☒ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended
June 30, 2019
☐TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ________ to ________
Commission File Number 000-30205
CABOT MICROELECTRONICS CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(State of Incorporation)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
870 North Commons Drive
(Address of principal executive offices)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (630) 375-6631
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
As of July 31, 2019, the Company had 29,036,385 shares of Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share, outstanding.
(Unaudited and in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
1. BACKGROUND AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Cabot Microelectronics Corporation (“Cabot Microelectronics”, “the Company”, “us”, “we”, or “our”') is a leading global supplier of consumable materials to semiconductor manufacturers and pipeline operators. On November 15, 2018 (“Acquisition Date”), we completed our acquisition of KMG Chemicals, Inc. (“KMG”), which produces and distributes specialty chemicals and performance materials for the semiconductor, pipeline operations, energy industries and industrial wood preservation industries (“Acquisition”). The Acquisition has extended and strengthened our position as one of the leading suppliers of consumable materials to the semiconductor industry and expands our portfolio with the addition of KMG’s businesses, which we believe enables us to be a leading global provider of performance products and services to the pipeline companies and energy industries. The Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Report on Form 10-Q include the financial results of KMG from the Acquisition Date. Subsequent to the Acquisition, we have operated our business within two reportable segments: Electronic Materials and Performance Materials. The Electronic Materials segment consists of our heritage CMP slurries and polishing pads businesses, as well as the KMG electronic chemicals business. The Performance Materials segment includes KMG’s heritage pipeline performance and wood treatment businesses, and Cabot Microelectronics’ heritage QED business. For additional information, refer to Part 1, Item 1, “Business”, in our and KMG’s Annual Reports on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018 and July 31, 2018, respectively.
The unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared by Cabot Microelectronics pursuant to the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP). In the opinion of management, these unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair statement of Cabot Microelectronics’ financial position as of June 30, 2019, cash flows for the nine months ended June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018, and results of operations for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018. The Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2018 were derived from audited financial statements. The results of operations for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2019 may not be indicative of results to be expected for future periods, including the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. This Report on Form 10-Q does not contain all of the footnote disclosures from our annual financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes thereto included in Cabot Microelectronics’ Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018.
The Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of Cabot Microelectronics and its subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions and balances between the companies have been eliminated as of June 30, 2019.
USE OF ESTIMATES
The preparation of financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make judgments, assumptions and estimates that affect the amounts reported in the Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes. The accounting estimates that require management's most difficult and subjective judgments include, but are not limited to, those estimates related to bad debt expense, inventory valuation, impairment of long-lived assets, business combinations, goodwill, other intangible assets, share-based compensation, income taxes and contingencies. We base our estimates on historical experience, current conditions and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. However, future events are subject to change and estimates and judgments routinely require adjustment. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates
Except for the discussion on revenue recognition below, no material changes have been made to the Company’s significant accounting policies disclosed in Note 2 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018.
As of October 1, 2018, the Company began applying the provisions of Accounting Standards Codification 606-10, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (“ASC 606”), and all related applicable guidance using the modified retrospective method applied to those contracts that were not completed as of October 1, 2018. The Company recognizes revenue under the core principle of depicting the transfer of control to the Company’s customers in an amount reflecting the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled. In order to achieve that core principle, the Company applies the following five step approach: (1) identify the contract with a customer; (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (3) determine the transaction price; (4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and, (5) recognize revenue when a performance obligation is satisfied.
Upon adoption of ASC 606, we recognized a $933 decrease to the opening balance of retained earnings, net of tax, due to the cumulative impact of adopting the new revenue standard. The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods. The Company changed its accounting policy for revenue recognition for customer incentives that provide free products and tiered pricing. For free products, the new revenue standard requires that a portion of the transaction price be allocated to the free product and deferred until the product has been delivered. We previously accrued for undelivered free product as a charge to cost of sales. In prior fiscal years, in accordance with ASC 605, we did not consider prospective tiered pricing to represent a material right.
The cumulative effect of the changes made to our Consolidated Balance Sheet as of October 1, 2018 for the adoption of the new revenue standardwas:
Balance at September 30, 2018
to ASC 606
Balance at October 1,
Deferred income tax assets
Accrued expenses, income taxes payable and other current liabilities
Other long-term liabilities
We have determined that the effect of applying the new revenue standard during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2019 was immaterial to our financial statements compared to revenue guidance in effect before the adoption of the new revenue standard. As a result, for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2019, we are not disclosing the quantitative amount by which each financial statement line item is affected by the application of the new revenue standard.
