Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Widepoint
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$0.43 84 $37
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-04-16 Officers
8-K 2019-04-12 Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-21 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-07 Officers, Regulation FD
8-K 2018-11-14 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-18 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-08-14 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-03 Enter Agreement, Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-14 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-30 Enter Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-03-21 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-19 Enter Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement, Exhibits
8-K 2017-12-29 Officers, Exhibits
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WYY 2018-12-31
Part I
Item 1. Business
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Properties
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Part II
Item 5. 
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Item 7.  Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplemental Data
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Part III.
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services
Part IV.
Item 15.  Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
EX-21 wyy_ex21.htm
EX-23.1 wyy_ex231.htm
EX-31.1 wyy_ex311.htm
EX-31.2 wyy_ex312.htm
EX-32 wyy_ex32.htm

Widepoint Earnings 2018-12-31

WYY 10K Annual Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-K 1 wyy_10k.htm ANNUAL REPORT Blueprint
 

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
Form 10-K
 
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2018
 
or
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from __________________ to ___________________
 
Commission File Number: 001-33035
  
WidePoint Corporation
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
 
52-2040275
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
 
Identification No.)
 
11250 Waples Mill Road, South Tower, Suite 210, Fairfax, Virginia 22030
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
 
(703) 349-2577
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the act:
 
 
Title of each class
 
Name of each exchange
on which registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share
 
NYSE AMERICAN
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the act:
None
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐ No ☑
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ☐ No ☑
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days: YesNo
 

 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files): Yes ☑ No ☐
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer ☐
 
Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer ☐
 
 
Smaller reporting company ☑
Emerging growth company ☐
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. Yes ☐ No ☑
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ☐ No ☑
 
The aggregate market value of the registrant’s Common Stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant, computed by reference to the closing price of the Common Stock on the NYSE American on the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, was approximately $42,717,000.
 
As of March 22, 2019, there were 84,112,446 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock issued and outstanding.
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
 
Portions of WidePoint Corporation's proxy statement in connection with its 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference in Part III.
 
 
 
 
Cautionary Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements
 
This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements concerning our business, operations and financial performance and condition as well as our plans, objectives and expectations for our business operations and financial performance and condition that are subject to risks and uncertainties. All statements other than statements of historical fact included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are forward-looking statements. You can identify these statements by words such as “aim,” “anticipate,” “assume,” “believe,” “could,” “due,” “estimate,” “expect,” “goal,” “intend,” “may,” “objective,” “plan,” “potential,” “positioned,” “predict,” “should,” “target,” “will,” “would” and other similar expressions that are predictions of or indicate future events and future trends. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about our business and the industry in which we operate and our management's beliefs and assumptions. These statements are not guarantees of future performance or development and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that are in some cases beyond our control. All forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those that we expected, including:
 
Our ability to successfully execute our strategy;
Our ability to achieve and sustain profitability and positive cash flows;
Our ability to gain market acceptance for our products;
Our ability to win new contracts, execute contract extensions and expansion of services of existing contracts;
Our ability to re-win our Blanket Purchase Agreement with the Department of Homeland Security;
Our ability to compete with companies that have greater resources than us;
Our ability to penetrate the commercial sector to expand our business;
Our ability to borrow funds against our credit facility and renew or replace our credit facility on favorable terms or at all;
Our ability to raise additional capital on favorable terms or at all; and
Our ability to retain key personnel.
 
For the discussion of these risks and uncertainties and others that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in our forward-looking statements, please refer to “Risk Factors” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The forward-looking statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are made only as of the date hereof. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as otherwise required by law.
 
In this Annual Report on Form 10-K, unless the context indicates otherwise, the terms “Company” and “WidePoint,” as well as the words “we,” “our,” “ours” and “us,” refer collectively to WidePoint Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries.
 
PART I
 
ITEM 1. BUSINESS
 
Company Overview
 
We are a leading provider of Trusted Mobility Management (TM2) that consists of federally certified communications management, identity management, and bill presentment and analytics solutions. We also provide a professional services solution that is centered on the use of our proprietary advanced and federally certified software solutions and supported by our in-house subject matter experts.
 
 
2
 
 
We offer our TM2 solutions through a flexible managed services model which includes both a scalable and comprehensive set of functional capabilities that can be used by any customer to meet the most common functional, technical and security requirements for mobility management. Our TM2 solutions were designed and implemented with flexibility in mind such that it can accommodate a large variety of customer requirements through simple configuration settings rather than through costly software development. The flexibility of our TM2 solutions enables our customers to be able to quickly expand or contract their mobility management requirements. Our TM2 solutions are hosted and accessible on-demand through a secure federal government certified proprietary portal that provides our customers with the ability to manage, analyze and protect their valuable communications assets, and deploy identity management solutions that provide secured virtual and physical access to restricted environments.
 
Our Solutions
 
Our TM2 framework combines the strengths of our core capabilities into a single secure comprehensive enterprise-wide solution set that offers our customer’s the ability to securely enable and manage their mobile assets as described below:
 
Trusted Mobility Management (TM2)
Telecom Lifecycle Management
 
Mobile and Identity Management
 
Telecom Bill Presentment and Analytics
We offer comprehensive telecom lifecycle management solutions to both large commercial and governmental enterprises. Our solutions are delivered in a hosted and secure multi-modal delivery environment. Our solutions provide full visibility of telecom assets for our customers thereby enabling our customers to securely and efficiently manage all aspects of telecom assets all the while reducing the overall cost of ownership. We offer state-of-the-art call centers that are available 24/7 to help our users stay productive.
 
We offer several different federally certified digital certificates and credentials that enable our customers to conduct business through secure portals owned and managed by the U.S. federal government, access government facilities and secure mobile devices that are used to access corporation networks, databases and other IT assets. We also offer comprehensive mobile security solutions that protect users, devices, and corporate resources, including establishing effective policies to create a scalable, adaptable, successful mobile program.
 
 
We offer a flexible and comprehensive set of analytical solutions including unified bill presentment, robust subscriber data intelligence and hosted voice analytics to large communications service providers (CSPs). Our solutions are delivered in a hosted and secure environment and provide our CSPs with full visibility into their revenue model which drives a stronger customer experience and reduces their operating costs and improves profitability.
 
 
 
Sales Cycle
 
We sell service solutions to government and business enterprises. Our ability to successfully sell our services depends upon the relationships we build and maintain with key decisions makers at existing customers and prospective customer organizations. Our sales cycle is long and is often affected by many factors outside of our control including but not limited to customer specific proposal and acquisition processes, unique customer service requirements, the customer’s timetable and urgency, changes in key leadership and/or personnel that slows down the proposal or project, an evaluation by different functional groups within the prospective customers organization before a purchase decision is made by the organization, budgetary funding delays, intermittent U.S. federal government shutdowns, competitive bidding processes and other policy constraints, as well as additional factors that may lengthen the sales cycle. Many of these variables are outside our control and we attempt to manage the financial impact on us by building a large pipeline with opportunities that have overlapping sales cycles.
 
 
3
 
 
It could take more than 12 months to enter into a contract with a customer from the time we first actively engage a prospective customer and then a full implementation could range from mere weeks to several months depending on the complexity of the customers statement of work and level of engagement by us and the customer to get the deployment completed. Contract closing and implementation timelines vary as a result of these factors, many of which are outside our control.
 
Sales Approaches
 
We approach selling our services under either a direct sales model under which we control the contract and key relationships or we partner with a large systems integrator subcontractor to provide our TM2 solution as part of their overall total solution offering to the end customer. We have historically grown our business under the direct sales model; however, during fiscal 2018 we closed a significant portion of our new sales through our partnerships with large systems integrators. While we believe we can continue to be successful growing our sales through both models, larger scale opportunities likely exist when we partner with large systems integrators.
 
Our sales approaches are summarized below:
 
Systems Integrators. We partner with large systems integrators to collectively pursue and win large market opportunities that include our TM2 solution within the scope of the solicitations. In these types of arrangements, we generally operate as a subcontractor and manage the customer relationship closely with the prime contractor. We do not utilize any channel partners or third-party firms in this sales approach.
 
Internal Sales Force. We have a team of sales professionals account managers and project managers that are responsible for identifying and pursuing commercial and government opportunities for our TM2 offerings. We take a team approach for engaging with a potential customer. Our sales teams consists of sales lead, account managers, solution experts and other subject matter experts to assist with execution of product demonstrations, proposal creation and submission, contract negotiation, relationship management, sales closing and final transition of closed deals to the operations team. Sales commissions are calculated and paid based on net collected gross managed service revenues times a fixed commission rate that declines over the base term of the contract. There are no commissions paid after the base term expires.
 
Upselling and Cross Selling. After a customer is on boarded, we focus on delivering our service promise and then upsell and cross sell our TM2 solution offerings. We may enter into preferred supplier network programs agreements with our customers and offer our TM2 solutions on similar terms and conditions to their suppliers and customer which in turn could increase our potential sales opportunities. We also directly ask our customers for referrals into their professional network, customer and supplier groups to drive additional sales opportunities.
 
Indirect Sales Approach. We may use an indirect sales approach to reach new target markets by outsourcing our lead generation and certain business development activities through a third-party channel partner. We do not use this sales approach very often due to the high cost of commissions charged by these channel partners as their commission terms often span the entire life of the customer relationship which may not be financially viable to the customer or us. We do not anticipate using this sales approach extensively to drive sales opportunities.
 
Our sales team has a wide variety of skills and expertise to cultivate qualified leads and guide our prospective customers towards finding a solution that meets their organization’s goals and objectives.
 
 
 
4
 
 
Marketing and Branding
 
Our marketing strategy is to build our brand and increase market awareness of our solutions in our target markets that will allow us to successfully build strong relationships with key decision markers involved in the sales process on the customer side. Key decisions makers typically consist of information technology executives, finance executives and managers of communications assets and networks.
 
We engage in a wide variety of broad-based and targeted marketing campaigns designed to broaden market awareness of our solutions and expertise. Broad-based marketing campaigns include attending and speaking at industry and tradeshows, website marketing, publishing technical whitepapers and use case studies, topical webcasts, public relations campaigns, subject matter expert forums and industry visibility initiatives. Targeted marketing campaigns including internet search engine optimization, directed e-mail and direct mail, co-marketing strategies designed to leverage existing customer and network relationships.
 
Customer Concentrations
 
We derive a significant amount of our revenues from contracts funded by federal government agencies for which we act in capacity as the prime contractor, or as a subcontractor. We believe that contracts with federal government agencies in particular, will be the primary source of our revenues for the foreseeable future although we are working to increase our footprint with commercial customers through our relationships with large systems integrators. Accordingly, negative changes in federal government fiscal or spending policies (including continuing budget resolutions and government shutdowns) that impact the spending budgets of our key government customers, including Department of Homeland Security, will directly affect our financial performance.
 
We expect all of our customers to be motivated to meet their organizational needs for mobile management and security objectives in this challenging mobile environment. As a result of delivering our TM2 service solution we can often save our customers up to 75% of their total spend on mobility and security management which translates into real cash savings. While most of our customers use their savings to purchase and upgrade their managed services our customers could potentially negatively impact our billable revenue base and result in lower profit margins if they decide to retain the savings and not purchase additional higher margin services. We believe we have an attractive set of solutions and we also believe that government spending for cybersecurity services and solutions will increase for the foreseeable future.
 
Our government customer base is located predominantly in the Mid-Atlantic region of the U.S. while our commercial customer base is located throughout the continental U.S., Canada, Europe and the Middle East. Historically, we have derived, and may continue to derive in the future, a significant percentage of our total revenues from federal government contracts.
 
Due to the nature of our business and the relative size of certain contracts which are entered into in the ordinary course of business, the loss of any single significant customer would have a material adverse effect on our results of operations. In future periods, we will continue to focus on diversifying our revenue by increasing the size and number of customer contracts both in public and private sectors.
 
Government Contracts
 
We have numerous government contracts and contract vehicles. Our contracts with the federal government, and many contracts with other entities, permit the government customer to modify, curtail or terminate the contract at any time for the convenience of the government, or for default by the contractor. If a contract is terminated for convenience, we are generally reimbursed for our allowable costs through the date of termination and are paid a proportionate amount of the stipulated profit or fee attributable to the work actually performed.
 
 
 
5
 
 
Contract vehicles include Government Wide Acquisition Contracts (“GWACs”), and Blanket Purchase Agreements (“BPAs”) based upon GSA Schedule 70, and customer specific contracts. We also hold a number of Indefinite Delivery/Indefinite Quantity (“ID/IQ”) contracts, including, but not limited to:
 
■ 
Department of Homeland Security Blanket Purchase Agreement (DHS BPA) for Cellular Wireless Managed Services.
 
■ 
Department of Health and Human Services Telecommunications Inventory and Expense Management Solutions contract.
 
■ 
Subsidiaries of WidePoint are approved subcontractors for the following ID/IQ contracts:
 
o 
Defense Logistics Agency J6 Enterprise Technology Services (JETS)
o 
GSA Alliant 2
o 
GSA Networx
o 
GSA Connections II
o 
National Institutes of Health Chief Information Officer Solutions and Partners (CIO-SP3)
o 
Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Program Management and Support Services (PMSS)
o 
NASA Solutions for Enterprise-Wide Procurement (SEWP)
o 
Department of Justice Information Technology Support Services (“ITSS”) 3 contract
 
We will continue to build on our partnerships with key systems integrators to out compete our competitors for public and private sector opportunities.
 
Product Development and Technology Solution Enhancements
 
We believe that our existing technology platforms are adequate and meet our operational obligations to our customers. We may fund certain product development initiatives to enhance or customize existing client facing platforms and software solutions. These initiatives are aimed at improving the efficiency and effectiveness of our software solutions and meet our customer’s changing organizational requirements, as necessary. We determine which enhancements to further develop after assessing the market capabilities sought by potential customers, considering technological advances, feedback on enhancements from our current customer user groups and other factors. Our current development activities are focused on the integration of our heterogeneous services delivery platforms, and improving the security posture and delivery of our information technology services.
 
