Company Quick10K Filing
I-On Communications
Price1.78 EPS-0
Shares35 P/E-56
MCap62 P/FCF-69
Net Debt-2 EBIT-1
TEV61 TEV/EBIT-59
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-Q 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-05-13
10-K 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-03-24
10-Q 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-11-13
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-08-14
10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-05-14
10-K 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-04-16
10-Q 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-11-14
10-Q 2018-06-30 Filed 2018-08-14
10-Q 2018-03-31 Filed 2018-06-19
10-K 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-06-08
10-Q 2017-09-30 Filed 2017-11-14
10-Q 2017-06-30 Filed 2017-08-14
10-Q 2017-03-31 Filed 2017-05-22
10-K 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-04-17
10-Q 2016-09-30 Filed 2016-11-21
10-Q 2016-06-30 Filed 2016-08-17
10-Q 2016-03-31 Filed 2016-05-20
10-K 2015-12-31 Filed 2016-04-19
10-Q 2015-09-30 Filed 2015-11-16
10-Q 2015-06-30 Filed 2015-08-12
10-Q 2015-03-31 Filed 2015-05-18
10-K 2014-12-31 Filed 2015-04-09
10-Q 2014-09-30 Filed 2014-11-12
10-Q 2014-06-30 Filed 2014-08-13
10-Q 2014-03-31 Filed 2014-05-09
10-K 2013-12-31 Filed 2014-02-07
10-Q 2013-09-30 Filed 2013-10-08
8-K 2020-01-07
8-K 2019-08-19
8-K 2019-04-02
8-K 2018-08-22
8-K 2018-08-10
8-K 2018-06-11
8-K 2018-02-01

ALES 10Q Quarterly Report

Part 1 - Financial Information
Item 1. Interim Consolidated Financial Statements
Note 1: Organization and Operations
Note 2: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 3: Long - Term Debt
Note 4: Line of Credit
Note 5: Short Term Loan Payable
Note 6: Investments
Note 7: Beneficial Conversion Feature and Common Stock Warrant Equity Purchase Agreement - Put Option
Note 8: Commitments and Contingencies
Note 9: Related Party Transactions
Note 10: Earnings per Share
Note 11: Non - Controlling Interest - Issuance of Preferred Stock By Subsidiary
Note 12: Subsequent Events
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 ex31_1.htm
EX-32.1 ex32_1.htm

I-On Communications Earnings 2020-03-31

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
10.07.95.83.61.5-0.62012201420172020
Assets, Equity
2.01.40.80.1-0.5-1.12012201420172020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
1.30.90.4-0.0-0.5-0.92012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

10-Q 1 form10q.htm 10-Q

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020

or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ______________________ to ______________________

Commission file number: 333-206745

I-ON DIGITAL CORP.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(formerly known as I-ON Communications Corp.)

Delaware
 
46-3031328
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

15, Teheran-ro 10-gil, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, Korea 06234
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

+82-2-3430-1200
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act: None

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act: Common Stock, Par Value $0.0001

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  No



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer 
Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer 
Smaller reporting company 
 
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes      No 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class
 
Trading
Symbol(s)
 
Name of each exchange on which
registered
Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per share
 
IONI
 
OTC Markets

The number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

Class
 
Outstanding as of March 31, 2020
Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per share
 
35,030,339 shares


Table of Contents

 
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
     
Item 1.
2
Item 2.
18
Item 3.
23
Item 4.
23
     
 
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
 
     
Item 1.
24
Item 2.
24
Item 3.
24
Item 4.
24
Item 5.
24
Item 6.
24
     
 
25

PART 1 – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.
Interim Consolidated Financial Statements

The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements of I-ON Digital Corp. and subsidiary (“we”, “our”, “us”, the “Company”) follow. All currency references in this report are to US dollars unless otherwise noted.

I-ON Digital Corp. and Subsidiary

Table of Contents

Consolidated Financial Statements (UNAUDITED)
 
   
4
 
 
5
 
 
6
 
 
7
 
 
8

I-ON Digital Corp. and Subsidiary
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)

   
March 31,
2020
   
December 31,
2019
 
             
ASSETS
           
             
Current assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
334,789
   
$
1,337,741
 
Restricted cash
   
1,554,065
     
1,641,043
 
Short-term financial instruments
   
680,517
     
716,013
 
Short-term loan receivable
   
187,261
     
197,741
 
Accounts receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts $682,937 and $721,160, respectively
   
3,236,423
     
2,875,384
 
Deferred tax assets - current
   
220,429
     
232,766
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
1,123,463
     
1,055,553
 
Total current assets
   
7,336,947
     
8,056,241
 
           
  
 
Non-current assets:
               
Investments
   
99,849
     
105,437
 
Property and equipment, net
   
175,537
     
203,754
 
Intangible assets, net
   
187,078
     
192,868
 
Deposits
   
335,538
     
354,300
 
Derivative asset
   
99,997
     
105,594
 
Deferred tax assets - non current
   
706,148
     
774,307
 
Total non-current assets
   
1,604,147
     
1,736,260
 
                 
Total Assets
 
$
8,941,094
   
$
9,792,501
 
                 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
               
                 
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable
 
$
149,265
   
$
48,802
 
Accrued expenses and other
   
1,088,469
     
1,705,485
 
Value added tax payable
   
66,665
     
107,717
 
Income tax payable
   
6,604
     
8,179
 
Short-term loan payable
   
449,861
     
475,039
 
Current portion of long term debt
   
163,561
     
194,300
 
Total current liabilities
   
1,924,425
     
2,539,522
 
Long term debt, net of current portion
   
184,001
     
194,300
 
                 
Total liabilities
   
2,108,426
     
2,733,822
 
                 
Commitments and contingencies
               
                 
Stockholders’ Equity
               
Common stock - $0.0001 par value; authorized 100,000,000 shares; 35,030,339 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019
   
3,603
     
3,603
 
Treasury stock
   
(709,478
)
   
(709,478
)
Additional paid-in-capital
   
3,668,916
     
3,646,740
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
   
(631,664
)
   
(259,960
)
Accumulated retained earnings
   
4,023,447
     
3,897,337
 
Total company stockholders’ equity
   
6,354,824
     
6,578,242
 
Preferred stock (I-ON Korea) - $.4380 par value; authorized 2,000,000 shares; 157,142 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2020 and none at December 31, 2019.
   
