10-Q 1 f10q0322_xlfleetcorp.htm QUARTERLY REPORT

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2022

 

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR

 

THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                TO                

 

Commission File Number 001-38971

 

XL Fleet Corp.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its Charter)

 

Delaware   83-4109918
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)

 

145 Newton Street

Boston, Massachusetts

  02135
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

  

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (617) 718-0329

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class:   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered:
Shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value   XL   New York Stock Exchange

  

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer   Smaller reporting company
      Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the Registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No 

 

As of May 5, 2022, 142,111,298 shares of the registrant’s common stock, $0.0001 par value, were outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    PAGE
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 1
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2022 (unaudited) and December 31, 2021 1
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited) 2
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited) 3
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited) 4
  Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 5
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 21
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 28
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 28
     
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION  
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 30
Item 1A. Risk Factors 30
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 31
Item 3 Defaults Upon Senior Securities 31
Item 4 Mine Safety Disclosures 31
Item 5. Other Information 31
Item 6. Exhibits 32

 

i

 

 

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) that relate to future events or our future financial performance regarding, among other things, the plans, strategies and prospects, both business and financial, of the Company. These statements are based on the beliefs and assumptions of XL Fleet Corp.’s (the “Company”) management team. Although the Company believes that its plans, intentions and expectations reflected in or suggested by these forward-looking statements are reasonable, the Company cannot assure you that it will achieve or realize these plans, intentions or expectations. Forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Generally, statements that are not historical facts, including statements concerning possible or assumed future actions, business strategies, events or results of operations, are forward-looking statements. These statements may be preceded by, followed by or include the words “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “projects,” “forecasts,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “seeks,” “plans,” “scheduled,” “anticipates” or “intends” or similar expressions. The forward-looking statements are based on business plans prepared by, and are the responsibility of, XL Fleet Corp.’s management.

 

Forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q include, but are not limited to, statements about:

 

our financial and business performance, including financial projections and business metrics;

 

our strategy, future operations, financial position, estimated revenues and losses, projected costs, prospects and plans;

 

the implementation, market acceptance and success of our business model;

  

our ability to scale in a cost-effective manner;

 

developments and projections relating to our competition and industry;

 

the impact of health epidemics, including the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) pandemic, on our business and supply chain and the actions we may take in response thereto;

 

our expectations regarding our ability to obtain and maintain intellectual property protection and not infringe on the rights of others;

  

our business, expansion plans and opportunities;

 

the outcome of any known and unknown litigation and regulatory proceedings;

 

ii

 

 

the impact of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and resulting international political crisis could have significant negative consequences on our business and customers;

 

change in warranty obligations;

 

changes in availability and prices of raw material including inflationary pressures and supply chain challenges, which could be aggravated by political or global unrest;

 

our ability to satisfy the requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 202 including with respect to acquired businesses;

 

environmental risks, including increasing environmental legislation and the impacts of climate change around the world; and

 

more regulations related to environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) have become more stringent over time and resulted in additional costs or exposure to additional risks.

 

These and other factors that could cause actual results to differ from those implied by the forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are more fully described in Part II, Item 1A under the heading “Risk Factors.” and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the risk factors set forth in Part I, Item 1A Risk Factors, within our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on March 1, 2022. These factors are not exhaustive. Other sections of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, such as our Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations set forth in Item 2 describe additional factors that could adversely affect the business, financial condition or results of operations of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries. New risk factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible to predict all such risk factors, nor can the Company assess the impact of all such risk factors on its business or the extent to which any factor or combination of factors may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. Forward- looking statements are not guarantees of performance. You should not put undue reliance on these statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. All forward-looking statements attributable to the Company or persons acting on its behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the foregoing cautionary statements. The Company undertakes no obligations to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

 

This report includes certain registered trademarks, including trademarks that are the property of the Company and its affiliates. This report also includes other trademarks, service marks and trade names owned by the Company or other persons. All trademarks, service marks and traded names included herein are the property of their respective owners. Use or display by us of other parties’ trademarks, trade dress, or products in this report is not intended to, and does not, imply a relationship with, or endorsements or sponsorship of, us by the trademark or trade dress owners.

 

iii

 

 

Part I - Financial Information

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

XL Fleet Corp.

 

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021

 

   March 31,   December 31, 
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)  2022   2021 
       (audited) 
         
Assets        
Current assets:        
Cash and cash equivalents  $333,461   $351,676 
Restricted cash   150    150 
Accounts receivable, net   7,508    6,477 
Inventory, net   14,115    15,262 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   1,992    1,040 
Total current assets   357,226    374,605 
Property and equipment, net   2,425    3,495 
Intangible assets, net   1,637    1,863 
Right-of-use asset   4,194    4,564 
Goodwill   
-
    8,606 
Other assets   115    88 
Total assets  $365,597   $393,221 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity          
Current liabilities:          
Current portion of long-term debt  $67   $78 
Accounts payable   2,689    3,799 
Lease liability, current   1,092    900 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities   8,143    11,856 
Total current liabilities   11,991    16,633 
Long-term debt, net of current portion   9    21 
Deferred revenue   864    691 
Lease liability, non-current   3,169    3,599 
Warrant liabilities   2,687    5,405 
Contingent consideration   319    541 
New market tax credit obligation(1)   
-
    4,521 
Total liabilities   19,039    31,411 
           
Commitments and contingencies (Note 14)   
 
    
 
 
           
Stockholders’ equity          
Common stock, $0.0001 par value; 350,000,000 shares authorized at          
March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021; 141,955,196 and 140,540,671 issued          
and outstanding at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.
   14    14 
Additional paid-in capital   462,032    461,207 
Accumulated deficit   (115,488)   (99,411)
Total stockholders’ equity   346,558    361,810 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity  $365,597   $393,221 

 

(1)Held by variable interest entity that was liquidated in February 2022

 

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

1

 

 

XL Fleet Corp.

 

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021

 

   Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
(In thousands, except per share and share amounts)  2022   2021 
Revenues  $4,763   $675 
Cost of revenues   5,196    1,391 
Gross loss   (433)   (716)
Operating expenses:          
Research and development   2,989    1,412 
Selling, general, and administrative expenses   11,658    7,958 
Impairment of goodwill   8,606    
-
 
Loss from operations   (23,686)   (10,086)
Other (income) expense:          
Interest expense, net   12    11 
Gain on extinguishment of debt   (4,527)   
-
 
Gain on asset disposal   (9)   
-
 
Change in fair value of obligation to issue shares of common stock   (361)   
-
 
Change in fair value of warrant liability   (2,717)   (72,005)
Other income   (7)   (6)
Net (loss) income  $(16,077)  $61,914 
Net (loss) income per share, basic  $(0.11)  $0.46 
Net (loss) income per share, diluted  $(0.11)  $0.42 
Weighted-average shares outstanding, basic   141,274,249    135,575,145 
Weighted-average shares outstanding, diluted   141,274,249    148,571,379 

 

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

2

 

 

XL Fleet Corp.

 

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021

 

   For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 
           Additional         
   Common Stock   Paid-In   Accumulated   Stockholders’ 
(In thousands, except share amounts)  Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Equity 
                     
Balance at December 31, 2021   140,540,671   $14   $461,207   $(99,411)  $361,810 
Exercise of stock options   1,312,320    
-
    258    
-
    258 
Issuance of restricted stock   2,205    
-
    
-
    
-
    
-
 
Issuance of shares as contingent consideration relating to Quantum business acquisition   100,000    
-
    186    
-
    186 
Stock-based compensation expense   -    
-
    381    
-
    381 
Net Loss   -    
-
    
-
    (16,077)   (16,077)
                          
Balance at March 31, 2022   141,955,196   $14   $462,032   $(115,488)  $346,558 

 

   For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 
           Additional         
   Common Stock   Paid-in   Accumulated   Stockholders’ 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Equity 
                     
Balance at December 31, 2020   131,365,254   $13   $317,084   $(128,201)  $188,896 
Exercise of warrants   233,555    
-
    
-
    
-
    
-
 
Exercise of Public warrants   7,441,020    1    85,554    
-
    85,555 
Settlement of warrant liability upon exercise of warrants   -    
-
    47,162    
-
    47,162 
Settlement of warrant liability upon call of warrants   -    
-
    591    
-
    591 
Proceeds from PIC shares recapitalization   -    
-
    75    
-
    75 
Exercise of stock options   65,875    
-
    16    
-
    16 
Stock-based compensation expense   -    
-
    442    
-
    442 
Net Income   -    
-
    
-
    61,914    61,914 
                          
Balance at March 31, 2021   139,105,704   $14   $450,924   $(66,287)  $384,651 

 

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3

 

 

XL Fleet Corp.

 

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
(In thousands)  2022   2021 
Operating activities:        
Net (loss) income  $(16,077)  $61,914 
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash used in operating activities:          
Changes in fair value of warrant liabilities   (2,717)   (72,005)
Stock-based compensation   381    442 
Gain on extinguishment of debt   (4,527)   
-
 
Bad debt expense   10    144 
Depreciation and amortization expense   556    219 
Impairment of goodwill   8,606    
-
 
Contingent consideration   
-
    14 
Change in fair value of obligation to issue shares of common stock    (361)   
-
 
Gain on asset disposal   (10)   
-
 
Change in operating right-of-use assets   129    9 
Interest on finance leases   10    3 
Debt discount   
-
    16 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable, net   (1,041)   2,843 
Inventory, net   1,147    (3,622)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   (952)   21 
Other assets   (27)   (12)
Accounts payable   (1,110)   (1,309)
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities   (3,286)   1,361 
Deferred revenue   173    
-
 
Net cash used in operating activities   (19,096)   (9,962)
Investing activities:          
Return of deposit   780    
-
 
Purchases of property and equipment   (26)   (1,104)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities   754    (1,104)
Financing activities:          
Repayments of debt   (23)   (40)
Repayments under financing leases   (108)   (49)
Proceeds from recapitalization of PIC shares   
-
    75 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options   258    16 
Proceeds from exercise of Public Warrants   
-
    85,555 
Net cash provided by financing activities   127    85,557 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash:   (18,215)   74,491 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period   351,826    329,791 
Cash and cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of period  $333,611   $404,282 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:          
Cash paid for interest  $18   $3 
Supplemental disclosures of noncash investing and financing information:          
Settlement of contingent consideration through issuance of shares  $186    
-
 
Settlement of warrant liability upon exercise of Public Warrants  $
-
   $47,162 
Settlement of warrant liability upon call of warrants  $
-
   $591 
Equipment financing  $
-
   $271 

 

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4

 

 

XL Fleet Corp.

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Note 1. Organization and Description of Business

 

Description of Business: XL Fleet Corp. and its subsidiaries (“XL Fleet” or the “Company”) is a provider of fleet electrification solutions for commercial vehicles in North America, offering solutions for vehicle electrification (“Drivetrain”) and energy efficiency infrastructure solutions (“XL Grid”).