We utilize a standard architecture to ensure enhancements are subject to appropriate oversight and scrutiny and follow a consistent and efficient process. Our development team is comprised of professionals with hands-on technical and practical customer-side development experience. We believe this allows us to design and deploy enhancements that can resolve real-world problems in a timely manner.
 
 
6
 
 
We funded and expensed strategic product development initiatives as well as platform and portal integrations and other product and portal enhancements totaling approximately $229,000 in 2018, which was capitalized and $579,800, of which $360,700 was capitalized in 2017. In 2019, we will continue to work with our strategic partners to continue and focus our product development efforts as well as with customer integrations.
 
Data Centers
 
We host our proprietary solutions and operate all servers, systems and networks at five (5) data centers located in Ireland, Ohio, and Virginia, which we may consolidate in the future. Our agreements with our customers contain guarantees regarding specified levels of system availability, and we regularly provide our customers with performance reports against those standards. We utilize monitoring technology software tools that continuously checks our servers and key underlying components at regular intervals for issues with system availability and performance, server and application security and penetration vulnerabilities, and other factors that may impact the availability of our systems to our customers. Each data center provides security measures, redundant environmental controls, fire suppression systems and redundant electrical generators to meet our service level agreements. To facilitate data loss recovery, we operate a multi-tiered system configuration with load-balanced web server pools, replicated database servers and fault-tolerant storage devices. The architecture is designed to ensure near real-time data recovery in the event of a malfunction of a primary server. Based on customer requirements, we can also provide near real-time asynchronous data replication between operational and disaster recovery backup sites.
 
Intellectual Property
 
Our intellectual property rights are important to our business. We rely on a combination of patent, copyright, trademark, service mark, trade secret and other rights in the United States and other jurisdictions, as well as confidentiality procedures and contractual provisions to protect our proprietary service as a solution, technology, operational processes and other intellectual property. We protect our intellectual property rights in a number of ways including entering into confidentiality and other written agreements with our employees, customers, consultants and partners in an attempt to control access to and distribution of our software, documentation and other proprietary technology and other information. Despite our efforts to protect our proprietary rights, third parties may, in an unauthorized manner, attempt to use, copy or otherwise obtain and market or distribute our intellectual property rights or technology or otherwise develop software or services with the same functionality as our software and services.
 
U.S. patent filings are intended to provide the holder with a right to exclude others from making, using, selling or importing in the United States the inventions covered by the claims of granted patents. Our patents, including our pending patents, if granted, may be contested, circumvented or invalidated. Moreover, the rights that may be granted in those issued and pending patents may not provide us with proprietary protection or competitive advantages, and we may not be able to prevent third parties from infringing those patents. Therefore, the exact benefits of our issued patents and, if issued, our pending patents and the other steps that we have taken to protect our intellectual property cannot be predicted with certainty.
 
 
 
7
 
 
Market Competition
 
Our TM2 market is centered around mobile management and security as shown below:
 
 
Target Markets. Our target market is highly fragmented and we compete with small and large companies that offer different components of TM2. We believe that we are presently the only provider of all three of these critical services offerings. We believe that our TM2 solution offering gives us a strong competitive advantage over our competitors due to our distinctive technical competencies, successful past contract performance with large commercial and government organizations, governmental certifications and approvals to operate within this space, price and value of services delivered, reputation for quality, and key management personnel with subject matter expertise. 
 
Market Pricing. Pricing for services in our market lack of transparency due to the way in which our competitors price their services. Our competitors take advantage of this lack of pricing transparency and prospective customer’s lack of understanding and awareness of market pricing for services. Our competitors often take advantage of a prospective customer and will often heavily discount their prices to unprofitable levels thereby creating a commodity pricing environment that affects the value of the solution perceived by prospective customers, severely limits profitability for other service providers that provide better solutions, discourages further innovation and harms the customer in the end.  The costs to switch solutions can be high for a prospective customer even if they know their current solution is not working.
 
Our pricing for services are transparent and we attempt to match our customers need with the right level of services for a single inclusive fee whenever practical. We practice transparent pricing strategies that allow our customers to purchase our entire full-service solution or select only the services they require to meet their needs. We do not use introductory teaser rates to attract new customers or conduct bait and switch pricing tactics with our customers as is often practiced by our competitors. Pricing for our TM2 offering will vary depending on our prospective customer’s technology infrastructure, scale of their operations, workflow requirements and many other factors that can affect pricing.
 
We do not view our services as a commodity, and comparability of our TM2 offering against other competitors’ service offerings is not practical due to differences in pricing models described above and overall capabilities among competitors. As a result of this pricing differences between us and our competitors it can be difficult to compare to pricing models in our market.
 
All prospective customers tend to initially have price sensitivity and that often changes after we are able to demonstrate that our solutions will save them time and money. We believe our TM2 solution pricing is competitive and reflects the value of the solutions provide to our customers. Our goal is providing the best solution for our customers that meets their needs. We may not always be the lowest cost provider and as a result our ability to win new work and charge a reasonable fee for our services entirely depends on the value perceived by our customers. 
 
 
 
8
 
 
Competition. Our TM2 solution crosses into several different market segments and as a result we do not have competitors that compete in all of the market segments in which we conduct business.  The following table outlines what areas of TM2 our competitors provide:
 
 
 
Our larger competitors often have more size and financial resources than us and they may be able to provide a wider array of technology solutions outside of our core capabilities.  Due to our significant federal government contract concentrations we also experience competition from a variety of both large and small companies, including divisions of large federal government integrators such as Lockheed Martin Corporation, Northrop Grumman Corporation, and other large and mid-sized federal contractors, as well as a limited number of small to mid-sized subject matter expert organizations offering specialized capabilities within the identity management space.
 
If we are unable to keep pace with the intense competition in our marketplace, deliver cost-effective and relevant solutions to our target market, our business, financial condition and results of operations will suffer.
 
Contracting
 
We prefer to serve as the prime contractor when we win contract awards; however, we will often serve as a subcontractor and partner with a large systems integrator to win a larger market opportunity. We also may enter into strategic teaming agreements with another competitor or a vertical supplier to capture a market opportunity. Prospective customers in our target market use a wide array of contract vehicles to purchase technology services ranging from individual purchase orders, awards or consolidated service contracts (including blanket purchase agreements and similar indefinite delivery indefinite quantity contracts) that cover a range of technology services, of which we may or may not be able to provide all of the services to serve as the prime contractor.
 
Seasonality
 
Our business is not seasonal. However, our revenues and operating results may vary significantly from quarter to quarter, due to revenues earned on contracts, the number of billable days in a quarter, the timing of the pass-through of other direct costs, the commencement and completion of contracts during any particular quarter; as well as the schedule of the government agencies for awarding contracts, the term of each contract that we have been awarded and general economic conditions. Because a significant portion of our expenses, such as personnel and facilities costs, are fixed in the short term, successful contract performance and variation in the volume of activity as well as in the number of contracts commenced or completed during any quarter may cause significant variations in operating results from quarter to quarter.
 
 
9
 
 
Employees
 
As of December 31, 2018, we had approximately 227 full-time employees (182 in the U.S. and 45 in Europe). We periodically engage additional consultants and employ temporary employees. None of our employees are subject to a collective bargaining agreement. We believe that our relations with our employees are good.
 
Corporate Information
 
We were incorporated on May 30, 1997 under the laws of the State of Delaware under the name WidePoint Corporation. Our principal executive offices are located at 11250 Waples Mill Rd., South Tower, Suite 210, Fairfax, Virginia 22030. Our internet address is www.widepoint.com. Information on our website is not incorporated into this Form 10-K. We make available free of charge through our website our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). The SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at http://www.sec.gov.
 
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
 
You should carefully consider the risk factors set forth below and in other reports that we file from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission and the other information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The matters discussed in the risk factors, and additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operation and future growth prospects and could cause the trading price of our common stock to decline.
 
Risks Related to our Business and our Industry
 
Our inability to successfully recompete and re-win our expiring DHS BPA contract, and on terms that do not material affect our profit margins, could have a material adverse impact on our results of operations.
 
Our DHS BPA expired on December 16, 2018 and was extended through June 16, 2019. The DHS BPA could potentially be further extended if required. While we believe we have a strong relationship and past performance under this expiring contract that may provide us with a competitive advantage in the re-compete process, there is no guarantee that we will be successful in our efforts. If we are unable to retain this contract the DHS may not be able to continue to use our services beyond fiscal 2020, unless they separate create and fund a different contract vehicle, which is unlikely. Revenue generated under this single DHS BPA for fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 was approximately $64.5 million (representing 77% of total revenue of which 13% related to managed service revenue); and our inability to successfully re-win this contract would have a material adverse effect on our future revenue, profitability and cash flows.
 
 
 
10
 
 
Changes in the spending policies or budget priorities of the federal government could cause us to lose revenues.
 
We derive a significant amount of our annual revenues from contracts funded by federal government agencies. We believe that contracts with federal government agencies will be a significant source of our revenues for the foreseeable future. Accordingly, changes in federal government fiscal or spending policies or the U.S. federal budget could directly affect our financial performance. Among the factors that could harm our business are:
 
■ 
curtailment of the federal government’s use of technology services firms;
■ 
a significant decline in spending by the federal government, in general, or by specific agencies such as the Department of Defense;
■ 
reductions in federal government programs or requirements, including government agency shutdowns and/or reductions in connection with sequestration;
■ 
any failure to raise the debt ceiling;
■ 
government inability to approve a budget and operate under a “Continuing Resolution”;
■ 
a shift in spending to federal programs and agencies that we do not support or where we currently do not have contracts;
■ 
delays in the payment of our invoices by government payment offices;
■ 
federal governmental shutdowns, and other potential delays in the government appropriations process; and
■ 
general economic and political conditions, including any event that results in a change in spending priorities of the federal government.
 
These or other factors could cause federal government agencies and departments to delay payments owed for our services, to reduce their purchases under contracts, to exercise their right to terminate contracts, or not to exercise options to renew contracts, any of which could cause us to lose revenues. In addition, any limitations imposed on spending by U.S. government agencies that result from efforts to reduce the federal deficit, including as a result of sequestration or otherwise, may limit both the continued funding of our existing contracts and our ability to obtain additional contracts.
 
We have had a history of losses; and we may be unable to achieve and sustain profitability.
 
We have a long history of net losses over the last six (6) years, including net losses of $1.5 million in 2018 and $3.5 million in 2017. Prior to fiscal 2018, a significant contributing factor driving our significant net operating losses were investments in sales and marketing and product development projects that did not produce the expected return on investment; and as a result placed a significant cumulative strain on our networking capital and overall financial position. There is no guarantee that we will be able to sustain improvements in financial performance realized over the last six (6) calendar quarters and ultimately meet our financial goals of growing top line revenue and positive net income without closing significant new business and incremental contract expansions. An inability to successfully grow our sales pipeline and close on new business that is profitable could affect our long-term viability and ultimately limit the financial resources we have available to grow our business and achieve our desired financial results.
 
 
 
11
 
 
We currently have access to a credit facility agreement, which requires us to maintain financial covenants and failure to maintain such covenants could limit our access to debt capital and simultaneously require immediate repayment of borrowings by our lender.
 
We have access to a credit facility, which consists of a variable line of credit to primarily to meet short term working capital requirements and to partially fund acquisition growth. Our credit facility agreement requires us to maintain certain financial covenants on a quarterly and annual basis. If we are unable to meet future covenants, our lender could take adverse actions that might include raising our variable interest rate, accelerating in part or in full payment of all unpaid principal and interest, reducing the amount of our credit facility, or offering renewal terms that are unfavorable, all of which could have a material adverse impact on our ability to meet periodic short term operational cash flow requirements and manage through prolonged government shutdowns. Similarly, if we are unable to renew the credit facility with our current lender or any other lender in the future, our business and operating results will suffer and we may need to obtain additional funding or raise capital, which may not be available on favorable terms or at all.
 
The loss of significant customer contracts, could also have an adverse impact on our financial results.
 
While we believe that our business relationships with key decision makers are strong and represent a strong competitive advantage for us; however, it is possible that the strength of our relationship could diminish if our primary customer contacts leaves their firm or the customer is acquired by another firm that uses a competitor to deliver the same services. We estimate that the loss of any large contract with annual managed service revenues of more than $1 million, without any offsetting aggregate contract wins, could have a significant adverse impact on our operating cash flow and financial results; and we would likely be faced with a decision to initiate additional cost reduction actions that would largely include reductions in force for personnel and assets affected by the contract loss.
 
Also, the loss of a significant customer contract could also cause the Company to defer potentially advantageous strategic options. In the case of the loss of a material customer contract, the Company may be required to rapidly consider other strategic alternatives including selling a portion or all of our assets if our financial performance deteriorates as a result of key customer contract losses. Accordingly, the loss of a significant customer would have a material adverse effect on our operations.
 
Our sales cycles can be long, unpredictable and require considerable time and expense, which may cause our operating results to fluctuate.
 
Our sales cycle, which is the time between initial contact with a potential customer and the ultimate sale, is often lengthy and unpredictable. Some of our potential customers may already have partial managed mobility solutions in place under fixed-term contracts, which may limit their ability to commit to purchase our solution in a timely fashion. In addition, our potential customers typically undertake a significant evaluation process that can last up to a year or more, and which requires us to expend substantial time, effort and money educating them about the capabilities of our offerings and the potential cost savings they can bring to an organization. Furthermore, the purchase of our solution typically also requires coordination and agreement across many departments within a potential customer’s organization, which further contributes to our lengthy sales cycle. As a result, we have limited ability to forecast the timing and size of specific sales. Any delay in completing, or failure to complete, sales in a particular quarter or year could harm our business and could cause our operating results to vary significantly.
 
 
 
12
 
 
Our market is highly competitive and we may not be able to compete effectively or gain market acceptance of our products and service.
 
Our service business operates in a market that is highly fragmented, price sensitive and subject to fierce competition. Additionally, rapid changes in technology affect our ability to respond timely with new and innovative product offerings to address new market needs. We have a significant presence in the U.S federal marketplace and we expect the intensity of competition for government contracts, as well as commercial contracts to increase in the future as existing competitors develop additional capabilities that better align with our core competencies and those of our target customer segment.
 
