Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Alleghany
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$678.35 14 $9,800
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-05-07 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-26 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-02-20 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-15 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-02 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-21 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-27 Shareholder Vote
PM Philip Morris 130,580
NOV National Oilwell Varco 9,690
FLS Flowserve 6,430
NSIT Insight Enterprises 2,010
CLNC Colony Credit Real Estate 1,980
LEAF Leaf Group 203
CFFI C & F Financial 166
ZZLL ZZLL Information Technology 0
SRMC Sierra Monitor 0
TMCC Toyota Motor Credit 0
Y 2019-03-31
Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements.
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
Part II. Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
Item 6. Exhibits.
EX-31.1 d723423dex311.htm
EX-31.2 d723423dex312.htm
EX-32.1 d723423dex321.htm
EX-32.2 d723423dex322.htm

Alleghany Earnings 2019-03-31

Y 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 d723423d10q.htm FORM 10-Q Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019

or

 

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                        to                       

Commission File Number       1-9371

ALLEGHANY CORPORATION

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

            

 

Delaware

 

            

 

51-0283071

 

            

 

State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization

    I.R.S. Employer Identification No.  
 

1411 Broadway, 34th Floor, NY, NY

   

10018

 
 

Address of Principal Executive Offices

    Zip Code  

                 212-752-1356          

Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code

 

                                                                                                  

Former Name, Former Address and Former Fiscal Year, if Changed Since Last Report

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ☒    No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes ☒    No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ☒

    Accelerated filer ☐

Non-accelerated filer ☐

    Smaller reporting company ☐

Emerging growth company ☐

 

                                                                                  

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes ☐    No ☒

APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PRECEDING FIVE YEARS:

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Section 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.      Yes ☐    No ☐

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

 

Trading Symbol(s)

 

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

 

Common Stock, $1.00 par value

 

 

Y

 

 

New York Stock Exchange

 

APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

14,442,366 Shares, par value $1.00 per share, as of April 30, 2019


Table of Contents

ALLEGHANY CORPORATION

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

             Page      

PART I

 

ITEM 1.

  Financial Statements      1  

ITEM 2.

  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      24  

ITEM 3.

  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk      59  

ITEM 4.

  Controls and Procedures      60  

PART II

 

ITEM 1.

  Legal Proceedings      61  

ITEM 1A.

  Risk Factors      61  

ITEM 2.

  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds      61  

ITEM 6.

  Exhibits      62  

SIGNATURES

     63  


Table of Contents

Part I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.

ALLEGHANY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

     March 31,
2019
  December 31,
2018
     (unaudited)    
     ($ in thousands, except share amounts)

Assets

    

Investments:

    

Securities at fair value:

    

Equity securities (cost: 2019 – $1,789,148; 2018 – $2,904,496)

    $ 2,523,079      $ 3,572,790  

Debt securities (amortized cost: 2019 – $13,113,522; 2018 – $11,895,850)

     13,279,741       11,823,968  

Short-term investments

     1,272,383       893,776  
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     17,075,203       16,290,534  

Commercial mortgage loans

     676,503       676,532  

Other invested assets

     563,468       555,972  
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total investments

     18,315,174       17,523,038  

Cash

     778,064       1,038,763  

Accrued investment income

     99,491       91,913  

Premium balances receivable

     946,180       842,642  

Reinsurance recoverables

     1,761,611       1,921,278  

Ceded unearned premiums

     231,081       221,232  

Deferred acquisition costs

     488,083       464,546  

Property and equipment at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization

     199,045       195,243  

Goodwill

     455,993       455,142  

Intangible assets, net of amortization

     549,449       553,136  

Current taxes receivable

     72,645       116,637  

Net deferred tax assets

     10,303       164,890  

Funds held under reinsurance agreements

     724,073       744,057  

Other assets

     1,161,865       1,012,379  
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

    $ 25,793,057      $ 25,344,896  
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities, Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests and Stockholders’ Equity

    

Loss and loss adjustment expenses

    $      11,855,124      $      12,250,294  

Unearned premiums

     2,368,894       2,267,078  

Senior Notes and other debt

     1,676,421       1,669,039  

Reinsurance payable

     174,434       168,667  

Other liabilities

     1,305,976       1,127,346  
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     17,380,849       17,482,424  
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Redeemable noncontrolling interests

     175,721       169,762  

Common stock (shares authorized: 2019 and 2018 – 22,000,000; shares issued: 2019 and
2018 – 17,459,961)

     17,460       17,460  

Contributed capital

     3,608,654       3,612,830  

Accumulated other comprehensive (loss)

     (14,157     (202,003

Treasury stock, at cost (2019 – 3,012,224 shares; 2018 – 2,883,452 shares)

     (1,393,059     (1,312,939

Retained earnings

     6,017,589       5,577,362  
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity attributable to Alleghany stockholders

     8,236,487       7,692,710  
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities, redeemable noncontrolling interests and stockholders’ equity

    $ 25,793,057      $ 25,344,896  
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

1


Table of Contents

ALLEGHANY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Earnings and Comprehensive Income

(unaudited)

 

    Three Months Ended
March 31,
    2019   2018
    ($ in thousands, except per share amounts)

Revenues

   

Net premiums earned

   $     1,297,309      $     1,207,856  

Net investment income

    123,049       124,126  

Change in the fair value of equity securities

    392,353       (42,649

Net realized capital gains

    4,442       44,505  

Other than temporary impairment losses

    (10,020     (511

Noninsurance revenue

    514,123       251,627  
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total revenues

    2,321,256       1,584,954  
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costs and Expenses

   

Net loss and loss adjustment expenses

    792,498       670,578  

Commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses

    420,126       406,295  

Other operating expenses

    502,418       264,897  

Corporate administration

    19,369       7,785  

Amortization of intangible assets

    6,900       5,264  

Interest expense

    23,531       21,531  
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total costs and expenses

    1,764,842       1,376,350  
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings before income taxes

    556,414       208,604  

Income taxes

    108,512       37,422  
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net earnings

    447,902       171,182  

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest

    7,675       (393
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net earnings attributable to Alleghany stockholders

   $ 440,227      $ 171,575  
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net earnings

   $ 447,902      $ 171,182  

Other comprehensive income (loss):

   

Change in unrealized gains (losses), net of deferred taxes of $48,749 and ($38,905) in 2019
and 2018, respectively

    183,387       (146,358

Less: reclassification for net realized capital gains and other than temporary
impairments, net of taxes of $1,171 and $366 for 2019 and 2018, respectively

    4,407       1,379  

Change in unrealized currency translation adjustment, net of deferred taxes of
($235) and $1,356 for 2019 and 2018, respectively

    (885     5,100  

Retirement plans

    937       (1,322
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

    635,748       29,981  

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests

    7,675       (393
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive income attributable to Alleghany stockholders

   $ 628,073      $ 30,374  
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share attributable to Alleghany stockholders

   $ 30.40      $ 11.15  

Diluted earnings per share attributable to Alleghany stockholders

    30.39       11.04  

See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

2


Table of Contents

ALLEGHANY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity

(unaudited)

 

    Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
    Common
Stock
  Contributed
Capital
  Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (loss)
  Treasury Stock   Retained
Earnings
  Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Attributable to
Alleghany
Shareholders
  Redeemable
Non-
controlling
Interest
    ($ in thousands, except share amounts)

Balance as of December 31, 2018

             

(17,459,961 shares of common stock issued; 2,883,452 in treasury)

    $   17,460       $   3,612,830       $ (202,003     $ (1,312,939     $   5,577,362       $  7,692,710       $   169,762  

Add (deduct):

             

Net earnings

    -            -            -            -            440,227       440,227       7,675  

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

             

Retirement plans

    -            -            937       -            -            937       -       

Change in unrealized appreciation of investments, net

    -            -            187,794       -            -            187,794       -       

Change in unrealized currency translation adjustment, net

    -            -            (885     -            -            (885     -       
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

    -            -            187,846       -            440,227       628,073       7,675  
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Treasury stock repurchase

    -            -            -            (80,486     -            (80,486     -       

Other, net

    -            (4,176     -            366       -            (3,810     (1,716
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance as of March 31, 2019

             

(17,459,961 shares of common stock issued; 3,012,224 in treasury)

    $   17,460       $   3,608,654       $ (14,157     $   (1,393,059     $   6,017,589       $ 8,236,487       $   175,721  
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
    Common
Stock
  Contributed
Capital
  Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (loss)
  Treasury Stock   Retained
Earnings
  Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Attributable to
Alleghany
Shareholders
  Redeemable
Non-
controlling
Interest
    ($ in thousands, except share amounts)

Balance as of December 31, 2017

             

(17,459,961 shares of common stock issued; 2,069,461 in treasury)

    $ 17,460       $ 3,612,109       $ 618,118       $ (824,906     $ 5,091,282       $ 8,514,063       $ 106,530  

Add (deduct):

             

Cumulative effect of adoption of new accounting pronouncements

    -            -            (600,508     -            600,508       -            -       

Net earnings

    -            -            -            -            171,575       171,575       (393

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

             

Retirement plans

    -            -            (1,322     -            -            (1,322     -       

Change in unrealized appreciation of investments, net

    -            -            (144,979     -            -            (144,979     -       

Change in unrealized currency translation adjustment, net

    -            -            5,100       -            -            5,100       -       
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

    -            -            (141,201     -            171,575       30,374       (393
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends paid

    -            -            -            -            (153,967     (153,967     -       

Treasury stock repurchase

    -            -            -            (21,268     -            (21,268     -       

Other, net

    -            1,521       (29     2,677       29       4,198       31,494  
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance as of March 31, 2018

             

(17,459,961 shares of common stock issued; 2,097,820 in treasury)

    $ 17,460       $ 3,613,630       $ (123,620     $ (843,497     $ 5,709,427       $ 8,373,400       $ 137,631  
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

3


Table of Contents

ALLEGHANY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
     2019   2018
     ($ in thousands)

Cash flows from operating activities

    

Net earnings

    $ 447,902      $ 171,182  

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     27,732       33,107  

Change in the fair value of equity securities

     (392,353     42,649  

Net realized capital (gains) losses

     (4,442     (44,505

Other than temporary impairment losses

     10,020       511  

(Increase) decrease in reinsurance recoverables, net of reinsurance payable

     165,434       96,582  

(Increase) decrease in premium balances receivable

     (103,538     (58,732

(Increase) decrease in ceded unearned premiums

     (9,849     (14,388

(Increase) decrease in deferred acquisition costs

     (23,537     (14,178

(Increase) decrease in funds held under reinsurance agreements

     19,984       609  

Increase (decrease) in unearned premiums

     101,816       69,299  

Increase (decrease) in loss and loss adjustment expenses

     (395,170     (156,981

Change in unrealized foreign currency exchange rate losses (gains)

     1,070       (35,143

Other, net

     88,546       (95,181
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net adjustments

     (514,287     (176,351
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

     (66,385     (5,169
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

    

Purchases of debt securities

     (2,460,366     (989,813

Purchases of equity securities

     (69,729     (451,519

Sales of debt securities

     987,132       1,014,024  

Maturities and redemptions of debt securities

     235,521       466,457  

Sales of equity securities

     1,510,222       172,819  

Net (purchases) sales of short-term investments

     (376,414     (33,634

Net (purchases) sales and maturities of commercial mortgage loans

     29       (5,569

(Purchases) sales of property and equipment

     (12,956     (11,057

Purchases of affiliates and subsidiaries, net of cash acquired

     1,157       (105,386

Other, net

     73,423       (23,951
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

     (111,981     32,371  
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

    

Treasury stock acquisitions

     (80,486     (21,268

Increase (decrease) in other debt

     8,178       9,957  

Cash dividends paid

     -           (153,967

Other, net

     (11,421     4,654  
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     (83,729     (160,624
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash

     1,396       6,087  
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash

     (260,699     (127,335

Cash at beginning of period

     1,038,763       838,375  
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash at end of period

    $ 778,064      $ 711,040  
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information

    

Cash paid during period for:

    

Interest paid

    $ 19,368      $ 16,942  

Income taxes paid (refund received)

     (39,657     20,275  

See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

4


Table of Contents

ALLEGHANY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Principles

(a) Principles of Financial Statement Presentation

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Form 10-Q”) should be read in conjunction with the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 (the “2018 Form 10-K”) of Alleghany Corporation (“Alleghany”).

Alleghany Corporation, a Delaware corporation, owns and manages certain operating subsidiaries and investments, anchored by a core position in property and casualty reinsurance and insurance. Through its wholly-owned subsidiary Transatlantic Holdings, Inc. (“TransRe”), Alleghany is engaged in the property and casualty reinsurance business. TransRe has been a subsidiary of Alleghany since March 2012. Through its wholly-owned subsidiary Alleghany Insurance Holdings LLC (“AIHL”), Alleghany is engaged in the property and casualty insurance business. AIHL’s insurance operations are principally conducted by its subsidiaries RSUI Group, Inc. (“RSUI”) and CapSpecialty, Inc. (“CapSpecialty”). RSUI has been a subsidiary of AIHL since July 2003 and CapSpecialty has been a subsidiary of AIHL since January 2002. AIHL Re LLC (“AIHL Re”), a captive reinsurance company which provides reinsurance to Alleghany’s current and former insurance operating subsidiaries and affiliates, has been a subsidiary of Alleghany since its formation in May 2006.

