Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Pillarstone Capital REIT
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$14.18 40 $564
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
8-K 2019-01-03 M&A, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-20 Other Events
8-K 2018-08-15 Amendment
8-K 2018-08-14 Officers
8-K 2018-05-09 Shareholder Vote
EQIX Equinix
UDR UDR
IRM Iron Mountain
AIV Apartment Investment & Management
HPT Hospitality Properties Trust
RYN Rayonier
ARR Armour Residential REIT
NXRT Nexpoint Residential Trust
SACH Sachem Capital
WHLR Wheeler Real Estate Investment Trust
WSR 2018-09-30
Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Conditions and Results of Operations
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II. Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 exhibit311certificationofc.htm
EX-31.2 exhibit312certificationofc.htm
EX-32.1 exhibit321certificationofc.htm

Pillarstone Capital REIT Earnings 2018-09-30

WSR 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 psr10-q2018x09.htm 10-Q Document
 
 UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q

[X]
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018
 
OR
 
[  ]
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from ____________ to ____________
 
Commission File Number 001-15409
PILLARSTONE CAPITAL REIT
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
Maryland
 
 39-6594066
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(IRS Employer
incorporation or organization)
 
Identification No.)
 
2600 South Gessner, Suite 555
Houston, Texas 77063
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(832) 810-0100
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes [X]    No [  ]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes [  ]    No [X]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer [  ]
 
Accelerated filer [  ]
Non-accelerated filer [  ]
 
Smaller reporting company [X]
Emerging growth company [  ]
 
 
 
Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes [ ]      No [X]

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new ore revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [ ]
 
The Registrant had 405,169 Common Shares outstanding as of November 12, 2018.




FORM 10-Q
INDEX
 
PART I. Financial Information
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Part II. Other Information
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Pillarstone Capital REIT and Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS(1)
Real estate assets, at cost
 
 
 
 
Property
 
$
85,309

 
$
83,144

Accumulated depreciation
 
(5,205
)
 
(2,934
)
Total real estate assets
 
80,104

 
80,210

Cash and cash equivalents
 
988

 
2,991

Escrows and utility deposits
 
2,549

 
2,188

Accrued rents and accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts
 
1,469

 
798

Receivable due from related party
 
1,276

 
1,304

Unamortized lease commissions and deferred legal costs, net
 
1,341

 
1,265

Prepaid expenses and other assets
 
117

 
160

Total assets
 
$
87,844

 
$
88,916

 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY (2)
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Notes payable
 
$
62,412

 
$
64,313

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
3,322

 
3,414

Payable due to related party
 
297

 
1,005

Convertible notes payable - related parties
 
198

 
198

Accrued interest payable
 
226

 
214

Tenants' security deposits
 
1,410

 
1,191

Total liabilities
 
67,865

 
70,335

Commitments and contingencies
 

 

Shareholders' Equity:
 
 
 
 
Preferred A Shares - $0.01 par value, 1,518,000 authorized: 256,636 Class A cumulative convertible shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, $10.00 per share liquidation preference
 
3

 
3

Preferred C Shares - $0.01 par value, 300,000 authorized: 244,444 Class C cumulative convertible shares issued and outstanding, $10.00 per share liquidation preference at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017
 
2

 
2

Common Shares - $0.01 par value, 400,000,000 authorized: 443,299 shares issued and 405,169 outstanding at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017
 
4

 
4

Additional paid-in capital
 
28,147

 
28,147

Accumulated deficit
 
(27,574
)
 
(27,635
)
Treasury stock, at cost, 38,130 shares
 
(801
)
 
(801
)
Total Pillarstone Capital REIT shareholders' deficit
 
(219
)
 
(280
)
Noncontrolling interest in subsidiary
 
20,198

 
18,861

Total equity
 
19,979

 
18,581

Total liabilities and equity
 
$
87,844

 
$
88,916


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

2



Pillarstone Capital REIT and Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS - Continued
(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
(1) Assets of consolidated Variable Interest Entity included in the total assets above:
Real estate assets, at cost
 
 
 
 
Property
 
$
85,305

 
$
83,141

Accumulated depreciation
 
(5,205
)
 
(2,934
)
Total real estate assets
 
80,100

 
80,207

Cash and cash equivalents
 
949

 
2,812

Escrows and utility deposits
 
2,549

 
2,188

Accrued rents and accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts
 
1,469

 
798

Receivable due from related party
 
1,276

 
1,304

Unamortized lease commissions and deferred legal costs, net
 
1,341

 
1,265

Prepaid expenses and other assets
 
116

 
150

Total assets
 
$
87,800

 
$
88,724

 
 
 
 
 
(2) Liabilities of consolidated Variable Interest Entity included in the total liabilities above:
Notes payable
 
$
62,412

 
$
64,313

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
3,152

 
3,322

Payable due to related party
 
297

 
1,005

Accrued interest payable
 
170

 
172

Tenants' security deposits
 
1,410

 
1,191

Total liabilities
 
$
67,441

 
$
70,003





The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.


3


Pillarstone Capital REIT and Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(unaudited)
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rental revenues
 
$
3,602

 
$
3,561

 
$
10,768

 
$
10,617

Other revenues
 
848

 
665

 
2,223

 
1,951

Total property revenues
 
4,450

 
4,226

 
12,991

 
12,568

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property operation and maintenance
 
1,272

 
1,121

 
3,630

 
3,484

Real estate taxes
 
874

 
901

 
2,135

 
2,201

Total property expenses
 
2,146

 
2,022

 
5,765

 
5,685

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
General and administrative
 
285

 
83

 
578

 
409

Depreciation and amortization
 
860

 
795

 
2,612

 
2,366

Interest expense
 
686

 
685

 
2,051

 
2,043

Total other expense
 
1,831

 
1,563

 
5,241

 
4,818

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income before loss on disposal of assets and income taxes
 
473

 
641

 
1,985

 
2,065

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss on disposal of assets
 
(12
)
 
(14
)
 
(12
)
 
(25
)
Provision for income taxes
 
(23
)
 
(20
)
 
(67
)
 
(65
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
438

 
607

 
1,906

 
1,975

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Less: Non-controlling interest in subsidiary
 