While we believe our customer service, strong customer retention and integrated technology solution sets are among our key differentiators, our competitors may offer introductory pricing and significantly discount their services to gain market share and/or in exchange for revenues with higher margin services in other areas or at later dates. Increased competition could result in additional pricing pressure, reduced sales, shorter term lengths for customer contracts, lower margins or the failure of our solution to achieve or maintain broad market acceptance. If we are unable to compete effectively, it will be difficult for us to maintain our pricing rates and add and retain customers, have adequate financial resources to pay for and retain key personnel, and our business, financial condition and results of operations will be harmed.
 
Our financial resources are limited and the failure of one or more new product or service offerings could materially harm our financial results and limit our ability to adequately support marketing and promotion of new offerings; and also limit our ability to gain market acceptance of our new offerings.
 
Since we have less resources than many of our competitors, the failure of one of our products or services to gain market acceptance will cause us greater harm due to the costs involved in developing or acquiring new products and services as we must carefully consider the allocation of our resources given our financial position. Furthermore, larger companies tend to hold a significant advantage over us with potential customers due to their name brand recognition, longevity and resources. Any failure to gain market acceptances of our products and services will have a material adverse impact on our operations and our ability to continue our business.
 
If we cannot keep pace with the intense competition in our marketplace, our business, financial condition and results of operations will suffer.
 
We have significant fixed operating costs, which may be difficult to adjust in response to unanticipated fluctuations in revenues.
 
A high percentage of our operating expenses, particularly personnel, rent and communications costs, are fixed in advance of any particular quarter. As a result, an unanticipated or prolonged decrease in the number or average size of, or an unanticipated delay in the scheduling for our projects, including U.S. government shutdowns, may cause significant variations in operating results in any particular quarter and could have a material adverse effect on operations and cash flow for that quarter. An unanticipated termination, decrease or delay in the implementation of a significant anticipated customer contract could require us to maintain underutilized employees and that could have a material adverse effect on our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Additional points of clarification regarding factors that may negatively affect our earnings from quarter to quarter include changes in:
 
■ 
the contractual terms and timing of completion of projects, including achievement of certain business results;
■ 
acceptance of our products to commercial or government customers;
■ 
budgets for government customers;
■ 
the implementation of new projects ;
■ 
the adequacy of provisions for losses and bad debts;
■ 
the accuracy of our estimates of resources required to complete ongoing projects;
■ 
personnel, including the loss of key highly skilled personnel necessary to complete projects; and
■ 
general economic conditions.
 
 
 
13
 
 
We may not be able to respond to rapid technological changes with new software products and services, which could harm our sales and profitability.
 
Our portfolio of products, services, and solutions could become obsolete due to rapid technological changes and frequent new product and service introductions by our competitors in the mobile world. Additionally, frequent changes in mobile computing hardware and software technology, and resulting inconsistencies between the billing platforms utilized by major communications carriers and the changing demands of customers regarding the means of delivery of communications management solutions could affect our ability to efficiently deliver our services and harm our profit margins.
 
To achieve and maintain market acceptance for our solution, we must effectively anticipate these changes and offer software products and services that respond to them in a timely manner. Customers may require customized transactional and reporting capabilities that our current solution does not have and/or may be cost prohibitive to develop to meet the customer’s requirements and ensure our contract is profitable. In addition, the development of new products and services comes with a high degree of uncertainty with regard to return on investment and involves significant time and financial resources to action, as there is no guarantee that the funds and time spent on developing such products will ever generate a return. If we fail to develop software products and services that satisfy customer preferences in a timely and cost-effective manner, our ability to renew our agreements with existing customers and our ability to create or increase demand for our solution will be harmed.
 
Our inability to accurately price and sell our product offerings at an acceptable profit margin that customers are willing to pay will have a negative impact on our business that could extend for a number of years.
 
Most of our contracts with customers have terms of three (3) to five (5) years, with optional additional renewal periods. Our government contracts generally consist of a base period award with 4 option periods depending on the needs of the agency issuing the contract award. Our commercial contracts have contractual terms of 3 or more years with automatic annual renewals in most cases. Most of our contracts are offered at firm fixed price per performance obligation such as price per unit managed. Due to the long-term nature of our firm fixed price contracts, any failure on our part to accurately define the scope of work and prevent scope creep, properly price our products to match the customer’s operating environment, or to effectively manage our costs to deliver against these performance obligations could have an adverse negative impact to our financial position and results of operations over a number of years. Additionally, our failure to complete our contractual performance obligations in a manner consistent with the contract could adversely affect our overall profitability and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Our largest customers could unexpectedly terminate their contracts.
 
All of our government contracts contain a standard clause which allows the government to cancel our contract for convenience without penalty. Some of our commercial contracts with large enterprises contain contract clauses that include the ability to cancel a contract for convenience by the customer for convenience with limited advance notice and without significant penalty. In addition, our contracts with the federal government permit the governmental agency to modify, curtail or terminate the contract at any time for the convenience of the government. Termination, delay or modification of a contract by any large government or commercial customer could result in a loss of expected revenues and additional expenses for staff that were allocated to that customer’s project. We could be required to maintain underutilized employees who were assigned to the terminated contract or we could ultimately lose the subject matter expertise for that contract and be required to retain more expensive staffing resources to perform the contract when it resumes. The unexpected cancellation or significant reduction in the scope of any of our large projects could have an immediate material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
 
 
14
 
 
We may be unable to successfully acquired complementary businesses, services or technologies to support our growth strategy.
 
We may in the future acquire or invest in complementary and supplementary businesses, services or technologies. Demand for businesses with credible business relationships and capabilities to provide services to large commercial enterprises and/or governmental agencies at the federal, state and local level is very competitive. To the extent that the price of such acquisitions may rise beyond reasonable levels where funding for such acquisitions is no longer available, we may not be able to acquire strategic assets. Further, these acquisitions, investments or new business relationships may result in unforeseen difficulties and expenditures. We may encounter difficulties assimilating or integrating the businesses, technologies, products, services, personnel or operations of companies we have acquired or companies that we may in the future acquire. These difficulties may arise if the key personnel of the acquired company choose not to work for us, the company’s technology or services do not easily integrate with ours or we have difficulty retaining the acquired company’s customers due to changes in its management or for other reasons. These acquisitions may also disrupt our business, divert our resources and require significant management attention that would otherwise be available for development of our business. Moreover, the anticipated benefits of any acquisition, investment or business relationship may not be realized or we may be exposed to unknown liabilities. In addition, any future acquisition may require us to:
 
■ 
issue additional equity securities that would dilute our stockholders;
■ 
use cash that we may need in the future to operate our business;
■ 
incur debt on terms unfavorable to us or that we are unable to repay;
■ 
incur large charges or substantial liabilities; or
■ 
become subject to adverse tax consequences, substantial depreciation or deferred compensation charges.
 
If any of these risks materializes, our business and operating results would be harmed.
 
We may be liable to our customers for damages caused by our services or by our failure to remedy system failures.
 
Many of our projects involve technology applications or systems that are critical to the operations of our customers’ businesses. If we fail to perform our services correctly, we may be unable to deliver applications or systems to our customers with the promised functionality or within the promised time frame, or to satisfy the required service levels for support and maintenance. While we have created redundancy and back-up systems, any such failures by us could result in claims by our customers for substantial damages against us. Additionally, in the event we manage third party services on behalf of our customers and fail to execute in approved changes requested by our customers it could result in claims asserted by our customers for substantial damages against us.
 
Although we attempt to limit the amount and type of our contractual liability for defects in the applications or systems we provide, and carry insurance coverage that mitigates this liability in certain instances, we cannot be assured that these limitations and insurance coverages will be applicable and enforceable in all cases. Even if these limitations and insurance coverages are found to be applicable and enforceable, our liability to our customers for these types of claims could still exceed our insurance coverage and be material in amount and affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
 
 
15
 
 
We may be unable to protect our proprietary software and methodology.
 
Our success depends, in part, upon our proprietary software, methodology and other intellectual property rights. We rely upon a combination of trade secrets, nondisclosure and other contractual arrangements, and copyright and trademark laws to protect our proprietary rights. We generally enter into nondisclosure and confidentiality agreements with our employees, partners, consultants, independent sales agents and customers, and limit access to and distribution of our proprietary information. We cannot be certain that the steps we take in this regard will be adequate to deter misappropriation of our proprietary information or that we will be able to detect unauthorized use and take appropriate steps to enforce our intellectual property rights. Furthermore, statutory contracting regulations protect the rights of federal agencies to retain access to, and utilization of, proprietary intellectual property utilized in the delivery of contracted services to such agencies. We have attempted to put in place certain safeguards in our policies and procedures to protect intellectual property developed by employees. Our policies and procedures stipulate that intellectual property created by employees and its consultants remain our property. If we are unable to protect our proprietary software and methodology, the value of our business may decrease and we may face increased competition.
 
Assertions by a third party that our software products or technology infringes its intellectual property, whether or not correct, could subject us to costly and time-consuming litigation or expensive licenses.
 
Although we believe that our services and products do not infringe on the intellectual property rights of others, infringement claims may be asserted against us in the future. There is frequent litigation in the communications and technology industries based on allegations of infringement or other violations of intellectual property rights. As we face increasing competition, the possibility of intellectual property rights claims against us may increase. These claims, whether or not successful, could:
 
■ 
divert management’s attention;
■ 
result in costly and time-consuming litigation;
■ 
require us to enter into royalty or licensing agreements, which may not be available on acceptable terms, or at all; or
■ 
require us to redesign our software products to avoid infringement.
 
As a result, any third-party intellectual property claims against us could increase our expenses and impair our business. In addition, although we have licensed proprietary technology, we cannot be certain that the owners’ rights in such technology will not be challenged, invalidated or circumvented. Furthermore, many of our customer agreements require us to indemnify our customers for certain third-party intellectual property infringement claims, which could increase our costs as a result of defending such claims and may require that we pay damages if there were an adverse ruling related to any such claims. These types of claims could harm our relationships with our customers, may deter future customers from purchasing our software products or could expose us to litigation for these claims. Even if we are not a party to any litigation between a customer and a third party, an adverse outcome in any such litigation could make it more difficult for us to defend our intellectual property in any subsequent litigation in which we are a named party.
 
Our net operating loss carry-forwards are subject to a valuation adjustment if we do not maintain and increase our profitability.
 
As of December 31, 2018, we had aggregate federal net operating loss carry-forwards of approximately $38.5 million and state net operating loss carry-forwards of approximately $39.8 million. Our ability to utilize our net operating loss carry-forwards and related deferred tax assets is based upon our ability to generate future taxable income. Our ability to generate future taxable income can be impacted by many circumstances. If we fail to generate taxable income our existing net operating loss carry-forwards and related deferred tax assets may expire unused. In addition, net operating loss carry-forwards may become subject to an annual limitation if there is a cumulative change in the ownership interest of significant stockholders (or certain stockholder groups) over a three-year period in excess of 50%, in accordance with rules esstablished under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Code, and similar state rules (we refer to each as an ownership change). Such an ownership change could limit the amount of historic net operating loss carry-forwards that can be utilized annually to offset future taxable income.
 
 
 
16
 
 
The loss of key personnel or an inability to attract and retain additional personnel may impair our ability to grow our business.
 
We are highly dependent upon the continued service and performance of our key executives, operational managers and subject matter experts to run our core operations. The replacement of these individuals likely would involve expenditure of significant time and financial resources, and their loss might significantly delay or prevent the achievement of our business objectives. We do not maintain key man life insurance with respect to any of our key executives and subject matter experts.
 
We plan to continue to replenish our ranks with the best available talent to optimize our workforce to do more with less resources. We face intense competition for qualified individuals from numerous consulting, technology, software and communications companies. Our ability to achieve significant revenue growth will depend, in large part, on our success in recruiting, training and retaining sufficient numbers of qualified personnel to support our growth. New hires may require significant training and may take significant time before they achieve full productivity. If our recruiting, training and retention efforts are not successful or do not generate a corresponding increase in revenue, our business will be harmed.
 
In addition, if our key employees resign from us or our subsidiaries to join a competitor or to form a competing company, the loss of such personnel and any resulting loss of existing or potential customers to any such competitor could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Although we require certain of our employees to sign agreements prohibiting them from joining a competitor, forming a competing company or soliciting our customers or employees for certain periods of time, we cannot be certain that these agreements will be effective in preventing our key employees from engaging in these actions or that courts or other adjudicative entities will substantially enforce these agreements.
 
We may incur substantial costs in connection with contracts awarded through a competitive procurement process, which could negatively impact our operating results.
 
Most if not all federal, state and local governments, as well as commercial contracts are awarded through a competitive procurement process that could be a year or more from the initial solicitation to final contract award. We expect that much of the business we seek in the foreseeable future will be awarded through competitive procedures and similar lengthy sales cycle. Competitive procurements impose substantial upfront costs and present a number of risks, including:
 
■ 
the substantial cost and managerial time and effort that we spend to prepare bids and proposals for contracts that may not be awarded to us;
■ 
requirements to register to conduct business in another state or country could increase our compliance costs;
■ 
requirements to post a bid guarantee or similar performance guarantee as part of a bid submission; and
■ 
the expense and delay that we may face if our competitors protest or challenge contract awards made to us pursuant to competitive procedures, and the risk that any such protest or challenge could result in the resubmission of offers, or in termination, reduction, or modification of the awarded contract.
 
The costs we incur in the competitive procurement process may be substantial and, to the extent we participate in competitive procurements and are unable to win particular contracts, these costs could negatively affect our operating results. In addition, the General Services Administration multiple award schedule contracts, government-wide acquisitions contracts, blanket purchase agreements, and other indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity contracts do not guarantee more than a minimal amount of work for us, but instead provide us access to work generally through further competitive procedures. This competitive process may result in increased competition and pricing pressure, requiring that we make sustained post-award efforts to realize revenues under the relevant contract.
 