  

COVID-19 Worldwide Pandemic: On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization characterized the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) as a global pandemic and recommended containment and mitigation measures. Since then, extraordinary actions have been taken by international, federal, state, and local public health and governmental authorities to contain and combat the outbreak and spread of COVID-19 in regions throughout the world. These actions include travel bans, quarantines, “stay-at-home” orders, and similar mandates for many individuals to substantially restrict daily activities and for many businesses to curtail or cease normal operations.

 

The Company has experienced, and may experience in the future, reduced operations and production line shutdowns at vehicle OEMs due to COVID-19, limitations on travel by the Company’s personnel and personnel of the Company’s customers, and future delays or shutdowns of vehicle OEMs or the Company’s suppliers.

 

The COVID-19 pandemic and the protocols and procedures the Company has implemented in response to the pandemic have caused some delays in operational activities. The full impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on its business and results of operations subsequent to March 31, 2022 will depend on future developments, such as the ultimate duration and scope of the outbreak and its impact on its operations and impact on its customers and industry partners.

 

Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of consolidated financial statement presentation: The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company include the accounts of its wholly owned subsidiaries and variable interest entities, for which the Company was the primary beneficiary. The Company reports its consolidated financial information under two operating reportable segments: (i) Drivetrain and (ii) XL Grid. All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Use of estimates: The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the balance sheet date, as well as reported amounts of expenses during the reporting period. The Company’s most significant estimates and judgments involve inventory reserves, deferred income taxes, warranty reserves, valuation of share-based compensation, the valuation of warrant liability, and the valuation of business combinations, including the fair values and useful lives of acquired assets and assumed liabilities and the fair value of purchase consideration. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions believed to be reasonable, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities. Actual results could differ from those estimates, and such differences could be material to the Company’s financial statements.

 

Concentration of Credit Risk: Financial instruments which potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist of cash and trade receivables. At times, such cash may be in excess of the FDIC limit. At March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company had cash deposited in a financial institution in excess of the $250 federally insured limit. The Company believes it is not exposed to any significant credit risk on cash and cash equivalents.

 

With respect to trade receivables, the Company routinely assesses the financial strength of its customers and, as a consequence, believes that the receivable credit risk exposure is limited. As of March 31, 2022, two customers accounted for approximately 38% and 37% of accounts receivable, net. As of December 31, 2021, two customers accounted for approximately 74% and 11% of accounts receivable, net.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021, two customers and three customers accounted for approximately 88% and 79% of revenues, respectively.

 

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash: The Company considers all highly liquid investments with a maturity of three months or less at the time of purchase to be cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents include cash held in banks and money market accounts. Cash equivalents are carried at cost, which approximates fair value due to their short-term nature. The Company’s cash and cash equivalents are placed with high-credit quality financial institutions and issuers, and at times exceed federally insured limits. To date, the Company has not experienced any credit loss relating to its cash and cash equivalents.

 

Restricted cash: Restricted cash held at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, consists of $150 for a bank deposit required for a letter of credit which is reserved for the Company’s California lease.

 

5

 

 

XL Fleet Corp.

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, continued

 

The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash in the condensed consolidated balance sheets to the total amount shown in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows:

 

   As of 
   March 31,
2022
   December 31,
2021
 
Cash and cash equivalents  $333,461   $351,676 
Restricted cash   150    150 
Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash  $333,611   $351,826 

 

Accounts receivable, net: Accounts receivable are stated at the gross invoice amount, net of an allowance for doubtful accounts. The allowance for doubtful accounts is maintained at a level considered adequate to provide for potential account losses on the balance based on management’s evaluation of the anticipated impact of current economic conditions, changes in the character and size of the balance, past and expected future loss experience, among other pertinent factors. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company’s allowance for doubtful accounts was $158 and $148 respectively.

 

Inventory, net: Inventory is comprised of raw materials, work in process and finished goods. Inventory is stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost of raw material inventories include the purchase and related costs incurred in bringing the products to their present location and condition. The Company uses consistent methodologies to evaluate inventory for net realizable value and periodically reviews inventories for obsolescence and any inventories identified as slow moving or obsolete are initially reserved for and then written-off. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company’s inventory reserve for obsolescence was $4,349 and $2,863, respectively. The increase in the inventory reserve at March 31, 2022 reflects the restructuring undertaken and the related products that were eliminated.

 

Property and equipment, net: Property and equipment, net is stated at cost less accumulated depreciation, or if acquired in a business combination, at fair value as of the date of acquisition. Depreciation is calculated using the straight-line method, based upon the following estimated useful lives:

 

Equipment 5 years
Furniture and fixtures 3 years
Computer and related equipment 2 years
Software 2 years
Vehicles 5 years
Leasehold improvements Lesser of useful life of the asset or remaining life of the lease

 

Improvements are capitalized, while replacements, maintenance and repairs, which do not improve or extend the lives of the respective assets, are expensed as incurred. When property and equipment is retired or otherwise disposed of, the related cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts, and any gain or loss on the disposition is recorded in the statement of operations as a component of other (expense) income, net. 

 

Depreciation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was $218 and $103, respectively.

 

Intangible assets, net: Intangible assets are initially recorded at fair value and stated net of accumulated amortization and impairments. The Company amortizes its intangible assets that have finite lives using either the straight-line method, or if reliably determinable, based on the pattern in which the economic benefit of the asset is expected to be utilized. Amortization is recorded over the estimated useful lives, which for developed technology is 4 years. The Company evaluates the recoverability of its definite lived intangible assets whenever events or changes in circumstances or business conditions indicate that the carrying value of these assets may not be recoverable based on expectations of future undiscounted cash flows for each asset group. If the carrying value of an asset or asset group exceeds its undiscounted cash flows, the Company estimates the fair value of the assets, generally utilizing a discounted cash flow analysis based on the present value of estimated future cash flows to be generated by the assets using a risk-adjusted discount rate. To estimate the fair value of the assets, the Company uses market participant assumptions pursuant to ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement.

 

Amortization expense for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was $226 and $116, respectively.

 

Fair value measurements: The Company follows the guidance in ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement, for its financial assets and liabilities that are re-measured and reported at fair value at each reporting period, and non-financial assets and liabilities that are re-measured and reported at fair value at least annually.

 

6

 

 

XL Fleet Corp.

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, continued

 

The fair value of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities reflects management’s estimate of amounts that the Company would have received in connection with the sale of the assets or paid in connection with the transfer of the liabilities in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. In connection with measuring the fair value of its assets and liabilities, the Company seeks to maximize the use of observable inputs (market data obtained from independent sources) and to minimize the use of unobservable inputs (internal assumptions about how market participants would price assets and liabilities). The following fair value hierarchy is used to classify assets and liabilities based on the observable inputs and unobservable inputs used in order to value the assets and liabilities:

 

Level 1: Quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets that the Company can access at the measurement date.

 

Level 2: Significant other observable inputs other than level 1 prices such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices in markets that are not active or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.

 

Level 3: Significant unobservable inputs that reflect the Company’s judgment about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability.

 

An asset’s or liability’s fair value measurement level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of any input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Valuation techniques used need to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.

 

See Note 10 for additional information on assets and liabilities measured at fair value.

 

The Company believes its valuation methods are appropriate and consistent with other market participants, however the use of different methodologies or assumptions to determine the fair value of certain financial instruments could result in a different fair value measurement at the reporting date.

 

The Company’s financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued liabilities, contingent consideration liability, long-term debt and warrant liability. The carrying value of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and accrued expenses approximates fair value because of the short-term nature of those instruments.

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets: Prepaid expenses and other current assets include prepaid insurance, prepaid rent, and supplies, which are expected to be recognized or realized within the next 12 months.

 

Impairment of long-lived assets: The Company reviews long-lived assets, including property and equipment and, intangible assets with definite lives, for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that an asset group’s carrying amount may not be recoverable. The Company conducts its long-lived asset impairment analysis in accordance with ASC 360-10, Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets, which requires the Company to group assets and liabilities at the lowest level for which identifiable cash flows are largely independent of the cash flows of other assets and liabilities and evaluate the asset group against the sum of the undiscounted future cash flows. If the undiscounted cash flows do not indicate the carrying amount of the asset group is recoverable, an impairment charge is measured as the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset group exceeds its fair value. As of March 31, 2022, the Company noted indicators that the carrying amount of its long-lived assets may not be recoverable. These indicators included significant operating losses and reduced market capitalization of the Company due to a decline in its stock price. The Company performed a test for impairment using estimated cash flows and determined that no impairment had occurred.

 

Impairment of goodwill: Goodwill represents the excess of cost over the fair market value of net tangible and identifiable intangible assets of acquired businesses. Goodwill is not amortized but instead is annually tested for impairment, or more frequently if events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of goodwill may be impaired. The Company has recorded goodwill in connection with its historical business acquisitions.

 

The Company performs its annual goodwill impairment assessment at October 1 each fiscal year, or more frequently if events or circumstances arise which indicate that goodwill may be impaired. An assessment can be performed by first completing a qualitative assessment on the Company’s single reporting unit. The Company can also bypass the qualitative assessment in any period and proceed directly to the quantitative impairment test, and then resume the qualitative assessment in any subsequent period. Qualitative indicators that may trigger the need for annual or interim quantitative impairment testing include, among other things, deterioration in macroeconomic conditions, declining financial performance, deterioration in the operational environment, or an expectation of selling or disposing of a portion of the reporting unit. Additionally, a significant change in business climate, a loss of a significant customer, increased competition, a sustained decrease in share price, or a decrease in estimated fair value below book value may trigger the need for interim impairment testing of goodwill.

 

 

7

 

 

XL Fleet Corp.

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, continued

 

If the Company believes that, as a result of its qualitative assessment, it is more likely than not that the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, the quantitative impairment test is required. The quantitative test involves comparing the fair value of the reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss is recorded as a reduction to goodwill with a corresponding charge to earnings in the period the goodwill is determined to be impaired. The income tax effect associated with an impairment of tax-deductible goodwill is also considered in the measurement of the goodwill impairment. Any goodwill impairment is limited to the total amount of goodwill.

 

The Company determines the fair value of its reporting unit using the market approach. Under the market approach method, the Company compared its book value to the fair value of its public float, utilizing the fair value of its common stock on the measurement date.

 

In the first quarter of 2022, the Company believed there were indicators that the carrying amount of its goodwill may be impaired due to a decline in the Company’s stock price and market capitalization. As a result, the Company performed an assessment of its goodwill for impairment. The Company elected to forego the qualitative test and proceeded to perform a quantitative test. The Company compared the book value of its single reporting unit to the fair value of its public float. The market capitalization was below the fair value of the Company by an amount in excess of its reported value of goodwill. As a result, the Company recorded a charge of $8,606 to fully impair its goodwill.

 

Revenue: The Company’s revenue is derived from the sales of hybrid electric powertrain systems, the Drivetrain business, and turnkey energy efficiency, renewable technology, and other energy solutions (the Company’s “XL Grid” business). The Drivetrain products are marketed and sold to end-user fleet customers and channel partners in the United States and Canada. The Company’s XL Grid solutions are marketed and sold to municipalities, corporations and other businesses and principally funded through energy incentives provided through public and private utilities. The XL Grid business primarily consists of the operations acquired through the May 2021 World Energy acquisition. Sales of products and services are subject to economic conditions and may fluctuate based on changes in the industry, trade policies, financial markets, and funded energy incentives.

