisor, with approximately 98% of Wingstop’s restaurants currently owned and operated by independent franchisees. We believe our asset-light, highly-franchised business model generates strong operating margins and requires low capital expenditures, creating stockholder value through strong and consistent free cash flow and capital-efficient growth.
Third Quarter of 2022 Highlights
System-wide sales increased 17.7% to $699.6 million
40 net new openings in the fiscal third quarter of 2022
Domestic same store sales increased 6.9%
Total revenue increased 40.9% to $92.7 million
Net income increased 18.4% to $13.4 million, or $0.45 per diluted share, compared to net income of $11.3 million, or $0.38 per diluted share in the prior fiscal third quarter
Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP measure, increased 32.7% to $28.4 million, compared to adjusted EBITDA of $21.4 million in the prior fiscal third quarter
Year-to-Date Third Quarter of 2022 Highlights
System-wide sales increased 12.6% to $2.0 billion
167 net new openings in the year-to-date third quarter of 2022
Domestic same store sales increased 1.6%
Total revenue increased 20.0% to $252.7 million
Net income decreased 1.1% to $35.4 million, or $1.18 per diluted share, compared to net income of $35.8 million, or $1.19 per diluted share in the prior fiscal year-to-date period
Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP measure, increased 8.7% to $74.1 million, compared to adjusted EBITDA of $68.2 million in the prior fiscal year-to-date period
15


Key Performance Indicators
Key measures that we use in evaluating our restaurants and assessing our business include the following:
Number of restaurants. Management reviews the number of new restaurants, the number of closed restaurants, and the number of acquisitions and divestitures of restaurants to assess net new restaurant growth.
Thirteen Weeks EndedThirty-Nine Weeks Ended
September 24,
2022
September 25,
2021
September 24,
2022
September 25,
2021
Domestic Franchised Activity:
Beginning of period1,600 1,415 1,498 1,327 
Openings32 44 137 132 
Closures— (1)(3)(1)
Acquired by Company(1)(3)(1)(3)
Re-franchised by Company— — 
Restaurants end of period1,631 1,461 1,631 1,461 
Domestic Company-Owned Activity:
Beginning of period39 34 36 32 
Openings
Closures— — — — 
Acquired by Company
Re-franchised to franchisees— (6)— (6)
Restaurants end of period42 32 42 32 
Total Domestic Restaurants1,673 1,493 1,673 1,493 
International Franchised Activity:
Beginning of period219 175 197 179 
Openings10 32 16 
Closures(3)(5)(4)(15)
Restaurants end of period225 180 225 180 
Total System-wide Restaurants1,898 1,673 1,898 1,673 
System-wide sales. System-wide sales represents net sales for all of our company-owned and franchised restaurants. This measure allows management to better assess changes in our royalty revenue, our overall store performance, the health of our brand, and the strength of our market position relative to competitors. Our system-wide sales growth is driven by new restaurant openings as well as increases in same store sales.
Domestic average unit volume (“AUV”). Domestic AUV consists of the average annual sales of all restaurants that have been open for a trailing 52-week period or longer. This measure is calculated by dividing sales during the applicable period for all restaurants being measured by the number of restaurants being measured. Domestic AUV includes revenue from both company-owned and franchised restaurants. Domestic AUV allows management to assess our company-owned and franchised restaurant economics. Our domestic AUV growth is primarily driven by increases in same store sales and is also influenced by opening new restaurants.
Domestic same store sales. Domestic same store sales reflects the change in year-over-year sales for the same store base. We define the same store base to include those restaurants open for at least 52 full weeks. This measure highlights the performance of existing restaurants, while excluding the impact of new restaurant openings and closures. We review same store sales for domestic company-owned restaurants as well as system-wide domestic restaurants. Domestic same store sales growth is driven by increases in transactions and average transaction size. Transaction size increases are driven by price increases or favorable mix shift from either an increase in items purchased or shifts into higher priced items.
16


EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA. We define EBITDA as net income before interest expense, net, income tax expense (benefit), and depreciation and amortization. We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income before interest expense, net, income tax expense (benefit), and depreciation and amortization, with further adjustments for losses on debt extinguishment and refinancing transactions, transaction costs, costs and fees associated with investments in our strategic initiatives, gains and losses on the disposal of assets, and stock-based compensation expense. Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled captions of other companies due to differences in methods of calculation. For a reconciliation of net income to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA and for further discussion of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA as non-GAAP measures and how we utilize them, see footnote 2 below.
Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Earnings Per Diluted Share. We define Adjusted net income as net income adjusted for losses on debt extinguishment and refinancing transactions, transaction costs, costs and fees associated with investments in our strategic initiatives, gains and losses on the disposal of assets, and related tax adjustments. We define Adjusted earnings per diluted share as Adjusted net income divided by weighted average diluted share count. For a reconciliation of net income to Adjusted net income and for further discussion of Adjusted net income and Adjusted earnings per diluted share as non-GAAP measures and how we utilize them, see footnote 3 below.
The following table sets forth our key performance indicators for the thirteen and thirty-nine weeks ended September 24, 2022 and September 25, 2021 (in thousands, except unit data):
Thirteen Weeks EndedThirty-Nine Weeks Ended
September 24, 2022September 25, 2021September 24, 2022September 25, 2021
Number of system-wide restaurants open at end of period1,898 1,673 1,898 1,673 
System-wide sales (1)
$699,569 $594,300 $1,963,219 $1,742,829 
Domestic restaurant AUV$1,591 $1,579 $1,591 $1,579 
Domestic same store sales growth6.9 %3.9 %1.6 %8.1 %
Company-owned domestic same store sales growth4.3 %(0.2)%0.3 %2.9 %
Total revenue$92,672 $65,784 $252,654 $210,474 
Net income$13,368 $11,290 $35,351 $35,762 
Adjusted EBITDA (2)
$28,394 $21,399 $74,149 $68,195 
Adjusted net income (3)
$13,550 $8,579 $37,293 $33,051 
(1) The percentage of system-wide sales attributable to company-owned restaurants was 2.9% for both the thirteen weeks ended September 24, 2022 and September 25, 2021, and was 2.9% and 3.1% for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 24, 2022 and September 25, 2021, respectively. The remainder was generated by franchised restaurants, as reported by our franchisees.
(2) EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are supplemental measures of our performance that are not required by, or presented in accordance with, GAAP. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative to net income or any other performance measure derived in accordance with GAAP, or as an alternative to cash flow from operating activities as a measure of our liquidity.
We caution investors that amounts presented in accordance with our definitions of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to similar measures disclosed by our competitors, because not all companies and analysts calculate EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA in the same manner. We present EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA because we consider them to be important supplemental measures of our performance and believe they are frequently used by securities analysts, investors, and other interested parties in the evaluation of companies in our industry. Management believes that investors’ understanding of our performance is enhanced by including these non-GAAP financial measures as a reasonable basis for comparing our ongoing results of operations. Many investors are interested in understanding the performance of our business by comparing our results from ongoing operations on a period-over-period basis and would ordinarily add back non-cash expenses such as depreciation and amortization, as well as items that are not part of normal day-to-day operations of our business.
Management uses EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA:
as a measurement of operating performance because they assist us in comparing the operating performance of our restaurants on a consistent basis, as they remove the impact of items not directly resulting from our core operations;
17


for planning purposes, including the preparation of our internal annual operating budget and financial projections;
to evaluate the performance and effectiveness of our operational strategies;
to evaluate our capacity to fund capital expenditures and expand our business; and
to calculate incentive compensation payments for our employees, including assessing performance under our annual incentive compensation plan and determining the vesting of performance-based equity awards.
By providing these non-GAAP financial measures, together with a reconciliation to the most comparable GAAP measure, we believe we are enhancing investors’ understanding of our business and our results of operations, as well as assisting investors in evaluating how well we are executing our strategic initiatives. In addition, the instruments governing our indebtedness use EBITDA (with additional adjustments) to measure our compliance with covenants, such as our fixed charge coverage, lease adjusted leverage, and debt incurrence. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA have limitations as analytical tools and should not be considered in isolation, or as an alternative to, or a substitute for net income or other financial statement data presented in our consolidated financial statements as indicators of financial performance. Some of the limitations are:
such measures do not reflect our cash expenditures or future requirements for capital expenditures or contractual commitments;
such measures do not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs;
such measures do not reflect the interest expense or the cash requirements necessary to service interest or principal payments on our debt;
such measures do not reflect our tax expense or the cash requirements to pay our taxes;
although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized will often have to be replaced in the future and such measures do not reflect any cash requirements for such replacements; and
other companies in our industry may calculate such measures differently than we do, limiting their usefulness as comparative measures.
Due to these limitations, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as measures of discretionary cash available to us to invest in the growth of our business. We compensate for these limitations by relying primarily on our GAAP results and using these non-GAAP measures only supplementally. As noted in the table below, Adjusted EBITDA includes adjustments for losses on debt extinguishment and refinancing transactions, transaction costs, costs and fees associated with investments in our strategic initiatives, gains and losses on the disposal of assets, and stock-based compensation expense. It is reasonable to expect that these items will occur in future periods. However, we believe these adjustments are appropriate because the amounts recognized can vary significantly from period to period, do not directly relate to the ongoing operations of our restaurants, and complicate comparisons of our internal operating results and operating results of other restaurant companies over time. Each of the normal recurring adjustments and other adjustments described in this paragraph and in the reconciliation table below help management measure our core operating performance over time by removing items that are not related to day-to-day operations.
18