 
 
17
 
 
Unfavorable government audit results could subject us to a variety of penalties and sanctions, and could harm our reputation and relationships with our customers.
 
The federal government audits and reviews our performance on contracts, pricing practices, cost structure, and compliance with applicable laws, regulations, and standards. Like most large government contractors, our contracts are audited and reviewed on a regular basis by federal agencies, including the Defense Contract Audit Agency. An unfavorable audit of us, or of our subcontractors, could have a substantial adverse effect on our operating results. For example, any costs that were originally reimbursed could subsequently be disallowed. In this case, cash we have already collected may need to be refunded.
 
If a government audit uncovers improper or illegal activities, we may be subject to civil and criminal penalties and administrative sanctions, including termination of contracts, forfeiture of profits, suspension of payments, fines, and suspension or debarment from doing business with U.S. government agencies. In addition, we could suffer serious harm to our reputation if allegations of impropriety were made against us, whether true or not true.
 
Security breaches or cybersecurity events in sensitive government systems could result in the loss of customers and negative publicity.
 
Many of the services we provide involve managing and protecting information involved in intelligence, national security, and other sensitive or classified government functions. A security breach or cybersecurity event in one of these systems could cause serious harm to our business, damage our reputation, and prevent us from being eligible for further work on sensitive or classified systems for federal government customers. In addition, sensitive personal data could be illegally accessed and/or stolen through a cybersecurity event. We could incur losses from such a security breach that could exceed the policy limits under our insurance. Damage to our reputation or limitations on our eligibility for additional work resulting from a security breach in one of the systems we develop, install, and maintain could materially reduce our revenues.
 
Many states have enacted laws requiring companies to notify consumers of data security breaches involving their personal data. These mandatory disclosures regarding a security breach often lead to widespread negative publicity, which may cause our customers to lose confidence in the effectiveness of our data security measures. Any security breach or cybersecurity event, whether successful or not, would harm our reputation and could cause the loss of customers. Any of these events could have material adverse effects on our business, financial condition, and operating results.
 
Our ability to provide services to our customers depends on our customers’ continued high-speed access to the internet and the continued reliability of the internet infrastructure.
 
Our business depends on our customers’ continued high-speed access to the internet, as well as the continued maintenance and development of the internet infrastructure. The future delivery of our solutions will depend on third-party internet service providers to expand high-speed internet access, to maintain a reliable network with the necessary speed, data capacity and security, and to develop complementary solutions and services, including high-speed modems, for providing reliable and timely internet access and services. All of these factors are out of our control. To the extent that the internet continues to experience an increased number of users, frequency of use, or bandwidth requirements, the internet may become congested and be unable to support the demands placed on it, and its performance or reliability may decline. Any internet outages or delays could adversely affect our ability to provide services to our customers.
 
Currently, internet access is provided by telecommunications companies and internet access service providers that have significant and increasing market power in the broadband and internet access marketplace. On December 14, 2017, the Federal Communications Commission classified broadband internet access service as an unregulated information service and repealed the specific rules against blocking, throttling or “paid prioritization” of content or services. In the absence of government regulation, these providers could take measures that affect their customers’ ability to use our products and services, such attempting to charge their customers more for using our products and services. To the extent that internet service providers implement usage-based pricing, including meaningful bandwidth caps, or otherwise try to monetize access to their networks, we could incur greater operating expenses and customer acquisition and retention could be negatively impacted. Furthermore, to the extent network operators were to create tiers of internet access service and either charge us for or prohibit our services from being available to our customers through these tiers, our business could be negatively impacted. Some of these providers may also offer products and services that directly compete with our own offerings, which could potentially give them a competitive advantage.
 
 
 
18
 
 
Our failure to obtain and maintain security certifications and necessary security clearances may limit our ability to perform classified work directly for government customers as a prime contractor or subcontractor, which could cause us to lose business.
 
Some government contracts require us to maintain both federal and industry recognized security certifications of our systems, facility security clearances, and require some of our employees to maintain individual security clearances. If we are unable to maintain security certifications of our systems, or our employees lose or are unable to timely obtain security clearances, or we lose a facility clearance, our customer may have the right to terminate the contract or decide not to renew it upon its expiration. As a result, to the extent we cannot obtain or maintain the required security certifications and clearances for a particular contract, or we fail to obtain them on a timely basis, we may not derive the revenues anticipated from the contract, which, if not replaced with revenues from other contracts, could harm our operating results. To the extent we are not able to obtain facility security clearances or engage employees with the required security clearances for a particular contract, we will be unable to perform that contract and we may not be able to compete for or win new contracts for similar work.
 
Federal government contracts contain provisions giving government customers a variety of rights that are unfavorable to us, including the ability to terminate a contract at any time for convenience.
 
Federal government contracts contain provisions and are subject to laws and regulations that provide government customers with rights and remedies not typically found in commercial contracts. These rights and remedies allow government customers, among other things, to:
 
■ 
terminate existing contracts, with short notice, for convenience, as well as for default;
■ 
reduce orders under or otherwise modify contracts;
■ 
for larger contracts subject to the Truth in Negotiations Act, reduce the contract price or cost where it was increased because a contractor or subcontractor during negotiations furnished cost or pricing data that was not complete, accurate, and current;
■ 
for GSA multiple award schedule contracts, government-wide acquisition agreements, and blanket purchase agreements, demand a refund, make a forward price adjustment, or terminate a contract for default if a contractor provided inaccurate or incomplete data during the contract negotiation process, or reduce the contract price under certain triggering circumstances, including the revision of pricelists or other documents
■ 
upon which the contract award was predicated, the granting of more favorable discounts or terms and conditions than those contained in such documents, and the granting of certain special discounts to certain customers;
■ 
terminate our facility security clearances and thereby prevent us from receiving classified contracts;
■ 
cancel multi-year contracts and related orders if funds for contract performance for any subsequent year become unavailable;
■ 
decline to exercise an option to renew a multi-year contract or issue task orders in connection with indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity contracts;
■ 
claim rights in solutions, systems, and technology produced by us;
■ 
prohibit future procurement awards with a particular agency due to a finding of organizational conflict of interest based upon prior related work performed for the agency that would give a contractor an unfair advantage over competing contractors or the existence of conflicting roles that might bias a contractor’s judgment;
■ 
subject the award of contracts to protest by competitors, which may require the contracting federal agency or department to suspend our performance pending the outcome of the protest and may also result in a requirement to resubmit offers for the contract or in the termination, reduction, or modification of the awarded contract; and
■ 
suspend or debar us from doing business with the federal government.
 
If a federal government customer terminates one of our contracts for convenience, we may recover only our incurred or committed costs, settlement expenses, and profit on work completed prior to the termination. If a federal government customer were to unexpectedly terminate, cancel, or decline to exercise an option to renew with respect to one or more of our significant contracts or suspend or debar us from doing business with the federal government, our revenues and operating results would be materially harmed.
 
 
 
19
 
 
Our failure to comply with complex procurement laws and regulations could cause us to lose business and subject us to a variety of penalties.
 
We must comply with laws and regulations relating to the formation, administration, and performance of federal government contracts, which affect how we do business with our federal government customers and may impose added costs on our business. Among the most significant laws and regulations are:
 
■ 
the Federal Acquisition Regulation, and agency regulations analogous or supplemental to the Federal Acquisition Regulation, which comprehensively regulate the formation, administration, and performance of government contracts;
■ 
the Truth in Negotiations Act, which requires certification and disclosure of all cost or pricing data in connection with some contract negotiations;
■ 
the Cost Accounting Standards, which impose cost accounting requirements that govern our right to reimbursement under some cost-based government contracts; and
■ 
laws, regulations, and executive orders restricting the use and dissemination of information classified for national security purposes and the exportation of specified solutions and technical data.
 
If a government review or investigation uncovers improper or illegal activities, we may be subject to civil and criminal penalties and administrative sanctions, including the termination of our contracts, the forfeiture of profits, the suspension of payments owed to us, fines, and our suspension or debarment from doing business with federal government agencies. In particular, the civil False Claims Act provides for treble damages and potentially substantial civil penalties where, for example, a contractor presents a false or fraudulent claim to the government for payment or approval, or makes a false statement in order to get a false or fraudulent claim paid or approved by the government. Actions under the civil False Claims Act may be brought by the government or by other persons on behalf of the government. These provisions of the civil False Claims Act permit parties, such as our employees, to sue us on behalf of the government and share a portion of any recovery. Any failure to comply with applicable laws and regulations could result in contract termination, price or fee reductions, or suspension or debarment from contracting with the government, each of which could lead to a material reduction in our revenues.
 
The adoption of new procurement laws or regulations could reduce the amount of services that are outsourced by the federal government and cause us to experience reduced revenues.
 
New legislation, procurement regulations, or labor organization pressure could cause federal agencies to adopt restrictive procurement practices regarding the use of outside service providers. The American Federation of Government Employees, the largest federal employee union, strongly endorses legislation that may restrict the procedure by which services are outsourced to government contractors. One such proposal, the Truthfulness, Responsibility, and Accountability in Contracting Act, would have effectively reduced the volume of services that is outsourced by the federal government by requiring agencies to give in-house government employees expanded opportunities to compete against contractors for work that could be outsourced. If such legislation, or similar legislation, were to be enacted, it would likely reduce the amount of IT services that could be outsourced by the federal government, which could materially reduce our revenues.
 
If a communications carrier prohibits customer disclosure of communications billing and usage data to us, the value of our solution to customers of that carrier would be impaired, which may limit our ability to compete for their business.
 
Certain of our information technology based solutions software functionality and services that we offer depend on our ability to access a customer’s communications billing and usage data. For example, our ability to offer outsourced or automated communications bill auditing, billing dispute resolution, bill payment, cost allocation and expense optimization depends on our ability to access this data. If a communications carrier were to prohibit its customers from disclosing this information to us, those enterprises would only be able to use these billing-related aspects of our solution on a self-serve basis, which would impair some of the value of our solution to those enterprises. This in turn could limit our ability to compete with the internally developed communications management solutions of those enterprises, require us to incur additional expenses to license access to that billing and usage data from the communications carrier, if such a license is made available to us at all, or put us at a competitive disadvantage against any third-party communications management solutions service provider that licenses access to that data.
 
 
 
20
 
 
Our long-term success in our industry depends, in part, on our ability to expand the sales of our solutions to customers located outside of the United States, and thus our business is susceptible to risks associated with international sales and operations.
 
We are currently seeking to expand the international sales and operations of our portfolio of solutions. This international expansion will subject us to new risks that we have not faced in the United States. These risks include:
 
■ 
geographic localization of our software products, including translation into foreign languages and adaptation for local practices and regulatory requirements;
■ 
lack of familiarity with and unexpected changes in foreign regulatory requirements;
■ 
longer accounts receivable payment cycles and difficulties in collecting accounts receivable;
■ 
difficulties in managing, staffing and overseeing international implementations and operations, including increased reliance on foreign subcontractors;
■ 
challenges in integrating our software with multiple country-specific billing or communications support systems for international customers;
■ 
challenges in providing procurement, help desk and fulfillment capabilities for our international customers;
■ 
fluctuations in currency exchange rates;
■ 
potentially adverse tax consequences, including the complexities of foreign value added or other tax systems and restrictions on the repatriation of earnings;
■ 
the burdens of complying with a wide variety of foreign laws and legal standards;
■ 
increased financial accounting and reporting burdens and complexities;
■ 
potentially slower adoption rates of communications management solutions services internationally;
■ 
political, social and economic instability abroad, terrorist attacks and security concerns in general; and
■ 
reduced or varied protection for intellectual property rights in some countries.
 
Operating in international markets also requires significant management attention and financial resources. The investment and additional resources required to establish operations and manage growth in other countries may not produce desired levels of revenue or profitability.
 
Expansion into international markets could require us to comply with additional billing, invoicing, communications, data privacy and similar regulations, which could make it costly or difficult to operate in these markets.
 
Many international regulatory agencies have adopted regulations related to where and how communications bills may be sent and how the data on such bills must be handled and protected. For instance, certain countries restrict communications bills from being sent outside of the country, either physically or electronically, while other countries require that certain information be encrypted or redacted before bills may be transmitted electronically. These regulations vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction and international expansion of our business could subject us to additional similar regulations. Failure to comply with these regulations could result in significant monetary penalties and compliance with these regulations could require expenditure of significant financial and administrative resources.
 
In addition, personally identifiable information is increasingly subject to legislation and regulations in numerous jurisdictions around the world, the intent of which is to protect the privacy of personal information that is collected, processed and transmitted in or from the governing jurisdiction. Our failure to comply with applicable safe harbor, privacy laws and international security regulations or any security breakdown that results in the unauthorized release of personally identifiable information or other customer data could result in fines or proceedings by governmental agencies or private individuals, which could harm our results of operations.
 
 
 
21
 
 
If we fail to effectively manage and develop our strategic relationships with key systems integrators, or if those third parties choose not to market and sell our TM2 offering, our operating results would suffer.
 
The successful implementation of our strategic goals is dependent in part on strategic relationships with key systems integrators. While our relationships with key systems integrators is new, we believe that our business relationship is strong and continuing to grow and we believe that our key systems integrators will continue to support the inclusion of our TM2 offering as part of their overall technology solution offering.
 
Some of our strategic relationships are relatively new and, therefore, it is uncertain whether these third parties will be able to market and sell our solution successfully or provide the volume and quality of customers that we believe may exist. If we are unable to manage and develop our strategic relationships, the growth of our customer base may be harmed and we may have to devote substantially more resources to the distribution, sales and marketing of our solution, which would increase our costs and decrease our earnings.
 
The emergence of one or more widely used, standardized communications devices or billing or operational support systems could limit the value and operability of our TM2 solution and our ability to compete with the manufacturers of such devices or the carriers using such systems in providing similar services.
 