529

 
532

 
1,842

 
1,800

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) attributable to Common Shareholders
 
$
(91
)
 
$
75

 
$
64

 
$
175

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings (Loss) Per Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic income (loss) per Common Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) available to Common Shareholders
 
$
(0.22
)
 
$
0.19

 
$
0.16

 
$
0.43

Diluted income (loss) per Common Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) available to Common Shareholders
 
$
(0.22
)
 
$
0.03

 
$
0.02

 
$
0.06

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of Common Shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic:
 
405,169

 
405,169

 
405,169

 
405,169

Diluted:
 
405,169

 
2,903,219

 
2,903,219

 
2,903,219


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


Pillarstone Capital REIT and Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited)
(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
1,906

 
$
1,975

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
2,612

 
2,366

Amortization of deferred loan costs
 
75

 
75

Loss on disposal of assets
 
12

 
25

Bad debt expense
 
153

 
144

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Accrued rents and accounts receivable
 
(824
)
 
(792
)
Receivable due from related party
 
(17
)
 
(729
)
Escrows and utility deposits
 
(361
)
 
187

Unamortized lease commissions and deferred legal costs, net
 
(404
)
 
(371
)
Prepaid expenses and other assets
 
42

 
(62
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses and interest
 
(83
)
 
525

Payable due to related party
 
(708
)
 
1,061

Tenants' security deposits
 
219

 
133

Net cash provided by operating activities
 
2,622

 
4,537

 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
 
Additions to real estate
 
(2,143
)
 
(849
)
Net cash used in investing activities
 
(2,143
)
 
(849
)
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
 
Distributions paid to noncontrolling interest in Subsidiary
 
(505
)
 
(1,665
)
Repayments of notes payable
 
(1,977
)
 
(939
)
Net cash used in financing activities
 
(2,482
)
 
(2,604
)
 
 
 
 
 
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
 
(2,003
)
 
1,084

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
 
2,991

 
1,243

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
988

 
$
2,327

 
 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
 
$
1,974

 
$
1,960

Cash paid for taxes
 
$
88

 
$

Non cash investing activities:
 
 
 
 
Disposal of fully depreciated real estate
 
$
7

 
$
15

Additions to real estate contributed by related party
 
$
45

 
$
1,327


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

5

Pillarstone Capital REIT
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)


1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Accounting.  Pillarstone Capital REIT's (the “Company”, “Pillarstone”, “we”, “our”, or “us”) financial records are maintained on the accrual basis of accounting whereby revenues are recognized when earned and expenses are recorded when incurred.

Use of estimates. In order to conform with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”), management, in preparation of our consolidated financial statements, is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates include fair value of properties acquired, estimated useful lives of properties, allowance for bad debt, impairment, deferred taxes and the related valuation allowance for deferred taxes, and these significant estimates, as well as other estimates and assumptions, may change in the near term.

Cash and cash equivalents. We consider all highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.  Cash and cash equivalents as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 consisted of demand deposits at commercial banks and brokerage accounts. We maintain our cash in bank accounts that are federally insured.

Acquired Properties and Acquired Lease Intangibles.  We allocate the purchase price of the acquired properties to land, building and improvements, identifiable intangible assets and to the acquired liabilities based on their respective fair values at the time of purchase. Identifiable intangibles include amounts allocated to acquired out-of-market leases, the value of in-place leases and customer relationship value, if any. We determine fair value based on estimated cash flow projections that utilize appropriate discount and capitalization rates and available market information. Estimates of future cash flows are based on a number of factors including the historical operating results, known trends and specific market and economic conditions that may affect the property. Factors considered by management in our analysis of determining the as-if-vacant property value include an estimate of carrying costs during the expected lease-up periods considering market conditions, and costs to execute similar leases. In estimating carrying costs, management includes real estate taxes, insurance and estimates of lost rentals at market rates during the expected lease-up periods, tenant demand and other economic conditions. Management also estimates costs to execute similar leases including leasing commissions, tenant improvements, legal and other related expenses. Intangibles related to out-of-market leases and in-place lease value are recorded as acquired lease intangibles and are amortized as an adjustment to rental revenue or amortization expense, as appropriate, over the remaining terms of the underlying leases. Premiums or discounts on acquired out-of-market debt are amortized to interest expense over the remaining term of such debt.

Depreciation.  Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of 5 to 39 years for improvements and buildings, respectively.  Tenant improvements are depreciated using the straight-line method over the life of the improvement or remaining term of the lease, whichever is shorter.
 
Impairment.  We review our properties for impairment at least annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets, including accrued rental income, may not be recoverable through operations.  We determine whether an impairment in value has occurred by comparing the estimated future cash flows (undiscounted and without interest charges), including the estimated residual value of the property, with the carrying cost of the property.  If impairment is indicated, a loss will be recorded for the amount by which the carrying value of the property exceeds its fair value.  Management has determined that there has been no impairment in the carrying value of our real estate assets as of September 30, 2018.

Accrued Rents and Accounts Receivable.  Included in accrued rent and accounts receivable are base rents, tenant reimbursements and receivables attributable to recording rents on a straight-line basis. An allowance for the uncollectible portion of accrued rents and accounts receivable is determined based upon customer credit-worthiness (including expected recovery of our claim with respect to any tenants in bankruptcy), historical bad debt levels, and current economic trends.  As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, we had an allowance for uncollectible accounts of $692,000 and $539,000, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, we had bad debt expense of $53,000 and $153,000, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, we had bad debt expense of $66,000 and $144,000, respectively.


6

Pillarstone Capital REIT
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)


Unamortized Lease Commissions and Deferred Legal Costs.  Leasing commissions and deferred legal costs are amortized using the straight-line method over the terms of the related lease agreements.  Loan costs are amortized on the straight-line method over the terms of the loans, which approximates the effective interest method. Costs allocated to in-place leases whose terms differ from market terms related to acquired properties are amortized over the remaining life of the respective leases.

Prepaids and Other assets. Prepaids and other assets include escrows established pursuant to certain mortgage financing arrangements for real estate taxes and insurance.