The following table reconciles net income to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA for the thirteen and thirty-nine weeks ended September 24, 2022 and September 25, 2021 (in thousands):
Thirteen Weeks EndedThirty-Nine Weeks Ended
September 24,
2022
September 25,
2021
September 24,
2022
September 25,
2021
Net income$13,368 $11,290 $35,351 $35,762 
Interest expense, net5,742 3,724 15,920 11,230 
Income tax expense (benefit)4,681 5,840 10,596 12,568 
Depreciation and amortization2,836 2,061 7,610 5,379 
EBITDA$26,627 $22,915 $69,477 $64,939 
Additional adjustments:
Loss on debt extinguishment and financing transaction costs (a)
— — 1,124 — 
Loss (gain) on disposal of assets (b)
239 (3,567)1,006 (3,567)
Consulting fees (c)
— — 425 — 
Stock-based compensation expense (d)
1,528 2,051 2,117 6,823 
Adjusted EBITDA$28,394 $21,399 $74,149 $68,195 
(a) Represents costs and expenses related to our 2022 securitized financing facility and payment of a special dividend, as well as the extinguishment of our 2020 variable funding note facility; all transaction costs are included in Loss on debt extinguishment during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 24, 2022, with the exception of $310,000 that is included in Selling, general and administrative on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.
(b) Represents a loss (gain) resulting from the sale of assets to a franchisee. This loss (gain) is included in Loss (gain) on disposal of assets in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.
(c) Represents costs and expenses related to a consulting project to support the Company's strategic initiatives, which are included in Selling, general and administrative on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.
(d) Includes non-cash, stock-based compensation, net of forfeitures.

(3) Adjusted net income and adjusted earnings per diluted share are supplemental measures of operating performance that do not represent and should not be considered alternatives to net income and earnings per share, as determined by GAAP. These measures have not been prepared in accordance with Article 11 of Regulation S-X promulgated under the Securities Act. Management believes adjusted net income and adjusted earnings per diluted share supplement GAAP measures and enable management to more effectively evaluate the Company’s performance period-over-period and relative to competitors.

19


The following table reconciles net income to Adjusted net income and calculates adjusted earnings per diluted share for the thirteen and thirty-nine weeks ended September 24, 2022 and September 25, 2021 (in thousands):

Thirteen Weeks EndedThirty-Nine Weeks Ended
September 24,
2022
September 25,
2021
September 24,
2022
September 25,
2021
Numerator:
Net income$13,368 $11,290 $35,351 $35,762 
Adjustments:
Loss on debt extinguishment and financing transactions (a)
— — 1,124 — 
Loss (gain) on disposal of assets (b)
239 (3,567)1,006 (3,567)
Consulting fees (c)
— — 425 — 
Tax effect of adjustments (d)
(57)856 (613)856 
Adjusted net income$13,550 $8,579 $37,293 $33,051 
Denominator:
Weighted-average shares outstanding - diluted29,967 29,963 29,951 29,936 
Adjusted earnings per diluted share$0.45 $0.29 $1.25 $1.10 
(a) Represents costs and expenses related to our 2022 securitized financing facility and payment of a special dividend, as well as the extinguishment of our 2020 variable funding note facility; all transaction costs are included in Loss on debt extinguishment during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 24, 2022, with the exception of $310,000 that is included in Selling, general and administrative on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.
(b) Represents a loss (gain) resulting from the sale of assets to a franchisee. This loss (gain) is included in Loss on disposal of assets in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.
(c) Represents costs and expenses related to a consulting project to support the Company's strategic initiatives, which are included in Selling, general and administrative on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

(d) Represents the tax effect of the aforementioned adjustments to reflect corporate income taxes at an assumed effective tax rate of 24% for the thirteen and thirty-nine weeks ended September 24, 2022 and September 25, 2021, which includes provisions for U.S. federal income taxes, and assumes the respective statutory rates for applicable state and local jurisdictions.
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Results of Operations
Thirteen Weeks Ended September 24, 2022 compared to Thirteen Weeks Ended September 25, 2021
The following table sets forth our results of operations for the thirteen weeks ended September 24, 2022 and September 25, 2021 (dollars in thousands):
Thirteen Weeks EndedIncrease / (Decrease)
September 24,
2022
September 25,
2021
$%
Revenue:
Royalty revenue, franchise fees and other$40,363 $32,829 $7,534 22.9 %
Advertising fees32,146 15,575 16,571 106.4 %
Company-owned restaurant sales20,163 17,380 2,783 16.0 %
Total revenue92,672 65,784 26,888 40.9 %
Costs and expenses:
Cost of sales (1)
15,724 15,206 518 3.4 %
Advertising expenses33,106 16,232 16,874 104.0 %
Selling, general and administrative16,686 15,020 1,666 11.1 %
Depreciation and amortization2,836 2,061 775 37.6 %
Loss (gain) on disposal of assets239 (3,567)3,806 (106.7)%
Total costs and expenses68,591 44,952 23,639 52.6 %
Operating income24,081 20,832 3,249 15.6 %
Interest expense, net5,742 3,724 2,018 54.2 %
Other expense (income)290 (22)312 NM*
Income before income tax expense18,049 17,130 919 5.4 %
Income tax expense4,681 5,840 (1,159)(19.8)%
Net income$13,368 $11,290 $2,078 18.4 %
* Not meaningful.
(1) Cost of sales includes all operating expenses of company-owned restaurants, including advertising expenses, and excludes depreciation and amortization, which are presented separately.

Total revenue. During the thirteen weeks ended September 24, 2022, total revenue was $92.7 million, an increase of $26.9 million, or 40.9%, compared to $65.8 million in the comparable period in 2021. Royalty revenue, franchise fees and other increased $7.5 million, of which $3.6 million was due to 215 net franchise restaurant openings since September 25, 2021, and $3.2 million was due to domestic same store sales growth of 6.9%. Advertising fees increased $16.6 million due to an increase in the national advertising fund contribution rate to 5% from 4% effective the first day of the fiscal second quarter 2022, as well as the 17.7% increase in system-wide sales in the fiscal third quarter 2022 compared to the fiscal third quarter 2021. Additionally, during the fiscal third quarter 2021, a $6.9 million non-recurring rebate of advertising surplus was returned to franchisees, reducing the revenue recognized. Company-owned restaurant sales increased $2.8 million due to an increase of $2.3 million related to the addition of nine net new company-owned restaurants compared to the prior year comparable period, as well as a 4.3% increase in company-owned same store sales, which was driven by an increase in menu prices and an increase in transactions.
Cost of sales. During the thirteen weeks ended September 24, 2022, cost of sales was $15.7 million, an increase of $0.5 million, or 3.4%, compared to $15.2 million in the comparable period in 2021. Cost of sales as a percentage of company-owned restaurant sales was 78.0% in the fiscal third quarter 2022, compared to 87.5% in the fiscal third quarter 2021.

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The table below presents the major components of cost of sales (dollars in thousands):
Thirteen Weeks Ended
September 24, 2022September 25, 2021
In dollarsAs a % of company-owned restaurant salesIn dollarsAs a % of company-owned restaurant sales
Cost of sales:
Food, beverage and packaging costs7,504 37.2 %8,353 48.1 %
Labor costs4,652 23.1 %4,269 24.6 %
Other restaurant operating expenses3,842 19.1 %2,781 16.0 %
Vendor rebates(441)(2.2)%(396)(2.3)%
Cost of sales (excluding pre-opening expenses)15,557 77.2 %15,007 86.3 %
Pre-opening expenses167 0.8 %199 1.1 %
Total cost of sales15,724 78.0 %15,206 87.5 %
Food, beverage and packaging costs as a percentage of company-owned restaurant sales were 37.2% in the thirteen weeks ended September 24, 2022, compared to 48.1% in the comparable period in 2021. The decrease was primarily due to a 42.7% decrease in the cost of bone-in chicken wings as compared to the prior year period. This decrease was partially offset by inflation in other food costs during the fiscal third quarter 2022.

Labor costs as a percentage of company-owned restaurant sales were 23.1% for the thirteen weeks ended September 24, 2022, compared to 24.6% in the comparable period in 2021. The decrease as a percentage of company-owned restaurant sales was primarily due to our ability to leverage costs due to the company-owned domestic same store sales increase of 4.3%. This was partially offset by higher wage rates in the company-owned restaurants recently opened in New York City, as well as increases in company-owned restaurant wages as a result of the ongoing competitive labor market during the fiscal third quarter 2022.
Other restaurant operating expenses as a percentage of company-owned restaurant sales were 19.1% for the thirteen weeks ended September 24, 2022, compared to 16.0% in the comparable period in 2021. The increase as a percentage of company-owned restaurant sales was primarily a result of higher rent and occupancy costs associated with company-owned restaurants recently opened in New York City during the fiscal third quarter 2022.
Advertising expenses. During the thirteen weeks ended September 24, 2022, advertising expenses were $33.1 million, an increase of $16.9 million compared to $16.2 million in the comparable period in 2021. Advertising expenses are recognized at the same time the related revenue is recognized, which does not necessarily correlate to the actual timing of the related advertising spend.

Selling, general and administrative (SG&A). During the thirteen weeks ended September 24, 2022, SG&A expense was $16.7 million, an increase of $1.7 million compared to $15.0 million in the comparable period in 2021. The increase of SG&A expense was primarily due to an increase of $1.0 million in headcount related expenses to support the growth in our business, as well as an increase of $0.4 million in professional fees to support the Company’s strategic initiatives. These increases were partially offset by a decrease of $0.5 million in stock-based compensation expense related to stock awards forfeited during the fiscal third quarter 2022.
Depreciation and amortization. During the thirteen weeks ended September 24, 2022, depreciation expense was $2.8 million, an increase of $0.8 million compared to $2.1 million in the comparable period in 2021. The increase in depreciation and amortization was primarily due to capital expenditures related to our technology investments.
Loss (gain) on disposal of assets. During the thirteen weeks ended September 24, 2022, loss on disposal of assets was $0.2 million related to the sale of restaurant assets to a franchisee. In the comparable period in 2021, gain on disposal of assets was $3.6 million related to the sale of six company-owned restaurants to a franchisee.
Interest expense, net. During the thirteen weeks ended September 24, 2022, interest expense, net was $5.7 million, an increase of $2.0 million compared to $3.7 million of interest expense, net in the comparable period in 2021. The increase was due to the securitized financing transaction completed on March 9, 2022, which increased our outstanding debt by $250 million.
Income tax expense. During the thirteen weeks ended September 24, 2022, we recognized income tax expense of $4.7 million yielding an effective tax rate of 25.9%, compared to an effective tax rate of 34.1% in the prior year period. The decrease in the
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effective tax rate was primarily due to the impact of nondeductible expenses for executive compensation during the prior year comparable period.
Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended September 24, 2022 compared to Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended September 25, 2021
The following table sets forth our results of operations for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 24, 2022 and September 25, 2021 (dollars in thousands):
Thirty-Nine Weeks EndedIncrease / (Decrease)
September 24,
2022
September 25,
2021
$%
Revenue:
Royalty revenue, franchise fees and other$111,477 $97,570 $13,907 14.3 %
Advertising fees83,672 59,672 24,000 40.2 %
Company-owned restaurant sales57,505 53,232 4,273 8.0 %
Total revenue252,654 210,474 42,180 20.0 %
Costs and expenses:
Cost of sales (1)
46,297 42,692 3,605 8.4 %
Advertising expenses85,958 61,560 24,398 39.6 %
Selling, general and administrative48,721 44,872 3,849 8.6 %
Depreciation and amortization7,610 5,379 2,231 41.5 %
Loss (gain) on disposal of assets