Our TM2 solution derives its value in significant part from our communications management software’s ability to interface with and support the interoperation of diverse communications devices, billing systems and operational support systems. The emergence of a single or a small number of widely used communications devices, billing systems or operational support systems using consolidated, consistent sets of standardized interfaces for the interaction between communications service providers and their enterprise customers could significantly reduce the value of our solution to our customers and potential customers. Furthermore, any such communications device, billing system or operational support system could make use of proprietary software or technology standards that our software might not be able to support. In addition, the manufacturer of such device, or the carrier using such billing system or operational support system, might actively seek to limit the interoperability of such device, billing system or operational support system with our software products for competitive or other reasons. The resulting lack of compatibility of our software products would put us at a significant competitive disadvantage, or entirely prevent us from competing, in that segment of the potential market if such manufacturer or carrier, or its authorized licensees, were to develop one or more communications management solutions competitive with our solution.
 
A continued proliferation and diversification of communications technologies or devices could increase the costs of providing our software products or limit our ability to provide our TM2 offering to potential customers.
 
Our ability to provide our TM2 offering is dependent on the technological compatibility of our products with the communications infrastructures and devices of our customers and their communications service providers. The development and introduction of new communications technologies and devices requires us to expend significant personnel and financial resources to develop and maintain interoperability of our software products with these technologies and devices. Continued proliferation of communications products and services could significantly increase our research and development costs and increase the lag time between the initial release of new technologies and products and our ability to provide support for them in our software products, which would limit the potential market of customers that we have the ability to serve and the financial feasibility of our TM2 offering.
 
 
 
22
 
 
Actual or perceived breaches of our security measures, or governmental required disclosure of customer information could diminish demand for our solution and subject us to substantial liability.
 
In the processing of communications transactions, we receive, transmit and store a large volume of sensitive customer information, including call records, billing records, contractual terms, and financial and payment information, including credit card information, and we have entered into contractual obligations to maintain the confidentiality of certain of this information. Any person who circumvents our security measures could steal proprietary or confidential customer information or cause interruptions in our operations and any such lapse in security could expose us to litigation, substantial contractual liabilities, loss of customers or damage to our reputation or could otherwise harm our business. We incur significant costs to protect against security breaches and may incur significant additional costs to alleviate problems caused by any breaches. In addition, if we are required to disclose any of this sensitive customer information to governmental authorities, that disclosure could expose us to a risk of losing customers or could otherwise harm our business.
 
If customers believe that we may be subject to requirements to disclose sensitive customer information to governmental authorities, or that our systems and software products do not provide adequate security for the storage of confidential information or its transmission over the Internet or corporate extranets, or are otherwise inadequate for Internet or extranet use, our business will be harmed. Customers’ concerns about security could deter them from using the Internet to conduct transactions that involve confidential information, including transactions of the types included in our solution, so our failure to prevent security breaches, or the occurrence of well-publicized security breaches affecting the Internet in general, could significantly harm our business and financial results.
 
Defects or errors in our TM2 platform and/or processes could harm our reputation, impair our ability to sell our products and result in significant costs to us.
 
A key part of our service delivery involves the use of internally developed software solutions. If our software solutions contain undetected defects or errors that affect our ability to process customer transactions, prepare reports and/or deliver our services in general it may result in a failure to perform in accordance with customer expectations and could result in monetary damages against us. Because our customers use our software products for important aspects of their businesses, any defects or errors in, or other performance problems with, our software products could hurt our reputation and may damage our customers’ businesses. If that occurs, we could be required to issue substantial service credits that reduce amounts invoiced to our customers, lose out on future sales or our existing customers could elect to not renew their customer agreements with us. Product performance problems could result in loss of market share, failure to achieve market acceptance and the diversion of development resources from software enhancements. If our software products fail to perform or contain a technical defect, a customer might assert a claim against us for damages. Whether or not we are responsible for our software’s failure or defect, we could be required to spend significant time and money in litigation, arbitration or other dispute resolution, and potentially pay significant settlements or damages.
 
We provide minimum service-level commitments to many of our customers, and our inability to meet those commitments could result in significant loss of customers, harm to our reputation and costs to us.
 
Many of our customer agreements currently, or may in the future, require that we meet minimum service level commitments regarding items such as platform availability, invoice processing speed and order processing speed. If we are unable to meet the stated service level commitments under these agreements many of our customers will have the right to terminate their agreements with us and we may be contractually obligated to provide our customers with credits or pay other penalties. If our software products are unavailable for significant periods of time we may lose a substantial number of our customers as a result of these contractual rights, we may suffer harm to our reputation and we may be required to provide our customers with significant credits or pay our customers significant contractual penalties, any of which could harm our business, financial condition, results of operations.
 
 
 
23
 
 
Risks Related To Our Common Stock
 
Our common stock price has been volatile and trading in a narrow range.
 
The stock market has, from time to time, experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations. The market prices of the securities of companies in our industry have been especially volatile. Broad market fluctuations of this type may adversely affect the market price of our common stock. The market price of our common stock has experienced, and may continue to be subject to volatility due to a variety of factors, including:
 
■ 
our inability to achieve and sustain profitability;
■ 
public announcements concerning us, our competitors or our industry;
■ 
externally published articles and analyses about us by retail investors and non-analysts;
■ 
changes in analysts’ earnings estimates;
■ 
the failure the meet the expectations of analysts;
■ 
fluctuations in operating results;
■ 
additional financings or capital raises;
■ 
introductions of new products or services by us or our competitors;
■ 
announcements of technological innovations;
■ 
additional sales of our common stock or other securities;
■ 
trading by individual investors that causes our stock prices to straddle at a low price for prolonged periods of time; or
■ 
our inability to gain market acceptance of our products and services.
 
In the past, some companies that have experienced volatility in the market price of their stock have been the object of securities class action litigation. If we were the object of securities class action litigation, we could incur substantial costs and experience a diversion of our management’s attention and resources and such securities class action litigation could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
The future sale of shares of our common stock may negatively affect our common stock price and/or be dilutive to current stockholders.
 
If we or our stockholders sell substantial amounts of our common stock, the market price of our common stock could fall. Such stock issuances may be made at a price that reflects a discount from the then-current trading price of our common stock. In addition, in order to raise capital for acquisitions or other general corporate purposes, we would likely need to issue securities that are convertible into or exercisable for a significant number of shares of our common stock. These issuances would dilute our stockholders percentage ownership interest, which would have the effect of reducing our stockholders’ influence on matters on which our stockholders vote, and might dilute the book value of our common stock. There is no assurance that we will not seek to sell additional shares of our common stock in order to meet our working capital or other needs in a transaction that would be dilutive to current stockholders.
 
A third party could be prevented from acquiring shares of our common stock at a premium to the market price because of our anti-takeover provisions.
 
Various provisions of our certificate of incorporation, by-laws and Delaware law could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire us, even if doing so might be beneficial to you and our other stockholders. We are subject to the provisions of Section 203 of the General Corporation Law of Delaware. Section 203 prohibits a publicly held Delaware corporation from engaging in a “business combination” with any interested stockholder for a period of three years after the date of the transaction in which the person became an interested stockholder, unless the business combination is approved in a prescribed manner. A “business combination” includes mergers, asset sales and other transactions resulting in a financial benefit to the interested stockholder. Subject to certain exceptions, an “interested stockholder” is (i) a person who, together with affiliates and associates, owns 15% or more of our voting stock or (ii) an affiliate or associate of ours who was the owner, together with affiliates and associates, of 15% or more of our outstanding voting stock at any time within the 3-year period prior to the date for determining whether such person is “interested.”
 
Our certificate of incorporation also provides that any action required or permitted to be taken by our stockholders at an annual meeting or special meeting of stockholders may be taken without such meeting only by the unanimous consent of all stockholders entitled to vote on the particular action. In order for any matter to be considered properly brought before a meeting, a stockholder must comply with certain requirements regarding advance notice to us. The foregoing provisions could have the effect of delaying until the next stockholders’ meeting stockholder actions, which are favored by the holders of a majority of our outstanding voting securities. These provisions may also discourage another person or entity from making a tender offer for our common stock, because such person or entity, even if it acquired a majority of our outstanding voting securities, would be able to take action as a stockholder (such as electing new directors or approving a merger) only at a duly called stockholders’ meeting, and not by written consent.
 
 
 
24
 
 
The General Corporation Law of Delaware provides generally that the affirmative vote of a majority of the shares entitled to vote on any matter is required to amend a corporation’s certificate of incorporation or bylaws, unless a corporation’s certificate of incorporation or bylaws, as the case may be, requires a greater percentage. Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws do not require a greater percentage vote. Our board of directors is classified into three classes of directors, with approximately one-third of the directors serving in each such class of directors and with one class of directors being elected at each annual meeting of stockholders to serve for a term of three years or until their successors are elected and take office. Our bylaws provide that the board of directors will determine the number of directors to serve on the board. Our board of directors presently consists of seven members.
 
Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws contain certain provisions permitted under the General Corporation Law of Delaware relating to the liability of directors. The provisions eliminate, to the fullest extent permitted by the General Corporation Law of Delaware, a director’s personal liability to us or our stockholders with respect to any act or omission in the performance of his or her duties as a director. Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws also allow us to indemnify our directors, to the fullest extent permitted by the General Corporation Law of Delaware. Our bylaws also provide that we may grant indemnification to any officer, employee, agent or other individual as our Board may approve from time to time. We believe that these provisions will assist us in attracting and retaining qualified individuals to serve as directors.
 
We do not expect to declare any dividends in the foreseeable future.
 
We do not anticipate declaring any cash dividends to holders of our common stock in the foreseeable future. Consequently, investors must rely on sales of their common stock after price appreciation, which may never occur, as the only way to realize any future gains on their investment. Investors seeking cash dividends should not purchase our common stock.
 
ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
 
Not applicable.
 
ITEM 2. PROPERTIES
 
All of our property locations are leased. We believe we can obtain additional facilities required to accommodate projected needs without difficulty and at commercially reasonable prices, although no assurance can be given that we will be able to do so. The following table presents our property locations at December 31, 2018 for our U.S. locations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Base
 
 
Base
 
 
 
 
 
Lease
 
Approx.
 
 
Cost per
 
 
Annual
 
Physical Street Address
 
City, State Zip Code
 
Expiration
 
Sqft
 
 
Sqft
 
 
Cost
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7926 Jones Branch Drive, Suite 520
 
McLean, VA 22102
 
August 2019
 
 
5,437
 
 
$
17
 
 
$
93,500
 
11250 Waples Mill Rd S. Tower, Suite 210
 
Fairfax, VA 22030
 
March 2029
 
 
11,852
 
 
$
28
 
 
$
336,000
 
8351 N High Street, Suite 200
 
Columbus, OH 43235
 
September 2027
 
 
14,382
 
 
$
9
 
 
$
127,300
 
2 Eaton Street Suites 800/807
 
Hampton, VA 23669
 
November 2019
 
 
4,519
 
 
$
15
 
 
$
66,300
 
  
The following table presents our property locations at December 31, 2018 for our international locations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Base
 
 
Base
 
 
 
 
 
Lease
 
Approx.
 
 
Cost per
 
 
Annual
 
Physical Street Address
 
Country Postal Code
 
Expiration
 
Sqft
 
 
Sqft
 
 
Cost
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
South County Business Park
 
Dublin 18, Ireland
 
March 2026
 
 
6,000
 
 
$
31
 
 
$
186,000
 
 
ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
From time to time we may be involved in claims arising in the ordinary course of business. We are not currently involved in legal proceedings, governmental actions, investigations or claims currently pending against us or involve us that, in the opinion of our management, could reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition.
 
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
 
None.
 
 
 
25
 
 
PART II
 
ITEM 5. 
MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
 
Market Information
 
Our common stock trades on the NYSE American under the symbol “WYY”.
 
Holders
 
As of the close of business on March 22, 2019, there were 113 registered holders of record of our common stock.
 
Transfer Agent and Registrar
 
The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is American Stock Transfer & Trust Company.
 
Dividend Policy
 
We have never paid dividends on our Common Stock and intend to continue this policy for the foreseeable future. We plan to retain earnings for use in growing our business base. Any future determination to pay dividends will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will be dependent on our results of operations, financial condition, contractual and legal restrictions and any other factors deemed by the management and the Board to be a priority requirement of the business.
 
Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities
 
None.
 
Repurchases of Equity Securities
 
We repurchased no shares of our Common Stock during the fourth quarter of 2018.
 
ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
 
Not Applicable
 
ITEM 7.  MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
This discussion should be read in conjunction with the other sections of this Form 10-K, including “Risk Factors,” and the Financial Statements and notes thereto. The various sections of this discussion contain a number of forward-looking statements, all of which are based on our current expectations and could be affected by the uncertainties and risk factors described throughout this Annual Report on Form 10-K. See “Forward-Looking Statements.” Our actual results may differ materially.
 
 
 
26
 
 
Organizational Overview
 
We were incorporated on May 30, 1997 under the laws of the state of Delaware. We are a leading provider of federally certified secure identity management and communications solutions to the government and commercial sectors. Our on-demand solutions offer a suite of advanced and federally certified proprietary software solutions designed to enable secure identity management and manage the complex processes and expenses associated with complex communication assets and services of any enterprise.
 
Strategic Focus
 
We successfully executed on our two key goals for 2018 by stabilizing the business and rebranding our solution offerings into a single cohesive offering called Trusted Mobility Management, or TM2. Looking forward to fiscal 2019, we will be focusing more of our attention on the following key goals:
 
■ 
continued focus on selling high margin managed services as one unified company,
■ 
growing our sales pipeline by investing in our business development and sales team assets,
■ 
pursuing additional opportunities with our key systems integrator partners,
■ 
improving our proprietary platform and products, which includes placing ITMS™ onto GovCloud and receive a FedRAMP certification, and
■ 
expanding our solution offerings into the commercial space.
 
Our longer-term strategic focus and goals are driven by our need to expand our critical mass so that we have more flexibility to fund investments in technology solutions and introduce new sales and marketing initiatives in order to expand our marketplace share and increase the breadth of our offerings in order to improve company sustainability and growth. Our next steps towards achieving our longer-term goals include:
 
■ 
pursuing accretive and strategic acquisitions to expand our solutions and our customer base,
■ 
delivering new incremental offerings to add to our existing TM2 offering,
■ 
developing and testing innovative new offerings that enhance our TM2 offering, and
■ 
transitioning our data center and support infrastructure into a more cost-effective and federally approved cloud environment to comply with perceived future contract requirements.
 
We believe these actions could drive a strategic repositioning our TM2 offering and may include the sale of non-aligned offerings coupled with acquisitions of complementary and supplementary offerings that could result in a more focused core set of TM2 offerings.
 
The execution of our strategy will require a significant amount of time, expertise and expense. There may be a requirement to raise additional capital, which may be on unfavorable terms to us. There is also no guarantee that we will be able to successfully execute our strategy or return to profitability in a timely fashion or at all. However, management firmly believes that a focused execution of our short and longer term strategies will put us on the path towards returning to generating positive earnings and cash flow, while also allowing the Company to build critical mass in the future with a more sustainable and improved competitive market position.
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
Refer to Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements for a summary of our significant accounting policies referenced, as applicable, to other notes. In many cases, the accounting treatment of a particular transaction is specifically dictated by U.S. GAAP and does not require management’s judgment in its application. Our senior management has reviewed these critical accounting policies and related disclosures with its Audit Committee. See Note 2 to consolidated financial statements, which contain additional information regarding accounting policies and other disclosures required by U.S. GAAP. The following section below provides information about certain critical accounting policies that are important to the consolidated financial statements and that require significant management assumptions and judgments.
 
 
 
27
 
 
 
Segments
 
Segments are defined by authoritative guidance as components of a company in which separate financial information is available and is evaluated by the chief operating decision maker (CODM), or a decision-making group, in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. Our CODM is our chief executive officer.
 
Our customers view our market as a singular business and demand an integrated and scalable suite of enterprise-wide solutions. Our TM2 offerings are substantially managed service driven solutions that use our proprietary technology platform to deliver our services. The amount of labor required to perform our contract obligations may vary significantly contract to contract depending on the customer’s specific requirements; however, the way in which we perform these services is consistent across the company and requires a connected group of internal subject matter experts and support personnel.
 
We conduct business with our customers through six operating entities that were acquired through acquisitions; however, where a customer contract is tied to neither affect how we deliver our services nor does it affect how we allocate our financial resources to deliver against our performance obligations. We are required to maintain books and records for these legal entities for tax purposes as long as they remain active; however, we are in the process of eliminating legacy operating entities in favor of a more streamlined operating structure and to simplify producing our financial results.
 
In order to evaluate a managed service business model our CODM and the senior executive team measure financial performance based on our overall mixture of managed and carrier services and related margins. These financial metrics provide a stronger indication of how we are managing our key customer relationships; and it also determines our overall profitability.
 
We present a single segment for purposes of financial reporting and prepared consolidated financial statements upon that basis.
 
Revenue Recognition
 
Our managed services solutions may require a combination of labor, third party products and services. Our managed services are generally not interdependent and our contract performance obligations are delivered consistently on a monthly basis. We do not typically have undelivered performance obligations in these arrangements which would require us to spread our revenue over a longer period of time. In the event there are undelivered performance obligations our practice is to defer such revenue and recognize when the performance obligation has been satisfied.
.
A substantial portion of our revenues are derived from firm fixed price contracts with the U.S. federal government that are fixed fee arrangements tied to the number of devices managed. Our actual reported revenue may fluctuate month to month depending on the hours worked, number of users, number of devices managed, actual or prospective proven expense savings, actual technology spend, or any other metrics as contractually agreed to with our customers.
 
Our revenue recognition policies for our billable managed services is summarized and shown below:
 
■ 
Managed services are delivered on a monthly basis based on a standard fixed pricing scale and sensitive to significant changes in per user or device counts which form the basis for monthly charges. Revenue is recognized upon the completion of the delivery of monthly managed services based on user or device counts or other metrics. Managed services are not interdependent and there are no undelivered elements in these arrangements.
 
 
28
 
 
 
■ 
Identity services are delivered as an on-demand managed service through the cloud to an individual or organization or sold in bulk to an organization capable of self-issuing credentials. There are two aspects to issuing an identity credential to an individual that consists of identity proofing which is a significant part of the service and monthly credential valuation services which enable the credential holder to access third party systems. Identity proofing services are not bundled and do not generally include other performance obligations to deliver. Revenue is recognized from the sales of identity credentials to an individual or organization upon issuance less a portion deferred for monthly credential validation support services. In the case of bulk sales or consoles revenue is recognized upon issue or availability to the customer for issuance. There is generally no significant performance obligation to provide post contract services in relation to identity consoles delivered. Identity certificates issued have a fixed life and cannot be modified once issued.
 
■ 
Audit services are earned based on actual savings delivered to a customer. We earn professional fees for our services based on a percentage of proven savings. We recognize contingent based service arrangements when our savings results are verified by the carrier and accepted by the customer. Contingent fees earned are calculated based on projected or proven savings multiplied by an agreed upon recovery rate. Cost associated with contingent fee arrangements are recognized as incurred.
 
Our revenue recognition policies for our billable labor services is summarized and shown below:
 
■ 
Billable services are professional services provided on a project basis determined by our customers’ specific requirements. These technical professional services are billed based on time incurred and actual costs. We recognize revenues for professional services performed based on actual hours worked and actual costs incurred.
 
Our revenue recognition policies for our billable reselling services is summarized and shown below:
 
■ 
Reselling services require the Company to acquire third party products and services to satisfy customer contractual obligations. We recognize revenues and related costs on a gross basis for such arrangements whenever we have primary economic risk. We have economic risk in these transactions as we are seen as the primary creditor, we carry inventory risk for undelivered products and services, we directly issue purchase orders third party suppliers, and we have discretion in sourcing among many different suppliers. For those transactions in which we procure and deliver products and services for our customers’ on their own account we do not recognize revenues and related costs on a gross basis for these arrangements. We only recognize revenues earned for arranging the transaction and any related costs.
 
Our revenue recognition policies for our billable carrier services is summarized and shown below:
 
■ 
Carrier services are delivered on a monthly basis and consist of phone, data and satellite and related mobile services for a connected device or end point. These services require us to procure, process and pay communications carrier invoices. We recognize revenues and related costs on a gross basis for such arrangements whenever we have primary economic risk. We have economic risk in these transactions when we are seen as the primary creditor, we directly issue purchase orders directly to communications carriers for wireline and wireless services, and/or we have discretion in choosing optimal providers and rate plans. For arrangements in which we do not have such economic risk we recognize revenues and related costs on a net basis.
 
 
 
29
 
 
Goodwill
 
Goodwill represents the excess of acquisition cost of an acquired company over the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed. In accordance with GAAP, goodwill is not amortized but is tested for impairment at the reporting unit level annually at December 31 and between annual tests if events or circumstances arise, such as adverse changes in the business climate, that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of the reporting unit below its carrying value.
 
A reporting unit is defined as either an operating segment or a business one level below an operating segment for which discrete financial information is available that management regularly reviews. The Company has a single reporting unit for the purpose of impairment testing.
 
The goodwill impairment test utilizes a two-step approach. The first step identifies whether there is potential impairment by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit to its carrying amount, including goodwill. If the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, the second step of the impairment test is required to measure the amount of any impairment loss. We have the option to bypass the qualitative assessment for any reporting period and proceed to performing the first step of the two-step goodwill impairment test and then subsequently resume performing a qualitative assessment in any subsequent period. We bypassed using a qualitative assessment for 2018.
 
Goodwill impairment testing involves management judgment, requiring an assessment of whether the carrying value of the reporting unit can be supported by its fair value using widely accepted valuation techniques, such as the market approach (earnings multiples or transaction multiples for the industry in which the reporting unit operates) or the income approach discounted cash flow methods). The fair values of the reporting units were determined using a combination of valuation techniques consistent with the market approach and the income approach.
 
When preparing discounted cash flow models under the income approach, we estimate future cash flows using the reporting unit’s internal five-year forecast and a terminal value calculated using a growth rate that management believes is appropriate in light of current and expected future economic conditions. We then apply a discount rate to discount these future cash flows to arrive at a net present value amount, which represents the estimated fair value of the reporting unit. The discount rate applied approximates the expected cost of equity financing, determined using a capital asset pricing model. The model generates an appropriate discount rate using internal and external inputs to value future cash flows based on the time value of money and the price for bearing the uncertainty inherent in an investment.
 
We had approximately $18.5 million of goodwill as of December 31, 2018. The fair value of our single reporting unit was above carrying value; accordingly, we have concluded that goodwill is not impaired at December 31, 2018. The Company could be exposed to increased risk of goodwill impairment if future operating results or macroeconomic conditions differ significantly from our current assumptions.
 
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
 
We have not historically maintained an allowance for doubtful accounts for our federal government customers as we have not experienced material or recurring losses. Allowances for doubtful accounts relate to commercial accounts receivable and such an allowance represents management’s best estimate of the losses inherent in the Company’s outstanding trade accounts receivable. We determine the allowance for doubtful accounts by considering a number of factors, including the length of time accounts receivable are past due, the customers’ previous payment history and current ability to pay its obligation, and the condition of the general economy and the industry as a whole. Customer account balances outstanding longer than 120 days that have not been settled in accordance with contract terms or for which no firm payment commitments exist are placed with a third party collection agency and a reserve is established. We write off the reserved accounts receivable against the existing allowance after it is determined that such accounts are ultimately uncollectible. Payments subsequently received on such receivables are credited to the allowance for doubtful accounts. If the accounts receivable has been written off and no allowance for doubtful accounts exist subsequent payments received are credited to bad debt expense.
 
 
30
 
  
To the extent historical credit experience, updated for emerging market trends in credit is not indicative of future performance, actual losses could differ significantly from management’s judgments and expectations, resulting in either higher or lower future provisions for losses, as applicable. The process of determining the allowance for doubtful accounts requires a high degree of judgment. It is possible that others, given the same information, may at any point in time reach different reasonable conclusions.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company recorded net provisions for bad debt expense totaling approximately $4,800 related to commercial contracts.
 
Share-Based Compensation
 
We issue share-based compensation awards to employees, directors, an on occasion to non-employees upon which the fair value of awards is subject to significant estimates made by management. The fair value of each option award is estimated on the date of grant using a Black-Scholes option pricing model (“Black-Scholes model”), which uses the assumptions of no dividend yield, risk free interest rates and expected life (in years) of approximately two (2) to ten (10) years.
 
Expected volatilities are based on the historical volatility of our common stock. The expected term of options granted is based on analyses of historical employee termination rates and option exercises. The risk-free interest rates are based on the U.S. Treasury yield for a period consistent with the expected term of the option in effect at the time of the grant. To the extent historical volatility estimates, risk free interest rates, option terms and forfeiture rates updated for emerging market trends are not indicative of future performance it could differ significantly from management’s judgments and expectations on the fair value of similar share-based awards, resulting in either higher or lower future compensation expense, as applicable. The process of determining fair value of share-based compensation requires a high degree of judgment. It is possible that others, given the same information, may at any point in time reach different reasonable conclusions.
 
Accounting for Income Taxes
 
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities using the enacted tax rates expected to be in effect for the years in which the differences are expected to reverse. A valuation allowance is established when management determines that it is more likely than not that all or some portion of the benefit of the deferred tax asset will not be realized.
 
Since deferred taxes measure the future tax effects of items recognized in the financial statements, certain estimates and assumptions are required to determine whether it is more likely than not that all or some portion of the benefit of a deferred tax asset will not be realized. In making this assessment, management analyzes and estimates the impact of future taxable income, reversing temporary differences and available tax planning strategies. These assessments are performed quarterly, taking into account any new information.
 
The Company’s significant deferred tax assets consist of net operating loss carryforwards, share-based compensation and intangible asset amortization related to prior business acquisitions. Should a change in facts or circumstances lead to a change in judgment about the ultimate ability to realize a deferred tax asset (including our utilization of historical net operating losses and share-based compensation expense), the Company records or adjusts the related valuation allowance in the period that the change in facts or circumstances occurs, along with a corresponding increase or decrease to the income tax provision.
 
 
31
 
 
  2018 Results of Operations
 
Year Ended December 31, 2018 Compared to the Year ended December 31, 2017
 
Revenues
 
Revenues for the year ended December 31, 2018 were approximately $83.7 million, an increase of approximately $7.8 million (or 10%), as compared to approximately $75.9 million in 2017. Our mix of revenues for the periods presented is set forth below:
 
 
 
YEARS ENDED
 
 
 
 
 
 
DECEMBER 31,
 
 
Dollar
 
 
 
2018
 
 
2017
 
 
Variance
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Carrier Services
 $50,050,000 
 $45,003,335 
 $5,046,665 
Managed Services:
    
    
    
Managed Service Fees
  25,232,019 
  22,810,476 
  2,421,543 
Billable Service Fees
  1,838,018 
  3,257,840 
  (1,419,822)
Reselling and Other Services
  6,558,859 
  4,812,595 
  1,746,264 
 
    
    
    
 
 $83,678,896 
 $75,884,246 
 $7,794,650 
 
■ 
Our carrier services increased due to the implementation of the U.S. Coast Guard contract during the second half of fiscal 2018 and to a lesser extent task orders that were issued under our DHS BPA for additional carrier services, as compared to last year.
 
■ 
Our managed service fees increased due to implementation of new government customers, expansion of managed services for existing government and commercial customer as well as increases in sales of accessories to our government customers as compared to last year.
 
■ 
Billable service fees decreased as compared to last year due to our decision in fiscal 2017 to discontinue low margin legacy business. We were able to partially offset the impact of lower commercial billable service fee revenue with the ramp up of services delivered through our partnerships with large systems integrators.
 
■ 
Reselling and other services increased as compared to last year due to a few large product resales to agencies of the U.S. federal government. Reselling and other services are transactional in nature and as a result the amount and timing of revenue will vary significantly from quarter to quarter.
 