 

Revenue is recognized upon transfer of control to the customer, which occurs when the Company has a present right to payment, legal title has passed to the customer, the customer has the significant risks and rewards of ownership, and where acceptance is not a formality, the customer has accepted the product or service.

 

For the Drivetrain products, in general, transfer of control is upon shipment of the equipment as the terms are FOB shipping point or equivalent, as the Company has no other promised goods or services in its contracts with customers. In limited instances, the Company provides installation services to end-user fleet customers related to the purchased hybrid electric powertrain equipment. When provided, these installation services are not distinct within the context of the contract due to the fact that the end-use fleet customer is purchasing a completed modification to its vehicles and therefore, the installation services involve significant integration to integrate the hybrid electric powertrain equipment with the customer’s vehicle. As a result, the hybrid electric powertrain equipment and installation services represent a single performance obligation within these contracts with customers. The Company recognizes the revenue for the equipment sale and installation service for Drivetrain products at the same time, which is after the installation is complete. The Company has elected to treat shipping and handling activities related to contracts with channel partner customers for Drivetrain products as costs to fulfill the promise to transfer the associated equipment and not as a separate performance obligation.

 

For the XL Grid solutions, in general, transfer of control is upon the acceptance and certification of project completion by both the end customer and the utility who is funding the energy incentives, representing a single performance obligation of the Company. Due to the short-term nature of projects (typically two to three weeks), the Company recognizes revenues from all XL Grid solutions activities at a point in time, when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the price is fixed or determinable and the Company has the right to payment for the transferred asset. The Company also assesses multiple contracts entered into by the same customer in close proximity to determine if the contracts should be combined for revenue recognition purposes. During the duration of a project for XL Grid solutions, all direct material and labor costs and those indirect costs related to the project are capitalized, and customer deposits are treated as liabilities. Once a project has been completed and the energy efficiency upgrades have been deemed to meet client specifications, capitalized costs are charged to earnings.

 

For both Drivetrain and XL Grid solutions, when the Company’s contracts with customers contain multiple performance obligations, which is infrequent, the contract transaction price is allocated on a relative standalone selling price (SSP) basis to each performance obligation. The Company determines SSP based on observable selling prices for the sale of its systems. For extended warranties, the Company determines SSP based on expected cost plus margin. The Company establishes the margin based on review of market conditions and margins obtained by market participants for similar services. Any allocation of the transaction price required is determined at the contracts’ inception.

 

8

 

 

XL Fleet Corp.

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, continued

 

The transaction price is the amount of consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for transferring goods and services to the customer. Revenue is recorded based on the transaction price, which is solely made up of fixed consideration for its products and services. The Company does not adjust transaction price for the effects of a significant financing component when the period between the transfer of the promised good or service to the customer and payment for that good or service by the customer is expected to be one year or less. The Company has not identified any significant financing components to date. The Company’s sales can in certain instances include non-cash consideration in the form of the customer transferring to the Company, the customer’s rights to cash incentives from programs administered by municipalities related to hybrid vehicle programs that a customer is entitled to as a result of its purchase. The incentives are fixed amounts that are readily determinable. The Company values the non-cash consideration at its fair value, which generally is the amount of the incentive.

 

Payment terms on invoices generally range from 30 to 60 days. The Company excludes from revenue any sales tax and other government-assessed and imposed taxes on revenue generating activities that are invoiced to customers.

 

The Company has elected to apply the practical expedient to expense costs to obtain contracts, which principally relate to sales commissions, at the time the liability is incurred when the expected amortization period is one year or less.

 

Warranties: Customers who purchase Drivetrain products are provided limited-assurance-type warranties for equipment and work performed under the contracts. The warranty period typically extends for 3 years following transfer of control of the equipment. The warranties solely relate to correction of product defects during the warranty period, which is consistent with similar warranties offered by competitors. Therefore, the Company has determined that these warranties are outside the scope of ASC 606 and will continue to be accounted for under ASC 460, Guarantees. At the time of purchase of the equipment, customers may purchase from the Company an extended warranty for its equipment. The extended warranty commences upon the end of the assurance-based warranty period and is considered a separate performance obligation that represents a stand-ready obligation to perform warranty services after the assurance-type warranty expires. The transaction price allocated to the extended warranty is recognized ratably over the extended warranty period.

 

Customers of XL Grid solutions are provided limited-assurance-type warranties for a term of one year for installation work performed under its contracts. Warranties for equipment sold to customers are provided by the original equipment manufacturers.

 

For both Drivetrain and XL Grid solutions, the Company accrues the estimated cost of product warranties for unclaimed charges based on historical experiences and expected results. Should product failure rates and material usage costs differ from these estimated revisions to the estimated warranty liability are required. The Company periodically assesses the adequacy of its recorded product warranty liabilities and adjusts the balances as required. Warranty expense is recorded as a component of cost of product revenue in the statements of operations.

 

The following is a roll-forward of the Company’s accrued warranty liability:

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2022   2021 
Balance at the beginning of the period  $2,547   $1,735 
Accrual for warranties issued   28    44 
Warranty fulfillment charges   (172)   (82)
Balance at the end of the period  $2,403   $1,697 

 

The warranty liability is included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities on the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

Share-based compensation: The Company accounts for its share-based compensation awards in accordance with ASC Topic 718, Compensation-Stock Compensation. The Company issues stock-based awards to acquire common stock to employees, directors and non-employee consultants. Awards issued under the Company’s stock-based compensation plans include stock options, restricted stock units and restricted stock awards. Stock options, restricted stock units and restricted stock awards typically contain service based vesting conditions.

 

Stock Options

 

The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to determine the fair value of stock-based awards and recognizes the compensation cost on a straight line basis over the requisite service period of the awards for employees, which is typically the four-year vesting period of the award, and effective contract period specified in the award agreement for non-employees.

 

The fair value of common stock is determined based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the New York Stock Exchange at each award grant date.

 

9

 

 

XL Fleet Corp.

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, continued

 

The determination of the fair value of share-based payment awards utilizing the Black-Scholes model is affected by the stock price and a number of assumptions, including expected volatility, expected life, risk- free interest rate and expected dividends. The Company does not have a history of trading in its common stock as it was not a public company until December 21, 2020, and as such volatility was estimated using historical volatilities of comparable public entities. The expected life of the awards is estimated based on a simplified method, which uses the average of the vesting term and the original contractual term. The risk-free interest rate assumption is based on observed interest rates appropriate for the expected life of the awards. The dividend yield assumption is based on history and expectation of paying no dividends. Forfeitures are accounted for as they occur.

 

The fair value of stock options issued for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was measured with the following assumptions:

 

    Three Months Ended
March 31
 
    2022     2021  
Expected volatility       86.086.4 %      78.179.9 %
Expected term (in years)       6.25       6.25  
Risk-free interest rate       1.41.7 %     0.40.5 %
Expected dividend yield       0.0 %     0.0 %

Restricted Stock Units

 

Restricted stock units generally vest over the requisite service periods (vesting on a straight–line basis). The fair value of a restricted stock unit award is equal to the fair market value of a share of the Company’s Common stock on the grant date. The Company accounts for the forfeiture of equity awards as they occur.

 

Warrant Liabilities: The Company evaluated the Private Warrants (“Private Warrants”) in accordance with ASC 815-40, Derivatives and Hedging — Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity, and concluded that a provision in the Warrant Agreement related to such warrants (“Warrant Agreement”) related to certain tender or exchange offers precludes the Warrants from being accounted for as components of equity. As the Warrants met the definition of a derivative as contemplated in ASC 815, the Warrants were initially recorded at fair value as derivative liabilities on the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and measured at fair value at each reporting date in accordance with ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement, with changes in fair value recognized in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations in the period of change.

 

Segment Reporting: ASC Topic 280, Segment Reporting, establishes standards for reporting information about operating segments on a basis consistent with the Company’s internal organization structure as well as information about geographical areas, business segments, and major customers in its condensed consolidated financial statements. In the first quarter of 2022, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, as the chief operating decision maker (“CODM”), reorganized the Company, for the management of resource allocations and measurement of performance, into two operating and reportable segments: (i) Drivetrain and (ii) XL Grid.

 

Research and development expense: Research and development costs did not meet the requirements to be recognized as an asset as the associated future benefits were at best uncertain and there was no alternative future use at the time the costs were incurred. Research and development costs include, but are not limited to, costs incurred in performing research and development activities, including salaries, benefits, facilities, research- related overhead, sponsored research costs, contracted services, license fees, and other external costs.

 

Net income (loss) per share: Basic net income (loss) per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period, without consideration for potentially dilutive securities. Diluted net income (loss) per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock and potentially dilutive securities outstanding during the period determined using the treasury-stock and if-converted methods. For purposes of the diluted income (loss) per share calculation, stock options, restricted stock units, restricted stock and warrants are considered to be potentially dilutive securities. Potentially dilutive securities were excluded from the calculation of diluted income (loss) per share when their effect would be anti-dilutive.

 

Related parties: A party is considered to be related to the Company if the party directly or indirectly or through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with the Company. Related parties also include principal owners of the Company, its management, members of the immediate families of principal owners of the Company and its management and other parties with which the Company may deal if one party controls or can significantly influence the management or operating policies of the other to an extent that one of the transacting parties might be prevented from fully pursuing its own separate interests. A party which can significantly influence the management or operating policies of the transacting parties or if it has an ownership interest in one of the transacting parties and can significantly influence the other to an extent that one or more of the transacting parties might be prevented from fully pursuing its own separate interests is also a related party.

 

10

 

 

XL Fleet Corp.

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, continued

 

Recent accounting pronouncements issued and adopted:

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses of Financial Instruments, (ASU 2016-13”)which, together with subsequent amendments, amends the requirement on the measurement and recognition of expected credit losses for financial assets held to replace the incurred loss model for financial assets measured at amortized cost and require entities to measure all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. ASU 2016-13 is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2023. The adoption of ASU 2016-13 is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

In May 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-04, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260), Debt—Modifications and Extinguishments (Subtopic 470-50), Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718), and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Issuer’s Accounting for Certain Modifications or Exchanges of Freestanding Equity-Classified Written Call Options. This ASU clarifies the accounting for modifications or exchanges of freestanding equity-classified written call options (i.e. warrants) so that the transaction should be treated as an exchange of the original instrument for a new instrument. This standard is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2022. The adoption of this update did not have a material impact on the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Note 3. Business Combination

 

World Energy

 

On May 17, 2021, the Company acquired all of the issued and outstanding membership interests of World Energy, a privately-held, Massachusetts-based entity, and retained its principals and all of its employees. World Energy is a direct-install energy efficiency services company (“ESCO”), serving commercial, industrial and institutional customers as well as offering solar and electric vehicle charging solutions. World Energy enables utilities to meet their energy savings mandates by developing and executing energy efficiency projects. The acquisition of World Energy expanded the Company’s ability to deliver a comprehensive suite of energy savings services that enhances XL Grid’s solutions portfolio to include commercial and industrial EV charging, solar, and energy management services.