475,036
     
475,036
 
Non-controlling interests
   
2,808
     
5,401
 
Total stockholders’ equity
   
6,832,668
     
7,058,679
 
                 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
 
$
8,941,094
   
$
9,792,501
 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

I-ON Digital Corp. and Subsidiary
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss (Unaudited)

Three months ended March 31,
 
2020
   
2019
 
             
Net sales
 
$
2,286,172
   
$
1,639,619
 
Cost of goods sold
   
1,569,402
     
1,815,355
 
Gross profit
   
716,770
     
(175,736
)
                 
Operating expense:
               
Research and development
   
182,484
     
218,507
 
General and administrative
   
464,414
     
484,062
 
Total operating expense
   
646,898
     
702,569
 
                 
Income (loss) from operations
   
69,872
     
(878,305
)
                 
Other income (expense):
               
Loss on extinguishment of convertible debt
   
-
     
(160,419
)
Interest income
   
9,979
     
-
 
Foreign currency transaction gain (loss)
   
622
     
-
 
Miscellaneous income, net
   
55,538
     
14,083
 
Interest expense
   
(5,936
)
   
(45,147
)
Total other income (expense), net
   
60,203
     
(191,483
)
                 
Income (loss) before provision for income taxes, loss on equity investments in affiliates, and non-controlling interest
   
130,075
     
(1,069,788
)
Provision for (benefit from) income tax
   
6,558
     
24,543
 
                 
Net income (loss) before income or loss on equity investments in affiliates and non-controlling interest
   
123,517
     
(1,094,331
)
Income (loss) on equity investments
   
-
     
(3,556
)
                 
Net income (loss) before non-controlling interest
   
123,517
     
(1,097,887
)
Non-controlling interest income (loss)
   
(2,593
)
   
190
 
                 
Net income (loss)
 
$
126,110
   
$
(1,097,697
)
                 
Comprehensive income statement:
               
Net income (loss)
 
$
126,110
   
$
(1,097,697
)
Foreign currency translation
   
(371,704
)
   
(95,839
)
Total comprehensive loss
 
$
(245,594
)
 
$
(1,193,536
)
                 
Earnings per share - Basic
               
Net loss before non-controlling interest
 
$
0.00
   
$
(0.03
)
Non-controlling interest
 
$
(0.00
)
 
$
0.00
 
Earnings per share to stockholders
 
$
0.00
   
$
(0.03
)
                 
Earnings per share - Diluted
               
Net loss before non-controlling interest
 
$
0.00
   
$
(0.03
)
Non-controlling interest
 
$
(0.00
)
 
$
0.00
 
Earnings per share to stockholders
 
$
0.00
   
$
(0.03
)
                 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:
               
Basic
   
35,030,339
     
35,030,339
 
Diluted
   
35,030,339
     
35,030,339
 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

I-ON Digital Corp. and Subsidiary

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (Unaudited)

                                 
Accumulated
   
Total
                   
               
Additional
               
Other
   
Company
   
Non-
         
Total
 
   
Common Stock
   
Paid-in
   
Retained
   
Treasury
   
Comprehensive
   
Stockholders'
   
Controlling
   
Preferred
   
Stockholders'
 
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Capital
   
Earnings
   
Stock
   
Loss
   
Equity
   
Interest
   
Stock
   
Equity
 
                                                             
Balance at December 31, 2018
   
35,030,339
   
$
3,603
   
$
3,582,987
   
$
4,609,785
   
$
(709,478
)
 
$
(52,193
)
 
$
7,434,704
   
$
419
   
$
0
   
$
7,435,123
 
                                                                                 
Foreign currency translation
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(207,767
)
   
(207,767
)
   
-
     
-
     
(207,767
)
Stock compensation expense
   
-
     
-
     
63,753
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
63,753
     
-
     
-
     
63,753
 
Issuance of non-controlling interest - Preferred stock
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
             
-
     
-
     
475,036
     
475,036
 
Net income (loss)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
(712,448
)
   
-
     
-
     
(712,448
)
   
4,982
     
-
     
(707,466
)
                                                                                 
Balance at December 31, 2019
   
35,030,339
     
3,603
     
3,646,740
     
3,897,337
     
(709,478
)
   
(259,960
)
   
6,578,242
     
5,401
     
475,036
     
7,058,679
 
                                                                                 
Foreign currency translation
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(371,704
)
   
(371,704
)
   
-
     
-
     
(371,704
)
Stock compensation expense
   
-
     
-
     
22,176
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
22,176
     
-
     
-
     
22,176
 
Net income (loss)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
126,110
     
-
     
-
     
126,110
     
(2,593
)
   
-
     
123,517
 
                                                                                 
Balance at March 31, 2020
   
35,030,339
   

3,603
   
$
3,668,916
   
$
4,023,447
   
$
(709,478
)
 
$
(631,664
)
 
$
6,354,824
   
$
2,808
   
$
475,036
   
$
6,832,668
 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

I-ON Digital Corp. and Subsidiary
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)

Three Months ended March 31,
 
2020
   
2019
 
             
Cash flows from operating activities:
           
Net income (loss)
   
126,110
     
(1,097,697
)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash used in operating activities:
               
Non-controlling interest
   
(2,593
)
   
(190
)
Loss on equity investments in affiliates
   
-
     
3,556
 
Depreciation - fixed assets
   
27,233
     
75,126
 
Amortization of intangible assets
   
8,276
     
-
 
Stock options expense
   
22,176
     
18,969
 
Amortization of debt discount
   
-
     
8,333
 
Loss on extinguishment of convertible debt
   
-
     
160,419
 
Foreign exchange gain (loss)
   
-
     
515
 
                 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Account receivable, net
   
(454,254
)
   
484,917
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
(126,865
)
   
(185,172
)
Deposit
   
(17
)
   
(8,787
)
Deferred taxes
   
27,779
     
24,543
 
Account payable
   
33,888
     
(44,732
)
Accrued expenses and other
   
(539,416
)
   
(299,955
)
Value added tax payable
   
(36,202
)
   
(33,587
)
Income tax payable
   
(1,170
)
   
(3,191
)
Net cash used in operating activities
   
(915,055
)
   
(896,933
)
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Purchases of investments
   
(2,513
)
   
(891,492
)
Proceeds from sales of investments
   
-
     
888,826
 
Purchases of property and equipment
   
(9,391
)
   
(69,109
)
Purchases of intangible assets
   
(12,817
)
   
(25,244
)
Payments received from short-term loan receivable
   
-
     
(15,607
)
Net cash used in investing activities
   
(24,721
)
   
(112,626
)
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:
               
Payments on short-term loan payable
   
-
     
(133,324
)
Borrowings on short-term loan payable
   
-
     
(22,318
)
Borrowings (principal payments) on long-term debt
   
(20,937
)
   
-
 
Principal payments on convertible debt
   
-
     
(200,000
)
Net cash used in financing activities
   
(20,937
)
   
(355,642
)
                 
Effect of foreign currency translation on cash and cash equivalents
   
(129,217
)
   
(18,024
)
                 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
   
(1,089,930
)
   
(1,383,225
)
                 
Cash and cash equivalents including restricted cash, beginning of year
   
2,978,784
     
3,408,541
 
                 
Cash and cash equivalents including restricted cash, end of year
 
$
1,888,854
   
$
2,025,316
 
                 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
               
Interest paid
 
$
5,936
   
$
6,972
 
Taxes paid
 
$
6,934
   
$
6,972
 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

I-ON Digital Corp. and Subsidiary

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

NOTE 1:
Organization and Operations

I-ON Digital Corp. (“the Company”) was incorporated on July 5, 1999 and is engaged in developing and supplying computerized system. The corporate headquarter is located at 15 Teheran-ro 10-gil Gangnam-gu Seoul, South Korea.  The Company provides enterprise content management services to customers primarily in Korea, Japan and Indonesia, by developing industry-leading products such as ICS (web content management system), iDrive (e-document management system), LAMS (load aggregator’s management system), e.Form (mobile contract system), IDAS (digital asset management system) and ICE (content delivery system).

I-ON, Ltd is the Japanese subsidiary of the Company incorporated in 2002. The total assets of I-ON, Ltd is approximately $831,878. The Company has 99.5% ownership of I-ON, Ltd.

NOTE 2:
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Principles of Consolidation and Basis of Presentation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of I-ON Communication Co., Ltd. and its 99.5% owned subsidiary, I-ON, Ltd. All intercompany accounts, transactions, and profits have been eliminated upon consolidation. The accompanying consolidated financial statements and the notes hereto are reported in US Dollars.

The consolidated financial statements were prepared and presented in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 810, Consolidation. Non-controlling interests represent the portion of earnings that is not within the parent Company’s control. These amounts are required to be reported as equity instead of as a liability on the consolidated balance sheet. ASC requires net income or loss from non-controlling minority interests to be shown separately on the consolidated statements of operations.

The consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) have been omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. These consolidated financial statements and notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2019 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. The unaudited information contained herein has been prepared on the same basis as the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements, and, in the opinion of the Company’s management, includes all adjustments (consisting of only normal recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair presentation of the information for the periods presented. The interim results presented herein are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations that may be expected for the full fiscal year ending December 31, 2020 or any future period.

Use of Estimates in the Preparation of Financial Statements

The preparation of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions as described in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. These estimates and assumptions may affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. As a result, actual results could differ from these estimates.

I-ON Digital Corp. and Subsidiary
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

Foreign Currency Transaction and Translation

The Company’s principal country of operations is Korea.  The financial position and results of operations of the Company are determined using the local currency, Korean Won (“KRW”), as the functional currency.


ON, Ltd (Japanese subsidiary) – The financial position and results of operations of I-ON, Ltd, the Japanese subsidiary of the Company, are initially recorded using its local currency, Japanese Yen (“JPY”).  Assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are translated to the functional currency at the functional currency rate of exchange at the balance sheet date. The results of operations denominated in foreign currency are translated at the average rate of exchange during the reporting period. All differences are reflected in profit or loss.  As of March 31, 2020, and December 31, 2019, the exchange rate was JPY 11.31 and JPY 10.63 per KRW, respectively.  The average exchange rate for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was JPY 10.96 and JPY 10.70 per KRW, respectively.  The average exchange rate for the Three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was JPY 10.96 and JPY 10.70 per KRW, respectively.


Consolidation – Assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at the balance sheet date are translated at the exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date.  The results of operations are translated from KWR to US Dollar at the weighted average rate of exchange during the reporting period. The registered equity capital denominated in the functional currency is translated at the historical rate of exchange at the time of capital contribution.  All translation adjustments resulting from the translation of the financial statements into the reporting currency, US Dollar, are dealt with as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income.   As of March 31, 2020, and December 31, 2019, the exchange rate was KRW 1,222.60 and KRW 1,157.80 per US Dollar, respectively.  The average exchange rate for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was KRW 1,193.60 and KRW 1.125.08, respectively.

Translation adjustments net of tax were a net loss of $371,704.00 and net loss of $95,839.00 for the three-months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Segment Reporting

FASB ASC 280, Segment Reporting, requires public companies to report financial and descriptive information about their reportable operating segments. Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available and that is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The Company’s chief executive officer has been identified as the chief decision maker.

The Company generates revenues from two geographic areas, consisting of Korea and Japan. The following enterprise-wide disclosure is prepared on a basis consistent with the preparation of the consolidated financial statements:

   
March 31, 2020
   
December 31, 2019
 
Korea
           
Current assets
 
$
6,505,353
   
$
7,821,531
 
Non-current assets
   
1,603,863
     
1,735,978
 
Current liabilities
   
1,174,261
     
2,437,550
 
Non-current liabilities
   
184,001
     
194,300
 
                 
Japan
               
Current assets
 
$
831,594
   
$
234,710
 
Non-current assets
   
284
     
282
 
Current liabilities
   
750,164
     
101,972
 
Non-current liabilities
   
-
     
-
 

   
Three-months Period
Ended March 31,
 
   
2020
   
2019
 
Korea
           
Net Sales
 
$
1,616,069
   
$
1,497,063
 
                 
Japan
               
Net Sales
 
$
670,103
   
$
142,556
 

I-ON Digital Corp. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

Revenue RecognitionAdoption of ASC Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”

Revenues are recognized when control of the promised services is transferred to the Company’s customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those services.

The Company’s revenue consists of services provided and commissions. These revenue sources are as follows:


Royalty – the Company receives a fixed amount of royalties from company in Japan for providing rights to sell the Company’s products in Japanese market. Revenue is recognized over the contract and service period and when collectability is reasonably assured.


License Solution & Services – the Company recognizes revenue on installation of the web-content management software, services provided for installation, and customization.


Customizing Services – the Company recognizes revenue from processing transactions between businesses and their customers. Revenue is recognized over the contract and service period and when collectability is reasonably assured.


Maintenance – the Company recognizes revenue over the contract term based on percentage-of-completion method.

Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash

The Company considers all highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

Restricted cash represents cash deposits which is restricted by the financial institutions for the loans the financial institutions having with the Company’s chief executive officer. The loans with the financial institutions are amounted to approximately $1,554,065 and $1,641,043 at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, and expires on various days during 2020, unless extended. The loans, bearing various interest rates, are guaranteed by the Company and the restricted cash deposits of the Company are provided to the financial institutions as collateral.

This arrangement could be considered as a violation of Section 402 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 amended the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 to prohibit U.S. and foreign companies with securities traded in the United States from making, or arranging for third parties to make, nearly any type of personal loan to their directors and executive officers. Violations of the Sarbanes-Oxley loan prohibition are subject to the civil and criminal penalties applicable to violations of the Exchange Act.

Research and Development

Research and development costs are expensed as incurred. Research and development costs include travel, payroll, and other general expenses specific to research and development activities. Research and development cost for three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was $182,484 and $218,507, respectively.

Impairment analysis for long-lived assets and intangible assets

The Company’s long-lived assets and other assets (consisting of property and equipment and purchased intangible assets) are reviewed for impairment in accordance with the guidance of the FASB ASC 360, Property, Plant, and Equipment and FASB ASC 205 Presentation of Financial Statements.  The Company tests for impairment losses on long-lived assets used in operations whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the asset may not be recoverable.  Recoverability of an asset to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to the future undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the asset.  If such asset is considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its fair value.  Impairment evaluations involve management’s estimates on asset useful lives and future cash flows.  Actual useful lives and cash flows could be different from those estimated by management which could have a material effect on our reporting results and financial positions.  Fair value is determined through various valuation techniques including discounted cash flow models, quoted market values and third-party independent appraisals, as considered necessary. The Company had not experienced impairment losses on its long-lived assets and intangible assets during any of the periods presented.

Earnings Per Share

FASB ASC Topic 260, Earnings Per Share, requires a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator of the basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share (EPS) computations. Basic earnings (loss) per share are computed by dividing net earnings available to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings (loss) per share is computed similar to basic earnings per share except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if the potential common shares had been issued and if the additional common shares were dilutive. In periods where losses are reported, the weighted-average number of common stock outstanding excludes common stock equivalents, because their inclusion would be anti-dilutive.
I-ON Digital Corp. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

Fair Value Measurements

The Company follows FASB ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements. ASC 820 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value under generally accepted accounting principles and enhances disclosures about fair value measurements. Fair value is defined under ASC 820 as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants.  ASC 820 establishes a hierarchy of valuation inputs based on the extent to which the inputs are observable in the marketplace. Observable inputs reflect market data obtained from sources independent of the reporting entity and unobservable inputs reflect the entity’s own assumptions about how market participants would value an asset or liability based on the best information available.  Valuation techniques used to measure fair value under ASC 820 must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The standard describes a fair value hierarchy based on three levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, that may be used to measure fair value.