Noncontrolling Interests.  Noncontrolling interests are the portion of equity in a subsidiary not attributable to a parent.  The ownership interests not held by the parent are considered noncontrolling interests.  Accordingly, we have reported noncontrolling interest in equity on the consolidated balance sheets but separate from Pillarstone’s equity.  On the consolidated statements of operations, subsidiaries are reported at the consolidated amount, including both the amount attributable to Pillarstone and noncontrolling interest. 

Revenue recognition. All leases on our properties are classified as operating leases, and the related rental income is recognized on a straight-line basis over the terms of the related leases.  Differences between rental income earned and amounts due per the respective lease agreements are capitalized or charged, as applicable, to accrued rents and accounts receivable.  Percentage rents are recognized as rental income when the thresholds upon which they are based have been met.  Recoveries from tenants for taxes, insurance, and other operating expenses are recognized as revenues in the period the corresponding costs are incurred.  We have established an allowance for doubtful accounts against the portion of tenant accounts receivable which is estimated to be uncollectible.

Stock-based compensation. The Company accounts for stock-based compensation in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board's (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 718, "Compensation - Stock Compensation," which addresses the accounting for stock-based payment transactions in which an enterprise receives employee services in exchange for (a) equity instruments of the enterprise or (b) liabilities that are based on the fair value of the enterprise’s equity instruments or that may be settled by the issuance of such equity instruments. ASC 718 generally requires that these transactions be accounted for using a fair-value-based method. The Company uses the Black-Scholes option-pricing model to determine the fair-value of stock-based awards.

Income taxes. Because we have not elected to be taxed as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, we account for income taxes using the liability method under which deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the period in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized. We are also subject to certain state and local income, excise and franchise taxes. The provision for state and local taxes has been reflected in provision for income taxes in the consolidated statements of operations and has not been separately stated due to its insignificance.

The Company evaluates potential uncertain tax positions on an annual basis in conjunction with the board of trustees and its tax accountants. Authoritative literature provides a two-step approach to recognize and measure tax benefits when realization of the benefits is uncertain. The first step is to determine whether the benefit meets the more-likely-than-not condition for recognition and the second step is to determine the amount to be recognized based on the cumulative probability that exceeds 50%. The Company has no uncertain tax positions that required adjustments to our consolidated financial statements in 2018 or 2017.
    
On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”) was signed into law. The Tax Act significantly revised the U.S. corporate income tax regime by, among other things, lowering corporate income tax rates and limiting interest expense to 30% of taxable income before depreciation for corporate taxpayers. The Company accounted for the effects of the Tax Act for the year ended December 31, 2017 which included the re-measurement of deferred tax assets due to the reduction in the corporate income tax rate. The Company is continuing to evaluate this legislation, but does not expect it to have a significant impact.

Concentration of Risk.  Substantially all of our revenues are obtained from office and warehouse locations in the Dallas-Fort Worth and Houston metropolitan areas. We maintain cash accounts in major U.S. financial institutions. The terms of these deposits are on demand to minimize risk. The balances of these accounts sometimes exceed the federally insured limits, although no losses have been incurred in connection with these deposits.


7

Pillarstone Capital REIT
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)


Recent accounting pronouncements. In May 2014, the FASB issued guidance, as amended in subsequent updates, establishing a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes most of the existing revenue recognition guidance. The standard also requires an entity to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services and also requires certain additional disclosures. This guidance became effective for the reporting periods beginning on or after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. We have adopted this guidance on a modified retrospective basis beginning January 1, 2018 and it did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
    
In February 2016, the FASB issued guidance requiring lessees to recognize a lease liability and a right-of-use asset for all leases. Lessor accounting will remain largely unchanged with the exception of changes related to costs which qualify as initial direct costs. The guidance will also require new qualitative and quantitative disclosures to help financial statement users better understand the timing, amount and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. This guidance will be effective for reporting periods beginning on or after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. We will adopt this guidance on a modified retrospective basis beginning January 1, 2019, and such adoption will result in certain costs (primarily legal costs related to lease negotiations) being expensed rather than capitalized. We capitalized $3,000 in legal related costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. We did not capitalize any legal related costs for the three months ended September 30, 2018.

In November 2016, the FASB issued guidance requiring that the statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. Therefore, amounts generally described as restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents should be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. This guidance became effective for the reporting periods beginning on or after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. We adopted this guidance effective January 1, 2018, and we have reconciled cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents on a retrospective basis, whereas under the previous guidance, we reported restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents under cash flows from financing activities.

In January 2017, the FASB issued guidance clarifying the definition of a business with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. This guidance became effective for the reporting periods beginning on or after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. We adopted this guidance on a prospective basis beginning January 1, 2018 and believe the majority of our future acquisitions will qualify as asset acquisitions and the associated transaction costs will be capitalized as opposed to expensed under previous guidance.

In February 2017, the FASB issued guidance clarifying the scope of asset derecognition guidance, added guidance for partial sales of nonfinancial assets and clarified recognizing gains and losses from the transfer of nonfinancial assets in contracts with noncustomers. This guidance became effective for the reporting periods beginning on or after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. We adopted this guidance on a modified retrospective basis beginning January 1, 2018, and the adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

2. ACCRUED RENTS AND ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE, NET

Accrued rents and accounts receivable, net consists of amounts accrued, billed and due from tenants, allowance for doubtful accounts and other receivables as follows (in thousands):
 
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
Tenant receivables
 
$
885

 
$
680

Accrued rents and other recoveries
 
1,276

 
657

Allowance for doubtful accounts
 
(692
)
 
(539
)
Total
 
$
1,469

 
$
798




8

Pillarstone Capital REIT
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)



3. UNAMORTIZED LEASE COMMISSIONS AND DEFERRED LEGAL COST, NET

Costs which have been deferred consist of the following (in thousands):
 
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
Leasing commissions
 
$
3,186

 
$
1,577

Deferred legal cost
 
50

 
47

  Total cost
 
3,236

 
1,624

Less: leasing commissions accumulated amortization
 
(1,877
)
 
(350
)
Less: deferred legal cost accumulated amortization
 
(18
)
 
(9
)
Total cost, net of accumulated amortization
 
$
1,341

 
$
1,265


4. VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITY

On December 8, 2016, Pillarstone and Pillarstone Capital REIT Operating Partnership LP (“Pillarstone OP” or "Operating Partnership"), entered into a Contribution Agreement (the “Contribution Agreement”) with Whitestone REIT Operating Partnership, L.P. (“Whitestone OP”), a subsidiary and the operating partnership of Whitestone REIT (“Whitestone”), both of which are related parties to Pillarstone and Pillarstone OP, pursuant to which Whitestone OP contributed to Pillarstone OP all of the equity interests in four of its wholly-owned subsidiaries (the “Subsidiaries”): Whitestone CP Woodland Ph. 2, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company; Whitestone Industrial-Office, LLC, a Texas limited liability company; Whitestone Offices, LLC, a Texas limited liability company; and Whitestone Uptown Tower, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Uptown Tower”). The Subsidiaries own 14 real estate assets (the “Real Estate Assets” and, together with the Subsidiaries, the “Property”) for aggregate consideration of approximately $84 million, consisting of (i) approximately $18.1 million of Class A units representing limited partnership interests in Pillarstone OP (“OP Units”), issued at a price of $1.331 per OP Unit; and (ii) the assumption of approximately $65.9 million of liabilities by Pillarstone OP. Included in the $65.9 million of liabilities is a $15.5 million note due to Whitestone OP by December 8, 2018. Pillarstone is the general partner of Pillarstone OP and, as a result of the Contribution Agreement, has an 18.6% equity ownership interest in Pillarstone OP valued at approximately $4.1 million as of the date of the Contribution Agreement.

In connection with the Contribution Agreement, on December 8, 2016, the Company, as the general partner of Pillarstone OP, entered into an Amended and Restated Agreement of Limited Partnership of Pillarstone OP (as amended and restated, the “Amended and Restated Agreement of Limited Partnership”). Pursuant to the Amended and Restated Agreement of Limited Partnership, subject to certain protective rights of the limited partners described below, the general partner has full, exclusive and complete responsibility and discretion in the management and control of Pillarstone OP, including the ability to cause Pillarstone OP to enter into certain major transactions including a merger of Pillarstone OP or a sale of substantially all of the assets of Pillarstone OP. The limited partners have no power to remove the general partner without the general partner's consent. In addition, pursuant to the Amended and Restated Agreement of Limited Partnership, the general partner may not conduct any business other than in connection with the ownership, acquisition and disposition of interest in the Operating Partnership and management of the business of the Operating Partnership without the consent of certain of the limited partners. The Company is deemed to exercise significant influence over Pillarstone OP as it has the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact Pillarstone OP's economic performance and the Company's right to receive benefits based on its ownership percentage in Pillarstone OP. Accordingly, the Company accounts for Pillarstone OP as a variable interest entity.

The Amended and Restated Agreement of Limited Partnership designates two classes of units of limited partnership interest in Pillarstone OP: the OP Units and LTIP units. In general, LTIP units are similar to the OP Units and will receive the same quarterly per-unit profit distributions as the OP Units. The rights, privileges, and obligations related to each series of LTIP units will be established at the time the LTIP units are issued. As profits interests, LTIP units initially will not have full parity, on a per-unit basis, with OP Units with respect to liquidating distributions. Upon the occurrence of specified events, LTIP units can over time achieve full parity with the OP Units and therefore accrete to an economic value for the holder equivalent to OP Units. If such parity is achieved, vested LTIP units may be converted on a one-for-one basis into OP Units, which in turn are redeemable by the holder for cash or, at the Company’s election, exchangeable for Common Shares on a one-for-one basis.

9

Pillarstone Capital REIT
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)



During the period from December 8, 2016 through December 31, 2016, Pillarstone received a distribution in kind equal to the value of the original investment of $4.1 million.

The carrying amounts and classification of certain assets and liabilities for Pillarstone OP in our consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 consists of the following (in thousands):
 
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
Real estate assets, at cost
 
 
 
 
  Property
 
$
85,305

 
$
83,141

  Accumulated depreciation
 
(5,205
)
 
(2,934
)
    Total real estate assets
 
80,100

 
80,207

Cash and cash equivalents
 
949

 
2,812

Escrows and utility deposits
 
2,549

 
2,188

Accrued rents and accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts (1)
 
1,469

 
798

Receivable due from related party
 
1,276

 
1,304

Unamortized lease commissions and deferred legal costs, net
 
1,341

 
1,265

Prepaid expenses and other assets
 
116

 
150

     Total assets
 
$
87,800

 
$
88,724

 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
  Notes payable
 
$
62,412

 
$
64,313

  Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
3,152

 
3,322

Payable due to related party
 
297

 
1,005

Accrued interest payable
 
170

 
172

  Tenants' security deposits
 
1,410

 
1,191

     Total liabilities
 
$
67,441

 
$
70,003


(1) 
Excludes approximately $0.3 million in accounts receivable due from Pillarstone that was eliminated in consolidation as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

5. REAL ESTATE

As of September 30, 2018, Pillarstone OP owned 14 commercial properties in the Dallas and Houston areas comprised of approximately 1.5 million square feet of gross leasable area.

Pillarstone OP results of operations. Revenue and net income attributable to the Property of $4.5 million and $0.7 million, respectively, have been included in our results of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2018. Revenue and net income attributable to the Property of $13.0 million and $2.3 million, respectively, have been included in our results of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. Revenue and net income attributable to the Property of $4.2 million and $0.7 million, respectively, have been included in our results of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2017. Revenue and net income attributable to the Property of $12.6 million and $2.2 million, respectively, have been included in our results of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2017.


10

Pillarstone Capital REIT
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)


6. DEBT

Mortgages and other notes payable consist of the following (in thousands):
Description
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Fixed rate notes
 
 
 
 
$37.0 million 3.76% Note, due December 1, 2020
 
$
32,359

 
$
33,148

$16.5 million 4.97% Note, due September 26, 2023
 
15,870

 
16,058

Floating rate notes
 
 
 
 
Related party Note, LIBOR plus 1.40% to 1.95%, due December 8, 2018
 
14,473

 
15,473

Total notes payable principal
 
62,702

 
64,679

Less deferred financing costs, net of accumulated amortization
 
(290
)
 
(366
)
Total notes payable
 
$
62,412

 
$
64,313


Our mortgage debt was collateralized by 10 operating properties as of September 30, 2018 with a combined net book value of $62.8 million. Our loans contain restrictions that would require the payment of prepayment penalties for the acceleration of outstanding debt and are secured by deeds of trust on certain of our properties and the assignment of certain rents and leases associated with those properties. Certain of our other loans are subject to customary covenants. As of September 30, 2018, we were in compliance with all loan covenants.

Scheduled maturities of notes payable as of September 30, 2018 were as follows:
Year
 
Amount Due (in thousands)
2018
 
$
14,840

2019
 
1,376

2020
 
31,286

2021
 
308

2022
 
323

Thereafter
 
14,569

Total
 
$
62,702


7. CONVERTIBLE NOTES PAYABLE - RELATED PARTIES

On November 20, 2015, five trustees on our board of trustees at that time loaned $197,780 to the Company in exchange for convertible notes payable. The convertible notes payable accrue interest at 10% per annum and mature on November 20, 2018. The convertible notes payable can be converted by the noteholders into Common Shares at the rate of $1.331 per Common Share at any time. After six months, the Company can convert the notes payable into Common Shares. At maturity or when the Company chooses to convert the convertible notes payable into Common Shares, the noteholders have the option to receive cash plus accrued interest or convert the convertible notes payable into Common Shares.

8. EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE

Net earnings (loss) per weighted average Common Share outstanding, basic and diluted, is computed based on the weighted average number of Common Shares outstanding for the period. The following table shows the weighted average number of Common Shares outstanding and reconciles the numerator and denominator of both earnings (loss) per Common Share calculations for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.

During the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company had $197,780 of convertible notes payable as discussed in Note 7. The convertible notes payable were not included in the computation of diluted earnings (loss) per share for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, because the effect of conversion would be anti-dilutive. For the three month period ended September 30, 2018, 2,498,050 common share equivalents

11

Pillarstone Capital REIT
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)


represented by Preferred Class A and C shares were not included in the computation of diluted earnings (loss) per share because the effect of conversion would be anti-dilutive.

 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders
 
$
(91
)
 
$
75

 
$
64

 
$
175

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of common shares - basic
 
405,169

 
405,169

 
405,169

 
405,169

Effect of dilutive securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assumed conversion of Preferred A Shares
 

 
53,610

 
53,610

 
53,610

Assumed conversion of Preferred C Shares
 

 
2,444,440

 
2,444,440

 
2,444,440

Weighted average number of common shares - dilutive
 
405,169

 
2,903,219

 
2,903,219

 
2,903,219

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings (Loss) Per Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic income (loss) per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) available to common shareholders
 
$
(0.22
)
 
$
0.19

 
$
0.16

 
$
0.43

Diluted income (loss) per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) available to common shareholders
 
$
(0.22
)
 
$
0.03

 
$
0.02

 
$
0.06


9. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
    
During the ordinary course of business, we have transactions with Whitestone that include, but are not limited to, rental income, interest expense, general and administrative costs, commissions, management and asset management fees, and property expenses.     

In connection with the Contribution Agreement, on December 8, 2016, the Company and Pillarstone OP entered into a Management Agreement (collectively, the “Management Agreements”) with Whitestone TRS, Inc., a subsidiary of Whitestone (“Whitestone TRS”). Pursuant to the Management Agreements with respect to each property, other than Uptown Tower, Whitestone TRS agreed to provide certain property management, leasing and day-to-day advisory and administrative services to such properties in exchange for (1) a monthly property management fee equal to 5.0% of the monthly revenues of each property and (2) a monthly asset management fee equal to 0.125% of GAV (as defined in each Management Agreement as, generally, the purchase price of the respective property based upon the purchase price allocations determined pursuant to the Contribution Agreement, excluding all indebtedness, liabilities or claims of any nature) of such property. Pursuant to the Management Agreement with respect to Uptown Tower, Whitestone TRS agreed to provide certain property management, leasing and day-to-day advisory and administrative services in exchange for (1) a monthly property management fee equal to 3.0% of the monthly revenues of Uptown Tower and (y) a monthly asset management fee equal to 0.125% of GAV of Uptown Tower.


12

Pillarstone Capital REIT
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)


The following table presents the revenue and expenses with Whitestone included in our consolidated statement of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 (in thousands):
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
Location of Revenue (Expense)
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Rent
 
Rental revenues
 
$
201

 
$
200

 
$
606

 
$
581

Property management fees
 
Property operation and maintenance
 
(183
)
 
(186
)
 
(557
)
 
(554
)
Asset management fees
 
Property operation and maintenance
 
(66
)
 
(52
)
 
(198
)
 
(198
)
Interest expense
 
Interest expense
 
(149
)
 
(136
)
 
(435
)
 
(392
)

Assets and (liabilities) due from and to related parties consisted of the following as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 (in thousands):
 
 
Location of Asset (Liability)
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Construction in process (1)
 
Receivable due from related party
 
$

 
$
45

Tenant receivables and other
 
Receivable due from related party
 
1,276

 
1,259

Payables due to related party
 
Payables due to related party
 
(297
)
 
(1,005
)
Note payable due to related party (2)
 
Notes payable
 
(14,473
)
 
(15,473
)
Accrued interest payable for related parties convertible notes
 
Accrued interest payable
 
(56
)
 
(42
)
Accrued interest payable for related party floating rate note
 
Accrued interest payable
 
(170
)
 
(172
)

(1) 
Amount relates to future tenant and building improvement expenditures implicit within the Contribution Agreement to be paid by Whitestone and capitalized by the Company in subsequent periods when placed in service.

2) 
Pillarstone OP prepaid $1.0 million of the note due to Whitestone OP in the third quarter.


13



ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITIONS AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The use of the words "we," "us," "our," "Company" or "Pillarstone" refers to Pillarstone Capital REIT and our consolidated subsidiaries, except where the context otherwise requires.

FORWARD LOOKING INFORMATION

This report on Form 10-Q contains historical information, as well as forward-looking statements that involve known and unknown risks and relate to future events, our future financial performance, or our expected future operations and actions. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “future,” “intend,” “could,” “hope,” “predict,” “target,” “potential,” or “continue” or the negative of these terms or other similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are only our predictions based upon current information and involve numerous assumptions, risks and uncertainties. Our actual results or actions may differ materially from these forward-looking statements for many reasons. While it is impossible to identify all such factors, those that could cause actual results to differ materially from those estimated by us include:
 
 
• 
uncertainties related to the national economy, including liquidity in the capital markets and lending requirements imposed by financial institutions;
 
changes in values for commercial real estate properties and companies;
 
increases in interest rates and in the availability, cost and terms of mortgage funds;
 
decreases in market prices of the shares of publicly traded real estate companies;
 
adverse changes in governmental rules and fiscal policies; and
 
other factors which are beyond our control.
 
In addition, an investment in the Company involves numerous risks that potential investors should consider carefully, including, without limitation: 
 
our cash resources are limited;
 
we have a history of losses;
 
we have not raised funds through a public equity offering;
 
our trustees control a significant percentage of our voting shares;
 
shareholders could experience possible future dilution through the issuance of additional equity;
 
we are dependent on a small number of key senior professionals who are part-time employees; and
 
we currently do not plan to distribute dividends to the holders of our shares.
 
OVERVIEW

Pillarstone is a Maryland real estate investment trust (“REIT”) engaged in investing in, owning and operating commercial properties. Future real estate investments may include (i) acquisition and development of retail, office, office warehouse, industrial, multifamily, hotel, and other commercial properties, (ii) acquisition of or merger with a real estate investment trust or a real estate operating company and (iii) joint venture investments. Excess funds can be invested in cash equivalents depending on market conditions.

The Company was formed on March 15, 1994 as a Maryland REIT. The Company operated as a traditional REIT by buying, selling, owning and operating commercial and residential properties through December 31, 1999. In 2000, the Company purchased a software technology company, resulting in the Company no longer meeting qualifications to be a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). In 2002, the Company discontinued the operations of the technology segment.

14


From 2003 through 2006, we pursued a value-added business plan primarily focused on acquiring well located, under-performing multi-family residential properties, including affordable housing communities, and repositioning them through renovation, leasing, improved management and branding. In 2006, the Company did not complete a public offering for a portfolio acquisition due to market conditions, and consequently, was not able to meet the listing requirements of the former American Stock Exchange (“Amex”). Accordingly, Pillarstone’s common shares were delisted from the Amex and commenced being quoted on the Over-The-Counter Bulletin Board (“OTC Bulletin Board”) and on the pink sheets under the symbol “PRLE”.
From 2006 until December 2016, the Company continued its existence as a corporate shell filing its quarterly and annual reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") so that it could be used for future real estate transactions. During this time, the Company was funded by the trustees who contributed $500,000 in exchange for 125,000 Class C Convertible Preferred Shares and $197,780 in exchange for convertible notes payable. In 2016, the shareholders of Pillarstone approved changing the Company's name from Paragon Real Estate Equity and Investment Trust to Pillarstone Capital REIT.
Substantially all of our business is conducted through Pillarstone OP, a Delaware limited partnership organized in 2016. We are the sole general partner of Pillarstone OP. As of September 30, 2018, we owned 18.6% of the outstanding equity in Pillarstone OP and fully consolidated it within our financial statements.
As of September 30, 2018, the Company is a smaller reporting company, current in its quarterly and annual financial statement filings with the SEC, and may make future real estate investments. There can be no assurance that we will be able to close additional transactions.  Even if our management is successful in closing additional transactions, investors may not value the transactions or the Company in the same manner as we do, and investors may not value the transactions as they would value other transactions or alternatives. Failure to obtain additional sources of capital will materially and adversely affect the Company’s ability to continue operations, as well as our liquidity and financial results.

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS AND EXECUTIVE OVERVIEW

During most of 2016, the Company existed as a corporate shell current in its SEC filings.

On December 8, 2016, Pillarstone and Pillarstone OP, entered into a Contribution Agreement (the “Contribution Agreement”) with Whitestone OP, a subsidiary and the operating partnership of Whitestone, both of which are related parties to Pillarstone and Pillarstone OP, pursuant to which Whitestone OP contributed to Pillarstone OP all of the equity interests in four of its wholly-owned subsidiaries (the “Subsidiaries”): Whitestone CP Woodland Ph. 2, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company; Whitestone Industrial-Office, LLC, a Texas limited liability company; Whitestone Offices, LLC, a Texas limited liability company; and Whitestone Uptown Tower, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company. The Subsidiaries own 14 real estate assets (the “Real Estate Assets” and, together with the Subsidiaries, the “Property”) for aggregate consideration of approximately $84 million, consisting of (i) approximately $18.1 million of Class A units representing limited partnership interests in Pillarstone OP (“OP Units”), issued at a price of $1.331 per OP Unit; and (ii) the assumption of approximately $65.9 million of liabilities by Pillarstone OP (collectively, the “Acquisition”). Pillarstone is the general partner of Pillarstone OP and, as a result of the Contribution Agreement, has an equity ownership interest in Pillarstone OP representing approximately 18.6% valued at approximately $4.1 million as of the date of the agreement.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following is a discussion of our results of operations for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 and our financial condition, including:

Explanation of changes in the results of operations in the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 compared to the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2017.

Our critical accounting policies and estimates that require our subjective judgment and are important to the presentation of our financial condition and results of operations.

Our primary sources and uses of cash for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, and how we intend to generate cash for long-term capital needs.

Our current income tax status.


15


The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto appearing elsewhere herein.

Leasing Activity

As of September 30, 2018, we owned 14 properties with 1,529,861 square feet of gross leasable area, which were approximately 80% occupied.

Comparison of the Nine Month Periods Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017

Revenues from Operations

We had property revenues of approximately $13.0 million and $12.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, an increase of 3%, or $423,000. The average revenue per leased square foot increased $0.47 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 to $14.12 per leased square foot compared to the average revenue per leased square foot of $13.65 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017, resulting in an increase of property revenues of approximately $144,000.

Expenses from Operations
 
Our property expenses were approximately $5.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 as compared to $5.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017, an increase of $80,000, or 1%. The primary components of property expenses are detailed in the table below:
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
 
Change
 
% Change
Real estate taxes
 
$
2,135

 
$
2,201

 
$
(66
)
 
(3
)%
Utilities
 
954

 
849

 
105

 
12
 %
Contract services
 
842

 
887

 
(45
)
 
(5
)%
Repairs and maintenance
 
677

 
593

 
84

 
14
 %
Bad debt
 
153

 
144

 
9

 
6
 %
Management fees
 
755

 
752

 
3

 
 %
Labor and other
 
249

 
259

 
(10
)
 
(4
)%
  Total property expenses
 
$
5,765

 
$
5,685

 
$
80

 
1
 %

General and administrative expenses increased approximately $169,000 from approximately $409,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 to approximately $578,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. This increase is primarily the result of increases in accounting fees of $100,000, salaries and related benefits for the full-time employee of Pillarstone OP added in late 2017 of approximately $70,000, legal fees of $16,000 and other professional fees of $3,000, offset by a decrease in acquisition expense of $20,000. Depreciation and amortization increased approximately $246,000 from approximately $2,366,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 to approximately $2,612,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

Comparison of the Three Month Periods Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017

Revenues from Operations

We had property revenues of approximately $4.5 million and $4.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, an increase of 5%, or $224,000. The average revenue per leased square foot increased $0.83 for the three months ended September 30, 2018 to $14.82 per leased square foot compared to the average revenue per leased square foot of $13.99 for the three months ended September 30, 2017, resulting in an increase of property revenues of approximately $249,000.


16


Expenses from Operations
 
Our property expenses were approximately $2,146,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2018 as compared to $2,022,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2017, an increase of $124,000, or 6%. The primary components of property expenses are detailed in the table below:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
 
Change
 
% Change
Real estate taxes
 
$
874

 
$
901

 
$
(27
)
 
(3
)%
Utilities
 
356

 
253

 
103

 
41
 %
Contract services
 
243

 
240

 
3

 
1
 %
Repairs and maintenance
 
290

 
224

 
66

 
29
 %
Bad debt
 
53

 
66

 
(13
)
 
(20
)%
Management fees
 
249

 
252

 
(3
)
 
(1
)%
Labor and other
 
81

 
86

 
(5
)
 
(6
)%
  Total property expenses
 
$
2,146

 
$
2,022

 
$
124

 
6
 %

General and administrative expenses increased approximately $202,000 from approximately $83,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2017 to approximately $285,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2018. This increase is primarily the result of increases in accounting fees of $109,000, salaries and related benefits for the full-time employee of Pillarstone OP added in late 2017 of approximately $63,000, and legal fees of $34,000, offset by a decrease in other professional fees of $4,000. Depreciation and amortization increased approximately $65,000 from approximately $795,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2017 to approximately $860,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2018.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

During most of 2016, the Company was a corporate shell current in its SEC filings. In December 2016, after the Acquisition, cash provided by operations, equity transactions, and borrowings from affiliates and lending institutions were the primary sources of liquidity to the Company. During most of 2016, we were dependent on cash provided by loans in 2015 of $197,780 from five trustees on our board of trustees at that time in exchange for convertible notes payable. The funds were utilized for due diligence costs incurred in connection with the development and execution of the Contribution Agreement and other transaction documents executed in connection with the Acquisition as well as maintaining the Company's status as a smaller reporting company current in its periodic filings with the SEC. We have kept the public entity available for value-added real estate opportunities, including (i) acquisition and development of retail, office, office warehouse, industrial, multifamily, hotel, and other commercial properties, (ii) acquisition of or merger with a REIT or real estate operating company, and (iii) joint venture investments. Excess funds can be invested in cash equivalents depending on market conditions.

Cash Flows

As of September 30, 2018, our unrestricted cash resources were approximately $1.0 million and we are dependent on cash generated by Pillarstone OP through its ownership of the Real Estate Assets acquired in the Acquisition to meet our liquidity needs.
    
During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company's cash balance decreased by approximately $2.0 million from approximately $3.0 million at December 31, 2017 to approximately $1.0 million at September 30, 2018.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, cash flow from operating activities contributed $2.6 million and was offset by cash flow used for investing and financing activities of $2.1 million and $2.5 million, respectively.
    
Future Obligations

As part of the Acquisition on December 8, 2016, the Operating Partnership assumed approximately $65.9 million of liabilities related to the Real Estate Assets contributed by Whitestone OP. As the general partner of the Operating Partnership, we are ultimately liable for the repayment of the loans. Included in the $65.9 million of liabilities was $15.5 million due to Whitestone OP by December 8, 2018. During the three months ended September 30, 2018 Pillarstone OP prepaid $1.0 million of the loan with cash generated from operations. The remaining $14.5 million as of September 30, 2018 will be repaid from

17


raising capital, selling assets, and refinancing. We are in discussion with Whitestone OP to extend the maturity date and expect this to be completed during the fourth quarter.

Long Term Liquidity and Operating Strategies

Historically, we have financed our long term capital needs, including acquisitions, as follows:

borrowings from new loans;
additional equity issuances of our common and preferred shares; and
proceeds from the sales of our marketable securities.

From 2006 until December 2016, the Company continued its existence as a corporate shell filing its periodic reports with the SEC so that it could be used for future real estate transactions or sold to another company. During this time, the Company was funded by its trustees who contributed $500,000 in exchange for 125,000 Class C Convertible Preferred Shares and $197,780 in exchange for convertible notes payable.

Subsequent to the Acquisition, Pillarstone intends to develop strategies for the Real Estate Assets in order to create value for the enterprise and our shareholders. As part of the Acquisition, Pillarstone OP and Whitestone OP have agreed that Pillarstone OP may require Whitestone OP to purchase up to an aggregate of $3.0 million of additional OP Units from Pillarstone OP at $1.331 per unit over a two year period ending December 8, 2018. To implement the strategy to create value with the Real Estate Assets additional capital will need to be raised.

Current Tax Status

At September 30, 2018, we have net operating loss carryforwards of approximately $523,000. While these losses created a deferred tax asset, a valuation allowance was applied against the asset because of the uncertainty as to whether we will be able to use these loss carryforwards, which will expire in varying amounts through the year 2036.

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the provision of income taxes consisted of an accrual of approximately $24,000 and $67,000, respectively, for Texas franchise tax.

Interest Rates and Inflation

The Company was not significantly affected by inflation during the periods presented in this report due primarily to the relative low nationwide inflation rates and the Company having minimal operations prior to December 8, 2016.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements that have, or are likely to have, a current or future material effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.

Application of Critical Accounting Estimates

Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP, which require us to make certain estimates and assumptions. The following section is a summary of certain estimates that both require our most subjective judgment and are most important to the presentation of our financial condition and results of operations. It is possible that the use of different estimates or assumptions in making these judgments could result in materially different amounts being reported in our consolidated financial statements.

Revenue recognition. All leases on our properties are classified as operating leases, and the related rental income is recognized on a straight-line basis over the terms of the related leases.  Differences between rental income earned and amounts due per the respective lease agreements are capitalized or charged, as applicable, to accrued rents and accounts receivable.  Percentage rents are recognized as rental income when the thresholds upon which they are based have been met.  Recoveries from tenants for taxes, insurance, and other operating expenses are recognized as revenues in the period the corresponding costs are incurred.  We have established an allowance for doubtful accounts against the portion of tenant accounts receivable which is estimated to be uncollectible.


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Acquired Properties and Acquired Lease Intangibles.  We allocate the purchase price of the acquired properties to land, building and improvements, identifiable intangible assets and to the acquired liabilities based on their respective fair values at the time of purchase. Identifiable intangibles include amounts allocated to acquired out-of-market leases, the value of in-place leases and customer relationship value, if any. We determine fair value based on estimated cash flow projections that utilize appropriate discount and capitalization rates and available market information. Estimates of future cash flows are based on a number of factors including the historical operating results, known trends and specific market and economic conditions that may affect the property. Factors considered by management in our analysis of determining the as-if-vacant property value include an estimate of carrying costs during the expected lease-up periods considering market conditions, and costs to execute similar leases. In estimating carrying costs, management includes real estate taxes, insurance and estimates of lost rentals at market rates during the expected lease-up periods, tenant demand and other economic conditions. Management also estimates costs to execute similar leases including leasing commissions, tenant improvements, legal and other related expenses. Intangibles related to out-of-market leases and in-place lease value are recorded as acquired lease intangibles and are amortized as an adjustment to rental revenue or amortization expense, as appropriate, over the remaining terms of the underlying leases. Premiums or discounts on acquired out-of-market debt are amortized to interest expense over the remaining term of such debt.

Depreciation.  Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of 5 to 39 years for improvements and buildings, respectively.  Tenant improvements are depreciated using the straight-line method over the life of the improvement or remaining term of the lease, whichever is shorter.
 
Impairment.  We review our properties for impairment at least annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets, including accrued rental income, may not be recoverable through operations.  We determine whether an impairment in value has occurred by comparing the estimated future cash flows (undiscounted and without interest charges), including the estimated residual value of the property, with the carrying cost of the property.  If impairment is indicated, a loss will be recorded for the amount by which the carrying value of the property exceeds its fair value.  Management has determined that there has been no impairment in the carrying value of our real estate assets as September 30, 2018.



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ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
    
We conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) as of September 30, 2018. This evaluation was carried out under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer. Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of September 30, 2018, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective due to the presence of material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting.
 
A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the company's annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Management concluded that, as of September 30, 2018, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective due to material weaknesses related to insufficient written policies and procedures over accounting transaction processing and period end financial disclosures, resulting in effective oversight in the establishment and proper controls over accounting and financial reporting.

As soon as management became aware of this material weakness in internal control over financial reporting, we began taking immediate actions to remediate the material weakness.

The specific material weakness related to the misapplication of ASC 810 upon the formation of the Operating Partnership. The Company adjusted its accounting of the Operating Partnership, changing the accounting from the equity method (ASC 323, "Investments - Equity Method and Joint Venture) to consolidation under ASC 810. This change in accounting is a one-time adjustment that affected the first year of reporting after the December 8, 2016 Contribution Agreement with Whitestone OP.

We intend to strengthen our controls around the application of ASC 810 and the adoption of any unique accounting applications by preparing formal written memos for every new standard that is applicable to the Company as opposed to the more material ones as we have historically done. We have taken steps to remediate the material weaknesses described above, including (1) reviewing the processes that identify unique accounting transactions, (2) implementing new control procedures that clearly document how unique transactions will be assessed under U.S. GAAP and use of external resources as necessary and (3) adjusted our communications with the Audit Committee that describe the results of such documentation.

We do not expect to incur material costs to remediate this issue and expect to have this material weakness remediated no later than December 31, 2018.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

Except as described above, there was no change during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 in the Company's internal control over financial reporting that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.
    


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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

We may from time to time become a party to legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of our business. These matters are generally covered by insurance. While the frequency and resolutions of any such matters cannot be predicted with certainty, we believe that occurrence and outcomes of these matters will not have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 
ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
 
None
 
ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
 
None

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

Not applicable
 
ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION
 
None










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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

Exhibit Number
 
Exhibit Description
 
 
 
 
 
 
101.INS*
 
XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH*
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL*
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.LAB*
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE*
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
101.DEF*
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
 
* The following financial information of the Registrant for the quarter ended September 30, 2018, formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (unaudited), (ii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (unaudited), (iii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited), and (iv) Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited).

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SIGNATURES
 
In accordance with the requirements of the Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 
PILLARSTONE CAPITAL REIT
 
 
 
 
 
By:
/s/ James C. Mastandrea
Date:
November 14, 2018
 
James C. Mastandrea
Chief Executive Officer
(Principal executive officer)
 
 
 
PILLARSTONE CAPITAL REIT
 
 
 
 
 
By:
/s/ John J. Dee
Date:
November 14, 2018
 
John J. Dee
Chief Financial Officer
(Principal financial and accounting officer)


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