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4072395671falseFY0001041668CNCNF4Unallocated assets primarily include interest in associates and joint ventures, derivative financial assets and equity securities. Unallocated liabilities primarily include derivative financial liabilities. Unallocated results primarily include the share of results of associates and joint ventures, dividend income from equity securities, and the fair value movement of financial instruments recognized through profit or loss.The additions of non-current assets do not include interests in associates and joint ventures, other equity instrument investments, other non-current financial assets, derivative financial assets and deferred tax assets.In accordance with the PRC GAAP, exchange difference arising on translation of specific loans and related interest denominated in a foreign currency is capitalized as part of the cost of qualifying assets. Under IFRSs, such exchange difference is recognized in income statement unless the exchange difference represents an adjustment to interest.In accordance with the PRC GAAP, assets related government grants (other than special funds) are deducted from the cost of the related assets. Special funds granted by the government and clearly defined in the approval documents as part of “capital reserve” are accounted for as increase in capital reserve. Under IFRSs, assets related government grants are deducted to the cost of the related assets. The difference is resulted from government grants received in previous years and are recognized in capital reserve under PRC GAAP.In accordance with the PRC GAAP, the Company accounts for the business combination under common control by applying the pooling-of-interest method. Under the pooling-of-interest method, the difference between the historical carrying amount of the acquiree and the consideration paid is accounted for as an equity transaction. Business combinations under common control are accounted for as if the acquisition had occurred at the beginning of the earliest comparative year presented or, if later, at the date that common control was established; for this purpose, relevant comparative figures are restated under PRC GAAP. Under IFRSs, the Company adopts the purchase accounting method for acquisition of business under common control.The weighted average interest rate used for interest capitalization was 2.61% per annum in 2021 (2020: 2.51%; 2019: 3.51%).As at December 31, 2021, unredeemed credits under the frequent flyer award programs represent the aggregated amounts of the transaction price allocated to the remaining performance obligation, which is expected to be recognized as revenue in the future when the customers obtain control of the goods or services. 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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
 
FORM
20-F
 
 
 
REGISTRATION STATEMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OR (g) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
OR
 
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year
ended December 31, 2021
OR
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ________to________
OR
 
SHELL COMPANY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Date of event requiring this shell company report
    
    
    
    
Commission file
number
001-14660
 
 
中国南方航空股份有限公司
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
CHINA SOUTHERN AIRLINES COMPANY LIMITED
(Translation of Registrant’s name into English)
THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
(Jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
68 QI XIN ROAD    
GUANGZHOU, 510403
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
(Address of principal executive offices)
Mr. Xie Bing
Telephone: +86 20 86112480
E-mail:
ir@csair.com
Fax: +86 20 86659040
Address: 68 QI XIN ROAD
GUANGZHOU, 510403
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
(Name, Telephone,
E-mail
and/or Facsimile number and Address of Company Contact Person)
Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of each class
 
Trading Symbol
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Ordinary H Shares of par value
RMB1.00 per share
represented by American
Depositary Shares
 
ZNH
 
New York Stock Exchange
Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None.
(Title of Class)
Securities for which there is a reporting obligation pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act:
None.
(Title of Class)
 
 
Indicate the number of outstanding shares of each of the issuer’s classes of capital or common stock as of the close of the period covered by the annual report
: 12,673,293,179 A Shares of par value RMB1.00 per share and 4,275,144,849 H Shares of par value RMB1.00 per share.
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.     ☐  Yes    
☒  No
If this report is an annual or transition report, indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.    ☐  Yes    
  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    ☒  
Yes
    ☐  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation
S-T
(§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).     ☒
 
Yes    ☐  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a
non-accelerated
filer or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule
12b-2
of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
 
  
Accelerated filer
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
  
Emerging growth company
 
If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards† provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   ☐
 
The term “new or revised financial accounting standard” refers to any update issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board to its Accounting Standards Codification after April 5, 2012.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.      Yes    ☐  No
Indicate by check mark which basis of accounting the registrant has used to prepare the financial statements included in this filing:
 
U.S. GAAP  ☐
  
International Financial Reporting Standards as issued
by the International Accounting Standards Board  ☒
  
Other  ☐
If “Other” has been checked in response to the previous question, indicate by check mark which financial statement item the registrant has elected to follow.    ☐ Item  17    ☐ Item  18
If this is an annual report, indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule
12b-2
of the Exchange Act).    ☐  Ye
s      
No
 
 
 
