Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Ebix
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$49.67 31 $1,520
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-04-10 Other Events
8-K 2019-04-10 Officers
8-K 2019-03-11 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-01 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-11 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-11 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-07 Officers
8-K 2019-01-02 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-28 Accountant, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-21 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-12 Officers, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-28 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-16 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-11-08 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-05 Accountant, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-20 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-14 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-06-11
8-K 2018-06-05 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-10 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-02 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-21 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
KDP Keurig Dr Pepper 37,150
MASI Masimo 7,060
PSXP Phillips 66 Partners 6,250
ATGE Adtalem Global Education 2,840
FTAI Fortress Transportation & Infrastructure Investors 1,440
OEC Orion Engineered Carbons 1,240
VRTS Virtus Investment Partners 841
ASRT Assertio Therapeutics 298
UROV Urovant Sciences 265
TXHG TX Holdings 0
EBIX 2018-12-31
Part I
Item 1. Business
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Properties
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Part II
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Note 1. Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2. Earnings per Share
Note 3. Business Acquisitions
Note 4. Pro Forma Financial Information (Re: 2018 and 2017 Acquisitions)
Note 5. Commercial Bank Financing Facility
Note 6. Commitments and Contingencies
Note 7. Share-Based Compensation
Note 8. Income Taxes
Note 9. Stock Repurchases
Note 10. Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses
Note 11. Other Current Assets
Note 12. Other Current Liabilities
Note 13. Property and Equipment
Note 14. Cash Option Profit Sharing Plan and Trust
Note 15. Geographic Information
Note 16. Related Party Transactions
Note 17. Quarterly Financial Information (Unaudited)
Note 18. Investment in Joint Ventures
Note 19. Capitalized Software Development Costs
Note 20. Concentrations of Credit Risk
Note 21. Subsequent Events
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Item 9B. Other Information
Part III
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services
Part IV
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
EX-3.4 ebixincdeamendment.htm
EX-10.17 executedamendmentno8tocr.htm
EX-21.1 ebix-ex211_2018123110k.htm
EX-23.1 ebix-ex231_2018123110k.htm
EX-23.2 ebix-ex232_2018123110k.htm
EX-31.1 ebix-ex311_2018123110k.htm
EX-31.2 ebix-ex312_2018123110k.htm
EX-32.1 ebix-ex321_2018123110k.htm
EX-32.2 ebix-ex322_2018123110k.htm

Ebix Earnings 2018-12-31

EBIX 10K Annual Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-K 1 ebix-2018x10k.htm 10-K Document

 
 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
þ
 
ANNUAL REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018
OR
o
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission file number 0-15946
Ebix, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation)
 
77-0021975
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
 
 
 
1 Ebix Way
 
 
Johns Creek, Georgia
 
30097
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (678) 281-2020
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
None
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
Title of each class
Common Stock, par value $0.10 per share
Listed on the Nasdaq Global Capital Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No þ
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer þ
 
Accelerated filer o
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
 
 
 
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes o No þ

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
As of February 26, 2019, the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding was 30,546,212. As of June 30, 2018 (the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter), the aggregate market value of Common Stock held by non-affiliates, based upon the last sale price of the shares as reported on the Nasdaq Global Capital Market on such date, was approximately $1.81 billion (for this purpose, the Company has assumed that directors, executive officers and holders of more than 10% of the Company’s common stock are affiliates).

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Registrant's definitive proxy for its annual meeting of stockholders are incorporated by reference into Part III Items 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14 of this Form 10-K.



EBIX, INC.
INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
 
Page
 
Reference
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Exhibit 101



SAFE HARBOR REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

As used herein, the terms “Ebix,” “the Company,” “we,” “our” and “us” refer to Ebix, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries as a combined entity, except where it is clear that the terms mean only Ebix, Inc.
This Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements and information within the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These forward-looking statements include statements regarding future economic conditions, operational performance and financial condition, liquidity and capital resources, acceptance of the Company's products by the market, potential acquisitions and management's plans and objectives. Words such as “may,” “could,” “should,” “would,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “intend,” “seek,” “plan,” “project,” “continue,” “predict,” “will,” “should,” and other words or expressions of similar meaning are intended by the Company to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. These statements are based on our current expectations about future events or results and information that is currently available to us, involve assumptions, risks, and uncertainties, and speak only as of the date on which such statements are made.
Our actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied in these forward-looking statements. Factors that may cause such a difference, include, but are not limited to:

the willingness of independent insurance agencies to outsource their computer and other processing needs to third parties;
our ability to raise additional financing to support our capital requirements;
our ability to make new business acquisitions and integrate such acquired businesses into our operations;
pricing and other competitive pressures and the Company's ability to gain or maintain share of sales as a result of actions by competitors and others;
our ability to develop new products and respond to rapid technological changes;
disruptions in internet connections and the protection of information transmitted over the internet;
changes in estimates in critical accounting judgments;
the effective protection of our intellectual property;
changes in or failure to comply with laws and regulations, including accounting standards,
taxation requirements (including tax rate changes, new tax laws and revised tax interpretations) in domestic or foreign jurisdictions;
exchange rate fluctuations and other risks associated with investments and operations in foreign countries (particularly in Singapore, Australia and India wherein we have significant operations);
volatility in equity markets, including market disruptions and significant interest rate fluctuations, which may impede our access to, or increase the cost of, external financing; and
international conflict, including terrorist acts.

These and other risks are described in more detail in Part I Item 1A, "Risk Factors", as well as in other reports subsequently filed with the SEC.
Except as expressly required by the federal securities laws, the Company undertakes no obligation to update any such factors, or to publicly announce the results of, or changes to any of the forward-looking statements contained herein, to reflect future events, developments or changed circumstances, or for any other reason.
Readers should carefully review the disclosures and the risk factors described in this and other documents we file from time to time with the SEC, including future reports on Forms 10-Q and 8-K, and any amendments thereto.
You may obtain our SEC filings at our website, www.ebix.com under the “Investor Information” section, or over the Internet at the SEC's web site, www.sec.gov.





PART I


Item 1. BUSINESS

Company Overview
Ebix, Inc. (“Ebix”, the “Company,” “we” or “our”), a Delaware corporation, was founded in 1976 as Delphi Systems, Inc., a California corporation. In December 2003 the Company changed its name to Ebix, Inc. The Company is listed on the Nasdaq Global Market.
The Company has its worldwide headquarters in Johns Creek, Georgia with its international operations being managed from its Dubai office; and also has domestic and international operations spread across 50+ offices. Amongst other offices, the Company also has operating facilities and offices in Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Singapore, the United Kingdom, Canada and India. In these operating offices, Ebix employs skilled technology and business professionals who provide products, services, support and consultancy services to more than 16,000 customers across six continents.
Ebix is a leading international supplier of on-demand infrastructure exchanges to the insurance, financial, and healthcare industries. In the Insurance sector, the Company’s main focus is to develop and deploy a wide variety of insurance and reinsurance exchanges on an on-demand basis, while also, providing Software-as-a-Service ("SaaS") enterprise solutions in the area of Customer Relationship management ("CRM"), front-end & back-end systems, outsourced administrative and risk compliance.
The Company's products feature fully customizable and scalable on-demand software designed to streamline the way insurance professionals manage distribution, marketing, sales, customer service, and accounting activities.

With a "Phygital” strategy that combines 320,000 physical distribution outlets in many Associations of Southeast Asian Nations (“ASEAN”) countries, to an Omni-channel online digital platform, the Company’s EbixCash Financial exchange portfolio encompasses leadership in areas of domestic & international money remittance, foreign exchange (Forex), travel, pre-paid & gift cards, utility payments, software solutions for lending and wealth management etc. in India and other markets. EbixCash’s Forex operations have emerged as a leader in India’s airport Foreign Exchange business with operations in 32 international airports including Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai and Kolkata, conducting over $4.8 billion in gross transaction value per year. EbixCash’s inward remittance business in India conducts approximately $5 billion gross annual remittance business, confirming its undisputed leadership position in India. EbixCash, through its travel portfolio of Via and Mercury, is also one of Southeast Asia’s leading travel exchanges with over 2,200+ employees, 212,450+ agent network, 25 branches and over 9,800 corporate clients; processing an estimated $2.5 billion in gross merchandise value per year.
During the year ended December 31, 2018, approximately 80% of Ebix revenues came from on-demand exchanges.
EbixCash is also a provider of lending software solutions to financial institutions and on-demand software on wealth and asset management to banks, asset managers and wealth management firms.
The Company’s E-learning solutions are provided to schools across the breadth of India with the goal of educating students in a classroom through high quality 2-D and 3-D animation and multimedia learning.
International revenue accounted for 60.4% and 41.8% of the Company’s total revenue for the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
Ebix's goal is to be the leading powerhouse of insurance and financial transactions in the world. The Company’s technology vision is to focus on the convergence of all channels, processes and entities in a manner such that data seamlessly flows once a data entry has initially been made. Ebix strives to work collaboratively with clients to develop innovative technology strategies and solutions that address specific business challenges and requirements. Ebix combines the newest technologies with its capabilities in consulting, systems design and integration, IT and business process outsourcing, applications software, and web and application hosting to meet the individual needs of organizations.





2


Acquisition & Integration Strategy

The Company views business acquisitions as an integral part of the Company's growth strategy, an efficient way to further expand its reach, and an effective utilization of the operating cash generated from the Company's business. However, management does not believe that this acquisition strategy is entirely critical to the Company's future profitability or liquidity. We look at making complimentary accretive acquisitions as and when the Company has sufficient liquidity, stable cash flows, and access to financing at attractive interest rates to do so, if necessary.

The Company seeks to acquire businesses that are synergistic to Ebix's existing products and services. In this regard the Company's goal is to provide comprehensive, on-demand based solutions that simplify transaction processing by carrying data from one end to another seamlessly. Any acquisition made by Ebix typically will fall into one of two different categories: one, wherein the acquired company has products and/or services that are competitive to our existing products and services; and two, wherein the acquired company's products and services are a complement to and an extension of our existing products and services.

In cases where an acquired company's products and services are competitive to our existing products and services, the Company immediately strives towards the goal of providing a single product or service in the functional area, with a common code base around the world rather than having multiple products addressing the same need. In each case, the Company immediately works towards assimilating the best of breed functionality on a common architecture approach, to provide a single product or service to our end customers. The Company's goal remains to provide an easy to use solution for our customer base, while ensuring that any product or service integrates seamlessly with other existing or outside functionalities. Irrespective of whether the acquired company's product/service is retired, or the existing product/service is retired, the Company is focused on maximizing operational efficiency for our business while creating new cutting-edge products and services that can replace either existing or acquired product or service offerings in order to make future product sales and maintenance more efficient.

Once an acquisition is consummated, the infrastructure, personnel resources, sales, product management, development, and other common functions are integrated with our existing operations to ensure that efficiencies are maximized and redundancies eliminated. We generally do not maintain separate sales, development, product management, implementation or quality control functions following the closing of any acquisition, in order to ensure that the integration is efficient across all fronts. The Company integrates and, where appropriate, centralizes certain key functions such as product development, information technology, marketing, sales, finance, administration, and quality assurance immediately after an acquisition, to ensure that the Company can maximize on cost efficiencies. Simultaneously with the integration of any acquired company, the Company's resources and infrastructure are leveraged to work across multiple functions, products and services, making it neither practical nor feasible to precisely separately track and disclose the specific earnings impact from the business combinations we have executed after they have been acquired. Consequently, the concept of “acquisitive growth” versus “organic growth” becomes obscured given the dynamics and underlying operating principals of Ebix's acquisition, integration, and growth strategy. This tactic is a key part of our business strategy that facilitates high levels of efficiency, operating income margins and consistent end-to-end vision for our business, and differentiates the Company from our competitors. Our plan is to make niche acquisitions in the insurance, e-learning, healthcare and finance sectors, integrate them seamlessly into the Company and make them efficient by implementing Ebix's standardized processes, with the goal of increasing operating profits and cash flows for the Company.

In many of the acquisitions made by the Company, there are contingent consideration terms associated with the achievement of certain designated revenue targets for the acquired Company. This structure allows us to still carry on with our integration strategy, while enabling the acquired company to be eligible for a revenue based contingent purchase consideration. Accordingly, we are able to maximize operational productivity while allowing the principals of the acquired company access to a greater opportunity for a contingent reward.

The Company's integration strategies are targeted at improving the efficiency of our business, centralizing key functions, exercising better control over our operations, and providing consistent technology and product vision across all functions, entities and products. This is a key part of our business philosophy designed to enable Ebix to operate at a high level of efficiency and facilitate a consistent end-to-end vision for the industry.

Recent Strategic Business Acquisitions

During the year ended December 31, 2018 the Company completed thirteen business acquisitions, as follows:

Effective December 1, 2018 Ebix entered into an agreement to acquire 74.84% controlling stake in India based Weizmann Forex Limited ("Weizmann") for $63.1 million. Ebix also made a 90-day time bound public offer to acquire the remaining 25.16% publicly-held Weizmann Forex shares for approximately $21.1 million to public shareholders. The valuation and purchase price

3


allocation remains preliminary and will be finalized as soon as practicable but in no event longer than one year from the effective date of this transaction.

Effective December 1, 2018 Ebix acquired the assets of India based Pearl International Tours and Travels Limited ("Pearl"), a provider of a comprehensive range of B2B and B2C travel services under the brand name ‘Sastiticket’, ranging from domestic and international ticketing, incentives travel, leisure products, luxury holidays, and travel documentation for $3.4 million and has been integrated with Ebix Travels’ operations, which has brought in operational synergies and certain redundancies for the acquired operations . The valuation and purchase price allocation remains preliminary and will be finalized as soon as practicable but in no event longer than one year from the effective date of this transaction.

Effective December 1, 2018 Ebix acquired India based Lawson Travels ("Lawson"), a B2B provider of travel services and international ticketing, for $2.7 million and same has been integrated with Ebix Travels’ operations to bring in operational synergies and wider country wide footprint. The valuation and purchase price allocation remains preliminary and will be finalized as soon as practicable but in no event longer than one year from the effective date of this transaction.

Effective October 1, 2018 Ebix acquired a 70% stake in India based AHA Taxis ("AHA Taxis"), a platform for on-demand inter-city cabs in India for $310 thousand. AHA Taxis focuses its attention on Corporate and Consumer inter-city travel primarily, with a network of thousands of registered AHA Taxis.

Effective October 1, 2018 Ebix acquired a 67% stake in India based Routier ("Routier"), a marketplace for trucking logistics for $413 thousand.

Effective October 1, 2018 Ebix acquired the assets of India based Business Travels Pvt. Ltd ("Business Travels") to for $1.1 million and same has been integrated with Ebix Travels’ operations to expand the wholesale travel and consolidation business.. The valuation and purchase price allocation remains preliminary and will be finalized as soon as practicable but in no event longer than one year from the effective date of this transaction.

Effective August 1, 2018 Ebix entered into an agreement to acquire India based Miles Software ("Miles"), a provider of on-demand software on wealth and asset management to banks, asset managers and wealth management firms, for approximately $18.3 million, plus possible future contingent earn-out payments of up to $8.3 million based on earned revenues over the subsequent twenty-four month period following the effective date of the acquisition.

Effective July 1, 2018 Ebix entered into an agreement to acquire India based Leisure Corp ("Leisure") for approximately $2.1 million, with the goal of creating a new travel division to focus on a niche segment of the travel market. The valuation and purchase price allocation remains preliminary and will be finalized as soon as practicable but in no event longer than one year from the effective date of this transaction.

Effective July 1, 2018 Ebix entered into an agreement to acquire India based Mercury Travels for approximately $13.2 million, with the goal of creating a new travel division to focus on a niche segment of the travel market. Mercury’s Forex business has been integrated into EbixCash’s existing Forex exchange business. The valuation and purchase price allocation remains preliminary and will be finalized as soon as practicable but in no event longer than one year from the effective date of this transaction.

Effective July 1, 2018 Ebix entered into an agreement to acquire India based Indus Software Technologies Pvt. Ltd. ("Indus"), a global provider of enterprise lending software solutions to financial institutions, captive auto finance and telecom companies, for approximately $22.9 million plus possible future contingent earn-out payments of up to $5.0 million based on earned revenues over the subsequent twenty-four month period following the effective date of the acquisition.

Effective April 1, 2018 Ebix entered into an agreement to acquire India based CentrumDirect Limited ("Centrum"), a leader in India’s foreign exchange and outward remittance (“Foreign Exchange Operations”) markets for approximately $179.5 million. This acquisition was completed in June 2018. Subsequently, Centrum has been renamed as Ebixcash World Money Limited (“Ebixcash World Money”) and has been tightly integrated into Ebix’s Financial Exchange ‘EbixCash’ offerings in India and abroad, with key business executives of Foreign Exchange Operations becoming an integral part of the combined EbixCash senior leadership.

Effective April 1, 2018 Ebix entered into an agreement to acquire a 60% stake in India based Smartclass Educational Services Private Limited ("Smartclass"), a leading e-learning Company engaged in the business of education services, development of education products, and implementation of education solutions for K-12 Schools through its E-Learning Venture. Under the terms of the agreement Ebix paid $8.6 million in cash for its stake in Smartclass.

4


Effective February 1, 2018 Ebix acquired the Money Transfer Service Scheme ("MTSS") Business of Transcorp International Limited ("Transcorp"), for upfront cash consideration in the amount of $7.25 million, of which $6.55 million was funded with cash and $700 thousand assumed in liabilities. MTSS operations of Transcorp has been consolidated with EbixCash’s MTSS operations resulting in operational synergies and certain redundancies to the combined operation.

During the year ended December 31, 2017 the Company completed six business acquisitions, as follows:

Effective November 1, 2017 Ebix acquired Via.com ("Via"), a recognized leader in the travel space in India and an omni-channel online travel and assisted e-commerce exchange with presence in India, Middle East and South East Asia. Ebix acquired Via for upfront cash consideration in the amount $78.8 million plus possible future contingent payments of up to $2.3 million based on any potential claims made by tax authorities over the subsequent twelve month period following the effective date of the acquisition, of which was not achieved after this period and $2.0 million based on the receipt of refunds pertaining to certain advance tax payments and withholding taxes, both of which are included in Other current liabilities in the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheet.

Effective November 1, 2017 Ebix acquired the Money Transfer Service Scheme ("MTSS") Business of Paul Merchants Limited ("Paul Merchants"), the largest international remittance service provider in India, for upfront cash consideration in the amount $37.4 million.

Effective October 1, 2017 Ebix acquired the MTSS Business of Wall Street Finance Limited ("Wall Street") , an inward international remittance service provider in India, along with the acquisition of its subsidiary company Goldman Securities Limited for upfront cash consideration in the amount $7.4 million.

Effective September 1, 2017 Ebix acquired the MTSS Business of YouFirst Money Express Private Limited ("YouFirst"), an inward international remittance service provider in India, for upfront cash consideration in the amount $10.2 million.

Effective June 1, 2017 Ebix acquired the assets of beBetter Health, Inc., ("beBetter"), a technology enabled corporate wellness provider that provides end-to-end wellness solutions offering a variety of tools and programs, including interactive platforms, health screening, coaching, tobacco cessation, weight and stress management, health information, and numerous other products and services. Ebix acquired the assets and intellectual property of beBetter for $1.0 million plus possible future contingent earn-out payments of up to $2.0 million based on earned revenues over the subsequent twenty-four month period following the effective date of the acquisition. The Company has determined that the fair value of the contingent earn-out consideration is zero as of December 31, 2018.

Effective April 1, 2017 Ebix entered into a joint venture with India-based Essel Group, while acquiring an 80% stake in ItzCash Card Limited ("ItzCash"), India’s leading payment solutions exchange. ItzCash is recognized as a leader in the prepaid cards and bill payments space in India. Under the terms of the agreement, ItzCash was valued at a total enterprise value of approximately $150 million. Accordingly, Ebix acquired an 80% stake in ItzCash for $120 million including upfront cash of $76.3 million plus possible future contingent earn-out payments of up to $44.0 million based on earned revenues over the subsequent thirty-six month period following the effective date of the acquisition. $4.0 million of the possible future contingent earn-out payments was previously held in escrow accounts for the twelve month period following the effective date of the acquisition to ensure that the acquired business achieved the minimum specified annual gross revenue threshold, which was achieved and paid during the third quarter of 2018. The Company has determined that the fair value of the contingent earn-out consideration is $15.4 million as of December 31, 2018.

During the year ended December 31, 2016 the Company completed two business acquisitions, as follows:
Effective November 1, 2016 Ebix acquired Wdev Solucoes em Technologia SA ("Wdev"), a Brazilian company that provides IT services and software development for the Latin American insurance industry. Ebix acquired Wdev for upfront cash consideration in the amount of $10.5 million, plus possible future contingent earn out payments of up to $15.7 million based on earned revenues over the subsequent thirty-eight month period following the effective date of the acquisition. $2.9 million of the upfront cash consideration is being held in an escrow account for the thirty-eight month period following the effective date of the acquisition to ensure that the acquired business achieves the minimum specified annual net revenue threshold, which if not achieved will result in said funds being returned to Ebix.
Effective November 1, 2016 Ebix acquired the assets of IHAC, Inc., d.b.a Hope Health ("Hope Health"), a Michigan corporation and publisher of health and wellness continuing education products. Ebix acquired the assets and intellectual property of Hope Health for $1.72 million.

5


Effective July 1, 2016 Ebix and Independence Holdings Corporation ("IHC") jointly executed a Call Notice agreement, whereby Ebix purchased additional common units in the Ebix Health Exchange Holdings, LLC ("EbixHealth JV") from IHC constituting eleven percent (11%) of the EbixHealth JV for $2.0 million cash which resulted in Ebix holding an aggregate fifty-one percent (51%) controlling equity interest in the EbixHealth JV. Previously, effective September 1, 2015 Ebix and IHC, formed a joint venture named EbixHealth JV. Ebix paid $6.0 million and contributed a license to use certain CurePet software and systems valued by the EbixHealth JV at $2.0 million, for its initial 40% membership interest in the EbixHealth JV. IHC contributed all of its shares in its existing third party administrator operations (IHC Health Solutions, Inc.), valued by the EbixHealth JV at $12.0 million for its 60% membership interest in the EbixHealth JV.
Industry Overview
The insurance and financial industry markets have initiatives to reduce paper-based processes and facilitate improvements in the efficiency both at the back-end side and also at the consumer-end side. Such consolidation has involved all industry constituents and is directly impacting the manner in which various products are distributed. Management believes that both the industries will continue to experience significant change and increased efficiencies through online exchanges as reduced paper-based processes are becoming increasingly a norm across the world markets.
Products and Services
The Company reports as a single segment. The Company’s revenues are derived from four product or service groups. Presented in tabular format below is the breakout of our revenue streams for each of those product or service groups for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016:
 
 
For the Year Ended
December 31,
(dollar amounts in thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
Exchanges
 
$
396,457

 
$
259,470

 
$
206,427

Broker P&C Systems
 
14,379

 
14,674

 
14,105

Risk Compliance Solutions (“RCS”)
 
79,976

 
86,832

 
74,196

Carrier P&C Systems
 
7,014

 
2,995

 
3,566

Totals
 
$
497,826

 
$
363,971

 
$
298,294

Information on the geographic dispersion of the Company’s revenues and long-lived assets is furnished in Note 15 to the consolidated financial statements, included in Part II Item 8 of this Form 10-K. See Item 1A (Risk Factors) for discussion of certain risks related to our foreign operations.
The Company’s product and service strategy focuses on: (a) expansion of connectivity between all entities through its Exchange family of products in the financial, travel, life, health, workers compensation, risk management, annuity and property and casualty ("P&C") sectors namely the EbixCash and EbixExchange family of products; (b) worldwide sales and support of P&C back-end insurance and broker management systems; (c) worldwide sale, customization, development, implementation and support of its P&C back-end insurance carrier system platforms; (d) risk compliance solution services, which include insurance certificate origination, certificate tracking, claims adjudication call center, consulting services and back office support; and (e) e-governance/e-learning solutions in emerging world markets.
Ebix also provides software development, customization, and consulting services to a variety of entities in the insurance industry, including carriers, brokers, exchanges and standard making bodies.
Ebix’s revenue, at present, is generated through four main channels in which the Company conducts its operations: Exchanges, Carrier Systems, Broker Systems, and Risk Compliance Solutions. The revenue streams for each of these channels are further described below in the following paragraphs.
Exchanges: This channel forms the primary focus of the Company across the world. Ebix operates data exchanges in the areas of finance, travel, life insurance, annuities, employee health benefits, risk management, workers compensation, insurance underwriting, and P&C insurance. Each of these exchanges connects multiple entities within the financial and insurance markets enabling the participant to seamlessly and efficiently carry and process data from one end to another. Ebix’s life, annuity, and employee health benefit exchanges currently operate primarily in the United States. The P&C exchanges operate primarily in Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. Ebix financial and travel exchanges currently operate primarily in India, the Middle East and certain ASEAN countries. Exchange revenue is derived from two main sources, namely subscription fees

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associated with accessing the exchange and transaction fees charged for each transaction processed on an Ebix Exchange. These exchanges have been designed to completely adhere to industry and regulatory data standards.
Broker P&C Systems: The Company's main focus in this channel is on markets outside the United States. The Company does not believe that the United States broker systems market can provide the Company with the operating margin levels that the Company seeks. The number of independent brokers has been steadily decreasing in the United States and the space is fairly crowded in terms of the number of software players addressing the market. Consequently, Ebix’s primary focus in the area of broker systems is on designing and deploying back-end systems for international P&C insurance brokers who are seeking a worldwide system solution. Ebix has three back-end systems in this area: eGlobal, which targets multinational P&C insurance brokers; WinBeat, which targets P&C brokers in the Australian and New Zealand markets; and, EbixASP, which is a system for the P&C insurance brokers in the United States. Revenue from eGlobal is derived from two main sources, specifically subscription license-based revenues and time and material fees charged to customize the product to a broker’s specific functional requirements. Revenue from WinBeat is derived from monthly subscription fees charged to each P&C broker in Australia and New Zealand that has deployed the service. Revenue from EbixASP comes from monthly subscription fees charged to each P&C broker in the United States using the service. Each of these products is continually being redesigned, recoded and updated to adhere to the most current prevailing technologies.
RCS: Ebix’s focus in this channel pertains to business process outsourcing services that include providing domain intensive project management, time and material based consulting engagements to clients across the world, the creation and tracking of certificates of insurance issued in the United States and Australian markets, the provision of claims adjudication and settlement, call center, and back office support. Ebix focuses on helping its clients outsource any specific service or manpower to the Company on an onsite or offshore basis. With respect to our insurance certificate related business outsourcing service, Ebix provides a software-based service for the issuance of certificates of insurance that fully adhere to industry standards such as ACORD. Ebix derives transaction-based revenues for each certificate that is created. Ebix also provides a service to track certificates of insurance for corporate clients in the United States and Australia that generates transactional-based revenue for each certificate tracked.
Carrier P&C Systems: This channel is the smallest part of the Company's business, since the Company has continued to de-emphasize its attention to this sector, while focusing its efforts primarily on Exchanges, Healthcare, e-Governance, and e-Learning. Ebix’s work in the area of carrier systems pertains to the designing and deploying on-demand back-end systems for P&C insurance companies. Revenue from these services is derived from subscription revenues or license revenues from clients and time and material fees charged to customize these products to an insurance company’s specific functional requirements.

Product Development
The Company focuses on maintaining high quality product development standards. Product development activities include research and the development of platform and/or client specific software enhancements such as adding functionality, improving usefulness, increasing responsiveness, adapting to newer software and hardware technologies, or developing and maintaining the Company’s websites.
The Company has spent $39.1 million, $33.9 million, and $33.0 million during the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016, respectively, on product development initiatives. The Company’s product development efforts are focused on the continued enhancement and redesign of the Exchange, broker systems, carrier systems, and RCS product and service lines to keep our technology at the cutting edge in the markets we compete. Development efforts also provide new technologies for insurance carriers, brokers and agents, and the redesign, coding and development of new services for international and domestic markets.
Competition
We believe Ebix is in a unique position of being the only company worldwide in insurance software markets that provides services in all four of our above listed revenue channels. Conversely, though, this also means that in each of these areas Ebix has different competitors. In fact, in most of these areas Ebix has a different competitor in each country in which we operate. In our Exchange operations Ebix often has a different competitor on each line of exchange in each country.
The Company has centralized worldwide product management, intellectual property rights development and software and system development operations in Dubai, Singapore, and India, which provides it a competitive edge. With its strong focus on quality, our Indian operations deliver cutting edge solutions for our customers across the world. India is rich in technical skills and the cost structure is significantly lower as compared to the United States. Ebix continues to expand its India operations as a learning center of excellence with a strong focus on hiring skilled professionals with expertise in insurance systems and software applications. This focus on building this knowledge base combined with the ability to hire more professional resources at India's

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lower cost structure has enabled Ebix to consistently protect its knowledge base and to deliver projects in a cost-effective fashion. The following is a closer and more detailed discussion of our competition in each of these four main channels.
Exchanges: Ebix operates a number of exchanges and the competition for each of those exchanges varies within each of the regions in which Ebix operates.
Life Insurance Exchange - Ebix operates a straight through processing end-to-end Life Exchange service that has three life insurance exchanges in the United States - namely Winflex, TPP, and LifeSpeed. Winflex is an exchange for pre-sale life insurance illustrations between brokers and carriers, TPP is an underwriting and highly customized electronic application platform for Life insurance, while LifeSpeed is an order entry platform for life insurance. Each of these exchanges is presently deployed in the United States and the Company is also continuing to deploy them in other parts of the world. Ebix has one main competitor in the life exchange area: iPipeline. Ebix differentiates itself from this competitor by virtue of having an end-to-end solution in the market as with all of its exchanges being interfaced with other broker systems and customer relationship management ("CRM") services such as EbixCRM. We believe Ebix’s exchanges also have the largest aggregation of life insurance brokers and carriers transacting business in the United States.
Annuity Exchange - Ebix operates a straight through processing end-to-end Annuity Exchange service that has three life insurance exchanges in the United States - namely AnnuityNet, AMP and AN4. These exchanges are platforms for annuity transactions between brokers, carriers, broker general agents (“BGAs”), and other entities involved in annuity transactions. These exchanges are mainly deployed in the United States, while the Company endeavors to deploy it in other parts of the world, such as Latin America and Australia. Ebix deployed its AN4 service that was fully developed internally by Ebix, and is highly scalable, customizable and can be delivered over the cloud. Ebix has one main competitor in the annuity exchange area, iPipeline. Again, Ebix differentiates itself from this competitor by virtue of having an end-to-end solution offering in the market with its exchanges being interfaced with broker systems and customer relationship management (CRM) services such as EbixCRM. Ebix exchanges also benefit from transacting the largest amounts of premiums in annuity business on any single exchange in the United States.
Ebix CRM - Ebix’s customer relationship management exchange, SmartOffice is designed to address the specific needs of insurance companies, general agents, banks, financial advisors and investment dealers. Smart Office is tightly integrated into EbixExchange Life, Health, P&C and Annuity exchanges as a means to make end-to-end enterprise-wide information exchange seamless for our clients. This insurance industry specific domain expertise gives Ebix a competitive advantage over our competitors in the CRM area such as Salesforce.com, iPipeline and Redtail.
Employee Benefits - Ebix currently provides employee benefit and health insurance exchange services using four platforms namely Facts, LuminX, HealthConnect and EbixEnterprise. EbixEnterprise, which we built from the ground up, is the most recent Enterprise Health Exchange being deployed by Ebix across all 50 states. Collectively, these platforms service approximately nine million lives and produce hundreds of thousands of health insurance quotes annually. These platforms are sold to health carriers and third party administrators. These platforms provide the full range of services such as employee enrollment, claims adjudication, accounting, employee benefits administration accounting and compliance. The HealthConnect insurance quoting portals service the individual and small group marketplace. Ebix has a number of competitors of varying sizes in this area. Trizetto is currently the largest employee benefits software player in the market in the US while there are other smaller size competitors, such as BenefitFocus and Ultimate Software.
A.D.A.M. Health Solutions - Ebix provides multimedia health content, training, patient education, and continuing education that targets large diversified websites, doctors, consumer health portals, country governments, hospitals, healthcare, biomedical, medical device, pharmaceutical, and education organizations. A.D.A.M.’s competitors are a variety of health content companies such as Krames Staywell, Red Nucleus and Anatomy One, who are primarily focused on the US markets. A.D.A.M content is available in Spanish, Portuguese, German and other languages in Asia, Europe, the Middle East and South America.
P&C Exchanges - Ebix operates P&C exchanges in Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States. All of these exchanges are targeted to the areas of personal and commercial lines, and facilitate the exchange of insurance data between brokers and insurance carriers. Ebix continues to deploy these exchanges in the United States, Asia, Europe, Latin America, and Africa. There is presently little competition in the P&C exchange area in Australia and New Zealand. Our PPL insurance underwriting exchange platform is deployed in London. Our competitive differentiation exists by virtue of having an end-to-end solution offering in the market allowing our exchanges to be interfaced with multiple broker systems.
    
EbixCash Financial Exchanges - Exchanges - With a "Phygital” strategy that combines 320,000 physical distribution outlets in many Associations of Southeast Asian Nations (“ASEAN”) countries, to an Omni-channel online digital platform, the Company’s EbixCash Financial exchange portfolio encompasses leadership in areas of domestic & international money remittance, foreign exchange (Forex), travel, pre-paid & gift cards, utility payments, lending, wealth management etc. in India and other

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markets. EbixCash’s Forex operations have emerged as a leader in India’s airport Foreign Exchange business with operations in 32 international airports including Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai and Kolkata, conducting over $4.8 billion in gross transaction value per year. EbixCash’s inward remittance business in India conducts approx. $5 billion gross annual remittance business, confirming its undisputed leadership position in India. EbixCash, through its travel portfolio of Via and Mercury, is also one of Southeast Asia’s leading travel exchanges with over 2,200+ employees, 212,450+ agent network, 25 branches and over 9,800 corporate clients; processing an estimated $2.5 billion in gross merchandise value per year.

Broker P&C Systems: Ebix has three broker system offerings for P&C brokers worldwide: eGlobal, WinBeat and EbixASP. The competition for these broker systems varies within each of the regions in which Ebix provides such products and services.
eGlobal is sold throughout the world. The product is multilingual and multicurrency and is available in a number of languages such as English, Chinese, Japanese, French, Portuguese, and Spanish. eGlobal is targeted to the medium and large P&C brokers around the world. eGlobal competition tends to be different in each country with no single competitor having a global offering. eGlobal competes with home grown systems and regional players in each country. Its uniqueness comes from the fact that the product is both multilingual and multicurrency yet still has a common code base around the world with features that are easily activated and deactivated.
WinBeat is a back-end broker system that is currently sold in Australia and New Zealand. It is targeted at small P&C brokers in these countries. The product at present is available only in English and can be deployed in a few hours with minimal training. WinBeat’s competition in Australia and New Zealand comes mainly from local vendors such as Lumley and SSP. Ebix intends to deploy WinBeat in a number of emerging insurance markets such as India and China.
Between eGlobal and WinBeat, Ebix's broker systems customer base in Australia spans 632 of the 790 P&C brokers in Australia giving it 80% of the broker systems customer base in this country.
EbixASP is Ebix’s P&C broker systems offering for the United States markets. The service is designed around the ACORD insurance standards used in the United States. EbixASP has two main competitors in the United States, specifically Vertafore and Applied Systems.
RCS Services: Ebix’s focus in this channel pertains to business process outsourcing services that include providing domain intensive project management, time and material based system consulting services to clients across the world, and claims adjudication/settlement services, in addition to the creation and tracking of certificates of insurance issued in the United States and Australian markets. Ebix's RCS channel focuses on helping its clients outsource any specific service or manpower to the Company on an onsite or offshore basis. Ebix's RCS certificate outsourcing business services are enabled by the Company’s SaaS-based proprietary software. Ebix’s RCS service offerings currently cater to a large number of Fortune 500 companies in the United States.
Ebix’s RCS service offering in the insurance certificate issuance area has one main competitor in the United States, namely Applied Systems. Due to the highly fragmented market, the Ebix RCS service offering in the insurance certificate tracking area also has a number of smaller competitors such as Datamonitor, CMS, and Exigis.
Carrier P&C Systems: Ebix has two carrier system offerings for P&C carriers, Ebix-Advantage and Ebix Advantage Web. Ebix-Advantage is targeted at small, medium and large P&C carriers in the United States that operate in the personal, commercial and specialty line areas of insurance. Ebix AdvantageWeb is designed for the international markets and is targeted at the small, medium and large P&C carriers in the international markets that operate in the personal, commercial and specialty line areas of insurance. Ebix-AdvantageWeb is designed to be multicurrency and multilingual and is deployed in Brazil, the United Kingdom and the United States. Competition to both these products comes from large companies, such as CSC, Guidewire, Xchanging, Accenture and specialty medical malpractice players like Delphi.
Intellectual Property
Ebix seeks protection under federal, state and foreign laws for strategic or financially important intellectual property developed in connection with our business. We regard our software as proprietary while adhering to open architecture industry standards and attempt to protect it with copyrights, trade secret laws and restrictions on the disclosure and transferring of title. Certain intellectual property, where appropriate, is protected by contracts, licenses, registrations, or other protections. Despite these precautions, it may be possible for third parties to copy aspects of the Company’s products or, without authorization, to obtain and use information which the Company regards as trade secrets.

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Employees
As of December 31, 2018, the Company had 9,263 employees, distributed as follows: 94 in sales and marketing, 1,721 in product development, 870 in back-end operations, 284 in administration, general management and finance, and 6,294 in the EbixCash operations. None of the Company’s employees are presently covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Management considers the Company's relations with its employees to generally be good.

Executive Officers of the Registrant
Following are the persons serving as our executive officers as of February 26, 2019, together with their ages, positions and brief summaries of their business experience:
Name
 
Age
 
Position
 
Officer Since
Robin Raina
 
52

 
Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer
 
1998
Sean T. Donaghy
 
53

 
Chief Financial Officer
 
2017
Graham Prior
 
62

 
Corporate Executive Vice President International Business & Intellectual Property
 
2012
Leon d'Apice
 
62

 
Corporate Executive Vice President & Managing Director - Ebix Australia Group
 
2012
James Senge Sr.
 
58

 
Senior Vice President EbixHealth
 
2012
There are no family relationships among our executive officers, nor are there any arrangements or understandings between any of those officers and any other persons pursuant to which they were selected as officers.
ROBIN RAINA, 52, has been Ebix’s CEO since September 1999. He has been a Director at Ebix since 2000 and Chairman of the Board at Ebix since May 2002. Mr. Raina joined Ebix, Inc. in October 1997 as our Vice President—Professional Services and was promoted to Senior Vice President—Sales and Marketing in February 1998. Mr. Raina was promoted to Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer in December 1998. Mr. Raina was appointed President effective August 2, 1999, Chief Executive Officer effective September 23, 1999 and Chairman in May 2002. Mr. Raina holds an industrial engineering degree from Thapar University in Punjab, India.
SEAN T. DONAGHY, 53, joined Ebix on September 15, 2006 as a Controller and in April 2014 he was named Chief Accounting Officer. Effective January 3, 2017 Mr. Donaghy was appointed as the Company’s Chief Financial Officer. Mr. Donaghy has over 26 years of accounting experience, including 21 years in a management capacity and 16 years of financial reporting for public software companies.
GRAHAM PRIOR, 62, was made an executive officer of the Company in 2012. He serves as Corporate Executive Vice President International Business & Intellectual Property. Mr. Prior has been employed by Ebix since 1996 when the Company acquired Complete Broking Systems Ltd for which Mr. Prior was a part owner. Mr. Prior has been working within the insurance technology industry since 1990 and is currently responsible for the Company’s international operations in Singapore, New Zealand, Australia, Europe, Africa and Asia. Mr. Prior is also responsible for the Company’s worldwide product development initiatives.
LEON d’APICE, 62, was made an executive officer of the Company in 2012 He serves as the Company’s Corporate Executive Vice President and Managing Director – Ebix Australia Group. Mr. d’Apice, has been employed with Ebix since 1996 when the Company acquired Complete Broking Systems Ltd for which Mr. d’Apice was also a part owner. Mr. d’Apice has been in the information technology field since 1977 and is currently responsible for all of the operations of Ebix’s Australia business units.
JAMES SENGE, SR., 58, was made an executive officer of the Company in 2012. He serves as the Company’s Senior Vice President EbixHealth. Mr. Senge has been employed with Ebix since 2008 when the Company acquired Acclamation Systems, Inc. ("Acclamation"). Mr. Senge had been employed by Acclamation since 1979. During his over 32 years with Acclamation/Ebix Mr. Senge has been involved with all facets of the EbixHealth division, including being responsible for the strategic direction and

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day to day operations of the divisions. Mr. Senge’s focus is on expanding the Company’s reach into the on-demand, end to end technology solutions for the health insurance and healthcare markets. Mr. Senge works from Ebix’s Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania office.
General
Our principal executive offices are located at 1 Ebix Way Johns Creek, Georgia 30097, and our telephone number is (678) 281-2020.
Our official web site address is http://www.ebix.com. We make available, free of charge, at http://www.ebix.com, the charters for the committees of our board of directors, our code of conduct and ethics, and, as soon as practicable after we file them with the SEC, our annual reports on Form 10-K, our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K. Any waiver of the terms of our code of conduct and ethics for the chief executive officer, the chief financial officer, any accounting officer, and all other executive officers will be disclosed on our Web site. The reference to our web site does not constitute incorporation by reference of any information contained at that site.
Certain materials we file with the SEC may also be read and copied at or through the Internet website maintained by the SEC at www.sec.gov.


Item 1A. RISK FACTORS

The following risks and uncertainties are not the only ones facing us. Additional risks and uncertainties, including risks and uncertainties of which we are currently unaware or which we believe are not material also could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. In any case, the value of our common stock could decline, and you could lose all or a portion of your investment. See also, “Safe Harbor Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”

Risks Related To Our Business and Industry

Our business may be materially adversely impacted by U.S. and global market and economic conditions, particularly adverse conditions in the insurance industry.

For the foreseeable future, we expect to continue to derive most of our revenue from products and services we provide to the insurance and financial services industries. Given the concentration of our business activities in these industries, we may be particularly exposed to certain economic downturns affecting these industry groups. U.S. and global market and economic conditions have been, and continue to be, disrupted and volatile. General business and economic conditions that could affect us and our customers include fluctuations in economic growth, debt and equity capital markets, liquidity of the global financial markets, the availability and cost of credit, investor and consumer confidence, and the strength of the economies in which our customers operate. A poor economic environment (including as a result of a prolonged U.S. Government shutdown) could result in significant decreases in demand for our products and services, including the delay or cancellation of current or anticipated projects, or could present difficulties in collecting accounts receivables from our customers due to their deteriorating financial condition. Our existing customers may be acquired by or merged into other entities that use our competitors' products, or they may decide to terminate their relationships with us for other reasons. As a result, our sales could decline if an existing customer is merged with or acquired by another company that has a poor economic outlook or is closed.

We may not be able to secure additional financing to support capital requirements when needed.

We may need to raise additional funds in the future in order to fund new product development, organic growth initiatives, acquire new businesses, or for other purposes. Any required additional financing may not be available on terms favorable to us, or at all. If adequate funds are not available on acceptable terms, we may be unable to meet our strategic business objectives or compete effectively, and the future growth of our business could be adversely impacted. If additional funds are raised by our issuing equity securities, stockholders may experience dilution of their ownership and economic interests, and the newly issued securities may have rights superior to those of our common stock. If additional funds are raised by our issuing debt, we may be subject to significant market risks related to interest rates, and operating risks regarding limitations on our activities.

Our future growth may depend in part on acquiring other businesses in our industry.


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We expect to continue to grow, in part, by making business acquisitions. In the past, we have made accretive acquisitions to broaden our product and service offerings, expand our operations, and enter new geographic markets. We may continue to make selective acquisitions, enter into joint ventures, or otherwise engage in other appropriate business investments or arrangements that the Company believes will strengthen Ebix. However, the continued success of our acquisition program will depend on our ability to find and buy other attractive businesses at a reasonable price, to access the requisite financing resources if needed, and to integrate acquired businesses into our existing operations and there is no assurance that we will be able to continue to do so.

Any future acquisitions that we may undertake could be difficult to integrate, disrupt our business, dilute stockholder value and adversely impact our operating results.

Future business acquisitions subject the Company to a variety of risks, including risks associated with an inability to efficiently integrate acquired operations, higher incremental cost of operations, outdated or incompatible technologies, labor difficulties, or an inability to realize anticipated synergies, whether within anticipated time frames or at all; one or more of which risks, if realized, could have an adverse impact on our operations. Among the issues related to the integration of such acquisitions are:

potential incompatibility of business cultures;

potential delays in integrating diverse technology platforms;

potential need for additional disclosure controls and internal controls over financial reporting;

potential difficulties in coordinating geographically separated organizations;

potential difficulties in re-training sales forces to market all of our products across all of our intended markets;

potential difficulties implementing common internal business systems and processes;

potential conflicts in third-party relationships; and

potential loss of customers and key employees and the diversion of the attention of management from other ongoing business concerns.

We may not be able to develop new products or services necessary to effectively respond to rapid technological changes.

To be successful, we must adapt to rapidly changing technological and market needs, by continually enhancing and introducing new products and services to address our customers' changing demands. The marketplace in which we operate is characterized by:

rapidly changing technology;

evolving industry standards;

frequent new product and service introductions;

shifting distribution channels; and

changing customer demands.

Our future success will depend on our ability to adapt to this rapidly evolving marketplace. We could incur substantial costs if we need to modify our services or infrastructure in order to adapt to changes affecting our market, and we may be unable to effectively adapt to these changes.

The markets for our products and services are highly competitive and are likely to become more competitive, and our competitors may be able to respond more quickly to new or emerging technology and changes in customer requirements.

We operate in highly competitive markets. In particular, the online insurance distribution market, like the broader electronic commerce market, is rapidly evolving and highly competitive. Our insurance software business also experiences competition from certain large hardware suppliers that sell systems and system components to independent agencies and from small independent

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developers and suppliers of software, who sometimes work in concert with hardware vendors to supply systems to independent agencies. Pricing strategies and new product introductions and other pressures from existing or emerging competitors could result in a loss of customers or a rate of increase or decrease in prices for our services different than past experience. Our Internet facilitated businesses may also face indirect competition from insurance carriers that have subsidiaries which perform in-house agency and brokerage functions.

Some of our current competitors have longer operating histories, larger customer bases, greater brand recognition and significantly greater financial and marketing resources than we do. In addition, we believe we will face increasing competition as the online financial services industry develops and evolves. Our current and future competitors may be able to:


undertake more extensive marketing campaigns for their brands and services;

devote more resources to website and systems development;

adopt more aggressive pricing policies; and

make more attractive offers to potential employees, online companies and third-party service providers.

We operate in a price sensitive market and we are subject to pressures from customers to decrease our fees for the services
and solutions we provide. Any reduction in price would likely reduce our margins and could adversely affect our operating
results.

The competitive market in which we conduct our business could require us to reduce our prices. If our competitors offer discounts on certain products or services in an effort to recapture or gain market share or to sell other products, we may be required to lower our prices or offer other favorable terms to compete successfully. Any of these changes would likely reduce our margins and could adversely affect our operating results. Some of our competitors may bundle products and services that compete with us for promotional purposes or as a long-term pricing strategy or provide guarantees of prices and product implementations. In addition, many of the services and solutions that we provide and market are not unique to us and our customers and target customers may not distinguish our services and solutions from those of our competitors. All of these factors could, over time, limit or reduce the prices that we can charge for our services and solutions. If we cannot offset price reductions with a corresponding increase in the number of sales or with lower spending, then the reduced revenue resulting from lower prices would adversely affect our margins and operating results.

Our current customers might not purchase additional software solutions, renew maintenance agreements or purchase additional professional services, or they might switch to other product or service offerings (including competitive products).
We rely on our existing customer base to generate additional business through purchasing new software solutions as well as maintenance, consulting and training services. Existing customers might cancel or not renew their maintenance contracts, decide not to buy additional products and services, switch to on-premises models or accept alternative offerings from other vendors.

Our future success depends in part on our ability to sell additional features and services, more subscriptions or enhanced offerings of our services to our current customers. This may also require increasingly sophisticated and costly sales efforts that are targeted at senior management. Similarly, the rate at which our customers purchase new or enhanced services depends on a number of factors, including general economic conditions and our customers’ reaction to any price changes related to these additional features and services. If our efforts to upsell to our customers are not successful our business may suffer.

If our customers do not renew their subscriptions for our services or reduce the number of paying subscriptions at the time of renewal, our revenue will decline and our business will suffer. If we cannot accurately predict subscription renewals or upgrade rates, we may not meet our revenue targets which may adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

Our customers have no obligation to renew their subscriptions for our services after the expiration of their initial subscription period, and historically some customers have elected not to do so. In addition, our customers may renew for fewer subscriptions, renew for shorter contract lengths or switch to lower cost and/or less profitable offerings of our services. We cannot accurately predict attrition rates given our diverse customer base and large number of multi-year subscription contracts. Our attrition rates may increase or fluctuate as a result of a number of factors, including customer dissatisfaction with our services, decreases in customers’ spending levels, decreases in the number of users at our customers, pricing increases or changes in general economic conditions.

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Because we recognize revenue from subscriptions for our services over the term of the subscription, downturns or upturns in new business may not be immediately reflected in our operating results.

We generally recognize revenue from customers ratably over the terms of their subscription agreements, which are typically twelve to thirty-six months. As a result, most of the revenue we report in each quarter is the result of subscription agreements entered into during previous quarters. Consequently, a decline in new or renewed subscriptions in any one quarter may not be reflected in our revenue results for that quarter. Any such decline, however, will negatively impact our revenue in future quarters. Accordingly, the effect of significant downturns in sales and market acceptance of our services, and potential changes in our attrition rate, may not be fully reflected in our results of operations until future periods. Our subscription model also makes it difficult for us to rapidly increase our revenue through additional sales in any period, as revenue from new customers must be recognized over the applicable subscription term.

Supporting our existing and growing customer base could strain our personnel resources and infrastructure, and if we are
unable to scale our operations and increase productivity, we may not be able to successfully implement our business plan.

We continue to experience significant growth in our customer base and personnel, which has placed a strain on our management, administrative, operational and financial infrastructure. We anticipate that additional investments in our internal infrastructure, data center capacity, research, customer support and development will be required to scale our operations and increase productivity, to address the needs of our customers, to further develop and enhance our services, to expand into new geographic areas, and to scale with our overall growth. The additional investments we are making will increase our cost base, which will make it more difficult for us to offset any future revenue shortfalls by reducing expenses in the short term.

We regularly upgrade or replace our various software systems. If the implementations of these new applications are delayed, or if we encounter unforeseen problems with our new systems or in migrating away from our existing applications and systems, our operations and our ability to manage our business could be negatively impacted.

Our success will depend in part upon the ability of our senior management to manage our projected growth effectively. To do so, we must continue to increase the productivity of our existing employees and to hire, train and manage new employees as needed. To manage the expected domestic and international growth of our operations and personnel, we will need to continue to improve our operational, financial and management controls, our reporting systems and procedures, and our utilization of real estate. If we fail to successfully scale our operations and increase productivity, we will be unable to execute our business plan.

Our product development cycles are lengthy, and we may incur significant expenses before we generate revenues, if any, from new products.

Because our products are complex and require rigorous testing, development cycles can be lengthy. Moreover, development projects can be technically challenging and expensive. The nature of these development cycles may cause us to experience delays between the time we incur expenses associated with research and development and the time we generate revenues, if any, from such expenses. If we expend a significant amount of resources on research and development and our efforts do not lead to the successful introduction or improvement of products that are competitive in the marketplace, this could materially and adversely affect our business and results of operations. Additionally, anticipated customer demand for a product we are developing could decrease after the development cycle has commenced. Such decreased customer demand may cause us to fall short of our sales targets, and we may nonetheless be unable to avoid substantial costs associated with the product’s development. If we are unable to complete product development cycles successfully and in a timely fashion and generate revenues from such future products, the growth of our business may be harmed.

Our sales cycle is variable and often lengthy, depends upon many factors outside our control, and requires us to expend significant time and resources prior to generating associated revenues.

The typical sales cycle for our solutions and services is lengthy and unpredictable, requires pre-purchase evaluation by a significant number of persons in our customers’ organizations, and often involves a significant operational decision by our customers. Our sales efforts involve educating our customers and industry analysts and consultants about the use and benefits of our solutions, including the technical capabilities of our solutions and the efficiencies achievable by organizations deploying our solutions. Customers typically undertake a significant evaluation process.

We regard our intellectual property in general and our software in particular, as critical to our success, and we may not be able to effectively or efficiently protect our intellectual property.


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We rely on copyright laws and licenses and nondisclosure agreements to protect our proprietary rights as well as the intellectual property rights of third parties whose content we license. However, it is not possible to prevent all unauthorized uses of these rights. We cannot provide assurances that the steps we have taken to protect our intellectual property rights, and the rights of those from whom we license intellectual property, are adequate to deter misappropriation or that we will be able to detect unauthorized uses and take timely and effective steps to remedy this unauthorized conduct. In particular, a significant portion of our revenue is derived internationally, including in jurisdictions where protecting intellectual property rights may prove even more challenging. To prevent or respond to unauthorized uses of our intellectual property, we might be required to engage in costly and time-consuming litigation and we may not ultimately prevail.

If we infringe on the proprietary rights of others, our business operations may be disrupted, and any related litigation could be time consuming and costly.

Third parties may claim that we have violated their intellectual property rights. Any such claim, with or without merit, could subject us to costly litigation and divert the attention of key personnel. To the extent that we violate a patent or other intellectual property right of a third party, we may be prevented from operating our business as planned, and we may be required to pay damages, to obtain a license, if available, to use the right or to use a non-infringing method, if possible, to accomplish our objectives. The cost of such activity could have a material adverse effect on our business.

We depend on the continued services of our senior management and our ability to attract and retain other key personnel.

Our future success is substantially dependent on the continued services and continuing contributions of our senior management and other key personnel, particularly Robin Raina, our President and Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman of the Board. Since becoming Chief Executive Officer of the Company in 1999, Mr. Raina's strategic direction and vision for the Company and the implementation of such direction has been instrumental in our profitable turnaround and growth. The loss of the services of any of our executive officers or other key employees could harm our business. Our future success also depends on our ability to continue to attract, retain and motivate highly skilled employees. If we are not able to attract and retain key skilled personnel, our business could be harmed.

If we do not effectively manage our geographically dispersed workforce, we might not be able to run our business
efficiently and successfully.

Our success is dependent on appropriate alignment of our internal and external workforce planning processes, adequate resource allocation and our location strategy with our general strategy. We have employees located in the United States, India, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Brazil, Singapore, and United Kingdom. Managing such a diverse and widely spread work force can be difficult and demanding for management. It is critical that we manage our internationally dispersed workforce effectively, taking short- and long-term workforce and skill requirements into consideration. This applies to the management of our internal as well as our external workforce. Changes in headcount and infrastructure needs as well as local legal or tax regulations could result in a mismatch between our expenses and revenue. Failure to manage our geographically dispersed workforce effectively could hinder our ability to run our business efficiently and successfully and could have an adverse effect on our business, financial position, profit, and cash flows.

Risks Related to Our Conduct of Business on the Internet

Our software solutions are deployed through cloud-based implementations, and if such implementations are compromised by data security breaches or other disruptions, our reputation could be harmed, and we could lose customers or be subject to significant liabilities.

Our software solutions typically are deployed in cloud-based environments, in which our products and associated services are made available using an Internet-based infrastructure. In cloud deployments, the infrastructure of third-party service providers used by our customers may be vulnerable to hacking incidents, other security breaches, computer viruses, telecommunications failures, power loss, other system failures and similar disruptions.

Any of these occurrences, whether intentional or accidental, could lead to interruptions, delays or cessation of operation of the servers of third-party service providers used by our customers, and to the unauthorized use or access of our software and proprietary information and sensitive or confidential data stored or transmitted by our products. The inability of service providers used by our customers to provide continuous access to their hosted services, and to secure their hosted services and associated customer information from unauthorized use, access or disclosure, could cause us to lose customers and to incur significant liability, and could harm our reputation, business, financial condition and results of operations.


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We face risks in the transmittal of individual health-related and other personal information.

We face potential risks and financial liabilities associated with obtaining and transmitting personal account information that includes social security numbers and individual health-related information. Any significant breakdown, invasion, destruction or interruption of our information technology systems and infrastructure by employees, others with authorized access to our systems, or unauthorized persons could negatively affect operations. There can be no assurance that we will not be subject to cyber security incidents that bypass our security measures, result in the loss or theft of personal health information or other data subject to privacy laws or disrupt our information systems or business. While we have invested in the protection of our data and information technology to reduce these risks, there can be no assurance that our efforts will prevent breakdowns or breaches in our systems. The controls implemented by our third-party service providers may not prevent or timely detect such system failures. Our property and business interruption insurance coverage may not be adequate to fully compensate us for losses that may occur. Our risks would include damage to our reputation and additional costs to address and remediate any problems encountered, as well as litigation and potential financial penalties.

Any disruption of our Internet connections could affect the success of our Internet-based products and services.

Any system failure, including network, software or hardware failure, that causes an interruption in our network or a decrease in the responsiveness of our website could result in reduced user traffic and reduced revenue. Continued growth in Internet usage could cause a decrease in the quality of Internet connection service. Websites have experienced service interruptions as a result of outages and other delays occurring throughout the worldwide Internet network infrastructure. In addition, there have been several incidents in which individuals have intentionally caused service disruptions of major e-commerce websites. If these outages, delays or service disruptions frequently occur in the future, usage of our web-based services could grow more slowly than anticipated or decline and we may lose revenues and customers. If the Internet data center operations that host any of our websites or web-based services were to experience a system failure, the performance of our website or web-based services would be harmed. These systems are also vulnerable to damage from fire, floods, and earthquakes, acts of terrorism, power loss, telecommunications failures, break-ins and similar events. The controls implemented by our third-party service providers may not prevent or timely detect such system failures. Our property and business interruption insurance coverage may not be adequate to fully compensate us for losses that may occur. In addition, our users depend on Internet service providers, online service providers and other website operators for access to our website. These providers could experience outages, delays and other difficulties due to system failures unrelated to our systems.

Concerns regarding security of transactions or the transmission of confidential information over the Internet or security problems we experience may prevent us from expanding our business or subject us to legal exposure.

If we do not maintain sufficient security features in our online product and service offerings, our products and services may not gain market acceptance, and we could also be exposed to legal liability. Despite the measures that we have or may take, our infrastructure will be potentially vulnerable to physical or electronic break-ins, computer viruses or similar problems. If a person circumvents our security measures, that person could misappropriate proprietary information or disrupt or damage our operations. Security breaches that result in access to confidential information could damage our reputation and subject us to a risk of loss or liability. We may be required to make significant expenditures to protect against or remediate security breaches. Additionally, if we are unable to adequately address our customers' concerns about security, we may have difficulty selling our products and services.

Uncertainty in the marketplace regarding the use of Internet users' personal information, or legislation limiting such use, could reduce demand for our services and result in increased expenses.

Concern among consumers and legislators regarding the use of personal information gathered from Internet users could create uncertainty in the marketplace. This could reduce demand for our services, increase the cost of doing business as a result of litigation costs or increased service delivery costs, or otherwise harm our business. Many state insurance codes limit the collection and use of personal information by insurance agencies, brokers and carriers or insurance service organizations.

Future government regulation of the Internet could place financial burdens on our businesses.

Because of the Internet's popularity and increasing use, new laws and regulations directed specifically at e-commerce may be adopted. These laws and regulations may cover issues such as the collection and use of data from website visitors and related privacy issues; pricing; taxation; telecommunications over the Internet; content; copyrights; distribution; and domain name piracy. The enactment of any additional laws or regulations, including international laws and regulations, could impede the growth of revenue from our Internet operations and place additional financial burdens on our business.


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Risks Related To Foreign Operations

Our international operations are subject to a number of risks that could affect our revenues, operating results, and growth.

We market our products and services internationally and plan to continue to expand our Internet-based services to locations outside of the United States. We currently conduct operations in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Brazil, Dubai, India, New Zealand, Singapore and United Kingdom, and have product development activities and call center services in India. Our international operations are subject to other inherent risks which could have a material adverse effect on our business, including:

the impact of recessions in foreign economies on the level of consumers' insurance shopping and purchasing behavior;

greater difficulty in collecting accounts receivable;

difficulties and costs of staffing and managing foreign operations;

reduced protection for intellectual property rights in some countries;

burdensome regulatory requirements;

trade and financing barriers, and differing business practices;

potentially adverse tax consequences; and

economic instability or political unrest such as crime, strikes, riots, civil disturbances, terrorist attacks and wars.

A substantial portion of our assets and operations are located outside of the United States and we are subject to regulatory, tax, economic, political and other uncertainties in other foreign countries in which we operate.

We have significant offshore operations in foreign countries, including Australia, Brazil, Canada, Dubai, India, New Zealand, Singapore and United Kingdom. Wages in these countries have historically increased at a faster rate than in the United States. If this trend continues in the future, it would result in increased labor costs and thereby potentially reduce our operating margins. Also, there is no assurance that, in future periods, competition for skilled workers will not drive salaries higher in these countries, thereby resulting in increased costs for our technical professionals and reduced operating margins.

These countries have in the past experienced many of the problems that commonly confront the economies of developing countries, including high inflation, erratic gross domestic product growth and shortages of foreign exchange. Government actions concerning the economy in these countries could have a material adverse effect on private sector entities like us. In the past, certain of these governments have provided significant tax incentives and relaxed certain regulatory restrictions in order to encourage foreign investment in specified sectors of the economy, including the software development services industry. Programs that have benefited us include, among others, tax holidays, liberalized import and export duties and preferential rules on foreign investment and repatriation. Notwithstanding these benefits, as noted above, changes in government leadership or changes in policies in these countries that result in the elimination of any of the benefits realized by us or the imposition of new taxes applicable to such operations could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

Our international business activities and processes expose us to numerous and often conflicting laws and regulations, policies, standards or other requirements and sometimes even conflicting regulatory requirements, and to risks that could
harm our business, financial position, profit, and cash flows.

We are a global company and currently market our products and services in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Brazil,
Singapore, India and United Kingdom. Our business in these countries is subject to numerous risks inherent in international
business operations. Among others, these risks include:

Data protection and privacy regulations regarding access by government authorities to customer, partner, or employee data

Data residency requirements (the requirement to store certain data only in and, in some cases, also to access such data only from within a certain jurisdiction)

Conflict and overlap among tax regimes

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Possible tax constraints impeding business operations in certain countries

Expenses associated with the localization of our products and compliance with local regulatory requirements

Discriminatory or conflicting fiscal policies

Operational difficulties in countries with a high corruption perception index

Works councils, labor unions, and immigration laws in different countries

Difficulties enforcing intellectual property and contractual rights in certain jurisdictions

Country-specific software certification requirements

Compliance with various industry standards

Market volatilities or workforce restrictions due to changing laws and regulations resulting from political decisions (e.g. Brexit, government elections)

As we expand into new countries and markets, these risks could intensify. The application of the respective local laws and regulations to our business is sometimes unclear, subject to change over time, and often conflicting among jurisdictions. Additionally, these laws and government approaches to enforcement are continuing to change and evolve, just as our products and services continually evolve. Compliance with these varying laws and regulations could involve significant costs or require changes in products or business practices. Non-compliance could result in the imposition of penalties or cessation of orders due to alleged non-compliant activity. We do not believe we have engaged in any activities sanctionable under these laws and regulations, but governmental authorities could use considerable discretion in applying these statutes and any imposition of sanctions against us could be material. One or more of these factors could have an adverse effect on our operations globally or in one or more countries or regions, which could have an adverse effect on our business, financial position, profit, and cash flows.

The decision by British voters to exit the European Union may negatively impact our operations.

The U.K. is currently negotiating the terms of its exit from the European Union (“Brexit”) scheduled for March 29, 2019. In November 2018, the U.K. and the European Union agreed upon a draft Withdrawal Agreement that sets out the terms of the U.K.’s departure, including commitments on citizen rights after Brexit, a financial settlement from the U.K., and a transition period from March 29, 2019 through December 31, 2020 to allow time for a future trade deal to be agreed.  On January 15, 2019, the draft Withdrawal Agreement was rejected by the U.K. Parliament creating significant uncertainty about the terms (and timing) under which the U.K. will leave the European Union.

The terms of Brexit and the resulting U.K./E.U. relationship are uncertain for companies doing business both in the U.K. and the overall global economy. The U.K. vote has impacted global markets, including various currencies, and resulted in a sharp decline in the value of the British Pound as compared to the U.S. dollar and other major currencies.  The fluctuation of currency exchange rates may expose us to gains and losses on non-U.S. currency transactions. Volatility in the securities markets and in currency exchange rates may continue as the U.K. negotiates its exit from the E.U. While we have not experienced any material financial impact from Brexit on our business to date, we cannot predict its future implications. Any impact from Brexit on our business and operations over the long term will depend, in part, on the outcome of tariff, tax treaties, trade, regulatory, and other negotiations the U.K. conducts.

Our earnings may be adversely affected if we change our intent not to repatriate foreign earnings or if such earnings become subject to U.S. tax on a current basis.

We have earnings outside of the United States. Other than amounts for which we have already accrued U.S. taxes, we consider foreign earnings to be indefinitely reinvested outside of the United States. While we have no plans to do so, events may occur that could effectively force us to change our intent not to repatriate such earnings. If such earnings are repatriated in the future or are no longer deemed to be indefinitely reinvested, we may have to accrue taxes associated with such earnings at a substantially higher rate than our projected effective income tax rate, and we may be subject to additional tax liabilities in certain foreign jurisdictions in which we operate. These increased taxes could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.


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Changes to the U.S. federal income tax laws, including the recent comprehensive tax reform legislation, could have an adverse impact on our business and financial results.

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“TCJA”) was enacted, substantially changing the U.S. tax system and affecting the Company in a number of ways. Notably, the TCJA: establishes a flat corporate income tax rate of 21.0% on U.S. earnings; imposes a one-time tax on unremitted cumulative non-U.S. earnings of foreign subsidiaries (“Transition Tax”);imposes a new minimum tax on certain non-U.S. earnings, irrespective of the territorial system of taxation, and generally allows for the repatriation of future earnings of foreign subsidiaries without incurring additional U.S. taxes by transitioning to a territorial system of taxation; subjects certain payments made by a U.S. company to a related foreign company to certain minimum taxes (Base Erosion Anti-Abuse Tax); eliminates certain prior tax incentives for manufacturing in the United States and creates an incentive for U.S. companies to sell, lease or license goods and services abroad by allowing for a reduction in taxes owed on earnings related to such sales; allows the cost of investments in certain depreciable assets acquired and placed in service after September 27, 2017 to be immediately expensed; and reduces deductions with respect to certain compensation paid to specified executive officers.

In March 2018, the FASB Issued ASU No. 2018-05, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 (“SAB No. 118”). ASU 2018-05 was issued to incorporate into Topic 740 recent SEC guidance related to the income tax accounting implications of the TCJA. Due to the complexities involved in accounting for the enactment of the TCJA, the SEC Staff had issued SAB No. 118 which allowed the Company to record provisional amounts in earnings for the year ended December 31, 2017. ASU 2018-05 became effective immediately and permitted companies to use provisional amounts for certain income tax effects of the TCJA during a one-year measurement period. The Transition Tax is based on the Company’s total post-1986 earnings and profits that were previously deferred from U.S. income taxes. The Company did not recorded an amount for the Transition Tax expense in 2017, as they did not have the necessary information to determine a reasonable estimate to include as a provisional amount.The Company completed its tax accounting for the TCJA during Q4 2018 and recorded an adjustment of $24.5 million related to the transition tax after taking into consideration carried forward NOLs and other tax attributes available for set-off.

We may have exposure to greater than anticipated tax liabilities.

Our future income taxes could be adversely affected by earnings being lower than anticipated in jurisdictions where we have lower statutory tax rates and higher than anticipated in jurisdictions where we have higher statutory tax rates, by changes in the valuation of our deferred tax assets and liabilities, or due to changes in tax laws, regulations, and accounting principles concerning the accounting for income taxes in the domestic and foreign jurisdictions in which we conduct operations. We are subject to regular review and audit by both domestic and foreign tax authorities. Any adverse outcome of such a review or audit could have a negative effect on our operating results and financial condition. In addition, the determination of our worldwide provision for income taxes requires significant judgment, and there are some transactions for which the ultimate tax treatment is uncertain. Although we believe our estimates are reasonable and appropriate, the ultimate tax outcome may differ from the amounts recorded in our financial statements and may materially affect our financial results in the period or periods for which such determination is made. The tax rates in the foreign jurisdictions in which the Company conducts operations have a significant impact on the Company's financial results and could increase.

Changes in tax laws or tax rulings could materially affect our financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.
The income and non-income tax regimes we are subject to or operate under are unsettled and may be subject to significant change. Changes in tax laws or tax rulings, or changes in interpretations of existing laws, could materially affect our financial position, results of operations, and cash flows. For example, changes to U.S. tax laws enacted in December 2017 had a significant impact on our tax obligations and effective tax rate for the fourth quarter of 2017 and in 2018. In addition, many countries in Europe, as well as a number of other countries and organizations, have recently proposed or recommended changes to existing tax laws or have enacted new laws that could significantly increase our tax obligations in many countries where we do business or require us to change the manner in which we operate our business. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development has been working on a Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Project, and issued in 2015, and is expected to continue to issue, guidelines and proposals that may change various aspects of the existing framework under which our tax obligations are determined in many of the countries in which we do business. The European Commission has conducted investigations in multiple countries focusing on whether local country tax rulings or tax legislation provides preferential tax treatment that violates European Union state aid rules and concluded that certain countries, including Ireland, have provided illegal state aid in certain cases. These investigations may result in changes to the tax treatment of our foreign operations. Due to the large and expanding scale of our international business activities and expiring tax holiday benefits, many of these types of changes to the taxation of our activities could increase our worldwide effective tax rate and harm our financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.


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Our financial position and operating results may be adversely affected by the changing U.S. Dollar rates and fluctuations in other currency exchange rates.

We will be exposed to currency exchange risk with respect to the U.S. dollar in relation to the foreign currencies in the countries where we conduct operations because a significant portion of our operating expenses are incurred in foreign countries. This exposure may increase if we expand our operations overseas. We will monitor changes in our exposure to exchange rate risk that result from changes in our business operations.

Risks Related To Corporate Governance
Principal shareholders may be able to exert control over our future direction and operations.
If our principal shareholders and the holdings of entities controlled by them vote in the same manner, this could delay, prevent or facilitate a change in control of Ebix or other significant changes to Ebix or its capital structure. Refer to the disclosure regarding “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters” in our annual proxy statement for more information.

Provisions in our articles of incorporation, bylaws, and Delaware law may make it difficult for a third party to acquire us, even in situations that may be viewed as desirable by our shareholders.

Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws, and the provisions of Delaware law may delay, prevent or otherwise make it more difficult to acquire us by means of a tender offer, a proxy contest, open market purchases, removal of incumbent directors and otherwise. These provisions, which are summarized below, are expected to discourage coercive takeover practices and inadequate takeover bids, and to encourage persons seeking to acquire control of us to first negotiate with us. We are subject to the “business combination” provisions of Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law. In general, those provisions prohibit a publicly held Delaware corporation from engaging in various “business combination” transactions with any interested stockholder for a period of three years after the date of the transaction in which the person became an interested stockholder, unless:

The transaction is approved by the board of directors prior to the date the interested stockholder obtained interested stockholder status;

Upon consummation of the transaction that resulted in the stockholder's becoming an interested stockholder, the stockholder owned at least 85% of the voting stock of the corporation outstanding at the time the transaction commenced; or

On or subsequent to the date the business combination is approved by the board of directors, it is authorized at an annual or special meeting of stockholders by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of the outstanding voting stock that is not owned by the interested stockholder.

These provisions could prohibit or delay mergers or other takeover or change of control attempts with respect to us and, accordingly, may discourage attempts to acquire us.

The Company has an SAR Agreement with Mr. Robin Raina which could have the effect of discouraging or making more difficult an acquisition or change of control of the Company even in situations that may be viewed as desirable by our shareholders.

On April 10, 2018, the Company entered into a Stock Appreciation Right Award Agreement (the “SAR Agreement”) with Robin Raina, the Company’s Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer. The SAR Agreement replaced the Acquisition Bonus Agreement (the “ABA”) between the Company and Mr. Raina, dated July 15, 2009. At the time that Mr. Raina and the Company entered into the ABA, the Board had concluded that Mr. Raina’s retention was critical to the future success and growth of the Company, and consequently, the Board’s intention in entering into the ABA was to ensure that Mr. Raina would be appropriately rewarded for his contributions to the Company prior to an Acquisition Event (as defined below), as well as to further motivate Mr. Raina to maximize the value received by all stockholders of the Company if the Company were to be acquired. Under the terms of the ABA (with some exceptions), if Mr. Raina was then employed by the Company upon an event by which: (a) more than fifty percent (50%) of the voting stock of the Company is sold, transferred, or exchanged; (b) a merger or consolidation of the Company occurs; (c) the sale, exchange, or transfer of substantially all of the Company’s assets occurs; or (d) the Company is acquired or dissolved (each, an “Acquisition Event”).


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In negotiating and entering into the SAR Agreement, the Board wished to resolve any uncertainty or ambiguities that may exist in the ABA, while preserving the original intent of the ABA of ensuring that Mr. Raina would be appropriately rewarded for his contributions prior to an Acquisition Event, as well as to further motivate Mr. Raina to maximize the value received by all stockholders of the Company if the Company were to be acquired. The SAR Agreement also recognizes Mr. Raina’s critical role in the future success and growth of the Company.

Upon the effective date of the SAR Agreement, Mr. Raina received 5,953,975 stock appreciation rights with respect to the Company’s common shares (the “SARs”). Upon an Acquisition Event (as defined in the SAR Agreement), each of the SARs entitles Mr. Raina to receive a cash payment from the Company equal to the excess, if any, of the net proceeds per share received in connection with an Acquisition Event over the base price of  $7.95.  Mr. Raina will only be entitled to receive a payment with respect to the SARs if he is employed by the Company at the time of an Acquisition Event or was terminated by the Company without cause within the 180-day period immediately preceding an Acquisition Event.

Annually, while Mr. Raina is employed by the Company and prior to an Acquisition Event, the Board shall determine whether a “shortfall” (as defined in the SAR Agreement) existed as of the end of the immediately preceding fiscal year. In the event the Board determines that a shortfall existed, Mr. Raina will be granted additional SARs (or, in the Board’s sole discretion, restricted shares or restricted stock units (each a “Share Grant”)) in an amount sufficient to eliminate such shortfall (each a “Shortfall Grant”). A “shortfall” will exist if the sum of the number of Company’s common shares deemed to be owned by Mr. Raina as of the date of the SAR Agreement (3,676,540 shares), the number of SARs granted to Mr. Raina, and the number of shares underlying any previously granted Shortfall Grant is less than twenty percent (20%) of the sum of the number of SARs and the number of outstanding shares reported by the Company in its audited financial statements as of the end of the immediately preceding fiscal year.

In the event that an Acquisition Event had occurred on December 31, 2018, and assuming that the stockholders of the Company received Net Proceeds of $42.56 per share (the closing price of the Company’s common stock on December 31, 2018) in connection with the Acquisition Event, Mr. Raina would have received a $206.1 million payment with respect to the SARs upon the occurrence of the Acquisition Event, determined by multiplying the number of SARS by the excess of the Net Proceeds per share over the base price of $7.95 per share.  In the event of a determination by an accounting firm of national standing that the entire $206.1 million payment would be subject to the excise tax imposed by Section 4999 of the Code, and making conservative estimates regarding applicable state and federal tax rates, then Mr. Raina would have received an additional tax gross-up payment in an amount equal to $75 million.


Risks Related To Accounting and Financial Statements

We could potentially be required to recognize an impairment of goodwill or other indefinite-lived intangible assets.

Goodwill represents the excess of the amounts paid by us to acquire businesses over the fair value of their net assets at the date of acquisition. The Company’s indefinite-lived assets are associated with the contractual customer relationships existing with those property and casualty insurance carriers in Australia using our property and casualty data exchange and with certain large corporate customers using our client relationship management platform in the United States. At December 31, 2018, we had $946.7 million of goodwill and $42.1 million of indefinite-lived intangible assets carried on the Company's consolidated balance sheet. See Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion of our goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets. We evaluate goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets at least annually for any potential impairment. If it is determined that goodwill or indefinite-lived intangible assets have been impaired, we must write down the goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets by the amount of the impairment, with a corresponding charge to net income. These write downs could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

If we fail to maintain an effective system of internal controls, we may not be able to accurately determine our financial results or prevent fraud. As a result, our stockholders could lose confidence in our financial results, which could harm our business and the market value of our common shares.

Effective internal controls over financial reporting are necessary for us to provide reliable and accurate financial reports and effectively prevent fraud. We may in the future discover areas of our internal controls that need improvement. Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, or (“SOX”), requires us to evaluate and report on the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting and have our independent auditors issue their own opinion regarding the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting and related disclosures. While we continually undertake efforts to maintain an effective system of internal controls and compliance with SOX, we cannot always be certain that we will be successful in maintaining adequate control over

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our financial reporting and related financial processes. Furthermore, as we grow our business, our internal control structure may become more complex, and could possibly require significantly more resources to ensure our internal controls remain effective. If we or our independent auditors discover a material weakness or significant deficiency in our controls over financial reporting, the disclosure of that fact, even if immediately remedied, could significantly reduce the market value of our common stock. In addition, the existence of any material weakness or significant deficiency may require management to devote significant time and incur significant expense to remediate any such weaknesses, and management may not be able to remediate the same in a timely manner.

The nature of our business requires the application of complex revenue and expense recognition rules that require management to make estimates and assumptions. Additionally, the current legislative and regulatory environment affecting U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) is uncertain and significant changes in current principles could affect our financial statements going forward.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets, liabilities, equity, revenues and expenses that are not readily apparent from other sources.

While we believe that our financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, we cannot predict with certainty the impact of future changes to accounting principles or our accounting policies on our financial statements going forward. In addition, were we to change our critical accounting estimates, including the timing of recognition of license revenue and other revenue sources, our reported revenues and results of operations could be significantly impacted.

We prepare our condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with GAAP. The accounting rules and regulations that we must comply with are complex. The Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) and the SEC, or other accounting organizations or governmental entities frequently issue new pronouncements or new interpretations of existing accounting standards. Recent actions and public comments from the FASB and the SEC have focused on the integrity of financial reporting. In addition, many companies' accounting policies are being subject to heightened scrutiny by regulators and the public. Changes in accounting standards, how the accounting standards are interpreted, or the adoption of new accounting standards can have a significant effect on our reported results, and could even retroactively affect previously reported transactions, and may require that we make significant changes to our systems, processes and controls.

Further, the accounting rules and regulations are continually changing in ways that could materially impact our financial statements. Changes resulting from these new standards may result in materially different financial results and may require that we change how we process, analyze and report financial information and that we change financial reporting controls. Such changes in accounting standards may have an adverse effect on our business, financial position, and income, which may negatively impact our financial results.

Current and future accounting pronouncements and other financial reporting standards, especially but not only concerning revenue recognition, may negatively impact the financial results we present.
We regularly monitor our compliance with applicable financial reporting standards and review new pronouncements and drafts thereof that are relevant to us. As a result, we might be required to change our accounting policies, particularly concerning revenue recognition, to alter our operational policy so that it reflects new or amended financial reporting standards, or to retroactively apply such new standards to previously issued financial statements.

Risks Related to Litigation and Regulation

The costs and effects of litigation, investigations or similar matters involving us or our subsidiaries, or adverse facts and developments related thereto, could materially affect our business, operating results and financial condition. Our insurance may not cover these costs.

We may be involved from time to time in a variety of litigation, investigations, inquiries or similar matters arising out of our business, including those described in “Part I, Item 3 - Legal Proceedings” and “Part II - Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data - Note 6 - Commitments and Contingencies” of this Report. Ebix cannot predict the outcome of these or any other legal matters. In the future, we may need to record litigation reserves with respect to these matters. Further, regardless of

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how these matters proceed, it could divert our management's attention and other resources away from our business. Our insurance may not cover all claims that may be asserted against us and indemnification rights to which we are entitled may not be honored, and any claims asserted against us, regardless of merit or eventual outcome, may harm our reputation. Should the ultimate judgments or settlements in any litigation or investigation significantly exceed our insurance coverage, they could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, premiums for insurance covering directors' and officers' liability are rising. We may not be able to obtain appropriate types or levels of insurance in the future, nor may we be able to obtain adequate replacement policies with acceptable terms or at historic rates, if at all.

Government investigations may require significant management time and attention, result in significant legal expenses or damages and cause the Company's business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows to suffer. The Company could face additional governmental investigations with respect to these matters, could incur substantial costs to defend any such investigations and be required to pay damages, fines and penalties, or incur additional expenses or be subject to injunctions as a result of the outcome of such investigations. The unfavorable resolution of one or more matters could adversely impact the Company.

The Company has been subject to government investigations approximately five years back. The amount of time needed to resolve any such investigations is uncertain, and the Company cannot predict the outcome any such investigations or whether the Company will face additional government investigations, inquiries or other actions. Subject to certain limitations, the Company is obligated to indemnify current and former directors, officers and employees in connection with ongoing governmental investigations and any future government inquiries, investigations or actions. Such matters could require the Company to expend significant management time and incur significant legal and other expenses, result in civil and criminal actions seeking, among other things, injunctions against the Company and the payment of significant fines and penalties by the Company and adversely affect our ability to attract and retain customers and employees, which could have a material effect on the Company's financial condition, business, results of operations and cash flow. Additionally, marketplace rumors regarding any such investigations could affect the trading price of our common stock, regardless of whether these rumors are accurate.
If governmental authorities were to commence legal action related to any such investigations, then the Company could be required to pay significant penalties and could become subject to injunctions, a cease and desist order and other equitable remedies. The Company can provide no assurances as to the outcome of any such governmental investigation.

Federal Trade Commission laws and regulations that govern the insurance industry could expose us or the agents, brokers and carriers with whom we conduct business in our online marketplace to legal penalties.

We perform functions for licensed insurance agents, brokers and carriers and need to comply with complex regulations that vary from state to state and nation to nation. These regulations can be difficult to comply with, and open to interpretation. If we fail to properly interpret or comply with these regulations, we, the insurance agents, brokers or carriers doing business with us, our officers, or agents with whom we contract could be subject to various sanctions, including censure, fines, cease-and-desist orders, loss of license or other penalties. This risk, as well as other laws and regulations affecting our business and changes in the regulatory climate or the enforcement or interpretation of existing law, could expose us to additional costs, including indemnification of participating insurance agents, brokers or carriers, and could require changes to our business or otherwise harm our business. Furthermore, because the application of online commerce to the consumer insurance market is relatively new, the impact of current or future regulations on our business is difficult to anticipate. To the extent that there are changes in regulations regarding the manner in which insurance is sold, our business could be adversely affected.

Potential liabilities under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act could have a material adverse effect on our business.

We are subject to the Foreign Corrupt Practice Act, or FCPA, which prohibits people or companies subject to United States jurisdiction and their intermediaries from engaging in bribery or other prohibited payments to foreign officials for the purposes of obtaining or retaining business or gaining an unfair business advantage. It also requires proper record keeping and characterization of such payments in reports filed with the SEC. To the extent that any of our employees, supplies, distributors, consultants, subcontractors, or others engage in conduct that subjects us to exposure under the FCPA, or other anti-corruption legislation, we could suffer financial penalties, debarment from government contracts and other consequences that may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

Risks Related To Our Common Stock

The price of our common stock may be extremely volatile.


23


In a future period, our results of operations may be below the expectations of public market investors, which could negatively affect the market price of our common stock. Furthermore, the stock market in general has sometimes experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations recently. We believe that, in the future, the market price of our common stock could fluctuate widely due to variations in our performance and operating results or because of any of the following factors:

announcements of new services, products, or technological innovations, or strategic relationships by us or our competitors;

announcements of business acquisitions or strategic relationships by us or our competitors;

trends or conditions in the insurance, software, business process outsourcing and Internet markets;

changes in market valuations of our competitors; and

general political, economic, regulatory and market conditions.

In addition, the market prices of securities of technology companies, including our own, have been volatile and have experienced fluctuations that have often been unrelated or disproportionate to a specific company's operating performance. As a result, investors may not be able to sell shares of our common stock at or above the price at which an investor paid. In the past, following periods of volatility in the market price of a company's securities, securities class action litigation has often been instituted against that company. Any securities litigation would involve substantial costs and our management's attention could be diverted from our business.

Our ability and intent to pay cash dividends in the future may be limited.

We currently pay a $0.075 quarterly dividend on our common shares, and while the Board of Directors intends to pay quarterly dividends, the Board will make the determination of the amount of future cash dividends, if any, to be declared and paid based on, among other things, our financial condition, funds from operations, the level of our capital expenditures and future business prospects.


Quarterly and annual operating results may fluctuate, which could cause our stock price to be volatile.

Our quarterly and annual operating results may fluctuate significantly in the future due to a variety of factors related to our revenues or operating expenses in any particular period. Results of operations during any particular period are not necessarily an indication of our results for any other period. Factors that may adversely affect our periodic results may include the loss of a significant insurance agent, carrier or broker relationship or the merger of any of our participating insurance carriers with one another. Our operating expenses are based in part on our expectations of our future revenues and are partially fixed in the short term. We may be unable to adjust spending quickly enough to offset any unexpected revenue shortfall.

While the Company amended its certificate of incorporation to increase the number of authorized shares in order to effect a five-for-one stock split, given the recent stock price decline, the Board has delayed and may reduce the stock split.

Ebix held a special meeting of shareholders on November 16, 2018 to approve an amendment to the Company’s certificate of incorporation to increase the number of authorized common shares. The increase was required to affect a five-for-one split of the Company’s common stock which had been approved by Ebix’s Board of Directors, subject to shareholder approval of the amendment. On December 21, 2018, Ebix announced that its shareholders had approved the amendment by a wide margin, and while its intentions were to still implement a split of its common stock, in light of the decline in Ebix’s share price since the end of September, the Company elected to delay such action until its share price has rebounded to a level where a stock split would result in a higher post-split share price. Additionally, the Company may consider implementing an alternative stock split ratio, such as two-, three- or four-for one, depending on the prevailing share price, market conditions and other factors. There can be no assurance when and at what level, if any, the Board will approve a stock split.


1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
None.



24


Item 2. PROPERTIES

The Company’s corporate headquarters, including substantially all of our corporate administration and finance functions, is located in Johns Creek, Georgia where we own a commercial office building. In addition the Company and its subsidiaries lease office space primarily for sales and operations support in Salt Lake City, Utah,  Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Pasadena, California, Grove City, Ohio, New Britain, Connecticut, Birmingham, Alabama,  Irvine, California and Phoenix, Arizona. Additionally, the Company leases office space in New Zealand, Australia, Singapore, Brazil, Canada, and London for support, operations and sales offices. The Company also leases facilities all over the world, while owning five facilities in India. The Indian facilities provide software development and other technical and business process outsourcing services. Management believes its facilities are adequate for its current needs and that necessary suitable additional or substitute space will be available as needed at reasonable rates.
Information on the geographic dispersion of the Company’s revenues and long-lived assets is furnished in Note 15 to the consolidated financial statements, included in Part II Item 8 of this Form 10-K.


Item 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

In May 2013, twelve putative class action complaints were filed in the Delaware Court of Chancery against the Company and its board of directors challenging a proposed merger between the Company and an affiliate of Goldman Sachs & Co.  On June 10, 2013, the Court entered an Order of Consolidation and Appointment of Lead Plaintiffs and a Leadership Structure consolidating the twelve actions and appointing lead plaintiffs (“Plaintiffs”) and lead counsel in the litigation, captioned In re Ebix, Inc. Stockholder Litigation, Consol. C.A. No. 8526-VCS (the “Litigation”). On June 19, 2013, the Company announced that the merger agreement had been terminated.  Thereafter, on August 27, 2013, Plaintiffs filed a Verified Amended and Supplemented Class Action and Derivative Complaint (the “First Amended Complaint”), which defendants moved to dismiss on September 26, 2013. On July 24, 2014, the Court issued a Memorandum Opinion granting in part and denying in part the motions to dismiss the First Amended Complaint and subsequently entered an implementing order on September 15, 2014.  On January 16, 2015, Plaintiffs filed a Verified Second Amended and Supplemented Class Action and Derivative Complaint (the “Second Amended Complaint”).  On February 10, 2015, defendants filed a Motion to Dismiss the Second Amended Complaint, which was granted in part and denied in part in a Memorandum Opinion and Order issued on January 15, 2016.  On October 26, 2016, Plaintiffs filed a Verified Third Amended and Supplemented Class Action and Derivative Complaint (the “Third Amended Complaint”), which, among other things, added certain directors of the Company as defendants.  On January 5, 2018, Plaintiffs filed a motion for leave to join an additional plaintiff as co-lead plaintiff in this action (collectively, “Plaintiffs,” and together with all defendants, the “Parties”), which was granted on April 2, 2018.

On January 19, 2018, Plaintiffs filed a Fourth Amended and Supplemented Class Action and Derivative Complaint (the “Fourth Amended Complaint”), which asserted claims against the defendants, including: breach of fiduciary duty claims for improperly maintaining an acquisition bonus agreement between the Company and its Chief Executive Officer, dated July 15, 2009 (the “ABA”) (Count I); disclosure claims relating to the 2010 Proxy Statement and the Company’s 2010 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2010 Plan”) (Count II); a derivative claim for breach of fiduciary duty based on awards made pursuant to 2010 Plan (Count III); a breach of fiduciary duty claim for implementing purported additional entrenchment measures (Count IV); a claim seeking to declare the invalidity of certain bylaws adopted by the Company in 2014 (Count V); a claim seeking to declare the invalidity of the ABA (Count VI); a breach of fiduciary duty claim related to public disclosures about the ABA (Count VII); a claim seeking to declare the invalidity of the 2008 stockholder meeting, a 2008 Certificate amendment (the “Certificate Amendment”) and a 2008 stock split (the “Stock Dividend”), among other corporate acts, including the Company’s ratification of these 2008 corporate acts (Count VIII); a claim seeking to declare the invalidity of the CEO Bonus Plan (Count IX); and a claim for breach of fiduciary duty for deliberately inserting additional terms when calculating a potential bonus under the ABA (Count X).  The Fourth Amended Complaint sought declaratory relief, compensatory damages, interest, and attorneys’ fees and costs, among other things.  On March 7, 2018, defendants filed motions for summary judgment on all counts in the Fourth Amended Complaint. In connection with the Litigation, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer asserted a cross-claim for reformation of the ABA.

The terms of the ABA generally provided that if Mr. Raina was employed by the Company upon the occurrence of: (i) an event in which more than 50% of the voting stock of the Company was sold, transferred, or exchanged, (ii) a merger or consolidation of the Company, (iii) the sale, exchange, or transfer of all or substantially all of the Company’s assets, or (iv) the acquisition or dissolution of the Company (each, an “Acquisition Event”), the Company would pay Mr. Raina a cash bonus based on a formula that was disputed by Plaintiffs in the Litigation and a tax gross-up payment for excise taxes that would be imposed on Mr. Raina for the cash bonus payment. Upon the execution of a Stock Appreciation Right Award Agreement between the

25


Company and its Chief Executive Officer, dated April 10, 2018 (the “April SAR Agreement”), the ABA was terminated and each party relinquished their respective rights and benefits under the ABA.

Upon the effective date of the April SAR Agreement, Mr. Raina received 5,953,975 stock appreciation rights with respect to the Company’s common shares (the “SARs”). Upon an Acquisition Event, each of the SARs entitle Mr. Raina to receive a cash payment from the Company equal to the excess, if any, of the net proceeds per share received in connection with the Acquisition Event over the base price of $7.95 per share. Although the SARs were not granted under the 2010 Plan, the April SAR Agreement incorporates certain provisions of the 2010 Plan, including the provisions requiring equitable adjustment of the number of SARs and the base price in connection with certain corporate events (including stock splits). Under the terms of the April SAR Agreement, Mr. Raina is entitled to receive full payment with respect to the SARs if either (i) he is employed by the Company on the closing date of an Acquisition Event or (ii) has been involuntarily terminated by the Company without cause (as defined in the April SAR Agreement) within the 180-day period immediately preceding an Acquisition Event. All of the SARs are forfeited if Mr. Raina’s employment is terminated for any other reason prior to the closing date of an Acquisition Event.

In addition, while Mr. Raina is employed by the Company and prior to an Acquisition Event, the April SAR Agreement provides that the Company’s Board of Directors (the “Board”) will determine annually whether a “shortfall” (as described below) exists as of the end of the immediately preceding fiscal year. In the event the Board determines that a shortfall exists, Mr. Raina will be granted additional SARs (or, in the Board’s sole discretion, additional restricted shares or restricted stock units (each a “Share Grant”)) in an amount sufficient to eliminate such shortfall (each a “Shortfall Grant”). Under the terms of the April SAR Agreement, a shortfall exists if: (A) the sum of (i) the number of common shares deemed to be owned by Mr. Raina as of the effective date of the April SAR Agreement, plus (ii) the number of SARs granted to Mr. Raina (including any Shortfall Grants), plus (iii) the number of shares underlying any previously granted Share Grant, was less than 20% of (B) the sum of (i) the number of SARs granted to Mr. Raina (including any Shortfall Grants), plus (ii) the number of outstanding shares reported by the Company in its audited financial statements as of the end of the immediately preceding fiscal year. Under the terms of the April SAR Agreement, if the Board elects to make a Shortfall Grant in respect of such shortfall, such SARs will be subject to the same terms and conditions as the SARs initially granted under the April SAR Agreement. If the Board elects to make a Share Grant in respect of such shortfall, such restricted shares or restricted stock units will have such terms and conditions as determined by the Board, but generally will follow the terms of the restricted shares or restricted stock units granted to other executives of the Company at or about the time of such Share Grant, but no Share Grant will vest more rapidly than one-third of such Share Grant prior to the first anniversary of the grant date, with the remainder vesting in eight equal quarterly installments following the first anniversary of the grant date. The April SAR Agreement also provides for the Company to make tax gross-up payments for excise taxes that would be imposed on Mr. Raina in respect of any payments (other than any payments with respect to any Share Grants) made in connection with a change in control of the Company under Section 4999 of the Internal Revenue Code.

On May 31, 2018, Plaintiffs filed a Verified Supplement to the Fourth Amended Complaint (the “Supplement”), which asserted three additional counts related to the April SAR Agreement, including: a claim seeking to declare the April SAR Agreement invalid (Count XI); a claim for breach of fiduciary duty for adopting the April SAR Agreement (Count XII); and a claim for breach of fiduciary duty for improperly adopting the SAR Agreement as an “anti-takeover device” (Count XIII). The Supplement sought declaratory relief, compensatory damages, interest, and attorneys’ fees and costs, among other things. On June 18, 2018, defendants moved to dismiss the claims asserted in the Supplement. Also on June 18, 2018, the Court entered a joint stipulation and order declaring the 2008 Certificate Amendment and Stock Dividend valid and effective pursuant to 8 Del. C. § 205 and subsequently dismissed Count VIII of the Fourth Amended Complaint on July 5, 2018.

On July 17, 2018, following briefing and argument, the Court issued an Order granting in part and denying in part defendants’ motions for summary judgment on all remaining counts of the Fourth Amended Complaint. The Court granted summary judgment as to all defendants on Counts I, IV, V, VI, VII, and X and denied summary judgment as to Counts II and III. The Court granted summary judgment as to certain defendants on Count IX, and granted in part and denied in part Count IX with respect to the Firm Clients. On July 24, 2018, Plaintiffs filed a motion for leave to file a second supplement to the Fourth Amended Complaint related to certain disclosures issued in connection with the Company’s 2018 annual meeting, which the Court denied at a pretrial conference held on August 15, 2018. On August 9, 2018, following briefing and argument, the Court issued a bench ruling granting in part and denying in part defendants’ motion to dismiss the Supplement. A three-day trial on all remaining claims was held on August 20, 21, and 23, 2018.

Following trial held on August 20, 21 and 23, 2018, and prior to the conclusion of post-trial briefing, on January 23, 2019, the Parties entered into a Stipulation and Agreement of Settlement (the “Settlement Agreement”) pursuant to which the Parties agreed, subject to Final Approval (as defined in the Settlement Agreement) by the Court, to settle and resolve the Litigation pursuant to the terms set forth in the Settlement Agreement (the “Settlement”). The Settlement includes, among other things, the adoption and entry into an Amended Stock Appreciation Right Award Agreement (the “Amended SAR Agreement”) (set forth in Exhibit A to the Settlement Agreement), the implementation of certain governance measures (set forth in Exhibit B to the Settlement

26


Agreement), and the issuance of a Form 8-K describing the Settlement and terms thereof following the final approval of the Settlement (set forth in Exhibit C to the Settlement Agreement).

The Amended SAR Agreement was negotiated as part of the Litigation Settlement and will become effective upon Final Approval of the Litigation Settlement, and includes the following changes and modifications to the April SAR Agreement:

(a)
Mr. Raina will commit to continue to serve and not resign as the Company’s Chief Executive Officer for at least two years following Final Approval of the Litigation Settlement;

(b)
any shares paid, awarded or otherwise received by Mr. Raina as compensation after the effective date of the April SAR Agreement, including any shares received by Mr. Raina from the exercise of any options granted after the effective date of the April SAR Agreement or from the grant or vesting of any restricted shares or settlement of any restricted stock units granted after the effective date of the April SAR Agreement (but excluding any shares received as a result of the grant, vesting or settlement of any Share Grants), will be excluded from the outstanding shares for purposes of the Board’s annual shortfall determination;

(c)
if an Acquisition Event occurs more than 180 days after, but not later than the tenth anniversary of, the date that Mr. Raina’s employment is involuntarily terminated by the Company without Cause (as defined in the Amended SAR Agreement), 1,000,000 SARs will be deemed accrued and will be eligible to vest on the closing date of the Acquisition Event, which number will be increased by 750,000 SARs beginning on the first anniversary of Final Approval of the Litigation Settlement and each anniversary thereafter (subject in each case to Mr. Raina’s continued employment on each anniversary date), until 100% of the SARs (including any Shortfall Grants) have accrued and are eligible to vest on the closing date of an Acquisition Event that occurs more than 180 days after, but not later than the tenth anniversary of, the date that Mr. Raina’s employment is involuntarily terminated by the Company without Cause; provided, however, that, (i) no additional SARs will accrue following the date that Mr. Raina’s employment is involuntarily terminated by the Company without Cause, (ii) any accrued SARs will be forefeited if an Acquisition Event does not occur prior to the tenth anniversary of the date that Mr. Raina’s employment is involuntarily terminated by the Company without Cause, and (iii) all of the SARs will be forfeited if Mr. Raina’s employment terminates for any other reason prior to the closing date of an Acquisition Event; and

(d)
The obligation of the Company to make tax gross-up payments for excise taxes that would be imposed on Mr. Raina in respect of any payments made in connection with a change in control of the Company will be eliminated.

The foregoing description does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the Amended SAR Agreement.

Pursuant to a scheduling order entered by the Court on January 24, 2019 (the “Scheduling Order”), post-trial briefing is currently stayed, notice of the proposed Settlement was mailed and posted to a dedicated website on February 4, 2019 (the “Notice,” available at http://ebixstockholderlitigation.com), and a settlement approval hearing is scheduled to be held on April 5, 2019 (the “Settlement Hearing”). On February 25, 2019, Plaintiffs filed an opening brief in support of the settlement and their application for a Fee Award (as defined in the Settlement Agreement), in which Plaintiffs and their counsel seek an award of attorneys’ fees of $25 million plus expenses of $952 thousand. Pursuant to the Settlement Agreement, all such attorneys’ fees and expenses that are awarded by the Court shall be paid solely by Ebix or its insurance carriers, and from no other source, within twenty (20) business days of entry of an order approving such award. Pursuant to the Scheduling Order, any objections to the Settlement and/or Plaintiffs’ counsel’s application for fees and expenses and any responses thereto are scheduled to be filed no later than eighteen (18) calendar days and seven (7) calendar days, respectively, prior to the Settlement Hearing. Defendants believe that the claims asserted in the Litigation are without merit and, if for any reason the Settlement is not fully and finally approved upon the terms and conditions set forth in the Settlement Agreement, intend to vigorously defend against them.

The Company is involved in various other claims and legal actions arising in the ordinary course of business. In the opinion of management, the ultimate likely disposition of these matters will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

Item 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.

27


PART II

Item 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Market Information
At December 31, 2018 the principal market for the Company’s common stock was the Nasdaq Global Capital Market. The Company’s common stock trades under the symbol “EBIX.”
Holders
     As of February 26, 2019, there were 30,546,212 shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding. As of February 26, 2019, there were 124 registered holders of record of the Company’s common stock.
Dividends

While the Board of Directors intends to continue to pay quarterly dividends, the Board will make the determination of the amount of future cash dividends, if any, to be declared and paid based on, among other things, the Company's financial condition, funds from operations, the level of its capital expenditures and its future business prospects.
Sales or Issuances of Unregistered Securities
None
Recent Repurchases of Equity Securities
As provided for under previous Board authorized share repurchase plans, throughout 2018 the Company repurchased 996,773 shares of our common stock for a total aggregate purchase price of $49.6 million.
The following table contains information with respect to purchases of our common stock made by or on behalf of Ebix in the fourth quarter of the fiscal period ended December 31, 2018, as part of our publicly announced share repurchase plan:
 
Total Number of Shares (Units) Purchased

 
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly-Announced Plans or Programs

 
Average Price Paid Per Share (1)
 
Maximum Number (or
Approximate Dollar Value) of
Shares that May Yet Be
Purchased Under the Plans or Programs (2) (3)
Period
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
October 1, 2018 to October 31, 2018
229,139

 
229,139

 
$
57.72

 
$
118,408,930

November 1, 2018 to November 30, 2018
94,512

 
94,512

 
$
53.72

 
$
113,331,841

December 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018
643,122

 
643,122

 
$
45.23

 
$
84,240,837

Total
966,773

 
966,773

 
 
 
$
84,240,837


(1)
Average price paid per share for shares purchased as part of our publicly-announced plan.
(2)
Effective February 6, 2017 the Company's Board of Directors unanimously approved an additional authorized share repurchase plan of $150.0 million. The Board directed that the repurchases be funded with available cash balances and cash generated by the Company's operating activities. Under certain circumstances the aggregate amount of repurchases of the Company's equity shares may be limited by the terms and underlying financial covenants regarding the Company's commercial bank financing facility.
(3)
As of December 31, 2018 there were 200,000 shares totaling $8.8 million of share repurchases that were not settled until January 2019.


28


PERFORMANCE GRAPH
The line graph below compares the yearly percentage change in cumulative total stockholder return on our Common Stock for the last five fiscal years with the Nasdaq Stock Market (U.S.) stock index and the Nasdaq Computer Index. The following graph assumes the investment of $100 on December 31, 2013, and the reinvestment of any dividends (rounded to the nearest dollar).
Comparison of Five Year Cumulative Total Return
 
12/31/2013
 
12/31/2014
 
12/31/2015
 
12/31/2016
 
12/31/2017
 
12/31/2018
EBIX, INC.
$
100

 
$
118

 
$
230

 
$
402

 
$
561

 
$
303

NASDAQ STOCK MARKET (U.S.)
$
100

 
$
113

 
$
120

 
$
129

 
$
165

 
$
159

NASDAQ COMPUTER
$
100

 
$
120

 
$
127

 
$
143

 
$
198

 
$
191



performancegraph.jpg

29


Item 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
The following data for fiscal years 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, and 2014 should be read in conjunction with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and with our consolidated financial statements and the related notes and other financial information included herein.

Consolidated Financial Highlights

 
 
Year Ended December 31, 2018
 
Year Ended December 31, 2017
 
Year Ended December 31, 2016
 
Year Ended December 31, 2015
 
Year Ended December 31, 2014
 
 
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
Results of Operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
 
$
497,826

 
$
363,971

 
$
298,294

 
$
265,482

 
$
214,321

Operating income
 
152,979

 
113,221

 
100,281

 
88,714

 
79,672

Net income from continuing operations
 
$
93,139

 
$
100,618

 
$
93,847

 
$
79,533

 
$
63,558

Net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
2.97

 
$
3.19

 
$
2.88

 
$
2.29

 
$
1.68

Diluted
 
$
2.95

 
$
3.17

 
$
2.86

 
$
2.28

 
$
1.67

Shares used in computing per share data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
31,393

 
31,552

 
32,603

 
34,668

 
37,809

Diluted
 
31,534

 
31,719

 
32,863

 
34,901

 
38,040

Cash dividend per common share
 
$
0.30

 
$
0.30

 
$
0.30

 
$
0.30

 
$
0.30

Financial Position:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
 
$
1,610,947

 
$
1,113,013

 
$
803,755

 
$
675,989

 
$
634,311

Short-term debt
 
19,053

 
14,500

 
12,500

 
600

 
943

Long-term debt
 
700,709

 
385,779

 
260,279

 
206,465

 
121,065

Redeemable common stock
 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity
 
$
544,437

 
$
533,759

 
$
438,636

 
$
408,971

 
$
432,221


30


Item 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
As used herein, the terms “Ebix,” “the Company,” “we,” “our” and “us” refer to Ebix, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries as a combined entity.
The information contained in this section has been derived from our historical financial statements and should be read together with our historical financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this document. The discussion below contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties including, but not limited to: demand and acceptance of services offered by us, our ability to achieve and maintain acceptable cost levels, pricing levels and actions by competitors, regulatory matters, general economic conditions, and changing business strategies. Forward-looking statements are subject to a number of factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from our expressed or implied expectations, including, but not limited to our performance in future periods, our ability to generate working capital from operations, the adequacy of our insurance coverage, and the results of litigation or investigations. Our forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of terminology such as “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “believes,” “will” or the negative thereof or variations thereon or comparable terminology. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
OVERVIEW

Ebix endeavors to provide on-Demand software and e-commerce services to the insurance, financial, healthcare and e-learning industries. In the Insurance sector, the Company’s main focus is to develop and deploy a wide variety of insurance and reinsurance exchanges on an on-demand basis, while also, providing Software-as-a-Service ("SaaS") enterprise solutions in the area of CRM, front-end & back-end systems, outsourced administrative and risk compliance, across the world. The P&C exchanges operate primarily in Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom. With a "Phygital” strategy that combines 320,000 physical distribution outlets in many (“ASEAN”) countries, to an Omni-channel online digital platform, the Company’s EbixCash Financial exchange portfolio encompasses leadership in areas of domestic & international money remittance, Forex, travel, pre-paid & gift cards, utility payments, lending, wealth management etc., in India. The Company’s Forex Exchange has a dominant market share of India’s airport Foreign Exchange business encompassing 32 international airports like Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai and Kolkata International airports, while conducting over $4.8 Billion in gross transaction value per annum. EbixCash’s inward remittance business in India conducts gross annual remittance of approximately $5 billion annually, while having an undisputed leadership position in the Indian markets. EbixCash, through its travel portfolio of Via and Mercury, is also one of Southeast Asia’s leading travel exchanges with over 2,200+ employees, 212,450+ agent network, 25 branches and 9800+ corporate clients; processing an estimated $2.5 Billion in GMV annually. Through its various SaaS-based software platforms, Ebix employs thousands of domain-specific technology professionals to provide products, support and consultancy to thousands of customers on six continents.

Ebix provides application software products for the insurance industry including carrier systems, agency systems and exchanges, as well as custom software development. Approximately 83% of the Company’s revenues are recurring. Rather than license our products in perpetuity, we typically either license them for a few years with ongoing support revenues or license them on a limited term basis using a subscription hosting or Application Service Provider ("ASP") model. Our goal is to be the leading powerhouse of back-end insurance transactions in the world. During 2018, combined subscription-based and transaction-based revenues increased by $135 million to $412 million, while as a percentage of the Company's total revenues increased to 83% in 2018, as compared to 76% 2017. In 2018 subscription based revenues decreased $18 million to $184 million, and as a percentage of the Company's total revenues decreased to 37% in 2018, as compared to 55% in the year 2017.
The Company’s technology vision is on the convergence of all processes in a manner such that data can seamlessly flow from entity to entity once an initial data entry has been made. Our customers include many of the top insurance and financial sector companies in the world.
The insurance and financial markets continue to focus on initiatives to reduce paper-based processes and facilitate improvements in efficiency both at the back-end side and also at the consumer-end side, involving all entities and directly impacts the manner in which insurance and financial products are distributed. Management believes that both the insurance and financial industry will continue to experience significant change and increased efficiencies through online exchanges as reduced paper-based processes are becoming increasingly a norm across the world insurance and financial markets.
Management focuses on a variety of key indicators to monitor operating and financial performance. These performance indicators include measurements of revenue growth, operating income, operating margin, income from continuing operations,

31


diluted earnings per share, and cash provided by operating activities. We monitor these indicators, in conjunction with our corporate governance practices, to ensure that our business is efficiently managed and that effective controls are maintained.
The key performance indicators for the twelve months ended December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016 were as follows:
 
 
Key Performance Indicators
Twelve Months Ended December 31,
(Dollar amounts in thousands except per share data)
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
Revenue
 
$
497,826

 
$
363,971

 
$
298,294

Revenue growth
 
37
%
 
22
%
 
12
%
Operating income
 
$
152,979

 
$
113,221

 
$
100,281

Operating margin
 
31
%
 
31
%
 
34
%
Net income attributable to Ebix, Inc.
 
$
93,139

 
$
100,618

 
$
93,847

Diluted earnings per share
 
$
2.95

 
$
3.17

 
$
2.86

Cash provided by operating activities
 
$
89,869

 
$
76,807

 
$
86,571




RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
 
Year Ended December 31, 2018
 
Year Ended December 31, 2017
 
Year Ended December 31, 2016
 
 
(In thousands)
Operating revenue:
 
$
497,826

 
$
363,971

 
$
298,294

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Costs of services provided
 
168,415

 
129,494

 
85,128

Product development
 
39,078

 
33,854

 
32,981

Sales and marketing
 
17,587

 
16,303

 
17,469

General and administrative, net (see Note 1)
 
108,475

 
59,976

 
51,689

Amortization and depreciation
 
11,292

 
11,123

 
10,746

Total operating expenses
 
344,847

 
250,750

 
198,013

Operating income
 
152,979

 
113,221

 
100,281

Interest income (expense), net
 
(26,665
)
 
(11,672
)
 
(5,525
)
Other non-operating income
 
60

 

 
1,162

Foreign exchange gain (loss), net
 
(792
)
 
1,811

 
13

Income before taxes
 
125,582

 
103,360

 
95,931

Income tax expense
 
(32,501
)
 
(777
)
 
(1,637
)
Net income including noncontrolling interest
 
$
93,081

 
$
102,583

 
$
94,294

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
 
(58
)
 
$
1,965

 
$
447

Net income attributable to Ebix, Inc.
 
$
93,139

 
$
100,618

 
$
93,847


TWELVE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017
Operating Revenue
The Company derives its revenues primarily from professional and support services, which includes subscription and transaction fees pertaining to services delivered over our exchanges or from our ASP platforms, revenue generated from software development projects and associated fees for consulting, implementation, training, and project management provided to customers using our systems, and business process outsourcing revenue. Additionally, through the Company’s EbixCash Financial exchange portfolio we derive revenue from domestic & international money remittance, foreign exchange (Forex), travel, pre-paid & gift

32


cards, utility payments, lending, wealth management, etc. in India and other markets. Ebix’s revenue streams come from four product channels. Presented in the table below is the breakout of our revenues for each of those product channels for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.
 
 
For the Year Ended
December 31,
(dollar amounts in thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
Exchanges
 
$
396,457

 
$
259,470

Broker P&C Systems
 
14,379

 
14,674

RCS
 
79,976

 
86,832

Carrier P& C Systems
 
7,014

 
2,995

Totals
 
$
497,826

 
$
363,971


During the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 our total revenue increased $133.9 million, or 36.8%, to $497.8 million compared to $364.0 million in 2017. The Company leverages product cross-selling opportunities across all channels, as facilitated by our operating philosophy and business acquisition strategy. With respect to business acquisitions completed during the fiscal years 2018 and 2017 on a pro forma basis, as disclosed in the table in Note 4 “Pro Forma Financial Information” to the enclosed Consolidated Financial Statements, combined pro forma revenues decreased $21.5 million or 3.6% to $584.1 million for the year 2018 from the $605.6 million of pro forma revenue for the year 2017, whereas there was a 36.8% increase in reported revenues for the same comparative periods. The cause for the difference between the 36.8% increase in reported 2018 revenue versus 2017 revenue, as compared to the 3.6% decrease in 2018 pro forma versus 2017 pro forma revenue is due to the effect of combining the additional revenue derived from those businesses acquired during the years 2018 and 2017, specifically Pearl, Weizmann, Lawson, Business Travels, Routier, AHA Taxis, Miles, Leisure Corp, Mercury, Indus, Smartclass, Centrum, Transcorp, ItzCash, YouFirst, Wall Street, Paul Merchants,Via and beBetter, with the Company's pre-existing operations. The 2018 and 2017 pro forma financial information below assumes that all such business acquisitions were made on January 1, 2017, whereas the Company's reported financial statements for 2018 only includes the operating results from the businesses since the effective date that they were acquired by Ebix, and thusly includes only eleven months of Transcorp, nine months of Centrum, nine months of Smartclass, six months of Indus, six months of Mercury, six months of Leisure Corp, five months of Miles, three months of Routier, three months of Global Business Travels, three months of AHA Taxis, one month of Pearl, one month of Weizmann and one month of Lawson. Similarly, the 2017 pro forma financial information below includes a full year of results for ItzCash, beBetter, YouFirst, Wall Street, Paul Merchants and Via as if they had been acquired on January 1, 2017, whereas the Company's reported financial statements for the 2017 includes only nine months of ItzCash, seven months of beBetter, four months of YouFirst, three months of Wall Street, two months of Paul Merchants, and two months of Via.
    
The pro forma analysis is based on the following premises:
2018 and 2017 pro forma revenue contains actual revenue of the acquired entities before acquisition date, as reported by the sellers, as well as actual revenue of the acquired entities after acquisition. Growth in revenues of the acquired entities after acquisition date is only reflected for the period after their acquisition.
Revenue billed to existing clients from the cross selling of acquired products has been assigned to the acquired section of our business.
Any existing products sold to new customers acquired through the acquisition customer base, has also been assigned to the acquired section of our business.
2017 pro forma revenues include revenues from some product lines whose sale was discontinued after the acquisition date and revenues from some customers whose contracts were discontinued. This is typically done for efficiency and/or competitive reasons.

The impact from fluctuations of the exchange rates for the foreign currencies in the countries in which we conduct operations also partially adversely affected reported revenues. During each of the years 2018, 2017 and 2016 the change in foreign currency exchange rates increased (decreased) reported consolidated operating revenues by $(6.9) million, $2.1 million, and $(3.3) million, respectively.
The specific components of our revenue and the changes experienced during the past year are discussed immediately below.
Exchange division revenues increased by $137.0 million, or 53%, principally due to the full year impact of 2017 acquisitions in addition to acquisitions made in 2018.
Broker P&C Systems division revenue decreased by $295 thousand, or 2%.

33


Risk Compliance Solutions division revenues decreased by $6.9 million, or 8%, primarily due to a decline in our U.S. professional consulting services.
Carrier P&C Systems division revenues increased by $4.0 million, or 134%. Revenues in this division have increased due primarily to growth in the Australian markets.
Costs of Services Provided
Costs of services provided, which includes costs associated with customer support, consulting, implementation, and training services, increased $38.9 million or 30%, from $129.5 million in 2017 to $168.4 million in 2018 and the Company's gross margin increased from 64.4% in 2017 to 66.2% in 2018. The increase in the Company's costs of services provided is due primarily to additional personnel, consulting, customer support, and merchant bank service fee costs associated with the 2018 and 2017 business acquisitions of Via, YouFirst, ItzCash, Smartclass, Mercury and Leisure partially offset by reductions in our U.S. consulting salary costs, medical education costs, and a reduction of our e-governance service contracts executed within the Ebix Vayam Limited JV.
Product Development Expenses
The Company’s product development efforts are focused on the development of new technologies for insurance carriers, brokers and agents, and the development of new data exchanges for use in domestic and international insurance markets. Product development expenses increased $5.2 million, or 15%, from $33.9 million in 2017 to $39.1 million in 2018. This increase is primarily due to costs associated with the operations of the recent acquisition of Indus.
Sales and Marketing Expenses
Sales and marketing expenses increased $1.3 million, or 8%, from $16.3 million in 2017 to $17.6 million in 2018. This increase is primarily due to costs associated with operations of recent acquisitions of SmartClass, Centrum and ItzCash and Indus.
General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses increased $48.5 million, or 81%, from $60.0 million in 2017 to $108.5 million in 2018 primarily due to costs associated with operations of recent acquisitions of Centrum, SmartClass, Via, Indus, YouFirst, Mercury, Miles and Leisure.
Amortization and Depreciation Expenses
Amortization and depreciation expenses slightly increased to $11.3 million in 2018 from $11.1 million in 2017.
Interest Income
Interest income decreased $1.3 million, or 75%, from $1.7 million in 2017 to $436 thousand in 2018.
Interest Expense
Interest expense increased $13.7 million, or 103% from $13.4 million in 2017 to $27.1 million in 2018. Interest expense increased primarily due to the increase in the average outstanding balance on our commercial banking credit facilities, which increased 69% to $554.0 million during twelve months ending December 31, 2018 from $327.0 million during twelve months ending December 31, 2017, as well as an increase in the underlying average interest rate which increased to an average of 4.5% during twelve months ending December 31, 2018 versus 3.7% for the same twelve-month period in 2017.
Foreign Exchange Gain
Net foreign exchange loss of $792 thousand in 2018 consisted of $186 thousand of losses realized upon the settlement of certain transactions within our foreign operations that were denominated in a currency other than the subsidiary's functional currency and $606 thousand of losses recognized upon the remeasurement of other transactions within our foreign operations that were denominated in a currency other than the subsidiary's functional currency.
Income Taxes
The Company recognized income tax expense of $32.5 million in 2018 compared to $777 thousand of income tax expense in 2017, representing an increase of $31.7 million. Our effective tax rate increased to 25.9% in 2018, compared with 0.8% in 2017, substantially on account of recording of one-time tax liability on account of Transition tax and true up of related tax

34


attributes resulting from enactment of the TCJA, which has been shown as prior year transaction tax and related true-ups. Excluding this, the remaining increase in the effective tax rate has been primarily on account of Global Intangible Low-taxed Income (“GILTI”) tax, becoming applicable on the Company from enactment of TCJA. The Company completed its tax accounting for the TCJA during Q4 2018 and recorded a one-time tax adjustment of $24.5 million on account of transition tax and true-up of related tax attributes.
The pre-tax income from and the applicable statutory tax rates in each jurisdiction in which the Company had operations for the year ending December 31, 2018 are as follows:


(dollar amounts in thousands)
 
Pre-tax income
 
Statutory tax rate
United States
 
(36,202
)
 
21.0
%
Canada
 
335

 
26.5
%
Brazil
 
5,403

 
34.0
%
Australia
 
2,852

 
30.0
%
Singapore
 
467

 
17.0
%
New Zealand
 
90

 
28.0
%
India
 
43,705

 
34.6
%
Mauritius
 
14,161

 
3.0
%
United Kingdom
 
1,480

 
19.0
%
Sweden
 
5,398

 
22.0
%
Thailand
 
62

 
20.0
%
Dubai
 
87,830

 
%
Total
 
125,581

 
 

TWELVE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016
Operating Revenue
The Company derives its revenues primarily from professional and support services, which includes subscription and transaction fees pertaining to services delivered over our exchanges or from our ASP platforms, revenue generated from software development projects and associated fees for consulting, implementation, training, and project management provided to customers using our systems, and business process outsourcing revenue. Ebix’s revenue streams come from four product channels. Presented in the table below is the breakout of our revenues for each of those product channels for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016.
 
 
For the Year Ended
December 31,
(dollar amounts in thousands)
 
2017
 
2016
Exchanges
 
$
259,470

 
$
206,427

Broker P&C Systems
 
14,674

 
14,105

RCS
 
86,832

 
74,196

Carrier P&C Systems
 
2,995

 
3,566

Totals
 
$
363,971

 
$
298,294



During the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 our total revenue increased $65.7 million, or 22.0%, to $364.0 million compared to $298.3 million in 2016. The Company leverages product cross-selling opportunities across all channels, as facilitated by our operating philosophy and business acquisition strategy. With respect to business acquisitions completed during the fiscal years 2017 and 2016 on a pro forma basis, as disclosed in the table in Note 4 “Pro Forma Financial Information” to the enclosed Consolidated Financial Statements, combined pro forma revenues increased $6.4 million or 1.5% to $440.5 million for

35


the year 2017 from the $434.2 million of pro forma revenue for the year 2016, with the change in exchange rates favorably affecting reported revenues by $2.1 million, whereas there was a 22.0% increase in reported revenues for the same comparative periods. The cause for the difference between the 22.0% increase in reported 2017 revenue versus 2016 revenue, as compared to the 1.5% increase in 2017 pro forma versus 2016 pro forma revenue is due to the effect of combining the additional revenue derived from those businesses acquired during the years 2017 and 2016, specifically ItzCash, YouFirst, Wall Street, Paul Merchants,Via, beBetter, Wdev, Hope Health, and the EbixHealth JV with the Company's pre-existing operations. The 2017 and 2016 pro forma financial information below assumes that all such business acquisitions were made on January 1, 2016, whereas the Company's reported financial statements for 2017 only includes the operating results from the businesses since the effective date that they were acquired by Ebix, and thusly includes only nine months of ItzCash, seven months of beBetter, four months of YouFirst, three months of Wall Street, two months of Paul Merchants, and two months of Via. Similarly, the 2016 pro forma financial information below includes a full year of results for Wdev, Hope Health, and EbixHealth JV as if they had been acquired on January 1, 2016, whereas the Company's reported financial statements for the 2016 includes only two months of Wdev, two months of Hope Health, and six months of the EbixHealth JV.
    
The pro forma analysis is based on the following premises:
2017 and 2016 pro forma revenue contains actual revenue of the acquired entities before acquisition date, as reported by the sellers, as well as actual revenue of the acquired entities after acquisition. Growth in revenues of the acquired entities after acquisition date is only reflected for the period after their acquisition.
Revenue billed to existing clients from the cross selling of acquired products has been assigned to the acquired section of our business.
Any existing products sold to new customers acquired through the acquisition customer base, has also been assigned to the acquired section of our business.
2016 pro forma revenues include revenues from some product lines whose sale was discontinued after the acquisition date and revenues from some customers whose contracts were discontinued. This is typically done for efficiency and/or competitive reasons.

The impact from fluctuations of the exchange rates for the foreign currencies in the countries in which we conduct operations also partially adversely affected reported revenues. During each of the years 2017, 2016 and 2015 the change in foreign currency exchange rates increased (decreased) reported consolidated operating revenues by $2.1 million, $(3.3) million, and $(10.7) million, respectively.
The specific components of our revenue and the changes experienced during the past year are discussed immediately below.
Exchange division revenues increased by $53.0 million, or 26%, principally due to the 2017 acquisitions of ItzCash, YouFirst, Wall Street, Paul Merchants, and Via.
Broker P&C Systems division revenue increased by $569 thousand, or 4%. Reported revenues partially increased due to the effects of changing currency exchange rates.
Risk Compliance Solutions division revenues increased by $12.6 million, or 17%, primarily due to new e-governance revenues associated with our Indian operations and consulting service revenues generated by November 2016 acquisition of Wdev.
Carrier P&C Systems division revenues decreased by $571 thousand, or 16%. Revenues in this division have decreased during the last few years due the completion of certain large projects resulting in decreased professional service revenues.
Costs of Services Provided
Costs of services provided, which includes costs associated with customer support, consulting, implementation, and training services, increased $44.4 million or 52%, from $85.1 million in 2016 to $129.5 million in 2017. Correspondingly, the Company's gross margin decreased from 71.5% in 2016 to 64.4% in 2017. The increase in the Company's costs of services provided is due primarily to additional personnel, consulting, customer support, and merchant bank service fee costs associated with the 2017 and 2016 business acquisitions of Via, Wall Street, YouFirst, ItzCash, beBetter, Hope Health, Wdev, the EbixHealth JV, and increased hardware costs to support the growing revenues generated from our government sector services division in India.
Product Development Expenses
Product development expenses increased $873 thousand, or 3%, from $33.0 million in 2016 to $33.9 million in 2017. The Company’s product development efforts are focused on the development of new technologies for insurance carriers, brokers

36


and agents, and the development of new data exchanges for use in domestic and international insurance markets. Product development expenses primarily increased due to additional staffing and personnel costs incurred in connection with our continued expanding product development facilities in India.
Sales and Marketing Expenses
Sales and marketing expenses decreased $1.2 million, or 7%, from $17.5 million in 2016 to $16.3 million in 2017. This decrease is primarily due to a reduction in salaries and commissions paid to our sales personnel, and reduced advertising expenditures in our Singapore and Oakstone division.
General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses increased $8.3 million, or 16%, from $51.7 million in 2016 to $60.0 million in 2017. The primary cause for the increase in general and administrative expenses were $6.7 million of additional personnel and office costs in connection with the 2017 and 2016 business acquisitions of Via, YouFirst, ItzCash. Wdev, the EbixHealth JV and $1.2 million of non-cash 2016 adjustments from our recent acquisitions.
Amortization and Depreciation Expenses
Amortization and depreciation expenses slightly increased to $11.1 million in 2017 from $10.7 million in 2016.
Interest Income
Interest income slightly decreased $140 thousand, or 8%, from $1.9 million in 2016 to $1.7 million in 2017. The decrease in interest income is associated with changes in the Company's average cash balances and short-term investments in interest bearing accounts.
Interest Expense
Interest expense increased $6.0 million, or 81% from $7.4 million in 2016 to $13.4 million in 2017. Interest expense increased primarily because of the combined effect of an increase in the weighted average interest rate on the Company's revolving credit facility from 2.73% in 2016 to 3.69% in 2017, and an increase in the average outstanding balance on the revolving line of credit and term note from $234.8 million in 2016 to $327.0 million in 2017.
Foreign Exchange Gain
Net foreign exchange gain of $1.8 million in 2017 consisted of $3.2 million of gains realized upon the settlement of certain transactions within our foreign operations that were denominated in a currency other than the subsidiary's functional currency which were partially offset by $1.4 million of losses recognized upon the remeasurement of other transactions within our foreign operations that were denominated in a currency other than the subsidiary's functional currency.
Income Taxes
The Company recognized income tax expense of $777 thousand in 2017 compared to the $1.6 million of income tax expense in 2016, representing an $860 thousand, or a 53% decrease. Our effective tax rate decreased to 0.8% in 2017, compared with 1.7% in 2016, largely due to the remeasurement of US deferred taxes under tax reform, release of valuation allowance on foreign loss carryforwards, recording tax credits based on filed tax returns, partially offset by an increase in uncertain tax position accrual.
The pre-tax income from and the applicable statutory tax rates in each jurisdiction in which the Company had operations for the year ending December 31, 2017 are as follows:



37


(dollar amounts in thousands)
 
Pre-tax income
 
Statutory tax rate
United States
 
(13,355
)
 
34.0
%
Canada
 
827

 
26.9
%
Brazil
 
3,548

 
34.0
%
Australia
 
2,695

 
30.0
%
Singapore
 
(2,770
)
 
17.0
%
New Zealand
 
(588
)
 
28.0
%
India
 
19,279

 
34.6
%
Mauritius
 
(25
)
 
3.0
%
United Kingdom
 
2,615

 
19.0
%
Sweden
 
6,485

 
22.0
%
Thailand
 
56

 
20.0
%
Dubai
 
84,593

 
0
%
Total
 
103,360

 
 


LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Our principal sources of liquidity are the cash flows provided by our operating activities, our commercial bank credit facility, and cash and cash equivalents on hand.
We intend to continue to utilize cash flows generated by our ongoing operating activities, in combination with possibly expanding our commercial lending facility, and the possible issuance of additional equity or debt securities to fund capital expenditures and organic growth initiatives, to make strategic business acquisitions, to retire outstanding indebtedness, and to repurchase shares of our common stock if and as market and operating conditions warrant.
We believe that anticipated cash flow provided by our operating activities, together with current cash balances and access to our credit facilities and the capital markets, if required, will be sufficient to meet our projected cash requirements for the next twelve months, although any projections of future cash needs, cash flows, and the general market conditions for credit and equity securities is subject to substantial uncertainty. In the event additional liquidity needs arise, we may raise funds from a combination of sources, including the potential issuance of debt or equity securities. However, there are no assurances that such financing will be available in amounts or on terms acceptable to us, if at all.
We regularly evaluate our liquidity requirements, including the need for additional debt or equity offerings, when considering potential business acquisitions, or the development of new products or services. During 2019, the Company intends to utilize its cash and other financing resources to fund organic growth initiatives, strategic business acquisitions, and new product development initiatives and service offerings.
Our cash and cash equivalents were $147.8 million and $63.9 million at December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The Company holds material cash and cash equivalent balances overseas in foreign jurisdictions. The free flow of cash from certain countries where we hold such balances may be subject to repatriation tax effects and other restrictions. Furthermore, the repatriation of earnings from some of our foreign subsidiaries would result in the application of withholding taxes at source and taxation at the U.S. parent level upon receipt of the repatriation amounts. The approximate cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, and short-term investments balances held in our domestic U.S. operations and each of our foreign subsidiaries as of February 25, 2019 is presented in the table below (figures denominated in thousands):



38


 
 
Cash and ST investments
United States
 
6,204

Canada
 
892

Latin America
 
3,082

Australia
 
4,942

Singapore
 
5,595

New Zealand
 
850

India
 
71,162

Mauritius
 
72

Philippines
 
7,282

Indonesia
 
3,362

Europe
 
3,704

Sweden
 

Dubai
 
370

Total
 
107,517


Due to the effect of temporary or timing differences resulting from the differing treatment of items for tax and accounting purposes and minimum alternative tax obligations in the U.S. and India, future cash outlays for income taxes are expected to exceed our current income tax expense, but will not materially impact the Company’s liquidity position. Beginning in 2009, we were granted a 100% tax holiday for certain of our Indian operations, which was in effect until March 31, 2014 and March 31, 2015 for some of our locations and continues until March 31, 2020 for other locations. When these tax holidays expire, these locations become 50% taxable for an additional five years. The impact of this tax holiday decreased our non-US income tax expense by $4.3 million and $2.9 million for 2018 and 2017, respectively.

The Company’s consolidated worldwide effective tax rate is relatively low because of the effect of conducting significant operations in certain foreign jurisdictions, specifically India and Dubai, where we have tax holidays or tax concessions.
    Our current ratio decreased to 1.35 at December 31, 2018 from 1.72 at December 31, 2017, and our working capital position increased to $110.0 million at December 31, 2018 as compared to $106.0 million at the end of 2017. The increase in our short-term liquidity position is primarily due to the following factors: (a) a $89.5 million increase in cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments balances, (b) a $56.5 million increase in trade accounts receivable associated with the continued growth of our business and acquisitions, (c) a $80.4 million increase in other current liabilities primarily due to India Acquisition Consideration Contingencies, (d) a $55.1 million increase in trade accounts payable associated with the continued growth of our business and acquisitions, (e) a $13.0 million increase in deferred revenue primarily due to the 2018 adoption of Topic 606 and our recent acquisitions. We believe that our ability to generate sustainable robust cash flow from operations will enable the Company to continue to meet its cash obligations and to fund its current liabilities from current assets, including available cash balances.


Business Acquisitions & Related Transactions
 
The Company executes strategic business acquisitions in combination with organic growth initiatives as part of its expansion and growth strategy. The Company looks to acquire businesses that are complementary to Ebix's existing products and services.

During the year ended December 31, 2018 the Company completed thirteen business acquisitions, as follows:

Effective December 1, 2018 Ebix entered into an agreement to acquire 74.84% controlling stake in India based Weizmann for $63.1 million. Ebix also made a 90-day time bound public offer to acquire the remaining 25.16% publicly-held Weizmann Forex shares for approximately $21.1 million to public shareholders. The valuation and purchase price allocation remains preliminary and will be finalized as soon as practicable but in no event longer than one year from the effective date of this transaction.

Effective December 1, 2018 Ebix acquired the assets of India based Pearl, a provider of a comprehensive range of B2B and B2C travel services under the brand name ‘Sastiticket’, ranging from domestic and international ticketing, incentives travel,

39


leisure products, luxury holidays, and travel documentation for $3.4 million and same has been integrated with Ebix Travels’ operations, which has brought in operational synergies and certain redundancies for the acquired operations . The valuation and purchase price allocation remains preliminary and will be finalized as soon as practicable but in no event longer than one year from the effective date of this transaction.

Effective December 1, 2018 Ebix acquired India based Lawson, a B2B provider of travel services and international ticketing, for $2.7 million and same has been integrated with Ebix Travels’ operations to bring in operational synergies and wider country wide footprint. The valuation and purchase price allocation remains preliminary and will be finalized as soon as practicable but in no event longer than one year from the effective date of this transaction.

Effective October 1, 2018 Ebix acquired a 70% stake in India based AHA Taxis, a platform for on-demand inter-city cabs in India for $310 thousand. AHA Taxis focuses its attention on Corporate and Consumer inter-city travel primarily, with a network of thousands of registered AHA Taxis.

Effective October 1, 2018 Ebix acquired a 67% stake in India based Routier, a marketplace for trucking logistics for $413 thousand.

Effective October 1, 2018 Ebix acquired the assets of India based Business Travels to for $1.1 million and same has been integrated with Ebix Travels’ operations to expand the wholesale travel and consolidation business.. The valuation and purchase price allocation remains preliminary and will be finalized as soon as practicable but in no event longer than one year from the effective date of this transaction.

Effective August 1, 2018 Ebix entered into an agreement to acquire India based Miles, a provider of on-demand software on wealth and asset management to banks, asset managers and wealth management firms, for approximately $18.3 million, plus possible future contingent earn-out payments of up to $8.3 million based on earned revenues over the subsequent twenty-four month period following the effective date of the acquisition..

Effective July 1, 2018 Ebix entered into an agreement to acquire India based Leisure for approximately $2.1 million, with the goal of creating a new travel division to focus on a niche segment of the travel market. The valuation and purchase price allocation remains preliminary and will be finalized as soon as practicable but in no event longer than one year from the effective date of this transaction.

Effective July 1, 2018 Ebix entered into an agreement to acquire India based Mercury Travels for approximately $13.2 million, with the goal of creating a new travel division to focus on a niche segment of the travel market. Mercury’s Forex business has been integrated into EbixCash’s existing Forex exchange business. The valuation and purchase price allocation remains preliminary and will be finalized as soon as practicable but in no event longer than one year from the effective date of this transaction.

Effective July 1, 2018 Ebix entered into an agreement to acquire India based Indus, a global provider of enterprise lending software solutions to financial institutions, captive auto finance and telecom companies, for approximately $22.9 million plus possible future contingent earn-out payments of up to $5.0 million based on earned revenues over the subsequent twenty-four month period following the effective date of the acquisition.

Effective April 1, 2018 Ebix entered into an agreement to acquire India based Centrum, a leader in India’s Foreign Exchange Operations markets for approximately $179.5 million. This acquisition was completed in June 2018. Subsequently, Centrum has been renamed as Ebixcash World Money and has been tightly integrated into Ebix’s Financial Exchange ‘EbixCash’ offerings in India and abroad, with key business executives of Foreign Exchange Operations becoming an integral part of the combined EbixCash senior leadership.

Effective April 1, 2018 Ebix entered into an agreement to acquire a 60% stake in India based Smartclass, a leading e-learning Company engaged in the business of education services, development of education products, and implementation of education solutions for K-12 Schools Schools through its E-Learning Venture. Under the terms of the agreement Ebix paid $8.6 million in cash for its stake in Smartclass.
Effective February 1, 2018 Ebix acquired the MTSS Business of Transcorp, for upfront cash consideration in the amount of $7.25 million, of which $6.55 million was funded with cash and $700 thousand assumed in liabilities. MTSS operations of Transcorp has been consolidated with EbixCash’s MTSS operations resulting in operational synergies and certain redundancies to the combined operation.
    

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During the year ended December 31, 2017 the Company completed six business acquisitions, as follows:

Effective November 1, 2017 Ebix acquired Via, a recognized leader in the travel space in India and an omni-channel online travel and assisted e-commerce exchange exchange with presence in India, Middle East and South East Asia. Ebix acquired Via for upfront cash consideration in the amount $78.8 million plus possible future contingent payments of up to $2.3 million based on any potential claims made by tax authorities over the subsequent twelve month period following the effective date of the acquisition, of which was not achieved after this period and $2.0 million based on the receipt of refunds pertaining to certain advance tax payments and withholding taxes, both of which are included in Other current liabilities in the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheet.

Effective November 1, 2017 Ebix acquired the MTSS Business of Paul Merchants, the largest international remittance service provider in India, for upfront cash consideration in the amount $37.4 million.

Effective October 1, 2017 Ebix acquired the MTSS Business of Wall Street, an inward international remittance service provider in India, along with the acquisition of its subsidiary company Goldman Securities Limited for upfront cash consideration in the amount $7.4 million.

Effective September 1, 2017 Ebix acquired the MTSS Business of YouFirst, an inward international remittance service provider in India, for upfront cash consideration in the amount $10.2 million.

Effective June 1, 2017 Ebix acquired the assets of beBetter, a technology enabled corporate wellness provider that provides end-to-end wellness solutions offering a variety of tools and programs, including interactive platforms, health screening, coaching, tobacco cessation, weight and stress management, health information, and numerous other products and services. Ebix acquired the assets and intellectual property of beBetter for $1.0 million plus possible future contingent earn-out payments of up to $2.0 million based on earned revenues over the subsequent twenty-four month period following the effective date of the acquisition. The Company has determined that the fair value of the contingent earn-out consideration is zero as of December 31, 2018.

Effective April 1, 2017 Ebix entered into a joint venture with India-based Essel Group, while acquiring an 80% stake in ItzCash, India’s leading payment solutions exchange. ItzCash is recognized as a leader in the prepaid cards and bill payments space in India. Under the terms of the agreement, ItzCash was valued at a total enterprise value of approximately $150 million. Accordingly, Ebix acquired an 80% stake in ItzCash for $120 million including upfront cash of $76.3 million plus possible future contingent earn-out payments of up to $44.0 million based on earned revenues over the subsequent thirty-six month period following the effective date of the acquisition. $4.0 million of the possible future contingent earn-out payments was previously held in escrow accounts for the twelve month period following the effective date of the acquisition to ensure that the acquired business achieved the minimum specified annual gross revenue threshold, which was achieved and paid during the third quarter of 2018. The Company has determined that the fair value of the contingent earn-out consideration is $15.4 million as of December 31, 2018.

During the year ended December 31, 2016 the Company completed two business acquisitions, as follows:
Effective November 1, 2016 Ebix acquired Wdev, a Brazilian company that provides IT services and software development for the Latin American insurance industry. Ebix acquired Wdev for upfront cash consideration in the amount of $10.5 million, plus possible future contingent earn out payments of up to $15.7 million based on earned revenues over the subsequent thirty-eight month period following the effective date of the acquisition. $2.9 million of the upfront cash consideration is being held in an escrow account for the thirty-eight month period following the effective date of the acquisition to ensure that the acquired business achieves the minimum specified annual net revenue threshold, which if not achieved will result in said funds being returned to Ebix.
Effective November 1, 2016 Ebix acquired the assets of Hope Health, a Michigan corporation and publisher of health and wellness continuing education products. Ebix acquired the assets and intellectual property of Hope Health for $1.72 million.
Effective July 1, 2016 Ebix and IHC jointly executed a Call Notice agreement, whereby Ebix purchased additional common units in the EbixHealth JV from IHC constituting eleven percent (11%) of the EbixHealth JV for $2.0 million cash which resulted in Ebix holding an aggregate fifty-one percent (51%) controlling equity interest in the EbixHealth JV. Previously, effective September 1, 2015 Ebix and IHC formed a joint venture named EbixHealth JV. Ebix paid $6.0 million and contributed a license to use certain CurePet software and systems valued by the EbixHealth JV at $2.0 million, for its initial 40% membership interest in the EbixHealth JV.

        

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    As cited in the above paragraphs, a significant component of the purchase price consideration for many of the Company's business acquisitions is a potential future cash earnout based on reaching certain specified future revenue targets. The Company recognizes these potential obligations as contingent liabilities. These contingent consideration liabilities are recorded at fair value on the acquisition date and are re-measured regularly based on the then assessed fair value and adjusted if necessary. As of December 31, 2018, the total of these contingent liabilities was $24.98 million, of which $11.21 million is reported in long-term liabilities, and $13.77 million is included in current liabilities in the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheet. As of December 31, 2017 the total of these contingent liabilities was $37.1 million.
Operating Activities
For the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 the Company generated $89.9 million of net cash flow from operating activities compared to $76.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2017, representing an increase of $13.1 million or 17%. The major sources of cash provided by our operating activities during 2018 included net income of $93.1 million, $(58) thousand of net income attributable to a non-controlling interest, net of $(13.0) million of deferred tax benefits, $11.3 million of depreciation and amortization, $2.8 million of non-cash share-based compensation, $2.2 million of amortization expense for capitalized software development costs, and $(5.7) million of working capital requirements primarily due to increased outstanding trade accounts receivables, deferred revenue and other assets.

For the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 the Company generated $76.8 million of net cash flow from operating activities compared to $86.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2016, representing a decrease of $9.8 million or 11%. The major sources of cash provided by our operating activities during 2017 included net income of $100.6 million, $2.0 million of net income attributable to a non-controlling interest, net of $(13.7) million of deferred tax benefits, $11.1 million of depreciation and amortization, $2.8 million of non-cash share-based compensation, $2.2 million of amortization expense for capitalized software development costs, and $(28.5) million of working capital requirements primarily due to increased outstanding trade accounts receivables.
    
Investing Activities

Net cash used for investing activities during the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 totaled $251.6 million and consisted of $232.6 million used for the acquisitions during the year (net of cash acquired), $3.8 million paid in connection with the fulfillment of earnout payment obligations from a prior business acquisition made in 2017, $10.4 million of capital expenditures mainly in India to support our growing operations, $5.7 million used and capitalized in connection with the development of software to be sold and marketed, and $4.1 million used to purchase marketable securities (specifically bank certificates of deposit). Partially offsetting these outflows was $5.0 million received from Paul Merchants for a 10% equity interest in Ebix’s combined international remittance business in India.
    
Net cash used for investing activities during the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 totaled $207.1 million and consisted of $37.4 million used for the acquisition of Paul Merchants, $67.8 million (net of cash acquired) used for the acquisition of Via, $7.0 million used for the acquisition of Wall Street, $9.7 million (net of cash acquired) used for the acquisition of YouFirst, $1.0 million used for the acquisition of beBetter, $69.3 million (net of cash acquired) used for the acquisition of ItzCash, $4.0 million to fund an escrow account for possible future contingent earnout payment, $1.9 million was paid in connection with the fulfillment of earnout payment obligations from a prior business acquisition made in 2013, $7.4 million used for the continued build out of our corporate headquarters office campus in Johns Creek, Georgia and the build out of our buildings in India to support our growing product development facilities, $2.8 million used and capitalized in connection with the development of software to be sold and marketed, partially offset by the $1.2 million provided in the net maturities of marketable securities (specifically bank certificates of deposit).
Financing Activities
    
Net cash provided by financing activities during the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 was $256.1 million, and primarily consisted of $150.0 million provided by the Company's revolving credit facility with Regions (net of payments and including accordion option), $175.5 million provided by the Company's term loan (including accordion option) with Regions. Partially offsetting this cash inflow was $40.8 million used to reacquire 797 thousand shares of the Company's common stock, $9.3 million used to pay quarterly dividends to the holders of our common stock, $10.0 million used to make scheduled payments against the Regions term loan, a $8.3 million short term loan to a third party, and $769 thousand used by overdraft facilities for our India operations.


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Net cash provided by financing activities during the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 was $78.0 million, and primarily consisted of $120.5 million provided by the Company's revolving credit facility with Regions, $20.0 million provided by the Company's term loan accordion option with Regions, and $6.2 million provided by Via's, our recent India acquisition, overdraft facility with State bank of India. Partially offsetting this cash inflow was $45.7 million used to reacquire 796 thousand shares of the Company's common stock, $9.5 million used to pay quarterly dividends to the holders of our common stock, and $13.0 million used to make scheduled payments against the Regions term loan.
Commercial Bank Financing Facility

On November 27, 2018, Ebix entered into the Eighth Amendment (the “Eighth Amendment”) to the Regions Secured Credit Facility, dated August 5, 2014, among the Company, Regions and certain other lenders party thereto (as amended, the "Credit Agreement") to exercise $101.3 million of its aggregate $150 million accordion option, increasing the total Term Loan Commitment to $301.3 million from $250 million, with initial repayments starting December 31, 2018 due in the amount of $3.8 million for the first six quarters and increasing thereafter. The revolving credit facility increased from $400 million to $450 million. The Credit Agreement carries a leverage-based LIBOR related interest rate, which currently stands at approximately 4.875%. The expanded credit facility will continue to be used to fund the Company's future growth and share repurchase initiatives.

On April 9, 2018 the Company and certain of its subsidiaries entered into the Seventh Amendment (the “Seventh Amendment”) to the Regions Secured Credit Facility increasing the permitted indebtedness in the form of unsecured convertible notes from $250 million to $300 million.

On February 21, 2018, Ebix, Inc. and certain of its subsidiaries entered into the Sixth Amendment (the “Sixth Amendment”) to the Regions Secured Credit Facility, dated August 5, 2014, among the Company, Regions Bank as Administrative and Collateral Agent ("Regions") and certain other lenders party thereto (as amended, the "Credit Agreement"). The Sixth Amendment amends the Credit Agreement by increasing its existing credit facility from $450 million to $650 million, to assist in funding its growth. The increase in the bank line was the result of many members of the existing bank group expanding their share of the credit facility and the addition of BBVA Compass and Bank of the West to the Banking Syndicate, which diversifies Ebix’s lending group under the credit facility to ten participants. The syndicated bank group now comprises ten leading financial institutions that include Regions Bank, PNC Bank, BMO Harris Bank, BBVA Compass, Fifth Third Bank, KeyBank, Bank of the West, Silicon Valley Bank, Cadence Bank and Trustmark National Bank. Regions Bank continued to lead the banking group while serving as the administrative and collateral agent. PNC Bank and BMO Harris Bank were added as co-syndication agents, BBVA Compass and Fifth Third Bank as co-documentation agent, while Regions Capital Markets, PNC Capital Markets and BMO Harris Bank acted as joint lead arrangers and joint bookrunners. The new credit facility has the following key components: A five-year term loan for $250 million, with initial repayments starting June 30, 2018 due in the amount $3.13 million for the first eight quarters and increasing thereafter and a five-year revolving credit facility for $400 million. The new credit facility also allows for up to $150 million of incremental facilities.

On November 3, 2017 the Company and certain of its subsidiaries entered into the Fifth Amendment (the “Fifth Amendment”) to the Regions Secured Credit Facility, dated August 5, 2014, among the Company, Regions Bank as Administrative and Collateral Agent ("Regions") and certain other lenders party thereto (as amended, the "Credit Agreement") to exercise $50 million of its aggregate $100 million accordion option, increasing the total Term Loan Commitment to $175 million. $20 million of the increase was funded on November 3, 2017 and the remaining $30 million shall be disbursed upon the satisfaction of certain closing requirements set forth in the Fifth Amendment. Both such disbursements are tied to permitted acquisitions as set forth in the Fifth Amendment.

On November 3, 2017, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries entered into the Fourth Amendment and Waiver (the “Fourth Amendment”) to the Credit Agreement. The Fourth Amendment waives certain technical defaults related to the failure to give required notice with respect to i) the existence of a subsidiary having intellectual property with an aggregate value above a stipulated amount and ii) the additional investment in a joint venture entity resulting in that entity becoming a subsidiary of the Company for the purpose of the Credit Agreement. In addition to such waiver, the Fourth Amendment also loosened the leverage ratios the Company is required to satisfy in connection with permitted acquisitions and for compliance generally.

On October 19, 2017, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries entered into the Third Amendment and Waiver (the “Third Amendment”) to the Credit Agreement. The Third Amendment waives certain technical defaults related to the Company’s making certain restricted payments in excess of those permitted under the Credit Agreement. In addition to such waiver, the Third Amendment also loosened the limitations on the restricted payment covenant under the Credit Agreement.


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On June 17, 2016, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries entered into the Second Amendment (the “Second Amendment”) to the Credit Agreement. The Second Amendment increased the total credit facility to $400 million from the prior amount of $240 million, and expanded the syndicated bank group to eleven participants by adding seven new participants which included PNC Bank, National Association BMO Harris Bank N.A., Key Bank National Association, HSBC Bank National, Cadence Bank, the Toronto-Dominion Bank (New York Branch), and Trustmark National Bank. The Credit Agreement consisted of a five-year revolving credit component in the amount of $275 million, and a five-year term loan component in the amount of $125 million, with repayments of $3.13 million due each quarter, starting September 30, 2016. The Credit Agreement also contained an accordion feature, which if exercised and approved by all credit parties, would expand the total borrowing capacity under the syndicated credit facility to $500 million.
Effective October 14, 2015 the Company, in coordination with Regions as administrative agent and a joint lender, exercised the $50 million accordion feature in the Credit Agreement thereby expanding the total credit facility to $240 million. As part of this credit facility expansion, TD Bank, NA ("TD") was added to the syndication group expanding the syndicated group to five bank participants, which included Regions, MUFG Union Bank N.A., Fifth Third Bank, and Silicon Valley Bank as joint lenders. TD commitment level is $25 million.
On February 3, 2015, Ebix, Inc. and certain of its subsidiaries entered into the First Amendment (the “First Amendment”) to the Credit Agreement. The First Amendment amended the Regions Credit Facility by increasing the maximum amount by which the Aggregate Revolving Commitments may be increased by $90 million from the pre-existing limit of $50 million, increased the amount of base facility to $190 million from the pre-existing amount of $150 million, which together with the $50 million accordion feature increased the total Credit Agreement capacity amount to $240 million from the prior amount of $200 million, and added Fifth Third Bank to the syndicated group, which included four participants, which included Regions, MUFG Union Bank N.A., and Silicon Valley Bank as joint lenders.
At December 31, 2018, the outstanding balance on the revolving line of credit with Regions was $424.5 million and the facility carried an interest rate of 4.875%. This balance is included in the long-term liabilities section of the Consolidated Balance Sheets. During 2018, the average and maximum outstanding balances on the revolving line of credit were $318.9 million and $424.5 million, respectively, and the weighted average interest rate was 4.51%

At December 31, 2018, the outstanding balance on the term loan was $291.2 million of which $15.1 million is due within the next twelve months. This term loan also carried an interest rate of 4.875%. The current and long-term portions of the term loan are included in the respective current and long-term sections of the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, the amounts of which were $15.1 million and $276.2 million respectively at December 31, 2018.

Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments
The following table summarizes our known contractual debt and lease obligations as of December 31, 2018. The table excludes commitments that are contingent based on events or factors uncertain at this time.
 
 
Payment Due by Period
 
 
Total
 
Less Than
1 Year
 
1 - 3 Years
 
3 - 5 Years
 
More than
5 years
 
 
(in thousands)
Revolving line of credit
 
$
424,537

 
$

 
$

 
$
424,537

 
$

Short and long-term debt
 
295,225

 
19,053

 
43,305

 
232,867

 

Operating leases
 
141,501

 
34,189

 
58,768

 
45,245

 
3,299

Future Purchase Agreements
 
406

 
406

 

 

 

Capital leases
 
533

 
266

 
185

 
82

 

Total
 
$
862,202

 
$
53,914

 
$
102,258

 
$
702,731

 
$
3,299


Off Balance Sheet Transactions
We do not engage in off-balance sheet financing activities.
Inflation

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We do not believe that the rate of inflation has had a material effect on our operating results. However, inflation could adversely affect our future operating results.


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RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS - The following is a brief discussion of recently released accounting pronouncements that are pertinent to the Company's business:
In August 2018 the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820) Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. ASU 2018-13 is intended to improve the effectiveness Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820’s disclosure requirements. The amendments in this ASU are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within that fiscal year. The Company has yet to assess the impact that the adoption of this ASU will have on Ebix's consolidated income statement and balance sheet.
In June 2018 the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718) Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting. ASU 2018-07 is intended to reduce cost and complexity and to improve financial reporting for share-based payments to nonemployees. The amendments in this ASU are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that fiscal year. The adoption of ASU 2018-07 did not impact our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In February 2018, the FASB issued 2018-02, Income Statement-Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income. The ASU provides that the stranded tax effects from the Tax Act in accumulated other comprehensive loss may be reclassified to retained earnings. The amendments in this ASU are effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The adoption of ASU 2018-02 did not impact our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
In January 2017 the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350) Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. To simplify the subsequent measurement of goodwill, the FASB eliminated Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. In computing the implied fair value of goodwill under Step 2, an entity had to perform procedures to determine the fair value at the impairment testing date of its assets and liabilities (including unrecognized assets and liabilities). Instead, under the amendments in this ASU, an entity should perform its annual, or interim, goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. A public business entity filer should adopt the amendments in this ASU for its annual or any interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company has yet to assess the impact that the adoption of this ASU will have on Ebix's consolidated income statement and balance sheet.
In January 2017 the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805) Clarifying the Definition of a Business which amended the existing FASB ASC. The standard provides additional guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. The definition of a business affects many areas of accounting, including acquisitions, disposals, goodwill, and consolidation. ASU 2017-01 is effective for fiscal 2019 with early adoption permitted. The adoption of ASU 2018-01 did not impact our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
In November 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flow (Topic 230) Restricted Cash (A Consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force) which amends ASC 230 to add or clarify guidance on the classification and presentation of restricted cash in the statement of cash flows. The amendments in this ASU require that a statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. Therefore, amounts generally described as restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents should be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. The amendments are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The amendments in this ASU should be applied using a retrospective transition method to each period presented. The Company adopted the new guidance on January 1, 2018 with no material impact to its statement of cash flows. For the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company held $8.3 million and $4.0 million, respectively, in "Restricted cash" and $3.5 million and $2.9 million, respectively, in "Other long-term assets" of the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.
    In October 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-16, Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory. Current GAAP prohibits the recognition of current and deferred income taxes for an intra-entity asset transfer until the asset has been sold to an outside party. This prohibition on recognition is an exception to the principle of comprehensive recognition of current and deferred income taxes in GAAP. The amendments specified by ASU 2016-16 require an entity to recognize the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs. The amendments eliminate the exception for an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory. Two common examples of assets included in the scope of the amendments are intellectual property, and property, plant and equipment. The amendments do not include new disclosure requirements; however, existing disclosure requirements might be applicable when accounting for the current and deferred income taxes for an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory. The amendments align the recognition of income tax consequences for intra-entity transfers of assets other than inventory with International Financial Reporting Standards. IAS 12, Income Taxes,

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requires recognition of current and deferred income taxes resulting from an intra-entity transfer of any asset (including inventory) when the transfer occurs. The amendments are effective for public business entities for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods within those annual reporting periods. Early adoption is permitted for all entities in the first interim period if an entity issues interim financial statements. The amendments should be applied on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment directly to retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption. The Company adopted the new guidance on January 1, 2018 with no material impact to its consolidated financial statements.
In August 2016 the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15 Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments. This ASU addresses the following eight specific cash flow issues: Contingent consideration payments made after a business combination; distributions received from equity method investees; debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs; settlement of zero-coupon debt instruments or other debt instruments with coupon interest rates that are insignificant in relation to the effective interest rate of the borrowing; proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims; proceeds from the settlement of corporate-owned life insurance policies and bank-owned life insurance policies; and beneficial interests in securitization transactions; and also addresses separately identifiable cash flows and application of the predominance principle. The amendments in this ASU apply to all entities, including both business entities and not-for-profit entities that are required to present a statement of cash flows under Topic 230. The amendments are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. The amendments should be applied using a retrospective transition method to each period presented. If it is impracticable to apply the amendments retrospectively for some of the issues, the ASU for those issuers would be applied prospectively as of the earliest date practicable. The Company adopted the new guidance on January 1, 2018 with no material impact to its consolidated financial statements.
In February 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). This new accounting guidance is intended to improve financial reporting about leasing transactions. The ASU affects all companies and other organizations that lease assets such as real estate, airplanes, and manufacturing equipment. The ASU will require organizations that lease assets referred to as “Lessees” to recognize on the balance sheet the assets and liabilities for the rights and obligations created by those leases. An organization is to provide disclosures designed to enable users of financial statements to understand the amount, timing, and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. These disclosures include qualitative and quantitative requirements concerning additional information about the amounts recorded in the financial statements. Under the new guidance, a lessee will be required to recognize assets and liabilities for leases with lease terms of more than twelve months. Consistent with current GAAP, the recognition, measurement, and presentation of expenses and cash flows arising from a lease by a lessee primarily will depend on its classification as a finance or operating lease. However, unlike current GAAP which requires only capital leases to be recognized on the balance sheet the new ASU will require both types of leases (i.e., operating and capital) to be recognized on the balance sheet. The FASB lessee accounting model will continue to account for both types of leases. The capital lease will be accounted for in substantially the same manner as capital leases are accounted for under existing GAAP. For operating leases there will have to be the recognition of a lease liability and a lease asset for all such leases greater than one year in term. Public companies will be required to adopt the new leasing standard for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted for all companies and organizations. For calendar year-end public companies, this means an adoption date of January 1, 2019 and retrospective application to previously issued annual and interim financial statements for 2018 and 2017. Lessees with a large portfolio of leases are likely to see a significant increase in balance sheet assets and liabilities. See Note 5 for the Company’s current lease commitments. We will adopt Topic 842 effective January 1, 2019 using a modified retrospective method and will not restate comparative periods. As permitted under the transition guidance, we will carry forward the assessment of whether our contracts contain or are leases, classification of our leases and remaining lease terms. Based on our portfolio of leases as of December 31, 2018, approximately between $140 million and $150 million of lease assets and liabilities will be recognized on our balance sheet upon adoption, primarily relating to real estate. We are substantially complete with our implementation efforts.
    
APPLICATION OF CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP, as promulgated in the United States, requires our management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenues and expenses and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities in our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. We believe the most complex and sensitive judgments, because of their significance to the consolidated financial statements, result primarily from the need to make estimates and assumptions about the effects of matters that are inherently uncertain. The following accounting policies involve the use of “critical accounting estimates” because they are particularly dependent on estimates and assumptions made by management about matters that are uncertain at the time the accounting estimates are made. In addition, while we have used our best estimates based on facts and circumstances available to us at the time, different estimates reasonably could have been used in the current period, or changes in the accounting estimates that we used are reasonably likely to occur

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from period to period which may have a material impact on our financial condition and results of operations. For additional information about these policies, see Note 1 "Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in this Form 10-K. Although we believe that our estimates, assumptions and judgments are reasonable, they are limited based upon information presently available. Actual results may differ significantly from these estimates under different assumptions, judgments or conditions.
Revenue Recognition
The Company derives its revenues primarily from professional and support services, which includes revenue generated from subscription and transaction fees pertaining to services delivered over our exchanges or from our application service provider (“ASP”) platforms, software development projects and associated fees for consulting, implementation, training, and project management provided to customers using our systems, and risk compliance solutions ("RCS"). Sales and value-added taxes are not included in revenues, but rather are recorded as a liability until the taxes assessed are remitted to the respective taxing authorities.
The Company follows the relevant technical accounting guidance regarding revenue recognition as issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") and the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). The Company considers revenue earned and realizable when: (a) persuasive evidence of the sales arrangement exists, (b) the arrangement fee is fixed or determinable, (c) service delivery or performance has occurred, (d) customer acceptance has been received or is reasonably assured, if contractually required, and (e) collectability of the arrangement fee is probable. The Company typically uses signed contractual agreements, purchase orders, or statements of work as persuasive evidence of a sales arrangement. We apply the provisions of the relevant FASB accounting pronouncements related to all transactions involving the license of software where the software deliverables are considered more than inconsequential to the other elements in the arrangement. For contracts that contain multiple deliverables, we analyze the revenue arrangements in accordance with the appropriate authoritative guidance, which provides criteria governing how to determine whether goods or services that are delivered separately in a bundled sales arrangement should be considered as separate units of accounting for the purpose of revenue recognition. Deliverables are accounted for separately if they meet all of the following criteria: a) the delivered item has value to the customer on a stand-alone basis; b) there is objective and reliable evidence of the fair value for all arrangement deliverables; and c) if the arrangement includes a general right of return relative to the delivered items, the delivery or performance of the undelivered items is probable and substantially controlled by the Company. Under the relevant accounting guidance, when multiple-deliverables included in an arrangement are to be separated into different units of accounting, the arrangement consideration is allocated to the identified separate units of accounting based on their relative fair values. We determine the relative selling price for a deliverable based on vendor-specific objective evidence of selling price (“VSOE”), if available, or third-party evidence ("TPE") in the alternative if available, or finally our best estimate of selling price (“BESP”), if VSOE or TPE is not available.
The Company begins to recognize revenue from license fees for its exchange (SAAS) and ASP products upon granting customer access to the respective processing platform. Transaction services fee revenue for this use of our exchanges or ASP platforms is recognized as the transactions occur and is generally billed in arrears. Revenues from RCS arrangements, which include data entry and call center services, and insurance certificate creation and tracking services, are recognized as the services are performed. Revenues from RCS consulting arrangements are recognized as the services are delivered on a time and materials basis. Service fees for hosting arrangements are recognized over the requisite service period. Revenue derived from the licensing of third party software products in connection with sales of the Company’s software licenses is recognized upon delivery together with the Company’s licensed software products. Fees for training, data conversion, installation, and consulting services fees are recognized as revenue when the services are performed. Revenues for maintenance and support services are recognized ratably over the term of the support agreement.
Software development arrangements involving significant customization, modification or production are accounted for in accordance with the appropriate technical accounting guidance issued by the FASB using the percentage-of-completion method. The Company recognizes revenue using periodic reported actual hours worked as a percentage of total expected hours required to complete the project arrangement and applies the percentage to the total arrangement fee.
    
Financial exchange revenue is comprised of primarily transaction based fees, recognized at the completion of the transactions, for facilitating financial, travel, and transport transactions through our EbixCash network.  Financial and insurance transaction revenue is based on a percentage of payment value processed for inward and outward remittances, foreign exchange conversions, lending and wealth management, insurance, corporate and retail gift vouchers, and consumer payments.  Gift voucher revenue is recognized at full purchase value at time of sale with the corresponding cost of vouchers recorded under direct expenses.  Travel revenue is typically either a fixed or percentage fee for facilitating the booking for air, hotels, trains, buses, and cabs for both corporate and private travel along with event planning.  Travel revenue for the corporate MICE (Meetings, Incentives, Conferences, and Exhibitions) packages is recognized at full purchase value at the completion of the obligation with the corresponding costs recorded under direct expenses.  The transport transactions are focused on logistics for the trucking industry,

48


bus management for local India governments, and inter-city cab management with revenue recorded at the full trip value and corresponding costs recorded as direct expenses.

Deferred revenue includes payments or billings that have been received or made prior to performance and, in certain cases, cash collections and primarily pertain to maintenance and support fees, initial setup or registration fees under hosting agreements, software license fees received in advance of delivery and acceptance, and software development fees paid in advance of completion and delivery.
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers ("Topic 606"). Topic 606 outlines a single comprehensive model for companies to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers, and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-08, Principal Versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross Versus Net), which amends the principal-versus-agent implementation guidance and in April 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-10, Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing, which amends the guidance in those areas in the new revenue recognition standard.
Under Topic 606, revenue is recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to our customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services.
We determine revenue recognition through the following steps:
identification of the contract, or contracts, with a customer;
identification of the performance obligations in the contract;
determination of the transaction price;
allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and
recognition of revenue when, or as, we satisfy a performance obligation.

For contracts that contain multiple deliverables, we analyze the revenue arrangements in accordance with the relevant technical accounting guidance, which provides criteria governing how to determine whether goods or services that are delivered separately in a bundled sales arrangement should be considered as separate performance obligations for the purpose of revenue recognition. These types of arrangements include obligations pertaining to software licenses, system set-up, and professional services associated with product customization or modification. Delivery of the various contractual obligations typically occurs over periods of less than eighteen months. These arrangements generally do not have refund provisions or have very limited refund terms.
The Company adopted Topic 606 as of January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method and applying the new standard to those contracts which were not completed as of January 1, 2018. Therefore, the comparative financial information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods. The adoption resulted in a decrease to retained earnings, net of tax effect, of $8.8 million for the cumulative effect of applying the Topic 606. This decrease was principally driven by the deferral of certain services revenues associated with programming, setup, and implementation activities related to our SaaS offering and changes related to costs to obtain customers, including the related amortization period.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts Receivable
Management specifically analyzes the aging of accounts receivable and historical bad debts, write-offs, customer concentrations, customer credit-worthiness, current economic trends, and changes in our customer payment patterns when evaluating the adequacy of the allowance for doubtful accounts receivable.
Valuation of Goodwill
Goodwill represents the cost in excess of the fair value of the identifiable net assets from the businesses that we acquire. In accordance with the relevant FASB accounting guidance, goodwill is tested for impairment at the reporting unit level on an annual basis or on an interim basis if an event occurred or circumstances change that would indicate that fair value of a reporting unit decreased below its carrying value. Potential impairment indicators include a significant change in the business climate, legal factors, operating performance indicators, competition, customer retention and the sale or disposition of a significant portion of the business. The Company first assesses certain qualitative factors to determine whether the existence of events or circumstances would indicate that it is more likely than not that the fair value of any of our reporting units was less than its carrying amount. If after assessing the totality of events or circumstances, we were to determine that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, then we would perform the two-step quantitative impairment testing described further below.

49


 The aforementioned two-step quantitative testing process involves comparing the reporting unit carrying values to their respective fair values; we determine fair value of our reporting units by applying the discounted cash flow method using the present value of future estimated net cash flows. If the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds its carrying value, then no further testing is required. However, if a reporting unit’s fair value were to be less than its carrying value, we would then determine the amount of the impairment charge, if any, which would be the amount that the carrying value of the reporting unit’s goodwill exceeded its implied value. We perform our annual goodwill impairment evaluation and testing as of September 30 each year. In 2018 the goodwill residing in all four channels,  the Broker reporting unit , the Exchange  reporting unit, the RCS reporting unit, and the Carrier reporting unit were evaluated for impairment using step-one of the quantitative testing process described above. The fair value of all of these reporting units was found to be greater than their carrying value,  thus there was no impairment indicated. Key assumptions used in the fair value determinations for the groups were annual revenue growth rates of 5% to 9% for the RCS, Carrier and Broker units.The Exchange units growth rates used in the calculations varied from 10% to 14%. As of September 30, 2018 there was $80.8 million of goodwill assigned to the RCS reporting unit. A significant reduction in future revenues for the RCS reporting unit would negatively affect the fair value determination for this unit and may result in an impairment to goodwill and a corresponding charge against earnings. During the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017, and 2016, we had no impairment of any our reporting unit goodwill balances.
    
Projections of cash flows are based on our views of revenue growth rates, operating costs, anticipated future economic conditions, the appropriate discount rates relative to risk, and estimates of residual values and terminal values. We believe that our estimates are consistent with assumptions that marketplace participants would use in their estimates of fair value. The use of different estimates or assumptions for our projected discounted cash flows (e.g., revenue growth rates, future economic conditions, discount rates, and estimates of terminal values) when determining the fair value of our reporting units could result in different values and may result in a goodwill impairment charge. As a practice, the Company closely monitors any reporting units that do not have a significantly higher fair value in excess of their carrying value.
Income Taxes
We account for income taxes in accordance with FASB accounting guidance on the accounting and disclosure of income taxes, which involves estimating the Company’s current tax exposure together with assessing temporary differences resulting from differing treatment of items for tax and accounting purposes. These differences result in deferred tax assets and liabilities, which are included in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. We then assess the likelihood that our net deferred tax assets will be recovered from future taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled, and, to the extent we believe that recovery is not likely, we establish a valuation allowance.

On December 22, 2017, the TCJA was enacted, substantially changing the U.S. tax system and affecting the Company in a number of ways. Notably, the TCJA: establishes a flat corporate income tax rate of 21.0% on U.S. earnings; imposes a one-time tax on unremitted cumulative non-U.S. earnings of foreign subsidiaries (“Transition Tax”);imposes a new minimum tax on certain non-U.S. earnings, irrespective of the territorial system of taxation, and generally allows for the repatriation of future earnings of foreign subsidiaries without incurring additional U.S. taxes by transitioning to a territorial system of taxation; subjects certain payments made by a U.S. company to a related foreign company to certain minimum taxes (Base Erosion Anti-Abuse Tax); eliminates certain prior tax incentives for manufacturing in the United States and creates an incentive for U.S. companies to sell, lease or license goods and services abroad by allowing for a reduction in taxes owed on earnings related to such sales; allows the cost of investments in certain depreciable assets acquired and placed in service after September 27, 2017 to be immediately expensed; and reduces deductions with respect to certain compensation paid to specified executive officers.

In March 2018, the FASB Issued ASU No. 2018-05, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC SAB No. 118. ASU 2018-05 was issued to incorporate into Topic 740 recent SEC guidance related to the income tax accounting implications of the TCJA. Due to the complexities involved in accounting for the enactment of the TCJA, the SEC Staff had issued SAB No. 118 which allowed the Company to record provisional amounts in earnings for the year ended December 31, 2017. ASU 2018-05 became effective immediately and permitted companies to use provisional amounts for certain income tax effects of the TCJA during a one-year measurement period. The Transition Tax is based on the Company’s total post-1986 earnings and profits that were previously deferred from U.S. income taxes. The Company did not recorded an amount for the Transition Tax expense in 2017, as they did not have the necessary information to determine a reasonable estimate to include as a provisional amount.The Company completed its tax accounting for the TCJA during Q4 2018 and recorded an adjustment of $24.53 million related to the transition tax after taking into consideration carried forward NOLs and other tax attributes available for set-off.
The Company does not recognize a deferred U.S. tax liability and associated income tax expense for the undistributed earnings of its foreign subsidiaries, which are considered indefinitely invested because those foreign earnings will remain permanently reinvested in those subsidiaries to fund ongoing operations and growth.

50


The Company follows the provisions of FASB accounting guidance on accounting for uncertain income tax positions. This guidance clarified the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes by prescribing the minimum recognition threshold a tax position is required to meet before being recognized in the financial statements. The guidance utilizes a two-step approach for evaluating tax positions. Recognition (“Step 1”) occurs when an enterprise concludes that a tax position, based solely on its technical merits is more likely than not to be sustained upon examination. Measurement (“Step 2”) is only addressed if Step 1 has been satisfied. Under Step 2, the tax benefit is measured at the largest amount of benefit, determined on a cumulative probability basis that is more likely than not to be realized upon final settlement. As used in this context, the term “more likely than not” is interpreted to mean that the likelihood of occurrence is greater than 50%.
Foreign Currency Translation
The functional currency for the Company's main foreign subsidiaries in India, Dubai and Singapore is the U.S. dollar because the intellectual property research and development activities provided by its Singapore and Dubai subsidiaries, and the product development and information technology enabled services activities for the insurance industry provided by its India subsidiary, both in support of Ebix's operating divisions across the world, are transacted in U.S. dollars.
The functional currency of the Company's other foreign subsidiaries is the local currency of the country in which the subsidiary operates. The assets and liabilities of these foreign subsidiaries are translated into U.S. dollars at the rates of exchange at the balance sheet dates. Income and expense accounts are translated at the average exchange rates in effect during the period. Gains and losses resulting from translation adjustments are included as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Foreign exchange transaction gains and losses that are derived from transactions denominated in a currency other than the subsidiary's functional currency are included in the determination of net income.
Quarterly Financial Information (unaudited):
The following is the unaudited quarterly financial information for 2018, 2017 and 2016:
 
 
First
Quarter
 
Second
Quarter
 
Third
Quarter
 
Fourth
Quarter
 
 
(in thousands, except per share data)
Year Ended December 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total revenues
 
$
108,230

 
$
124,626

 
$
128,643

 
$
136,327

Gross profit
 
68,639

 
81,067

 
85,680

 
94,025

Operating income
 
33,896

 
38,315

 
39,238

 
41,530

Net income attributable to Ebix, Inc.
 
$
26,208


$
29,180


$
29,242


$
8,509

Net income per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
0.83

 
$
0.93

 
$
0.93

 
$
0.27

Diluted
 
$
0.83

 
$
0.92

 
$
0.92

 
$
0.27

Year Ended December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total revenues
 
$
79,103

 
$
87,387

 
$
92,800

 
$
104,681

Gross profit
 
53,916

 
56,455

 
57,863

 
66,243

Operating income
 
25,690

 
26,539

 
27,911

 
33,081

Net income
 
26,427

 
23,434

 
24,184

 
26,573

Net income per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
0.83

 
$
0.74

 
$
0.77

 
$
0.84

Diluted
 
$
0.83

 
$
0.74

 
$
0.76

 
$
0.84

Year Ended December 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total revenues
 
$
71,066

 
$
72,574

 
$
74,608

 
$
80,046

Gross profit
 
51,464

 
51,995

 
52,183

 
57,524

Operating income
 
24,763

 
23,564

 
24,293

 
27,661

Net income
 
22,159

 
22,992

 
24,067

 
24,629

Net income per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
0.67

 
$
0.70

 
$
0.74

 
$
0.76

Diluted
 
$
0.67

 
$
0.70

 
$
0.74

 
$
0.76



51


Item 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
The Company is subject to certain market risks, including foreign currency exchange rates and interest rates. The Company’s exposure to foreign currency exchange rates risk is related to our foreign-based operations where transactions are denominated in foreign currencies and are subject to market risk with respect to fluctuations in the relative value of those currencies. A majority of the Company’s operations are based in the U.S., furthermore the functional currencies in our main India and Singapore offices is the U.S. dollar, and accordingly, a large portion of our business transactions are denominated in U.S. dollars. However, the Company has operations in Australia, India, New Zealand, Great Britain, Canada, Brazil, Dubai, Singapore, Philippines, Indonesia, and United Arab Emirates where we conduct transactions in the local currencies of each of these locations. There can be no assurance that fluctuations in the value of those foreign currencies will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, operating results, revenues or financial condition. During the years of 2018 and 2017 the net change in the cumulative foreign currency translation account, which is a component of stockholders’ equity, was an unrealized gain (loss) of $(39.4) million, and $9.7 million, respectively. The Company considered the historical trends in currency exchange rates and determined that it was reasonably possible that adverse changes in our respective foreign currency exchange rates of 20% could possibly be experienced in the near term future. Such an adverse change in currency exchange rates would have resulted in a reduction to pre-tax income of approximately $15.8 million and $7.5 million for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
The Company’s exposure to interest rate risk relates to its interest expense on outstanding debt obligations and to its interest income on existing cash balances. As of December 31, 2018 the Company had $719.8 million of outstanding debt obligations which consisted of a $291.2 million term loan, a $424.5 million balance on our commercial banking revolving line of credit, a $1.8 million note due to IHC by the EbixHealth JV, and $2.2 million of previously existing debt pertaining to newly acquired Weizmann. The Company’s revolving line of credit bears interest at the rate of LIBOR + 2.25%, and stood at 4.875% at December 31, 2018. The Company is exposed to market risk in relation to this line of credit and secured term loan in regards to the potential increase to interest expense arising from adverse changes in the LIBOR interest rates. This interest rate risk is estimated as the potential decrease in earnings resulting from a hypothetical 30% increase in the LIBOR rate. Such an adverse change in the LIBOR rate would have resulted in a reduction to pre-tax income of approximately $3.8 million and $1.4 million for the years ending December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The Company’s average cash balances and short term investments during 2018 were $146.4 million and its existing cash balances as of December 31, 2018 was $147.8 million and short term investments was $31.2 million. The Company is exposed to market risk in relation to these cash balances in regards to the potential loss of interest income arising from adverse changes in interest rates. This interest rate risk is estimated as the potential decrease in earnings resulting from a hypothetical 20% decrease in interest rates earned on deposited funds. Such an adverse change in these interest rates would have resulted in a reduction to pre-tax income of approximately $365 thousand and $478 thousand for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.




52


Item 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
See also the “Quarterly Financial Information” included under “Item 7: Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.


53


REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

The Board of Directors and Stockholders of Ebix, Inc.


Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Ebix, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2018, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the year ended as of December 31, 2018, and related notes (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the company as of December 31, 2018, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2018, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2018, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO), and our report dated March 1, 2019 expressed an unqualified opinion on the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

Basis of Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audit also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

T R Chadha & Co LLP

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2018.

New Delhi, India
March 1, 2019


54


REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

The Board of Directors and Stockholders of Ebix, Inc.

Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Ebix, Inc. and subsidiaries (the Company) as of December 31, 2017, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2017, and related notes and accompanying financial statements listed in the index at item 15 (collectively referred to as the consolidated financial statements). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2017, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2017, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2017, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO), and our report dated March 1, 2018, expressed an adverse opinion.

Basis for Opinion
These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Cherry Bekaert LLP

We served as the Company’s auditor since 2008 until 2017.
Atlanta, Georgia
March 1, 2018


55


Ebix, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Income


 
Year Ended December 31, 2018
 
Year Ended December 31, 2017
 
Year Ended December 31, 2016
 
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
Operating revenue:
$
497,826

 
$
363,971

 
$
298,294

 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Costs of services provided
168,415

 
129,494

 
85,128

Product development
39,078

 
33,854

 
32,981

Sales and marketing
17,587

 
16,303

 
17,469

General and administrative, net (see Note 3)
108,475

 
59,976

 
51,689

Amortization and depreciation
11,292

 
11,123

 
10,746

Total operating expenses
344,847

 
250,750

 
198,013

 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income
152,979

 
113,221

 
100,281

Interest income
436

 
1,711

 
1,851

Interest expense
(27,101
)
 
(13,383
)
 
(7,376
)
Non-operating income (see Note 18)
60

 

 
1,162

Foreign currency exchange gain (loss)
(792
)
 
1,811

 
13

Income before income taxes
125,582

 
103,360

 
95,931

Income tax provision
(32,501
)
 
(777
)
 
(1,637
)
Net income including noncontrolling interest
$
93,081

 
$
102,583

 
$
94,294

Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest (see Note 18)
(58
)
 
1,965

 
447

Net income attributable to Ebix, Inc.
$
93,139

 
$
100,618

 
$
93,847

Basic earnings per common share
$
2.97

 
$
3.19

 
$
2.88

Diluted earnings per common share
$
2.95

 
$
3.17

 
$
2.86

Basic weighted average shares outstanding
31,393

 
31,552

 
32,603

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding
31,534

 
31,719

 
32,863


See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.



56


Ebix, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income




 
 
Year Ended December 31, 2018
 
Year Ended December 31, 2017
 
Year Ended December 31, 2016
 
 
(In thousands)
Net income including noncontrolling interest
 
$
93,081

 
$
102,583

 
$
94,294

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
                Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
(39,354
)
 
9,654

 
(3,399
)
                                Total other comprehensive income (loss)
 
(39,354
)
 
9,654

 
(3,399
)
Comprehensive income
 
$
53,727

 
$
112,237

 
$
90,895

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest (see Note 18)
 
(58
)

1,965


447

Comprehensive income attributable to Ebix, Inc.