Company Quick10K Filing
Tomi Environmental Solutions
Price-0.00 EPS-0
Shares125 P/E0
MCap-0 P/FCF0
Net Debt-1 EBIT-2
TEV-1 TEV/EBIT1
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-Q 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-05-14
10-K 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-03-30
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10-K 2012-12-31 Filed 2013-04-01
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10-K 2011-12-30 Filed 2012-03-30
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8-K 2020-05-18
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8-K 2018-05-17
8-K 2018-03-29
8-K 2018-01-29
8-K 2018-01-05

TOMI 10Q Quarterly Report

Note 1. Description of Business
Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 3. Inventories
Note 4. Vendor Deposits
Note 5. Property and Equipment
Note 6. Intangible Assets
Note 7. Leases
Note 8. Capitalized Software Development Costs
Note 9. Convertible Debt
Note 10. Shareholders’ Equity
Note 11. Commitments and Contingencies
Note 12. Contracts and Agreements
Note 13. Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities
Note 14. Accrued Warranty
Note 15. Customer Deposits
Note 16. Income Taxes
Note 17. Customer Concentration
Note 18. Subsequent Events
EX-10.1 tomi_ex10-1.htm
EX-31.1 tomz_ex311.htm
EX-31.2 tomz_ex312.htm
EX-32.1 tomz_ex321.htm
EX-32.2 tomz_ex322.htm

Tomi Environmental Solutions Earnings 2020-03-31

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
151050-5-102012201420172020
Assets, Equity
10.06.02.0-2.0-6.0-10.02012201420172020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
10.07.34.61.9-0.8-3.52012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

10-Q 1 tomz_10q.htm QUARTERLY REPORT tomz_10q
 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark One)
 
☒ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020
 
or
 
☐ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from _____ to _____
 
Commission File Number: 000-09908
 
TOMI ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
 
 
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
Florida
59-1947988
(State or other jurisdiction of
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)
 
 
 
9454 Wilshire Blvd., Penthouse, Beverly Hills, CA 90212
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
 
 
(800) 525-1698
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
 
Not Applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of each class
 
Trading
Symbol(s)
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, par value $0.01 per share
 
TOMZ
 
OTC Markets Group Inc.
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer ☐
Accelerated filer                   ☐
Non-accelerated filer   ☐
Smaller reporting company ☒
 
Emerging growth company ☐
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒
 
As of May 6, 2020, the registrant had 133,517,083 shares of common stock outstanding.
 

 
 
 
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTER ENDED MARCH 31, 2020
 
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
Page

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
2
 
 
 
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Financial Statements.
3
 
 
 
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
24
 
 
 
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
37
 
 
 
Controls and Procedures.
37
 
 
 
OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Legal Proceedings.
38
 
 
 
Risk Factors.
38
 
 
 
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
38
 
 
 
Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
38
 
 
 
Mine Safety Disclosures.
38
 
 
 
Other Information.
38
 
 
 
Exhibits.
38
 
 
 
39
 
 
40
 

 
 
 
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Form 10-Q”) contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), and we intend that such forward looking statements be subject to the safe harbors created thereby. For this purpose, any statements contained in this Form 10-Q, except for historical information, may be deemed forward-looking statements. You can generally identify forward-looking statements as statements containing the words “will,” “would,” “believe,” “expect,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “assume,” “can,” “could,” “plan,” “predict,” “should” or the negative or other variations thereof or comparable terminology are intended to identify forward-looking statements. In addition, any statements that refer to projections of our future financial performance, trends in our businesses, or other characterizations of future events or circumstances are forward-looking statements.
 
The forward-looking statements included herein are based on current expectations of our management based on available information and involve a number of risks and uncertainties, all of which are difficult or impossible to predict accurately and many of which are beyond our control. As such, our actual results could differ materially and adversely from those expressed in any forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, some of which are listed under the section “Risk Factors” in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K. Readers should carefully review these risks, as well as the additional risks described in other documents we file from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission. In light of the significant risks and uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking information included herein, the inclusion of such information should not be regarded as a representation by us or any other person that such results will be achieved, and readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking information. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to revise the forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.
 
 
2
 
 
PART I: FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Financial Statements.
 
TOMI ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
 
  ASSETS
 
   
Current Assets:
 
March 31, 2020
(Unaudited)
 
 
December 31,
2019 
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
 $3,755,816 
 $897,223 
Accounts Receivable - net
  3,146,197 
  1,494,658 
Inventories (Note 3)
  635,529 
  2,315,214 
Vendor Deposits (Note 4)
  1,266,560 
  141,052 
Prepaid Expenses
  170,856 
  187,664 
       Total Current Assets
  8,974,958 
  5,035,811 
 
    
    
Property and Equipment – net (Note 5))
  1,257,831 
  1,367,864 
 
    
    
Other Assets:
    
    
Intangible Assets – net (Note 6)
  845,663 
  939,010 
Operating Lease - Right of Use Asset (Note - 7)
  664,198 
  674,471 
Capitalized Software Development Costs - net (Note 8)
  83,803 
  94,278 
Other Assets
  122,957 
  114,033 
     Total Other Assets
  1,716,621 
  1,821,792 
Total Assets
 $11,949,410 
 $8,225,467 
 
    
    
 
    
    
  LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Accounts Payable
 $832,177 
 $713,222 
  Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities (Note 13)
  655,736 
  450,112 
  Accrued Officers Compensation
  30,383 
  - 
  Accrued Interest (Note 9)
  - 
  66,667 
  Customer Deposits (Note 15)
  1,017,533 
  - 
  Current Portion of Long-Term Operating Lease
  73,851 
  71,510 
  Convertible Notes Payable, net of discount of $0
    
    
     at December 31, 2019 (Note 9)
  - 
  5,000,000 
     Total Current Liabilities
  2,609,680 
  6,301,511 
 
    
    
Long-Term Liabilities:
    
    
  Long-Term Operating Lease, Net of Current Portion (Note 7)
  1,015,465 
  1,034,413 
     Total Long-Term Liabilities
  1,015,465 
  1,034,413 
     Total Liabilities
  3,625,145 
  7,335,924 
 
    
    
 Commitments and Contingencies
  - 
  - 
 
    
    
 Shareholders’ Equity:
    
    
      Cumulative Convertible Series A Preferred Stock;
    
    
        par value $0.01 per share, 1,000,000 shares authorized; 510,000 shares issued
        and outstanding at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019
  5,100 
  5,100 
 
 Cumulative Convertible Series B Preferred Stock; $1,000 stated value;
 
    
 
       7.5% Cumulative dividend; 4,000 shares authorized; none issued
 
    
        and outstanding at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019
  - 
  - 
 
 Common stock; par value $0.01 per share, 250,000,000 shares authorized;
 
    
 
       133,517,083 and 124,700,418 shares issued and outstanding
 
    
        at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.
  1,335,170 
  1,247,004 
     Additional Paid-In Capital
  47,863,977 
  43,136,683 
     Accumulated Deficit
  (40,879,982)
  (43,499,244)
     Total Shareholders’ Equity
  8,324,265 
  889,543 
Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
 $11,949,410 
 $8,225,467 
 
    
    
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
3
 
 
TOMI ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
 
For The Three Months Ended
 
 
 
March 31,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   Sales, net
 $7,053,418 
 $1,252,658 
   Cost of Sales
  2,565,410 
  493,310 
   Gross Profit
  4,488,008 
  759,348 
 
    
    
Operating Expenses:
    
    
   Professional Fees
  136,125 
  105,481 
   Depreciation and Amortization
  171,909 
  176,845 
   Selling Expenses
  378,645 
  441,671 
   Research and Development
  59,458 
  92,577 
   Equity Compensation Expense (Note 10)
  182,772 
  80,917 
   Consulting Fees
  81,545 
  35,006 
   General and Administrative
  818,145 
  694,880 
Total Operating Expenses
  1,828,599 
  1,627,377 
Income (loss) from Operations
  2,659,409 
  (868,030)
 
    
    
Other Income (Expense):
    
    
   Amortization of Debt Discounts
  - 
  (17,534)
   Interest Income
  542 
  1,030 
   Interest Expense
  (40,689)
  (50,000)
Total Other Income (Expense)
  (40,147)
  (66,504)
 
    
    
Income (loss) before income taxes
  2,619,261 
  (934,532)
Provision for Income Taxes (Note 16)
  - 
  - 
Net income (loss)
 $2,619,261 
 $(934,532)
 
    
    
Net income (loss) Per Common Share
    
    
    Basic
 $0.02 
 $(0.01)
   Diluted
 $0.02 
 $(0.01)
 
    
    
Basic Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding
  126,802,819 
  124,659,307 
Diluted Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding
  144,941,677 
  124,659,307 
 
  The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
4
 
 
TOMI ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2020
(UNAUDITED)

 
 
Series A Preferred
 
 
Common Stock
 
 
 Additional
Paid in
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
 Total
Shareholders'
 
 
Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Capital
 
 
Deficit
 
 
Equity
 
Balance at December 31, 2019
  510,000 
 $5,100 
  124,700,418 
 $1,247,004 
 $43,136,683 
 $(43,499,243)
 $889,543 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
Equity Compensation
    
    
    
    
  209,961 
    
  209,961 
Common Stock Issued for Services Provided
    
    
  400,000 
  4,000 
  44,000 
    
  48,000 
Conversion of Notes Payable into Common Stock
    
    
  8,333,332 
  83,333 
  4,416,667 
    
  4,500,000 
Warrants exercised
    
    
  83,333 
  833 
  56,667 
    
  57,500 
Net Income for the three months ended March 31, 2020
    
    
    
    
    
  2,619,261 
  2,619,261 
Balance at March 31, 2020
  510,000 
 $5,100 
  133,517,083 
 $1,335,170 
 $47,863,978 
 $(40,879,982)
 $8,324,265 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
5
 
 
TOMI ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED )
 
 
 
For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Cash Flow From Operating Activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Net Income (Loss)
 $2,619,261 
 $(934,532)
  Adjustments to Reconcile Net Income (Loss) to
    
  . 
     Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Operating Activities:
    
    
      Depreciation and Amortization
  171,909 
  176,845 
       Amortization of Lease Liability
  39,329 
  39,644 
       Amortization of Debt Discount
  - 
  17,534 
       Amortization of Software Costs
  10,475 
  - 
      Equity Compensation Expense
  182,772 
  80,917 
      Value of Equity Issued for Services
  48,000 
  44,000 
       Reserve for Bad Debt
  25,000 
  (105,000)
       Inventory Reserve
  (100,000)
  - 
 Changes in Operating Assets and Liabilities:
    
    
      Decrease (Increase) in:
    
    
         Accounts Receivable
  (1,676,539)
  222,922 
         Inventory
  1,815,942 
  288,827 
         Prepaid Expenses
  16,807 
  6,792 
         Vendor Deposits
  (1,125,508)
  (79,275)
         Other Assets
  (8,924)
  (64,914)
      Increase (Decrease) in:
    
    
         Accounts Payable
  118,955 
  (475,851)
         Accrued Expenses
  232,813 
  225,072 
         Accrued Interest
  (66,667)
  (50,000)
         Accrued Officer Compensation
  30,383 
  (40,208)
         Customer Deposits
  1,017,533 
  (1,486)
          Lease Liability
  (35,865)
  - 
 
    
    
 Net Cash Provided By (Used in) Operating Activities
  3,315,678 
  (648,714)
 
    
    
 Cash Flow From Investing Activities:
    
    
   Capitalized Software Costs
  - 
  (125,704)
   Purchase of Property and Equipment
  (14,585)
  (34,582)
 Net Cash (Used in) Investing Activities
  (14,585)
  (160,286)
 
    
    
 
 The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
 
6
 
 
TOMI ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS – CONTINUED
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
 
 For the Three Months Ended March 31,  
 
Cash Flow From Financing Activities:
 2020
 
 
 2019
 
  Proceeds from Exercise of Warrants
  57,500 
   
  Repayment of Principal Balance on Convertible Note
  (500,000)
  - 
 Net Cash Used in Financing Activities
  (442,500)
  - 
 Increase (Decrease) In Cash and Cash Equivalents
  2,858,594 
  (809,000)
 Cash and Cash Equivalents - Beginning
  897,223 
  2,004,938 
 Cash and Cash Equivalents – Ending
 $3,755,816 
 $1,195,938 
 
    
    
Supplemental Cash Flow Information:
    
    
   Cash Paid for Interest
 $107,356 
 $100,000 
   Cash Paid for Income Taxes
 $- 
 $800 
Non-Cash Investing and Financing Activities:
    
    
  Accrued Equity Compensation
 $27,189 
 $59,845 
Conversion of Note Payable into Common Stock
 $4,500,000 
 $- 
Equipment, net Transferred to Inventory
 $36,256 
 $- 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.  
 
 
7
 
 
TOMI ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
NOTE 1. DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS
 
TOMI Environmental Solutions, Inc., a Florida corporation (“TOMI”, the “Company”, “we”, “our” and “us”) is a global provider of disinfection and decontamination essentials through its premier Binary Ionization Technology® (BIT) platform, under which it manufactures, licenses, services and sells its SteraMist® brand of products, including SteraMist® BIT™, a hydrogen peroxide-based mist and fog.
 
Invented under a defense grant in association with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) of the U.S. Department of Defense, BIT is registered with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) and uses a low percentage hydrogen peroxide as its only active ingredient to produce a fog composed mostly of a hydroxyl radical (.OH ion), known as ionized Hydrogen Peroxide (“iHP”). Represented by the SteraMist® brand of products, iHP produces a germ-killing aerosol that works like a visual non-caustic gas.
 
               TOMI’s products are designed to service a broad spectrum of commercial structures, including, but not limited to, hospitals and medical facilities, bio-safety labs, pharmaceutical facilities, meat and produce processing facilities, universities and research facilities, vivarium labs, all service industries including cruise ships, office buildings, hotel and motel rooms, schools, restaurants, military barracks, police and fire departments, and athletic facilities. TOMI products are also used in single-family homes and multi-unit residences.
 
               TOMI’s mission is to help its customers create a healthier world through its product line in its divisions (Healthcare, Life Sciences, TOMI Service Network and Food Safety).
 
NOTE 2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Basis of Presentation
 
The interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included herein, presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles utilized in the United States of America (“GAAP”), and stated in U.S. dollars, have been prepared by the Company, without an audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations, although the Company believes that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading.
 
These financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, which, in the opinion of management, are necessary for fair presentation of the information contained therein. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements of the Company for the year ended December 31, 2019 and notes thereto which are included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K previously filed with the SEC on March 30, 2020. The Company follows the same accounting policies in the preparation of interim reports. The results of operations for the interim periods covered by this Form 10-Q may not necessarily be indicative of results of operations for the full fiscal year or any other interim period.
 
Principles of Consolidation
 
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of TOMI and its wholly-owned subsidiary, TOMI Environmental Solutions, Inc., a Nevada corporation. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
 
Reclassification of Accounts
 
Certain reclassifications have been made to prior-year comparative financial statements to conform to the current year presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on previously reported results of operations or financial position.
 
 
8
 
 
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported and disclosed in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes. Actual results could differ materially from these estimates. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to accounts receivable, inventory, fair values of financial instruments, intangible assets, useful lives of intangible assets and property and equipment, fair values of stock-based awards, income taxes, and contingent liabilities, among others. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of our assets and liabilities.
 
Fair Value Measurements
 
The authoritative guidance for fair value measurements defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or the most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Market participants are buyers and sellers in the principal market that are (i) independent, (ii) knowledgeable, (iii) able to transact, and (iv) willing to transact. The guidance describes a fair value hierarchy based on the levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, that may be used to measure fair value, which are the following:
 
Level 1:
Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
 
Level2:
Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or corroborated by observable market data or substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
 
Level 3:
Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the value of the assets or liabilities.
 
Our financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses. All these items were determined to be Level 1 fair value measurements.
 
The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximated fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments.
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
For purposes of the statement of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents includes cash on hand, held at financial institutions and other liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less. At times, these deposits may be in excess of insured limits.
 
 
9
 
 
Accounts Receivable
 
Our accounts receivable are typically from credit worthy customers or, for certain international customers, are supported by pre-payments. For those customers to whom we extend credit, we perform periodic evaluations of them and maintain allowances for potential credit losses as deemed necessary. We have a policy of reserving for doubtful accounts based on our best estimate of the amount of potential credit losses in existing accounts receivable. We periodically review our accounts receivable to determine whether an allowance is necessary based on an analysis of past due accounts and other factors that may indicate that the realization of an account may be in doubt. Account balances deemed to be uncollectible are charged to the allowance after all means of collection have been exhausted and the potential for recovery is considered remote. Bad debt expense for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was $25,000 and $58,490, respectively.
 
At March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the allowance for doubtful accounts was $135,000 and $110,000, respectively.
 
As of March 31, 2020, one customer accounted for 12% of accounts receivable. As of December 31, 2019, three customers accounted for 37% of accounts receivable.
 
One customer/distributor accounted for 31% of net revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and two customers accounted for 45% of net revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2019.
 
Inventories
 
Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market using the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method. Inventories consist primarily of finished goods.
 
We expense costs to maintain certification to cost of goods sold as incurred.
 
We review inventory on an ongoing basis, considering factors such as deterioration and obsolescence. We record an allowance for estimated losses when the facts and circumstances indicate that particular inventories may not be usable. Our reserve for obsolete inventory was $0 and $100,000 as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.
 
Property and Equipment
 
We account for property and equipment at cost less accumulated depreciation. We compute depreciation using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, generally three to five years. Depreciation for equipment, furniture and fixtures and vehicles commences once placed in service for its intended use. Leasehold improvements are amortized using the straight-line method over the lives of the respective leases or service lives of the improvements, whichever is shorter.
 
Leases
 
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02 (“ASC 842”), Leases, to require lessees to recognize all leases, with certain exceptions, on the balance sheet, while recognition on the statement of operations will remain similar to current lease accounting. Subsequently, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases, ASU No. 2018-11, Targeted Improvements, ASU No. 2018-20, Narrow-Scope Improvements for Lessors, and ASU 2019-01, Codification Improvements, to clarify and amend the guidance in ASU No. 2016-02. ASC 842 eliminates real estate-specific provisions and modifies certain aspects of lessor accounting. This standard is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. We adopted ASC 842 as of January 1, 2019 using the modified retrospective basis with a cumulative effect adjustment as of that date. In addition, we elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance within the new standard, which allowed us to carry forward the historical determination of contracts as leases, lease classification and not reassess initial direct costs for historical lease arrangements. Accordingly, previously reported financial statements, including footnote disclosures, have not been recast to reflect the application of the new standard to all comparative periods presented.
 
Operating lease assets are included within operating lease right-of-use assets, and the corresponding operating lease liabilities are recorded as current portion of long-term operating lease, and within long-term liabilities as long-term operating lease, net of current portion on our condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.
 
We have elected not to present short-term leases on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as these leases have a lease term of 12 months or less at lease inception and do not contain purchase options or renewal terms that we are reasonably certain to exercise. All other lease assets and lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term at commencement date. Because most of our leases do not provide an implicit rate of return, we used our incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at adoption date in determining the present value of lease payments.
 
Capitalized Software Development Costs
 
In accordance with ASC 985-20 regarding the development of software to be sold, leased, or marketed, the Company expenses such costs as they are incurred until technological feasibility has been established, at and after which time those costs are capitalized until the product is available for general release to customers. The periodic expense for the amortization of capitalized software development costs will be included in cost of sales. Amortization expense for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was $10,475.
 
 
10
 
 
Accounts Payable 
 
As of March 31, 2020, and December 31, 2019, one vendor accounted for approximately 33% and 40% of accounts payable, respectively.
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, one vendor accounted for 89% and 67% of cost of sales, respectively.
 
Accrued Warranties
 
Accrued warranties represent the estimated costs, if any, that will be incurred during the warranty period of our products. We estimate the expected costs to be incurred during the warranty period and record the expense to the condensed consolidated statement of operations at the date of sale. Our manufacturer assumes the warranty against product defects for one year from date of sale, which we extend to our customers upon sale of the product. We assume responsibility for product reliability and results. As of March 31, 2020, and December 31, 2019, our warranty reserve was $60,000 and $30,000, respectively (See Note 14).
 
Income Taxes
 
Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are determined based on differences between the financial statement reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. The measurement of deferred income tax assets is reduced, if necessary, by a valuation allowance for any tax benefits that are, on a more likely than not basis, not expected to be realized in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) guidance for income taxes. Net deferred tax benefits have been fully reserved at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019. The effect on deferred income tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the period that such tax rate changes are enacted.
 
Net Income (Loss) Per Share
 
Basic net income or (loss) per share is computed by dividing the Company’s net income or (loss) by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period presented. Diluted income or (loss) per share is based on the treasury stock method and includes the effect from potential issuance of shares of common stock, such as shares issuable pursuant to the exercise of options and warrants and conversions of preferred stock or debentures.
 
Potentially dilutive securities as of March 31, 2020 consisted of 16,798,858 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding warrants, 830,000 shares of common stock issuable upon outstanding options and 510,000 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of outstanding shares of Preferred A stock (“Convertible Series A Preferred Stock”).
 
Potentially dilutive securities as of March 31, 2019 consisted of 9,259,250 shares of common stock from convertible debentures, 26,800,611 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding warrants, 620,000 shares of common stock issuable upon outstanding options and 510,000 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of outstanding shares of Preferred A stock (“Convertible Series A Preferred Stock”). Diluted and basic weighted average shares are the same, as potentially dilutive shares are anti-dilutive.
 
Diluted net income or (loss) per share is computed similarly to basic net income or (loss) per share except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional shares of common stock that would have been outstanding if the potential shares of common stock had been issued and if such additional shares were dilutive. Options, warrants, preferred stock and shares associated with the conversion of debt to purchase approximately 16.7 million and 27.6 million shares of common stock were outstanding at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, but were excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share at December 31, 2019 due to the anti-dilutive effect on net loss per share.
 
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income (Loss)
 $2,619,261 
 $(934,532)
Adjustments for convertible debt - as converted
    
    
Interest on convertible debt
  40,689 
  50,000 
Amortization of debt discount on convertible debt
  - 
  17,534 
Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders
 $2,659,950 
 $(866,998)
Weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding:
    
    
Basic
  126,802,819 
  124,659,307 
Diluted
  144,941,677 
  124,659,307 
Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders per share:
    
    
Basic
 $0.02 
 $(0.01)
Diluted
 $0.02 
 $(0.01)
 
    
    
 
 
11
 
 
The following provides a reconciliation of the shares used in calculating the per share amounts for the periods presented:
 

 
For the Three Months
 

 
Ended March 31
 

 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Net Income (Loss)
 $2,619,261 
 $(934,532)
Denominator:
  Basic weighted-average shares
  126,802,819 
  124,659,307 
Effect of dilutive securities
    
    
  Warrants
  16,798,858 
  - 
  Convertible Debt
  - 
  - 
  Options
  830,000 
  - 
  Preferred Stock
  510,000 
  - 
Diluted Weighted Average Shares
  144,941,677 
  124,659,307 
 
    
    
Net Income (Loss) Per Common Share:
    
    
  Basic
 $0.02 
 $(0.01)
  Diluted
 $0.02 
 $(0.01)
 
    
    
 
Note: Warrants, options and preferred stock for the three months ended March 31, 2019 are not included in the computation of diluted weighted average shares as such inclusion would be anti-dilutive.
 
Income (loss) from Operations Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (Loss) from Operations
 $2,659,409 
 $(868,030)
Basic and Diluted Weighted
    
    
  Average Shares
    
    
Basic
  126,802,819 
  124,659,307 
Diluted
  144,941,677 
  124,659,307 
Basic and Diluted Income (loss) Per Common Share
    
    
 Basic
 $0.02 
 $(0.01)
 Diluted
 $0.02 
 $(0.01)
 
Revenue Recognition
 
We recognize revenue in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). The Company recognizes revenue when we transfer promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which we expect to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. To determine revenue recognition for contracts with customers we perform the following five steps: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligation(s) in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligation(s) in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) we satisfy the performance obligation(s). At contract inception, we assess the goods or services promised within each contract, assess whether each promised good or service is distinct and identify those that are performance obligations.
 
The Company must use judgment to determine: a) the number of performance obligations based on the determination under step (ii) above and whether those performance obligations are distinct from other performance obligations in the contract; b) the transaction price under step (iii) above; and c) the stand-alone selling price for each performance obligation identified in the contract for the allocation of transaction price in step (iv) above.
 
 
12
 
 
Title and risk of loss generally pass to our customers upon shipment. Our Customers include end users as well as dealers and distributors who market and sell our products. Our revenue is not contingent upon resale by the dealer or distributor, and we have no further obligations related to bringing about resale. Shipping and handling costs charged to customers are included in Product Revenues. The associated expenses are treated as fulfillment costs and are included in Cost of Revenues. Revenues are reported net of sales taxes collected from Customers.
 
Disaggregation of Revenue
 
The following table presents our revenues disaggregated by revenue source.
 
Product and Service Revenue
 
 
 
For the three months ended March 31,
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
SteraMist Product
 $6,638,000 
 $1,029,000 
Service and Training
  415,000 
  224,000 
 Total
 $7,053,000 
 $1,253,000 

Revenue by Geographic Region
 
 
 
For the three months ended March 31,
 (Unaudited)
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
United States
 $3,569,000 
 $1,136,000 
International
  3,484,000 
  117,000 
 Total
 $7,053,000 
 $1,253,000 

Product revenue includes sales from our standard and customized equipment, solution and accessories sold with our equipment. Revenue is recognized upon transfer of control of promised products to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to receive in exchange for those products.
 
               Service and training revenue include sales from our high-level decontamination and service engagements, validation of our equipment and technology and customer training. Service revenue is recognized as the agreed upon services are rendered to our customers in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to receive in exchange for those services.
 
Costs to Obtain a Contract with a Customer
 
We apply a practical expedient to expense costs as incurred for costs to obtain a contract with a customer when the amortization period would have been one year or less. We generally expense sales commissions when incurred because the amortization period would have been one year or less. These costs are recorded within selling expenses.
 
Contract Balances
 
As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 we did not have any unsatisfied performance obligations for (i) contracts with an original expected length of one year or less and (ii) contracts for which we recognize revenue at the amount to which we have the right to invoice for services performed.
 
 
13
 
 
Arrangements with Multiple Performance Obligations
 
Our contracts with customers may include multiple performance obligations. We enter into contracts that can include various combinations of products and services, which are primarily distinct and accounted for as separate performance obligations.
 
Significant Judgments
 
Our contracts with customers for products and services often dictate the terms and conditions of when the control of the promised products or services is transferred to the customer and the amount of consideration to be received in exchange for the products and services.
 
Equity Compensation Expense
 
We account for equity compensation expense in accordance with FASB ASC 718, “Compensation—Stock Compensation.” Under the provisions of FASB ASC 718, equity compensation expense is estimated at the grant date based on the award’s fair value.
 
On July 7, 2017, our shareholders approved the 2016 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2016 Plan”). The 2016 Plan authorizes the grant of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units and performance units/shares. Up to 5,000,000 shares of common stock are authorized for issuance under the 2016 Plan. Shares issued under the 2016 Plan may be either authorized but unissued shares, treasury shares, or any combination thereof. Provisions in the 2016 Plan permit the reuse or reissuance by the 2016 Plan of shares of common stock for numerous reasons, including, but not limited to, shares of common stock underlying canceled, expired, or forfeited awards of stock-based compensation and stock appreciation rights paid out in the form of cash. Equity compensation expense will typically be awarded in consideration for the future performance of services to us. All recipients of awards under the 2016 Plan are required to enter into award agreements with the Company at the time of the award; awards under the 2016 Plan are expressly conditioned upon such agreements.  For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, we issued 400,000 and 400,000 shares of common stock, respectively, out of the 2016 Plan.
 
Concentrations of Credit Risk
 
Financial instruments that potentially subject us to significant concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents. We maintain cash balances at financial institutions which exceed the current Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation limit of $250,000 at times during the year.
 
Long-Lived Assets Including Acquired Intangible Assets
 
We assess long-lived assets for potential impairments at the end of each year, or during the year if an event or other circumstance indicates that we may not be able to recover the carrying amount of the asset. In evaluating long-lived assets for impairment, we measure recoverability of these assets by comparing the carrying amounts to the future undiscounted cash flows the assets are expected to generate. If our long-lived assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized equals the amount by which the carrying value of the asset exceeds its fair market value. We base the calculations of the estimated fair value of our long-lived assets on the income approach. For the income approach, we use an internally developed discounted cash flow model that includes, among others, the following assumptions: projections of revenues and expenses and related cash flows based on assumed long-term growth rates and demand trends; expected future investments to grow new units; and estimated discount rates. We base these assumptions on our historical data and experience, industry projections, micro and macro general economic condition projections, and our expectations. We had no long-lived asset impairment charges for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.
 
Advertising and Promotional Expenses
 
We expense advertising costs in the period in which they are incurred. Advertising and promotional expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 were approximately $46,000 and $40,000, respectively.
 
 
14
 
 
Research and Development Expenses
 
We expense research and development expenses in the period in which they are incurred. For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, research and development expenses were approximately $59,000 and $93,000, respectively.
 
Business Segments
 
We currently have one reportable business segment due to the fact that we derive our revenue primarily from one product. A breakdown of revenue is presented in “Revenue Recognition” in Note 2 above.
   
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
None applicable.
 
NOTE 3. INVENTORIES
 
Inventories consist of the following at:
 
 
 
March 31,
2020 (Unaudited)
 
 
December 31,
2019
 
Finished goods
 $613,060 
 $2,364,786 
Raw Materials
  22,469 
  50,428 
Inventory Reserve
  - 
  (100,000)
 
 $635,529 
 $2,315,214 
 
NOTE 4. VENDOR DEPOSITS
 
At March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we maintained vendor deposits of $1,266,560 and $141,052, respectively, for open purchase orders for inventory.
 
NOTE 5. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT
 
Property and equipment consist of the following at:
 
 
 
March 31,
2020
(Unaudited)
 
 
December 31,
2019
 
Furniture and fixtures
 $357,236 
 $357,236 
Equipment
  1,292,860 
  1,355,014 
Vehicles
  60,703 
  60,703 
Computer and software
  181,182 
  166,598 
Leasehold improvements
  362,898 
  362,898 
Tenant Improvement Allowance
  405,000 
  405,000 
 
  2,659,880 
  2,707,449 
Less: Accumulated depreciation
  1,402,049 
  1,339,585 
 
 $1,257,831 
 $1,367,864 
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, depreciation was $78,563 and $84,468, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, amortization of tenant improvement allowance was $9,798 and was recorded as lease expense and included within general and administrative expense on the consolidated statement of operations.
 
 
15
 
 
NOTE 6. INTANGIBLE ASSETS
 
Intangible assets consist of patents and trademarks related to our Binary Ionization Technology. We amortize the patents over the estimated remaining lives of the related patents. The trademarks have an indefinite life. Amortization expense was $93,347 and $92,377 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
 
             Definite life intangible assets consist of the following:
 
 
 
March 31,
2020
(Unaudited)
 
 
December 31,
2019
 
Intellectual Property and Patents
 $2,906,507 
 $2,906,507 
Less: Accumulated Amortization
  2,573,101 
  2,479,754 
Intangible Assets, net
 $333,406 
 $426,753 
 
Indefinite life intangible assets consist of the following:
 
Trademarks
 $512,257 
 $512,257 
 
    
    
Total Intangible Assets, net
 $845,663 
 $939,010 
 
Approximate future amortization is as follows:
 
Year Ended:
 
  Amount 
 
April 1 – December 31, 2020
 $279,000 
December 31, 2021
  3,000 
December 31, 2022
  3,000 
December 31, 2023
  3,000 
December 31, 2024
  3,000 
Thereafter
  42,000 
 
 $333,000 
 
NOTE 7. LEASES
 
In April 2018, we entered into a 10-year lease agreement for a new 9,000-square-foot facility that contains office, warehouse, lab and research and development space in Frederick, Maryland. The lease agreement was scheduled to commence on December 1, 2018 or when the property was ready for occupancy. The agreement provided for annual rent of $143,460, an escalation clause that increases the rent 3% year over year, a landlord tenant improvement allowance of $405,000 and additional landlord work as discussed in the lease agreement. We took occupancy of the property on December 17, 2018 and the lease was amended in March 2019 to provide for a 4-month rent holiday and a commencement date of April 1, 2019. Lease expense for operating lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
 
The balances for our operating lease where we are the lessee are presented as follows within our condensed consolidated balance sheet:
 
Operating leases:
 
March 31, 2020 (Unaudited)
 
 
December 31, 2019
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Operating lease right-of-use asset
 $664,198 
 $674,471 
Liabilities:
    
    
  Current Portion of Long-Term Operating Lease
 $73,851 
 $71,510 
  Long-Term Operating Lease, Net of Current Portion
  1,015,465 
  1,034,413 
 
 $1,089,316 
 $1,105,923 
 
 
16
 
 
The components of lease expense are as follows within our condensed consolidated statement of operations:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Operating lease expense
 $39,329 
 $39,644 
 
    
    
 
Other information related to leases where we are the lessee is as follows:
 
 
 
March 31, 2020 (Unaudited)
 
 
December 31, 2019
 
Weighted-average remaining lease term:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating leases
  9.00 years  
  9.25 years  
 
    
    
Discount rate:
    
    
Operating leases
  7.00%
  7.00%
 
Supplemental cash flow information related to leases where we are the lessee is as follows:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
(Unaudited)
 
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
 $35,865 
 $- 
 
As of March 31, 2020, the maturities of our operating lease liability are as follows:
 
Year Ended:
 
 Operating Lease
 
April 1 – December 31, 2020
 $110,823 
December 31, 2021
  151,088 
December 31, 2022
  155,621 
December 31, 2023
  160,290 
December 31, 2024
  165,098 
Thereafter
  745,183 
Total minimum lease payments
  1,488,103 
Less: Interest
  398,787 
Present value of lease obligations
  1,089,316 
Less: Current portion
  73,851 
Long-term portion of lease obligations
 $1,015,465 
 
 
17
 
 
NOTE 8. CAPITALIZED SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT COSTS
 
In accordance with ASC 985-20 we capitalized certain software development costs associated with updating our continuing line of product offerings. Capitalized software development costs consist of the following at:
 
 
 
March 31, 2020
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
December 31, 2019
 
Capitalized Software Development Costs
 $125,704 
 $125,704 
Less: Accumulated Amortization
  (41,901)
  (31,426)
 
 $83,803 
 $94,278 
 
Amortization expense for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was $10,475 and $0, respectively.
 
NOTE 9. CONVERTIBLE DEBT
 
In March and May 2017, we closed a private placement transaction in which we issued to certain accredited investors unregistered senior callable convertible promissory notes (the “Notes”) and three-year warrants to purchase an aggregate of 999,998 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.69 per share in exchange for aggregate gross proceeds of $6,000,000. The Notes bear interest at a rate of 4% per annum. $5,300,000 in principal was originally scheduled to mature on August 31, 2018 and $700,000 in principal was originally scheduled to mature on November 8, 2018, unless earlier redeemed, repurchased or converted. The Notes are convertible at the option of the holder into common stock at a conversion price of $0.54 per share. Subsequent to September 1, 2017, we may redeem the Notes that are scheduled to mature on August 31, 2018 at any time prior to maturity at a price equal to 100% of the outstanding principal amount of the Notes to be redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest as of the redemption date.  Prior to November 8, 2018, we may redeem the Notes that are scheduled to mature on such date at any time prior to maturity at a price equal to 100% of the outstanding principal amount of the Notes to be redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest as of the redemption date. Interest on the Notes is payable semi-annually in cash on February 28 and August 31 of each year, beginning on August 31, 2017.  Interest expense related to the Notes for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was $40,689 and $50,000, respectively.
 
The warrants were valued at $62,559 using the Black-Scholes pricing model with the following assumptions: expected volatility: 104.06% –111.54%; expected dividend: $0; expected term: 3 years; and risk-free rate: 1.49%–1.59%. We recorded the warrants’ relative fair value of $61,904 as an increase to additional paid-in capital and a discount against the related Notes.
 
The debt discount was amortized over the life of the Notes using the effective interest method. Amortization expense for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, was $0 and $17,534, respectively.
 
In February and March 2018, we extended the maturity date of the Notes— we extended the maturity date to April 1, 2019 for $5,300,000 of principal on the Notes and to June 8, 2019 for the remaining $700,000 Note. No additional consideration was paid or accrued by us. The stated rate of the Notes was unchanged, and the estimated fair value of the new debt approximates its carrying amount (principal plus accrued interest at the date of the modification). We determined that the modification of these Notes is not a substantial modification in accordance with ASC 470-50, “Modifications and Extinguishments”.
 
In May 2018, we offered a noteholder the option to convert its Note at a reduced conversion price of $0.46. The noteholder accepted and converted at such price. Pursuant to the terms of the conversion offer, an aggregate of $700,000 of principal and $5,212 of accrued interest outstanding under the Note were converted into 1,877,960 shares of common stock.  We recognized an induced conversion cost of $57,201 related to the conversion.
 
In December 2018, a noteholder redeemed a note with a principal balance of $300,000 in exchange for $150,000 in cash. We recognized a gain on redemption of convertible note income in the amount of $150,000 as a result of the transaction.
 
On March 30, 2019, the two remaining noteholders agreed to extend the maturity dates of their notes totaling $5,000,000 to April 3, 2020. As part of the extensions, we agreed that if we do not make payment on or before the new maturity dates, after five (5) days written notice, the holders will have the right, but not the obligation, to convert the notes into our common shares at a conversion price of $0.11 per share or a total of 45,454,545 shares. All other provisions of the notes remain unchanged. We determined that the modification of these Notes is not a substantial modification in accordance with ASC 470-50, “Modifications and Extinguishments”.
 
In March 2020, convertible notes with a principal balance of $4,500,000 were converted into 8,333,332 shares of our common stock at a conversion price of $0.54 per share and the remaining outstanding balance of $500,000 was repaid in the form of cash. With respect to the 999,998 warrants issued as part of the convertible note transaction, 799,999 warrants expired in March 2020. In March 2020, 83,333, warrants were exercised, and 116,666 warrants expired in May 2020.
 
 
18
 
 
Convertible notes consist of the following at:
 
 
 
 March 31, 2020 (Unaudited)
 
 
  December 31,
 
Convertible notes
 $- 
 $5,000,000 
Initial discount
  - 
  (53,873)
Accumulated amortization
  - 
  53,873 
Convertible notes, net
 $- 
 $5,000,000 
 
NOTE 10. SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
Our Board of Directors (the “Board”) may, without further action by our shareholders, from time to time, direct the issuance of any authorized but unissued or unreserved shares of preferred stock in series and at the time of issuance, determine the rights, preferences and limitations of each series. The holders of such preferred stock may be entitled to receive a preference payment in the event of any liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Company before any payment is made to the holders of our common stock. Furthermore, the Board could issue preferred stock with voting and other rights that could adversely affect the voting power of the holders of our common stock.
 
Convertible Series A Preferred Stock
 
Our authorized Convertible Series A Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value, consists of 1,000,000 shares. At March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, there were 510,000 shares issued and outstanding. The Convertible Series A Preferred Stock is convertible at the rate of one share of common stock for one share of Convertible Series A Preferred Stock.
 
Convertible Series B Preferred Stock
 
Our authorized Convertible Series B Preferred Stock, $1,000 stated value, 7.5% cumulative dividend, consists of 4,000 shares. At March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, there were no shares issued and outstanding, respectively. Each share of Convertible Series B Preferred Stock may be converted (at the holder’s election) into two hundred shares of our common stock.
 
Common Stock
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we issued 400,000 shares of common stock valued at $44,000 to members of our board of directors (see Note 12). 
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2020, we issued 400,000 shares of common stock valued at $48,000 to members of our board of directors (see Note 12). 
 
In March 2020, 8,333,332 shares of common stock were issued in connection with the conversion of convertible notes payable aggregating $4,500,000 (see Note 9).
 
In March 2020, 83,333 shares of common stock were issued in connection with the exercise of warrants for which we received proceeds of $57,500.
 
Stock Options
 
In January 2019, pursuant to an employment agreement, we issued options to purchase an aggregate of 250,000 shares of common stock to our Chief Operating Officer, valued at $24,694. The options have an exercise price of $0.11 per share and expire in January 2024. The options were valued using the Black-Scholes model using the following assumptions: volatility: 144%; dividend yield: 0%; zero coupon rate: 2.47%; and a life of 5 years. The value of the options was expensed in the fourth quarter of 2018 and included in accrued expenses at December 31, 2018.
 
In January 2019, we issued options to purchase an aggregate of 50,000 shares of common stock to our Chief Financial Officer, valued at $4,483. The options have an exercise price of $0.10 per share and expire in January 2024. The options were valued using the Black-Scholes model using the following assumptions: volatility: 143%; dividend yield: 0%; zero coupon rate: 2.58%; and a life of 5 years.
 
In January 2020, we issued two options to purchase an aggregate of 250,000 shares of common stock to the COO at an exercise price of $0.10 and $0.12 per share pursuant to her employment agreement with the Company. The options were valued at a total of $23,595 and have a term of 5 years. We utilized the Black-Scholes method to fair value the options received by the COO with the following assumptions: volatility, 135%; expected dividend yield, 0%; risk free interest rate, 1.64%; and a life of 5 years. The grant date fair value of each share of common stock underlying the options was $0.09 and $0.10. The value of the stock option was included in accrued expenses at December 31, 2019.
 
 
19
 
 
The following table summarizes stock options outstanding as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019:
 
 
 
March 31, 2020
(Unaudited)
 
 
December 31, 2019
 
 
 
Number of Options
 
 
Weighted Average Exercise Price
 
 
Number of Options
 
 
Weighted Average Exercise Price
 
Outstanding, beginning of period
  620,000 
 $0.32 
  320,000 
 $0.52 
Granted
  250,000 
  0.11 
  300,000 
  0.11 
Exercised
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
Expired
  (40,000)
  2.10 
   
   
Outstanding, end of period
  830,000 
 $0.17 
  620,000 
 $0.32 
 
Options outstanding and exercisable by price range as of March 31, 2020 were as follows:
 
 
Outstanding Options
 
 
Average
Weighted
 
 
Exercisable Options
 
 
Range
 
 
Number
 
 
Remaining
Contractual
Life in Years
 
 
Number
 
 
Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 $0.05 
  20,000 
  0.77 
  20,000 
 $0.05 
 $0.10 
  220,000 
  4.85 
  220,000 
 $0.10 
 $0.11 
  250,000 
  3.76 
  250,000 
 $0.11 
 $0.12 
  200,000 
  3.77 
  200,000 
 $0.12 
 $0.27 
  40,000 
  4.76 
  40,000 
 $0.27 
 $0.55 
  100,000 
  5.85 
  100,000 
 $0.55 
 
    
    
    
    
 
  830,000 
  4.28 
  830,000 
 $0.17 
 
Stock Warrants
 
               In January 2019 we issued a warrant to purchase 1,000,000 shares of common stock to the CEO at an exercise price of $0.10 per share pursuant to an employment agreement. The warrant was valued at $89,654 and has a term of 5 years. We utilized the Black-Scholes model to fair value the warrant received by the CEO with the following assumptions: volatility, 143%; expected dividend yield, 0%; risk free interest rate, 2.58%; and a life of 5 years. The grant date fair value of each share of common stock underlying the warrant was $0.09.
 
In January 2019 we issued a warrant to purchase 250,000 shares of common stock to an employee at an exercise price of $0.12 per share. The warrant was valued at $21,931 and has a term of 3 years. We utilized the Black-Scholes model to fair value the warrant received by the employee with the following assumptions: volatility, 148%; expected dividend yield, 0%; risk free interest rate, 2.55%; and a life of 3 years. The grant date fair value of each share of common stock underlying the warrant was $0.09. The value of the warrants was expensed in the fourth quarter of 2018 and included in accrued expenses at December 31, 2018.
 
In January 2020 we issued a warrant to purchase 1,250,000 shares of common stock to the CEO at an exercise price of $0.15 per share pursuant to an employment agreement. The warrant was valued at $164,201 and has a term of 5 years. We utilized the Black-Scholes model to fair value the warrant received by the CEO with the following assumptions: volatility, 136%; expected dividend yield, 0%; risk free interest rate, 1.64%; and a life of 5 years. The grant date fair value of each share of common stock underlying the warrant was $0.13.
 
 
20
 
 
In January 2020 we issued a warrant to purchase 41,667 shares of common stock to an employee at an exercise price of $0.12 per share. The warrant was valued at $3,594 and has a term of 5 years. We utilized the Black-Scholes model to fair value the warrant received by the employee with the following assumptions: volatility, 135%; expected dividend yield, 0%; risk free interest rate, 1.58%; and a life of 5 years. The grant date fair value of each share of common stock underlying the warrant was $0.09. The value of the warrants was expensed in the fourth quarter of 2019 and included in accrued expenses at December 31, 2019.
 
In February 2020 we issued a warrant to purchase 150,000 shares of common stock to an employee at an exercise price of $0.15 per share. The warrant was valued at $18,571 and has a term of 3 years. We utilized the Black-Scholes model to fair value the warrant received by the employee with the following assumptions: volatility, 155%; expected dividend yield, 0%; risk free interest rate, 1.64%; and a life of 3 years. The grant date fair value of each share of common stock underlying the warrant was $0.12.
 
The following table summarizes the outstanding common stock warrants as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019:
 
 
 
March 31, 2020
(Unaudited)
 
 
December 31, 2019
 
 
 
 Number of Warrants
 
 
 Weighted Average Exercise Price
 
 
 Number of Warrants
 
 
 Weighted Average Exercise Price
 
Outstanding, beginning of period
  17,240,523 
 $0.39 
  26,550,611 
 $0.34 
Granted
  1,441,667 
  0.12 
  1,300,000 
  0.11 
Exercised
  (83,333)
  (0.69)
  - 
  - 
Expired
  (1,799,999)
  (0.47)
  (10,610,088)
  (0.23)
Outstanding, end of period
  16,798,858 
 $0.36 
  17,240,523 
 $0.39 
 
 
Warrants outstanding and exercisable by price range as of March 31, 2020 were as follows: 
 
 
Outstanding Warrants
 
 
 
 
 
Exercisable Warrants
 
 
Exercise Price
 
 
Number
 
 
Average Weighted
Remaining Contractual
Life in Years
 
 
Number
 
 
Weighted Average
Exercise Price
 
 $0.08 
  250,000 
  3.65 
  250,000 
 $0.08 
 $0.10 
  1,265,000 
  3.51 
  1,265,000 
 $0.10 
 $0.12 
  3,791,667 
  2.69 
  3,791,667 
 $0.12 
 $0.14 
  50,000 
  4.05 
  50,000 
 $0.14 
 $0.15 
  1,400,000 
  4.63 
  1,400,000 
 $0.15 
 $0.17 
  10,000 
  2.57 
  10,000 
 $0.17 
 $0.27 
  250,000 
  1.75 
  250,000 
 $0.27 
 $0.29 
  4,615,525 
  1.91 
  4,615,525 
 $0.29 
 $0.30 
  1,200,000 
  0.89 
  1,200,000 
 $0.30 
 $0.32 
  250,000 
  1.50 
  250,000 
 $0.32 
 $0.42 
  250,000 
  1.25 
  250,000 
 $0.42 
 $0.50 
  250,000 
  1.00 
  250,000 
 $0.50 
 $0.55 
  100,000 
  0.83 
  100,000 
 $0.55 
 $0.69 
  116,666 
  0.10 
  116,666 
 $0.69 
 $1.00 
  3,000,000 
  0.09 
  3,000,000 
 $1.00 
    
  16,798,858 
  2.01 
  16,798,858 
 $0.36 
 
There were no unvested warrants outstanding as of March 31, 2020.
 
 
21
 
 
NOTE 11. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
 
Legal Contingencies 
 
We may become a party to litigation in the normal course of business.  In the opinion of management, there are no legal matters involving us that would have a material adverse effect upon our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. In addition, from time to time, we may have to file claims against parties that infringe on our intellectual property.
 
Product Liability
 
As of March 31, 2020, and December 31, 2019, there were no claims against us for product liability.
 
SARS CoV-2 coronavirus
 
On March 11, 2020 the World Health Organization declared the SARS CoV-2 coronavirus a global pandemic and recommended containment and mitigation measures worldwide. We are monitoring this closely. We have been identified as an essential disinfectant and decontamination vendor by various agencies and countries. Our operations being essential have been materially affected by the coronavirus outbreak to date, as demand for our product and services is increasing. The uncertain nature of its spread globally may or may not impact our business operations resulting from quarantines of employees, customers and suppliers as well as potential travel restrictions in areas affected or may be affected in the future.
 
NOTE 12. CONTRACTS AND AGREEMENTS
 
Agreements with Directors
 
In December 2017, we increased the annual board fee to directors to $40,000, to be paid in cash on a quarterly basis, with the exception of the audit committee chairperson, whose annual fee we increased to $45,000, also to be paid in cash on a quarterly basis. Director compensation also includes the annual issuance of our common stock.
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2019, we issued an aggregate of 400,000 shares of common stock that were valued at $44,000 to members of our board of directors.
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2020, we issued an aggregate of 400,000 shares of common stock that were valued at $48,000 to members of our board of directors.
 
Other Agreements
 
In June 2015, we launched the TOMI Service Network (“TSN”). The TSN is a national service network composed of existing full-service restoration industry specialists that have entered into licensing agreements with us to become Primary Service Providers (“PSPs”). The licensing agreements grant protected territories to PSPs to perform services using our SteraMist® platform of products and also provide for potential job referrals to PSPs whereby we are entitled to referral fees. Additionally, the agreement provides for commissions due to PSPs for equipment and solution sales they facilitate to other service providers in their respective territories. As part of these agreements, we are obligated to provide to the PSPs various training, ongoing support and facilitate a referral network call center. As of March 31, 2020, we had entered into 140 licensing agreements in connection with the launch of the TSN. The licensing agreements contain fixed price minimum equipment and solution orders based on the population of the territories granted pursuant to the licensing agreements. The nature and terms of our TSN agreements may represent multiple deliverable arrangements. Each of the deliverables in these arrangements typically represent a separate unit of accounting. As of January 1, 2020, we have removed the exclusivity portion of our service partner company agreements
 
NOTE 13. ACCRUED EXPENSES AND OTHER CURRENT LIABILITIES
 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consisted of the following at:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2020
(Unaudited)
 
 
December 31, 2019
 
 
Commissions
 $237,466 
 $112,102 
Payroll and related costs
  224,752 
  167,689 
Director fees
  41,250 
  41,250 
Sales Tax Payable
  27,810 
  21,814 
Accrued warranty (Note 14)
  60,000 
  30,000 
Other accrued expenses
  64,458 
  77,257 
Total
 $655,736 
 $450,112 
 
 
22
 
 
NOTE 14. ACCRUED WARRANTY
 
Our manufacturer assumes warranty against product defects for one year from the sale to customers, which we extend to our customers upon sale of the product. We assume responsibility for product reliability and results. The warranty is generally limited to a refund of the original purchase price of the product or a replacement part. We estimate warranty costs based on historical warranty claim experience.
 
            
The following table presents warranty reserve activities at:
 
 
 
March 31, 2020
(Unaudited)
 
 
December 31, 2019
 
Beginning accrued warranty costs
 $30,000 
 $30,000 
Provision for warranty expense
  31,864 
  2,609 
Settlement of warranty claims
  (1,864)
  (2,609)
Ending accrued warranty costs
 $60,000 
 $30,000 
 
NOTE 15. CUSTOMER DEPOSITS
 
At March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, there were customer deposits of $1,017,533 and $0, respectively on future equipment orders. In the first quarter of 2020, we began requiring a 50% customer deposit on placing most orders and payment in full prior to delivery on most orders to mitigate credit risk and to improve liquidity.
 
NOTE 16. INCOME TAXES
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, our provision for income tax was $0. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are determined based on differences between the financial statement reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. The measurement of deferred income tax assets is reduced, if necessary, by a valuation allowance for any tax benefits, which are, on a more likely than not basis, not expected to be realized in accordance with ASC guidance for income taxes. As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we recorded a valuation allowance of $4,743,000 and $5,580,000, respectively for the portion of the deferred tax assets that we do not expect to be realized. The valuation allowance on our net deferred taxes decreased by $837,000 during the three months ended March 31, 2020, primarily due to U.S. deferred tax assets incurred in the current period that could be realized. Management believes that based on the available information, it is more likely than not that the remaining U.S. deferred tax assets will not be realized, such that a valuation allowance is required against U.S. deferred tax assets. The effect on deferred income tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the period that such tax rate changes are enacted.
 
NOTE 17. CUSTOMER CONCENTRATION
 
The Company had certain customers whose revenue individually represented 10% or more of the Company’s total revenue, or whose accounts receivable balances individually represented 10% or more of the Company’s accounts receivable.
 
As of March 31, 2020, one customer accounted for 12% of our accounts receivable. As of December 31, 2019, three customers accounted for 37% of accounts receivable.
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2020, sales made to one international customer / distributor accounted for 31% of net revenue.  For the three months ended March 31, 2019, two customers accounted for 45% of net revenue.
 
NOTE 18. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
 
On April 21, 2020, TOMI Environmental Solutions, Inc. (the "Company") received $410,700 in loan funding from the Paycheck Protection Program (the "PPP") established pursuant to the recently enacted Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act of 2020 (the "CARES Act") and administered by the U.S. Small Business Administration ("SBA"). The unsecured loan (the "PPP Loan") is evidenced by a promissory note of the Company, dated April 21, 2020 (the "Note") in the principal amount of $410,700 with City National Bank (the "Bank"), the lender.
 
Under the terms of the Note and the PPP Loan, interest accrues on the outstanding principal at the rate of 1.0% per annum. The term of the Note is two years, though it may be payable sooner in connection with an event of default under the Note. To the extent the loan amount is not forgiven under the PPP, the Company will be obligated to make equal monthly payments of principal and interest beginning on the date that is seven months from the date of the Note, until the maturity date.
 
In April 2020 the company issued 100,000 warrants to its Chief Executive Officer, 50,000 warrants to its Chief Operating Officer and 50,000 warrants to its Chief Financial Officer, all exercisable at $0.50 per share.
 
In May 2020, 3,116,666 warrants expired reducing the number of outstanding warrants to 13,912,192
 
 
23
 
 
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
 
You should read the following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this Form 10-Q and with our audited consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, as filed with the SEC. In addition to our historical condensed consolidated financial information, the following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates, and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to these differences include those discussed below and elsewhere in this Form 10-Q, particularly in Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors.”
 
Overview
 
TOMI Environmental Solutions, Inc. (“TOMI”, “we” and “our”) is a global provider of disinfection and decontamination essentials through our premier Binary Ionization Technology® (BIT) platform, under which we manufacture, license, service and sell our SteraMist® brand of products, including SteraMist® BIT, a hydrogen peroxide-based fog or mist.
 
TOMI’s SteraMist is a patented technology that produces ionized Hydrogen Peroxide (iHP) using plasma science created under a grant by the United States Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). TOMI’s EPA registered BIT Solution is composed of a low concentration of hydrogen peroxide converted to iHP after passing the trade secret blended solution including its sole active ingredient of 7.8% hydrogen peroxide through an atmospheric cold plasma arc. The newly formed iHP fog and mist consists of submicron’s to 3-micron radical particles that are carried throughout the treatment area in a fog or mist moving with the same velocity and characteristics of a gas. This allows the ionized hydrogen peroxide fog or mist to affect all surfaces and space throughout the targeted treatment area, over, above and beyond the ability of a manual cleaning processes. iHP damages pathogenic organisms through the oxidation of proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids. SteraMist® no-touch disinfection and or decontamination treat areas mechanically, causing cellular disruptions and/or dysfunctions resulting in a 6-log (99.9999%) and greater kill or inactivation of all pathogens in the treatment area.
 
SteraMist® Binary Ionization Technology® allows a facility to have a hospital-healthCare EPA registered tool and solution to replace manual cleaning technology, upgrade existing protocols, and limit liability in a facility when it comes to resistant infectious pathogens. SteraMist® BIT is the first EPA registered solution and system combination on the market. BIT is also listed on EPA’s List G, H, K, L, M and N for Norovirus, MRSA, C. diff, Ebola, Avian flu or Influenza and SARS-CoV-2 respectively.  TOMI maintains this registration in 50 states, Canada, and approximately 22 other countries.
 
Markets
 
TOMI’s SteraMist® products are designed to address a wide spectrum of industries using ionized Hydrogen Peroxide (iHP). Our operations are organized into four main divisions based on our current target industries: Hospital-Healthcare, Life Sciences, TOMI Service Network (TSN) and Food Safety. In addition, TOMI is able to bring SteraMist® efficacy to each division through scheduled iHP® Service in both routine and emergency capacities. SteraMist® technology and iHP® Service are available both domestically and internationally.
 
Products
 
We continue to offer our customers a wide range of innovative products designed to be easily incorporated into their existing disinfection and decontamination procedures and protocols. Additionally, we offer integrated facility equipment installations known as Custom Engineered Systems, routine & emergency iHP Service, validations and qualifications, and onsite performance maintenance requests – Each of these are structured to address the unique disinfection and decontamination needs of our customers worldwide.
 
Divisions
 
Hospital-Healthcare
 
TOMI’s hospital-healthcare customer list continues to grow with the closing of every quarter. TOMI’s SteraMist® Hospital Disinfection Cart, an all-in-one cart that houses our handheld point-and-spray SteraMist® Surface Unit and accompanying supplies, continues to assist medical staff with emergency response and turnaround for new and established protocols. The SteraMist® Hospital disinfection cart allows customers within the hospital-healthcare industry to address concerns of the cross-contamination of dangerous bacteria and viral pathogens in which some can lead to HAIs stemming from existing and emerging pathogens, as well as multiple drug resistant organisms (MDRO’s). SteraMist® Technology allows a manual cleaning protocol lasting 90 minutes to be reduced to 55 minutes, including the changing of bed linens, as confirmed by the Shield Study at UCLA. This mobile consolidation solution has resulted in remarkable results for facilities utilizing our technology. Previously published results of N95 mask disinfection efficacy were shortly followed by the official listing of SteraMist as a List N disinfectant against the SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus.
 
 
24
 
 
Life Sciences
 
TOMI’s SteraMist®. Environment System, Custom Engineered Solutions, the SteraMist® Select Surface Unit, custom iHP implementation to decontamination chambers and cage washers, and our iHP Service Division, are designed to be tailored to provide a complete room solution to address the regulatory inspections of disinfecting/decontaminating and Installation Qualification (IQ)-Operational Qualification (OQ)–Performance Qualification (PQ) validation processes within the life sciences industry. In addition, TOMI has worked alongside many research universities and government agencies in the effort to test SteraMist efficacy on the disinfection and re-use of N95 masks and other equivalent PPE, with results that indicate that the use of SteraMist iHP™ will not reduce mask efficacy, including on those containing 10% or less of cellulose. SteraMist has also been included in studies observing the effects of iHP disinfection on the reduction of Syphacia obvelata pinworm ova presence in rodent cages, which indicated positive results.
 
TOMI Service Network
 
The TOMI Service Network, or TSN, is an expansive network consisting of third-party professionals specializing in a wide array of disciplines who are exclusively licensed and trained to use the SteraMist® products. TOMI sells, trains, and services a wide array of professional remediation companies in the use of SteraMist® through the TSN division. This allows for increased accessibility of Binary Ionization Technology to facilities in need of local routine and emergency disinfection and decontamination.
 
Many of these companies specialize in mold remediation, treatment of water-damaged areas (including damage from CAT 1-3 water loss), fire damage, as well as professional specialists that are certified and practice in the area of forensic restoration. Currently, the TSN features a number of professionals throughout both the United States and Canada, with some utilizing SteraMist® as a standalone service and others incorporating SteraMist into their existing business models and methods.
 
Sales of BIT™ Solution make up a large amount of our consistent revenue stream, and members of the TOMI Service Network are a large portion of those recurring sales. As of January 1, 2020, we have removed the exclusivity portion of our service partner company agreements, allowing us to expand our network and further penetrate existing markets. The TSN network has grown significantly to date in 2020, with the total number of service providers currently at one hundred and sixty (160), which has expanded our network membership across forty-four (44) U.S. States and two (2) Canadian provinces. Currently, there are approximately 295 SteraMist® units in the field across all members of TSN™.
 
Food Safety
 
As one of our newest targeted markets, Food Safety presents significant potential as an opportunity for substantial growth with continued product research and compliance testing. With the food safety industry in North America coming under closer scrutiny with the implementation and enforcement of new and established guidelines, our consultants have submitted a request to expand our current labels to include a 1% acceptable concentration of hydrogen peroxide. This concentration has previously been approved by the USDA and FDA for direct food and crop application, and will allow SteraMist to expand use sites beyond food processing machinery, restaurants, and food contact areas to assist in compliance with the newly-established Food Safety Modernization Act guidelines set in place by the FDA, as well as the Safe Food for Canadians Act and Safe Food for Canadians Regulations in Canada.
 
Our primary objective is to prevent and/or minimize food decay without the use of harsh chemicals that leave toxic residues, which could create a lucrative opportunity to supplement or replace current pesticides and fungicides currently being used by industry leaders.
 
Business Highlights and Recent Events
 
SARS CoV-2 coronavirus.
 
On March 11, 2020 the World Health Organization declared the SARS CoV-2 coronavirus a global pandemic and recommended containment and mitigation measures worldwide. We have been identified as a disinfectant and decontamination vendor by various agencies and countries. We have been working relentlessly with organizations to address the concerns and provide solutions for disinfecting and decontamination of the SARS CoV-2 coronavirus. The outbreak has increased the demand for TOMI products and services. We anticipate that the outbreak will change requirements and processes for decontamination and disinfecting worldwide, of which SteraMist will be a solution. We are working with our existing and new customers to develop and/or upgrade their existing processes and requirements for decontamination and disinfecting.
 
We have been addressing the increased demand for our products as follows: (i) cooperation of our supply chain to expedite product, (ii) increase our staff to be able to receive and ship orders to meet customer timelines (iii) increase our customer service support to answer questions and solve issues and (iv) working with our Tomi service network to ensure that resources are deployed in a timely manner. In addition, we increased our production capacity and will be entering into an agreement with a second vendor to build our SteraMist products.
 
 
25
 
 
Customers:
 
In response to the increased demand due to the global pandemic outbreak, our customer list grew substantially on the first quarter. Globally, we added eighty-one (81) new customers across all our divisions for the three months ended March 31, 2020. This represents a six hundred and eight-six (686%) percent increase over the first quarter of 2019. We anticipate that the new customers will continue to order products beyond the outbreak.
 
Our TSN division added thirty-six (36) new service providers for the three months ended March 31, 2020, an increase of 1700% compared to the first quarter of 2019. TSN was the key division to address the demand for decontamination and disinfecting services during the outbreak. We anticipate that TSN will continue to service the new customers as a result of the outbreak, as customers update their requirements and processes with these services.
 
Our Hospital-Healthcare division added eighteen (18) new facilities for the three months ended March 31, 2020 which represents 800% increase compared to the prior year period.
 
Our Life Sciences customer base showed continued growth with the addition of eighteen (18) new customers for the three months ended March 31, 2020. This represents a 533% increase compared to the same prior year period.
 
Revenues:
 
Total revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, was approximately $7,053,000 and $1,253,000, respectively, representing an increase of $5,800,000, or 463% compared to the same prior year period. The increase in revenue was attributable to increased global demand for disinfection and infectious disease control products in response to the SARS CoV-2 coronavirus global pandemic. In the first quarter we saw significant demand for our product with our Hospital-Healthcare and TSN sales as a result of the SARS CoV-2 coronavirus global pandemic. We expect the revenue to continue to grow as our customers update their requirements, processes and procedures to include decontamination and disinfecting services into their regular routines.
 
SteraMist product-based revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, were approximately $6,638,000 and $1,029,000, representing an increase of $5,609,000 or 545% when compared to the same prior year period. The growth is attributable to increased mobile equipment orders and solution orders from our existing customer base as well as our new customers. We expect solution orders to continue to grow as the new and existing customers adopt new processes and requirements for decontamination and disinfecting services. We cannot determine the frequency or quantities at this time, as the industry is rapidly evolving.
 
Our service-based revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, was approximately $415,000 and $224,000, respectively, representing a year over year increase of 85%. The increase in our service-based revenue was attributable to higher training sales recorded in the first quarter to onboard new customers.
 
Our domestic revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was $3,569,000 and $1,136,000, respectively, an increase of $2,433,000, or 214% when compared to the same prior year period. The increase was primarily due to the growth in our TSN network and in our Hospital-Healthcare customers.
 
Internationally, our revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, was approximately $3,484,000 and $117,000, respectively, representing an increase of $3,367,000 or 2,878% when compared to the first quarter of 2019. The increase in our international revenue was attributable to the increased use and expansion of our SteraMist® line of products in Canada, Europe, Asia and the Middle East. We expect our international revenue to continue to grow as more countries adopt our products and services as well as change their decontamination and disinfecting requirements.
 
Our Hospital-Healthcare revenues grew by approximately 6,000% in the first quarter of 2020 when compared to the same prior year period. The growth was primarily attributable to the significant demand for our product as a result of the SARS CoV-2 coronavirus global pandemic. We anticipate continued growth in this sector as hospital-healthcare facilities review and adopt new processes and technologies to address current and future outbreaks. We cannot predict the frequency or volume of orders as the world’s response to decontamination and disinfecting is evolving. However, we anticipate continued growth moving into 2020.
 
We expanded TSN membership and grew TSN revenue in the first quarter of 2020 by 727% when compared to the same prior year period. The growth in revenue was largely due to the increased demand for decontamination technologies in response to the SARS CoV-2 coronavirus a global pandemic.
 
 
26
 
 
Events:
 
Following are the significant events during the first quarter 2020:
January 29, 2020 – TOMI SteraMist® prepared to deploy to fight SARS CoV-2 coronavirus.
February 4, 2020 - TOMI Receives China CDC Registration Making SteraMist® the Disinfection Industry Standard in China
February 27, 2020 - SteraMist® Takes the Fight to the SARS CoV-2 coronavirus. Worldwide - China, Hong Kong, Thailand, Singapore, Israel and the United Kingdom
March 2, 2020 - SteraMist® Declared Official Decontamination Technology of Seoul City Metropolitan Transit Systems
March 10, 2020 - SteraMist® is Mobilized to Aid in the Control SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus in Daegu-Kyungbuk Province, South Korea
March 11, 2020 - SteraMist® is Prepared to Fight SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus in Thailand
March 11, 2020The World Health Organization declared the SARS CoV-2 coronavirus a global pandemic and recommended containment and mitigation measures worldwide. We have been identified as a disinfectant and decontamination vendor by various agencies and countries, ensuring TOMI’s continued operation through established federal and state quarantine measures while simultaneously increasing the demand for TOMI products and services. We have been working relentlessly with organizations to address the concerns and provide disinfection and decontamination solutions for the SARS CoV-2 coronavirus.
March 16, 2020 - SteraMist® Deployed to Fight SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus in United States
March 16, 2020 – SteraMist® qualified to meet the EPA Emerging Viral Pathogen Guidance for Antimicrobial Pesticides with the SteraMist® Environment System for room fogging/misting against SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19 and was added to the EPA N List against SARS-CoV-2.
March 25, 2020 - SteraMist® utilized in Singapore to help reopen mosques
In March 2020, convertible notes with a principal balance of $4,500,000 were converted into 8,333,332 shares of our common stock at a conversion price of $0.54 per share and the remaining outstanding balance of $500,000 was repaid in the form of cash.
 
During the first quarter of 2020, we experienced the following:
Sold substantially all of our equipment inventory, with a backlog and demand for 91 additional units,
Most New equipment orders require a 50% deposit, with balance due on most orders prior to final shipment of products.
Increased demand on solution re-orders as disinfecting and decontamination procedures have increased exponentially across the world,
Service revenue grew exponentially as the outbreak spread and demand for disinfecting and decontamination services increased,
Exclusivity in TSN was revoked as demand surged and new providers requested equipment, solution and training to provide disinfecting and decontamination services,
New channels were opened as decontamination and disinfecting processes are updated and implemented, including but not limited to, fire departments, morgues, FAA, police departments, county and state health departments, cruise ships, infectious disease research facilities, military and ambulances,
Convertible notes with a principal balance of $4,500,000 were converted into 8,333,332 shares of our common stock at a conversion price of $0.54 per share, and the remaining outstanding balance of $500,000 was repaid.
Staffing – increased demand has led to the hiring and onboarding of additional employees to assist in a wide variety of company operations, from accounting, procurement, customer satisfaction to quality control.
 
Subsequent Events:
 
Following are the significant events during the second quarter 2020:
April 23, 2020 – Study results showcasing SteraMist® efficacy on the disinfection and reuse of N95 masks published.
April 27, 2020 – SteraMist® Deployed to Meet Urgent Need for Decontamination and Reuse of N95 Masks for Healthcare Workforce
April 28, 2020 – SteraMist® Disinfection Used to Combat Coronavirus Throughout the United States with Expansion of its Service Network
April 29, 2020 – SteraMist® Demand for SteraMist BIT Solution Surges
TOMI continues to see increased domestic and international demand for its products over the foreseeable future. TOMI has expanded its markets into the private aviation sector in Germany, multiple market segments in Indonesia and hospital-healthcare, military and homeland security in Singapore.
 
 
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Research Studies
 
We continue to participate in a large multi-year federal funded study, known as the “SHIELD study”, that compares hospital manual cleans to a SteraMist® mechanical clean. Preliminary results collected by the current hospitals in the study is showing a decrease in the transference of pathogens resulting in HAIs and C. difficile infections in the rooms that used SteraMist® for their terminal clean, as compared to the rooms that have been manually cleaned. The University of Michigan, a recognized teaching university hospital, joined the California hospitals in this Shield Study in the second quarter 2020, allowing for additional collection of data to validate the value of SteraMist® technology in hospitals.
 
Product Development
 
We have added four new products to our growing line of products:
 
The SteraMist Surface Unit has been upgraded to a new model, the HHA-103. This model keeps the same functionality of the previous model with the featured addition of a new Harting™ Camlock port to the unit. This upgraded port allows for a more secure connection between the applicator and the Surface Unit, effectively latching the connection in place and eliminating the presence of any possible pulling or tilting that could compromise the connection integrity over time. Additionally, the unit features additional room within the unit for applicator and accessory storage.
 
A single applicator build-in unit for decontamination chambers and cage washers, which was recently successfully validated at the University of Houston.
 
A decontamination cart for a Pfizer facility. We will be designing and engineering a second SteraMist® mobile decontamination cart for this same facility by the second quarter of 2020.
 
A stainless-steel mobile 90-degree applicator and the answer to the mobile treatment and decontamination of BSC cabinets and isolators. The 90-degree applicator product has led to a partnership with a large design and manufacturing company of washing and contamination control systems, and we plan on installing an all-in-one disinfection solution to Gnotobiotic Housings with our partner.
 
During 2020, we will continue our focus on improving our SteraMist® Environment System and the development of a proprietary software that will be integrated into the next generation of SteraMist® equipment, both mobile and permanent. The new software will imp