The following describes the hierarchy of inputs used to measure fair value and the primary valuation methodologies used by the Company for financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis.

The three levels of inputs are as follows:


Level 1
Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has an ability to access as of the measurement date.


Level 2
Inputs that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the same term of the assets or liabilities.


Level 3
Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

A financial instrument’s categorization within the valuation hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Our financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, short-term financial instruments, short-term loans, accounts receivable, investments, accounts payables and debt. The carrying values of these financial instruments approximate their fair value due to their short maturities.  The carrying amount of our debt approximates fair value because the interest rates on these instruments approximate the interest rate on debt with similar terms available to us.

The Company also has financial instruments classified within the fair value hierarchy, which consists of the following:


Investments in privately-held companies, where quoted market prices are not available, accounted for as available-for-sale securities, classified as Level 3 within the fair value hierarchy, and are recorded as an asset on the consolidated balance sheet

Detachable warrants issued in connection with the convertible debt that meets the definition of a derivative, classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy, which is recorded as additional paid-in-capital on the consolidated balance sheet

An equity purchase put option that meets the definition of a derivative, classified as Level 3 within the fair value hierarchy, which is recorded as an asset on the consolidated balance sheet

The derivatives are evaluated under the hierarchy of ASC 480-10, ASC Paragraph 815-25-1 and ASC Subparagraph 815-10-15-74 addressing embedded derivatives. The fair value of the Level 3 financial instruments was determined with the assistance of an independent third-party valuation specialist using an Option Pricing Model.

The following table summarize the Company’s fair value measurements by level at March 31, 2020 for the assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis:

   
Level 1
   
Level 2
   
Level 3
 
                   
Available-for-sale securities
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
99,849
 
Common stock purchase warrant
   
-
     
-
     
-
 
Equity purchase put option
   
-
     
-
     
99,997
 
Fair value, at March 31, 2020
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
199,846
 

The following table summarize the Company’s fair value measurements by level at December 31, 2019 for the assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis:

   
Level 1
   
Level 2
   
Level 3
 
                   
Available-for-sale securities
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
105,437
 
Common stock purchase warrant
   
-
     
-
     
-
 
Equity purchase put option
   
-
     
-
     
105,594
 
Fair value, at December 31, 2019
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
211,031
 
I-ON Digital Corp. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

Pronouncements Not Yet Effective


Fair Value Measurements

In August 2018, the FASB amended "Fair Value Measurements" to modify the disclosure requirements related to fair value. The amendment removes requirements to disclose (1) the amount of and reasons for transfers between levels 1 and 2 of the fair value hierarchy, (2) our policy related to the timing of transfers between levels, and (3) the valuation processes used in level 3 measurements. It clarifies that, for investments measured at net asset value, disclosure of liquidation timing is only required if the investee has communicated the timing either to us or publicly. It also clarifies that the narrative disclosure of the effect of changes in level 3 inputs should be based on changes that could occur at the reporting date. The amendment adds a requirement to disclose the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used in level 3 measurements. The guidance is effective for the Company with the Company’s quarterly filing for the period ended March 31, 2020 and the Company will make the required disclosure changes in that filing.  Adoption will not have an impact on the Company’s consolidated results of operations, consolidated financial position, and cash flows.


Retirement Plans

In August 2018, the FASB amended "Retirement Plans" to modify the disclosure requirements for defined benefit plans. For the Company, the amendment requires the disclosure of the weighted average interest crediting rate used for cash balance plans and an explanation of the reasons for significant gains and losses related to changes in the benefit obligation for the period. It removes the requirement to disclose the approximate amount of future benefits covered by insurance contracts. The guidance is effective for the Company with the Company’s annual filing for the year ended December 31, 2020 and the Company will make the required disclosure changes in that filing. Adoption will not have an impact on the Company’s consolidated results of operations, consolidated financial position, and cash flows.


Intangibles – Goodwill and other – Internal-Use Software

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-15, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other—Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract. This standard aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software (and hosting arrangements that include an internal-use software license). The Company’s accounting for the service element of a hosting arrangement that is a service contract is not affected by the proposed amendments and will continue to be expensed as incurred in accordance with existing guidance. This standard does not expand on existing disclosure requirements except to require a description of the nature of hosting arrangements that are service contracts. This standard is effective for fiscal years, and for interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in any interim period for which financial statements have not been issued. Entities can choose to adopt the new guidance prospectively or retrospectively. The Company plans to adopt the updated disclosure requirements of ASU No. 2018-15 prospectively in the first quarter of fiscal 2020, coinciding with the standard’s effective date, and expects the impact from this standard to be immaterial.


Improvements to Nonemployee Share-based Payment Accounting

In March 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07 “Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting” (“ASU 2018-07”).  ASU 2018-07 aligns the accounting for share-based payment awards to employees and non-employees.  Under ASU 2018-07 the existing employee guidance will apply to nonemployee share-based transactions, except for specific guidance related to the attribution of compensation cost. ASU 2018-07 should be applied to all new awards granted after the date of adoption. ASU 2018-07 is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and early adoption is permitted.  The Company adopted ASU 2018-07 effective January 1, 2019; such adoption had no material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 
Income Statement – Reporting Comprehensive Income

In February 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2018-02, Income Statement-Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220) (ASU 2018-02), which amends existing standards for income statement-reporting comprehensive income to allow a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from Tax Cuts and Jobs Act and improve the usefulness of information reported to financial statements users. ASU 2018-02 will be effective for beginning after December 15, 2018, and early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted ASU 2018-02 effective January 1, 2019; such adoption had no material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

I-ON Digital Corp. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


Financial Instruments

In March 2016, the FASB amended "Financial Instruments" to provide financial statement users with more decision-useful information about the expected credit losses on debt instruments and other commitments to extend credit held by a reporting entity at each reporting date. During November 2018 and April 2019, the FASB made amendments to the new standard that clarified guidance on several matters, including accrued interest, recoveries, and various codification improvements. The new standard, as amended, replaces the incurred loss impairment methodology in the current standard with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to support credit loss estimates.  The new guidance is effective for us on January 1, 2020, and in the first half of 2019, we established an implementation team and began analyzing the impact on our current policies and procedures to identify potential differences that would result from applying the requirements of the new standard. The implementation team reports findings and progress of the project to management on a frequent basis. Through this process, we have identified appropriate changes to our processes, systems, and controls to support recognition and disclosure under the new standard.  The Company is still evaluating the impact of the new standard on the Company’s consolidated results of operations, consolidated financial position, and cash flows.

Other recently issued accounting updates are not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s Interim Financial Statements.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements


Statement of Cash Flows: Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows: Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (“ASU 2016-15”), to address diversity in practice in how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. For public entities, the standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. For all other entities, the standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company adopted ASU 2016-15 effective January 1, 2018; such adoption had no material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.


Leases (ASU 2019-01)

In March 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-01, Leases (Topic 842) Codification Improvements, which removed the requirement for an entity to disclose in the interim periods after adoption, the effect of the change on income from continuing operations, net income, any other affected financial statement line item, and any affected per share amount. For lessors, the new leasing standard requires leases to be classified as a sales-type, direct financing or operating leases. These criteria focus on the transfer of control of the underlying lease asset. This standard and related update was effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted ASU 2016-02 effective January 1, 2019; such adoption had no material impact on the Company’s financial statements, given that the noncancelable term of the Company’s current lease is less than 12 months.


Leases (ASU 2016-02)

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet by lessees for those leases currently classified as operating leases under ASC 840 “Leases.” These amendments also require qualitative disclosures along with specific quantitative disclosures. These amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early application is permitted. The Company can elect to record a cumulative-effect adjustment as of the beginning of the year of adoption or apply a modified retrospective transition approach. The Company expects that substantially all of its operating lease commitments will be subject to the new guidance and will be recognized as operating lease liabilities and right-of-use assets upon adoption. The Company adopted ASU 2016-02 effective January 1, 2019; such adoption had no material impact on the Company’s financial statements, given that the noncancelable term of the Company’s current lease is less than 12 months.

I-ON Digital Corp. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

NOTE 3:
Long-term Debt

Long-term debt consisted of the following:

   
March 31,
2020
   
December 31,
2019
 
             
A note payable to a financial institution bearing interest at 2.81% and 2.54% at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, and guaranteed by the officer of the Company. The Company was required to make interest-only payments until December 2019, then monthly payments of both principal and interest starting from January 2020.
 
$
347,562
   
$
388,600
 
                 
Long-term debt
 
$
347,562
   
$
388,600
 
Less: current portion
   
(163,561
)
   
(194,300
)
Long-term debt, net of current portion
 
$
184,001
   
$
194,300
 

The long-term debts contain certain covenants, and the Company was in compliance with the covenants.

NOTE 4:
Line of Credit

The Company has lines of credit with financial institutions for total amount of approximately $3,300,000 that expires in various months in 2020, unless extended. There was no outstanding balance under the credit lines at December 31, 2019 but for operating expense the Company used $332,897(407,000,000 KRW) as of March 31, 2020 from Kookmin Bank. The lines of credit, bearing various interest rates are guaranteed by the officer of the Company.

The Company has an arrangement with its customers and a financial institution, in which the Company’s customers issue electronic invoices with the Company as the recipient. The Company can use these receivables as collaterals for loans up to approximately $4,900,000 and $5,100,000 as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The Company receives its payments due when the customer fully pays the invoices to the financial institution. The interest rates vary depending on the Company’s customers’ credit ratings. The Company has no borrowings outstanding as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The maturity date of the arrangement varies on the dates of the original transactions.

NOTE 5:
Short Term Loan Payable

The Company has a short-term loan with a financial institution bearing interest rate of 2.54% expiring March 31, 2020.  All amounts outstanding is due on March 31, 2020, however, the Company may make earlier payments without any penalty.  The total amount outstanding was approximately $450,000 and $475,000 at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.  The short-term loan is guaranteed by the officer of the Company.

I-ON Digital Corp. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

NOTE 6:
Investments

Equity Method

The Company applies the equity method for investments in affiliate, which a privately-held company where quoted market prices are not available, in which it has the ability to exercise significant influence over operating and financial policies of the affiliate. Significant influence is generally defined as 20% to 50% ownership in the voting stock of an investee. Under the equity method, the Company initially records the investment at cost and then adjusts the carrying value of the investment to recognize the proportional share of the equity-accounted affiliate’s net income (loss) including changes in capital of the affiliate.

The Company had the following equity investment accounted under the equity method:

 
As of March 31, 2020
 
Equity investee
Type of
Shares
Owned
 
Number
of Shares
Owned
   
Original
Investment
Amount
   
Equity
Investment
Ownership
 
ACDC Consulting VN PTE Ltd.
Common stock
   
40
   
$
9,507.85
     
20
%

Since, ACDC Consulting VN PTE Ltd. does not quarterly book closing, the Company cannot get the financial information of ACDC Consulting VN PTE Ltd.  ACDC Consulting VN PTE Ltd. recognized $30.75 as the operation income in 2019.

Available-for-sale securities

The Company’s investments also include privately-held companies, where quoted market prices are not available, and the cost method, combined with other intrinsic information, is used to assess the fair value of the investment.

The following table summarize the Company’s investment securities:
Available-for-sale securities
 
Percentage of
Ownership
   
March 31,
2020
   
December 31,
2019
 
4Grit
   
2.50
%
 
$
40,900
   
$
43,189
 
E-channel
   
0.07
%
 
$
33,684
   
$
40,849
 
KSFC
   
0.00
%
 
$
10,757
   
$
11,359
 
ACDC Consulting VN PTE LTD
   
20.00
%
 
$
9,508
   
$
10,040
 
Total investment securities
         
$
99,849
   
$
105,437
 

I-ON Digital Corp. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
NOTE 7:
Beneficial Conversion Feature and Common Stock Warrant Equity Purchase Agreement – Put Option

On August 13, 2018 (the "Closing Date"), the Company entered into an Equity Purchase Agreement  (the  "Purchase  Agreement") with the convertible debenture holder (the “Holder”), whereby, upon the terms and subject to the conditions thereof, the Holder  is committed  to purchase shares of the Company's common stock, par value $0.001 per share (the "Purchase Shares"), at an aggregate price of up to $10,000,000 (the "Total Commitment Amount") over the course of a 24- month term. The significant terms of the Purchase Agreement are given below:

 
Put Provision:  From time to time over the 24-month term of the Purchase Agreement, commencing on the date on which a registration statement registering  the Purchase Shares (the "Registration  Statement")  becomes effective,  the Company may, in  its sole discretion, provide the Buyer with a put notice (each a "Put Notice") to purchase a specified number of the Purchase Shares (each a "Put Amount Requested") subject to the limitations contained in the Purchase Agreement.

The actual amount of proceeds the Company receives pursuant to each Put Notice (each, the "Put Amount") is to be determined by the lesser of (i) 88% of the lowest closing bid price of the Company's Common Stock on the trading  day immediately preceding the respective date of the Put Notice and (ii) 88% of the lowest closing bid price during the Valuation Period (the period of 7 trading days immediately following the clearing date associated with the applicable Put Notice).

The Put Amount Requested pursuant to any single Put Notice must have an aggregate value of at least $20,000, and cannot exceed the lesser of (i) 250% of the average daily trading value of the common stock in the 10 trading days immediately preceding the Put Notice or (ii) such number of shares of common stock that has an aggregate value of $500,000.

 
Term:  Unless earlier terminated, the Purchase Agreement will terminate automatically on the earlier to occur of: (i) 24 months after the initial effectiveness of the Registration Statement, (ii) the date on which the Buyer has purchased or acquired all of the Purchase Shares, or (iii) the date on which certain bankruptcy proceedings are initiated with respect to the Company.

Upon execution of the Purchase Agreement, the Company issued 100,000 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.001 to the Holder.

The Company adopted the provisions of FASB ASC Topic 480 and Topic 815, to determine the proper classification of the Purchase Agreement. The Company determined the put option meets the definition of a derivative under ASC 815 but is outside the scope of ASC 480. Under ASC 816-40, the Company determined the derivate does not meet equity classification and accordingly, is classified as an asset on the consolidated balance as a Level 3 financial instrument. The Company used an independent third-party valuation firm to determine the fair value of the derivative asset using an Option Pricing Model.

Changes to fair value at the end of each reporting period is recorded as other income or expense in the consolidated statements of income. The following table summarizes the changes in the Level 3 financial instrument related to the derivate asset for the equity put option:

Fair value, at December 31, 2019
 
$
105,594
 
Issuance of equity purchase put option
   
-
 
Change in fair value
   
(5,597
)
Fair value, at March 31, 2020
 
$
99,997
 

NOTE 8:
Commitments and Contingencies

Royalty

On February 15, 2006, the Company agreed to provide the rights to Ashisuto to sell the products in the Japanese market. Per the agreement, the contract period is automatically extended by 5 years up to 20 years.

Operating Leases

The Company leases its office under non-cancelable operating leases that expire on dates through December 2020. The lease is automatically extended upon agreement of both parties. Rent expense for all operating leases for the three-months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was $35,188 and $36,031 respectively.

NOTE 9:
Related Party Transactions

The Company receives loan guarantees from the chief executive officer with regards to its long-term borrowing, and the Company’s restricted cash provided as collateral to the Company’s chief executive officer’s loans.

I-ON Digital Corp. and Subsidiary

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


NOTE 10:
Earnings Per Share

The Company calculates earnings per share in accordance with FASB ASC 260, Earnings Per Share, which requires a dual presentation of basic and diluted earnings per share. Basic earnings per share are computed using the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the fiscal year. Potentially dilutive common shares consist of stock options outstanding (using the treasury method).

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net income per common share:

   
Three-months Period
Ended March 31,
 
Periods Ended
 
2020
   
2019
 
             
Net income (loss) before non-controlling interest
 
$
123,517
   
$
(1,097,887
)
Non-controlling interest
   
(2,593
)
   
190
 
Net income (loss)
   
126,110
     
(1,097,697
)
                 
Weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding:
               
Basic
   
35,030,339
     
35,030,339
 
Dilutive effect of common stock equivalents arising from share option, excluding antidilutive effect from loss
   
-
     
-
 
Dilutive shares
   
35,030,339
     
35,030,339
 
                 
Earnings per share - Basic
               
Net income (loss) before non-controlling interest
 
$
0.00
   
$
(0.03
)
Non-controlling interest
 
$
(0.00
)
 
$
(0.00
)
Earnings per share to stockholders
 
$
0.00
   
$
(0.03
)
                 
Earnings per share - Diluted
               
Net income (loss) before non-controlling interest
 
$
0.00
   
$
(0.03
)
Non-controlling interest
 
$
(0.00
)
 
$
(0.00
)
Earnings per share to stockholders
 
$
0.00
   
$
(0.03
)

No non-vested share awards or non-vested share unit awards were antidilutive for the Three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

NOTE 11:
Non-Controlling Interest-Issuance of Preferred Stock by Subsidiary

On April 9, 2019, The Company’s subsidiary, I-ON Communication Korea issued redeemable convertible preferred stock with proceed of KRW549,997,000 and issued 157,142 shares of preferred stock or at price of KRW3,500 per share. The convertible preferred stock agreement contain provisions as follows:


Voting rights – The preferred shareholder may have same voting rights as common stock shareholder (1:1)

2% annual dividend

Liquidating rights

Conversion rights to common stock

Call option by preferred shareholder - Preferred stock may be converted to common stock anytime at a fixed conversion price of KRW 3,500

Call option by I-ON Communication – Should I-ON Communication exercise to redeem preferred stock, I-ON Communication is required to re-purchase for KRW 3,500 per share and 7% annual interest compounded.

The Company accounted the issuance of preferred stock under ASC 810-10-45-23, Consolidation, and was accounted for as equity transaction as the parent’s ownership interest retains control of a subsidiary.   The preferred stock issuance by a subsidiary to noncontrolling interest holders should be reflected as a noncontrolling interest in the financial statements of the parent at the amount of the cash proceeds received.

The convertible preferred shares meet definition of equity instrument and contain put option that is not outside the Company’s control and the conversion to common stock is at a fixed determinable share conversion price at KRW 3,500 per share.

NOTE 12:
Subsequent Events

The Company evaluated all events or transactions that occurred after March 31, 2020 up through the date the unaudited consolidated financial statements were available to be filed. During these periods, the Company did not have any material recognizable subsequent events required to be disclosed as of and for the Three months ended March 31, 2020.
Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Forward Looking Statements

This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. These statements relate to future events or our future financial performance. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may”, “should”, “expects”, “plans”, “anticipates”, “believes”, “estimates”, “predicts”, “potential” or “continue” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. These statements are only predictions.

While these forward-looking statements, and any assumptions upon which they are based, are made in good faith and reflect our current judgment regarding the direction of our business, actual results will almost always vary, sometimes materially, from any estimates, predictions, projections, assumptions or other future performance suggested in this report. Except as required by applicable law, we do not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements to conform these statements to actual results.

Our unaudited interim consolidated financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 and as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 are expressed in US dollars and are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America. They reflect all adjustments (all of which are normal and recurring in nature) that, in the opinion of management, are necessary for fair presentation of our interim financial information. The results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for any subsequent quarter. Our unaudited consolidated financial statements and notes included therein have been prepared on a basis consistent with and should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements and notes for the year ended December 31, 2019, as filed in our annual report on Form 10-K.

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our interim financial statements and the related notes that appear elsewhere in this quarterly report.

Business Overview

Organization and Corporate History

I-ON Digital Corp. (formerly known as I-ON Communications Corp.) was incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware on June 18, 2013 as ALPINE 3 Inc. Alpine 3 Inc. was set up to serve as a vehicle to effect an asset acquisition, merger, exchange of capital stock or other business combination with a domestic or foreign business. ALPINE 3 did not undertake any effort to cause a market to develop in its securities, either debt or equity, before it successfully concluded a business combination. On April 4, 2014, The Michael J. Rapport Trust (the “Trust”) purchased 10,000,000 shares of common stock which was all of the outstanding shares of Alpine 3, Inc., and subsequently changed the name to Evans Brewing Company Inc. (“EBC”) on May 29, 2014. On October 9, 2014 the Trust agreed to the cancellation of 9,600,000 of the shares of common stock that it had acquired and retained 400,000 shares of common stock.

On October 15, 2014, Bayhawk and EBC entered into an Asset Purchase and Share Exchange Agreement (the “Agreement”), subject to receiving approval of the independent Bayhawk shareholders who voted on the transaction. On September 17, 2015, the independent Bayhawk shareholders approved the agreement and Bayhawk sold to EBC and EBC purchased from Bayhawk assets of Bayhawk, including but not limited to the assets relating to the Bayhawk Ales label and the Evans Brands (collectively, the “Transferred Assets”). Bayhawk retained ownership of 100% of the stock in Evans Brewing Co. (CA) (“Evans Brewing California”) which has the brewers license at City Brewery in Lacrosse, WI. Based on the affirmative vote by the independent Bayhawk shareholders to approve the Asset Purchase transaction, EBC proceeded with the share exchange and tender offer to the Bayhawk shareholders, pursuant to which EBC offered to exchange shares of EBC common stock for shares of Bayhawk common stock, on a one-for-one basis (the “Exchange Offer”). At the close of the share exchange on December 2, 2015, 4,033,863 Bayhawk shares were accepted and exchanged for 4,033,863 shares of EBC common stock.

On January 25, 2018, Evans Brewing Company, Inc. consummated an Agreement of Merger and Plan of Reorganization (the “Merger Agreement”), with I-ON Communications Co., Ltd., a company organized under the laws of the Republic of Korea (South Korea) (“I-ON”) and I-ON Acquisition Corp., a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (“Acquisition”). Pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, Acquisition merged with and into I-ON in a statutory reverse triangular merger (the “Merger”) with I-ON surviving as a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Registrant.  As consideration for the Merger, the Registrant agreed to issue the shareholders of I-ON (the “I-ON Holders”) an aggregate of 26,000,000 shares of our Common Stock, in accordance with their pro rata ownership of I-ON capital stock.  Following the Merger, the Registrant adopted the business plan of I-ON in information technology consultancy and software development.  On December 14, 2017, in connection with the Merger, the Company’s Board of Directors approved an amendment to its Certificate of Incorporation (the “Amendment”) to change its name to I-ON Communications Corp.

At the effective time of the Merger, our board of directors and officers were reconstituted by the appointment of Jae Cheol James Oh as Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, and Chief Financial Officer, Hong Rae Kim as Executive Director and Jae Ho Cho as Director.  Michael Rapport resigned as President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman in connection with the Transaction and Evan Rapport resigned as Vice President and Director, Kenneth Wiedrich resigned as Chief Financial Officer and Director and Kyle Leingang resigned as Secretary. Roy Robertson, Mark Lamb, Joe Ryan, and Kevin Hammons resigned as members of the Board of Directors and their respective committees.

On March 21, 2019, the Company’s Board of Directors approved an amendment to the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation to change the name of the Company to I-ON Digital Corp.

I-ON Digital

Following the Merger, as described more fully herein, the Company adopted the business plan of I-ON. I-ON was founded by Jae Cheol James Oh, who currently serves as CEO. The Company’s roots are in IT consultancy and software development. I-ON services South Korea’s enterprise content management system’s (CMS) market and specializes in advancing market-leading internet software applications to capitalize on rapidly growing market sectors.

After being awarded its first of numerous international patents in 2003, I-ON has since evolved into an industry-leading and recognized software developer and provider of on-premise and cloud-based enterprise-class unstructured data management, digital experience and digital marketing software and solutions.  I-ON’s portfolio of software and solutions serves the digital marketing and technology needs of organizations, enabling clients to create, measure, and optimizes digital experiences for their audiences across marketing channels and devices.  We believe these solutions help clients reduce the cost of content management and delivery, while increasing the return on their investments in digital communication and marketing spend.   As of its founding, the Company has serviced and continues to service over 1,000 blue-chip and middle-market clients across virtually all verticals in both private and public sectors.  The Company has meaningfully expanded its reach over the past decade and now currently markets, licenses and sells its products and services directly to clients in South Korea and Japan, as well as in Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, and the U.S. through value-added resellers and partnerships.

I-ON currently holds 6 international and over 20 domestic patents for both products and methodologies built into the 10 product offerings the Company currently has at market.  These encompass enterprise CMS, digital experience and service delivery software, digital marketing, smart mobility and analytics tools, and, more recently, energy management solutions as well as sports software and IT convergence services.  Beginning in the fourth quarter of 2018, the Company started endorsing its 7th generation cloud based Digital Experience (DXP) platform as a service offering known as ICE, which encompasses a more feature-rich front and back end CMS.  The Company has designed and developed industry-leading technologies that are compliant with global standards including GS (Good Software) and NET (New Excellent Technology).  I-ON also holds numerous domestic and global industry awards, earning high rankings and recognition from the likes of Gartner (Magic Quadrant 2014) and Red Herring (2014 Asia Top 100 Winner), among many others.

In addition to South Korea, Japan has particularly helped fuel I-ON’s growth over the past 10 years owing to the success of an exclusive licensing deal with Ashisuto, a large Japan-based technology services firm that employs approximately 800 technical, engineering and marketing staff across 9 office locations.  Ashisuto, which has provided technology services to Japan’s enterprises and government entities since 1973, currently white labels and sells I-ON’s core CMS offering ICS6 to over 600 clients as NOREN 6.

As a result of global enterprise digital marketing trends and I-ON’s nearly 20 -year track record in South Korea, Japan and now, Southeast Asia, the Company’s objective is to continue to gain market share in these markets. I-ON will continue to closely engage and consult with existing and prospective clients as their subject matter expert and digital strategist of choice across multiple touchpoints in the digital marketing and technology ecosystem, helping Chief Marketing Officers (CMO) and Chief Information Officers (CIO) drive critical change and growth for their organizations.

I-ON has invested and continues to spend substantial revenue on research and development.  The Company has over 120 employees as of March 31, 2020, approximately 90% of whom are considered full-time.  Research and development typically comprises of approximately 80 junior, mid to senior level engineers and developers, most of whom are based at the Company’ headquarters located at 15 Teheran-ro 10-gil, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, South Korea, 06234.

Results of Operations

Comparison of results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020 as Compared to the three months ended March 31, 2019

The following table sets forth selected items from our interim unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations by dollar and as a percentage of our net sales for the periods indicated:

   
Quarter-ended March 31,
             
   
2020
   
2019
   
Change
 
   
Amount
   
% of Revenue
   
Amount
   
% of Revenue
   
Amount
   
%
 
                                     
Net sales
 
$
2,286,172
     
100.0
%
 
$
1,639,619
     
100.0
%
 
$
646,553
     
39.4
%
Cost of goods sold
   
1,569,402
     
68.6
%
   
1,815,355
     
110.7
%
   
(245,953
)
   
-13.5
%
Gross profit (loss)
   
716,770
     
31.4
%
   
(175,736
)
   
-10.7
%
   
892,506
     
-507.9
%
                                                 
Operating expense:
                                               
Research and development
   
182,484
     
8.0
%
   
218,507
     
13.3
%
   
(36,023
)
   
-16.5
%
General and administrative
   
464,414
     
20.3
%
   
484,062
     
29.5
%
   
(19,648
)
   
-4.1
%
Total operating expense
   
646,898
     
28.3
%
   
702,569
     
42.8
%
   
(55,671
)
   
-7.9
%
                                                 
Gain (Loss) from operations
   
69,872
     
3.1
%
   
(878,305
)
   
-53.6
%
   
948,177
     
-108.0
%
                                                 
Other income (expense):
                                               
Loss on extinguishment of debt
   
-
     
0.0
%
   
(160,419
)
   
-9.8
%
   
160,419
     
-100.0
%
Interest income
   
9,979
     
0.4
%
   
-
     
0.0
%
   
9,979
     
N/A
 
Foreign currency transaction gain (loss)
   
622
     
0.0
%
   
-
     
0.0
%
   
622
     
N/A
 
Miscellaneous income, net
   
55,538
     
2.4
%
   
14,083
     
0.9
%
   
41,455
     
294.4
%
Interest expense
   
(5,936
)
   
-0.3
%
   
(45,147
)
   
-2.8
%
   
39,211
     
-86.9
%
Total other income (expense), net
   
60,203
     
2.6
%
   
(191,483
)
   
-11.7
%
   
251,686
     
-131.4
%
                                                 
Loss before provision for income taxes, loss on equity investments in affiliates, and non-controlling interest
   
130,075
     
5.7
%
   
(1,069,788
)
   
-65.2
%
   
1,199,863
     
-112.2
%
Provision for (benefit from) income tax
   
6,558
     
0.3
%
   
24,543
     
1.5
%
   
(17,985
)
   
-73.3
%
                                                 
Net loss before income or loss on equity investments in affiliates and non-controlling interest
   
123,517
     
5.4
%
   
(1,094,331
)
   
-66.7
%
   
1,217,848
     
-111.3
%
Income (Loss) on equity investments
   
-
     
0.0
%
   
(3,556
)
   
-0.2
%
   
3,556
     
-100.0
%
                                                 
Net loss before non-controlling interest
   
123,517
     
5.4
%
   
(1,097,887
)
   
-67.0
%
   
1,221,404
     
-111.3
%
Non-controlling interest income (loss)
   
(2,593
)
   
-0.1
%
   
(190
)
   
0.0
%
   
(2,783
)
   
-1,464.7
%
                                                 
Net income (loss)
 
$
126,110
      5.5
%
 
$
(1,097,697
)
   
-66.9
%
 
$
1,223,807
     
-111.5
%

Net Sales

Net sales increased by $646,553 or 39.4%, to $2,286,172 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 from $1,639,619 for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The change in net sales reflected the following:

- License customization revenue increased by approximately $110,758 from approximately $1,007,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 to $1,117,758 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 since the Company was focusing in sales effort in this area with various customers for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

- Development revenue increased by approximately $68,244 from approximately $105,000 for the three months ended March 31,2019 to $173,244 for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

Cost of Goods Sold

Cost of goods sold decreased by $245,953 or 13.5%, to $1,569,402 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 from $1,815,355 for the three months ended March 31, 2019.  The decrease was primarily due to outsourced consulting fees.  The outsourced consulting fees decreased by $378,263 or 47%, to $419,494 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 from $797,757 for the three months ended March 31, 2019.

Gross Profit (Loss)

Gross profit increased by $892,506, to gross profit of $716,770, or 31.4% of net sales, for the three months ended March 31, 2020, from gross loss of ($175,736), or (10.7%) of net sales, for the three months ended March 31, 2019.

The increase in Gross profit was mainly due to higher profit margin due to higher net sales and lower cost of goods sold as described in Net Sales and Cost of Goods Sold above.

Research and Development

Research and development expenses decreased by $36,023 or 16.5%, to $182,484 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 from $218,507 for the three months ended March 31, 2019.  The decrease was due to the layoff of 6 computer programmers at the research and development department.

General and Administrative

General and administrative expenses decreased by $19,648 or 4.1%, to $464,414 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 from $484,062 for the three months ended March 31, 2019.  The expenses have been continuously decreased mainly due to outside service fees.

Other Income (Expense)

Other income (expense) change was primarily due to decrease in miscellaneous income from Japan.

Provision for Income Tax

Change in tax provision was not material.

Comprehensive income - Foreign currency translation

Foreign currency translation loss was $371,704 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to loss of $95,839 for the three months ended March 31, 2019.  The change of $467,543 was due to devaluation of Korean Won compared to US dollar in three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to March 31, 2019.  The average exchange rate for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was KRW 1,193.60 and KRW 1,125.08, respectively.

Comparison of results of operations for the Three months ended March 31, 2020 as Compared to the Three months ended March 31, 2019

The following table sets forth selected items from our interim unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations by dollar and as a percentage of our net sales for the periods indicated:
Liquidity and Capital Resources

At March 31, 2020, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $1,888,854. We estimate that we will require up to $3,000,000 of capital for the next twelve months of operations. We estimate that our expenses will be comprised primarily of general expenses including particularly marketing, research and development costs, overhead, legal and accounting fees.

   
Three Months Ended March 31,
   
Changes
 
   
2020
   
2019
   
Amount
   
%
 
Net cash used in operating activities
   
(915,055
)
   
(896,933
)
   
(18,122)
     
2.0
%
Net cash used in investing activities
   
(24,721
)
   
(112,626
)
   
87,905

   
-78.1
%
Net cash used in financing activities
   
(20,937
)
   
(355,642
)
   
334,705
     
-94.1
%
Effect of foreign currency translation on cash and cash equivalents
   
(129,217
)
   
(18,024
)
   
(111,193
)
   
616.9
%
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
   
(1,089,930
)
   
(1,383,225
)
   
293,295
     
-21.2
%

Operating Activities

Cash used in operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was $915,055, compared to $896,933 for the three months ended March 31, 2019, an increase of $18,122, or approximately 2.0%.

Investing Activities

Cash used in investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was $24,724, compared to $112,626 for the three months ended March 31, 2019, a decrease of $87,905, or approximately 78.1%.  The decreased in cash used in investing activities was due to decrease in purchase of property of $59,718, and decrease in purchase of intangible of 12,427.

Financing Activities

Cash used in financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was $20,937, compared to $355,642 for the three months ended March 31, 2019, a decrease of $334,705.  The decrease was primarily due to decrease in debt payments.  Only payment was principal payment of long-term debt $20,937.

Critical Accounting Policies

Our unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements are affected by the accounting policies used and the estimates and assumptions made by management during their preparation. A complete summary of these policies is included in Note 2 of the notes to our unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements. We have identified below the accounting policies that are of particular importance in the presentation of our financial position, results of operations and cash flows, and which require the application of significant judgment by our management.  Management has carefully considered the recently issued accounting pronouncements that altered generally accepted accounting principles and does not believe that any other new or modified principles will have a material impact on the Company’s reported financial position or operations in the near term.

Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

We are a smaller reporting company as defined by 17 C.F.R. 229 (10)(f)(i) and are not required to provide information under this item.

Item 4.
Controls and Procedures

Disclosure Controls

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and Rule 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) designed to provide reasonable assurance the information required to be reported in our Exchange Act filings is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified and pursuant to Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) rules and forms, including controls and procedures designed to ensure that this information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

As of the end of the period covered by this report, our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive and Financial Officer, carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures. Based upon this evaluation, our Chief Executive and Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective to ensure that information we are required to disclose in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms.

Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting. Under the supervision of our Chief Executive and Financial Officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2020 using the criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).

A material weakness is a deficiency, or combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. In our assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2020, we determined that our disclosure controls and procedures are not effective as of such date to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time provided in the SEC rules and forms.

Management is currently evaluating remediation plans for the above control deficiencies.

Changes in Internal Control

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and Rule 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) during the Three months ended March 31, 2020 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. However, as a result of the Company’s recent change of control, we have added several additional employees in accounting which we hope will improve the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1.
Legal Proceedings

None of our directors, officers, affiliates, any owner of record or beneficially of more than 5% of our voting securities, or any associate of any such director, officer, affiliate or security holder are (i) a party adverse to us in any legal proceedings, or (ii) have a material interest adverse to us in any legal proceedings. We are not aware of any other legal proceedings that have been threatened against us.

Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities

None.

Item 3.
Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

Item 5.
Other Information

None

Item 6.
Exhibits

Exhibit
Number
 
Exhibit
Description
     
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002*
     
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 **

* Filed herewith.

** Furnished herewith.

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 Date: May 13, 2020
I-ON Digital Corp

   
 
By:
/s/ Jae Cheol Oh
   
Jae Cheol Oh
   
Chief Executive Officer, Treasurer, Director (Principal Executive and Financial Officer)


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