 

In March 2022, pursuant to the definitive acquisition agreement, the Company paid contingent consideration of $1,000 to the sellers pursuant to World Energy’s achievement, for the calendar year 2021, of minimum annual revenues of $19,500.

 

The following unaudited pro forma financial information presents the combined results of the operations of XL Fleet and World Energy as if the acquisition of World Energy had occurred as of January 1, 2021. The unaudited pro forma financial information is not necessarily indicative of what the consolidated results of operations actually would have been had the acquisition been completed on January 1, 2021. This unaudited pro forma financial information does not purport to project the future results of operations of the combined Company.

 

Since the acquisition occurred on May 17, 2021, the results of the acquisition are fully incorporated into the condensed consolidated financial information for the three months ended March 31, 2022. The following table presents the Company’s pro forma combined results of operations of XL Fleet and World Energy for the three months ended March 31, 2021 as if the acquisition of World Energy had occurred as of January 1, 2021:

 

   2021 
Revenues  $5,615 
Net income  $62,812 
Per share amounts: Net income per share – basic  $0.46 
Net income per share - diluted  $0.42 

 

The above pro forma information includes a pro forma adjustment to eliminate interest expense associated with debt that was repaid in the acquisition of World Energy of $21 for the three months ended March 31, 2021.

 

Note 4. Settlement of Contingent Consideration Quantum

 

On October 4, 2019, pursuant to the terms of an asset purchase agreement, the Company acquired certain assets of Quantum Fuel Systems, LLC (“Quantum”) The purchase consideration included deferred payments or share issuances upon certain milestones being met.

 

11

 

 

XL Fleet Corp.

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Note 4. Settlement of Contingent Consideration Quantum, continued

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the remaining final payments were made to the sellers of Quantum as follows pursuant to the asset purchase agreement:

 

Second milestone event which was met upon the achievement of certain product development criteria as outlined in the asset purchase agreement. In connection with having achieved the second milestone, in February 2022 the Company paid cash consideration of $475 and issued 50,000 shares of the Company’s common stock.

 

Third milestone event which was met upon the successful demonstration of a prototype as outlined in the asset purchase agreement. In connection with having achieved the third milestone, in February 2022 the Company paid cash consideration of $475 and issued 50,000 shares of the Company’s common stock.

 

Note 5. Revenue

 

The following table represents the Company’s revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, disaggregated, by sales channel.

 

Disaggregation of revenue:

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31
 
   2022   2021 
         
Revenue from the sale of Drivetrain systems:        
Revenue direct to customers  $548   $111 
Revenue through channel partners   50    564 
           
Revenue from the sale of XL Grid solutions – which are sold direct to customers   4,165    
-
 
Total revenue  $4,763   $675 

 

Remaining performance obligations: At March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, there was approximately $233 and $237 in deferred revenue related to unsatisfied extended warranty performance obligations, respectively. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company recognized revenue of $4 from the December 31, 2021 deferred revenue balance.

 

Contract Balances: The timing of revenue recognition, billings and cash collections results in billed trade accounts receivable, and deferred revenue (contract liabilities) on the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. In addition, the Company defers certain costs incurred to obtain a contract (contract costs).

 

Costs to obtain a contract: Sales commissions paid to internal sales personnel, as well as associated payroll taxes and retirement plan contributions (together, sales commissions and associated costs) that are incremental to the acquisition of customer contracts, are capitalized as contract acquisition cost on the balance sheet when the period of benefit is determined to be greater than one year. In instances where an extended warranty is sold, the period of benefit would extend beyond 12 months and therefore, the practical expedient would not be met for those contracts and require capitalization of the related costs to obtain those contracts. The Company has elected to allocate the capitalized commissions to performance obligations on a relative basis (i.e., in proportion to the transaction price allocated to each performance obligation) to determine the period of amortization. As a result, substantially all of the commission is allocated to the combined equipment and installation performance obligation and is amortized upon transfer of control of this performance obligation, which typically occurs in the same period in which commission liability is incurred. Total commission expense recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was $278 and $256, respectively. There were no capitalized commissions as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021.

 

12

 

 

XL Fleet Corp.

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Note 6. Purchase of Convertible Note 

 

On July 15, 2021, XL Fleet made an investment of $3,000 into eNow, a developer of solar and battery power systems that is developing fully-electric transport refrigeration units (“eTRUs”) for commercial trailers. In exchange for the investment, eNow issued to the Company a convertible debenture (the “eNow Convertible Note”) dated July 15, 2021 (the “Issuance Date”) in the original principal amount of $3,000, at the rate of 8% per annum and due on December 31, 2022. The investment was classified as an available-for-sale security. After reviewing the status of eNow’s financial condition on December 31, 2021, the Company determined that the investment in the eNow Convertible Note was fully impaired and as such, on such date, recorded an impairment charge of $3,000. Under certain circumstances, the eNow Convertible Note could be converted into Series B preferred stock.

 

In addition to the terms described above, on July 15, 2021 (“Effective Date”), XL Fleet entered into a Development and Supply Agreement (the “Development and Supply Agreement”) with eNow, whereby XL Fleet was made the exclusive provider of high voltage batteries and associated power systems for use in eNow eTRUs. The Company considered the existence of adverse conditions regarding the global supply chain crisis (electronic hardware, lithium ion cells and batteries) that causes further impediments to eNow being able to execute on its business plan. XL Fleet evaluated the supply chain issues, specifically the lack of availability of batteries from third party suppliers. During the three months ended December 31, 2021, the supply chain issues worsened, and in particular the lack of availability of batteries from third party suppliers. These worsened conditions, in the Company’s opinion, negatively impacted eNow’s prospects and financial condition. In January 2022, due to the ongoing supply chain issues, the Company notified eNow of its intention to terminate the Development and Supply Agreement (See Note 10).

 

Note 7. Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities

 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consisted of the following at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021:

 

   As of 
   March 31,
2022
   December 31,
2021
 
Accrued warranty costs  $2,403   $2,547 
Accrued compensation and related benefits   2,160    2,254 
Contingent purchase price consideration – Quantum   
-
    1,950 
Deferred purchase price consideration – World Energy   234    278 
Accreted contingent compensation to sellers – World Energy   
-
    1,000 
Professional fees   1,066    949 
Accrued settlements   494    494 
Accrued expenses, other   1,786    2,384 
   $8,143   $11,856 

 

Note 8. New Markets Tax Credit Financing

 

On March 4, 2015, the Company entered into a financing transaction with U.S. Bancorp Community Development Corporation (U.S. Bank) under a qualified New Markets Tax Credit (“NMTC”) program related to the operation of the Company’s facility in Quincy, Illinois. The NMTC program was provided for in the Community Renewal Tax Relief Act of 2000 (the Act) and is intended to encourage capital investment in qualified lower income communities. The Act permits taxpayers to claim credits against their Federal income taxes for up to 39% of qualified investments in the equity of community development entities (CDEs). CDEs are privately managed investment institutions that are certified to make qualified low-income community investments.

 

In connection with the financing, the Company made two loans totaling $10,454 to federal ($6,455 at 1.51%) and state ($3,999 at 1.53%) NMTC investment funds (the Investment Funds). Simultaneously, U.S. Bank made an equity investment of $4,995 to the Investment Funds and, by virtue of such contribution, is entitled to substantially all of the tax benefits derived from the NMTC. For compliance with the NMTC rules, principal payments on the loan would not begin until June 10, 2025 (the NMTC rules prohibit principal payments during the 7-year term of the NMTC arrangement). The maturity date on the loans would have been December 31, 2044.

 

The Investment Funds then contributed the loan proceeds to a CDE, which, in turn, loaned combined funds of $15,000, net of debt issuance costs of $546, to XL Hybrid Quincy, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, at an interest rate of 1.15% per year with a maturity date of March 4, 2045. These loans were secured by the leasehold improvements and equipment at the facility in Quincy, Illinois. Repayment of the loans would have commenced March 10, 2025. The proceeds from the loans from the CDE were used to partially fund the build-out of the facility in Quincy, Illinois.

 

13

 

 

XL Fleet Corp.

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Note 8. New Markets Tax Credit Financing, continued

 

The transaction included a put/call feature whereby, at the end of the seven-year NMTC compliance period, the Company may have been obligated or entitled to repurchase U.S. Bank’s equity interest in the Investment Funds. U.S Bank exercised the put option in January 2022 the end of the recapture period. The value attributable to the put/call was nominal.

 

The Company had determined that the financing arrangement with the Investment Fund and CDEs contained a variable interest entity (“VIE”). As such, the Company concluded that it was the primary beneficiary of the VIE and consolidated the Investment Fund, as a VIE, in accordance with the accounting standards for consolidation. Because the Company consolidated an entity from which it has an approximately $10,500 loan receivable and consolidated an entity to which it owes an approximately $15,000 loan payable through December 31, 2021, these two balances partially eliminated against each other in consolidation. The VIE was terminated upon the exercise of the put option.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company amortized debt issuance costs related to the NMTC of $0 and $78, respectively. The unamortized balance of debt issuance costs as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 was $0 and $20, respectively.

 

On January 14, 2022, the NMTC financing arrangement was terminated and settled, with the note receivable of $15,000 (owed by XL Hybrid Quincy) being transferred to XL Hybrids LL in payment of the $10,500 note receivable. Both notes were retired resulting in the recognition of a gain on forgiveness of debt, net of unamortized debt issuance costs, of $4,527 for the three months ended March 31, 2022.

 

Note 9. ROU Assets and Lease Liabilities

 

The Company’s ROU assets and lease liabilities are comprised of the following:

 

   As of 
   March 31,   December 31, 
   2022   2021 
Operating leases:      
Right-of-use assets  $3,185   $3,443 
Lease liability, current   427    451 
Lease liability, non-current   2,943    3,056 
Finance leases:          
Right-of-use assets   1,008    1,121 
Lease liability, current   666    449 
Lease liability, non-current   226    543 

 

Other information related to leases is presented below:

 

   For the Three Months Ending
March 31,
 
   2022   2021 
Other information:        
Operating lease cost  $227   $179 

 

   For the Three Months Ending
March 31,
 
   2022   2021 
Operating cash flows from operating leases  $240   $141 
Weighted-average remaining lease term – operating leases (in months)   81.1    92.2 
Weighted-average discount rate – operating leases   9.7%   9.6%

 

As of March 31, 2022, the annual minimum lease payments of our operating lease liabilities were as follows:

 

For The Years Ending December 31,    
2022 (excluding the three months ended March 31, 2022)   549 
2023   730 
2024   694 
2025   709 
2026   555 
Thereafter   1,416 
Total future minimum lease payments, undiscounted   4,653 
Less: imputed interest   (1,283)
Present value of future minimum lease payments  $3,370 

 

14

 

 

XL Fleet Corp.

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Note 10. Fair Value Measurements

 

Mark-to-Market Measurement

 

The Private Warrants were valued using a Black-Scholes model, pursuant to the inputs provided in the table below:

 

   Mark-to-Market
Measurement 
   Mark-to-Market
Measurement
 
   at March 31,   at December 31, 
Input  2022   2021 
Risk-free rate   2.439%   1.111%
Remaining term in years   3.725    3.98 
Expected volatility   94.35%   88.77%
Exercise price  $11.50   $11.50 
Fair value of common stock  $1.99   $3.31 

 

The following table sets forth the Company’s assets and liabilities which are measured at fair value on a recurring basis by level within the fair value hierarchy:

 

   Fair Value Measurements as of
March 31, 2022
   Level I  Level II  Level III  Total
             
Liability:            
Private Warrants  $
     -
   $
     -
   $2,687   $2,687 
Earnout – World Energy  $
-
   $
-
   $325   $325 
Total  $
-
   $
-
   $3,012   $3,012 

 

   Fair Value Measurements as of
December 31, 2021
   Level I  Level II     Level III      Total
             
Liability:            
Private warrants  $
      -
   $
    -
   $5,404   $5,404 
Contingent consideration – Quantum  $
-
   $
-
   $1,950   $1,950 
Earnout – World Energy  $
-
   $
-
   $1,000   $1,000 
Fair value of obligation to issue shares of common stock to sellers of World Energy  $
-
   $
-
   $541   $541 
Total  $
-
   $
-
   $

8,895

   $

8,895

 

 

15

 

 

XL Fleet Corp.

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Note 10. Fair Value Measurements, continued

 

The following is a roll forward of the Company’s Level 3 instruments:

 

   For the
Three Months Ended
March 31,
2022
 
   Liability 
Balance, January 1, 2022  $8,895 
Fair value adjustment – Quantum contingent consideration   (145)
Cash settlement of Quantum liability   (950)
Share settlement of Quantum liability   (186)
Cash settlement of World Energy liability   (1,000)
Fair value adjustments – Warrant liability   (2,717)
Fair value adjustments – World Energy   (216)
Adjustment – Quantum liability   (669)
Balance, March 31, 2022  $3,012 

 

Note 11. Share-Based Compensation Expense

 

Share-based compensation expense for stock options, restricted stock awards and restricted stock units for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was $381 and $442, respectively. As of March 31, 2022, there was $4,739 of unrecognized compensation cost related to stock options which is expected to be recognized over the remaining vesting periods, with a weighted-average period of 2.8 years.

 

Stock Options

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022 the Company issued 12,421 options to certain employees that will vest over a period of one to four years.

 

A summary of stock option award activity for the three months ended March 31, 2022 was as follows:

 

Options  Shares   Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
   Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term
 
             
Outstanding at December 31, 2021   9,737,292   $1.40    7.2 
Granted   12,421    1.98      
Exercised   (1,307,020)   0.24      
Cancelled or forfeited   (613,823)   3.06      
Outstanding at March 31, 2022   7,828,870   $1.45    7.1 
Exercisable at March 31, 2022   6,307,222   $0.57    6.7 

 

The aggregate intrinsic value of stock options outstanding as of March 31, 2022 was $11,215. The aggregate intrinsic value of stock options exercisable as of March 31, 2022 was $10,622. Cash received from options exercised for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was $258, and $16, respectively.

 

16

 

 

XL Fleet Corp.

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Note 11. Share-Based Compensation Expense, continued

 

Restricted Stock Awards

 

The fair value of restricted stock awards is estimated by the fair value of the Company’s Common Stock at the date of grant. Restricted stock activity during the three months ended at March 31, 2022 was as follows:

 

   Number of
Shares
   Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Per Share
 
         
Non-vested, at December 31, 2021   446,332   $0.24 
Granted   
-
    
-
 
Vested   
-
    
-
 
Cancelled or forfeited   
-
    
-
 
Non-vested, at March 31, 2022   446,332   $0.24 

 

Restricted Stock Units

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company issued 9,098 restricted stock units to certain employees that will vest over a period of four years.

 

The fair value of restricted stock unit awards is estimated by the fair value of the Company’s Common Stock at the date of grant. Restricted stock unit activity during the three months ended at March 31, 2022 was as follows:

 

   Number of
Shares
  

Weighted
Average 

Grant Date

Fair
Value Per
Share

 
         
Non-vested, at December 31, 2021   604,433   $6.06 
Granted   9,098    2.01 
Vested   
-
    
-
 
Cancelled or forfeited   (134,371)   6.49 
Non-vested, at March 31, 2022   

479,160

   $5.86 

 

17

 

 

XL Fleet Corp.

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Note 12. Related Party Transactions

 

Operating lease: In March 2012, the Company entered into a noncancelable lease agreement for office, research and development, and vehicle development and installation facilities with an investor of the Company. On February 28, 2021, the lease term was extended through February 28, 2022. The lease includes a rent escalation clause, and rent expense is being recorded on a straight-line basis. On December 31, 2021, the lease term was extended through August 31, 2022.

 

Rent expense under the operating lease for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was $58 and $55, respectively.

 

Future minimum lease payments for this lease are as follows:    
2022   97 
Total  $97 

 

Note 13. Restructuring

 

In the first quarter of 2022, the Company conducted a strategic review of its operations. The results of this review resulted in the following actions being taken: (1) the closure of the Company’s production center and warehouse in Quincy, IL; (2) the termination of engineering activities in the Company’s Boston office; (3) elimination of all of the Company’s plug-in hybrid products and a substantial majority of the Company’s hybrid drivetrain products; (4) a reduction of the Company’s workforce of 51 employees’ and (5) the termination of the Company’s partnership with eNow. The Company recognized a total charge of $2,358 related to these activities in the first quarter of 2022.

 

In connection with the Company’s reduction in its workforce, the Company incurred severance charges totaling $840 of which was $725 was paid in the first quarter of 2022 and the remainder will be paid in the second and third quarters of 2022. The severance charges were included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the consolidated statement of operations. The remaining unpaid amount of $115 is included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2022.

 

In connection with the Company’s decision to exit certain product lines, the Company incurred an inventory obsolescence charge, included in cost of revenues, of $1,518 in the first quarter of 2022.

 

Note 14. Commitments and Contingencies

 

Sponsorship commitment: On February 24, 2021, the Company agreed to a sponsorship agreement with several entities related to the UBS Arena, Belmont Park and the NY Islanders Hockey Club. Pursuant to that Agreement, the Company was designated an “Official Electric Transportation Partner of UBS Arena” with various associated marketing and branding rights, including the development of electric vehicle charging stations. Through March 31, 2022, the Company has incurred costs of approximately $700 related to a future opportunity to develop electric vehicle charging stations on the UBS Arena area. The sponsorship agreement has a term of three years with a sponsor fee of approximately $500 per year, of which $250 was paid on June 25, 2021 and the second payment of $250 was accrued on December 31, 2021 and paid on January 14, 2022. One of the directors of XL Fleet is a co-owner of the NY Islanders Hockey Club. In the first quarter of 2021, the Company notified the counterparties that it would be exercising its option to terminate the final two years of the agreement.

 

The Company terminated the Sponsorship Agreement effective June 1, 2022 and will incur no further sponsor fees.

 

Equipment purchase: On March 1, 2021, the Company entered into an agreement with Creative Bus Sales, Inc. (“Creative) to purchase six low floor electric transit buses to be delivered in 2022 for a total purchase price of $4,191. In connection with this agreement, on March 2, 2021, the Company made a down-payment of $780. During February 2022, the Company terminated its purchase agreement with Creative and received a refund of the down payment of $780.

 

Purchase commitments: The Company has entered into firm commitments to purchase batteries and motors from major suppliers. As of March 31, 2022, these purchase obligations consisted of an obligation of $2,533 to purchase motors by July 2022 and an open ended commitment of $2,500 to purchase batteries, and an obligation of $343 to purchase chip-sensitive items including telematics modules and inverters.

 

Legal proceedings: The Company is periodically involved in legal proceedings, legal actions and claims arising in the normal course of business, including proceedings relating to product liability, intellectual property, safety and health, employment and other matters. Management believes that the outcome of such legal proceedings, legal actions and claims will not have a significant adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

Beginning on March 8, 2021, two putative securities class action complaints were filed in federal district court for the Southern District of New York against the Company and certain of its current and former officers and directors. Those cases were consolidated and a lead plaintiff appointed in June 2021, and an amended complaint filed on July 20, 2021 alleging that certain public statements made by the defendants between October 2, 2020 and March 2, 2021 violated Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Rule 10b-5 promulgated thereunder. The Company believes that the allegations asserted in the amended complaint are without merit, and the Company intends to vigorously defend the lawsuit. There can be no assurance, however, that the Company will be successful. At this time, the Company is unable to estimate potential losses, if any, related to the lawsuit.

 

18

 

 

XL Fleet Corp.

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Note 14. Commitments and Contingencies, continued

 

On September 20, 2021, and October 19, 2021 two class action complaints were filed in the Delaware Court of Chancery against certain of the Company’s current officers and directors, and the Company’s sponsor, Pivotal Investment Holdings II LLC. The actions were consolidated as Inre XL Fleet (Pivotal) Stockholder Litigation, C.A. No. 2121-0808, and amended complaint was filed on January 31, 2022. The amended complaint alleges various breaches of fiduciary duty, and aiding and abetting breaches of fiduciary duty, for purported actions relating to the negotiation and approval of the December 21, 2020 merger and organization of legacy XL to become XL Fleet Corp., and purportedly materially misleading statements made in connection with the merger. The Company believes that the allegations asserted in both the Laidlaw and Janmohamed Complaint are without merit, and the Company intends to vigorously defend the lawsuit.

 

On January 6, 2022, the Company received a subpoena from the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) requesting the production of certain documents related to, among other things, the Company’s business combination with XL Hybrids, Inc. and the related PIPE financing, the Company’s sales pipeline and revenue projections, purchase orders, suppliers, CARB approvals, fuel economy from our Drivetrain products, customer complaints, and disclosures and other matters in connection with the foregoing. The SEC has informed the Company that its current investigation is a fact-finding inquiry. The SEC has also informed the Company that the investigation does not mean that it has concluded that anyone has violated the law and does not mean that it has a negative opinion of any person, entity or security. We intend to provide the requested information and cooperate fully with the SEC investigation. 

 

Note 15. Leadership Transition

 

On January 31, 2022, the Company’s Chief Financial Officer resigned. An interim replacement served until April 11, 2022, when Mr. Don Klein was appointed as Chief Financial Officer.

 

On March 21, 2022, Thomas (Tod) Hynes III resigned as the Company’s President and from its Board of Directors and he and the Company entered into a separation agreement pursuant to which, provided that Mr. Hynes does not timely revoke the agreement and thereafter complies with its material terms, he will receive (i) separation pay in the form of a lump sum payment of $479,375 and (ii) nine months of employer paid COBRA premiums. Mr. Hynes has also agreed to chair the Company’s advisory board. His separation agreement also includes customary provisions including those regarding cooperation, non-solicitation, and a mutual release.