 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
  
 
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ii


FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Annual Report includes forward-looking statements for the purpose of the safe harbor provided by Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These statements appear in a number of different places in this Annual Report. A forward-looking statement is usually identified by the use in this Annual Report of certain terminology such as “estimate”, “project”, “expect”, “intend”, “believe”, “plan”, “anticipate”, “may”, or their negatives or other comparable words. Also look for discussions of strategy that involve risks and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements include statements regarding the outlook for our future operations, forecasts of future costs and expenditures, evaluation of market conditions, the outcome of legal proceedings (if any), the adequacy of reserves, and other business plans. Forward-looking statements are, by their nature, subject to inherent risks and uncertainties, some of which are beyond our control, and are based on assumptions and analyses made by us in light of our experience and our perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors we believe are appropriate in particular circumstances. We caution you that a number of risks and assumptions could cause actual outcomes to differ, or differ materially, from those expressed in any forward-looking statements.
These risks and assumptions, in addition to those identified under Item 3. “Key Information—Risk Factors,” include:
 
   
general economic and business conditions in markets where our Company operates, including changes in interest rates;
 
   
the effects of competition on the demand for and price of our services;
 
   
natural phenomena;
 
   
the impact of unusual events on our business and operations, including
COVID-19
and other pandemics, and the effect of governmental actions taken in response;
 
   
actions by government authorities, including changes in government regulations, and changes in CAAC’s regulatory policies;
 
   
our relationship with China Southern Air Holding Company Limited;
 
   
uncertainties associated with potential legal proceedings;
 
   
technological development;
 
   
our ability to attract key personnel and attract new talent;
 
   
future decisions by management in response to changing conditions;
 
   
the Company’s ability to execute prospective business plans;
 
   
the availability of qualified flight personnel and airport facilities; and
 
   
misjudgments in the course of preparing forward-looking statements.
Our Company advises you that these cautionary remarks expressly qualify in their entirety all forward-looking statements attributable to our Company, our Group and persons acting on their behalf.
 
1

INTRODUCTORY NOTE
In this Annual Report, unless the context indicates otherwise, “we”, “us”, “our”, “the Company” and “our Company” refer to China Southern Airlines Company Limited, a joint stock company incorporated in China on March 25, 1995, our “Group” means our Company and our consolidated subsidiaries, and “CSAH” means China Southern Air Holding Company Limited, our Company’s parent company which directly and indirectly held 64.20% interest in our Company as of April 22, 2022
.
References to “China” or the “PRC” are to the People’s Republic of China, excluding, for purpose of this Annual Report, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan. References to “Renminbi” or “RMB” are to the currency of China, references to “U.S. dollars”, “USD”, “$” or “US$” are to the currency of the United States of America (the “U.S.” or “United States”), and references to “HK$” are to the currency of Hong Kong. References to the “Chinese government” are to the national government of China. References to “Hong Kong” or “Hong Kong SAR” are to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the PRC. References to “Macau” or “Macau SAR” are to the Macau Special Administrative Region of the PRC.
Our Group presents our consolidated financial statements in Renminbi. The consolidated financial statements of our Group have been prepared in accordance with all applicable International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRSs”), which collective term include all applicable individual IFRSs, International Accounting Standards (“IASs”) and Interpretations issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (the “IASB”).
Solely for the convenience of the readers, this Annual Report contains conversions of certain Renminbi into U.S. dollars at the rate of US$1.00 = RMB6.3757, which was the average of the buying and selling rates as quoted by the People’s Bank of China at the close of business on December 31, 2021. No representation is made that the Renminbi amounts or U.S. dollar amounts included in this Annual Report could have been or could be converted into U.S. dollars or Renminbi, as the case may be, at any particular rate or at all. Any discrepancies in the tables included herein between the amounts listed and the totals are due to rounding.
 
2

GLOSSARY OF AIRLINE INDUSTRY TERMS
In this Annual Report, unless the context indicates otherwise, the following terms have the respective meanings set forth below.
 
Capacity
  
“available seat kilometers” or “ASK”    the number of seats made available for sale multiplied by the kilometers flown
“available ton kilometers” or “ATK”    the tons of capacity available for the transportation of revenue load (passengers and cargo) multiplied by the kilometers flown
Traffic
  
“revenue passenger kilometers” or “RPK”    i.e. passenger traffic volume, the number of passengers carried multiplied by the kilometers flown
“revenue ton kilometers” or “RTK”    i.e. total traffic volume, the load (passenger and cargo) in tons multiplied by the kilometers flown
“revenue ton kilometers-cargo” or “RFTK”    i.e. cargo and mail traffic volume, the load for cargo and mail in tonnes multiplied by the kilometers flown
“revenue ton kilometers-passenger”    the load for passenger in tons multiplied by the kilometers flown
“ton”    a metric ton, equivalent to 1,000 kilograms
Yield
  
“yield per RFTK”    revenue from cargo operations divided by RFTK
“yield per RPK”    revenue from passenger operations divided by RPK
“yield per RTK”    revenue from airline operations (passenger and cargo) divided by RTK
Cost
  
“operating cost per ATK”    operating expenses divided by ATK
Load Factors
  
“overall load factor”    RTK expressed as a percentage of ATK
“passenger load factor”    RPK expressed as a percentage of ASK
Utilization
  
“utilization rates”    flight hours that aircraft can service during specified time
Equipment
  
“expendables”    aircraft parts that are ordinarily used up and replaced with new parts
 
3

“rotables”    aircraft parts that are ordinarily repaired and reused
Others
  
“ADS”    American Depositary Share
“A Shares”    Shares issued by our Company to investors in the PRC for subscription in RMB, with par value of RMB1.00 each
“Board”    board of directors of the Company
“CAAC”    Civil Aviation Administration of China
“CAOSC”    China Aviation Oil Supplies Company
“CSAH”    China Southern Air Holding Company Limited
“CSRC”    China Securities Regulatory Commission
“Hong Kong Stock Exchange”    The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited
“Hong Kong Listing Rules”    The Rules Governing the Listing of Securities on The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited
“H Shares”    Shares issued by our Company, listed on The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited and subscribed for and traded in Hong Kong dollars, with par value of RMB1.00 each
“Nan Lung”    Nan Lung Holding Limited (a wholly-owned subsidiary of CSAH)
“NDRC”    National Development and Reform Commission of China
“SAFE”    State Administration of Foreign Exchange of China
“Finance Company”    China Southern Airlines Group Finance Company Limited
“SASAC”    State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council
“SEC”    United States Securities and Exchange Commission
“SPVs”    special purpose vehicles exclusively set up by the Company and its subsidiaries for leased aircraft
 
4

PART I
 
ITEM 1.
IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISERS
Not applicable.
 
ITEM 2.
OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE
Not applicable.
 
ITEM 3.
KEY INFORMATION
A.     SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
The following tables present selected financial data for the five-year period ended December 31, 2021. The selected consolidated income statement data (other than ADS data) for the three-year period ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021 and selected consolidated statement of financial position data as of December 31, 2020 and 2021 are derived from the audited consolidated financial statements of us, included elsewhere in this Annual Report. The selected consolidated income statement data (other than ADS data) for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2018 and selected consolidated statement of financial position data as of December 31, 2017, 2018 and 2019 are derived from our audited consolidated financial statements that are not included in this Annual Report.
Moreover, the selected financial data should be read in conjunction with the rest of the Annual Report, including our audited consolidated financial statements together with accompanying notes and “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects” which are included elsewhere in this Annual Report. Our consolidated financial statements are prepared and presented in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board, or IFRSs.
We have initially applied IFRS 16 on January 1, 2019 and IFRS 15 and IFRS 9 on January 1, 2018. According to the adopted transition plan, the comparative data has not been restated.
 
    
Year ended December 31,
 
    
2021
US$
   
2021
RMB
   
2020
RMB
   
2019
RMB
   
2018
RMB
   
2017
RMB
 
    
(in million, except per share and per ADS data)
 
Consolidated Income Statement Data
            
Operating revenue
     15,942       101,644       92,561       154,322       143,623       127,806  
Operating expenses
     (18,247     (116,340     (109,111     (148,608     (140,242     (123,098
Operating (loss)/profit
     (1,557     (9,929     (11,864     10,838       8,819       9,156  
(Loss)/profit before income tax
     (2,182     (13,910     (15,195     4,055       4,364       8,874  
(Loss)/profit for the year
     (1,728     (11,016     (11,827     3,084       3,364       6,898  
(Loss)/profit attributable to:
            
Equity shareholders of our Company
     (1,899     (12,106     (10,847     2,640       2,895       5,961  
Non-controlling
interests
     171       1,090       (980     444       469       937  
Basic and diluted (loss)/earnings per share
     (0.12     (0.75     (0.77     0.22       0.27       0.60  
Basic and diluted (loss)/earnings per ADS (1)
     (5.86     (37.36     (38.58     10.76       13.50       30.03  
Other Financial Data
            
Cash dividends declared per share
     —         —         —         —         0.05       0.10  
 
(1)
Basic and diluted earnings per share have been computed by dividing profit attributable to our equity shareholders by the weighted average number of shares in issue. Basic and diluted earnings per ADS have been computed as if all of our issued or potential ordinary shares, including A shares and H shares, are represented by ADSs during each of the years presented. Each ADS represents 50 H shares.
 
5

    
As of December 31,
 
    
2021
US$
    
2021
RMB
    
2020
RMB
    
2019
RMB
    
2018
RMB
    
2017
RMB
 
    
(in million, except per share and per ADS data)
 
Consolidated Statement of Financial Position Data:
                 
Cash and cash equivalents
     3,365        21,456        25,419        1,849        6,928        6,826  
Total current assets, excluding cash and cash equivalents
     2,574        16,410        13,566        14,889        17,144        11,058  
Property, plant and equipment, net
     14,302        91,186        86,146        84,788        170,692        158,926  
Right-of-use
assets
     21,714        138,439        151,065        153,211        —          —    
Total assets
     50,694        323,211        326,383        306,928        246,949        218,718  
Current borrowings
     9,083        57,913        40,099        37,543        38,741        27,568  
Current portion of obligations under finance leases
     —          —          —