As part of the adoption of ASU 606, the Company elected to use certain allowed practical expedients. For the Company’s contracts that have an original duration of one year or less as of the adoption date, the Company uses the practical expedient applicable to such contracts and does not consider the time value of money. Further, because of the short duration of these contracts, the Company has not disclosed the transaction price for the future performance obligations as of the end of each reporting period for contracts having an expected duration of one year or less. See Note 3 of this Report on Form 10-Q for disaggregated revenue, the reconciliation of contract balances and transaction price allocation to remaining performance obligations for contracts expected to remain effective beyond one year.
At contract inception, the Company assesses the goods and services promised in its contracts with customers and identifies a performance obligation for each material promise to the customer. A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service, or a bundle of goods or services, to the customer, and is the unit of accounting under ASC 606. A contract’s transaction price is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied. A majority of the Company’s contracts have a single performance obligation which represents, in most cases, the products, equipment or services being sold to the customer. Some contracts include multiple performance obligations, including prospective tiered price discounts or delivery of free product that we have concluded represents a material right. Contracts with prospective tiered price discounts require judgment in determining if that discount represents a material right.
Contracts vary in length, and payment terms vary by the type and location of the Company’s customers and the products or services offered. However, the period of time between invoicing and when payment is due is typically not significant and has no significant financing components. Customers pay in accordance with negotiated terms upon receipt of goods or completion of services. For these contracts, the transaction price is determined upon establishment of the contract that contains the final terms of the sale, including the description, quantity, and price of goods or services purchased. In certain instances, we receive consideration from a customer prior to transferring goods or services to the customer under the terms of a sales contract. In such cases, we record deferred revenue until the performance obligation is satisfied, which represents a contract liability, and is included in the contract liabilities discussed in Note 3 of this Report on Form 10-Q.
The Company recognizes revenue related to product sales at a point in time following the transfer of control of such products to the customer, which generally occurs upon shipment, or delivery depending on the terms of the underlying contracts. The Company considers control to have transferred upon shipment or delivery because the Company has a present right to payment at that time, the customer has legal title to the asset, the Company has transferred physical possession of the asset, and the customer has significant risks and rewards of ownership of the asset. Revenue is recognized on consignment sales when control transfers to the customer, generally at the point of customer usage of the product. The Company also records revenue for services provided to the pipeline and oilfield energy industries. These services include preventive maintenance, repair and specialized isolation sealing on pipelines and training. Revenue is recorded at a point in time when the services are completed as this is when right to payment and customer acceptance occurs.
For sales contracts that contain multiple performance obligations, the Company allocates the transaction price to each performance obligation identified in the contract based on relative standalone selling prices or estimates of such prices. Standalone selling price, once established, is then used to allocate total consideration proportionally to the various performance obligations within a contract. Most contracts where we have determined there to be multiple performance obligations relate to where we have identified the existence of a material right such that we provide prospective tiered pricing discounts or free product. When we invoice for products shipped under these contracts, we defer the revenue associated with these rights on the balance sheet as a contract liability. Revenue is recognized when the customer exercises the option to purchase goods at a discount in the case of the prospective tiered pricing discounts or when we ship the free product.
The primary type of variable consideration present in the Company’s contracts are rebates and early payment discounts, both of which are immaterial. Early payment discounts are offered on a limited basis and are not significant. The Company also offers rebates based upon cumulative volume of purchases within a quarter and accrues for the rebate obligation within the quarter that the rebate is earned. ASC 606 did not change the accounting for rebates under ASC 605.
Costs to Obtain and Fulfill a Contract
For certain contracts within the Performance Materials segment, commissions are paid to sales agents based upon a percentage of end-customer invoice value. Agents are paid the commissions after funds are received by the Company from its customers. Under ASC 340, sales commissions are required to be capitalized and expensed over the associated contract period. However, as a practical expedient, the Company does not capitalize commissions as the associated contracts are generally one year or less in duration. For shipping and handling activities performed after a customer obtains control of the goods, the Company has elected to account for these costs as activities to fulfill the promise to transfer the goods and included in cost of sales.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, "Leases" (Topic 842). The provisions of ASU 2016-02 require a dual approach for lessee accounting under which a lessee would recognize a right-of-use asset and a corresponding lease liability. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating leases. For finance leases, a lessee will recognize interest expense and amortization of the right-of-use asset, and for operating leases, the lessee will recognize a straight-line total lease expense. The guidance also requires qualitative and specific quantitative disclosures to supplement the amounts recorded in the financial statements, to afford better understanding of an entity's leasing activities, including any significant judgments and estimates. The guidance was amended through various ASU's subsequent to ASU 2016-02, all of which will be effective for us beginning October 1, 2019, but early adoption is permitted. We have finished reviewing the population of our lease contracts and are in the process of implementing a new third party lease software system. The Company currently plans to elect the optional package of practical expedients to not reassess prior conclusions related to contracts containing leases, lease classification and initial direct costs and therefore, does not expect the adoption of ASU 2016-02 to have a significant impact on the Consolidated Statements of Income. We expect to adopt the new standard in our first quarter of fiscal 2020 applying the optional transition method upon adoption. We continue to evaluate the amount of right-of-use asset and lease liability that will ultimately be recorded on the Consolidated Balance Sheets and the impact on the Consolidated Statements of Income.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, "Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments" (Topic 326). The provisions of this standard require financial assets measured at amortized cost to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected. An allowance account would be established to present the net carrying value at the amount expected to be collected. ASU 2016-13 also provides that credit losses relating to available-for-sale debt securities should be recorded through an allowance for credit losses. The guidance was amended through various ASU's subsequent to ASU 2016-13, all of which will be effective for us beginning October 1, 2020, but early adoption is permitted as of October 1, 2019. We are currently evaluating the impact of implementation of this standard on our financial statements.
In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-07 "Improving the Presentation of Net Period Pension Cost and Net Period Postretirement Benefit Cost" (Topic 715). The provisions of ASU 2017-07 provided specific guidance on the presentation of the components of net benefit cost. We adopted this standard ASU 2017-07 effective October 1, 2018 and applied it retrospectively. Pursuant to the adoption, net service costs are recorded as fringe benefit expense under cost of sales and operating expenses, and all other costs are recorded in the Other income (expense), net in our Consolidated Statements of Income. The impact of the retrospective adoption in fiscal year 2018 is not material.
In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-09 "Scope of Modification Accounting" (Topic 718). The provisions of ASU 2017-09 provide specific guidance about which changes to the term or conditions of a share-based payment require an entity to apply modification accounting. We adopted ASU 2017-09 effective October 1, 2018 and will apply this new standard to our share-based compensation awards, to the extent modified.
In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-12 "Derivatives and Hedging" (Topic 815). The provisions of this standard amend the hedge accounting model in ASC 815 to expand an entity's ability to hedge nonfinancial and financial risk components, reduce complexity in fair value hedges of interest rate risk, eliminate the requirement to separately measure and report hedge ineffectiveness, and generally require the entire change in the fair value of a hedging instrument to be presented in the same income statement line as the hedged item. The guidance also eases certain documentation and assessment requirements and modifies the accounting for components excluded from the assessment of hedge effectiveness. We early adopted this guidance effective January 1, 2019, and we did not have any hedges that existed as of the initial application date. We applied the new guidance to the interest rate swap that we entered into during our second quarter of fiscal 2019. Pursuant to the guidance, we performed initial quantitative hedge effectiveness testing upon the inception of the hedge, and determined the hedge to be highly effective. Therefore, unrealized changes in fair value are recorded in other comprehensive income. In addition, we reclassify the realized gains and losses out of other comprehensive income, and into interest expense in our Consolidated Statements of Income, which is the same financial statement line as the hedged item. We will perform subsequent assessments of hedge effectiveness qualitatively on a quarterly basis.
In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-02 "Income Statement – Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220)". The amendments in this standard allow a company to reclassify the stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "Tax Act") from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings. ASU 2018-02 will be effective for us beginning October 1, 2019, but early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating and quantifying the amount to be reclassified into retained earnings and expect to record the reclassification on October 1, 2019.
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07 " Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting." The ASU simplified the accounting for share-based payments granted to nonemployees for goods and services, therefore guidance on such payments to nonemployees would be mostly aligned with the requirements for share-based payments granted to employees. ASU 2018-07 will be effective for us beginning October 1, 2019, but early adoption is permitted (but no earlier than the adoption date of Topic 606). We do not expect implementation of this standard to have material impact on our financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13 " Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement". The ASU provides specific guidance on various disclosure requirements in Topic 820, including removal, modification and addition to current disclosure requirements. ASU 2018-13 will be effective for us beginning October 1, 2020, but early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of implementation of this standard on our disclosures.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-15 " Intangibles—Goodwill and Other—Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force)". The ASU Requires an entity (customer) in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract to follow the guidance in Subtopic 350-40 to determine which implementation costs to capitalize as an asset related to the service contract and which costs to expense. ASU 2018-15 will be effective for us beginning October 1, 2020, but early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of implementation of this standard on our financial statements.
3. REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS
Disaggregation of Revenue
The Company disaggregates revenue by product area and segment as it best depicts the nature and amount of the Company’s revenue.
The following table shows revenue generated by product area during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018:
Three Months Ended June 30,
Nine Months Ended June 30,
Total Electronic Materials
Reconciliation of Contract Liability Balances
The following table provides information about contract liability balances:
The contract liability balances as of October 1, 2018 in the table above include the amounts recorded upon the adoption of ASC 606. At June 30, 2019, the current portion of contract liabilities of $3,958 is included in accrued liabilities, taxes payable and other current liabilities, and the noncurrent portion of $1,378 is included in other long-term liabilities in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The amount of revenue recognized during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2019 that was included in the opening current contract liability balances in our Performance Materials segment was $697 and $4,857, respectively. The amount of revenue recognized during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2019 that was included in our opening contract liability balances in our Electronic Materials segment was not material.
Transaction Price Allocated to Remaining Performance Obligations
The table below discloses (1) the aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to performance obligations that are unsatisfied (or partially unsatisfied) as of the end of the reporting period for contracts with an original duration of greater than one year and (2) when the Company expects to recognize this revenue.
Less Than 1 Year
Revenue expected to be recognized on contract liability amounts as of June 30, 2019
4. BUSINESS COMBINATION
On the Acquisition Date, the Company completed its acquisition of 100% of the outstanding stock of KMG, which was a publicly held company headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas. KMG specialized in producing, processing, and distributing electronic chemicals for the semiconductor industry and performance materials for the pipeline operations and energy, and industrial wood preservation industries. We acquired KMG to extend and strengthen our position as one of the leading suppliers of consumable materials to the semiconductor industry and to expand our portfolio with the addition of KMG’s performance materials businesses, which we believe enables us to become a leading global provider of performance products and services to the pipeline operations and energy industries. The purchase consideration was $1,513,235, including consideration transferred of $1,536,452, less cash acquired of $23,217. The consideration was comprised of cash consideration to KMG common shareholders and equity award holders, stock consideration to KMG common shareholders and equity award holders, and cash consideration in the form of the retirement of KMG’s preexisting debt obligations. Under the terms of the definitive agreement to acquire KMG, each share of KMG common stock was converted into the right to receive $55.65 in cash and 0.2000 of a share of Cabot Microelectronics common stock. As a result, we issued 3,237,005 shares of our common stock to KMG’s common stockholders, with a stock price of $102.27 on the Acquisition Date. In connection with the Acquisition, we entered into a credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”), which provided us with a seven-year, $1,065,000 term loan facility (the “Term Loan Facility”), which we drew on the Acquisition Date to fund the Acquisition along with cash on hand, and a five-year, $200,000 revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility”), which has not been drawn. In connection with the borrowing, we incurred $21,408 in debt issuance costs and original issue discount fees, $859 of which relates to the Revolving Credit Facility and is recorded as a prepaid asset, and the remaining $20,549 in debt issuance costs relates to the Term Loan Facility and is presented as a reduction of long-term debt. These debt issuance costs are amortized and recorded in Interest expense in the Consolidated Statements of Income over the life of the Revolving Credit Facility and Term Loan Facility, respectively. See below for a summary of the different components that comprise the total consideration.
Total cash consideration paid for KMG outstanding common stock and equity awards
Cash provided to payoff KMG debt
Total cash consideration paid
Fair value of Cabot Microelectronics common stock issued for KMG outstanding common stock and equity awards
The following table summarizes the preliminary allocation of fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed as of the Acquisition Date.
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
Property, plant and equipment
Other long-term assets
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
Deferred income taxes liabilities
Other long-term liabilities
Total identifiable net assets acquired
Total consideration transferred
The Acquisition was accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting. Tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed are recorded at fair value as of the Acquisition Date. These valuations are preliminary based on the information currently available, and the expectations and assumptions that have been deemed reasonable by the Company’s management. The Company has not finalized the fair value determinations of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed and expects to finalize such as soon as practicable, but not later than one-year from the Acquisition Date. As a result, certain adjustments have been made and will continue to be made to the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheet and Statements of Income.
The fair values of identifiable assets and liabilities acquired were developed with the assistance of a third-party valuation firm. The fair value of acquired property, plant and equipment is primarily valued at its “value-in-use.” The fair value of acquired identifiable intangible assets was determined using the “income approach” on an individual asset basis. The key assumptions used in the calculation of the discounted cash flows include projected revenue, gross margin, operating expenses, discount rate and customer attrition. The valuations and the underlying assumptions have been deemed reasonable by the Company’s management. There are inherent uncertainties and management judgment required in these determinations.
The following table sets forth the components of identifiable intangible assets acquired and their estimated useful lives as of the Acquisition Date: