Company Quick10K Filing
Polyone
Price32.23 EPS2
Shares78 P/E20
MCap2,507 P/FCF13
Net Debt1,268 EBIT156
TEV3,776 TEV/EBIT24
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-K 2020-12-31 Filed 2021-02-25
10-Q 2020-09-30 Filed 2020-11-03
10-Q 2020-06-30 Filed 2020-07-22
10-Q 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-04-21
10-K 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-02-19
10-Q 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-10-22
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-07-25
10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-04-17
10-K 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-02-19
10-Q 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-10-24
10-Q 2018-06-30 Filed 2018-07-24
10-Q 2018-03-31 Filed 2018-04-26
10-K 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-02-15
10-Q 2017-09-30 Filed 2017-10-25
10-Q 2017-06-30 Filed 2017-07-25
10-Q 2017-03-31 Filed 2017-04-27
10-K 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-02-16
10-Q 2016-09-30 Filed 2016-10-26
10-Q 2016-06-30 Filed 2016-07-27
10-Q 2016-03-31 Filed 2016-04-26
10-K 2015-12-31 Filed 2016-02-12
10-Q 2015-09-30 Filed 2015-10-27
10-Q 2015-06-30 Filed 2015-07-27
10-Q 2015-03-31 Filed 2015-05-01
10-K 2014-12-31 Filed 2015-02-13
10-Q 2014-09-30 Filed 2014-10-24
10-Q 2014-06-30 Filed 2014-07-22
10-Q 2014-03-31 Filed 2014-05-01
10-K 2013-12-31 Filed 2014-02-13
10-Q 2013-09-30 Filed 2013-10-25
10-Q 2013-06-30 Filed 2013-07-31
10-Q 2013-03-31 Filed 2013-05-02
10-K 2012-12-31 Filed 2013-02-12
10-Q 2012-09-30 Filed 2012-10-24
10-Q 2012-06-30 Filed 2012-08-01
10-Q 2012-03-31 Filed 2012-05-03
10-K 2011-12-31 Filed 2012-02-17
10-Q 2011-09-30 Filed 2011-10-25
10-Q 2011-06-30 Filed 2011-08-03
10-Q 2011-03-31 Filed 2011-05-04
10-K 2010-12-31 Filed 2011-02-18
10-Q 2010-09-30 Filed 2010-11-04
10-Q 2010-06-30 Filed 2010-08-02
10-Q 2010-03-31 Filed 2010-05-05
10-K 2009-12-31 Filed 2010-02-18
8-K 2020-11-03
8-K 2020-10-14
8-K 2020-10-02
8-K 2020-08-24
8-K 2020-07-22
8-K 2020-06-30
8-K 2020-05-13
8-K 2020-04-29
8-K 2020-04-29
8-K 2020-04-21
8-K 2020-03-13
8-K 2020-01-30
8-K 2020-01-28
8-K 2020-01-28
8-K 2020-01-28
8-K 2019-12-19
8-K 2019-12-11
8-K 2019-11-07
8-K 2019-10-25
8-K 2019-10-22
8-K 2019-08-16
8-K 2019-07-25
8-K 2019-06-28
8-K 2019-05-16
8-K 2019-04-18
8-K 2019-04-17
8-K 2019-03-06
8-K 2019-01-29
8-K 2018-12-13
8-K 2018-11-09
8-K 2018-10-24
8-K 2018-07-24
8-K 2018-05-17
8-K 2018-04-30
8-K 2018-04-26
8-K 2018-04-04
8-K 2018-03-07
8-K 2018-01-26

POL 10K Annual Report

Part I
Item 1. Business
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Properties
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Part II
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Note 1 - Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2 - Business Combinations
Note 4 - Goodwill and Intangible Assets
Note 5 - Employee Separation and Restructuring Costs
Note 6 - Financing Arrangements
Note 7 - Leasing Arrangements
Note 8 - Inventories, Net
Note 9 - Property, Net
Note 10 - Other Balance Sheet Liabilities
Note 11 - Employee Benefit Plans
Note 12 - Commitments and Contingencies
Note 13 - Income Taxes
Note 14 - Share - Based Compensation
Note 15 - Segment Information
Note 16 - Derivatives and Hedging
Note 17 - Selected Quarterly Financial Data (Unaudited)
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Item 9B. Other Information
Part III
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Shareholder Matters
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services
Part IV
Item 15. Exhibits and Finanacial Statement Schedules
Item 16. Form 10 - K Summary
EX-3.1 avnt-ex31_20201231.htm
EX-3.2 avnt-ex32_20201231.htm
EX-10.16 avnt-ex1016_20201231.htm
EX-10.25 avnt-ex1025_20201231.htm
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EX-23.1 avnt-ex231_20201231.htm
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EX-31.2 avnt-ex312_20201231.htm
EX-32.1 avnt-ex321_20201231.htm
EX-32.2 avnt-ex322_20201231.htm

Polyone Earnings 2020-12-31

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
3.12.51.91.20.60.02012201420172020
Assets, Equity
1.10.80.60.30.1-0.22012201420172020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
0.30.20.1-0.1-0.2-0.32012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

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United States
Securities and Exchange Commission

Washington, DC 20549
FORM 10-K
 ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020
 TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from            to            .
Commission file number 1-16091
Avient Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Ohio34-1730488
(State or other jurisdiction(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
of incorporation or organization)
33587 Walker Road,
Avon Lake, Ohio
44012
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code            (440930-1000
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Shares, par value $.01 per shareAVNTNew York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes ☑      No ☐
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes ☐      No ☑
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes ☑      No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes ☑      No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes       No ☑
The aggregate market value of the registrant’s outstanding common shares held by non-affiliates on June 30, 2020, determined using a per share closing price on that date of $26.23, as quoted on the New York Stock Exchange, was $2.4 billion.
The number of shares of common shares outstanding as of February 5, 2021 was 91,293,388.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K incorporates by reference certain information from the registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement with respect to the 2021 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.
AVIENT  CORPORATION


PART I
CAUTIONARY NOTE ON FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
In this Annual Report on Form 10-K, statements that are not reported financial results or other historical information are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements give current expectations or forecasts of future events and are not guarantees of future performance. They are based on management’s expectations that involve a number of business risks and uncertainties, any of which could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in or implied by the forward-looking statements. You can identify these statements by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historic or current facts. They use words such as "will," “anticipate,” “estimate,” “expect,” “project,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe” and other words and terms of similar meaning in connection with any discussion of future operating or financial condition, performance and/or sales. In particular, these include statements relating to future actions; prospective changes in raw material costs, product pricing or product demand; future performance; estimated capital expenditures; results of current and anticipated market conditions and market strategies; sales efforts; expenses; the outcome of contingencies such as legal proceedings and environmental liabilities; and financial results. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those implied by these forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:
disruptions, uncertainty or volatility in the credit markets that could adversely impact the availability of credit already arranged and the availability and cost of credit in the future;
the effect on foreign operations of currency fluctuations, tariffs and other political, economic and regulatory risks;
the current and potential future impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, results of operations, financial position or cash flows;
changes in polymer consumption growth rates and laws and regulations regarding plastics in jurisdictions where we conduct business;
fluctuations in raw material prices, quality and supply, and in energy prices and supply;
production outages or material costs associated with scheduled or unscheduled maintenance programs;
unanticipated developments that could occur with respect to contingencies such as litigation and environmental matters;
an inability to achieve the anticipated financial benefit from initiatives related to acquisition and integration, working capital reductions, cost reductions and employee productivity goals;
our ability to pay regular quarterly cash dividends and the amounts and timing of any future dividends;
information systems failures and cyberattacks;
our ability to consummate and successfully integrate acquisitions;
amounts for cash and non-cash charges related to restructuring plans that may differ from original estimates, including because of timing changes associated with the underlying actions; and
other factors described in this Annual Report on Form 10-K under Item 1A, “Risk Factors.”
We cannot guarantee that any forward-looking statement will be realized, although we believe we have been prudent in our plans and assumptions. Achievement of future results is subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Should known or unknown risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove inaccurate, actual results could vary materially from those anticipated, estimated or projected. Investors should bear this in mind as they consider forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to publicly update forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as otherwise required by law. You are advised, however, to consult any further disclosures we make on related subjects in our reports on Forms 10-Q, 8-K and 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). You should understand that it is not possible to predict or identify all risk factors. Consequently, you should not consider any such list to be a complete set of all potential risks or uncertainties.
1 AVIENT CORPORATION


