Company Quick10K Filing
Simply Good Foods
Price114.44 EPS1
Shares86 P/E185
MCap9,838 P/FCF127
Net Debt-51 EBIT82
TEV9,787 TEV/EBIT119
TTM 2019-05-25, in MM, except price, ratios
10-K 2020-08-29 Filed 2020-10-28
10-Q 2020-05-30 Filed 2020-07-09
10-Q 2020-02-29 Filed 2020-04-06
10-Q 2019-11-30 Filed 2020-01-09
10-K 2019-08-31 Filed 2019-10-30
10-Q 2019-05-25 Filed 2019-07-02
10-Q 2019-02-23 Filed 2019-04-04
10-Q 2018-11-24 Filed 2019-01-03
10-K 2018-08-25 Filed 2018-10-24
10-Q 2018-05-26 Filed 2018-07-10
10-Q 2018-02-24 Filed 2018-04-10
10-Q 2017-11-25 Filed 2018-01-09
10-K 2017-08-26 Filed 2017-11-09
10-Q 2017-05-27 Filed 2017-07-14
8-K 2020-10-26 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2020-09-24 Other Events
8-K 2020-07-08 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2020-06-15
8-K 2020-05-27
8-K 2020-04-06
8-K 2020-01-22
8-K 2020-01-09
8-K 2019-11-07
8-K 2019-10-29
8-K 2019-10-16
8-K 2019-10-09
8-K 2019-10-08
8-K 2019-10-07
8-K 2019-09-30
8-K 2019-08-21
8-K 2019-07-23
8-K 2019-07-02
8-K 2019-06-13
8-K 2019-04-04
8-K 2019-02-25
8-K 2019-01-23
8-K 2019-01-03
8-K 2018-12-17
8-K 2018-11-14
8-K 2018-11-13
8-K 2018-11-05
8-K 2018-10-24
8-K 2018-10-04
8-K 2018-07-27
8-K 2018-07-10
8-K 2018-04-10
8-K 2018-03-20
8-K 2018-02-06
8-K 2018-02-05
8-K 2018-01-09

ATK 10K Annual Report

Part I
Item 1. Business
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.
Item 2. Properties
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Part II
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Item 9B. Other Information
Part III
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services
Part IV
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
Item 16. Form 10 - K Summary
EX-4.4 exhibit44-10k2020.htm
EX-10.18 exhibit1018-10k2020.htm
EX-21.1 exhibit211-10k2020.htm
EX-23.1 exhibit231-10k2020.htm
EX-23.2 exhibit232-10k2020.htm
EX-31.1 exhibit311-10k2020.htm
EX-31.2 exhibit312-10k2020.htm
EX-32.1 exhibit321-10k2020.htm

Simply Good Foods Earnings 2020-08-29

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
1.20.90.70.40.2-0.12017201820192020
Assets, Equity
0.20.20.10.10.00.02017201820192020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
0.30.20.1-0.1-0.2-0.32017201820192020
Ops, Inv, Fin

Document
00false--08-29FY202000017027440.010.01600000000600000000819732849575184581875050956536110.056P5YP7Y1300000000.0480.010.011000000001000000000098234982340 0001702744 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 2020-02-28 0001702744 2020-10-26 0001702744 2020-08-29 0001702744 2019-08-31 0001702744 2018-08-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 2017-08-27 2018-08-25 0001702744 2018-08-25 0001702744 2017-08-26 0001702744 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-08-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2017-08-26 0001702744 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-08-25 0001702744 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2017-08-27 2018-08-25 0001702744 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2018-08-25 0001702744 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2017-08-27 2018-08-25 0001702744 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2017-08-26 0001702744 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2017-08-26 0001702744 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-08-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-08-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2017-08-26 0001702744 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2018-08-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2017-08-26 0001702744 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2018-08-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-08-25 0001702744 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2018-08-25 0001702744 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2017-08-27 2018-08-25 0001702744 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2017-08-27 2018-08-25 0001702744 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-08-25 0001702744 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 atk:AcquisitionofQuestMember 2019-11-07 2019-11-07 0001702744 srt:ScenarioPreviouslyReportedMember 2017-08-27 2018-08-25 0001702744 atk:OtherOperatingExpenseMember 2017-08-27 2018-08-25 0001702744 srt:RestatementAdjustmentMember 2017-08-27 2018-08-25 0001702744 us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 srt:MaximumMember us-gaap:OfficeEquipmentMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 srt:MaximumMember atk:ComputerEquipmentAndSoftwareMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 srt:MinimumMember us-gaap:OfficeEquipmentMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 srt:MinimumMember atk:ComputerEquipmentAndSoftwareMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:ShippingAndHandlingMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602Member us-gaap:OtherCurrentLiabilitiesMember 2019-09-01 0001702744 us-gaap:OtherAssetsMember 2019-11-07 0001702744 us-gaap:OtherLiabilitiesMember 2019-11-07 0001702744 us-gaap:OtherCurrentLiabilitiesMember 2019-11-07 0001702744 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602Member us-gaap:OtherAssetsMember 2019-09-01 0001702744 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602Member us-gaap:LongTermDebtMember 2019-09-01 0001702744 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602Member us-gaap:PropertyPlantAndEquipmentMember 2019-09-01 0001702744 us-gaap:ShippingAndHandlingMember 2017-08-27 2018-08-25 0001702744 us-gaap:ShippingAndHandlingMember 2018-08-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602Member us-gaap:OtherLiabilitiesMember 2019-09-01 0001702744 atk:AcquisitionofQuestMember 2019-11-07 0001702744 atk:AcquisitionofQuestMember 2019-08-21 2019-08-21 0001702744 atk:AcquisitionofQuestMember 2019-10-09 2019-10-09 0001702744 us-gaap:InventoriesMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:PropertyPlantAndEquipmentMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:AcquisitionofQuestMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:AcquisitionofQuestMember us-gaap:EquipmentMember 2019-11-07 0001702744 atk:AcquisitionofQuestMember us-gaap:ComputerSoftwareIntangibleAssetMember 2019-11-07 0001702744 atk:AcquisitionofQuestMember us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember 2019-11-07 0001702744 atk:DeferredincometaxesMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:AcquisitionofQuestMember us-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMember 2019-11-07 0001702744 atk:AcquisitionofQuestMember us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember 2019-11-07 0001702744 atk:AcquisitionofQuestMember us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember 2019-11-07 0001702744 us-gaap:IndefinitelivedIntangibleAssetsMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:AcquisitionofQuestMember 2018-08-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 atk:QuestMember atk:AcquisitionofQuestMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:ComputerEquipmentAndSoftwareMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:ComputerEquipmentAndSoftwareMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 atk:WebsiteDevelopmentMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 atk:WebsiteDevelopmentMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:OtherCapitalizedPropertyPlantAndEquipmentMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:OtherCapitalizedPropertyPlantAndEquipmentMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:TradeSecretsMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:LicensingAgreementsMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember 2018-08-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:LicensingAgreementsMember 2018-08-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:TradeSecretsMember 2018-08-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:TradeSecretsMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 srt:MaximumMember us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:TradeSecretsMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 srt:MinimumMember us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:LicensingAgreementsMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:LicensingAgreementsMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember us-gaap:EurodollarMember 2017-07-07 2017-07-07 0001702744 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2017-07-07 2017-07-07 0001702744 us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2017-07-07 0001702744 us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember us-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember 2017-07-07 2017-07-07 0001702744 us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember us-gaap:EurodollarMember 2017-07-07 2017-07-07 0001702744 atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember us-gaap:EurodollarMember 2017-07-07 2017-07-07 0001702744 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2020-03-01 2020-05-30 0001702744 atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2017-07-07 0001702744 atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember us-gaap:BaseRateMember 2017-07-07 2017-07-07 0001702744 us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2019-11-07 2019-11-07 0001702744 us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember us-gaap:BaseRateMember 2018-03-16 2018-03-16 0001702744 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2020-05-31 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember us-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember 2017-07-07 2017-07-07 0001702744 atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember us-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember 2019-11-07 2019-11-07 0001702744 us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2017-07-07 2017-07-07 0001702744 atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember us-gaap:BaseRateMember 2019-11-07 2019-11-07 0001702744 us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember us-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember 2018-03-16 2018-03-16 0001702744 us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:FinanceleasesMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember atk:BarclaysBankPLCAndOtherPartiesMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 atk:AcquisitionofAtkinsMember 2018-08-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 atk:AcquisitionofAtkinsMember 2017-08-27 2018-08-25 0001702744 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2019-08-31 0001702744 2017-08-27 2018-02-24 0001702744 us-gaap:ForeignCountryMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:ForeignCountryMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:ForeignCountryMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:AcquisitionofAtkinsMember 2017-07-07 0001702744 us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 atk:FormerMajorityStockholderAtkinsMember 2018-08-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentLiabilitiesMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:OtherCurrentLiabilitiesMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 srt:MaximumMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 srt:MinimumMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 2019-10-09 0001702744 atk:PublicWarrantsMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 atk:PrivatePlacementWarrantsMember 2017-07-06 0001702744 atk:PublicWarrantsMember 2017-07-06 0001702744 2019-10-09 2019-10-09 0001702744 us-gaap:StockAppreciationRightsSARSMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:StockAppreciationRightsSARSMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:StockAppreciationRightsSARSMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 atk:ExercisePriceRangefrom21.00to23.99Member 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:ExercisePriceRangefrom21.00to23.99Member 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:Exercisepricerangefrom12.00to14.99Member 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:ExercisePriceRangefrom24.00to26.99MemberMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:ExercisePriceRangefrom24.00to26.99MemberMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:ExercisePriceRangefrom15.00to17.99Member 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:ExercisePriceRangefrom15.00to17.99Member 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:ExercisePriceRangefrom18.00to20.99Member 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:ExercisePriceRangefrom18.00to20.99Member 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:Exercisepricerangefrom12.00to14.99Member 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2018-08-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2017-08-27 2018-08-25 0001702744 us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 srt:MinimumMember us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 srt:MaximumMember us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:OmnibusIncentivePlan2017Member 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:OmnibusIncentivePlan2017Member 2017-07-07 0001702744 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 srt:NorthAmericaMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 atk:InternationalExcludingNorthAmericaMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 atk:InternationalExcludingNorthAmericaMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 srt:NorthAmericaMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:Customer2Member us-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:CustomerOneMember us-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember 2018-08-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 atk:CustomerOneMember us-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 atk:CustomerOneMember us-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:Customer2Member us-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:CustomerOneMember us-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:InternationalExcludingNorthAmericaMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 srt:NorthAmericaMember 2017-08-27 2018-08-25 0001702744 atk:QuestMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:AtkinsDomain 2018-08-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 srt:NorthAmericaMember 2018-08-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 atk:QuestMember 2018-08-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 atk:QuestMember 2017-08-27 2018-08-25 0001702744 atk:InternationalExcludingNorthAmericaMember 2017-08-27 2018-08-25 0001702744 atk:AtkinsDomain 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 srt:NorthAmericaMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:InternationalExcludingNorthAmericaMember 2018-08-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 atk:AtkinsDomain 2017-08-27 2018-08-25 0001702744 atk:CustomerOneMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember 2018-08-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 atk:CustomerOneMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 atk:CustomerOneMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember 2017-08-27 2018-08-25 0001702744 atk:Customer2Member us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMember 2019-08-31 0001702744 us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMember 2020-08-29 0001702744 us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember 2019-09-01 2020-08-29 0001702744 2019-02-24 2019-05-25 0001702744 2019-05-26 2019-08-31 0001702744 2018-08-26 2018-11-24 0001702744 2018-11-25 2019-02-23 0001702744 2019-12-01 2020-02-29 0001702744 2020-05-31 2020-08-29 0001702744 2019-09-01 2019-11-30 0001702744 2020-03-01 2020-05-30 0001702744 us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-09-24 xbrli:pure iso4217:USD xbrli:shares iso4217:USD xbrli:shares atk:segment

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_______________________________________________________
FORM 10-K
_______________________________________________________
(Mark One)
 
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended August 29, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ______ to ______

Commission File Number: 001-38115
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The Simply Good Foods Company
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
sgflogotma10.jpg
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Delaware
 
82-1038121
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
1225 17th Street, Suite 1000
Denver, CO 80202
(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)
(303) 633-2840
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Trading Symbol(s)
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
 
SMPL
 
Nasdaq

Securities registered pursuant to section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Date File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer
 
Accelerated Filer
Non-Accelerated Filer
 
Smaller Reporting Company
 
 
 
Emerging Growth Company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

The aggregate market value of the common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of February 28, 2020, the last trading day of the registrant's most recently completed second fiscal quarter was approximately $1.8 billion based on the closing price of $22.06 for one share of common stock, as reported on the Nasdaq Capital Market on that date.

As of October 26, 2020, there were 95,683,897 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, issued and outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Certain portions of the registrant’s definitive proxy statement, in connection with its 2021 annual meeting of stockholders, to be filed within 120 days after the end of fiscal year ended August 29, 2020, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10‑K.







The Simply Good Foods Company and Subsidiaries

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


2



Cautionary Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements

This Form 10-K (this “Report”) contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). When used anywhere in this Report, the words “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements relate to future events or our future financial or operational performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievement to differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. We caution you that these forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. You should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. These statements reflect our current views with respect to future events, are based on assumptions and are subject to risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements include, among other things, the effect of the novel coronavirus ("COVID-19") on our business, financial condition and results of operations, statements about our ability to continue to operate at a profit, our ability to maintain current operation levels, our ability to maintain and gain market acceptance for our products or new products, our ability to capitalize on attractive opportunities, our ability to respond to competition and changes in the economy, unexpected costs, charges or expenses resulting from the Acquisition (as defined herein), failure to realize the anticipated benefits of the Acquisition, difficulties and delays in achieving the synergies and cost savings in connection with the Acquisition, changes in the business environment in which we operate including general financial, economic, capital market, regulatory and political conditions affecting us and the industry in which we operate, changes in consumer preferences and purchasing habits, our ability to maintain adequate product inventory levels to timely supply customer orders, the effect of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 on our business, changes in taxes, tariffs, duties, governmental laws and regulations, the availability of or competition for other brands, assets or other opportunities for investment by us or to expand our business, competitive product and pricing activity, difficulties of managing growth profitably, the loss of one or more members of our or of Quest’s (as defined herein) management team, and other risks and uncertainties indicated in this Report, including those set forth under “Risk Factors” in this Report. Important factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated or implied by forward-looking statements such as those contained in documents we have filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), including in this Report in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” “Risk Factors” and those contained in subsequent reports we will file with the SEC. All forward-looking statements in this Report are qualified entirely by the cautionary statements included in this Report and such other filings. These risks and uncertainties or other important factors could cause actual results to differ materially from results expressed or implied by forward-looking statements contained in this Report. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Report. We undertake no intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, and readers should not rely on the forward-looking statements as representing the Company’s views as of any date subsequent to the date of the filing of this Report.

Explanatory Note

The Simply Good Foods Company (“Simply Good Foods”) was formed on March 30, 2017, to consummate a business combination (the “Business Combination”) between Conyers Park Acquisition Corp. (“Conyers Park”) and NCP-ATK Holdings, Inc. (“Atkins”), which occurred on July 7, 2017 (the “Closing Date”). As a result, Simply Good Foods owns all of the equity in Atkins.

Conyers Park, a special purpose acquisition company, was formed in 2016 for the purpose of effecting a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses. Simply Good Foods is listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “SMPL.”

Unless the context otherwise requires, “we,” “us,” “our” and the “Company” refer, for periods prior to the completion of the Business Combination, to Atkins and its subsidiaries, and, for periods upon or after the completion of the Business Combination, to The Simply Good Foods Company and its subsidiaries. In context, “Atkins” may also refer to the Atkins® brand.

3



PART I

Item 1. Business

Overview

The Simply Good Foods Company is a highly-focused consumer packaged food and beverage company that aims to lead the nutritious snacking movement with trusted brands that offer a variety of convenient, innovative, great-tasting, better-for-you snacks and meal replacements. The product portfolio we develop, market and sell consists primarily of nutrition bars, ready-to-drink (“RTD”) shakes, sweet and salty snacks and confectionery products marketed under the Atkins®, Atkins Endulge® and Quest® brand names. Simply Good Foods is poised to expand its wellness platform through innovation and organic growth along with investment opportunities in the snacking space and broader food category.

The Company’s nutritious snacking platform consists of brands that specialize in providing products for consumers that follow certain nutritional philosophies and health-and-wellness trends: Atkins® for those following a low-carb lifestyle and Quest® for consumers seeking a variety of protein-rich foods and beverages that also limit sugars and simple carbs. We distribute our products in major retail channels, primarily in North America, including grocery, club and mass merchandise, as well as through e-commerce, convenience, specialty and other channels. Our portfolio of nutritious snacking brands gives us a strong platform with which to introduce new products, expand distribution, and attract new consumers to our products.

We believe snacking occasions have been on the rise in recent years as consumers desire more convenient, healthy and delicious foods, snacks and meal replacements. We believe our emphasis on product formats such as our nutrition and protein bars, cookies and RTD shakes positions us to fill important needs for consumers. We believe a number of existing and emerging consumer trends within the U.S. food and beverage industry will continue to both drive the growth of the nutritional snacking category and increase the demand for our product offerings. Some of these trends include increased consumption of smaller, more frequent meals throughout the day, consumers’ strong preference for convenient, “better-for-you” snacks, consumers’ greater focus on health and wellness, and consumers’ moves toward limiting carbohydrate and sugar consumption, as well as the trend of consumers seeking to add convenient sources of protein and fiber to their diets.

With our Atkins brand, we strive to offer a compelling line of nutrition bars, RTD shakes and confections, and with our Quest brand, we strive to offer an attractive line up of protein bars, cookies, pizza, protein chips, RTD shakes and confections, which target these existing and emerging consumer trends. Our sales, marketing and research and development capabilities enable us to distribute products to a national customer base across a spectrum of retail channels, including the mass merchandise, grocery and drug channels, club stores, e-commerce, and small format retail such as convenience stores and gas stations.

Simply Good Foods was formed in Delaware on March 30, 2017, to consummate the Business Combination, which occurred on July 7, 2017. As part of our strategy to become an industry leading snacking platform, in November 2019, we acquired Quest Nutrition, LLC. We refer to this transaction as the “Quest Acquisition.”

In addition to pursuing attractive run-rate cost synergies over time by leveraging efficiencies of scale with our legacy Atkins business, we completed the Quest Acquisition to realize several other potential benefits. Quest's products compete in many attractive, fast growing sub-segments within the nutritional snacking category and we expect Quest’s research and development insights and capabilities to benefit our broader business. Quest also has an extremely loyal following and strong appeal among consumers ages 18-35, which complements Atkins' strength among consumers ages 35+. We also believe the Quest Acquisition will allow us to benefit from Quest's existing relationships and effectiveness within certain channels of trade, such as e-commerce and the small format channel, and leverage Quest’s social media-based marketing capabilities. We believe we will also benefit from utilizing certain of Quest’s systems, such as its enterprise resource planning (ERP) platform, and associated reporting tools.

Our principal executive offices are located at 1225 17th Street, Suite 1000, Denver, Colorado, 80202. Our telephone number is (303) 633-2840. We also maintain a second major location in El Segundo, California, which serves as the headquarters for our Quest brand’s marketing and research and development leadership along with additional personnel in other company-wide departments. We maintain a web site at www.thesimplygoodfoodscompany.com.

Recent Developments

Effects of COVID-19

In December 2019, a novel coronavirus disease, or COVID-19, was reported and in January 2020, the World Health Organization, or WHO, declared it a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. On February 28, 2020, the WHO raised its assessment of the COVID-19 threat from high to very high at a global level due to the continued increase in the number of cases and affected countries, and on March 11, 2020, the WHO characterized COVID-19 as a pandemic. On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act was signed into law. The CARES Act provided a substantial stimulus and assistance package intended to address the effect

4



of the COVID-19 pandemic, including tax relief and government loans, grants and investments. Additionally, various federal, state and local government-imposed movement restrictions and initiatives have been implemented to reduce the global transmission of COVID-19, including reduced or eliminated food services, the closure of retailing establishments, the promotion of social distancing and the adoption of remote working policies.

During the third quarter of 2020, we actively engaged with the various elements of our value chain, including our customers, contract manufacturers, and logistics and transportation providers, to meet demand for our products and to remain informed of any challenges within our value chain. Given the unpredictable nature of the COVID-19 pandemic and the initial surge in consumption, we increased finished goods inventory of some of our key products. Based on information available to us as of the end of our fiscal year, we believe we will be able to deliver our products to meet customer orders on a timely basis, and therefore, we expect our products will continue to be available for purchase to meet consumer meal replacement and snacking needs for the foreseeable future. We continue to monitor customer and consumer demand, and intend to adapt our plans as needed to continue to drive our business and meet our obligations during the evolving COVID-19 situation.

We implemented remote work arrangements and restricted business travel in mid-March, and to date, these arrangements have not materially affected our ability to maintain our business operations, including the operation of financial reporting systems, internal control over financial reporting, and disclosure controls and procedures. As describe in more detail below under “Our Strengths,” we believe our lean infrastructure, which allows for significant flexibility, speed-to-market and minimal capital investment, has enabled us to adjust our expenditures to maintain cash flow until the continued reopening of the U.S. economy causes the return of shopping behavior to more normal patterns and our brand benefits of active nutrition and weight management drive greater better-for-you snacking and meal replacement usage occasions.

As described in more detail under the caption “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” our consolidated results of operations for the full fiscal year ended August 29, 2020 were affected by changes in consumer shopping and consumption behavior due to COVID-19. After the brief pantry loading period in mid-March 2020, the nutritional snacking category saw a marked decrease in shopping trips (particularly in the mass channel) and fewer usage occasions. This affected our portable and convenient on-the-go products, especially the nutrition and protein bar portion of our business for both our Atkins and Quest brands. As home confinement restrictions began to ease, shopping trips steadily improved from their lowest point and consumer interest in weight management and active nutrition began to improve.

During the fourth fiscal quarter of 2020, the improvement in category trends plateaued. While our Quest brand has outperformed its portion of the nutritious snaking segment, the performance of our Atkins brand, which is part of the weight management portion of the market, has remained slower due to the temporary softer interest in weight management for consumers, fewer on-the-go usage occasions and weakness in the mass channel that has experienced reduced shopper traffic during the pandemic.

We believe the severity and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic is uncertain and such uncertainty will likely continue during our 2021 fiscal year. We also believe demand for our products has strengthened, but there will likely continue to be irregularity in third party reported retail takeaway data for our products until the more fulsome reopening of the U.S. economy and the associated return of shopping behavior to more normal patterns and our brand benefits of active nutrition and weight management drive more better-for-you snacking and meal replacement usage occasions. Please also see the information under Item 1A. “Risk Factors” for additional information regarding the risks of pandemics, such as COVID-19.

SimplyProtein® Brand Sale

Effective September 24, 2020, we sold the assets exclusively related to the Company’s SimplyProtein® brand of products to a newly formed entity led by the Company’s Canadian-based management team who had been responsible for this brand prior to the sale transaction. In addition to purchasing these assets, the buyer assumed certain liabilities related to the SimplyProtein brand’s business.

The transaction enables our management to focus its full time and our resources on our core Atkins® and Quest® branded businesses and other strategic initiatives. Information in this Form 10-K includes information with respect to the Simply Protein business as the sale was effective after the end of the 2020 fiscal year.

Our Strengths

Powerful brands with strong consumer awareness and loyalty. We are a leader in the fast growing nutritional snacking category, and both the Atkins and Quest brands are leading brands with scale in nutrition and protein bars for both brands, RTD shakes and confections for the Atkins brand, and chips, cookies and pizza for the Quest brand. Our highly focused snacking portfolio provides us with a leading position within retailers’ nutrition and wellness aisles, resulting in meaningful shelf space. Our brands are able to appeal to both consumers interested in an active lifestyle who are seeking protein rich, low-carb snacking options and weight management program consumers, which makes our brands highly attractive and strategic for a diverse set of retailers across various distribution channels.


5



Aligned with consumer mega trends. Increasing global concern about growing rates of obesity and weight-related diseases and other health issues has resulted in increased scientific, media and consumer focus on nutrition. Over 100 independent, peer reviewed, clinical studies show the benefits of controlling carbohydrates. Management believes that this focus is prompting consumers to rebalance their nutritional breakdown away from carbohydrates. In fact, 73% of consumers are seeking to lower their carbohydrate intake according to Health Focus International. Our brand attributes, “low carb,” “low sugar” and “protein rich” nutrition, are well aligned with consumer mega trends. In addition, we believe consumers’ eating habits are gradually shifting towards increased convenience, snacking and meal replacement. We also believe our portfolio of convenient and nutritious products and our ongoing effort to meet consumer demands for “cleaner labels,” which we define as products made with fewer, simpler and more recognizable ingredients, are strategically aligned with these trends.

Scalable snacking and food platform. We have been able to grow our product offerings for both of our nutritious snacking brands through our line extensions and through acquisitions. Our in-house product development experience, combined with our outsourced manufacturing model, allow us to bring new products to market quickly. We pride ourselves on knowing our consumers and mining insights that lead to new products and ideas. We believe that we have the ability to leverage our strong relationships with our retail customers and distributors, a strong brand building track record, and category management expertise to help new products, brands and brand extensions gain distribution and consumer recognition, allowing us to continue to successfully expand our snacking platform.

Asset-light business with strong cash generation. We retain core in-house capabilities including sales, marketing, brand management, customer relationships, product development, and supply-chain expertise, while collaborating with a diversified pool of contract manufacturers and distributors to execute manufacturing and distribution. Outsourcing these competencies allows us to focus our efforts on innovation, marketing and sales to meet consumer demands. Our lean infrastructure allows for significant flexibility, speed-to-market and minimal capital investment, which translates into relatively consistent and robust free cash flow generation over time, driven by strong gross margins.

Experienced leadership team. Simply Good Foods has an experienced team of industry veterans with extensive experience across multiple branded consumer products, food and nutrition categories. For example, our President and Chief Executive Officer, Joseph Scalzo, has significant experience operating packaged foods businesses, having served in various leadership roles at Dean Foods, WhiteWave Foods, The Gillette Company, The Coca-Cola Company, and The Procter & Gamble Company. Our management team's extensive experience is complemented by the significant industry expertise of our directors James Kilts, the former Chief Executive Officer of The Gillette Company and Nabisco, and former President of Kraft USA and Oscar Mayer, and David West, the former Chief Executive Officer of Big Heart Pet Brands and The Hershey Company. Our management team’s deep expertise and proven record of accomplishment in managing brands and operating packaged food businesses is a key driver of our success and positions Simply Good Foods as an attractive vehicle for future long-term growth within the snacking space and broader food category.

Our Strategies

Leverage platform to expand in attractive food and snacking categories. Management believes the fragmented snacking category presents a substantial opportunity for consolidation and the opportunity to build, through disciplined acquisitions, a leading platform in the snacking space and broader food category. As a leader in nutritious snacking, we believe we have the unique capability to leverage our operating platform and customer relationships to expand beyond the Atkins and Quest brands. In addition, we believe the nutritious snacking category will continue to grow given its relatively low household penetration and favorable consumer trends of snacking, health and wellness, convenience and on-the-go consumption. Our experienced management team has deep expertise in brand building that we believe will help us to expand the business into additional brands and products in the snacking segment. Over time, we expect to continue seeking to identify and evaluate acquisition opportunities to complement our platform, and we see significant opportunity for growth and synergies in complementary adjacent snacking categories such as the “better-for-you” eating space.

Innovate and expand the portfolio of product offerings to meet consumer demand for “cleaner labels,” higher protein products and new product forms. Management expects that our ongoing efforts to meet consumer demand for “cleaner labels” will be effective at reaching self-directed low carbohydrate consumers who are focused on overall health, wellness and “clean eating,” as part of their active lifestyle or for weight management. Management is committed to continually finding new and innovative formulations to reduce the number of product ingredients, as well as using “better for you” ingredients like nuts, fiber and whey protein in its existing products, while maintaining and improving taste and quality. In addition, we intend to continue to enhance, strengthen and expand our product offerings with new and innovative flavors and forms, simple ingredients and packaging alternatives, all while maintaining a commitment to delivering products that meet our nutritional profile and provide the convenience that consumers crave. Our in-house research and development laboratories allow us to develop new products internally and bring them to market quickly through our contract manufacturing network without diverging from high standards of taste, quality, safety and nutritional content. Additionally, we intend to satisfy developing and changing consumer preferences through the pursuit of merger and acquisition transactions.

Expand distribution in white space opportunities. In the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020, approximately 75% Atkins’ gross sales in the U.S. were through the mass retailer and grocery distribution channels and approximately 52% of Quest’s gross sales in the U.S. were through the mass retailer and grocery distribution channels. Our management believes there is opportunity for the brand to penetrate further those channels as well as other distribution channels such as convenience and club stores. In addition, while shoppers have become heavier consumers of e-commerce purchases generally, only approximately 9% of Atkins’ gross sales for the fifty-two week period ended

6



August 29, 2020 were through its e-commerce channel, while approximately 21% of Quest’s gross sales for the same period were through its e-commerce channel. We intend to leverage our brand recognition to develop further the distribution channels through which we reach consumers, including through the continued expansion of the e-commerce channel.

Continue our marketing efforts to our loyal consumer bases. We intend to continue to expand our marketing efforts to retain our existing loyal consumer base for both the Atkins and Quest brands. Consumers who purchase our products have shown a strong affinity for both the Atkins and Quest brands as evidenced by a relatively high level of servings per buyer, per year. For our Atkins brand, our historic core target consumer base has been individuals participating in branded weight management programs and for the Quest brand, it has been individuals pursuing a performance-based, active and athletic lifestyle.

For both the Atkins and the Quest brands, we have an active and growing digital and social presence, using a comprehensive approach of search, banner and search engine optimization efforts. We are a leader in social media, with a top-tier presence on Facebook, Instagram, Pinterest, Twitter and YouTube. We also have a growing network of social influencers, who promote our products in their targeted social media posts. We believe that social media is a cost-effective way of continuing to attract and retain our consumers. We believe that our ongoing efforts to educate consumers about the benefits of a lower carbohydrate lifestyle will further reinforce our brands. For our Atkins brand, we use targeted broadcast and streaming television and print ads with a celebrity-based campaign that attempts to motivate potential programmatic weight loss consumers to try the Atkins approach to healthier eating and weight loss as these Atkins consumers are our most loyal, profitable and frequent purchasers. For our Quest brand, we use targeted streaming television ads and an extensive network of social media influencers who prompt our Quest brand products through their online posts to motivate new buyers and new product introductions.

Further develop our brand marketing strategies to reach consumers beyond our core historic buyers. We intend to continue to make focused changes to our approach to consumer outreach to attract consumers beyond our historic core buyers. For the Atkins brand, we intend to continue our marketing efforts to attract self-directed low carbohydrate eaters (those individuals not on a program diet) who buy and consume our Atkins products, despite the fact that historically, Atkins’ marketing and advertising have not been targeted towards them. For our Quest brand, we intend to continue our marketing efforts to reach consumers who are seeking products that are aligned with their choice to pursue a healthy and active lifestyle. We also note the Atkins brand has approximately 80% aided brand awareness with U.S. consumers and the Quest brand has approximately 65% aided brand awareness with U.S. consumers.

Our Vision and Mission

Our vision is to lead the nutritional snacking movement with trusted brands that offer a variety of convenient, innovative, great-tasting, better-for-you snacks and meal replacements. Our mission is to empower healthy lives through smart and satisfying nutrition.

Our Products

Core Products - Atkins

Our core Atkins brand products consist of nutrition bars, RTD shakes and confections.

Nutrition Bars. To keep on-the-go consumers energized and fueled, our Atkins nutrition bars offer a convenient and effective solution, providing consumers with protein, fiber and a delicious taste. Atkins offers two main types of nutrition bars: Atkins Meal Bars and Atkins Snack Bars. Atkins Meal Bars contain 13 to 17 grams of protein, and are available in more than 10 different flavors. With 2 to 4 grams of net carbs, Atkins Snack Bars contain 7 to 13 grams of protein. Atkins offers 15 varieties of Atkins Snack Bars.
    
RTD Shakes. Our rich and creamy Atkins RTD shakes contain 10 to 15 grams of protein, as well as other important vitamins and minerals. Available in a variety of flavors, including cookies and crème, café caramel and creamy chocolate, Atkins’ RTD shakes are made with high quality ingredients and are designed to provide energy balance through the day. Our Atkins’ Plus RTD shakes contain 30 grams of protein, for our consumers seeking higher protein content.

Confections. We believe our Atkins Endulge® line, which is designed to satisfy consumers’ sweet cravings, and which we call Treats, consists of delicious desserts without all of the added sugar. Atkins offers a variety of different Treats, such as peanut butter cups and pecan caramel clusters, each with only 1 gram of sugar or less and low net carbs, providing consumers with the option to indulge.

Licensed Frozen Meals. Atkins signed a renewable seven-year license agreement with Bellisio Foods, Inc., or “Bellisio”, effective September 1, 2016, to license its frozen meals business. Bellisio manufactures, distributes, markets, promotes and sells Atkins frozen food products under the Atkins licensed marks. These products include Atkins branded frozen breakfasts, lunches and dinners. With a large selection of meal types, including pizzas, breakfast bowls and more, we believe our frozen meals offer a great way to learn the basics of protein rich, low-carbohydrate and low-sugar eating in a simple, convenient and delicious way. The scope of the license includes all frozen meals across all retail channels (excluding online), in the U.S., Canada and Mexico.


7



Recipes. While provided free of charge, we also offer over 1,600 protein rich, low-carbohydrate and low-sugar recipes designed to help consumers achieve and maintain a healthy lifestyle, while still enjoying delicious food.

Core Products - Quest

Our core Quest brand products consist of protein bars, cookies, chips, thin crust pizza and RTDs.

Protein Bars. To keep on-the-go consumers energized and fueled, our Quest protein bars offer a convenient and effective solution, providing consumers with protein, fiber and a delicious taste. The typical Quest nutrition bar profile contains about 20 grams of protein, 5 grams or less of net carbs and about 1 gram of sugar. Quest offers more than 25 different flavors of nutrition bars.

Cookies. First launched in 2018, Quest’s cookie products are a convenient source of high protein combined with low net carbs and low sugar. Available in a variety of flavors including Chocolate Chip, Peanut Butter, Oatmeal Raisin and Snickerdoodle, Quest’s cookies typically contain about 15 grams of protein, 4 grams or less of net carbs and less than 1 gram of sugar.

Chips. Quest’s protein chips, including the tortilla-style chips launched in spring 2018, quickly became a very high selling product which offers a very attractive nutrition profile when compare to conventional chip products. Offering in flavors including nacho cheese, ranch, chili lime BBQ, sour cream & onion and cheddar & sour cream, Quest’s chips typically contain about 18 grams of protein, about 4 grams of net carbs, and around 6 grams of fat compared to 2 grams of protein, 15 grams of net carbs and 8 grams of fat for a well-known leading conventional brand.

Pizza. Launched in summer 2018, Quest’s thin crust frozen pizza offers consumers a pizza experience with an improved nutritional profile versus other leading frozen pizza brands. Sold in a variety of topping combinations including 4-cheese, uncured pepperoni and supreme, Quest’s pizzas feature a nutrition profile that generally supplies about 29 grams of protein, 6 grams of net carbs or less, around 3 grams of sugar and about 18 grams of fiber compared to 12 grams of protein, 32 grams of net carbs, 2 grams of sugar and 1 gram of fiber for a well-known leading frozen pizza brand.

RTD Shakes. Quest’s RTD shakes contain 30 grams of dairy protein, a good source of iron and are rich in calcium. Available in vanilla, chocolate and salted caramel flavors, Quest’s RTD shakes are made with high quality ingredients and are designed to provide energy balance through the day.

Marketing, Advertising and Consumer Outreach

Our marketing efforts are designed to increase consumer awareness of and demand for our products. We employ a broad mix of marketing, including coupons, in-store product sampling, consumer and trade events, advertising (television, online and print) and recipe and food plans, to target our consumers. We also use online resources, including social media sites, to communicate with consumers and build interest in our brands. We use coupons (freestanding insert newspaper, store register, on-pack, online and direct mail coupons) to help stimulate product trial and repeat purchases by providing consumers with economic incentives. Our advertising and use of online resources is aimed at increasing consumer preference and usage of our brands. Our trade promotions focus on obtaining retail feature and display support, achieving optimum retail product prices and securing retail shelf space. The mix of these marketing activities varies between the Atkins and Quest brands.

We have devoted portions of our respective brand websites to interactive communities designed to promote consumer dialogue about the nutritional values and benefits of our products and suggestions for their use. Our sales and marketing team gathers information and feedback from consumers and retailers to enable us to better meet changing consumer needs. We also believe that an effective marketing tool is to share educational information through our brand websites to explain each brand’s approach to nutrition, teaching consumers how to make smarter food choices and the nutritional qualities of our products. We also provide access to consumer service representatives to answer questions and educate consumers on nutrition, new products and developments.

For both brands, in order to facilitate awareness and knowledge of the health benefits of a low-carbohydrate, low-sugar and protein rich eating approach, we have established a variety of marketing and advertising strategies to connect with consumers, including digital marketing and social media platforms, television broadcast and streaming advertising as well as celebrity and social media influencer endorsements.

For both brands, we have built large consumer followings. Beyond the core historic consumers for each of our brands, we believe there is significant opportunity to increase household penetration for our products by expanding our marketing, product offerings and educational efforts to consumers who are focused more generally on long-term healthy living.

In the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020, approximately 29% of Selling and marketing expenses were spent on television advertising for the Atkins' brand.


8



Product Innovation

A portion of our sales is driven by new products, and as a result, we believe innovation is, and will continue to be, an important component of our business. We take a deliberate approach to new product development, focusing on enhancing existing products, innovating flavor and form varieties and expanding into adjacent snacking products. Our innovation model is designed to respond to competitive demands, with a primary focus on enhancing the quality and flavor of our products while simplifying composition and reducing the number of ingredients to meet consumer demands for cleaner labels.

Our innovation strategy is based on ongoing research into consumers’ healthy lifestyle and nutritional needs. We pride ourselves on knowing our consumers and developing products that meet their needs. Providing variety in snacking options to our consumers is an important strategy in our product innovation. New flavors, textures and snacking formats are important to meeting consumer needs.

Management believes that an important component of meeting consumers' nutritional needs is a focus on evolving current products and creating new products with cleaner and fewer ingredients. Accordingly, we are committed to continually finding new and innovative formulations to reduce the number of ingredients in our products, as well as using “better-for-you” ingredients like nuts, fiber and whey protein, while continually improving taste and quality.

We maintain an in-house research and development team as well as market research and consumer insight capabilities. Through our research and development labs in El Segundo, California and Louisville, Colorado, we control our brands’ innovations and product formulations from the ground up. By developing new products, prototypes and adjacencies in-house, we facilitate our core competencies in product innovation, and enhance our speed to market.

In addition, as part of our innovation process, we collaborate with nationally recognized third-party flavor houses and product development firms for new product development and then conduct our own proprietary consumer research to identify and improve upon new product concepts. We plan to continue to conduct extensive consumer research in order to develop successful new products including product flavor and concept testing, marketing and trend analysis and consumer prototype testing.

Management also believes the fragmented snacking category presents a substantial opportunity for consolidation and the opportunity to build, through disciplined acquisitions, a leading platform in the snacking space and broader food category. As a leader in nutritious snacking, management believes we have the unique capability to leverage our operating platform and customer relationships to expand beyond our current brands. Our experienced management team has deep expertise in brand building to expand the business into additional brands and products in the snacking segment. Simply Good Foods is actively seeking to identify and evaluate new acquisition opportunities to complement our existing portfolio, and sees significant opportunity for growth and synergies in complementary adjacent snacking categories such as sports/active and adult nutritional snacks, salty snacks and protein snacks, as well as in the “better-for-you” eating space.

Intellectual Property

We own numerous domestic and international trademarks and other proprietary rights that are important to our business. Depending upon the jurisdiction, trademarks are valid as long as they are used in the regular course of trade and/or their registrations are properly maintained. We believe the protection of our trademarks, copyrights, patents, domain names, trade dress and trade secrets are important to our success. We aggressively protect our intellectual property rights by relying on a combination of watch services and trademark, copyright, patent, trade dress and trade secret laws, and through the domain name dispute resolution system. We also own virtually all of the recipes and specifications to our products.

Competition

We compete primarily with nutritional snacking brands in large retail and ecommerce environments. The nutritional snacking industry is fragmented and highly competitive, and includes a number of diverse competitors. Our identified branded competitors include, but are not limited to, CLIF Bar, KIND bars, Special K, Slimfast, Muscle Milk, ONE bar, Pure Protein, Premier Nutrition and think!.

We believe that the principal competitive factors in the nutritional snacking and weight management industries are:

brand awareness and loyalty among consumers;

ingredients;

taste;

low-carbohydrate, low-sugar, protein rich versus other nutritional approaches;

convenience;

9




media spending;

product variety and packaging; and

access to retailer shelf space.

We believe that we currently compete effectively with respect to each of these factors. However, a number of companies in the nutritional snacking and weight management industry have greater financial resources, more comprehensive product lines, broader market presence, longer standing relationships with distributors and suppliers, longer operating histories, greater distribution capabilities, stronger brand recognition and greater marketing resources than we have.

Supply Chain

We operate an asset-light business model. For the manufacture of our products, we subcontract with contract manufacturers, and as a result, our operations are highly flexible and require minimal capital expenditure. The supply chain for our international business also uses exclusively contract manufacturers, and is completely separate from our North American supply chain, which is described below.

U.S. Supply Chain. The majority of our products are shipped directly to one central warehouse for the Atkins brand and one for the Quest brand, each of which is a leased warehouse managed by the same third-party logistics provider who then distributes products to customers. We are in the process of combining these two warehouses into a single warehouse, which we expect to complete in 2021. For certain customers, RTD shakes are shipped directly from the contract manufacturer to the customer's location. In addition, our use of demand forecasting and vendor-managed inventory systems enable us to meet shipping demands, ensure timely delivery of orders and offer service levels to our customers.

Sourcing. The principal ingredients to manufacture our products include chocolate and other coatings, dairy, proteins, soy and nuts. Our packaging supplies consist of flexible film, cartons, tetra paper and corrugate. All of our core ingredients are purchased according to rigorous standards to assure food quality and safety. These core ingredients are generally available in adequate quantities from several suppliers, and to date, core ingredient supplies have not been affected by the economic effects related to the COVID-19 pandemic. We competitively bid with major suppliers to source competitively priced, quality ingredients and packaging that meet our standards. For certain ingredients such as milk protein concentrate, whey proteins, chocolate coatings, some nuts, soy crisps and liquid soy, we establish direct purchasing agreements with suppliers, under which our contract manufacturers source ingredients to produce finished products. We also actively manage the cost of our packaging needs, such as corrugated, film, printed boxes and tetra cartons.

Manufacturing. We rely on contract manufacturers to manufacture our products. The contract manufacturers schedule and purchase ingredient inventory independently, according to parameters set in their contracts and forecasts we provide. Our contract manufacturers are regularly audited by third parties and are required to follow rigorous food safety guidelines. We believe our contract manufacturers have capacity to meet our anticipated supply needs, although short-term high demand can cause disruptions. We monitor both near-term and long-term capacity as well as fulfillment rates and overall performance of our manufacturing partners and qualify alternate suppliers as needed. In general, we receive finished products from our contract manufacturers, which includes all packaging and ingredients used, as well as an agreed-upon tolling charge for each item produced. These finished products are then shipped directly to our respective distribution centers, or shipped directly from the contract manufacturer to the customer, in the case of RTDs to select customers.

U.S. Storage. We have two leased distribution centers in Greenfield, Indiana, referred to collectively as the Distribution Centers, where we store finished goods. The Distribution Centers have approximately 579,500 square feet of floor space between the two locations.

Distribution. For the majority of our customers, our logistics provider distributes the finished goods via truckloads from our Distribution Centers, which first flow through regional terminals. At the terminals, our orders are consolidated with other company’s products being shipped to the customer. The finished goods are then distributed to retailer distribution centers. The regular weekly shipments and consolidation have reduced our costs. For some products, we ship directly to customers from our contract manufacturer through a third-party logistics provider. In addition, in some instances, the customer will arrange to pick-up directly finished products from our warehouse.

Retailers. We have a wide variety of customers across the mass, food, club, drug, and e-commerce channels. A substantial majority of our sales are generated from a limited number of retailers. Sales to our largest retailer, Walmart, represented approximately 34% of consolidated sales in fiscal year 2020, of which approximately 25% is through their mass retail channel and approximately 8% is through their club channel. Sales to our next largest retailer, Amazon, represented approximately 10% of consolidated sales in fiscal year 2020. No other customer represents more than 10% of sales. For addition information, please see the risk factor “We rely on sales to a limited number of retailers for a substantial majority of our net sales, and losing one or more such retailers may materially harm our business. In addition, we maintain “at will” contracts with these retailers, which do not require recurring or minimum purchase amounts of our products.”


10



E-Commerce. We aim to ensure that our consumers may access our brand in the way that best suits their lifestyles by offering home delivery of our products. We sell our products on Atkins.com, questnutrition.com as well as Amazon.com.

Food Safety and Quality. Food safety and quality is a top priority and we dedicate substantial resources to ensure that consumers receive safe, high quality food products. Our products are manufactured in facilities that have programs and controls in place regarding consistent quality and food safety. Product attributes, such as taste, aroma, texture and appearance are regularly monitored. Good Manufacturing Practices and comprehensive food safety programs are designed to produce a safe, wholesome product. Our suppliers are required to have equally robust processes in place and confirm their compliance with product specifications with Letters of Guaranty and Certificates of Analysis for shipments of core ingredients to be used in our products. Finally, random samples of finished goods are regularly sent to a third-party laboratory for testing.

International. Our products are also sold outside North America. Our top international sales are in Australia/New Zealand and the Netherlands. For the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020, international net sales represented approximately 3% of total net sales. Our international supply chain is self-sufficient and run by a lean team solely focused on international operations. Similar to U.S. operations, international operations utilize contract manufacturers for products, and distributors for distributions and sales.

Segments

Our operations are organized into two operating segments, Atkins and Quest, which are aggregated into one reporting segment, due to similar financial, economic and operating characteristics. The operating segments are also similar in the following areas: (a) the nature of the products; (b) the nature of the production processes; (c) the methods used to distribute products to customers, (d) the type of customer for the products, and (e) the nature of the regulatory environment. The recently announced restructuring and new organization design creates an efficient and fully integrated organization that will continue to support and build multi-category nutritional snacking brands.

Regulation and Compliance

Along with contract manufacturers, brokers, distributors, ingredients and packaging suppliers, Simply Good Foods is primarily subject to laws and regulations in the United States promulgated by federal, state and local government authorities. In the United States, the federal agencies governing the manufacture, distribution and advertising of products including, among others, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”), the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”), the United States Department of Agriculture (“USDA”), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and similar state and local agencies. Under various statutes, these agencies, among other things, prescribe the requirements and establish the standards for quality and safety and regulate marketing and advertising to consumers. Certain of these agencies, in certain circumstances, must not only approve products, but also review the manufacturing processes and facilities used to produce these products before they can be marketed in the United States.

Simply Good Foods is subject to labor and employment laws, laws governing advertising, privacy laws, safety regulations and other laws, including consumer protection regulations that regulate retailers or govern the promotion and sale of merchandise. Our operations, and those of our contract manufacturers, distributors and suppliers, also are subject to various laws and regulations relating to environmental protection and worker health and safety matters. We continue to monitor their development and our compliance.

Food-Related Regulations
As a manufacturer and distributor of food products, we are subject to a number of food-related regulations, including the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act and regulations promulgated thereunder by the FDA. This comprehensive regulatory framework governs the manufacture (including composition and ingredients), labeling, packaging and safety of food in the United States. The FDA:

regulates manufacturing practices for foods through its current good manufacturing practices regulations;

specifies the standards of identity for certain foods, including many of the products we sell; and

prescribes the format and content of certain information required to appear on food product labels

We are subject to the Food Safety Modernization Act of 2011, which, among other things, mandates that the FDA adopt preventative controls to be implemented by food facilities in order to minimize or prevent hazards to food safety. We are subject to numerous other federal, state and local regulations involving such matters as the licensing and registration of manufacturing facilities, enforcement by government health agencies of standards for our products, inspection of our facilities and regulation of our trade practices in connection with the sale of food products.


11



Environmental Regulations

We are subject to various state and federal environmental laws, regulations and directives, including the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996, the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act and the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act of 1980, as amended.

We believe that we are in material compliance with the environmental regulations applicable to our business. We do not expect the cost of our continued compliance to have a material effect on our capital expenditures, earnings, cash flows or competitive position in the foreseeable future. In addition, any asset retirement obligations are not material.

Labeling Regulations

We are subject to various labeling requirements with respect to our products at the federal, state and local levels. At the federal level, the FDA has authority to review product labeling, and the FTC may review labeling and advertising materials, including online and television advertisements, to determine if advertising materials are misleading. We are also subject to various state and local consumer protection laws. We believe we are in material compliance with all labeling laws and regulations applicable to our business.

Employees

As of August 29, 2020, we had approximately 300 employees, including international employees. None of our U.S. employees are represented by a labor union or are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. We believe that we have good relations with our employees.

Available Information

We file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC.

We file our reports with the SEC electronically through the SEC’s Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis and Retrieval (“EDGAR”) system. The SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding companies that file electronically with the SEC through EDGAR. The address of this Internet site is www.sec.gov.

We also make available free of charge through our website at www.thesimplygoodfoodscompany.com our Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC. We are not, however, including the information contained on our website, or information that may be accessed through links on our website, as part of, or incorporating such information by reference into, this Report.


12



Item 1A. Risk Factors

An investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the risks described below before making an investment decision. Our business, prospects, financial condition or operating results could be harmed by any of these risks, and other risks not currently known to us or that we currently consider immaterial. The trading price of our securities could decline due to any of these risks, and, as a result, you may lose all or part of your investment.

Risks Related to our Business

Pandemics, epidemics or disease outbreaks, such as the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”), may disrupt our business, including, among other things, consumption and trade patterns, our supply chain and production processes, each of which could materially affect our operations, liquidity, financial condition and results of operations.

The actual or perceived effects of a disease outbreak, epidemic, pandemic or similar widespread public health concern, such as COVID-19, could negatively affect our operations, liquidity, financial condition and results of operations. The COVID-19 outbreak situation remains dynamic and subject to rapid and possibly material change, including but not limited to changes that may materially affect the operations of our customers and supply chain partners, which ultimately could cause material negative effects on our business and results of operations.

Pandemics, epidemics or disease outbreaks may affect demand for our products because quarantines or other government restrictions on movement may cause erratic consumer purchase behavior. Governmental or societal impositions of restrictions on public gatherings, especially if prolonged, may have adverse effects on in-person traffic to retail stores and, in turn, our business. Even the perceived risk of infection or health risk may adversely affect traffic to our store-based retail customers and, in turn, our business, liquidity, financial condition and results of operations, particularly if any self-imposed or government-imposed restrictions are in place for significant time.

The spread of pandemics, epidemics or disease outbreaks such as COVID-19 may also disrupt our third-party business partners’ ability to meet their obligations to us, which may negatively affect our operations. These third parties include those who supply our ingredients, packaging, and other necessary operating materials, contract manufacturers, distributors, and logistics and transportation services providers. Ports and other channels of entry may be closed or operate at only a portion of capacity, as workers may be prohibited or otherwise unable to report to work and means of transporting products within regions or countries may be limited for the same reason. Because of the COVID-19 outbreak, transport restrictions related to quarantines or travel bans have been put in place and global supply may become constrained, each of which may cause price increases or shortages of certain ingredients and raw materials used in our products and/or we may experience disruptions to our operations. Further, our contract manufacturers’ ability to manufacture our products may be impaired by any material disruption to their employee staffing, procurement, manufacturing, or warehousing capabilities because of COVID-19 or similar outbreaks.

Our results of operations depend on, among other things, our ability to maintain and increase sales volume with our existing customers, to attract new consumers and to provide products that appeal to consumers at prices they are willing and able to pay. Our ability to implement our innovation, advertising, display and promotion activities designed to maintain and increase our sales volumes on a timely basis may be negatively affected because of modifications to retailer shelf reset timing or retailer pullback on in-store display and promotional activities during the COVID-19 outbreak or similar situations. Retailers may also alter their normal inventory receiving and product restocking practices during pandemics, epidemics or disease outbreaks such as COVID-19, which may negatively affect our business.

Workforce limitations and travel restrictions resulting from pandemics, epidemics or disease outbreaks such as COVID-19 and related government actions may affect many aspects of our business. If a significant percentage of our workforce cannot work, including because of illness, travel or government restrictions in connection with pandemics or disease outbreaks, our operations may be negatively affected. In addition, pandemics or disease outbreaks could cause a widespread health crisis that could adversely affect the economies and financial markets of many countries, resulting in an economic downturn that could affect customers’ and consumers’ demand for our products.

Adverse and uncertain economic conditions, such as decreases in per capita income and level of disposable income, increased unemployment or a decline in consumer confidence because of the COVID-19 outbreak or similar situations, could have an adverse effect on distributor, retailer and consumer demand for our products. Consumers may shift purchases to lower-priced or other perceived value offerings during economic downturns. Prolonged unfavorable economic conditions, including because of COVID-19 or similar outbreaks, and any resulting recession or slowed economic growth, may have an adverse effect on our sales and profitability.

Our consolidated results of operations for the full fiscal year ended August 29, 2020 were affected by changes in consumer shopping and consumption behavior due to COVID-19. After the brief pantry loading period in mid-March 2020, the nutritional snacking category saw a marked decrease in shopping trips (particularly in the mass channel) and fewer usage occasions. This affected our portable and convenient on-the-go products, especially the nutrition and protein bar portion of our business for both our Atkins and Quest brands. As home confinement restrictions began to ease, shopping trips steadily improved from their lowest point and consumer interest in weight management and active nutrition began to improve.


13



During the fourth fiscal quarter of 2020, the improvement in category trends plateaued. While our Quest brand has outperformed its portion of the nutritious snaking segment, the performance of our Atkins brand, which is part of the weight management portion of the market, has remained slower due to the temporary softer interest in weight management for consumers, fewer on-the-go usage occasions and weakness in the mass channel that has experienced reduced shopper traffic during the pandemic.

We believe these effects on consumer demand and shopping behavior as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak may continue in the future. until the more fulsome reopening of the U.S. economy and the associated return of shopping behavior to more normal patterns and our brand benefits of active nutrition and weight management drive more better-for-you snacking and meal replacement usage occasions.

Our efforts to manage and mitigate these factors may be unsuccessful, and the effectiveness of these efforts depends on factors beyond our control, including the duration and severity of any pandemic, epidemic or disease outbreak, and third party actions taken to contain its spread and mitigate public health effects.

We may not be able to compete successfully in the highly competitive nutritional snacking industry.

The nutritious snacking industry is large and intensely competitive because consumers are seeking simpler, “cleaner” and more sustainable eating habits. Our business is committed to providing people a more nutritious way to eat. As a result, we compete in the nutritional snacking industry, which is included in the general snack foods industry. Competitive factors in the nutritional snacking industry include product quality, taste, brand awareness among consumers, nutritional content, simpler and less processed ingredients, innovation of “on-trend” snacks, variety of snacks offered, grocery aisle placement, access to retailer shelf space, price, advertising and promotion, product packaging and package design. We compete in this market against numerous multinational, regional and local companies principally based on our low-carb, low-sugar and protein-rich nutritional content, product taste and quality, our brand recognition and loyalty, marketing, advertising, price and the ability to satisfy specific consumer dietary needs. An increasing focus on healthy and simpler products in the marketplace will likely increase these competitive pressures within the category in future periods.

Our competitors in the nutritional snacking industry include companies selling branded weight loss programs who support these programs by offering a wide variety of diet foods, meal replacement bars, shakes and nutritional supplements, and through the promotion of weight loss and weight management approaches such as keto, paleo, vegan, gluten free, vegetarian and others. Views towards nutritional snacking, weight loss and management, and other nutritional approaches, are cyclical and trendy, with constantly changing consumer perceptions. Besides remaining competitive through the quality of our products, consumer perceptions of the Atkins’ weight management approach and the effectiveness of a low-carb, low-sugar and protein-rich eating approach for both our Atkins and Quest brands must continue to be viewed favorably, or our business and reputation may be materially and adversely affected. For the Atkins brand, if other weight management approaches become more popular, or are generally perceived to be more effective, we may not be able to compete effectively.

Some of our competitors have resources substantially greater than we have and sell brands that may be more widely recognized than our brands. Our current and potential competitors may offer products similar to our products, a wider range of products than we offer, and may offer such products at more competitive prices than we do. Local or regional markets often have significant additional competitors, many of whom offer products similar to ours and may have unique ties to regional or national retail chains. Any increased competition from new entrants into the nutritional snacking industry or any increased success by existing competition could cause reductions in our sales, require us to reduce our prices, or both, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

If we fail to implement our growth strategies successfully, timely, or at all, our ability to increase our revenue and operating profits could be materially and adversely affected.

Our future success depends, largely, on our ability to implement our growth strategies effectively, including expanding on a low-carb, low-sugar and protein-rich healthy lifestyle while maintaining the traditional identity of our brands and the loyalty of our consumers. However, we may fail in implementing our growth strategies effectively. On November 7, 2019, we completed our acquisition of Quest, a healthy lifestyle food company. We expect to continue focusing on nutritional snacking and intend to add additional brands to our product portfolio. As a multi-brand business, we face increased complexities and greater uncertainty regarding consumer trends and demands than as a single-brand business. Our ability to expand successfully our nutritional snacking brands and other growth strategies depends on, among other things, our ability to identify, and successfully cater to, new demographics and consumer trends, develop new and innovative products, identify and acquire additional product lines and businesses, secure shelf space in grocery stores, wholesale clubs and other retailers, increase consumer awareness of our brands, enter into distribution and other strategic arrangements with third-party retailers and other potential distributors of our products, and compete with numerous other companies and products. In addition, regarding our Atkins brand, self-directed lifestyle consumers of products may have different preferences and spending habits than the consumers of traditional weight loss products. We may not succeed in reaching and maintaining the loyalty of new consumers to the same extent, or at all, as we have with our historical consumers.

Regarding our Atkins brand, we believe traditional weight management consumers actively on the Atkins program represent approximately 15% of that current consumer base whereas the remaining approximate 85% of our Atkins consumers are not currently on a

14



program diet. We may not succeed in evolving our advertising and other efforts to appeal to both our branded weight loss consumers and self-directed healthy lifestyle consumers.

If we cannot identify and capture new audiences and demographics, our ability to integrate additional brands successfully will be adversely affected. Accordingly, we may not be able to successfully implement our growth strategies, expand our brands, or continue to maintain growth in our sales at our current rate, or at all. If we fail to implement our growth strategies or if we invest resources in growth strategies that ultimately prove unsuccessful, our sales and profitability may be negatively affected, which would materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

If we do not continually enhance our brand recognition, increase distribution of our products, attract new consumers to our brands and introduce new and innovative products, either on a timely basis or at all, our business may suffer.

The nutritional snacking industry is subject to rapid and frequent changes in consumer demands. Because consumers are constantly seeking new products and strategies to achieve their healthy eating goals, our success relies heavily on our ability to continue to develop and market new and innovative products and extensions. New product sales represent a growing and important portion of our net sales. To respond to new and evolving consumer demands, achieve market acceptance and keep pace with new nutritional, weight management, technological and other developments, we must constantly introduce new and innovative products into the market, some of which may not be accepted by consumers, may be sent to market prematurely or may not be consistent with our quality and taste standards. Accordingly, we may not succeed in timely developing, introducing or marketing any new or enhanced products. If we cannot commercialize new products, our revenue may not grow as expected, which would materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We rely on sales to a limited number of retailers for a substantial majority of our net sales, and losing one or more such retailers may materially harm our business. In addition, we maintain “at will” contracts with these retailers, which do not require recurring or minimum purchase amounts of our products.

A substantial majority of our sales are generated from a limited number of retailers. Sales to our largest retailer, Walmart, represented approximately 34% of consolidated sales in fiscal year 2020, of which approximately 25% is through their mass retail channel and approximately 8% is through their club channel. Sales to our next largest retailer, Amazon, represented approximately 10% of consolidated sales in fiscal year 2020. Although the composition of our significant retailers may vary from period-to-period, we expect that most of our net sales will continue to come from a relatively small number of retailers for the foreseeable future. These retailers may take actions that affect us for reasons we cannot anticipate or control, such as their financial condition, changes in their business strategy or operations, the perceived quality of their products and introducing competing products. There can be no assurance that Walmart, Amazon or our other significant customers will continue to purchase our products in the same quantities or on the same terms as in the past, particularly as increasingly powerful retailers continue to demand lower pricing.

Our retailers rarely provide us with firm, long- or short-term volume purchase commitments. As a result, we could have periods with little to no orders for our products while still incurring costs related to workforce maintenance, marketing, general corporate and debt service. Furthermore, despite operating in different channels, our retailers sometimes compete for the same consumers. Because of actual or perceived conflicts resulting from competition, retailers may take actions that negatively affect us. We may not find new retailers to supplement our revenue in periods when we experience reduced purchase orders, or recover fixed costs because of experiencing reduced purchase orders. Periods of reduced purchase orders could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Conversely, occasionally, we may experience unanticipated increases in orders of our products from these retailers that can create supply chain problems and may cause unfilled orders. If we cannot meet increased demand for our products, our reputation with these retailers may be harmed. Unanticipated fluctuations in product requirements could cause fluctuations in our results from quarter-to-quarter. Consolidation among retailers may also materially and adversely affect our results. An increase in the concentration of our sales to large customers may negatively affect our profitability due to the effect of higher shelving fees and reduced volumes of product sold. Furthermore, as retailers consolidate or account for a larger percentage of our sales, they may reduce the number of branded products they offer to accommodate private label products and pressure us to lower the prices of our products.

Our growth may be limited if we cannot maintain or secure additional shelf or retail space for our products.

Our results depend on our ability to drive revenue growth, in part, by expanding the distribution channels for our products. Our ability to do so may be limited by an inability to secure new retailers, or maintain or add shelf and retail space for our products. Shelf and retail space for nutritional snacks is limited and subject to competitive and other pressures. There can be no assurance that retailers will provide sufficient, or any, shelf space, nor that online retailers will provide online access to their platform to enable us to meet our growth objectives.

Unattractive shelf placement and pricing may put our products at a disadvantage compared to those of our competitors. Even if we obtain shelf space or preferable shelf placement, our new and existing products may fail to achieve the sales expectations set by our retailers, potentially causing these retailers to remove our products from their shelves. Additionally, an increase in the quantity and quality of private

15



label products in the product categories in which we compete could create more pressure for shelf space and placement for branded products within each such category, which could materially and adversely affect our sales.

We believe our consumers generally shop for our brands first, then choose a product form or flavor second. Our ability to shelf all of our brands' products together in one area at retail enables consumers to easily find all products when shopping. Any customer decision to separate our brands’ products by form (bars, RTDs, cookies, chips or confections) could negatively affect our business.

Changes in consumer preferences, perceptions of healthy food products and discretionary spending may negatively affect our brand loyalty and net sales, and materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We focus on products that are, or that we believe are, perceived to have positive effects on health, and compete in a market that relies on innovation and evolving consumer preferences. The processed food industry in general, and the nutritional snacking industry in particular, is subject to changing consumer trends, demands and preferences. Emerging science, and our nutritional approach and theories regarding health are constantly evolving. Products or methods of eating once considered healthy may become disfavored by consumers, scientifically disproven or no longer be perceived as healthy.

Trends within the food industry change often and our failure to anticipate, identify or react to changes in these trends could, among other things, lead to reduced consumer demand, shelf or retail space and price reductions, and could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. Additionally, certain ingredients used in our products may become negatively perceived by consumers, resulting in reformulation of existing products to remove such ingredients, which may negatively affect the taste or other qualities of our products. Factors that may affect consumer perception of healthy products include dietary trends and attention to different nutritional aspects of foods, concerns regarding the health effects of specific ingredients and nutrients, trends away from specific ingredients in products and increasing awareness of the environmental and social effects of product production.

Consumer perceptions of the nutritional profile of low-carb, low-sugar and protein-rich eating practices and products may shift and consumers may no longer perceive products with fewer carbohydrates, higher levels of protein, higher levels of fat and additional fiber as healthy. Approaches regarding weight management and healthy lifestyles are the subject of numerous studies and publications, often with differentiating views and opinions, some of which may be adverse to us. Conflicting scientific information on what constitutes good nutrition, diet fads or other weight loss trends may materially and adversely affect our business. Our success depends, in part, on our ability to anticipate the tastes and dietary habits of consumers and other consumer trends and to offer products that appeal to their needs and preferences on a timely and affordable basis. A change in consumer discretionary spending, due to economic downturn or other reasons may also materially and adversely affect our sales, and our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The loss of, a disruption in or an inability to efficiently operate our fulfillment network could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

For our U.S. operations, we utilize distribution centers in Greenfield, Indiana, one for our Quest brand and one for our Atkins brand. A substantially portion of our inventory is shipped directly to our retailers from these centers by a third-party operator. We rely significantly on the orderly operation of these centers. If complications arise, or if a particular facility is damaged or destroyed, our ability to deliver inventory timely for that brand will be significantly impaired, which could materially and adversely affect our business.

We rely on a single-sourced logistics provider for distribution and product shipments in the United States. Our utilization of delivery services for shipments is subject to risks that may affect the ability to provide delivery services that adequately meet our shipping needs including increases in fuel prices, employee strikes and inclement weather. Occasionally, we may change third-party transportation providers and we could face logistical difficulties that could adversely affect deliveries. In addition, we could incur costs and expend resources in connection with such change, and fail to obtain terms as favorable as those we currently receive.
Disruptions at our distribution facilities or in our operations due to natural or man-made disasters, pandemics (such as COVID-19) or other disease outbreaks, fire, flooding, terrorism or other catastrophic events, system failure, labor disagreements or shipping problems may cause delays in the delivery of products to retailers.


16



Shortages or interruptions in the supply or delivery of our core ingredients, packaging and products could materially and adversely affect our operating results as we rely on a limited number of third-party suppliers to supply our core ingredients and a limited number of contract manufacturers to manufacture our products.

The core ingredients used in manufacturing our products include soy, nuts, dairy, protein, fiber and cocoa. We rely on a limited number of third-party suppliers to provide these core ingredients, a portion of which are international companies. There may be a limited market supply of any of these core ingredients. Any disruption in supply could materially and adversely affect our business, particularly our profitability and margins. Events that adversely affect our suppliers could impair our ability to obtain core ingredient inventories in the quantities desired. Such events include problems with our suppliers’ businesses, finances, labor relations, ability to import core ingredients, costs, production, insurance, reputation and weather conditions during growing, harvesting or shipping, including flood, drought, frost and earthquakes, and man-made disasters or other catastrophic occurrences.

Our financial performance depends largely on our ability to purchase core ingredients and packaging in sufficient quantities at competitive prices. We may not have continued supply, pricing or exclusive access to core ingredients and packaging from these sources. Any of our suppliers could discontinue or seek to alter their relationships with us. We may be adversely affected by increased demand for our specific core ingredients, a reduction in overall supply of required core ingredients, suppliers raising their prices, and increases in the cost of packaging and distributing core ingredients. Additionally, we may be adversely affected if suppliers stop selling to us or enter into arrangements that impair their abilities to provide us with core ingredients.

We rely on a limited number of contract manufacturers to manufacture our products. If any of these manufacturers experience adverse effects on their businesses or cannot continue manufacturing our products at required levels, on a timely basis, or at all, we may be forced to seek other manufacturers. In addition, our contract manufacturers independently contract for and obtain some of the core ingredients in our products. If contract manufactures cannot obtain these core ingredients in the required amounts or at all, their ability to manufacture our products would be adversely affected. It could take a significant period of time to locate and qualify such alternative production sources. We may not be able to identify and qualify new manufacturers promptly that could allocate sufficient capacity to meet our requirements, which could adversely affect our ability to make timely deliveries of products. Furthermore, we may be unable to negotiate pricing or other terms with existing or new manufacturers as favorable as what we currently enjoy. In addition, there is no guarantee a new manufacturing partner could accurately replicate the production process and taste profile of the existing products.

We are subject to risks associated with protection of our trade secrets by our third-party contract manufacturers. If our contract manufacturers fail to protect our trade secrets, either intentionally or unintentionally, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected. If we experience significant increased demand for our products, or need to replace an existing supplier or manufacturer, additional supplies of core ingredients or manufacturers may not be available when required, on acceptable terms, or at all. Suppliers may not allocate sufficient capacity to meet our requirements, fill our orders promptly or meet our strict quality standards. Even if our existing suppliers and manufacturers can expand their capacities to meet our needs, or we can find new sources of core ingredients or new contract manufacturers, we may encounter delays in production, inconsistencies in quality and added costs. We may not be able to pass increased costs onto the consumer immediately, if at all, which may decrease or eliminate our profitability. Any manufacturing and/or supply disruptions or cost increases could have an adverse effect on our ability to meet consumer demand for our products and result in lower net sales and profitability, both in the short and long term.

We rely in part on our third-party contract manufacturers to maintain the quality of our products. The failure or inability of contract manufacturers to comply with the specifications and requirements of our products could cause product recall, which could materially and adversely affect our reputation and subject us to significant liability should the consumption of any of our products cause or be claimed to cause illness or physical harm. Our products implicate risks such as product contamination, spoilage, product tampering, other adulteration, mislabeling and misbranding. We also license certain products that contain our brand and logo, but which are produced and distributed exclusively by third parties of whom we have limited control. In addition, we do not own our warehouse facilities, but they are managed for us by a third party.

Under certain circumstances, we may be required to, or may voluntarily, recall or withdraw products. For example, in 2016, as part of a larger national recall by several other food companies, we incurred losses, including recalled product because of potential contamination from an ingredient supplied to one of our third-party manufacturers at their manufacturing center. While the contamination did not result in any consumer illness, and we were indemnified for a substantial portion of our direct product loss, the recall may have damaged the reputation for our Atkins brand. A widespread recall or withdrawal of any of ours or licensed products may negatively and significantly affect our sales and profitability and could cause significant losses depending on the costs of the recall, destruction of product inventory, reduction in product availability, and reaction of competitors and consumers.

We may be subject to claims or lawsuits, including class actions lawsuits (which could significantly increase any adverse settlements or rulings) or judgments, resulting in liability for actual or claimed injuries, illness or death. Any of these events could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. Whether or not a product liability claim or lawsuit is unsuccessful or is not fully pursued, the negative publicity surrounding any assertion that our products caused illness or physical harm could adversely affect our reputation with existing and potential consumers and our corporate and brand image. Moreover, claims or liabilities of this sort might not be

17



covered by our insurance or by any rights of indemnity or contribution we may have against others. We maintain product liability insurance in an amount we believe to be adequate. However, we may incur claims or liabilities for which we are not insured or that exceed our insurance coverage. A product liability judgment against us or a product recall could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Ingredient and packaging costs are volatile and may rise significantly, which may negatively affect the profitability of our business.

We negotiate the prices for large quantities of core ingredients, such as soy, nuts, dairy, protein, fiber and cocoa, and packaging materials. Several ingredients are manufactured in Canada. Costs of ingredients and packaging are volatile and can fluctuate due to conditions difficult to predict, including global competition for resources, fluctuations in currency and exchange rates, weather conditions, natural or man-made disasters, consumer demand and changes in governmental trade and agricultural programs. Continued volatility in the prices of the core ingredients and other supplies we purchase could increase our cost of goods sold and reduce our profitability.

We do not use hedges for availability of any core ingredients. Any material upward movement in core ingredient pricing could negatively affect our margins if we cannot pass these costs on to our consumers, or our sales if we are forced to increase our prices. If we are unsuccessful in managing our ingredient and packaging costs, if we cannot increase our prices to cover increased costs or if such price increases reduce our sales volumes, then such increases in costs will materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Certain of our core ingredient contracts have minimum volume commitments that could require purchases without matching revenue during weaker sales periods. Future core ingredient prices may be effected by new laws or regulations, tariffs, suppliers’ allocations to other purchasers, interruptions in production by suppliers, natural disasters, volatility in the price of crude oil and related petrochemical products and changes in exchange rates.

Severe weather conditions and natural disasters such as fires, floods, droughts, hurricanes, earthquakes and tornadoes can affect crop supplies, manufacturing facilities and distribution activities, and negatively affect the operating results of our business.

Severe weather conditions and natural disasters, such as fires, floods, droughts, frosts, hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, insect infestations and plant disease, may affect the supply of core ingredients used to make food products, or may prevent the manufacturing or distribution of food products by third parties. Competing manufacturers might be affected differently by weather conditions and natural disasters, depending on the location of their sources of supplies and manufacturing or distribution facilities. If supplies of core ingredients available to us are reduced, we may not be able to find enough supplemental supply sources on favorable terms, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, because we rely on few contract manufacturers for a majority of our manufacturing needs and a single distribution warehouse for each of our key brands, adverse weather conditions could affect the ability for those third-party operators to manufacture and store our products.

If the perception of our brands or organizational reputation are damaged, our consumers, distributors and retailers may react negatively, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We believe we have built our reputation on the efficacy of our nutritional approach, and the high-quality flavor and nutritional content of our food. We must protect and expand on the value of our brands to continue to be successful in the future. Any incident that erodes consumer affinity for our brands could significantly reduce our value and damage our business. For example, negative third-party reports regarding the Atkins or Quest nutritional approach or the quality of our food, whether accurate or not, may adversely affect consumer perceptions, which could cause the brand’s value to suffer and adversely affect our business. In addition, if we are forced, or voluntarily elect, to recall certain products, including frozen foods or licensed products over which we may not have full quality control, the public perception of the quality of our food may be diminished. We may also be adversely affected by news or other negative publicity, regardless of accuracy, regarding other aspects of our business, such as public health concerns, illness, safety, security breaches of confidential consumer or employee information, employee related claims relating to alleged employment discrimination, health care and benefit issues or government or industry findings about our retailers, distributors, manufacturers or others across the industry supply chain.

As part of our marketing initiatives, we have contracted with certain public figures to market and endorse our products. While we maintain specific selection criteria and are diligent in our efforts to seek out public figures that resonate genuinely and effectively with our consumer audience, the individuals we choose to market and endorse our products may fall into negative favor with the general public. Because our consumers may associate the public figures that market and endorse our products with us, any negative publicity on behalf of such individuals may cause negative publicity about us and our products. This negative publicity could materially and adversely affect our brands and reputation and our revenue and profits.

18




Negative information, including inaccurate information, about us on social media may harm our reputation and brand, which could have a material and adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

There has been a marked increase in the use of social media platforms and similar channels that provide individuals with access to a broad audience of consumers and other interested persons. The availability of information on social media platforms is virtually immediate, as is its effect. Many social media platforms immediately publish the content their subscribers and participants post, often without filters or checks on accuracy of the content posted. The opportunity for dissemination of information, including inaccurate information, is potentially limitless. Information about our business and/or products may be posted on such platforms at any time. Negative views regarding our products and the efficacy of the Atkins or Quest eating approaches have been posted on various social media platforms, may continue to be posted in the future, and are out of our control. Regardless of their accuracy or authenticity, such information and views may be adverse to our interests and may harm our reputation and brand. The harm may be immediate without affording an opportunity for redress or correction. Ultimately, the risks associated with any such negative publicity cannot be eliminated or completely mitigated and may materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We must expend resources to maintain consumer awareness of our brands, build brand loyalty and generate interest in our products. Our marketing strategies and channels will evolve and our programs may or may not be successful.

To remain competitive and expand and keep shelf placement for our products, we may need to increase our marketing and advertising spending to maintain and increase consumer awareness, protect and grow our existing market share or promote new products, which could affect our operating results. Substantial advertising and promotional expenditures may be required to maintain or improve our brand’s market position or to introduce new products to the market, and participants in our industry are increasingly engaging with non-traditional media, including consumer outreach through social media and web-based channels, which may not prove successful. An increase in our marketing and advertising efforts may not maintain our current reputation, or lead to increased brand awareness. Moreover, we may not maintain current awareness of our brand due to any potential fragmentation of our marketing efforts as we continue to focus on a low-carb, low-sugar and protein-rich nutritional approach for everyday snacking consumers. In addition, we consistently evaluate our product lines to determine whether to discontinue certain products. Discontinuing product lines may increase our profitability but could reduce our sales and hurt our brands, and a reduction in sales of certain products could cause a reduction in sales of other products. The discontinuation of product lines may have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

If we cannot maintain or increase prices, our margins may decrease.

We rely in part on price increases to offset cost increases and improve the profitability of our business. Our ability to maintain prices or effectively implement price increases may be affected by several factors, including competition, effectiveness of our marketing programs, the continuing strength of our brand, market demand and general economic conditions, including inflationary pressures. During challenging economic times, consumers may be less willing or able to pay a price premium for our branded products and may shift purchases to lower-priced or other value offerings, making it more difficult for us to maintain prices and/or effectively implement price increases. In addition, our retail partners and distributors may pressure us to rescind price increases we have announced or already implemented, whether through a change in list price or increased promotional activity. If we cannot maintain or increase prices for our products or must increase promotional activity, our margins may be adversely affected. Furthermore, price increases generally result in volume losses, as consumers purchase fewer units. If such losses are greater than expected or if we lose distribution due to a price increase, our business, financial condition and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected.

We intend to grow through acquisitions or joint ventures and we may not successfully integrate, operate or realize the anticipated benefits of such business combinations.

As part of our strategic initiatives, we intend to pursue acquisitions or joint ventures, such as our acquisition of Quest. Our acquisition strategy is based on identifying and acquiring brands with products that complement our existing products and identifying and acquiring brands in new categories and new geographies to expand our platform of nutritional snacks and potentially other food products. Although we regularly evaluate multiple acquisition candidates, we cannot be certain that we can successfully identify suitable acquisition candidates, negotiate acquisitions of identified candidates on favorable terms, or integrate acquisitions we complete.

Acquisitions involve numerous risks and uncertainties, including intense competition for suitable acquisition targets, which could increase target prices and/or materially and adversely affect our ability to consummate deals on favorable terms, the potential unavailability of financial resources necessary to consummate acquisitions, the risk we improperly value and price a target, the potential inability to identify all of the risks and liabilities inherent in a target company or assets notwithstanding our diligence efforts, the diversion of management’s attention from the day-to-day operations of our business and additional strain on our existing personnel, increased leverage resulting from the additional debt financing that may be required to complete an acquisition, dilution of our net current book value per share if we issue additional equity securities to finance an acquisition, difficulties in identifying suitable acquisition targets or in completing any transactions identified on sufficiently favorable terms and the need to obtain regulatory or other governmental approvals that may be necessary to complete acquisitions.

19




Any future acquisitions may pose risks associated with entry into new geographic markets, including outside the United States and our current international markets, distribution channels, lines of business or product categories, where we may not have significant prior experience and where we may not be as successful or profitable as we are in businesses and geographic regions where we have greater familiarity and brand recognition. Potential acquisitions may entail significant transaction costs and require significant management time and distraction from our core business, even where we cannot consummate or decide not to pursue a particular transaction.

Besides the risks above, even when acquisitions are completed, integration of acquired entities can involve significant difficulties. These include failure to achieve financial or operating objectives regarding an acquisition, systems, operational and managerial controls and procedures, the need to modify systems or to add management resources, difficulties in the integration and retention of consumers or personnel and the integration and effective deployment of operations or technologies, amortization of acquired assets (which would reduce future reported earnings), possible adverse short-term effects on cash flows or operating results, integrating personnel with diverse backgrounds and organizational cultures, coordinating sales and marketing functions and failure to obtain and retain key personnel of an acquired business. Failure to manage these acquisition growth risks could have an adverse effect on our business.

We may not realize the expected benefits of the Quest acquisition we completed in November 2019, because of integration difficulties and other challenges.

The success of the Quest acquisition will depend, in part, on our ability to realize all or some of the anticipated benefits from integrating Quest’s business with our existing businesses. The integration process may be complex, costly and time-consuming. The difficulties of integrating the operations of Quest’s business include, among others:

failure to implement our business plan for the combined business;
unanticipated issues in integrating co-manufacturing, logistics, information, communications and other systems;
possible inconsistencies in standards, controls, procedures and policies, and compensation structures between Quest’s structure and our structure;
failure to retain key employees, customers and suppliers;
unanticipated changes in applicable laws and regulations;
the complexities associated with integrating personnel from another company;
operating risks inherent in Quest’s business and our business;
diversion of management's attention from other business concerns;
increasing the scope, geographic diversity and complexity of our operations; and
unanticipated issues, expenses and liabilities.

We may not be able to maintain the levels of revenue, earnings or operating efficiency that each company had achieved historically or might achieve separately. In addition, we may not accomplish the integration of Quest’s business smoothly, successfully or within the anticipated costs or time frame. If we experience difficulties with the integration process, the anticipated benefits of the acquisition may not be realized fully, or at all, or may take longer to realize than expected.

Our indebtedness could materially and adversely affect our financial condition and ability to operate our company, and we may incur additional debt.

As of August 29, 2020, we had approximately $606.5 million in outstanding indebtedness and a revolving credit facility with availability of $75 million. Our current and future debt level and the terms of our debt arrangements could materially and adversely affect our financial condition and limit our ability to successfully implement our growth strategies. In addition, under the credit facilities governing our indebtedness, we have granted the lenders a security interest in substantially all of our assets, including the assets of our subsidiaries and an affiliate.

Our ability to meet our debt service obligations will depend on our future performance, which will be affected by the other risk factors described herein. If we do not generate enough cash flow to pay our debt service obligations, we may have to refinance all or part of our existing debt, sell our assets, borrow more money or raise equity. We may not be able to take any of these actions timely, on terms satisfactory to us, or at all.


20



The credit facilities governing our debt arrangements contain financial and other covenants.

The credit facilities governing our existing debt arrangements contain certain financial and other covenants. Our revolving credit facility has a maximum total net leverage ratio equal to or less than 6.25:1.00 (with a reduction to 6.00:1.00 on and after the third anniversary of the closing date of the credit facilities) contingent on credit extensions in excess of 30% of the total amount of commitments available under the revolving credit facility, and limitations on our ability to, among other things, incur and/or undertake asset sales and other dispositions, liens, indebtedness, certain acquisitions and investments, consolidations, mergers, reorganizations and other fundamental changes, payment of dividends and other distributions to equity and warrant holders, and prepayments of material subordinated debt, in each case, subject to customary exceptions materially consistent with credit facilities of such type and size. Any failure to comply with the restrictions of the credit facilities may cause an event of default. The credit facilities governing our existing debt arrangements bear interest at variable rates. If market interest rates increase, variable rate debt will create higher debt service requirements, which could materially and adversely affect our cash flow.

Changes in interest rates may adversely affect our earnings and/or cash flows.

Our indebtedness under our revolving credit facility bears interest at variable interest rates that use the London Inter-Bank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) as a benchmark rate. On July 27, 2017, the United Kingdom’s Financial Conduct Authority (“FCA”), which regulates LIBOR, announced that it intends to stop persuading or compelling banks to submit LIBOR quotations after 2021 (the “FCA Announcement”). The FCA announcement indicates that the continuation of LIBOR on the current basis cannot and will not be assured after 2021, and LIBOR may cease to exist or otherwise be unsuitable for use as a benchmark. Recent proposals for LIBOR reforms may cause the establishment of new methods of calculating LIBOR or the establishment of one or more alternative benchmark rates. Although our revolving credit facility provides for successor base rates, the successor base rates may be related to LIBOR, and the consequences of any potential cessation, modification or other reform of LIBOR cannot be predicted at this time. If LIBOR ceases to exist, we may need to amend our revolving credit facility, and we cannot predict what alternative interest rate(s) will be negotiated with our counterparties. As a result, our interest expense may increase, our ability to refinance some or all of our existing indebtedness may be affected and our available cash flow may be adversely affected.

All of our products must comply with regulations of the FDA and state and local regulations. Any non-compliance with the FDA or other applicable regulations could harm our business.

Our products must comply with various FDA rules and regulations, including those regarding product manufacturing, food safety, required testing and appropriate labeling of our products. The FDA has not defined nutrient content claims regarding low carbohydrates, but has not objected to using net carbohydrate information on food labels if the label adequately explains how the term is used so it would not be false or misleading to consumers. The FDA requires all carbohydrates per serving to be listed on the Nutrition Facts Panel (“NFP”) of a package. Besides the information on the NFP, we use the term “net carbohydrate” (or “net carbs”) on our Atkins' packaging to assist consumers in tracking the carbohydrates in that serving of food that effect their blood sugar (glucose) levels. We determine the number of net carbs in a serving by subtracting fiber, and sugar alcohols if any, from the actual number of carbohydrates listed on the NFP. Fiber and sugar alcohols can be subtracted from the carbohydrates because they minimally effect blood sugar levels. It is possible that FDA regulations and/or their interpretations may change related to, for example, definitions of certain of our core ingredients, such as fiber, labeling requirements for describing other ingredients or nutrients, such as sugar alcohols or protein, or disclosures of any ingredient labeled as genetically modified (“GMO”). As such, there is a risk that our products could become non-compliant with the FDA’s regulations, and any such non-compliance could harm our business.

In addition, if FDA or other regulations restrict us from labeling and marketing certain ingredients or product attributes, such as fiber or “net carb” count, we may not effectively reach our target demographics, promote what we believe to be the benefits of our products or communicate that our products are composed of what we consider to be low-carb, low-sugar and protein-rich ingredients.

We must rely on the contract manufacturers we engage to produce our products to maintain compliance with applicable regulatory requirements. Although we require our contract manufacturers to be compliant with regulatory requirements, we do not have direct control over such facilities. Failure of our contract manufacturers to comply with applicable regulation could have a material and adverse effect on our business.

Conflicts between state and federal law regarding definitions of our core ingredients, and labeling requirements, may lead to non-compliance with state and local regulations. For example, certain states may maintain narrower definitions of certain ingredients, and more stringent labeling requirements, of which we are unaware. Any non-compliance at the state or local level could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Our advertising is regulated for accuracy, and if our advertising is determined to be false or misleading, we may face fines or sanctions.

Our advertising is subject to regulation by the FTC under the Federal Trade Commission Act, which prohibits dissemination of false or misleading advertising. In addition, the National Advertising Division of the Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc., which we refer to as NAD, administers a self-regulatory program of the advertising industry to ensure truth and accuracy in national advertising. NAD both

21



monitors national advertising and entertains inquiries and challenges from competing companies and consumers. Should our advertising be determined to be false or misleading, we may have to pay damages, withdraw our campaign and possibly face fines or sanctions, which could have a material adverse effect on our sales and operating results.

Disruptions in the worldwide economy may materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Adverse and uncertain economic conditions, such as those caused by COVID-19, may affect distributor, retailer and consumer demand for our products. In addition, our ability to manage normal commercial relationships with our suppliers, contract manufacturers, distributors, retailers, consumers and creditors may suffer. Consumers may shift purchases to lower-priced or other perceived value offerings during economic downturns, making it more difficult to sell our premium products. Due to the relative costs of our products, during economic downturns, it may be more difficult to convince consumers to switch to or continue to use our brands or convince new users to choose our brands without expensive sampling programs and price promotions. In particular, consumers may reduce their purchases of products without GMOs, gluten or preservatives when there are conventional offerings of similar products, which generally have lower retail prices. In addition, consumers may choose to purchase private-label products rather than branded products because they are generally less expensive. Distributors and retailers may become more conservative in their ordering in response to these conditions and seek to reduce their inventories. Our results of operations depend on, among other things, our ability to maintain and increase sales volume with our existing distributors and retailers, to attract new consumers and to provide products that appeal to consumers at prices they are willing and able to pay. Prolonged unfavorable economic conditions may have an adverse effect on our sales and profitability.

Changes in the legal and regulatory environment could limit our business activities, increase our operating costs, reduce demand for our products or result in litigation.

Elements of our business, including the production, storage, distribution, sale, display, advertising, marketing, labeling, health and safety practices, transportation and use of many of our products, are subject to various laws and regulations administered by federal, state and local governmental agencies in the United States, and the laws and regulations administered by government entities and agencies outside the United States in markets in which our products or components thereof, such as packaging, may be made, manufactured or sold. These laws, regulations and interpretations thereof may change, sometimes dramatically, because of a variety of factors, including political, economic or social events. Such factors may include changes in:
food and drug laws (including FDA regulations);
laws related to product labeling;
advertising and marketing laws and practices;
laws and programs restricting the sale and advertising of certain of our products;
laws and programs aimed at reducing, restricting or eliminating ingredients present in certain of our products;
laws and programs aimed at discouraging the consumption of products or ingredients or altering the package or portion size of certain of our products;
state consumer protection and disclosure laws;
taxation requirements, including the imposition or proposed imposition of new or increased taxes or other limitations on the sale of our products; competition laws;
anti-corruption laws, including the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended (the “FCPA”), and the UK Bribery Act of 2010 (the “Bribery Act”);
economic sanctions and anti-boycott laws, including laws administered by the U.S. Department of Treasury, Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) and the European Union (“EU”);
laws relating to export, re-export, transfer, tariffs and import controls, including the Export Administration Regulations, the EU Dual Use Regulation and the customs and import laws administered by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection;
employment laws;
privacy laws;
laws regulating the price we may charge for our products; and
farming and environmental laws.

22




New laws, regulations or governmental policies and their related interpretations, or changes in any of the foregoing, including taxes, tariffs or other limitations on the sale of our products, ingredients in our products or commodities used in the production of our products, may alter the environment in which we do business and, therefore, may affect our operating results or increase our costs or liabilities. In addition, if we fail to adhere to such laws and regulations, we could be subject to regulatory investigations, civil or criminal sanctions, and class action litigation, which has increased in the industry in recent years.

Our geographic focus makes us particularly vulnerable to economic and other events and trends in North America.

We operate mainly in North America and, therefore, are particularly susceptible to adverse regulations, economic climate, consumer trends, market fluctuations, including commodity price fluctuations or supply shortages of key ingredients, and other adverse events in North America. The concentration of our businesses in North America could present challenges and may increase the likelihood that an adverse event in North America would disproportionately materially and adversely affect product sales, financial condition and operating results.

Litigation or legal proceedings could expose us to significant liabilities and have a negative effect on our reputation.

Occasionally, we may be party to various claims and litigation. We evaluate these claims and litigation to assess the likelihood of unfavorable outcomes and to estimate, if possible, potential losses. We may establish reserves, as appropriate based on the information available to management at the time. These assessments and estimates involve a significant amount of management judgment and may differ materially from actual outcomes.

There is an additional risk that potential litigation may lead to adverse publicity, consumer confusion, distrust and additional legal challenges for us. Should we become subject to related or additional unforeseen lawsuits, including claims related to our products, labeling or advertising, which may vary under state and federal rules and regulations, consumers may avoid purchasing our products or seek alternative products, even if the basis for the claims against us is unfounded.

Any consumer loss of confidence in the truthfulness of our labeling or ingredient claims would be difficult and costly to overcome and may significantly reduce our brand value. For example, publications and other third-party commentary may vary in opinion regarding calculations of net carbs and vary on approach to calculations of net carbs, which may lead to reports questioning the accuracy of our calculations and reporting the amount of net carbs contained in certain of our products. Uncertainty among consumers as to the nutritional content or the ingredients used in our products, regardless of the cause, may have an adverse effect on our brands, business, results of operations and financial condition.

We may not be able to adequately protect our intellectual property and other proprietary rights that are material to our business.

Our ability to compete effectively depends in part upon protection of our rights in trademarks, trade dress, copyrights and other intellectual property rights we own or license. Our use of contractual provisions, confidentiality procedures and agreements, and trademark, copyright, unfair competition, trade secret and other laws to protect our intellectual property and other proprietary rights may not be adequate. We may not be able to preclude third parties from using our intellectual property regarding food or beverage products, and may not be able to leverage our branding beyond our current product offerings. In addition, our trademark or other intellectual property applications may not always be granted. Third parties may oppose our intellectual property applications, or otherwise challenge our use of trademarks or other intellectual property. Third parties may infringe, misappropriate, or otherwise violate our intellectual property. Changes in applicable laws could lessen or remove the current legal protections available for intellectual property. Any legal action we may bring to protect our brand and other intellectual property could be unsuccessful, result in substantial costs and could divert management’s attention from other business concerns. A successful claim of trademark, copyright or other intellectual property infringement, misappropriation, or other violation against us could prevent us from providing our products or services, or could require us to redesign or rebrand our products or packaging if we cannot license such third-party intellectual property on reasonable terms. Certain of our intellectual property licenses have fixed terms, and even for those that do not, we cannot guarantee that all of our intellectual property licenses will remain in effect indefinitely. Termination of intellectual property licenses granted by or to us could cause the loss of profits generated under such licenses. Any of the foregoing outcomes could materially and adversely harm our business, financial condition or results of our operations.

Any inadequacy, failure or interruption of our information technology systems may harm our ability to effectively operate our business, and our business is subject to online security risks, including security breaches and identity theft.

We depend on various information technology systems, including our recently implemented integrated enterprise resource planning system and certain other automated management and accounting systems. A failure of our information technology systems to perform as we anticipate could disrupt our business. Our information technology systems may be vulnerable to damage or interruption from circumstances beyond our control, including natural disasters, terrorist attacks, telecommunications failures, computer viruses, hackers and other security issues. Despite safeguards we have implemented that are designed to prevent unauthorized access to our information technology systems, we cannot be certain that our information technology systems are free from vulnerability to security breaches (especially as the sophistication of cyber-security threats continues to increase), or from vulnerability to inadvertent disclosures of sensitive data by third parties or by us.

23




Unauthorized users who penetrate our information security systems could misappropriate proprietary, employee, or consumer information. As a result, it may become necessary to expend additional amounts of capital and resources to protect against, or to alleviate, problems caused by unauthorized access. Data security breaches could cause damaged reputation with consumers and reduced demand for our products. Additional expenditures may not prove to be a timely remedy against breaches by unauthorized users who are able to penetrate our information security. Besides purposeful security breaches, the inadvertent transmission of computer viruses could adversely affect our computer systems and, in turn, harm our business.

A significant number of states require that consumers be notified if a security breach results in disclosing their personal financial account or other information. Additional states and governmental entities are considering such “notice” laws. In addition, other public disclosure laws may require that material security breaches be reported. If we experience a security breach, and such notice or public disclosure is required in the future, our reputation and our business may be harmed.

Except for limited information voluntarily submitted by users of our website, we typically do not collect or store consumer data or personal information. However, third-party providers, including our licensees, contract manufacturers, e-commerce contractors and third-party sellers may do so. The website operations of such third parties may be affected by reliance on other third-party hardware and software providers, technology changes, risks related to the failure of computer systems through which these website operations are conducted, telecommunications failures, data security breaches and similar disruptions. If we or our third-party providers fail to maintain or protect our respective information technology systems and data integrity effectively, fail to implement new systems, and/or update or expand existing systems or fail to anticipate, plan for or manage significant disruptions to systems involved in our operations, we could lose existing customers, have difficulty preventing, detecting, and controlling fraud, have disputes with customers, suppliers, distributors or others, and be subject to regulatory sanctions, including sanctions stemming from violations of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, and as a result, have increases in operating expenses.

If we cannot implement appropriate systems, procedures and controls, we may not be able to successfully offer our products, grow our business and account for transactions in an appropriate and timely manner.

Our ability to successfully offer our products, grow our business and account for transactions in an appropriate and timely manner requires an effective planning and management process and certain other automated management and accounting systems. We recently implemented an integrated enterprise resource planning system and certain other automated management and accounting systems. We periodically update our operations and financial systems, procedures and controls; however; we still rely on certain manual processes and procedures that may not scale proportionately with our business growth. Our systems will continue to require automation, modifications and improvements to respond to current and future changes in our business. Failure to implement promptly appropriate internal systems, procedures and controls could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Our insurance may not provide adequate levels of coverage against claims.

We believe that we maintain insurance customary for businesses of our size and type. However, there are losses we may incur that cannot be insured against or that we believe are not economically reasonable to insure. Such losses could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Loss of our key executive officers or other personnel, or an inability to attract and retain such management and other personnel, could negatively affect our business.

Our future success depends to a significant degree on the skills, experience and efforts of our key executive officers. Losing the services of any of these executives could materially and adversely affect our business and prospects, as we may not be able to find suitable individuals to replace them on a timely basis, if at all. Additionally, we also depend on our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel to operate and expand our business. If we fail to attract talented new employees, our business and results of operations could be negatively affected.

We may need additional capital in the future, and it may not be available on acceptable terms or at all.

We have historically relied upon cash generated by our operations to fund our operations and strategy. We may also need to access the debt and equity capital markets, however, these sources of financing may not be available on acceptable terms, or at all. Our ability to obtain additional financing will be subject to several factors, including market conditions, our operating performance, investor sentiment and our ability to incur additional debt in compliance with agreements governing our outstanding debt. These factors may make the timing, amount, terms or conditions of additional financing unattractive to us. If we cannot generate sufficient funds from operations or raise additional capital, our growth could be impeded.


24



We have incurred and will continue to incur significantly increased costs because of operating as a public company, and our management has been and will continue to be required to devote substantial time to compliance efforts. 

We have incurred and expect to continue to incur significant legal, accounting, insurance and other expenses because of being a public company. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Customer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”) and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the Sarbanes-Oxley Act”), and related rules implemented by the SEC, have required changes in corporate governance practices of public companies. In addition, rules that the SEC is implementing or is required to implement pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Act are expected to require additional changes. Compliance with these and other similar laws, rules and regulations, including compliance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (“Section 404”), has and will continue to substantially increase expense, including our legal and accounting costs, and make some activities more time-consuming and costly. Our internal infrastructure may not be adequate to support our increased reporting obligations, and we may be unable to hire, train or retain necessary staff and may be reliant on engaging outside consultants or professionals to overcome our limited experience or employees which could adversely affect our business if our internal infrastructure is inadequate to fulfill our public company obligations. These laws, rules and regulations could also make it more expensive for us to obtain director and officer liability insurance and we may be forced to accept reduced policy limits and coverage or incur substantially higher costs to obtain the same or similar coverage. These laws and regulations could also make it more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified persons to serve on our board of directors, our board committees or as our executive officers. 

If we do not maintain effective internal control over financial reporting, we could fail to report our financial results accurately.

Effective internal control over financial reporting is necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports. In the future, we may discover areas of our internal control over financial reporting that need improvement. Before the Business Combination, we had not historically documented our internal controls. If we identify a control deficiency that rises to the level of a material weakness in internal controls over financial reporting, our ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information timely and accurately may be adversely affected and, as a result, our financial statements may contain material misstatements or omissions. A material weakness is defined as a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. In addition, our internal financial and accounting team is leanly staffed, which can lead to inefficiencies regarding segregation of duties. If we fail to properly and efficiently maintain an effective internal control over financial reporting, we could fail to report our financial results accurately.

Our only significant asset is ownership of 100% of Atkins Intermediate Holdings, LLC and such ownership may not be sufficient to pay dividends or make distributions or loans to enable us to pay any dividends on our common stock or satisfy our other financial obligations.

We have no direct operations and no significant assets other than the direct ownership of 100% of Atkins Intermediate Holdings, LLC. We currently depend on Atkins Intermediate Holdings, LLC for distributions, loans and other payments to generate the funds necessary to meet our financial obligations and to pay any dividends regarding our common stock. Legal and contractual restrictions in agreements governing our debt arrangements and future indebtedness of Atkins Intermediate Holdings, LLC, and the financial condition and operating requirements of Atkins Intermediate Holdings, LLC, may limit our ability to obtain funds in a timely manner from Atkins Intermediate Holdings, LLC. The earnings from, or other available assets of, Atkins Intermediate Holdings, LLC may not be sufficient to pay dividends, make distributions or loans to enable us to pay any dividends on our common stock, or satisfy our other financial obligations. 

Our international operations expose us to regulatory, economic, political and social risks in the countries in which we operate.

The international nature of our operations involves several risks, including changes in U.S. and foreign regulations, tariffs, taxes and exchange controls, economic downturns, inflation and political and social instability in the countries in which we operate and our dependence on foreign personnel. Moreover, although our products in our foreign operations typically mirror those in the United States, consumers outside the United States may have different tastes, preferences and nutritional approaches than U.S. consumers. Our international business is small compared to our U.S. business, and as a result, our operations are more spread out which can add to our costs and limit our ability to react effectively and timely to adverse events. We cannot be certain that we can enter and successfully compete in additional foreign markets or that we can continue to compete in the foreign markets in which we currently operate.

Doing business outside the United States requires us to comply with the laws and regulations of the U.S. government and various foreign jurisdictions, which place restrictions on our operations, trade practices, partners and investment decisions. In particular, our operations are subject to U.S. and foreign anti-corruption and trade control laws and regulations, such as the FCPA or the Bribery Act, export controls and economic sanctions programs, including those administered by the OFAC and the EU. Because of doing business in foreign countries and with foreign partners, we are exposed to a heightened risk of violating anti-corruption and trade control laws and sanctions regulations. The FCPA prohibits us from providing anything of value to foreign officials for the purposes of obtaining or retaining business or securing any improper business advantage. In addition, the Bribery Act extends beyond bribery of foreign public officials and also applies to transactions with private persons. The provisions of the Bribery Act are also more onerous than the FCPA in several other respects, including jurisdictional reach, non-exemption of facilitation payments and, potentially, penalties.


25



Our continued expansion outside the United States, including in developing countries, and our development of new partnerships and joint venture relationships worldwide, could increase the risk of FCPA, OFAC, Bribery Act or EU sanctions violations in the future. Violations of anti-corruption and trade control laws and sanctions regulations may cause reputational damage and are punishable by civil penalties, including fines, denial of export privileges, injunctions, asset seizures, debarment from government contracts and revocations or restrictions of licenses, and criminal fines and imprisonment.

Finally, our business could be negatively affected by changes in the U.S. and Canadian political environments, in particular. We operate primarily in the U.S. and Canada and we ship a large number of products between the U.S. and Canada. Adverse changes to trade agreements, import or export regulations, customs duties or tariffs by either or both governments may have a negative effect on our business, financial conditions and results of operations.

Our international operations expose us to fluctuations in exchange rates, which may materially and adversely affect our operating results.

We source large quantities of our core ingredients from foreign suppliers, and as a result, any material upward movement in foreign exchange rates relative to the U.S. dollar will adversely affect our profitability. Furthermore, the substantial majority of our revenue is generated domestically, while a substantial portion of our third-party manufacturing is completed in Canada. Any U.S. dollar weakness may therefore materially and adversely affect revenue and cash flows while also increasing supply and manufacturing costs.

Risks Related to the Company's Common Stock

Our stock price may be volatile.

Our common stock is traded on the Nasdaq Capital Market (“Nasdaq”). The market price of our common stock has fluctuated in the past and could fluctuate substantially in the future, based on a variety of factors, including future announcements covering us or our key customers or competitors, government regulations, litigation, changes in earnings estimates by analysts, fluctuations in quarterly operating results or general conditions in our industry and may be exacerbated by there having historically been limited trading volume in our common stock. Furthermore, stock prices for many companies fluctuate widely for reasons that may be unrelated to their operating results. Those fluctuations and general economic, political and market conditions, such as recessions or international currency fluctuations and demand for our services, may adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

We do not expect to declare any dividends in the foreseeable future.

We do not anticipate declaring any cash dividends to holders of our common stock in the foreseeable future. Consequently, investors may need to rely on sales of their shares of common stock after the price has appreciated, which may never occur, as the only way to realize any future gains on their investment. Investors seeking cash dividends should not purchase our common stock.

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that, to the extent allowed by law, the doctrine of “corporate opportunity” does not apply with respect to the directors, officers, employees or representatives of Conyers Park Sponsor, LLC (“Conyers Park Sponsor) Centerview Capital Holdings LLC (“Centerview Capital”) and Centerview Partners and their respective affiliates, excepted as provided below.

The doctrine of corporate opportunity generally provides that a corporate fiduciary may not develop an opportunity using corporate resources, acquire an interest adverse to that of the corporation or acquire property that is reasonably incident to the present or prospective business of the corporation or in which the corporation has a present or expectancy interest, unless that opportunity is first presented to the corporation and the corporation chooses not to pursue that opportunity. The doctrine of corporate opportunity is intended to preclude officers, directors or other fiduciaries from personally benefiting from opportunities that belong to the corporation. Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that, to the extent allowed by law, the doctrine of “corporate opportunity” does not apply with respect to the directors, officers, employees or representatives of Conyers Park Sponsor, Centerview Capital and Centerview Partners and their respective affiliates. The doctrine of corporate opportunity shall apply with respect to any of our directors or officers with respect to a corporate opportunity that was offered in writing to such person solely in his or her capacity as our director or officer and such opportunity is one which they are legally and contractually permitted to undertake and would otherwise be reasonable for us to pursue. Therefore, except as provided above, these parties have no duty to communicate or present corporate opportunities to us, and have the right to either hold any corporate opportunity for their (and their affiliates’) own account and benefit or to recommend, assign or otherwise transfer such corporate opportunity to persons other than us.

As a result, certain of our stockholders, directors and their respective affiliates are not prohibited from operating or investing in competing businesses. We therefore may find ourselves in competition with certain of our stockholders, directors or their respective affiliates, and we may not know of, or be able to pursue, transactions that could potentially be beneficial to us. Accordingly, we may lose a corporate opportunity or suffer competitive harm, which could negatively affect our business or prospects.


26



If securities or industry analysts do not publish or cease publishing research or reports about us, our business, or our market, or if they change their recommendations regarding our common stock adversely, the price and trading volume of our common stock could decline.

The trading market for our common stock is influenced by the research and reports that industry or securities analysts publish about us, our business, our market or our competitors. Securities and industry analysts may not publish or may cease publishing research on us. If securities or industry analysts cease coverage, our stock price and trading volume may be negatively affected. If any of the analysts who cover us change their recommendation regarding our stock adversely, or provide more favorable relative recommendations about our competitors, the price of our common stock may decline. If any analysts ceased coverage, or fail to regularly publish reports on our business, we could lose visibility in the financial markets, which could cause our stock price or trading volume to decline.

There may be future sales or other dilution of the Company's equity, which may adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

We are not generally restricted from issuing additional shares of common stock, or any securities convertible into or exchangeable for, or that represent the right to receive, shares of common stock. Issuing any additional shares of common stock or preferred shares or securities convertible into, exchangeable for or that represent the right to receive shares of common stock or the exercise of such securities could be substantially dilutive to holders of our common stock. Additionally, 6,700,000 warrants to purchase our common stock on a one-for-one basis for an exercise price of $11.50 per share are outstanding. To the extent such warrants are exercised, additional shares of our common stock will be issued, which will cause dilution to our existing stockholders and increase the number of shares eligible for resale in the public market. Sales of substantial numbers of such shares in the public market could adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

The market price of our common stock could decline because of sales of our common stock made in the future or the perception that such sales could occur. Because our decision to issue securities in any future offering will depend on market conditions and other factors beyond our control, we cannot predict or estimate the amount, timing or nature of future offerings, if any. Thus, our stockholders bear the risk of future offerings reducing the market price of our common stock and diluting their holdings in the Company.

The Company's board of directors may issue, without stockholder approval, preferred stock with rights and preferences superior to those applicable to our common stock.

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation includes a provision for the issuance of preferred stock, which may be issued in one or more series, with each series containing such rights and preferences as the board of directors may determine from time to time, without prior notice to or approval of stockholders. Among others, such rights and preferences might include the rights to dividends, liquidation preferences and rights to convert into common stock. The rights and preferences of any such series of preferred stock, if issued, may be superior to the rights and preferences applicable to the common stock and might cause a decrease in the price of our common stock.

Anti-takeover provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and second amended and restated bylaws, and provisions of Delaware law, could impair a takeover attempt. 

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and second amended and restated bylaws contain provisions that may discourage unsolicited takeover proposals that stockholders may consider to be in their best interests. We are also subject to anti-takeover provisions under Delaware law, which could delay or prevent a change of control. Together these provisions may make the removal of management more difficult and may discourage transactions that otherwise could involve payment of a premium over prevailing market prices for our securities. These provisions include:

no cumulative voting in the election of directors, which limits the ability of minority stockholders to elect director candidates;
the right of our board of directors to elect a director to fill a vacancy created by the expansion of the board of directors or the resignation, death, or removal of a director in certain circumstances, which prevents stockholders from filling vacancies on our board of directors;
the ability of our board of directors to determine whether to issue shares of our preferred stock and to determine the price and other terms of those shares, including preferences and voting rights, without stockholder approval, which could be used to significantly dilute the ownership of a hostile acquirer;
a prohibition on stockholder action by written consent, which forces stockholder action to be taken at an annual or special meeting of our stockholders;
a prohibition on stockholders calling a special meeting, which forces stockholder action to be taken at an annual meeting of our stockholders or at a special meeting of our stockholders called by the chairman of the board or the chief executive officer pursuant to a resolution adopted by a majority of the board of directors;

27



the requirement that a meeting of stockholders may be called only by the board of directors, which may delay the ability of our stockholders to force consideration of a proposal or to take action, including the removal of directors;
providing that directors may be removed prior to the expiration of their terms by stockholders only for cause and upon the affirmative vote of a majority of the voting power of all outstanding shares of the combined company; and,
advance notice procedures that stockholders must comply with in order to nominate candidates to our board of directors or to propose matters to be acted upon at a stockholders’ meeting, which may discourage or deter a potential acquirer from conducting a solicitation of proxies to elect the acquirer’s own slate of directors or otherwise attempting to obtain control of the Company.


Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

None.
Item 2. Properties

Our corporate headquarters is located at 1225 17th Street, Suite 1000, Denver, CO 80202. We lease this property, which occupies approximately 27,600 square feet. In addition, we lease or otherwise have rights to use office space and storage space in El Segundo, California and Louisville, Colorado and foreign countries, including the Netherlands, United Kingdom and Canada to support key international operations. We also lease two distribution centers in Greenfield, Indiana, which combined have approximately 579,500 square feet of floor space. Additionally, as of August 29, 2020, we had entered into a lease for an additional distribution center in Greenfield, Indiana, but this lease is not expected to commence until fiscal year 2021.

The following table summarizes our leased properties and those properties we otherwise have rights to use as of the date of this Report:
Location
 
Principal Use
 
Type
 
Lease Expiration Date
Denver, CO
 
Headquarters
 
Office
 
November 30, 2027
El Segundo, CA
 
Quest Operations
 
Office
 
April 30, 2029
Louisville, CO
 
Research and Development
 
Office
 
June 30, 2022
Greenfield, IN
 
Distribution Center
 
Warehouse
 
December 31, 2021
Greenfield, IN
 
Quest Distribution Center
 
Warehouse
 
February 28, 2025
Rogers, AR
 
Sales Operations
 
Office
 
September 30, 2023
Naples, FL
 
Corporate Operations
 
Office
 
June 30, 2025
Netherlands
 
International Operations
 
Office
 
February 28, 2021
Toronto, Ontario
 
Canadian Operations
 
Office
 
February 29, 2024

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

From time to time, we have been and may again become involved in legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of our business. We are not presently a party to any litigation that we believe to be material and we are not aware of any pending or threatened litigation against us that we believe could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, financial condition or cash flows.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.


28



PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Market Information and Holders

Our common stock is currently quoted on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “SMPL.”

As of October 26, 2020, there were 95,683,897 shares outstanding and 21 record holders of our common stock.

Dividends

We currently do not pay dividends and have not paid any cash dividends on our common stock to date. We currently intend to retain our future earnings to finance the future development and expansion of our business, and as such we do not expect to pay any cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. The payment of future dividends, if any, will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend on our financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements, restrictions contained in current and/or future financing instruments, provisions of applicable law and any other factors our board of directors deems relevant.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

On November 13, 2018, the Company announced that its Board of Directors had adopted a $50.0 million stock repurchase program. Under the stock repurchase program, the Company may repurchase shares from time to time in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions. The stock repurchase program does not obligate the Company to acquire any specific number of shares or acquire shares over any specific period of time. The stock repurchase program may be suspended or discontinued at any time by the Company, and does not have an expiration date. During the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020, the Company did not repurchase any shares of common stock. As of August 29, 2020, approximately $47.9 million remained available under the stock repurchase program.

29



Performance Graph

The following stock performance graph compares the outstanding stock from issuance of SMPL, July 10, 2017, through August 28, 2020 (the last trading day of our fiscal year ended August 29, 2020), the cumulative total stockholder return for (i) Company’s common stock, (ii) the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index, and (iii) the Standard & Poor’s 500 Packaged Foods & Meats Index. The graph assumes the value of the investment in our common stock and each index was $100.00 on July 10, 2017 and assumes reinvestment of any dividends.

The stock price performance below is not necessarily indicative of future stock price performance.
chart-adf632be2a96541fb91.jpg
 
 
Annual Return Percentage
 
 
Fiscal Years Ending
Company Name / Index
 
July 10, 2017
 
August 26, 2017
 
August 25, 2018
 
August 31, 2019
 
August 29, 2020
The Simply Good Foods Company
 
$
100.0

 
$
99.0

 
$
149.8

 
$
246.9

 
$
211.6

S&P 500 Index
 
$
100.0

 
$
100.6

 
$
118.4

 
$
120.6

 
$
144.5

S&P 500 Packaged Foods & Meats Index
 
$
100.0

 
$
99.5

 
$
94.3

 
$
101.4

 
$
109.8


30



Item 6. Selected Financial Data

Simply Good Foods was formed on March 30, 2017, to consummate the Business Combination between Conyers Park and Atkins, which occurred on July 7, 2017 (the “Closing Date”). Conyers Park, a special purpose acquisition company, was formed in 2016 for the purpose of effecting a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses.

As a result of the Business Combination that occurred in July of 2017, Simply Good Foods is the acquirer, and for accounting purposes the "Successor." Atkins is the acquiree and accounting "Predecessor." Our financial statement presentation includes the financial statements of Atkins as “Predecessor” for periods prior to the Closing Date and of Simply Good Foods for periods after the Closing Date, including the consolidation of Atkins. The historical financial information of Conyers Park, prior to the Business Combination, are not reflected in the Predecessor financial statements as those amounts are considered de-minimis. As a result of the application of the acquisition method of accounting, the financial statements, the Predecessor period and the Successor period are presented on a different basis of accounting and are therefore not comparable.


31



The following table sets forth selected historical financial information derived from the audited financial statements. The following selected financial information should be read in conjunction with “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the Consolidated Financial Statements and the related notes in “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”.
 
2020
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
52-Weeks Ended
 
53-Weeks Ended
 
52-Weeks Ended
 
From July 7, 2017
through August 26, 2017
 
 
From August 28, 2016
through July 6, 2017
 
52-weeks ended
 
August 29, 2020
 
August 31, 2019
 
August 25, 2018
 
 
 
 
August 27, 2016
 
(audited)
 
(audited)
 
(audited)
 
(audited)
 
 
(audited)
 
(audited)
(In thousands)
(Successor)
 
(Successor)
 
(Successor)
 
(Successor)
 
 
(Predecessor)
 
(Predecessor)
Net sales
$
816,641

 
$
523,383

 
$
431,429

 
$
56,334

 
 
$
339,837

 
$
427,858

Cost of goods sold (1)
492,313

 
305,978

 
251,063

 
39,584

 
 
200,026

 
248,464

Gross profit
324,328

 
217,405

 
180,366

 
16,750

 
 
139,811

 
179,394

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Distribution (1)

 

 

 

 
 

 
18,489

Selling and marketing (2)
94,469

 
67,488

 
59,092

 
6,937

 
 
47,494

 
56,264

General and administrative (1)
106,251

 
61,972

 
49,635

 
6,969

 
 
34,567

 
48,503

Depreciation and amortization (1)
15,259

 
7,496

 
7,498

 
985

 
 
8,409

 
10,179

Business transaction costs
27,125

 
7,107

 
2,259

 

 
 
25,608

 

Loss on impairment
3,000

 

 

 

 
 

 
 
Loss (gain) in fair value change of contingent consideration - TRA liability

 
533

 
(2,848
)
 

 
 

 

Total operating expenses
246,104

 
144,596

 
115,636

 
14,891

 
 
116,078

 
133,435

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from operations
78,224

 
72,809

 
64,730

 
1,859

 
 
23,733

 
45,959

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in warrant liabilities

 

 

 

 
 
722

 
(722
)
Interest income
1,516

 
3,826

 

 

 
 

 

Interest expense
(32,813
)
 
(13,627
)
 
(12,551
)
 
(1,662
)
 
 
(22,724
)
 
(27,195
)
Gain on settlement of TRA liability

 
1,534

 

 

 
 

 

Gain (loss) on foreign currency transactions
658

 
(452
)
 
97

 
513

 
 
133

 
(619
)
Other income
441

 
196

 
815

 
30

 
 
221

 
118

Total other expense
(30,198
)
 
(8,523
)
 
(11,639
)
 
(1,119
)
 
 
(21,648
)
 
(28,418
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income before income taxes
48,026

 
64,286

 
53,091

 
740

 
 
2,085

 
17,541

Income tax (benefit) expense
13,326

 
16,750

 
(17,364
)
 
290

 
 
4,570

 
7,507

Net income (loss)
$
34,700

 
$
47,536

 
$
70,455

 
$
450

 
 
$
(2,485
)
 
$
10,034

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share from net income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.37

 
$
0.59

 
$
1.00

 
$
0.01

 
 
 
 
 
Diluted
$
0.35

 
$
0.56

 
$
0.96

 
$
0.01

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance Sheet Data (at end of periods)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
$
2,008,445

 
$
1,141,650

 
$
974,605

 
$
922,488

 
 
$
344,867

 
$
389,512

Long-term debt, less current maturities
596,879

 
190,259

 
190,935

 
191,856

 
 
281,445

 
321,638

Warrant liabilities

 

 

 

 
 
15,000

 
15,722

Stockholders’ equity (deficit)
1,232,971

 
837,444

 
672,601

 
598,702

 
 
(28,027
)
 
(27,834
)
(1)
 
During the fifty-three weeks ended August 31, 2019, certain reclassifications were made to previously reported amounts to conform to the current presentation. On the consolidated statement of operations, outbound freight previously included in distribution, distribution center expenses previously included in General and administrative, and depreciation for equipment used in warehouse operations were reclassified to Cost of goods sold. 2019, 2018 and 2017 reflect adjusted amounts in accordance with this accounting principle change. See Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included herein for additional information on the accounting principle change.
(2)
 
During the fifty-three weeks ended August 31, 2019, the Company combined Selling and Marketing within one financial statement line. All periods presented reflect this change.

32



Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes included in Item 8 of this Report. In addition to historical information, the following discussion contains forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to, statements regarding the Company’s expectation for future performance, liquidity and capital resources that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from the Company's expectations. The Company's actual results may differ materially from those contained in or implied by any forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause such differences include those identified below and those described in “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements,” and in Item 1A “Risk Factors” of this Report. The Company assumes no obligation to update any of these forward-looking statements.

Our fiscal year ends the last Saturday in August. Our fiscal years 2020 and 2018 ended August 29, 2020 and August 25, 2018, respectively, and were each fifty-two week periods. Our fiscal year 2019 ended August 31, 2019 was a fifty-three week period. Our fiscal quarters are comprised of thirteen weeks each, except for fifty-three week fiscal periods for the which the fourth quarter is comprised of fourteen weeks, and end on the thirteenth Saturday of each quarter (fourteenth Saturday of the fourth quarter, when applicable). Our fiscal quarters for fiscal 2020 ended on November 30, 2019, February 29, 2020, May 30, 2020 and August 29, 2020.

Unless the context requires otherwise in this Report, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Company” and “Simply Good Foods” refer to The Simply Good Foods Company and its subsidiaries.

Overview

The Simply Good Foods Company is a consumer packaged food and beverage company that aims to lead the nutritious snacking movement with trusted brands that offer a variety of convenient, innovative, great-tasting, better-for-you snacks and meal replacements. Our nutritious snacking platform consists of the following core brands that specialize in providing products for consumers that follow certain nutritional philosophies, dietary approaches and/or health-and-wellness trends: Atkins® for those following a low-carb lifestyle; and Quest® for consumers seeking to partner with a brand that makes the foods they crave work for them, not against them, through a variety of protein-rich foods and beverages that also limit sugars and simple carbs. We distribute our products in major retail channels, primarily in North America, including grocery, club and mass merchandise, as well as through e-commerce, convenience, specialty and other channels. Our portfolio of nutritious snacking brands gives us a strong platform with which to introduce new products, expand distribution, and attract new consumers to our products. Our platform also positions us to continue to selectively pursue acquisition opportunities of brands in the nutritious snacking category.

To that end, in November 2019, we completed the acquisition of Quest Nutrition, LLC (“Quest”), a healthy lifestyle food company, for a cash purchase price of approximately $1.0 billion (subject to customary adjustments) (the “Acquisition of Quest”). For more information, please see “Liquidity and Capital Resources-Acquisition of Quest.”

Effective September 24, 2020, we sold the assets exclusively related to our SimplyProtein® brand of products for approximately $8.8 million of consideration, including cash of $5.8 million and a note receivable for $3.0 million, to a newly formed entity led by our Canadian-based management team who had been responsible for this brand prior to the sale transaction. In addition to purchasing these assets, the buyer assumed certain liabilities related to the SimplyProtein brand’s business. The transaction enables management to focus its full time and our resources on its core Atkins® and Quest® branded businesses and other strategic initiatives.

Effects of COVID-19

In December 2019, a novel coronavirus disease, or COVID-19, was reported and in January 2020, the World Health Organization, or WHO, declared it a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. On February 28, 2020, the WHO raised its assessment of the COVID-19 threat from high to very high at a global level due to the continued increase in the number of cases and affected countries, and on March 11, 2020, the WHO characterized COVID-19 as a pandemic. On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act was signed into law. The CARES Act provided a substantial stimulus and assistance package intended to address the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic, including tax relief and government loans, grants and investments. Additionally, various federal, state and local government-imposed movement restrictions and initiatives have been implemented to reduce the global transmission of COVID-19, including reduced or eliminated food services, the closure of retailing establishments, the promotion of social distancing and the adoption of remote working policies.

During the third quarter of 2020, we actively engaged with the various elements of our value chain, including our customers, contract manufacturers, and logistics and transportation providers, to meet demand for our products and to remain informed of any challenges within our value chain. Given the unpredictable nature of the COVID-19 pandemic and the initial surge in consumption, we increased finished goods inventory of some of our key products. Based on information available to us as of the end of our fiscal year, we believe we will be able to deliver our products to meet customer orders on a timely basis, and therefore, we expect our products will continue to be available for purchase

33



to meet consumer meal replacement and snacking needs for the foreseeable future. We continue to monitor customer and consumer demand, and intend to adapt our plans as needed to continue to drive our business and meet our obligations during the evolving COVID-19 situation.

Additionally, in March 2020, we borrowed $25.0 million under our $75.0 million revolving credit facility, as a precautionary measure to ensure ample financial flexibility in light of the spread of COVID-19 and the initial surge in demand. The Company used the proceeds of the Revolving Credit Facility to meet initial elevated customer orders, build finished goods inventory of some of our high velocity items, to support working capital and to support general corporate purposes. Based on that assessment of our sources of liquidity and capital, which included strong realized cash flow from operations and no material collectability concerns regarding our customers' ability to pay, the $25.0 million borrowing under the revolving credit facility was fully repaid in June 2020.

We implemented remote work arrangements and restricted business travel in mid-March, and to date, these arrangements have not materially affected our ability to maintain our business operations, including the operation of financial reporting systems, internal control over financial reporting, and disclosure controls and procedures. We believe our lean infrastructure, which allows for significant flexibility, speed-to-market and minimal capital investment, has enabled us to adjust our expenditures to maintain cash flow until the more fulsome reopening of the U.S. economy and the associated return of shopping behavior to more normal patterns and our brand benefits of active nutrition and weight management drive more better-for-you snacking and meal replacement usage occasions.

Our consolidated results of operations for the full fiscal year ended August 29, 2020 were affected by changes in consumer shopping and consumption behavior due to COVID-19. After the brief pantry loading period in mid-March 2020, the nutritional snacking category saw a marked decrease in shopping trips (particularly in the mass channel) and fewer usage occasions. This affected our portable and convenient on-the-go products, especially the nutrition and protein bar portion of our business for both our Atkins and Quest brands. As home confinement restrictions began to ease, shopping trips steadily improved from their lowest point and consumer interest in weight management and active nutrition began to improve.
During the fourth fiscal quarter of 2020, the improvement in category trends plateaued. While our Quest brand has outperformed its portion of the nutritious snaking segment, the performance of our Atkins brand, which is part of the weight management portion of the market, has remained slower due to the temporary softer interest in weight management for consumers, fewer on-the-go usage occasions and weakness in the mass channel that has experienced reduced shopper traffic during the pandemic.

Based on the duration and severity of economic effects from the COVID-19 pandemic, including but not limited to stock market volatility, the potential for (i) continued increased rates of reported cases of COVID-19, (ii) unexpected supply chain disruptions, (iii) changes to customer operations, (iv) continued or additional changes in consumer purchasing and consumption behavior beyond those evidenced to date, and (v) the closure of customer establishments, we remain uncertain of the ultimate effect COVID-19 could have on our business. We also believe the COVID-19 uncertainty will continue during our 2021 fiscal year.

Please also see the information under Item 1A. “Risk Factors” for additional information regarding the risks of pandemics, such as COVID-19.

Restructuring and Related Charges

In May 2020, we announced certain restructuring activities in conjunction with the implementation of our future-state organization design, which creates a fully integrated organization with our completed Acquisition of Quest. The new organization design became effective on August 31, 2020. These restructuring plans primarily include workforce reductions and changes in management structure.

For the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020, we incurred $5.5 million of costs for these restructuring activities which have been included within General and administrative on the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income. Overall, we expect to incur a total of approximately $8.1 million in restructuring costs, including the $5.5 million referenced above. The one-time termination benefits and employee severance costs are to be paid throughout fiscal 2021 and the first quarter of fiscal 2022. As of August 29, 2020, the outstanding restructuring liability was $4.1 million. Refer to Note 18, Restructuring and Related Charges, of our Consolidated Financial Statements included herein for additional information regarding restructuring activities.

Change in Accounting Principle

During the fourth quarter ended August 31, 2019, we changed our accounting principle related to the presentation of third-party delivery costs associated with shipping and handling activities previously included as operating expenses in Distribution in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income. We now present these expenses within Cost of goods sold in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income.

In connection with the change in accounting principle, we also changed our definition of shipping and handling costs to include costs paid to third-party warehouse operators associated with delivering product to a customer, previously included in General and administrative,

34



and Depreciation and amortization of the assets at the third-party warehouse, previously included in Depreciation and amortization. Under the previous definition of shipping and handling costs, we only included delivery costs in Distribution.

The accounting policy change was applied retrospectively to all periods presented and the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income reflect the effect of this accounting principle change for all periods presented. Specifically, amounts presented for the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018 have been adjusted in accordance with this accounting principle change. Refer to Note 2, Change in Accounting Principle, of our Consolidated Financial Statements included herein for additional information on the accounting principle change.

Our Reportable Segment

Following the Acquisition of Quest, our operations are organized into two operating segments, Atkins and Quest, which are aggregated into one reporting segment, due to similar financial, economic and operating characteristics. The operating segments are also similar in the following areas: (a) the nature of the products; (b) the nature of the production processes; (c) the methods used to distribute products to customers, (d) the type of customer for the products, and (e) the nature of the regulatory environment. The recently announced restructuring and new organization design creates an efficient and fully integrated organization that will continue to support and build multi-category nutritional snacking brands.

Key Financial Definitions

Net sales. Net sales consists primarily of product sales less the cost of promotional activities, slotting fees and other sales credits and adjustments, including product returns.

Cost of goods sold. Cost of goods sold consists primarily of the costs we pay to our contract manufacturing partners to produce the products sold. These costs include the purchase of raw ingredients, packaging, shipping and handling, warehousing, depreciation of warehouse equipment, and a tolling charge for the contract manufacturer. Cost of goods sold includes products provided at no charge as part of promotions and the non-food materials provided with customer orders.

Operating expenses. Operating expenses consist primarily of selling and marketing, general and administrative, depreciation and amortization, and business transaction costs. The following is a brief description of the components of operating expenses:

Selling and marketing. Selling and marketing expenses are comprised of broker commissions, customer marketing, media and other marketing costs.
General and administrative. General and administrative expenses are comprised of expenses associated with corporate and administrative functions that support our business, including employee salaries, professional services, integration costs, restructuring costs, insurance and other general corporate expenses.
Depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization costs consist of costs associated with the depreciation of fixed assets and capitalized leasehold improvements and amortization of intangible assets.
Business transaction costs. Business transaction costs are comprised of legal, due diligence, consulting and accounting firm expenses associated with the process of actively pursuing potential and completed business combinations, including the Acquisition of Quest.
Loss on impairment. Loss on impairment consist of impairment charges related to our brand intangible asset.
Loss (gain) in fair value change of contingent consideration - TRA liability. Loss or gain in fair value change of contingent consideration - TRA liability charges relate to fair value adjustments of the Tax Receivable Agreement (the “TRA”) liability.

Results of Operations

In assessing the performance of our business, we consider a number of key performance indicators used by management and typically used by our competitors, including the non-GAAP measures of Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share. Because not all companies use identical calculations, this presentation of Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. See “Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA” below for a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income for each applicable period. See “Reconciliation of Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share” below for a reconciliation of Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share to diluted earnings per share for each applicable period.



35



Comparison of Results for the Fifty-Two Weeks Ended August 29, 2020 and the Fifty-Three Weeks Ended August 31, 2019

The following table presents, for the periods indicated, selected information from our consolidated financial results, including information presented as a percentage of net sales:
 
 
53-Weeks Ended
 
% of Sales
 
52-Weeks Ended
 
% of Sales
(In thousands)
 
August 29, 2020
 
 
August 31, 2019
 
Net sales
 
$
816,641

 
100.0
 %
 
$
523,383

 
100.0
 %
Cost of goods sold
 
492,313

 
60.3
 %
 
305,978

 
58.5
 %
Gross profit
 
324,328

 
39.7
 %
 
217,405

 
41.5
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling and marketing
 
94,469

 
11.6
 %
 
67,488

 
12.9
 %
General and administrative
 
106,251

 
13.0
 %
 
61,972

 
11.8
 %
Depreciation and amortization
 
15,259

 
1.9
 %
 
7,496

 
1.4
 %
Business transaction costs
 
27,125

 
3.3
 %
 
7,107

 
1.4
 %
Loss on impairment
 
3,000

 
0.4
 %
 

 
 %
Loss in fair value change of contingent consideration - TRA liability
 

 
 %
 
533

 
0.1
 %
Total operating expenses
 
246,104

 
30.1
 %
 
144,596

 
27.6
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from operations
 
78,224

 
9.6
 %
 
72,809

 
13.9
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income
 
1,516

 
0.2
 %
 
3,826

 
0.7
 %
Interest expense
 
(32,813
)
 
(4.0
)%
 
(13,627
)
 
(2.6
)%
Gain on settlement of TRA liability
 

 
 %
 
1,534

 
0.3
 %
Gain (loss) on foreign currency transactions
 
658

 
0.1
 %
 
(452
)
 
(0.1
)%
Other income
 
441

 
0.1
 %
 
196

 
 %
Total other expense
 
(30,198
)
 
(3.7
)%
 
(8,523
)
 
(1.6
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income before income taxes
 
48,026

 
5.9
 %
 
64,286

 
12.3
 %
Income tax expense
 
13,326

 
1.6
 %
 
16,750

 
3.2
 %
Net income
 
$
34,700

 
4.2
 %
 
$
47,536

 
9.1
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other financial data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjusted EBITDA(1)
 
$
153,912

 
18.8
 %
 
$
98,719

 
18.9
 %
(1)
 
Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial metric. See “Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA” below for a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income for each applicable period.

Net sales. Net sales of $816.6 million represented an increase of $293.3 million, or 56.0%, for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The net sales increase of 56.0% was primarily attributable to the Acquisition of Quest, which drove 54.8% of the increase. Atkins brand net sales increased 1.2% driven by solid e-commerce sales growth, partially offset by higher trade promotions, the approximately 2.0% of additional contribution to full year sales growth related to the fifty-third week in the prior year period, and the effects of COVID-19 related movement restrictions and stay-at-home orders which resulted in lower on-the-go and away-from-home usage occasions for our products.

Cost of goods sold. Cost of goods sold increased $186.3 million, or 60.9%, for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The cost of goods sold increase was driven by sales volume growth primarily attributable to the Acquisition of Quest, and the effect of the non-cash $7.5 million inventory step-up charge related to the Acquisition of Quest.

Gross profit. Gross profit increased $106.9 million, or 49.2%, for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. Gross profit decreased 180 basis points from 41.5% of net sales for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 to 39.7% of net sales for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020. The decrease in gross margin was primarily the result of the non-cash $7.5 million inventory step-up charge and slightly lower gross profit margins of the Quest business.

36




Operating expenses. Operating expenses increased $101.5 million, or 70.2%, for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 due to the following:

Selling and marketing. Selling and marketing expenses increase$27.0 million, or 40.0%, for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The increase was primarily related to the Acquisition of Quest of $25.9 million and an increase in e-commerce marketing investments of $1.3 million.

General and administrative. General and administrative expenses increase$44.3 million, or 71.5%, for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The increase was primarily attributable to the Acquisition of Quest of $40.8 million, Quest integration related costs of $10.7 million, restructuring charges of $5.5 million, and an increase in stock-based compensation expense of $2.1 million. These increases were partially offset by reduced Atkins brand general and administrative expenses primarily due to lower incentive compensation.

Depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization expenses increased $7.8 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The increase was primarily due to amortization for the intangible assets recognized in the Acquisition of Quest of $6.9 million.

Business transaction costs. Business transaction costs increase$20.0 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The $27.1 million incurred in the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 was comprised of expenses related to the Acquisition of Quest. The $7.1 million recorded in the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 was comprised of both expenses relating to the Acquisition of Quest and other business development activities.

Loss on impairment. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, we determined there were indicators of impairment related to the SimplyProtein brand intangible asset. After performing a quantitative assessment of the brand intangible asset, which indicated its fair value exceeded its carrying value, we recorded a loss on impairment of $3.0 million in the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020.

Loss in fair value change of contingent consideration - TRA liability. The fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 included a loss in fair value change of contingent consideration of $0.5 million. The Income Tax Receivable Agreement (the “TRA”) liability was settled in full in the first quarter of fiscal 2019.

Interest income. Interest income decreased $2.3 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 primarily due to $195.3 million of cash on hand being utilized for the Acquisition of Quest in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020.

Interest expense. Interest expense increased $19.2 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 primarily due to first quarter term loan funding of $460.0 million to partially finance the Acquisition of Quest.

Gain on settlement of TRA liability. We recorded a $1.5 million gain in connection with the settlement of the TRA liability in the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The TRA settlement is discussed in Note 10Income Taxes, of our Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Report.

Gain (loss) on foreign currency transactions. A gain of $0.7 million in foreign currency transactions was recorded for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to a foreign currency loss of $0.5 million for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The variance relates to changes in foreign currency rates related to our international operations.

Income tax expense. Income tax expense decreased $3.4 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The decrease in our income tax expense was primarily driven by lower pre-tax book income, offset by the tax effects of foreign earnings and the one-time tax effect of the settlement of the TRA liability during the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019, and other permanent differences.

Net income. Net income was $34.7 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020, a decrease of $12.8 million, or 27.0%, compared to net income of $47.5 million for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019.

Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA increased $55.2 million, or 55.9%, for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The increase was primarily due to the Acquisition of Quest and modest volume growth on the Atkins brand. For a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to its most directly comparable GAAP measure, see “Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA” below.

37




Comparison of Results for the Fifty-Three Weeks Ended August 31, 2019 and the Fifty-Two Weeks Ended August 25, 2018

The following table presents, for the periods indicated, selected information from our consolidated financial results, including information presented as a percentage of net sales:
 
 
52-Weeks Ended
 
% of Sales
 
52-Weeks Ended
 
% of Sales
(In thousands)
 
August 31, 2019
 
 
August 25, 2018
 
Net sales
 
$
523,383

 
100.0
 %
 
$
431,429

 
100.0
 %
Cost of goods sold (1)
 
305,978

 
58.5
 %
 
251,063

 
58.2
 %
Gross profit
 
217,405

 
41.5
 %
 
180,366

 
41.8
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling and marketing (2)
 
67,488

 
12.9
 %
 
59,092

 
13.7
 %
General and administrative (1)
 
61,972

 
11.8
 %
 
49,635

 
11.5
 %
Depreciation and amortization (1)
 
7,496

 
1.4
 %
 
7,498

 
1.7
 %
Business transaction costs
 
7,107

 
1.4
 %
 
2,259

 
0.5
 %
Loss (gain) in fair value change of contingent consideration - TRA liability
 
533

 
0.1
 %
 
(2,848
)
 
(0.7
)%
Total operating expenses
 
144,596

 
27.6
 %
 
115,636

 
26.8
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from operations
 
72,809

 
13.9
 %
 
64,730

 
15.0
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income
 
3,826

 
0.7
 %
 

 
 %
Interest expense
 
(13,627
)
 
(2.6
)%
 
(12,551
)
 
(2.9
)%
Gain on settlement of TRA liability
 
1,534

 
0.3
 %
 

 
 %
(Loss) gain on foreign currency transactions
 
(452
)
 
(0.1
)%
 
97

 
 %
Other income
 
196

 
 %
 
815

 
0.2
 %
Total other expense
 
(8,523
)
 
(1.6
)%
 
(11,639
)
 
(2.7
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income before income taxes
 
64,286

 
12.3
 %
 
53,091

 
12.3
 %
Income tax expense (benefit)
 
16,750

 
3.2
 %
 
(17,364
)