 

Note 16. Net (Loss) Income Per Share

 

The following is a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator used to calculate basic earnings per share and diluted earnings per share for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:

 

   As of March 31, 
   2022   2021 
Numerator:        
Net (loss) income  $(16,077)  $61,914 
           
Denominator:          
Weighted average share outstanding, basic   

141,274,249

    135,575,145 
           
Dilutive effect of options, warrants and restricted stock units   
-
    12,996,234 
           
Weighted average shares outstanding, basic and diluted   

141,274,249

    148,571,379 
           
Net (loss) income per share, basic  $(0.11)  $0.46 
           
Net (loss) income per share, diluted  $(0.11)  $0.42 

 

Potential dilutive securities, which include stock options, warrants and restricted stock units have been excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share for the three months ended March 31, 2022 as the effect would be to reduce the net loss per share. Therefore, for this period the weighted average number of common shares outstanding used to calculate both basic and diluted net loss per share is the same. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, certain dilutive securities were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share as the effect would have been to increase net earnings per share.

 

19

 

 

XL Fleet Corp.

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Note 16. Net (Loss) Income Per Share, continued

 

The number of shares underlying outstanding dilutive securities which have been excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share above, are presented below:

 

   As of March 31, 
   2022   2021 
Stock options   

7,828,870

    24,000 
Private Warrants   4,233,333    
-
 
XL Legacy Warrants   
-
    
-
 
Restricted stock units   

479,160

    
-
 
Total   12,541,363    24,000 

 

Note 17. Retirement Plan

 

The Company has adopted a 401(k) plan to provide all eligible employees a means to accumulate retirement savings on a tax-advantaged basis. The 401(k) plan requires participants to be at least 21 years old. In addition to the traditional 401(k), eligible employees are given the option of making an after- tax contribution to a Roth 401(k) or a combination of both. Plan participants may make before tax elective contributions up to the maximum percentage of compensation and dollar amount allowed under the Internal Revenue Code. Participants are allowed to contribute, subject to IRS limitations on total annual contributions from 1% to 90% of eligible earnings. The plan provides for automatic enrollment at a 3% deferral rate of an employee’s eligible wages. The Company provides for safe harbor matching contributions equal to 100% on the first 3% of an employee’s eligible earnings deferred and an additional 50% on the next 2% of an employee’s eligible earnings deferred. Employee elective deferrals and safe harbor matching contributions are 100% vested at all times.

 

In connection with the acquisition of World Energy, the Company adopted the World Energy 401(k) plan whose features are the same as those of the XL Fleet’s 401(k) plan except that (i) Participants are allowed to contribute, subject to IRS limitations on total annual contributions from 1% to 100% of eligible earnings and (ii) the safe harbor non-elective contribution is equal to 3% of employee’s compensation.

 

Note 18. Segment Reporting

 

Segment reporting is based on the “management approach,” following the method that management organizes the company’s reportable segments for which separate financial information is made available to, and evaluated regularly by, the CODM in allocating resources and in assessing performance. The Company’s CODM is its Chief Executive Officer. Prior to the first quarter of 2022, the Company had one operating segment. In the first quarter of 2022, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, upon completion of a strategic review that began upon his hiring in December 2021, restructured the Company into two distinct operating segments: (i) Drivetrain and (ii) XL Grid. The Company’s CODM does not evaluate operating segments using asset or liability information.

 

Prior to the first quarter of 2022, the Company had one operating segment. In the first quarter of 2022, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, upon the completion of a strategic review that began upon his hiring in December 2021, restructured the Company into two distinct operating segments: (i) Drivetrain and (ii) XL Grid. Included in Corporate are certain corporate expenses including executive, finance, information technology, and human resource expenses.

 

The Drivetrain segment provides fleet electrification solutions for commercial vehicles in North America while the XL Grid segment provides energy efficiency and infrastructure solutions to commercial customers.

 

The following table presents revenues and gross profit by reportable segment:

  

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2022   2021 
Revenues        
Drivetrain  $598   $675 
XL Grid   4,165    
-
 
Total  $4,763   $675 
Operating Profit          
Drivetrain (1)  $(5,905)  $(3,562)
XL Grid   (1,441)   (51)
Corporate (1)   (16,340)   (6,473)
Total  $(23,686)  $(10,086)

 

(1)Drivetrain operating profit for the three months ended March 31, 2022 includes a restructuring charge of $1,518 related to an inventory obsolescence charge from exiting certain product lines while Corporate operating profit for the three months ended March 31, 2022 includes a goodwill impairment charge of $8,606 and restructuring charges of $840 for severance charges related to the reduction in force of the Company’s workforce in the first quarter of 2022.

 

Note 19. Subsequent Events

 

Management has reviewed material events subsequent of the period ended March 31, 2022 and prior to the filing of financial statements in accordance with FASB ASC 855, Subsequent Events.

20

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

The following discussion and analysis provides information which our management believes is relevant to an assessment and understanding of our financial condition and results of operations. This discussion and analysis should be read together with our results of operations and financial condition and the audited and unaudited consolidated financial statements and related notes that are included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the audited financial information and the notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on March 1, 2022. In addition to historical financial information, this discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements based upon current expectations that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. See the section entitled “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.” Actual results and timing of selected events may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors. The following information and any forward-looking statements should be considered in light of factors discussed elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and under “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of the Annual Report.

 

Certain figures, such as interest rates and other percentages, included in this section have been rounded for ease of presentation. Percentage figures included in this section have not in all cases been calculated on the basis of such rounded figures but on the basis of such amounts prior to rounding. For this reason, percentage amounts in this section may vary slightly from those obtained by performing the same calculations using the figures in our consolidated financial statements or in the associated text. Certain other amounts that appear in this section may similarly not sum due to rounding.

 

As used in this discussion and analysis, references to “XL,” “the Company,” “we,” “us” or “our” refer only to XL Fleet Corp. and its consolidated subsidiaries.

 

Overview

 

We are a provider of fleet electrification solutions for commercial vehicles in North America, offering our systems for vehicle electrification (our “Drivetrain” segment) and through our energy efficiency and infrastructure solutions business, including offering and installing charging stations to enable customers to effectively plug in their electrified vehicles (our “XL Grid” segment).

 

We have two operating segments, Drivetrain and XL Grid, and separately calculate the costs of our corporate operations. Our CEO, who is our chief operating decision maker evaluates the performance of our operating segments at the operating profit level. The CODM does not evaluate the performance of the operating segments on a balance sheet basis.

 

In over 10 years of operations, we believe that we have built a large customer base deploying Class 2-5 vehicles across North America. Our fleet electrification solutions for commercial vehicles provide the market with cost-effective hybrid solutions with on-board telematics that are available for sale and deployment across a broad range of popular vehicle chassis from the world’s leading OEMs. We launched our XL Grid Business in December 2020, and with the acquisition of World Energy Efficiency Services, LLC (“World Energy”) in May 2021, we are able to offer comprehensive solutions to commercial fleets to sustainably transform their operations.

 

Through the capabilities we acquired with World Energy, we are able to provide turnkey energy efficiency, renewable technology, electric vehicle charging stations and other energy solutions throughout New England, which adds capability and capacity to our XL Grid division. We currently sell most of our Drivetrains through a network of commercial vehicle upfitters.

 

21

 

 

In the first quarter of 2022, the Company conducted a strategic review which included assessing its offerings, strategy, processes and growth opportunities. While the Company is continuing to look at its business strategy, the Company made the following decisions in the first quarter of 2022 relating to a restructuring of its Drivetrain business: (i) the elimination of a substantial majority of the Company’s hybrid drivetrain products; (ii) the elimination of its Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (“PHEV”) products; (iii) the reduction in the size of the Company’s workforce by 51 employees; (iv) the closure of the Company’s production center and warehouse in Quincy, IL; (v) the closure of the Company’s engineering activities in its Boston office; and (vi) the termination of the Company’s partnership with eNow.

 

With our acquisition of World Energy, we became a provider of energy efficiency, renewable technology, electric vehicle charging stations, and other energy solutions to customers across the New England region. By leveraging our comprehensive solutions in combination with utility incentive programs, project management and financing, we assist companies throughout all aspects of the fleet vehicle electrification process. We provide full- service electric vehicle charger installations, including the assessment of a location’s electrical infrastructure, site layout of the charging area plan and equipment installation. In addition, World Energy provides solar solutions to commercial and industrial customers. We believe that the availability of robust electric vehicle charging and infrastructure solutions is critical to meeting the long-term fleet electrification goals of our customers which in turn will translate into growth opportunities for the Company.

 

Recent Developments

 

Leadership Changes: On March 21, 2022, Tod Hynes resigned his XL Fleet roles of President and a member of its board of directors. On April 11, 2022, XL Fleet appointed Donald P. Klein as Chief Financial Officer.

 

Public Health Emergency of International Concern: On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization categorized the COVID-19 outbreak a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern” as global pandemic and recommended containment and mitigation measures.

 

As the coronavirus pandemic continues to evolve, we believe the extent of the impact to our business, operating results, cash flows, liquidity and financial condition will be primarily driven by the severity and duration of the coronavirus pandemic and its impact on the U.S. and global economies. Those primary drivers are beyond our knowledge and control, and as a result, at this time we are unable to predict the cumulative impact, both in terms of severity and duration, that the coronavirus pandemic will have on our business, operating results, cash flows and financial condition. Accordingly, it is reasonably possible that the estimates made in the financial statements have been, or will be, materially and adversely impacted in the near term by these conditions, and if so, we may be subject to future impairment losses related to long-lived assets as well as changes to recorded reserves and valuations. In addition, we believe that the impact of the global microchip shortage that the entire vehicle industry is currently experiencing will adversely impact our operating results in fiscal year 2022 and possibly thereafter.

 

22

 

 

Key Factors Affecting Operating Results

 

We believe that our performance and future success depend on several factors that present significant opportunities for us but also pose risks and challenges, including those discussed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, below, and as more fully described in Part II, Item 1A under the heading “Risk Factors,” and within our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on March 1, 2022.

  

We are a provider in fleet electrification and energy efficiency infrastructure solutions. We have a strategy to leverage our existing products and sales channels to market. Key factors affecting our operating results include our ability to execute on the results of the Company’s strategic review, which includes narrowing the focus of the Company on the most profitable products and strategically reducing some aspects of the Company’s hybrid offering. There are challenges and risks to our plan to capture these opportunities, such as:

 

system architecture design choices must provide adequate functionality and value for customers;

 

component sourcing agreements must deliver targets for cost reduction while maintaining high quality and reliability;

  

sales and marketing efforts must be effective in forging the relationships to deliver these products to market and generate demand from the end users and channel partners;

 

 

OEMs and principal equipment component suppliers must be able to provide ample supply throughout the year to meet our Drivetrain sales goals. We have experienced interruptions in OEM vehicle supply amid a worldwide microchip shortage. This resulted in very limited OEM deliveries of new chassis to our commercial customers during 2021 and the first quarter of 2022. We are expecting some increase in deliveries in 2022, but there will likely be an ongoing significant adverse impact on vehicle deliveries resulting from the microchip shortage. This had a material and adverse impact on our operating results in fiscal year 2021 and is expected to continue in 2022; We have seen positive signs in terms of increased budgets from municipal customers, but we believe the OEM chip shortage is hindering the rebound in that area of the market, despite budget availability;

 

energy-efficiency upgrades must translate into bottom-line savings for our clients; and

 

our success will depend on our ability to make it easier, cheaper and simpler for companies to electrify their fleets.

