International Paper Company (the Company or International Paper, which may also be referred to as we or us) is a global producer of renewable fiber-based packaging, pulp and paper products with manufacturing operations in North America, Latin America, Europe, North Africa, India and Russia. We are a New York corporation, incorporated in 1941 as the successor to the New York corporation of the same name organized in 1898. You can learn more about us by visiting our website at www.internationalpaper.com.
In the United States, at December 31, 2018, the Company operated 27 pulp, paper and packaging mills, 166 converting and packaging plants, 16 recycling plants and three bag facilities. Production facilities at December 31, 2018 in Canada, Europe, India, North Africa, and Latin America included 16 pulp, paper and packaging mills, 43 converting and packaging plants, and two recycling plants. We operate a printing and packaging products distribution business principally through nine branches in Asia. At December 31, 2018, we owned or managed approximately 329,000 acres of forestland in Brazil and had, through licenses and forest management agreements, harvesting rights on government-owned forestlands in Russia. Substantially all of our businesses have experienced, and are likely to continue to experience, cycles relating to industry capacity and general economic conditions.
For management and financial reporting purposes, our businesses are separated into three segments: Industrial Packaging; Global Cellulose Fibers; and Printing Papers.