 
 
32
 
 
Revenues by customer type for the periods presented is set forth below:
 
 
 
YEARS ENDED
 
 
 
 
 
 
DECEMBER 31,
 
 
Dollar
 

 
2018
 
 
2017
 
 
Variance
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Federal Government
 $66,346,922 
 $58,625,389 
 $7,721,533 
U.S. State and Local Governments
  445,855 
  394,704 
  51,151 
Foreign Governments
  148,155 
  193,565 
  (45,410)
Commercial Enterprises
  16,737,964 
  16,670,588 
  67,376 
 
    
    
    
 
 $83,678,896 
 $75,884,246 
 $7,794,650 
 
■ 
Our sales to federal government customers increased due to the implementation of the U.S. Coast Guard during the third quarter of fiscal 2018 and one additional reselling order processed for the U.S. Airforce. We did not experience any significant attrition of our government customer base in fiscal 2018.
 
■ 
Our sales to state and local governments increased as compared to last year due to increases in the number of units managed.
 
■ 
Our sales to foreign governments decreased as compared to last year due to a slow-down in the timing of sales of perpetual licenses.
 
■ 
Our sales to commercial enterprises increased as compared to last year due incremental expansion of managed services with existing customers.
 
Cost of Revenues
 
Cost of revenues for the year ended December 31, 2018 were approximately $68.4 million (or 82% of revenues) as compared to approximately $62.1 million (or 82% of revenues) in 2017. The dollar increases were driven by an increase in reselling transactions and higher labor costs to support the U.S. Coast Guard implementation and other billable service fee contracts implemented during the third quarter of 2018. We expect an increase in our cost of revenues as compared prior periods as subject matter experts and support personnel transition from internal administrative projects to support new customer implementations.
 
Gross Profit
 
Gross profit for the year ended was approximately $15.3 million (or 18% of revenues), as compared to approximately $13.7 million (or 18% of revenues) in 2017.  A substantial portion of our gross profit dollars are derived from managed services; however, the magnitude of carrier services decreases our overall gross profit margin. Excluding carrier services, our gross profit was approximately 45% for fiscal 2018 as compared to 44% for fiscal 2017.
 
Operating Expenses
 
Sales and marketing expense for the year ended December 31, 2018 was approximately $1.7 million (or 2% of revenues), as compared to approximately $2.2 million (or 3% of revenues) in 2017. In 2017, we eliminated ineffective sales and marketing assets and focused our attention retaining and upselling our current customers, pursuing teaming agreements with large systems integrators on larger opportunities, and partnering with our suppliers to cross sell our services to their existing customers.
 
 
 
33
 
 
General and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2018 were approximately $13.3 million (or 16% of revenues), as compared to approximately $14.4 million (or 19% of revenues) in 2017.  The dollar and percentage decrease in general and administrative expenses is primarily due to a reduction in management and non-management administrative staff positions as compared to last year. Excluding the impacts of approximately $1.2 million in non-recurring severance ($1.0 million), office sale and closure costs ($0.2 million), our general and administrative expense was flat as compared to last year and reflects our steady state cost run rate.
 
Product development costs for the year ended December 31, 2018 were approximately $229,000, which was capitalized. Product development costs for the year ended December 31, 2017 were approximately $579,800, of which we capitalized internally developed software costs of approximately $360,700 related to costs associated with our next generation TDI Optimiser™ application. We do not have any significant product development plans for fiscal 2019.
 
Depreciation expense for the year ended December 31, 2018 was approximately $415,300, as compared to approximately $338,300 in 2017.  A substantial portion of the increase in our depreciable fixed asset base was attributable to asset additions that occurred during the fourth quarter of 2017.
 
Other Income (Expense)
 
Interest income for the year ended December 31, 2018 was approximately $6,800, as compared to approximately $15,400 in 2017.  The decrease was due to lower amounts of cash and cash equivalents being held in interest bearing accounts and the length of time those deposits were earning interest as compared to last year.
 
Interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2018 was approximately $79,500 (or less than 1% of revenues), an increase of approximately $27,300, as compared to approximately $52,200 (or less than 1% of revenues) of interest expense in 2017.  The increase in interest expense was due to higher debt related to capital leases, line of credit advances and the length of time such advances were outstanding.
 
Other income (expense) for both periods did not include any significant items.
 
Provision for Income Taxes
 
Income tax provision for the year ended December 31, 2018 was approximately $1.2 million, as compared to approximately $38,000 in 2017. The current year income tax provision includes state minimum taxes and foreign taxes payable; as well as an adjustment of $1.2 million to deferred tax liabilities related to amortization of goodwill that erroneously had not been established in prior periods. This adjustment was a non-cash expense and increased tax expense and net loss by $1.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. The Company determined that the adjustment was not material to the consolidated financial statements for any previously reported annual or interim periods.
 
Net Loss
 
As a result of the factors above, the net loss for the year ended December 31, 2018 was approximately $1.5 million as compared to approximately $3.5 million in 2017.
 
Liquidity and Capital
 
Net Working Capital
 
Our immediate sources of liquidity include cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, unbilled receivables and access to a working capital credit facility with Access National Bank for up to $5.0 million.
 
At December 31, 2018, our net working capital was approximately $3.9 million as compared to $2.5 million at December 31, 2017. Our increase in net working capital was primarily due to higher accounts receivable and unbilled receivables arising from recently implemented government contracts. We utilized a significant portion of our available cash to manage through collection delays that were caused by the partial government shutdown during December 2018. In February 2019, the federal government reopened and all delayed invoices are expected to be paid.
 
We must successfully execute our strategic goals and tactically execute our cost savings and new revenue initiatives as described above in order to generate positive cash flows, improve our liquidity position and meet our minimum operating requirements. We will continue to identify additional opportunities for cost savings that can further reduce our fixed operating costs and/or provide us better flexibility to match our cost structure with our revenue streams. We may need to raise additional capital to fund major growth initiatives and/or acquisitions and there can be no assurance that additional capital will be available on acceptable terms or at all.
 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
 
Cash provided by operating activities provides an indication of our ability to generate sufficient cash flow from our recurring business activities. Our single largest cash operating expense is labor and company sponsored benefits. Our second largest cash operating expense is our facility costs and related technology communication costs to support delivery of our services to our customers. We lease our facilities under non-cancellable long term contracts. Any changes to our fixed labor and/or infrastructure costs may require a significant amount of time to take effect depending on the nature of the change made and cash payments to terminate any agreements that have not yet expired. We experience temporary collection timing differences from time to time due to customer invoice processing delays that are often beyond our control, including intermittent U.S. federal government shutdowns related to budgetary funding issues.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2018, net cash used in operations was approximately $2.1 million driven by an increase in uncollected accounts receivable and a temporary slowdown in billing out unbilled accounts receivable due to the government shutdown.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2017, net cash used in operations was approximately $3.0 million driven by current year operating losses and temporary timing differences as a result of complicated invoice submission requirements for certain government customers that were ultimately resolved during the third quarter of 2017.
 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
 
Cash used in investing activities provides an indication of our long term infrastructure investments. We maintain our own technology infrastructure and may need to make additional purchases of computer hardware, software and other fixed infrastructure assets to ensure our environment is properly maintained and can support our customer obligations. We typically fund purchases of long term infrastructure assets with available cash or capital lease financing agreements.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2018, cash used in investing activities was approximately $0.5 million and predominantly consisted of computer hardware and software purchases and capitalized internally developed software costs related to our TDI Optimiser™ solutions.
 
 
 
34
 
 
For the year ended December 31, 2017, cash used in investing activities was approximately $0.8 million and consisted of the purchase of software assets from Probaris Technologies, Inc., computer hardware and software purchases and capitalized internally developed software costs related to our TDI Optimiser™ solutions, partially offset by proceeds receive from the disposal of leased automobiles and proceeds from the sale of real estate assets held for sale.
 
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
 
Cash used in financing activities provides an indication of our debt financing and proceeds from capital raise transactions and stock option exercises.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2018, cash used in financing activities was approximately $0.2 million and consisted of capital lease principal repayments of approximately $101,700, contingent consideration of approximately $100,000 paid related to our intellectual property acquisition of Probaris ID™, partially offset by proceeds of approximately $44,000 from the exercise of stock options. The Company was advanced and repaid approximately $14.0 million in cumulative line of credit advances during the year.
 
 For the year ended December 31, 2017, cash used in financing activities was approximately $0.3 million and reflects scheduled debt repayments of approximately $162,200, payment of debt issuance costs of $31,300, restricted stock award liability payment of approximately $122,300, partially offset by proceeds of approximately $17,100 from the exercise of stock options. The Company was advanced and repaid approximately $20.3 million in cumulative line of credit advances during the year.
 
Net Effect of Exchange Rate on Cash and Equivalents
 
For the year ended December 31, 2018, the gradual depreciation of the Euro relative to the US dollar decreased the translated value of our foreign cash balances by approximately $57,600 as compared to last year. For the year ended December 31, 2017, the net effect of exchange rate changes increased the translated value of our foreign cash balances by approximately $212,400 due to appreciation of the Euro relative to the US dollar.
 
Credit Facilities and Other Commitments
 
At December 31, 2018, there were no outstanding borrowings against the Company’s $5.0 million working capital credit facility with Access National Bank. At December 31, 2018, there were no material commitments for additional capital expenditures, but that could change with the addition of material contract awards or task orders awarded in the future. The available amount under the working capital credit facility is subject to a borrowing base, which is equal to the lesser of (i) $5.0 million or (ii) 70% of the net unpaid balance of our eligible accounts receivable. The facility is secured by a first lien security interest on all of our personal property, including its accounts receivable, general intangibles, inventory and equipment. On February 19, 2018, the Company entered into a first modification agreement (the “First Modification Agreement”) with Access National Bank to amend its existing $5.0 million working capital credit facility. The First Modification Agreement (i) increased the interest rate for the working capital line of credit from the Wall Street Journal prime rate plus 1.0% and (ii) reduced the Company’s minimum adjusted tangible net worth covenant from at least $4.0 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2017 (increasing to $4.5 million for subsequent quarters) to at least $2.0 million for each quarter. The facility also requires us to maintain a current ratio of 1.1 to 1 tested quarterly.
 
 
 
35
 
 
Effective April 30, 2018, the Company entered into a second modification agreement (“Second Modification Agreement”) with Access National Bank to amend the existing Loan Agreement. The Modification Agreement extended the maturity date of the facility through April 30, 2019 and added an additional financial covenant requiring the Company to maintain consolidated minimum adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, plus share-based compensation, plus non-cash charges (EBITDA) (as defined in the Modification Agreement) of at least two times interest expense to be measured as of the last day of each quarterly period.
 
We believe our working capital credit facility, provided it is renewed or replaced upon its expiration on April 30, 2019, along with cash on hand, should be sufficient to meet our minimum requirements for our current business operations and implementation of new business during fiscal 2019. Over the long term, we must successfully execute our growth plans to increase profitable revenue and income streams to generate positive cash flows to sustain adequate liquidity without impairing growth initiatives or requiring the infusion of additional funds from external sources to meet minimum operating requirements, including debt service. We may need to raise additional capital to fund our operations and there can be no assurance that additional capital will be available on acceptable terms, or at all.
 
Contractual Obligations
 
The table below identifies transactions that represent our contractually committed future obligations. Purchase obligations include our agreements to purchase goods and services that are enforceable and legally binding and that specify significant terms, including: fixed or minimum quantities to be purchased; fixed, minimum or variable price provisions; and the approximate timing of the transaction. The following reflects a summary of our contractual obligations for fiscal years ending December 31:
 
Obligation Type
 
2019
 
 
2020
 
 
2021
 
 
2022
 
 
2023
 
 
Thereafter
 
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating lease obligations (1)
 $935,000 
 $793,000 
 $811,000 
 $839,000 
 $1,240,500
 $3,888,500
 $8,507,000
Capital lease obligations
  121,000
  121,000
  6,000
  - 
  - 
  - 
 248,000
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
 
 $1,056,000
 $914,000
 $817,000
 $839,000 
 $1,240,500 
 $3,888,500 
 $8,755,000
 
(1) 
Includes base minimum rent and estimated annual operating expenses and real estate tax due under lease agreement.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
The Company has no existing off-balance sheet arrangements as defined under SEC regulations.
 
ITEM 7A.   QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
Not required.
 
ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTAL DATA
 
The consolidated financial statements and schedules required hereunder and contained herein are listed under Item 15 below.
 
 
36
 
 
ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined under Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"). Based on this evaluation, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of the end of the period covered by this annual report on Form 10-K to ensure information required to be disclosed in the reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time period specified in the SEC's rules and forms. These disclosure controls and procedures include controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports we file or submit is accumulated and communicated to management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
 
Management's Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f). Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework in Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.
 
Based on our evaluation under the framework in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013), our management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting (ICOFR) was not effective as of December 31, 2018 due to the existence of a material weakness in ICOFR related to deferred income tax accounting. The material weakness identified related to an error in the application of a complex technical deferred income tax accounting presentation that was non-cash in nature.
 
To address this specific identified material weakness both management and the tax firm that assists management with the preparation of its interim and annual tax provision calculations discussed the Company’s significant tax matters and validated through the tax provision calculation that all significant deferred tax accounts were identified, accounted for, and presented as required.
 
This Annual Report on Form 10-K does not include an attestation report of the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting due to the permanent exemptions for smaller reporting companies.
 
Our system of ICOFR was designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the preparation and fair presentation of published financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. All internal control systems, no matter how well designed, have inherent limitations. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance and may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
 
Changes in Internal Controls over Financial Reporting
 
Except for the material weakness identified related to deferred income tax accounting, there were no changes in the Company’s ICOFR during the fourth quarter of 2018 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s ICOFR.
 
 
37
 
 
PART III.
 
ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
 
Information concerning our directors, executive officers, and corporate governance is incorporated herein by reference to our definitive proxy statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Form 10-K with respect to the 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders. Information regarding executive officers is included in Part I of this Form 10-K as permitted by General Instruction G(3).
 
ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
 
Incorporated herein by reference to our definitive proxy statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Form 10-K with respect to the 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
 
ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS
 
Information about security ownership is incorporated herein by reference to our definitive proxy statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Form 10-K with respect to the 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
 
Equity Compensation Plan Information
 
The following table sets forth information as of December 31, 2018, with respect to the Company’s compensation plans under which its Common Stock is authorized for issuance:
 
 
 
(a)
 
 
(b)
 
 
(c)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of Securities
 
 
 
Number of Securities
 
 
 
 
 
remaining available
 
 
 
to be issued upon
 
 
Weighted average
 
 
for future issuance
 
 
 
exercise of
 
 
exercise price of
 
 
(excluding securities
 

 
outstanding options,
 
 
outstanding options,
 
 
reflected in
 
Directors, Nominees and Executive Officers
 
warrants and rights
 
 
warrants and rights
 
 
column (a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity Compensation Plans:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approved by security holders
  4,013,334 
 $0.58 
  2,345,794 
 
    
    
    
Not approved by security holders
  - 
 $0.00 
  - 
 
    
    
    
Total 
  4,013,334 
 $0.58 
  2,345,794 
 
ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE
 
Incorporated herein by reference to our definitive proxy statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Form 10-K with respect to the 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
 
 
 
38
 
ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES
 
Incorporated herein by reference to our definitive proxy statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Form 10-K with respect to the 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
 
PART IV.
 
ITEM 15.  EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES
 
■      Financial Statements and Financial Statement Schedule
 
Financial Statements:
 
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2018 and 2017
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Years Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017
 
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the Years Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flow for the Years Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 
All other schedules are omitted either because they are not applicable or not required, or because the required information is included in the financial statements or notes thereto
 
■      Exhibits: The following exhibits are filed herewith or incorporated herein by reference:
 
 
 
39
 
 
10.7
Employment Agreement between Kito Mussa and WidePoint Corporation* (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1 to Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K, as filed on
December 29, 2017)
10.8
Appointment and Standstill Agreement (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1 to Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K, as filed on July 20, 2017)
10.9
Appointment and Standstill Agreement dated July 3, 2018 (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1 to Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K, as filed on July 3, 2018)
10.10
Employment Agreement, between WidePoint Corporation and Jason Holloway. * (Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K
filed on December 20, 2017.)
101.
Interactive Data Files
101.
INS+ XBRL Instance Document
101.
SCH+ XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.
 CAL+ XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.
 DEF+ XBRL Taxonomy Definition Linkbase Document
101.
 LAB+ XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.
 PRE+ XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
 ____________________
 
* Management contract or compensatory plan.
 
 
 
40
 
 
SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 
 
 
WidePoint Corporation
 
 
 
 
Date:  
March 22, 2019
 
s/ JIN H. KANG
 
 
 
Jin H. Kang
 
 
 
Chief Executive Officer
 
 
 
 
Date:  
March 22, 2019
 
/s/ KITO A. MUSSA
 
 
 
Kito A. Mussa
 
 
 
Chief Financial Officer
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons, on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
 
Dated:  
March 22, 2019
 
/s/ JIN H. KANG
 
 
 
Jin H. Kang
 
 
 
Director, Chief Executive Officer and President
 
 
 
(Principal Executive Officer)
 
 
 
 
Dated:
March 22, 2019
 
/s/ OTTO GUENTHER
 
 
 
Otto Guenther  
 
 
 
Chairman of the Board
 
 
 
 
Dated:
March 22, 2019
 
/s/ JULIA A. BOWEN
 
 
 
Julia A. Bowen 
 
 
 
Director
 
 
 
 
Dated:
March 22, 2019
 
/s/ MORTON S. TAUBMAN
 
 
 
Morton S. Taubman  
 
 
 
Director
 
 
 
 
Dated:
March 22, 2019
 
/s/ RICHARD L. TODARO
 
 
 
Ricgard L. Todaro
 
 
 
Director
 
 
 
 
Dated:
March 22, 2019
 
/s/ ALAN HOWE
 
 
 
Alan Howe  
 
 
 
Director
 
 
 
 
Dated:
March 22, 2019
 
/s/ PHILIP RICHTER
 
 
 
Philip Richter  
 
 
 
Director

 
41
 
 
INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
 
 
 
42
 
 
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
 
To the Stockholders' and the Board of Directors
WidePoint Corporation and Subsidiaries
 
Opinion on the Financial Statements
 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of WidePoint Corporation and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive loss, changes in stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the years then ended, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the "consolidated financial statements"). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2018 and 2017 and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
 
Basis for Opinion
 
These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws, and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
 
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.
 
Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures to respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
 
/s/ Moss Adams LLP
Scottsdale, Arizona
March 22, 2019
 
 
We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2007.
 
 
F-1
 
 
  WIDEPOINT CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
 
 
DECEMBER 31,
 
 
 
2018
 
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
ASSETS
 
CURRENT ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 $2,431,892 
 $5,272,457 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts
    
    
of $106,733 and $107,618 in 2018 and 2017, respectively
  11,089,315 
  8,131,025 
Unbilled accounts receivable
  9,566,170 
  8,131,448 
Other current assets
  1,086,686 
  767,944 
 
    
    
Total current assets
  24,174,063 
  22,302,874 
 
    
    
NONCURRENT ASSETS
    
    
Property and equipment, net
  1,012,684 
  1,318,420 
Intangibles, net
  3,103,753 
  3,671,506 
Goodwill
  18,555,578 
  18,555,578 
Other long-term assets
  209,099 
  44,553 
 
    
    
Total assets
 $47,055,177 
 $45,892,931 
 
    
    
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
    
    
CURRENT LIABILITIES
    
    
Accounts payable
 $7,363,621 
 $7,266,212 
Accrued expenses
  10,716,438 
  9,796,350 
Deferred revenue
  2,072,344 
  2,348,578 
Current portion of capital leases
  107,325 
  101,591 
Current portion of other term obligations
  192,263 
  203,271 
 
    
    
Total current liabilities
  20,451,991 
  19,716,002 
 
    
    
NONCURRENT LIABILITIES
    
    
Capital leases, net of current portion
  122,040 
  232,109 
Other term obligations, net of current portion
  73,952 
  78,336 
Deferred revenue
  466,714 
  264,189 
Deferred tax liability
  1,523,510 
  392,229 
 
    
    
Total liabilities
  22,638,207 
  20,682,865 
 
    
    
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
    
    
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 10,000,000 shares
    
    
authorized; 2,045,714 shares issued and none outstanding
  - 
  - 
Common stock, $0.001 par value; 110,000,000 shares
    
    
  authorized; 84,112,446 and 83,031,595 shares
    
    
issued and outstanding, respectively
  84,113
  83,032 
Additional paid-in capital
  94,926,560 
  94,200,237 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
  (186,485)
  (122,461)
Accumulated deficit
  (70,407,218)
  (68,950,742)
 
    
    
Total stockholders’ equity
  24,416,970 
  25,210,066 
 
    
    
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 $47,055,177 
 $45,892,931 
 
 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
F-2
 
 
WIDEPOINT CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Operations
 
 
 
YEARS ENDED
 
 
 
DECEMBER 31,
 
 
 
2018
 
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
REVENUES
 $83,678,896 
 $75,884,246 
COST OF REVENUES (including amortization and depreciation
    
    
of $892,314, and $1,154,901, respectively)
  68,409,219 
  62,194,187 
 
    
    
GROSS PROFIT
  15,269,677 
  13,690,059 
 
    
    
OPERATING EXPENSES
    
    
Sales and marketing
  1,743,693 
  2,202,913 
General and administrative expenses (including share-based
    
    
compensation of $683,404, and $387,210, respectively)
  13,301,052 
  14,392,660 
Product development
  - 
  219,141 
Depreciation and amortization
  415,337 
  338,314 
 
    
    
Total operating expenses
  15,460,082 
  17,153,028 
 
    
    
LOSS FROM OPERATIONS
  (190,405)
  (3,462,969)
 
    
    
OTHER (EXPENSE) INCOME
    
    
Interest income
  6,797 
  15,352 
Interest expense
  (79,540)
  (52,158)
Other income
  (2)
  3,805 
 
    
    
Total other expense
  (72,745)
  (33,001)
 
    
    
LOSS BEFORE INCOME TAX PROVISION
  (263,150)
  (3,495,970)
INCOME TAX PROVISION
  1,193,326 
  37,967 
 
    
    
NET LOSS
 $(1,456,476)
 $(3,533,937)
 
    
    
BASIC LOSS PER SHARE
 $(0.02)
 $(0.04)
 
    
    
BASIC WEIGHTED-AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING
  83,274,171 
  82,911,730 
 
    
    
DILUTED LOSS PER SHARE
 $(0.02)
 $(0.04)
 
    
    
DILUTED WEIGHTED-AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING
  83,274,171 
  82,911,730 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
F-3
 
 
WIDEPOINT CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss
 
 
 
YEARS ENDED  
 
 
 
DECEMBER 31,
 
 
 
2018
 
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NET LOSS
 $(1,456,476)
 $(3,533,937)
 
    
    
Other comprehensive (loss) income:
    
    
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax
  (64,024)
  186,908 
 
    
    
Other comprehensive (loss) income
  (64,024)
  186,908 
 
    
    
COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
 $(1,520,500)
 $(3,347,029)
  
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
F-4
 
 
WIDEPOINT CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Additional
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
 
Paid-In
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
 
 
 
 
Issued
 
 
Amount
 
 
Capital
 
 
OCI
 
 
Deficit
 
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, January 1, 2017
  82,730,134 
 $82,730 
 $93,920,095 
 $(309,369)
 $(65,416,805)
 $28,276,651 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Issuance of common stock —
    
    
    
    
    
    
options exercises
  30,000 
  30 
  17,070 
  - 
  - 
  17,100 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Issuance of common stock —
    
    
    
    
    
    
restricted
  271,461 
  272 
  (124,138)
  - 
  - 
  (123,866)
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Stock compensation expense —
    
    
    
    
    
    
restricted
  - 
  - 
  157,857 
    -
  -
  157,857 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Stock compensation expense —
    
    
    
    
    
    
non-qualified stock options
  - 
  - 
  229,353 
  - 
  - 
  229,353 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Foreign currency translation —
    
    
    
    
    
    
gain
  - 
  - 
  -
  186,908 
  -
  186,908 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Net loss
  - 
  - 
  - 
  -
  (3,533,937)
  (3,533,937)
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Balance, December 31, 2017
  83,031,595 
 $83,032 
 $94,200,237 
 $(122,461)
 $(68,950,742)
 $25,210,066 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Issuance of common stock —
    
    
    
    
    
    
options exercises
  100,000 
  100 
  43,900 
  - 
  - 
  44,000 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Issuance of common stock —
    
    
    
    
    
    
restricted
 980,851 
 981 
  (981)
  - 
  - 
  - 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
 
Stock compensation expense —
 
    
    
    
    
    
restricted
  -
  -
  387,690 
  - 
  -
  387,690 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
 
Stock compensation expense —
 
    
    
    
    
    
non-qualified stock options
  - 
  - 
  295,714 
  - 
  - 
  295,714 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Foreign currency translation —
    
    
    
    
    
    
(loss)
  -
  -
  -
  (64,024)
  -
  (64,024)
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Net loss
  - 
  - 
  - 
 -
  (1,456,476)
  (1,456,476)
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
Balance, December 31, 2018
 84,112,446
 $84,113 
 $94,926,560 
 $(186,485)
 $(70,407,218)
 $24,416,970 
 
 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
F-5
 
 
WIDEPOINT CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
 
 
 
YEARS ENDED
 
 
 
DECEMBER 31,
 
 
 
2018
 
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 $(1,456,476)
 $(3,533,937)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in
    
    
   operating activities:
    
    
Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
  1,128,213 
  (1,619)
Depreciation expense
  551,305 
  414,637 
Provision for doubtful accounts
  4,803 
  62,522 
Amortization of intangibles
  756,346 
  1,078,578 
Amortization of deferred financing costs
  17,304 
  19,304 
Share-based compensation expense
  683,404 
  387,210 
Gain on sale of assets held for sale
  - 
  (66,683)
Loss on disposal of fixed assets
  - 
  179,761 
Changes in assets and liabilities:
    
    
Accounts receivable and unbilled receivables
  (4,502,811)
  (2,766,467)
Inventories
  (26,986)
  (33,060)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
  (269,348)
  (278,174)
Other assets
  (172,364)
  23,514 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
  1,190,046 
  151,732 
Income tax payable
  10,179 
  43,176 
Deferred revenue and other liabilities
  (48,505)
  1,327,745 
 
    
    
Net cash used in operating activities
  (2,134,890)
  (2,991,761)
 
    
    
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
    
    
Purchases of property and equipment
  (261,505)
  (695,622)
Software development costs
  (228,841)
  (368,872)
Proceeds from sale of assets held for sale
  - 
  236,451 
Proceeds from the sale of property and equipment
  - 
  55,083 
 
    
    
Net cash used in investing activities
  (490,346)
  (772,960)
 
    
    
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
    
    
Advances on bank line of credit
  14,048,741 
  20,339,250 
Repayments of bank line of credit advances
  (14,048,741)
  (20,339,250)
Principal repayments of long-term debt
  - 
  (82,440)
Principal repayments under capital lease obligations
  (101,698)
  (79,737)
Debt issuance costs
  - 
  (31,273)
Contingent consideration payment
  (100,000)
  - 
Restricted stock award tax liability payment
  - 
  (122,336)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
  44,000 
  17,100 
 
    
    
Net cash used in financing activities
  (157,698)
  (298,686)
 
    
    
Net effect of exchange rate on cash and equivalents
  (57,631)
  212,366 
 
    
    
NET DECREASE IN CASH
  (2,840,565)
  (3,851,041)
 
    
    
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, beginning of period
  5,272,457 
  9,123,498 
 
    
    
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, end of period
 $2,431,892
 $5,272,457 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
F-6
 
 
WIDEPOINT CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows