10-Q 1 yelp-20240331.htm 10-Q yelp-20240331
FALSE0001345016--12-312024Q1373365xbrli:sharesiso4217:USDiso4217:USDxbrli:sharesxbrli:pure00013450162024-01-012024-03-3100013450162024-05-0300013450162024-03-3100013450162023-12-3100013450162023-01-012023-03-310001345016us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-12-310001345016us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-12-310001345016us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2022-12-310001345016us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-12-310001345016us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-12-3100013450162022-12-310001345016us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-03-310001345016us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-03-310001345016us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-03-310001345016us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2023-03-310001345016us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-03-3100013450162023-03-310001345016us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:CommonStockMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016us-gaap:CommonStockMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMemberyelp:MarketableSecuritiesCurrentMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMemberyelp:MarketableSecuritiesCurrentMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMemberyelp:MarketableSecuritiesCurrentMember2024-03-310001345016yelp:MarketableSecuritiesCurrentMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:CashEquivalentsMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:CashEquivalentsMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:CertificatesOfDepositMemberyelp:MarketableSecuritiesCurrentMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:CommercialPaperMemberyelp:MarketableSecuritiesCurrentMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMemberyelp:MarketableSecuritiesCurrentMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMemberyelp:MarketableSecuritiesCurrentMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMemberyelp:MarketableSecuritiesCurrentMember2023-12-310001345016yelp:MarketableSecuritiesCurrentMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:CertificatesOfDepositMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:CertificatesOfDepositMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:CertificatesOfDepositMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:CertificatesOfDepositMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:CertificatesOfDepositMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:CertificatesOfDepositMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:CertificatesOfDepositMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:CertificatesOfDepositMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:CommercialPaperNotIncludedWithCashAndCashEquivalentsMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:CommercialPaperNotIncludedWithCashAndCashEquivalentsMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:CommercialPaperNotIncludedWithCashAndCashEquivalentsMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:CommercialPaperNotIncludedWithCashAndCashEquivalentsMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:CommercialPaperNotIncludedWithCashAndCashEquivalentsMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:CommercialPaperNotIncludedWithCashAndCashEquivalentsMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:CommercialPaperNotIncludedWithCashAndCashEquivalentsMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:CommercialPaperNotIncludedWithCashAndCashEquivalentsMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:USGovernmentSponsoredEnterprisesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:SoftwareDevelopmentMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:SoftwareDevelopmentMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:ComputerEquipmentMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:ComputerEquipmentMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:TechnologyEquipmentMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:TechnologyEquipmentMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMember2023-12-310001345016yelp:PropertyEquipmentAndSoftwareMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016yelp:PropertyEquipmentAndSoftwareMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016yelp:BusinessRelationshipsMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:LicensingAgreementsMember2024-03-310001345016yelp:BusinessRelationshipsMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:LicensingAgreementsMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:PendingLitigationMemberyelp:CIPAActionMember2023-07-172023-07-170001345016us-gaap:PendingLitigationMemberyelp:CIPAActionMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:PendingLitigationMemberyelp:CIPAActionMember2022-12-310001345016us-gaap:PendingLitigationMemberyelp:CIPAActionMember2023-01-012023-12-310001345016us-gaap:PendingLitigationMemberyelp:CIPAActionMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2023-04-282023-04-280001345016us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2023-04-280001345016us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2020-05-050001345016us-gaap:LetterOfCreditMember2023-04-280001345016yelp:BilateralLetterOfCreditMember2023-04-280001345016us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberyelp:SubjectToCertainConditionsMember2023-04-280001345016us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberyelp:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSOFRMember2023-04-282023-04-280001345016us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMembersrt:MinimumMemberyelp:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSOFRMember2023-04-282023-04-280001345016us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberyelp:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSOFRMembersrt:MaximumMember2023-04-282023-04-280001345016us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMembersrt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMember2023-04-282023-04-280001345016us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMembersrt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMember2023-04-282023-04-280001345016srt:MinimumMember2023-04-282023-04-280001345016srt:MaximumMember2023-04-282023-04-280001345016srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:LetterOfCreditMember2023-04-282023-04-280001345016us-gaap:LetterOfCreditMembersrt:MaximumMember2023-04-282023-04-280001345016us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMembersrt:MaximumMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberyelp:ForACertainPeriodFollowingSignificantAcquisitionsMembersrt:MaximumMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMembersrt:MinimumMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2024-03-310001345016yelp:July2017ShareRepurchaseProgramMember2024-03-310001345016yelp:July2017ShareRepurchaseProgramMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016yelp:July2017ShareRepurchaseProgramMember2023-01-012023-03-3100013450162023-01-012023-12-310001345016us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:EmployeeStockMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016us-gaap:EmployeeStockMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016us-gaap:EmployeeStockMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016us-gaap:EmployeeStockMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016yelp:AdvertisingServicesMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016yelp:AdvertisingServicesMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016yelp:AdvertisingRestaurantsAndOtherMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016yelp:AdvertisingRestaurantsAndOtherMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016us-gaap:AdvertisingMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016us-gaap:AdvertisingMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016yelp:OtherRevenueMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016yelp:OtherRevenueMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016country:US2024-01-012024-03-310001345016country:US2023-01-012023-03-310001345016us-gaap:NonUsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016us-gaap:NonUsMember2023-01-012023-03-310001345016country:US2024-03-310001345016country:US2023-12-310001345016us-gaap:NonUsMember2024-03-310001345016us-gaap:NonUsMember2023-12-310001345016yelp:SamEatonMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016yelp:SamEatonMemberyelp:SamEatonSharesOfCommonStockMember2024-03-310001345016yelp:SamEatonMemberyelp:SamEatonCommonStockThatMayVestDuringThePlanPeriodMember2024-03-310001345016yelp:JedNachmanMember2024-01-012024-03-310001345016yelp:JedNachmanMember2024-03-31
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
Form 10-Q
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 
For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2024
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 
For the Transition period from                 to

Commission file number: 001-35444
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
YELP INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
Delaware20-1854266
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
350 Mission Street, 10th Floor
San Francisco, California 94105
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

(415) 908-3801
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
_________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each ClassTrading Symbol(s)Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, par value $0.000001 per shareYELPNew York Stock Exchange LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes    No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes    No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer        
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes    No  
As of May 3, 2024, there were 67,458,362 shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.000001 per share.


YELP INC.
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Part I.
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Part II.
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.
___________________________________
Unless the context suggests otherwise, references in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (the “Quarterly Report”) to “Yelp,” the “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Yelp Inc. and, where appropriate, its subsidiaries.
Unless the context otherwise indicates, where we refer in this Quarterly Report to our “mobile application” or “mobile app,” we refer to all of our applications for mobile-enabled devices; references to our “mobile platform” refer to both our mobile app and the versions of our website that are optimized for mobile-based browsers. Similarly, references to our “website” refer to versions of our website dedicated to both desktop- and mobile-based browsers, as well as the U.S. and international versions of our website.

1

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that, if they never materialize or prove incorrect, could cause our results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. All statements contained in this Quarterly Report that are not purely historical, including statements regarding our future results of operations or financial condition, business strategy and plans, and objectives of management for future operations, are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Forward-looking statements may include, but are not limited to, statements about:
our financial performance, including our revenue, operating expenses and margins, as well as our ability to maintain profitability;
our ability to maintain and expand our advertiser base;
our strategic initiatives to support revenue growth and margin expansion;
our investment plans and priorities, including planned investments in product development, marketing and our sales channels, as well as our ability to execute against those priorities and the results thereof;
our ability to operate with a distributed workforce as well as the benefits and costs thereof;
trends and expectations regarding customer and revenue retention;
trends and expectations regarding our key metrics, including consumer traffic and engagement and the opportunity they present for growth;
our liquidity and working capital requirements; and
our plans with respect to our stock repurchase program.
Forward-looking statements are often identified by the use of words such as, but not limited to, “anticipate,” “believe,” “can,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “project,” “seek,” “should,” “target,” “will,” “would” and similar expressions or variations intended to identify forward-looking statements.
These statements are based on the beliefs and assumptions of our management, which are in turn based on information currently available to management. Such forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties and other important factors that could cause actual results and the timing of certain events to differ materially from future results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for our management to predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events and circumstances discussed in this Quarterly Report may not occur and actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements.
Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed in the section titled “Risk Factors” included under Part I, Item 1A in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 (the “Annual Report”), such as:
our ability to hire, retain, motivate and effectively manage well-qualified employees in a primarily remote work environment;
the rapidly evolving and intensely competitive markets in which we operate;
2

our ability to accurately forecast revenue and appropriately plan expenses;
Furthermore, such forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of such statements.
NOTE REGARDING METRICS
We review a number of performance metrics to evaluate our business, measure our performance, identify trends in our business, prepare financial projections and make strategic decisions. Please see the section titled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Key Metrics” in this Quarterly Report and in our Annual Report for information on how we define our key metrics. Unless otherwise stated, these metrics do not include metrics from subscription products or our business-owner products.
While our metrics are based on what we believe to be reasonable calculations, there are inherent challenges in measuring usage across our large user base. Certain of our performance metrics, including the number of unique devices accessing our mobile app, ad clicks, average cost-per-click and active claimed local business locations, are tracked with internal company tools, which are not independently verified by any third party and have a number of limitations. For example, our metrics may be affected by mobile applications that automatically contact our servers for regular updates with no discernible user action involved; this activity can cause our system to count the device associated with the app as an app unique device in a given period. Although we take steps to exclude such activity and, as a result, do not believe it has had a material impact on our reported metrics, our efforts may not successfully account for all such activity.
Our metrics that are calculated based on data from Google Analytics, a digital marketing intelligence product from Google LLC (“Google”) — the number of desktop and mobile website unique visitors — are subject to similar limitations. Google Analytics periodically encounter difficulties in providing accurate data for such metrics as a result of a variety of factors, including human and software errors. In addition, because these traffic metrics are tracked based on unique identifiers, an individual who accesses our website from multiple devices with different identifiers may be counted as multiple unique visitors, and multiple individuals who access our website from a shared device with a single identifier may be counted as a single unique visitor. As a result, the calculations of our unique visitors may not accurately reflect the number of people actually visiting our website.
Our measures of traffic and other key metrics may also differ from estimates published by third parties (other than those whose data we use to calculate such metrics) or from similar metrics of our competitors. We are continually seeking to improve our ability to measure these key metrics, and regularly review our processes to assess potential improvements to their accuracy. From time to time, we may discover inaccuracies in our metrics or make adjustments to improve their accuracy, including adjustments that may result in the recalculation of our historical metrics. We believe that any such inaccuracies or adjustments are immaterial unless otherwise stated. Similarly, Google Analytics also makes periodic changes and updates to their tools and methodologies. Google has announced that it will no longer offer the Universal Analytics version of its Google Analytics product, which we currently use, as of July 1, 2024. We plan to begin reporting our web traffic metrics based on internal measurement tools for the year ending December 31, 2024. These changes to our web traffic metrics will result in inconsistency between new data and previously reported data.
3

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
YELP INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except par value)
(Unaudited)
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$296,045 $313,911 
Short-term marketable securities124,749 127,485 
Accounts receivable (net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $14,562 and $13,768 at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively)
147,685 146,147 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets38,421 36,673 
Total current assets606,900 624,216 
Property, equipment and software, net68,166 68,684 
Operating lease right-of-use assets44,524 48,573 
Goodwill102,833 103,886 
Intangibles, net7,309 7,638 
Other non-current assets163,745 161,726 
Total assets$993,477 $1,014,723 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities$144,943 $132,809 
Operating lease liabilities — current39,365 39,234 
Deferred revenue6,988 3,821 
Total current liabilities191,296 175,864 
Operating lease liabilities — long-term38,008 48,065 
 Other long-term liabilities
42,200 41,260 
Total liabilities271,504 265,189 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)
Stockholders’ equity:
Common stock, $0.000001 par value — 200,000 shares authorized, 68,330 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2024, and 68,864 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2023
  
Additional paid-in capital1,809,530 1,786,667 
Treasury stock(8,329)(282)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(13,950)(12,202)
Accumulated deficit(1,065,278)(1,024,649)
Total stockholders’ equity
721,973 749,534 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$993,477 $1,014,723 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
4

YELP INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Net revenue$332,752 $312,438 
Costs and expenses:
Cost of revenue (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below)27,355 26,059 
Sales and marketing147,791 147,455 
Product development91,227 88,197 
General and administrative45,232 46,509 
Depreciation and amortization9,930 10,805 
Total costs and expenses321,535 319,025 
Income (loss) from operations11,217 (6,587)
Other income, net7,724 5,212 
Income (loss) before income taxes18,941 (1,375)
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes4,787 (197)
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders$14,154 $(1,178)
Net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders
Basic$0.21 $(0.02)
Diluted$0.20 $(0.02)
Weighted-average shares used to compute net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders
Basic68,559 69,821 
Diluted72,247 69,821 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

5

YELP INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders$14,154 $(1,178)
Other comprehensive (loss) income:
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax(1,542)1,454 
Unrealized (loss) gain on available-for-sale debt securities, net of tax(206)333 
Other comprehensive (loss) income(1,748)1,787 
Comprehensive income$12,406 $609 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


6

YELP INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Common StockAdditional Paid-In CapitalTreasury StockAccumulated
Other Comprehensive Loss
Accumulated Deficit
Total Stockholders’ Equity
SharesAmount
Balance as of December 31, 202269,797 $ $1,649,692 $ $(15,545)$(923,823)$710,324 
Issuance of common stock upon exercises of employee stock options685 — 14,593 — — — 14,593 
Issuance of common stock upon vesting of restricted stock units (“RSUs”), net867 — — — — —  
Issuance of common stock for employee stock purchase plan1 — 18 — — — 18 
Stock-based compensation (inclusive of capitalized stock-based compensation)— — 48,183 — — — 48,183 
Taxes withheld related to net share settlement of equity awards— — (19,563)— — — (19,563)
Repurchases of common stock— — — (50,036)— — (50,036)
Retirement of common stock(1,701)— — 49,999 — (49,999) 
Other comprehensive income— — — — 1,787 — 1,787 
Net loss— — — — — (1,178)(1,178)
Balance as of March 31, 202369,649 $ $1,692,923 $(37)$(13,758)$(975,000)$704,128 
Balance as of December 31, 202368,864 $ $1,786,667 $(282)$(12,202)$(1,024,649)$749,534 
Issuance of common stock upon exercises of employee stock options17 — 548 — — — 548 
Issuance of common stock upon vesting of RSUs, net776 — — — — —  
Stock-based compensation (inclusive of capitalized stock-based compensation)— — 44,305 — — — 44,305 
Taxes withheld related to net share settlement of equity awards— — (21,990)— — — (21,990)
Repurchases of common stock— — — (62,830)— — (62,830)
Retirement of common stock(1,327)— — 54,783 — (54,783) 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — (1,748)— (1,748)
Net income— — — — — 14,154 14,154 
Balance as of March 31, 202468,330 $ $1,809,530 $(8,329)$(13,950)$(1,065,278)$721,973 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.









7

YELP INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Operating Activities
Net income (loss)$14,154 $(1,178)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization9,930 10,805 
Provision for doubtful accounts11,645 6,784 
Stock-based compensation42,710 46,257 
Amortization of right-of-use assets3,861 7,899 
Deferred income taxes(1,976)(19,862)
Amortization of deferred contract cost6,151 5,738 
Asset impairment 3,555 
Other adjustments, net161 576 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(13,183)(15,283)
Prepaid expenses and other assets(5,056)20,709 
Operating lease liabilities(9,713)(10,397)
Accounts payable, accrued liabilities and other liabilities14,171 18,641 
Net cash provided by operating activities72,855 74,244 
Investing Activities
Purchases of marketable securities — available-for-sale(22,419)(53,157)
Sales and maturities of marketable securities — available-for-sale25,395 23,355 
Purchases of other investments(2,500) 
Purchases of property, equipment and software(6,987)(7,518)
Other investing activities109 40 
Net cash used in investing activities(6,402)(37,280)
Financing Activities
Proceeds from issuance of common stock for employee stock-based plans548 14,647 
Taxes paid related to the net share settlement of equity awards(21,882)(19,354)
Repurchases of common stock(62,500)(49,999)
Net cash used in financing activities(83,834)(54,706)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(485)439 
Change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(17,866)(17,303)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash — Beginning of period314,002 307,138 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash — End of period$296,136 $289,835 
Supplemental Disclosures of Other Cash Flow Information
Cash paid (refund received) for income taxes, net$146 $(181)
Supplemental Disclosures of Noncash Investing and Financing Activities
Purchases of property, equipment and software recorded in accounts payable and accrued liabilities$1,510 $2,405 
Repurchases of common stock recorded in accounts payable and accrued liabilities$2,103 $2,387 
Excise tax accrued on net stock repurchases$330 $37 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
8

YELP INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
1. DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS AND BASIS FOR PRESENTATION
Yelp Inc. was incorporated in Delaware on September 3, 2004. Except where specifically noted or the context otherwise requires, the use of terms such as the “Company” and “Yelp” in these Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements refers to Yelp Inc. and its subsidiaries.
Yelp is a trusted local resource for consumers and a partner in success for businesses of all sizes. Consumers trust Yelp for its extensive ratings and reviews of businesses across a broad range of categories, while businesses advertise on Yelp to reach its large audience of purchase-oriented and generally affluent consumers. Yelp has operations in the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Ireland and Germany.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited. These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and the applicable rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. Accordingly, these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements contained in the Annual Report.
The unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2023 included herein was derived from the audited consolidated financial statements as of that date, but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP, including certain notes to the financial statements. The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the audited consolidated financial statements. Certain prior-period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation, including combining transactions revenue into other revenue.
In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments of a normally recurring nature necessary for the fair presentation of the interim periods presented.
Principles of Consolidation
These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated upon consolidation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the Company’s unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the reporting period. Items that require estimates, judgments or assumptions include, but are not limited to, determining variable consideration and identifying the nature and timing of satisfaction of performance obligations, allowance for doubtful accounts and credit losses, fair value and estimated useful lives of long- and indefinite-lived assets, litigation loss contingencies, liabilities related to incurred but not reported insurance claims, fair value and achievement of targets for performance-based restricted stock units (“PRSUs”) and income taxes. These estimates, judgments and assumptions are based on information available as of the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements; therefore, actual results could differ from management’s estimates due to macroeconomic uncertainty and other factors.
Significant Accounting Policies
There have been no material changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies from those described in the Annual Report.



9

Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Effective
In November 2023, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2023-07, “Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures” (“ASU 2023-07”), which expands annual and interim disclosure requirements for reportable segments, primarily through enhanced disclosures about significant segment expenses. ASU 2023-07 will be effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2023 and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2024 and should be adopted retrospectively. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2023-07 on its related disclosures.
In December 2023, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2023-09, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures” (“ASU 2023-09”), which requires the disclosure of specific categories in the rate reconciliation and greater disaggregation for income taxes paid. ASU 2023-09 will be effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2024 and should be adopted prospectively with the option to be adopted retrospectively. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2023-09 on its related disclosures.
2. CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 consisted of the following (in thousands):
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Cash$81,415 $105,959 
Cash equivalents214,630 207,952 
Total cash and cash equivalents296,045 313,911 
Restricted cash91 91 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$296,136 $314,002 
Restricted cash is included in other non-current assets on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets.
3. MARKETABLE SECURITIES
Short-term investments and certain cash equivalents consist of investments in debt securities that are classified as available-for-sale. The amortized cost, gross unrealized gains and losses and fair value of investments as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 were as follows (in thousands):
March 31, 2024
Amortized CostGross Unrealized GainsGross Unrealized LossesFair Value
Short-term marketable securities:
Corporate bonds$21,210 $3 $(72)$21,141 
Agency bonds7,585 4 (10)7,579 
U.S. government securities96,257 46 (274)96,029 
Total short-term marketable securities$125,052 $53 $(356)$124,749 
10


December 31, 2023
Amortized CostGross Unrealized GainsGross Unrealized LossesFair Value
Cash equivalents:
U.S. government securities$1,612 $ $ $1,612 
Total cash equivalents1,612   1,612 
Short-term marketable securities:
Certificates of deposit1,537   1,537 
Commercial paper1,058   1,058 
Corporate bonds19,833 16 (92)19,757 
Agency bonds17,660 4 (17)17,647 
U.S. government securities87,414 241 (169)87,486 
Total short-term marketable securities127,502 261 (278)127,485 
Total$129,114 $261 $(278)$129,097 
The following tables present gross unrealized losses and fair values for those securities that were in an unrealized loss position as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, aggregated by investment category and the length of time that the individual securities had been in a continuous loss position (in thousands):
March 31, 2024
Less Than 12 Months12 Months or GreaterTotal
Fair ValueUnrealized LossFair ValueUnrealized LossFair ValueUnrealized Loss
Corporate bonds$9,719 $(35)$9,859 $(37)$19,578 $(72)
Agency bonds3,744 (7)1,037 (3)4,781 (10)
U.S. government securities58,820 (274)  58,820 (274)
Total$72,283 $(316)$10,896 $(40)$83,179 $(356)
December 31, 2023
Less Than 12 Months12 Months or GreaterTotal
Fair ValueUnrealized LossFair ValueUnrealized LossFair ValueUnrealized Loss
Corporate bonds$2,130 $(9)$12,104 $(83)$14,234 $(92)
Agency bonds14,409 (17)  14,409 (17)
U.S. government securities27,763 (135)6,231 (34)33,994 (169)
Total$44,302 $(161)$18,335 $(117)$62,637 $(278)
For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, the Company did not recognize any credit loss related to available-for-sale marketable securities.
The contractual maturities for marketable securities classified as available-for-sale as of March 31, 2024 were as follows (in thousands):
Amortized CostFair Value
Due in one year or less$71,723 $71,477 
Due in one to five years53,329 53,272 
Total$125,052 $124,749 
11

4. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
The Company’s investments in money market accounts are recorded as cash equivalents at fair value on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Additionally, the Company carries its available-for-sale debt securities at fair value. See Note 3, Marketable Securities, for further details.
The accounting guidance for fair value measurements prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value in the following hierarchy:
Level 1—Observable inputs, such as quoted prices in active markets,
Level 2—Inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are observable either directly or indirectly, or
Level 3—Unobservable inputs in which there are little or no market data, which require the Company to develop its own assumptions.
This hierarchy requires the Company to use observable market data, when available, to minimize the use of unobservable inputs when determining fair value. The Company’s money market funds are classified within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy because they are valued using quoted prices in active markets. The Company’s certificates of deposit, commercial paper, corporate bonds, agency bonds and U.S. government securities are classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy because they have been valued using inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are observable directly or indirectly.
The following table represents the fair value of the Company’s financial instruments, including those measured at fair value on a recurring basis, as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 (in thousands):
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
 Level 1Level 2Level 3TotalLevel 1Level 2Level 3Total
Cash equivalents: 
Money market funds$188,206 $ $ $188,206 $180,270 $ $ $180,270 
U.S. government securities     1,612  1,612 
Marketable securities:
Certificates of deposit     1,537  1,537 
Commercial paper     1,058  1,058 
Corporate bonds 21,141  21,141  19,757  19,757 
Agency bonds 7,579  7,579  17,647  17,647 
U.S. government securities 96,029  96,029  87,486  87,486 
Other investments:
Certificates of deposit 10,000  10,000  7,500  7,500 
Total cash equivalents, marketable securities and other investments$188,206 $134,749 $ $322,955 $180,270 $136,597 $ $316,867 
The certificates of deposit that are categorized as other investments with original maturities of one year or less are reflected in prepaid expenses and other current assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Those with original maturities of more than one year are reflected in other non-current assets.
Certain long- and indefinite-lived assets are recognized at fair value on a nonrecurring basis, including assets that are written down as a result of an impairment. The Company recognized an impairment charge related to the write off of right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and leasehold improvements associated with certain of its office space that it abandoned during the three months ended March 31, 2023. See Note 8, Leases,” for further details. The Company estimated the fair value of these assets as of the abandonment date using an income approach based on discounted cash flows expected to be received for the abandoned properties. This valuation technique relied on certain assumptions made by management based on both internal and external data, such as the incremental borrowing rates used to discount these cash flows to its present values. As a result, these assets are classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.
12

5. PREPAID EXPENSES AND OTHER CURRENT ASSETS
Prepaid expenses and other current assets as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 consisted of the following (in thousands):
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Prepaid expenses$17,397 $14,922 
Certificates of deposit7,500 5,000 
Other current assets13,524 16,751 
Total prepaid expenses and other current assets$38,421 $36,673 
As of March 31, 2024, other current assets primarily consisted of income taxes receivable, deferred costs related to subleases as well as unsettled share repurchases and short-term deposits.
6. PROPERTY, EQUIPMENT AND SOFTWARE, NET
Property, equipment and software, net as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 consisted of the following (in thousands):
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Capitalized website and internal-use software development costs$266,444 $258,059 
Leasehold improvements
57,291 57,403 
Computer equipment46,770 50,014 
Furniture and fixtures10,306 10,336 
Telecommunication4,175 4,175 
Software1,113 1,113 
Total386,099 381,100 
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
(317,933)(312,416)
Property, equipment and software, net$68,166 $68,684 
Depreciation and amortization expense related to property, equipment and software was $9.6 million and $10.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.
7. GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS
The Company’s goodwill is the result of its acquisitions of other businesses and represents the excess of purchase consideration over the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed. The Company performed its annual goodwill impairment analysis as of August 31, 2023 and concluded that goodwill was not impaired, as the fair value of the reporting unit exceeded its carrying value. Additionally, no triggering events were identified as of March 31, 2024 or December 31, 2023 that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of goodwill below its carrying value.
The change in the carrying amount of goodwill during the three months ended March 31, 2024 was as follows (in thousands):
Balance as of December 31, 2023$103,886 
Effect of currency translation(1,053)
Balance as of March 31, 2024$102,833 
        
13

Intangible assets that were not fully amortized as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 consisted of the following (dollars in thousands):
March 31, 2024
Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying AmountWeighted Average Remaining Life
Business relationships$9,918 $(6,435)$3,483 4.9 years
Licensing agreements6,141 (2,315)3,826 5.9 years
Total$16,059 $(8,750)$7,309 
December 31, 2023
Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying AmountWeighted Average Remaining Life
Business relationships$9,918 $(6,258)$3,660 5.2 years
Licensing agreements6,129 (2,151)3,978 6.2 years
Total$16,047 $(8,409)$7,638 
Amortization expense related to intangible assets was $0.3 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023.
As of March 31, 2024, estimated future amortization expense was as follows (in thousands):
Remainder of 2024$1,024 
20251,353 
20261,353 
20271,353 
20281,353 
2029763 
Thereafter110 
Total amortization$7,309 
8. LEASES
The components of lease cost, net for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 were as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Operating lease cost$4,942 $9,531 
Short-term lease cost (12 months or less)97 105 
Sublease income(3,400)(3,391)
Total lease cost, net$1,639 $6,245 
The Company’s leases and subleases do not include any variable lease payments, residual value guarantees, related-party leases, or restrictions or covenants that would limit or prevent the Company from exercising its right to obtain substantially all of the economic benefits from use of the respective assets during the lease term.
14

Supplemental cash flow information related to leases for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 was as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
     Operating cash flows from operating leases$10,794 $12,031 
As of March 31, 2024, maturities of lease liabilities were as follows (in thousands):
Remainder of 2024$31,904 
202522,157 
20267,219 
20276,407 
20286,545 
20296,687 
Thereafter2,984 
Total minimum lease payments83,903 
Less imputed interest(6,530)
Present value of lease liabilities$77,373 
As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the weighted-average remaining lease term and weighted-average discount rate were as follows:
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Weighted-average remaining lease term (years) — operating leases3.63.7
Weighted-average discount rate — operating leases5.1 %5.1 %
During the three months ended March 31, 2023, the Company abandoned certain office space in San Francisco. The Company evaluated the associated ROU assets and leasehold improvements for impairment as a result of the abandonment in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification Topic 360, “Property, Plant, and Equipment,” because the change in circumstances indicated that the carrying amount of such assets may not be recoverable. The Company compared the carrying value of the impacted assets to the fair value to determine the impairment amount and recognized an impairment charge of $3.6 million during the three months ended March 31, 2023, which is included in general and administrative expenses on its condensed consolidated statement of operations. The Company reduced the carrying amount of the ROU asset and leasehold improvements by $2.6 million and $1.0 million, respectively. For more information on the fair values of the ROU asset and leasehold improvements used in the impairment analysis, see Note 4, Fair Value Measurements.”
9. OTHER NON-CURRENT ASSETS
Other non-current assets as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 consisted of the following (in thousands):
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Deferred tax assets$121,438 $119,449 
Deferred contract costs26,713 28,203 
Other non-current assets15,594 14,074 
Total other non-current assets$163,745 $161,726 
15

10. CONTRACT BALANCES
The changes in the allowance for doubtful accounts during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 were as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Balance, beginning of period$13,768 $9,277 
Add: provision for doubtful accounts11,645 6,784 
Less: write-offs, net of recoveries(10,851)(7,430)
Balance, end of period$14,562 $8,631 
In calculating the allowance for doubtful accounts as of March 31, 2024 and 2023, the Company considered expectations of probable credit losses based on observed trends in cancellations, observed changes in the credit risk of specific customers, the impact of anticipated closures and bankruptcies using forecasted economic indicators in addition to historical experience and loss patterns during periods of macroeconomic uncertainty. The increases in the provision for doubtful accounts and write-offs, net of recoveries in the three months ended March 31, 2024 as compared to the prior-year period were a result of the ordinary course of business, reflecting higher aggregate customer delinquencies as well as the increase in net revenue.
Contract liabilities consist of deferred revenue, which is recorded on the condensed consolidated balance sheets when the Company has received consideration, or has the right to receive consideration, in advance of transferring the performance obligations under the contract to the customer.
The changes in short-term deferred revenue during the three months ended March 31, 2024 were as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2024
Balance, beginning of period$3,821 
      Less: recognition of deferred revenue from beginning balance(2,520)
      Add: net increase in current period contract liabilities5,687 
Balance, end of period$6,988 
The majority of the Company’s deferred revenue balance as of March 31, 2024 is classified as short-term and is expected to be recognized as revenue in the subsequent three-month period ending June 30, 2024. An immaterial amount of long-term deferred revenue is included in other long-term liabilities as of March 31, 2024. No other contract assets or liabilities were recorded on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023.
11. ACCOUNTS PAYABLE AND ACCRUED LIABILITIES
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 consisted of the following (in thousands):
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Accounts payable$6,083 $11,868 
Employee-related liabilities84,327 79,081 
Accrued legal settlements15,000 15,085 
Other accrued liabilities39,533 26,775 
Total accounts payable and accrued liabilities$144,943 $132,809 
As of March 31, 2024, other accrued liabilities primarily consisted of accrued operating expenses and cost of revenue, income taxes payable and unsettled share repurchases.
16

12. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Legal Proceedings
CIPA Action
On October 12, 2016, a putative class action lawsuit asserting claims under the California Invasion of Privacy Act was filed against the Company (the “CIPA Action”) in the Superior Court of California for the County of San Francisco (the “Superior Court”), in which the plaintiff sought statutory damages and other relief based on alleged unlawful call recording. The Company filed a motion for summary judgment on the basis that it had never recorded the plaintiff, which the Superior Court granted. The plaintiff appealed and, in October 2020, the California Court of Appeal for the First District (the “Court of Appeal”) reversed the decision of the Superior Court, holding that the recording of only the Company’s consenting sales representatives could violate CIPA, even if the plaintiff was not recorded. The California Supreme Court subsequently denied review of the Court of Appeal’s decision and the case was remanded to the Superior Court. On January 18, 2023, the Superior Court granted the plaintiffs’ motion for class certification. In February 2023, the Company filed a petition for a writ with the Court of Appeal seeking reversal of the Superior Court’s class certification decision. The Court of Appeal summarily denied the writ petition on May 25, 2023, following which the Company filed a petition with the California Supreme Court on June 2, 2023 seeking an order directing the Court of Appeal to review the merits of the Company’s writ petition. On July 17, 2023, the Company reached a preliminary agreement with the plaintiffs to settle the CIPA Action for $15.0 million, which payment the Company expected to be partially funded by insurance proceeds. The parties executed a settlement agreement, which the plaintiff presented to the Superior Court for approval. On April 10, 2024, the Superior Court granted final approval of the settlement, which resolved all claims asserted against the Company in the CIPA Action without any liability or wrongdoing attributed to it.
The Company assesses, in conjunction with its legal counsel, the need to record a liability for litigation and contingencies, which it will accrue when it believes a loss is probable and the amount can be reasonably estimated. The Company believes the loss is probable and the payment amount of $15.0 million represents a reasonable estimate of loss contingency as of March 31, 2024. The Company recorded a $4.0 million accrual for loss contingency related to the CIPA Action as of December 31, 2022 and an additional accrual of $11.0 million during 2023, resulting in a $15.0 million accrual for loss contingency within accounts payable and accrued liabilities on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2024. The Company expects to fund the settlement in the three months ending June 30, 2024. The receivable for loss recovery that was recorded in 2023 for the anticipated insurance proceeds of $3.9 million was released upon receipt of the proceeds on January 18, 2024.
Other Legal Proceedings
The Company is subject to other legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. Although the results of litigation and claims cannot be predicted with certainty, the Company currently does not believe that the final outcome of any of these other matters will have a material effect on the Company’s business, financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Indemnification Agreements
In the ordinary course of business, the Company may provide indemnifications of varying scope and terms to customers, vendors, lessors, business partners and other parties with respect to certain matters, including, but not limited to, losses arising out of the breach of such agreements, services to be provided by the Company or from intellectual property infringement claims made by third parties.
In addition, the Company has entered into indemnification agreements with directors and certain officers and employees that will require the Company to, among other things, indemnify them against certain liabilities that may arise by reason of their status or service as directors, officers or employees.
While the outcome of claims cannot be predicted with certainty, the Company does not believe that the outcome of any claims under the indemnification arrangements will have a material effect on the Company’s business, financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
17

Revolving Credit Facility
On April 28, 2023, the Company entered into a Revolving Credit and Guaranty Agreement with certain lenders and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative and collateral agent, which provides for a five-year $125.0 million senior secured revolving credit facility (the “2023 credit facility”). The 2023 credit facility replaced the Company’s previous $75.0 million revolving credit facility entered into on May 5, 2020 with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. (the “2020 credit facility”), which terminated concurrently with the establishment of the 2023 credit facility. The 2023 credit facility includes a letter of credit sub-limit of $25.0 million, a bilateral letter of credit facility of $25.0 million and an accordion option, which, if exercised, would allow the Company to increase the aggregate commitments by up to $250.0 million, plus additional amounts if the Company is able to satisfy a leverage test, subject to certain conditions. The commitments under the 2023 credit facility expire on April 28, 2028.
Loans under the 2023 credit facility bear interest, at the Company’s election, at either (a) an adjusted term Secured Overnight Financing Rate plus 0.10% plus a margin of 1.25% - 1.50%, depending on the Company’s total leverage ratio, or (b) an alternative base rate plus a margin of 0.25% - 0.50%, depending on the Company’s total leverage ratio. The Company is required to pay a commitment fee on the undrawn portion of the aggregate commitments that accrues at 0.20% - 0.25% per annum, depending on the Company’s total leverage ratio, as well as a letter of credit fee on any outstanding letters of credit that accrues at 1.25% - 1.50% per annum, depending on the Company’s total leverage ratio.
The 2023 credit facility contains customary conditions to borrowing, events of default and covenants, including covenants that restrict the Company’s ability to incur indebtedness, grant liens, make distributions, pay dividends, repurchase shares, make investments and engage in transactions with the Company’s affiliates, in each case subject to certain exceptions. The 2023 credit facility also requires the Company to maintain a total leverage ratio of no greater than 3.75 to 1.00, subject to an increase up to 4.25 to 1.00 for a certain period following significant acquisitions, and an interest coverage ratio of no less than 3.00 to 1.00. The obligations under the 2023 credit facility are secured by liens on substantially all of the Company’s domestic assets, including certain domestic intellectual property assets and the equity of its domestic subsidiaries, as well as a portion of the equity interests the Company holds directly in its foreign subsidiaries.
As of March 31, 2024, the Company had $14.1 million of letters of credit outstanding under the 2023 credit facility sub-limit, which were moved from the 2020 credit facility. The letters of credit are primarily related to lease agreements for certain office locations and are required to be maintained and issued to the landlords of each facility. No loans were outstanding under the 2023 credit facility and the Company was in compliance with all conditions and covenants thereunder as of March 31, 2024.
13. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
The following table presents the number of shares authorized and issued as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 (in thousands):
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
Shares
Authorized
Shares
Issued
Shares
Authorized
Shares
Issued
Common stock, $0.000001 par value
200,000 68,330 200,000 68,864 
Undesignated preferred stock10,000  10,000  
Stock Repurchase Program
As of March 31, 2024, the Board of Directors had authorized the Company to repurchase up to an aggregate of $1.95 billion of its outstanding common stock, $519.2 million of which remained available as of March 31, 2024. The Company may purchase shares at management’s discretion in the open market, in privately negotiated transactions, in transactions structured through investment banking institutions or a combination of the foregoing.
During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company repurchased on the open market 1,526,366 shares for an aggregate purchase price of $62.5 million and retired 1,326,887 shares. As of March 31, 2024, the Company had a treasury stock balance of 199,479 shares, which were excluded from its outstanding share count as of such date and subsequently retired in April 2024. As of March 31, 2024, the treasury stock balance included $0.6 million of excise tax imposed under the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 on stock repurchases, net of shares issued.
During the three months ended March 31, 2023, the Company repurchased on the open market and subsequently retired 1,700,835 shares for an aggregate purchase price of $50.0 million. Although there were no shares of treasury stock as of March 31, 2023, the treasury stock balance included an immaterial amount of excise tax on stock repurchases, net of shares issued, during the three months then ended.
18

Equity Incentive Plans
Stock Options
A summary of stock option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2024 is as follows:
Number of Shares (in thousands)Weighted-Average Exercise PriceWeighted-Average Remaining Contractual Term (in years)Aggregate Intrinsic Value (in thousands)
Outstanding at December 31, 20232,543 $34.94 3.6$33,100 
Exercised(17)31.75  
Canceled(17)72.57 
Outstanding at March 31, 20242,509 $34.71 3.3$15,790 
Options vested and exercisable at March 31, 20242,483 $34.69 3.3$15,722 
Aggregate intrinsic value represents the difference between the closing price of the Company’s common stock as quoted on the New York Stock Exchange on a given date and the exercise price of outstanding, in-the-money options. The total intrinsic value of options exercised was approximately $0.2 million and $5.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.
There were no options granted during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023.
As of March 31, 2024, total unrecognized compensation costs related to nonvested stock options were approximately $0.4 million, which the Company expects to recognize over a weighted-average time period of 1.4 years.
RSUs
RSUs include PRSUs, which are subject to either (a) a market condition or (b) the achievement of performance goals. As the PRSU activity during the three months ended March 31, 2024 was not material, it is presented together with the RSU activity in the table below. A summary of RSU and PRSU activity for the three months ended March 31, 2024 is as follows (in thousands, except per share amounts):
Number of SharesWeighted-Average Grant Date Fair Value
Nonvested at December 31, 20239,961 $32.61 
Granted2,035 44.68 
Vested(1)
(1,369)32.19 
Canceled(183)33.29 
Nonvested at March 31, 2024(2)
10,444 $35.00 
(1)    Includes 593,529 shares that vested but were not issued due to the Company’s use of net share settlement for payment of employee taxes.
(2)    Includes 982,724 PRSUs.
The aggregate fair value as of the vest date of RSUs and PRSUs that vested during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 was $50.7 million and $46.2 million, respectively. As of March 31, 2024, the Company had approximately $334.6 million of unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to RSUs and PRSUs, which it expects to recognize over the remaining weighted-average vesting period of approximately 2.3 years.
19

Employee Stock Purchase Plan
There were no shares purchased by employees under the Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”) during the three months ended March 31, 2024. There were 676 shares purchased by employees under the ESPP at a weighted-average purchase price per share of $26.31 during the three months ended March 31, 2023. The Company recognized stock-based compensation expense related to the ESPP of $1.1 million and $0.9 million during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.
Stock-Based Compensation
The following table summarizes the effects of stock-based compensation expense related to stock-based awards in the condensed consolidated statements of operations during the periods presented (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Cost of revenue$1,401 $1,382 
Sales and marketing8,699 9,114 
Product development23,653 25,867 
General and administrative8,957 9,894 
Total stock-based compensation recorded to income (loss) before income taxes42,710 46,257 
Benefit from income taxes(8,395)(9,604)
Total stock-based compensation recorded to net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders$34,315 $36,653 
During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, the Company capitalized $2.7 million and $2.9 million, respectively, of stock-based compensation expense as website and internal-use software development costs and, to a lesser extent, implementation costs incurred related to cloud computing arrangements that are service contracts.
14. OTHER INCOME, NET
Other income, net for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 consisted of the following (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Interest income, net$5,664 $4,007 
Transaction loss on foreign exchange, net(142)(70)
Other non-operating income, net2,202 1,275 
Other income, net$7,724 $5,212 
15. INCOME TAXES
The Company is subject to income taxes in the United States as well as other tax jurisdictions in which it conducts business. Earnings from non-U.S. activities are subject to local country income taxes. The provision for income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2024 was $4.8 million, which was due to $5.1 million of U.S. federal, state and foreign income tax expense, partially offset by $0.3 million of net discrete tax benefit primarily related to stock-based compensation. The benefit from income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2023 was $0.2 million, which was due to $0.5 million of U.S. federal, state and foreign income tax benefit, partially offset by $0.3 million of net discrete tax expense primarily related to stock-based compensation.
20

Accounting for income taxes for interim periods generally requires the provision for income taxes to be determined by applying an estimate of the annual effective tax rate for the full fiscal year to income or loss before income taxes, excluding unusual or infrequently occurring discrete items, for the reporting period. For the three months ended March 31, 2024, the difference between the effective tax rate and the federal statutory tax rate primarily related to tax credits, offset by stock-based compensation and other non-deductible expenses. For the three months ended March 31, 2023, the difference between the effective tax rate and the federal statutory tax rate primarily related to stock-based compensation and the inclusion of global intangible low-taxed income (“GILTI”), offset by tax credits. However, the Internal Revenue Service issued guidance in the three months ended September 30, 2023 that effectively relieved the Company from GILTI in 2023.
As of March 31, 2024, the Company had $36.9 million of unrecognized tax benefits that, if recognized, would affect the Company’s effective tax rate.
As of March 31, 2024, the Company estimated that it had accumulated undistributed earnings generated by its foreign subsidiaries of approximately $31.3 million. Any taxes due with respect to such earnings or the excess of the amount for financial reporting over the tax basis of the Company’s foreign investments would generally be limited to foreign and state taxes. The Company has not recognized a deferred tax liability related to unremitted foreign earnings, as it intends to indefinitely reinvest these earnings, and expects future U.S. cash generation to be sufficient to meet future U.S. cash needs.
In addition, the Company is subject to the continuous examination of its income tax returns by the Internal Revenue Service and other tax authorities. The Company’s federal and state income tax returns for tax years subsequent to 2003 remain open to examination. In the Company’s foreign jurisdictions — Canada, Germany, Ireland and the United Kingdom — the tax years subsequent to 2018 remain open to examination. The Company regularly assesses the likelihood of adverse outcomes resulting from examinations to determine the adequacy of its provision for income taxes and monitors the progress of ongoing discussions with tax authorities and the impact, if any, of the expected expiration of the statute of limitations in various taxing jurisdictions. The Company believes that an adequate provision has been made for any adjustments that may result from tax examinations. However, the outcome of tax audits cannot be predicted with certainty. If any issues addressed in the Company’s tax audits are resolved in a manner not consistent with management’s expectations, the Company could be required to adjust its provision for income taxes in the period such resolution occurs. As of March 31, 2024, although the timing of the resolution or closure of audits is not certain, the Company believes it is reasonably possible that unrecognized tax benefits will not be reduced within the next 12 months.
16. NET INCOME (LOSS) PER SHARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS
Basic net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders is computed using the weighted-average number of outstanding shares of common stock during the period. Diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders is computed using the weighted-average number of outstanding shares of common stock and the effect of potentially dilutive securities outstanding during the period. Potentially dilutive securities include stock options, RSUs (including PRSUs) and, to a lesser extent, ESPP shares. If dilutive, such potentially dilutive securities are reflected in net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders using the treasury stock method.
The following tables present the calculation of basic and diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders for the periods presented (in thousands, except per share data):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Basic net income (loss) per share:
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders$14,154 $(1,178)
Shares used in computation:
Weighted-average common shares outstanding68,559 69,821 
Basic net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders:$0.21 $(0.02)
21

Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Diluted net income (loss) per share:
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders$14,154 $(1,178)
Shares used in computation:
    Weighted-average common shares outstanding68,559 69,821 
    Stock options469  
    RSUs3,072  
    ESPP147  
        Number of shares used in diluted calculation72,247 69,821 
Diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders:$0.20 $(0.02)
The following stock-based instruments were excluded from the calculation of diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders because their effect would have been anti-dilutive for the periods presented (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Stock options666 2,856 
RSUs1,478 14,021 
ESPP 299 
17. INFORMATION ABOUT REVENUE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREAS
The Company considers operating segments to be components of the Company for which separate financial information is available and evaluated regularly by the Company’s chief operating decision maker in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The chief operating decision maker for the Company is the Chief Executive Officer. The Chief Executive Officer reviews financial information presented on a consolidated basis, accompanied by information about revenue by product line and geographic region for purposes of allocating resources and evaluating financial performance.
The Company has determined that it has a single operating and reporting segment. When the Company communicates results externally, it disaggregates net revenue into major product lines and primary geographical markets, which is based on the billing address of the customer. The disaggregation of net revenue by major product lines is based on the type of service provided and also aligns with the timing of revenue recognition for each. To reflect the Company’s strategic focus on creating differentiated experiences for its Services categories and Restaurants, Retail & Other categories, the Company further disaggregates advertising revenue to reflect these two high-level category groupings. The Services categories consist of the following businesses: home, local, auto, professional, pets, events, real estate and financial services. The Restaurants, Retail & Other categories consist of the following businesses: restaurants, shopping, beauty & fitness, health and other.
22

Net Revenue
The following table presents the Company’s net revenue by major product line (and by category for advertising revenue) for the periods presented (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Net revenue by product:
Advertising revenue by category:
Services$203,288 $183,520 
Restaurants, Retail & Other114,350 113,623 
Advertising317,638 297,143 
Other(1)
15,114 15,295 
Total net revenue$332,752 $312,438 
(1) As of the three months ended March 31, 2024, other revenue includes revenue generated from transactions with consumers, which the Company reported separately as transactions revenue in prior periods. Prior period amounts in the table above have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.
During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, no individual customer accounted for 10% or more of consolidated net revenue.
The following table presents the Company’s net revenue by major geographic region for the periods presented (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
United States$330,136 $310,222 
All other countries2,616 2,216 
Total net revenue$332,752 $312,438 
Long-Lived Assets
The following table presents the Company’s long-lived assets by major geographic region as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 (in thousands):
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
United States$62,277 $62,464 
All other countries5,889 6,220 
Total long-lived assets$68,166 $68,684 
23

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. This discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates and beliefs, and involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results and the timing of certain events could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of several factors, including those discussed in the section titled “Risk Factors” included under Part I, Item 1A in our Annual Report. See “Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” in this Quarterly Report.
Overview
As one of the best known Internet brands in the United States, Yelp is a trusted local resource for consumers and a partner in success for businesses of all sizes. Consumers trust us for the more than 260 million ratings and reviews available on our platform of businesses across a broad range of categories, while businesses advertise with us to reach our large audience of purchase-oriented and generally affluent consumers. We believe our ability to provide value to both consumers and businesses not only fulfills our mission to connect consumers with great local businesses, but also positions us well in the local, digital advertising market in the United States.
We generate substantially all of our revenue from the sale of performance-based advertising products, which our advertising platform matches to individual consumers through auctions priced on a cost-per-click (“CPC”) basis. In the three months ended March 31, 2024, our net revenue was $332.8 million, up 7% from the three months ended March 31, 2023, and we recorded net income of $14.2 million and adjusted EBITDA of $64.5 million. For information on how we define and calculate adjusted EBITDA, and a reconciliation of this non-GAAP financial measure to net income (loss), see “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below.
In the first quarter of 2024, our strategic investments in product and marketing continued to drive progress on our revenue growth initiatives:
Deliver the best Home Services experience for consumers and service professionals. Advertising revenue from Services businesses increased by 11% year over year in the first quarter, led by approximately 15% year-over-year revenue growth in the Home Services subcategories. Our efforts to acquire Services projects through paid search engine marketing (“paid search”), together with continued strength from organic consumer demand, drove an approximately 20% year-over-year increase in Request-a-Quote projects. Additionally, in April, we launched Yelp Assistant, a conversational artificial intelligence (“AI”) feature that uses large language model (“LLM”) technology trained on our extensive first-party data to intelligently guide consumers to the right service professionals for their projects. By more accurately interpreting consumers’ needs and collecting detailed project information, we believe Yelp Assistant improves matching, driving stronger connections for consumers and helping to deliver even more relevant leads to services professionals.
Provide the most trusted local search and discovery platform. In the first quarter, we released our annual Trust & Safety Report, which details our continuously evolving efforts to maintain the quality and integrity of the content on our platform. These include advancements leveraging LLMs to better detect inappropriate content at scale, enabling our content moderators to prevent thousands of reviews containing such content from ever publishing to Yelp. Additionally, in April, we also introduced the Yelp Fusion AI API, an LLM-powered partner solution that brings our trusted content and information to third-party platforms through natural language search. It is designed to provide contextually relevant responses to end users, allowing them to seamlessly connect with local businesses both on and off the Yelp platform.
Optimize advertiser value through our advanced technology. We continued to deliver value to advertisers through high-quality ad clicks in the first quarter. Ad clicks increased 8% year over year and average CPC declined 1% year over year, driven by enhanced matching capabilities as well as our acquisition of Services projects through paid search. We also recently extended our retargeting initiatives to surface relevant Yelp ads to Facebook users based on their recent Yelp searches and launched a program with Mozilla to provide Firefox users with easier access to Yelp’s trusted local business content.
Drive profitable growth through our most efficient channels. Revenue from our Self-serve channel increased by approximately 20% year over year in the first quarter, driven by record customer acquisition as a result of improvements to the ad purchase flow and advertiser marketing. Multi-location revenue increased by approximately 5% year over year, a decrease from approximately 15% year-over-year growth in the fourth quarter of 2023, as businesses in Restaurants, Retail & Other (“RR&O”) categories continued to face a challenging operating environment. In addition, as of the first quarter our Multi-location sales team narrowed its focus to businesses with ten or more
24

locations, with the Local sales team selling to businesses with fewer than ten locations. While this change did not, and is not expected to, materially impact the breakdown of advertising revenue between Local and Multi-location channels, we believe this realignment will enable our Multi-location sales team to more effectively serve national and non-location-based brand advertisers.
Although our RR&O categories exhibited weakness in the first quarter, the strength in our Services categories, particularly Home Services, gives us confidence in our strategy and the opportunities ahead. We expect both net revenue and adjusted EBITDA to increase sequentially in the second quarter. We also expect expenses to increase from the first to the second quarter, reflecting incremental marketing investments, particularly to acquire Services projects through paid search.
Key Metrics
We regularly review a number of metrics, including the key metrics set forth below, to evaluate our business, measure our performance, identify trends in our business, prepare financial projections and make strategic decisions.
Ad Clicks and Average CPC
The amount of revenue we generate from our pay-for-performance advertising products is determined by the number of ad clicks we deliver to advertisers and the CPCs we charge for those ad clicks.
Ad clicks represent user interactions with our pay-for-performance advertising products, including clicks on advertisements on our website and mobile app, clicks on syndicated advertisements on third-party platforms and Request-a-Quote submissions, among others. Ad clicks include only user interactions that we are able to track directly, and therefore do not include user interactions with ads sold through our advertising partnerships. We do not expect the exclusion of such user interactions to materially affect this metric. We report the year-over-year percentage change in ad clicks as a measure of our success in monetizing more of our consumer activity and delivering more value to advertisers.
Average CPC is calculated as revenue from our performance-based ad products — excluding certain revenue adjustments that do not impact the outcome of an auction for an individual ad click, such as refunds, as well as revenue from our advertising partnerships — divided by the total number of ad clicks for a given period. Average CPC represents the average amount we charge advertisers for each ad click.
We believe that ad clicks and average CPC together reflect one of the most significant dynamics affecting our advertising revenue performance: the interplay of advertiser demand and consumer activity. At the level of an auction for an individual ad click, advertiser demand — consisting of advertiser budgets and the number of advertisers competing to purchase the ad click — intersects with the supply of consumer activity — consisting of the predicted levels of relevant consumer traffic and engagement — to determine CPC, with higher advertiser demand putting upward pressure on the CPC and higher consumer activity putting downward pressure on the CPC. In aggregate, advertiser demand consists of the number of business locations advertising with us (which we refer to as paying advertising locations, as discussed below) and the aggregate budget they allocate to purchasing our advertising products. Aggregate monetizable consumer activity depends on the levels of consumer traffic and engagement with our ads, the numbers of locations where we can display ads and other monetizable features, and our click-through rate, which is the ratio of ad clicks to the number of times the ads were displayed to consumers. The relative strengths of these factors in aggregate are reflected in average CPC.
Ad clicks and average CPC also provide important insight into the value we deliver to advertisers, which we believe is a significant factor in our ability to retain both revenue and customers. For example, a positive change in ad clicks for a given period combined with lower growth or a negative change in average CPC over the same period would indicate that we delivered more ad clicks at lower prices, thereby delivering more value to our advertisers; we would expect this to have a positive impact on retention. Conversely, growth in average CPC paired with a negative or lower growth rate in ad clicks would indicate we charged more without delivering more ad clicks; we would expect this to have a negative impact on retention unless we are able to increase the value we deliver through higher performing ad clicks.
The following table presents year-over-year changes in our ad clicks and average CPC for the periods presented (each expressed as a percentage):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Ad Clicks8%1%
Average CPC(1)%14%
25

In the three months ended March 31, 2024, advertising revenue grew 7%, primarily due to a year-over-year increase in ad clicks driven by improvements to our matching capabilities and our acquisition of Services projects through paid search. Average CPC decreased slightly in the three months ended March 31, 2024, with more substantial decreases across Services categories, reflecting the increased value we delivered to advertisers in the quarter.
Advertising Revenue by Category
Our advertising revenue comprises revenue from the sale of our advertising products, including the resale of our advertising products by partners and syndicated ads appearing on third-party platforms.
To reflect our strategic focus on creating two differentiated experiences on Yelp, we provide a breakdown of our advertising revenue attributable to businesses in two high-level category groupings: Services and RR&O. Our Services categories consist of home, local, auto, professional, pets, events, real estate and financial services. Our RR&O categories consist of restaurants, shopping, beauty & fitness, health and other.
The following table presents our advertising revenue by category for the periods presented (in thousands, except percentages):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
% Change
20242023
Services$203,288 $183,520 11%
Restaurants, Retail & Other114,350 113,623 1%
Total Advertising Revenue$317,638 $297,143 7%
Paying Advertising Locations
Paying advertising locations comprise all business locations associated with a business account from which we recognized advertising revenue in a given month, excluding business accounts that purchased advertising through partner programs other than Yelp Ads Certified Partners, averaged over a given three-month period. We also provide a breakdown of paying advertising locations between our Services categories and RR&O categories.
We provide our paying advertising locations as a measure of the reach and scale of our business; however, this metric may exhibit short-term volatility as a result of factors such as seasonality and macroeconomic conditions. For example, macroeconomic factors, including related to inflation, interest rates, and labor and supply chain issues, have had a predominant negative impact on RR&O paying advertising locations in recent quarters. Short-term fluctuations in paying advertising locations may also reflect the acquisition or loss of single advertising accounts associated with large numbers of locations, or the pausing/restarting of advertising campaigns by such multi-location advertisers.
The following table presents the number of paying advertising locations for the periods presented (in thousands, except percentages):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
% Change
20242023
Services2522386%
Restaurants, Retail & Other278316(12)%
Total Paying Advertising Locations530554(4)%
Paying advertising locations decreased in the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior-year period. While paying advertising locations in our Services categories increased year over year as advertisers responded positively to our improved matching in these categories, paying advertising locations in our RR&O categories decreased over the same period. We believe the decrease in RR&O paying advertising locations reflects the challenging operating environment facing businesses in these categories as well as strong competition for ad spend from such businesses, including from food ordering and delivery providers.
26

Results of Operations
The following table sets forth our results of operations for the periods presented (in thousands, except percentages). The period-to-period comparison of financial results is not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be anticipated for the full year 2024 or any future period.
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023$ Change
% Change(1)
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations Data:
Net revenue by product:
Advertising revenue by category:
Services$203,288 $183,520 $19,768 11 %
Restaurants, Retail & Other114,350 113,623 727 %
Advertising317,638 297,143 20,495 %
Other