Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Lake Area Corn Processors
10-Q 2019-06-30 Quarter: 2019-06-30
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-04-11 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-03-18 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-21 Enter Agreement
8-K 2018-04-17 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-02-06 Enter Agreement
8-K 2018-01-09 Shareholder Rights, Exhibits
LNGG Linn Energy 6,140
ILG ILG 4,173
SIR Select Income REIT 2,027
SMLR Semler Scientific 320
HICKA Hickok 27
GOPH Gopher Protocol 10
EOMN Ethos Media Network 3
AEXC American Express Credit 0
NXT Natcore Technology 0
BMNM Bimini Capital Management 0
LACP 2019-06-30
Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Note 1. Nature of Operations
Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 3. Inventory
Note 4. Investments
Note 5. Revolving Operating Note
Note 6. Long-Term Notes Payable
Note 7. Fair Value Measurements
Note 8. Related Party Transactions
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II. Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
EX-31.1 exhibit311-certification6x.htm
EX-31.2 exhibit312-certification6x.htm
EX-32.1 exhibit321-certification6x.htm
EX-32.2 exhibit322-certification6x.htm

Lake Area Corn Processors Earnings 2019-06-30

LACP 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 a10-qfqe6x30x19.htm 10-Q FQE 6-30-19 Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
                    
FORM 10-Q
                    
x
Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
 
For the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2019
 
o
Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
 
Commission file number 000-50254
LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
South Dakota
 
46-0460790
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
46269 SD Highway 34
P.O. Box 100
Wentworth, South Dakota
 
57075
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
(605) 483-2676
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: Membership Units

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.        x Yes o No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
x Yes    o No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer", "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer o
 
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer x
 
Smaller Reporting Company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Emerging Growth Company o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). o Yes x No
 
As of August 14, 2019, there are 29,620,000 membership units of the registrant outstanding.




2


PART I.        FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
June 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018*
 ASSETS
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
CURRENT ASSETS
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
6,191,639

 
$
1,697,937

Accounts receivable
3,315,507

 
1,202,196

Other receivables

 
26,857

Inventory
10,810,951

 
7,561,501

Derivative financial instruments
1,145,806

 
554,005

Prepaid expenses
168,739

 
265,793

Total current assets
21,632,642

 
11,308,289

 
 
 
 
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT
 
 
 
Land
874,473

 
874,473

Land improvements
8,558,720

 
8,558,720

Buildings
9,316,576

 
9,001,546

Equipment
95,055,299

 
61,839,725

Construction in progress
94,354

 
26,203,702

 
113,899,422

 
106,478,166

Less accumulated depreciation
(44,817,674
)
 
(42,729,898
)
Net property and equipment
69,081,748

 
63,748,268

 
 
 
 
OTHER ASSETS
 
 
 
Goodwill
10,395,766

 
10,395,766

Investments
17,766,425

 
17,300,470

Other
105,283

 
113,279

Total other assets
28,267,474

 
27,809,515

 
 
 
 
TOTAL ASSETS
$
118,981,864

 
$
102,866,072

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
* Derived from audited financial statements.

See Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.








3


LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
Consolidated Balance Sheets

 
 
 

June 30, 2019

December 31, 2018*
LIABILITIES AND MEMBERS’ EQUITY
(unaudited)
 
 

 
 
 
CURRENT LIABILITIES
 
 
 
Outstanding checks in excess of bank balance
$
4,377,061

 
$
2,247,215

Accounts payable
7,780,305

 
6,849,896

Accrued liabilities
859,950

 
765,994

Derivative financial instruments
334,707

 
368,475

Current portion of notes payable
1,000,000

 
1,000,000

Other
4,000

 
4,000

Total current liabilities
14,356,023

 
11,235,580



 

LONG-TERM LIABILITIES

 

Notes payable
34,987,410

 
23,585,368

Other
4,000

 
8,000

Total long-term liabilities
34,991,410

 
23,593,368



 

MEMBERS' EQUITY (29,620,000 units issued and outstanding)
69,634,431

 
68,037,124



 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND MEMBERS' EQUITY
$
118,981,864

 
$
102,866,072



 

 

 

* Derived from audited financial statements.

See Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.

4


LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2019
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2019
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
REVENUES
$
26,096,989

 
$
20,077,335

 
$
47,710,287

 
$
39,881,607

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
COSTS OF REVENUES
24,798,025

 
18,011,878

 
43,961,060

 
35,204,029

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GROSS PROFIT
1,298,964

 
2,065,457

 
3,749,227

 
4,677,578

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
OPERATING EXPENSES
926,379

 
992,448

 
1,935,707

 
1,975,691

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
INCOME FROM OPERATIONS
372,585

 
1,073,009

 
1,813,520

 
2,701,887

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest and other income
15,657

 
12,950

 
151,064

 
51,305

Equity in net income (loss) of investments
(290,515
)
 
381,019

 
(76,653
)
 
590,483

Interest expense
(290,624
)
 

 
(290,624
)
 

Total other income (expense)
(565,482
)
 
393,969

 
(216,213
)
 
641,788

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NET INCOME (LOSS)
$
(192,897
)
 
$
1,466,978

 
$
1,597,307

 
$
3,343,675

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
BASIC AND DILUTED EARNINGS (LOSS) PER UNIT
$
(0.01
)
 
$
0.05

 
$
0.05

 
$
0.11

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE NUMBER OF UNITS OUTSTANDING FOR THE CALCULATION OF BASIC & DILUTED EARNINGS PER UNIT
29,620,000

 
29,620,000

 
29,620,000

 
29,620,000

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DISTRIBUTIONS DECLARED PER UNIT
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
0.10

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

See Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.

5


LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Members' Equity (Unaudited)

 
Members' Equity
 
 
Balance - December 31, 2017
$
68,282,537

 
 
Net income for the three-month period ended March 31, 2018
1,876,697

 
 
Distributions paid ($0.10 per capital unit)
(2,962,000
)
 
 
Balance - March 31, 2018
67,197,234

 
 
Net income for the three-month period ended June 30, 2018
1,466,978

 
 
Balance - June 30, 2018
$
68,664,212


 
Members' Equity
 
 
Balance - December 31, 2018
$
68,037,124

 
 
Net income for the three-month period ended March 31, 2019
1,790,204

 
 
Balance - March 31, 2019
69,827,328

 
 
Net (loss) for the three-month period ended June 30, 2019
(192,897
)
 
 
Balance - June 30, 2019
$
69,634,431


Notes to Financial Statements are an integral part of this Statement.


6


LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)

Six Months Ended June 30, 2019
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2018


 

OPERATING ACTIVITIES

 

Net income
$
1,597,307

 
$
3,343,675

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash (used in) operating activities

 

Depreciation and amortization
2,097,814

 
1,523,363

Distributions in excess of earnings from investments
167,968

 
1,571,532

(Increase) decrease in

 

Accounts receivable
(2,086,458
)
 
1,306,685

Inventory
(3,249,448
)
 
(2,131,013
)
Prepaid expenses
97,054

 
76,614

Derivative financial instruments
(625,568
)
 
401,677

Increase (decrease) in

 

Accounts payable
1,143,247

 
(2,685,255
)
Accrued and other liabilities
89,957

 
(25,683
)
NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) OPERATING ACTIVITIES
(768,127
)
 
3,381,595



 

INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Purchase of property and equipment
(7,634,093
)
 
(6,298,699
)
Purchase of investments
(633,924
)
 
(200,667
)
NET CASH (USED IN) INVESTING ACTIVITIES
(8,268,017
)
 
(6,499,366
)


 

FINANCING ACTIVITIES

 

Increase in outstanding checks in excess of bank balance
2,129,846

 
273,982

Borrowings on notes payable
26,500,000

 
3,873,268

Payments on notes payable
(15,100,000
)
 
(3,000,000
)
Financing costs paid

 
(95,500
)
Distributions paid to members

 
(2,962,000
)
NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) FINANCING ACTIVITIES
13,529,846

 
(1,910,250
)


 

NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
4,493,702

 
(5,028,021
)


 

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD
1,697,937

 
5,102,959



 

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD
$
6,191,639

 
$
74,938



 

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION

 

Cash paid during the period for interest, net of capitalized interest of $712,000 and $248,000 in 2019 and 2018, respectively.
$
81,951

 
$

Capital expenditures in accounts payable
947,996

 
2,664,400


See Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

7

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018





NOTE 1    .    NATURE OF OPERATIONS

Principal Business Activity

Lake Area Corn Processors, LLC and subsidiary (the "Company") is a South Dakota limited liability company.

The Company owns and manages Dakota Ethanol, LLC ("Dakota Ethanol"), a 90 million-gallon (annual nameplate capacity) ethanol plant, located near Wentworth, South Dakota. Dakota Ethanol sells ethanol and related products to customers located in North America.

In addition, the Company has investment interests in five companies in related industries. See note 4 for further details.

NOTE 2.    SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The unaudited financial statements contained herein have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America although the Company believes that the disclosures are adequate to make the information not misleading.

In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included in the accompanying financial statements. All adjustments are of a normal and recurring nature. The results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for a full year.

These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes included in the Company’s audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018, contained in the annual report on Form 10-K for 2018.

Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements of the Company include the accounts of its wholly owned subsidiary, Dakota Ethanol. All significant inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

Revenue Recognition

The Company has adopted the guidance of ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). Topic 606 requires the Company to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new guidance requires the Company to apply the following steps: (1) identify the contract with a customer; (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (3) determine the transaction price; (4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (5) recognize revenue when, or as, the Company satisfies a performance obligation. The Company generally recognizes revenue at a point in time. The majority of the Company’s contracts with customers have one performance obligation and a contract duration of one year or less.

The following is a description of principal activities from which we generate revenue. Revenues from contracts with customers are recognized when control of the promised goods or services are transferred to our customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that we expect to receive in exchange for those goods or services. Generally, ethanol and related products are shipped FOB shipping point and the control of the goods transfers to customers when the goods are loaded into rail cars or trucks. Consideration is based on predetermined contractual prices or on current market prices.

sales of ethanol
sales of distillers grains
sales of distillers corn oil





8

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018




Disaggregation of revenue:

All revenue recognized in the income statement is considered to be revenue from contracts with customers. The following table depicts the disaggregation of revenue according to product line:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues ethanol
 
$
20,673,752

 
$
15,819,799

 
$
37,009,577

 
$
31,371,366

Revenues distillers grains
 
4,420,567

 
3,731,086

 
8,904,917

 
7,425,421

Revenues distillers corn oil
 
1,002,670

 
526,450

 
1,795,793

 
1,084,820

 
 
$
26,096,989

 
$
20,077,335

 
$
47,710,287

 
$
39,881,607


Contract assets and contract liabilities:

The Company has no significant contract assets or contract liabilities from contracts with customers.

The Company receives payments from customers based upon contractual billing schedules; accounts receivable are recorded when the right to consideration becomes unconditional. Contract liabilities include payments received in advance of performance under the contract, and are realized with the associated revenue recognized under the contract.

Shipping costs

Shipping costs incurred by the Company in the sale of ethanol, dried distillers grains and corn oil are not specifically identifiable and as a result, revenue from the sale of those products is recorded based on the net selling price reported to the Company from the marketer.

When the Company performs shipping and handling activities after the transfer of control to the customers (e.g., when control transfers prior to delivery), they are considered as fulfillment activities, and accordingly, the costs are accrued for when the related revenue is recognized.

Operating Segment

The Company uses the "management approach" for reporting information about segments in annual and interim financial statements. The management approach is based on the way the chief operating decision-maker organizes segments within a company for making operating decisions and assessing performance. Reportable segments are based on products and services, geography, legal structure, management structure and any other manner in which management disaggregates a company. Based on the "management approach" model, the Company has determined that its business is comprised of a single operating segment.

Cost of Revenues

The primary components of cost of revenues from the production of ethanol and related co-product are corn expense, energy expense (natural gas and electricity), raw materials expense (chemicals and denaturant), and direct labor costs.

Shipping costs on modified and wet distillers grains are included in cost of revenues.

Inventory Valuation

Inventories are generally valued using methods which approximate the lower of cost (first-in, first-out) or net realizable value. In the valuation of inventories and purchase commitments, net realizable value is based on estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation.


9

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018




Receivables and Credit Policies

Accounts receivable are uncollateralized customer obligations due under normal trade terms requiring payment within fifteen days from the invoice date. Unpaid accounts receivable with invoice dates over thirty days old bear interest at 1.5% per month. Accounts receivable are stated at the amount billed to the customer. Payments of accounts receivable are allocated to the specific invoices identified on the customer’s remittance advice or, if unspecified, are applied to the earliest unpaid invoices.

The carrying amount of trade receivables is reduced by a valuation allowance that reflects management’s best estimate of the amounts that will not be collected. Management regularly reviews trade receivable balances and based on an assessment of current creditworthiness, estimates the portion, if any, of the balance that will not be collected. The valuation allowance was $2,131 as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 respectively.

Investment in commodities contracts, derivative instruments and hedging activities

The Company is exposed to certain risks related to our ongoing business operations.  The primary risks that the Company manages by using forward or derivative instruments are price risks on anticipated purchases of corn and natural gas and the sale of ethanol, distillers grains and distillers corn oil.
 
The Company is subject to market risk with respect to the price and availability of corn, the principal raw material the Company uses to produce ethanol and ethanol by-products.  In general, rising corn prices result in lower profit margins and, therefore, represent unfavorable market conditions.  This is especially true when market conditions do not allow us to pass along increased corn costs to our customers.  The availability and price of corn is subject to wide fluctuations due to unpredictable factors such as weather conditions, farmer planting decisions, governmental policies with respect to agriculture and international trade and global demand and supply.

Certain contracts that literally meet the definition of a derivative may be exempted from derivative accounting as normal purchases or normal sales.  Normal purchases and normal sales are contracts that provide for the purchase or sale of something other than a financial instrument or derivative instrument that will be delivered in quantities expected to be used or sold over a reasonable period in the normal course of business.  Contracts that meet the requirements of normal purchases or sales are documented as normal and exempted from the accounting and reporting requirements of derivative accounting.

The Company does not apply the normal purchase and sales exemption for forward corn purchase contracts. As of June 30, 2019, the Company is committed to purchasing approximately 3.9 million bushels of corn on a forward contract basis with an average price of $4.07 per bushel. The total corn purchase contracts represent 13% of the annual projected plant corn usage.

The Company enters into firm-price purchase commitments with natural gas suppliers under which the Company agrees to buy natural gas at a price set in advance of the actual delivery.  Under these arrangements, the Company assumes the risk of a price decrease in the market price of natural gas between the time the price is fixed and the time the natural gas is delivered.  At June 30, 2019, the Company is committed to purchasing approximately 833,000 MMBtu’s of natural gas with an average price of $2.60 per MMBtu.  The Company accounts for these transactions as normal purchases, and accordingly, does not mark these transactions to market. The natural gas purchase contracts represent 40% of the annual plant requirements.

The Company enters into firm-price sales commitments with distillers grains customers under which the Company agrees to sell distillers grains at a price set in advance of the actual delivery.  Under these arrangements, the Company assumes the risk of a price increase in the market price of distillers grain between the time the price is fixed and the time the distillers grains are delivered.  At June 30, 2019, the Company is committed to selling approximately 39,500 dry equivalent tons of distillers grains with an average price of $126 per ton.  The Company accounts for these transactions as normal sales, and accordingly, does not mark these transactions to market. The distillers grains sales represent approximately 18% of the projected annual plant production.

The Company enters into firm-price sales commitments with distillers corn oil customers under which the Company agrees to sell distillers corn oil at a price set in advance of the actual delivery.  Under these arrangements, the Company assumes the risk of a price increase in the market price of distillers corn oil between the time the price is fixed and the time the distillers corn oil is delivered.  At June 30, 2019, the Company is committed to selling approximately 1.9 million pounds of distillers corn oil with an

10

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018




average price of $0.25 per pound.  The Company accounts for these transactions as normal sales, and accordingly, does not mark these transactions to market. The distillers corn oil sales represent approximately 8% of the projected annual plant production.

The Company does not have any firm-priced sales commitments for ethanol as of June 30, 2019.

The Company enters into short-term forward, option and futures contracts for ethanol, corn and natural gas as a means of managing exposure to changes in commodity and energy prices. All of the Company's derivatives are designated as non-hedge derivatives, and accordingly are recorded at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income. Although the contracts are considered economic hedges of specified risks, they are not designated as and accounted for as hedging instruments.

As part of our trading activity, the Company uses futures and option contracts offered through regulated commodity exchanges to reduce risk of loss in the market value of inventories and purchase commitments. To reduce that risk, the Company generally takes positions using forward and futures contracts and options.

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 were as follows:
 
 
Balance Sheet Classification
 
June 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018*
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Forward contracts in gain position
 
 
 
$
418,077

 
$
676

Futures contracts in gain position
 
 
 
49,419

 
175,038

Futures contracts in loss position
 
 
 
(92,075
)
 

Total forward and futures contracts
 
 
 
375,421

 
175,714

Cash held by broker
 
 
 
770,385

 
378,291

 
 
Current Assets
 
$
1,145,806

 
$
554,005

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Forward contracts in loss position
 
(Current Liabilities)
 
$
(334,707
)
 
$
(368,475
)

*Derived from audited financial statements

Futures contracts and cash held by broker are all with one party and the right of offset exists. Therefore, on the balance sheet, these items are netted in one balance regardless of position.

Forward contracts are with multiple parties and the right of offset does not exist. Therefore, these contracts are reported at the gross amounts on the balance sheet.

Realized and unrealized gains and losses related to derivative contracts related to corn and natural gas purchases are included as a component of cost of revenues and futures and options contracts related to ethanol sales are included as a component of revenues in the accompanying financial statements.

11

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018




 
 
 Statement of Operations
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
Classification
 
2019
 
2018
Net realized and unrealized gains (losses) related to purchase contracts:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Futures contracts
 
Cost of Revenues
 
$
513,695

 
$
1,776,896

Forward contracts
 
Cost of Revenues
 
597,923

 
(1,372,315
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Statement of Operations
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
Classification
 
2019
 
2018
Net realized and unrealized gains (losses) related to purchase contracts:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Futures contracts
 
Cost of Revenues
 
$
674,581

 
$
993,051

Forward contracts
 
Cost of Revenues
 
478,549

 
(654,344
)

Investments

The Company has investment interests in five companies in related industries. All of these interests are at ownership shares less than 20%. These investments are all flow-through entities. Per ASC 323-30-S99-1, they are being accounted for by the equity method of accounting under which the Company’s share of net income is recognized as income in the Company’s statements of operations and added to the investment account.  Distributions or dividends received from the investments are treated as a reduction of the investment account. The Company consistently follows the practice of recognizing the net income based on the most recent reliable data.
 
Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates include the fair value of derivative financial instruments, lower of cost or net realizable value accounting for inventory and forward purchase contracts and goodwill impairment evaluation.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In February 2016, FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)" (ASU 2016-02). ASU 2016-02 requires the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for all leases greater than one year in duration and classified as operating leases under previous GAAP. ASU 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and for interim periods within that fiscal year. The standard has not had a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

In January 2017, FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, "Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350)" (ASU 2017-04). ASU 2107-04 simplifies the test for goodwill impairment. It eliminates the two-step process of assessing goodwill impairment and replaces it with one step which compares the fair value of the reporting unit with its carrying amount. An impairment charge is recognized for the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair value up to the amount of the goodwill attributed to the reporting unit. ASU 2017-04 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and for interim periods within that fiscal year. The Company does not expect this standard to have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

In August 2018, FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, "Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement" (ASU 2018-13). ASU 2108-13 improves the effectiveness of the fair value disclosures in the financial statements. It adds, removes and modifies various disclosure requirements relating to the fair value

12

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018




hierarchy. ASU 2018-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and for interim periods within that fiscal year. The Company does not expect this standard to have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

NOTE 3.     INVENTORY

Inventory consisted of the following as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018:
 
 
June 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018*
Raw materials
 
$
6,777,963

 
$
3,396,707

Finished goods
 
2,047,062

 
2,589,255

Work in process
 
827,982

 
514,881

Parts inventory
 
1,157,944

 
1,060,658

 
 
$
10,810,951

 
$
7,561,501


*Derived from audited financial statements.

NOTE 4.    INVESTMENTS

Dakota Ethanol has a 6% investment interest in the Company’s ethanol marketer, Renewable Products Marketing Group, LLC (RPMG).  The net income which is reported in the Company’s income statement for RPMG is based on RPMG’s March 31, 2019 unaudited interim results. The carrying amount of the Company’s investment was approximately $1,247,000 and $1,312,000 as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

Dakota Ethanol has a 10% investment interest in Lawrenceville Tanks, LLC (LT), a partnership to operate an ethanol storage terminal in Georgia.  The net income which is reported in the Company’s income statement for LT is based on LT’s June 30, 2019 unaudited interim results. The carrying amount of the Company’s investment was approximately $296,000 and $266,000 as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

Lake Area Corn Processors has a 10% investment interest in Guardian Hankinson, LLC (GH), a partnership to operate an ethanol plant in North Dakota.  The net income which is reported in the Company’s income statement for GH is based on GH’s June 30, 2019 unaudited interim results. The carrying amount of the Company’s investment was approximately $5,647,000 and $5,274,000 as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

Lake Area Corn Processors has a 17% investment interest in Guardian Energy Management, LLC (GEM), a partnership to provide management services to ethanol plants.  The net income which is reported in the Company’s income statement for GEM is based on GEM’s June 30, 2019 unaudited interim results. The carrying amount of the Company’s investment was approximately $53,000 as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

Lake Area Corn Processors has an 11% investment interest in Ring-neck Energy and Feeds, LLC (REF), a partnership to operate an ethanol plant in South Dakota.  The net income which is reported in the Company’s income statement for REF is based on REF’s June 30, 2019 unaudited interim results. The carrying amount of the Company’s investment was approximately $10,522,000 and $10,396,000 as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. REF commenced operations during the second quarter of 2019. Prior to then, the ethanol plant was under construction. The carrying amount of the investment exceeds the underlying equity in net assets by approximately $1,149,000. The excess is comprised of a basis adjustment of approximately $470,000 and capitalized interest of $680,000. The excess is amortized over 20 years when the plant becomes operational. The amortization is recorded in equity in net income of investments. Amortization was $3,946 for both the three and six months ended June 30, 2019.


13

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018




Condensed, combined unaudited financial information of the Company’s investments in RPMG, LT, GH, GEM and REF is as follows:
Balance Sheet
 
June 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Current Assets
 
$
251,670,751

 
$
189,839,430

Other Assets
 
238,028,718

 
234,748,455

Current Liabilities
 
196,508,303

 
175,836,322

Long-term Liabilities
 
120,769,473

 
78,589,892

Members' Equity
 
172,421,693

 
170,161,671

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
Income Statement
 
June 30, 2019
 
June 30, 2018
Revenue
 
$
75,598,119

 
$
64,632,725

Gross Profit
 
2,771,334

 
6,440,517

Net Income (Loss)
 
(3,358,215
)
 
3,830,403

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended
Income Statement
 
June 30, 2019
 
June 30, 2018
Revenue
 
$
136,241,079

 
$
130,531,566

Gross Profit
 
8,829,314

 
12,769,094

Net Income (Loss)
 
(347,474
)
 
6,563,811


The following table shows the condensed financial information of Guardian Hankinson:
Balance Sheet
 
June 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Current Assets
 
$
30,464,769

 
$
21,412,926

Other Assets
 
94,245,646

 
102,988,761

Current Liabilities
 
13,548,096

 
3,390,042

Long-term Liabilities
 
54,683,699

 
38,144,803

Members' Equity
 
56,478,620

 
52,353,842

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
Income Statement
 
June 30, 2019
 
June 30, 2018
Revenue
 
$
65,206,386

 
$
60,993,899

Gross Profit
 
2,648,232

 
4,437,756

Net Income
 
970,359

 
2,792,315

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended
Income Statement
 
June 30, 2019
 
June 30, 2018
Revenue
 
$
122,244,222

 
$
123,767,642

Gross Profit
 
6,606,387

 
8,961,093

Net Income
 
4,246,585

 
6,083,486



14

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018




The following table shows the condensed financial information of Ring-neck Energy & Feed:
Balance Sheet
 
June 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Current Assets
 
$
13,952,334

 
$
1,018,076

Other Assets
 
141,306,948

 
128,668,387

Current Liabilities
 
5,638,392

 
5,724,979

Long-term Liabilities
 
66,085,774

 
40,414,089

Members' Equity
 
83,535,116

 
83,547,395

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
Income Statement
 
June 30, 2019
 
June 30, 2018
Revenue
 
$
6,824,641

 
$

Gross (Loss)
 
(1,939,746
)
 

Net Income (Loss)
 
(4,663,178
)
 
666,130

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended
Income Statement
 
June 30, 2019
 
June 30, 2018
Revenue
 
$
6,824,641

 
$

Gross (Loss)
 
(1,939,746
)
 

Net (Loss)
 
(5,368,116
)
 
(77,891
)

The Company recorded equity in net income of approximately $97,000 and $374,000 from GH for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019. The Company recorded equity in net income of approximately $279,000 and $572,000 from GH for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, respectively. The Company recorded equity in net (loss) of approximately ($423,000) and ($508,000) from REF for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively. The Company recorded equity in net income (loss) of approximately $78,000 and $(7,000) from from REF for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, respectively. The Company recorded equity in net income of approximately $36,000 and $57,000 from its other investments for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively. The Company recorded equity in net income of approximately $43,000 and $26,000 from its other investments for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, respectively.

NOTE 5.    REVOLVING OPERATING NOTE

On February 6, 2018, Dakota Ethanol executed a revolving promissory note from Farm Credit Services of America (FCSA) in the amount up to $10,000,000 or the amount available in accordance with the borrowing base calculation, whichever is less. Interest on the outstanding principal balance will accrue at 300 basis points above the 1 month LIBOR rate and is not subject to a floor. The rate was 5.45% at June 30, 2019. There is a non-use fee of 0.25% on the unused portion of the $10,000,000 availability. The note is collateralized by substantially all assets of the Company. The note expires on November 1, 2019. On June 30, 2019, Dakota Ethanol had $0 outstanding and $6,099,000 available to be drawn on the revolving promissory note under the borrowing base.

NOTE 6.    LONG-TERM NOTES PAYABLE

On August 1, 2017, Dakota Ethanol executed a term note from FCSA in the amount of $8,000,000. Dakota Ethanol agreed to make monthly interest payments starting September 1, 2017 and annual principal payments of $1,000,000 starting on August 1, 2018. The notes matures on August 1, 2025. Interest on the outstanding principal balance will accrue at 325 basis points above the 1 month LIBOR rate and is not subject to a floor. The rate was 5.70% at June 30, 2019. On June 30, 2019, Dakota Ethanol had $7,000,000 outstanding on the note.

On February 6, 2018, Dakota Ethanol executed a reducing revolving promissory note from FCSA in the amount up to $40,000,000 or the amount available in accordance with the borrowing availability under the credit agreement. The amount Dakota Ethanol can borrow on the note decreases by $1,750,000 semi-annually starting on January 1, 2020 until the maximum balance reaches $26,000,000 on July 1, 2023. The note matures on January 1, 2026. Interest on the outstanding principal balance will accrue at

15

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018




325 basis points above the 1 month LIBOR rate and is not subject to a floor. The rate was 5.70% at June 30, 2019. The note contains a non-use fee of 0.50% on the unused portion of the note. On June 30, 2019, Dakota Ethanol had $29,000,000 outstanding and $11,000,000 available to be drawn on the note.

As part of the note payable agreement, Dakota Ethanol is subject to certain restrictive covenants establishing financial reporting requirements, distribution and capital expenditure limits, minimum debt service coverage ratios, net worth and working capital requirements. The note is collateralized by substantially all assets of the Company.

The balances of the notes payable are as follows:
 
 
June 30, 2019

 
December 31, 2018*
 
 
 
 
 
Notes Payable - FCSA
 
$
36,000,000

 
$
24,600,000

Less unamortized debt issuance costs
 
(12,590
)
 
(14,632
)
 
 
35,987,410

 
24,585,368

Less current portion
 
(1,000,000
)
 
(1,000,000
)
 
 
$
34,987,410

 
$
23,585,368

*Derived from audited financial statements
 
 
 
 

Principal maturities for the next five years are estimated as follows:
 
 
 
Years Ending June 30,
 
Principal
2020
 
$
1,000,000

2021
 
1,000,000

2022
 
1,000,000

2023
 
1,000,000

2024
 
1,000,000

thereafter
 
31,000,000


NOTE 7.    FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

The Company complies with the fair value measurements and disclosures standard which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosure for those assets and liabilities carried on the balance sheet on a fair value basis.

The Company’s balance sheet contains derivative financial instruments that are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis. Fair value measurements and disclosures require that assets and liabilities carried at fair value be classified and disclosed according to the process for determining fair value. There are three levels of determining fair value.

Level 1 uses quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2 uses observable market based inputs or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data.

Level 3 uses unobservable inputs that are not corroborated by market data.

A description of the valuation methodologies used for instruments measured at fair value, as well as the general classification of such instruments pursuant to the valuation hierarchy, is set forth below.

Derivative financial instruments. Commodity futures and options contracts are reported at fair value utilizing Level 1 inputs. For these contracts, the Company obtains fair value measurements from an independent pricing service. The fair value measurements consider observable data that may include dealer quotes and live trading levels from the CBOT and NYMEX markets. Over-the-counter commodity options contracts are reported at fair value utilizing Level 2 inputs. For these contracts, the Company obtains

16

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018




fair value measurements from an independent pricing service. The fair value measurements consider observable data that may include dealer quotes and live trading levels from the over-the-counter markets. Forward purchase contracts are reported at fair value utilizing Level 2 inputs. For these contracts, the Company obtains fair value measurements from local grain terminal bid values. The fair value measurements consider observable data that may include live trading bids from local elevators and processing plants which are based off the CBOT markets.

The following table summarizes financial assets and financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 segregated by the level of the valuation inputs within the fair value hierarchy utilized to measure fair value:
 
 
 Total
 
 Level 1
 
 Level 2
 
 Level 3
June 30, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative financial instruments,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  futures contracts
 
$
49,419

 
$
49,419

 
$

 
$

  forward contracts
 
$
418,077

 
$

 
$
418,077

 

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative financial instruments,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  futures contracts
 
$
(92,075
)
 
$
(92,075
)
 
$

 
$

  forward contracts
 
$
(334,707
)
 
$

 
$
(334,707
)
 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2018*
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative financial instruments,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  futures contracts
 
$
175,038

 
$
175,038

 
$

 
$

  forward contracts
 
$
676

 
$

 
$
676

 

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative financial instruments,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  futures contracts
 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

  forward contracts
 
$
(368,475
)
 
$

 
$
(368,475
)
 
$


*Derived from audited financial statements.

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company did not make any changes between Level 1 and Level 2 assets and liabilities. As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company did not have any Level 3 assets or liabilities.

Certain financial assets and financial liabilities are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis; that is, the instruments are not measured at fair value on an ongoing basis but are subject to fair value adjustments in certain circumstances (for example, when there is evidence of impairment). Financial assets and financial liabilities measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis were not significant at June 30, 2019.

Disclosure requirements for fair value of financial instruments require disclosure of the fair value of financial assets and financial liabilities, including those financial assets and financial liabilities that are not measured and reported at fair value on a recurring basis or nonrecurring basis. The methodologies for estimating the fair value of financial assets and financial liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring or non-recurring basis are discussed above.

The Company believes the carrying amount of cash and cash equivalents (level 1), accounts receivable (level 2), other receivables (level 2), accounts payable and accruals (level 2) and short-term debt (level 3) approximates fair value.

17

LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018




The carrying amount of long-term obligations (level 3) at June 30, 2019 of $36,000,000 had an estimated fair value of approximately $36,000,000 based on estimated interest rates for comparable debt. The carrying amount of long-term obligations at December 31, 2018 of $24,600,000 had an estimated fair value of approximately $24,600,000.
NOTE 8.    RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Dakota Ethanol has a 6% interest in RPMG, and Dakota Ethanol has entered into marketing agreements for the exclusive rights to market, sell and distribute the entire ethanol, dried distillers grains and corn oil inventories produced by Dakota Ethanol.  The marketing fees are included in net revenues.
Revenues and marketing fees related to the agreements are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues ethanol
$
20,723,838

 
$
15,846,685

 
$
37,103,781

 
$
31,462,839

Revenues distillers dried grains
849,741

 
526,450

 
1,175,323

 
615,072

Revenues corn oil
1,010,829

 
531,046

 
1,810,516

 
1,094,420

Marketing fees ethanol
60,960

 
65,865

 
121,920

 
131,730

Marketing fees distillers dried grains
6,763

 
3,164

 
8,940

 
3,738

Marketing fees corn oil
8,143

 
4,544

 
14,577

 
9,524

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
June 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018*
 
 
 
 
Amounts due included in accounts receivable
$
2,868,863

 
$
836,798

 
 
 
 
*Derived from audited financial statements.
The Company purchased corn and services from members of its Board of Managers that farm and operate local businesses. The Company also purchased ingredients from RPMG. Purchases during the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 totaled approximately $759,000 and $1,000,000, respectively. Purchases during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 totaled approximately $439,000 and $861,000, respectively. As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the amount we owed to related parties was approximately $28,000 and $37,000, respectively.

18


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
We prepared the following discussion and analysis to help you better understand our financial condition, changes in our financial condition, and results of operations for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2019, compared to the same periods of the prior year. This discussion should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the Management's Discussion and Analysis section for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for 2018.

Disclosure Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This report contains historical information, as well as forward-looking statements that involve known and unknown risks and relate to future events, our future financial performance, or our expected future operations and actions. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as "may," "will," "should," "expect," "plan," "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "future," "intend," "could," "hope," "predict," "target," "potential," "continue" or the negative of these terms or other similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are only our predictions based on current information and involve numerous assumptions, risks and uncertainties. Our actual results or actions may differ materially from these forward-looking statements for many reasons, including the reasons described in this report and our annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018.

The cautionary statements referred to in this section also should be considered in connection with any subsequent written or oral forward-looking statements that may be issued by us or persons acting on our behalf. We undertake no duty to update these forward-looking statements, even though our situation may change in the future. Furthermore, we cannot guarantee future results, events, levels of activity, performance, or achievements. We caution you not to put undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report.  You should read this report and the documents that we reference in this report and have filed as exhibits completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we currently expect.  We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.
 
Overview
 
Lake Area Corn Processors, LLC is a South Dakota limited liability company that owns and manages its wholly-owned subsidiary, Dakota Ethanol, LLC. Dakota Ethanol, LLC owns and operates an ethanol plant located near Wentworth, South Dakota that has a nameplate production capacity of 90 million gallons of ethanol per year. Lake Area Corn Processors, LLC is referred to in this report as "LACP," the "company," "we," or "us." Dakota Ethanol, LLC is referred to in this report as "Dakota Ethanol" "we" "us" or the "ethanol plant."

Our revenue is derived from the sale and distribution of our ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil.  The ethanol plant recently increased its nameplate capacity from 50 million gallons per year to 90 million gallon per year.  Corn is supplied to us primarily from our members who are local agricultural producers and from purchases of corn on the open market. We have engaged Renewable Products Marketing Group, Inc. ("RPMG, Inc.") to market all of the ethanol and corn oil that we produce at the ethanol plant. Further, RPMG, Inc. markets all of the distillers grains that we produce that we do not market internally to local customers.

On November 30, 2017, Dakota Ethanol entered into a design-build agreement with Nelson Engineering Co. for the design and construction of a plant expansion to increase the plant's production capacity to approximately 90 million gallons of ethanol per year. The cost of the expansion is expected to be approximately $36 million. The expansion was substantially completed during our second quarter of 2019.

In recent years, the ethanol industry in the United States has increased exports of ethanol and distillers grains. In January 2017, the Chinese issued final tariffs on U.S. distillers grains. The Chinese distillers grains anti-dumping tariffs range from 42.2% to 53.7% and the anti-subsidy tariffs range from 11.2% to 12%. In addition, the Chinese government increased its ethanol import tariff from 5% to 30% as of January 1, 2017 and increased the tariff again in April 2018 from 30% to 45%. In 2019, the ethanol import tariff was increased to approximately 65%. These tariffs have had a negative impact on market ethanol and distillers grains prices in the United States. Further, on August 23, 2017, Brazil imposed a twenty percent import tariff on ethanol imported from the United States. These tariffs negatively impact demand for U.S. ethanol.

In May 2019, the European Union's tariff on ethanol produced in the United States was repealed which paves the way for increased ethanol exports to the European Union. However, due to current pricing, management does not believe this will significantly increase demand for United States ethanol.


19


Results of Operations

Comparison of the Fiscal Quarters Ended June 30, 2019 and 2018

The following table shows the results of our operations and the percentage of revenues, cost of revenues, operating expenses and other items to total revenues in our consolidated statements of income for the fiscal quarters ended June 30, 2019 and 2018:
 
 
2019
 
2018
Income Statement Data
 
Amount
 
%
 
Amount
 
%
Revenues
 
$
26,096,989

 
100.0

 
$
20,077,335

 
100.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of Revenues
 
24,798,025

 
95.0

 
18,011,878

 
89.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross Profit
 
1,298,964

 
5.0

 
2,065,457

 
10.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Expense
 
926,379

 
3.5

 
992,448

 
4.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from Operations
 
372,585

 
1.4

 
1,073,009

 
5.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Income (Expense)
 
(565,482
)
 
(2.2
)
 
393,969

 
2.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income (Loss)
 
$
(192,897
)
 
(.7
)
 
$
1,466,978

 
7.3


Revenues

Revenue from ethanol sales increased by approximately 31% during our second quarter of 2019 compared to the same period of 2018. Revenue from distillers grains sales increased by approximately 18% during our second quarter of 2019 compared to the same period of 2018. Revenue from corn oil sales increased by approximately 90% during our second quarter of 2019 compared to the same period of 2018.
 
Ethanol

Our ethanol revenue was approximately $4,854,000 greater during our second quarter of 2019 compared to our second quarter of 2018, an increase of approximately 31%. This increase in ethanol revenue was due to an increase in the amount of ethanol we sold due in part to our plant expansion project, partially offset by a lower average price we received for the ethanol we sold during our second quarter of 2019 compared to our second quarter of 2018. We sold approximately 33% more gallons of ethanol during our second quarter of 2019 compared to the same period of 2018, an increase of approximately 3,892,000 gallons. Management anticipates increased ethanol production and sales during the remainder of our 2019 fiscal year due to the completion of our plant expansion project.
 
The average price we received for our ethanol was lower on a per gallon basis during our second quarter of 2019 compared to our second quarter of 2018, with a decrease of approximately 2%. Management attributes this decrease in ethanol prices with increased market ethanol supplies which were not met by corresponding increases in demand during our second quarter of 2019. The ethanol industry experienced demand destruction domestically as a result of certain small refinery exemptions the EPA allowed during 2018 and 2019. These exemptions reduced the amount of ethanol that was required to be blended during these years under the Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS) which resulted in significantly less ethanol demand. The existence of these exemptions came to light during 2018. During June 2019, the EPA approved regulations which allow the use of E15 blends during the entire year which management believes may lead to additional ethanol demand in the future. However, management believes that additional demand from E15 will be less than the demand which was lost due to the small refinery exemptions issued by the EPA in 2018 and 2019.
    
Distillers Grains

Our total distillers grains revenue was approximately 18% greater during our second quarter of 2019 compared to the same period of 2018, due to increased market modified distillers grains prices due to higher corn prices locally along with decreased dried distillers grains prices due to increase supplies of distillers grains due to our expansion. We sold approximately 25% more total tons of distillers grains during our second quarter of 2019 compared to the same period of 2018 due to increased production at the plant.

20


The average price we received for our dried distillers grains was approximately 30% less during our second quarter of 2019 compared to the same period of 2018, a decrease of approximately $48 per ton. Management attributes the decrease in dried distillers grains prices during the second quarter of 2019 with an increase in the availability of distillers grains in our market due to our plant expansion project. The average price we received for our modified/wet distillers grains, on a dry-equivalent basis, was approximately 2% greater for our second quarter of 2019 compared to the same period of 2018, an increase of approximately $3 per ton. Management attributes this increase in modified/wet distillers grains prices with higher corn prices locally which impacts modified distillers grains prices which are primarily used in our local market. Management anticipates that distillers grains prices will remain stable for the near future unless we experience an increase in export demand for distillers grains or domestic ethanol production decreases which could reduce the supply of distillers grains in the market. Management anticipates increased distillers grains production and sales during the remainder of our 2019 fiscal year due to our plant expansion project.
    
Corn Oil

Our total pounds of corn oil sold increased by approximately 79% during our second quarter of 2019 compared to the same period of 2018, an increase of approximately 1,800,000 pounds, primarily due to increased overall production due to our plant expansion project along with improved corn oil extraction efficiency. Management anticipates increased corn oil production for the remainder of our 2019 fiscal year.

The average price per pound we received for our corn oil was approximately 6% greater for our second quarter of 2019 compared to the same period of 2018. The increase in price is related to increased crude oil prices. Corn oil is frequently used as a raw material in biodiesel production. Management expects corn oil prices to decrease for the rest of our 2019 fiscal year due to uncertainty in the biodiesel industry which is a significant source of corn oil demand.

Cost of Revenues

The primary raw materials we use to produce ethanol and distillers grains are corn and natural gas.

Corn

Our cost of revenues relating to corn was approximately 44% greater for our second quarter of 2019 compared to the same period of 2018 due to increased corn bushels used along with higher market corn costs per bushel during the 2019 period.

We consumed approximately 32% more bushels of corn during our second quarter of 2019 compared to the same period of 2018 due to increased production at the ethanol plant from our plant expansion project. Management anticipates that our corn consumption will increase during our 2019 fiscal year as we anticipate increased ethanol production.

Our average cost per bushel of corn increased by approximately 9% for our second quarter of 2019 compared to our second quarter of 2018. Management attributes the increased corn cost per bushel to unfavorable weather conditions during our 2019 fiscal year which included a significant amount of snow along with wet weather which delayed planting, potentially impacting the amount of corn which will be harvested in 2019. Management anticipates that corn prices will continue to increase though harvest and may increase significantly depending on the size of the corn crop harvested in the fall.

Natural Gas

Our cost of revenues related to natural gas increased by approximately $287,000, an increase of approximately 38%, for our second quarter of 2019 compared to our second quarter of 2018. This increase was due to increased natural gas consumption from our plant expansion project, partially offset by lower natural gas costs per MMBtu due to stable market factors which resulted in lower natural gas prices during our second quarter of 2019 compared to the same period of 2018.

Our average cost per MMBtu of natural gas during our second quarter of 2019 was approximately 6% lower compared to our second quarter of 2018. The volume of natural gas we consumed was approximately 46% greater during our second quarter of 2019 compared to the same period of 2018 due primarily to increased production at the ethanol plant, which was offset by increased operating efficiency. Management anticipates increased natural gas consumption during the remaining quarters of our 2019 fiscal year due to our plant expansion project coming online.






21


Operating Expenses

Our operating expenses were lower for our second quarter of 2019 compared to the same period of 2018 due primarily to decreased professional fees and environmental costs offset by increased wages and benefit costs due primarily to our plant expansion.

Other Income and Expense

We had higher interest expense during our second quarter of 2019 compared to the same period of 2018 due to our plant expansion project. We were capitalizing interest in previous periods when our expansion project was under construction. Our earnings from our investments were less during our second quarter of 2019 compared to the same period of 2018 due to decreased profitability in the ethanol industry. Most of our investments are in companies involved in the ethanol industry.

Comparison of the Six Months Ended June 30, 2019 and 2018

The following table shows the results of our operations and the percentage of revenues, cost of revenues, operating expenses and other items to total revenues in our consolidated statements of income for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018:
 
 
2019
 
2018
Income Statement Data
 
Amount
 
%
 
Amount
 
%
Revenues
 
$
47,710,287

 
100.0

 
$
39,881,607

 
100.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of Revenues
 
43,961,060

 
92.1

 
35,204,029

 
88.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross Profit
 
3,749,227

 
7.9

 
4,677,578

 
11.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Expense
 
1,935,707

 
4.1

 
1,975,691

 
5.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from Operations
 
1,813,520

 
3.8

 
2,701,887

 
6.8

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Income (Expense)
 
(216,213
)
 
(0.5
)
 
641,788

 
1.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income
 
$
1,597,307

 
3.3

 
$
3,343,675

 
8.4


Revenues

Revenue from ethanol sales increased by approximately 18% during the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period of 2018. Revenue from distillers grains sales increased by approximately 20% during the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period of 2018. Revenue from corn oil sales increased by approximately 66% during the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period of 2018.
 
Ethanol

Our ethanol revenue was approximately $5,638,000 greater during our six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2018, an increase of approximately 18%. This increase in ethanol revenue was due primarily to an increase in the volume of ethanol we sold, and a decrease in the average price we received per gallon of ethanol sold during the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2018. We sold approximately 21% more gallons of ethanol during the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period of 2018, an increase of approximately 5,054,000 gallons, due to increased production at the plant following completion of our plant expansion project. Management anticipates increased ethanol production and sales during the remainder of our 2019 fiscal year due to our plant expansion project.
 
The average price we received for our ethanol was approximately $0.04 less per gallon during the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2018, a decrease of approximately 3%. Management attributes this decrease in ethanol prices with greater supply of ethanol in the market which was not met by higher ethanol demand which impacted ethanol prices during the six months ended June 30, 2019.
        



22


Distillers Grains

Our total distillers grains revenue was approximately 20% greater during the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period of 2018 due to increased total production and increased modified distillers grains prices, partially offset by lower dried distillers grains prices. We sold approximately 14% more total tons of distillers grains during the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period of 2018 due to increased overall production at the ethanol plant due to our plant expansion project. Management decides the relative production of dried distillers grains versus modified distillers grains based on market conditions favoring each of these products.

The average price we received for our dried distillers grains was approximately 19% less during the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period of 2018, a decrease of approximately $29 per ton. Management attributes the decrease in dried distillers grains prices during the six months ended June 30, 2019 with lower prices which resulted from increased supply following completion of our plant expansion project. The average price we received for our modified/wet distillers grains, on a dry-equivalent basis, was approximately 9% greater for the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period of 2018, an increase of approximately $11 per ton. Management attributes this increase in modified/wet distillers grains prices with a stronger local market due to increases in prices of corn and soybean meal.
    
Corn Oil

Our total pounds of corn oil sold increased by approximately 53% during the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period of 2018, an increase of approximately 2,527,000 pounds, primarily due to increased overall production and improved corn oil extraction efficiency.

The average price per pound we received for our corn oil was approximately 8% greater for the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period of 2018. The increase in our average corn oil price is related to higher crude oil prices.

Cost of Revenues

Corn

Our cost of revenues relating to corn was approximately 31% greater for the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period of 2018 due to increased corn bushels used due to the plant expansion project along with higher corn costs per bushel during the 2019 period.

Our average cost per bushel of corn increased by approximately 8% for the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2018. We consumed approximately 21% more bushels of corn during the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period of 2018. Management anticipates that our corn consumption will be higher during the remaining quarters of our 2019 fiscal year due to expected increases in production from our plant expansion project.

Natural Gas

Our cost of revenues related to natural gas increased by approximately $286,000, an increase of approximately 15%, for the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2018. This increase was due to increased natural gas consumption, partially offset by lower natural gas prices per MMBtu during the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period of 2018.

Our average cost per MMBtu of natural gas during the six months ended June 30, 2019 was approximately 6% less compared to the cost per MMbtu for the six months ended June 30, 2018. Management attributes this decrease in our average natural gas costs with generally lower natural gas prices in 2019.

The volume of natural gas we used increased by approximately 22% during the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period of 2018 due primarily to increased production due to our plant expansion project. Management anticipates that our natural gas consumption will be higher for the rest of our 2019 fiscal year.

Operating Expenses

Our operating expenses were lower for the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period of 2018 due primarily to decreased professional fees and environmental costs offset by increased wage and benefit expenses related to increases in staff from our plant expansion.

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Other Income and Expense

We had less earnings on our investments during the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period of 2018 due to decreased profitability in the ethanol industry. We had more interest expense during the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period of 2018 because we were capitalizing interest on our expansion project until it was completed during our second quarter of 2019.

Changes in Financial Condition for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2019

Current Assets

Our cash on hand at June 30, 2019 was greater compared to December 31, 2018 due to timing of the quarter end and larger checks we had outstanding in excess of our bank accounts. We had more accounts receivable at June 30, 2019 compared to December 31, 2018 due to the timing of our quarter end and the payments related to the shipments of our products. The value of our inventory was greater at June 30, 2019 compared to December 31, 2018 due to increased corn inventory. The asset value of our derivative instruments was greater at June 30, 2019 compared to December 31, 2018 due to recent corn price increases which resulted in forward contract gains. We also had more cash held by our commodities broker in our margin account June 30, 2019 compared to December 31, 2018.

Property and Equipment

The value of our property and equipment was higher at June 30, 2019 compared to December 31, 2018 as a result of capital expenditures for the plant expansion during our 2019 fiscal year.

Other Assets

The value of our investments was greater at June 30, 2019 compared to December 31, 2018 due to additional investment in Ring-neck Energy and Feeds along with fewer cash distributions in excess of earnings from our investments.

Current Liabilities

We had more outstanding checks in excess of bank balances at June 30, 2019 compared to December 31, 2018 due to the increased price of corn at June 30, 2019. We use our revolving loan to pay any checks which are presented for payment which exceed the cash we have available in our accounts. Our accounts payable was higher at June 30, 2019 compared to December 31, 2018 due primarily to increased corn payments at June 30, 2019 compared to December 31, 2018. Our accrued liabilities were greater at June 30, 2019 compared to December 31, 2018 due to more accrued interest payable.

Long-Term Liabilities

Our long-term liabilities were greater at June 30, 2019 compared to December 31, 2018 due to borrowing related to our plant expansion project.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our main sources of liquidity are cash from our continuing operations, distributions we receive from our investments and amounts we have available to draw on our revolving credit facilities. Management does not anticipate that we will need to raise additional debt or equity financing in the next twelve months and management believes that our current sources of liquidity will be sufficient to continue our operations during that time period. We anticipate that any capital expenditures we undertake related to our expansion project will be paid out of cash from operations and existing loans, and will not require any additional debt or equity financing.

Currently, we have two revolving loans which allow us to borrow funds for working capital. These loans are described in greater detail below in the section entitled "Item 2 - Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Indebtedness." As of June 30, 2019, we had $29,000,000 outstanding and $17,099,000 available to be drawn on our revolving loans, after taking into account the borrowing base calculation. Management anticipates that this is sufficient to maintain our liquidity and continue our operations.


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The following table shows cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018:
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
 
$
(768,127
)
 
$
3,381,595

Net cash (used in) investing activities
 
(8,268,017
)
 
(6,499,366
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
 
13,529,846

 
(1,910,250
)

Cash Flow From Operations. Our operating activities provided less cash during the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period of 2018, due primarily to reduced net income during the 2019 period along with an increase in accounts receivable and inventory which reduced cash.

Cash Flow From Investing Activities. Our investing activities used more cash during the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period of 2018, due to our plant expansion project along with an additional investment we purchased in Ring-neck Energy & Feed, LLC.

Cash Flow From Financing Activities. Our financing activities provided more cash during the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period of 2018, due primarily to increased cash we received from our debt instruments to fund our plant expansion project partially offset by increased payments on our outstanding debt instruments.

Indebtedness
 
We entered into a comprehensive credit facility with Farm Credit Services of America, PCA and Farm Credit Services of America, FLCA (collectively "FCSA"). We have a $10 million revolving operating line of credit (the "Operating Line") and a $40 million reducing revolving loan (the "Reducing Revolving Loan"). All of our assets, including the ethanol plant and equipment, its accounts receivable and inventory, serve as collateral for our loans with FCSA.

On August 1, 2017, we executed an amendment to our credit agreement to create a new $8 million term loan which we used to finance a portion of our investment in Ring-neck Energy & Feed, LLC.

On February 6, 2018, we executed an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the "Amended and Restated Credit Agreement") with FCSA. Pursuant to the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, we increased our total credit availability to $40 million to support our expansion project. Further, the maturity date of this increased credit availability under our Amended and Restated Credit Agreement was extended to January 1, 2026. Until February 1, 2023, interest will accrue pursuant to the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement on our increased credit availability at the one month London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR") plus 3.25% per year. We agreed to pay a fee of 0.50% on the unused portion of the increased credit availability.  

Operating Line

On February 6, 2018, Dakota Ethanol executed a revolving promissory note from Farm Credit Services of America (FCSA) in the amount up to $10,000,000 or the amount available in accordance with the borrowing base calculation, whichever is less. Interest on the outstanding principal balance will accrue at 300 basis points above the 1 month LIBOR rate and is not subject to a floor. The rate was 5.45% at June 30, 2019. There is a non-use fee of 0.25% on the unused portion of the $10,000,000 availability. The note is collateralized by substantially all assets of the Company. The note expires on November 1, 2019. On June 30, 2019, Dakota Ethanol had $0 outstanding and $6,099,000 available to be drawn on the revolving promissory note under the borrowing base.

Reducing Revolving Loan

On February 6, 2018, Dakota Ethanol executed a reducing revolving promissory note from FCSA in the amount up to $40,000,000 or the amount available in accordance with the borrowing availability under the credit agreement. The amount Dakota Ethanol can borrow on the note decreases by $1,750,000 semi-annually starting on January 1, 2020 until the maximum balance reaches $26,000,000 on July 1, 2023. The note matures on January 1, 2026. Interest on the outstanding principal balance will accrue at 325 basis points above the 1 month LIBOR rate and is not subject to a floor. The rate was 5.70% at June 30, 2019. The note contains a non-use fee of 0.50% on the unused portion of the note. On June 30, 2019, Dakota Ethanol had $29,000,000 outstanding and $11,000,000 available to be drawn on the note.



25


2017 Term Loan

On August 1, 2017, Dakota Ethanol executed a term note with FCSA in the amount of $8 million. Dakota Ethanol agreed to make monthly interest payments starting September 1, 2017 and annual principal payments of $1,000,000 starting on August 1, 2018. The notes matures on August 1, 2025. Interest on the outstanding principal balance will accrue at 325 basis points above the 1 month LIBOR rate and is not subject to a floor. The rate was 5.70% at June 30, 2019. On June 30, 2019, Dakota Ethanol had $7,000,000 outstanding on the note.

Covenants

Our credit facilities with FCSA are subject to various loan covenants. If we fail to comply with these loan covenants, FCSA can declare us to be in default of our loans. The material loan covenants applicable to our credit facilities are our working capital covenant, local net worth covenant and our debt service coverage ratio. We are required to maintain working capital (current assets minus current liabilities plus availability on our revolving loan) of at least $13.5 million. We are required to maintain local net worth (total assets minus total liabilities minus the value of certain investments) of at least $28 million. We are required to maintain a debt service coverage ratio of at least 1.25:1.00.

As of June 30, 2019, we were in compliance with all of our loan covenants. Management's current financial projections indicate that we will be in compliance with our financial covenants for the next 12 months and we expect to remain in compliance thereafter. Management does not believe that it is reasonably likely that we will fall out of compliance with our material loan covenants in the next 12 months. If we fail to comply with the terms of our credit agreements with FCSA, and FCSA refuses to waive the non-compliance, FCSA may require us to immediately repay all amounts outstanding on our loans.

Application of Critical Accounting Policies

Management uses estimates and assumptions in preparing our consolidated financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and the reported revenues and expenses. Of the significant accounting policies described in the notes to our consolidated financial statements, we believe that the following are the most critical:

Derivative Instruments

We enter into short-term forward grain, option and futures contracts as a means of securing corn for the ethanol plant and managing exposure to changes in commodity prices. We enter into short-term forward, option and futures contracts for sales of ethanol to manage exposure to changes in commodity prices. All of our derivatives are designated as non-hedge derivatives, and accordingly are recorded at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income. Although the contracts are considered economic hedges of specified risks, they are not designated as nor accounted for as hedging instruments.

As part of our trading activity, we use futures and option contracts offered through regulated commodity exchanges to reduce our risk and we are exposed to risk of loss in the market value of inventories. To reduce that risk, we generally take positions using cash and futures contracts and options.

Unrealized gains and losses related to derivative contracts for corn purchases are included as a component of cost of revenues and derivative contracts related to ethanol sales are included as a component of revenues in the accompanying financial statements. The fair values of derivative contracts are presented on the accompanying balance sheets as derivative financial instruments.

Goodwill

Annually, as well as when an event triggering impairment may have occurred, the Company performs an impairment test on goodwill. The Company performs a quantitative analysis that tests for impairment. The second step, if necessary, measures the impairment. The Company performs the annual analysis on December 31 of each fiscal year.

Inventory Valuation

Inventories are generally valued using methods which approximate the lower of cost (first-in, first-out) or net realizable value. In the valuation of inventories and purchase commitments, net realizable value is based on estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation.


26


Revenue Recognition

The Company generally recognizes revenue at a point in time when performance obligations are satisfied. Revenue from the production of ethanol and related products is recorded when control transfers to customers. Generally, ethanol and related products are shipped FOB shipping point, based on written contract terms between Dakota Ethanol and its customers. Collectability of revenue is reasonably assured based on historical evidence of collectability between Dakota Ethanol and its customers. Interest income is recognized as earned.

Shipping costs incurred by the Company in the sale of ethanol, dried distillers grains and corn oil are not specifically identifiable and as a result, revenue from the sale of those products is recorded based on the net selling price reported to the Company from the marketer.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

We are exposed to the impact of market fluctuations associated with commodity prices and interest rates as discussed below.  We have no exposure to foreign currency risk as all of our business is conducted in U.S. Dollars. We use derivative financial instruments as part of an overall strategy to manage market risk. We use cash, futures and option contracts to hedge changes to the commodity prices of corn and natural gas. We do not enter into these derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes, nor do we designate these contracts as hedges for accounting purposes.

Interest Rate Risk

We are exposed to market risk from changes in interest rates. Exposure to interest rate risk results primarily from holding loans which bear variable interest rates. As of June 30, 2019, we had $36,000,000 outstanding on our variable interest rate loans with interest accruing at a rate of 5.70%. Our variable interest rates are calculated by adding a set basis to LIBOR. If we were to experience a 10% increase in LIBOR, the annual effect such change would have on our income statement, based on the amount we had outstanding on our variable interest rate loans as of June 30, 2019, would be approximately $88,000.

Commodity Price Risk
 
We are exposed to market risk from changes in commodity prices.  Exposure to commodity price risk results from our dependence on corn and natural gas in the ethanol production process.  We seek to minimize the risks from fluctuations in the prices of corn and natural gas through the use of hedging instruments.  In practice, as markets move, we actively manage our risk and adjust hedging strategies as appropriate.  Although we believe our hedge positions accomplish an economic hedge against our future purchases, they are not designated as such for hedge accounting purposes, which would match the gain or loss on our hedge positions to the specific commodity purchase being hedged.  We are marking to market our hedge positions, which means as the current market price of our hedge positions changes, the gains and losses are immediately recognized in our cost of revenues.

The immediate recognition of hedging gains and losses can cause net income to be volatile from quarter to quarter due to the timing of the change in value of the derivative instruments relative to the cost and use of the commodity being hedged.  We recorded a combined decrease to our cost of revenues of approximately $1,112,000 related to derivative instruments for the quarter ended June 30, 2019. We recorded a combined decrease to our cost of revenues of approximately $405,000 related to derivative instruments for the quarter ended June 30, 2018. There are several variables that could affect the extent to which our derivative instruments are impacted by price fluctuations in the cost of corn or natural gas.  However, it is likely that commodity cash prices will have the greatest impact on the derivatives instruments with delivery dates nearest the current cash price.

As of June 30, 2019, we were committed to purchasing approximately 3.9 million bushels of corn with an average price of $4.07 per bushel. These corn purchases represent approximately 13% of our project plant corn usage for the next 12 months.

As of June 30, 2019, we were committed to purchasing approximately 833,000 MMBtus of natural gas with an average price of $2.60 per MMBtu. Under these arrangements, the Company assumes the risk of a price decrease in the market price of natural gas between the time the price is fixed and the time the natural gas is delivered. The Company accounts for these transactions as normal purchases, and accordingly, does not mark these transactions to market. The natural gas purchases represent approximately 40% of the projected annual plant requirements.


27


As of June 30, 2019, we were committed to selling approximately 39,500 dry equivalent tons of distillers grains with an average price of $126 per ton. The distillers grains sales represent approximately 18% of the projected annual plant production.

As of June 30, 2019, we were committed to selling approximately 1.9 million pounds of distillers corn oil with an average price of $0.25 per pound.  The distillers corn oil sales represent approximately 8% of the projected annual plant production.

We do not have any firm-priced sales commitments for ethanol as of June 30, 2019.

A sensitivity analysis has been prepared to estimate our exposure to corn, natural gas and ethanol price risk. Market risk related to these factors is estimated as the potential change in income resulting from a hypothetical 10% adverse change in the average cost of our corn and natural gas prices and average ethanol price as of June 30, 2019, net of the forward and future contracts used to hedge our market risk for corn and natural gas usage requirements. The volumes are based on our expected use and sale of these commodities for a one year period from June 30, 2019. The results of this analysis, which may differ from actual results, are as follows:
 
 
Estimated Volume Requirements for the next 12 months (net of forward and futures contracts)
 
Unit of Measure
 
Hypothetical Adverse Change in Price
 
Approximate Adverse Change to Income
Ethanol
92,000,000

 
Gallons
 
10
%
 
$
13,064,000

Corn
24,526,548

 
Bushels
 
10
%
 
$
10,227,570

Natural Gas
1,236,578

 
MMBTU
 
10
%
 
$
248,552


For comparison purposes, our sensitivity analysis for our quarter ended June 30, 2018 is set forth below.
 
Estimated Volume Requirements for the next 12 months (net of forward and futures contracts)
 
Unit of Measure
 
Hypothetical Adverse Change in Price
 
Approximate Adverse Change to Income
Ethanol
52,500,000

 
Gallons
 
10
%
 
$
6,930,000

Corn
15,939,014

 
Bushels
 
10
%
 
$
4,988,911

Natural Gas
791,250

 
MMBTU
 
10
%
 
$
208,890


ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the "Exchange Act") is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow for timely decisions regarding required disclosures.

Our management, including our Chief Executive Officer (the principal executive officer), Scott Mundt, along with our Chief Financial Officer (the principal financial officer), Rob Buchholtz, have reviewed and evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of June 30, 2019. Based on this review and evaluation, these officers believe that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective in ensuring that material information related to us is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods required by the forms and rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission.

For the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2019, there has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.



28


PART II.    OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

From time to time in the ordinary course of business, Dakota Ethanol or Lake Area Corn Processors may be named as a defendant in legal proceedings related to various issues, including, worker's compensation claims, tort claims, or contractual disputes. We are not currently involved in any material legal proceedings, directly or indirectly, and we are not aware of any claims pending or threatened against us or any of the managers that could result in the commencement of material legal proceedings.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

There has not been any material change to the risk factors previously disclosed in our annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018.

ITEM 2.    UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

None.

ITEM 3.    DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

None.

ITEM 4.     MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

None.

ITEM 5.     OTHER INFORMATION

None.

ITEM 6.     EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

The following exhibits are filed as part of this report.
Exhibit No.
Exhibit
31.1

31.2

32.1

32.2

101

The following financial information from Lake Area Corn Processors, LLC's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2019 formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, (ii) Consolidated Statements of Income for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, (iii) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, and (iv) the Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.**
* Filed herewith.
** Furnished herewith.


29


SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 
LAKE AREA CORN PROCESSORS, LLC
 
 
Date:
August 14, 2019
 /s/ Scott Mundt
 
Scott Mundt
 
President and Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
 
 
Date:
August 14, 2019
 /s/ Robbi Buchholtz
 
Robbi Buchholtz
 
Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)



30