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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
___________________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
___________________________________________________________________
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended April 30, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                 TO
Commission File Number 001-38865
___________________________________________________________________
Zoom Video Communications, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its Charter)
___________________________________________________________________
Delaware61-1648780
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
55 Almaden Boulevard, 6th Floor
San Jose, California 95113
(Address of principal executive offices and Zip Code)
(888) 799-9666
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
___________________________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock, $0.001 par value per shareZMThe Nasdaq Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No ☐ 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☒    No   ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  ☒
As of May 13, 2022, the number of shares of the registrant’s Class A common stock outstanding was 251,702,995 and the number of shares of the registrant’s Class B common stock outstanding was 46,674,882.



Zoom Video Communications, Inc.
Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q
For the Quarterly Period Ended April 30, 2022
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page



2

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), which statements involve substantial risks and uncertainties. All statements other than statements of historical facts contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including statements regarding our future results of operations or financial condition; business strategy and plans; and objectives of management for future operations, including our statements regarding the benefits and timing of the roll out of new technology, are forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements because they contain words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “contemplate,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “should,” “target,” “will,” or “would” or the negative of these words or other similar terms or expressions. Forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q include, but are not limited to, statements about: our future financial performance, including our revenue, cost of revenue, gross profit, margins, and operating expenses; trends in our key business metrics; the sufficiency of our cash and cash equivalents, investments, and cash provided by sales of our products and services to meet our liquidity needs; market trends; our market position and opportunity; our growth strategy and business aspirations for our communications platform; our product strategy; our efforts to enhance the security and privacy of our platform; the potential impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic recovery and related public health measures on our business, the business of our customers, suppliers and channel partners, and the economy; our ability to become the ubiquitous platform for communications; our ability to attract new customers and retain existing customers; our ability to successfully expand into our existing markets and into new markets; our ability to effectively manage our growth and future expenses; and the impact of recent accounting pronouncements on our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
You should not rely on forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. We have based the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q primarily on our current expectations and projections about future events and trends that we believe may affect our business, financial condition, and operating results. The outcome of the events described in these forward-looking statements is subject to risks, uncertainties, and other factors described in the section titled “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks and uncertainties emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict all risks and uncertainties that could have an impact on the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. The results, events, and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements may not be achieved or occur, and actual results, events, or circumstances could differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements.
In addition, statements that “we believe” and similar statements reflect our beliefs and opinions on the relevant subject. These statements are based on information available to us as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. While we believe that such information provides a reasonable basis for these statements, that information may be limited or incomplete. Our statements should not be read to indicate that we have conducted an exhaustive inquiry into, or review of, all relevant information. These statements are inherently uncertain, and investors are cautioned not to unduly rely on these statements.
The forward-looking statements made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q relate only to events as of the date on which the statements are made. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q or to reflect new information or the occurrence of unanticipated events, except as required by law. We may not actually achieve the plans, intentions, or expectations disclosed in our forward-looking statements, and you should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Our forward-looking statements do not reflect the potential impact of any future acquisitions, mergers, dispositions, joint ventures, or investments.
You should read this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the documents that we reference in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and have filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission as exhibits to this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q with the understanding that our actual future results, levels of activity, performance, and events and circumstances may be materially different from what we expect.


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SUMMARY RISK FACTORS
Investing in our Class A common stock involves numerous risks, including the risks described in “Part II—Other Information, Item 1A. Risk Factors” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Below are some of these risks, any one of which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, and prospects.
Our business depends on our ability to attract new customers, retain and upsell additional products and new product categories to existing customers, and upgrade free users to our paid offerings. Any decline in new customers, renewals, or upgrades would harm our business.
While we continue to add paid users to our customer base, we expect our user growth rate to continue to slow or decline as the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic continues to taper, particularly as users return to work or school or are otherwise no longer subject to limitations on in-person meetings.
Our revenue growth rate has begun to decline, and we expect our revenue growth rate to generally decline in future periods.
Interruptions, delays, or outages in service from our co-located data centers and a variety of other factors would impair the delivery of our services, require us to issue credits or pay penalties, and harm our business.
We operate in competitive markets, and we must continue to compete effectively. Many of our actual and potential competitors benefit from competitive advantages over us, such as greater name recognition; longer operating histories; more varied products and services; larger marketing budgets; more established marketing relationships; more third-party integration; greater accessibility across devices or applications; greater access to larger user bases; major distribution agreements with hardware manufacturers and resellers; and greater financial, technical, and other resources. In addition, as we introduce new products and services, and with the introduction of new technologies and market entrants, we expect competition to intensify in the future.
Failures in internet infrastructure or interference with broadband access could cause current or potential users to believe that our systems are unreliable, possibly leading our customers and hosts to switch to our competitors, or to cancel their subscriptions to our platform.
As we increase sales to large organizations, our sales cycles could lengthen, and we could experience greater deployment challenges.
We generate revenue from sales of subscriptions to our platform, and any decline in demand for our platform or for communications and collaboration technologies in general would harm our business.
We expect to continue to increase our expenses in the future, which could decrease our profitability or prevent us from maintaining profitability.
We may not be able to respond to rapid technological changes, extend our platform or develop new features.
Our security measures have been compromised in the past and may be compromised in the future. If our security measures are compromised in the future or if our information technology fails, this could harm our reputation, expose us to significant fines and liability, impair our sales, and harm our business. In addition, our products and services may be perceived as not being secure. This perception may result in customers and hosts curtailing or ceasing their use of our products, our incurring significant liabilities, and our business being harmed.
We have a limited operating history at the current scale of our business, which makes it difficult to evaluate our prospects and future results of operations.
The actual or perceived failure by us, our customers, partners, or vendors to comply with stringent and evolving privacy, data protection, and information security laws, regulations, standards, policies, and contractual obligations could harm our reputation and business or subject us to significant fines and liability.
If we were to lose the services of our Chief Executive Officer or other members of our senior management team, we may not be able to execute our business strategy.
We have significant and expanding operations outside the United States, which may subject us to increased business, regulatory and economic risks that could harm our business.
We may be subject to, or assist law enforcement with enforcement of, a variety of U.S. and international laws that could result in claims, increase the cost of operations, or otherwise harm our business due to changes in the laws,


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changes in the interpretations of the laws, greater enforcement of the laws, or investigations into compliance with the laws.
Zoom Phone is subject to U.S. federal and international regulation, and other products we may introduce in the future may also be subject to U.S. federal, state, or international laws, rules, and regulations. Any failure to comply with such laws, rules, and regulations could harm our business and expose us to liability.
The dual class structure of our common stock as contained in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation has the effect of concentrating voting control with those stockholders who held our stock prior to our initial public offering, including our executive officers, employees, and directors and their affiliates, limiting your ability to influence corporate matters.
If we are unable to adequately address these and other risks we face, our business may be harmed.


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PART I—Financial Information
Item 1.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
ZOOM VIDEO COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
As of
April 30,
2022
January 31,
2022
Assets(unaudited)
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$1,407,305 $1,062,820 
Marketable securities4,318,974 4,356,446 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $27,527 and $24,696 as of April 30, 2022 and January 31, 2022, respectively
483,879 419,673 
Deferred contract acquisition costs, current211,575 199,266 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets142,545 145,602 
Total current assets6,564,278 6,183,807 
Deferred contract acquisition costs, noncurrent161,315 164,714 
Property and equipment, net240,611 222,354 
Operating lease right-of-use assets92,036 95,965 
Strategic investments343,160 367,814 
Goodwill27,607 27,607 
Deferred tax assets419,979 382,296 
Other assets, noncurrent107,727 106,761 
Total assets$7,956,713 $7,551,318 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$22,506 $7,841 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities500,101 430,415 
Deferred revenue, current1,286,403 1,141,435 
Total current liabilities1,809,010 1,579,691 
Deferred revenue, noncurrent44,644 38,481 
Operating lease liabilities, noncurrent80,201 85,018 
Other liabilities, noncurrent74,971 68,110 
Total liabilities2,008,826 1,771,300 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 6)
Stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value per share, 200,000,000 shares authorized as of April 30, 2022 and January 31, 2022; zero shares issued and outstanding as of April 30, 2022 and January 31, 2022
  
Common stock, $0.001 par value per share, 2,000,000,000 Class A shares authorized as of April 30, 2022 and January 31, 2022; 252,153,721 and 247,044,454 shares issued and outstanding as of April 30, 2022 and January 31, 2022, respectively; 300,000,000 Class B shares authorized as of April 30, 2022 and January 31, 2022; 46,670,512 and 51,993,351 shares issued and outstanding as of April 30, 2022 and January 31, 2022, respectively
299 299 
Additional paid-in capital3,831,060 3,749,514 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(45,237)(17,902)
Retained earnings2,161,765 2,048,107 
Total stockholders’ equity5,947,887 5,780,018 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$7,956,713 $7,551,318 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


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ZOOM VIDEO COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended April 30,
20222021
Revenue$1,073,800 $956,237 
Cost of revenue261,821 264,994 
Gross profit811,979 691,243 
Operating expenses:
Research and development144,291 65,175 
Sales and marketing362,783 245,667 
General and administrative117,840 154,089 
Total operating expenses624,914 464,931 
Income from operations187,065 226,312 
Losses on strategic investments, net(36,404) 
Other (expense) income, net(6,989)2,619 
Income before provision for income taxes143,672 228,931 
Provision for income taxes30,014 1,400 
Net income113,658 227,531 
Undistributed earnings attributable to participating securities(18)(148)
Net income attributable to common stockholders$113,640 $227,383 
Net income per share attributable to common stockholders:
Basic$0.38 $0.77 
Diluted$0.37 $0.74 
Weighted-average shares used in computing net income per share attributable to common stockholders:
Basic299,147,105 293,794,778 
Diluted306,614,220 305,412,419 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


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ZOOM VIDEO COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 Three Months Ended April 30,
 20222021
Net income$113,658 $227,531 
Other comprehensive loss:
Unrealized loss on available-for-sale marketable securities, net of tax(27,335)(639)
Comprehensive income$86,323 $226,892 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


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ZOOM VIDEO COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended April 30, 2022
Common StockAdditional
Paid-In
Capital
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Retained EarningsTotal
Stockholders’ Equity
SharesAmount
Balance as of January 31, 2022299,037,805 $299 $3,749,514 $(17,902)$2,048,107 $5,780,018 
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of stock options543,518 1 3,343 — — 3,344 
Issuance of common stock upon release of restricted stock units467,160 — — — — — 
Repurchases of common stock(1,224,250)(1)(132,411)(132,412)
Stock-based compensation expense— — 210,614 — — 210,614 
Other comprehensive loss— — — (27,335)— (27,335)
Net income— — — — 113,658 113,658 
Balance as of April 30, 2022298,824,233 $299 $3,831,060 $(45,237)$2,161,765 $5,947,887 
Three Months Ended April 30, 2021
Common StockAdditional
Paid-In
Capital
Accumulated Other Comprehensive IncomeRetained EarningsTotal
Stockholders’
Equity
SharesAmount
Balance as of January 31, 2021293,549,223 $292 $3,187,168 $839 $672,468 $3,860,767 
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of stock options751,686 1 3,475 — — 3,476 
Issuance of common stock upon release of restricted stock units211,036 — — — — — 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 101,598 — — 101,598 
Other comprehensive loss— — — (639)— (639)
Net income— — — — 227,531 227,531 
Balance as of April 30, 2021294,511,945 $293 $3,292,241 $200 $899,999 $4,192,733 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


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ZOOM VIDEO COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended April 30,
20222021
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income$113,658 $227,531 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Stock-based compensation expense209,363 98,969 
Amortization of deferred contract acquisition costs56,780 37,766 
Losses on strategic investments, net36,404  
Depreciation and amortization15,280 10,663 
Provision for accounts receivable allowances13,097 4,055 
Non-cash operating lease cost5,451 4,274 
Amortization on marketable securities3,604 5,596 
Other12,730 270 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(83,605)(75,665)
Prepaid expenses and other assets(27,235)(29,975)
Deferred contract acquisition costs(65,690)(47,813)
Accounts payable11,153 1,592 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities78,236 88,656 
Deferred revenue152,974 210,896 
Operating lease liabilities, net(6,049)(3,513)
Net cash provided by operating activities526,151 533,302 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchases of marketable securities(611,662)(1,425,451)
Maturities of marketable securities609,327 291,047 
Purchases of property and equipment(25,038)(79,074)
Purchases of strategic investments(11,750)(6,500)
Purchases of intangible assets(3,211) 
Net cash used in investing activities(42,334)(1,219,978)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Cash paid for repurchases of common stock(132,412) 
Proceeds from employee equity transactions remitted to employees and tax authorities, net(4,086)(9,984)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options3,255 3,368 
Other 337 
Net cash used in financing activities(133,243)(6,279)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash(9,425) 
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash341,149 (692,955)
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash – beginning of period1,073,353 2,293,116 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash – end of period$1,414,502 $1,600,161 
Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash within the condensed consolidated balance sheets to the amounts shown in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows above:
Cash and cash equivalents$1,407,305 $1,557,270 
Restricted cash, current included in prepaid expenses and other current assets6,923 40,648 
Restricted cash, noncurrent included in other assets, noncurrent274 2,243 
Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash$1,414,502 $1,600,161 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


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ZOOM VIDEO COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
1.Summary of Business and Significant Accounting Policies
Description of Business
Zoom Video Communications, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively, “Zoom,” the “Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our”) connect people through our core unified communications offering, which frictionlessly brings together video, phone, chat, webinars events, and contact center, and enables meaningful experiences across disparate devices and locations. We were incorporated in the state of Delaware in April 2011, and are headquartered in San Jose, California.
Fiscal Year
Our fiscal year ends on January 31. References to fiscal year 2023, for example, refer to the fiscal year ending January 31, 2023.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and applicable regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting, and include the accounts of Zoom Video Communications, Inc., its subsidiaries, and variable interest entities for which we are the primary beneficiary. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of January 31, 2022 included herein was derived from the audited financial statements as of that date, but does not include all disclosures, including certain notes required by GAAP on an annual reporting basis. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all normal recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly the balance sheets, statements of operations, statements of comprehensive income, statements of stockholders’ equity, and statements of cash flows for the interim periods, but are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be anticipated for the full fiscal year or any future period. 
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 31, 2022, filed with the SEC on March 7, 2022.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include, but are not limited to, the estimated expected benefit period for deferred contract acquisition costs, the useful lives of long-lived assets, the incremental borrowing rate for operating leases, stock-based compensation expense, sales and other tax liabilities, the fair value of marketable securities and strategic investments, acquired intangible assets and goodwill, the valuation of deferred income tax assets and uncertain tax positions, and accruals and contingencies. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates.
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Our significant accounting policies are discussed in Note 1. “Summary of Business and Significant Accounting Policies” in the notes to consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 31, 2022, filed with the SEC on March 7, 2022. There have been no significant changes to these policies during the three months ended April 30, 2022.


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2.    Revenue Recognition
Disaggregation of Revenue
The following table summarizes revenue by region based on the billing address of customers:
Three Months Ended April 30,
20222021
AmountPercentage of
Revenue
AmountPercentage of
Revenue
(in thousands, except percentages)
Americas$728,381 68 %$635,784 66 %
Asia Pacific (“APAC”)
148,821 14 123,763 13 
Europe, Middle East, and Africa (“EMEA”)
196,598 18 196,690 21 
Total$1,073,800 100 %$956,237 100 %
Contract Balances
We receive payments from customers based on a billing schedule as established in our customer contracts. Accounts receivable are recorded when we contractually have the right to consideration. In some arrangements, a right to consideration for our performance under the customer contract may occur before invoicing to the customer, resulting in an unbilled accounts receivable. The amount of unbilled accounts receivable included within accounts receivable, net of allowances on the condensed consolidated balance sheets was $68.6 million and $59.7 million as of April 30, 2022 and January 31, 2022, respectively.
Contract liabilities consist of deferred revenue. Revenue is deferred when we have the right to invoice in advance of performance under a customer contract. The current portion of deferred revenue balances is recognized over the next 12 months. The amount of revenue recognized that was included in deferred revenue at the beginning of each period was $541.6 million and $419.1 million during the three months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Remaining Performance Obligations
The terms of our subscription agreements are monthly, annual, and multiyear, and we may bill for the full term in advance or on an annual, quarterly, or monthly basis, depending on the billing terms with customers. As of April 30, 2022, the aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to our remaining performance obligations was $2,990.0 million, which consists of both billed consideration in the amount of $1,331.0 million and unbilled consideration in the amount of $1,659.0 million that we expect to recognize as revenue. We expect to recognize 63% of our remaining performance obligations as revenue over the next 12 months and the remainder thereafter.