ITEM 1. BUSINESS
Business Overview
We are a premier provider of specialized and sustainable material solutions that transform customer challenges into opportunities, bringing new products to life for a better world. Our products include specialty engineered materials, advanced composites, color and additive systems and polymer distribution. We are also a highly specialized developer and manufacturer of performance enhancing additives, liquid colorants and fluoropolymer and silicone colorants. When used in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the terms “we,” “us,” “our," "Avient" and the “Company” mean Avient Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries.
Avient was formed as PolyOne Corporation on August 31, 2000 from the consolidation of The Geon Company (Geon) and M.A. Hanna Company (Hanna). In 1948, B.F.Goodrich created a vinyl plastic division that was subsequently spun off through a public offering in 1993, creating The Geon Company, a separate publicly-held company. Hanna was formed in 1885 as a privately-held company and became publicly-held in 1927. In the mid-1980s, Hanna began to divest its historic mining and shipping businesses to focus on polymers. Hanna purchased its first polymer company in 1986 and completed its 26th polymer company acquisition in 2000. On July 1, 2020, the Company completed its acquisition of the equity interests in the global masterbatch business of Clariant AG, a corporation organized and existing under the laws of Switzerland (Clariant), and the masterbatch assets in India of Clariant Chemicals (India) Limited, a public limited company incorporated in India and an indirect majority owned subsidiary of Clariant (Clariant India). The business and assets are collectively referred to as Clariant MB and the acquisitions are collectively referred to as the Clariant MB Acquisition. In connection with the completion of the Clariant MB Acquisition and effective as of June 30, 2020, the Company amended its existing Articles of Incorporation to change its name to Avient Corporation. In conjunction with its rebranding and new name, the Company also changed its ticker symbol from “POL” to “AVNT”, effective at the start of trading on July 13, 2020.
Avient Corporation is incorporated in Ohio and headquartered in Avon Lake, Ohio. We currently have 103 manufacturing sites and eight distribution facilities in North America, South America, Europe, the Middle East, Asia, and Africa. In 2020, we had sales of $3.2 billion ($3.8 billion on a pro forma basis to include Clariant MB), approximately 50% of which were to customers outside the United States.
Using our formulation expertise and operational capabilities, we create an essential link between large chemical producers (our raw material suppliers) and designers, assemblers and processors of plastics (our customers). We believe that our role in the value chain continues to become more vital as our customers increasingly need reliable suppliers with a global reach and increasingly effective material-based solutions to improve their products' sustainability appeal, performance, differentiation, profitability and competitive advantage. Our goal is to provide customers with specialized and sustainable materials and solutions through our global footprint, broad market knowledge, technical expertise, product breadth, manufacturing operations, a fully integrated information technology network and raw material procurement leverage. Our end markets include healthcare, transportation, packaging, consumer, building and construction, industrial, energy and telecommunications.
Polymer Industry Overview
Polymers are a class of organic materials that are generally produced by converting natural gas or crude oil derivatives into monomers, such as ethylene, propylene, and styrene. These monomers are then polymerized into chains called polymers, or plastic resin, such as polyethylene and polypropylene, in their most basic forms. Large petrochemical companies, including some in the petroleum industry, produce a majority of the monomers and base resins because they have direct access to the raw materials needed for production. Monomers make up the majority of the variable cost of manufacturing the base resin. As a result, the cost of a base resin tends to move in tandem with the industry market prices for monomers and the cost of raw materials and energy used during production. Resin selling prices can move in tandem with costs, but are largely driven by supply and demand.
Thermoplastic polymers make up a substantial majority of the resin market and are characterized by their ability to be reshaped repeatedly into new forms after heat and pressure are applied. Thermoplastics offer versatility and a wide range of applications. The major types of thermoplastics include polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, polyester and a range of specialized engineering resins. Each type of thermoplastic has unique qualities and characteristics that make it appropriate for use in a particular application. Thermoplastic composites include these base resins, but are combined with a structural filler such as glass, wood, carbon or polymer fibers to enhance strength, rigidity and structure. Further performance can be delivered through an engineered thermoplastic sheet or thick film, which may incorporate more than one resin formulation or composite in multiple layers to impart additional properties such as gas barrier, structural integrity and lightweighting.
Thermoplastics and polymer composites are found in a variety of end-use products and markets, including packaging, building and construction, wire and cable, transportation, medical, furniture and furnishings, durable
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goods, outdoor high performance equipment, electrical and electronics, adhesives, inks and coatings and fiber. Each type of thermoplastic resin has unique characteristics (such as flexibility, strength or durability) suitable for use in a particular end-use application. The packaging industry requires plastics that help keep food fresh and free of contamination while providing a variety of options for product display, and offering advantages in terms of weight and user-friendliness. In the wire and cable industry, thermoplastics and composites serve to protect by providing electrical insulation, flame resistance, durability, water resistance, water swelling and color coding to engineered fibers, yarn products, wire coatings and connectors. In the transportation industry, plastic has proven to be durable, lightweight and corrosion resistant while offering fuel savings, design flexibility and high performance, often replacing traditional materials such as metal and glass. In the medical industry, plastics are used for a vast array of devices and equipment, including blood and intravenous bags, medical tubing, catheters, lead replacement for radiation shielding, clamps and connectors to bed frames, curtains and sheeting, electronic enclosures and equipment housings. In the outdoor high performance industry, plastic applications are used for components and colorants for all terrain vehicles and reinforced polymers are used for various outdoor equipment and gear. In the electronics industry, plastic enclosures and connectors not only enhance safety through electrical insulation, but thermally and electrically conductive plastics provide heat transferring, cooling, anti-static, electrostatic discharge, and electromagnetic shielding performance for critical applications including integrated circuit chip packaging.
Various additives can be formulated with a base resin and further engineered into a structure to provide them with greater versatility and performance. Polymer formulations and structures have advantages over metals, wood, rubber, glass and other traditional materials, which have resulted in the replacement of these materials across a wide spectrum of applications. These specialized polymers offer advantages compared to traditional materials that include design freedom, processability, weight reduction, chemical resistance, flame retardance and lower cost. Plastics are renowned for their durability, aesthetics, ease of handling and recyclability.
Avient Segments
We operate in three reportable segments: (1) Color, Additives and Inks; (2) Specialty Engineered Materials; and (3) Distribution. Previously, Avient had four reportable segments. However, as a result of the divestiture of the Performance Products and Solutions segment (PP&S) on October 25, 2019, we have removed PP&S as a separate operating segment and its results are presented as discontinued operations. Historical information has been retrospectively adjusted to reflect these changes. Please see Note 3, Discontinued Operations, to the accompanying consolidated financial statements for additional information.
Our segments are further detailed in Note 15, Segment Information, to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
Competition
The production of plastics and the manufacturing of custom and proprietary formulated color and additives systems for the plastics industry are highly competitive. Competition is based on service, performance, product innovation, product recognition, speed, delivery, quality and price. The relative importance of these factors varies among our products and services. We believe that we are the largest independent formulator of plastic materials and producer of custom and proprietary color and additive systems in the United States and Europe, with a growing presence in Asia, South America and Africa. Our competitors range from large international companies with broad product offerings to local independent custom producers whose focus is a specific market niche or product offering.
The distribution of polymer resin is also highly competitive. Speed, service, reputation, product line, brand recognition, delivery, quality and price are the principal factors affecting competition. We compete against other national independent resin distributors in North America, along with other regional distributors. Growth in the polymer distribution market is highly correlated with growth in the base polymer resins market. We believe that the strength of our company name and reputation, the broad range of product offerings from our suppliers and our speed and responsiveness, combined with the quality of products and agility of our distribution network, allow us to compete effectively.
Raw Materials
The primary raw materials used by our manufacturing operations are polyolefin and other thermoplastic resins, TiO2, inorganic and organic pigments, all of which we believe are in adequate supply. See the discussion of risks associated with raw material supply and costs in Item 1A, “Risk Factors."
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Patents and Trademarks
We own and maintain a number of patents and trademarks in the United States and other key countries that contribute to our competitiveness in the markets we serve because they protect our inventions and product names against infringement by others. Patents exist for 20 years from filing date, and trademarks have an indefinite life based upon continued use. While we view our patents and trademarks to be valuable because of the broad scope of our products and services and brand recognition we enjoy, we do not believe that the loss or expiration of any single patent or trademark would have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position or cash flows. Nevertheless, we have management processes designed to rigorously protect our inventions and trademarks.
Seasonality and Backlog
Sales of our products and services are typically seasonal, as demand has historically been slower in the first and fourth calendar quarters of the year. However, the COVID-19 pandemic led to irregular quarterly demand patterns in 2020. Because of the nature of our business, we do not believe that our backlog is a meaningful indicator of the level of present or future business.
Working Capital Practices
Our products are generally manufactured with a short turnaround time, and the scheduling of manufacturing activities from customer orders generally includes enough lead time to assure delivery of an adequate supply of raw materials. We offer payment terms to our customers that are competitive. We generally allow our customers to return merchandise if pre-agreed quality standards or specifications are not met; however, we employ quality assurance practices that seek to minimize customer returns. Our customer returns are immaterial.
Significant Customers
No customer accounted for more than 3% of our consolidated revenues in 2020 and we do not believe we would suffer a material adverse effect to our consolidated financial statements if we were to lose any single customer.
Research and Development
We have substantial technology and development capabilities. Our efforts are largely devoted to developing new product formulations to satisfy defined market needs by providing quality technical services to evaluate alternative raw materials, assuring the continued success of our products for customer applications, providing technology to improve our products, processes and applications and providing support to our manufacturing plants for cost reduction, productivity and quality improvement programs. We operate research and development centers that support our commercial development activities and manufacturing operations. These facilities are equipped with state-of-the-art analytical, synthesis, polymer characterization and testing equipment, along with pilot plants and polymer manufacturing operations that simulate specific production processes that allow us to rapidly translate new technologies into new products. Our investment in product research and development was $59.8 million in 2020, $50.6 million in 2019, and $49.6 million in 2018.
Methods of Distribution
We sell products primarily through direct sales personnel, distributors, including our Distribution segment, and commissioned sales agents. We primarily use truck carriers to transport our products to customers, although some customers pick up product at our manufacturing facilities or warehouses. We also ship some of our manufactured products to customers by rail.
Human Capital Resources
“People” is the first of Avient’s four cornerstones of sustainability (People, Products, Planet and Performance), which, together with our core values and our four-pillar strategy, form the framework of our company culture. The success and growth of our business depend in large part on our ability to attract, develop and retain a diverse population of talented and high-performing employees at all levels of our organization, including the individuals who comprise our global workforce as well as our executive officers and other key personnel.