Although Alleghany’s primary sources of revenues and earnings are its reinsurance and insurance operations and investments, Alleghany also generates revenues and expenses from a diverse portfolio of middle market businesses that are owned and managed through its wholly-owned subsidiary Alleghany Capital Corporation (“Alleghany Capital”). Alleghany Capital’s businesses include:

 

   

Bourn & Koch, Inc. (“Bourn & Koch”), a manufacturer/remanufacturer of specialty machine tools and supplier of replacement parts, accessories and services for a variety of cutting technologies, headquartered in Rockford, Illinois;

 

   

R.C. Tway Company, LLC (“Kentucky Trailer”), a manufacturer of custom trailers and truck bodies for the moving and storage industry and other markets, headquartered in Louisville, Kentucky;

 

   

IPS-Integrated Project Services, LLC (“IPS”), a technical service provider focused on the global pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, headquartered in Blue Bell, Pennsylvania;

 

   

Jazwares, LLC (together with its affiliates, “Jazwares”), a global toy, entertainment and musical instrument company, headquartered in Sunrise, Florida;

 

   

WWSC Holdings, LLC (“W&W|AFCO Steel”), a structural steel fabricator and erector, headquartered in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma;

 

   

CHECO Holdings, LLC (“Concord”), a hotel management and development company, headquartered in Raleigh, North Carolina; and

 

   

a 45 percent equity interest in Wilbert Funeral Services, Inc. (“Wilbert”), a provider of products and services for the funeral and cemetery industries and precast concrete markets, headquartered in Overland Park, Kansas.

On February 7, 2018, W&W|AFCO Steel acquired Hirschfeld Holdings, LP (“Hirschfeld”). The results of Concord have been included in Alleghany’s consolidated results beginning with its acquisition by Alleghany Capital on October 1, 2018.

In addition, Alleghany owns certain other holding-company investments. Alleghany’s wholly-owned subsidiary Stranded Oil Resources Corporation (“SORC”) is an exploration and production company focused on enhanced oil recovery, headquartered in Golden, Colorado. Alleghany’s wholly-owned subsidiary Alleghany Properties Holdings LLC (“Alleghany Properties”) owns and manages certain properties in the Sacramento, California region. Alleghany’s public equity investments are managed primarily through Alleghany’s wholly-owned subsidiary Roundwood Asset Management LLC.

Unless the context otherwise requires, references to “Alleghany” include Alleghany together with its subsidiaries.

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the results of Alleghany and its wholly-owned and majority-owned subsidiaries and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (“GAAP”). All material inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

The portion of stockholders’ equity, net earnings and comprehensive income that is not attributable to Alleghany stockholders is presented on the Consolidated Balance Sheets, the Consolidated Statements of Earnings and Comprehensive Income and the Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity as noncontrolling interests. In addition, Alleghany accretes the redeemable noncontrolling interests up to its future estimated redemption value over the period from the date of issuance to the earliest redemption date. Because all noncontrolling interests have the option to sell their ownership interests to Alleghany in the future (generally through 2024), the portion of stockholders’ equity that is not attributable to Alleghany stockholders is presented on the Consolidated Balance Sheets and the Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity as redeemable

 

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noncontrolling interests for all periods presented. During the first three months of 2019, the noncontrolling interests outstanding were approximately as follows: Bourn & Koch - 11 percent; Kentucky Trailer - 23 percent; IPS - 15 percent; Jazwares - 23 percent; W&W|AFCO Steel - 20 percent; and Concord - 15 percent. In the first quarter of 2019, all noncontrolling interests of Bourn & Koch have exercised their options and sold their ownership interests to Alleghany, effective April 1, 2019.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Alleghany relies on historical experience and on various other assumptions that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances to make judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities and reported revenues and expenses that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ materially from those reported results to the extent that those estimates and assumptions prove to be inaccurate. Changes in estimates are reflected in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings and Comprehensive Income in the period in which the changes are made.

(b) Other Significant Accounting Principles

Alleghany’s significant accounting principles can be found in Note 1 to Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of the 2018 Form 10-K.

(c) Recent Accounting Standards

Recently Adopted

In February 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued guidance on certain tax effects caused by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “Tax Act”). The Tax Act, among other things, reduced the U.S. corporate federal income tax rate for the 2018 tax year from 35.0 percent to 21.0 percent. Under such circumstances, GAAP requires that the value of deferred tax assets and liabilities be reduced through tax expense. The new guidance provides an option to reclassify any stranded tax amounts that remain in accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings, either retrospectively or at the beginning of the period in which the adoption is elected. This guidance became effective in the first quarter of 2018 for public entities, with early adoption permitted in 2017. Alleghany adopted this new guidance in the first quarter of 2018 and has elected to reclassify stranded tax amounts that remain in accumulated other comprehensive income, in the amount of approximately $135 million, to retained earnings as of January 1, 2018. See Note 7(b) of this Form 10-Q for additional information on accumulated other comprehensive income. See Note 9 to Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of the 2018 Form 10-K for additional information on the Tax Act and its impact on Alleghany.

In August 2017, the FASB issued guidance that simplifies the requirements to achieve hedge accounting, better reflects the economic results of hedging in the financial statements and improves the alignment between hedge accounting and a company’s risk management activities. This guidance is effective in the first quarter of 2019 for public entities, with early adoption permitted. Alleghany adopted this guidance in the first quarter of 2019 and the implementation did not have a material impact on its results of operations and financial condition.

In February 2016, the FASB issued guidance on leases. Under this guidance, a lessee is required to recognize lease liabilities and corresponding right-of-use assets for leases with terms of more than one year, whereas under the prior guidance, a lessee is only required to recognize assets and liabilities for those leases qualifying as capital leases. This guidance also requires new disclosures about the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. The accounting by lessors remains largely unchanged. This guidance is effective in the first quarter of 2019 for public entities, with early adoption permitted. A modified retrospective transition approach was elected for all leases in existence as of, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements. Alleghany adopted this guidance in the first quarter of 2019 and the implementation did not have a material impact on its results of operations and financial condition. As part of its implementation, Alleghany elected to not separate lease components from non-lease components (such as office cleanings, security and maintenance services provided by Alleghany’s lessors for certain of its leases). Alleghany also elected the package of practical expedients under the transition guidance, which allowed Alleghany to not reevaluate existing lease classifications, among others. As of January 1, 2019, Alleghany’s adoption of this guidance resulted in recognition of an additional right-of-use asset of approximately $0.2 billion and a corresponding lease liability of $0.2 billion. See Note 9(b) for further information on Alleghany’s leases.

In January 2016, the FASB issued guidance that changes the recognition and measurement of certain financial instruments. This guidance requires investments in equity securities (except those accounted for under the equity method of accounting, but including partnership investments not accounted for under the equity method) to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net earnings. For equity securities that do not have readily determinable fair values, measurement may be at cost, adjusted for any impairment and changes resulting from observable price changes for a similar investment of the same issuer. This guidance also changes the presentation and disclosure of financial instruments by: (i) requiring that financial instrument disclosures of fair value use the exit price notion; (ii) requiring separate presentation of financial assets and financial liabilities by measurement category and form, either on the balance sheet or the accompanying notes to the financial statements; (iii) requiring separate presentation in other comprehensive income for the portion of the change in a liability’s fair value resulting from instrument-specific credit risk when an

 

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election has been made to measure the liability at fair value; and (iv) eliminating the requirement to disclose the methods and significant assumptions used to estimate the fair value for financial instruments measured at amortized cost on the balance sheet. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017 for public entities, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Except for the change in presentation for instrument-specific credit risk, this guidance does not permit early adoption. Alleghany adopted this guidance in the first quarter of 2018. As of January 1, 2018, approximately $736 million of net unrealized gains of equity securities, net of deferred taxes, were reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings. Subsequently, all changes in unrealized gains or losses of equity securities, net of deferred taxes, were presented in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings rather than the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income, under the caption “change in the fair value of equity securities.” Results arising from partnership investments, whether accounted for under the equity method or at fair value, continue to be reported as a component of net investment income. The implementation did not have a material impact on Alleghany’s financial condition. See Note 3 of this Form 10-Q for further information on Alleghany’s equity securities, and Note 7(b) of this Form 10-Q for further information on accumulated other comprehensive income.

In May 2014, the FASB, together with the International Accounting Standards Board, issued guidance on the recognition of revenue from contracts with customers. Under this guidance, revenue is recognized as the transfer of goods and services to customers takes place and in amounts that reflect the payment or payments that are expected to be received from the customers for those goods and services. This guidance also requires new disclosures about revenue. Revenue related to insurance and reinsurance contracts and revenue from investments are not impacted by this guidance, whereas noninsurance revenue arising from the sale of manufactured goods and services is generally included within the scope of this guidance. This guidance, and all related amendments, became effective in the first quarter of 2018 for public entities, with early adoption permitted in 2017. Alleghany adopted this guidance in the first quarter of 2018 using the modified retrospective transition approach and the implementation did not have a material impact on Alleghany’s results of operations and financial condition. See Note 10 of this Form 10-Q for further information on Alleghany’s noninsurance revenue.

Future Application of Accounting Standards

In June 2016, the FASB issued guidance on credit losses. Under this guidance, a company is required to measure all expected credit losses on loans, reinsurance recoverables and other financial assets accounted for at cost or amortized cost, as applicable. Estimates of expected credit losses are to be based on historical experience, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts. Credit losses for securities accounted for on an available-for-sale (“AFS”) basis are to be measured in a manner similar to GAAP as currently applied and cannot exceed the amount by which the fair value is less than the amortized cost, although the new guidance removes the length of time a security has been in an unrealized loss position as a possible indication of a credit impairment. Credit losses for all financial assets are to be recorded through an allowance for credit losses. Subsequent reversals in credit loss estimates are permitted and are to be recognized in earnings. This guidance also requires new disclosures about the significant estimates and judgments used in estimating credit losses, as well as the credit quality of financial assets. This guidance is effective in the first quarter of 2020 for public entities, with early adoption permitted. Alleghany will adopt this guidance in the first quarter of 2020. Although Alleghany expects to initially record an increase in an allowance for credit losses on certain financial assets accounted for at cost or amortized cost, it does not currently believe that the implementation will have a material impact on its results of operations and financial condition. See Note 3 of this Form 10-Q for further information on Alleghany’s investments. See Note 5(b) to Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of the 2018 Form 10-K for further information on Alleghany’s reinsurance recoverables.

In January 2017, the FASB issued guidance that simplifies the subsequent measurement of goodwill. Under this guidance, if an initial qualitative assessment indicates that the fair value of an operating subsidiary may be less than its carrying amount, an impairment charge is recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount of the operating subsidiary exceeds its estimated fair value. Any resulting impairment loss recognized cannot exceed the total amount of goodwill associated with the operating subsidiary. This guidance is effective in the first quarter of 2020 for public entities, with early adoption permitted. Alleghany will adopt this guidance in the first quarter of 2020 and does not currently believe that the implementation will have a material impact on its results of operations and financial condition. See Note 2 to Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of the 2018 Form 10-K for further information on Alleghany’s goodwill.

In August 2018, the FASB issued guidance that changes the financial statement disclosure requirements for measuring fair value. With respect to financial instruments classified as “Level 3” in the fair value disclosure hierarchy, the guidance requires certain additional disclosures for public entities related to amounts included in other comprehensive income and significant unobservable inputs used in the valuation, while removing disclosure requirements related to an entity’s overall valuation processes. The guidance also removes certain disclosure requirements related to transfers between financial instruments classified as “Level 1” and “Level 2” and provides clarification on certain other existing disclosure requirements. This guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted with respect to any eliminated or modified disclosures. Alleghany will adopt this guidance in the first quarter of 2020 and does not currently believe that the implementation will have a material impact on its results of operations and financial condition.

 

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2. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The following table presents the carrying value and estimated fair value of Alleghany’s consolidated financial instruments as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018:

 

    March 31, 2019     December 31, 2018  
    Carrying Value     Fair Value     Carrying Value     Fair Value  
    ($ in millions)  

Assets

       

Investments (excluding equity method investments and loans)(1)

   $      17,075.7       $      17,075.7       $      16,291.3       $      16,291.3   

Liabilities

       

Senior Notes and other debt(2)

   $ 1,676.4       $ 1,814.1       $ 1,669.0       $ 1,795.5   

 

(1)

This table includes debt and equity securities, as well as partnership and non-marketable equity investments carried at fair value that are included in other invested assets. This table excludes investments accounted for using the equity method and commercial mortgage loans that are carried at unpaid principal balance. The fair value of short-term investments approximates amortized cost. The fair value of all other categories of investments is disclosed below.

(2)

See Note 8 to Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of the 2018 Form 10-K for additional information on the senior notes and other debt.

The following tables present Alleghany’s financial instruments measured at fair value and the level of the fair value hierarchy of inputs used as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018:

 

     Level 1     Level 2     Level 3     Total  
     ($ in millions)  

As of March 31, 2019

        

Equity securities:

        

Common stock

    $ 2,515.0       $ 3.5       $ -           $ 2,518.5   

Preferred stock

     -            -            4.6        4.6   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity securities

     2,515.0        3.5        4.6        2,523.1   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Debt securities:

        

U.S. Government obligations

     -            1,182.9        -            1,182.9   

Municipal bonds

     -            2,469.7        -            2,469.7   

Foreign government obligations

     -            779.7        -            779.7   

U.S. corporate bonds

     -            2,316.3        433.7        2,750.0   

Foreign corporate bonds

     -            1,270.3        151.4        1,421.7   

Mortgage and asset-backed securities:

        

Residential mortgage-backed securities (“RMBS”)(1)

     -            1,976.6        -            1,976.6   

Commercial mortgage-backed securities (“CMBS”)

     -            588.6        0.2        588.8   

Other asset-backed securities(2)

     -            931.3        1,179.0        2,110.3   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total debt securities

     -            11,515.4        1,764.3        13,279.7   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Short-term investments

     -            1,272.4        -            1,272.4   

Other invested assets(3)

     -            -            0.5        0.5   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investments (excluding equity method investments and loans)

    $      2,515.0       $      12,791.3       $      1,769.4       $      17,075.7   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Senior Notes and other debt

    $ -           $ 1,521.7       $ 292.4       $ 1,814.1   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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    Level 1     Level 2     Level 3     Total  
    ($ in millions)  

As of December 31, 2018

       

Equity securities:

       

Common stock

    $ 3,563.9         $ 3.5         $ -             $ 3,567.4    

Preferred stock

    -             -             5.4         5.4    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity securities

    3,563.9         3.5         5.4         3,572.8    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Debt securities:

       

U.S. Government obligations

    -             1,022.4         -             1,022.4    

Municipal bonds

    -             2,214.7         -             2,214.7    

Foreign government obligations

    -             947.9         -             947.9    

U.S. corporate bonds

    -             1,959.6         425.7         2,385.3    

Foreign corporate bonds

    -             1,226.4         126.9         1,353.3    

Mortgage and asset-backed securities:

       

RMBS(1)

    -             1,387.9         -             1,387.9    

CMBS

    -             533.3         -             533.3    

Other asset-backed securities(2)

    -             712.3         1,266.9         1,979.2    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total debt securities

    -             10,004.5         1,819.5         11,824.0    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Short-term investments

    -             893.8         -             893.8    

Other invested assets(3)

    -             -             0.7         0.7    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investments (excluding equity method investments and loans)

    $      3,563.9         $      10,901.8         $      1,825.6         $      16,291.3    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Senior Notes and other debt

    $ -             $ 1,510.5         $ 285.0        $ 1,795.5    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1)

Primarily includes government agency pass-through securities guaranteed by a government agency or government sponsored enterprise, among other types of RMBS.

(2)

Includes $1,166.9 million and $1,266.9 million of collateralized loan obligations as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

(3)

Includes partnership and non-marketable equity investments accounted for at fair value, and excludes investments accounted for using the equity method.

In the three months ended March 31, 2019, Alleghany transferred into Level 3 $14.7 million of foreign corporate bonds, principally due to a decrease in observable inputs related to the valuation of such assets. Specifically, during the first three months of 2019, there was an increase in the weight given to non-binding broker quotes and, as a result, there was a corresponding decrease in quoted prices for similar assets in active markets.

In the three months ended March 31, 2019, Alleghany transferred out of Level 3 $1.0 million of U.S. corporate bonds, principally due to an increase in observable inputs related to the valuation of such assets. Specifically, during the first three months of 2019, there was a decrease in the weight given to non-binding broker quotes and, as a result, there was a corresponding increase in quoted prices for similar assets in active markets.

There were no other material transfers between Levels 1, 2 or 3 in the three months ended March 31, 2019.

As further described in Note 3(h), on March 15, 2018, most of AIHL’s limited partnership interests in certain subsidiaries of Ares Management LLC (“Ares”) were converted into Ares common units. As a result of the conversion, as of March 15, 2018, $208.2 million of Ares common units, classified as equity securities, was transferred into Level 1, and $58.7 million of Ares limited partnership interests, classified as other invested assets, was transferred into Level 3. On September 24, 2018, AIHL’s remaining $56.9 million of Ares limited partnership interests were converted into Ares common units and, as a result, was transferred from Level 3 other invested assets into Level 1 common stocks.

In addition to the $58.7 million of Ares-related other invested assets transferred into Level 3, in the first three months of 2018, Alleghany transferred into Level 3 $4.3 million of financial instruments, principally due to a decrease in observable inputs related to the valuation of such assets, specifically, a decrease in broker quotes. Of the $4.3 million of transfers, $3.1 million related to preferred stock and $1.2 million related to U.S. corporate bonds.

In the three months ended March 31, 2018, Alleghany transferred out of Level 3 $1.6 million of CMBS securities, principally due to an increase in observable inputs related to the valuation of such assets. Specifically, during the first three months of 2018, there was a decrease in the weight given to non-binding broker quotes, and as a result, there was a corresponding increase in quoted prices for similar assets in active markets.

There were no other material transfers between Levels 1, 2 or 3 in the three months ended March 31, 2018.

 

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The following tables present reconciliations of the changes in Level 3 assets during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 measured at fair value:

 

            Debt Securities                                  
                            Mortgage and asset-backed                  

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019            

   Preferred
Stock
     U.S.
Corporate
Bonds
     Foreign
Corporate
Bonds
     CMBS      Other Asset-
backed
Securities
     Other
Invested
Assets(1)
     Total  
     ($ in millions)         

Balance as of January 1, 2019

    $ 5.4         $ 425.7         $ 126.9         $ -           $ 1,266.9         $ 0.7         $ 1,825.6    

Net realized/unrealized gains (losses) included in:

                    

Net earnings(2)

     -            (9.9)         -            -            -            -            (9.9)   

Other comprehensive income (loss)

     (0.8)         15.7          2.6          -            15.2          (0.2)         32.5    

Purchases

     -            5.8          13.8          0.2          49.6          -            69.4    

Sales

     -            -            (5.6)         -            (116.9)         -            (122.5)   

Issuances

     -            -            -            -            -            -            -      

Settlements

     -            (2.6)         (1.0)         -            (35.8)         -            (39.4)   

Transfers into Level 3

     -            -            14.7          -            -            -            14.7    

Transfers out of Level 3

     -            (1.0)         -            -            -            -            (1.0)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance as of March 31, 2019

    $     4.6         $     433.7         $     151.4         $     0.2         $     1,179.0         $     0.5         $     1,769.4    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
            Debt Securities                
                          Mortgage and asset-backed                

Three Months Ended March 31, 2018            

   Preferred
Stock
     U.S.
Corporate
Bonds
     Foreign
Corporate
Bonds
     RMBS      CMBS      Other Asset-
backed
Securities
     Other
Invested
Assets(1)
     Total  
     ($ in millions)  

Balance as of January 1, 2018

    $ 1.9         $ 260.0         $ 75.2         $ 161.8         $ 1.6         $ 1,101.3         $ 7.5         $ 1,609.3    

Net realized/unrealized gains (losses) included in:

                       

Net earnings(2)

     -            -            -            -            -            0.4          1.2          1.6    

Other comprehensive income (loss)

     0.2          (5.4)         (1.3)         -            -            (3.3)         (1.6)         (11.4)   

Purchases

     -            36.2          -            -            -            128.2          -            164.4    

Sales

     -            (1.8)         (0.9)         -            -            (145.3)         (5.5)         (153.5)   

Issuances

     -            -            -            -            -            -            -            -      

Settlements

     -            -            -            -            -            -            -            -      

Transfers into Level 3

     3.1          1.2          -            -            -            -            58.7          63.0    

Transfers out of Level 3

     -            -            -            -            (1.6)         -            -            (1.6)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance as of March 31, 2018

    $     5.2         $     290.2         $     73.0         $     161.8         $ -          $     1,081.3         $ 60.3         $     1,671.8    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1)

Includes partnership and non-marketable equity investments accounted for at fair value.

(2)

There were no other than temporary impairment (“OTTI”) losses recorded in net earnings related to Level 3 assets still held as of March 31, 2019 and 2018.

Net unrealized losses related to Level 3 assets as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 were not material.

The increase in Senior Notes and other debt included in Level 3 for the first three months of 2019 primarily reflects increased borrowings at W&W|AFCO Steel to support working capital needs.

See Note 1(c) to Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of the 2018 Form 10-K for Alleghany’s accounting policy on fair value.

 

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3. Investments

(a) Unrealized Gains and Losses

The following tables present the amortized cost and the fair value of AFS securities as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018:

 

     Amortized
Cost
   Gross
Unrealized
Gains
   Gross
Unrealized
Losses
   Fair Value
     ($ in millions)

As of March 31, 2019

           

Debt securities:

           

U.S. Government obligations

    $ 1,189.6       $ 6.3       $ (13.0)       $ 1,182.9  

Municipal bonds

     2,386.4        84.4        (1.1)        2,469.7  

Foreign government obligations

     762.2        18.6        (1.1)        779.7  

U.S. corporate bonds

     2,708.7        53.5        (12.2)        2,750.0  

Foreign corporate bonds

     1,404.6        22.6        (5.5)        1,421.7  

Mortgage and asset-backed securities:

           

RMBS

     1,958.9        25.4        (7.7)        1,976.6  

CMBS

     581.6        9.5        (2.3)        588.8  

Other asset-backed securities(1)

     2,121.5        9.4        (20.6)        2,110.3  
  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total debt securities

     13,113.5                 229.7        (63.5)        13,279.7  
  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

Short-term investments

     1,272.4        -           -            1,272.4  
  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total investments

    $ 14,385.9       $ 229.7       $ (63.5)       $ 14,552.1  
  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

     Amortized
Cost
   Gross
Unrealized
Gains
   Gross
Unrealized
Losses
   Fair Value
     ($ in millions)

As of December 31, 2018

           

Debt securities:

           

U.S. Government obligations

    $ 1,042.4       $ 2.4       $ (22.4)       $ 1,022.4  

Municipal bonds

     2,177.5        44.4        (7.2)        2,214.7  

Foreign government obligations

     939.0        12.3        (3.4)        947.9  

U.S. corporate bonds

     2,431.4        13.2        (59.3)        2,385.3  

Foreign corporate bonds

     1,363.0        9.1        (18.8)        1,353.3  

Mortgage and asset-backed securities:

           

RMBS

     1,392.4        10.3        (14.8)        1,387.9  

CMBS

     536.9        2.8        (6.4)        533.3  

Other asset-backed securities(1)

     2,013.3        4.4        (38.5)        1,979.2  
  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total debt securities

     11,895.9        98.9        (170.8)        11,824.0  
  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

Short-term investments

     893.8        -                       -            893.8  
  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total investments

    $     12,789.7       $ 98.9       $ (170.8)       $     12,717.8  
  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

(1)

Includes $1,166.9 million and $1,266.9 million of collateralized loan obligations as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

 

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(b) Contractual Maturity

The following table presents the amortized cost and estimated fair value of debt securities by contractual maturity as of March 31, 2019. Expected maturities will differ from contractual maturities because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.

 

     Amortized
Cost
     Fair Value  
     ($ in millions)  

As of March 31, 2019

  

Short-term investments due in one year or less

    $ 1,272.4         $ 1,272.4    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Mortgage and asset-backed securities(1)

     4,662.0          4,675.7    

Debt securities with maturity dates:

     

One year or less

     492.7          493.2    

Over one through five years

     3,141.4          3,169.6    

Over five through ten years

     2,710.4          2,756.9    

Over ten years

     2,107.0          2,184.3    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total debt securities

    $     13,113.5         $     13,279.7    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1)

Mortgage and asset-backed securities by their nature do not generally have single maturity dates.

(c) Net Investment Income

The following table presents net investment income for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

    

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 
     2019      2018  
     ($ in millions)  

Interest income

     $ 119.2          $ 102.0    

Dividend income

     9.8          16.4    

Investment expenses

     (7.5)         (12.0)   

Pillar Investments(1)

     1.2          -        

Limited partnership interests in certain subsidiaries of Ares(1)

     -              13.7    

Other investment results

     0.3          4.0    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     $        123.0          $        124.1    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1)

See Note 3(h) of this Form 10-Q for discussion of the Pillar Investments, as defined therein, and limited partnership interests in certain subsidiaries of Ares.

As of March 31, 2019, non-income producing invested assets were immaterial.

(d) Change in the Fair Value of Equity Securities

The following table presents changes in the fair value of equity securities for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

                             
    

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 
     2019      2018  
     ($ in millions)  

Change in the fair value of equity securities sold during the period

    $ 62.1         $      11.6    

Change in the fair value of equity securities held at the end of the period

     330.3          (54.2)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Change in the fair value of equity securities

    $        392.4         $        (42.6)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

(e) Realized Gains and Losses

The proceeds from sales of debt and equity securities were $2.5 billion and $1.2 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

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Realized capital gains and losses for the three months ended March 31, 2019 primarily reflect capital gains and losses from the sale of debt securities. Realized capital gains and losses for the three months ended March 31, 2018 primarily reflect a $45.7 million gain on AIHL’s conversion of its limited partnership interests in certain subsidiaries of Ares into Ares common units. See Note 3(h) of this Form 10-Q for additional information on this conversion.

The following table presents amounts of gross realized capital gains and gross realized capital losses for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2019      2018  
     ($ in millions)  

Gross realized capital gains

    $ 12.1         $       60.3    

Gross realized capital losses

          (7.7)         (15.8)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net realized capital gains

    $ 4.4          $ 44.5    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Gross realized capital losses exclude OTTI losses, as discussed below.

(f) OTTI losses

Alleghany holds its debt securities as AFS and, as such, these securities are recorded at fair value. Alleghany continually monitors the difference between amortized cost and the estimated fair value of its debt investments, which involves uncertainty as to whether declines in value are temporary in nature. The analysis of a security’s decline in value is performed in its functional currency. If the decline is deemed temporary, Alleghany records the decline as an unrealized loss in stockholders’ equity. If the decline is deemed to be other than temporary, Alleghany writes its amortized cost-basis down to the fair value of the security and records an OTTI loss on its statement of earnings. In addition, any portion of such decline related to a debt security that is believed to arise from factors other than credit is recorded as a component of other comprehensive income rather than charged against earnings.

Debt securities in an unrealized loss position are evaluated for OTTI if they meet any of the following criteria: (i) they are trading at a discount of at least 20 percent to amortized cost for an extended period of time (nine consecutive months or more); (ii) there has been a negative credit or news event with respect to the issuer that could indicate the existence of an OTTI; or (iii) Alleghany intends to sell, or it is more likely than not that Alleghany will sell, the debt security before recovery of its amortized cost basis.

If Alleghany intends to sell, or it is more likely than not that Alleghany will sell, a debt security before recovery of its amortized cost basis, the total amount of the unrealized loss position is recognized as an OTTI loss in earnings. To the extent that a debt security that is in an unrealized loss position is not impaired based on the preceding, Alleghany will consider a debt security to be impaired when it believes it to be probable that Alleghany will not be able to collect the entire amortized cost basis. For debt securities in an unrealized loss position as of the end of each quarter, Alleghany develops a best estimate of the present value of expected cash flows. If the results of the cash flow analysis indicate that Alleghany will not recover the full amount of its amortized cost basis in the debt security, Alleghany records an OTTI loss in earnings equal to the difference between the present value of expected cash flows and the amortized cost basis of the debt security. If applicable, the difference between the total unrealized loss position on the debt security and the OTTI loss recognized in earnings is the non-credit related portion, which is recorded as a component of other comprehensive income.

In developing the cash flow analyses for debt securities, Alleghany considers various factors for the different categories of debt securities. For municipal bonds, Alleghany takes into account the taxing power of the issuer, source of revenue, credit risk and enhancements and pre-refunding. For mortgage and asset-backed securities, Alleghany discounts its best estimate of future cash flows at an effective rate equal to the original effective yield of the security or, in the case of floating rate securities, at the current coupon. Alleghany’s models include assumptions about prepayment speeds, default and delinquency rates, underlying collateral (if any), credit ratings, credit enhancements and other observable market data. For corporate bonds, Alleghany reviews business prospects, credit ratings and available information from asset managers and rating agencies for individual securities.

OTTI losses in the first three months of 2019 reflect $10.0 million of unrealized losses on debt securities, primarily related to the energy sector, that were deemed to be other than temporary and, as such, were required to be charged against earnings. The determination that unrealized losses on debt securities were other than temporary was primarily due to the deterioration of creditworthiness of the issuer.

OTTI losses in the first three months of 2018 reflect $0.5 million of unrealized losses on debt securities that were deemed to be other than temporary and, as such, were required to be charged against earnings.

Upon the ultimate disposition of the securities for which OTTI losses have been recorded, a portion of the loss may be recoverable depending on market conditions at the time of disposition. After adjusting the amortized cost basis of securities for the recognition of OTTI losses, the remaining gross unrealized investment losses for debt securities as of March 31, 2019 were deemed to be temporary, based on, among other factors: (i) the duration of

 

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time and the relative magnitude to which the fair value of these investments had been below cost were not indicative of an OTTI loss; (ii) the absence of compelling evidence that would cause Alleghany to call into question the financial condition or near-term business prospects of the issuer of the security; and (iii) Alleghany’s ability and intent to hold the security for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery.

Alleghany may ultimately record a realized loss after having originally concluded that the decline in value was temporary. Risks and uncertainties are inherent in the methodology. Alleghany’s methodology for assessing other than temporary declines in value contains inherent risks and uncertainties which could include, but are not limited to, incorrect assumptions about financial condition, liquidity or future prospects, inadequacy of any underlying collateral and unfavorable changes in economic conditions or social trends, interest rates or credit ratings.

(g) Aging of Gross Unrealized Losses

The following tables present gross unrealized losses and related fair values for Alleghany’s AFS securities, grouped by duration of time in a continuous unrealized loss position, as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018:

 

     Less Than 12 Months      12 Months or More      Total  
     Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
     Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
     Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
     ($ in millions)  

As of March 31, 2019

                 

Debt securities:

                 

U.S. Government obligations

   $ 19.3        $   -        $ 665.4        $ 13.0        $ 684.7        $ 13.0    

Municipal bonds

     1.8          0.1          125.2          1.0          127.0          1.1    

Foreign government obligations

     14.2           -          111.2          1.1          125.4          1.1    

U.S. corporate bonds

     197.5          4.2          483.9          8.0          681.4          12.2    

Foreign corporate bonds

     75.6          0.8          314.9          4.7          390.5          5.5    

Mortgage and asset-backed securities:

                 

RMBS

     98.1          0.5          399.0          7.2          497.1          7.7    

CMBS

     88.3          0.1          91.4          2.2          179.7          2.3    

Other asset-backed securities

     1,084.5          16.9          229.9          3.7          1,314.4          20.6    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total temporarily impaired securities

   $     1,579.3        $       22.6        $     2,420.9        $      40.9        $     4,000.2        $     63.5    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     Less Than 12 Months      12 Months or More      Total  
     Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
     Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
     Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
     ($ in millions)  

As of December 31, 2018

                 

Debt securities:

                 

U.S. Government obligations

   $ 78.5        $ 0.9        $ 690.5        $ 21.5        $ 769.0        $ 22.4    

Municipal bonds

     312.4          2.5          202.5          4.7          514.9          7.2    

Foreign government obligations

     60.7          0.1          186.7          3.3          247.4          3.4    

U.S. corporate bonds

     1,187.9          39.4          379.7          19.9          1,567.6          59.3    

Foreign corporate bonds

     501.5          9.7          349.1          9.1          850.6          18.8    

Mortgage and asset-backed securities:

                 

RMBS

     397.7          6.4          225.9          8.4          623.6          14.8    

CMBS

     199.1          1.3          109.5          5.1          308.6          6.4    

Other asset-backed securities

     1,442.8          36.7          121.6          1.8          1,564.4          38.5    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total temporarily impaired securities

   $ 4,180.6        $ 97.0        $ 2,265.5        $ 73.8        $ 6,446.1        $ 170.8    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2019, Alleghany held a total of 1,352 debt securities that were in an unrealized loss position, of which 894 securities were in an unrealized loss position continuously for 12 months or more. The unrealized losses associated with these debt securities consisted of losses related primarily to other asset-backed securities, U.S. Government obligations, U.S. corporate bonds and RMBS.

 

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As of March 31, 2019, the vast majority of Alleghany’s debt securities were rated investment grade, with 3.6 percent of debt securities having issuer credit ratings that were below investment grade or not rated, compared with 4.4 percent as of December 31, 2018.

(h) Investments in Certain Other Invested Assets

In December 2012, TransRe obtained an ownership interest in Pillar Capital Holdings Limited (“Pillar Holdings”), a Bermuda- based insurance asset manager focused on collateralized reinsurance and catastrophe insurance-linked securities. Additionally, TransRe invested $175.0 million and AIHL invested $25.0 million in limited partnership funds managed by Pillar Holdings (the “Funds”). The objective of the Funds is to create portfolios with attractive risk-reward characteristics and low correlation with other asset classes, using the extensive reinsurance and capital market experience of the principals of Pillar Holdings. Alleghany has concluded that both Pillar Holdings and the Funds (collectively, the “Pillar Investments”) represent variable interest entities and that Alleghany is not the primary beneficiary, as it does not have the ability to direct the activities that most significantly impact each entity’s economic performance. Therefore, the Pillar Investments are not consolidated and are accounted for under the equity method of accounting. Alleghany’s potential maximum loss in the Pillar Investments is limited to its cumulative net investment. As of March 31, 2019, Alleghany’s carrying value in the Pillar Investments, as determined under the equity method of accounting, was $194.7 million, which is net of returns of capital received from the Pillar Investments.

In July 2013, AIHL invested $250.0 million in Ares, an asset manager, in exchange for a 6.25 percent equity stake in Ares, with an agreement to engage Ares to manage up to $1.0 billion in certain investment strategies. In May 2014, Ares completed an initial public offering of its common units. Upon completion of the initial public offering, Alleghany’s equity investment in Ares converted into limited partnership interests in certain Ares subsidiaries that were convertible into Ares common units. On March 15, 2018, most of AIHL’s limited partnership interests were converted into Ares common units. As a result of the conversion and with respect to the limited partnership interests that were converted into Ares common units, AIHL: (i) reclassified its converted interests from other invested assets to equity securities; (ii) increased its carrying value to $208.2 million to reflect the fair value of Ares common units; and (iii) recorded the $45.7 million increase in carrying value as a realized capital gain as of March 15, 2018. As a result of the conversion and with respect to the unconverted limited partnership interests, AIHL: (i) changed its accounting method from the equity method to fair value; (ii) increased its carrying value to $58.7 million to reflect the fair value of Ares limited partnership interests; and (iii) recorded the $12.9 million increase in carrying value as a component of net investment income as of March 15, 2018. On September 24, 2018, AIHL’s remaining Ares limited partnership interests were converted into Ares common units and, as a result, AIHL reclassified the remaining $56.9 million of its converted interests from other invested assets to equity securities.

(i) Investments in Commercial Mortgage Loans

As of March 31, 2019, the carrying value of Alleghany’s commercial mortgage loan portfolio was $676.5 million, representing the unpaid principal balance on the loans. As of March 31, 2019, there was no allowance for loan losses. The commercial mortgage loan portfolio consists primarily of first mortgages on commercial properties in major metropolitan areas in the U.S. The loans earn interest at fixed- and floating-rates, mature in two to ten years from loan origination and the principal amounts of the loans were no more than approximately two-thirds of the property’s appraised value at the time the loans were made.

4. Reinsurance Ceded

Alleghany’s reinsurance and insurance subsidiaries reinsure portions of the risks they underwrite in order to reduce the effect of individual or aggregate exposure to losses, manage capacity, protect capital resources, reduce volatility in specific lines of business, improve risk-adjusted portfolio returns and enable them to increase gross premium writings and risk capacity without requiring additional capital. Alleghany’s reinsurance and insurance subsidiaries purchase reinsurance and retrocessional coverages from highly- rated third-party reinsurers. If the assuming reinsurers are unable or unwilling to meet the obligations assumed under the applicable reinsurance agreements, Alleghany’s reinsurance and insurance subsidiaries would remain liable for such reinsurance portion not paid by these reinsurers. As such, funds, trust agreements and letters of credit are held to collateralize a portion of Alleghany’s reinsurance recoverables and Alleghany’s reinsurance and insurance subsidiaries reinsure portions of the risks they underwrite or assume with multiple reinsurance programs.

TransRe enters into retrocession arrangements, including property catastrophe retrocession arrangements, in order to reduce the effect of individual or aggregate exposure to losses, reduce volatility in specific lines of business, improve risk-adjusted portfolio returns and increase gross premium writings and risk capacity without requiring additional capital.

RSUI reinsures its property lines of business through a program consisting of surplus share treaties, facultative placements, per risk and catastrophe excess of loss treaties. RSUI’s catastrophe reinsurance program and property per risk reinsurance program run on an annual basis from May 1 to the following April 30 and portions expired on April 30, 2019. Both programs were renewed on May 1, 2019 with substantially similar terms as the expired programs.

 

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5. Liability for Loss and LAE

(a) Liability Rollforward

The following table presents the activity in the liability for loss and LAE in the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

    Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
    2019     2018  
    ($ in millions)  

Reserves as of January 1

    $     12,250.3         $     11,871.3    

Less: reinsurance recoverables(1)

    1,857.4         1,650.1    
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net reserves as of January 1

    10,392.9         10,221.2    
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other adjustments

    (0.2)        -       
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Incurred loss and LAE, net of reinsurance, related to:

   

Current year

    829.9         756.3    

Prior years

    (37.4)        (85.7)   
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total incurred loss and LAE, net of reinsurance

    792.5         670.6    
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Paid loss and LAE, net of reinsurance, related to:(2)

   

Current year

    75.3         100.5    

Prior years

    914.8         690.8    
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total paid loss and LAE, net of reinsurance

    990.1         791.3    
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Foreign currency exchange rate effect

    17.2         49.9    
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net reserves as of March 31

    10,212.3         10,150.4    

Reinsurance recoverables as of March 31(1)

    1,642.8         1,563.9    
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Reserves as of March 31

    $ 11,855.1         $ 11,714.3    
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1)

Reinsurance recoverables in this table include only ceded loss and LAE reserves.

(2)

Includes paid losses, net of reinsurance, related to commutations.

Gross loss and LAE reserves as of March 31, 2019 decreased from December 31, 2018, primarily reflecting payments on catastrophe losses incurred in prior years and, to a lesser extent, favorable prior accident year loss reserve development.

 

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(b) Liability Development

The following table presents the (favorable) unfavorable prior accident year loss reserve development for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

    Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
    2019     2018  
    ($ in millions)  

Reinsurance Segment

   

Property:

   

Catastrophe events

    $     8.4   (1)      $ (30.4 )(2) 

Non-catastrophe

    (19.1 )(3)      (11.0 )(4) 
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

    (10.7     (41.4
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Casualty & other

    (25.7 )(5)      (30.2 )(6) 
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Reinsurance Segment

    (36.4     (71.6
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Insurance Segment

   

RSUI:

   

Casualty

    (5.6 )(7)      (11.0 )(8) 

Property and other

    1.9   (9)      (0.1
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

    (3.7     (11.1
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

CapSpecialty

    2.7   (10)      (3.0 )(11) 
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total incurred related to prior years

    $      (37.4     $      (85.7
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1)

Primarily reflects unfavorable prior accident year loss reserve development related to Typhoon Jebi in the 2018 accident year, partially offset by favorable prior accident year loss reserve development related to wildfires in California in the 2018 accident year.

(2)

Primarily reflects favorable prior accident year loss reserve development related to Hurricanes Maria and Harvey in the 2017 accident year.

(3)

Primarily reflects favorable prior accident year loss reserve development in the 2016 through 2018 accident years.

(4)

Primarily reflects favorable prior accident year loss reserve development in the 2016 and 2017 accident years.

(5)

Primarily reflects favorable prior accident year loss reserve development in the shorter-tailed lines of business in the 2012 through 2017 accident years and in the professional liability lines of business in the 2007 and prior accident years.

(6)

Primarily reflects favorable prior accident year loss reserve development in the shorter-tailed lines of business in the 2016 and 2017 accident years and in the shorter-tailed and longer-tailed lines of business in the 2005 through 2013 accident years.

(7)

Primarily reflects favorable prior accident year loss reserve development in the directors’ and officers’ liability and umbrella/excess lines of business in the 2011 through 2015 accident years, partially offset by unfavorable prior accident year loss reserve development in the professional liability lines of business in the 2017 accident year.

(8)

Primarily reflects favorable prior accident year loss reserve development in the umbrella/excess lines of business in the 2005 through 2012 accident years, partially offset by unfavorable prior accident year loss reserve development in the directors’ and officers’ liability lines of business in the 2009 accident year.

(9)

Primarily reflects unfavorable prior accident year loss reserve development related to Hurricanes Harvey in the 2017 accident year and Florence in the 2018 accident year. The unfavorable prior accident year loss reserve development reflects the impact of a recent adverse court ruling.

(10)

Primarily reflects unfavorable prior accident year loss reserve development in certain specialty lines of business written through a program administrator in connection with a terminated program in the 2009 and 2010 accident years.

(11)

Primarily reflects favorable prior accident year loss reserve development in the surety lines of business in the 2016 and 2017 accident years.

6. Income Taxes

The effective tax rate on earnings before income taxes for the first three months of 2019 was 19.5 percent, compared with 17.9 percent for the first three months of 2018. The increase in the effective tax rate in the first quarter of 2019 from the first quarter of 2018 primarily reflects lower tax-exempt interest income arising from municipal bond securities, lower dividends received-deductions and higher state income taxes.

Alleghany believes that, as of March 31, 2019, it had no material uncertain tax positions. Interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax expenses (benefits) are recognized in income tax expense, when applicable. There were no material liabilities for interest or penalties accrued as of March 31, 2019.

 

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7. Stockholders’ Equity

(a) Common Stock Repurchases

In November 2015, the Alleghany Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of shares of common stock of Alleghany, par value $1.00 per share (“Common Stock”), at such times and at prices as management determines to be advisable, up to an aggregate of $400.0 million (the “2015 Repurchase Program”). In June 2018, the Alleghany Board of Directors authorized, upon the completion of the 2015 Repurchase Program, the repurchase of additional shares of Common Stock, at such times and at prices as management determines to be advisable, up to an aggregate of $400.0 million (the “2018 Repurchase Program”). In the fourth quarter of 2018, Alleghany completed the 2015 Repurchase Program and subsequent repurchases have been made pursuant to the 2018 Repurchase Program. As of March 31, 2019, Alleghany had $191.0 million remaining under its share repurchase authorization.

The following table presents the shares of Common Stock that Alleghany repurchased in the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
         2019               2018        

Shares repurchased

         129,567        35,072   

Cost of shares repurchased (in millions)

    $ 80.5       $ 21.3   

Average price per share repurchased

    $ 621.19       $      606.40   

(b) Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The following tables present a reconciliation of the changes during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Alleghany stockholders:

 

    Unrealized
Appreciation
of
  Investments  
    Unrealized
Currency
Translation
  Adjustment  
      Retirement  
Plans
    Total      
    ($ in millions)  

Balance as of January 1, 2019

    $  (61.6)        $      (124.7)        $      (15.7)        $      (202.0)   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

       

Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications

    183.4         (0.9)        0.9         183.4    

Reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive income

    4.4         -          -           4.4    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

    187.8         (0.9)        0.9         187.8    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance as of March 31, 2019

    $  126.2         $  (125.6)        $ (14.8)        $  (14.2)   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    Unrealized
Appreciation
of
Investments
    Unrealized
Currency
Translation
  Adjustment  
        Retirement  
Plans
    Total      
          ($ in millions)        

Balance as of January 1, 2018

    $          718.2         $  (84.6)        $  (15.5)        $ 618.1    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cumulative effect of adoption of new accounting pronouncements(1):

       

Reclassification of net unrealized gains on equity securities, net of tax

    (735.6)        -           -           (735.6)   

Reclassification of stranded taxes

    156.6         (18.2)        (3.3)        135.1    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

    (579.0)        (18.2)        (3.3)        (600.5)   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

       

Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications

    (146.4)        5.1         (1.3)        (142.6)   

Reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive income

    1.4         -           -           1.4    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

    (145.0)        5.1         (1.3)        (141.2)   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance as of March 31, 2018

    $ (5.8)        $ (97.7)        $ (20.1)        $  (123.6)   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1)

See Note 1(c) of this Form 10-Q for additional information on Alleghany’s adoption of new investment accounting guidance and new guidance on certain tax effects caused by the Tax Act.

 

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The following table presents reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income attributable to Alleghany stockholders during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

Accumulated Other        Three Months Ended
March 31,
 

        Comprehensive Income Component        

  

   Line in Consolidated Statement of Earnings   

        2019                 2018        
         ($ in millions)  

Unrealized appreciation of investments:

     Net realized capital gains(1)     $         (4.4)        $ 1.2    
     Other than temporary impairment losses     10.0         0.5    
     Income taxes     (1.2)        (0.3)   
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total reclassifications:

     Net earnings     $ 4.4         $         1.4    
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1)

For the three months ended March 31, 2018, excludes a $45.7 million pre-tax gain from AIHL’s conversion of its limited partnership interests in certain subsidiaries of Ares into Ares common units. See Note 3(h) of this Form 10-Q for additional information.

(c) Special Dividend

In February 2018, the Alleghany Board of Directors declared a special dividend of $10.00 per share for stockholders of record on March 5, 2018. On March 15, 2018, Alleghany paid dividends to stockholders totaling $154.0 million.

8. Earnings Per Share of Common Stock

The following table presents a reconciliation of the earnings and share data used in the basic and diluted earnings per share computations for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

   

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 
    2019           2018  
    ($ in millions, except share amounts)  

Net earnings available to Alleghany stockholders

    $ 440.2           $ 171.6    

Effect of dilutive securities

    -             (1.3)   
 

 

 

     

 

 

 

Income available to common stockholders for diluted earnings per share

    $ 440.2           $ 170.3    
 

 

 

     

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding applicable to basic earnings per share

    14,481,255           15,389,283    

Effect of dilutive securities

    3,981           29,381    
 

 

 

     

 

 

 

Adjusted weighted average common shares outstanding applicable to diluted earnings per share

    14,485,236           15,418,664    
 

 

 

     

 

 

 

Contingently issuable shares(1)

    39,325           23,777    

 

(1)

Contingently issuable shares were potentially available in the periods presented, but were not included in the diluted earnings per share computations because the impact was anti-dilutive to the earnings per share calculation.

9. Commitments and Contingencies

(a) Legal Proceedings

Certain of Alleghany’s subsidiaries are parties to pending litigation and claims in connection with the ordinary course of their businesses. Each such subsidiary makes provisions for estimated losses to be incurred in such litigation and claims, including legal costs. In the opinion of management, such provisions are adequate, and management does not believe that any pending litigation will have a material adverse effect on Alleghany’s consolidated results of operations, financial position or cash flows.

(b) Leases

Alleghany and its subsidiaries lease certain facilities, land, furniture and equipment under long-term, non-cancelable lease agreements that expire at various dates through 2038. Most of Alleghany’s leases relate to office facilities. Alleghany’s lease agreements do not contain any material restrictive covenants and are substantially all considered to be operating leases.

 

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Lease expense was $12.1 million in the first three months of 2019. The following table presents Alleghany’s consolidated lease liabilities and right-of-use lease assets related to operating leases as of March 31, 2019:

 

         As of March 31, 2019      
Maturity of lease payments, by year      ($ in millions)    

1 year or less

    $ 37.9    

More than 1 year to 2 years

     34.1    

More than 2 years to 3 years

     30.7    

More than 3 years to 4 years

     25.6    

More than 4 years to 5 years

     24.9    

More than 5 years

     160.5    
  

 

 

 

Total lease payments(1)

    $  313.7    

Less: interest(2)

     69.8    
  

 

 

 

Lease liabilities(3)

    $ 243.9    
  

 

 

 

Right-of-use lease assets(4)

    $ 216.3    

Prepaid lease assets, net of lease allowances and incentives

     27.6    
  

 

 

 
    $ 243.9    
  

 

 

 

 

(1)

As of March 31, 2019, the weighted average lease term was approximately 12 years.

(2)

As of March 31, 2019, the weighted average discount rate was approximately 5 percent.

(3)

Represents the present value of lease liabilities and is reported as a component of other liabilities on Alleghany’s Consolidated Balance Sheet.

(4)

Reported as a component of other assets on Alleghany’s Consolidated Balance Sheet.

(c) Energy Holdings

As of March 31, 2019, Alleghany had holdings in energy sector businesses of $418.2 million, comprised of $320.9 million of debt securities, $9.4 million of equity securities and $87.9 million of Alleghany’s equity attributable to SORC.

10. Segments of Business

(a) Overview

Alleghany’s segments are reported in a manner consistent with the way management evaluates the businesses. As such, Alleghany classifies its businesses into three reportable segments – reinsurance, insurance and Alleghany Capital.

Reinsurance and insurance underwriting activities are evaluated separately from investment and other activities. Segment accounting policies are described in Note 1 to Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of the 2018 Form 10-K.

The reinsurance segment consists of property and casualty reinsurance operations conducted by TransRe’s reinsurance operating subsidiaries and is further reported through two major product lines – property and casualty & other. TransRe provides property and casualty reinsurance to insurers and other reinsurers through brokers and on a direct basis to ceding companies. TransRe also writes a modest amount of property and casualty insurance business, which is included in the reinsurance segment. A significant portion of the premiums earned by TransRe’s operations are generated by offices located in Canada, Europe, Asia, Australia, Africa and those serving Latin America and the Caribbean. Although the majority of the premiums earned by these offices typically relate to the regions where they are located, a significant portion may be derived from other regions of the world, including the U.S. In addition, although a significant portion of the assets and liabilities of these foreign offices generally relate to the countries where ceding companies and reinsurers are located, most investments are located in the country of domicile of these offices.

The insurance segment consists of property and casualty insurance operations conducted in the U.S. by AIHL through its insurance operating subsidiaries RSUI and CapSpecialty. RSUI also writes a modest amount of assumed reinsurance business, which is included in the insurance segment.

The Alleghany Capital segment consists of industrial operations, non-industrial operations and corporate operations at the Alleghany Capital level. Industrial operations are conducted through Bourn & Koch, Kentucky Trailer, W&W|AFCO Steel and a 45 percent equity interest in Wilbert. Non-industrial operations are conducted through IPS, Jazwares and Concord.

On October 1, 2018, Alleghany Capital acquired approximately 85 percent of the equity in Concord for $136.6 million, consisting of $68.6 million in cash paid on October 1, 2018, $38.2 million of potential contingent consideration based on future profitability and $29.8 million of

 

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incremental debt. In connection with the acquisition, Alleghany recorded $83.0 million of goodwill and $70.8 million of finite-lived intangible assets related primarily to customer relationships.

On February 7, 2018, W&W|AFCO Steel acquired the outstanding equity of Hirschfeld, a fabricator of steel bridges and structural steel for stadiums, airports and other large commercial and industrial projects, for $109.1 million, consisting of $94.4 million in cash and $14.7 million of incremental debt. The $94.4 million paid by W&W|AFCO Steel was funded by capital contributions from Alleghany and noncontrolling interests of $75.5 million and $18.9 million, respectively. In connection with the acquisition, Alleghany recorded $3.0 million of goodwill and $9.4 million of finite-lived intangible assets related primarily to customer relationships.

Corporate activities are not classified as a segment. The primary components of corporate activities are Alleghany Properties, SORC and activities at the Alleghany parent company.

In addition, corporate activities include interest expense associated with the senior notes issued by Alleghany, whereas interest expense associated with senior notes issued by TransRe is included in “Total Segments” and interest expense associated with other debt is included in Alleghany Capital. Information related to the senior notes and other debt can be found in Note 8 to Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of the 2018 Form 10-K.

(b) Results

The following tables present segment results for Alleghany’s three reportable segments and for corporate activities for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

    Reinsurance Segment     Insurance Segment                          

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

  Property     Casualty
& other(1)
    Total     RSUI     Cap
Specialty
    Total     Subtotal     Alleghany
Capital(2)
    Total
Segments
    Corporate
Activities(3)
    Consolidated  
    ($ in millions)  

Gross premiums written

    $       415.1         $       816.5         $       1,231.6        $       299.0        $       82.8         $       381.8         $       1,613.4       $ -           $       1,613.4         $ (6.8)         $ 1,606.6    

Net premiums written

    316.2         791.4         1,107.6        201.4        76.7         278.1         1,385.7         -           1,385.7         -           1,385.7    

Net premiums earned

    308.9         720.3         1,029.2        192.4        75.7         268.1         1,297.3         -           1,297.3         -           1,297.3    

Net loss and LAE

    162.6         490.6         653.2        94.3        45.0         139.3         792.5         -           792.5         -           792.5    

Commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses

    103.7         232.3         336.0        53.5        30.6         84.1         420.1         -           420.1         -           420.1    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Underwriting (loss) profit(4)

    $ 42.6         $ (2.6)         $ 40.0        $ 44.6        $ 0.1         $ 44.7         84.7         -           84.7         -           84.7    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

           

Net investment income

                117.9         1.3         119.2         3.8         123.0    

Change in the fair value of equity securities

                389.1         -           389.1         3.3         392.4    

Net realized capital gains

                4.1         0.3         4.4         -           4.4    

Other than temporary impairment losses

                (10.0)        -           (10.0)        -           (10.0)   

Noninsurance revenue

                5.4         505.0         510.4         3.7         514.1    

Other operating expenses

                29.7         465.4         495.1         7.3         502.4    

Corporate administration

                1.1         -           1.1         18.3         19.4    

Amortization of intangible assets

                0.2         6.7         6.9         -           6.9    

Interest expense

                6.7         4.3         11.0         12.5         23.5    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (losses) before income taxes

                $ 553.5         $ 30.2         $ 583.7         $     (27.3)        $ 556.4    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents
    Reinsurance Segment     Insurance Segment                                

Three Months Ended March 31, 2018

  Property     Casualty
& other(1)
    Total     RSUI     Cap
Specialty
    Total     Subtotal     Alleghany
Capital(2)
    Total
Segments
    Corporate
Activities(3)
    Consolidated  
    ($ in millions)  

Gross premiums written

    $       397.2         $       718.4         $       1,115.6         $       274.6         $       74.5         $     349.1         $       1,464.7         $ -           $       1,464.7         $ (6.0)        $       1,458.7    

Net premiums written

    305.1         691.9         997.0         187.0         69.3         256.3         1,253.3         -           1,253.3         -           1,253.3    

Net premiums earned

    275.1         685.1         960.2         180.9         66.7         247.6         1,207.8         -           1,207.8         -           1,207.8    

Net loss and LAE

    96.6         442.8         539.4         96.9         34.3         131.2         670.6         -           670.6         -           670.6    

Commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses

    93.1         228.9         322.0         53.5         30.8         84.3         406.3         -           406.3         -           406.3    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Underwriting profit(4)

    $ 85.4         $ 13.4         $ 98.8         $ 30.5         $ 1.6         $ 32.1         130.9         -           130.9         -           130.9    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

           

Net investment income

 

    118.4         1.6         120.0         4.1         124.1    

Change in the fair value of equity securities

 

    (13.9)        -           (13.9)        (28.6)        (42.5)   

Net realized capital gains

 

    43.8         0.7         44.5         -           44.5    

Other than temporary impairment losses

 

    (0.5)        -           (0.5)        -           (0.5)   

Noninsurance revenue

 

    5.7         242.7         248.4         3.2         251.6    

Other operating expenses

 

    17.0         240.0         257.0         7.9         264.9    

Corporate administration

 

    (0.3)        -           (0.3)        8.1         7.8    

Amortization of intangible assets

 

    (0.1)        5.4         5.3         -           5.3    

Interest expense

 

    6.7         1.3         8.0         13.5         21.5    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (losses) before income taxes

 

    $ 261.1         $ (1.7)        $ 259.4         $ (50.8)        $ 208.6    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

  (1)

Primarily consists of the following assumed reinsurance lines of business: directors’ and officers’ liability; errors and omissions liability; general liability; medical malpractice; ocean marine and aviation; auto liability; accident and health; mortgage reinsurance; surety; and credit.

  (2)

Excludes certain minor, legacy investments that were previously reflected in Alleghany Capital in 2018 and prior periods, to align with management’s view of reportable segments.

  (3)

Includes elimination of minor reinsurance activity between segments. Also, includes certain minor, legacy investments that were previously reflected in Alleghany Capital in 2018 and prior periods.

  (4)

Underwriting profit represents net premiums earned less net loss and LAE and commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses, all as determined in accordance with GAAP, and does not include net investment income, change in the fair value of equity securities, net realized capital gains, OTTI losses, noninsurance revenue, other operating expenses, corporate administration, amortization of intangible assets or interest expense. Underwriting profit does not replace earnings before income taxes determined in accordance with GAAP as a measure of profitability. Rather, Alleghany believes that underwriting profit enhances the understanding of its reinsurance and insurance segments’ operating results by highlighting net earnings attributable to their underwriting performance. Earnings before income taxes (a GAAP measure) may show a profit despite an underlying underwriting loss. Where underwriting losses persist over extended periods, a reinsurance or an insurance company’s ability to continue as an ongoing concern may be at risk. Therefore, Alleghany views underwriting profit as an important measure in the overall evaluation of performance.

(c) Identifiable Assets and Equity

The following table presents identifiable assets, the portion of identifiable assets related to cash and invested assets, and equity attributable to Alleghany, for Alleghany’s reportable segments and for corporate activities as of March 31, 2019:

 

     Identifiable
Assets
     Invested Assets
and Cash
     Equity
Attributable to
Alleghany
 
            ($ in millions)         

Reinsurance segment

    $     16,799.8         $ 13,282.8         $ 5,091.1    

Insurance segment

     6,871.4          5,370.7          2,952.0    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     23,671.2          18,653.5          8,043.1    

Alleghany Capital

     1,758.1          129.1          862.2    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total segments

     25,429.3          18,782.6          8,905.3    

Corporate activities

     363.8          310.7          (668.8)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Consolidated

    $ 25,793.1         $ 19,093.3         $ 8,236.5    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The debt associated with Alleghany Capital’s operating subsidiaries totaled $292.4 million and $284.5 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, and is generally used to support working capital needs and to help finance acquisitions. As of March 31, 2019, the $292.4 million includes:

 

   

$131.3 million of borrowings by W&W|AFCO Steel under its available credit facilities and term loans (including borrowings incurred and assumed from its acquisition of Hirschfeld);

 

   

$60.9 million of term loans at Kentucky Trailer primarily related to borrowings to finance small acquisitions, including its acquisition of a controlling interest in a certain manufacturer of aluminum feed transportation equipment, and borrowings under its available credit facilities;

 

   

$42.9 million of borrowings by Jazwares under its available credit facility;

 

   

$33.8 million of term loans at Concord primarily related to borrowings to finance Alleghany Capital’s acquisition of Concord;

 

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$13.3 million of term loans at Bourn & Koch primarily related to borrowings to finance an acquisition made in 2016; and

 

   

$10.2 million of borrowings by IPS under its available credit facility.

None of these liabilities are guaranteed by Alleghany or Alleghany Capital.

(d) Alleghany Capital Noninsurance Revenue

For Alleghany Capital’s industrial and non-industrial operations, noninsurance revenue consists of the sale of manufactured goods and services. The following table presents noninsurance revenue for the Alleghany Capital segment for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

    

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 
     2019      2018  
     ($ in millions)  

Industrial(1)

    $       260.1         $       145.5    

Non-industrial(2)

     244.9          97.1    

Corporate & other

     -            0.1    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Alleghany Capital

    $ 505.0         $ 242.7    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

  (1)

For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the vast majority of noninsurance revenue was recognized as goods and services transferred to customers over time. See Note 1(c) of this Form 10-Q for additional information on Alleghany’s adoption of new revenue recognition accounting guidance effective in the first quarter of 2018.

  (2)

For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, approximately 66 percent and 71 percent, respectively, of noninsurance revenue was recognized as services transferred to customers over time, with the remainder recognized as goods transferred at a point in time. See Note 1(c) of this Form 10-Q for additional information on Alleghany’s adoption of new revenue recognition accounting guidance effective in the first quarter of 2018.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

The following is a discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018. This discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our unaudited consolidated financial statements and Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part I, Item 1, “Financial Statements” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2019, or this “Form 10-Q,” and our audited consolidated financial statements and Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, or the “2018 Form 10-K.” This discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties and that are not historical facts, including statements about our beliefs and expectations. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including those discussed below and particularly under the headings “Risk Factors,” “Business” and “Note on Forward-Looking Statements” contained in Item 1A, Item 1, and Part I of the 2018 Form 10-K, respectively.

References in this Form 10-Q to the “Company,” “Alleghany,” “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to Alleghany Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries unless the context otherwise requires. In addition, unless the context otherwise requires, references to

 

   

“TransRe” are to our wholly-owned reinsurance holding company subsidiary Transatlantic Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries;

 

   

“AIHL” are to our wholly-owned insurance holding company subsidiary Alleghany Insurance Holdings LLC;

 

   

“RSUI” are to our wholly-owned subsidiary RSUI Group, Inc. and its subsidiaries;

 

   

“CapSpecialty” are to our wholly-owned subsidiary CapSpecialty, Inc. and its subsidiaries;

 

   

“AIHL Re” are to our wholly-owned subsidiary AIHL Re LLC;

 

   

“Roundwood” are to our wholly-owned subsidiary Roundwood Asset Management LLC;

 

   

“SORC” are to our wholly-owned subsidiary Stranded Oil Resources Corporation and its subsidiaries;

 

   

“Alleghany Capital” are to our wholly-owned subsidiary Alleghany Capital Corporation and its subsidiaries;

 

   

“Bourn & Koch” are to our majority-owned subsidiary Bourn & Koch, Inc. and its subsidiary;

 

   

“Kentucky Trailer” are to our majority-owned subsidiary R.C. Tway Company, LLC and its subsidiaries;

 

   

“IPS” are to our majority-owned subsidiary IPS-Integrated Project Services, LLC and its subsidiaries;

 

   

“Jazwares” are to our majority-owned subsidiary Jazwares, LLC and its subsidiaries and affiliates;

 

   

“W&W|AFCO Steel” are to our majority-owned subsidiary WWSC Holdings, LLC and its subsidiaries;

 

   

“Concord” are to our majority-owned subsidiary CHECO Holdings, LLC and its subsidiaries; and

 

   

“Alleghany Properties” are to our wholly-owned subsidiary Alleghany Properties Holdings LLC and its subsidiaries.

 

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Note on Forward-Looking Statements

Certain statements contained in this Form 10-Q may be deemed to be “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of words such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “project,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “believe,” “potential,” “should” or the negative versions of those words or other comparable words. Forward-looking statements do not relate solely to historical or current facts, rather they are based on management’s expectations as well as certain assumptions and estimates made by, and information available to, management at the time. These statements are not guarantees of future performance. These forward-looking statements are based upon Alleghany’s current expectations and are subject to a number of uncertainties and risks that could significantly affect current plans, anticipated actions and Alleghany’s future financial condition and results. Factors that could cause these forward-looking statements to differ, possibly materially, from that currently contemplated include:

 

   

significant weather-related or other natural or man-made catastrophes and disasters;

 

   

the cyclical nature of the property and casualty reinsurance and insurance industries;

 

   

changes in market prices of our significant equity investments and changes in value of our debt securities portfolio;

 

   

adverse loss development for events insured by our reinsurance and insurance subsidiaries in either the current year or prior years;

 

   

the long-tail and potentially volatile nature of certain casualty lines of business written by our reinsurance and insurance subsidiaries;

 

   

the cost and availability of reinsurance;

 

   

the reliance by our reinsurance and insurance operating subsidiaries on a limited number of brokers;

 

   

legal, political, judicial and regulatory changes;

 

   

increases in the levels of risk retention by our reinsurance and insurance subsidiaries;

 

   

changes in the ratings assigned to our reinsurance and insurance subsidiaries;

 

   

claims development and the process of estimating reserves;

 

   

exposure to terrorist acts and acts of war;

 

   

the willingness and ability of our reinsurance and insurance subsidiaries’ reinsurers to pay reinsurance recoverables owed to our reinsurance and insurance subsidiaries;

 

   

the uncertain nature of damage theories and loss amounts;

 

   

the loss of key personnel of our reinsurance or insurance operating subsidiaries;

 

   

fluctuation in foreign currency exchange rates;

 

   

the failure to comply with the restrictive covenants contained in the agreements governing our indebtedness;

 

   

the ability to make payments on, or repay or refinance, our debt;

 

   

risks inherent in international operations; and

 

   

difficult and volatile conditions in the global market.

Additional risks and uncertainties include general economic and political conditions, including the effects of a prolonged U.S. or global economic downturn or recession; changes in costs; variations in political, economic or other factors; risks relating to conducting operations in a competitive environment; effects of acquisition and disposition activities, inflation rates, or recessionary or expansive trends; changes in interest rates; extended labor disruptions, civil unrest, or other external factors over which we have no control; changes in our plans, strategies, objectives, expectations, or intentions, which may happen at any time at our discretion; and other factors discussed in the 2018 Form 10-K and subsequent filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the “SEC.” All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made and are based on information available at that time. Alleghany does not undertake any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent circumstances or events. See Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” of the 2018 Form 10-K for additional information.

 

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Comment on Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Throughout this Form 10-Q, our analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our consolidated financial statements which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S., or “GAAP.” Our results of operations have been presented in the way that we believe will be the most meaningful and useful to investors, analysts, rating agencies and others who use financial information in evaluating our performance. This presentation includes the use of underwriting profit and operating earnings before income taxes, which are “non-GAAP financial measures,” as such term is defined in Item 10(e) of Regulation S-K promulgated by the SEC. The presentation of these financial measures is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for, or superior to, financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP. These measures may also be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies, limiting their usefulness for comparison purposes. A discussion of our calculation and use of these financial measures is provided below.

Underwriting profit is a non-GAAP financial measure for our reinsurance and insurance segments. Underwriting profit represents net premiums earned less net loss and loss adjustment expenses, or “LAE,” and commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses, all as determined in accordance with GAAP and does not include: (i) net investment income; (ii) change in the fair value of equity securities; (iii) net realized capital gains; (iv) other than temporary impairment, or “OTTI” losses; (v) noninsurance revenue; (vi) other operating expenses; (vii) corporate administration; (viii) amortization of intangible assets; and (ix) interest expense. We use underwriting profit as a supplement to earnings before income taxes, the most comparable GAAP financial measure, to evaluate the performance of our reinsurance and insurance segments and believe that underwriting profit provides useful additional information to investors because it highlights net earnings attributable to our reinsurance and insurance segments’ underwriting performance. Earnings before income taxes may show a profit despite an underlying underwriting loss, and when underwriting losses persist over extended periods, a reinsurance or an insurance company’s ability to continue as an ongoing concern may be at risk. A reconciliation of underwriting profit to earnings before income taxes is presented within “Consolidated Results of Operations.”

Operating earnings before income taxes is a non-GAAP financial measure for our Alleghany Capital segment. Operating earnings before income taxes represents noninsurance revenue and net investment income less other operating expenses and interest expense, and does not include: (i) amortization of intangible assets; (ii) change in the fair value of equity securities; (iii) net realized capital gains; (iv) OTTI losses; and (v) income taxes. Because operating earnings before income taxes excludes amortization of intangible assets, change in the fair value of equity securities, net realized capital gains, OTTI losses and income taxes, it provides an indication of economic performance that is not affected by levels of effective tax rates or levels of amortization resulting from acquisition accounting. We use operating earnings before income taxes as a supplement to earnings before income taxes, the most comparable GAAP financial measure, to evaluate the performance of certain of our noninsurance operating subsidiaries and investments. A reconciliation of operating earnings before income taxes to earnings before income taxes is presented within “Consolidated Results of Operations.”

 

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Overview

The following overview does not address all of the matters covered in the other sections of Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations or contain all of the information that may be important to our stockholders or the investing public. This overview should be read in conjunction with the other sections of Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

   

Net earnings attributable to Alleghany stockholders were $440.2 million in the first quarter of 2019, compared with $171.6 million in the first quarter of 2018.

 

   

Net investment income decreased by 0.9 percent in the first quarter of 2019 from the first quarter of 2018.

 

   

Net premiums written increased by 10.6 percent in the first quarter of 2019 from the first quarter of 2018.

 

   

Underwriting profit was $84.7 million in the first quarter of 2019, compared with $130.9 million in the first quarter of 2018.

 

   

The combined ratio for our reinsurance and insurance segments was 93.5 percent in the first quarter of 2019, compared with 89.1 percent in the first quarter of 2018.

 

   

Catastrophe losses, net of reinsurance, were $3.4 million in the first quarter of 2019, compared with $4.1 million in the first quarter of 2018.

 

   

Net favorable prior accident year loss reserve development was $37.4 million in the first quarter of 2019, compared with $85.7 million in the first quarter of 2018.

 

   

Noninsurance revenue for Alleghany Capital was $505.0 million in the first quarter of 2019, compared with $242.7 million in the first quarter of 2018.

 

   

Earnings before income taxes for Alleghany Capital were $30.2 million in the first quarter of 2019, compared with losses before income taxes of $1.7 million in the first quarter of 2018. Operating earnings before income taxes were $36.6 million in the first quarter of 2019, compared with $3.0 million in the first quarter of 2018.

As of March 31, 2019, we had total assets of $25.8 billion and total stockholders’ equity attributable to Alleghany stockholders of $8.2 billion. As of March 31, 2019, we had consolidated total investments of approximately $18.3 billion, consisting of $13.3 billion invested in debt securities, $2.5 billion invested in equity securities, $1.3 billion invested in short-term investments, $0.7 billion invested in commercial mortgage loans and $0.5 billion invested in other invested assets.

 

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Consolidated Results of Operations

The following table presents our consolidated revenues, costs and expenses and earnings:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2019      2018  
     ($ in millions)  

Revenues

     

Net premiums earned

    $     1,297.3         $     1,207.8    

Net investment income

     123.0          124.1    

Change in the fair value of equity securities

     392.4          (42.5)   

Net realized capital gains

     4.4          44.5    

Other than temporary impairment losses

     (10.0)         (0.5)   

Noninsurance revenue

     514.1          251.6    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

     2,321.2          1,585.0    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Costs and Expenses

     

Net loss and loss adjustment expenses

     792.5          670.6    

Commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses

     420.1          406.3    

Other operating expenses

     502.4          264.9    

Corporate administration

     19.4          7.8    

Amortization of intangible assets

     6.9          5.3    

Interest expense

     23.5          21.5    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total costs and expenses

     1,764.8          1,376.4    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings before income taxes

     556.4          208.6    

Income taxes

     108.5          37.4    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net earnings

     447.9          171.2    

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests

     7.7          (0.4)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net earnings attributable to Alleghany stockholders

    $ 440.2         $ 171.6    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Alleghany’s segments are reported in a manner consistent with the way management evaluates the businesses. As such, Alleghany classifies its businesses into three reportable segments – reinsurance, insurance and Alleghany Capital. Alleghany determined that Alleghany Capital qualified as a reportable segment in the first quarter of 2018, reflecting the increased significance of Alleghany Capital’s business to Alleghany and its projected growth. Corporate activities are not classified as a segment.

See Note 10 to Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part I, Item 1, “Financial Statements” of this Form 10-Q for additional detail on our segments and corporate activities. The tables below present the results for our segments and for corporate activities for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

    Segments        

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

  Reinsurance
Segment
  Insurance
Segment
  Subtotal     Alleghany  
  Capital(1)  
  Total
Segments
  Corporate
Activities(2)
  Consolidated
                ($ in millions)

Gross premiums written

   $   1,231.6      $     381.8      $   1,613.4      $ -          $   1,613.4      $ (6.8    $   1,606.6  

Net premiums written

    1,107.6       278.1       1,385.7       -           1,385.7       -           1,385.7  

Net premiums earned

    1,029.2       268.1       1,297.3       -           1,297.3       -           1,297.3  
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss and LAE:

             

   Current year (excluding catastrophe losses)

    689.6       136.9       826.5       -           826.5       -           826.5  

   Current year catastrophe losses

    -           3.4       3.4       -           3.4       -           3.4  

   Prior years

    (36.4     (1.0     (37.4     -           (37.4     -           (37.4
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Total net loss and LAE

    653.2       139.3       792.5       -           792.5       -           792.5  

Commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses

    336.0       84.1       420.1       -           420.1       -           420.1  
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Underwriting profit(3)

   $ 40.0      $ 44.7       84.7       -           84.7       -           84.7  
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

         

Net investment income

 

    117.9       1.3       119.2       3.8       123.0  

Change in the fair value of equity securities

 

    389.1       -           389.1       3.3       392.4  

Net realized capital gains

 

    4.1       0.3       4.4       -           4.4  

Other than temporary impairment losses

 

    (10.0     -           (10.0     -           (10.0

Noninsurance revenue

 

    5.4       505.0       510.4       3.7       514.1  

Other operating expenses

 

    29.7       465.4       495.1       7.3       502.4  

Corporate administration

 

    1.1       -           1.1       18.3       19.4  

Amortization of intangible assets

 

    0.2       6.7       6.9       -           6.9  

Interest expense

 

    6.7       4.3       11.0       12.5       23.5  
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings (losses) before income taxes

 

   $ 553.5      $       30.2      $ 583.7      $     (27.3    $ 556.4  
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss ratio(4):

             

   Current year (excluding catastrophe losses)

    67.0     51.1     63.7        

   Current year catastrophe losses

    -         1.3     0.3        

   Prior years

    (3.5 %)      (0.4 %)      (2.9 %)         
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

 Total net loss and LAE

    63.5     52.0     61.1        

Expense ratio(5)

    32.6     31.4     32.4        
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

Combined ratio(6)

    96.1     83.4     93.5        
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

 

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    Segments              

Three Months Ended March 31, 2018                                             

  Reinsurance
Segment
    Insurance
Segment
    Subtotal     Alleghany
Capital(1)
    Total
Segments
    Corporate
Activities(2)
    Consolidated  
                      ($ in millions)                    

Gross premiums written

    $   1,115.6            $     349.1            $     1,464.7            $ -             $ 1,464.7         $ (6.0)        $ 1,458.7    

Net premiums written

    997.0            256.3            1,253.3            -             1,253.3         -             1,253.3    

Net premiums earned

    960.2            247.6            1,207.8            -             1,207.8         -             1,207.8    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss and LAE:

             

Current year (excluding catastrophe losses)

    611.0            141.2            752.2            -             752.2         -             752.2    

Current year catastrophe losses

    -               4.1            4.1            -             4.1         -             4.1    

Prior years

    (71.6)           (14.1)           (85.7)           -             (85.7)        -             (85.7)   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

  Total net loss and LAE

    539.4            131.2            670.6            -             670.6         -             670.6    

Commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses

    322.0            84.3            406.3            -             406.3         -             406.3    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Underwriting profit(3)

    $ 98.8            $ 32.1            130.9            -             130.9         -             130.9    
 

 

 

   

 

 

           

Net investment income

 

    118.4            1.6         120.0         4.1         124.1    

Change in the fair value of equity securities

 

    (13.9)           -             (13.9)        (28.6)        (42.5)   

Net realized capital gains

 

    43.8            0.7         44.5         -             44.5    

Other than temporary impairment losses

 

    (0.5)           -             (0.5)        -             (0.5)   

Noninsurance revenue

 

    5.7            242.7         248.4         3.2         251.6    

Other operating expenses

 

    17.0            240.0         257.0         7.9         264.9    

Corporate administration

 

    (0.3)           -             (0.3)        8.1         7.8    

Amortization of intangible assets

 

    (0.1)           5.4         5.3         -             5.3    

Interest expense

 

    6.7            1.3         8.0         13.5         21.5    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (lossses) before income taxes

 

    $   261.1            $         (1.7)        $         259.4         $     (50.8)        $         208.6    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loss ratio(4):

             

Current year (excluding catastrophe losses)

    63.7%         57.0%         62.3%            

Current year catastrophe losses

    -     %         1.7%         0.3%            

Prior years

    (7.5%)        (5.7%)        (7.1%)           
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

         

  Total net loss and LAE

    56.2%         53.0%         55.5%            

Expense ratio(5)

    33.5%         34.0%         33.6%            
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

         

Combined ratio(6)

    89.7%         87.0%         89.1%            
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

         

 

(1)

Excludes certain minor, legacy investments that were previously reflected in Alleghany Capital in 2018 and prior periods.

(2)

Includes elimination of minor reinsurance activity between segments. Also, includes certain minor, legacy investments that were previously reflected in Alleghany Capital in 2018 and prior periods.

(3)

Underwriting profit represents net premiums earned less net loss and LAE and commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses, all as determined in accordance with GAAP, and does not include net investment income, change in the fair value of equity securities, net realized capital gains, OTTI losses, noninsurance revenue, other operating expenses, corporate administration, amortization of intangible assets and interest expense. Underwriting profit is a non-GAAP financial measure and does not replace earnings before income taxes determined in accordance with GAAP as a measure of profitability. See “Comment on Non-GAAP Financial Measures” herein for additional detail on the presentation of our results of operations.

(4)

The loss ratio is derived by dividing the amount of net loss and LAE by net premiums earned, all as determined in accordance with GAAP.

(5)

The expense ratio is derived by dividing the amount of commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses by net premiums earned, all as determined in accordance with GAAP.

(6)

The combined ratio is the sum of the loss ratio and the expense ratio, all as determined in accordance with GAAP. The combined ratio represents the percentage of each premium dollar a reinsurance or an insurance company has to spend on net loss and LAE, and commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses.

 

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Comparison of the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018

Premiums. The following table presents our consolidated premiums:

 

    Three Months Ended
March 31,
    Percent
 
    2019     2018           Change        
   

($ in millions)

 

       

Premiums written:

     

Gross premiums written

    $     1,606.6         $     1,458.7         10.1%     

Net premiums written

    1,385.7         1,253.3         10.6%     

Net premiums earned

    1,297.3         1,207.8         7.4%     

The increase in gross premiums written in the first quarter of 2019 from the first quarter of 2018 is primarily attributable to an increase at our reinsurance segment and, to a lesser extent, growth at RSUI and CapSpecialty. The increase at our reinsurance segment primarily reflects the impact of TransRe’s purchase on August 29, 2018 of certain renewal rights to a block of U.S. treaty reinsurance business focused on regional property and casualty, accident and health and personal auto lines of business, or the “Renewal Rights Purchase.” The increase in gross premiums written at our reinsurance segment was partially offset by a decrease in gross premiums written related to a certain large whole account quota share treaty, or the “Quota Share Treaty,” and the impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates. Gross premiums written related to the Quota Share Treaty were $164.0 million and $184.0 million in the first quarter of 2019 and 2018, respectively, reflecting a reduction of TransRe’s quota share participation.

The increase in net premiums earned in the first quarter of 2019 from the first quarter of 2018 reflects an increase at our reinsurance segment and, to a lesser extent, RSUI and CapSpecialty, due to an increase in net premiums written in recent quarters.

A detailed comparison of premiums by segment for the first quarter of 2019 and 2018 is contained in the following pages.

Net loss and LAE. The following table presents our consolidated net loss and LAE:

 

    Three Months Ended
March 31,
    Percent
 
    2019     2018           Change        
   

($ in millions)

 

       

Net loss and LAE:

     

Current year (excluding catastrophe losses)

    $     826.5          $     752.2            9.9%    

Current year catastrophe losses

    3.4            4.1            (17.1%)   

Prior years

    (37.4)           (85.7)           (56.4%)   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total net loss and LAE

    $     792.5          $ 670.6             18.2%    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

Loss ratio:

     

Current year (excluding catastrophe losses)

    63.7%         62.3%      

Current year catastrophe losses

    0.3%         0.3%      

Prior years

    (2.9%)        (7.1%)     
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total net loss and LAE

    61.1%         55.5%      
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

The increase in net loss and LAE in the first quarter of 2019 from the first quarter of 2018 primarily reflects the impact of higher net premiums earned and a decrease in favorable prior accident year loss reserve development, particularly at our reinsurance segment.

A detailed comparison of net loss and LAE by segment for the first quarter of 2019 and 2018 is contained in the following pages.

Commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses. The following table presents our consolidated commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses:

 

    Three Months Ended
March 31,
    Percent
 
    2019     2018           Change        
   

($ in millions)

 

       

Commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses

    $     420.1           $     406.3           3.4%   

Expense ratio

    32.4%        33.6%     

 

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The increase in commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses in the first quarter of 2019 from the first quarter of 2018 primarily reflects the impact of higher net premiums earned, partially offset by lower overall commission rates.

A detailed comparison of commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses by segment for the first quarter of 2019 and 2018 is contained in the following pages.

Underwriting profit. The following table presents our consolidated underwriting profit:

 

    Three Months Ended
March 31,
    Percent
 
    2019     2018           Change        
   

($ in millions)

 

       

Underwriting profit

    $     84.7           $     130.9           (35.3%)   

Combined ratio

    93.5%        89.1%     

The decrease in underwriting profit in the first quarter of 2019 from the first quarter of 2018 reflects a decrease at our reinsurance segment due primarily to less favorable prior accident year loss reserve development, as discussed above, partially offset by an increase at RSUI.

A detailed comparison of underwriting profit by segment for the first quarter of 2019 and 2018 is contained in the following pages.

Investment results. The following table presents our consolidated investment results:

 

    Three Months Ended
March 31,
    Percent
 
    2019     2018     Change  
    ($ in millions)        

Net investment income

    $      123.0         $       124.1         (0.9%)    

Change in the fair value of equity securities

    392.4         (42.5)        (1,023.3%)    

Net realized capital gains

    4.4         44.5         (90.1%)    

Other than temporary impairment losses

    (10.0)        (0.5)        1,900.0%     

The decrease in net investment income in the first quarter of 2019 from the first quarter of 2018 primarily reflects lower partnership income and, to a lesser extent, lower dividend income, partially offset by higher interest income and lower performance-based investment fees from our outside investment advisors. Partnership income in the first quarter of 2018 included a $12.9 million increase in the carrying value of AIHL’s limited partnership interests in certain subsidiaries of Ares Management LLC, or “Ares.” See Note 3(h) to Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part I, Item 1, “Financial Statements” of this Form 10-Q for additional information.

The decrease in dividend income and the increase in interest income primarily relate to a reallocation of a significant portion of our investment portfolio from equity securities to debt securities in the first quarter of 2019.

The change in the fair value of equity securities in the first quarter of 2019 reflects appreciation in the value of our equity securities portfolio, primarily from our holdings in the industrial, technology and material sectors. The change in the fair value of equity securities in the first quarter of 2018 reflects a modest depreciation in the value of our equity securities portfolio, primarily from certain exchange-traded funds and holdings in the energy sector.

The decrease in net realized capital gains in the first quarter of 2019 from the first quarter of 2018 primarily reflects a $45.7 million gain on AIHL’s conversion of its limited partnership interests in certain subsidiaries of Ares into Ares common units in the first quarter of 2018. See Note 3(h) to Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part I, Item 1, “Financial Statements” of this Form 10-Q for additional information.

The increase in OTTI losses in the first quarter of 2019 from the first quarter of 2018 primarily reflects higher impairments of debt securities. OTTI losses in the first quarter of 2019 reflect the deterioration of creditworthiness of certain issuers in the energy sector.

A detailed comparison of investment results for the first quarter of 2019 and 2018 is contained in the following pages.

 

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Noninsurance revenue and expenses. The following table presents our consolidated noninsurance revenue and expenses:

 

    Three Months Ended
March 31,
    Percent
 
    2019     2018     Change  
    ($ in millions)        

Noninsurance revenue

    $       514.1         $       251.6         104.3%    

Other operating expenses

    502.4         264.9         89.7%    

Corporate administration

    19.4         7.8         148.7%    

Amortization of intangible assets

    6.9         5.3           30.2%    

Interest expense

    23.5         21.5           9.3%    

Noninsurance revenue and Other operating expenses. Noninsurance revenue and other operating expenses primarily include sales and expenses associated with our Alleghany Capital segment. Other operating expenses also include the long-term incentive compensation of our reinsurance and insurance segments, which totaled $26.9 million and $14.3 million in the first quarter of 2019 and 2018, respectively. The increase in long-term incentive compensation at our reinsurance and insurance segments in the first quarter of 2019 from the first quarter of 2018 primarily reflects appreciation in the value of our debt and equity portfolios in the first quarter of 2019 compared with depreciation in the value of our debt and equity portfolios in the first quarter of 2018.

On February 7, 2018, W&W|AFCO Steel acquired the outstanding equity of Hirschfeld Holdings, LP, or “Hirschfeld,” a fabricator of steel bridges and structural steel for stadiums, airports and other large commercial and industrial projects. On October 1, 2018, Alleghany Capital acquired approximately 85 percent of the equity in Concord.

The increases in noninsurance revenue and other operating expenses in the first quarter of 2019 from the first quarter of 2018 primarily reflect the acquisitions of Hirschfeld and Concord, as well as higher sales at W&W|AFCO Steel, Jazwares and IPS. The increase in other operating expenses in the first quarter of 2019 from the first quarter of 2018 also reflects an increase in long-term incentive compensation at our reinsurance and insurance segments, as discussed above.

Corporate administration. The increase in corporate administration expense in the first quarter of 2019 from the first quarter of 2018 reflects higher Alleghany parent-company long-term incentive compensation accruals due primarily to an increase in unrealized appreciation in the value of our debt and equity securities portfolios in the first quarter of 2019.

Amortization of intangible assets. The increase in amortization expense in the first quarter of 2019 from the first quarter of 2018 primarily reflects the Concord acquisition.

Interest expense. The increase in interest expense in the first quarter of 2019 from the first quarter of 2018 primarily reflects increased borrowings at W&W|AFCO Steel, Kentucky Trailer and Jazwares to support working capital needs and acquisitions made during 2018, as well as borrowings at Concord.

A detailed comparison of noninsurance revenue and expenses for the first quarter of 2019 and 2018 is contained in the following pages.

Income taxes. The following table presents our consolidated income tax expense:

 

    Three Months Ended
March 31,
    Percent
 
    2019     2018     Change  
    ($ in millions)        

Income taxes

    $ 108.5            $ 37.4            190.1%   

Effective tax rate

          19.5%               17.9%      

The increase in income taxes in the first quarter of 2019 from the first quarter of 2018 primarily reflects an increase in earnings before income taxes and, to a lesser extent, an increase in the effective tax rate. The increase in the effective tax rate in the first quarter of 2019 from the first quarter of 2018 primarily reflects lower tax-exempt interest income arising from municipal bond securities, lower dividends received-deductions and higher state income taxes.

 

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Table of Contents

Net earnings. The following table presents our consolidated earnings:

 

    Three Months Ended
March 31,
    Percent
 
    2019     2018     Change  
    ($ in millions)        

Earnings before income taxes

    $       556.4         $       208.6         166.7%    

Net earnings attributable to Alleghany stockholders

    440.2         171.6         156.5%    

The increases in earnings before income taxes and net earnings attributable to Alleghany stockholders in the first quarter of 2019 from the first quarter of 2018 primarily reflect appreciation in the value of our equity securities portfolio in the first quarter of 2019 compared with depreciation in the first quarter of 2018, partially offset by lower underwriting profit and lower net realized capital gains, all as discussed above.

Reinsurance Segment Underwriting Results

The reinsurance segment is comprised of TransRe’s property and casualty & other lines of business. TransRe also writes a modest amount of property and casualty insurance business, which is included in the reinsurance segment. For a more detailed description of our reinsurance segment, see Part I, Item 1, “Business—Segment Information—Reinsurance Segment” of the 2018 Form 10-K.

The following tables present the underwriting results of the reinsurance segment:

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

  

Property

  

Casualty &
other(1)

  

Total

    

($ in millions) 

 

Gross premiums written

     $      415.1         $     816.5         $      1,231.6     

Net premiums written

   316.2         791.4         1,107.6     

Net premiums earned

   308.9         720.3         1,029.2     

Net loss and LAE:

        

Current year (excluding catastrophe losses)

   173.3         516.3         689.6     

Current year catastrophe losses

   -             -             -         

Prior years

   (10.7)        (25.7)        (36.4)    
  

 

  

 

  

 

Total net loss and LAE

   162.6         490.6         653.2     

Commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses

   103.7         232.3         336.0     
  

 

  

 

  

 

Underwriting profit (loss)(2)

     $        42.6            $      (2.6)        $          40.0     
  

 

  

 

  

 

Loss ratio(3):

        

Current year (excluding catastrophe losses)

   56.1%      71.7%      67.0%  

Current year catastrophe losses

   -    %      -    %      -    %  

Prior years

   (3.5%)     (3.6%)     (3.5%) 
  

 

  

 

  

 

Total net loss and LAE

   52.6%      68.1%      63.5%  

Expense ratio(4)

   33.6%      32.3%      32.6%  
  

 

  

 

  

 

Combined ratio(5)

   86.2%      100.4%      96.1%  
  

 

  

 

  

 

 

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Table of Contents

 Three Months Ended March 31, 2018

   Property     Casualty &
other(1)
    Total  
     ($ in millions)  

Gross premiums written

     $       397.2       $       718.4       $ 1,115.6  

Net premiums written

     305.1       691.9       997.0  

Net premiums earned

     275.1       685.1       960.2  

Net loss and LAE:

      

 Current year (excluding catastrophe losses)

     138.0       473.0       611.0  

 Current year catastrophe losses

     -           -           -      

 Prior years

     (41.4     (30.2     (71.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

  Total net loss and LAE

     96.6       442.8       539.4  

Commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses

     93.1       228.9       322.0  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Underwriting profit(2)

     $     85.4       $       13.4       $ 98.8  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loss ratio(3):

      

 Current year (excluding catastrophe losses)

     50.2     69.0     63.7

 Current year catastrophe losses

     -         -         -    

 Prior years

     (15.0 %)      (4.4 %)      (7.5 %) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

  Total net loss and LAE

     35.2     64.6     56.2

Expense ratio(4)

     33.8     33.4     33.5
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Combined ratio(5)

     69.0     98.0     89.7
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1)

Primarily consists of the following assumed reinsurance lines of business: directors’ and officers’ liability; errors and omissions liability; general liability; medical malpractice; ocean marine and aviation; auto liability; accident and health; mortgage reinsurance; surety; and credit.

(2)

Underwriting profit represents net premiums earned less net loss and LAE and commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses, all as determined in accordance with GAAP, and does not include net investment income, change in the fair value of equity securities, net realized capital gains, OTTI losses, noninsurance revenue, other operating expenses, corporate administration, amortization of intangible assets and interest expense. Underwriting profit is a non-GAAP financial measure and does not replace earnings before income taxes determined in accordance with GAAP as a measure of profitability. See “Comment on Non-GAAP Financial Measures” herein for additional detail on the presentation of our results of operations.

(3)

The loss ratio is derived by dividing the amount of net loss and LAE by net premiums earned, all as determined in accordance with GAAP.

(4)

The expense ratio is derived by dividing the amount of commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses by net premiums earned, all as determined in accordance with GAAP.

(5)

The combined ratio is the sum of the loss ratio and the expense ratio, all as determined in accordance with GAAP. The combined ratio represents the percentage of each premium dollar a reinsurance or an insurance company has to spend on net loss and LAE, and commissions, brokerage and other underwriting expenses.

 

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Table of Contents

Reinsurance Segment: Premiums. The following table presents premiums for the reinsurance segment:

 

    Three Months Ended
March 31,
    Percent
Change
 
    2019     2018  
    ($ in millions)        

Property

     

Premiums written:

     

Gross premiums written

    $ 415.1       $ 397.2       4.5%    

Net premiums written

    316.2       305.1       3.6%    

Net premiums earned

    308.9       275.1       12.3%    

Casualty & other

     

Premiums written:

     

Gross premiums written

    $ 816.5       $ 718.4       13.7%    

Net premiums written

    791.4       691.9       14.4%    

Net premiums earned

    720.3       685.1       5.1%    

Total