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3.    Investments
Marketable Securities
As of April 30, 2022 and January 31, 2022, our marketable securities consisted of the following: 
As of April 30, 2022
Amortized
Cost
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
Estimated
Fair
Value
(in thousands)
Commercial paper$34,881 $ $ $34,881 
Agency bonds604,439 1 (10,043)594,397 
Corporate and other debt securities288,312 1 (3,062)285,251 
U.S. government agency securities3,192,672 43 (46,657)3,146,058 
Treasury bills258,595 1 (209)258,387 
Marketable securities$4,378,899 $46 $(59,971)$4,318,974 
As of January 31, 2022
Amortized
Cost
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
Estimated
Fair
Value
(in thousands)
Commercial paper$28,723 $ $ $28,723 
Agency bonds632,935 2 (3,328)629,609 
Corporate and other debt securities282,124 5 (1,202)280,927 
U.S. government agency securities3,046,742 28 (19,261)3,027,509 
Treasury bills389,826  (148)389,678 
Marketable securities$4,380,350 $35 $(23,939)$4,356,446 
Unrealized losses for securities that have been in an unrealized loss position for less than 12 months were $58.2 million as of April 30, 2022 and $23.3 million as of January 31, 2022. Unrealized losses for securities that have been in an unrealized loss position for 12 months or longer were immaterial as of April 30, 2022 and January 31, 2022. We review the individual securities that have unrealized losses on a regular basis to evaluate whether or not any security has experienced, or is expected to experience, credit losses resulting in the decline in fair value. We evaluate, among other factors, whether we have the intention to sell any of these marketable securities and whether it is more likely than not that we will be required to sell any of them before recovery of the amortized cost basis. We have not recorded an allowance for credit losses, as we believe any such losses would be immaterial based on the high-grade credit rating for each of our marketable securities as of the end of each period. There were no material realized gains or losses from available-for-sale securities that were reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021.
The following table presents the contractual maturities of our marketable securities as of April 30, 2022 and January 31, 2022:
As of
April 30, 2022January 31, 2022
(in thousands)
Less than one year$2,624,024 $2,387,139 
Due in one to five years1,694,950 1,969,307 
Total$4,318,974 $4,356,446 


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Strategic Investments
Strategic investments by form and measurement category as of April 30, 2022 were as follows:
Measurement Category
Fair ValueMeasurement AlternativeEquity MethodTotal
(in thousands)
Equity securities$133,013 $102,150 $93,653 $328,816 
Debt securities14,344 — — 14,344 
Strategic investments$147,357 $102,150 $93,653 $343,160 
Strategic investments by form and measurement category as of January 31, 2022 were as follows:
Measurement Category
Fair ValueMeasurement AlternativeEquity MethodTotal
(in thousands)
Equity securities$168,784 $91,399 $93,400 $353,583 
Debt securities14,231 — — 14,231 
Strategic investments$183,015 $91,399 $93,400 $367,814 
4.    Fair Value Measurements
The following tables present information about our financial instruments that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis and indicate the fair value hierarchy of the valuation inputs utilized to determine such fair value:
As of April 30, 2022
Fair ValueLevel 1Level 2Level 3
(in thousands)
Financial Assets:
Money market funds$1,054,691 $1,054,691 $ $ 
Treasury bills92,477  92,477  
Corporate debt securities783  783  
U.S. government agency securities4,006  4,006  
Cash equivalents1,151,957 1,054,691 97,266  
Commercial paper34,881  34,881  
Agency bonds594,397  594,397  
Corporate and other debt securities285,251  285,251  
U.S. government agency securities3,146,058  3,146,058  
Treasury bills258,387  258,387  
Marketable securities4,318,974  4,318,974  
Publicly held equity securities included in strategic investments133,013 133,013 — — 
Privately held debt securities included in strategic investments14,344   14,344 
Certificates of deposit included in other assets, noncurrent274  274  
Total financial assets$5,618,562 $1,187,704 $4,416,514 $14,344 


