Company Quick10K Filing
Fannie Mae
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$0.00 5,893 $-0
10-Q 2019-10-31 Quarter: 2019-09-30
10-Q 2019-08-01 Quarter: 2019-06-30
10-Q 2019-05-01 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2019-02-14 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-11-02 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-08-02 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-05-03 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2018-02-14 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-11-02 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-08-03 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-05-05 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2017-02-17 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-11-03 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-08-04 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-05-05 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2016-02-19 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-11-05 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-08-06 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-05-07 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2015-02-20 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-11-06 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-08-07 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-05-08 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2014-02-21 Annual: 2013-12-31
10-Q 2013-11-07 Quarter: 2013-09-30
10-Q 2013-08-08 Quarter: 2013-06-30
10-Q 2013-05-09 Quarter: 2013-03-31
10-K 2013-04-02 Annual: 2012-12-31
10-Q 2012-11-07 Quarter: 2012-09-30
10-Q 2012-08-08 Quarter: 2012-06-30
10-Q 2012-05-09 Quarter: 2012-03-31
10-K 2012-02-29 Annual: 2011-12-31
10-Q 2011-11-08 Quarter: 2011-09-30
10-Q 2011-08-05 Quarter: 2011-06-30
10-Q 2011-05-06 Quarter: 2011-03-31
10-K 2011-02-24 Annual: 2010-12-31
10-Q 2010-11-05 Quarter: 2010-09-30
10-Q 2010-08-05 Quarter: 2010-06-30
10-Q 2010-05-10 Quarter: 2010-03-31
10-K 2010-02-26 Annual: 2009-12-31
8-K 2019-10-31 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-10-28 Officers
8-K 2019-09-27 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2019-08-23 Officers
8-K 2019-08-20 Officers
8-K 2019-08-01 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-01 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-26 Officers
8-K 2019-03-19 Officers
8-K 2019-02-14 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-29 Amend Bylaw, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-20 Officers
8-K 2018-12-19 Officers
8-K 2018-12-12 Officers
8-K 2018-11-02 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-05 Officers
8-K 2018-09-14 Officers
8-K 2018-09-12 Officers
8-K 2018-08-02 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-25 Officers
8-K 2018-07-23 Officers
8-K 2018-07-13 Officers
8-K 2018-05-03 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-14 Earnings, Regulation FD, Exhibits
FNM 2019-09-30
Part I-Financial Information
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 1. Financial Statements
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part Ii-Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-3.1 fanniemaecharteractex31.htm
EX-4.1 fanniemaeq309302019ex41.htm
EX-31.1 fanniemaeq309302019ex311.htm
EX-31.2 fanniemaeq309302019ex312.htm
EX-32.1 fanniemaeq309302019ex321.htm
EX-32.2 fanniemaeq309302019ex322.htm

Fannie Mae Earnings 2019-09-30

FNM 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

Comparables ($MM TTM)
Ticker M Cap Assets Liab Rev G Profit Net Inc EBITDA EV G Margin EV/EBITDA ROA
DAVEY 570 398 1,095 98 32 97 161 9% 1.7 6%
CNHC 12,949 11,626 877 0 149 771 5,714 0% 7.4 1%
TCT 210 12 13 0 11 11 -200 0% -18.3 5%
SEK 302,033 283,794 0 0 0 0 -0 0%
TGSL 4 2 1 0 -1 -1 -0 21% 0.2 -37%
MBCC 216 243 112 0 -7 10 215 0% 21.5 -3%
POYE 0 0 0 0 -0 -0 -0 0.0 -1,973%
VDI 1,766 1,288 779 0 465 632 222 0% 0.4 26%
RMES 1 1 0 0 -0 -0 -0 0.5 -13%
SLDV 25 6 2 0 13 19 -1 0% -0.0 53%

Document
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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2019
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from     to         
Commission file number: 0-50231
Federal National Mortgage Association
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Fannie Mae
Federally chartered corporation
52-0883107
1100 15th Street, NW

 
800
 
232-6643
 
 
 
Washington,
DC
20005
 
 
 
 
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
 
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: 
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
None
N/A
N/A
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes      No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes      No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
 
Smaller reporting company
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No 
As of September 30, 2019, there were 1,158,087,567 shares of common stock of the registrant outstanding.
 



TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
PART I—Financial Information
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
 
Uniform Mortgage-Backed Securities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II—Other Information
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.

Fannie Mae Third Quarter 2019 Form 10-Q
i


 
 
MD&A | Introduction


PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
 
 
 
We have been under conservatorship, with the Federal Housing Finance Agency (“FHFA”) acting as conservator, since September 6, 2008. As conservator, FHFA succeeded to all rights, titles, powers and privileges of the company, and of any shareholder, officer or director of the company with respect to the company and its assets. The conservator has since provided for the exercise of certain authorities by our Board of Directors. Our directors do not have any fiduciary duties to any person or entity except to the conservator and, accordingly, are not obligated to consider the interests of the company, the holders of our equity or debt securities, or the holders of Fannie Mae MBS unless specifically directed to do so by the conservator.
 
 
We do not know when or how the conservatorship will terminate, what further changes to our business will be made during or following conservatorship, what form we will have and what ownership interest, if any, our current common and preferred stockholders will hold in us after the conservatorship is terminated or whether we will continue to exist following conservatorship. Congress and the Administration continue to consider options for reform of the housing finance system, including Fannie Mae. We are not permitted to retain more than $25 billion in capital reserves or to pay dividends or other distributions to stockholders other than the U.S. Department of the Treasury (“Treasury”). Our agreements with Treasury include covenants that significantly restrict our business activities. For additional information on the conservatorship, the uncertainty of our future, our agreements with Treasury, and recent developments relating to housing finance reform, see “Business—Conservatorship, Treasury Agreements and Housing Finance Reform” and “Business—Charter Act and Regulation” in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 (“2018 Form 10-K”), “Legislation and Regulation” in this report, and “Risk Factors” in both this report and our 2018 Form 10-K.
 
 
 
 
You should read this Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes in this report and the more detailed information in our 2018 Form 10-K. You can find a “Glossary of Terms Used in This Report” in the MD&A of our 2018 Form 10-K.
Forward-looking statements in this report are based on management’s current expectations and are subject to significant uncertainties and changes in circumstances, as we describe in “Forward-Looking Statements.” Future events and our future results may differ materially from those reflected in our forward-looking statements due to a variety of factors, including those discussed in “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this report and in our 2018 Form 10-K.
Introduction
 
Fannie Mae’s mission is to provide a stable source of liquidity to support housing for low- and moderate-income Americans. We operate in the secondary mortgage market, primarily working with lenders, who originate loans to borrowers. We do not originate loans or lend money directly to borrowers in the primary mortgage market. Instead, we securitize mortgage loans originated by lenders into Fannie Mae mortgage-backed securities that we guarantee (which we refer to as Fannie Mae MBS or our MBS); purchase mortgage loans and mortgage-related securities, primarily for securitization and sale at a later date; manage mortgage credit risk; and engage in other activities that support access to credit and the supply of affordable housing. Our common stock is traded in the over-the-counter market and quoted on the OTCQB, operated by OTC Markets Group, Inc., under the ticker symbol “FNMA.”
Through our single-family and multifamily business segments, we provided $460 billion in liquidity to the mortgage market in the first nine months of 2019, which enabled the financing of approximately 2.1 million home purchases, refinancings or rental units.
Fannie Mae Provided $460 Billion in Liquidity in the First Nine Months of 2019
 
Unpaid Principal Balance
 
Units
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$240.1B
 
942K
Single-Family Home Purchases
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$167.3B
 
649K
Single-Family Refinancings
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$52.1B
 
548K
Multifamily Rental Units
 
 

Fannie Mae Third Quarter 2019 Form 10-Q
1


 
 
MD&A | Executive Summary


Executive Summary
 
Summary of Our Financial Performance
Quarterly Condensed Consolidated Results
chart-ac90d63b643f5fd09a8.jpg
 
 
Our net income in the third quarter of 2019 remained flat compared with the third quarter of 2018 primarily due to:
an increase in our credit-related income;
offset by a shift from fair value gains to fair value losses.
See “Consolidated Results of Operations” for more information on our financial results.

 
Year-to-Date Condensed Consolidated Results

chart-31fd90da633255fd9d6.jpg
 
 
The decrease in our net income in the first nine months of 2019, compared with the first nine months of 2018, was primarily driven by:
a shift from fair value gains to fair value losses; and
a decrease in net interest income;
partially offset by an increase in our credit-related income.
See “Consolidated Results of Operations” for more information on our financial results.

 
Net worth. Our net worth was $10.3 billion as of September 30, 2019. This amount reflects:
our net worth of $6.4 billion as of June 30, 2019, of which we previously expected to pay Treasury $3.4 billion as a third-quarter 2019 dividend; and
our comprehensive income of $4.0 billion for the third quarter of 2019.
As we describe in “Legislation and Regulation—Letter Agreement with Treasury,” the dividend provisions of our senior preferred stock were modified on September 27, 2019. As a result, no dividends were payable on the senior preferred stock for the third quarter of 2019, as our net worth of $6.4 billion as of June 30, 2019 was lower than the $25 billion capital reserve amount. Additionally, no dividends will be payable on the senior preferred stock for the fourth quarter of 2019, as our net worth of $10.3 billion as of September 30, 2019 was lower than $25 billion.

Fannie Mae Third Quarter 2019 Form 10-Q
2


 
 
MD&A | Executive Summary


Net Worth, Treasury Funding and Senior Preferred Stock Dividends
Treasury has made a commitment under a senior preferred stock purchase agreement to provide funding to us under certain circumstances if we have a net worth deficit. Pursuant to the senior preferred stock purchase agreement, we issued shares of senior preferred stock to Treasury in 2008. We have paid dividends to Treasury on the senior preferred stock on a quarterly basis for every dividend period for which dividends were payable since we entered conservatorship in 2008.
Under the modified dividend provisions of the senior preferred stock described in “Legislation and Regulation—Letter Agreement with Treasury,” effective with the third quarter 2019 dividend period, we are not required to pay further dividends to Treasury until we have accumulated over $25 billion in net worth. Accordingly, no dividends were payable to Treasury for the third quarter of 2019, and none will be payable for the fourth quarter of 2019. Changes in our net worth can be significantly impacted by market conditions that affect our net interest income, fluctuations in the estimated fair value of our derivatives and other financial instruments that we mark to market through our earnings, developments that affect our loss reserves such as changes in interest rates, home prices or accounting standards, or events such as natural disasters, and other factors, as we discuss in “Risk Factors” and “Consolidated Results of Operations” in our 2018 Form 10-K and in this report.
The charts below show information about our net worth, the remaining amount of Treasury’s funding commitment to us, senior preferred stock dividends we have paid Treasury and funds we have drawn from Treasury pursuant to its funding commitment.
chart-d77b9e1a660b6e1f0da.jpgchart-d91710163e0258a9ae1.jpg
(1) 
Aggregate amount of dividends we have paid to Treasury on the senior preferred stock from 2008 through September 30, 2019. Under the terms of the senior preferred stock purchase agreement, dividend payments we make to Treasury do not offset our draws of funds from Treasury.
(2) 
Aggregate amount of funds we have drawn from Treasury pursuant to the senior preferred stock purchase agreement from 2008 through September 30, 2019.
Under the modified liquidation preference provisions of the senior preferred stock described in “Legislation and Regulation—Letter Agreement with Treasury,” the aggregate liquidation preference of the senior preferred stock increased from $123.8 billion as of June 30, 2019 to $127.2 billion as of September 30, 2019 due to the $3.4 billion increase in our net worth during the second quarter of 2019. The aggregate liquidation preference of the senior preferred stock will further increase to $131.2 billion as of December 31, 2019 due to the $4.0 billion increase in our net worth during the third quarter of 2019.
For a description of the terms of the senior preferred stock purchase agreement and the senior preferred stock, see “BusinessConservatorship, Treasury Agreements and Housing Finance Reform” in our 2018 Form 10-K and “Legislation and Regulation—Letter Agreement with Treasury” in this report.
Although Treasury owns our senior preferred stock and a warrant to purchase 79.9% of our common stock and has made a commitment under the senior preferred stock purchase agreement to provide us with funds to maintain a positive net worth under specified conditions, the U.S. government does not guarantee our securities or other obligations.

Fannie Mae Third Quarter 2019 Form 10-Q
3


 
MD&A | Legislation and Regulation


Legislation and Regulation
 
The information in this section updates and supplements information regarding legislative and regulatory developments affecting our business set forth in “Business—Conservatorship, Treasury Agreements and Housing Finance Reform” and “Business—Charter Act and Regulation” in our 2018 Form 10-K, as well as in “MD&A—Legislation and Regulation” in our Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2019 (“First Quarter 2019 Form 10-Q”) and our Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2019 (“Second Quarter 2019 Form 10-Q”). Also see “Risk Factors” in this report and in our 2018 Form 10-K for discussions of risks relating to legislative and regulatory matters.
Housing Finance Reform
In March 2019, President Trump issued a memorandum directing the Secretary of the Treasury to develop a plan for administrative and legislative reforms relating to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (collectively referred to as the “government-sponsored enterprises” or the “GSEs”), as described in our First Quarter 2019 Form 10-Q.
On September 5, 2019, Treasury released its plan to reform the housing finance system. The Treasury Housing Reform Plan (the “Treasury plan”) is far-reaching in scope and could have a significant impact on our structure, our role in the secondary mortgage market, our capitalization, our business and our competitive environment. The Treasury plan includes 49 recommended reforms—31 proposed administrative reforms and 18 proposed legislative reforms—to define a limited role for the federal government in the housing finance system, enhance taxpayer protections against future bailouts, and promote competition in the housing finance system. The Treasury plan includes recommendations relating to ending our conservatorship, amending our senior preferred stock purchase agreement with Treasury, considering additional restrictions and requirements on our business, and many other matters. While the Treasury plan states that it is Treasury’s preference and recommendation that Congress enact comprehensive housing finance reform legislation, the plan also states that “reform should not and need not wait on Congress. . . . Pending legislation, Treasury will continue to support FHFA’s administrative actions to enhance regulation of the GSEs, promote private sector competition, and satisfy the preconditions set forth in this plan for ending the GSEs’ conservatorships.”
The Treasury plan contemplates FHFA ending the conservatorships of each of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac when the GSE has met specified preconditions, which the plan recommends should include, at a minimum, that:
FHFA has prescribed regulatory capital requirements for both GSEs;
FHFA has approved the GSE’s capital restoration plan, and the GSE has retained or raised sufficient capital and other loss-absorbing capacity to operate in a safe and sound manner;
the senior preferred stock purchase agreement between Treasury and the GSE has been amended to:
require the GSE to fully compensate the federal government in the form of an ongoing payment for the ongoing support provided to the GSE under the senior preferred stock purchase agreement;
focus the GSE’s activities on its core statutory mission and otherwise tailor government support to the underlying rationale for that support;
further limit the size of the GSE’s retained mortgage portfolio;
subject the GSE to heightened prudential requirements and safety and soundness standards, including increased capital requirements, designed to prevent a future taxpayer bailout and minimize risks to financial stability; and
ensure that the risk posed by the GSE’s activities is calibrated to the amount of the remaining commitment under the senior preferred stock purchase agreement;
appropriate provision has been made to ensure there is no disruption to the market for the GSE’s MBS, including its previously-issued MBS;
FHFA, after consulting with the Financial Stability Oversight Council, has determined that the heightened prudential requirements incorporated into the amended senior preferred stock purchase agreements are, together with the requirements and restrictions imposed by FHFA in its capacity as regulator, appropriate to minimize risks to financial stability; and
any other conditions that FHFA, in its discretion, determines are necessary to ensure that the GSE would operate in a safe and sound manner after the conservatorship, including as to the GSE’s compliance with FHFA’s directives or other requirements and also as to the build out of FHFA’s supervisory function.

Fannie Mae Third Quarter 2019 Form 10-Q
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MD&A | Legislation and Regulation


The Treasury plan also contemplates Treasury and FHFA adjusting Fannie Mae’s and Freddie Mac’s senior preferred stock purchase agreements with Treasury to allow each company to retain and raise capital. The Treasury plan does not specify how Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac would recapitalize but states that potential approaches to recapitalization could include one or more of the following, among other options:
eliminating all or a portion of the liquidation preference of Treasury’s senior preferred stock or exchanging all or a portion of that interest for common stock or other interests in the GSE;
adjusting the net worth sweep dividend on the senior preferred stock to allow the GSE to retain earnings in excess of the $3 billion capital reserve in effect when the Treasury plan was released, with appropriate compensation to Treasury for any deferred or forgone dividends;
issuing shares of common or preferred stock, and perhaps also convertible debt or other loss-absorbing instruments, through private or public offerings, perhaps in connection with the exercise of Treasury’s warrants for 79.9% of the GSE’s common stock;
negotiating exchange offers for one or more classes of the GSE’s existing junior preferred stock; and
placing the GSE in receivership to facilitate a restructuring of the capital structure.
The Treasury plan recommends that Treasury’s commitment to provide funding under the senior preferred stock purchase agreement should be replaced with legislation that authorizes an explicit, paid-for guarantee backed by the full faith and credit of the Federal Government that is limited to the timely payment of principal and interest on qualifying MBS. The Treasury plan further recommends that, pending legislation, even after conservatorship Treasury should maintain its ongoing commitment to support each GSE’s single-family and multifamily mortgage-backed securities through the senior preferred stock purchase agreements, as amended as contemplated by the plan.
The Treasury plan contains recommendations for legislative and administrative reforms to limit our single-family activities and restrict our multifamily footprint. For example, the plan recommends that FHFA assess whether each of our current single-family products, services and other activities, including our support for cash-out refinancings, investor loans, and higher principal balance loans, should continue to benefit from support under our senior preferred stock purchase agreement. It also recommends that FHFA and Treasury consider amendments to the senior preferred stock purchase agreement to further limit the type and volume of multifamily loans we guarantee. The Treasury plan also contains a number of other recommendations that could significantly affect our business and competitive environment if implemented. For example, the Treasury plan recommends that: FHFA conduct assessments of our single-family and multifamily underwriting criteria; FHFA and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (“HUD”) coordinate to identify and mitigate areas of duplication in government support for affordable housing; and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (the “CFPB”) amend its ability-to-repay rule to establish a bright-line safe harbor that replaces the “qualified mortgage” patch for GSE-eligible loans.
There continues to be significant uncertainty regarding the timing, content and impact of future legislative and regulatory actions affecting us, including the enactment of housing finance reform legislation and the implementation of all or any portion of the Treasury plan. See “Risk Factors” in this report and in our 2018 Form 10-K for a description of the risks associated with our uncertain future and potential housing finance reform.
Letter Agreement with Treasury
On September 27, 2019, we, through FHFA acting on our behalf in its capacity as our conservator, and Treasury entered into a letter agreement modifying the dividend and liquidation preference provisions of the senior preferred stock held by Treasury. These modifications and other specified provisions of the letter agreement are described below.
Modification to Dividend ProvisionsIncrease in Applicable Capital Reserve Amount. The terms of the senior preferred stock provide for dividends each quarter in the amount, if any, by which our net worth as of the end of the immediately preceding fiscal quarter exceeds the applicable capital reserve amount. The letter agreement modified the dividend provisions of the senior preferred stock to increase the applicable capital reserve amount from $3 billion to $25 billion, effective for dividend periods beginning July 1, 2019.
As a result of this change to the senior preferred stock dividend provisions:
No dividends were payable on the senior preferred stock for the third quarter of 2019, as our net worth of $6.4 billion as of June 30, 2019 was lower than the $25 billion capital reserve amount.
No dividends will be payable on the senior preferred stock for the fourth quarter of 2019, as our net worth of $10.3 billion as of September 30, 2019 is lower than the $25 billion capital reserve amount.
Modification to Liquidation Preference ProvisionsIncrease in Liquidation Preference. The letter agreement provides that, on September 30, 2019, and at the end of each fiscal quarter thereafter, the liquidation preference of the senior preferred stock will increase by an amount equal to the increase in our net worth, if any, during the immediately prior fiscal quarter, until such time as the liquidation preference has increased by $22 billion.

Fannie Mae Third Quarter 2019 Form 10-Q
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MD&A | Legislation and Regulation


As a result of this change to the senior preferred stock liquidation preference provisions:
The aggregate liquidation preference of the senior preferred stock increased from $123.8 billion as of June 30, 2019 to $127.2 billion as of September 30, 2019, due to the $3.4 billion increase in our net worth during the second quarter of 2019.
The aggregate liquidation preference of the senior preferred stock will increase from $127.2 billion as of September 30, 2019 to $131.2 billion as of December 31, 2019, due to the $4.0 billion increase in our net worth during the third quarter of 2019.
New Certificate of Designation. Pursuant to the letter agreement, Fannie Mae replaced the Certificate of Designation for the senior preferred stock to reflect the revised dividend provisions, effective September 30, 2019. The new Certificate of Designation is filed as Exhibit 4.1 to this report.
Agreement to Amend Senior Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement to Enhance Taxpayer Protections. The letter agreement provides that we and Treasury agree to negotiate and execute an additional amendment to the senior preferred stock purchase agreement that further enhances taxpayer protections by adopting covenants broadly consistent with recommendations for administrative reform contained in the Treasury plan.
As described in “Housing Finance Reform,” the Treasury plan recommends that the GSEs have a capital restoration plan that provides for sufficient capital and other loss-absorbing capacity to operate in a safe and sound manner. In announcing the letter agreement, Treasury noted that subsequent amendments to the senior preferred stock purchase agreement may be appropriate to facilitate the implementation of any eventual recapitalization plan.
We describe the terms of the senior preferred stock and the related senior preferred stock purchase agreement with Treasury, prior to the modifications described above, in our 2018 Form 10-K under the heading “Business—Conservatorship, Treasury Agreements and Housing Finance Reform—Treasury Agreements.”
New FHFA Strategic Plan for Conservatorships and 2020 Scorecard
On October 28, 2019, FHFA released its 2019 Strategic Plan for the Conservatorships of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (the “2019 strategic plan”), along with its 2020 Scorecard for Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and Common Securitization Solutions (the “2020 scorecard”), which is a set of corporate performance objectives that define our key priorities for 2020 and align with the 2019 strategic plan. According to the plan, “[FHFA’s] end-state vision is for the [GSEs] to return to operating as fully-private companies within a competitive, liquid, efficient, and resilient housing finance system, while a strengthened and independent FHFA ensures they have the capital reserves, risk management capabilities, corporate governance, and regulatory oversight that are appropriate for their size, risk, and systemic importance outside of conservatorship.” FHFA indicated that implementing the 2019 strategic plan and 2020 scorecard, combined with the framework for reform put forward in the Treasury plan, will “reduce the role of government in the mortgage market, protect taxpayers, support sustainable homeownership and affordable rental housing, and foster a mortgage finance market that is stable and liquid through the cycle.”
The new strategic plan, which replaces FHFA’s 2014 strategic plan, and the 2020 scorecard identify three broad objectives to ensure that Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac:
1.
Focus on their core mission responsibilities to foster competitive, liquid, efficient, and resilient (“CLEAR”) national housing finance markets that support sustainable homeownership and affordable rental housing;
2.
Operate in a safe and sound manner appropriate for entities in conservatorship; and
3.
Prepare for their eventual exits from conservatorship.
See “Risk Factors” in this report and in our 2018 Form 10-K for a description of the risks associated with our uncertain future and potential housing finance reform. For information on the objectives in the 2020 scorecard, see our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘SEC’’) on October 29, 2019.
Revised Multifamily Business Volume Cap
On September 13, 2019, FHFA announced revisions to the structure of the loan acquisition volume caps applicable to Fannie Mae’s and Freddie Mac’s multifamily loan purchases. Previously, FHFA’s 2019 conservatorship scorecard included an objective to maintain the dollar volume of new multifamily business for each company at or below $35 billion for the year, excluding certain targeted affordable and underserved market business segments such as loans financing energy or water efficiency improvements. The new multifamily loan purchase caps, which replaced the prior caps effective October 1, 2019, are $100 billion for all new multifamily business, with no exclusions, for each of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac for the five-quarter period beginning in the fourth quarter of 2019 through the fourth quarter of 2020. In addition, FHFA directed that at least 37.5% of each company’s multifamily business during that period must be mission-driven, affordable housing, pursuant to FHFA’s guidelines for mission-driven loans.

Fannie Mae Third Quarter 2019 Form 10-Q
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MD&A | Legislation and Regulation


2018 Housing Goals Performance
We are subject to housing goals, which establish specified requirements for our mortgage acquisitions relating to affordability or location. In September 2019, FHFA notified us that it had preliminarily determined that we met all of our single-family and multifamily housing goals for 2018. See “Business—Charter Act and Regulation—GSE Act and Other Regulation—Housing Goals” in our 2018 Form 10-K and “MD&A—Legislation and Regulation—2018 Housing Goals Performance” in our First Quarter 2019 Form 10-Q for more information regarding our housing goals.
Final Rule on Credit Score Models
The Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act of 2018 (the “Economic Growth Act”) provides that, if we condition the purchase of a mortgage loan on a borrower's credit score, that credit score must be produced by a model that has been validated and approved by us based on the standards and criteria in the Economic Growth Act and FHFA regulations. On August 16, 2019, FHFA published a final rule on the validation and approval of credit score models, which became effective in October 2019. The final rule establishes standards and criteria, and outlines a four-phase process by which we and Freddie Mac should validate and approve third-party credit score models. The credit score models will be evaluated for factors such as accuracy, reliability and integrity, as well as impacts on fair lending and the mortgage industry. Once our evaluation is complete, we must submit the proposed third-party credit score models to FHFA for a final decision. The final rule does not address the time frame for industry adoption and implementation of the new credit score models.

Fannie Mae Third Quarter 2019 Form 10-Q
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MD&A | Uniform Mortgage-Backed Securities

Uniform Mortgage-Backed Securities
 
Overview
On June 3, 2019, we and Freddie Mac began issuing single-family uniform mortgage-backed securities, or “UMBSTM.” We also began using the common securitization platform operated by Common Securitization Solutions, LLC (“CSS”), a limited liability company we own jointly with Freddie Mac, to perform certain aspects of the securitization process for our single-family Fannie Mae MBS issuances beginning in May 2019. This represented the final implementation of the Single Security Initiative that we, Freddie Mac and FHFA began working on in 2014 to develop a single common mortgage-backed security issued by both Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to finance fixed-rate mortgage loans backed by single-family properties. The issuance of UMBS and use of the common securitization platform represent significant changes for the mortgage market and for our securitization operations and business.
UMBS and Structured Securities
Each of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac issues and guarantees UMBS and structured securities backed by UMBS and other securities, as described below.
UMBS. Each of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac issues and guarantees UMBS that are directly backed by the mortgage loans it has acquired, referred to as “first-level securities.” UMBS issued by Fannie Mae are backed only by mortgage loans that Fannie Mae has acquired, and similarly UMBS issued by Freddie Mac are backed only by mortgage loans that Freddie Mac has acquired. There is no commingling of Fannie Mae- and Freddie Mac-acquired loans within UMBS.
Mortgage loans backing UMBS are limited to fixed-rate mortgage loans eligible for financing through the to-be-announced (“TBA”) market. We continue to issue some types of Fannie Mae MBS that are not TBA-eligible and therefore are not issued as UMBS, such as single-family Fannie Mae MBS backed by adjustable-rate mortgages and all multifamily Fannie Mae MBS.
Structured Securities. Each of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac also issues and guarantees structured mortgage-backed securities, referred to as “second-level securities,” that are resecuritizations of UMBS or previously-issued structured securities. In contrast to UMBS, second-level securities can be commingled—that is, they can include both Fannie Mae securities and Freddie Mac securities as the underlying collateral for the security. These structured securities include SupersTM, which are single-class resecuritizations, and real estate mortgage investment conduit securities (“REMICs”), which are multi-class resecuritizations. While Supers are backed only by TBA-eligible securities, REMICs can be backed by TBA-eligible or non-TBA-eligible securities.
The key features of UMBS are the same as those of legacy single-family Fannie Mae MBS. Accordingly, all single-family Fannie Mae MBS that are directly backed by fixed-rate loans and generally eligible for trading in the TBA market are UMBS, whether issued before or after the June 3, 2019 Single Security Initiative implementation date. In this report, we use the term “Fannie Mae-issued UMBS” to refer to single-family Fannie Mae MBS that are directly backed by fixed-rate mortgage loans and generally eligible for trading in the TBA market. We use the term “Fannie Mae MBS” or “our MBS” to refer to any type of mortgage-backed security that we issue, including UMBS, Supers, REMICs and other types of single-family or multifamily mortgage-backed securities. References to our single-family guaranty book of business in this report exclude Freddie Mac-acquired mortgage loans underlying Freddie Mac mortgage-related securities that we have resecuritized.
When we issue a structured security backed in whole or part by Freddie Mac securities, we provide a new and separate guaranty of principal and interest on the newly-formed structured security. If Freddie Mac were to fail to make a payment due on its securities underlying a Fannie Mae-issued structured security, we would be obligated under our guaranty to fund any shortfall.
See “Risk Factors” in this report and in our 2018 Form 10-K, “MD&A—Single Security Initiative & Common Securitization Platform” in our Second Quarter 2019 Form 10-Q, and “Risk Management—Institutional Counterparty Credit Risk Management—Counterparty Credit Risk Exposure arising from the Resecuritization of Freddie Mac-issued securities” in this report for a discussion of the risks to our business associated with the Single Security Initiative, the resecuritization of Freddie Mac-issued securities, and the common securitization platform.


Fannie Mae Third Quarter 2019 Form 10-Q
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MD&A | Key Market Economic Indicators


Key Market Economic Indicators
 
The graphs below display certain macroeconomic indicators that can significantly influence our business and financial results.
Selected Benchmark Interest Rates
chart-c3880befe5315300bf1.jpg
——— 3-month LIBOR(1)
——— 2-year swap rate(1)
——— 10-year swap rate(1)
——— 10-year Treasury rate(1)
——— 30-year Fannie Mae MBS par coupon rate(1)
——— 30-year FRM rate(2)

(1) 
According to Bloomberg.
(2) 
Refers to the U.S. weekly average fixed-rate mortgage rate according to Freddie Mac's Primary Mortgage Market Survey®. These rates are reported using the latest available data for a given period.
How Interest Rates Can Affect Our Financial Results
Net interest income. In a rising interest rate environment, our mortgage loans tend to prepay more slowly, which typically results in lower net amortization income from cost basis adjustments on mortgage loans and related debt. Conversely, in a declining interest rate environment, our mortgage loans tend to prepay faster, typically resulting in higher net amortization income from cost basis adjustments on mortgage loans and related debt.
Fair value gains (losses). We have exposure to fair value gains and losses resulting from changes in interest rates, primarily through our risk management derivatives and mortgage commitment derivatives, which we mark to market. Generally, we experience fair value losses when swap rates decrease and fair value gains when swap rates increase; however, because the composition of our derivative position varies across the yield curve, different yield curve changes (for example, parallel, steepening or flattening) will generate different gains and losses.
Credit-related income (expense). Increases in mortgage interest rates tend to lengthen the expected lives of our modified loans, which generally increases the impairment and provision for credit losses on such loans. Decreases in mortgage interest rates tend to shorten the expected lives of our modified loans, which reduces the impairment and provision for credit losses on such loans.

Fannie Mae Third Quarter 2019 Form 10-Q
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MD&A | Key Market Economic Indicators


chart-1792fd6f082a57e490c.jpg
Home prices and how they can affect our financial results
We expect home price appreciation on a national basis to moderate in the remainder of this year and 2020, as compared with 2018. We also expect significant regional variation in the timing and rate of home price growth. For further discussion on housing activity, see “Single-Family Business—Single-Family Mortgage Market” and “Multifamily Business—Multifamily Mortgage Market.” 
Actual and forecasted home prices impact our provision or benefit for credit losses.
Changes in home prices affect the amount of equity that borrowers have in their homes. Borrowers with less equity typically have higher delinquency and default rates.
As home prices increase, the severity of losses we incur on defaulted loans that we hold or guarantee decreases because the amount we can recover from the properties securing the loans increases. Decreases in home prices increase the losses we incur on defaulted loans.

(1) 
Calculated internally using property data on loans purchased by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and other third-party home sales data. Fannie Mae’s home price index is a weighted repeat transactions index, measuring average price changes in repeat sales on the same properties. Fannie Mae’s home price index excludes prices on properties sold in foreclosure. Fannie Mae’s home price estimates are based on preliminary data and are subject to change as additional data become available.
chart-a60a9da7a1205a36a31.jpg
How housing activity can affect our financial results
Homebuilding has typically been a leading indicator of broader economic indicators, such as the U.S. Gross Domestic Product, or GDP, and the unemployment rate. Residential construction activity tends to soften prior to a weakness in the economy and can improve prior to a recovery in economic activity. Broader economic indicators can affect several mortgage market factors including the demand for both single-family and multifamily housing and the level of loan delinquencies.
Fewer housing starts results in fewer properties being available for purchase, which can lower the volume of originations in the mortgage market.
Construction activity can also affect credit losses. When the pace of construction does not meet demand, the resulting growth in home prices can increase the risk profile of newly acquired home purchase loans and increase the risk of default if home prices subsequently decline. Reduced construction may also coincide with a broader deterioration in housing conditions, which may result in higher levels of delinquencies and greater losses on defaulted loans.
(2) 
According to U.S. Census Bureau and subject to revision.

Fannie Mae Third Quarter 2019 Form 10-Q
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MD&A | Key Market Economic Indicators


GDP, Unemployment Rate and Personal Income
chart-ee663a6d9d175244a71.jpg
(1) 
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and subject to revision.
(2) 
According to the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, calculated by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis and subject to revision.
(3) 
GDP growth for periods prior to the third quarter of 2019 is based on the quarterly series calculated by the Bureau of Economic Analysis and is subject to revision. GDP growth for the third quarter of 2019 is based on Fannie Mae’s forecast.
How GDP, the unemployment rate and personal income can affect our financial results
Changes in GDP, the unemployment rate and personal income can affect several mortgage market factors, including the demand for both single-family and multifamily housing and the level of loan delinquencies.
Decreases in the unemployment rate typically result in lower levels of delinquencies, which often correlate to a decrease in credit losses.
Slower growth or outright declines in personal income heightens the risk of delinquency by reducing homeowners’ ability to pay their mortgages. Slower income growth could also negatively impact affordability, constraining home sales and mortgage originations.
See “Risk Factors” in our 2018 Form 10-K and this report for further discussion of risks to our business and financial results associated with interest rates, home prices, housing activity and economic conditions.


Fannie Mae Third Quarter 2019 Form 10-Q
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MD&A | Consolidated Results of Operations


Consolidated Results of Operations
 
This section provides a discussion of our condensed consolidated results of operations and should be read together with our condensed consolidated financial statements, including the accompanying notes.
Our long-term financial performance will depend on many factors, including:
the size of and our share of the U.S. mortgage market, which in turn will depend upon such factors as population growth, household formation and home price appreciation;
borrower performance and interest rate movements; and
actions by FHFA, the Administration and Congress relating to our business and housing finance reform, including the capital requirements that will be applicable to us, our ongoing financial obligations to Treasury and our competitive environment.