Company Quick10K Filing
Apptio
Price37.69 EPS-1
Shares45 P/E-68
MCap1,688 P/FCF212
Net Debt-68 EBIT-20
TEV1,620 TEV/EBIT-80
TTM 2018-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-Q 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-10-31
10-Q 2018-06-30 Filed 2018-08-03
10-Q 2018-03-31 Filed 2018-05-07
10-K 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-02-21
10-Q 2017-09-30 Filed 2017-10-31
10-Q 2017-06-30 Filed 2017-08-03
10-Q 2017-03-31 Filed 2017-05-05
10-K 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-02-17
10-Q 2016-09-30 Filed 2016-11-04
8-K 2019-01-10 M&A, Shareholder Rights, Control, Officers, Amend Bylaw, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-08 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-12-27 Other Events
8-K 2018-12-13 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-11 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-06 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-28 Other Events
8-K 2018-11-09 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-29 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-01 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-27 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-30 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-05-10 Shareholder Rights, Amend Bylaw, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-30 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-03-20 Enter Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement, Sale of Shares, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-03-19 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-27 Other Events
8-K 2018-02-05 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-02 Enter Agreement, M&A, Regulation FD, Exhibits

APTI 10Q Quarterly Report

Part I-Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements.
Note 1. Description of Operations and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2. Fair Value Measurements
Note 3. Investments
Note 4. Deferred Costs
Note 5. Business Combinations
Note 6. Acquisition-Related Intangible Assets
Note 7. Convertible Senior Notes
Note 8. Stockholders' Equity
Note 9. Warrants
Note 10. Equity Incentive Plans
Note 11. Deferred Revenue and Performance Obligations
Note 12. Net Loss per Share Attributable To Common Stockholders
Note 13. Segments
Note 14. Commitments and Contingencies
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
Part Ii-Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
Item 6. Exhibits.
EX-31.1 apti-ex311_8.htm
EX-31.2 apti-ex312_9.htm
EX-32.1 apti-ex321_10.htm
EX-32.2 apti-ex322_6.htm

Apptio Earnings 2018-09-30

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
0.50.40.30.20.10.02016201720182019
Assets, Equity
0.10.10.0-0.0-0.1-0.12016201720182019
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
0.20.10.10.0-0.0-0.12016201720182019
Ops, Inv, Fin

10-Q 1 apti-10q_20180930.htm 10-Q apti-10q_20180930.htm

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission File Number: 001-37885

 

Apptio, Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

 

Delaware

26-1175252

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

11100 NE 8th Street, Suite 600

Bellevue, WA

98004

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (866) 470-0320

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.:

Large accelerated filer

 

  

Accelerated filer

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

 

  

Smaller reporting company

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  

As of October 25, 2018, 45,104,489 shares of the registrant’s Class A common stock were outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 


 

Table of Contents

 

 

 

i


PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.

Apptio, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

September 30,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*As Adjusted

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

177,677

 

 

$

55,069

 

Short-term investments

 

 

77,495

 

 

 

93,901

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of $839 and $413

 

 

66,485

 

 

 

68,782

 

Deferred costs

 

 

14,252

 

 

 

11,898

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

5,078

 

 

 

5,079

 

Total current assets

 

 

340,987

 

 

 

234,729

 

Long-term assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of $25,394 and $21,924

 

 

10,592

 

 

 

10,437

 

Long-term investments

 

 

2,837

 

 

 

 

Deferred costs, net of current portion

 

 

18,779

 

 

 

17,182

 

Acquisition-related intangible assets, net

 

 

18,112

 

 

 

 

Goodwill

 

 

31,004

 

 

 

 

Other long-term assets

 

 

951

 

 

 

983

 

Total assets

 

$

423,262

 

 

$

263,331

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

8,492

 

 

$

5,598

 

Accrued payroll and other expenses

 

 

19,816

 

 

 

16,481

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

118,242

 

 

 

116,831

 

Deferred rent

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

892

 

Capital leases

 

 

25

 

 

 

21

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

147,575

 

 

 

139,823

 

Long-term liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Convertible senior notes, net

 

 

109,772

 

 

 

 

Deferred revenue, net of current portion

 

 

5,919

 

 

 

2,470

 

Deferred rent, net of current portion

 

 

2,996

 

 

 

3,483

 

Capital leases, net of current portion

 

 

103

 

 

 

26

 

Asset retirement obligation

 

 

222

 

 

 

199

 

Total liabilities

 

 

266,587

 

 

 

146,001

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 14)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Class A and Class B Common stock

 

 

5

 

 

 

4

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

371,491

 

 

 

314,301

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

10

 

 

 

(110

)

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(214,831

)

 

 

(196,865

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

156,675

 

 

 

117,330

 

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

 

$

423,262

 

 

$

263,331

 

*See Note 1 for a summary of adjustments

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

1


 

Apptio, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30,

 

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*As Adjusted

 

 

 

 

 

 

*As Adjusted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Subscription

 

$

49,610

 

 

$

39,426

 

 

$

144,287

 

 

$

112,860

 

 

Professional services

 

 

9,613

 

 

 

7,570

 

 

 

28,051

 

 

 

23,292

 

 

Total revenue

 

 

59,223

 

 

 

46,996

 

 

 

172,338

 

 

 

136,152

 

 

Cost of revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Subscription

 

 

9,157

 

 

 

7,167

 

 

 

27,777

 

 

 

22,269

 

 

Professional services

 

 

8,916

 

 

 

6,763

 

 

 

26,925

 

 

 

21,599

 

 

Total cost of revenue

 

 

18,073

 

 

 

13,930

 

 

 

54,702

 

 

 

43,868

 

 

Gross profit

 

 

41,150

 

 

 

33,066

 

 

 

117,636

 

 

 

92,284

 

 

Operating expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

12,130

 

 

 

10,139

 

 

 

36,204

 

 

 

30,060

 

 

Sales and marketing

 

 

23,993

 

 

 

19,792

 

 

 

70,695

 

 

 

60,401

 

 

General and administrative

 

 

7,905

 

 

 

7,188

 

 

 

25,558

 

 

 

20,342

 

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

44,028

 

 

 

37,119

 

 

 

132,457

 

 

 

110,803

 

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(2,878

)

 

 

(4,053

)

 

 

(14,821

)

 

 

(18,519

)

 

Other (expense) income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

(1,897

)

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(4,021

)

 

 

(21

)

 

Interest income

 

 

1,126

 

 

 

326

 

 

 

2,375

 

 

 

859

 

 

Other income (expense), net

 

 

109

 

 

 

(14

)

 

 

81

 

 

 

(27

)

 

Foreign exchange (loss) gain

 

 

(335

)

 

 

93

 

 

 

(797

)

 

 

159

 

 

Loss before income taxes

 

 

(3,875

)

 

 

(3,649

)

 

 

(17,183

)

 

 

(17,549

)

 

Provision for income taxes

 

 

(695

)

 

 

(463

)

 

 

(783

)

 

 

(614

)

 

Net loss

 

$

(4,570

)

 

$

(4,112

)

 

$

(17,966

)

 

$

(18,163

)

 

Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders, basic and

   diluted

$

(0.10

)

 

$

(0.10

)

 

$

(0.41

)

 

$

(0.46

)

 

Weighted-average shares used to compute net loss per share

   attributable to common stockholders, basic and diluted

 

44,785

 

 

 

40,120

 

 

 

43,830

 

 

 

39,240

 

 

*See Note 1 for a summary of adjustments

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

2


 

Apptio, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30,

 

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*As Adjusted

 

 

 

 

 

 

*As Adjusted

 

Net loss

 

$

(4,570

)

 

$

(4,112

)

 

$

(17,966

)

 

$

(18,163

)

Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

(3

)

 

 

 

 

 

42

 

 

 

 

Unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale securities

 

2

 

 

 

53

 

 

 

78

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive loss

 

$

(4,571

)

 

$

(4,059

)

 

$

(17,846

)

 

$

(18,163

)

*See Note 1 for a summary of adjustments

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

3


 

Apptio, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*As Adjusted

 

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(17,966

)

 

$

(18,163

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

4,000

 

 

 

4,657

 

(Accretion of discounts)/amortization of premiums on investments

 

 

(517

)

 

 

59

 

Amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets

 

 

2,388

 

 

 

 

Amortization of deferred costs

 

 

12,222

 

 

 

10,093

 

Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs

 

 

3,362

 

 

 

18

 

Loss on disposal of property and equipment

 

 

9

 

 

 

7

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

16,686

 

 

 

11,667

 

Foreign exchange loss (gain)

 

 

797

 

 

 

(159

)

Change in operating assets and liabilities, net of impact of business combination

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

7,986

 

 

 

12,026

 

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

(593

)

 

 

3,260

 

Deferred costs

 

 

(13,611

)

 

 

(10,648

)

Accounts payable

 

 

1,104

 

 

 

635

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

2,437

 

 

 

(2,025

)

Deferred revenue

 

 

(9,871

)

 

 

72

 

Deferred rent

 

 

(594

)

 

 

(596

)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

7,839

 

 

 

10,903

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Business combination, net of cash acquired

 

 

(39,041

)

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

 

(2,238

)

 

 

(2,837

)

Proceeds from sales of equipment

 

 

38

 

 

 

11

 

Proceeds from maturities of investments

 

 

115,950

 

 

 

35,075

 

Purchases of investments

 

 

(101,785

)

 

 

(66,196

)

Return of (payments for) security deposits

 

 

53

 

 

 

(23

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(27,023

)

 

 

(33,970

)

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from borrowings on convertible notes, net of discounts

 

 

139,438

 

 

 

 

Purchase of capped calls

 

 

(17,092

)

 

 

 

Proceeds from exercises of common stock options

 

 

18,032

 

 

 

8,948

 

Payment of issuance costs on convertible notes

 

 

(469

)

 

 

 

Proceeds from purchases of stock under employee stock purchase plan

 

 

2,391

 

 

 

2,251

 

Payment of initial public offering costs

 

 

 

 

 

(243

)

Principal payments on capital lease obligations

 

 

(20

)

 

 

(32

)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

142,280

 

 

 

10,924

 

Foreign currency effect on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

(488

)

 

 

(585

)

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

122,608

 

 

 

(12,728

)

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginning of period

 

 

55,069

 

 

 

42,007

 

End of period

 

$

177,677

 

 

$

29,279

 

Supplemental non-cash disclosures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Class A Common stock issued in business combination

 

 

4,617

 

 

 

 

Purchases under capital lease obligations

 

 

144

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment additions in accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

1,842

 

 

 

328

 

Leasehold improvements paid directly by lessor

 

 

218

 

 

 

 

*See Note 1 for a summary of adjustments

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

4


Apptio, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 1. Description of Operations and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Operations

Apptio, Inc., or the Company, was incorporated on October 2, 2007 and is headquartered in Bellevue, Washington. The Company develops and sells Technology Business Management, or TBM, solutions. The Company’s cloud-based platform and SaaS applications enable IT leaders to analyze, optimize and plan technology investments, and benchmark their financial and operational performance against peers. The Company operates primarily in North America, Europe and Australia.

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America, or GAAP, and applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, regarding interim financial reporting. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. Therefore, these condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 filed with the SEC on February 21, 2018, or Form 10-K. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2017, included herein, was derived from the audited annual financial statements as of that date, but does not include all disclosures including certain notes required by GAAP on an annual reporting basis.

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all normal recurring adjustments necessary to fairly state the financial position, results of operations, comprehensive loss and cash flows for the interim periods, but are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be anticipated for the full year 2018 or any future period.

Reclassifications

In the condensed consolidated statements of operations, certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. Specifically, “interest expense” and “interest income” were previously included in the line item "interest income (expense) and other, net" and are now separately stated. There was no change to total net loss as a result of the reclassification.

Principles of Consolidation

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

Certain Significant Risks and Uncertainties

The Company continues to be subject to the risks and challenges associated with other companies at a similar stage of development, including risks associated with: dependence on key personnel; successful marketing and sale of its solutions and adaptation of such solutions to changing market dynamics and customer preferences; competition from alternative products and services, including from larger companies that have greater name recognition, longer operating histories, more and better established customer relationships and greater resources than the Company; and the ability to raise additional capital to support future growth.

Since inception through September 30, 2018, the Company has incurred losses from operations, has accumulated a deficit of $214.8 million, and has been dependent on equity and debt financing, and to a substantially lesser extent, cash flows from operations, to fund its business.

5


Apptio, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Significant Accounting Policies

There have been no material changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies and estimates as previously disclosed in the Company’s Form 10-K, except for the accounting policies for revenue recognition and deferred costs that were updated as a result of adopting Accounting Standard Update, or ASU, 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) described within Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements below, and new policies added during the period related to the Company’s recent business combination and issuance of convertible senior notes.

Revenue Recognition

The Company derives its revenue from two sources: (1) subscription revenue, which is comprised of subscription fees from customers utilizing the Company’s applications, fees for additional support beyond the standard support that is included in the basic subscription fees, which are referred to as premium support offerings, fees for subscription based online training offerings, as well as term-based software license fees and support and maintenance fees related to customers of the acquired business; and (2) professional services, which consist of fees associated with the implementation and configuration of the Company’s applications, as well as fees for in-person training and TBM Council conference registration and sponsorship fees. Implementation and configuration services primarily consist of consultative services, such as data mapping and establishing best practices. Implementation and configuration services do not result in any significant customization or modification of the software platform or user interface. The Company presents revenue from both of these sources separately in its condensed consolidated statements of operations.

The Company follows a five-step approach to recognizing revenue: (1) identify the contract with a customer; (2) identify the separate performance obligations in the contract; (3) determine the transaction price; (4) allocate the transaction price to the separate performance obligations in the contract; and (5) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation.

The Company enters into arrangements with multiple performance obligations that primarily include subscription and professional services, but may also include premium support, online training and in-person training. The Company’s arrangements do not contain general rights of return. The professional services are not considered essential to the functionality of the software. To qualify as a separate unit of accounting, the delivered item must have value to the customer on a stand-alone basis. The Company believes its subscription offerings and its professional services offerings have stand-alone value. The Company determines the stand-alone selling price by considering the historical selling price of these performance obligations in similar transactions, as well as current pricing practices. The Company’s subscriptions have stand-alone value because such services are often sold separately from other professional services. The Company’s professional services have stand-alone value because those services may be sold separately by other vendors and there are trained third-party consultants capable of performing the professional services. Performance obligations that are accounted for separately consist of software subscription, support for on-premise licenses, professional services, premium support and online and in-person training.

The Company typically invoices customers for subscription fees in annual increments upon execution of the initial contract or subsequent renewal. The Company recognizes revenue for subscription fees from customers utilizing its applications ratably over the subscription term, which are typically one to three years. The Company’s subscription arrangements generally do not allow the customer the contractual right to take possession of the software; as such, the arrangements are considered service contracts. Fees for premium support offerings and subscription-based online training are generally one-year agreements billed upfront, and are recognized ratably over the term of the support or training agreement. The Company’s premium support offerings include all of the Company’s standard incident support services, with enhanced response times, dedicated support resources, access to architecture and configuration experts and other services not included with standard support. The Company’s subscription-based online training provides self-directed training for customers via access to recorded training sessions.

Professional services revenue consists of fees associated with application configuration, integration, change management, education and training services, and conference registration and sponsorship fees. The Company’s professional services engagements are priced on a time-and-materials basis or fixed-fee basis. The duration of the Company’s professional services engagements varies based on the scope of services requested, but typically ranges between three and six months. For time-and-materials arrangements, the Company recognizes revenue as hours are worked. For fixed-fee arrangements, the Company recognizes professional services revenue as delivered using the percentage of completion, or POC, method measured on an hours incurred basis. Under the POC method of accounting, revenue and expenses are recognized as work is performed based on the relationship between actual hours incurred and total estimated hours at the completion of the project. Changes to the original estimates may be required during the life of the project. Estimates of both hours and costs to complete a project are reviewed periodically and the effect of any change in the estimated hours to complete a project is reflected as an adjustment to revenue in the period the change becomes known.

6


Apptio, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

If estimated costs to fulfill a contract exceed the revenue expected from the contract, a loss equal to the amount of estimated excess costs will be recognized in the period the change is known. The use of the POC method of accounting involves considerable use of estimates in determining revenue, costs and profits, and in assigning the amounts to accounting periods. Associated out-of-pocket travel expenses related to the delivery of professional services are typically reimbursed by the customer. Out-of-pocket expense reimbursements are recognized as revenue and cost of professional services.

Fees for in-person training are billed in advance of the training and are recognized in the period the training occurs. Conference registration and sponsorship fees are for TBM Council conferences and related TBM Council activities. Registration fees for TBM Council conferences are billed in advance of the conference and are recognized in the period the conference occurs. TBM Council sponsorship fees are paid in advance and are recognized in the period the sponsorship activities occur, or ratably over the contractual period if the sponsorship entails ongoing activities beyond a single event.

The Company also sells applications through third-party resellers. These arrangements typically call for the reseller to retain a portion of the subscription fee paid by the customer as compensation. Since the Company is responsible for the fulfillment of the goods and services and has the primary responsibility for the good or service meeting customer expectations, the Company is the principal in these transactions and records revenue on a gross basis based on the amount billed to the reseller. Reseller fees are capitalized and amortized through sales and marketing expense as discussed under Deferred Costs below.

All subscription and support fees that are billed in advance are recorded as a contract liability, presented in the condensed consolidated balance sheets as deferred revenue. Deferred revenue represents the unearned revenue on cash receipts or accounts receivable for the sale of subscriptions and for professional services for which services have not yet been provided. The substantial majority of deferred revenue relates to subscription revenue.

Deferred Costs

Deferred costs consist of sales commissions earned by the Company’s sales force and fees paid to third-party resellers and are considered incremental and recoverable costs of obtaining a contract with a customer. Sales commissions for subscription contracts are deferred and then amortized on a straight-line basis over a period of benefit that the Company has determined to be four years for new subscription agreements, over the term of the respective subscription for renewals of subscription agreements, and over one year for service contracts. The Company determined the period of benefit by taking into consideration our customer contracts, our technology and other factors. These costs are classified as current or noncurrent based on the timing of when the Company expects to recognize the expense. Periodically, the Company reviews the deferred costs for impairment and will recognize such impairment in the period when and if the carrying amount of the asset exceeds future consideration less costs that relate directly to providing service that have not been recognized. Amortization expense is included in sales and marketing expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Business Combinations

The Company uses its best estimates and assumptions to assign fair value to the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed as of the acquisition date. The estimates are inherently uncertain and subject to refinement. During the measurement period, which may be up to one year from the acquisition date, the Company may record adjustments to the fair value of these tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed, with the corresponding offset to goodwill. Upon the conclusion of the measurement period or final determination of the fair value of assets acquired or liabilities assumed, whichever comes first, any subsequent adjustments are recorded in the period identified in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Goodwill and Acquisition-Related Other Intangible Assets

Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price in a business combination over the fair value of the net tangible and intangible assets acquired. The Company evaluates and tests the recoverability of goodwill for impairment at least annually, or more frequently if circumstances indicate that goodwill may not be recoverable. The Company performs the impairment testing by first assessing qualitative factors to determine whether the existence of events or circumstances leads to a determination that it is more likely than not that the fair value of its reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. If, after assessing the totality of events or circumstances, the Company determines it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, a goodwill impairment test is performed. To calculate any potential impairment, the Company compares the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill. Any excess of the carrying amount of the reporting unit's goodwill over its fair

7


Apptio, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

value is recognized as an impairment loss, and the carrying value of goodwill is written down. For purposes of goodwill impairment testing, there is one reporting unit.

The Company periodically reviews the carrying amounts of acquired intangible assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the asset group may not be recoverable. The Company measures the recoverability of this asset group by comparing the carrying amount of each asset group to the future undiscounted cash flows it expects the asset group to generate. If the Company considers any of this asset group to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized equals the amount by which the carrying value of the asset group exceeds its fair value. In addition, the Company periodically evaluates the estimated remaining useful lives of long-lived assets to determine whether events or changes in circumstances warrant a revision to the remaining period of amortization. Intangible assets are amortized over their useful lives ranging from two to ten years.

Foreign Currency Translation

The functional currency for most of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries is the U.S. dollar, while one uses local currency. The results of operations for the Company’s international subsidiaries whose functional currency is the U.S. dollar are remeasured from the local currency into U.S. dollars using the average exchange rates during each period. The majority of the assets and liabilities are remeasured using exchange rates at the end of each period. All equity transactions and certain assets are remeasured using historical rates. The Company translates the foreign functional currency financial statements to U.S. dollars for the entity that does not have U.S. dollars as their functional currency using the exchange rates at the balance sheet date for assets and liabilities, the period average exchange rates for revenues and expenses, and the historical exchange rates for equity transactions and certain assets. The effects of foreign currency translation adjustments are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) as a component of stockholders' equity, and related periodic movements are summarized as a line item in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.

Convertible Senior Notes

The Company accounts for the issued Convertible Senior Notes, or the Notes, as separate liability and equity components. The Company determined the carrying amount of the liability component based on the fair value of a similar debt instrument excluding the embedded conversion option. The carrying amount of the equity component representing the conversion option was determined by deducting the fair value of the liability component from the par value of the Notes as a whole. This difference represents a debt discount that is amortized to interest expense over the term of the Notes using the effective interest rate method. The equity component is not remeasured as long as it continues to meet the conditions for equity classification. The Company has allocated issuance costs incurred to the liability and equity components. Issuance costs attributable to the liability component are being amortized to interest expense over the respective term of the Notes, and issuance costs attributable to the equity components were netted with the respective equity component in additional paid in capital. In connection with the issuance of the Notes, the Company entered into capped call transactions with certain counterparties affiliated with the initial purchasers and others. By entering into the capped call transactions, the Company mitigates potential dilution resulting from the issuance of the Notes, effectively increasing the conversion price of the Notes.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), outlining a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers that supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance with a comprehensive revenue measurement and recognition standard and expanded disclosure requirements. The standard also provides guidance on the recognition of costs related to obtaining customer contracts.

The Company adopted the requirements of the new standard as of January 1, 2018, utilizing the full retrospective transition method. Adoption of the new standard resulted in changes to our policies for revenue recognition and sales commissions as detailed above.

The impact of adopting the new standard on 2017 revenues in the consolidated financial statements was not material. The primary impact of adopting the new standard is the requirement for the Company to capitalize certain contract costs, such as commissions, which were previously being expensed as incurred. These costs are now capitalized and amortized over a period of benefit that the Company has determined to be four years for new subscription agreements and over the term of the respective subscription for renewals of subscription agreements. Commissions on service arrangements are now capitalized and amortized over a period of benefit that the Company has determined to be one year.

8


Apptio, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

The Company has adjusted its condensed consolidated financial statements from amounts previously reported due to the adoption of ASU No. 2014-09. Select unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet line items, which reflect the adoption of ASU No. 2014-09, are as follows (in thousands):

 

 

December 31, 2017

 

 

 

As Previously Reported

 

 

Adjustments

 

 

As Adjusted

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred costs

 

$

 

 

$

11,898

 

 

$

11,898

 

Deferred costs, net of current portion

 

 

 

 

 

17,182

 

 

 

17,182

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated deficit

 

$

(225,945

)

 

$

29,080

 

 

$

(196,865

)

Select unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations line items, which reflect the adoption of ASU No. 2014-09, are as follows (in thousands):

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30, 2017

 

 

 

As Previously Reported

 

 

Adjustments

 

 

As Adjusted

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales and marketing

 

$

20,863

 

 

$

(1,071

)

 

$

19,792

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(5,124

)

 

 

1,071

 

 

 

(4,053

)

Foreign exchange gain (loss)

 

 

105

 

 

 

(12

)

 

 

93

 

Net loss

 

$

(5,171

)

 

$

1,059

 

 

$

(4,112

)

Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders, basic and diluted

 

$

(.13

)

 

$

.03

 

 

$

(.10

)

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017

 

 

 

As Previously Reported

 

 

Adjustments

 

 

As Adjusted

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales and marketing

 

$

60,983

 

 

$

(582

)

 

$

60,401

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(19,101

)

 

 

582

 

 

 

(18,519

)

Foreign exchange gain (loss)

 

 

173

 

 

 

(14

)

 

 

159

 

Net loss

 

$

(18,731

)

 

$

568

 

 

$

(18,163

)

Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders, basic and diluted

 

$

(.48

)

 

$

.02

 

 

$

(.46

)

Select unaudited condensed consolidated statement of cash flows line items, which reflect the adoption of ASU No. 2014-09, are as follows (in thousands):

9


Apptio, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017

 

 

 

As Previously Reported

 

 

Adjustments

 

 

As Adjusted

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(18,731

)

 

 

568

 

 

$

(18,163

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization of deferred costs

 

 

 

 

 

10,093

 

 

 

10,093

 

Foreign exchange (gain) loss

 

 

(173

)

 

 

14

 

 

 

(159

)

Change in operating assets and liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred costs

 

 

 

 

 

(10,648

)

 

 

(10,648

)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

10,876

 

 

 

27

 

 

 

10,903

 

Foreign currency effect on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

(558

)

 

 

(27

)

 

 

(585

)

Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

(12,728

)

 

 

 

 

 

(12,728

)

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

End of period

 

$

29,279

 

 

$

 

 

$

29,279

 

 

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which aligns the measurement and classification for share-based payments to non-employees with the accounting guidance for share-based payments to employees. Among other requirements, the measurement of non-employee awards will now be fixed at the grant date, rather than remeasured at every reporting date. ASU 2018-07 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that fiscal year. Early adoption is permitted. The Company elected to early adopt the requirements of this new standard as of July 1, 2018. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

New Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other-Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40). This guidance requires a customer in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract to follow the guidance in Accounting Standards Codification 350-40 to determine which implementation costs to capitalize as an asset related to the service contract and which costs to expense. ASU 2018-15 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in any interim period. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on the Company’s financial statements and the timing of adoption.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820). This guidance modifies the disclosure requirements on fair value measurements in Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement. The amendments on changes in unrealized gains and losses, the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements, and the narrative description of measurement uncertainty should be applied prospectively for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption. All other amendments should be applied retrospectively to all periods presented upon their effective date. ASU 2018-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on the Company’s financial statements and the timing of adoption.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, which eliminates Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. Under ASU 2017-04, an entity should perform its annual, or interim, goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An entity should recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value; however, the loss recognized should not exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. Additionally, an entity should consider income tax effects from any tax-deductible goodwill on the carrying amount of the reporting unit when measuring the goodwill impairment loss, if applicable. ASU 2017-04 is effective for annual or interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and early adoption is permitted for impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. ASU 2017-04 is to be applied on a prospective basis. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on the Company’s financial statements and the timing of adoption.

10


Apptio, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-16, Inter-Entity Transfers of Assets other than Inventory. This guidance requires entities to recognize the income tax impact of an intra-entity sale or transfer of an asset other than inventory when the sale or transfer occurs, rather than when the asset has been sold to an outside party. The guidance will require a modified retrospective application with a cumulative catch-up adjustment to opening retained earnings at the beginning of the first quarter of fiscal 2019, but permits adoption in an earlier period. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on the Company’s financial statements and the timing of adoption.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). The objective of the update is to improve financial reporting by increasing transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. For public entities, the new standard is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. For all other entities, the new standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, and for interim periods within those annual periods beginning after December 15, 2020. Early application of the amendments is permitted for all entities. The Company currently plans to adopt this standard in the first quarter of 2019 using the modified retrospective approach. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on the Company’s financial statements.

Note 2. Fair Value Measurements

The following tables present information about the Company’s financial assets and liabilities that have been measured at fair value as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation inputs utilized to determine such fair value (in thousands):

 

 

September 30, 2018

 

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

Money market funds

 

$

10,211

 

 

$

 

 

$

10,211

 

Corporate notes and obligations

 

 

 

 

 

32,087

 

 

 

32,087

 

U.S. government treasury securities

 

 

48,245

 

 

 

 

 

 

48,245

 

 

 

$

58,456

 

 

$

32,087

 

 

$

90,543

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2017

 

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

Money market funds

 

$

24,225

 

 

$

 

 

$

24,225

 

Corporate notes and obligations

 

 

 

 

 

38,020

 

 

 

38,020

 

U.S. government treasury securities

 

 

55,881

 

 

 

 

 

 

55,881

 

 

 

$

80,106

 

 

$

38,020

 

 

$

118,126

 

 

At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company utilized the market approach to value its money market mutual funds and U.S. government treasury securities using Level 1 valuation inputs which include quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. The Company’s Level 2 marketable securities are valued using the market approach based on broker or dealer quotations, actual trade data, recent observable transaction information for similar securities, benchmark yields or alternative pricing sources with reasonable levels of price transparency, and include the Company’s investments in corporate notes and obligations, as applicable.

11


Apptio, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 3. Investments

Available-for-sale securities consist of fixed-income securities that are accounted for at fair value. Available-for-sale securities with an original maturity of 90 days or less are classified within cash and cash equivalents in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Premiums and discounts are factored into the cost basis of the investment and amortized over the life through maturity. The amortized cost and fair value on the available-for-sale investments and unrealized gains and losses as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

September 30, 2018

 

 

 

Amortized

 

 

Gross Unrealized

 

 

Gross Unrealized

 

 

Fair