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As of January 31, 2022
Fair ValueLevel 1Level 2Level 3
(in thousands)
Financial Assets:
Money market funds$688,722 $688,722 $ $ 
Treasury bills107,496  107,496  
Corporate debt securities749  749  
Cash equivalents796,967 688,722 108,245  
Commercial paper28,723  28,723  
Agency bonds629,609  629,609  
Corporate and other debt securities280,927  280,927  
U.S. government agency securities3,027,509  3,027,509  
Treasury bills389,678  389,678  
Marketable securities4,356,446  4,356,446  
Certificates of deposit included in other assets, noncurrent297  297  
Publicly held equity securities included in strategic investments168,784 168,784   
Privately held debt securities included in strategic investments14,231   14,231 
Total financial assets$5,336,725 $857,506 $4,464,988 $14,231 
We classify our highly liquid money market funds and publicly held equity securities within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy because they are valued based on quoted market prices in active markets. We classify our commercial paper, agency bonds, corporate and other debt securities, U.S. government agency securities, treasury bills, and certificates of deposit within Level 2 because they are valued using inputs other than quoted prices that are directly or indirectly observable in the market, including readily available pricing sources for the identical underlying security, which may not be actively traded. We classify our privately held debt securities as Level 3 due to the lack of relevant observable market data over fair value inputs, such as the probability weighting of the various scenarios that can impact settlement of the arrangement.
5.    Balance Sheet Components
Accounts Receivable, Net
Accounts receivable are recorded for invoiced amounts and amounts for which revenue has been recognized, but not invoiced, net of allowances. Our short-term accounts receivable consist of the following:
As of
April 30, 2022January 31, 2022
(in thousands)
Accounts receivable, gross$511,406 $444,369 
Less: allowance for credit losses(20,000)(17,000)
Less: allowance for returns(7,527)(7,696)
Accounts receivable, net$483,879 $419,673 
Below is a rollforward of our allowance for credit losses for the three months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021:
20222021
 (in thousands)
Balance as of January 31$17,000 $20,500 
Provision for credit losses13,407 1,028 
Write-offs(10,407)(3,528)
Balance as of April 30$20,000 $18,000 


15

Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets
Prepaid expenses and other current assets consisted of the following:
As of
April 30, 2022January 31, 2022
(in thousands)
Prepaid expenses$102,125 $112,666 
Restricted cash from international employee stock sales6,923 10,236 
Other33,497 22,700 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets$142,545 $145,602 
Property and Equipment, Net
Property and equipment consisted of the following:
As of
April 30, 2022January 31, 2022
(in thousands)
Servers$206,429 $185,491 
Software66,226 59,153 
Computer and office equipment40,957 39,410 
Leasehold improvements24,562 25,340 
Furniture and fixtures 4,543 4,565 
Property and equipment, gross342,717 313,959 
Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization(102,106)(91,605)
Property and equipment, net$240,611 $222,354 
Depreciation and amortization expense was $15.1 million and $10.5 million for the three months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Other Assets, Noncurrent
Other assets, noncurrent consisted of the following:
As of
April 30, 2022January 31, 2022
(in thousands)
Accounts receivable, noncurrent$58,304 $55,643 
Indefinite-lived intangible assets24,232 21,020 
Prepaid expenses, noncurrent11,809 16,120 
Other13,382 13,978 
Other assets, noncurrent$107,727 $106,761 


16

Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consisted of the following:
As of
April 30, 2022January 31, 2022
(in thousands)
Accrued expenses$165,916 $149,658 
Accrued compensation and benefits152,222 126,322 
Income tax liabilities80,711 56,968 
Sales and other non-income tax liabilities36,192 33,305 
Customer deposit liabilities31,308 20,884 
Operating lease liabilities, current20,987 20,697 
Other12,765 22,581 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities$500,101 $430,415 
Other Liabilities, Noncurrent
Other liabilities, noncurrent consisted of the following:
As of
April 30, 2022January 31, 2022
(in thousands)
Sales and other non-income tax liabilities$54,869 $53,916 
Other20,102 14,194 
Other liabilities, noncurrent$74,971 $68,110 

