10-Q 1 wmg-20220331.htm 10-Q wmg-20220331
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 001-32502

Warner Music Group Corp.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
13-4271875
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
1633 Broadway
New York, NY 10019
(Address of principal executive offices)
(212) 275-2000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
___________________________________________________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock, $0.001 par value per shareWMGThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.)    Yes      No  ☒
As of May 4, 2022, there were 137,198,372 shares of Class A Common Stock and 377,650,449 shares of Class B Common Stock of the registrant outstanding.




WARNER MUSIC GROUP CORP.
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2022
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Number




PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Warner Music Group Corp.
Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)
March 31,
2022
September 30,
2021
(in millions, except share data)
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and equivalents$385 $499 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $22 million and $20 million
914 839 
Inventories94 99 
Royalty advances expected to be recouped within one year437 373 
Prepaid and other current assets82 86 
Total current assets1,912 1,896 
Royalty advances expected to be recouped after one year534 457 
Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $452 million and $419 million
386 364 
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net253 268 
Goodwill1,922 1,830 
Intangible assets subject to amortization, net2,411 2,017 
Intangible assets not subject to amortization152 154 
Deferred tax assets, net22 31 
Other assets189 194 
Total assets$7,781 $7,211 
Liabilities and Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$320 $302 
Accrued royalties1,908 1,880 
Accrued liabilities371 461 
Accrued interest18 14 
Operating lease liabilities, current40 43 
Deferred revenue239 348 
Other current liabilities235 102 
Total current liabilities3,131 3,150 
Long-term debt3,829 3,346 
Operating lease liabilities, noncurrent269 287 
Deferred tax liabilities, net236 207 
Other noncurrent liabilities143 175 
Total liabilities$7,608 $7,165 
Equity:
Class A common stock, $0.001 par value; 1,000,000,000 shares authorized, 137,198,372 and 122,414,827 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and September 30, 2021, respectively
$ $ 
Class B common stock, $0.001 par value; 1,000,000,000 shares authorized, 377,650,449 and 391,970,996 issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and September 30, 2021, respectively
1 1 
Additional paid-in capital1,971 1,942 
Accumulated deficit(1,587)(1,710)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net(231)(202)
Total Warner Music Group Corp. equity154 31 
Noncontrolling interest19 15 
Total equity173 46 
Total liabilities and equity$7,781 $7,211 
See accompanying notes
1


Warner Music Group Corp.
Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
2022202120222021
(in millions, except share and per share data)
Revenue$1,376 $1,250 $2,990 $2,585 
Costs and expenses:
Cost of revenue(697)(623)(1,515)(1,309)
Selling, general and administrative expenses (a)(444)(418)(941)(819)
Amortization expense(69)(58)(129)(110)
Total costs and expenses(1,210)(1,099)(2,585)(2,238)
Operating income166 151 405 347 
Interest expense, net(32)(32)(62)(63)
Other (expense) income(8)49 46 18 
Income before income taxes126 168 389 302 
Income tax expense(34)(51)(109)(86)
Net income92 117 280 216 
Less: Income attributable to noncontrolling interest  (1)(1)
Net income attributable to Warner Music Group Corp.$92 $117 $279 $215 
Net income per share attributable to common stockholders:
Class A – Basic and Diluted$0.18 $0.23 $0.53 $0.41 
Class B – Basic and Diluted$0.18 $0.22 $0.53 $0.41 
Weighted average common shares:
Class A – Basic and Diluted136,349,147113,623,893130,159,145103,922,919
Class B – Basic and Diluted378,431,527400,705,856384,441,906408,669,332
(a) Includes depreciation expense:$(20)$(19)$(41)$(38)
See accompanying notes
2


Warner Music Group Corp.
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
2022202120222021
(in millions)
Net income$92 $117 $280 $216 
Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax:
Foreign currency adjustment(25)(27)(50)7 
Deferred gain on derivative financial instruments14 3 21 6 
Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax(11)(24)(29)13 
Total comprehensive income81 93 251 229 
Less: Income attributable to noncontrolling interest  (1)(1)
Comprehensive income attributable to Warner Music Group Corp.
$81 $93 $250 $228 
See accompanying notes
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Warner Music Group Corp.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
Six Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
(in millions)
Cash flows from operating activities
Net income$280 $216 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization170 148 
Unrealized (gains) losses and remeasurement of foreign-denominated loans and foreign currency forward exchange contracts(57)4 
Deferred income taxes30 14 
Net loss (gain) on divestitures and investments28 (32)
Non-cash interest expense3 2 
Non-cash stock-based compensation expense30 21 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable, net(82)(4)
Inventories1 1 
Royalty advances(123)(53)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities(64)(119)
Royalty payables55 96 
Accrued interest4  
Operating lease liabilities(7)(1)
Deferred revenue(107)(3)
Other balance sheet changes12 29 
Net cash provided by operating activities173 319 
Cash flows from investing activities
Acquisition of music publishing rights and music catalogs, net(169)(327)
Capital expenditures(62)(38)
Investments and acquisitions of businesses, net of cash received(429)(39)
Proceeds from the sale of investments11  
Net cash used in investing activities(649)(404)
Cash flows from financing activities
Proceeds from issuance of 3.750% Senior Secured Notes due 2029
535  
Proceeds from issuance of 3.000% Senior Secured Notes due 2031
 244 
Deferred financing costs paid(5)(4)
Distribution to noncontrolling interest holders(1)(1)
Dividends paid(156)(125)
Cash paid to settle contingent consideration(4) 
Taxes paid related to net share settlement of restricted stock units(6) 
Net cash provided by financing activities363 114 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and equivalents(1)6 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and equivalents(114)35 
Cash and equivalents at beginning of period499 553 
Cash and equivalents at end of period$385 $588 
See accompanying notes
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Warner Music Group Corp.
Consolidated Statements of Equity (Unaudited)
Six Months Ended March 31, 2022
Class A
Common Stock
Class B
Common Stock
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Total
Warner Music
Group Corp. Equity
Non-controlling
Interest
Total Equity
SharesValueSharesValue
(in millions, except share and per share data)
Balance at September 30, 2021122,414,827 $ 391,970,996 $1 $1,942 $(1,710)$(202)$31 $15 $46 
Net income— — — — — 279 — 279 1 280 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax— — — — — — (29)(29)— (29)
Dividends ($0.30 per share)
— — — — — (156)— (156)— (156)
Stock-based compensation expense— — — — 35 — — 35 — 35 
Distribution to noncontrolling interest holders— — — — — — — — (1)(1)
Vesting of restricted stock units, net of shares withheld for employee taxes276,565 — — — (6)— — (6)— (6)
Conversion of Class B shares to Class A shares14,320,547 — (14,320,547)— — — — — — — 
Shares issued under Omnibus Incentive Plan186,433 — — — — — — — — — 
Other— — — — — — — — 4 4 
Balance at March 31, 2022137,198,372 $ 377,650,449 $1 $1,971 $(1,587)$(231)$154 $19 $173 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
Class A
Common Stock
Class B
Common Stock
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Total
Warner Music
Group Corp. Equity
Non-controlling
Interest
Total Equity
SharesValueSharesValue
(in millions, except share and per share data)
Balance at December 31, 2021127,236,783 $ 387,300,086 $1 $1,973 $(1,601)$(220)$153 $19 $172 
Net income— — — — — 92 — 92  92 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax— — — — — — (11)(11)— (11)
Dividends ($0.15 per share)
— — — — — (78)— (78)— (78)
Stock-based compensation expense— — — — 4 — — 4 — 4 
Vesting of restricted stock units, net of shares withheld for employee taxes276,565 — — — (6)— — (6)— (6)
Conversion of Class B Shares to Class A shares9,649,637 — (9,649,637)— — — — — — — 
Shares issued under Omnibus Incentive Plan35,387 — — — — — — — — — 
Balance at March 31, 2022137,198,372 $ 377,650,449 $1 $1,971 $(1,587)$(231)$154 $19 $173 
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Six Months Ended March 31, 2021
Class A
Common Stock
Class B
Common Stock
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Total
Warner Music
Group Corp. Equity (Deficit)
Non-controlling
Interest
Total Equity (Deficit)
SharesValueSharesValue
(in millions, except share and per share data)
Balance at September 30, 202088,578,361 $ 421,450,000 $1 $1,907 $(1,749)$(222)$(63)$18 $(45)
Net income— — — — — 215 — 215 1 216 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax— — — — — — 13 13 — 13 
Dividends ($0.24 per share)
— — — — — (125)— (125)— (125)
Stock-based compensation expense— — — — 17 — — 17 — 17 
Distribution to noncontrolling interest holders— — — — — — — — (3)(3)
Exchange of Class B shares for Class A shares19,234,103 — (19,234,106)— — — — — — — 
Shares issued under the Plan4,321,259 — — — — — — — — — 
Conversion of Class B shares4,754,626 — (4,754,626)— — — — — — — 
Shares issued under Omnibus Incentive Plan33,062 — — — — — — — — — 
Balance at March 31, 2021116,921,411 $ 397,461,268 $1 $1,924 $(1,659)$(209)$57 $16 $73 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
Class A
Common Stock
Class B
Common Stock
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Total
Warner Music
Group Corp. Equity
Non-controlling
Interest
Total Equity
SharesValueSharesValue
(in millions, except share and per share data)
Balance at December 31, 2020111,167,356 $ 403,184,814 $1 $1,913 $(1,713)$(185)$16 $17 $33 
Net income— — — — — 117 — 117 — 117 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax— — — — — — (24)(24)— (24)
Dividends ($0.12 per share)
— — — — — (63)— (63)— (63)
Stock-based compensation expense— — — — 11 — — 11 — 11 
Distribution to noncontrolling interest holders— — — — — — — — (1)(1)
Exchange of Class B shares for Class A shares968,920 — (968,920)— — — — — — — 
Conversion of Class B shares4,754,626 — (4,754,626)— — — — — — — 
Shares issued under Omnibus Incentive Plan30,509 — — — — — — — — — 
Balance at March 31, 2021116,921,411 $ 397,461,268 $1 $1,924 $(1,659)$(209)$57 $16 $73 
See accompanying notes
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Warner Music Group Corp.
Notes to Consolidated Interim Financial Statements (Unaudited)
1. Description of Business
Warner Music Group Corp. (the “Company”) was formed on November 21, 2003. The Company is the direct parent of WMG Holdings Corp. (“Holdings”), which is the direct parent of WMG Acquisition Corp. (“Acquisition Corp.”). Acquisition Corp. is one of the world’s major music entertainment companies.
Initial Public Offering
On June 5, 2020, the Company completed an initial public offering (“IPO”) of Class A common stock of the Company, par value $0.001 per share (“Class A Common Stock”). The Company listed these shares on the NASDAQ stock market under the ticker symbol “WMG.” The offering consisted entirely of secondary shares sold by Access Industries, LLC (collectively with its affiliates, “Access”) and certain related selling stockholders.
Access continues to hold all of the Class B common stock of the Company, par value $0.001 per share (“Class B Common Stock”), representing approximately 98% of the total combined voting power of the Company’s outstanding common stock and approximately 73% of the economic interest as of March 31, 2022. As a result, the Company is a “controlled company” within the meaning of the corporate governance standards of NASDAQ.
Recorded Music Operations
Our Recorded Music business primarily consists of the discovery and development of recording artists and the related marketing, promotion, distribution, sale and licensing of music created by such recording artists. We play an integral role in virtually all aspects of the recorded music value chain from discovering and developing talent to producing, distributing and selling music to marketing and promoting recording artists and their music.
Music Publishing Operations
While Recorded Music is focused on marketing, promoting, distributing and licensing a particular recording of a musical composition, Music Publishing is an intellectual property business focused on generating revenue from uses of the musical composition itself. In return for promoting, placing, marketing and administering the creative output of a songwriter, or engaging in those activities for other rightsholders, our Music Publishing business shares the revenues generated from use of the musical compositions with the songwriter or other rightsholders.
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Interim Financial Statements
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and notes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three and six months ended March 31, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2022.
The consolidated balance sheet at September 30, 2021 has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements at that date but does not include all the information and notes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements.
For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2021 (File No. 001-32502).
Basis of Consolidation
The accompanying financial statements present the consolidated accounts of all entities in which the Company has a controlling voting interest and/or variable interest required to be consolidated in accordance with U.S. GAAP. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.
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Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 810, Consolidation (“ASC 810”) requires the Company first evaluate its investments to determine if any investments qualify as a variable interest entity (“VIE”). A VIE is consolidated if the Company is deemed to be the primary beneficiary of the VIE, which is the party involved with the VIE that has both (i) the power to control the most significant activities of the VIE and (ii) either the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits that could potentially be significant to the VIE. If an entity is not deemed to be a VIE, the Company consolidates the entity if the Company has a controlling voting interest.
The Company maintains a 52-53 week fiscal year ending on the last Friday in each reporting period. The fiscal year ended September 30, 2022 includes 53 weeks, and the fiscal year ended September 30, 2021 included 52 weeks. The additional week in fiscal year 2022 fell in the fiscal quarter ended December 31, 2021. Accordingly, the results of operations for the six months ended March 31, 2022 reflect 27 weeks compared to 26 weeks for the six months ended March 31, 2021.
All references to March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021 relate to the periods ended April 1, 2022 and March 26, 2021, respectively, and both periods include 13 weeks. For convenience purposes, the Company continues to date its second-quarter financial statements as of March 31. The fiscal year ended September 30, 2021 ended on September 24, 2021.
The Company has performed a review of all subsequent events through the date the financial statements were issued and has determined that no additional disclosures are necessary.
Common Stock
On February 28, 2020, the Company amended its certificate of incorporation to increase its authorized capital stock to 2,100,000,000 shares, consisting of 1,000,000,000 shares of Class A Common Stock, 1,000,000,000 shares of Class B Common Stock, and 100,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $1.00 per share. In addition, the February 28, 2020 amendment to the Company’s certificate of incorporation also gave effect to the reclassification and 477,242.614671815-for-1 stock split of the Company’s existing common stock outstanding into 510,000,000 shares of Class B Common Stock. Upon completion of the IPO and the exercise in full of the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares, 88,550,000 shares of Class A Common Stock, 421,450,000 shares of Class B Common Stock and no shares of preferred stock were outstanding.
In connection with the IPO, the Company’s board of directors and stockholders approved the Warner Music Group Corp. 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan, or the “Omnibus Incentive Plan.” The Omnibus Incentive Plan provides for the grant of incentive common stock, stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units (“RSUs”), performance awards and stock appreciation rights to employees, consultants and directors. The aggregate number of shares of common stock available for issuance under the Omnibus Incentive Plan is 31,169,099 shares of Class A Common Stock over the 10-year period from the date of adoption, including up to 1,000,000 shares of our Class A Common Stock in connection with the IPO.
Since the IPO, a total of 527,565 shares of Class A Common Stock have been issued under the Omnibus Incentive Plan. During the three and six months ended March 31, 2022, 311,952 and 462,998 shares, respectively, were issued, both of which include common shares issued in connection with the vesting of RSUs in January 2022 as described below. During the three and six months ended March 31, 2021, 30,509 and 33,062 shares, respectively, were issued.
During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company satisfied the vesting of RSUs issued to employees in fiscal 2021 in connection with the IPO by issuing 276,565 shares of Class A Common Stock under the Omnibus Incentive Plan, which is net of shares used to settle employee income tax obligations.
During the six months ended March 31, 2022, an aggregate of 14,320,547 shares of Class B Common Stock were converted to Class A Common Stock. In connection with the Senior Management Free Cash Flow Plan (the “Plan”), a remaining Plan participant redeemed a portion of vested Class B equity units of the LLC holding company, WMG Management Holdings, LLC (“Management LLC”). These Class B equity units were redeemed in exchange for a total of 510,165 shares of Class B Common Stock, which shares of Class B Common Stock converted to shares of Class A Common Stock upon the exchange. Additionally, during the six months ended March 31, 2022, Access converted 13,810,382 shares of Class B Common Stock to the same number of shares of Class A Common Stock, which is reflected as a conversion of Class B Common Stock in the consolidated statements of equity for the six months ended March 31, 2022.
Earnings per Share
The consolidated statements of operations present basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”). The Company utilizes the two-class method to report earnings per share. The two-class method is an earnings allocation formula that determines earnings per share for each class of common stock according to dividends declared and participation rights in undistributed earnings. Undistributed
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earnings allocated to participating securities are subtracted from net income in determining net income attributable to common stockholders.
Stock-Based Compensation
The Company accounts for stock-based payments in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation—Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”). Stock-based compensation consists primarily of restricted stock units (“RSUs”) granted to eligible employees and executives under the Omnibus Incentive Plan. The Company measures compensation expense for RSUs based on the fair value of the award on the date of grant. The grant date fair value is based on the closing market price of the Company’s Class A Common Stock on the date of grant. The Company accounts for forfeitures as they occur. Stock-based compensation is recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period, which is generally four years except for certain one-year awards issued in connection with the IPO, which vested in January 2022.
The Company also grants unvested restricted stock to the Company’s directors. The Company recognizes stock-based compensation expense equal to the grant date fair value of the restricted stock, based on the closing stock price on grant date, on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the awards, which is generally one year.
The Company also recognizes stock-based compensation under the Plan. The awards outstanding under the Plan are equity-classified.
The Company recognized approximately $6 million and $30 million of non-cash stock-based compensation expense for the three and six months ended March 31, 2022, respectively, of which $4 million and $26 million was recorded to additional paid-in capital, and a remaining $4 million has been classified as a share-based compensation liability as of March 31, 2022. The share-based compensation liability represents executive awards that have not yet been granted under the Omnibus Incentive Plan, where a total value is known and settlement will occur in a variable number of RSUs. During the three and six months ended March 31, 2022, $9 million was reclassified from share-based compensation liability to additional paid-in capital, representing the grant date fair value of RSUs granted which were previously classified as a share-based compensation liability as of September 30, 2021. The Company recognized approximately $15 million and $21 million of non-cash stock-based compensation expense for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021, respectively.
Income Taxes
The Company uses the estimated annual effective tax rate method in computing its interim tax provision. Certain items, including those deemed to be unusual and infrequent are excluded from the estimated annual effective tax rate. In such cases, the actual tax expense or benefit is reported in the same period as the related item. Certain tax effects are also not reflected in the estimated annual effective tax rate, primarily certain changes in the realizability of deferred tax assets and uncertain tax positions.
New Accounting Pronouncements
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (“ASU 2019-12”). This ASU eliminates certain exceptions to the general principles in ASC 740, Income Taxes. Specifically, it eliminates the exception to (1) the incremental approach for intraperiod tax allocation when there is a loss from continuing operations, and income or a gain from other items; (2) the requirement to recognize a deferred tax liability for equity method investments when a foreign subsidiary becomes an equity method investment; (3) the ability not to recognize a deferred tax liability for a foreign subsidiary when a foreign equity method investment becomes a subsidiary; and (4) the general methodology for calculating income taxes in an interim period when a year-to-date loss exceeds the anticipated loss for the year. ASU 2019-12 also simplifies U.S. GAAP by making other changes. The Company adopted ASU 2019-12 in the first quarter of fiscal 2022 and this adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Debt—Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity's Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity (“ASU 2020-06”). ASU 2020-06 simplifies the accounting for convertible instruments by eliminating the cash conversion and beneficial conversion feature models used to separately account for embedded conversion features as a component of equity. Instead, the entity will account for the convertible debt or convertible preferred stock securities as a single unit of account, unless the conversion feature requires bifurcation and recognition as derivatives. Additionally, the guidance requires entities to use the if-converted method for all convertible instruments in the diluted earnings per share calculation and include the effect of potential share settlement for instruments that may be settled in cash or shares. The Company adopted ASU 2020-06 in the first quarter of fiscal year 2022 and this adoption did not have any impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
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In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting (“ASU 2020-04”). The amendment provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying U.S. GAAP to contracts, hedging relationships and other transactions affected by the discontinuation of the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) or by another reference rate expected to be discontinued because of reference rate reform, if certain criteria are met. In January 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-01, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Scope, which clarified that certain optional expedients and exceptions in Topic 848 apply to derivative instruments that are affected by the discounting transition due to reference rate reform. These ASUs were effective upon issuance and may be applied prospectively to contract modifications and hedging relationships entered into or evaluated through December 31, 2022. The discontinuation of LIBOR will impact the Senior Term Loan Facility and Revolving Credit Facility as well as a pay-fixed receive-variable interest rate swap which will be outstanding as of the effective date of the discontinuation. The Company is in the process of evaluating the effect that the adoption of these standards will have on its consolidated financial statements, but does not expect it will have a material effect.
3. Earnings per Share
The Company utilizes the two-class method to report earnings per share. Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income available to each class of stock by the weighted average number of outstanding common shares for each class of stock. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net income available to each class of stock by the weighted average number of outstanding common shares, plus dilutive potential common shares, which is calculated using the treasury-stock method. Under the treasury-stock method, potential common shares are excluded from the computation of EPS in periods in which they have an anti-dilutive effect. The potentially dilutive common shares did not have a dilutive effect on the Company’s EPS calculation for the three and six months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
The Company allocates dividends declared to Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock based on timing and amounts actually declared for each class of stock and the undistributed earnings are allocated to Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock pro rata on a basic weighted average shares outstanding basis since the two classes of stock participate equally on a per share basis upon liquidation.
The Class B Common Stock issued to Management LLC for the exercise of the vested deferred equity units is included in the basic weighted average number of outstanding shares of Class B Common Stock. Upon issuance to the participants in the Plan, the Class B Common Stock will be converted into Class A Common Stock and included in the basic weighted average number of outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock. Since the shares expected to satisfy the vested portion of the deferred equity units are already included in the basic weighted average number of outstanding common shares, there is no potential dilutive effect associated with the vested portion of these stock-based compensation awards. Refer to Note 2 for a description of current period activity.
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The following table sets forth the calculation of basic and diluted net income per common share under the two-class method for the three and six months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 (in millions, except share and per share data):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Class AClass BClass AClass B
Basic and Diluted EPS:
Numerator
Net income attributable to Warner Music Group Corp.$25 $67 $27 $90 
Less: Net income attributable to participating securities(1) (1) 
Net income attributable to common stockholders$24 $67 $26 $90 
Denominator
Weighted average shares outstanding136,349,147 378,431,527 113,623,893 400,705,856 
Basic and Diluted EPS$0.18 $0.18 $0.23 $0.22 
Six Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Class AClass BClass AClass B
Basic and Diluted EPS:
Numerator
Net income attributable to Warner Music Group Corp.$73 $206 $46 $169 
Less: Net income attributable to participating securities(4) (3) 
Net income attributable to common stockholders$69 $206 $43 $169 
Denominator
Weighted average shares outstanding130,159,145 384,441,906 103,922,919 408,669,332 
Basic and Diluted EPS$0.53 $0.53 $0.41 $0.41 
4. Revenue Recognition
For our operating segments, Recorded Music and Music Publishing, the Company accounts for a contract when it has legally enforceable rights and obligations and collectability of consideration is probable. The Company identifies the performance obligations and determines the transaction price associated with the contract, which is then allocated to each performance obligation, using management’s best estimate of standalone selling price for arrangements with multiple performance obligations. Revenue is recognized when, or as, control of the promised services or goods is transferred to the Company’s customers, and in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company is contractually due in exchange for those services or goods. An estimate of variable consideration is included in the transaction price if, in the Company’s judgment, it is probable that a significant future reversal of cumulative revenue under the contract will not occur. Certain of the Company’s arrangements include licenses of intellectual property with consideration in the form of sales- and usage-based royalties. Royalty revenue is recognized when the subsequent sale or usage occurs using the best estimates available of the amounts that will be received by the Company.
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Disaggregation of Revenue