Royal Gold, Inc. (“Royal Gold”, the “Company”, “we”, “us”, or “our”), together with its subsidiaries, is engaged in the business of acquiring and managing precious metal streams, royalties, and similar interests. We seek to acquire existing stream and royalty interests or to finance projects that are in production or in the development stage in exchange for stream or royalty interests.
Acquisition and Management of Stream Interests—A metal stream is a purchase agreement that provides, in exchange for an upfront deposit payment, the right to purchase all or a portion of one or more metals produced from a mine, at a price determined for the life of the transaction by the purchase agreement. As of June 30, 2019, we owned seven stream interests, which are on six producing properties and two development stage properties. Our stream interests accounted for approximately 72% and 71% of our total revenue for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 respectively. We expect stream interests to continue representing a significant proportion of our total revenue.
Acquisition and Management of Royalty Interests—Royalties are non‑operating interests in mining projects that provide the right to a percentage of revenue or metals produced from the project after deducting specified costs, if any. As of June 30, 2019, we owned royalty interests on 35 producing properties, 14 development stage properties and 129 exploration stage properties, of which we consider 47 to be evaluation stage projects. We use “evaluation stage” to describe exploration stage properties that contain mineralized material and on which operators are engaged in the search for reserves. Royalties accounted for approximately 28% and 29% of our total revenue for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2019 and 2018.