Company Quick10K Filing
Whitestone REIT
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$0.00 41 $513
10-Q 2019-11-04 Quarter: 2019-09-30
10-Q 2019-11-13 Quarter: 2019-09-30
10-Q 2019-08-05 Quarter: 2019-06-30
10-Q 2019-08-14 Quarter: 2019-06-30
10-Q 2019-05-09 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-Q 2019-05-15 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2019-03-15 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-K 2019-04-01 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-11-14 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-05-14 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2018-03-29 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-18 Quarter: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-11-13 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-08-11 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-05-15 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2017-03-22 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-10-24 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-08-12 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-05-13 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2016-02-05 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-11-06 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-08-07 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-04-23 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2015-02-11 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-11-04 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-08-12 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-04-18 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2014-02-04 Annual: 2013-12-31
10-Q 2013-11-14 Quarter: 2013-09-30
10-Q 2013-08-12 Quarter: 2013-06-30
10-Q 2013-05-10 Quarter: 2013-03-31
10-K 2013-02-08 Annual: 2012-12-31
10-Q 2012-11-09 Quarter: 2012-09-30
10-Q 2012-08-10 Quarter: 2012-06-30
10-Q 2012-05-01 Quarter: 2012-03-31
10-Q 2011-11-10 Quarter: 2011-09-30
10-Q 2011-08-12 Quarter: 2011-06-30
10-Q 2011-05-12 Quarter: 2011-03-31
10-K 2011-02-14 Annual: 2010-12-31
10-Q 2010-10-22 Quarter: 2010-09-30
10-Q 2010-08-11 Quarter: 2010-06-30
10-Q 2010-05-06 Quarter: 2010-03-31
10-K 2010-02-26 Annual: 2009-12-31
8-K 2019-10-30 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-10-11 M&A, Exhibits
8-K 2019-07-31 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-07-12 Officers
8-K 2019-05-31 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-23 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-05-16 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-05-01 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-08 Officers
8-K 2019-03-28 Enter Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-27 Earnings, Amendment, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-06 Enter Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-03 M&A, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-20 Other Events
8-K 2018-08-15 Amendment
8-K 2018-08-14 Officers
8-K 2018-05-09 Shareholder Vote
WSR 2019-09-30
Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Conditions and Results of Operations
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II. Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 exhibit311certificationofc.htm
EX-31.2 exhibit312certificationofc.htm
EX-32.1 exhibit321certificationofc.htm

Whitestone REIT Earnings 2019-09-30

WSR 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

Comparables ($MM TTM)
Ticker M Cap Assets Liab Rev G Profit Net Inc EBITDA EV G Margin EV/EBITDA ROA
SNR 580 2,215 1,941 470 0 -128 65 2,394 0% 36.8 -6%
OLP 556 798 503 82 0 19 62 538 0% 8.6 2%
UMH 538 915 385 139 126 -22 30 529 90% 17.5 -2%
WMC 538 5,534 4,974 0 0 42 196 369 1.9 1%
WSR 513 1,013 675 124 18 23 72 1,131 14% 15.7 2%
CORR 509 601 126 89 82 42 79 556 92% 7.1 7%
CIO 491 1,150 773 146 0 -7 80 1,175 0% 14.8 -1%
PEI 480 2,375 1,912 351 211 -100 95 1,001 60% 10.6 -4%
JCAP 476 703 116 39 0 65 71 506 0% 7.1 9%
AJX 425 1,531 1,186 0 0 36 102 369 3.6 2%

10-Q 1 psr10-q2019x09.htm 10-Q Document
  UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
[X]
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2019
 
OR
 
[  ]
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from ____________ to ____________
 
Commission File Number 001-15409
PILLARSTONE CAPITAL REIT
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
Maryland
 
 39-6594066
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(IRS Employer
incorporation or organization)
 
Identification No.)
 
2600 South Gessner, Suite 555
Houston, Texas 77063
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(832) 810-0100
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes [X]    No [  ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes [ X ]    No [ ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,”, “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer [  ]
 
Accelerated filer [  ]
Non-accelerated filer [ X ]
 
Smaller reporting company [X]
Emerging growth company [  ]
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new ore revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [ ]

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes [ ]      No [X]

 
The Registrant had 405,169 Common Shares, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding as of November 13, 2019.




FORM 10-Q
INDEX
 
PART I. Financial Information
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Part II. Other Information
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Pillarstone Capital REIT and Subsidiaries
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
September 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS (a)
Real estate assets, at cost
 
 
 
 
Property
 
$
79,351

 
$
77,944

Accumulated depreciation
 
(7,325
)
 
(5,281
)
Total real estate assets
 
72,026

 
72,663

Cash and cash equivalents
 
2,292

 
2,010

Escrows and utility deposits
 
1,939

 
1,835

Accrued rents and accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts
 
1,848

 
1,360

Receivable due from related party
 
73

 
58

Unamortized lease commissions and deferred legal cost, net
 
1,046

 
1,164

Prepaid expenses and other assets (1)
 
118

 
60

Total assets
 
$
79,342

 
$
79,150

 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY (b)
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Notes payable
 
$
46,281

 
$
47,064

Accounts payable and accrued expenses (2)
 
2,919

 
2,817

Payable due to related party
 
315

 
372

Convertible notes payable - related parties
 
198

 
198

Accrued interest payable
 
275

 
258

Stock redemption payable - related party
 

 
143

Tenants' security deposits
 
1,329

 
1,236

Total liabilities
 
51,317

 
52,088

Commitments and contingencies:
 

 

Shareholders' Equity:
 
 
 
 
Preferred A Shares - $0.01 par value, 1,518,000 authorized: 256,636 Class A cumulative convertible shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, $10.00 per share liquidation preference
 
3

 
3

Preferred C Shares - $0.01 par value, 300,000 authorized: 231,944 Class C cumulative convertible shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, $10.00 per share liquidation preference
 
2

 
2

Common Shares - $0.01 par value, 400,000,000 authorized: 443,299 shares issued and 405,169 outstanding at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018
 
4

 
4

Additional paid-in capital
 
28,175

 
28,147

Accumulated deficit
 
(26,028
)
 
(26,319
)
Treasury stock, at cost, 38,130 shares
 
(801
)
 
(801
)
Total Pillarstone Capital REIT shareholders' equity
 
1,355

 
1,036

Noncontrolling interest in subsidiary
 
26,670

 
26,026

Total equity
 
28,025

 
27,062

Total liabilities and equity
 
$
79,342

 
$
79,150


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

2


Pillarstone Capital REIT and Subsidiaries
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS - Continued
(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
September 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
(1) Operating lease right of use assets (net) (related to adoption of Topic 842)
 
$
11

 
N/A
(2) Operating lease liabilities (related to adoption of Topic 842)
 
$
11

 
N/A

 
 
September 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
(a) Assets of condensed consolidated Variable Interest Entity included in the total assets above:
Real estate assets, at cost
 
 
 
 
Property
 
$
79,348

 
$
77,941

Accumulated depreciation
 
(7,323
)
 
(5,281
)
Total real estate assets
 
72,025

 
72,660

Cash and cash equivalents
 
2,218

 
1,872

Escrows and utility deposits
 
1,939

 
1,835

Accrued rents and accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts
 
1,703

 
1,360

Receivable due from related party
 
73

 
58

Unamortized lease commissions and deferred legal cost, net
 
1,046

 
1,164

Prepaid expenses and other assets
 
106

 
51

Total assets
 
$
79,110

 
$
79,000

 
 
 
 
 
(b) Liabilities of condensed consolidated Variable Interest Entity included in the total liabilities above:
Notes payable
 
$
46,281

 
$
47,064

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
2,835

 
2,617

Payable due to related party
 
313

 
373

Accrued interest payable
 
199

 
197

Tenants' security deposits
 
1,329

 
1,236

Total liabilities
 
$
50,957

 
$
51,487




The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.



3


Pillarstone Capital REIT and Subsidiaries
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(unaudited)
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rental (1)
 
$
3,854

 
$
4,438

 
$
11,504

 
$
12,915

Transaction and other fees
 
9

 
12

 
32

 
76

Total revenues
 
3,863

 
4,450

 
11,536

 
12,991

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
801

 
860

 
2,360

 
2,612

Operating and maintenance (2)
 
873

 
1,023

 
2,595

 
2,875

Real estate taxes
 
659

 
874

 
1,954

 
2,135

General and administrative
 
137

 
285

 
511

 
578

Management fees
 
224

 
249

 
660

 
755

Total operating expenses
 
2,694

 
3,291

 
8,080

 
8,955

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
 
521

 
686

 
1,566

 
2,051

Loss on disposal of assets
 
16

 
12

 
24

 
12

Total other expenses
 
537

 
698

 
1,590

 
2,063

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income before income taxes
 
632

 
461

 
1,866

 
1,973

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Provision for income taxes
 
133

 
(23
)
 
35

 
(67
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
765

 
438

 
1,901

 
1,906

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Less: Noncontrolling interest in subsidiary
 
551

 
529

 
1,610

 
1,842

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) attributable to Common Shareholders
 
$
214

 
$
(91
)
 
$
291

 
$
64

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings Loss Per Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic income (loss) per Common Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) available to Common Shareholders
 
$
0.53

 
$
(0.22
)
 
$
0.72

 
$
0.16

Diluted income (loss) per Common Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) available to Common Shareholders
 
$
0.07

 
$
(0.22
)
 
$
0.10

 
$
0.02

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of Common Shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic:
 
405,169

 
405,169

 
405,169

 
405,169

Diluted:
 
2,868,281

 
405,169

 
2,808,240

 
2,903,219


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

4



Pillarstone Capital REIT and Subsidiaries
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(unaudited)
(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine Months Ended September 30,

 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
(1) Rental
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
        Rental revenues
 
$
3,250

 
$
3,602

 
$
9,769

 
$
10,768

        Recoveries
 
609

 
836

 
1,859

 
2,147

        Bad debt
 
(5
)
 
N/A

 
(124
)
 
N/A

        Total rental
 
$
3,854

 
$
4,438

 
$
11,504

 
$
12,915


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2) Bad debt included in operating and maintenance expenses prior to adoption of Topic 842
 
N/A

 
$
53

 
N/A

 
$
153


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


     Pillarstone Capital REIT and Subsidiaries
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY (DEFICIT)
(unaudited)
(in thousands)
 
 
Class A Preferred Shares
 
Class C Preferred Shares
 
Common Shares
 
Additional Paid-in Capital
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
Cost of Shares Held in Treasury
 
Total Shareholders' Equity (Deficit)
 
Noncontrolling Interest
 
Total Equity
Balance, December 31, 2018
 
$
3

 
$
2

 
$
4

 
$
28,147

 
$
(26,319
)
 
$
(801
)
 
$
1,036

 
$
26,026

 
$
27,062

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contributions to operating partnership
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
40

 
40

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Distributions to operating partnership limited partner
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(302
)
 
(302
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 

 

 

 

 
46

 

 
46

 
568

 
614

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, March 31, 2019
 
$
3

 
$
2

 
$
4

 
$
28,147

 
$
(26,273
)
 
$
(801
)
 
$
1,082

 
$
26,332

 
$
27,414

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Distributions to operating partnership limited partner
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(588
)
 
(588
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 

 

 

 

 
31

 

 
31

 
491

 
522

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, June 30, 2019
 
$
3

 
$
2

 
$
4

 
$
28,147

 
$
(26,242
)
 
$
(801
)
 
$
1,113

 
$
26,235

 
$
27,348

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Distributions to operating partnership limited partner
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(116
)
 
(116
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Share-based compensation
 

 

 

 
28

 

 

 
28

 

 
28

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 

 

 

 

 
214

 

 
214

 
551

 
765

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, September 30, 2019
 
$
3

 
$
2

 
$
4

 
$
28,175

 
$
(26,028
)
 
$
(801
)
 
$
1,355

 
$
26,670

 
$
28,025


 
 
Class A Preferred Shares
 
Class C Preferred Shares
 
Common Shares
 
Additional Paid-in Capital
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
Cost of Shares Held in Treasury
 
Total Shareholders' Equity (Deficit)
 
Noncontrolling Interest
 
Total Equity
Balance, December 31, 2017
 
$
3

 
$
2

 
$
4

 
$
28,147

 
$
(27,635
)
 
$
(801
)
 
$
(280
)
 
$
18,861

 
$
18,581

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Distributions to operating partnership limited partner
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(506
)
 
(506
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 

 

 

 

 
54

 

 
54

 
700

 
754

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, March 31, 2018
 
$
3

 
$
2

 
$
4

 
$
28,147

 
$
(27,581
)
 
$
(801
)
 
$
(226
)
 
$
19,055

 
$
18,829

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reallocation of ownership between parent and noncontrolling interest
 

 

 

 

 
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
 
1

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 

 

 

 

 
101

 

 
101

 
613

 
714

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, June 30, 2018
 
$
3

 
$
2

 
$
4

 
$
28,147

 
$
(27,481
)
 
$
(801
)
 
$
(126
)
 
$
19,669

 
$
19,543

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjustment to accumulated deficit
 

 

 

 

 
(2
)
 

 
(2
)
 

 
(2
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
 

 

 

 

 
(91
)
 

 
(91
)
 
529

 
438

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, September, 30, 2018
 
$
3

 
$
2

 
$
4

 
$
28,147

 
$
(27,574
)
 
$
(801
)
 
$
(219
)
 
$
20,198

 
$
19,979




The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.


6


Pillarstone Capital REIT and Subsidiaries
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited)
(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
1,901

 
$
1,906

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 


 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
2,360

 
2,612

Amortization of deferred loan costs
 
75

 
75

Loss on disposal of assets
 
24

 
12

Bad debt
 
124

 
153

Share-based compensation
 
28

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 


 
 
Accrued rents and accounts receivable
 
(612)

 
(824
)
Receivable due from related party
 
(15)

 
(17
)
Escrows and utility deposits
 
(104)

 
(361
)
Unamortized lease commissions and deferred legal cost
 
(175)

 
(404
)
Prepaid expenses and other assets
 
(83)

 
42

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
119

 
(83
)
Payable due to related party
 
(57)

 
(708
)
Stock redemption payable - related party
 
(143)

 

Tenants' security deposits
 
93

 
219

Net cash provided by operating activities
 
3,535

 
2,622

 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
 
Additions to real estate
 
(1,389)

 
(2,143
)
Net cash used in investing activities
 
(1,389)

 
(2,143
)
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
 
Distributions paid to noncontrolling interest in subsidiary
 
(1,006)

 
(505
)
Repayments of notes payable
 
(858)

 
(1,977
)
Net cash used in financing activities
 
(1,864)

 
(2,482
)
 
 
 
 
 
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
 
282

 
(2,003
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
 
2,010

 
2,991

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
2,292

 
$
988

 
 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
 
$
1,474

 
$
1,974

  Cash paid for taxes
 
$
204

 
$
88

Non cash investing activities:
 


 
 
Disposal of fully depreciated real estate
 
$
22

 
$
7

Additions to real estate contributed by related party
 
$
40

 
$
45


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

7

Pillarstone Capital REIT
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)


1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Accounting.  Pillarstone Capital REIT's (the “Company”, “Pillarstone”, “we”, “our”, or “us”) financial records are maintained on the accrual basis of accounting whereby revenues are recognized when earned and expenses are recorded when incurred.

Use of estimates. In order to conform with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”), management, in preparation of our consolidated financial statements, is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates that we use include the estimated fair values of properties acquired, the estimated useful lives for depreciable and amortizable assets and costs, and deferred taxes and the related valuation allowance for deferred taxes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Reclassifications.  We have reclassified certain prior period amounts in the accompanying consolidated financial statements in order to be consistent with the current period presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on net income, total assets, total liabilities or equity.

Change in accounting estimate. The calculation of the Company's tax provision is performed using management's best judgment with the assistance of tax advisers and re-evaluated as changes in facts and circumstances occur that may impact the application of tax laws. The Company seeks to reduce its overall tax burden and to minimize or delay cash outflows for taxes by implementing tax-efficient business structures, entering into tax-advantaged transactions, and seeking tax-optimal transactions. During the three months ended September 30, 2019, a change in facts and circumstances occurred involving the timing and amount of gains on sales of properties in relation to the timing of the Company's potential election of REIT status. This new information resulted in the change in tax strategy that is described in more detail below under Income taxes. Based on the change in tax strategy, we reversed an estimated $141,000 federal income tax liability recorded as of December 31, 2018 and a $9,000 federal income tax liability recorded as of June 30, 2019. The impact of these changes resulted in a decrease in tax expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 of $154,000 and $141,000, respectively, which increased our reported net income by $154,000 and $141,000 or $0.05 per diluted share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively.

Cash and cash equivalents. We consider all highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 consisted of demand deposits at commercial banks and brokerage accounts. We maintain our cash in bank accounts that are federally insured.

Acquired Properties and Acquired Lease Intangibles.  We allocate the purchase price of the acquired properties to land, building and improvements, identifiable intangible assets and to the acquired liabilities based on their respective fair values at the time of purchase. Identifiable intangibles include amounts allocated to acquired out-of-market leases, the value of in-place leases and customer relationship value, if any. We determine fair value based on estimated cash flow projections that utilize appropriate discount and capitalization rates and available market information. Estimates of future cash flows are based on a number of factors including the historical operating results, known trends and specific market and economic conditions that may affect the property. Factors considered by management in our analysis of determining the as-if-vacant property value include an estimate of carrying costs during the expected lease-up periods considering market conditions, and costs to execute similar leases. In estimating carrying costs, management includes real estate taxes, insurance and estimates of lost rentals at market rates during the expected lease-up periods, tenant demand and other economic conditions. Management also estimates costs to execute similar leases including leasing commissions, tenant improvements, legal and other related expenses. Intangibles related to out-of-market leases and in-place lease value are recorded as acquired lease intangibles and are amortized as an adjustment to rental revenue or amortization expense, as appropriate, over the remaining terms of the underlying leases. Premiums or discounts on acquired out-of-market debt are amortized to interest expense over the remaining term of such debt.

Depreciation.  Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of 5 to 39 years for improvements and buildings.  Tenant improvements are depreciated using the straight-line method over the life of the improvement or remaining term of the lease, whichever is shorter.
 

8

Pillarstone Capital REIT
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)


Impairment.  We review our properties for impairment at least annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets, including accrued rental income, may not be recoverable through operations.  We determine whether an impairment in value has occurred by comparing the estimated future cash flows (undiscounted and without interest charges), including the estimated residual value of the property, with the carrying cost of the property.  If impairment is indicated, a loss will be recorded for the amount by which the carrying value of the property exceeds its fair value.  Management has determined that there has been no impairment in the carrying value of our real estate assets as of September 30, 2019.

Accrued Rents and Accounts Receivable. Included in accrued rents and accounts receivable are base rents, tenant reimbursements and receivables attributable to recording rents on a straight-line basis. We review the collectability of charges under our tenant operating leases on a regular basis, taking into consideration changes in factors such as the tenant’s payment history, the financial condition of the tenant, business conditions in the industry in which the tenant operates and economic conditions in the area where the property is located. With the adoption of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) No. 842, "Leases" (“Topic 842”) effective January 1, 2019, we will recognize an adjustment to rental revenue if we deem it probable that the receivable will not be collected. Prior to the adoption of Topic 842, we recognized an allowance for doubtful accounts and bad debt expense of the specific rents receivable. Our review of collectability under our operating leases includes any accrued rental revenues related to the straight-line method of reporting rental revenue. As of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, we had an allowance for uncollectible accounts of approximately $247,000 and $53,000, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, we recorded an adjustment to rental revenue in the amount of approximately $5,000 and $124,000, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, we recorded bad debt expense in the amount of approximately $53,000 and $153,000, respectively.

Unamortized Lease Commissions and Loan Costs.  Leasing commissions are amortized using the straight-line method over the terms of the related lease agreements.  Loan costs are amortized on the straight-line method over the terms of the loans, which approximates the effective interest method. Costs allocated to in-place leases whose terms differ from market terms related to acquired properties are amortized over the remaining life of the respective leases.

Prepaids and Other assets. Prepaids and other assets include escrows established pursuant to certain mortgage financing arrangements for real estate taxes and insurance.

Noncontrolling Interests.  Noncontrolling interests are the portion of equity in a subsidiary not attributable to a parent.  Accordingly, we have reported noncontrolling interest in equity on the consolidated balance sheets but separate from Pillarstone’s equity.  On the consolidated statements of operations, subsidiaries are reported at the consolidated amount, including both the amount attributable to Pillarstone and noncontrolling interest.  

Revenue recognition. All leases on our properties are classified as operating leases, and the related rental income is recognized on a straight-line basis over the terms of the related leases.  Differences between rental income earned and amounts due per the respective lease agreements are capitalized or charged, as applicable, to accrued rents and accounts receivable. Recoveries from tenants for taxes, insurance, and other operating expenses are recognized as revenues in the period the corresponding costs are incurred. We combine lease and non lease components in lease contracts, which includes combining base rent and recoveries into a single line item, Rental, within the consolidated statements of operations.

We recognize lease termination fees in the year that the lease is terminated and collection of the fee is reasonably assured.
    
Additionally, if we have tenants who pay real estate taxes directly to the taxing authority, we exclude these costs paid directly by the tenant to third parties on our behalf from revenue recognized and the associated property operating expense.

Stock-based compensation. The Company accounts for stock-based compensation in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board's (“FASB”) ASC 718, "Compensation - Stock Compensation," which addresses the accounting for stock-based payment transactions in which an enterprise receives employee services in exchange for (a) equity instruments of the enterprise or (b) liabilities that are based on the fair value of the enterprise’s equity instruments or that may be settled by the issuance of such equity instruments. ASC 718 generally requires that these transactions be accounted for using a fair-value-based method. The Company uses the Black-Scholes option-pricing model to determine the fair-value of stock-based awards.


9

Pillarstone Capital REIT
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)


Income taxes. Because we have not elected to be taxed as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, we account for income taxes using the liability method under which deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the period in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.

The Company evaluates potential uncertain tax positions on an annual basis in conjunction with the board of trustees and its tax accountants. Authoritative literature provides a two-step approach to recognize and measure tax benefits when realization of the benefits is uncertain. The first step is to determine whether the benefit meets the more-likely-than-not condition for recognition, and the second step is to determine the amount to be recognized based on the cumulative probability that exceeds 50%.

Embedded in the effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 are the tax effects of the Company's operating activities. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company's effective tax rate applied to its income before income taxes decreased in relation to the statutory tax rate as a result of a change in the treatment of the gain on certain property sales described below. Please reference the Company's 2018 10-K for additional details on the differences between the Federal statutory rate and our effective rate.    

On December 9, 2016, Whitestone REIT Operating Partnership LP ("WROP") contributed 14 real estate assets (the "Real Estate Assets") to Pillarstone Capital REIT Operating Partnership ("Pillarstone OP" or "Operating Partnership") in exchange for operating partnership units of Pillarstone OP. The contribution of these assets in exchange for Pillarstone OP units resulted in a “built in tax gain” in the Pillarstone OP units owned by WROP. The amount of the “built in tax gain” represented the difference between the contribution amount and WROP’s tax basis in the properties. On December 27, 2018, Pillarstone OP sold three of the fourteen contributed Real Estate Assets.

As a result of new information and facts obtained, and changes in circumstances that occurred in the three months ended September 30, 2019, including but not limited to, new contracts entered into for property sales and the expected timing of the Company’s potential REIT status election, the Company changed its tax strategy regarding the recognition of the “built in tax gain” by the Company. Under Internal Revenue Code Section 704(c), the Company adopted a method in which it allocates all tax gains from the sale of the contributed properties to WROP until the full amount of the "built in tax gain" has been depleted. The original tax position which determined the Company’s accounting estimates recorded in prior periods was taken before the Company had knowledge of additional information and facts, and changes in circumstances that occurred in the three months ended September 30, 2019.

The impact of these changes resulted in a decrease in tax expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 of $154,000 and $141,000, respectively, which increased our reported net income by $154,000 and $141,000 or $0.05 per diluted share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively.

Concentration of Risk.  Substantially all of our revenues are obtained from office and warehouse locations in the Dallas and Houston metropolitan areas. We maintain cash accounts in major U.S. financial institutions. The terms of these deposits are on demand to minimize risk. The balances of these accounts sometimes exceed the federally insured limits, although no losses have been incurred in connection with these deposits.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements. In May 2014, the FASB issued guidance, as amended in subsequent updates, establishing a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes most of the existing revenue recognition guidance. The standard also requires an entity to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services and also requires certain additional disclosures. This guidance became effective for the reporting periods beginning on or after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. We have adopted this guidance on a modified retrospective basis beginning January 1, 2018 and it did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
    
In February 2016, the FASB issued an accounting standard update (“ASU”) that provided the principles for the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of leases. Additional guidance and targeted improvements to the February 2016 ASU were made through the issuance of supplementary ASUs in July 2018, December 2018 and March 2019.


10

Pillarstone Capital REIT
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)


Effective January 1, 2019, we adopted the new lease accounting guidance in Topic 842. As the lessee and lessor, we have elected the package of practical expedients permitted in Topic 842. Accordingly, we have accounted for our existing operating leases as operating leases under the new guidance, without reassessing (a) whether the contract contains a lease under Topic 842, (b) whether classification of the operating lease would be different in accordance with Topic 842, or (c) whether the unamortized initial direct costs before transition adjustments (as of December 31, 2018) would have met the definition of initial direct costs in Topic 842 at lease commencement. Additionally, as the lessee and lessor, we will use hindsight in determining the lease term and in assessing impairment of our right-of-use assets. As a result of the adoption of the new lease accounting guidance, as the lessee, we recognized on January 1, 2019 (a) a lease liability of approximately $21,000, which represents the present value of the remaining lease payments of approximately $22,000 discounted using our incremental borrowing rate of 4.5%, and (b) a right-of-use asset of approximately $21,000.

Upon adoption of Topic 842, lessees and lessors are required to apply a modified retrospective transition approach. Reporting entities are permitted to choose one of two methods to recognize and measure leases within the scope of Topic 842:

Apply Topic 842 to each lease that existed at the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements as well as leases that commenced after that date. Under this method, prior comparative periods presented are adjusted. For leases that commenced prior to the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented, a cumulative-effect adjustment is recognized at that date.

Apply the guidance to each lease that had commenced as of the beginning of the reporting period in which the entity first applies the leases standard with a cumulative-effect adjustment as of that date. Prior comparative periods would not be adjusted under this method.

We have elected an optional transition method that allows entities to initially apply Topic 842 at January 1, 2019, the date of adoption, and to recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption. As the lessor, we have not assessed unamortized legal costs as part of the package of practical expedients, and we will not make any adjustment to retained earnings at the date of adoption to write off unamortized legal costs. We will continue to amortize unamortized legal costs as of December 31, 2018 over the life of the respective leases. We did not have a cumulative-effect adjustment as of the adoption date. Additionally, the optional transition method does allow us not to apply the new standard (including disclosure requirements) to comparative periods presented. Those periods can continue to be presented in accordance with prior generally accepted accounting principles.
 
Topic 842 requires lessors to account for leases using an approach that is substantially equivalent to existing guidance for sales-type leases and operating leases. Based on our election of the package of practical expedients, our existing commercial leases, where we are the lessor, continue to be accounted for as operating leases under the new standard. However, Topic 842 changed certain requirements regarding the classification of leases that could result in us recognizing certain long-term leases entered into or modified after January 1, 2019 as sales-type leases or finance leases, as opposed to operating leases. We will continue to monitor our leases following the adoption date to ensure that they are classified in accordance with the new lease standards.

We elected a practical expedient which allows lessors to not separate non-lease components from the lease component when the timing and pattern of transfer for the lease components and non-lease components are the same and if the lease component is classified as an operating lease. As a result, we now present all rentals and reimbursements from tenants as a single line item, Rental, within the consolidated statements of operations. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, we had rental revenues of approximately $3,250,000 and $9,769,000 respectively, and rental reimbursements of approximately $609,000 and $1,859,000 respectively, compared to rental revenues of approximately $3,602,000 and $10,768,000 and rental reimbursements of approximately $836,000 and $2,147,000 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.

We review the collectability of charges under our tenant operating leases on a regular basis, taking into consideration changes in factors such as the tenant’s payment history, the financial condition of the tenant, business conditions in the industry in which the tenant operates and economic conditions in the area where the property is located. With the adoption of Topic 842, we will recognize an adjustment to rental revenue if we deem it probable that the receivable will not be collected. Prior to the adoption of Topic 842, we recognized an allowance for doubtful accounts and bad debt expense of the specific rents receivable. Our review of collectability under our operating leases includes any accrued rental revenues related to the straight-line method of reporting rental revenue.

11

Pillarstone Capital REIT
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)




2. ACCRUED RENTS AND ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE, NET

Accrued rents and accounts receivable, net consists of amounts accrued, billed and due from tenants, allowance for doubtful accounts and other receivables as follows (in thousands):
 
 
September 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Tenant receivables
 
$
469

 
$
252

Accrued rents and other recoveries
 
1,626

 
1,161

Allowance for doubtful accounts
 
(247
)
 
(53
)
Total
 
$
1,848

 
$
1,360



3.  LEASES
 
As a Lessor. All leases on our properties are classified as noncancelable operating leases, and the related rental income is recognized on a straight-line basis over the terms of the related leases. Differences between rental income earned and amounts due per the respective lease agreements are capitalized or charged, as applicable, to accrued rents and accounts receivable. Percentage rents, if applicable, are recognized as rental income when the thresholds upon which they are based have been met.  Recoveries from tenants for taxes, insurance, and other operating expenses are recognized as revenues in the period the corresponding costs are incurred. We combine lease and nonlease components in lease contracts, which includes combining base rent, recoveries, and percentage rents into a single line item, Rental, within the consolidated statements of operations.

A summary of minimum future rents to be received (exclusive of renewals, tenant reimbursements, contingent rents, and collectability adjustments under Topic 842 under noncancelable operating leases in existence as of September 30, 2019 is as follows (in thousands): 

Years Ended December 31,
 
Minimum Future Rents(1)
2019 (remaining)
 
$
3,027

2020
 
10,503

2021
 
7,671

2022
 
5,127

2023
 
3,600

Thereafter
 
3,610

Total
 
$
33,538


(1) These amounts do not reflect future rental revenues from the renewal or replacement of existing leases and exclude reimbursements of operating expenses and rental increases that are not fixed.

As a Lessee. We have an office space lease which qualifies as an operating lease, with a remaining lease term of less than 12 months.


12

Pillarstone Capital REIT
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)



The following table summarizes the fixed, future minimum rental payment, excluding variable costs, which are discounted by our weighted average incremental borrowing rates to calculate the lease liability for our operating lease in which we are the lessee (in thousands):

Years Ended December 31,
 
September 30, 2019
2019 (remaining)
 
$
4

2020
 
7

Total undiscounted rental payments
 
11

Total lease liabilities (1)
 
$
11


(1) Imputed interest is immaterial and therefore not disclosed in the above table

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the total lease cost was $3,705 and $10,899, respectively. The remaining lease term for our operating lease was less than 12 months at September 30, 2019. We do not include renewal options in the lease term for calculating the lease liability unless we are reasonably certain we will exercise the option or the lessor has the sole ability to exercise the option. The weighted average incremental borrowing rate was 4.5% at September 30, 2019.


4. UNAMORTIZED LEASE COMMISSIONS AND DEFERRED LEGAL COST, NET

Costs which have been deferred consist of the following (in thousands):
 
 
September 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Leasing commissions
 
$
1,903

 
$
1,780

Deferred legal cost
 
34

 
34

  Total cost
 
1,937

 
1,814

Less: leasing commissions accumulated amortization
 
(872
)
 
(636
)
Less: deferred legal cost accumulated amortization
 
(19
)
 
(14
)
Total cost, net of accumulated amortization
 
$
1,046

 
$
1,164



13

Pillarstone Capital REIT
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)



5. VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITY

On December 8, 2016, Pillarstone and Pillarstone OP, entered into a Contribution Agreement (the “Contribution Agreement”) with Whitestone REIT Operating Partnership, L.P. (“Whitestone OP”), a subsidiary and the operating partnership of Whitestone REIT (“Whitestone”), both of which are related parties to Pillarstone and Pillarstone OP. Pursuant to the terms of the Contribution Agreement, Whitestone OP contributed to Pillarstone OP all of the equity interests in four of its wholly-owned subsidiaries (the “Subsidiaries”): Whitestone CP Woodland Ph. 2, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company; Whitestone Industrial-Office, LLC, a Texas limited liability company; Whitestone Offices, LLC, a Texas limited liability company; and Whitestone Uptown Tower, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Uptown Tower”) that owned 14 real estate assets (the “Real Estate Assets” and, together with the Subsidiaries, the “Property”) for aggregate consideration of approximately $84 million, consisting of (i) approximately $18.1 million of Class A units representing limited partnership interests in Pillarstone OP (“OP Units”), issued at a price of $1.331 per OP Unit; and (ii) the assumption of approximately $65.9 million of liabilities by Pillarstone OP. Pursuant to the Contribution Agreement, Pillarstone became the general partner of Pillarstone OP with an equity ownership interest in Pillarstone OP totaling approximately an 18.6% interest valued at $4.1 million as of the date of the Contribution Agreement.

In connection with the Contribution Agreement, on December 8, 2016, the Company, as the general partner of Pillarstone OP, entered into an Amended and Restated Agreement of Limited Partnership of Pillarstone OP (as amended and restated, the “Amended and Restated Agreement of Limited Partnership”). Pursuant to the Amended and Restated Agreement of Limited Partnership, subject to certain protective rights of the limited partners described below, the general partner has full, exclusive and complete responsibility and discretion in the management and control of Pillarstone OP, including the ability to cause Pillarstone OP to enter into certain major transactions including a merger of Pillarstone OP or a sale of substantially all of the assets of Pillarstone OP. The limited partners have no power to remove the general partner without the general partner's consent. In addition, pursuant to the Amended and Restated Agreement of Limited Partnership, the general partner may not conduct any business without the consent of a majority of the limited partners other than in connection with certain actions described therein. The Company is deemed to exercise significant influence over Pillarstone OP as it has the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact Pillarstone OP's economic performance and the Company's right to receive benefits based on its ownership percentage in Pillarstone OP. Accordingly, the Company accounts for Pillarstone OP as a Variable Interest Entity.

The Amended and Restated Agreement of Limited Partnership designates two classes of units of limited partnership interest in Pillarstone OP: the OP Units and LTIP units. In general, LTIP units are similar to the OP Units and will receive the same quarterly per-unit profit distributions as the OP Units. The rights, privileges, and obligations related to each series of LTIP units will be established at the time the LTIP units are issued. As profits interests, LTIP units initially will not have full parity, on a per-unit basis, with OP Units with respect to liquidating distributions. Upon the occurrence of specified events, LTIP units can over time achieve full parity with the OP Units and therefore accrete to an economic value for the holder equivalent to OP Units. If such parity is achieved, vested LTIP units may be converted on a one-for-one basis into OP Units, which in turn are redeemable by the holder for cash or, at the Company’s election, exchangeable for Common Shares on a one-for-one basis.


14

Pillarstone Capital REIT
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)


The carrying amounts and classification of certain assets and liabilities for Pillarstone OP in our condensed consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 consists of the following (in thousands):
 
 
September 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Real estate assets, at cost
 
 
 
 
  Property
 
$
79,348

 
$
77,941

  Accumulated depreciation
 
(7,323
)
 
(5,281
)
    Total real estate assets
 
72,025

 
72,660

Cash and cash equivalents
 
2,218

 
1,872

Escrows and utility deposits
 
1,939

 
1,835

Accrued rents and accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts
 
1,703

 
1,360

Receivable due from related party (1)
 
73

 
58

Unamortized lease commissions and deferred legal cost, net
 
1,046

 
1,164

Prepaid expenses and other assets
 
106

 
51

     Total assets
 
$
79,110

 
$
79,000

 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
  Notes payable
 
$
46,281

 
$
47,064

  Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
2,835

 
2,617

Payable due to related party
 
313

 
373

Accrued interest payable
 
199

 
197

  Tenants' security deposits
 
1,329

 
1,236

     Total liabilities
 
$
50,957

 
$
51,487


(1) 
Excludes approximately $0.5 million in accounts receivable due from Pillarstone that was eliminated in consolidation as of September 30, 2019 and approximately $0.3 million as of December 31, 2018.




6. REAL ESTATE

As of September 30, 2019, Pillarstone OP owned 11 Real Estate Assets in the Dallas and Houston areas comprised of approximately 1.3 million square feet of gross leasable area.

Pillarstone OP results of operations. Property revenue attributable to the Real Estate Assets was $3.9 million and $11.5 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, and $4.5 million and $13.0 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.


15

Pillarstone Capital REIT
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)


7. DEBT

Mortgages and other notes payable consist of the following (in thousands):
Description
 
September 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Fixed rate notes
 
 
 
 
$37.0 million 3.76% Note, due December 1, 2020
 
$
25,203

 
$
25,863

$16.5 million 4.97% Note, due September 26, 2023
 
15,607

 
15,805

Floating rate notes
 
 
 
 
Related party Note, LIBOR plus 1.40% to 1.90%, due December 31, 2019
 
5,661

 
5,661

Total notes payable principal
 
46,471

 
47,329

Less deferred financing costs, net of accumulated amortization
 
(190
)
 
(265
)
Total notes payable
 
$
46,281

 
$
47,064


Our mortgage debt was collateralized by seven operating properties as of September 30, 2019 with a combined net book value of $55.4 million. Our loans contain restrictions that would require the payment of prepayment penalties for the acceleration of outstanding debt and are secured by deeds of trust on certain of our properties and the assignment of certain rents and leases associated with those properties. Certain of our other loans are subject to customary covenants. As of September 30, 2019, we were in compliance with all loan covenants.

Scheduled maturities of notes payable as of September 30, 2019 were as follows:
Year
 
Amount Due (in thousands)
2019
 
$
5,999

2020
 
25,272

2021
 
308

2022
 
323

2023
 
14,569

Total
 
$
46,471



8. CONVERTIBLE NOTES PAYABLE - RELATED PARTIES

On November 20, 2015, five trustees on our board of trustees at that time loaned $197,780 to the Company in exchange for convertible notes payable. The convertible notes payable accrue interest at 10% per annum and originally matured on November 20, 2018. In 2019, the Pillarstone board of trustees approved an extension of the maturity date to November 20, 2021. The convertible notes payable can be converted by the noteholders into Common Shares at the rate of $1.331 per Common Share at any time and the Company can convert the notes payable into Common Shares. At maturity or when the Company chooses to convert the convertible notes payable into Common Shares, the noteholders have the option to receive cash plus accrued interest or convert the convertible notes payable into Common Shares.



9. EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE

The Company applies the guidance of ASC 260, "Earnings Per Share," for all periods presented herein. Net earnings (loss) per weighted average Common Share outstanding, basic and diluted, is computed based on the weighted average number of Common Shares outstanding for the period. The following table shows the weighted average number of Common Shares outstanding and reconciles the numerator and denominator of earnings per Common Share calculations for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 and 2018.


16

Pillarstone Capital REIT
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)


For the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 and the nine month period ended September 30, 2018, Class A Cumulative Preferred Shares ("Preferred A Shares") and Class C Convertible Preferred Shares ("Preferred C Shares") were included in net income per weighted average number of Common Shares - dilutive. For the three month period ended September 30, 2018, 2,498,050 common share equivalents represented by Preferred Class A and C shares were not included in the computation of diluted loss per share because the effect of conversion would be anti-dilutive. During the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company had $197,780 of convertible notes payable as discussed in Note 8. The convertible notes payable weighted average shares of 206,038 and 202,306 were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 because the effect of the conversion would be anti-dilutive. The convertible notes payable were not included in the computation of diluted earnings (loss) per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 because the effect of the conversion would be anti-dilutive.

 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders
 
$
214

 
$
(91
)
 
$
291

 
$
64

  Dilutive effect of interest from convertible notes payable
 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) available to common shareholders with assumed conversion
 
$
214

 
$
(91
)
 
$
291

 
$
64

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of common shares - basic
 
405,169

 
405,169

 
405,169

 
405,169

Effect of dilutive securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dilutive effect of restricted common stock
 
90,062

 

 
30,021

 

Assumed conversion of Preferred A Shares
 
53,610

 

 
53,610

 
53,610

Assumed conversion of Preferred C Shares
 
2,319,440

 

 
2,319,440

 
2,444,440

Assumed conversion of convertible notes payable
 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of common shares - dilutive
 
2,868,281

 
405,169

 
2,808,240

 
2,903,219

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings (Loss) Per Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic income (loss) per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) available to common shareholders
 
$
0.53

 
$
(0.22
)
 
$
0.72

 
$
0.16

Diluted income (loss) per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) available to common shareholders
 
$
0.07

 
$
(0.22
)
 
$
0.10

 
$
0.02


10. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
    
On December 8, 2016, the Company entered into the Contribution Agreement with Whitestone OP, a related party, resulting in the contribution of an equity ownership interest in Pillarstone OP by the Company valued at $4,121,312 and representing approximately 18.6% of the outstanding equity in Pillarstone OP. The terms of the Contribution Agreement were determined through arm's-length negotiations and were recommended to the board of trustees by a special committee of the board of trustees consisting solely of disinterested trustees of the Company and approved by the full board.

Pursuant to the Contribution Agreement, the Company agreed to file with the SEC on or prior to June 8, 2018, a shelf registration statement to register for sale under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the issuance of the common shares in the Company that may be issued upon redemption of the OP Units issued pursuant to the Contribution Agreement and the offer and resale of such common shares by the holders thereof. In addition, pursuant to the Contribution Agreement, in the event of a Change of Control (as defined therein) of Whitestone, Pillarstone OP shall have the right, but not the obligation, to repurchase the OP Units issued thereunder from Whitestone OP at their initial issue price of $1.331 per OP Unit. Pillarstone and Whitestone agreed to extend the filing of the shelf registration statement to the date that the Company closes a public equity offering.


17

Pillarstone Capital REIT
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)


In connection with the Contribution Agreement, on December 8, 2016, the Company entered into a Tax Protection Agreement (the “Tax Protection Agreement”) with Whitestone OP pursuant to which Pillarstone OP agreed to indemnify Whitestone OP for certain tax liabilities resulting from its recognition of income or gain prior to December 8, 2021 if such liabilities result from a transaction involving a direct or indirect taxable disposition of all or a portion of the Property or if Pillarstone OP fails to maintain and allocate to Whitestone OP for taxation purposes minimum levels of liabilities as specified in the Tax Protection Agreement, the result of which causes such recognition of income or gain and Whitestone incurs taxes that must be paid to maintain its REIT status for federal tax purposes. In December 2018, Pillarstone OP sold three properties, which did not create additional tax liabilities for Whitestone OP.

During the ordinary course of business, we have transactions with Whitestone that include, but are not limited to, rental income, interest expense, general and administrative costs, commissions, management and asset management fees, and property expenses.     

In connection with the Contribution Agreement, on December 8, 2016, the Company entered into a Management Agreement (collectively, the “Management Agreements”) with Whitestone TRS, Inc., a subsidiary of Whitestone (“Whitestone TRS”). Pursuant to the Management Agreements with respect to each property, other than Uptown Tower, Whitestone TRS agreed to provide certain property management, leasing and day-to-day advisory and administrative services to such properties in exchange for (1) a monthly property management fee equal to 5.0% of the monthly revenues of each property and (2) a monthly asset management fee equal to 0.125% of GAV (as defined in each Management Agreement as, generally, the purchase price of the respective property based upon the purchase price allocations determined pursuant to the Contribution Agreement, excluding all indebtedness, liabilities or claims of any nature) of such property. Pursuant to the Management Agreement with respect to Uptown Tower, Whitestone TRS agreed to provide certain property management, leasing and day-to-day advisory and administrative services in exchange for (1) a monthly property management fee equal to 3.0% of the monthly revenues of Uptown Tower and (2) a monthly asset management fee equal to 0.125% of GAV of Uptown Tower.

The following table presents the revenue and expenses with Whitestone included in our consolidated statement of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 (in thousands):
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
Location of Revenue (Expense)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Rent
 
Rental
 
$
211

 
$
201

 
$
524

 
$
606

Property management fees
 
Management fees
 
(168
)
 
(183
)
 
(510
)
 
(557
)
Asset management fees
 
Management fees
 
(56
)
 
(66
)
 
(150
)
 
(198
)
Interest expense
 
Interest expense
 
(52
)
 
(149
)
 
(161
)
 
(435
)


Receivables due from and payables due to related parties consisted of the following as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 (in thousands):
 
Location of Receivable / Payable
 
September 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Tenant receivables and other receivables
Accrued rents and accounts receivable
 
$
73

 
$
58

Accrued interest due to related party
Accrued interest payable
 
129

 
112

Other payables due to related party
Payable due to related party
 
315

 
372


11. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
    
On October 8, 2019, Pillarstone OP, through an indirect wholly owned subsidiary, Whitestone Industrial-Office, LLC, sold a portfolio of three Real Estate Assets in Houston, Texas to an unaffiliated third party for $39.7 million in cash. Pillarstone OP used the net proceeds, after customary closing deductions, to pay off mortgage debt on several Real Estate Assets, and repay the remaining $5.7 million of its $15.5 million loan from Whitestone. In addition to the $5.7 million loan repayment, Whitestone received a $5.4 million cash distribution from its stake in Pillarstone OP as a result of the sale.

12. INCENTIVE EQUITY PLAN

At the 2016 Annual Meeting of Shareholders, our shareholders approved the 2016 Equity Plan (“2016 Plan”). 

The 2016 Plan provides that awards may be made in Common Shares of the Company or units in the Company’s operating partnership, which may be converted into Common Shares. Subject to adjustment as provided by the terms of the 2016 Plan, the maximum aggregate number of Common Shares with respect to which awards may be granted under the 2016 Plan will be increased based on future issuances of Common Shares and units of the operating partnership, including issuances pursuant to the 2016 Plan, so that at any time the maximum number of shares that may be issued under the 2016 Plan shall equal 12.5% of the aggregate number of Common Shares and units of the operating partnership issued and outstanding (other than treasury shares and/or units issued to or held by the Company). 

The Management, Organization and Compensation Committee (the “Committee”) administers the 2016 Plan, except with respect to awards to non-employee trustees, for which the 2016 Plan is administered by the board of trustees. Subject to the terms of the 2016 Plan, the Committee is authorized to select participants, determine the type and number of awards to be granted, determine and later amend (subject to certain limitations) the terms and conditions of any award, interpret and specify the rules and regulations relating to the 2016 Plan, and make all other determinations which may be necessary or desirable for the administration of the 2016 Plan. The 2016 Plan includes the types of awards for grants and the types of financial performance measures.

On July 1, 2019, the Committee approved the grant of 45,031 Restricted Common Share Units (the "Units") subject to the restrictions, terms and conditions set forth in the Restricted Unit Award Agreement (the "Award"). These Units are time-based shares that vest each year over the next three years and will be fully vested on July 1, 2022.

On July 1, 2019, the Committee approved the grant of 45,031 Units subject to the restrictions and terms and conditions set forth in the Award. These Units are performance-based shares linked to five specific goals set forth in the Award. If the Company does not attain the performance goals before July 1, 2022, the Units still subject to restriction will be forfeited to the Company.

As of September 30, 2019, the maximum number of Common Shares or OP Units available to be granted is 2,248,507. During the three months ended September 30, 2019, the following shares were granted:

Description
 
Shares
 
Weighted-Average Grant Date Fair Value (1)
Non-vested at January 1, 2019
 

 
$

Granted
 
90,062

 
2.18

Non-vested at September 30, 2019
 
90,062

 
$
2.18

Available for grant at September 30, 2019
 
2,248,507

 
 

(1) The fair value of the shares granted were determined based on the weighted average OTC share price for the nine months ended September 30, 2019.

As of September 30, 2019, per the Award, the Company has determined that the time-based shares and the majority of the performance-based shares will vest by July 1, 2022. Time-based shares granted during the three months ended September 30, 2019 are amortized over their respective amortization periods. Performance-based shares granted during the three months ended September, 2019, with the exception of one of the performance based awards, that will be amortized over one year, will be amortized for three years. Performance-based shares that have not been achieved as of July 1, 2022 will be forfeited to the Company.

The total value of the time-based and performance-based shares granted on July 1, 2019 is approximately $196,000. As of September 30, 2019, amortization expense for the time-based and performance-based shares is approximately $15,000 and $13,000, respectively.

18



ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITIONS AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


Unless the context otherwise requires, all references in this report to the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our” are to Pillarstone Capital REIT and its consolidated subsidiaries.

Forward-Looking Statements

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our unaudited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws, including discussion and analysis of our financial condition, anticipated capital expenditures required to complete projects, amounts of anticipated cash distributions to our shareholders in the future and other matters. These forward-looking statements are not historical facts but are the intent, belief or current expectations of our management based on its knowledge and understanding of our business and industry. Forward-looking statements are typically identified by the use of terms such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “potential,” “predicts,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates” or the negative of such terms and variations of these words and similar expressions, although not all forward-looking statements include these words. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, some of which are beyond our control, are difficult to predict and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or forecasted in the forward-looking statements.
 
Forward-looking statements that were true at the time made may ultimately prove to be incorrect or false. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which reflect our management’s view only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. We undertake no obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements to reflect changed assumptions, the occurrence of unanticipated events or changes to future operating results. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from any forward-looking statements made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q include:
 
uncertainties related to the national economy, the real estate industry in general and in our specific markets;
legislative or regulatory changes;
adverse economic conditions in Texas;
adverse changes in governmental rules and fiscal policies;
increases in interest rates and operating costs;
availability and terms of capital and financing, both to fund our operations and to refinance our indebtedness as it matures;
decreases in rental rates or increases in vacancy rates; 
litigation risks; 
lease-up risks;
our inability to renew tenants or obtain new tenants upon the expiration of existing leases; and 
our inability to generate sufficient cash flows due to market conditions, competition, uninsured losses, changes in tax or other applicable laws.

In addition, an investment in the Company involves numerous risks that potential investors should consider carefully, including, without limitation:
our cash resources are limited;
we have a history of losses;
we have not raised funds through a public equity offering;
our trustees control a significant percentage of our voting shares;
shareholders could experience possible future dilution through the issuance of additional shares;
we are dependent on a small number of key senior professionals who are part-time employees; and

19


we currently do not plan to distribute dividends to the holders of our shares.
 
Overview

The Company is a Maryland real estate investment trust engaged in investing in, owning and operating commercial properties. Future real estate investments may include (i) acquisition and development of retail, office, office warehouse, industrial, multifamily, hotel and other commercial properties, (ii) acquisition of or merger with a REIT or real estate operating company, and (iii) joint venture investments. Substantially all of our business is conducted through our operating partnership Pillarstone OP. We are the sole general partner of Pillarstone OP. As of September 30, 2019, we owned approximately 18.6% of the outstanding equity in Pillarstone OP, and we fully consolidate it on our financial statements.

As of September 30, 2019, the Company is a smaller reporting company current in its quarterly and annual financial statement filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"), that may make future real estate investments. There can be no assurance that we will be able to close additional transactions.  Even if our management is successful in closing additional transactions, investors may not value the transactions or the Company in the same manner as we do, and investors may not value the transactions as they would value other transactions or alternatives. Failure to obtain additional sources of capital will materially and adversely affect the Company’s ability to continue operations, as well as its liquidity and financial results.

Brief History

Pillarstone was formed on March 15, 1994 as a Maryland REIT. The Company operated as a traditional real estate investment trust by buying, selling, owning and operating commercial and residential properties through December 31, 1999. In 2000, the Company purchased a software technology company, resulting in the Company not meeting the qualifications to be a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 as amended. In 2002, the Company discontinued the operations of the technology segment, and from 2003 through 2006, pursued a value-added business plan primarily focused on acquiring well located, under-performing multifamily residential properties, including affordable housing communities, and repositioning them through renovation, leasing, improved management and branding. From 2006 until December 2016, the Company continued its existence as a corporate shell current in its SEC filings.

On December 8, 2016, Pillarstone and Pillarstone OP entered into the Contribution Agreement with Whitestone OP, a subsidiary and the operating partnership of Whitestone REIT, both of which are related parties to Pillarstone and Pillarstone OP, pursuant to which Whitestone OP contributed to Pillarstone OP all of the equity interests in four of its wholly-owned subsidiaries: CP Woodland; Industrial-Office; Whitestone Offices; and Uptown Tower that own the real estate assets (the “Real Estate Assets” and, together with the Subsidiaries, the “Property”) for aggregate consideration of approximately $84 million, consisting of (1) approximately $18.1 million of Class A units representing limited partnership interests in Pillarstone OP issued at a price of $1.331 per OP Unit; and (2) the assumption of approximately $65.9 million of liabilities by Pillarstone OP (collectively, the “Acquisition”).
During 2018, the Company sold three of the Real Estate Assets, resulting in 11 Real Estate Assets in the Company's real estate portfolio at December 31, 2018. No additional Real Estate Assets were purchased or sold during the nine months ended September 30, 2019.

On October 8, 2019, Pillarstone OP, through an indirect wholly owned subsidiary, Whitestone Industrial-Office, LLC, sold a portfolio of three Real Estate Assets in Houston, Texas to an unaffiliated third party for $39.7 million in cash. Pillarstone OP used the net proceeds, after customary closing deductions, to pay off mortgage debt on several Real Estate Assets, and repay the remaining $5.7 million of its $15.5 million loan from Whitestone. In addition to the $5.7 million loan repayment, Whitestone received a $5.4 million cash distribution from its stake in Pillarstone OP as a result of the sale.


Results of Operations

The following is a discussion of our results of operations for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 and our financial condition, including:

Explanation of changes in the results of operations in the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 compared to the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018.


20


Our critical accounting policies and estimates that require our subjective judgment and are important to the presentation of our financial condition and results of operations.

Our primary sources and uses of cash for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, and how we intend to generate cash for long-term capital needs.

Our current income tax status.

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto appearing elsewhere herein.

Comparison of the Nine Month Periods Ended September 30, 2019 and 2018

Leasing Activity

For the nine month period ended September 30, 2019, we executed 78 leases for a total lease value of $9.1 million compared to 107 leases for a total lease value of $14.1 million for the period ended September 30, 2018.
 
Results of Operations

The following provides a general comparison of our results of operations for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 (in thousands, except for property and square footage information):

 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Number of properties
 
11

 
14

Aggregate GLA (sq. ft.)
 
1,307,930

 
1,529,861

Ending occupancy rate
 
77
%
 
80
%
 
 
 
 
 
Total revenues
 
$
11,536

 
$
12,991

Total operating expenses
 
8,080

 
8,955

Total other expenses
 
1,590

 
2,063

Provision for income taxes
 
(35
)
 
67

Net income
 
1,901

 
1,906

Less:  Non-controlling interest in subsidiary
 
1,610

 
1,842

Net income available to Common Shareholders
 
$
291

 
$
64


Revenues from Operations

We had total revenues for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 of approximately $11,536,000 and $12,991,000, respectively, for a decrease of approximately $1,455,000, or 11%. The difference was comprised of decreases of approximately $999,000 in rental revenues, $44,000 in other revenues, $288,000 in expense reimbursements and an increase of approximately $124,000 in bad debt which is classified as a decrease in revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The overall decrease was primarily due to the sale of three of the Real Estate Assets as of December 31, 2018.

Expenses from Operations

Our operating expenses were approximately $8,080,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 compared to approximately $8,955,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, a decrease of approximately $875,000, or 10% mostly due to the sale of three Real Estate Assets as of December 31, 2018. The primary components of property expenses are detailed in the table below (in thousands):

21


 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
 
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change
 
% Change
Operating and maintenance, excluding bad debt
 
$
2,595

 
$
2,722

 
$
(127
)
 
(5
)%