 

23

 

 

Key Components of Statements of Operations

 

Research and Development Expense

 

Research and development expenses consist primarily of costs incurred for the discovery and development of our electrified powertrain offerings, which include:

 

personnel-related expenses including salaries, benefits, travel and share-based compensation, for personnel performing research and development activities;

 

fees paid to third parties such as consultants and contractors for outsourced engineering services;

 

expenses related to prototype materials, supplies and third-party services; and

 

depreciation for equipment used in research and development activities.

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expense

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses consist of personnel-related expenses for our corporate, executive, finance, sales, marketing and other administrative functions, expenses for outside professional services, including legal, audit and accounting services, as well as expenses for facilities, depreciation, amortization, travel, sales and marketing costs. Personnel-related expenses consist of salaries, benefits and share-based compensation. We expect our selling, general and administrative expenses to decrease in 2022 as we narrow our focus and take actions to align our team and resources with our short- term needs

 

 Other (Income) Expense, Net

 

Other income and expense consists of interest expense net of interest income, change in fair value of obligations to issue shares of common stock to sellers of World Energy, change in fair value of warrant liability, and gain (loss) on asset disposal.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Significant Judgments and Estimates

 

Our management’s discussion and analysis of our financial position and results of operations is based on our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, or GAAP. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate estimates, which include estimates related to warrant valuation, the valuation of the assets and liabilities related to the business combination of World Energy, reserves and net realizable value adjustments for inventory and warranty obligations, impairment assessments for goodwill and long-lived assets and valuation allowance as it relates to the realization of deferred tax assets. The Company’s critical accounting policies include revenue recognition and the accounting for business combinations. We base our estimates on historical experience and other market- specific or other relevant assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ materially from those estimates or assumptions. The Company’s critical accounting policies include revenue recognition and the accounting for business combinations.

 

24

 

 

Results of Operations

 

Comparison of the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021

 

The consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 are presented below by operating segment and our corporate activities:

 

   For the Three Months Ended March 31,         
(in thousands, except per share amounts)  2022   2021   Change   % Change 
Revenues  $4,763   $675   $4,088    606%
Cost of revenues   5,196    1,391    3,805    274%
Gross loss   (433)   (716)   283    (40)%
Operating expenses:                    
Research, development and engineering expenses   2,989    1,412    1,577    112%
Selling, general and administrative expenses   11,658    7,958    3,700    46%
Impairment of goodwill   8,606    -    8,606    N.M. 
Total operating expenses   23,253    9,370    13,833    148%
Loss from operations   (23,686)   (10,086)   (13,600)   135%
Other (income) expense   (7,609)   (72,000)   64,391    (89)%
Net (loss) income  $(16,077)  $61,914   $(77,991)   (126)%
                     
(Loss) income per common share:                    
Basic  $(0.11)  $0.46   $(0.57)   (124)%
Diluted  $(0.11)  $0.42   $(0.53)   (126)%

 

   For the Three Months Ended March 31,         
(in thousands)  2022   2021   Change   % Change 
Drivetrain segment revenues  $598   $675   $(77)   (11.4)%
Drivetrain segment loss   (5,906)   (3,562)   (2,344)   66%

 

   For the Three Months Ended March 31,         
(in thousands)  2022   2021   Change   % Change 
XL Grid segment revenues  $4,165   $-   $4,165    N.M. 
XL Grid segment loss   (1,441)   (51)   (1,390)   2,725%

 

Revenues

 

Total revenues increased by $4.1 million, or 606%, to $4.8 million in the three months ended March 31, 2022 from $0.7 million for the first quarter of 2021. Drivetrain revenues of $0.6 million for the current quarter were flat compared to the prior year quarter. XL Grid revenues were $4.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022. This increase was the result of the acquisition of World Energy’s energy infrastructure solutions in the second quarter of 2021.

 

Cost of Revenues

 

Cost of revenues increased by $3.8 million, or 274%, to $5.2 million in the three months ended March 31, 2022 from $1.4 million for the first quarter of 2021. Cost of revenues for the Drivetrain segment increased by approximately $0.8 million to $2.2 million, primarily due to a charge of approximately $1.5 to write inventory down to net realizable value for certain components that were deemed obsolete, as the result of the Company’s plans to discontinue plug-in hybrid and scale back other hybrid platforms. Cost of revenues for the XL Grid segment were $3.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 which were related to the acquisition of World Energy’s energy infrastructure solutions in the second quarter of 2021.

 

25

 

 

Gross Loss

 

Gross loss decreased by $0.3 million, to $0.4 million in the three months ended March 31, 2022 from $0.7 million for the first quarter of 2021. The improvement was primarily due to gross profit in the XL Grid segment with the acquisition of World Energy’s energy infrastructure solutions in the second quarter of 2021 partially offset by the Drivetrain segment gross loss which was driven by the charge for the inventory reserve.

 

Research, Development and Engineering

 

Research, development and engineering expenses increased by $1.6 million, or 112%, to $3.0 million in the three months ended March 31, 2022 from $1.4 million for the first quarter of 2021. The increase was solely attributable to research and development activities within the Drivetrain segment. The increase was principally attributable to $1.2 million in increased employee compensation, due to higher headcount prior to the reduction in force and higher research and development expenses related to the Company’s Curbtender project.

 

Selling, General and Administrative

 

Selling, general, and administrative expenses increased by $3.7 million, or 46%, to $11.7 million in the three months ended March 31, 2022 from $8.0 million for the first quarter of 2021. The increase was primarily due to the acquisition of World Energy in the second quarter of 2021 as well as severance charges of $1.4 million related to restructuring actions and the separation of the Company’s President and Chief Financial Officer in the first quarter of 2022. Higher compensation costs due to higher headcount (prior to the reduction in force on February 25, 2022) was offset by lower professional fees.

 

Impairment of Goodwill

 

In the first quarter of 2022, due to reductions in the Company’s stock price and related market capitalization, the Company performed an assessment of its goodwill for impairment. Based on its assessment, the Company concluded that the goodwill was fully impaired and recognized a charge to $8.6 million in the three months ended March 31, 2022.

 

Other (Income) Expense

 

Other income decreased by $64.4 million, or 89%, to $7.6 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021 from $72.0 million for the first quarter of 2021. The decrease was primarily due to a decrease of $69.3 million of income from the change in the fair value of the warrant liability which was the result of the decrease in the fair value of the Company’s Common Stock in 2022 compared to the same quarter of 2021. This was partially offset by a gain of $4.5 million the Company recognized on the extinguishment of debt during the three months ended March 31, 2022 related to the wind-down of the New Market Tax Credit obligation in January 2022.

  

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

The Company’s cash requirements depend on many factors, including the execution of its business strategy and plan. The Company remains focused on carefully managing costs, including capital expenditures, maintaining a strong balance sheet, and ensuring adequate liquidity. The Company’s primary cash needs are for operating expenses, working capital and capital expenditures to support the growth in its business. Working capital is impacted by the timing and extent of the Company’s business needs. As of March 31, 2022, we had working capital of $345.2 million, including cash and cash equivalents of $333.5 million.

 

As part of its strategic review, the Company decided to narrow its operational focus in order to more effectively and judiciously execute on its strategy moving forward as well as to preserve cash. As part of this process, the Company strategically reduced some aspects of the hybrid offerings and limiting its products to those platforms and applications that are most scalable and provide the most substantial return on investment. As part of this narrowing of focus, the Company took actions in the first quarter of 2022 to align our team and resources with its near-term needs. As part of this, the Company eliminated 51 positions across the organization and incurred severance charges of $840.

 

The Company expects to continue to incur net losses in the short term, as it continues its strategic review. Based on the Company’s current liquidity, management believes that no additional capital will be needed to execute its current business plan over the next 12 months.

 

Other than the factors discussed in this section, the Company is not aware of any other trends, demands or commitments that would materiality affect liquidity or those that relate to its resources as of March 31, 2022.

 

Cash Flows Summary

 

Presented below is a summary of our operating, investing and financing cash flows:

 

   Three Months Ended 
   March 31, 
(in thousands)  2022   2021 
Net cash provided by (used in)        
Operating activities  $(19,096)  $(9,962)
Investing activities  $754   $(1,104)
Financing activities  $127   $85,557 
Net change in cash and cash equivalents  $(18,215)  $74,491 

 

26

 

 

Cash Flows Used in Operating Activities 

 

The Company’s cash flows from operating activities have historically been significantly affected by its cash investments to support the growth and operations of its business in areas such as research, development and engineering and selling, general and administrative expense and working capital. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company has scaled back our Drivetrain, XL Grid and corporate operations, which is expected to reduce near term operating cash burn.

 

The net cash used in operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2022 was $19.1 million. Uses of cash consisted principally of a net loss of $16.1 million, and a decrease of $3.3 million in accrued expenses and other current liabilities due to the payment of 2021 bonuses in the first quarter of 2022 as well the as the payment of $1.9 million of contingent consideration payments in the first quarter of 2022.

 

Cash Flows Provided by Investing Activities

 

The changes in cash flows from investing activities are related to purchases of property and equipment. The net cash provided by investing activities for the three months March 31, 2022 was principally $0.8 million from the return of a deposit for the acquisition of equipment made in 2021 for a project which the Company discontinued in the first quarter of 2022.

 

Cash Flows Provided by Financing Activities

 

The net cash provided by financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2022 was $0.1 million which primarily consisted of $0.3 million in proceeds from the exercise of stock options offset by financing lease payments and repayments of long-term debt. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, the cash provided by financing activities primarily consisted of proceeds from the exercise of public warrants.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

Through the date of its liquidation in the first quarter of 2022, the Company maintained the New Markets Tax Credit variable interest entity, which was reported within our consolidated financial statements. Other than this entity, the Company did not have any relationships with unconsolidated organizations or financial partnerships, such as structured finance or special purpose entities, which were established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles of the U.S. as set forth in the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s Accounting Standards Codification (ASC), and we evaluate the various staff accounting bulletins and other applicable guidance issued by the SEC. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the consolidated balance sheet date, as well as the reported expenses incurred during the reporting periods. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions believed to be reasonable, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities. Actual results could differ from those estimates, and such differences could be material to our consolidated financial statements.

 

While our significant accounting policies are described in the notes to our historical financial statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (see Note 2 in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements), we believe that the following accounting policies require a greater degree of judgment and complexity: business combinations accounting, revenue recognition, warrant liabilities, reserves and net realizable value adjustments for the Company’s warranty liability and inventory, respectively, impairment of goodwill and the valuation of deferred tax assets Accordingly, these are the policies we believe are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Business combinations

 

Revenue recognition

 

27

 

 

Warrant liabilities

 

Reserves and net realizable value adjustments for the Company’s warranty liability and inventory, respectively

 

Impairment assessment of goodwill and long-lived assets

 

Valuation of deferred tax assets

 

New and Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

 

For information with respect to recent accounting pronouncements and the impact of these pronouncements on our condensed consolidated financial statements, see Note 2 of Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

Not required.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

 

Management’s Evaluation of our Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

The Company maintains disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in paragraph (e) of Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Exchange Act) designed to ensure that the information we are required to disclose in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified under the rules and forms of the SEC. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer ( Principal Executive Officer) and its Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial Officer), as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. As required by paragraph (b) of Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Exchange Act, the Company’s Principal Executive Officer and its Principal Financial Officer carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2022. Management excluded its wholly-owned subsidiary, World Energy Efficiency Services, LLC from its assessment of internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2022 because this entity was acquired by the Company in purchase business combination during 2021.

 

Based on this evaluation, including the presence of material weaknesses as discussed below, our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective at the reasonable assurance level as of March 31, 2022.

 

Notwithstanding the identified material weaknesses, management believes that the consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q present fairly, in all material respects, our financial position, results of operations, and cash flows as of and for the periods present in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

 

Material Weaknesses in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

A material weakness is a deficiency or combination of deficiencies in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of its financial statements would not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. These deficiencies could result in misstatements to our financial statements that would be material and would not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

 

In the course of preparing the financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2021, we identified separate material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting, which relates to the ineffective design and implementation of Information Technology General Controls (“ITGC”) combined with the lack of properly designed management review controls to compensate for these deficiencies. The Company’s ITGC deficiencies included improperly designed controls pertaining to user access rights and segregation of duties over systems that are critical to the Company’s system of financial reporting. The Company’s management review controls include the review and approval of journal entries, account reconciliations, accounting estimates, and other technical accounting matters. The Company did not maintain sufficient evidence of certain of these review control activities. The ITGC deficiencies, combined with a lack of properly designed and implemented management review controls to compensate for these deficiencies, represent material weaknesses in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement with respect to the Company’s significant accounts and disclosures will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

 

28

 

 

Remediation Plan

 

Our management is in the process of developing a remediation plan. As of December 31, 2021, we had identified two material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting that related to ITGCs and lack of properly designed management review controls to compensate for these deficiencies. Management has begun reviewing and reengineering the documentation associated with management review controls including the frequency of operation, the ownership of control activities, and the evidence retained documenting the execution of the control activities. Additionally, to address the material weakness related to ITGCs, management has developed a project plan for the information technology management team to take over the logical access for onboarding, changing and offboarding employee access to our systems. The information technology team will also perform user access reviews for in-scope systems on a periodic basis to ensure security over data included in its systems.

 

The material weaknesses will not be considered remediated until management designs and implements effective controls that operate for a sufficient period of time and management has concluded, through testing, that these controls are effective. Our management will monitor the effectiveness of our remediation plans and will make changes management determines to be appropriate.

 

While we believe that these efforts will improve our internal controls over financial reporting, the implementation of these measures is ongoing and will require validation and testing of the design and operating effectiveness of internal controls over a sustained period of financial reporting cycles.

 

We believe we are making progress toward achieving the effectiveness of our internal controls and disclosure controls. The actions that we are taking are subject to ongoing management review, as well as audit committee oversight. We will not be able to conclude whether the steps we are taking will fully remediate these material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting until we have completed our remediation efforts and subsequent evaluation of their effectiveness. We will continue to assess the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting and take steps to remediate the known material weaknesses expeditiously.

 

Inherent Limitations on Effectiveness of Controls

 

Internal control over financial reporting has inherent limitations which include but is not limited to the use of independent professionals for advice and guidance, interpretation of existing and/or changing rules and principles, segregation of management duties, scale of organization, and personnel factors. The Principal Financial and Accounting Officer and Chief Financial Officer are the same individual. Internal control over financial reporting is a process that involves human diligence and compliance and is subject to lapses in judgement and breakdowns resulting from human failures. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of management override or improper acts, if any, have been detected. These include, for example, the possibility of human errors or mistakes, or of controls being circumvented by collusion or inappropriate management override. Controls can be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of the control. Due to their inherent limitations, there is a risk that material misstatements may not be prevented or detected on a timely basis by internal control over financial reporting. It is possible to design safeguards to reduce, but not eliminate, this risk. However these inherent limitations are known features of the financial reporting process and it is possible to design into the process safeguards to reduce, though not eliminate, this risk.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended March 31, 2022, as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15(d)-15(f) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

29

 

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

For a description of our material pending legal proceedings, see Legal Proceedings in Note 14, Commitments and Contingencies, to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

Risk Factors

 

An investment in our securities is speculative and involves a high degree of risk. Before deciding whether to invest in our securities, you should consider carefully the risks described below, together with other information in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the other information and documents we file with the SEC, including our Annual Report. The occurrence of any of the following risks could have a material and adverse effect on our business, reputation, financial condition, results of operations and future growth prospects, as well as our ability to accomplish our strategic objectives. As a result, the trading price of our Common Stock could decline and you could lose all or part of your investment. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also impair our business operations and stock price.

 

For a discussion of our risk factors, see Part I, item 1A “Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 filed on March 1, 2022. There have not been any material changes to the risk factors disclosed in our Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2021 other than those as set forth below:

 

Increases in costs, disruption of supply or shortage of raw materials, including lithium-ion battery cells could affect our business

 

In the production of our electrified powertrain solutions, we have experienced, and in the future may again experience, increases in the cost or a sustained interruption in the supply or shortage of our components. Any such increase or supply interruption could materially negatively impact our business, prospects, financial condition and operating results. The prices for our components fluctuate depending on market conditions and global demand and could adversely affect our business, prospects, financial condition and operating results. For instance, we are exposed to multiple risks relating to price fluctuations for battery cells. These risks include:

 

  the inability or unwillingness of current battery manufacturers to build or operate battery cell production facilities to supply the numbers of battery cells required to support the growth of the electric vehicle industry as demand for such cells increases;

 

  disruption in the supply of cells due to quality issues or recalls by the battery cell manufacturers;

 

  an increase in the cost of raw materials; and

 

  fluctuations or shortages in petroleum, inflation, and other economic conditions could cause us to experience significant increases in freight charges.

 

Any disruption in the supply of battery cells could temporarily disrupt production of our electrified powertrain solutions until a different supplier is fully qualified. Moreover, battery cell manufacturers may refuse to supply electric vehicle manufacturers if they determine that the vehicles are not sufficiently safe. Substantial increases in the prices for raw materials have in the past and may again in the future increase the cost of our components and consequently, the costs of products. There can be no assurance that we will be able to recoup increasing costs of our components by increasing prices, which could reduce our margins.

 

Also, the invasion of Ukraine by Russia has raised the stakes, pushing nickel and aluminum prices higher. Russia’s largest miner Normickel produces around 20% of the world’s supplies of high purity class 1 nickel, which is used in EV batteries, according to Benchmark Mineral Intelligence. Russia is also a larger provider of aluminum, used in batteries. The war in Ukraine could affect the sales of electric cars. The price of nickel, an essential ingredient in most batteries, has soared because of fear that Russia supplies could be cut off.

 

30

 

 

Global economic conditions and any related ongoing impact of supply chain constraints and the market of our product and service could adversely affect our results of operations.

 

The uncertain condition of the global economy as well as the current conflict between Russia and Ukraine, including the retaliatory economic measures taken by Unites States, European, and others continue impacting businesses around the world. The deterioration of the economic conditions or financial uncertainty to provide our services could reduce customers’ confidence and affect negatively our sales and results of operations. Also, the recent inflationary pressures have increased the cost of energy, raw material, and other indirect cost used in our business could adversely influence customer purchasing decisions. We cannot predict whether or when such circumstances may change, improve or worsen in the near future.

 

The Company is a party to several legal proceedings including a Securities and Exchange Commission investigation and two class action complaints. The costs to the Company to defend the class action complaints and cooperate and comply with the Securities and Exchange Commission investigation will be material and have an adverse impact on the Company’s statement of operations and cash flows.

 

The Company is a defendant in two separate class action complaints and has received a subpoena from the Securities and Exchange Commission requesting the production of certain documents related to, among other things, the Company’s business combination with XL Hybrids, Inc. and the related PIPE financing, the Company’s sales pipeline and revenue projections, purchase orders, suppliers, CARB approvals, fuel economy from our Drivetrain products, customer complaints, and disclosures and other matters in connection with the foregoing. For a description of these pending legal proceedings, see Legal Proceedings in Note 14, Commitments and Contingencies, to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and incorporated herein by reference. The costs to the Company to defend the class action complaints and cooperate and comply with the Securities and Exchange Commission investigation will be material. These costs will have an adverse impact on the Company’s statement of operations and cash flows.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

None

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

 

None

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information

 

Not applicable.

 

31

 

 

Item 6. Exhibits

 

Exhibit No.   Description   Included   Form    Filing Date
10.1+   Executive Employment Agreement, dated November 1, 2021 by and between the Company and Eric Tech.   By Reference   8-K   November 1, 2021
10.2*   Transition and Separation from Employment Agreement dated October 30, 2021 by and between the Company and Dimitri Kazarinoff  

Herewith

       
10.3*   Transition and Separation from Employment Agreement dated January 26, 2022 by and between the Company and Cielo Hernandez  

Herewith

       
10.4*   Transition and Separation from Employment Agreement dated March 21, 2022 by and between the Company and Thomas Hynes III  

Herewith

       
31.1*   Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Rule 13a- 14(a) and Rule 15d-14(a) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes- Oxley Act of 2002.   Herewith        
31.2*   Certification of Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Rule 13a- 14(a) and Rule 15d-14(a) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes- Oxley Act of 2002.   Herewith        
32.1^*   Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.   Herewith        
32.2^*   Certification of Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.   Herewith        
101.INS*   Inline XBRL Instance Document   Herewith        
101.SCH*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document   Herewith        
101.CAL*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document            
101.DEF*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document   Herewith        
101.LAB*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document   Herewith        
101.PRE*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document   Herewith        
104*    Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).   Herewith        

 

*Filed herewith

 

+Indicates a management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.

 

^ In accordance with Item 601(b)(32)(ii) of Regulation S-K and SEC Release No. 34-47986, the certifications furnished in Exhibits 32.1 and 32.2 hereto are deemed to accompany this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and will not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act or deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Exchange Act or the Securities Act of 1933 except to the extent that the registrant specifically incorporates it by reference.

 

32

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  XL FLEET CORP.
     
Date: May 10, 2022 By: /s/ Eric Tech
  Name:  Eric Tech
  Title: Chief Executive Officer  
    (Principal Executive Officer)
     
Date: May 10, 2022 By: /s/ Donald P. Klein
  Name: Donald P. Klein, Chief Financial Officer
  Title: Chief Financial Officer  
    (Principal Financial Officer and
Principal Accounting Officer)

 

 

33

 

 

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