6.    Commitments and Contingencies
Non-cancelable Purchase Obligations
During the three months ended April 30, 2022, there have been no material changes to our non-cancelable purchase obligations from those disclosed in Note 8. “Commitments and Contingencies” in the notes to consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 31, 2022, filed with the SEC on March 7, 2022.
Other Contingencies
In June 2020 we received a grand jury subpoena from the Department of Justice’s U.S. Attorney’s Office for Eastern District of New York (“EDNY”), which requested information regarding our interactions with foreign governments and foreign political parties, including the Chinese government, as well as information regarding storage of and access to user data, the development and implementation of Zoom’s privacy policies, and the actions we took relating to the Tiananmen commemorations on Zoom. In July 2020, we received subpoenas from the Department of Justice’s U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Northern District of California (“NDCA”) and the SEC. Both subpoenas seek documents and information relating to various security, data protection and privacy matters, including our encryption, and our statements relating thereto, as well as calculation of usage metrics and related public statements. In addition, the NDCA subpoena seeks information relating to any contacts between our employees and representatives of the Chinese government, and any attempted or successful influence by any foreign government in our policies, procedures, practices, and actions as they relate to users in the United States. We have since received additional subpoenas from EDNY and NDCA seeking related information. We are fully cooperating with all of these investigations and have been conducting our own thorough internal investigation. These investigations are ongoing, and we do not know when they will be completed, which facts we will ultimately discover as a result of the investigations, or what actions the government may or may not take. We cannot predict the outcome of these investigations, and a negative outcome in any or all of these matters could cause us to incur substantial fines, penalties, or other financial exposure.


17

Legal Proceedings
On April 7, 2020, and April 8, 2020, securities class action complaints were filed against us and two of our officers in the United States District Court for the NDCA. The plaintiffs are purported stockholders of the Company. The complaints allege, among other things, that we violated Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Exchange Act, and Rule 10b-5 by making false and misleading statements and omissions of material fact about our data privacy and security measures. The complaints seek unspecified damages, interest, fees, and costs. On May 18, 2020, the actions were consolidated. On November 4, 2020, the court appointed a lead plaintiff. On December 23, 2020, the lead plaintiff filed a consolidated complaint. We filed a motion to dismiss the consolidated complaint on May 20, 2021. Plaintiff filed an opposition to our motion to dismiss on July 9, 2021. Our reply in support of the motion to dismiss was filed on August 9, 2021. On February 16, 2022, the court granted in part, and denied in part, our motion to dismiss. On March 14, 2022, we moved for reconsideration of the court’s ruling on the motion to dismiss. On March 22, 2022, the court ordered plaintiff to respond to our motion, which Plaintiff did on March 29, 2022. On April 22, 2022, we answered the complaint.
On June 11, 2020 and July 30, 2020, purported shareholder derivative complaints were filed in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware. The first complaint names as defendants nine of our officers and directors, and the second complaint names eight of our officers and directors. The lawsuits assert state and federal claims and are based on the same alleged misstatements as the shareholder class action complaint. The lawsuits accuse our board of directors of failing to exercise reasonable and prudent supervision over our management, policies, practices, and internal controls. The plaintiffs seek unspecified monetary damages on behalf of us as well as governance reforms. On September 25, 2020, the derivative cases were consolidated. The consolidated case is stayed pending resolution of the motion to dismiss the securities class action. On October 27, 2021, a third substantially identical lawsuit was filed in the same court against the same defendants, seeking unspecified monetary damages and governance reforms. On November 17, 2021, all three derivative lawsuits were consolidated and remain stayed pending resolution of the motion to dismiss the securities class action.
We believe these lawsuits are without merit, and we are vigorously defending ourselves against them. Given the uncertainty of litigation, the preliminary stage of the cases, and the legal standards that must be met for, among other things, class certification and success on the merits, we cannot estimate the reasonably possible loss or range of loss that may result from these actions.
Beginning on March 30, 2020, multiple putative class actions were filed against us in various U.S. federal district courts and state courts relating to our alleged privacy and security practices, including alleged data sharing with third parties (the “U.S. Privacy Class Actions”). The plaintiffs claim violations of a variety of state consumer protection and privacy laws, and also assert state constitutional and common law claims, such as negligence and unjust enrichment. The U.S. Privacy Class Actions seek to certify both nationwide and state-specific classes of individuals using our services in certain time periods. The plaintiffs seek various forms of injunctive and monetary relief, including restitution, statutory and actual damages, punitive damages, and attorneys’ fees. The federal cases have been transferred to and consolidated in the NDCA with our consent; lead plaintiffs’ counsel have been appointed; and plaintiffs filed their first amended consolidated class action complaint on October 28, 2020. On March 11, 2021, the court granted in part, and denied in part, our motion to dismiss, and gave plaintiffs leave to amend. On July 30, 2021, we entered into a settlement agreement with plaintiffs to settle the action on a classwide basis, and plaintiffs filed a motion for preliminary approval of the settlement with the court on July 31, 2021. On October 21, 2021, the Court preliminarily approved the settlement. Under the terms of the settlement, we have paid $85.0 million into an escrow account that will be used to pay claims filed by settlement class members, attorneys’ fees and expenses, administrative costs, and service payments to plaintiffs. On April 21, 2022, the Court granted final approval of the settlement. On May 19, 2022, two objectors to the settlement appealed the Court's final approval order.
In addition, from time to time, we are involved in various other legal proceedings arising from the normal course of business activities. We are not presently a party to any other such litigation the outcome of which, we believe, if determined adversely to us, would individually, or taken together, have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, cash flows, or financial condition. Defending such proceedings is costly and can impose a significant burden on management and employees. We may receive unfavorable preliminary or interim rulings in the course of litigation, and there can be no assurances that favorable final outcomes will be obtained.
7.    Stockholders’ Equity and Equity Incentive Plans
Common Stock
Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation authorizes the issuance of 2,000,000,000 shares of Class A common stock, $0.001 par value per share, and 300,000,000 shares of Class B common stock, $0.001 par value per share. Class A and Class B common stock are referred to as common stock throughout the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements, unless otherwise noted.


18

Stock Repurchase Plan
In February 2022, our Board of Directors authorized a stock repurchase program of up to $1.0 billion of our Class A common stock, which expires in February 2024. Repurchases of our Class A common stock may be effected from time to time, either on the open market (including preset trading plans), in privately negotiated transactions, and other transactions in accordance with applicable securities laws. The program does not obligate us to repurchase any specific number of shares and may be discontinued at any time.
During the three-months ended April 30, 2022, we repurchased and subsequently retired 1,224,250 shares of our Class A common stock for an aggregate amount of $132.4 million. As of April 30, 2022, $867.6 million of the repurchase authorization remained available.
Equity Incentive Plans
We have two equity incentive plans: the 2011 Global Share Plan (“2011 Plan”) and the 2019 Equity Incentive Plan (“2019 Plan”). All shares that remain available for future grants are under the 2019 Plan.
Stock Options
A summary of stock option activity under our equity incentive plan and related information is as follows:
 Stock Options
Outstanding
Stock
Options
Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (Years)
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
(in thousands, except share, life, and per share data)
Balance as of January 31, 20226,195,205 $8.08 6.0$905,744 
Exercised(543,518)$5.99 $60,844 
Canceled/forfeited/expired(57,576)$22.75 
Outstanding as of April 30, 20225,594,111 $8.13 5.8$511,520 
Vested and expected to vest as of April 30, 20225,594,111 $8.13 5.8$511,520 
Exercisable as of April 30, 20224,823,299 $6.25 5.6$450,113 
As of April 30, 2022, unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to outstanding unvested stock options was $12.7 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 0.6 years.
Restricted Stock Units
A summary of restricted stock unit (“RSU”) activity under our equity incentive plan and related information is as follows:
RSUs
Unvested
RSUs
Weighted-
Average
Grant Date Fair Value Per Share
Unvested as of January 31, 20225,546,366 $232.58 
Granted4,948,266 $108.15 
Vested(467,160)$230.67 
Canceled/forfeited(342,851)$192.07 
Unvested as of April 30, 20229,684,621 $170.51 
In March 2022, an update made to our equity compensation program resulted in the modification of the value of RSUs offered to our employees. This had an immaterial impact on our condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three months ended April 30, 2022.
As of April 30, 2022, unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to RSUs was $2,173.6 million, including the impact of the modification, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 3.0 years.


19

2019 Employee Stock Purchase Plan
In April 2019, we adopted the 2019 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”). As of April 30, 2022, unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to the ESPP was $51.9 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.3 years.
Stock-Based Compensation
The stock-based compensation expense by line item in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations is summarized as follows:
Three Months Ended April 30,
20222021
(in thousands)
Cost of revenue$31,150 $14,066 
Research and development55,751 20,819