We have developed key recruitment and retention strategies, objectives and measures that guide our human capital management approach as part of the overall management of our business. These strategies, objectives and measures are advanced through a number of programs, policies and initiatives, as described below. From safety to training to community engagement, our people are at the forefront of everything that we do. We are dedicated to building a high-performing and inclusive culture and investing in our people so that our most valuable resource has the skills and confidence to lead Avient and deliver value for our customers and stakeholders.
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As of December 31, 2020, Avient employed approximately 8,400 people, 33% of which are located in the U.S. and Canada, 35% are located in Europe, Middle East, and Africa, 25% are located in Asia, and 7% are located in Latin America.
Safety and Health
The top priority at Avient is safety and our ultimate goal is to operate injury free. Progress toward this goal is measured at the business unit and regional levels, communicated globally, and linked to a number of recognition mechanisms. In 2020, we maintained world-class performance for our industry, with a recordable incident rate of 0.50 per 100 full-time workers per year as compared to industry average of 3.70 in 2019. We continue to set high standards for our operations as we strive to achieve our goal of zero recordable injuries.
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we quickly began implementing changes in our business designed to protect the health and well-being of our employees, customers and communities, and to support appropriate physical distancing and other health and safety protocols. We implemented remote, alternate and flexible work arrangements where possible, including split shifts at facilities and remote work options for non-essential on-site functions. We mobilized regional COVID task forces and collaboratively developed health and safety protocols, including enhanced cleaning and sanitary procedures, domestic and international travel restrictions, and return-to-work and visitor screening procedures. We also postponed or canceled hosting or attending large events. As the pandemic continues, we are consistently monitoring and adhering to local government requirements and conditions everywhere we operate. We are working vigilantly to prioritize the health and safety of our associates first, while still continuing to operate and serve the essential and emerging needs around the world through our products and services.
Employee Recruitment
We actively recruit and seek the best and the brightest talent through numerous channels, including job fairs, online talent networks, industry associations, referrals and campus recruiting. We recruit at more than 25 leading universities around the world and hire approximately 140 new graduates each year as full-time, co-ops or interns. We have launched seven highly coveted rotational development roles—from marketing to operational excellence to finance to IT—where newly hired associates rotate through various departments and jobs for up to two years, contributing their skills while also building diverse, well-rounded knowledge of our Company and its many stakeholders. We leverage global processes and systems to create a positive candidate experience with opportunities for entry level and experienced hires.
Training and Development
Training and development of our workforce is crucial for Avient, as it influences our “great place to work” culture while enabling our teams to accomplish business goals. Training and development opportunities are provided to all full-time and part-time associates through global programs and technology, to ensure a consistent and high-quality experience for all associates. Examples of training and development opportunities available to our employees include: regular performance feedback, career development discussions with managers, training and professional development courses through Avient Academy, and access to the global eLearning platform, LinkedIn Learning.
Avient also offers nomination-based leadership development programs, such as NextGen, PolyMasters, Lean Six Sigma Master Blackbelt, as well as Core Leadership, an open-enrollment program for leaders of people globally. In 2019, we sought to improve engagement and our culture of learning in our manufacturing locations. With the launch of our Engage program, we brought classroom experiences focused on our products and customers to our production associates. Some of the topics covered by our training programs include: leadership development, safety, Lean Six Sigma concepts, technical and operational skills, and ethics and compliance. Leaders at Avient play a key role in our approach to training and development. Executive leaders serve as facilitators in our leadership programs, and NextGen graduates lead the Engage training sessions.
Diversity and Inclusion
At Avient, we recognize the immense benefits that a diverse team brings to our organization, including delivering better business outcomes. Our talented people leverage their diverse backgrounds and skills toward a common goal: meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to do the same. This spirit of inclusive collaboration can be felt throughout our Company. It drives the innovation that earns us leadership positions in the markets we serve and underpins the high level of respect we show each other every day.
Our commitment to diversity begins at the highest levels of our organization, as evidenced by our "Winning" distinction from the 2020 Women on Boards organization for having 30% female board members, exceeding that
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organization's criteria of 20%. The board is currently exploring adding an additional board member who is from an underrepresented minority.
From a management perspective, 60% of our CEO's direct reports are female or minority which we believe sets the right tone and expectation for diversity and inclusion within the Company.
More broadly within the Company, our diversity and inclusion approach is fostered by multiple Employee Resource Groups that are driving improvements and opening opportunities throughout our organization. The vision that guides our collective efforts is consistent and unwavering: to be the company of choice for all. It is from this vision that our Employee Resource Groups were born and flourish today. Each group has its own mission and supporting activities, and their efforts coalesce to help educate and inspire our global workforce and fortify sustainable business practices.
Our Employee Resource Groups include: PRIDE at Avient (which is working to create a safe and accepting environment that enables LGBTQ+ associates to perform to their fullest potential and contribute to the success of our company), HYPE (which stands for Harnessing Young Potential Energy and is building a collaborative network of Avient’s young professionals), and LEAD by Women (which promotes diversity and inclusion by increasing access to the tools and resources necessary to build leadership skills and accelerate careers).
The executive leadership team manages our diversity and inclusion program, which ensures that we have leadership accountability in advancing our diversity and inclusion strategy. In addition to bi-annual reviews with the leadership team, Avient has implemented recruiting guidelines to expand our diverse talent pipeline, with at least one-third of candidates being female or a U.S. minority.
Additionally, PRIDE at Avient continues to lead best practices and meaningful programming to improve experiences of LGBTQ+ employees in our workplace. Their efforts were instrumental in our achievement of earning the distinction of a "Best Place to Work" on the Corporate Equality Index with a perfect score of 100% in 2020 and 2021.
Other initiatives, including Mentoring at Avient and campus partnerships are vital for progress in our diversity and inclusion journey. We require equality of opportunity for all qualified individuals in accordance with applicable laws. Decisions on hiring, promotion, development, compensation or advancement are based solely on a person’s qualifications, abilities, experience and performance, except where local law requires us to take actions to increase employment opportunities for a specific group. The Avient Ethics Hotline serves as a mechanism for associates to anonymously report any perceived concerns regarding these topics.
Compensation and Benefits Programs
We strive to remain competitive in the global marketplace and provide foundational rewards to attract and retain top talent. In general, our overall philosophy on compensation encompasses the following principles:
provide all levels of associates with a compensation package that aligns Avient’s and the associates’ interests through the use of base and annual incentive pay programs;
maintain a competitive pay program that serves to attract, retain, motivate and reward associates, and;
award individual pay commensurate with experience, level of responsibility, and marketability.
Associate Benefits: Awards and Recognition Programs
Our ongoing associate feedback is highly valued, discussed, and most importantly, acted upon to make improvements. This includes our culture and unique benefits we offer. In 2019, we offered Flex Fridays, an adapted schedule that allows associates to have up to six Fridays off work during the summer without using vacation time. Associates work with their supervisor to create a flexible schedule that will allow them to complete their work hours. In 2020, we embraced and directed other workplace flexibility and work from home arrangements to combat the spread of COVID-19 and protect our people.
In addition, we continue to offer our global benefit of community service hours, where each associate is provided 16 hours of paid time off each year to participate in activities to support and help create more sustainable communities. Activities can be done as a group of fellow Avient associates or individually. These hours are used during a normally scheduled work day. Since 2018, Avient associates have performed more than 10,000 hours of community service through this program.
We celebrate, reward and share our associates’ great work through our recognition programs, some of which are listed below and available globally:
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You Made a Difference Awards - Recognizes associates who go above and beyond their job responsibilities on a project or task.
Spotlight Awards - Recognizes associates for their extra efforts on a project or task that has a significant impact on the organization.
Chairman's Awards
Associate - Our Chairman's Achievement Award recognizes excellence in the execution of Avient's four-pillar strategy. It's the highest honor a non-sales associate can receive at our company.
Sales - Our Chairman's Club Award recognizes our top 25 sellers and one sales manager for their outstanding performance and living our values of Collaboration, Innovation and Excellence.
Leadership - Our Chairman's Leadership Award recognizes our top performing General Manager for performance, culture and inspirational leadership.
A Great Place to Work®
With all the time, effort and resources we invest to build our culture and support our associates, we have been honored to receive awards that showcase our company and people. Back in 2018, we were very proud to earn our first Great Place to Work® certification by the Great Place to Work Institute in the U.S. We conducted a pulse engagement survey in 2019. This shorter, more focused survey was intended to provide actionable insights to managers in key focus areas. We mapped these survey questions back to core areas of prior surveys, and achieved improvements in critical areas such as trusting in our managers and team collaboration.
In 2020, for the first time, we included all associates from Clariant MB in our employee engagement survey. Associates in over 40 countries and nearly 170 locations participated, providing actionable feedback to support our employee engagement efforts. Our results showed exceptional feedback from our associates, and we were certified again as a Great Place to Work® in 2020.
Environmental, Health and Safety
We are subject to various environmental laws and regulations that apply to the production, use and sale of chemicals, emissions into the air, discharges into waterways and other releases of materials into the environment, and the generation, handling, storage, transportation, treatment and disposal of waste material. We endeavor to ensure the safe and lawful operation of our facilities in the manufacture and distribution of products, and we believe we are in material compliance with all applicable laws and regulations.
We maintain a disciplined environmental and occupational safety and health compliance program and conduct periodic internal and external regulatory audits at our facilities to identify and correct potential environmental exposures, including compliance matters and operational risk reduction opportunities. This effort can result in process or operational modifications, the installation of pollution control devices or cleaning up grounds or facilities. We believe that we are in material compliance with all applicable requirements.
We are strongly committed to safety as evidenced by our record-low injury incidence rate of 0.50 per 100 full-time workers per year in 2020 and 0.56 in 2019. The 2019 average injury incidence rate for our NAICS Code (326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing) was 3.70. We hold the American Chemistry Council's certification as a Responsible Care Management System® (RCMS) company. Certification was granted based on Avient's conformance to the RCMS's comprehensive environmental health, safety and security requirements. The RCMS certification affirms the importance Avient places on having world-class environmental, health, safety and security performance.
In January 2019, Avient, along with 29 other member companies, joined together as founding members of the Alliance to End Plastic Waste (AEPW). The AEPW has thus far committed over $1.5 billion to help end plastic waste in the environment through investment in infrastructure, innovation, education, and clean-up activities. The AEPW intends to enable and bring to scale solutions to minimize and manage plastic waste and promote solutions for used plastics that move towards a circular economy. Our commitment to AEPW confirms the importance we place on being a global leader in all aspects of how we define sustainability: People, Products, Planet and performance. We have invested and are making important contributions in each, which are discussed in depth in our Sustainability Report.
In our operations, we must comply with product-related governmental law and regulations affecting the plastics industry generally and also with content-specific law, regulations and non-governmental standards. We believe that compliance with current governmental laws and regulations and with non-governmental content-specific standards will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows. The risk of
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additional costs and liabilities, however, is inherent in certain plant operations and certain products produced at these plants, as is the case with other companies in the plastics industry. Therefore, we may incur additional costs or liabilities in the future. Other developments, such as increasingly strict environmental, safety and health laws, regulations and related enforcement policies, including those under the European Union Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances Directive (RoHS), Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (covering Conflict Minerals), and the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act, the implementation of additional content-specific standards, discovery of unknown conditions, and claims for damages to property, persons or natural resources resulting from plant emissions or products, could also result in additional costs or liabilities.
We expect 2021 cash environmental expenditures to approximate $20 million. Refer to Note 12, Commitments and Contingencies, to the accompanying consolidated financial statements for discussion of environmental investigation and remediation matters.
International Operations
Our international operations are subject to a variety of risks, including currency fluctuations and devaluations, exchange controls, currency restrictions and changes in local economic conditions. While the impact of these risks is difficult to predict, any one or more of them could adversely affect our future operations. For more information about the noted risks, see Item 1A. "Risk Factors." For more information about our international operations, see Note 15, Segment Information, to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
Where You Can Find Additional Information
Our principal executive offices are located at 33587 Walker Road, Avon Lake, Ohio 44012, and our telephone number is +1 (440) 930-1000. We are subject to the information reporting requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the Exchange Act), and, in accordance with these requirements, we file annual, quarterly and other reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC relating to our business, financial results and other matters.
Our internet address is www.avient.com. Our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act are available, free of charge, on our website (select Investors and then SEC Filings) or upon written request, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file or furnish them to the SEC. The contents of our website are not part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, and the reference to our website does not constitute incorporation by reference into this Form 10-K of the information contained at that site. Our sustainability report is posted under the Sustainability tab of our website.
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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
The following are certain risk factors that could affect our business, results of operations, financial position or cash flows. These risk factors should be considered along with the forward-looking statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K because these factors could cause our actual results or financial condition to differ materially from those projected in forward-looking statements. The following discussion is not an all-inclusive listing of risks, although we believe these are the more material risks that we face. If any of the following occur, our business, results of operations, financial position or cash flows could be adversely affected.
COVID-19 Risks
The COVID-19 pandemic has had, and may continue to have, an adverse impact on our business.
We are closely monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on all aspects of our business, including how it impacts our customers, employees, supply chain, and distribution network. In response to the pandemic, we implemented changes in our business designed to protect the health and well-being of our employees and customers and to support appropriate physical distancing and other health and safety protocols. We implemented remote, alternate and flexible work arrangements where possible, including implementing split shifts at facilities and remote work options for non-essential on-site functions, enhanced cleaning and sanitary procedures, implemented domestic and international travel restrictions, implemented return to work and visitor screening protocols, and postponed or canceled hosting or attending large events. While these measures have been necessary and appropriate, they have resulted in additional costs, which we expect will continue in 2021 as we work to address employee safety. We have experienced some challenges in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic, including lower demand for certain products in North America and Europe. The extent to which our business, results of operations, financial position or cash flows may ultimately be impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic will depend largely on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be accurately predicted, including new information that may emerge concerning the severity of the outbreak and transmission rates of the virus, the timing and effectiveness of vaccination efforts in the markets where we do business, actions by government authorities to contain the outbreak or treat its impact, and the nature and scope of government economic recovery measures.
The situation surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic remains fluid, and the continued spread of COVID-19 could negatively impact our business, financial condition and results of operations in a number of ways in the future, including but not limited to:
shutdowns or slowdowns of our production facilities;
disruptions in our supply chain and our ability to obtain raw materials, packaging and other sourced materials due to labor shortages, governmental restrictions or the failure of our suppliers, distributors or manufacturers to meet their obligations to us;
increases in raw material and commodity costs;
the inability of a significant portion of our workforce, including our management team, to work as a result of illness or government restrictions; and
reduced liquidity of customers, which could negatively impact the collectability of outstanding receivables and our cash flows.
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic may also exacerbate other risks and uncertainties described in this "Risk Factors" section, any of which could have a material effect on us.
Global Operating Risks
Our operations could be adversely affected by various risks inherent in conducting operations worldwide.
We conduct a substantial portion of our business outside the U.S., with approximately 50% of our sales in foreign countries. We currently have many facilities located outside the U.S., as detailed in Item 2. “Properties.” Accordingly, our business is subject to risks related to the differing legal, political, social and regulatory requirements, and economic conditions of many jurisdictions. Risks inherent in international operations include, but are not limited to, the following:
changes in local government regulations and policies including, but not limited to, duty or tariff restrictions, foreign currency exchange controls or monetary policy, repatriation of earnings, expropriation of property, investment limitations and tax policies;
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political and economic instability and disruptions, including labor unrest, withdrawal or renegotiation of trade agreements, natural disasters, major public health issues, pandemics, civil strife, acts of war, insurrection and terrorism;
legislation that regulates the use of chemicals;
disadvantages of competing against companies from countries that are not subject to U.S. laws and regulations, including the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) and the UK Bribery Act;
compliance with international trade laws and regulations, including export control and economic sanctions;
difficulties in staffing and managing multi-national operations;
limitations on our ability to enforce legal rights and remedies;
reduced protection of intellectual property rights;
other risks arising out of foreign sovereignty over the areas where our operations are conducted; and
increasingly complex laws and regulations concerning privacy and data security, including, but not limited to, the European Union's General Data Protection Regulation.
We could be adversely affected by violations of the FCPA, UK Bribery Act and similar worldwide anti-bribery laws, as well as export controls and economic sanction laws. The FCPA, UK Bribery Act and similar anti-bribery laws in other jurisdictions generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from making improper payments to government officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. Our policies mandate compliance with these laws. We operate in many parts of the world that have experienced governmental corruption to some degree and, in certain circumstances, strict compliance with anti-bribery laws may conflict with local customs and practices. We cannot assure you that our internal controls and procedures will always protect us if reckless or criminal acts are committed by our employees or agents. If we are found to be liable for FCPA, UK Bribery Act, export control or sanction violations, we could suffer from criminal or civil penalties or other sanctions, including loss of export privileges or authorization needed to conduct aspects of our international business, which could have a material adverse effect on our business.
Any of these risks could have an adverse effect on our international operations by reducing demand for our products.
Business Risks
Demand for and supply of our products and services may be adversely affected by several factors, some of which we cannot predict or control.
Several factors may affect the demand for and supply of our products and services, including:
economic downturns or other volatility in the significant end markets that we serve;
product obsolescence or technological changes that unfavorably alter the value/cost proposition of our products and services;
competition from existing and unforeseen polymer and non-polymer based products;
declines in general economic conditions or reductions in industrial production growth rates, both domestically and globally, which could impact our customers’ ability to pay amounts owed to us;
changes in environmental regulations that would limit our ability to sell our products and services in specific markets;
changes in laws and regulations regarding plastic materials; and
inability to obtain raw materials or supply products to customers due to factors such as supplier work stoppages, supply shortages, plant outages or regulatory changes that may limit or prohibit overland transportation of certain hazardous materials and exogenous factors, like severe weather.
If any of these events occur, the demand for and supply of our products and services could suffer and potentially lead to asset impairment or otherwise adversely affect our results.


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Our manufacturing operations are subject to hazards and other risks associated with polymer production and the related storage and transportation of raw materials, products and wastes.
The occurrence of an operating problem at our facilities (e.g., an explosion, a mechanical failure, a chemical spill or a discharge of toxic or hazardous substances) may have a material adverse effect on the productivity and profitability of a particular manufacturing or distribution facility or on our operations as a whole, during and after the period of these operating difficulties. Operating problems may cause personal injury and/or loss of life, customer attrition and severe damage to or destruction of property and equipment and environmental damage. We are subject to present claims and potential future claims with respect to workplace exposure, workers’ compensation and other matters. Our property and casualty insurance, which we believe are of the types and in the amounts that are customary for the industry, may not fully insure us against all potential hazards that are incident to our business or otherwise could occur.
Environmental, health and safety laws and regulations impact our operations and financial statements.
Our operations on, and ownership of, real property are subject to environmental, health and safety laws and regulations at the national, state and local governmental levels (including, but not limited to, the Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) and the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008). The nature of our business exposes us to compliance costs and risks of liability under these laws and regulations due to the production, storage, transportation, recycling or disposal and/or sale of materials that can cause contamination and other harm to the environment or personal injury if they are improperly handled and released. Environmental compliance requirements imposed on us and our vendors may significantly increase the costs of these activities involving raw materials, energy, finished products and wastes. We may incur substantial costs, including fines, criminal or civil sanctions, damages, and remediation costs, or experience interruptions in our operations for violations of these laws.
Natural gas, electricity, fuel, logistics and raw material costs could cause volatility in our results.
The cost of our natural gas, electricity, fuel, logistics and raw materials may not correlate with changes in the prices we receive for our products, either in the direction of the price change or in absolute magnitude. Natural gas and raw materials costs represent a substantial part of our manufacturing costs. Most of the raw materials we use are commodities and the price of each can fluctuate widely for a variety of reasons, including changes in availability because of major capacity additions or reductions or significant facility operating problems. Other external factors beyond our control can also cause fluctuations in raw materials prices, which could negatively impact demand for our products and cause volatility in our results.
We face competition from other companies.
We encounter competition in price, payment terms, delivery, service, performance, product innovation, product recognition and quality, depending on the product involved.
We expect that our competitors will continue to develop and introduce new and enhanced products, which could cause a decline in the market acceptance of our products. In addition, our competitors could cause a reduction in the selling prices of some of our products as a result of intensified price competition. Competitive pressures could also result in the loss of customers.
Cybersecurity breaches, global information systems security threats and more sophisticated and targeted computer crime could pose a risk to our systems, networks and products, which could harm our business.
We depend on integrated information systems to conduct our business, including communicating with employees and customers, ordering and managing materials from suppliers, shipping products to customers, and analyzing and reporting results of operations. In addition, we store sensitive data, including proprietary business information, intellectual property and confidential employee or other personal data, on our servers and databases. Cybersecurity breaches, global information systems security threats and more sophisticated and targeted computer crime pose a risk to the security of our systems and networks and the confidentiality, availability and integrity of our data and communications. We continue to update our infrastructure, security tools, employee training and processes to protect against security incidents, including both external and internal threats, and to prevent their recurrence; however, our systems, networks and products may nevertheless be vulnerable to advanced persistent threats or other types of system failures. Depending on their nature and scope, such threats and system failures could potentially lead to the compromising of confidential information and communications, improper use of our systems and networks, manipulation and destruction of data, defective products, production downtimes and operational disruptions, which in turn could cause customers to cancel orders or otherwise adversely affect our reputation, competitiveness and results of operations.
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Capital and Credit Risks
Disruptions in the global credit, financial and/or currency markets could limit our access to credit or otherwise harm our financial results, which could have a material adverse impact on our business.
Global credit and financial markets experience volatility, including volatility in security prices, liquidity and credit availability, declining valuations of certain investments and significant changes in the capital and organizational structures of certain financial institutions. Market conditions may limit our ability to access the capital necessary to grow and maintain our business. Accordingly, we may be forced to delay raising capital, issue shorter tenors than we prefer or pay unattractive interest rates, which could increase our interest expense, decrease our profitability and significantly reduce our financial flexibility.
We are exposed to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. Any significant change in the value of the currencies of the countries in which we do business against the U.S. dollar, whether precipitated by governmental monetary policy or otherwise, could affect our ability to sell products competitively and control our cost structure, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. For additional detail related to this risk, see Item 7A, "Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk."
The agreements governing our debt, including our revolving credit facility, term loan and other debt instruments, contain various covenants that limit our ability to take certain actions and in certain circumstances require us to meet financial maintenance tests, failure to comply with which could have a material adverse effect on us.
The agreements governing our senior secured revolving credit facility and our senior secured term loan, and the indentures and credit agreements governing our other debt, contain a number of customary restrictive covenants that, among other things, limit our ability to: sell or otherwise transfer assets, including in a spin-off, incur additional debt or liens, consolidate or merge with any entity or transfer or sell all or substantially all of our assets, pay dividends or make certain other restricted payments, make investments, enter into transactions with affiliates, create dividend or other payment restrictions with respect to subsidiaries, make capital investments and alter the business we conduct.
In addition, our revolving credit facility requires us to comply under certain circumstances with specific financial tests, under which we are required to achieve certain or specific financial and operating results. Our ability to comply with these provisions may be affected by events beyond our control. A breach of any of these covenants would result in a default under such agreements and instruments, which in certain circumstances could be a default under all of these agreements and instruments. In the event of any default, our lenders could elect to declare all amounts borrowed under the agreements, together with accrued interest thereon, to be due and payable. In such event, we cannot assure that we would have sufficient assets to pay debt then outstanding under the agreements governing our debt.
Furthermore, certain of these agreements condition our ability to obtain additional borrowing capacity, engage in certain transactions or take certain other actions, on our achievement of certain or specific financial and operating results, although our failure to achieve such results would not result in a default under such agreements. Any future refinancing of our senior secured revolving credit facility or other debt may contain similar restrictive covenants.
To service our indebtedness, we will require a significant amount of cash.
Our ability to pay interest on our debt and to satisfy our other debt obligations will depend in part upon our future financial and operating performance and that of our subsidiaries, and upon our ability to renew or refinance borrowings. Prevailing economic conditions and financial, business, competitive, legislative, regulatory and other factors, many of which are beyond our control, will affect our ability to make these payments. While we believe that cash flow from our current level of operations, available cash and available borrowings under our revolving credit facility provide adequate sources of liquidity, a significant drop in operating cash flow resulting from economic conditions, competition or other uncertainties beyond our control could create the need for alternative sources of liquidity. If we are unable to generate sufficient cash flow to meet our debt service obligations, we will have to pursue one or more alternatives, such as reducing or delaying capital or other expenditures, refinancing debt, selling assets, or raising equity capital.
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We have a significant amount of goodwill, and any future goodwill impairment charges could adversely impact our results of operations.
As of December 31, 2020, we had goodwill of $1,308.1 million. The future occurrence of a potential indicator of impairment, such as a significant adverse change in business climate, an adverse action or assessment by a regulator, unanticipated competition, a material negative change in relationships with customers, strategic decisions made in response to economic or competitive conditions could result in goodwill impairment charges, which could adversely impact our results of operations. Based on our 2020 goodwill impairment test, performed as of October 1, 2020, no reporting units were identified as being at risk of future impairment. For additional information, see Note 4, Goodwill and Intangible Assets, to the accompanying consolidated financial statements and “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates” included in Item 7, "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”
Clariant MB Acquisition Risks
We may not realize the cost synergies that are anticipated from the Clariant MB Acquisition.
The benefits that are expected to result from the Clariant MB Acquisition will depend, in part, on our ability to integrate and achieve cost synergies. There can be no assurance that we will successfully or cost-effectively integrate Clariant MB. The failure to do so could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flow.
Moreover, we may incur substantial expenses in connection with the integration. While it is anticipated that certain expenses will be incurred to achieve cost synergies, such expenses are difficult to estimate accurately and may exceed current estimates. Accordingly, the benefits from the Clariant MB Acquisition may be offset by costs incurred or delays in integration.
ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
None.

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ITEM 2. PROPERTIES
Headquartered in Avon Lake, Ohio, we operate globally with principal locations consisting of 103 manufacturing sites and eight distribution facilities in North America, South America, Europe, the Middle East, Asia, and Africa. We own the majority of our manufacturing sites and lease our distribution facilities. We believe that the quality and production capacity of our facilities is sufficient to maintain our competitive position for the foreseeable future. The following table identifies the principal facilities of our segments:
Specialty Engineered MaterialsColor, Additives and InksDistribution
1. Birmingham, Alabama1. Glendale, Arizona30. Toronto, Canada60. Butterworth, Malaysia1. Rancho Cucamonga, California
2. Englewood, Colorado2. & 3. Phoenix, Arizona (c)31. Maipu, Chile61. Santa Clara, Mexico2. Chicago, Illinois
3. Montrose, Colorado4. Bethel, Connecticut32. Chuzhou, China62. Toluca, Mexico3. Eagan, Minnesota
4. North Haven, Connecticut5. Dalton, Georgia33. Guangzhou, China63. Eindhoven, Netherlands4. Edison, New Jersey
5. McHenry, Illinois6. Kennesaw, Georgia34. Pudong, China64. Auckland, New Zealand5. Statesville, North Carolina
6. Winona, Minnesota7. Elk Grove Village, Illinois35., 36. & 37. Shanghai, China (d)65. Karachi, Pakistan6. Elyria, Ohio
7. Hickory, North Carolina8. West Chicago, Illinois38. Suzhou, China66. Lahore, Pakistan7. La Porte, Texas
8. Avon Lake, Ohio9. La Porte, Indiana39. Tianjin, China67. Lima, Peru8. Brampton, Ontario, Canada
9. Hatfield, Pennsylvania10. Lewiston, Maine40. Cota, Colombia68. Konstantynow, Poland(8 Distribution Facilities)
10. Changzhou, China11. Holden, Massachusetts41. Aland, Finland69. Kutno, Poland
11. Shenzhen, China12. Albion, Michigan42. Cergy, France70. Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
12. Suzhou, China13. Minneapolis, Minnesota43. Saint-Jeoire, France71. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
13. Gaggenau, Germany14. St. Louis, Missouri44. Tossiat, France72. Yanbu, Saudi Arabia
14. Melle, Germany15. Lockport, New York45. Ahrensburg, Germany73. Randburg, South Africa
15. Leeuwarden, Netherlands16. Mooresville, North Carolina46. Diez, Germany74. Alicante, Spain
16. Barbastro, Spain17. Berea, Ohio47. Lahnstein, Germany75. Barcelona, Spain
17. Istanbul, Turkey18. Massillon, Ohio48. Guatemala City, Guatemala76. Pamplona, Spain
18. Leek, United Kingdom19. North Baltimore, Ohio49. Gyor, Hungary77. Sant Andreu, Spain
Shanghai, China (b)20. Norwalk, Ohio50. Kalol, India78. Malmoe, Sweden
Pune, India (a)21. Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania51. Pune, India79. Taoyuan, Taiwan
Pamplona, Spain (a)22. Mountain Top, Pennsylvania52. Rania, India80. Bangkok, Thailand
(18 Manufacturing Plants)23. Vonore, Tennessee53. Vashere, India81. Phan Thong, Thailand
24. Winchester, Virginia54. Tangerang, Indonesia82. Gazientep, Turkey
25. Lomas de Zamora, Argentina55. Naas, Ireland83. Gebze, Turkey
26. Assesse, Belgium56. Lomagna, Italy84. Knowsley, United Kingdom
27. Louvain-La-Nueve, Belgium57. Merate, Italy85. Thuan An, Vietnam
28. Itupeva, Brazil58. Milan, Italy(85 Manufacturing Plants)
29. Suzano, Brazil59. Pogliano, Italy
(a)Facility is not included in manufacturing plants total as it is also included as part of another segment.
(b)Facility is not included in manufacturing plants total as it is a design center/lab.
(c)There are two manufacturing plants located in Phoenix, Arizona.
(d)There are three manufacturing plants located in Shanghai, China.
ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
Information regarding certain legal proceedings can be found in Note 12, Commitments and Contingencies, to the accompanying consolidated financial statements and is incorporated by reference herein.
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.
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INFORMATION ABOUT OUR EXECUTIVE OFFICERS
Executive officers are elected by our Board of Directors to serve one-year terms. The following table lists the name of each person serving as an executive officer of the Company, their age, and position with the Company as of February 5, 2021.
NameAgePosition
Robert M. Patterson48Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer
Jamie A. Beggs44Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer
Cathy K. Dodd55Senior Vice President, President of Distribution
Michael A. Garratt57Senior Vice President, President Color, Additives and Inks, EMEA
Lisa K. Kunkle52Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary
M. John Midea, Jr. 56Senior Vice President, Global Operations and Process Improvement
Woon Keat Moh47Senior Vice President, President of Color, Additives and Inks, Americas and Asia
Chris L. Pederson54Senior Vice President, President of Specialty Engineered Materials
Joel R. Rathbun48Senior Vice President, Mergers & Acquisitions
João José San Martin Neto60Senior Vice President, Chief Human Resources Officer
Robert M. Patterson: Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, May 2016 to date. President and Chief Executive Officer, May 2014 to May 2016. Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer, March 2012 to May 2014. Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, January 2011 to March 2012. Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, May 2008 to January 2011. Vice President and Treasurer of Novelis, Inc. (an aluminum rolled products manufacturer) from 2007 to May 2008. Vice President, Controller and Chief Accounting Officer of Novelis from 2006 to 2007. Mr. Patterson served as Vice President and Segment Chief Financial Officer, Thermal and Flow Technology Segments of SPX Corporation (a multi-industry manufacturer and developer) from 2005 to 2006 and as Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, Cooling Technologies and Services of SPX from 2004 to 2005.
Jamie A. Beggs: Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, August 2020 to date. Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Hunt Consolidated, Inc. (a diversified holding company focused primarily in the energy industry) from January 2017 through December 2019. Vice President and Treasurer at Celanese Corporation (a global technology leader in the production of specialty materials and chemical products) from 2015 to 2017. Chief Financial Officer, Material Solutions at Celanese Corporation from 2011 to 2015. Prior to 2011, Ms. Beggs worked in various roles of increasing responsibility at Celanese in both business and finance from May 2007.
Cathy K. Dodd: Senior Vice President, President of Distribution, October 2020 to date. Senior Vice President, Chief Commercial Officer from April 2020 to October 2020. Vice President, Marketing from February 2014 to April 2020. Director of Downstream Engagement and Design and Strategic Account Executive, Retail at Eastman Chemical Company (a global specialty chemical company that produces a broad range of advanced materials, additives and functional products, specialty chemicals, and fibers) from 2010 to 2014.
Michael A. Garratt: Senior Vice President, President Color, Additives and Inks, EMEA, April 2020 to present. Senior Vice President, Chief Commercial Officer, April 2016 to March 2020. Senior Vice President, President of Performance Products and Solutions, September 2013 to April 2016. President, Marmon Utility (a manufacturer of medium-high voltage utility, subsea and down-hole power cables and molded insulator systems) from March 2011 to September 2013. Chief Operating Officer, Excel Polymers (a custom thermoset rubber formulator) from November 2009 to December 2010. Vice President and General Manager - Americas Compounding and Performance Additives, Excel Polymers from March 2009 to November 2009. Vice President and General Manager - Industrial and Consumer, Excel Polymers from December 2005 to March 2009. From April 1996 to June 2005, Mr. Garratt worked for DuPont Dow Elastomers, a joint venture of Dupont and Dow (global manufacturers of engineered thermoset rubber and thermoplastic elastomer materials) in market development and product management positions, culminating in a regional commercial leadership role for Europe, the Middle East and Africa.
Lisa K. Kunkle: Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary, May 2015 to date. Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary, August 2007 to May 2015, Assistant General Counsel February 2007 to August 2007. Partner, Jones Day (a global law firm) from January 2006 to February 2007. Associate, Jones Day from August 1995 to January 2006.
M. John Midea, Jr.: Senior Vice President, Global Operations and Process Improvement, February 2015 to date. President and Chief Executive Officer, Resco Products (a refractory products company) from August 2012 to October 2014. President and Chief Operating Officer, Ennis Traffic Safety Solutions (a traffic safety and infrastructure company) from June 2008 to July 2012. Vice President, North American - General Industrial, Valspar
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Corporation (a manufacturer of paints and coatings) from June 2007 to May 2008. Vice President and General Manager, Power Coatings, Valspar Corporation from February 2002 to June 2007.
Woon Keat Moh: Senior Vice President, President Color, Additives and Inks, Americas and Asia, April 2020 to date. Senior Vice President, President of Color, Additives and Inks, January 2020 to March 2020. Vice President of Asia, January 2019 to December 2019. General Manager of Specialty Engineered Materials Asia, December 2014 to December 2018. Sales Director of Color and Additives Asia, February 2011 to November 2014. Business Development Manager, Color and Additives Asia, February 2010 to January 2011. From October 1999 to January 2010, Mr. Moh worked for Clariant AG (a global manufacturer of color and additives masterbatch) in various roles of increasing responsibility, culminating in a commercial leadership role in Southeast Asia. He also served as a technical sales executive for Bayer AG (a manufacturer of pigments, dyestuffs, additives, chemical auxiliaries for textile, leather, paper and plastic industry) with its Specialty Products division from 1997 to 1999.
Chris L. Pederson: Senior Vice President, President of Specialty Engineered Materials, November 2018 to date. Vice President, Strategy, Hexcel Corporation (a global leader in advanced composites technology) from March 2017 to November 2018. Vice President, Aerospace of Cytec Engineered Materials (a producer of specialty bonding adhesives and composite materials) from November 2009 to February 2016. Vice President, Research and Development of Cytec from January 2004 to November 2009. Mr. Pederson served as a Senior Engineer at Boeing (a global aerospace company) from 1992 to 2001.
Joel R. Rathbun: Senior Vice President, Mergers and Acquisitions, January 2016 to date. General Manager, Specialty Engineered Materials North America, February 2013 to January 2016. Vice President, Mergers and Acquisitions, June 2011 to February 2013. Mr. Rathbun served as Senior Vice President, Mergers and Acquisitions, Moelis & Company (an American global independent investment bank) from January 2008 to June 2011. He also served as Executive Director, Mergers and Acquisitions of CIBC World Markets (an investment bank in the domestic and international equity and debt capital markets) from 2006 to 2008.
João José San Martin Neto: Senior Vice President, Chief Human Resources Officer, November 2016 to date. Senior Director, Human Resources, Color, Additives and Inks, February 2013 to November 2016. Group Global Director, Human Resources, Engineered Products and Solutions from November 2012 to February 2013. Vice President Human Resources, Alcoa Power and Propulsion (a business unit of Alcoa Inc. specializing in titanium and aluminum castings) from May 2009 to October 2012. Vice President Human Resources, Alcoa Electrical & Electronic Solutions (a business unit of Alcoa Inc. specializing in the design, development and production of electrical and electronic distribution systems) from August 2003 to April 2009.
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PART II
ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Our common shares, $0.01 par value per share, are traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “AVNT.” 
As of February 5, 2021, there were 1,632 holders of record of our common shares.
We currently have an authorized common share repurchase program. For the full year 2020, we repurchased 1.25 million common shares at a weighted average share price of $22.28. During the three months ended December 31, 2020, we repurchased 250,000 common shares as shown in the table below.
PeriodTotal Number of Shares PurchasedWeighted Average Price Paid Per ShareTotal Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Program
Maximum Number of Shares that May Yet be Purchased Under the Program(1)
October 1 to October 31— $— — 1,107,472 
November 1 to November 30150,000 $31.85 150,000 957,472 
December 1 to December 31100,000 $40.05 100,000 5,857,472 
Total250,000 $35.59 250,000 

(1) Our Board of Directors approved a common share repurchase program authorizing Avient to purchase its common shares in August 2008, which share repurchase authorization has been subsequently increased from time to time. On December 9, 2020, we announced that we would increase our share buyback by an additional 5 million shares. As of December 31, 2020, approximately 5.9 million shares remained available for purchase under these authorizations, which have no expiration. Purchases of common shares may be made by open market purchases or privately negotiated transactions and may be made pursuant to Rule 10b5-1 plans and accelerated share repurchases.

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
Not required.
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ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Overview
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (MD&A) is designed to provide information that is supplemental to, and should be read together with, our consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Information in this Item 7 is intended to assist the reader in obtaining an understanding of our consolidated financial statements, the changes in certain key items in those financial statements from year to year, the primary factors that accounted for those changes, and any known trends or uncertainties that we are aware of that may have a material effect on our future performance, as well as how certain accounting principles affect our consolidated financial statements. Unless otherwise noted, the discussion that follows includes a comparison of our results of operations, liquidity and capital resources, and cash flows for fiscal years 2020 and 2019. For a discussion of changes from fiscal year 2018 to fiscal year 2019, refer to Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in Part II, Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the SEC on February 19, 2020.
The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in these forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to these differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed below and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, particularly in “Cautionary Note on Forward-Looking Statements” and Item 1A, “Risk Factors.”
Our Business
We are a premier provider of specialized and sustainable material solutions that transform customer challenges into opportunities, bringing new products to life for a better world. Our products include specialty engineered materials, advanced composites, color and additive systems and polymer distribution. We are also a highly specialized developer and manufacturer of performance enhancing additives, liquid colorants and fluoropolymer and silicone colorants. Headquartered in Avon Lake, Ohio, with 2020 sales of $3.2 billion ($3.8 billion on a pro forma basis to include Clariant MB), we have manufacturing sites and distribution facilities around the globe, with 69% and 44% of our respective Color, Additives and Inks and Specialty Engineered Materials segments' sales outside the United States. We provide value to our customers through our ability to link our knowledge of polymers and formulation technology with our manufacturing and supply chain capabilities to provide value-added solutions to designers, assemblers and processors of plastics.
Strategy and Key Trends
To achieve our vision, we have implemented a strategy with four core components: specialization, globalization, operational excellence and commercial excellence. Specialization differentiates us through products, services, technology and solutions that add value. Globalization allows us to service our customers with consistency wherever their operations might be around the world. Operational excellence empowers us to respond to the voice of the customer while focusing on continuous improvement. Commercial excellence enables us to deliver value to customers by supporting their growth and profitability with superior customer service.
We are also committed to sustainability through our four cornerstones of People, Products, Planet, and Performance. We have invested in and are making important contributions to each, which are discussed in depth in our most recent Sustainability Report.
In the short term, we will maintain our focus on sales growth with expanding margins, with a goal of offsetting economic headwinds in certain end markets and geographies, raw material volatility and logistics cost inflation. Longer term, we will continue to focus on accelerating the launch of new products and collaborating with our customers to develop new and unique solutions for their benefit while focusing on our four cornerstones of sustainability named above to ensure the growth we achieve is sustainable for us and our customers. Capital expenditures will be focused primarily to support sales growth, investment in recent acquisitions, and other strategic investments. We also continue to consider acquisitions and other synergy opportunities that complement our core platforms. These actions will ensure that we continue to invest in our core capabilities and continue to support growth in key markets and product offerings.
We will continue our enterprise-wide Lean Six Sigma program directed at improving margin, profitability and cash flow by applying proven management techniques and strategies to key areas of the business, such as pricing, supply chain and operations management, productivity and quality. Long-term trends that currently provide opportunities to leverage our strategy and commitment to sustainability include improving health and wellness, protecting the environment, globalizing and localizing and increasing energy efficiency. Examples of how our
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strategy supports these trends can be found in numerous initiatives: active participation in the medical device market, leveraging our global footprint to deliver consistent solutions globally, light weighting and metal replacement and development of solutions that respond to ever-changing market needs by offering alternatives to traditional materials.
Recent Developments
COVID-19
We are closely monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on all aspects of our business, including how it will impact our employees, customers, supply chain and distribution network. Although we are unable to predict the ultimate impact of the COVID-19 outbreak at this time, the pandemic has adversely affected, and is expected to continue to adversely affect our business. While we concluded there were no indicators of impairment as of December 31, 2020, any significant sustained adverse change in financial results or macroeconomic conditions could result in future impairments of long-lived assets. The extent to which our operations may continue to be impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic will depend largely on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be accurately predicted, including new information which may emerge concerning the severity of the outbreak and actions by government authorities to contain the outbreak or treat its impact.
Clariant MB Acquisition
On July 1, 2020, the Company completed the Clariant MB Acquisition. The Clariant MB Acquisition increased the Company's scale, product depth and geographic reach in its Color, Additives and Inks segment. Clariant MB has leading portfolios of solid and liquid masterbatches that include sustainable solutions for alternative energy, and reduced material requirements for packaging and light weighting. In connection with the completion of the Clariant MB Acquisition and effective as of June 30, 2020, the Company amended its existing Articles of Incorporation to change its name to Avient Corporation. In conjunction with its rebranding and new name, the Company also changed its ticker symbol from "POL" to "AVNT", effective at the start of trading on July 13, 2020.
Total consideration paid by the Company to complete the Clariant MB Acquisition was $1.4 billion net of cash and debt. To finance the purchase of Clariant MB, the Company used $496.1 million net proceeds from the issuance of common shares in an underwritten public offering completed in February 2020 and $640.5 million in net proceeds from a senior unsecured notes offering completed in May 2020, and funded the balance using the net proceeds of the October 2019 sale of PP&S.
Highlights and Executive Summary
A summary of Avient’s sales, operating income, income from continuing operations, net of income taxes and net income from continuing operations attributable to Avient common shareholders is included in the following table:
(In millions)202020192018
Sales$3,242.1 $2,862.7 $2,881.0 
Operating income189.3 156.8 178.6 
Net income from continuing operations, net of income taxes133.8 75.7 87.4 
Net income from continuing operations attributable to Avient common shareholders132.0 75.5 87.7 

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Results of Operations  Variances — Favorable (Unfavorable)
   
2020 versus 2019
2019 versus 2018
(Dollars in millions, except per share data)202020192018Change%
Change
Change%
Change
Sales$3,242.1 $2,862.7 $2,881.0 $379.4 13.3 %$(18.3)(0.6)%
Cost of sales2,457.8 2,205.5 2,256.2 (252.3)(11.4)%50.7 2.2 %
Gross margin784.3 657.2 624.8 127.1 19.3 %32.4 5.2 %
Selling and administrative expense595.0 500.4 446.2 (94.6)(18.9)%(54.2)(12.1)%
Operating income189.3 156.8 178.6 32.5 20.7 %(21.8)(12.2)%
Interest expense, net(74.6)(59.5)(62.8)(15.1)(25.4)%3.3 5.3 %
Debt extinguishment costs— — (1.1)— nm1.1 nm
Other income (expense), net24.3 12.1 (12.9)12.2 nm25.0 nm
Income from continuing operations before income taxes139.0 109.4 101.8 29.6 27.1 %7.6 7.5 %
Income tax expense(5.2)(33.7)(14.4)28.5 nm(19.3)nm
Net income from continuing operations$133.8 $75.7 $87.4 $58.1 76.8 %$(11.7)(13.4)%
(Loss) income from discontinued operations, net of income taxes(0.4)513.1 72.1 (513.5)nm441.0 nm
Net income133.4 588.8 159.5 (455.4)nm429.3 nm
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests(1.8)(0.2)0.3 (1.6)nm(0.5)nm
Net income (loss) attributable to Avient common shareholders$131.6 $588.6 $159.8 $(457.0)nm$428.8 nm
Earnings (loss) per share attributable to Avient common shareholders - basic:
Continuing operations$1.47 $0.98 $1.10 
Discontinued operations(0.01)6.64 0.91 
Total$1.46 $7.62 $2.01 
Earnings (loss) per share attributable to Avient common shareholders - diluted:
Continuing operations$1.46 $0.97 $1.09 
Discontinued operations(0.01)6.61 0.90 
Total$1.45 $7.58 $1.99 
nm - not meaningful
Sales
Sales increased $379.4 million, or 13.3%, in 2020 compared to 2019, as a result of the Clariant MB Acquisition which was partially offset by COVID related demand weakness.
Cost of sales
As a percent of sales, cost of sales decreased from 77.0% in 2019 to 75.8% in 2020, primarily as a result of improved mix, lower raw material costs and cost containment.
Selling and administrative expense
These costs include selling, technology, administrative functions, corporate and general expenses. Selling and administrative expense in 2020 increased $94.6 million compared to 2019, primarily driven by the Clariant MB Acquisition.
Interest expense, net
Interest expense, net increased $15.1 million in 2020 compared to 2019 as a result of interest expense related to our senior unsecured notes offering completed in May 2020 and $10.1 million of committed financing fees related to the Clariant MB Acquisition. These costs were offset by lower average outstanding variable debt balances as well as interest income earned on cash and cash equivalents from our equity issuance completed in February 2020 along with the divestment of PP&S in October 2019.

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Other income (expense), net
Other income (expense), net increased $12.2 million in 2020 as compared to 2019 as a result of actuarial gains and losses recognized on our pension and other post-employment benefit obligations (see Note 11, Employee Benefit Plans) to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements. All components of net periodic benefit cost, except for service costs, are presented herein.
Income taxes
The Company is subject to taxation in the U.S. and numerous international jurisdictions. In determining the effective income tax rate, the Company analyzes various factors, including annual earnings, the laws of taxing jurisdictions in which the earnings were generated, the impact of state and local income taxes, the ability to use tax credits, net operating loss carryforwards, and available planning alternatives. Discrete items, including the effect of changes in tax laws, statutory tax rates, and valuation allowances or other non-recurring tax adjustments are reflected in the period in which they occur as an addition to, or reduction from, the tax provision.

We recognize the resulting tax on global intangible low-taxed income (GILTI) and the deduction of foreign-derived intangible income (FDII) as a period expense in the period in which the tax is incurred.

A reconciliation of the applicable U.S. federal statutory tax rate to the consolidated effective income tax rate from continuing operations along with a description of significant or other reconciling items is included below.

 Twelve Months Ended December 31,
(In millions)202020192018
Federal statutory income tax rate21.0 %21.0 %21.0 %
Tax on GILTI and FDII3.1 (0.1)2.9 
International tax on certain current and prior year earnings2.0 1.6 9.4 
Net impact of non-deductible acquisition earnouts and transaction cost1.8 2.8 0.2 
Tax on one-time gain from sale of other assets— 6.0 — 
U.S. tax reform— 0.2 (3.3)
Research and development credit(2.1)(2.8)(0.8)
Domestic production activities deduction— — (1.1)
One-time U.S. tax benefit from internal reorganization of international subsidiaries(13.1)— — 
State and local tax, net(3.4)4.2 2.3 
International tax rate differential(2.7)(8.9)(12.1)
International permanent items(5.2)7.5 (1.6)
Net impact of uncertain tax positions1.0 (2.4)(0.6)
Changes in valuation allowances0.5 1.7 (3.4)
Other0.8 — 1.2 
Effective income tax rate3.7 %30.8 %14.1 %

2020 compared to 2019
For 2020, we recognized a one-time U.S. tax benefit of $18.2 million (13.1%) from an internal reorganization of international subsidiaries.

For 2020, the State and local tax, net line totaled a benefit of $4.7 million (3.4%) which included favorable tax return to prior year tax provision adjustments and a one-time state tax benefit from an internal reorganization of international subsidiaries. This was more favorable than 2019 as 2019 included unfavorable state audit decisions and higher domestic earnings in 2020.

International permanent items line included the favorable tax effect of notional interest deductions, favorable tax treatment of foreign exchanges losses, offset by non-deductibility of interest expense related to the receipt of tax-exempt dividends, which caused a net favorable tax impact of $7.2 million (5.2%). For 2019, International permanent items line included a higher tax effect of non-deductibility of interest expense related to the receipt of tax-
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exempt dividends, which was partially offset by the tax impact of other net favorable permanent items resulting in a net unfavorable impact of $8.3 million (7.5%).

Segment Information
Operating income is the primary measure that is reported to our chief operating decision maker for purposes of making decisions about allocating resources to the segments and assessing their performance. Operating income at the segment level does not include: corporate general and administrative costs that are not allocated to segments; intersegment sales and profit eliminations; charges related to specific strategic initiatives, such as the consolidation of operations; restructuring activities, including employee separation costs resulting from personnel reduction programs, plant closure and phase-in costs; costs incurred directly in relation to acquisitions or divestitures; integration costs; executive separation agreements; share-based compensation costs; environmental remediation costs and other liabilities for facilities no longer owned or closed in prior years; actuarial gains and losses associated with our pension and post-retirement benefit plans; and certain other items that are not included in the measure of segment profit or loss that is reported to and reviewed by our chief operating decision maker. These costs are included in Corporate and eliminations.
Avient has three reportable segments: (1) Color, Additives and Inks; (2) Specialty Engineered Materials; and (3) Distribution. Our segments are further discussed in Note 15, Segment Information, to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
Sales and Operating Income
    
2020 versus 2019    
2019 versus 2018
(Dollars in millions)202020192018Change% ChangeChange% Change
Sales:
Color, Additives and Inks$1,502.9 $1,003.8 $1,046.5 $499.1 49.7 %$(42.7)(4.1)%
Specialty Engineered Materials708.8 745.7 645.8 (36.9)(4.9)%99.9 15.5 %
Distribution1,110.3 1,192.2 1,265.4 (81.9)(6.9)%(73.2)(5.8)%
Corporate and eliminations(79.9)(79.0)(76.7)(0.9)(1.1)%(2.3)(3.0)%
Sales$3,242.1 $2,862.7 $2,881.0 $379.4 13.3 %$(18.3)(0.6)%
Operating income:
Color, Additives and Inks$180.8 $147.4 $158.5 $33.4 22.7 %$(11.1)(7.0)%
Specialty Engineered Materials94.4 83.7 72.3 10.7 12.8 %11.4 15.8 %
Distribution69.5 75.4 71.5 (5.9)(7.8)%3.9 5.5 %
Corporate and eliminations(155.4)(149.7)(123.7)(5.7)(3.8)%(26.0)(21.0)%
Operating income$189.3 $156.8 $178.6 $32.5 20.7 %$(21.8)(12.2)%
Operating income as a percentage of sales:
Color, Additives and Inks12.0 %14.7 %15.1 %(2.7)%points(0.4)%points
Specialty Engineered Materials13.3 %11.2 %11.2 %2.1 %points— %points
Distribution6.3 %6.3 %5.7 %— %points0.6 %points
Total5.8 %5.5 %6.2 %0.3 %points(0.7)%points

22 AVIENT CORPORATION


Color, Additives and Inks
Sales increased $499.1 million, or 49.7%, as a result of the Clariant MB Acquisition. Organic sales decreased by 4.5% in 2020 compared to 2019 as a result of the combination of lower sales due to the COVID-19 pandemic, partially offset by strong demand in healthcare and packaging end markets.
On a pro forma basis to include Clariant MB in all periods, sales decreased by 3.7% in 2020 compared to 2019, as gains in the healthcare end market, as well as improved pricing and mix, were more than offset by weakness in sales due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Operating income increased $33.4 million, or 22.7%, driven by the Clariant MB Acquisition partially offset by lower sales due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Organic operating income decreased by 7% due to lower sales, including weakness in our higher margin Specialty Inks business.
On a pro forma basis to include Clariant MB in all periods, operating income increased by 2.5% as the demand decline as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic was more than offset by favorable mix, lower raw material input costs and the benefit of expanded margins driven by early capture of integration synergies.
Specialty Engineered Materials
Sales decreased by $36.9 million, or 4.9%, in 2020 compared to 2019, largely driven by lower demand in North America and Europe due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which offset improvements in composites demand.
Operating income increased by $10.7 million in 2020 compared to 2019 as lower raw material costs, improved mix and lower discretionary spending more than offset the negative volume impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Distribution
Sales declined $81.9 million, or 6.9%, in 2020 compared to 2019 driven primarily by raw material deflation which subsequently resulted in lower selling prices. Operating income declined $5.9 million, or 7.8%, in 2020 compared to 2019 primarily as a result of lower sales.
Corporate and Eliminations
Corporate and eliminations operating income increased $5.7 million in 2020 compared to 2019 due to costs associated with the Clairant MB Acquisition, offset by lower acquisition earn-out adjustments related to PlastiComp and Fiber-Line, and lower discretionary spending.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our objective is to finance our business through operating cash flow and an appropriate mix of debt and equity. By laddering the maturity structure, we avoid concentrations of debt maturities, reducing liquidity risk. We may from time to time seek to retire or purchase our outstanding debt with cash and/or exchanges for equity securities, in open market purchases, privately negotiated transactions or otherwise. We may also seek to repurchase our outstanding common shares. Such repurchases, if any, will depend on prevailing market conditions, our liquidity requirements, contractual restrictions and other factors. The amounts involved have been and may continue to be material.
The following table summarizes our liquidity as of December 31, 2020:
(In millions)
Cash and cash equivalents$649.5 
Revolving credit availability279.9 
Liquidity$929.4 

As of December 31, 2020, approximately 72% of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents resided outside the United States.
Based on current projections, we believe that we will be able to continue to manage and control working capital, discretionary spending and capital expenditures and that cash provided by operating activities, along with available borrowing capacity under our revolving credit facilities, will allow us to maintain adequate levels of available capital to fund our operations, meet debt service obligations, continue paying dividends, and opportunistically repurchase outstanding common shares.
Expected sources of cash needed to satisfy cash requirements in 2021 include our cash on hand, cash from operations and available liquidity under our revolving credit facility, if needed. Expected uses of cash in 2021 include integration costs related to the Clariant MB Acquisition, interest payments, cash taxes, dividend payments, share
23 AVIENT CORPORATION


repurchases, environmental remediation costs, capital expenditures and debt repayment. Capital expenditures are currently estimated to be approximately $95.0 million in 2021, primarily to support sales growth, our continued investment in recent acquisitions and other strategic investments.
Cash Flows
The following table summarizes our cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities:
(In millions)202020192018
Cash provided by (used by):
Operating Activities$221.6 $300.8 $253.7 
Investing Activities(1,431.6)611.9 (170.3)
Financing Activities982.0 (218.3)(148.1)
Effect of exchange rate on cash12.8 (0.6)(8.0)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents$(215.2)$693.8 $(72.7)

Operating activities
In 2020, net cash provided by operating activities was $221.6 million as compared to $300.8 million in 2019, primarily due to payments in 2020 for earnout liabilities of $38.1 million and a $142.0 million payment of taxes associated with the gain on sale of PP&S. These payments partially offset the benefit from lower working capital.
Investing Activities
Net cash used by investing activities during 2020 of $1,431.6 million primarily reflects $1,380.2 million related to the Clariant MB Acquisition and capital expenditures of $63.7 million.
Financing Activities
Net cash provided by financing activities in 2020 primarily reflects $496.1 million of net proceeds received from the issuance of common shares in an underwritten public offering that we completed in February 2020 and $640.5 million of net proceeds from the senior unsecured notes offering completed in May 2020, offset by $71.3 in dividends paid, repurchases of our outstanding common shares of $22.4 and the payment of acquisition date earnout liabilities of $50.8 million.

Total Debt
The following table summarizes debt as presented at December 31, 2020 and 2019.
(In millions)December 31, 2020December 31, 2019
Senior secured revolving credit facility due 2022$— $— 
5.25% senior notes due 2023597.5 596.3 
5.75% senior notes due 2025641.2 — 
Senior secured term loan due 2026610.0 614.7 
Other Debt23.9 18.3 
Total Debt$1,872.6 $1,229.3 
Less short-term and current portion of long-term debt18.6 18.4 
Total long-term debt, net of current portion$1,854.0 $1,210.9 

The Company maintains a senior secured revolving credit facility, which matures on February 24, 2022 and provides a maximum borrowing facility size of $450.0 million, subject to a borrowing base with advances against certain U.S. and Canadian accounts receivable, inventory and other assets as specified in the agreement. On June 28, 2019, the Company amended and restated its senior secured revolving credit facility to, among other things, add a European line of credit, up to the euro equivalent of $50.0 million, subject to a borrowing base with advances against certain European accounts receivable. Advances under the U.S. portion of our revolving credit facility bear interest, at the Company’s option, at a Base Rate or a LIBOR Rate plus an applicable margin. The Base Rate is a fluctuating rate equal to the greater of (i) the Federal Funds Rate plus one-half percent, (ii) the prevailing LIBOR Rate plus one percent, and (iii) the prevailing Prime Rate. The applicable margins vary based on the Company’s
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daily average excess availability during the previous quarter. As of December 31, 2020, we had no borrowings outstanding under our revolving credit facility, which had remaining availability of $278.2 million. As of December 31, 2019, we had no borrowings under our revolving credit facility, which had remaining availability of $279.4 million.
On April 11, 2018, the Company entered into a fifth amendment to its senior secured term loan. Under the terms of the amended senior secured term loan, the margin was reduced by 25 basis points to 175 basis points. At the Company's discretion, interest is based upon (i) a margin rate of 75 basis points plus a Prime Rate, subject to a floor of 175 basis points. On November 9, 2018, the Company entered into a sixth amendment to its senior secured term loan, which extended the maturity to 2026. Repayments in the amount of one percent of the aggregate principal amount as of August 3, 2016 are payable annually, while the remaining balance matures on January 30, 2026. The total principal repayments for the year ended December 31, 2020 were $6.5 million.
The agreements governing our revolving credit facility and our senior secured term loan, and the indentures and credit agreements governing other debt, contain a number of customary financial and restrictive covenants. As of December 31, 2020, we were in compliance with all customary financial and restrictive covenants pertaining to our debt.
As of both December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company maintained a credit line of $12.0 million with Saudi Hollandi Bank. The credit line has an interest rate equal to the Saudi Arabia Interbank Offered Rate plus a fixed rate of 0.85% and is subject to annual renewal. Borrowings under the credit line were primarily used to fund capital expenditures related to the manufacturing facility in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. As of December 31, 2020, letters of credit under the credit line were immaterial and borrowings were $10.3 million with a weighted average annual interest rate of 1.85%. As of December 31, 2019, letters of credit under the credit line were immaterial and borrowings were $10.3 million with a weighted average annual interest rate of 3.14%. As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, there was remaining availability on the credit line of $1.7 million and $1.7 million, respectively.
For additional information regarding our debt, please see Note 6, Financing Arrangements to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.
Letters of Credit
Our revolving credit facility provides up to $50.0 million for the issuance of letters of credit, $12.1 million of which was used at December 31, 2020. These letters of credit are issued by the bank in favor of third parties and are mainly related to insurance claims.
Contractual Cash Obligations
The following table summarizes our obligations under debt agreements, operating leases, interest obligations, pension and other post-retirement plan obligations and purchase obligations as of December 31, 2020.
 Payment Due by Period
(In millions)Total20212022 & 20232024 & 2025Thereafter
Total debt (1)$1,891.9 $18.6 $617.2 $667.3 $588.8 
Operating leases91.1 28.0 36.4 13.4 13.3 
Interest on long-term debt obligations (2)375.4 90.4 172.7 109.2 3.1 
Pension and post-retirement obligations (3)83.2 8.9 16.9 16.7 40.7 
Purchase obligations (4)52.4 33.9 17.4 1.1 — 
Total$2,494.0 $179.8 $860.6 $807.7 $645.9 
(1)Total debt includes both the current and long-term portions of debt and capital lease obligations.
(2)Represents estimated contractual interest payments for all outstanding debt.
(3)Pension and post-retirement obligations relate to our U.S. and international pension and other post-retirement plans. The expected payments associated with these plans represent an actuarial estimate of future assumed payments based upon retirement and payment patterns for a 10 year period. Due to uncertainties regarding the assumptions involved in estimating future required contributions to our pension and non-pension postretirement benefit plans, including: (i) interest rate levels, (ii) the amount and timing of asset returns and (iii) what, if any, changes may occur in pension funding legislation, the estimates in the table may differ materially from actual future payments.
(4)Purchase obligations are primarily comprised of service agreements related to telecommunication, information technology, utilities and other manufacturing plant services and certain capital commitments.
25 AVIENT CORPORATION


Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Significant accounting policies are described more fully in Note 1, Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, to the accompanying consolidated financial statements. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (U.S. GAAP) requires us to make estimates and assumptions about future events that affect the amounts reported in our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. We base our estimates on historical experience and assumptions that we believe are reasonable considering the related facts and circumstances. The application of these critical accounting policies involves the exercise of judgment and use of assumptions for future uncertainties. Accordingly, actual results could differ significantly from these estimates. We believe that the following discussion addresses our most critical accounting policies, which are those that are the most important to the portrayal of our financial condition and results of operations and require our most difficult, subjective and complex judgments.
Description  Judgments and Uncertainties  Effect if Actual Results
Differ from Assumptions
Environmental Liabilities    
•    Based upon our estimates, we had an undiscounted accrual of $119.7 million at December 31, 2020 for probable future environmental expenditures. Any such provision is recognized using the Company's best estimate of the amount of loss incurred, or at the lower end of an estimated range, when a single best estimate is not determinable.
•    With respect to the former Goodrich Corporation Calvert City site, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) issued its Record of Decision (ROD) in September 2018, selecting a remedy consistent with our accrual assumptions. In April 2019, the respondents signed an Administrative Settlement Agreement and Order on Consent with the USEPA to conduct the remedial design. In October 2019, the USEPA sent a Special Notice Letter to Avient, Westlake Vinyls, and Goodrich Corporation, inviting negotiation of a Consent Decree to perform the remedial actions at the site. In 2020, the three companies, USEPA, and the US Department of Justice signed the agreed Consent Decree, which is currently under Federal Court review.
•    Franklin-Burlington, a subsidiary of Avient, is listed as a cooperating party along with approximately 70 other companies. The cooperating parties are working with the EPA on the lower Passaic River Study Area. Based on currently available information as of December 31, 2020, we have not identified evidence that Franklin-Burlington contributed materially to the contamination into the lower Passaic River and that the best estimate of any liability that may be assigned to Franklin-Burlington will not be material to the consolidated financial statements.
•    In some cases, the Company recovers a portion of the costs relating to these obligations from insurers or other third parties; however, the Company records such amounts only when they are collected.
  
•     This accrual represents our best estimate of the remaining probable costs based upon information and technology currently available. Depending upon the results of future testing, the ultimate remediation alternatives undertaken, changes in regulations, new information, newly discovered conditions and other factors, it is reasonably possible that we could incur additional costs in excess of the amount accrued. However, such additional costs, if any, cannot currently be estimated. Our estimate of this liability may be revised as new regulations or technologies are developed or additional information is obtained.
  
•    If further developments or resolution of these matters are not consistent with our assumptions and judgments, we may need to recognize a significant adjustment in a future period.
•    As we progress through certain benchmarks such as completion of the remedial investigation and feasibility study, issuance of a record of decision and remedial design, additional information will become available that may require an adjustment to our existing reserves.



26 AVIENT CORPORATION


Description  Judgments and Uncertainties  Effect if Actual Results
Differ from Assumptions
Pension and Other Post-retirement Plans
•    We account for our defined benefit pension plans and other post-retirement plans in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Update (ASC) Topic 715, Compensation — Retirement Benefits. We immediately recognize actuarial gains and losses in our operating results in the year in which the gains or losses occur. In 2020, we recognized a $17.2 million benefit as a result of the recognition of these actuarial gains, which favorably impacted net income (loss), comprehensive income (loss) and the funded status of our pension plans, primarily the result of actual asset returns that were higher than our assumed returns and mortality assumptions. Partially offsetting these gains was a decrease in our discount rate.
  
•     Asset returns and interest rates significantly affect the value of future assets and liabilities of our pension and post-retirement plans and therefore the funded status of our plans. It is difficult to predict these factors due to the volatility of market conditions.
•      To develop our discount rate, we consider the yields of high-quality corporate bonds with maturities that correspond to the timing of our benefit obligations, referred to as the bond matching approach.
•     To develop our expected long-term return on plan assets, we consider historical and forward looking long-term asset returns and the expected investment portfolio mix of plan assets. The weighted-average expected long-term rate of return on plan assets was 5.05% for 2020, 5.68% for 2019 and 5.09% for 2018.
•     Life expectancy is a significant assumption that impacts our pension and other post-retirement benefits obligation. During 2020, we adopted the MP-2020 mortality improvement scale which was issued by the Society of Actuaries in October 2020.
  
•     The weighted average discount rates used to value our pension liabilities as of December 31, 2020 and 2019 were 3.19% and 4.11%, respectively, post-retirement liabilities were 3.06% and 3.98%, respectively. As of December 31, 2020, an increase/decrease in the discount rate of 50 basis points, holding all other assumptions constant, would have increased or decreased pre-tax income and the related pension and post-retirement liability by approximately $19.4 million. An increase/decrease in the discount rate of 50 basis points as of December 31, 2020 would result in a change of approximately $1.3 million in the 2021 net periodic benefit cost.
•    The expected long-term return on plan assets utilized as of January 1, 2020 and 2019 was 5.05% and 5.68%, respectively. An increase/decrease in our expected long-term return on plan assets of 50 basis points as of December 31, 2020, would result in a change of approximately $2.2 million to 2021 net periodic benefit cost.
Income Taxes
•   We account for income taxes using the asset and liability method under ASC Topic 740. Under the asset and liability method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. In addition, deferred tax assets are also recorded with respect to net operating losses and other tax attribute carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. Valuation allowances are established when realization of the benefit of deferred tax assets is not deemed to be more likely than not. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.
•     We recognize net tax benefits under the recognition and measurement criteria of ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes, which prescribes requirements and other guidance for financial statement recognition and measurement of positions taken or expected to be taken on tax returns. We record interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions as a component of income tax expense.


•    The ultimate recovery of certain of our deferred tax assets is dependent on the amount and timing of taxable income that we will ultimately generate in the future and other factors such as the interpretation of tax laws. We have provided valuation allowances as of December 31, 2020, aggregating to $20.7 million primarily against certain international and state net operating loss carryforwards based on our current assessment of future operating results and other factors. At December 31, 2020, the gross liability for unrecognized income tax benefits, including interest and penalties, totaled $10.6 million.

•  Undistributed and indefinitely reinvested earnings for certain consolidated non-U.S. subsidiaries were approximately $456 million as of December 31, 2020. No tax provision was made on these earnings as APB 23 provides guidance that U.S. companies do not need to recognize tax effects on international earnings that are indefinitely reinvested. Additionally, no deferred income taxes were recorded on taxable outside basis differences as it was not practicable to determine the tax provision impact.
•   Although management believes that the estimates and judgments discussed herein are reasonable, actual results could differ, which could result in income tax expense or benefits that could be material.

27 AVIENT CORPORATION


Description  Judgments and Uncertainties  Effect if Actual Results
Differ from Assumptions
Goodwill
•     Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net assets of acquired companies. We follow the guidance in ASC 350, Intangibles — Goodwill and Other, including subsequent updates, and test goodwill for impairment at least annually, absent a triggering event that would warrant an impairment assessment. On an ongoing basis, absent any impairment indicators, we perform our goodwill impairment testing as of the first day of October of each year.
  
•    We have identified our reporting units at the operating segment level, or in most cases, one level below the operating segment level. Goodwill is allocated to the reporting units based on the estimated fair value at the date of acquisition.
•      We estimated fair value using the best information available to us, including market information and discounted cash flow projections using the income approach.
•  The income approach requires us to make assumptions and estimates regarding projected economic and market conditions, growth rates, operating margins and cash expenditures. Sensitivity analyses were performed around these assumptions in order to assess the reasonableness of the assumptions and the resulting estimated fair values.
•  Goodwill related to our acquisition of Clariant MB as of December 31, 2020 was determined on a preliminary basis. The final valuation of the acquisition and related goodwill balance will be completed in 2021, and actual results could differ from our estimates.
  
•  If actual results are not consistent with our assumptions and estimates, we may be exposed to goodwill impairment charges.
• The fair value of the reporting unit is based on a number of subjective factors including: (a) appropriate consideration of valuation approaches, (b) the consideration of our business outlook and (c) weighted average cost of capital (discount rate), growth rates and market multiples for our estimated cash flows.
•      Based on our 2020 annual impairment test performed on October 1st, we determined there were no reporting units considered to be at risk of impairment. We believe that the current assumptions and estimates are reasonable, supportable and appropriate. The business could be impacted by unforeseen changes in market factors or opportunities, which could impact our existing assumptions used in our impairment test. As such, there can be no assurance that these estimates and assumptions made for the purposes of the goodwill impairment test will prove to be accurate predictions of future performance.

Indefinite-lived Intangible Assets
•   Indefinite-lived intangible assets represent trade names associated with acquired companies.
  
•    We estimate the fair value of trade names using a “relief from royalty payments” approach. This approach involves two steps: (1) estimating reasonable royalty rate for the trade name and (2) applying this royalty rate to a net sales stream and discounting the resulting cash flows to determine fair value. Fair value is then compared with the carrying value of the trade name.
  
•     If actual results are not consistent with our assumptions and estimates, we may be exposed to impairment charges related to our indefinite lived trade name
•     Based on our 2020 annual impairment test, no trade names were considered at risk.

Recent and Future Adoption of Accounting Standards
Information regarding recent and future adoption of accounting standards can be found in Note 1, Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, to the accompanying consolidated financial statements and is incorporated by reference herein.
28 AVIENT CORPORATION


ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
We are exposed to certain market risks as part of our ongoing business operations, including risks from changes in interest rates on debt obligations and foreign currency exchange rates that could impact our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. We manage our exposure to these and other market risks through regular operating and financing activities, including the use of derivative financial instruments. We intend to use these derivative financial instruments as risk management tools and not for speculative investment purposes.
Interest rate exposure — Interest on our revolving credit facility and senior secured term loan is based upon a Prime rate or LIBOR, plus a margin. Interest on the credit line with Saudi Hollandi Bank is based upon SAIBOR plus a fixed rate of 0.85%. There would be no material impact on our interest expense or cash flows from either a 10% increase or decrease in market rates of interest on our outstanding variable rate debt as of December 31, 2020.
Foreign currency exposure — We enter into intercompany transactions that are denominated in various foreign currencies and are subject to financial exposure from foreign exchange rate movement from the date a loan is recorded to the date it is settled or revalued. To mitigate this risk, we may enter into foreign exchange forward contracts and derivative instruments. Gains and losses on these contracts generally offset gains and losses on the assets and liabilities being hedged.
We face translation risks related to the changes in foreign currency exchange rates. Amounts invested in our foreign operations are translated into U.S. dollars at the exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date. The resulting translation adjustments are recorded as a component of Accumulated other comprehensive loss in the Shareholders’ equity section of the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets. Net sales and expenses in our foreign operations’ foreign currencies are translated into varying amounts of U.S. dollars depending upon whether the U.S. dollar weakens or strengthens against other currencies. Therefore, changes in exchange rates may either positively or negatively affect our net sales and expenses from foreign operations as expressed in U.S. dollars.
29 AVIENT CORPORATION


ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
Index to Financial Statements
 Page
Management’s Report
Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
Consolidated Financial Statements:
Consolidated Statements of Income
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
Consolidated Balance Sheets
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 
30 AVIENT CORPORATION


MANAGEMENT’S REPORT
The management of Avient Corporation is responsible for preparing the consolidated financial statements and disclosures included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The consolidated financial statements and disclosures included in this Annual Report fairly present in all material respects the consolidated financial position, results of operations, shareholders’ equity and cash flows of Avient Corporation as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures designed to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by the Company is captured and reported in a timely manner. Management has evaluated the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures at December 31, 2020 and found them to be effective.
Management is also responsible for establishing and maintaining a system of internal control over financial reporting that is designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Internal control over financial reporting includes policies and procedures that provide reasonable assurance that: Avient Corporation’s accounting records accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company; unauthorized or improper acquisition, use or disposal of Company assets will be prevented or timely detected; the Company’s transactions are properly recorded and reported to permit the preparation of the Company’s consolidated financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles; and the Company’s receipts and expenditures are made only in accordance with authorizations of management and the Board of Directors of the Company.
Management has assessed the effectiveness of Avient’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020 and has prepared Management’s Annual Report On Internal Control Over Financial Reporting contained on page 68 of this Annual Report, which concludes that as of December 31, 2020, Avient’s internal control over financial reporting was effective and that no material weaknesses were identified.
Management's assessment of internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020 excludes internal control over financial reporting related to Clariant MB (acquired July 1, 2020), which constituted approximately 41.6% of the Company's total assets (inclusive of acquired intangible assets) as of December 31, 2020, and approximately 16.8% of the Company's net sales for the year ended December 31, 2020.
/s/ ROBERT M. PATTERSON/s/ JAMIE A. BEGGS
Robert M. PattersonJamie A. Beggs
Chairman, President and Chief Executive OfficerSenior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
February 25, 2021
 
 

31 AVIENT CORPORATION


REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
The Board of Directors and Shareholders of Avient Corporation
Opinion on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
We have audited Avient Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020, based on criteria established in Internal Control -Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework) (the COSO criteria). In our opinion, Avient Corporation (the Company) maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020, based on the COSO criteria.
As indicated in the accompanying Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control, management’s assessment of and conclusion on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting did not include the internal controls of Clariant MB, which is included in the 2020 consolidated financial statements of the Company and constituted 41.6% of total assets as of December 31, 2020, and 16.8% of sales for the year then ended. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting of the Company also did not include an evaluation of the internal control over financial reporting of Clariant MB.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated balance sheets of Avient Corporation as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, cash flows and shareholders' equity for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2020, and the related notes of Avient Corporation and our report dated February 25, 2021, expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
Basis for Opinion
The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying “Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting.” Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.
Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Definition and Limitations of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP

Cleveland, Ohio
February 25, 2021
32 AVIENT CORPORATION


REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
The Board of Directors and Shareholders of Avient Corporation
Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Avient Corporation (the Company) as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, cash flows and shareholders' equity for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2020, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company at December 31, 2020 and 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2020, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework) and our report dated February 25, 2021 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
Critical Audit Matters
The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current period audit of the financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.

Environmental Accrued Liabilities
Description of the Matter
As described in Note 12 to the consolidated financial statements, the environmental accrued liability as of December 31, 2020 is approximately $119.7 million and is comprised primarily of the cost estimate for the Calvert City location of $106.4 million. The Company records an accrual for probable future environmental remediation projects on an undiscounted basis which represents management’s best estimate of probable future costs based upon currently available information and technology and management’s view of the most likely remedy.
Auditing the determination of the accrual involved a high degree of subjectivity as estimates underlying the determination of the accrual were based on assumptions unique to the affected site and subject to various laws and regulations governing the protection of the applicable environment. Actual costs incurred in future periods could differ from amounts estimated and future changes to environmental laws and regulations could increase the extent of remediation work required, therefore the calculation is complicated due to uncertainty in determining the probable future costs and the extent of the remediation efforts.

33 AVIENT CORPORATION


How We Addressed the Matter in Our Audit
We obtained an understanding, evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of controls over the Company’s process to establish the environmental accrued liability, including management’s review and evaluation of the information included in the Calvert City Record of Decision and the Administrative Settlement Agreement and Order on Consent issued by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). For example, we tested controls over management’s review of the estimation and the significant assumptions used to develop future cost estimates. We also tested management’s controls to validate that the data used in the accrual estimate was complete and accurate.
With the assistance of our specialist, we tested the balance of the environmental accrued liability and the disclosure of the expected cost to remediate. Our audit procedures included, among others, making inquiries of internal general counsel, obtaining internal general counsel’s representation and external communications used in determining the environmental accrued liability. This included an evaluation of externally available information and a comparison of management’s cost estimates to the estimates published in the Record of Decision by the USEPA. We tested the significant assumptions used by management by comparing those assumptions to accepted industry practice and information included in the Record of Decision issued by the USEPA. We examined historical costs for recurring items and compared those amounts to future projections for similar costs.
Quantitative Impairment Assessment of Goodwill
Description of the Matter
At December 31, 2020, the Company’s goodwill was approximately $1,294.9 million. As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, goodwill is tested for impairment at least annually at the reporting unit level or at an interim date if potential impairment indicators are present. The Company’s goodwill is initially assigned to its reporting units as of the acquisition date. Goodwill is tested for impairment, quantitatively or qualitatively, at the reporting unit level. As it relates to the quantitative approach, the Company uses an income approach to estimate the fair value of the reporting units using a combination of internal forecasts, external market information and discounted cash flow projections.
Auditing the impairment assessment of the quantitative goodwill assessment for a certain reporting unit is complex as the income approach requires the Company to make assumptions and estimates regarding projected economic and market conditions, growth rates, operating margins and cash expenditures. The fair value of the reporting unit is based on a number of subjective factors including; (a) appropriate consideration of valuation approaches, (b) the consideration of the Company’s business outlook, and (c) weighted average cost of capital (discount rate), annual and terminal growth rates.
How We Addressed the Matter in Our Audit
We obtained an understanding, evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of controls over the quantitative impairment assessment of goodwill, including controls over management’s review of the significant assumptions described above.
To test the estimated fair value of the Company’s reporting units, we performed audit procedures that included, among others, assessing methodologies and testing the significant assumptions discussed above and the underlying data used by the Company in its analyses. We compared the significant assumptions used by management to current industry and economic trends. We assessed the historical accuracy of management’s estimates and performed sensitivity analyses of significant assumptions to evaluate the changes in the fair value of the reporting units that would result from changes in the assumptions. We also utilized our specialist to assist in the review of the methodology, weighted average cost of capital, terminal growth rates used by the Company and the reconciliation of the aggregate estimated fair value of the reporting units to the market capitalization of the Company.
34 AVIENT CORPORATION


Accounting for the Clariant Masterbatch Business Combination
Description of the Matter
As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, on July 1, 2020 the Company completed its acquisition of the equity interests in the global masterbatch business of Clariant AG and the masterbatch assets in India of Clariant Chemicals (India) Limited. The business and assets are collectively referred to as Clariant MB and the acquisitions are collectively referred to as the Clariant MB Acquisition. Total consideration paid by the Company to complete the Clariant MB Acquisition was approximately $1.4 billion, net of cash and debt. The acquisition is being accounted for under the acquisition method of accounting.
Auditing the Company’s accounting for the preliminary allocation of the purchase price
to the identifiable assets and liabilities for the Clariant MB Acquisition was complex due to the significant estimation in determining the preliminary fair value of identifiable intangible assets, which principally consisted of customer relationships and developed technology. The Company used the relief from royalty and multi-period excess earnings method to determine the fair value of developed technology and customer relationships, respectively. The purchase price allocation, including the fair value estimates of the identifiable intangible assets, were recorded on a preliminary basis. The high degree of subjectivity was primarily due to the sensitivity of the respective fair values to underlying assumptions about the future performance of the acquired business. The significant assumptions used to estimate the value of the intangible assets included discount rates and certain assumptions that form the basis of the forecasted results including revenue growth rates, profitability, and royalty rates.
How We Addressed the Matter in Our Audit
We obtained an understanding, evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of controls over the determination of the preliminary fair value of the identifiable intangible assets. This included testing controls over management’s review of the fair value methodologies and significant assumptions described above.
To test the preliminary estimated fair values of the acquired intangible assets, our audit procedures included, among others, assessing methodologies and testing the significant assumptions discussed above and the underlying data used by the Company. We compared the significant assumptions used by management to current industry and economic trends. We performed sensitivity analyses of significant assumptions to evaluate the changes in the fair value that would result from changes in the assumptions. We utilized our specialist in assessing the methodologies applied and evaluating significant assumptions. Furthermore, we assessed the appropriateness of the disclosures in the consolidated financial statements regarding the acquisition.


We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP

We have served as Avient Corporation's auditor since 1993.
Cleveland, Ohio
February 25, 2021
35 AVIENT CORPORATION


Consolidated Statements of Income
 Year Ended December 31,
(In millions, except per share data)
2020
2019
2018
Sales$3,242.1 $2,862.7 $2,881.0 
Cost of sales2,457.8 2,205.5 2,256.2 
Gross margin784.3 657.2 624.8 
Selling and administrative expense595.0 500.4 446.2 
Operating income189.3 156.8 178.6 
Interest expense, net(74.6)(59.5)(62.8)
Debt extinguishment costs  (1.1)
Other income (expense), net24.3 12.1 (12.9)
Income from continuing operations before income taxes139.0 109.4 101.8 
Income tax expense(5.2)(33.7)(14.4)
Net income from continuing operations133.8 75.7 87.4 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes(0.4)513.1 72.1 
Net income 133.4 588.8 159.5 
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests(